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URBAN SHELF

Modul Hashtag


a prototype for an urban neighborhood by Schindler Group / Studio Schwitalla


The URBAN SHELF is the first prototype for an urban neighborhood project developed by the Schindler AG and Studio Schwitalla. It is based on the ongoing cooperative research about a different approach to the needs of an emerging urban society of the 21th century. Blurring the boundaries between urban planning and architecture the Urban Shelf project performs as a flexible spatial system that can adapt to various social, economic and ecologic contexts. Structure and infrastructure create a system of platforms that are spatially filled up by housing, retail and public program. The separation of those traditional merged architectural components results in an open system performing a sustainable 3-dimensional approach to urbanism. The URBAN SHELF is populated as a bottom-up approach: former passive users turn into 3D-city makers and constantly renegotiate individual needs without the constraints of a prescribing master plan. This shift generates a user-based urbanism resulting in a social sustainable space for an urban community. The URBAN SHELF is able to shrink and grow with the spatial or economic needs for this community and therefore enables a long-term neighborhood based on social relations.


CONCEPT What if...


...hermetic urbanism turns into...


...permeable urbanism...


...the city built for cars...


...turns into a place for people...


2D Urban Design performative

Architecture

top down

3D User

passive

...and users become...


2D Urban Design performative

Urban performance Architecture

3D

bottom up

3D Maker User

passive

...makers...


...Top-Down planning...


...joins Bottom-Up energy...


Top-Down

...to form a...


Bottom-Up

Symbiosis:

Urban Shelf

...symbiotic entity...


IDENTITY

SUSTAINABILITY

SECURITY

...creating an urban environment...


COMMUNICATION

MODULAR CONCEPT

COMMUNITY

INNOVATION

...based on social relations ?


The HASHTAG is the first spatial module based on the concept of the URBAN SHELF. It is based on the idea of an urban neighborhood centered around a courtyard. The courtyard is surrounded by intersecting platforms consisting of streets and space for housing, commercial and public functions. A central ramp in the courtyard connects all levels and enables the access of the floors by micromobility vehicles. Elevators serve as structural components and vertical logistic access points, while various stairs create local short-cut connections between the floors. These circulation elements enable the HASHTAG to become a spatial continuation of its surrounding urban environment. The three dimensional layering of urban functions renegotiates common perspectives on the urban morphology. The distinction between public and private or build and unbuild space are transformed into a seamless urban experience. This alternative typology separates the traditional building functions and built elements in order to ensure maximal freedom, growth and flexibility creating a user generated urban neighborhood that is rather process than form driven.


MODUL HASHTAG


= hashtag module


Elements Overview structure

circulation

floor & roof

+

units


e.g. “table” steel construction


30

14

13,5

18

15

18

27

Structure

studies

pan / ca. 65 cm structural height

15

13,5

9

module 15m x 15m span

n with structural engineer e continued) 4,5 13,5

27

15

18

30

20

15

15

module 15m x 20m span

15

15

15

20

15

30


circulation elements


Circulation courtyard ramp

staircases

elevator cores

streets


Preferred Ramp

option A

option B

+ +

+

+/-


Courtyard Ramp

option D

option C


units configuration


Units

Planorganisation

central circulation

peripheral circulation

20m

central circulation

8m

4m

15m

8m

peripheral circulation

20m

4m

peripheric circulation

8m

15m

11m

4m

11m

4m


Hashtag Units


5.0 5.0

5.0

1.

1.

6.1

7.6

10.6

2.

ca. 68.5m² ca. 53m²

5.0

5.0

5.0

5.0 2.

1.

8.8

10.6

7.6

7.6

2.

ca. 76m²

1.

ca. 97m²

5.0

5.0

5.0 5.0

5.0 2.

3.8 3.

3.8

7.6

2.

8.8

10.6

1.

ca. 141m²

residential units

1.

ca. 57m²


Units

public / commercial / office units


e.g. 5th floor


Floorplan

5th floor zoom-in


Ground floor

1st floor

2nd floor

3rd floor

population:

ca. 500 - 1000 persons (depending on average residential space per person)

current statistics

e.g. Berlin: 39 m²/pers. in average e.g. Hong Kong: 13 m²/pers. in average


4th floor

5th floor

residential:

6th floor

14,244 m²

public:

1,368 m²

commercial:

3,020 m²

public/circulation:

8,685 m²

urban farming:

5,427 m²

GFA:

32,740 m²


Section


The adaptive capabilities of the HASHTAG work on three different layers: spatial, economic and social. On a spatial aspect the platforms around the central courtyard are able to grow in every direction. The simplicity of the structural and infrastructural system enables the HASHTAG to adapt to any urban context. As units are reasonable sized and not merged with the structure they can shrink and expand. The result is a dynamic process of various spatial configurations. The HASHTAG is able to perform on every economic base from developing to first world backgrounds, as the dwellers are creating the housing units on the given resources and options. The social adaptiveness is given by the participation of the dwellers in the building process and the gradient of predetermination. This depth of planning can range from an informal system to a system based on building codes and predefined unit sizes, materials etc. This layered flexibility of the HASHTAG creates the new idea of an adaptive urbanism. This idea is able to react to the different challenges and problems of global urbanization by generating a new level of sustainability and social interaction.


ADAPTION


organisation - Village

ity

phase1: “Hashtag�

multidirectional growth


Phasing Planorganisation - Village

Planorganisation - Village

Phases: 2.

Phases: 1. 20m

10m

15m

30m

phase 1

20m

10m

15m

30m

20m

10m

15m

30m

phase 2

Residential

Residential

Public open space Commerical Shops

Public open space Commerical Shops

Planorganisation - Village

Planorganisation - Village

Phases: 4.

Phases: 3. 20m

phase 3

10m

15m

30m

phase 4

Residential

Residential

Public open space Commerical Shops

Public open space Commerical Shops


option A


Design Variations

option B


option C


Design Variations

option D


HIGH PREDEFINITION

-

construction infrastructure vertical circulation horizontal circulation unit design

-

construction infrastructure vertical circulation horizontal circulation unit zoning


Depth Of Planning LOW PREDEFINITION

-

construction infrastructure vertical circulation open floor


LOCATION: Favela in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil CLIMATE: Tropical wet and dry POTENTIAL OCCUPANTS: Temporary housing for construction workers, later converted into temporary housing for athletes and finally for local residents. Possible location for the Swiss Olympic House and media headquarters. DESCRIPTION: The upcoming 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro offer a remarkable opportunity. For the London 2012 Olympics, the Swiss government spent up to 2 million CHF to rent temporary housing for athletes and entourage. To ensure accommodation in Rio during the games, instead, we propose a flexible building that can accommodate the needs of the team and be left behind as a legacy of spatial and technological innovation. Rio presents many challenges that can be tackled by our proposal, such as its topography: favelas are often built on the hillsides above downtown, in direct proximity to high-end districts. The realization of a transformable building in this neighborhood is a visual statement with strong impact. The structure could accommodate citizens with different levels of income and contribute to the much needed effort of pacification already taking place in the city and the whole country. Furthermore, the social structure of informal communities of Rio already possess the knowledge required to self-organize the appropriation of space..


Possible Sites

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


LOCATION: Schindler’s factory site in Suzhou CLIMATE: Humid subtropical POTENTIAL OCCUPANTS: Affordable housing for factory workers, visiting workers and managers, public program. DESCRIPTION: Schindler has recently opened a production site in Suzhou, in the region of Shanghai. The housing situation of workers are typically not a concern for companies operating in the fast growing Chinese market economy. Moreover, the phenomenon of eradicating communities in favor of large housing developments is common practice. The surroundings of the factory site offers the ideal conditions for the realization of a workers’ village of high standard. The realization of a vertical village would be a benchmark for future sustainable developments in the region and would set an outstanding example for other companies in the global market. STATISTICS: Suzhou’s rapidly growing population has surpassed 10 million inhabitants, over a third of which are migrant workers without permanent homes. Half of the population lives in satellite cities like Changshu and Kunshan further out from the industrial hubs.


Possible Sites

Suzhou, China


LOCATION: Dharavi or another major slum within the urban fabric CLIMATE: Tropical wet and dry POTENTIAL OCCUPANTS: Low income slum dwellers DESCRIPTION: Dharavi, in the middle of the overly populated city of Mumbai, is the largest slum in India. There have been many plans since 1997 to redevelop Dharavi. In 2004, the cost of redevelopment was estimated to be 830 million USD. Companies from around the world have bid to redevelop Dharavi, including Lehman Brothers, Dubai’s Limitless and Singapore’s Capitaland Ltd. In 2010, it was estimated to cost 2.5 billion USD to redevelop. The latest urban redevelopment plan proposed for the Dharavi area has been significantly opposed by locals largely because existing residents are due to receive only 25 square meters of land each. Furthermore, only those families who lived in the area before 2000 are slated for resettlement. STATISTICS: Dharavi covers 500 acres of land in central Mumbai, with estimates of its population ranging from 300.000 to 1 million. Meanwhile, Mumbai’s population of 12 million people is expected to rise from 4.2 million households to 6.6 million by 2020.


Possible Sites

Mumbai, India


LOCATION: On an central empty lot that has not been filled since the war CLIMATE: Temperate oceanic POTENTIAL OCCUPANTS: International mix of young families, young professionals, creative industry, students, makers-scene DESCRIPTION: Characterized as the upcoming capital for a truly integrated european culture and society, with a constant influx of young creative professionals in the search for alternative ways how to live and engage with the urban fabric, the city of Berlin becomes a location of great interest to place the project within the european context. Berlin has the power of a european lighthouse for experiments in the urban environment. There is already a substantial scene of “Baugruppen”, with a lot of experience how to organize (small scale, ca. 5-10 families) their desired living conditions in a bottom-up manner. Furthermore we can observe a growing “Makers-scene” and a DIY movement that already reclaims the public space by urban micro interventions. STATISTICS: With 3,460,725 inhabitants Berlin is the second most populous city in the European Union. The city is well known for its festivals, diverse architecture, nightlife, contemporary arts, public transportation networks, and an extremely high quality of living.


Possible Sites

Berlin, Germany


LOCATION: On a multilevel mobility hub connecting the harbour and the residential areas CLIMATE: Sub-tropical POTENTIAL OCCUPANTS: Mix of Hong Kong residents and influx people: young families, expatriates, students, elderly people DESCRIPTION: Hong Kong with its historical based international relations and its economic and social leading role within China is the perfect place to implement a new alternative in urban development. Extreme density, economic pressure and a scarcity of land have established a city based on the tower typology. This urban morphology causes several problems which became relevant in the recent urbanization process all over China: i.E. traffic congustion, difficult urban climate conditions and social isolation of the individual. Given its current leading role as a prototype for an emerging chinese urban society, Hong Kong is the ideal location to establish the Hashtag building as an alternative testing platform for a future orientated urban typology for China that fosters communication and innovation. STATISTICS: With 7,234,800 people living on 1,104 km² Hong Kong is with 6,544 p/km² one of the densest places on the planet. With $400.607 billion GDP and its status as an international financial business hub it is one of the most important cities in China.


Possible Sites

Hong Kong, China


TO BE CONTINUED...


Schindler Transit Management PORT Technology Group, Ebikon

www.schindler.com www.theporttechnology.com

Studio Schwitalla www.studioschwitalla.org

2014

Urban Shelf - Modul Hashtag  
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