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Translating the United Nations Convention against Corruption into Action From Doha to Marrakesh and beyond... Oslo Governance Forum – 4 October 2011 Jo Dedeyne-Amann, Chief Implementation Support Section, Corruption and Economic Crime Branch, UNODC


Model Country Review Within three weeks State party under review nominates focal point

Within one month

Within two months

Within five months

Within six months

Secretariat organizes tele/videoconference to determine: State party under review submits response to the Submission date of comprehensive self-assessment checklist SA Report Language of review Division of labour Active dialogue Within one month Secretariat circulates response to reviewing experts, after translation where required

Within one month Reviewing experts submit the outcome of the desk review

Within two months

First Cycle (2010-2015): Chapters III (Criminalization and Law enforcement) and IV (International Cooperation in Criminal Matters) Second Cycle (2015-2020): Chapters II (Preventive measures) and V (Asset Recovery)

Secretariat organizes tele/video conference for introduction of the outcome of the desk review

State party under review organizes further means of direct dialogue, facilitated by the secretariat Reviewing experts prepare draft country report assisted (meeting in Vienna or country visit) by the secretariat, state party under review agrees to final country report, executive summary is prepared End of review process 22


Year 1 : outcome – Guidance for coming Years Progress of the reviews • • • • • •

27 States parties under review from lots drawn in July 2010 4 Executive Summaries completed – Spain, Finland, Mongolia and Uganda Several other reports are nearing completion All but one review included a country visit Year 2 review process has begun 41 States parties under review, after deferrals

Challenges • • • • •

Delays in appointing focal points and experts Self-assessment checklist and software Language and translation Different legal systems Report drafting process and executive summaries

Guidance for Coming Years

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Emerging trends following analysis of country reviews in year 1

Implementation of Chapter III (Criminalization and Law Enforcement) Examples of challenges identified : - adoption of measures to criminalize bribery in the private sector; - introduction of procedures regarding the protection of witnesses and the protection of reporting persons (whistle-blowers) Implementation of Chapter IV (International Cooperation in Criminal Matters) Examples of challenges identified : - Need for appropriate training, access to information, language skills to enhance international cooperation; - Need to strengthen channels of communication between competent authorities; - Need to further develop special investigative techniques 44


Technical assistance needs identified through country reviews TA needs identified through the self-assessment checklist by countries under review - Chapters III and IV -

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The Implementation Review Mechanism and TA programming

5. Assess if TA filled gaps

4. Develop responses & deliver TA/ act as broker of TA

1. Analyze gaps

Implementation Review Process

3. Identify TA priorities

Technical assistance delivered based on priorities identified through the process of implementation review Country-led and country-based, integrated and coordinated technical assistance programme delivery, taking into account global and regional trends requiring a broader perspective

2. Compile TA needs through States’ selfassessment

Three-tiered approach: Global Regional Country- level, to maximize impact, effectiveness and coherence in programming, to maximize synergies and avoid duplication

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For further information: Division for Treaty Affairs United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime P.O.Box 500 Vienna A-1400 Austria Tel: +43-1-26060-4384 Fax: +43-1-26060-5841 Email: uncac.cop@unodc.org http://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/treaties/CAC/index.html 77


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