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9 E d w a r d s ' time ; one of t h e m was slowly b u r n t to d e a t h , a n d the two others were killed piecemeal b y tortures w h i c h were p r o l o n g e d in one case to t h e e i g h t h , in the other to t h e ninth d a y ; a n d t h e historian w h o witnessed this almost incredible cruelty, t h o u g h himself naturally a h u m a n e m a n , m e r e l y declares t h a t " it w a s t h o u g h t necessary to m a k e a few terrible e x a m p l e s , " * a n d evidently t h e o n l y t h i n g w h i c h surprised h i m w a s the c o u r a g e of t h e sufferers. T h e declaration of freedom itself was, in fact, almost i m m e d i a t e l y preceded b y t h e notorious insurrection of 1 8 3 2 , w h e n , in t h e w o r d s of the J a m a i c a m e m o r i a l , " T h e slaves, t a u g h t to believe t h a t t h e P a r l i a m e n t and t h e people of E n g l a n d h a d decreed their freedom, b u t t h a t their masters w i t h h e l d it, b r o k e o u t in open rebellion, w h i c h was not p u t d o w n till after m a n y lives h a d been lost, m a n y horrible atrocities c o m m i t t e d , a n d t h e western portion of the island laid desolate b y fire." O f the atrocities there can at least b e n o d o u b t ; for, on reference to t h e evidence before the Select C o m m i t t e e of the H o u s e of C o m m o n s in 1 8 3 2 , w e find t h a t in M o n t e g o B a y alone, n o t o n l y from ninety to a h u n d r e d slaves were punished capitally, either h u n g or shot, b u t t h a t some were flogged to d e a t h ; one B a p t i s t , for exa m p l e , a m e m b e r of M r . B u r e h e l l ' s c h u r c h , " d y i n g u n d e r his sentence of five h u n d r e d lashes ; " a n d we c a n n o t w o n d e r at the suspicion of the slaves, t h a t their masters stood between t h e m a n d liberty, w h e n we find t h a t in 1 8 3 1 open parochial meetings were constantly held, in w h i c h , in t h e v e r y h e a r i n g of t h e negroes, the planters declared, in m o s t violent l a n g u a g e , t h a t t h e y would renounce their allegiance to the H o m e G o v e r n m e n t r a t h e r t h a n allow t h e m to be m a d e free.+ N o r did the masters m a k e a n y effort to i m p l a n t m o r e k i n d l y feelings in the slaves, as t h e d a y a p p r o a c h e d on which their goodwill m u s t become so i m p o r t a n t to t h e m . O n the c o n t r a r y , t h e y seemed b e n t on still further alienating t h e m , as t h o u g h t h e y h o p e d to k e e p t h e m slaves b y m a k i n g every other relation impossible. T h e y increased r a t h e r t h a n lessened their sufferings ; t h e y reviled t h e i r friends in E n g l a n d , a n d persecuted t h e m in t h e island ; and this t h e negroes k n e w ; for they b e a r d their speeches, a n d some of t h e m read their n e w s p a p e r s , a n d even saw magistrates + h e l p i n g to pull d o w n the chapels of the missionaries. T h e y k n e w also t h a t t h e H o u s e of A s s e m b l y was striving its utmost to t h w a r t t h e efforts of t h e C r o w n in their behalf ; for some of t h e m were present on t h e 3 r d of M a r c h * Edwarls, "History of the West Indies," ii. p. 78. + See Mr. Duncan's Evidence before Commons' Committee. + Sec Memorial of Missionaries to Governor, April 18, 1S32.

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

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