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Contents Celebrating women’s day-------------------4 Status of women in Iran---------------------6 Our new members----------------------------9 Be with us!-----------------------------------11  2

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Celebrating women’s day Every year there is celebration of women’s day all around the world. March 8, 1857 was the first time that women who work in weave factory in New York protested to gain their needs and their economical, social and political rights like equal employment and educational opportunities, higher wages and less working hours. Police attacked them, many were injured and imprisoned. This event was a turning point in the history of women movements. After more than 50 years women workers who work in textile factory, New York arranges a memorial day, a demonstration on the occasion of women’s day. They wanted to achieve social and political rights of female workers. The manufacturer confined them in the factory, a fire was broke out there and 129 of them were burned. In 1912 the international women’s office chose March 8 as the international women’s day and it was accepted and celebrated in many countries. In 1960, women’s liberation and progressive movements in Asia, Africa and Latin America were continued. Also in advanced capitalist countries progressive movements increased.

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Finally in 1975, the UN recognized “March 8”as a universal women’s day. With the development of capitalism and industrialization of developing countries many women were involved in the educational programs and employment. The first women’s world conference urged UN to make countries have an obligation to accept and imply the convention on the elimination of discrimination against women. In our country, Iran, respecting women was common since ancient time. In ancient Persia “Esfandegan”was a day that people celebrate women. There is also a religious belief that muslins celebrate the birthday anniversary of their prophet’s daughter “Fatimah” to respect women. I’m glad to say that nowadays societies pay more attention to women and their rights and hope a day that women all around the world have equal and perfect lives.

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Status of women in Iran Social status of women during different eras in Iran's history and culture had changed a lot. Accepted values for the Arab attack on Iran in Arabic - was among Iranian Islamic. Mongol invasion to Iran had influence on our culture and society. Obviously these changes had a directly impact on women. At the time of the Achaemenids, women had the right to inherit and own property; however, there are no women on the Persepolis picture which is a sign of patriarchy. The Sassanid era: Pourandokht Shah, The Sasanian king, was a woman who had more than 10 Asian countries. The next Sassanid king Ardashir Shyrvyh as the twenty-fifth session of the Shah of Iran and ruled Arikeh. History does not feminism in the world for over 150 years, but "the daughter of Puran," the king of Sassanid Iran 1,400 years ago, the word "feminist" the Iranian said "What man is the king of what a woman should look at the land and act with justice and fairness. Pourandokht including feminist wrote in a letter to express their hosts and their followers equality of men and women were the first in the list. After killing the son Shyrvyh Khsrvprvyz In 628 AD, and was the eldest daughter Khsrvprvyz Shyrvyh more than six months into the reign Pourandokht meeting. 6

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In the Qajar period (1164-1304) has been very limited educational opportunities for women. In popular belief, the female literacy Islam and considered dangerous to the public. Another belief was that women are not educated and have no knowledge receptivity of the brain. Educated women were considered shameful and most of the literate women hide it. For example, some of the wives of the Shah were able to read and write, but the king was not informed of this. Unfortunately child marriage and forced marriage of girls was very popular. It was very easy and polygamous men were allowed to divorce. There was no voting right for women and they failed to achieve any political office. Political developments during the revolution outside activities were women. Private associations and organizations have made secret, took part in the protests, and to Constitutional armed struggle continued nonviolent action. In 1933, Reza Shah Pahlavi after meeting with Mustafa Kemal in Turkey began to take measures to improve the status of women. He ordered the Tehran University education, especially for girls, are enrolled. In 1934 AD, the Shah gave orders to the unveiling of the tent and Niqab banned. But the other women's organizations such as women's magazines were closed down Vatankhah female population. Instead, they formed the core of women who were moderate and Khyryhay. In terms of gender discrimination in the 2009 World Economic Forum report ranked 128 among 134 countries in a row. 7

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After the revolution, the high school boys and girls were separated. Also the use of the civil law (Islamic law) was continued. Under this law, daughters inherit half of the boys and the women do not inherit the earth. The official day of women in post-revolutionary Iran Jumada II with the twentieth birthday of the Prophet Muhammad's daughter Fatima. Also, women eighth of March, International Women's Day celebrates the ends.

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OUR NEW MEMBERS Farzaneh habibi We are medical students, expanding knowledge and awareness and participating different campaigns concerning our goals, gives us simultaneous science and experience to do best! Having a small role in making world a better place for humans gives us the most enthusiasm and happiness. Yet,if we’re not able to reach the summit of our goals, making effort in a way that we know is correct, helps us feel fortunate!!

Zeinab bagheri Here in SCORA, everything is new, our goals, our thoughts, our plans‌.;I love it! 9

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Parto Nasri

Ali azizi

Being a scoraangle gives me an opportunity to participate in activities which increase the level of knowledge about reproductive health. Let’s take steps forward to have a better community!

We,,definitely should respect women,,,cos behind every successful man,,,stands firmly a strict woman!!! :))) But out of joking,,, nor mocking ,,women still desire protection,,,patronage & auspices. :)

Nasrin Afsharmehr We desire to help women know more about reproductive health & encourage them teach their family specially their beloved children!

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Be with us! Remember the first days which we had established our standing committee. We had some scorangles with low experience but much of enthusiasm and goals to catch. We desired to do something special and useful toward our society, so we decided to start strongly. Now many interested medical students have joined us and we have an active standing committee with a lot eager and fresh scorangles. We thank Shahaboddin Dolatkhah (the former officer) with his great services in scora-isfahan.We hope great and best wishes for him.

We want to help women, children and all people around the world to know much about STDs and reproductive health. We decide to act effective about stigma and discrimination against HIV/AIDS which bother many people in the world. We should make steps for public education and do research around STDs and related fields. Although we have a lot to do and catch, we know that our responsibilities toward humanity are much; Certainly catching to our goals cannot be possible except by a good –overall team work. So we invite all of the interested people to join scora.

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Editor in Chief: Minoo Jelvan Graphic Designer: Mehdi Dastanpour Content Editor: Hurie Agha Sharifian Authors: Fatemeh Etemadifar-Erfaneh Kamali-Farzaneh habibiZeinab Bagheri-Nasrin Afsharmehr-Ali azizi-Parto Nasri

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SCORAngles in isfahan-March2013