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State fragility: Towards a data-driven multi-dimensional typology JÜrn Grävingholt, Sebastian Ziaja & Merle Kreibaum


Measurement process Concept

State fragility (or, inverse, statehood)

Dimensions

Authority

Capacity

Legitimacy

Attributes

Monopoly of violence: • no (effectively) competing claims • no large-scale (organised) violation of physical integrity of persons

Provision of basic life chances: • protection from easily avoidable diseases • basic education • provision of basic administration

Acceptance of rule: • no resort to state repression as a means to achieve obedience • no politically motivated emigration

Indicators

• •

Monopoly of violence (BTI) Homicides (UNODC) Battle deaths (WDI)

• • •

Under-5 mortality (IHME) Primary enrolment (WDI) Access to water (WDI) Basic administration (BTI)

• •

 Approach of “weakest link”

Physical integrity rights violations (PTS) Press freedom violations (RSF) Granted asylums by country of origin (UNHCR)

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 Transformed data  n = 162


Aggregation: Latent profile analysis


Results: Groups by dimensions

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Results: Failed States Index by groups

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