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15 of this m i s m a n a g e m e n t of labour, t h a t wo h a v e dwelt so l o n g u p o n this portion of our h i s t o r y . I t w o u l d seem to be t h e opinion of t h e pro-slavery writers, from M r . C a r l y l e to M r s . e x - P r e s i d e n t T y l e r , t h a t t h e J a m a i c a n e g r o is every y e a r developing his unfitness for self-government ; t h a t t h e m o r e be feels his freedom a n d forgets his s l a v e r y , t h e less i n d u s t r i o u s h e becomes, t h e faster he is relapsing into b a r b a r i s m , a n d the m o r e surely is t h e island again b e c o m i n g a waste. I f t h e t h e o r y of his unfitness for self-government w e r e t r u e , this w o u l d be t h e case ; b u t , unfortunately for the t h e o r y , t h e fact is precisely opposite. T h e e x p o r t o f s u g a r from J a m a i c a fell from m o r e t h a n 1,000,000 cwts. in 1 8 3 8 , t o 7 9 5 , 0 0 0 cwts. in 1 8 3 9 , a n d to little m o r e t h a n 5 0 0 , 0 0 0 cwts. in 1 8 4 0 ; a n d , spite of d r o u g h t s , S u g a r B i l l , a n d cholera, t h e a v e r a g e e x p o r t of t h e twelve years since 1 8 4 0 h a s been m o r e t h a n 6 0 0 , 0 0 0 cwts. In those two years the h a r m w a s done ; a n d less of the " n o b l e r p r o d u c t s " of the island was b r o u g h t forth b y free t h a n b y slave-labour, not b e cause " Q u a s h e e " w o u l d " s i t u p to his ears in p u m p k i n " regardless of w o r k , b u t because his " b o r n l o r d s " — t h o s e w h o w e r e " b o r n wiser t h a n h i m " * — w e r e , in their m a s t e r s h i p of h i m , regardless alike of wisdom a n d of justice. W e repeat, t h a t the history of these first t w o years clearly establishes these t h r e e facts : 1st, T h a t t h e b l a c k s , as a rule, were willing to give a fair d a y ' s w o r k for a fair d a y ' s w a g e s — that they actually did give the one w h e n t h e y got t h e other ; 2 n d l y , T h a t , as a rule, t h e whites did n o t offer t h e m this fair d a y ' s w a g e s ; a n d lastly, T h a t therefore t h e y did n o t get t h e fair d a y ' s w o r k . A n d for proof of these facts we refer, not to E x e t e r H a l l speeches or m i s sionary r e p o r t s — n o t to prejudiced p h i l a n t h r o p i s t s or partial friends of the n e g r o , b u t to the testimony of m e n whose position compelled t h e m to k n o w t h e t r u t h , a n d whose business, d u t y , a n d interest it w a s to tell i t — t o t h e official statements of the G o v e r n o r , a n d to t h e r e p o r t s for his information of his officers. W o u l d t h a t M r . C a r l y l e , while p e n n i n g t h a t " d i s c o u r s e " to w h i c h w e c a n n o t h e l p constantly referring, because w e believe t h a t t h r o u g h the p o w e r of his n a m e it h a s d o n e , a n d still does t h e n e g r o m o r e h a r m t h a n all t h e other writings against h i m — h a d cast his eyes over t h e record of this evidence, and c h e c k e d w i t h it t h e statements of p l a n t e r s pleading for protection, a n d striving to m a k e o u t a case for m o r e c o m p e n s a t i o n , before he helped t h e s t r o n g to t r a m p l e on t h e w e a k , a n d g a v e t h e A m e r i c a n slave-driver t h e only aid which genius h a s given or ever will give h i m . F o r t h e first time in t h e sad story * "Occasional Discourse on the Negro Question," Fraser's Magazine.

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

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