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10 1 8 3 2 , w h e n one m e m b e r m o v e d that the O r d e r in Council of the 2 n d of N o v e m b e r 1 8 3 1 should be b u r n t b y t h e h a n g m a n , a n d a n o t h e r said, t h a t if t h e B r i t i s h G o v e r n m e n t tried to enforce it, they h a d 1 8 , 0 0 0 b a y o n e t s with which to meet it. T h i s O r d e r in C o u n c i l was for t h e enforcement of ameliorating m e a s u r e s , w h i c h , t h o u g h defied a n d d i s r e g a r d e d , t h e blacks well k n e w had been passed b y t h e B r i t i s h P a r l i a m e n t in 1 8 2 3 , a n d one of w h i c h , for t h e prevention of t h e indecent flogging of their wives a n d sisters, t h e y h a d only a y e a r or t w o before seen disallowed by a large majority of this v e r y Assembly. E v e r since t h e E m a n c i p a t i o n , it has been t h e cry of t h e planters and their friends t h a t the c h a n g e w a s p r e m a t u r e ; t h a t t h e blacks o u g h t to h a v e been p r e p a r e d for their freedom : o u r readers m u s t j u d g e from the w a y in w h i c h the whites did p r e p a r e t h e m for it, h o w far any further such p r e p a r a t i o n would h a v e been an i m p r o v e m e n t . B u t there w a s a p r e p a r a t i o n — t h e apprenticeship ; a system which w a s doubtless devised a n d defended b y its projectors in hope t h a t the e m p l o y e r s w o u l d seize this last o p p o r t u n i t y , and gain so m u c h of the respect a n d r e g a r d of the labourers, as would incline t h e m to t r e a t fairly for their l a b o u r w h e n t h e y h a d it to dispose of. T o w h a t p u r pose this p r o b a t i o n a r y period was t u r n e d , it is most i m p o r t a n t to observe, a n d we r e g r e t that our space does n o t p e r m i t us to give o u r r e a d e r s a resume of its history. A s it is, w e m u s t content ourselves w i t h referring t h e m to t h e r e p o r t of t h e Commissioners a p p o i n t e d b y t h e H o m e G o v e r n m e n t , a n d to Messrs. S t u r g e and H a r v e y ' s detailed j o u r n a l of their t o u r of inspection in 1 8 3 7 ;* a n d omitting all cases of tread-mill tortures, p u n i s h m e n t s of women, s o m e t i m e s of p r e g n a n t w o m e n , excessive n i g h t - w o r k , s h u t t i n g u p of men a n d w o m e n in d u n g e o n s for deficiency of w o r k , a n d prevention of t h e cultivation of provision g r o u n d s , — we will confine ourselves t o t h e fact, that one g o v e r n o r , L o r d Sligo, himself a planter, shewed his appreciation of the a d v a n t a g e s of the p r o b a t i o n , b y freeing from t h e m his o w n apprentices, a n d b y w r i t i n g a p a m p h l e t , advising his fellowplanters to follow his e x a m p l e ; a n d that a n o t h e r governor, Sir Lionel S m i t h , declared, in his message to t h e J a m a i c a A s s e m b l y , Oct. 2 9 , 1 8 3 7 , " t h e island is subject to the reproach that the negroes, in s o m e respects, are in a worse condition t h a n w h e n they were in slavery." I n a w o r d , t h e friends of t h e n e g r o , finding t h a t t h e transition from the w h i p to w a g e s was t h r o u g h modes of extracting w o r k as t o r t u r i n g as the former, a n d from their novelty even m o r e i r r i t a t i n g , r e n e w e d

* "The West Indies in lf)37," by Joseph Sturge and Thomas Harvey.

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

British philanthropy and Jamaica distress. Reprinted from the «  Westminter Review »  

Ouvrage patrimonial de la Bibliothèque numérique Manioc. Service commun de la documentation, Université des Antilles et de la Guyane. Ville...

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