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36 C o m m e r c e proposed to meet these difficulties by " p r o v i d i n g m e a n s of t r a n s p o r t , from t h e African coast, for t h e t h o u s a n d s of slaves b r o u g h t d o w n for sale a n d s h i p m e n t to t h e foreign t r a d e r , " a n d b y " r a n s o m i n g t h e prisoners of w a r of t h e native chiefs," w h o w o u l d doubtless, in r e t u r n for such r a n s o m , t a k e care to keep u p a constant s u p p l y of w h a t the C h a m b e r is pleased to call "free emigration :" a n d , secondly, t h a t in 1 8 4 8 , L o r d G . B e n t i n c k , a t t h a t t i m e t h e c h a m p i o n of the W e s t I n d i a n interest, suggested t h a t the great defect in t h e eastern i m m i g r a t i o n , viz., t h e want of w h a t he calls a " b r e e d i n g p o p u l a t i o n , " s h o u l d be supplied b y t h e p u r c h a s e of negresses from t h e southwestern coast of Africa.* Y e t t h a t there is a w a n t of l a b o u r in this magnificent island, to force its rich soil to yield its treasures, there can be n o d o u b t ; a w a n t n o t of cheap l a b o u r , (is n o t labour cheap e n o u g h at a shilling a-day ?) b u t of e d u c a t e d , skilled l a b o u r , — n o t of m e r e m a n u a l operatives, b u t of a r t i s a n s , a n d t r a d e s m e n , and y e o m e n — o f i m m i g r a n t s w h o a l r e a d y h a v e some little capital, a n d k n o w h o w to use it, a n d h a v e wants w h i c h will force t h e m to a c c u m u l a t e y e t m o r e . I n a w o r d , t h e g r e a t d e s i d e r a t u m of J a m a i c a is a h a r d - w o r k i n g middle-class, a class such as could n o t exist u n d e r its old regime, a n d w h i c h , t h o u g h n o w s p r i n g i n g u p with r e m a r k a b l e quickness, is still far too small. C a p t u r e d slaves, or prisoners of w a r , or Coolies, or K r o o m e n , cannot furnish recruits to this class, b u t far nearer t h a n either Africa or I n d i a there a r e m e n w h o c a n . T h e free coloured people of t h e U n i t e d States m i g h t s u p p l y this d e s i d e r a t u m b y s e n d i n g m e n w h o w o u l d carry with t h e m their wives a n d children, m a n y of them possessing n o inconsiderable a m o u n t of capital, all of t h e m trained u n d e r t h e industrial influence of t h a t energetic e x a m p l e , which their white oppressors, h o w e v e r m u c h t h e y h a t e or despise t h e m , c a n n o t w i t h h o l d from them. W e can h a r d l y h o p e t h a t these p a g e s will be r e a d b y a n y of the leaders a m o n g this people, or w e w o u l d earnestly a s k t h e m w h e t h e r self-interest a n d d u t y — d u t y to their r a c e , bond a n d free—does not suggest to t h e m an exodus from t h e l a n d of b o n d a g e to tropical J a m a i c a , at least m o r e strongly t h a n to cold C a n a d a . I n the States, their v e r y faculties are a t o r m e n t to t h e m , for the prejudice against colour allows their faculties n o exercise. I n J a m a i c a , if in the m i n d s of a n y men t h a t prejudice still l i n g e r s , it is only to be l a u g h e d at ; h o w can it be * Lord George Bentinck's Draft Report of Sugar and Coffee Planting Committee, Eighth Report, p. 12.

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

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