Page 1


Change out

ZONES How heat pumps keep you cool in summer and warm in winter


Cueing up SC G A R D E N E R

MAY 2015

Sensational sweet corn

Free Graduate Class for S.C. Teachers graduate-level course designed for middle and high school teachers

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THE MAGAZINE FOR COOPERATIVE MEMBERS Vol. 69 • No. 5 (ISSN 0047-486X, USPS 316-240) Read in more than 470,000 homes and businesses and published monthly except in December by The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. 808 Knox Abbott Drive Cayce, SC 29033

May 2015 • Volume 69, Number 5

Tel:  (803) 926-3 1 75 Fax:  (803) 796-6064 Email:


16 Blowing hot


Keith Phillips

and cold


Diane Veto Parham FIELD EDITOR

Technology and tax breaks make heat pumps an attractive option for heating and cooling South Carolina homes.


Pam Martin


Sharri Harris Wolfgang DESIGNER

Susan Collins PRODUCTION

Andrew Chapman Van O’Cain COPY EDITOR

Susan Scott Soyars Contributors

Becky Billingsley, Mike Couick, Bret Curry, Jim Dulley, Jan A. Igoe, Charles Joyner, Margo Millure, Anne Brinser Shelton, Belinda Smith-Sullivan, S. Cory Tanner

David Clark




Mary Watts Tel: (803) 739-5074 Email: National Representation

Paid advertisements are not endorsements by any electric cooperative or this publication. If you encounter a difficulty with an advertisement, inform the Editor. ADDRESS CHANGES: Please send

Cooperative news


Slide the City comes to town with 1,000 feet of cool summer fun. Plus: South Carolina linemen play starring roles in a new Touchstone Energy campaign to promote electrical safety.


Periodicals postage paid at Columbia, S.C., and additional mailing offices.

10 Blueprints for a brighter future

© COPYRIGHT 201 5. The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. No portion of South Carolina Living may be reproduced without permission of the Editor. is brought to you by your member-owned, taxpaying, not-for-profit electric cooperative to inform you about your cooperative, wise energy use and the faces and places that identify the Palmetto State. Electric cooperatives are South Carolina’s — and America’s — largest utility network. SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Some of the best scientific minds at the University of South Carolina tackle the tough issues of public energy policy.


21 Calling the shots

Learn how professional billiards player Ewa Mataya Laurance came to call South Carolina home. SCENE

22 Giving nature a hand

Caring for injured and orphaned wildlife is a tough job, but the staff and volunteers of Carolina Wildlife Center wouldn’t trade it for the world. GARDENER

26 Summer’s sweet treat

Expert tips for growing sensational sweet corn in your home garden. TR AVELS


28 Castle in the sand

Our energy expert reviews everything you need to know before buying and installing a backup generator.

30 Grillin’ and chillin’

12 Generator power on standby


14 Grade-A gifts

Member of the NCM network of publications, reaching more than 7 million homes and businesses


Unravel the mystery of Atalaya Castle, the curious beachside mansion at Huntington Beach State Park. RECIPE

Check out four great recipes that allow you to grill an entire meal, from appetizer to dessert, and enjoy more time with family and friends.

Looking for the perfect graduation gift? This month’s collection HUMOR ME of clever gadgets will put you at the head of the class. 38 Maul of the wild If taking a selfie with a grizzly sounds like a good idea, it’s a sure sign you’re redlining the Wacko Meter.

Printed on recycled paper

22 Belinda Smith-Sullivan

to your local co-op. Postmaster: Send Form 3579 to Address Change, c/o the address above.



National Country Market Tel:  (800) NCM-1181




ZONES How heat pumps keep you cool in summer and warm in winter


Cueing up SC G A R D E N E R

Sensational sweet corn

MAY 2015

Lou Green

Modern heat pumps are the ideal way to keep your home cool in summer and warm in winter. Illustration by David Clark.

On the Agenda For a listing p m co lete s, see of Event 6 page 3


Highlights MAY 16

Bull’s Bay Nature Festival Get outside and enjoy nature! That’s the aim of this free Lowcountry festival, hosting outdoor adventures at locations in and around Awendaw, including Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge, Francis Marion National Forest, Hampton Plantation State Park and Sewee Visitor and Environmental Education Center. Kayak trips, paddle boarding, fishing, forest and wildlife explorations, and a family bike trip are just a few of the fun and family-friendly events planned.

For details, visit or call (843) 928-3368.

MAY 22–24

Sumter Iris Festival

Happy anniversary to one of the state’s oldest festivals, celebrating 75 years at Swan Lake Iris Gardens. Two firsts are part of the party: a nighttime parade on Friday and laser show on Saturday. A meet-and-greet with Sumter native and baseball great Bobby Richardson is also planned for Saturday, along with a new garden art installation to complement the blooming Japanese irises.

MAY 23

Slide the City

Take a wet-and-wild ride down West Broad Street when Slide the City comes to Spartanburg. One thousand feet of water-soaked vinyl, layered over cushy padding, provides a cool course for a slippery tube ride. It’s a familyfriendly event, but sliders must be at least 5 years old or 46 inches tall. Register online. Kids, take note: Slide the City sloshes into Fort Mill on June 6 and Columbia on July 4. For details, visit or

For details, visit or call (803) 436-2640.

MAY 23

“Palmetto State” Chili Cook-off

If the spicy aroma of hot chili tempts your taste buds, head to downtown Fountain Inn for the Chamber of Commerce’s first official chili competition. Sanctioned by the International Chili Society, this new event invites ICS members and home chefs to compete in the red chili, chili verde and salsa categories. ICS winners can advance to world championships; “People’s Choice” winners get bragging rights; and spectators taste a lot of good chili. Proceeds benefit three Upstate charities. For details, visit or call (864) 862-2586.



MAY 24

First Flush FesTEAval

True tea lovers appreciate a cup of “first flush” tea, made from new leaves fresh from the spring’s first harvest. Charleston Tea Plantation, on Wadmalaw Island, will brew up thousands of gallons for this celebration at “America’s only tea garden.” This year’s festival features Grammywinning singer/songwriter Sheryl Crow (above) in concert, plus a day of local bands, food trucks and kids’ activities. For details, visit or call (843) 559-0383.


Lights, camera, safety! may recognize some familiar faces in a new Touchstone Energy television ad now airing across the nation. Filmed in Bamberg last December, the 30-second commercial “On the Safe Side” features Edisto Electric Cooperative linemen in the starring roles. The spot shows a cooperative line crew arriving at the scene of a downed power line, donning proper safety gear and directing curious children away from danger. The ad is part of Touchstone Energy’s combined 2015 safety campaign, which also includes a second television spot, “No Accidents,” filmed near Charleston with the help of Berkeley Electric Cooperative, as well as radio messages, printed materials, digital ads and stock images featuring Santee Electric Cooperative linemen. During the shoot for “On the Safe Side,” Edisto linemen Aaron Peagler, Jason Padgett and Zach Wimberly did more than act the part. They advised Get More Watch a the production company on behind-the-scenes video the safety gear and procedures of the commercial shoot, plus they use every day. Producer the finished spots “On the Safe Blaine Deutsch says it was Side” and “No Accidents,” at vital to work with real crews in order to convey an authentic Download Touchstone Energy’s safety message. electrical safety tips and take the “They’re the professionelectrical safety quiz online at als on the set. When we’re working with linemen, they’re instructing us,” he says. “We don’t want anyone to look at what we’re doing and say, ‘That’s not right.’” For Ruben Musca, creative director at Touchstone Energy, shooting the safety campaign in South Carolina was an easy choice. “It’s an absolutely beautiful state, there are a lot of good places to shoot and the weather is really nice,” he says. “We’ve worked closely with South Carolina electric cooperatives before, and we’ve always had good luck.” South Carolina electric cooperative members

Touchstone energy

linemen James Brand (foreground) and Channing Matthews were photographed for print materials and stock photos featured in the new Touchstone Energy safety campaign.

q Jason Padgett, a lineman with Edisto Electric Cooperative, begins repairs on a downed power line during the filming of “On the Safe Side.”

Keith Phillips

u Aaron Peagler, a lineman with Edisto Electric Cooperative, awaits his cue during the filming of “On the Safe Side.”

Touchstone energy


p Santee Electric Cooperative

S.C.RAMBLE! By Charles Joyner, See Answer ON Page 35

Nothing beats a cold glass of iced tea or lemonade on a hot day. Keep your favorite beverages chilled to perfection—and save on utility bills—with an Energy Star-rated refrigerator. These models have been proven to be 10 percent more efficient than comparable refrigerators, saving you money every month. Source:

Jazz great _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ s a d d e r a  m m c l b a c was born in Cheraw. His statue is a key downtown landmark. Use the capital letters in the code key below to fill in the blanks above. D E G I L P S Y Z means s c r a mb l e d   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


On the Agenda O n ly o n

Keep your cool with ceiling fans Ceiling fans have been helping Americans

Bonus videos

Grill like a pro. Turn out steaks as tasty and tempting as the choice cuts at your local steakhouse, using Chef Belinda’s grilling tips. Visit

Keith Phil lips

Safety first. Go behind the scenes as television crews film South Carolina electric cooperative linemen for two new safety commercials that are now airing nationally. See how they did it and watch the finished ads at

Bonus Articles Grade-A gifts. Looking for the perfect graduation gift? Turn to “Smart Choice” on page 14, and if you can’t find it there, read the expanded version online for even more practical presents.

Interactive features Get our free newsletter. Be the first to know about all the new content and contests we’re offering at Sign up for the free email newsletter at

Like us on Facebook Our Facebook page celebrates all that’s great about living in South Carolina. Join the conversation and share your photos at



beat the heat for more than 100 years. Philip Diehl, a contemporary of Thomas Edison, is credited with being the inventor of the electrically powered ceiling fan in 1882. Diehl used the electric motor he engineered for the Singer sewing machine and added two paddle blades, and the rest is history. Ceiling fans caught on fast, and Diehl improved his design by adding a light kit. By World War I, most ceiling fans were revving up with four paddle blades rather than two. Today, more than 75 percent of all homes in the U.S. have ceiling fans, and when used correctly, they can help lower summer cooling costs. It’s important to note that ceiling fans do not provide refrigerated cooling like an air conditioner. Instead, they simply move air in the room, and air moving across skin evaporates the moisture produced by our bodies, making us feel cooler. Running a ceiling fan in conjunction with your air conditioner creates a windchill effect inside your home, so you can comfortably set your thermostat 3 to 5 degrees higher. For maximum cooling effect, be sure your fan spins counter­clockwise in order to push the airflow downward. Setting the thermostat higher saves much more electricity than the ceiling fan consumes, but you won’t pocket that money if you allow ceiling fans to run in an empty room. Left on and unattended, ceiling fans are just spinning up your electric bill. A simple flip of the switch or pulling the chain into the off position when you leave the room is all it takes to enjoy cool summer savings. —bret curry GONE FISHIN’ The Vektor Fish & Game Forecast provides feeding and migration times. Major periods can bracket the peak by an hour. Minor peaks, ½ hour before and after. Minor

PM Major

17 — 5:37 7:37 18 12:52 6:07 8:22 19 1:37 6:37 9:07 20 2:07 7:07 9:52 21 2:52 7:37 10:52 22 3:52 8:07 11:37 23 5:22 8:52 12:37 24 7:22 9:52 — 25 8:52 1:22 12:37 26 9:22 2:07 2:52 27 2:37 9:52 4:07 28 3:07 10:22 9:52 29 3:37 10:52 10:37 30 4:07 11:22 11:22 31 4:37 11:52 12:07

12:37 1:22 1:52 2:37 3:07 3:52 4:37 5:22 6:37 7:52 8:52 4:52 5:37 6:22 6:52



AM Major



1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16

AM Major


PM Major

— 5:07 7:37 12:22 — 5:37 8:07 12:52 1:22 6:22 8:52 1:37 2:07 6:52 9:37 2:07 2:52 7:37 10:22 2:52 3:37 8:22 11:22 3:37 4:52 9:22 12:07 4:37 6:22 10:52 — 5:37 7:37 12:52 12:52 6:52 8:52 1:52 2:52 8:07 2:37 9:37 9:22 4:22 3:07 10:22 10:22 5:22 3:52 11:07 11:07 6:22 4:37 11:52 11:52 7:07 — 5:07 7:37 12:22 — 5:37 8:22 1:07



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Blueprints for a brighter future We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking we used when we created them. —Albert Einstein

Mike Couick

President and CEO, The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina


During the past few months, I have gotten to know some of the brightest young minds at the University of South Carolina, and the experience has inspired me to take a very optimistic view of our energy future. It was my privilege to serve as part of the teaching team for IGERT 720: Public Energy Policy, a graduate course for chemists and engineers sponsored by the National Science Foundation and South Carolina’s electric cooperatives. IGERT stands for Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship Program, and the nine students in the course all hold impressive academic and scientific credentials. The task of the teaching team was to help these young scientists explore the world beyond the laboratory, where their work will intersect with politics and business. The course focused on one of the biggest problems (an optimist might say opportunities) in the energy sector today—how to deliver affordable and reliable electricity while achieving the carbondioxide reductions called for in the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Program. This is no easy task. The proposed regulations require South Carolina power plants to reduce carbon-dioxide emissions 51 percent by 2030, the most demanding reduction target in the nation. Electric cooperatives, investor-owned utilities, environmental groups and state regulators are all working together to develop a state implementation plan (SIP) following four EPA-mandated building blocks. For their course project, we assigned the IGERT students to work in teams to develop their own SIPs focusing on two of these building blocks—improving energy efficiency and developing new sources of renewable energy. To help our students hone their ability to pitch science-based solutions to political and business leaders, we added another twist to the assignment. In a format inspired by the television show “Shark Tank,” we had the teams present their plans in a public forum before a


distinguished panel of energy-policy experts: U.S. Rep. James Clyburn, the third-ranking Democrat in the House of Representatives; Hamilton Davis, energy and climate director of the Coastal Conservation League; Myra Reese, chief of the S.C. Department of Health and Environmental Control’s Bureau of Air Quality; Dukes Scott, executive director of the S.C. Office of Regulatory Staff; and James Spiers, vice president of business and technology strategies for the National Rural Electric Cooperatives Association. Rising to the challenge, the students delivered their blueprints for a brighter energy future with confidence and poise, even in the face of some tough questions from the panel. More important, all three of their proposals reflected the kind of new thinking that Einstein would have loved. The IGERT students did more than run the numbers on kilowatt hours produced and tons of carbon dioxide saved; they considered how the costs might be fairly allocated, as well as the positive economic benefits that renewable energy could bring to South Carolina. The team of Bobby Barker, Elizabeth Barrow and José Contreras-Mora took the top award from the panel, but the experts were quick to praise all three proposals. “The plans are incredibly smart,” Dukes Scott said. “Somewhat idealistic, but very smart.” “I have a great feeling of confidence in our young people,” Rep. Clyburn said. “The ingredients are all here in South Carolina to do what the EPA wants us to do.” As a result of my experience with IGERT 720, I share the congressman’s optimism, and I am more convinced than ever that this generation of young scientists will find the solutions to our energy and environmental issues. Our future is in good hands—or, more accurately, some very capable minds.


Working with the state’s electric cooperatives and the South Carolina Power Team, Santee Cooper is an important resource for industries relocating and expanding here. Since 1988, we have helped bring more than $10 billion in industrial investment and more than 62,000 new jobs to our state.That’s a powerful partnership.


By Jim Dulley

Generator power on standby


generator you will need, list all electric items you want to power, and total their wattages. Items and appliances with motors often require more electric These days, most families current at start-up time, so depend on electricity for nearly round up when calculatevery activity, so homes with backup generators are becoming ing the total wattage. Ask more common. a ­contractor or installation A small gas engine is visible inside the housing of this standby Residential backup generators are expert to advise you on the generator being installed at a home. called standby models, because they proper size—­installing a with electric heat have propane availare used only when electricity from whole-house backup generator is not the utility grid fails. They are designed a do-it-yourself project. able for cooking. To power a wholeto run for a relatively short period of For convenience and safety (for house generator, a larger propane tank time, until power is restored—usually both your family and your ­electric would be needed. cooperative’s emergency ­lineworkers), A diesel engine-powered ­generator between a few hours and a couple have an automatic transfer switch also requires a fuel tank. The shelf of days. (ATS) installed. This switch senses life of diesel fuel is only a couple of First, to determine the size of the when the grid electricity goes off years—even with a stabilizer—and the backup generator you’ll need, decide or the voltage drops below a critical how much of your home you’d like overall cost of installing a diesel generpoint. It automatically disconnects to power. Common necessities, such ator will be higher. One advantage of your home’s wiring from the utility as refrigeration and lighting, will defusing diesel, however, is that you can grid and starts the generator. This always pour more fuel into the tank if initely need power. Others, such as occurs quickly, so there is very little you need to run the generator longer air conditioning, washing and drying down time. than originally expected. clothes, and vacuuming, may not be The ATS also runs the generaAnother option is a smaller, less top priority during a power outage. expensive, portable, gasoline-­powered Backup generators are sized by tor ­periodically (called exercising) to generator with several electrical their kilowatt electricity output. A ­ensure everything is working properly. 12-kW generator can power most elec- If you hear the generator start the exer- outlets. These can provide enough electricity for the refrigerator and trical needs for a typical family of cise cycle, don’t be alarmed—it doesn’t several lamps, plus enough power to four. If you eliminate nonessentials, necessarily mean the power is off. operate the blower in a gas, propane a smaller, less expensive unit will be If natural gas is available at your or oil furnace for heat. Never attempt adequate, and the fuel costs to operate house, that’s your best choice to to plug this type of generator into an it will be less. power the backup generator. Naturalelectrical output with a homemade To get a rough idea of what size gas engines run cleanly, require little double-male cord. This can back feed maintenance and are rela120-volt current into the grid, which is tively inexpensive to run. GetMore dangerous for utility line crews. Also, if you have a gas You can get more information on furnace for heat, the size These companies offer backup standby generators: backup generators from your local of the generator you’ll need Baldor, (479) 646-4711, electric cooperative or a qualified is smaller. Coleman Powermate, (888) 977-2622, ­contractor. Another clean-running Cummins Onan, (800) 888-6626, fuel for a backup g­ enerator Send questions to Energy Q&A, South Carolina Generac Power Systems, (888) 436-3722, is propane, although it’s Living, 808 Knox Abbott Drive, Cayce, SC Kohler Power Systems, (800) 544-2444, more expensive to use than 29033, email or fax (803) 739-3041. natural gas. Many homes I’m considering purchasing a backup generator for my home, so I’ll be prepared if severe weather hits. What would you recommend?




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POT BOILER An iKettle offers an electronic assist with hot food and drink for busy young grads. Use a smartphone to turn the kettle on, and in minutes the hot water is ready for morning tea or a bowl of ramen. $148 for steel; $22 for a color-coordinating sleeve. 44-20-3368-3410 (international call rates apply) or;

CONQUER CLUTTER The Space Bar monitor stand from Quirky provides six extra USB ports for syncing and charging multiple devices. Plus, it’s a handy shelf for glasses, digital camera, smartphone and more. $100. (866) 578-4759;

SIMPLE SECURITY Here’s a renter-friendly home security device that adds protection at college dorms, apartments and houses. Plug Canary in and connect it to the Web, and it streams realtime video of your home, monitors air quality, sends smartphone alerts about unusual activity, and sounds an alarm if warranted. $249.; 14

By Becky Billingsley

Whether grad uates are moving o n to high scho college, grad ol, scho technology w ol or jobs, handy ill help take th em to the next le vel.



WEARABLE TECH A glance at your wrist offers on-the-go access to multiple functions with the Pebble Smartwatch. Check the time or weather, see who is messaging or calling, and keep customized tabs on your fitness activities. It’s water resistant, and one charge lasts a week. $99. (888) 224-5820;

ENERGY BOOST Go mobile without worrying about running out of power. The tiny and inexpensive Tube Charger Portable Power Bank will almost double battery life for iPhones and most other mobile devices. $5. (800) 610-0605;

STUCK ON YOU About the size of a quarter, StickNFind is a trackable sticker that helps keep electronic tabs on laptops, phones, backpacks, keys, pets or anything that might get lost or stolen. Its app can be set to send alerts when the sticker goes outside of, or returns within, a set range. $50 for two. (866) 777-7210; CHARGING AHEAD While you’re enjoying sofa time, your electronics can power up close at hand in the Device Charging End Table from Hammacher Schlemmer. Tucked inside are two AC outlets and two USB ports, with a drawer for stowing adapters, phone cases and remote controls. $250. (800) 321-1484;

Get More Looking for more techsavvy graduation gift ideas? Visit for other practical presents.


HIGHER PLANE Hunching over a desktop computer for extended periods can be hard on the back. Get some relief with the Stand Up Workstation Platform—it raises your monitor and keyboard to a comfortable height for working while standing up. $200. (800) 321-1484;

POWER TRAVEL Suitable for walking across campus or traveling the world on business, the Phorce Freedom transforms from backpack to messenger bag to briefcase. Inside, multiple devices fit inside separate pockets, with two USB ports and a power core for charging phones, tablets, laptops and more. $199. 31-55-599-4447 (international call rates apply) or;

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Illustrations by DaVID CLARK



Technology and tax breaks make heat pumps more attractive for home heating and cooling  BY DIANE VETO PARHAM Thirty years ago, mobile phones were too clunky to fit in anybody’s pocket. VCRs recorded our favorite TV shows. Windows 1.0 was introduced. And heat pumps were the state-of-the-art option for home HVAC systems. Times change, and technology advances have improved the conveniences we rely on, including the devices that heat and cool our homes. Today’s heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems offer new ways to increase comfort and efficiency and may even save you some money in the long run. Plus, federal tax incentives and local rebates make now an opportune time to take a new look at heat pumps.

Heat pumps 101

Understanding heat pumps starts with a simple fact: They don’t create heat. What they can do, in cold or hot weather, is move heat from one place to another. This transfer process uses two possible heat sources: air or ground (or groundwater). Air-source heat pumps collect heat from the air and move it where you want it (indoors in winter, outdoors in summer). Ground-source and water-source heat pumps are

geothermal systems—they transfer heat through looped tubing or pipes located in soil or water below ground, where temperatures tend to be more stable year-round (see “Heating and cooling from the ground up,” page 19). More than half of the homes served by S.C. electric cooperatives are heated and cooled by heat pumps, and the vast majority of those are air-source heat pumps. “The reason heat pumps typically work for South Carolina is that we have a mild climate,” says Michael Smith, director of corporate strategy and emerging technologies for Central Electric Power Cooperative. On those rare days that S.C. air temperatures hover in the teens or 20s, heat pumps won’t deliver heat as efficiently. “But the other 360 days of the year, heat pumps are a highly efficient method of heating and cooling,” Smith says. To keep you cool in summer and warm in winter, heat pumps rely on a system of refrigerant, coils,

compressors, condensers, evaporators, air blowers and ductwork. By simply reversing the direction of the refrigerant flow when the seasons change, this system moves heat into or out of your home. Here’s what happens: You set your thermostat to a desired indoor temperature, and the compressor kicks on

Understanding heat pumps starts with a simple fact: They don’t create heat. to deliver that temperature. In cooling mode, the system pulls in indoor air, runs it over coils filled with cold refrigerant and blows the cooled air throughout the house. Indoor heat is collected and transferred into outdoor coils, where the refrigerant disperses that heat outside, with help from a fan. “In summertime, that coil on the inside is absorbing heat like a sponge,   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Blowing Hot and Cold

How Air-source heat pumps work By transferring heat between a house and outside air, these devices trim electricity use by as much as 30 to 40 percent in moderate climates.

S u mm e r Cooled air Warm air Thermostat

Outside air

Warm air

Fast Facts about heat pumps Consider your budget and your home’s location when deciding what works best for you.

Air S o u rc e Cost:

$4,000 to $6,000

$15,000 to $20,000+

Cooling efficiency:

Cooling efficiency:

14 to 18 SEER

18 and up EER

Heating efficiency:

Heating efficiency:

8.2 to 11 HSPF

3.6 to 5.4 COP

Life expectancy:

Life expectancy:

10 to 15 years

25 or more years

Site limitations:

Site limitations:

Can be installed in most homes

Requires proper site for buried heat‑exchange pipes

and the outside coil is like a bucket dumping heat,” says Rob Shealy of Palmetto Breeze Heating and Air Conditioning in North. For heating, the process simply works in reverse—the heat pump heats your home by taking in outside air, using refrigerant-filled coils to extract the heat and carry it indoors, where the warmer air is distributed through vents in your home. As outside temperatures drop, heat pumps lose some efficiency, because there is less heat to draw from the air. When lows dip into the 30s, the heat pump must call on a back-up heating source. In S.C. homes, this is often electric-resistance heating coils (similar to what you’d find in a toaster), sometimes referred to as heat strips. Generating all your heat this way is less efficient and more expensive. Most days, heat pumps are very efficient, delivering as much as three times more heat energy than the ­electricity they consume to operate. Today’s heat pumps are up to twice as efficient as their forerunners from the 1980s, with better refrigerant flow, quieter fans, warmer air delivery and

other technical improvements, according to the U.S. Department of Energy.

Winter Heated air Cool air Thermostat

Outside air

Cool air

Co mpr e ss o r

Increases refrigerant pressure to accept the maximum heat from the air. O u t sid e co il

Refrigerant moves through coils, absorbing heat from the outside air in winter or releasing heat to the outside air in summer. I n sid e co il

Refrigerant moves through coils, absorbing heat from the inside air in summer or releasing heat to the inside air in winter. Air H a n dl e r

Fan blows air over the inside coil and into a home’s ducts. R e v e rsi n g va lv e

Switches the direction of the refrigerant flow, changing the heat pump’s output to hot or cold air (controlled by thermostat). Source: NRECA


G e ot h e rm a l Cost:


When to consider a new heat pump

Sooner or later, every homeowner faces decisions about repairing or replacing an HVAC system. Finding answers starts with assessing your home’s unique needs. Think about the whole house. “Don’t look at just the heat pump,” says David Brown, vice president of Bruce Brown Heating and Air in Andrews. If the house feels too hot or too cool, make sure the attic is well insulated, the ductwork is well sealed, and air leaks around doors and windows are caulked. “Approach the whole house as a system,” Brown says. “That plays such a big part in how the heat pump will perform.” Watch for increases in energy bills and equipment repairs. Think about upgrading if your electric bill spikes up or if your heat pump needs frequent repairs for malfunctioning parts, runs on its heat strip all winter, or leaks air from the ducts. “That’s when you have high bills, and that’s where you see a lot of savings if you replace l l

Heating and cooling from the ground up If you’re looking into heat pump options, you may have heard about ground-source, or geothermal, heat pumps. Geothermal technology isn’t new—it’s been used for decades. Although less than 1 percent of S.C. homes use geothermal heat pumps for heating and cooling, they are gaining attention, thanks to their high efficiency, quiet operation, durability and low-impact maintenance. Geothermal heat pumps operate on the same heat-transfer principles seen in air-source heat pumps, but they use 25 to 50 percent less electricity than conventional HVAC systems, according to the South Carolina Energy Office. Unlike the fluctuating outdoor air temperatures that impact the performance of air-source heat pumps, underground temperatures stay fairly constant, around 67 F, allowing a ground-source heat pump to transfer heat more efficiently. That heat exchange can be two or three times more efficient than air-source systems on the coldest days, according to the DOE. Geothermal systems aren’t for everybody. The upfront costs of materials and installation are significantly higher than for conventional systems, although homeowners can expect to recoup those costs in two to 10 years, saving 30 to 60 percent on monthly heating and cooling bills. The home’s location is also a consideration—for ground-source or water-source heat pumps, the surrounding land space, soil type and available water sources factor into the feasibility of installation. “Ground loop” is the term used to describe the system of sealed, underground pipes, filled with water or refrigerant, that transfers heat between your home and an outdoor medium—the ground outside, or a nearby water source, such as a well or pond. The pipes may be installed horizontally or vertically, depending on the site. The average cost of replacing a conventional home HVAC system with a geothermal heat pump—depending on factors such as soil type or water sources used—can run from $15,000 to $20,000 or more, says David Brown of Bruce Brown Heating and Air. Retrofits can use existing ductwork. Among the benefits of geothermal heat pumps is their long life—inside system components are estimated to last 25 years, and most underground components carry a 50-year warranty. Under­ ground repairs are rare but may be costly. Regular maintenance involves periodic system checks and filter changes, but with indoor components protected from the elements, fewer problems are likely, and average maintenance costs are about a third of the average for conventional systems, according to the S.C. Energy Office.

Co o li n g M o d e

H e at i n g M o d e

Supply cooled air

Supply heated air

Return warm air

Return cool air

H e at disp e rsi o n

H e at a bs o rp t i o n

Source: WaterFurnace

Typ e s o f G e ot h e rm a l h e at p u mp syst e ms There are four basic configurations for geothermal heat pump ground loops. One is an “open-loop system,” where ground water or well water is used. Three others are “closed-loop systems,” where a water and anitfreeze solution is continually moved through pipes.

Op e n - lo o p syst e m

C lo s e d lo o p syst e m


C lo s e d - lo o p syst e m

Pond or lake

C lo s e d lo o p syst e m


Source: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

G e t a g e ot h e rm a l ta x br e a k If you’re tempted to install a geothermal heat pump system, do it before the end of 2016 to save some money. Homeowners can claim a federal tax credit of 30 percent on materials and installation of geothermal heat pumps that meet Energy Star criteria and are placed in service by Dec. 31, 2016. Both new and existing homes are eligible, as long as they are owned and used by the taxpayer. Rentals are not eligible. For details, visit   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Blowing Hot and Cold

A shopper’s guide to heat pumps Before jumping into the market for a new heat pump, arm yourself with some terminology and a game plan.

Get to know efficiency ratings.

Abbreviations like SEER, EER and HSPF show up when you start comparing one heat pump to another. They indicate a unit’s heating or cooling efficiency. Higher numbers mean more efficiency and lower operating costs, but those units may be more expensive up front. SEER (Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio): This rates an airsource heat pump’s cooling efficiency. Look for air-source heat pumps with a SEER between 14 and 18, and consider the return on your investment for units with higher SEER numbers and higher costs, Shealy advises. “You can spend as much as you want,” he says, “but can you practically get that money back over the life of the system?” HSPF (Heating Seasonal Performance Factor): This indicates an air‑source heat pump’s heating efficiency. An efficient HSPF range is 8.2 to 11. EER (Energy Efficiency Ratio): This measure is used to rate cooling effectiveness for geothermal heat pumps. Similar to SEER, it reflects a ratio of total cooling capacity to energy used. High-efficiency systems can be rated 18 and up. COP (Coefficient of Performance): Another guide used for geothermal systems, the COP measures efficiency in the heating mode. For high-efficiency models, COP may range between 3.6 and 5.4.

Get More Read this story online at for bonus content, including a sidebar on ductless heat pump systems and tips for operating an air-source heat pump at maximum efficiency. Visit for more on the topic of heat pumps, including: What’s new in heat pumps. Energy Q&A columnist Jim Dulley provides an overview of heat-pump technologies. Know your heat pump options. Learn more about the difference between air-source and geothermal heat pumps.


Be thinking about special features. If your budget allows, consider these options: Two-stage compressors allow your heat pump to run more efficiently— at an energy-saving lower capacity for most needs, kicking into a second stage only when you need more cooling or heating power. They’re great for lowering your winter heating bill, according to Eddie Plowden, director of marketing and energy services for Berkeley Electric Cooperative. Scroll compressors are replacing the traditional reciprocating, or piston, compressors, offering quieter, more efficient and longer-lasting operation than their forerunners. Variable-speed motors, available on some models, allow fans (or air blowers) to move air at desired levels. These can minimize noise while the unit is running. Desuperheaters are options that allow your geothermal heat pump to provide heat to your home’s electric water heater as well. Dual-fuel systems offer an efficient alternative to the electric-resistance heat strips that kick in when very cold temperatures challenge a heat pump’s ability to maintain heat. They use a combustion source, such as propane or natural gas, to create heat. “This is the perfect mix for someone who’s been a big fan of gas over the years,” Shealy says. It combines the warm feel of gas heat on the coldest days with the cost savings of heat-pump efficiency the rest of the year. Hire a qualified professional. A reputable, licensed HVAC

contractor can advise you on the right heat pump for your needs, keeping your budget in mind. He should perform a heat-load calculation to ensure you have the right-size unit and duct system for your home. A proper heat-load calculation will evaluate your home’s square footage, building materials, location, insulation, number of stories, room sizes and desired home temperature. If it’s geothermal you want, call on a contractor who is accredited and experienced in these specialized installations ( maintains a directory of geothermal professionals). He will also be able to advise whether you have the land space, soil type and water resources needed for a geothermal heat pump installation.

the unit,” says Eddie Plowden, director of marketing and energy services for Berkeley Electric Cooperative. Newer may mean more efficient. Even if you’re not making major repairs, aging systems tend to lose ­efficiency over time, Shealy says, adding to your monthly bill. A rule of thumb is that if your HVAC equipment is more than 10 years old, a new system will provide greater energy efficiency, especially units with an Energy Star rating. Make room in your budget. Expect to pay $4,000 to $6,000 for a quality air-source heat pump that meets the current minimum SEER rating of 14.


A geothermal heat pump installation can cost $15,000 to $20,000 or more. The good news: You’ll see a return on the investment in the form of lower utility bills. Look for incentives. Rebates, loans and tax credits may be available from federal, state and local sources. Visit, an online database that allows users to search for current financial incentives. Plan now to buy later. Research heat pump options before your system breaks down during a heat wave or winter storm. “Make a change in a planned manner, instead of when it’s an emergency,” Plowden says.


SC Life

Calling the shots

Professional billiards player Ewa Laurance is in teaching mode as she bends over the pool table in her Conway home. She takes aim, and in an assertive swoop—followed by a sharp crack!—she breaks, scattering the balls across the green felt. “Now this is where the physics comes in,” she says, lining up her next shot. “I’m going to show you how to move the cue ball around.” Her love affair with pool began at age 14 when she followed her brother and a teenage crush into a pool hall in her hometown of Gävle, Sweden. “After playing a couple of times, I completely forgot about him [the crush],” she says. Enamored with the game, she was soon playing 10 hours a day. She came to the U.S. at the age of 17 to represent Europe in the World Championships and, with the support of her family, decided to stay. Her career as a professional tournament player, trick-shot artist and television commentator still takes her around the world, but since 1999 she and her family—plus an evolving menagerie of horses, cats and dogs—have called South Carolina home. “My daughter had a horse,” she says when explaining why the family wound up living on their 3-acre property in Horry County. Although it was an adjustment at first, the family happily embraced the rural lifestyle. “I travel around so much it’s heaven for me to come home. We joke all the time about ‘Conway heaven.’ It’s so peaceful and quiet here.” —MARGO MILLURE

Ewa Mataya Laurance Age:


Conway Current International and World Cup Trick Shot Champion, holder of multiple World and U.S. Open 9-ball titles About her name: It’s pronounced Eva Leisure activity: Golf with her husband, Mitch Laurance, the host of “On the Green Golf TV” Little-known fact: Her nickname, “The Striking Viking,” didn’t come about until she needed a clever URL for her website Co-op affiliation: Member of Horry Electric Cooperative Lives in:

Milton Morris

Claim to fame:

Get More Learn more about

Ewa Laurance at her website, To help amateurs perfect their game, Laurance stars in a series of how-to videos hosted by long-time sponsor Brunswick Billiards at   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




Injured animals get a second chance, thanks to Carolina Wildlife Center

Animal caretaker Kristen Vaylen feeds a squirrel during her morning shift at Carolina Wildlife Center.


he first order of business when the day begins at Carolina Wildlife Center in Columbia is to take inventory of the new arrivals. Midlands residents who find injured or orphaned wildlife drop them off at the front desk during the day or leave them in outside pens after hours. And during the spring and summer months, they often come in droves. This time of year, the center receives dozens of animals a day—most often birds and squirrels—but the staff takes in all types of wildlife, from turtles whose shells have been cracked under car tires to whole nests of baby possums, plus rabbits, moles, skunks, bats, raccoons, snakes and even the occasional fawn. New arrivals are evaluated to determine their age, health and nutritional needs. Some need critical veterinary care, and ideally, all need to be put on the path to being released back to their native habitat. For Julie McKenzie, the center’s director of rehabilitation, this often means long


days of dedicated but rewarding service. “Rehabilitating is a 24/7, 365-days-a-year commitment,” she says. “There are no holidays or real time off. What we do requires dedication and deep compassion. It is hard, dirty work. It is stressful, heartbreaking and life-changing.”

Hands-on wildlife care

It’s not unusual for McKenzie, a handful of paid staffers and teams of trained volunteers to work up to 16 hours a day caring for injured wildlife, says Jay Coles, executive director of the center. “Our staff is on their feet from the time they walk in the door to the time they leave,” he says. “These people care so much. They do it because it’s the right thing to do.” The caretakers maintain logs of what each of the animals is fed—which can range from specifically tailored baby formulas to acorns or fresh produce—and they document the progress of each animal’s case. During their

p Kristen Vaylen helps caretaker Gail Dawson remove a runaway squirrel that crawled up Dawson’s shirt during a morning feeding.

rehabilitation, animals are often moved through a series of enclosures, from incubators for very young hatchlings, to intermediate indoor cages, to outdoor pre-release enclosures, work that requires many skillful hands. “Volunteers are our greatest asset,” Coles says. Generous donors are a close second. On average, it costs the center $62 per animal (mostly for food) to provide care, all of it funded by private donations of money and supplies. Once the center accepts the challenge of rehabilitating an animal, it’s typically a three- to six-month commitment, though some infant creatures may require a full year of care before they can be released. The center has come a long way since its humble beginnings when a small group of Columbia residents, recognizing a need for wildlife rehabilitation in the area, began taking rescued animals into a garage. That first year, they treated an impressive total of 86 animals. Within five years, the number had grown to 1,000 per year. l l

u Julie McKenzie, director of rehabilitation, prepares to examine an injured barred owl brought to the center for care. Executive Director Jay Coles says the center is seeing an alarming increase in the number of owls, falcons and other raptors injured in collisions with vehicles. q McKenzie examines the eyes of the owl as Vaylen assists. Seriously injured animals are placed under the care of local veterinarian Cameron Brewer Barkley, who volunteers her time to the center.   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


SC Scene

Volunteer Jaini Kinsman greets Trinity, one of the center’s possums, as she prepares to clean her cage. Above, Kinsman carries fresh water to animals in the center’s outdoor enclosures. Executive Director Jay Coles calls the center’s dedicated volunteers “our greatest asset.”

How you can help Volunteers wanted. Volunteers, ages 18 or older, are needed year-round

for a variety of caregiving and support roles. Federal regulations require that all volunteers working hands-on with animals must go through orientation and training provided by the center. Junior volunteers can begin at age 15 by helping with support tasks. Donations gratefully accepted. Monetary contributions are always welcome and are tax-deductible. Under the “Donate” tab at, supporters will find a list of food and supplies that are needed year-round. The organization also maintains a wish list on Get social. For regular updates on new arrivals, fundraisers, public events and other “wild” goings-on, visit Get in touch. For more information, or to report an injured animal, contact the center at (803) 772-3994 or visit Injured animals can be brought to the center at 5551 Bush River Road, Columbia. t Caretaker Kristen Vaylen holds Clemson, an Eastern box turtle currently in rehabilitation. q Crickets top a colorful salad of fruits and vegetables that will be fed to turtles. Next to paid staff, feeding a wide variety of animals is the biggest expense in the center’s annual operating budget of $250,000.

Coles says the current location on Bush River Road—the land and building provided by donors—currently treats about 3,500 animals a year. Since the center began, he estimates, they have rescued more than 55,000 animals, representing 200 different species. The goal of every rescue is to rehabilitate the animals and release them back into the wild, but some animals quickly become accustomed to relying on humans. In some cases, the staff must go to great lengths to prevent this imprinting. Last fall, the center took in an injured female bobcat that needed to be sheltered through the winter months. To ensure that she wouldn’t imprint on her human caregivers, volunteers and staff built a special enclosure that ensured the bobcat never saw her caretakers. The animal was sedated whenever veterinarians did their work, and staff members even avoided speaking around her pen, lest the bobcat become accustomed to the sound of human voices. The painstaking work paid off when the bobcat was successfully released in March. “It was a real victory to see her go that day and run off,” Coles says.

Outreach and education

There are occasions when, due to severe disability, animals cannot be released. Such is the case with resident wildlife, including Luna, a one-eyed barn owl. Unable to hunt for food on her own, she now is one of a group of animals the center uses for educational and outreach purposes. Other animal ambassadors include Lucy, a rat snake who is leucistic (a condition similar to albinism), and Peanut, a possum who imprinted too strongly on his caretakers to be successfully released. These animals often make appearances at fundraising events and school visits. 24


C a ro li n a W ildlif e C e n t e r K e y stat s


Total number of animals treated each year


Number of songbirds treated a year, the largest category of cases


Average cost of caring for an animal until it can be released


Carolina Wildlife Center’s total operating budget for one year


Square footage of interior space at the center, which is typically filled to capacity in the spring and summer

3 to 6

Wildlife protection tips

Average number of months it takes to rehabilitate most animals treated at the center

When Carolina Wildlife Center staff members and volunteers aren’t actively caring for animals, they’re often hard at work getting more people involved in protecting wildlife or organizing habitat-improvement projects. The center also offers a wide array of educational programs for youth groups and civic clubs, including half-day summer programs known as Camp Wild Things. McKenzie considers this work—raising awareness and helping Midlands residents understand how to coexist with wildlife—just as important as the critical care the center provides. “We are making a great impact by saving thousands of lives each year and educating people on how to live among wildlife,” she says.

A chimney swift that lost its tail feathers, quite possibly to a cat, waits to be fed.

Julie McKenzie, director of rehabilitation, holding Lucy, a white rat snake, and Executive Director Jay Coles lead the team of caretakers at Carolina Wildlife Center. For McKenzie, the purpose of the center is simple: “We give wildlife a second chance.”

Julie McKenzie, director of rehabilitation at the Carolina Wildlife Center, offers these tips for getting along with wildlife. Learn about your local wildlife. Understanding the types of animals you might encounter can help you appreciate them more. Teach children to enjoy wildlife animals from a distance. For a great family activity, keep track of the types of birds you see in your yard and note seasonal changes. Don’t feed animals. Bird feeders are OK, but regularly supplying wild raccoons, rabbits or possums with a steady supply of food can interfere with their ability to fend for themselves. If you notice a critter regularly partaking of that bowl of kibble you leave outside for a family pet, it might be time to bring the dish indoors. Keep your cats inside. “A good majority of our patients have been admitted after being attacked by a cat,” McKenzie says. “Cats carry a bacteria in their saliva which can be fatal to our native wildlife.” Learn to spot animals in trouble. Don’t assume that every animal is in need of rescue. “If you have found an uninjured wild animal and are not sure what to do, please visit our website,, for advice located under the ‘Rescue Advice’ tab,” McKenzie says. “In many cases, a seemingly absent mother bird or squirrel will be back within a few hours.” Avoid animals that could be rabid. Rabies is a serious health threat that can be transmitted to humans from infected animals. Avoid mammals that seem disoriented. Do not handle any animal that might be a carrier. Do not handle deceased animals. If they need to be moved out of the way, use a shovel or sturdy cardboard.   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




Summer’s sweet treat Sweet corn is one of my wife’s

f­avorite vegetables. But as a gardener, I avoided it—it took up too much precious garden space and wasn’t worth the effort. When my wife was pregnant two years ago, I decided to plant it as a treat for her. While her pregnancy flourished, my corn crop was a total failure. That was a year of excessive rain, and my crop blew over in a storm, producing less than half a dozen wormy ears. Never shying away from a gardening challenge, I tried

Plant seed in blocks to improve pollination and reduce stalks falling over. again last year, and we were blessed with a bumper crop—enough to feed our growing family, freeze some, give away more, and even sell a few dozen ears. With the tips here—and a little cooperation from Mother Nature—​ you can find equal success growing sweet corn. The many varieties of sweet corn can make your choices overwhelming. 26

Tips for growing sensational sweet corn People often have preferences in kernel color—yellow, white or bicolor—but color doesn’t impact sweetness or quality. For real old-­ fashioned flavor, try the heirloom varieties Golden Bantam (yellow) or Country Gentleman (white). Modern hybrid varieties are divided into three categories based on sweetness: normal sugary (su), sugary enhanced (se) and supersweet (sh2). Sugary varieties are favored by many gardeners for their traditional corn taste, but their sugars convert to starches rapidly after harvest, decreasing quality. Varieties include Merit (yellow), Silver Queen (white) and Sweet G90 (bicolor). Sugary-enhanced varieties—such as Bodacious (yellow), Silver King (white) and Ambrosia (bicolor)—have increased sugar content, creamier kernels and slower sugar-to-starch conversion, meaning ears will stay fresher longer. Supersweet types have the highest sugar content and longest storage potential, but some gardeners say they are too sweet or don’t have good “corny” flavor. Supersweet ­varieties include Mirai (yellow), Ice Queen (white) and Xtra-Tender 282 (bicolor) and should not be planted in cold soil. For home gardens, it’s best to plant only one variety at a time to prevent unwanted consequences from cross pollination. My grandfather used to tell me, “Plant corn when the white oak leaves are the size of a mouse’s ear.” Amazingly, his “old-timey” observation matches the minimum soil temperature for planting almost exactly.


Don’t harvest until the silks are dry and brown. Plant sweet corn as early as possible in the spring to avoid pests like the corn earworm and fall armyworm, but not before the soil temperature has reached 55 F (above 65 F for supersweet varieties). The first planting can typically be from March 10 on the coast to April 15 in the Upstate. Later plantings are fine. To ensure a consistent supply of fresh sweet corn, sow successive plantings about two weeks apart, until midJuly for a fall harvest. Corn is wind pollinated, so plant it in blocks—three to four short rows— to improve pollination and reduce falling over. Space rows 3 feet apart, with 10 inches between seeds. Follow soil test results for pre-plant fertilization and side-dressing. Control weeds with shallow hoeing or tilling, or mulch with clean straw or shredded leaves. Drought will lead

Get More For more sweet corn information and recipes, visit Clemson Extension’s Home & Garden Information Center online at


to small, unfilled ears; you may need to irrigate during tasseling and ear development. Drip irrigation is the most efficient method and results in fewer diseases. Harvest time offers the most opportunity for error. Pick too early and the ears won’t be filled; pick too late and the kernels will be tough and starchy. To judge your harvest date, refer to seed catalogs or packets for days to maturity. Most varieties mature 60 to 100 days after planting. Check your crop about seven days before its maturation date, and harvest when the silks are dry and brown. Your fingernail should easily pierce a kernel, releasing sweet, white milk. Harvest in the cool of the morning. Refrigerate, cook or process imme-

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The product is sold in blocks of 100 kilowatt hours (kWh). The product will be made up of the following renewable resources. Green-e Energy Certified New 2 Renewables in Green Power

Refrigerate, cook or process quickly after picking to minimize sugars converting to starches. diately, because sugars convert to starches rapidly after harvest if not cooled. is an area horticulture agent and Master Gardener coordinator for Clemson Extension based in Greenville County. Contact him at S. CORY TANNER

Landfill Methane Gas Solar Wind TOTAL

2014 1 > 99% < 1% < 1% 100%

Generation Location South Carolina South Carolina South Carolina


The 2014 figures reflect the power resources generated and supplied for the year ending December 31, 2014.


New Renewables come from generation facilities that first began commercial operation on or after January 1, 2000.

For comparison, the current average mix of resources supplying Santee Cooper includes: Coal 59%, Nuclear 8%, Oil - 0%, Natural Gas 14%, Hydro 2%, Methane 0.3%, Other 17%. The average home in South Carolina uses 1,119 kWh per month. (Source: Energy Information Administration 2012) For specific information about this electricity product, contact Santee Cooper at (843) 761-8000, extension 3205, or visit

The Green-e Energy Program certifies that Green Power meets the minimum environmental and consumer protection standards established by the non-profit Center for Resource Solutions. For more information on Green-e Energy certification requirements call 1-888-63-GREEN or visit March 19, 2015   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




Castle in the sand At first glance, I can only wonder,

GetThere Atalaya Castle is located in Huntington Beach State Park near Murrells Inlet at 16148 Ocean Highway. Guided tours are offered daily between March 1 and Oct. 31. Hours: 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, with occasional closings for special events. In 2015, Atalaya will be closed Sept. 24 and from Oct. 24 to Oct. 27. Admission: Huntington Beach State Park admission is $5 for adults, $3.25 for seniors, $3 for kids. Children 5 and under are admitted free. Additional admission to tour Atalaya is $2 per person for ages 6 and up. DETAILS: (843) 237-4440; and


Atalaya served as a winter retreat for sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington, who kept live animals in the courtyard to use as models. Her famous “Fighting Stallions” statue (below) can be found on display at neighboring Brookgreen Gardens.

30-room, Mediterranean Revival villa built around a central courtyard and tailored to his wife’s work. “What he has in mind will be a hair-raiser to an architect,” Anna said in an interview shortly after construction began. Here in the home of a ­sculptor known for her life-sized figures of animals, visitors won’t find showy foyers and grand parlors, but functional stables, dog kennels and bear pens adjacent to Anna’s spacious indoor and outdoor studios. She preferred working with live models, and the design of Atalaya allowed her subjects to roam freely around the courtyard while she sketched and chiseled. The residence takes its name from a 40-foot brick tower (“atalaya” means watchtower in Spanish) built above the courtyard walkway. “Archer was known as quite the


innovator,” docent Sally Kelly says, noting that the tower also served as a 3,000-gallon cistern that supplied running water throughout the home, including to a seven-head shower built to accommodate Archer’s 6-foot, 5-inch frame. As we pass through cool, tile-lined hallways to more traditional rooms—the library, kitchen, a dining room, servants’ quarters, a sunroom and even a room dedicated to oyster shucking—the method behind the couple’s vision becomes clear. They were building a comfortable home to suit their whims, not to impress others. “This was a place for them to enjoy nature, and that allowed them an escape from their business and social obligations in New York,” Kelly says. After spending the winter of 1947 in the castle, the Huntingtons packed up their belongings and abandoned the house. Today, Atalaya is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and carefully maintained as a state-park attraction, but it remains unfurnished and unrestored. It is this uncurated record of two remarkable lives that makes a visit here feel so personal.

From top: Margo Millure;; Wikimedia Commons

“What were they thinking?” Atalaya Castle—the former winter residence of New York ­philanthropist Archer Huntington and his wife, renowned sculptor Anna Hyatt Huntington—doesn’t resemble a beach­side mansion so much as a fort, or maybe a prison. But with each step of my guided tour inside the abandoned dwelling, located on the grounds of Huntington Beach State Park, the mystery of the curious structure begins to unwind. The Huntingtons began ­building the castle in 1931, shortly after Anna was diagnosed with tuberculosis. Seeking an escape from Northern winters, they purchased thousands of acres of forest, rice fields and beachfront property near Murrells Inlet, land that would later be divided into the state park and neighboring Brookgreen Gardens. Only Anna knew what her husband was up to when he decided to design their winter retreat himself. Influenced by his travels as a Spanish scholar, Archer Huntington envisioned a

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843-462-2150   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



BY Belinda Smith-Sullivan

Michael Phillips / iStock

Grillin’ and chillin’

May is the month that officially kicks off outdoor cooking season. Before the Memorial Day weekend, grill masters will dust off their grills and settle into the first of many warm-weather entertaining rituals. Not only is it fun, grilling your entire meal— from appetizer to dessert— allows you more time to spend outdoors with family and friends. W h at Õ s C oo k i n g at

Love the look of those crisscross sear marks on freshly grilled steaks? Chef Belinda Smith-Sullivan shows how to master that technique at 30

Cedar-Plank-Grilled Salmon with Lime Dressing SERVES 6–8

SAUCE 1 teaspoon chopped lime zest (zest lime before squeezing for juice) 2 tablespoons lime juice 2 tablespoons white wine vinegar 2 tablespoons Dijon mustard 2 tablespoons honey 1 clove garlic, minced ½ teaspoon ancho chili powder 1 teaspoon dried oregano, crushed between fingers 1 teaspoon kosher salt ½ teaspoon fresh ground black pepper ¼ cup olive oil

SALMON 1 large salmon fillet, skin on, 2½–3 pounds Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper, or favorite seafood seasoning 1 untreated cedar plank (about 15 by 8 inches and at least ½-inch thick)


Soak the cedar plank in water for at least 1 hour. (Untreated cedar planks can be found in the grilling sections of home-improvement stores, major supermarkets, and hardware or cookware stores.) Preheat grill to high. In a medium bowl, combine all sauce ingredients, except oil, and stir well. Slowly add oil while whisking to emulsify. Taste and adjust seasoning as needed. Place the salmon on a rimmed baking sheet, and remove any pin bones from the flesh. Season to taste. Pour half of the sauce over the salmon, and brush to distribute evenly. Reserve remaining sauce. Remove the soaked cedar plank from the water, and place it on the grill over direct high heat until the edges start to smoke and char, 3–5 minutes. Watch carefully so it does not flame. Move the plank over indirect high heat, and place salmon fillet, skin side down, on the plank. Grill until the salmon is just slightly pink in the center and brown on the edges, 20–25 minutes. Remove the plank and salmon to a heat-proof surface. Serve warm with the remaining sauce.

Gina moore / iStoc k

Christel Lewis / iStock




2 boneless, skinless chicken breasts ½ large red onion, sliced crosswise into ½-inch-thick slices Olive oil 1 cup Monterey Jack cheese 6 6-inch flour tortillas 2 avocados, peeled and diced large (optional) 1 cup salsa (optional)

In a food processor or blender, mince the garlic and pepper. Add the remaining marinade ingredients, and process until smooth. Coat chicken on both sides with the marinade. Cover and refrigerate 3–4 hours. Preheat grill on high. When it is heated, brush the onion slices with oil. Reduce heat to medium, and grill the chicken and onions over direct heat until the chicken is opaque in the center (165 F on an instant-read thermometer) and the onions are tender. Remove chicken and onions from the grill and allow to cool. Cut chicken crosswise into 1/8-inch slices and onions into 1/4-inch pieces. Evenly divide chicken, onions and cheese over half of each tortilla. Fold the empty side of each tortilla over the filling, creating a half circle, and press down firmly. Grill the quesadillas over direct medium heat until they are well marked and the cheese has melted, about 2 minutes on each side. Remove from grill and allow to cool for 1–2 minutes before cutting into wedges. Serve warm with avocado chunks and salsa, if desired.


1 zucchini, cut in ½-inch slices 1 yellow squash, cut in ½-inch slices 6 cherry tomatoes 6 mushrooms, cleaned and stems removed 1 red bell pepper, cored and cut into 1½-inch pieces ½ red onion, cut into 1½-inch pieces

Kosher salt and fresh ground black pepper Olive oil Parmesan or Romano cheese, grated Fresh herbs (thyme, oregano, rosemary), chopped 6-inch wooden skewers

Soak skewers in water for 30 minutes. Preheat grill on high. Thread the vegetables onto the skewers. Season all sides with salt and pepper, and sprinkle with olive oil. Reduce heat to medium, and cook over direct heat until vegetables have a nice char, about 3–4 minutes per side. Remove from grill, and sprinkle with cheese and herbs before serving.


1 peach, halved, pit removed 1 banana, peeled and halved 1 apple, sliced ½-inch thick Watermelon slices ½ pineapple, peeled, cored and cut into spears 1 plum, halved Olive oil Fresh mint, chopped (optional) Ice cream (optional) Melted chocolate (optional)

Belinda Smith-Sullivan

1 large garlic clove 1 jalapeno chili pepper, seeds removed ½ cup firmly packed cilantro leaves 1 ½ tablespoons olive oil 1 tablespoon sherry vinegar ½ teaspoon kosher salt ¼ teaspoon fresh ground black pepper ¼ teaspoon dried oregano

Preheat grill on high. Brush fruit with oil. Reduce heat to medium, and grill over indirect heat, 3–4 minutes per side, until the flesh starts to caramelize (shows prominent grill marks). Remove from grill, and garnish with mint leaves. Serve with ice cream or melted chocolate for dipping, if desired.   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



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LIMIT 3 - Good at our stores or or by calling 800-423-2567. Cannot be used with other discount or coupon or prior purchases after 30 days from original purchase with original receipt. Offer good while supplies last. Non-transferable. Original coupon must be presented. Valid through 9/12/15. Limit one coupon per customer per day.



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72" x 80" MOVER'S BLANKET LOT 66537 shown 69505/62418


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LOT 69227/62116 62584/62590/68048 shown




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LOT 67227 shown 69567/60566/62532














LOT 42305/69044

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LOT 69039 shown 60727 SAVE 62286 OVER $ 122



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“What’s the name of that company again?” When you advertise in Marketplace, our one million readers always remember where to look when they want you! Contact Mary Watts at (803) 739-5074 • Learn more at the “advertise” link on   | May 2015   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Calendar  of Events Go to for more information and for guidelines on submitting your event. Please confirm information before attending events.


5–27 • “All Shook Up,” Greenville Little Theatre, MAY Greenville. (864) 233-6238. 8–17 • Fair @ Heritage Park, Main 5–27 • “Boeing Boeing,” Street, Simpsonville. (864) 296-6601. Warehouse Theatre, 8–17 • “The Music Man” by Greenville. (864) 235-6948. Spartanburg Little Theatre, 6–7 • National Trails Day Chapman Cultural Center, Celebration, Croft State Park, Spartanburg. (864) 542-2787. Spartanburg. (864) 585-1283. 14–17 • BMW Charity 10–14 • “Frozen” by Disney on Pro-Am, Thornblade Club, Ice, Bon Secours Wellness Arena, Greer. (864) 234-5100. Greenville. (864) 241-3800. 14–17 • Greek Festival, downtown, 12–14 and 19–21 • “Into Greenville. (864) 233-8531. the Woods,” Younts Center 15–16 • Mayfest Art of for Performing Arts, Fountain Living Festival, downtown, Inn. (864) 409-1050. Walhalla. (864) 638-2727. 12–14 and 19–21 • “Sleeping 16 • Bovinoche, Simpsonville City Beauty,” Peace Center, Park, Simpsonville. (864) 346-3838. Greenville. (800) 888-7768. 16 • Armed Forces 12–21 • Chautauqua History Celebration, Hagood Mill Alive Festival: America at the Historic Site and Folklife Center, Movies, multiple locations, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. Greenville area. (864) 244-1499. 16 • Camp O’Neal Family 13 • Growing, Preserving and Farm Show, 3723 Highway 101 Using Edible Flowers, Hagood North, Greer. (864) 414-7197. Mill Historic Site and Folklife Center, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. 16 • Clemson Festival of the Arts, Catherine Smith Plaza, ONGOING Clemson. (864) 633-5051. Tuesdays through Sundays, 16 • Tri-County Patriot Run and through July 5 • “Furnace and Freedom Ride, Anderson Campus Flame: Contemporary Studio of Tri-County Technical College, Glass,” Spartanburg Art Museum, Anderson. (864) 260-6705. Spartanburg. (864) 582-7616. 21 • Scott Quinn Opening Tuesdays through Sundays, Reception, Artists’ Guild Gallery, through Nov. 1 • Spartanburg’s Chapman Cultural Center, Music History, Spartanburg Spartanburg. (864) 583-2776. Regional History Museum, Spartanburg. (864) 596-3501. 22–23 • Seneca Fest, downtown, Seneca. (864) 723-3910. Second Wednesdays through October • Yappy Hour, NOMA 23 • Take Flight 5K, Greenville Square, Greenville. (864) 235-1234. Downtown Airport, Greenville. (864) 288-6470, ext. 142. Second Saturdays • House concerts in the Visitors Center 23 • Gallabrae Scottish featuring Heartstrings, Hagood Games, Furman University, Mill Historic Site and Folklife Greenville. (864) 968-8801. Center, Pickens. (864) 898-2936. 23 • “Palmetto State” Sundays • Sundays Unplugged, Chili Cook-off, Fountain Chapman Cultural Center, Inn Chamber of Commerce, Spartanburg. (864) 542-2787. Fountain Inn. (864) 862-2586. 25 • Memorial Day Pops in the Park by Spartanburg MIDLANDS Philharmonic Orchestra, Barnet MAY Park, Spartanburg. (864) 542-2787. 15–16 • Aiken Garden Show, 28–30 • Plum Hollow Alternative Aiken County Historical Museum, Bluegrass Festival, Plum Hollow Aiken. (803) 641-6777. Farm, Campobello. (864) 680-0225. 15–16 • Birdfest, Pineland 29–31 and June 5–7 • “The Farm, Panola. (803) 452-5800. Mousetrap,” Easley Foothills 15–16 • Red Rose Festival, Playhouse, Easley. (864) 855-1817. downtown, Lancaster. JUNE (803) 286-8414. 5–6 • Broad River Antique 15–17 • S.C. Book Festival, Power Association Tractor Columbia Metropolitan Convention Show, 320 Green Acres Road, Center, Columbia. (803) 771-2477. Gaffney. (864) 304-7558.


Daily through Aug. 23 • “Finding Freedom’s Home: Archaeology at Mitchelville,” South Carolina State Museum, Columbia, (803) 898-4921. Daily through Feb. 7, 2016 • “Carolina Makers,” South Carolina State Museum, Columbia. (803) 898-4921. Daily, May 23–Sept. 20 • “The Adventures of Mr. Potato Head,” EdVenture Children’s Museum, Columbia. (803) 779-3100. Daily, June 1–Aug. 9 • Spray Park, multiple public parks, Orangeburg. (803) 436-2640. Mondays through Fridays, June 8–Aug. 14 • KinderCamp and Wild Weeks, Riverbanks Zoo and Garden, Columbia. (803) 779-8717. Mondays through Saturdays, through July 25 • “Traditions, Change and Celebration: Native Artists of the Southeast,” McKissick Museum, Columbia. (803) 777-7251. “De la tierra” by Kate Vogel and John Littleton is part of the exhibit “Furnace and Flame: Tuesdays through Sundays, Contemporary Studio Glass” at Spartanburg Art through Aug. 30 • “Art & Museum through July 5. Imagination in Children’s Literature,” Museum of York County, Rock Hill. (803) 329-2121. JUNE 16 • Colors to End Duchenne, Thursdays beginning June Hidden Valley Golf Course, 5 • First Friday Fort Mill, Walter Gaston. (803) 917-8891. Elisha Park, Fort Mill. (704) 999-1042. 11 • PLAYcation Camps, Main Street Children’s Museum, 16 • McConnells Tractor Show, 5–6 • 89-Mile Yard Sale, Rock Hill. (803) 327-6400. McConnells Community Center, Highway 121 between Newberry Second Saturdays • Historical McConnells. (803) 684-5161. and Richburg. (803) 321-2042. Center of York County open 16 • Endangered Species Day, 5–7 • Southern Guitar to public, McCelvey Center, Riverbanks Zoo and Garden, Festival and Competition, York. (803) 909-7313. Columbia. (803) 779-8717. Tapp’s Art Center and It-oLogy, Columbia. (803) 530-2735. 16 • Veterans Parade and LOWCOUNTRY Car Show, Main Street, 6 • National Trail Day Hike, MAY Whitmire. (803) 537-6826. Rivers Bridge State Historic Site, Ehrhardt. (803) 267-3675. 16 • Sheriff’s Office Fishing 22–23 • Savannah River Classic, Tournament, John C. Land Lower Savannah River Alliance, 6–7 • Gun & Knife Show, Landing at Santee Cooper Lakes, Allendale. (803) 300-7634. South Carolina State Fairgrounds, Manning. (843) 665-2121, ext. 339. Columbia. (770) 630-7296. 22–24 • Lone Star Bluegrass and Mercantile Hoe Down, 11 • Snapshots of the Past: Paper 16 • Military Appreciation Days Parade, Ocean Boulevard, Lone Star Barbecue & Mercantile, Marbling, Historic Brattonsville, Myrtle Beach. (843) 918-1014. Santee. (803) 854-2000. McConnells. (803) 684-2327. 16 • A Very Special Prom, Felix 22–24 • Iris Festival, 11–13 • Party in the Pines C. Davis Community Center, North Swan Lake Iris Gardens, Festival, Main Street, Charleston. (843) 603-4636. Sumter. (803) 436-2640. Whitmire. (803) 694-9251. 16–17 • Bead and Jewelry 23 • Flopeye Fish Festival, 12–14 and 19–21 • Show, College Center at downtown, Great Falls. “Dracula,” BlueBird Theatre, Trident Technical College, North (803) 482-6029. Orangeburg. (803) 536-5454. Charleston. (888) 729-6904. 25 • Wreath Laying Ceremony, 13 • “From Woof to Wolf 16–17 • Blue Crab Festival, Historic Brattonsville, Family Day,” Museum of York waterfront, Little River. McConnells. (803) 684-2327. County, Rock Hill. (803) 329-2121. (843) 249-6604. 28 • Pottery & Panache, 13 • Clover Scottish Games, New 16–17 • Palmetto Campout, Museum of York County, Centre Park, Clover. (803) 222-3312. Huntington Beach State Park, Rock Hill. (803) 329-2121. 14–21 • Southeastern Piano Murrells Inlet. (843) 235-8755. 29–June 13 • “Bill W. and Festival, USC School of Music 16–18 • “Cinderella” by Dr. Bob,” Trustus Theatre, Koger Center for the Arts, Coastal Youth Ballet Theatre, Columbia. (803) 254-9732. Columbia. (803) 777-4281. Palace Theatre, Myrtle 30 • Hiking Safety, Kings ONGOING Beach. (843) 448-9224. Mountain State Park, Daily through July 26 • “Courage: 17–20 • Veterans Golf Classic, Blacksburg. (803) 222-3209. The Vision to End Segregation multiple courses, Myrtle 30 • S.C. Tour de Cure, and the Guts to Fight for It,” Beach. (800) 833-8798. Robert Mills House, Columbia. South Carolina State Museum, 21–24 • Original Gullah (803) 799-4246, ext. 3291. Columbia, (803) 898-4921. Festival, waterfront, Beaufort. (843) 321-9288.


22–June 7 • Piccolo Spoleto, multiple locations, Charleston. (866) 811-4111. 22–June 7 • Spoleto Festival USA, multiple locations, Charleston. (843) 579-3100. 23–24 • Art Festival, Shelter Cove Harbour, Hilton Head Island. (561) 746-6615. 24 • First Flush FesTEAval, Charleston Tea Plantation, Wadmalaw Island. (843) 559-0383. 25 • Memorial Day Veterans March, Ocean Boulevard, Myrtle Beach. (843) 918-1014. 30 • Green and Lean 5K, Brittlebank Park, Charleston. (843) 628-1479. 30 • Lowcountry Splash Open Water Swim, Charleston Harbor Marina, Charleston. (843) 884-7880. JUNE

1–7 • Coastal Uncorked, multiple locations, Myrtle Beach. (843) 626-9668. 5–7 • Carolina Country Music Fest, 812 N. Ocean Blvd., Myrtle Beach. (843) 626-7444. 5–7 • Marlboro County Summerfest, multiple locations, Bennettsville. (843) 479-6982. 6 • Sweetgrass Cultural Arts Festival, Waterfront Memorial Park, Mount Pleasant. (843) 856-9732. 6–7 • Art Festival, Brookgreen Gardens, Murrells Inlet. (843) 235-6000. 6–7 • Browns Ferry Gardens Open House, 13515 Browns Ferry Road, Georgetown. (843) 546-6419. 11–14 • Carifest, multiple locations, Charleston. (843) 557-6258. 13 • Feast or Famine: Colonial Foodways, Charles Towne Landing, Charleston. (843) 852-4200. ONGOING

Daily • Atalaya Tour, Huntington Beach State Park, Murrells Inlet. (843) 237-4440. Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays • Myrtle’s Market, Mr. Joe White Avenue at Oak Street, Myrtle Beach. (843) 918-4906. Fridays • Party at the Point, Charleston Harbor Resort & Marina, Mount Pleasant. (843) 452-5639. Third Saturdays • Craft Show, BI-LO Palmetto Pavilion, Mount Pleasant. (843) 884-0163. Third Saturdays • Cannon Firings, Charles Towne Landing, Charleston. (843) 852-4200. Sundays in May, except May 31 • Destination Turtle DNA, Nature Center at Myrtle Beach State Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238-0874.


By Jan A. Igoe

Maul of the wild you’ve probably noticed that the world’s Wacko Meter seems stuck in the “everybody’s gone bonkers” zone. Stupidity is spreading like the plague among Homo sapiens, especially when they’re dealing with the animal kingdom. Case in point: A couple in Ohio strapped a live cat to the hood of their SUV and went for a drive. Within minutes, photos of the cat-mobile went viral, leaving normal people— there are a few left—wondering what’s with the live hood ornament. A few possibilities: u Cat gets carsick u Hood needs sanding u Cat paid extra for blow dry u Local insane asylum was full This was only worth pondering until I read about the stolen camels. According to Reuters, someone made off with two 9-foot camels owned by a nice Missouri farmer who found them on Craigslist. So much is wrong here. Where do we start? Let’s say you’re looking for a career change and decide camel napper is the way to go. It seems lucrative—a single dromedary can fetch $9,000 or so. But there are other considerations. For instance, your getaway car is going to need a really big moon roof. Camels aren’t something you can just strap to your hood unless you live in Ohio. Besides that, you’ll need a place to store your merchandise until the pawnshop opens. If you live in a community with a homeowners association, there’s bound to be some nitpicky rule about keeping stolen goods on a leash. You If you read the news,


should also expect some camel envy from nosy neighbors who will want to know where they can get one. (Just say Craigslist.) Another thing about camels: They’ve been known to sit on their

handlers when they get cranky, which is pretty much whenever they’re awake. This may have serious consequences for anyone involved who isn’t the camel. Perhaps a nice emerald-smuggling ring or diamond heist would be a better career starter. Jewels don’t run 40 mph and almost never spit. Before deciding, let’s do the math. You can sell a pound of diamonds for $56 million, while a pound of camel goes for $10.58, so there’s that. And it’s much harder to sell camels by the carat. These are important considerations when you’re building a new business. By the way, the animals we’ve been abusing aren’t all that happy with us, and some have started to retaliate. Last May, a 22-pound Himalayan


cat attacked his family—the very people who put a roof over its ungrateful head and tuna in its snarling mouth—trapping them in a back bedroom until officers subdued it. News reports said the owner told the 9-1-1 operator that their family feline had a history of violence. Payback isn’t just a cat thing. Beavers are getting in on the act, too. This nice Virginia lady, who had just finished her swim in the lake she shares with beavers, reported that a rude one knocked her down and started biting. Beavers are large, hairy, watersoluble rodents that are usually content to sink their overbite into fallen logs, not elderly swimmers. But they’ve also gone after kayakers, who report that beating an aggressive 65-pound beaver with a paddle isn’t as effective as one might hope. One last tip: Bears don’t do selfies. The U.S. Forest Service has been ­advising hikers that rushing up to bears for a Hallmark moment is a really bad plan. The bears, who rarely have Facebook accounts, have a whole different idea about what makes for a great photo. In fact, 77 percent of bears surveyed prefer action shots. You might try strapping one to your hood.  Jan A. Igoe ,

writer, animal enthusiast and career advisor, keeps a wild 9-pound mutt in captivity. She has to confess that her expertise with rabid beavers and bears is somewhat limited. Write her at

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South Carolina Living - May 2015  
South Carolina Living - May 2015