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E-PORTFOLIO Student: Susana Castro Madrigal English II Erick Bonilla First Quarter 2013


Grammar Simple present 

Use simple present to state a facto r to tell about something that happens regularly.

Example: Andres works in an office. 

Use the simple present with adverbs of frequency. (always, usually, often, sometimes, never)

Example: She is always sad. 

Use simple present with non action verbs. Non action verbs describe states or situations, not actions.

1. Show emotions (hate,like,love,want,wish) 2. Show mental states (know, believe, remember, forget) 3. Show possession (have, own, belong) 4. Describe senses (hear, see) Examples: Ana wants a new boyfriend. Carlos hate a runny days. She remembers the office as a bad dream. He has all the time he needs


She sees nothing but blues skies.

Present progressive 

Use present progressive to tell about something that is happening right now.

Example: Danny is sitting on the city. Modals of advice 

Use should to ask for advice.

Example: Should I show them proof of identification?

Use should, should not and ought to, to give advice.

Examples: You should get a locked mailbox. You shouldn´t send personal information by e mail. You ought to ask your boss to keep your personal information in a locket file. 

Use had better (´d better) and had better not (´d better not) to give strong advice.

Example: You´d better shred those papers.


Reflexive and reciprocal pronouns 

Use a reflexive pronoun when subject and object of a sentence are the same person or thing. The reflexive pronouns are:  Myself  Yourself  Herself  Himself  Itself  Ourselves  Yourselves  Themselves

Examples: Jay Batches pushes himself to the limit They put themselves in dangerous situations.

Use yourself / yourselves in imperative sentences with reflexive pronouns.

Use yourself when the subject is singular

Example: Believe in yourself and you will succeed. 

Use yourselves when the subject is a plural.

Example: Prepare yourselves for a tough race.


Modals of ability and possibility 

The modals can and could are followed by the base form of the verb.

Example: I can do that Could you hear me? 

Use can to express ability in the present, can´t is negative of can.

Example: she can speak English. He can´t speak French 

Use could to express ability in the past, couldn´t is the negative of could

Example: Last year, I could say few words in English. I couldn´t have a conversation in English last year. 

Can and could also express possibility in the future.

Example: Next year, you can study French He could study more next time.


Future predictions with will clauses 

Use will + base form and will not (won´t) + base form to make predictions about the future.

Example: It will rain again next week. Tourists’ won´t come to the shops and restaurants. 

Use probably with will

Example: Business will probably be slow all week. 

In negative sentences, probably comes before won´t.

Example: I probably won´t make enough money.

Infinitives of purpose 

Use an infinitive of purpose to explain the purpose of an action.

 Use to + base form. Example:  Storyteller changes their voices to change the feeling of a story.  They can speak faster in order to make the story more exiting.

Use in order to not to + base form to explain a negative purpose


Example: They also use different character voices in order not to confuse the audience.

In informal speech you can also use because + a reason to express a negative purpose Example: They also use different character voices because they don’t want to

confuse the audience. Nouns and quantifies 

Common nouns refer to people, places or things. Examples:

 People: Child, boss.  Places: City, farm  Things: House, money.

Abstract nouns refer to ideas and feelings. Example:  Freedom  Love  Stress  Time

Some nouns are count nouns, ideas you can count separately. Example:  I have a idea


 We two problems 

Other nouns are non-count nouns, ideas that you cannot count separality.

Example:  I´m under a great deal of stress  I didn´t have enough freedom 

Use quantifiers some enough, a lot of, and any with both count nouns and non-count nouns.

Example: There are a lot of reasons to simplify your life. 

Use any in questions and negative sentences.

Example: Do you have any worries? 

Use a few, several and many with plural count nouns in affirmative sentences.

Example: There are several reasons to simplify your life. 

Use a little, a great deal of and much with non-count nouns in aff9rmative sentences.

Example: You will have a great deal of happiness Use many with count nouns and much with non-count nouns in question and negative sentences. Examples:  How many questions do you have?


I don’t have many questions.  How much effort did you put in? I didn´t put in much effort. Comparatives and equatives Use equatives to express to idea of ¨equal¨. 

Use as + adjective + as.

Example: I have been married as long as my brother. Use comparative adjectives to express the idea of ¨more¨ 

Use adjective + er

than with one syllable adjectives.

Example: My brother has been married longer than I have 

If an adjectives ends in y, change the y to I and add er + than.

Example: My second marriage is happier than my first. 

Use more + adjective + than with adjectives that have two or more syllables.

Example: As a gift flowers are more romantic than books. Use comparative adjectives to express the idea of ¨less¨ 

Use less + adjective + than

Example: My wife is less patient than I am




Use not as + adjective + as

Example: Our marriage is not as strong as it used to be *Irregular comparatives forms* Adjective

Comparative

Bad

Worse

Good

Better

Pictionary Marital status: Bachelor

Single maiden


Civil union

Married

Single

Divorced

Widow

Widower


Identity theft Vocabulary: Proof of identification:

Documents, or papers that show who you are

Exposed:

In danger of being harmed.


. File a complain:

To send a letter saying that something bad or illegal happened.

Endurance test Examples:

Rock climbing


Skateboarding

Skydiving


Idioms ¨Don‘t locate in a diccionary¨

A Bird In The Hand Is Worth Two In The Bush

Tie the knot


A Fool and His Money Are Easily Parted

Way too much


A Wolf in Sheep's Clothing

Shame on you


Add Fuel to the Fire

Bite Off More Than You Can Chew


Literature Franz Kafka (3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Kafka strongly influenced genres such as existentialism. His works, such as "Die Verwandlung" ("The Metamorphosis"), Deer Process (The Trial), and Das Schloss (The Castle), are filled with the themes and archetypes of alienation, physical and psychological brutality, parent–child conflict, characters on a terrifying quest, and mystical transformations. Kafka was born into a middle class, German speaking Jewish family in Prague, then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and trained as a lawyer. After completing his legal education, Kafka obtained employment with an insurance company. He began to write short stories in his spare time, and for the rest of his life complained about the little time he had to devote to what he came to regard as his calling. He also regretted having to devote so much attention to his Brotberuf ("day job", literally "bread job"). Kafka preferred to communicate by letter; he wrote hundreds of letters to family and close female friends, including his father, his fiancée Felice Bauer, and his youngest sister Ottla. He had a complicated and troubled relationship with his father that had a major impact on his writing, and he was conflicted over his Jewishness and felt it had little to do with him, although it arguably influenced his writing.


A country doctor One night the doctor needle visit the patient, but his horse died for excessive work, Rose search one horse in the city, but nobody she help. Around now as appear strange man with horse, the man helps a doctor, The man, being the oaf that he is, boorishly kisses the maid when she tries to hand him a harness, leaving her cheek with two rows of red tooth marks, doctor was angry with the man, but also feels indebted to this. Doctor tells man to accompany him to see his patient but he refuses because he prefers to stay with Rosa When the doctor arrives where his patient apparently this is not ill, but wants to die, the doctor does not understand what is happening in that house


Speaking a little of the literary context of the history, few characters, this is one of the principal characteristics of the short history , also one of the main issues is the fate, for example the fate of Rosa, while not want will have to be with the strange man as payment of the help.


Yukio Mishima

Whose real name was Kimitake Hiraoka, (Tokyo, Japan, January 14, 1925 - ibid, November 25, 1970) was a writer and playwright Japanese considered one of the greatest writers in the history of Japan. During the 60s he wrote his most important works. Within these works, highlights his tetra logy The Sea of Fertility, consisting of the novels Spring Snow Horses runaway, The Temple of Dawn and Corruption of an Angel (the latter published posthumously), which, taken together, constitute a kind of ideological testament of the author, who rebelled against a society for him mired in moral and spiritual decay. At age 12, Mishima began to write his first stories. He read voraciously the works of Wilde, Rilke, and numerous Japanese classics. Although his family was not as rich as those of the other students at his school, Natsu insisted he attend the elite Peers School (where came the Japanese aristocracy, and a casual, extremely wealthy commoners). After six miserable years of college, still a teenager fragile and pale, but began to prosper and became the youngest member of the editorial board in the school's literary society. He was invited to write a story for the prestigious literary magazine, Bungei-Bunka (Literary Culture) and submitted Hanazakari no Mori (The Forest at its best). The story was published in book form in 1944, although in a small run because of the paper shortage in wartime.


Fountains in the rain Japanese history is based on two characters: Akio who is the main character, the decides to break with his girlfriend, apparently not loved her but it was with her just to prove your domain and leave when you want to, it seems to me that you evidenced much machismo as the intended to humiliate his girlfriend always, the bride is called Masako, is a young student who has the role of weak in the history, but in the end it is the opposite. The themes are love and sexuality, although apparently no love is the main theme, sexuality is given since you think that they will have love with sex.


Hans Christian Andersen Hans Christian Andersen; often referred to in Scandinavia as H. C. Andersen; April 2, 1805 – August 4, 1875) was a Danish author and poet. Although a prolific writer of plays, travelogues, novels, and poems, Andersen is best remembered for his fairy tales, a literary genre he so mastered that he himself has become as mythical as the tales he wrote. Andersen's popularity is not limited to children; his stories—called evenly, or "fantastic tales"—express themes that transcend age and nationality. During his lifetime he was acclaimed for having delighted children worldwide and was feted by royalty. Andersen's fairy tales, which have been translated into more than 125 languages, have become culturally embedded in the West's collective consciousness, readily accessible to children, but presenting lessons of virtue and resilience in the face of adversity for mature readers as well. They have inspired motion pictures, plays, ballets, and animated films.


The Nightingale History is the emperor of China, these very luxurious lives in palace with huge gardens and endless treasures. But there is something very valuable that imperator not known to have in his palace, is a very beautiful singing nightingale, this one had heard the most humble, the Emperor learns of life through a book, then invites the nightingale the palace and gives many honors, but the desire to have their locks him in jail. Shortly after another emperor give other nightingale with gold, silver and many diamonds, the new nightingale is not real but its beauty attracts the attention of everyone in the palace, everyone forgets to Real nightingale, nightingale then goes to the mountain again.


The Emperor has a very serious disease and will die, the nightingale sings no longer gold, and everyone thinks that the Emperor is dead; the only one who gets to accompany the real nightingale, with his singing Emperor recovered his health. The nightingale not wants to stay in the palace, but he promises to tell him all the secrets of the palace. Spend as with all human beings, sometimes we really valuable things that we do not know when we lose them because we are carried only by the beauty, for gold and silver and forget what is really important.


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