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This November issue of FiRST brings together more exciting news from Science and Technology. This includes the latest successes in research income generation, our work being done with government ministers and the introduction of our first ‘Science Without Borders’ PhD student. We are a faculty with research to be proud of and it is reflected in the following stories.

Professor Mike Cole Director of Research Faculty of Science & Technology

Audiology Dictionary Published and Available Thieme are publishing Dr Maryanne Maltby’s book A Dictionary of Hearing. Dr Maltby tells us, “This was a mammoth undertaking that included research into the etymology of the words used in Audiology and related areas.” The work was supported by a grant from Anglia Ruskin. “A Dictionary of Hearing is a comprehensive reference that defines terms used in audiology, Ear, Nose & Throat (ENT), and related areas. This dictionary covers a wide range of terms in audiology and will be very useful to students and professionals in the field of hearing, including audiologists, nurses and doctors, teachers of the deaf, and speech and language therapists. This dictionary is an essential resource that all professionals in the field of audiology will want to have at their fingertips.” Maltby, M. (2013) A Dictionary of Hearing. USA: Thieme Medical Publishers Inc.

Chris Holmes Claims Second Prize Mr Chris Holmes, Senior Technical Officer for the Department of Computing and Technology, secured second place in the European Market Group after entering his Android App in a Global Resource Contest with Cisco. Chris explains, “I developed the Cisco Commands Android App as an aid for students on our courses. It contains the basic commands that students are required to learn when they are first starting to use the equipment/Packet Tracer. Whilst the commands are basic, they are essential in the early stages of the learning process, and act as a quick reminder. The application was developed as an additional resource to the learning material.” Chris is delighted to have this app recognised by Cisco.


FIRST Faculty of Science & Technology Research Newsletter November 2013

Dr Candice Howarth working with government on climate change

What’s in a Handbag? Nicky Milner and Dr Caray

Dr Candice Howarth, from the GSI, is on secondment to the Department of Energy and Climate Change. She is working in the International Climate Change team leading on engagement with NGOs and Civil Society and supporting business engagement.

On Tuesday 1st October 2013 Nicky Milner and Dr Caray Walker from Biomedical & Molecular Sciences were guests on the Heart FM Essex Breakfast show hosted by Martin and Su.

Global temperatures have risen by 0.9°C and sea levels have risen by 0.2m since 1901 whilst Arctic sea-ice cover in the summer has reduced by 40% since 1979. Human influence on the Earth’s climate is clear. This was the resonating conclusion of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s recently published report on the Science of Climate Change. Dr Howarth’s role is to maximise engagement with government stakeholders to ensure their understanding of the issue can enable them to play a role as catalysts for change. She is working closely with NGOs with UK, EU and international reach such as WWF and Climate Action Network Europe as well as other stakeholders such as the Carbon Disclosure Project, Norton Rose Fullbright, the European Climate Foundation and wider groups of academics such as UCL and LSE. With her expertise in climate change communication, engagement and barriers to action, she is contributing to international communication on climate change, including analysis of dissent. Dr Howarth is working with government ministers and closely with a variety of teams within DECC (e.g. science, negotiations, policy, finance etc.) to support the development of ambitious EU 2030 targets and for a strong international agreement on climate change in 2015. For more information please email 2

Walker investigate on Heart FM

“We were asked to help them investigate how ‘dirty’ Su’s handbag was,” explains Nicky. “After meeting Martin a few days before, armed with swabs and blood agar plates, we took a range of samples so that we could culture the microorganisms lurking in the depths of the handbag back in the microbiology laboratory in Cambridge. Previous research has shown that some of the common items found in women’s handbags, such as mobile phones, make up, keys and money harbour potentially pathogenic micro-organisms, such as Escherichia coli the predominant bacteria in faeces and Staphylococcus aureus which is carried by approximately 30% of the population. Our results showed surprisingly low numbers of these bacteria, although we did isolate E. coli from one of the coins. Our discussion on the breakfast show focussed on the importance of personal hygiene, with particular reference to the impact of the transfer of pathogens throughout the community in spreading infection. The live broadcast, presence on the website ( on-air/breakfast/sus-handbag-swab-tests/#/essex/on-air/breakfast/sushandbag-swab-tests?&_suid=842) and subsequent podcast has generated interest from the community and as a result we are looking at further activities like this, to improve awareness of the presence and spread of potential pathogens in the community.”

Dr Steve Abbott – update on funding bids won! Dr Raj Mootanah, Director of the Medical Engineering Research Group (MERG) has secured a further £34,900 of external funding from the Chelmsford Medical Education and Research Trust, taking their total to date for this semester to £64K. The project is titled In vitro investigation of the effects of different surgical procedures for the repair of meniscal tears on knee joint contact pressure – Part 2.

FIRST Faculty of Science & Technology Research Newsletter November 2013

Conference News from MERG The following podium and poster presentations (two of them led by our research students Dilen Carpanen and Franziska Reisse) will be given at the upcoming conference, held on the 11th & 12th November in London, organised by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers on Knee surgery and rehabilitation in 2013: How is engineering driving improved treatment? Mootanah, R., et al. (2013). Development and Evaluation of a Computational Model of the Malaligned Knee Joint Carpanen, D., et al. (2013). The Effect of Partial Medial Meniscectomy on the Knee Contact Stresses during the Weight Acceptance Phase of Gait Reisse, F., et al. (2013). The Effect of Malalignment on Knee Joint Contact Stresses and Forces during the Weight Acceptance Phase of Gait For more information:

Commercial and research go hoof in hoof! Research and Consultancy in Equine Surfaces (RACES) RACES are a research and consultancy group conducting research in equine surfaces such as arenas and racetracks. They are a collaboration of staff from Anglia Ruskin University, Myerscough College and the University of Central Lancaster. They provided advice to the surface providers for the equestrian arenas in Greenwich Park, London for the 2012 Olympics. The group required assistance to find ways to fund further research and to obtain data in order to validate and open up new opportunities for research. They have used the traditional routes and are awaiting the outcome of several grant applications, however, finding a commercial outlet for their work would provide both sustainable income and a valuable source of data. Working with the suppliers and users of surfaces will also provide evidence of “impact” and enhance reputation thus creating a virtuous circle around research and commercial activity. The group needed to establish a marketable, branded entity in order to showcase their expertise, sell their ability to add value to equine surfaces and earn income. Sarah Paveley, FST’s Commercial Manager, facilitated the 3

process that resulted in the formation of a mini business plan. The process involved a facilitated meeting where the team explored what they’d got, what they had done, what they could offer and what they wanted to achieve. This resulted in the headlines for a business plan including: 1. An “elevator pitch” – this statement is an important way for the entire group to agree exactly what the entity/project/ product is about. “RACES provides solutions to the international equine industry to ensure safety, improve welfare and enhance the performance of equine surfaces.” 2. A statement of services and products – ready now or under development. This is to aid discussion with commercial partners but discussions may lead to joint research, consultancy etc. 3. A list of objectives and timeline. 4. A prioritised plan. 5. A list of immediate actions that included: • Identifying 3 initial customers with which to explore the ideas. Sarah to make the appointments and attend with RACES team member. • Production of a flyer to define and promote RACES. • Determining the cost/price for an initial

FIRST Faculty of Science & Technology Research Newsletter November 2013

survey and recommendations plus repeat survey cost/price. • Working on streamlining the measurement process to reduce labour costs and maximise the data collected. The group has worked well together with the assistance of University of Central Lancashire’s Peter Leather who is handling the IP and contractual arrangements and Sarah Paveley who has worked on strategy and implementing the plan. This project confirms that the academic and commercial teams can work together to combine the needs of research with the imperative to earn external/third stream income and one does not compromise the other but can add to its efficacy and reach. In the January/February issue of FiRST we hope to report our first orders! Sarah Paveley (sarah.paveley@anglia. is very willing to engage with other colleagues who want to do the same on any scale. Other commercial entities being developed within FST include The University Eye Clinic, A Heritage and Conservation hub, Centre for Autistic Studies, IT Skills hub (names to be agreed).

Research in collaboration with “Science Without Borders” We are pleased to welcome Flávia Regina Bueno, our first postgraduate research student on the Brazilian ‘Science Without Borders’ programme.

Studying for a PhD - Top Tips & Concerns Full and part-time PhD students who recently attended the workshop ‘Mentally and Emotionally Navigating through a PhD’ found that many of their own concerns were shared by others. They were asked to write down issues they had experienced during their PhD at the beginning of the workshop and some were covered during the presentations and discussions.

Flávia completed an undergraduate degree in Physiotherapy from the Federal University of Sao Paulo in Brazil and then a Master’s degree in Health Science in Spain. Now working on her PhD with the Medical Engineering Research Group (MERG), led by Dr Raj Mootanah, Flávia is modeling new treatments for incomplete spinal cord injuries. She will be working with the research group and local hospitals on improving treatments,

A common concern was balancing studies, increased workloads and home-life, especially for Anglia Ruskin staff who are also students. Other concerns involved costs, being isolated in their work and, specifically for international students, issues around continual changes in legislation over visas by the Home Office.

reducing patient recovery time and bettering prognosis.

• Be prepared to be flexible and go to Plan B if necessary. • Learn to manage your time effectively, and pace yourself. • Don’t isolate yourself. Learn from each other. • Set an agenda for supervisions – and stick to it! • Don’t get it right, get it written. • Keep your PhD in perspective. Recognise that it’s just one part of a larger picture. • Take time out for yourself – and learn not to feel guilty about it!

‘Science Without Borders’ is a Brazilian Government scholarship programme offering prestigious bursaries to talented doctoral candidates and funds fees, living and travel expenses for students who wish to travel to study, learn new technologies and then introduce them back into Brazil. At the end of her studies Flávia is hoping to commence an academic career. Flávia states, “I’ve been made to feel very welcome by the research group.” She has also taken some time to get used to the British culture, as “everything is pretty different!” We wish Flávia every success with both settling in and with her research.

The facilitators of the workshop, Ellen Mwenesongole, Mary Northrop and Alex Collis (all current research students themselves), put together 7 top tips for fellow Research students to keep in mind during their studies:

These pieces of advice are from PhD students to PhD students and share the insight that if, as a research student, you are anxious or worried about something, chances are one of your student colleagues are also having the same concerns.

Software Engineering And Cognitive Psychology The software behind modern technologies is developed by people for people. Human factors must therefore be studied in all phases of software engineering and development. Cognitive psychologists and computer scientists from Anglia Ruskin and the Norwegian Science and Technology University of Trondheim (NTNU), are set to start a new exciting international collaboration titled Creativity, IQ and Computer Science: A cognitive model of 4

software engineering. Dr. Roberto Filippi, senior lecturer in Cognitive Psychology at Anglia Ruskin, will lead the research in collaboration with Prof. Maria Letizia Jaccheri, Head of the Computer and Information Science Department at NTNU. The research team will also include Dr Peter Bright, Dr Cristina Luca, and Dr Michail Giannakos. “Our aim is to investigate the contribution of key cognitive factors

FIRST Faculty of Science & Technology Research Newsletter November 2013

like creativity and problem solving, to efficiency in software engineering and programming skills.” – said Dr Filippi. “It is particularly exciting that we managed to put together different levels of expertise in psychology and computer science and collaborate with one of the most important Universities in Europe. Our aim is to build a psychological model which will inform educators and professionals in the field of software engineering and development.”

First - Issue 5, November 2013