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The New School ​the state religion in Pakistan is Islam which is practiced by about 95 to 98% of the 195 million three hundred forty three thousand people of the nation the remaining two to five percent practice Christianity Hinduism and other religions Muslims are divided into two major sects the majority of them practiced Sunni Islam while the Shia's are a minority who make up an estimated five to twenty percent depending on the source nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi fiqh islamic law school the majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the Ethne euro a Sharia Islamic law school with significant minority groups who practices smell ISM which is composed of Nazari mast Ali Dawood Ibrahim lomani and others constitutional provisions the Constitution of Pakistan establishes Islam as the state religion and provides all its citizens the right to profess practice and propagate their religion subject to law Public Order and morality the Constitution limits the political rights of Pakistan's non-muslims and only Muslims are allowed to become the President or the Prime Minister moreover only Muslims are allowed to serve as judges in the federal Shariat Court which is the power to strike down any law deemed on Islamic demographics of religion in Pakistan based on information collected from the Library of Congress Pew Research Center CIA World Factbook Oxford University University of Pennsylvania US State Department and others the following is a list of estimations about the percentage of people professing different faiths in the country these estimations vary considerably from source to source depending on methods of research and databases that were used Islam Sunni 80 to 95 percent Shia 5 to 20% religions Hindus 1.85 percent Christians 1.5 nine percent 2,800,000 Baha is forty thousand two seventy nine thousand Sikhs twenty thousand Zahra Austrian passes 1600 to twenty thousand Kady Arne Ahmadi 0.22% Kailash three thousand as of 2012 around two million nine hundred thousand Pakistanis of non-muslim faiths were holding the computerized national identity card from national database and registration authority which can only be obtained by citizens over 18 years of age it is estimated that some 96 percent adult Pakistanis currently hold CNIC cards and therefore the total adult population of non Muslim religions seems to be over three million at the minority CNIC holders 1 million four hundred 14527 were Hindus 1 million two hundred seventy thousand 51 were Christians 125 thousand six hundred eighty one Mackay dyani ahmadies 33 thousand seven hundred thirty-four were bajas six thousand 146 were Sikhs 4020 were passes 1492 were Buddhists and sixty-six thousand 898 were others Islam Islam is the state religion of Pakistan and about 95 to 98 percent of Pakistanis and Muslims Islam is the state religion of Pakistan and about 95 to 98 percent of Pakistanis and Muslims the Muslims are largely divided into two sects Sunni Islam and Shia Islam the Shia Islam in Pakistan is practiced by five to 20 percent of the Muslims in the remaining large in number of Muslims practice Sunni Islam there are a number of Islamic law schools called mod up which are called fiqh or maktab efi kr in Urdu nearly all Pakistani Sunni Muslims belong to the Hanafi Islamic school of thought while small number belonged to the Hanbali school the majority of Pakistani Shia Muslims belong to the 12er branch with significant minority who adhere to a smell is embrace that is composed of Nazari mist alle Doody bara sulemani and others Sufi Islam to some extent syncretized with pre-islamic influences resulting in a religion with some traditions distinct from those of the Arab world to Sufis whose shrines received much national attention or Ali how early in Lahore and Jacques calendar and see even Sindh Sufism a mystical Islamic tradition has a long history and a large popular following in Pakistan popular Sufi culture is centered on Thursday night gatherings at shrines and annual festivals which feature Sufi music and dance contemporary Islamic fundamentalists criticise its popular character which in their view does not accurately reflect the teachings and practice of the Prophet and his companions there have been terrorist attacks directed at Sufi shrines and festivals 5 and 2010 that killed 64 people Sufism in Pakistan started to lose its role as a powerful influence in the life of the Muslims of Pakistan in early 1970s the elections in 1970 gave rise to Orthodox Muslim parties that emphasized Sharia and were hostile to heterodox folk Sufi traditions the mass media and economic migration of Pakistanis to the Middle East exposed to them to the Muslims of other nations the Islamic text books in schools taught Orthodox Islam as opposed to Sufism the umrah and hajj travelled to makkah and madinah became easier and cost-effective due to direct air travel millions of Pakistanis performed Hajj and Umrah the Pakistani Muslim society became more religious the Muslim television channels also increased the awareness of Sharia and Sufi traditions declined the Pakistan's Muslim society questioned and deposed the folk and heterodox Sufi traditions Pakistan witnessed the growth of the Wahhabi movement with many major aids ER and mosques switching to Salafi Islam the years the death anniversary of a Sufi saint had turned into yearly fares over the centuries were entertainment music trade and commerce took precedence over religion the


Orthodox Muslims violently opposed these practices termed it as shirk and many incidents violent confrontations took place Sufism does not play a prominent role in Pakistani society anymore many hardline Muslims and political movements are not in favor of it in Pakistan many traditions of Sufism are now considered to be Haram or forbidden in Islam the eyes of Sufi saint in Karachi Abdullah Shah Ghazi and / mango as has seen steady decline of attendance over the years are made here the are my dear Muslim community a minority group is also present in 1974 the government of pakistan amended the Constitution of Pakistan to define a Muslim as a person who believes in finality of Prophet Mohammed armadas believe in Muhammad as the best in the last law barring prophet and hence Allah Muhammad is the Christ of Muslims consequently they were declared non-muslims by a parliamentary tribunal though according to the last Pakistan census Ahmadi Muslims made 0.25 percent of the population the Amadeu Muslim community has boycotted the census independent groups generally estimate the population to be somewhere between two to five million Ahmadi Muslims however in media reports the four million figure is the most commonly cited figure Hinduism Hinduism the second largest religion in Pakistan accounting for 1.8 5% of the population the last population census divided the population into 1.6% Hindu jati and 0.25% Scheduled Castes the Rig Veda the oldest Hindu text was believed to have been composed in the Punjab province of modern-day Pakistan on the banks of Indus River around 1500 BC and spread from there across South and Southeast Asia slowly developing and evolving into the various forms of the faith we see today although no population census recording religious affiliation has taken place since 1998 if the numbers are extrapolated then Hindus would account for around 3 to 3.5 million people today according to the last census held in 1998 93% of Hindus live in Sindh 5% in Punjab and nearly 2% in Balochistan Christianity Christians make up 1.6 percent of Pakistan's population about 2.8 million people out of a total population the majority of the Pakistani Christian communities is constituted by converts from the Hindus and Muslims from Punjab region from the British colonial era the community is geographically spread throughout the Punjab province whilst its presence in the rest of the provinces is mostly confined to the urban centres there is a Roman Catholic community in Karachi which was established by Gong and Tamil migrants when Karachi's infrastructure was being developed by the British during colonial administration between World War one and World War two meanwhile there are few Protestant groups conducting missions in Pakistan the day-by-day Christian ministries which is based in the Philippines is operating a school in Karachi though most of its members they're converted outside the country due to restrictions at home Baha'i the Baha'i faith in Pakistan begins previous to its independence when it was still under British colonial rule the roots of the religion in the region go back to the first days of the Baba religion in 1844 with sheikh zayed hindi who was from milton during Baha'u'llah h's lifetime as founder of the religion he encouraged some of his followers to move to the area that is current day Pakistan the Baha is in Pakistan had the right to hold public meetings establish academic centers teach their faith and elect their administrative councils however the government prohibits Baha is as well as every other citizen from traveling to Israel for Bihar pilgrimage recent estimates are over 79,000 though Bihar is claimed less than half that number Sikhism in the 17th century the reformist sikh movement originated in Pakistan's Punjab region where Sikhism founder as well as most of the faith's disciples originated from the are a number of Sikhs living throughout Pakistan today estimates vary but the number is thought to be on the order of 20,000 in recent years their numbers have increased with many Sikhs migrating from neighboring Afghanistan who have joined their co-religionists in Pakistan the shrine of guru nanak dev is located in phnom karna siop near the city of lahore where many Sikhs from all over the world make pilgrimage to this and other shrines Zoroastrianism Zoroastrianism is believed to have been a major religion in the region of Pakistan from the time it was part of the Persian ActionAid Empire there are at least 4000 Pakistani citizen practicing the Zoroastrian religion numerous Saurashtra and fire temples still exist in Balochistan Sindh and parts of Punjab more recently from the 15th century onwards Zoroastrians came to settle the coast of Sindh and have established thriving communities and commercial enterprises these newer migrants were to be called posi at the time of independence of Pakistan in 1947 Karachi and lahul were home to a thriving party business community Karachi had the most prominent population of passes in Pakistan after independence many migrated aboard but a large number remained passes have entered Pakistani public life as social workers business folk journalists and diplomats the most prominent passes of Pakistan today include ardeshir ko was ji Byram din chiavari Jamshid marker as well as the late minor ship hondara the founding father of pakistan muhammad ali jinnah married Rati by who belonged to a Parsi family before her conversion to islam kailash this is pagan religion of the kailash people living in a remote part of Chitral adherents of the kailash religion number around 3,000 and inhabit three remote valleys in Churchill Bombur eight lumber and by rear their religion is unique but shares some common ground with greek-macedonian pagan Vedic and please Oro astrium religions Jainism existed in Punjab ballot isten Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Karachi there is no evidence of any Jane's living in Pakistan today although it is claimed that a few still live in Sindh and Punjab provinces they are a number of deceased Jain temples


found in different parts of Pakistan goula Levani a famous Jain was originally from Pakistan but he like other Jane's emigrated from Pakistan Barbra Dharam das tomb is also found in Pakistan Digambar temple is one of the famous Jain temples in Pakistan Buddhism Buddhism has an ancient history in Pakistan currently there is a small community of at least 1500 Pakistani Buddhists in the country the country is dotted with numerous ancient and disused Buddhist stupas along the entire breadth of the Indus River that courses through the heart of the country many Buddhist empires and city-states existed notably in gantt era but also elsewhere in take silla Punjab and Sindh it is believed that tantric Buddhism was developed in Pakistan Swat Valley Pakistan and much of Afghanistan were one of the first regions to adopt Buddhism and which saw a large number of adherence to the faith it is believed that through the Silk Road of northern Pakistan that Buddhism spread later to Central Asia China and beyond Judaism there is no evidence that there are any Jews in Pakistan today nor has any claim been made by any practitioner of the faith in recent decades various estimates suggest that there were about 1500 Jews living in Pakistan at the time of its independence on August 14 1947 with the majority living in Karachi and a few living and Peshawar however almost all emigrated to Israel after 1948 there are a few disused synagogues in both cities while one Karachi synagogue was torn down for the construction of a shopping mall the one in Peshawar still exists although the buildings not being used for any religious purpose there is a small Jewish community of Pakistani origin settled in Ramallah is atheism and agnosticism there are people who do not profess any faith in Pakistan but their numbers is not known they are particularly in the affluent areas of the larger cities some were born in secular families while others in religious ones according to the 1998 census people who did not state their religion accounted for 0.5% of the population but social pressures against claiming no religion was strong a 2012 study by Gallup Pakistan found that people not adhering to any religion account for 1% of the population in September 2010 a Facebook group surfaced for atheist and agnostic Alliance Pakistan on August 2011 they launched their website www.hp.com which received more than 17,000 hits in just 48 hours after its launch from 95 countries the AAP wants a non-theist box to be added on the passport and to be easier for Pakistanis to change their religion legally if they want see also demographics of Pakistan minorities in Pakistan freedom of religion in Pakistan blasphemy law in Pakistan references CUNY Baccalaureate for Unique and Interdisciplinary Studies.

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