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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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(Dec. 19, 2013)

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o;f] eGof] sf+u;]| a}7sn]

g]kfnL sf+u|]; s]G›Lo sfo{;ldltsf] a} 7 s ;efklt ;' z Ln sf] O /fnfsf] cWoIftfdf lxhf] kf6L{ sfof{nodf a:of] . ;d;fdlos /fhgLlts kl/l:yltsf ;DaGwdf a}7sdf 5nkmn ePsf] lyof] . lxhf]sf] a}7sdf s]G›Lo ;b:ox? dx]z cfrfo{ , g/xl/ cfrfo{ , dfgaxfb' / ljZjsdf{, ch{'gk|;fb hf]zL, df]= cfkm\tfj cfnd, s[i0frG› g]kfnL, gljG›/fh hf]zL,

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

u/]sf] ck]IffeGbf leGg xf] . ;+ljwfg;efdf of] k6s cl3Nnf]eGbf a9L bnsf] pkl:ylt 5 . klxn] @% j6f lyP eg] clxn] Tof] ;+Vof #! sf] 5 .

To:tf] cj:yfdf ;a}nfO{ lrQ a'emfpFb}, pgsf dfusf] ;Daf] w g ub} { , ljkl/t dfGotf / c8fgx?nfO{ dWodfu{af6 kxn u/]/ ;femf ljifo agfP/ Ps jif{leq

k'if ! sf cjz]if Ho'bF } 5g\ cfh k'; $ ut] . ut ;f]daf/sf lbg k'if ! . k'; dlxgf nfu]kl5 hf8f]sf] k|sf]k a9\5 . k'if ;+qmflGtnfO{ ;fdfGotof hf8f]sf] k|sf]k a9\g] ;dosf] k|ltssf ?kdf lnOG5 . To;} lx;fan] kf}if nfUof] . t/, k'if ! ut] cfkm\g} sf/0fn] csf]{ dxTj klg /fVb5 . To;} lbg /fhf dx]Gb|n] g]kfnsf] ;aeGbf klxnf] hglgjf{lrt k|hftflGqs ;/sf/nfO{ ;}lgs ansf]

o:tf] klg ===

cfwf/df x7ft\ kbRo't u/]sf] lyof] . @)!& k'if ! ut]sf lbg sf7df8f}+sf] yfkfynLsf] g]kfn t?0f bnsf] ;efnfO{ ;Daf]wg ul//x]sf] cj:yfdf tTsflng k|wfgdGqL ljZj]Zj/k|;fb sf]O/fnfnfO{ lu/km\ t f/ u/] / ;Dk" 0 f{ dlGqd08nsf ;b:onufot g]tfnfO{ ;d]t lgoGq0fdf lnPsf] lyof] . cfhsf k':tf jf cem egf}+ cfh

– cqL

lxhf] cfof]lht dfgj clwsf/sf nflu xft]dfnf] sfo{qmddf b]lvPsf] b[Zo .

;+ljwfg 3f]if0ff ug'{kg]{ ljz]if r'gf}ltk"0f{ cj:yf xf] clxn]sf] . of] lgjf{rgdf t];|f] 7"nf] bnsf ?kdf /x]sf] Pdfcf]jfbLn] r'gfjL kl/0ffdnfO{ cfTd;ft ug{ g;s] / dtu0fgfsf] k| f /Dedf g} lgjf{ r g k|lqmofaf6} x6\g] s'/f ug{ yfNof], alxisf/ klg eof] / of] bn ;+ljwfg;efd} ghfg] 3f]if0ff ug{ k'Uof] . p;sf] dfun] ;du| lgjf{rg k|lqmofdfly g} k|Zg p7\g]l:yt cfof], h'g s'/f sf+u; ]| –Pdfn]n] dfGg] cj:yf lsdfy{ lyPg . To:tf] bnnfO{ ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7sd} pkl:yt u/fpg] Pp6f r'gf}lt v8f eof], ;fy} To;df p;sf] To:tf] ;du| r' g fjs} k'g/fjnf]sg ug'{kg]{ eGg] c8fgaf6 klg p;nfO{ lkmtf{ u/fpg' lyof] .

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

geP xfdL ;a} n8\5f+}

sf+u|]; s;/L cl3 a9\b}5 < g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; ;+ l jwfg agfpg] qmddf ;a} /fhgLlts bnsf] ;xdlt lnP/} cl3 a9\ 5 . ;xdltsf] ;"qx? t klxNofpg ;s]gg\ gL < /fhgLltdf ;xdltsf] s' g } /] l 8d] 6 ;" q t x' F b } g . t/ hgdtsf] cfwf/df ;' q aGg] xf] / To;} n fO{ cfTd;ft ub} { cl3 a9\ g ' k 5{ . hgdtsf] s'/f ug'{x'G5 clg nueu a/fa/L ePsf] Pdfn]k|lt z+sf ug{ yfNg' efsf] 5 < 5}g, Tof] unt ;"rgf xf] . /fi6«kltsf] ljifodf Pdfn]n] h'g s'/f p7fof], To;nfO{ lnP/ o:tf] cfz+sf ul/Psf] xf]nf / To;nfO{ xfdL 5nkmnaf6 6'+Uofp5f+} . /fi6«kltsf] ljifo s;/L 6'+Uofpg' x'G5 t < of] ljifo 6] j ' n df 5nkmn u/] / 6'+Uofp5f+} . ;+ljwfg gag'Gh]n /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«klt gkm]/f+} eGof+} eg] pxfFx?n] of] x'g'x'G5 eGg] cf/f]k klg 5 lg < s'/f :jLsf/ ug'{x'G5 dnfO{ ljZjf; 5 . To:tf] xf] O { g . Pdfn] , sf+ u | ] ; , /fhgLltdf o:tf s'/fx? cfO/x]sf 5g\ . Pdfcf] j fbL, dw] z jfbL bn ;a} ;F u } Pdfcf]jfbLn] h] eGof] ToxL tkfOFx? dfGb} lxF8\g'k5{ . geP xfdL ;a} n8\5f+} . o; ljifodf Pdfn]n] ;z+lst x'g' kb}g{ . Pdfn]

– 8f= z]v/ sf]O/fnf

x6nfOg M Clif wdnf

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

j}/f] ljefudf 3'if} 3'if

cfkm"nfO{ k|sf08 sf+u; ]| eGg] gofF k':tfnfO{ ;d]t @)!& k'if ! sf lbg ljhf/f]k0f ul/Psf] slyt …lgb{ n Lo k| h ftflGqs Joj:yfÚ gfds k~rfot Joj:yf s] s:tf] cgf}7f] x'GYof] eGg] k6Ss} yfxf gxf]nf . k~rfot Joj:yf gfds Tof] Joj:yf sfod /xFbf l5d]sdf sf]xL dflg; dbf{ nfz af]Sg k¥of] eg] klg >L % x?sf] :jLs[lt lng'kg]{ cj:yf lyof] . ;dfh;]jf ug{ ;dfh ;]jf kl/ifb\sf] :jLs[lt rflxg] / Tof] ;dfh;]jf kl/ifb\sf] cWoIf >L % a8fdxf/fgL P]Zjo{ /fHonIdL x'g] ub{y] . /]l8of] g]kfnsf] ;dfrf/ z'? x'GYof]– …of] /]l8of] g]kfn xf] . >L % ===== nfO{ ?3f nfu]sf] sf/0f c:j:y xf]OjS;G5 .Ú To:tf >L % df >L % km'k' zfxHofbL;Dd klg x' g ;Sy] . g] k fnsf k| w fgdGqL egfpFbf] >L % kbjLwf/L s'g} b"w] afnssf ;fd' wg'i6+sf/ k|0ffd u/]/ gtd:ts x'g afWo x'Gy] .

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/ ljefu cGtu{ t k" j { : jLs[ l t zfvfdf sfo{ / t lgb] { z s OGb| k | ; fb a:ofn / zfvf clws[ t 1fggfy 9sfnsf] g]tT[ jdf ljefudf 3'ifsf] gofF /0fgLlt km] l /Psf] 5 . tLgn] k" j { : jLs[ l tsf l8df08 x] / ] / clGtd :jLs[ltsf lgb]{zsx? sdn/fh e08f/L, ab|Laxfb'/ sfsL{, zfvf clws[t afa'nfn

/]UdL / cfO{6L zfvfsf] ldn]dtf]df sfo{ ljefhgsf] zfvfGt/ u/]/ e|i6frf/ ug]{ gofF z}nLsf] ljsf; u/]sf 5g\ . btf{ gDa/ gldn]sf Dofgkfj/sf kmfOnnfO{ cfO6L zfvfn] r':t tyf b'?:t kfl/lbg] clGtd zfvfsf lgb]{zs / clws[tsf] ldn]dtf]df Jofks 3'if c;'Ng] sfo{ e}/x]sf]

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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

– ;]js ;'bfdf

d'tj' f sfG5fsf] ;kgf ;fsf/ kf/f}+

cf7/fO{ t]¥xy'daf6 emfkflt/ cf]n]{/ sf7df8f}+ x'Fb} d'n's}e/ …pvfg 6'Ssf lz/f]d0fLÚ sf] ckfwL xfl;n ug{ ;kmn ePsf …d't'jf sfG5fÚ lxhf]cfh lgSs} hf]zdf 5g\ . l;ltldlt hf]zdf xf]Og, xf]z} u'Dg] u/L hf]zdf 5g\ . lzz'af6 afns xF'b} nSsf hjfg x'Fbf;Dd klg pgnfO{ xf]z gx'g] b';fWo /f]u lyof] . lgGb|fdf pgL k'/} xf]z u'dfpFy] / lj5\of}gf lgy|'Ss x'g] u/L d'q la;h{g ub{y] . pgsf] Tof] afgL Joxf]/fsf sf/0f ufpF3/sf a'9fkfsfn] pgsf] gfdfs/0f ul/lbP, …d't'jf sfG5fÚ . uf]nLsf] k|xf/n] dflg;nfO{ 7"nf] kL8f gxf]nf . t/ oL d't'jf sfG5fsf] af]nLsf] k|xf/ olt s8f x'G5 ls ;fd'Gg]sf dflg; yrSs} zjf;gdf k'Ub5g\ . pgsf] af]nLs} sf/0f s;}s;}n] t pgnfO{ vf; hflto y/ cf]nL eg]/ ;Daf]wg gu/L uf]nL klg eGg yfn]sf 5g\ . To:tf] d'q la;h{g ePsf] ;d]t xf]z gx'g] dxfg\ qmflGtsf/L hf]lznf] JolQmTjdf uf]nL h:tf] af]nL klg ylkP kl5 t sf] kf] l6Sg ;Sb5g\ / Û cfhsn tL d't'jf sfG5f uf]nLsf] lgzfgfdf wg'ifflt/af6 cf]n]{sf xfn lztn lgjf;sf c:yfoL afl;Gbf e}+;L r?jf k/]sf 5g\ . d't'jf sfG5f uf]nL eG5g\, …e}+;L r?jfsf] lztn lgjf; a:g] lbg ;lsP . ca pgL hgsk'/lt/ kmls{P x'G5 . ToxfFsf] d}bfg pgsf] k|ltIffdf 5 . hgsk'/sf] d}bfgdf nf]6f lnP/ bL3{ z+sf lgjf/0fsf] cEof; z'? ug]{ lbg cfO;Sof] .Ú dxfg\ qmflGtsf/L nf]stGqsf d"No dfGotfsf /Ifs d't'jf sfG5faf6 cf1f eO;Sof], …cem} rf/ jif{ Tof] e}+;L r?jf ToxfF a:g kfpFb}g .Ú qmflGtsf/L d't'jf sfG5faf6 csf]{ Pp6f dxfg /x:of]b\3f6g klg ePsf] 5, …bnx?n] Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg agfpg] k|ltj4tf k|s6 u/] klg ;+ljwfgn] rf/ jif{df ;+ljwfg agfpg] sNkgf u/]sf] 5 .Ú d't'jf sfG5f uf]nLn] /fdjf0f k|xf/ ul/;s]– hflt lrRofP klg rf/ jif{ geO{ ;+ljwfg aGb}g . qmflGtsf/L d't'jf sfG5faf6 cf1f eO;s]kl5 ;a}n] a'em\g'kb{5– ca ;+ljwfg rf/ jif{ geO aGb} aGb}g . d't'jf sfG5f uf]nL cf]nLaf6 lztn lgjf;sf afl;Gbf kl/jt{g ug]{ OR5f JoQm eO;s]kl5 tL em'l;n, z]/] jf tgx'Fsf h};L cflb n'/]x?;fd' r'k nfu]/ k|e'sf] OR5f k"/f ug{ nDk;f/ kg'{sf] s'g} ljsNk 5}g . d't'jf sfG5f k|e'af6 TolQs} o:tf] cf1f ePsf] 5}g . k|e'n] lztn lgjf;df vhf~hL g]tf dfs'g]nfO{ :yflkt ug{] of]hgf agfOaS;]sf] 5 . To:tf] x'g ;Sof] eg] Pdfn] eGg] kljq hdftdf d't'jf sfG5f k|e'sf] Ps5q /fh sfod x'GYof] . tL emNn' t e';'gf g x'g\ . sy+sbflrt dfs'g]nfO{ /fVg ;lsPg eg] klg cfkm\gL cGt/+u dbglk|of ljBfnfO{ /fVg] d't'jf sfG5fsf] of]hgf 5 . cfkm" afn'jf6f/, cfkm\gL cGt/+u lztn lgjf; ÛÛ s:tf] dxfg\ dL7f sNkgf ;kgf ÛÛ pvfg 6'Ssf lz/f]d0fL uf]nL z}nLsf] af]nLwf/L d't'jf sfG5f cf]nLsf] ;kgf ;fsf/ kf/f}+ .

j}Bh cu{gfOh];gn] xf]6n vf]Ng]

Jofkf/ / s[lif If]qdf s]lG›t j}Bh cu{ g fOh] ; gn] ;] j fd" n sdf cfsif{ s dflgPsf] xf]6ndf nufgL ug{] ePsf] 5 . ;d"xn] ko{6g If]qdf ckf/ ;Defjgf b]v]/ sf7df8f}+, kf]v/f / n'lDagLdf xf]6n vf]Ng] tof/L u/]sf] xf] . sf7df8f}+df ;+o'Qm nufgLdf kfFrtf/] l8nS; xf]6n vf]Ng] lg0f{ o u/] s f] 5 . klxnf] r/0fdf sf7df8f}+l:yt ;d"xsf] s]G›Lo sfof{no /x]sf] tLgs'g]df xf]6n vf]Ng hUuf;d]t lslg;s]sf] 5 . of] ;d"xn] nfdf] ;dob]lv gofF nufgL u/] s f] lyPg . …xfdLn] sf7df8f}+df kfFrtf/] xf]6n vf]Ng] tof/L u/]sf 5f}+ . ;d"xsf] sfof{no /x]sf] :yfgdf

!) /f]kgL hUuf 5 . of] afx]s b'O{ /f]kgL lslg;s]sf 5f},+ ;d"xsf cWoIf ;'/h j}Bn] eg], xf]6nsf] gS;f tof/ x'Fb}5 . pgsf cg';f/ sf7df8f}+sf] xf]6n lgdf{0f ^ dlxgfleq} z'? x'g]5 . ;d"xn] Ps ;o ^) sf]7fsf] xf]6ndf cg'dflgt Ps ca{ ^) s/f]8 ?k}ofF nfUg] cg'dfg u/]sf] 5 . xf]6nsf] gfd eg] cem} to ePsf] 5}g . kf]v/fdf xf]6n lgdf{0fsf] nflu hUuf lslg;s]sf] pgn] atfP . xf]6]ndf b'O{ ;ohgfn] /f]huf/L kfpg]5g\ . …sf7df8f}+;Fu} kf]v/fdf xf]6n lgdf{0f cl3 a9fpg] 5 f} + , pgn] eg] , …xfdLn] o;sf nflu hUuf klg lslg;s]sf 5f}+ .Ú pgsf cg';f/ kf]v/fsf] xf]6n eg] …:kf / j]ng];Ú k|s[ltsf] x'G5 . g]kfndf :kf / j]ng]; k|s[ltsf] xf]6n klxnf] x'g] pgn] atfP . …g] k fn cfkm} + d f ;F w } jftfg' s " l nt d' n ' s xf] . oxfF xfdLn] :kf / j]ng];dfkm{t ko{6s tfGg ;S5f}+ . kf] v /fsf] xf] 6 n o;} d f nlIft x' g ] 5 , pgn] eg] . kf]v/fsf] xf]6ndf &) s/f]8 ?k}ofF nufgL x'g]5 . pgn] cfkm\gf] ;d"xn] s[lifkl5 ;]jf If]qsf] ?kdf ko{6gdf ;Defjgf b] v ] / nufgL ug{ vf] h ] s f] atfP . o'gfO6]8 6«]8;{ l;lG8s]6 hfkfgdf lgld{ t 6f] o f] 6 f uf8Lsf] cflwsfl/s laqm]tf xf] . pgn] d'n'ssf] ko{6g If]qdf ckf/ ;Defjgf eP klg To;sf] pkof]u x'g g;s]sf] atfP .

skf]{/]6

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O{Zj/ a:g]t

lSng OghL{n] leP;ljs]df nufgL ug]{ leP;las] pBdL Joj;foL ;+3 / lSng OghL{ e]8nkd]G6 a}s + aLr ;f]daf/ leP;las] k|ljlwaf6 jftfj/0fd}qL pBf]u ;~rfng ug{ ljlQo nufgL;DaGwL

leP;las] k|ljlwdf cfwfl/t pBf]u ;~rfng ul//x]sf] / pBf]u ;~rfng ug{ rfxg] pBfdLx?nfO{ lSng OghL{ 8]enkd]G6 a}+sn] k|fyldstfsf ;fy

;Demf}tfdf x:tfIf/ ePsf] 5 . leP;las] pBdL Joj;foL ;+3sf cWoIf hgfb{g Gof}kfg] / lSng OghL{ 8]enkd]G6 a}s + sL dxfk|aGws jiff{ >]i7n] leP;las] pBf]udf nufgL ug] { ljifosf] ;Demf} t fkqdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf x'g\ . OF6f pTkfbg ug]{ xfn;Dds} gjLgtd\ Pj+ jftfj/0fd}qL leP;las] k|ljlw -OF6f kf]Ng]_ df cfwfl/t OF6f pBf]udf ;xh ljlQo nufgLdfkm{t jftfj/0fd}qL k|ljlwdf cfwfl/t pBf]u Joj;fosf] k| j 4{ g lj:tf/sf nflu ;Demf}tf ul/Psf] xf] . ;Demf}tfcg';f/ a}s + n] jftfj/0ffd}qL

;j{ ; ' n e Jofhb/df pBf] d Lsf] cfjZostfcg' ; f/ shf{ pknAw u/fpg] 5 . o;/L shf{ k| j fx ubf{ ;DalGwt pBdLsf] ;du| cfly{ s d"Nof+sg u/L kl/of]hgf lwtf]df shf{ nufgL ug{ ;lsg] a}+sn] hgfPsf] 5 . lSng OghL{ 8] e nkd] G 6 a} + s sf dxfk| a Gws jiff{ >] i 7n] pBf] u ssf] ljsf; / k|j4{gsf nflu a}+s nufgL ug{ tof/L /x] s f] atfOg\ . a} + s n] xfO{8«f]kfj/ If]qdf nufgL ub}{ cfP klg ca jftfj/0fd}qL pBf]udf klg nufgL ug]{ k|ltj4tf hgfOg\ .

nIdL n3'ljQ / An"a/] L lxnaLr ;Demf}tf

nIdL a}s + sf] ;xfos sDkgL nIdL n3'ljQ ;+:yf / bL An"a/] L lxn Rofl/6]an 6«:6aLr b'ud { lhNnfdf ljQLo kx'r F clej[l4 ug]{ ;Demf}tf ePsf] 5 . pQm ;Demf}tfdf

nIdL n3'ljQ ljQLo ;+:yfsf tkm{af6 k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t k|sfz/fh zdf{ / b An"a/] L lxn Rofl/6]an 6«:6sf tkm{af6 k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t c?0f /f0ffn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf lyP . ;Demf}tfcg';f/ u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf 8LPkmcfO8Ln] nufgL u/]sf] ;kmn kl/of]hgfsf] n3'ljQ sfo{qmd ;~rfng ug{ 6«:6n] nIdL n3'ljQ ;+:yf;Fu ;xsfo{ ug]5 { eg] l8;]Da/ !# af6 z'? ePsf] pQm kl/of]hgfcGtu{t nIdL n3'ljQn] sl/a # xhf/ kl/jf/nfO{ & s/f]8 ?k}ofF shf{ k|bfg ug]{ hgfPsf] 5 .

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!= gofF ;+ljwfgdf hflto ;d'bfout klxrfg / cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnfsf] klxrfg;lxt hflto hg;+Vof / n}+lus cfwf/df k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts / ;dfj]zL k|ltlglwTjsf] ;'lglZrt ug'{kg]{ . @= cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnfsf cfTdlg0f{osf] clwsf/;lxt hflto, eflifs / If]qut :jfoQtf ;+ljwfgdf n]lvg' kg]{ . #= /fHon] gofF ;+ljwfgdf cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnfsf] klxrfgnfO{ :jLsf/ ug'{kg]{ / /fi6«sf] of]hgf, gLlt, /0fgLlt, sfo{gLlt, sfo{qmd, ah]6, cg'udg / d"Nof+sg cflb ;a}df cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnf eg]/ pNn]v ug'k{ g]{ . k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts ah]6, ;|ft] / ;fwgsf] Joj:yf ug{'kg]{ . $= /fHosf ;Dk"0f{ c+u, If]q, lgsfo / ;+/rgfdf cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnf / k'?ifx¿sf] k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts k|ltlglwTj tyf ljz]if clwsf/ ;'lglZrt ug'k{ g]{ . %= ;+ljwfg, ;/sf/L / gLlh ;~rf/ dfWodx¿df ;"rgf k|jfx ubf{ dft[efiffdf k|jfx ug'{kg]{ . ;fy} dft[efiffdf lzIffsf] ;'lglZrttf x'g'kg]{ . ^= cGt/f{li6«o >d ;+u7g dxf;lGw ;+Vof !^( sf] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'gk' g]{ / cflbjf;L hghfltsf] clwsf/ ;DaGwL ;+oQ ' m /fi6«;3+ Lo 3f]if0ffkq -UNDRIP), a]OlhË 3f]if0ff– kq tyf sfo{of]hgf !((%, ;lGw, dxf;GwL, k|lt1f kqx¿sf]] k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog x'gk' g]{ . &= /fHo, dlxnf cfGbf]ng / bft[ lgsfox¿n] dlxnf jf n+}lusleq hflto, eflifs, ;f+:s[lts / If]qut ljljwtfnfO{ :jLsf/ ub}{ k"0f{ ;dfg'kflts ;xeflutf / k|ltlglwTj ;'lglZrt ug{'kg]{ . *= /fHon] cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnfsf] k/Dk/fut Gofok|0ffnL, k|ljlw, 1fg, ;Lk, snf, ;+:s[ltsf] dfGotf lbg], k|j4{g, ;+/If0f, ljsf;, lgoGq0f x'g] :jt clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrt ug'k{ g]{ . (= cflbjf;L hghfltsf] cfwf/e"t hLljsf]kfh{gsf ;fwg h}ljs ljljwtf, k'Vof}n { L e"ld, hn, h+un, vfgL, rl/r/0f / If]qsf] clwsf/ / dfGotf lbg'kg]{ . !)= /fHoaf6 ;'rLs[t x'g afFsL cflbjf;L hghfltnfO{ ;"rLs[t ug'{kg]{ . !!= :jtGq, k"jh { fgsf/ d~h'/Lsf] clwsf/ ;'lglZrt x'gk' g]{] . !@= nf]kf]Gd"v, clt;LdfGts[t / ;LdfGts[t cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnfsf ;zlQms/0fsf nflu ljz]if clwsf/;lxt ljz]if sfo{qmdsf] Joj:yf ug'{kg]{ . !#= cflbjf;L hghflt cfof]usf] u7g x'g'kg]{ . !$= ;+ljwfg;efsf !! j6f ljifout ;ldltn] tof/ kf/]sf] cjwf/0f kq / d:of}bfnfO{ cWoog 5nkmn / ljZn] i f0f u/L tof/ kfl/Psf ;' e mfjx¿nfO{ cIf/; gofF ;+ l jwfgdf n] l vg' k g] { .

– /fli6«o cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnf dxf;+3

eof] . lx+;f / Wj+z ul/ /fhb|f]xsf] ck/fwdf lghnfO{ cfhLjg sf/fjf;sf] ;hfo tf]s]/ h]n rnfg ul/of] . blIf0f clk|msfdf /+ue]b gLltsf] lj¿4 nl8/x] s f] clk| m sL g] z gn sfFu|];nfO{ cGt/f{li6«o ;dy{g k|fKt eO{ /x]sf] lyof] . uf]/f ;/sf/sf /fi6«klt Pkm8ANo"8L Snfs{nfO{ !(^& df o'/f]lkog b]zx¿n] cfly{s gfsfaGbL nufpg z'¿ u/]sf lyP . !(^* / !(^( df cfdf / 5f]/fsf] b'3{6gfdf kl/ lgwg x'Fbf g]N;g d08] n fnfO{ ;+ : sf/df efu lng ;/sf/åf/f cg'dlt lbOPg . cGt/f{li6«o bafjnfO{ tLa| agfpg clk|msL g]zgn sfFu; ]| sf sfo{stf{x¿ !(*@ df nfvf}s + f] ;+Vofdf cfGbf]ng rsf{pg ;8sdf cfP . cfGbf]ngsf] tLa|tfn] uf]/f ;/sf/ lj¿4 cGt/f{li6«o ;d'bfo uf]naGb x'g yfNof] . cfly{s gfsfaGbL sl:;g yfn] kl5 uf]/f ;/sf/nfO{ ;+s6 kg{ yfNof] . !(** df la|6]gsf] a]Dan] /+uzfnfdf cfof]lht ;f+lults sfo{qmddf nfvf}+sf] ;+Vofdf ;xefuLx¿n] g]N;g d08]nfnfO{ l/xf ug{ ToxfFsf] ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] s'/fnfO{ 6LeLn] k|;f/0f u/]sf] lgs} k|efj k¥of] . cGttM !(() df uf]/f ;/sf/n] clk|msL g]zgn sfFu|];dflysf] k|ltaGw x6fP/ g]N;g d08]nf nufot PPg;Lsf ;a} g]tf sfo{stf{nfO{ l/xf u¥of] . To;kl5 ax'hftLo cGtl/d ;/sf/ u7g ul/of] . !((@ df cfkm\ g L >LdtL laGgL;Fusf] ;DaGw ljR5]b eof] . !((# df g]N;g d08]nf gf]a]n k'/:sf/af6 ;Ddflgt x'g' eof] . !(($ sf] r'gfjdf blIf0f clk|msfsf] Oltxf;df klxnf]kN6 cZj]tn] klg dtbfgdf efu lnPsf lyP . Tof] r' g fjdf g] N ;g d08] n f cToflws dtn] ljhoL eO{ /fi6«klt aGg] cj;/ kfpg' eof] . /fi6«kltsf] ¿kdf g]N;g d08]nfn] b]zdf /x]sf] ul/aL, clzIff, e]befj, c;dfgtf, Gofo cflb

ljifonfO{ k|fyldstfsf ;fy cufl8 a9fpg' eof] . kfFr jif{sf] sfo{sfndf blIf0f clk|msfdf ul/aL lgjf/0f tyf ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] sfddf pNn]vgLo of]ubfg ul/ !((( df pxfF /fhgLlts hLjgaf6 pxfF ;Gof; lng' eof] . cfkmgf] *) cf}+ hGdlbgsf] cj;/ kf/]/ cyf{t\ !((* df pxfFn] ljwjf u|f;f dfr]n;Fu ljjfx ug'{ eof] . b]zdf cfly{s ;xof]u k'Ug] p2]Zon] pxfF n ] @)!) df ljZjsk km' 6 jn cfof]hgf ul/ cfof]hs /fi6«sf] ;Ddfg lbnfpg' ePsf] lyof] . @))$ b]lv pxfFn] ;fj{hlgs hLjg TofUg' eof] . ul/aL, c;dfgtf / e]befj;Fu n8\g] dxfg of]4fnfO{ ljZjn] hLpFb} klg w]/} ;Ddfg ul/;s] s f] 5 . >4f~hlnsf nflu /flvPsf] kfly{j zl//df ;+;f/sf s'gf sfKrfaf6 dflg;x¿ >4f ;'dg r9fpg dfgj ;fu/ g} cf]n]{ . …d]/f] kl/jf/sf] cfh;Dd sf]O{ klg :s"n uPsf] 5}g======. lzlIfsf ld+ufg]n] d]/f] gfd g]N;g xf] eGg' eof] . d]/f] vf; gfd g]N;g lsg /flvof]===dnfO{ yfxf 5}g .Ú– g]N;g d08]nf ljZj rlr{t lzv/ k'¿if g] N ;g d08] n fsf] kfly{ j z/L/nfO{ >4f~hlnsf nflu blIf0f clk|msfsf] lk|6f]l/ofsf] o'lgog lalN8ªdf /flvPsf] lyof] . !! lb;Da/sf] …b 6]lnu|fkmÚ n] ljZjsf *) xhf/ eGbf al9 dflg; cfP/ g]N;g d08]nfnfO{ >4f~hln lbPsf] pNn]v 5 . *) b]zsf /fhg]tf, s'6gLlt1, j}1flgs, ;flxTosf/ tyf ;j{;fwf/0fn] g]N;g d08]nfnfO{ clGtd labfO{ lbP . b 6]lnu|fkm cufl8 n]V5– …cd]l/sfsf /fi6«klt af/fs cf]jfdfn] cfkm\gf] jQmJodf g]N;g d08]nfsf] k|z; + f ub}{ eGg'eof]– aL;f}+ ztflAbsf n8fs" g]N;g d08]nf blIf0f clk|msfdf dfq xf]Og, ljZjnfO{ g} c;dfgtf, ul/aL tyf e]befj;Fu n8\g k|l] /t ug'e { of] .Ú

t'hs ' e|i6frf/ lgoGq0f ug]{ lgsfox¿ cg';Gwfg / sf/jfxL ug]{ qmddf k|efjsf/L aGg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . t/ klg s]xL jif{b]lv e|i6frf/sf ljifodf Gofofnon] u/]sf lg0f{ox¿n] eg] hgljZjf; al9/x]sf] 5 . d+l;/ @& ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} dlGqkl/ifb\sf cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdL sf]O/fnfsf] g]t[Tjdf kf6L{ 7"nf] /fhgLlts bn aGg k'u]sf] xf] . To;}n] casf] ;/sf/ klg ;efklt sf]O/fnfs} g]t[Tjdf aGg]5 . d+l;/ @( ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]kfnL sf+u|];sf dxfdGqL k|sfzdfg l;+x g]kfnL sf+u|];;Fu k|lt:kwf{ / ;xsfo{ ;Fu;Fu} x'g]5 . ;/sf/ lgdf{0fnufot s]xL ljifodf k|lt:kwf{ x'g]5 eg] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf ;xsfo{ x'g]5 . d+l;/ @( ut] kf6L{ sfof{nodf af]Nb} Pdfn] cWoIf emngfy vgfn xfd|f sfo{stf{n] lgjf{rgdf ad k8\sfPs} x'g,\ o;df b'ljwf 5}g . sfo{stf{n] lj:kmf]6 u/]/ l7s u/] . k'; ! ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf df]xg j}B hgtf ;Fw} ltvf{P/ a:g ;Sb}gg\ . To;}n] s]o's]Pnsf] ljsNk vf]h]/ eP klg eQmk'/sf hgtfnfO{ kfgL v'jfpg] k|of;df nflukg]{5' . d+l;/ @& ut] eQmk'/df af]Nb} gjlgjf{lrt sf+u|]; ;ef;b\ /fd]Zj/ 9'+u]n …wfFwnL 5fglag cfof]uÚ u7g eP xfdL ;+ljwfg;efsf] ;a} k|lqmofdf ;xefuL x'G5f}+ . Toltdfq} xf]Og, cfof]un] :jR5 / lgikIf ¿kdf u/]sf] cWoogsf] lgisif{nfO{ klg :jLsf/ ug{ tof/ 5f}+ . d+l;/ @( ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf k|jQmf clUg ;fksf]6f


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k|r08 s:tf kfq x' < kl5Nnf ;dodf cvaf/x¿df ;a}eGbf a9L rrf{ kfPsf] ljifo xf] . vf; u/L bf];f| ] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg / To;sf] kl/0ffd tyf Tof] kl/0ffddf pgn] lbPsf] k|ltlqmofnufotsf cf/f]kx¿n] w]/} 7fp kfP / kfO/x]sf 5g\ . o;df of] kl/0ffd s] sf/0fn] cfof] eGg] klg pNn]v x'g] u/]sf] kfOG5 . sltkon] k|r08nfO{ v'nfkq g} n]v] eg] sltkon] ljut sf]6o\ fpFb} of] k/fhodf pgsf] cfkm\g} JolQmTj t sf/0f /x]g eGb} ljut vf]tn] / To;sf] w/ftndf pgsf] cj:yfsf] klg d"Nof+sg eof] . vf;u/L lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd k|r08sf sltko o:tf s'/f 5g\, cfpg yfn]kl5 / kl/0ffdsf cfwf/df ;du| lgjf{rgnfO{ g} b]zL–ljb]zLsf] h;df pgsf] k|lta4tf jf ;}4flGts u|f08l8hfOg egL pgn] nufPsf] cf/f]k xf:of:kb g} eof] . To:t} l/kf]6x{ ¿dW]sf cfj/0f Pp6f 5 t/ Jojxf/ csf{] b]lvG5 . g]kfn klqsf k'; ! / sflGtk'/ k'; @ sf gd"gf l/kf]6{ k|:t't 5M– g]skf -dzfn_ sf] k[i7e"ldaf6 /fhgLltdf

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…;+ljwfg;efsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn ePsf] gftfn], zflGt k|lqmofsf] d'Vo lx:;]bf/ ePsf] gftfn] d of] s'/f eGg rfxG5' ls . Ú ut kfF r jif{ o tf PsLs[ t g] s kf dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfnÚk|r08'n] lbg] x/]s efif0fdf oL zAbfjnL y]uf]em}F alg;s]sf lyP . geg"g\ klg lsg, !) jif{] ;z:q åGånfO{ zflGt k|lqmofdfkm{t :yfgfGt/0f ub{} klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf pgsf] kf6L{ ;a}eGbf 7"nf] bn eof] . slt;Dd 7"nf] eg], k|ltkIfL bnx¿ g]kfnL sf+u; ]| / g]skf Pdfn]n] k|fKt u/] s f] s' n l;6 ;+ V of hf] 8 \ b f klg Pdfcf]jfbLa/fa/sf] x}l;ot k'Ub}gYof] . o:tf] hgdtn] klg ;Qfdf /xFbf xf];\ of aflx/, kfFr jif{otf g]kfnL /fhgLltdf Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf k|r08sf] k|dv ' e"ldsf /Xof] . t/, bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] kl/0ffd cfOk'Ubf k|r08 g]tT[ jsf] Pdfcf]jfbL kf6L{ t];f| ] :yfgdf v'lDrg k'Uof] . r'gfjsf] rf/ dlxgfcl3 k|r08afx]s c¿ ;a} g]tfx¿sf] kb 36'jf x'g', s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] r'gfj k/lrfngsf] ;jf{R] r sdfG8/ cWoIfnfO{ g} agfpg' t/ r'gfjdf ;f]rl] jk/Lt xf/ a]xf]gn '{ ] kf6L{leq / aflx/ k|r08sf] ;fv lgs} vl:sO;s]sf] /x]5 eGg] a'em\g sl7g lyPg . glthf o:tf] cfPsf] 5 ls, h'gÚ:k];d ' f g pgL ;/sf/ agfpg] x}l;ot /fV5g\, g t ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf x:tIf]ksf/L e"ldsf v]Ng g} ;S5g\ . lsgeg], o;k6s ;+ljwfg;efdf sf+u; ]| -Pdfn] / s]xL ;fgf kf6L{ ;lDdlnt x'gf;fy ;lhn} b'Ol{ txfO k'Ug] cj:yf 5 . Pdfcf]jfbL kf6L{n] klxnf] / bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] r'gfjL 3f]if0ffkqdf h;/L k|r08nfO{ efjL sfo{sf/L /fi6«kltsf ¿kdf pEofPsf] lyof], Tof] b'j}k6s k"/f x'g ;s]g . ;fdfGo cj:yfdf /fi6«klt t k/} hfcf] ; , pgL k| w fgdGqL;d] t aGg ;Sb}gg\ . casf] ;+ljwfg;efdf k|r08sf afu{]lgª\ sf8{x¿ sd} dfq afFsL /xg]5g\ . To;f] t k|r08 g]t[Tjsf] kf6L{df oltv]/ gLltut ;+s6 b]vf k/]sf] 5 . ut df3df ;DkGg Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;ftf}F dxflwj]zgn] ;+ljwfg;efaf6} ;+ljwfg agfpg] sfo{lbzf kf/lt u/]sf] lyof] t/ clxn] ;f]xL kf6L{n] lgjf{rgdf wfFwnL ePsf] cf/f]k nufpFb} lgikIf 5fglag geP ;+ljwfg;ef k|lqmofaf6 aflx/lg] wDsL lbPsf] 5 . k|r08sf] ;+of]hsTjdf ag]sf] !# bnLo df]rf{df gfd} g;'lgPsf nf]s bn, g]kfnL hgtf bnh:tf kf6L{x¿;d]t ;dfj]z 5g\ . To:tf kf6L{n] ;dfg'kfltsdf !) xhf/eGbf a9L dt klg NofPsf 5}gg\ . pgL To:tf bnnfO{ lnP/ tTsfn ;8s ;+3if{df plqg] ;Defjgf klg b]lvFb}g . o;}af6 k|l:6G5, k|r08 clxn] slt /IffTds cj:yfdf 5g\ eg]/ . oBlk, k|r08n] cfkm"x¿ ljutdf ePsf] !@ a'Fb] ;xdlt / a[xt\ zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] k|lqmofeGbf aflx/ ghfg] k|lta4tf hgfPsf 5g\ . To;f] eGg'sf] klg vf; cy{ 5 . !) jif{] åGåsf] a]nf xf];\ of a[xt\ zflGt k|lqmof ;Demf}tfsf] cj:yf, oL b'j} a]nf g]kfnL /fhgLltsf] ldof] pgs} j/lk/l 3'ld/Xof] . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efkl5 bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;ef;Ddsf] g]kfnL /fhgLltsf]] s]Gb|df k|r08 g} /x] . ;Qfaf6 aflx/lPkl5 pgL /fhgLltsf] Ú lsª\ d ] s /Ú aGg vf] l h/x] . lgjf{rgsf] k/0fl\ffdkl5 k|r08sf] Tof] ;fvdf lu/fj6 cfPsf] 5 . cem} klg pgL cfkm"nfO{ !@ a'Fb] / a[xt\ zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] lx:;]bf/ 7flg/x]sf 5g\ . /fhgLltzf:qL s[ i 0f xf5] y ' s f ljZn]if0fdf k|r08 /fhgLltdf :yflkt x'gd' f tLgj6f sf/0f pNn]Vo 5 . klxnf] xf], PS;l\6«ld:6 ckf]lh;g cyf{t\ cfqmfds ljkIfL . k|r08 ljk/Lt w'j| sf] /fhgLltaf6 rfF8f] :yflkt ePsf] gfd xf] . k|r08sf] /fhgLlts sb a9\g'df eg] dfcf]jfbL ;z:q ljb|fx] Pp6f dxQ\jk"0f{ sf/s lyof] . bf];|f], /x:o -gb]v]sf dfG5]_ sf sf/0f lyof] . !) jif{] ljb|f]xdf k|r08 /x:odo kfq ag] . k|r08nfO{ lrGgsf nflu w]/}n] sNkgf ug{'kYof{] . ljb|f]xn] sd ;dodf l56f] lj:tf/ ug{' klg k|r08nfO{ yk nfesf] s'/f lyof] . Tof] pGglt / k|ultnfO{ !@ a' F b ] ;dembf/L / lj:t[ t zflGt ;Demf}tfnfO{ /fHon] klg dfGotf lbof] .

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dfcf]jfbL hgjfb df}lns ljrf/ xf]Og

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cfjZos /x]sf] ts{ /fv] . sfo{qmd ;dfkg ub}{ ;+:yfsf cWoIf e/t/fh kf]v/]nn] kf6L{ dfq geP/ ljleGg If]q tyf ljwfsf jf}l4s JolQmTjx¿ ;+:yfdf ;xh¿kdf ;+nUg x'g;Sg] ljrf/ JoQm u/] . sfo{qmd ;dfkg ub}{ pgn] eg], …of] Ps u}//fhgLlts ;+:yf xf] / o;n] b]zsf] /fhg}lts tyf cfly{s If]qdf ePsf ptf/r9fj / To;df :yfloTj Nofpg cfjZos sbdx¿sf] af/] d f 5nkmn, cGt/lqm{ o f, ax;;F u } o; ljifodf n]v, /rgf klg k|sflzt ug]{ u/]sf] 5 .Ú ;+:yfn] ljleGg /fhgLlts tyf u}//fhlglts bn of ;+3 ;+:yfsf jf}l4s JolQmTjx¿nfO{ hd36 u/fO{ cGtlqm{ o f sfo{ q md cfof] h gf ug] { ub{ 5 . ;fy} ;+ : yfn] ;do;fk] I f ljifoj:t'df cfwfl/t eO{ sfo{qmdx¿ cfof]hgf ub}{ cfPsf] 5 . – ;ljtf kf]v/]n k|lzIffyL{, kqsf/

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j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefudf btf{ g+= @%( /x]sf] 6«i6 g]kfn cf]e/l;h k|flnaf6 ut c;f/ @@ ut] j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] nflu dn]l;of k'u]sf cf7hgf g]kfnL sfdbf/ kfFr dlxgfb]lv aGws hLjg ljtfpg afWo ePsf 5g\ . 6«i6 g]kfn cf]e/l;hdfkm{t\ j}b]lzs /f]huf/Lsf] nflu dn]l;of k'u]sf !% hgf g]kfnL sfdbf/dfdWo] cf7hgf aGws /x]sf] / cGo ;fthgfsf] s'g} ctf]ktf] g/x]sf] ljefu>f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . lkl8t k|sfz a:g]tsL >LdtL ;Ldf a:g]tn] cfkm\gf] >Ldfgnufot dn]l;ofsf] cWofudgdf aGws /x]sf cf7hgf g]kfnL sfdbf/nfO{ ;s'zn :jb]z lkmtf{ u/fpg ;/sf/, k//fi6« dGqfno, j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefu, dn]l;ofl:yt g]kfnL lgof]u / cGo ;DalGwt lgsfonfO{ cg'/f]w u/]sL l5g\ .

bLks / a}s0' 7nfO{ cfjf; ;'ljwf

;jf/L b'3{6gf Go'gLs/0f tyf ;8s ;Eotf clej[l4sf nflu 6«flkms hgr]tgf cleofg @)&) sf] nlntk' / pkdxfgu/kflnsfdf cfof] l ht Ps ;df/f]xaLr dxfgu/Lo 6«flkms dxfzfvfsf k|d'v k|x/L gfoj dxflg/LIfs s]zjk|;fb clwsf/Ln] pb\3f6g u/] . pQm ;df/f]xdf k|x/L gfoj dxflg/LIfs clwsf/Ln] cfufdL lbgdf x'g] ;jf/L b'36{ gfsf] Go'gLs/0f u/fpg] p2]Zon] ¥ofnLsf] cfof]hgf ul/Psf] atfpFb} gful/s r]tgf / 6«flkms lzIffn] ;dfhnfO{ ;'/lIft /xg] cj;/sf] >[hgf x'g] atfP . pQm cj;/df gful/s ;dfhsf cu|h sgsdl0f lblIftn] 6«flkms b'3{6gfsf] sdL u/fpg] pkfo ;dfhdf /x]sf ;a}n] hfGg'kg]{

rLgåf/f g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ ;xof]u k|wfg;]gfklt uf}/j zDz]/ hj/faf6 @)&) >fj0fsf] klxnf] xKtf ePsf] rLg e|d0fsf] bf}/fg lrlgofF ;/sf/sf tkm{af6 g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ ;xof]u :j¿k %( ldlnog cf/PdaL a/fa/sf] b' O { j 6f df] j fO{ n c:ktfnsf] k|f]6fsndf x:tfIf/ sfo{qmd ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] . ;f] x L cj;/df lrlgofF ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 g]kfnL ;]gfnfO{ %) ldlnog cf/PdaL a/fa/sf] yk ;xfotf lgs6 eljiodf pknAw u/fpg] k|ltj4tf JoQm ePsf] lyof] . lrlgofF ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 pknAw u/fOg] %) ldlnog cf/PdaL a/fa/sf] ;xfotfsf] ;xof]u ;Demf}+tfkqdf g]kfn ;/sf/ dlGqkl/ifb\sf] lg0f{ofg';f/ hgjfbL u0ftGq rLgsf nflu g]kfnL /fhb"taf6 g} g]kfn ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 ;Demf}tfkqdf

x:tfIf/ ug{ :jLs[t eP adf]lhd d+l;/ @* ut] rLgsf nflu g]kfnL /fhb"t 8f= dx]zs'df/ df:s] / lrlgofF ;/sf/sf] tkm{af6 km/]g ckm]o;{ clkm;sf 8]k'6L lrkm d]h/ hg/n ;LcfO{ uf]pm j]O{aLr a]Olh+udf låkIfLo ;xof]u ;Demf}+tfdf x:tfIf/ ug]{ sfo{ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . pQm ;Demf}tfsf] bf}/fg b'a} kIfaf6 g]kfn / rLgaLr /xF b } cfPsf] P] l txfl;s, ;f+:s[lts, cfly{s / pRr:t/Lo ldqjt\ ;DaGwsf] s8Lsf] ¿kdf o; ;Demf}tfn] yk cfofd yk]sf] ljrf/ JoQm ePsf] lyof] . o; lsl;dsf] ;xfotf ;Demf}tfn] g]kfn / rLgsf ;fy} g]kfnL ;]gf tyf lrlgofF hgd'lQm ;]gfaLrsf] ;DaGwnfO{ yk k|uf9 agfpg d2t k'u]sf] ljZjf; g]kfnL ;]gfn] lnPsf] 5 .

dgfªnfO{ Pg;]n sksf] pkflw

blIf0f Pl;ofnL v]ns'b -;fu_ df rf/ :j0f{ lht]sf t]SjfGbf] v]nf8L bLks lji6 / tLg :j0f{wf/L wfjs a}s'07 dfgGw/n] @% nfv a/fa/sf] cfjf; ;'ljwf kfpg] ePsf 5g\ . /fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifb\ -/fv]k_ n] @)^* r}t @! df ;fudf tLg jf tLgeGbf j9L :j0f{ lht]sf jf Pl;of8df :j0f{;lxt b'O{ kbs jf cf]nlDks u]dsf

unaf/ ;fFem ePsf] kmfOgn v]ndf AjfOh o'lgoglj?4 !–) sf] lhTb} dgfª d:of{ª\bL Snan] !% nfv xft kf/]sf] 5 . AjfOh o'lgognfO{ cltl/Qm ;dodf k/flht ub{} dgfªn]

kbswf/L v]nf8Lx¿n] ;Gof; lnPdf @% nfv j/fj/sf] cfjf; ;'ljwf lbg l;kmfl/; u/]sf] lyof] . t/, afa'/fd e§/fO{ g]tT[ jsf] tTsflng ;/sf/n] lg0f{o ubf{ rfn" jif{bl] v kfpg] u/L u0fgf ug{] eGg] pNn]v u/]sf] eGb} cy{ dGqfnon] kmfOn /f]ss ] f] lyof] . ;g\ !(*# af6 z'? ePsf] ;fusf] tLg ;+:s/0fdf :j0f{ lht]sf dfgGw/n] rf}+yf] ;fudf eg] sfF:o xft kf/]sf lyP . sf]nsQfdf ePsf] bf];f| ] ;fudf pgn] agfPsf] @ 306f !% ldg]6 # ;]s]G8sf] blIf0f Pl;ofnL sLlt{dfg xfn;Dd sfod 5 .

cfjZostf /x]sf] atfP . nlntk'/ KofJ;gsf cWoIf gj/fh dxtsf] ;efkltTjdf ;~rfng ePsf] pQm sfo{ q mddf 6« f lkms k| x /L dxfzfvfsf k|x/L pk/LIfs a;Gts'df/ kGtn] wGojfb1fkg u/]sf lyP eg] 6«flkms k|x/L j[Q nlntk'/sf k|x/L lg/LIfs z]/axfb'/ rGbn] :jfut dGtJo JoQm u/] . hgr]tgfd'ns ¥ofnL nugv] n , s' d f/Lkf6L, dfgejg, hfjnfv]n rf]s x'bF } l8Ple sn]h k'u/] ;dfkg ePsf] lyof] . ¥ofnLdf ljleGg sn]hsf ljBfyL{, gful/s ;dfhsf k| l tlglw, :yfgLo, snfsf/nufot k|x/L clws[t tyf hjfgsf] ;xeflutf /x]sf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf 6«flkms hgr]tgfd"ns sfo{qmddf emfFsL ;d]t k|bz { g ul/Psf] lyof] .

;/sf/af6 lqms]6/ ;Ddflgt

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xfdL s'g} klg s'/f ;doeGbf cufl8 g} kfpg rfxG5f}+, To;}n] cfgfjZos kL8f / x}/fgL v]Kg'kg]{ x'G5 . cfkm\g} lqmofsnfk :jefj w}o{tfsf] cefjnufotsf sf/0f dfgjn] b'Mv kfO/x]sf 5g\ . s'g} sfo{sf] kl/0ffd k|fKt ug{sf nflu lglZrt ;do;Dd t kv{g] w}o{tf x'g'k5{ . s'g} klg cGgjfnL xf];\ of kmnk'mn pTkfbgs} s'/f lsg gx'g, pgLx¿n] cfkm" x's{g, a9\g, km:6fpg clg pTkfbg lbg] aGgsf nflu kof{Kt ;dosf] vfFrf] x'G5 . wfgsf] lapm hldgdf 5/]b]lv sDtLdf kfFr dlxgf geO{ p;n] pTkfbg lbg ;Sb}g . dfgj :jefj g} r~rn / cg]sf+} rfxgfn] u|l;t ePsfn] klg dfgjx¿ gfgfk|sf/sf tgfj / xtf/df b]lvG5 . ;dosf] Joj:yfkg u/]/ xfdLn] lgTo s]xL ;do eujfgsf] gfd :d/0f, hktk, Wofg, of]u h:tf lqmofsnfkx¿ ug]{ xf] eg] dg zfGt, lrQ z'l4 / zf/Ll/s¿kdf klg dfgj :j:y /xG5 . xfd|f dxTjk"0f{ wfld{s u|Gyx¿ efujt\ uLtf, /fdfo0f pklgifb\ h:tf j}l4s 1fgsf k':tsx¿ lgTo s]xL v08 dfq kf7 ug]{ xf] eg] 1fg dfu{nfO{ ;'ud agfpg ;xof]u ub{5 eg] dfgjsf] dgdf eujfgk|lt c3ft k|d ] / cf:yf hfu[t eP/ cfl:ts aGg] 7"nf] k|/] 0ff ldN5 . h;sf sf/0f k/f]ksf/, ;dfh;]jf h:tf sfo{df nfUg ;d]t k|/] 0ff ldNb5 . xfdLn] b]vfj6L¿kn] d7–dlGb/df k'hf cr{gf ug'{eGbf cGt/cfTdfb]lv g} O{Zj/k|lt >4fefjn] dg z'4 agfO lgTo sd{x¿, :yfg, ;f}r + cflb u/]/ ufoqLdGq nufotsf dxTjk"0f{ j}l4s Crfsf] kf7 jf dGqf]Rr/0f u/]df klg ;sf/fTds k|efj kb{5 . dfgj hLjg vfgf, gfgf / ozcf/fdsf] nflu ag]sf] xf]Og . wtL{df hGd lnP/ ;j{>]i7 k|f0fLsf] bh{gfdf k'u]sf] dfgjn] t cfkm" afFr]sf] ;fy{stf k|dfl0ft ug{ ljljw sfo{ ug'{k5{, h;n] d[To'kZrft\ klg p;nfO{ ;dfhsf ljleGg txsf dfgjn] :d/0f ul//x'g\ . cr]n dfgjdf cdfgjLo ultljlw a9\b} uPsf 5g\ . …d} vfpmF, d} nfpmFÚ sf] efjgf ltj| eP/ uPsf] kfOG5 . ;a} k|f0fL ;dfg 5g\, ;a}sf] cfTdf 5, pgLx¿ klg cfkm"h:t} x'g\ eGg] km/flsnf] ;f]rfOsf] cefjdf ;j{q åGå, snx em}–emu8f, n'6kf6, xTof, lx+;f, anfTsf/ h:tf kfzljs 36gfx¿ a9]/ uPsf 5g\ . sltko dfgj ;Ktfx, efujft\, k'/f0f cflb nufP/ wfld{s cf:yf jf k'0osfo{ k|bz{g klg ub{5g\ . To:tf kfjg sfo{ cfkm}+df ;sf/fTds / dlxdfdo t x'G5g\ g} t/ cf8Da/L / ;fdflhs k|lti7fsf] ljifo agfP/ dfq ul/G5 eg] To;n] j}l4s 1fg tyf eujfgk|ltsf] ljZjf;nfO{ k|fKt ug{ ;lsGg . xfdL ;fdfGo af]nLrfnLdf klg eGg] u5f}{, …dg r+uf eP nf]6fdf u+ufÚ j:tfjdf ;xL klg ToxL xf] . w]/} k"hf ;fdu|L, km"n, cIftf, g}j]B cflb r9fP/ a9L wd{ x'g] / eujfgsf] cflzjf{b k|fKt x'g] xf]Og . z'4 dg, lg:jfy{ ;]jfefj, cf:yf / ljZjf; g} dxTjk"0f{ x'G5, O{Zj/Lo cflz{jfb k|fKt ug{sf nflu . xfdL ;a} ;'v–;'v eg]/ ef}tfl/Fb} To;nfO{ g} hLjgsf] ;fy{stf 7fg]/ lxFl8/x]sf x'G5f}+ . ;j{k|yd t ;'v eg]sf] dfgjsf] ;Gtf]if lng] Ifdtfdf e/ kb{5 . ;Gtf]ifn] g} dfgjdf b}jL u'0f ljsf; x'Fb} hfG5 / Ps lbg pm b]jtfsf] ¿kdf kl/lrt x'g] cj:yf;Dd} x'G5 . cfTdf Jofks 5 eg] of] cfkm}+df k"0f{ klg 5 . Toltf :dfq geO{ r}tGo:j¿k lqmof/lxt OR5f/lxt clg zfGt ;d]t /xG5 . o;sf] ljz]if dxTjsf] u'0f eg]sf] slxNo} gdg]{ / Pp6f z/L/af6 csf]{ z/L/df hfg' xf] . ef]s, ltvf{, df]x, hGdd/0f ;a}nfO{ 5 j6f pdL elgG5 . logdf ef]s, ltvf{ k|f0fsf wd{ zf]s, df]x dgsf / hGdd/0f z/L/sf wd{ x'g\ . logLx¿ r]tg:t/df x'Ggg\ . dfgj ljsf//lxt / r}tGo a'l4¿k cljBfaf6 /lxt 5 . s]jn z'4 r}tGodf dfq l:yt 36\g yfNg' / gfz x'g' o:tf ^ j6f cj:yf x'G5g\ t/ klg r]tgf;Qfdf oL ljqx¿ x'bF g} g\ . cfsf/n] d'Vo xfd|f] z/L/ cflb j:t' hlt b[9 5g\, tL ;a} em'§f x'g\ / lg/fsf/ lgTo 5 eGg] hfGg'k5{ . oxL g} tTjkb]z 1fg lng]n] k'g hGdg' kb}g{ . b[i6fGtsf nflu ;fw';Gt, dxfTdf, ;dfh ;'wf/s / dxfg k'?ifnfO{ lng ;lsG5 . pgLx¿ dfgj ;dfhsf nflu gd|tfof]Uo, c;n dfu{lgb]z { ssf ¿kdf kl/lrt 5g\ . nfdf] ;do;Dd ;fwgf, Tofu / tk:of u/L k|fKt u/]sf 1fgnfO{ ;dfhsf nflu pkof]u ug{, u/fpg ;Sg' g} dxfgtf xf] .

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Pg;]n sk km'6ansf] pkflw /Iff u/]sf] 5 . dgfªsf] of] l;hgsf] rf}yf] pkflw xf] . z'?df uf]vf{sk lht]sf] dgfªn] ;kmn kf]v/f sk / e'6fgdf ePsf] ls+U; sksf] pkflw lhlt;s]sf] 5 . ueg{;{ sksf] kmfOgndf eg] y|L:6f/;Fu k/flht ePsf] lyof] . pkljh]tf AjfOh o'lgogn] & nfv kfPsf] 5 . @@ jif{kl5 P l8lehg:t/Lo k|ltof]lutfsf] kmfOgndf k'u]sf] AjfOh o'lgogsf] of] 7"nf] pknAwL xf] . lqk'/Z] j/l:yt bz/y /+uzfnfdf ePsf] v]ndf AjfOh o'lgogn] l8km]l08ª RoflDkog dgfªnfO{ s8f r'gf}tL lbPsf] lyof] . k|ltof]lutfsf] ;jf{]Ts[i6 v]nf8L AjfOh o'lgogsf cl;dh+u sfsL{ 3f]lift eP . pgn] df]6/;fOsn kfP . pTs[i6 k|lzIfs AjfOh o'lgogsf ljho dxh{g, uf]/nIfs /fh' of]uL / pTs[i6 l8km]08/ /lj l;njfg 3f]lift eP . dgfªsf clgn u'?ª pTs[i6 kmjf8{ / lzj >]i7 pTs[i6 ld8lkmN8/ ag] . pgLx¿n] hgxL &% xhf/ ¿k}ofF kfPsf 5g\ .

6\jfG6L–@) ljZjsk lqms]6sf nflu 5gf]6 ePsf] g]kfnL /fli6«o 6f]nLnfO{ ;/sf/n] gub;lxt ;Ddfg u/]sf] 5 . ;f]daf/ ePsf] Ps sfo{qmddf dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf lvn/fh /]UdLn] !% v]nf8LnfO{ k"j{ 3f]if0ffcg';f/ hgxL !) nfv ¿k}ofFsf] r]s k|bfg u/] . k|lzIfs k'j'b' bzfgfos]nfO{ kfFr nfv tyf l6d Joj:yfksx¿nfO{ tLg nfv %) xhf/ lbOof] . dlGqkl/ifb\ cWoIf /]UdLn] lqms]6df kfPsf] cljZj;gLo ;kmntfn] gofF cfofd ylkPsf] atfP . g]kfnL v]nf8Ldf lhDd]jf/L ylkPsf] eGb} pgn] g]kfnn] cfufdL lbgdf pTs[i6 v]n k|bz{g ug{] ljZjf; JoQm u/] . ;Ddfgkl5 /fli6«o 6f]nLsf sKtfg kf/; v8\sfn] ;/sf/n] u/]sf] ;Ddfgn] cem d]xgt ug{ v]nf8LnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ldn]sf] atfP .

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ef/tLo l6dsf k"js { Ktfg ;f}/e uf+un ' LnfO{ ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{n] cfufdL nf]s;ef r'gfjdf l6s6sf] k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . sf+u; ]| cfO{n] ;lrg t]Gbns'/nfO{ /fHo;ef ;b:o agfP/ v]nk|]dLx¿nfO{ tfGg] k|of; u/]kl5 efhkfn] ;f}/enfO{ pDd]bjf/ aGg k|:tfj u/]sf] xf] . ef/tLo ;~rf/ dfWodsf cg';f/ uf+u'nLnfO{ l6s6sf] k|:tfj efhkfsf k|wfgdGqLsf pDd]bjf/ g/]G› df]bL :jo+dn] u/]sf x'g\ . ;fy} pgn] s]G›df ef/tLo hgtf kf6L{sf] ;/sf/ ag] u+un ' LnfO{ s]G›Lo v]ns'b dGqL agfpg] k|:tfj ;d]t u/]sf 5g\ . o;af/] Ps klqsfnfO{ lbPsf] k|ltlqmofdf uf+u'nLn] eg]sf 5g\, …xf] dnfO{ s]xL k|:tfj cfPsf] 5 . t/, clxn] d}n] s'g} lg0f{o u/]sf] 5}g .Ú uf+un ' Ln] efhkfsf /fli6«o dxf;lrj Pj+ klZrd a+ufnsf k|ef/L j?0f ufGwLnfO{ gf]e]Da/df e]6]kl5 ;f}/e efhkf;Fu cfj4 x'g] rrf{ rn]sf] lyof] . klZrd a+ufndf efhkfsf] dfq Ps l;6 5 . nf]s;efsf] l;6 $@ 5 . /fHodf t[0fd'n sf+u|]; ;Qfdf 5 . $! jifL{o uf+u'nLn] cfkm\gf] lqms]6 sl/o/df Ps ;o !# 6]i6 v]ns ] f 5g\ eg] ;ft xhf/ b'O{ ;o !@ /g agfPsf 5 . tLg ;o !! Pslbj;Lo v]n]sf pgn] !! xhf/ tLg ;o ^# /g agfPsf 5g\ . pgsf] sKtfgLdf ef/t @))# sf] ljZjsksf] kmfOgn;Dd k'u]sf] lyof] .

gf]eS] ; sk 1fgHof]ltnfO{

t'n;Lk'/df cfof]hgf ePsf] cGt/sn]h gf]eS] ; sk km'6jn k|ltof]lutf klAns 1fgHof]lt pRr dflj t'n;Lk'/n] lht]sf] 5 . zlgaf/ t'n;Lk'/sf] c/lgsf] d}bfgdf ePsf] kmfO{gn v]ndf /fKtL jjO{ jx'dv ' L SofDk;nfO{ Pssf lj?4 b'O{ uf]nn] k/flht ub{} 1fgHof]lt sk lhTg ;kmn ePsf] xf] . v]nsf] k|f/Dedf /fKtL jjO{sf lbk]Gb| rf}w/Ln] Ps uf]n u/]sf lyP eg] To;kl5 1fgHof]ltsf tkm{af6 lx/f 8fFuL / ;'Gb/ e08f/Ln] qmdzM Ps÷Ps uf]n u/]sf lyP . z'qmjf/ lbpF;f] ePsf] ;]ldkmfO{gndf klAns 1fgHof]ltn] uf]/vf pRrdfljnfO{ / zlgjf/ ljxfg ePsf] v]ndf /fKtL jjO{ jx'dv ' L SofDk;n] cfof]hs gf]eS] ; sn]hnfO{ k/flht u/]/ kmfO{gndf k|jz ] u/]sf lyP . klAns 1fgHof]ltn] utjif{ klg of] pkflw lht]sf] lyof] .


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:jf:Yo/]vf jf lxkfl6sf -k|:t't cfn]v k|l;4 x:t/]vfljb\ sL/f]sf] ;g\ !(!^ df k|sflzt k':ts …;a}sf nflu x:t/]vf lj1fgÚ -kfld:6«L km/ cn_ sf] wf/fjflxs cg'jfb xf] . cfkm\gf] eljio hfGg] sf}tx' ntf ;+;f/sf ;a} cfl:ts jf gfl:ts dflg;df b]lvPsf] 5 . …of] cGwljZjf;df ljZjf; ulb{gÚF eg]/ kmnfSb} cufl8sf] dflg;n] eljio atfOb]nf eGg] cfzfdf xft km}nfpg] k|j[lQ cToGt} Jofks b]lvG5 . cg'jfbssf] cg'ejdf x:t/]vf Pp6f k|fdfl0fs ljBf xf] . t;y{ cfd kf7sn] cfkm\gf] eljio cfkm}n + ] s]nfpg ;s'g\ eGg] p2]Zon] cg'jfb >[v + nf k|:t't ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . – cg'jfbs_ ljBfyL{x?aLr :jf:Yo/]vf xTs]nfsf] s'g 7fpFaf6 z'? x'G5 eGg] ljifodf oy]i6 ax; x'g] u/]sf] 5 -lrq !–!_ . d] / f] klRr; jif{ s f] cg'ejaf6 k|dfl0ft ePsf] / afnsx?sf] xftdf of] /]vfsf] ljifonfO{ ;d]t x]//] d}n] cfkm\g} l;4fGt ljsl;t u/]sf] 5' . o; d'tflas a'w kj{tsf] km]b jf d'vaf6 of] /]vf z'? x'G5 / xTs]nfsf] jf/kf/ a9\b} uP/ hLjg/]vfnfO{ cfqmd0f ub{5 . o;n] /f] u jf /f] u sf ls6f0f'x?sf] ljsf; qmdsf] eljiojf0fL ub{5 . of] /]vfsf] hLjg/]vf;Fu ldng x'g] ;dodf of] ljsf; qmd r/d cj:yfdf k'Ub5 . :d/0fof] U o ljifo s] xf] eg] hLjg/] v fn] :jefljs cj:yfdf cg' j + z Lo lx;fan] ePsf] cfo'nfO{ dfq a'emfpF5 . :jf:Yo/]vfn] rflxF ;DalGwt

JolQmn] u' h f/] s f] hLjg z}nLsf sf/0f kg]{ c;/nfO{ a'emfpF5 . oL b'O{ /]vfsf] ldng ljGb" d f b' j } a/fa/ ¿kdf alnof b]lvof] eg] To;eGbf k5fl8 hLjg/]vf cufl8 a9]tf klg Tof] ljGb'df d[To' x'G5 eg]/ a'em\g'kb{5 . -lrqM #_ . a'w /]vf jf :jf:Yo/]vfsf] ;DaGw :gfo' k| 0 ffnLsf ;fy;fy} lbdfu -a'w_ ;Fu klg ;DalGwt 5 . k|f/lDes pd]/df g} :gfo' k| 0 ffnLdf pTkGg x'g;Sg] cj/f]wx?sf af/]df cw{ r ] t g dl:tisn] ;lqmo cg'dfg ug{ ;Sb5 . o:tf cj/f]ws zlQm slt nfdf] ;do;Dd /xG5 / slxn] vtd x'G5 eg]/ xTs]nfsf lrGxx?dfkm{t w]/} klxn] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . :jf:Yo/]vf xTs]nfdf kfOg] /]vfx?dWo] ;aeGbf kl/jt{g eO/xg] /]vfdWo] kb{5 . of] Ps k|sf/n]

hLjgsf] ptf/r9fjnfO{ hgfpg] dfksoGq xf] . d}n] of] /]vf k|f/lDes jif{x?df cToGt} ulx/f] / vt/gfs b]lvP/ kl5 :jf:Yo jf zlQm a9\b} hfFbf of] /]vf k'/} x/fPsf] klg e]6]sf] 5' . To:t} of] /] v f pd] / laTb} hfF b f ulx/f] / alnof] ePsf] klg e] 6 ] s f] 5' . ljz] i ftM JolQmn] cfkm\ g f] dfgl;s IfdtfnfO{ a9L bafj lbPsf] cj:yfdf o:tf] e] 6 ] s f] 5' . ;fF R r} eGg] xf] eg] of] /] v f k6Ss} gx' g ' cToGt} /fd| f ] xf] . o:tf] x' g ' eg] s f] cToGt} ;jn / ;' b [ 9 zf/Ll/s ;' u 7g Pj+ :j:y dfgl;s cj:yfsf] Bf] t s xf] . :jf:Yo/]vf ljBdfg 5 eg] hLjg/]vfnfO{ g5f]O{ xTs]nfsf] tNnf] efu;Dd a9\g' ;aeGbf /fd|f] xf] -lrq #–#_ . xTs]nfsf] jf/kf/ eP/ hLjg/]vfnfO{ 5'g' jf xfFuf km\ofSg' eg]sf] :jf:YonfO{ k|lts'n ug]{ s'g} /f]u ljsl;t x'Fb]5 eg]/ a'em\g'kb{5 . olb of] /]vf x[bo/]vfaf6 z'? x'G5 / x[bo/]vfsf] xfFufh:tf] b]lvG5 / oL b'j} /]vf rf}8f b]lvG5g\ tyf :jf:Yo/]vf tnlt/ a9]/ hLjg /]vf;Fu hf]l8G5 eg] d'6'sf] /f]u jf sdhf]/LnfO{ a'emfpF5 . qmdz ===

rf}w/Lsf] ;LhL l;d]G6 ahf/df cfpFb}

rf}w/L ;d"xsf] pTkfbg ;LhL l;d]G6 s]lx lbgd} ahf/df cfpg] ePsf] 5 . a9\bf] dfu / ;/sf/L ;x'lnotn] cfsif{0f a9]sf] l;d]G6 pBf]udf cf}Bf]lus ;d"x

rf}w/Ln] sl/a !) ca{ nufgLsf] of]hgf agfPsf] 5 . 8] 9 ca{ ¿k} o fF d f gjnk/f;Lsf] b'DsLaf;df Ps l;d]G6 pBf] u :yfkgf ul/;s] s f] 5 . …pQm pBf]uaf6 pTkflbt l;d]G6 cfufdL ;ftf g} ahf/df Nofpg] tof/L xf]Ú, rf}w/L u|'ksf] l;d]G6 pBf]usf sfo{sf/L lgb{]zs j?0f rf}w/Ln] eg], …g]kfn u'0f:t/ lrXg lnPkl5 ahf/df Nofpg]5f}+ . pTkfbgsf] sfd z'? eO;s]sf] 5 . PgP; lrXg

lxn6]ssf] Uof; luh/

lxn6]s sDkgLn] gofF Uof; luh/ g]kfnL ahf/df leq\ofPsf] 5 . lxn6]ssf] tLg jif{ jf/]G6Lsf] ;fy 8an l/n] ePsf] gofF Uof; luh/ g]kfnL ahf/df NofPsf] xf] . lh/f] k|];/df ;d]t ck/]6 x'g] gofF lx6/sf] d"No & xhf/ % ;o /x]sf] 5 . % lsnf]u|fd tf}nsf gofF Uof; luh/df

tfdfsf kftfx? /flvPsfn] b'3{6gfnfO{ ;d]t 36fpg] lxn6]s sDkgLsf cWoIf sdn h}gn] atfP . of] l;hgdf sl/a & xhf/sf] ;+Vofdf ljqmL ug]{ nIo;lxt NofOPsf] gofF luh/n] % hgfsf] kl/jf/nfO{ ! l;ln08/ Uof;n] # dlxgf wfGg] pgn] atfP . gofF UofF; luh/x? sl/a !% jif{;Dd rNg] bfjL cWoIf h}gn] bfjL u/] . pgn] Uof; luh/ k| o f] u stf{ x ?nfO{ afy?ddf e]lG6n];gsf] Joj:yf ug{ ;d]t ;'emfj lbP . gofF Uof; luh/ hfkfgL k|ljlwdf rLgdf lgdf{0f ul/Psf] xf] .

lxd:6f/sf lx6/ ahf/df lxd On]S6«f]lgS; k|flnn] g]kfnL a|f08 lxd:6f/sf % gofF df]8nsf lx6/ ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . ;fgf] cfsf/sf # On]lS6«s / Pp6f Uof;af6 rNg] lx6/ NofPsf] xf] . To:t} Uof; / ljB't b'a}af6 rNg] Pp6f lx6/ klg NofPsf] 5 . of] lx6/ cfkm" cg's"n ljBt' tyf Uof;af6 rnfpg ;lsg]5 . lxd:6f/sf lx6/n] lx6/ k|of]u ePsf] sf]7fdf clS;hg k'u] gk'u]sf] ;+s]t lbg] k|0ffnL /x]sf] bfjL u/]sf] 5 . aln/x]sf] lx6/ n8]df cfkm}+ aGb x'g]5 eg] # txaf6 tfdqmd lgoGq0f ug{ ;lsg]5 .

csf{] ;ftf;Dddf lng] tof/L xf] .Ú sl/a * ca{ ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] csf{] pBf]u eg] kfNkfdf :yfkgf eO/x]sf] 5 . …pQm pBf]udf lSn+s/ -l;d]G6 pTkfbg

nufgLstf{ klg 5g\ . rf}w/L u|k' sf] l;d]G6 pBf]un] b}lgs tLg xhf/ 6g l;d]G6 pTkfbg ug{] hgfPsf] 5 . …cf]kL;L / kLkL;L b'j} l;d]G6 pTkfbg ug{] tof/L xf]Ú, rf}w/Ln] eg], …cf]kL;Lsf] pBf]u d"No ^ ;o $) / kLkL;Lsf] % ;o ^) ¿k}ofF k| l taf] / f tf] s ] s f 5f+ } .Ú ;LhLn] gjnk/f;Ldf /x]sf] pBf]udf cfofltt lSn+s/af6 g} pTkfbg z'? u/]sf] xf] . …ahf/ lj:tf/sf nflu hgsk' / b] l v bfr{'nf;Dd k'lu;s]sf 5f}+Ú, rf}w/Ln] eg], …Ps ;o j6f l8n/ klg agfO;s]sf 5f}+ . %) k|ltzt l8n/ pkTosfdf 5g\ .Ú g]kfndf jflif{s l;d]G6sf] dfu $) nfv 6g -* s/f]8 af]/f_ eGbf a9L 5 . g]kfnL ahf/sf] dfudWo] &) k|ltzt :jb]zL l;d]G6 pBf]usf] pTkfbgn] wflg/x]sf] 5 . …xfdLn] clxn] g} ljb]z lgof{t ug{] ;f]r agfPsf 5}gf}+Ú, pgn] eg], …ljz]if u/]/ g]kfns} ljsf; lgdf{0f, hnljB'tnufot If]qdf xfd|f] pTkfbg k|of]u ug{] p2]Zo xf] .Ú pQm pBf]u 8]9 jif{cl3af6 :yfkgf z'?jft ePsf] xf] . ;8s, ljB'tnufot k"jf{wf/ ljsf; u/L pBf]u :yfkgf u/]sf] rf}w/Ln] atfP .

n'lDagL / d~h'>L dh{ x'g] n'lDagL a}s + lnld6]8 / d~h'>L kmfOgfG; dh{ x' g ] ePsf] 5 . b' a } sDkgLsf ;~rfnsx?aLr dh{/dfkm{t\ PsLs[t¿kdf sf/f]af/ ug{] ljifodf ;Demf}tf ePkl5 pQm sDkgLx? dh{/df hfg] ePsf x'g\ . dh{/df hfg] tof/L ePkl5 laxLaf/af6 b'a} sDkgLsf] z]o/ sf/f]af/ /f]Ssf ePsf] 5 . kmfOgfG;sf cg';f/ dh{/df hfg] ljifodf b'a} sDkgLsf ;~rfnsx?aLr ;Demf}tfkqdf x:tfIf/

ePkl5 laxLaf/ g]K;]n] z]o/ sf/f]af/ /f]Ssf u/]sf] xf] . dh{/df hfg] tof/Ldf /x]sf] d~h'>Lsf] g]K;]df eg] k|ltlsQf Ps ;o ¿k}ofF c+lst d"No sfod /x]sf] @@ s/f]8 %) nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] @@ nfv %) xhf/ lsQf z]o/ g]K;]df ;"rLs[t /x]sf] 5 . ahf/ k'FhLs/0f @* s/f]8 *) nfv ¿k}ofF /x]sf] kmfOgfG;sf] ;a}eGbf kl5Nnf] ;do Ps ;o @* ¿k}ofF clGtd d"Nodf z]o/ sf/f]af/ ePsf] 5 .

ahf/ k'h F Ls/0f rf/ ca{ $* s/f]8 $$ nfv *) xhf/ ¿k}ofF /x]sf] n'lDagLsf] eg] g]K;]df k|ltlsQf Ps ;o ¿k}ofF c+lst d"No sfod /x]sf] Ps ca{ ^) s/f]8 !^ nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] Ps s/f]8 ^) nfv !^ xhf/ lsQf z]o/ ;"rLs[t /x]sf] 5 . a}s + sf] ;a}eGbf kl5Nnf] ;dodf b'O{ ;o *) ¿k}ofF clGtd d"Nodf z]o/ sf/f]af/ ePsf] 5 . xfn n'lDagLsf] r'Qmf k'h F L Ps ca{ ^) s/f]8 / d~h'>Lsf] @@ s/f]8

%) nfv ¿k}ofF r'Qmf k'h F L /x]sf] 5 . dh{/kl5 aGg] gofF a}s + sf] r'Qmf k'h F L eg] Ps ca{ &% s/f]8 ¿k}ofFsf] xf/fxf/Ldf k'Ug]5 . dh{/cl3 eg] n'lDagLsf] s'n lgIf]k !@ ca{ tyf shf{ !! ca{ ¿k}ofF /x]sf] 5 . otf d~h'>Lsf] s'n lgIf]k eg] dh{/cl3 Ps ca{ kfFr s/f]8 tyf shf{ (% s/f]8 $) nfvsf] ;Ldfdf /x]sf] 5 . dh{/kZrft\ eg] a}s + sf] s'n lgIf]k !# ca{ ¿k}ofF tyf s'n shf{ !@ ca{ ¿k}ofF k'Ug]5 .

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hf8f] dlxgf z' ? x' g f;fy} ljleGg k| s f/sf Zjf;k|Zjf; ;DaGwL ;d:ofx¿ b]lvg yfN5g\ . ljz]ifu/L ?3f, vf]sL, bd, 3fF6L b'Vg], lgdf]lgofh:tf ;d:ofx¿n] hf8f]df ;tfpF5 . kfFr jif{eGbf d'lgsf afnaflnsf, j[4 / ue{jtL dlxnfx¿ hf8f]df a9L hf]lvddf k5{g\ . ToxL sf/0fn] ubf{ logLx¿nfO{ a9L Wofg lbg'kb{5 . afnf /fO{ ;a}eGbf a9L b]lvg] ;d:of eg]sf] ?3f / vf]sL xf] . ?3f / vf]sL nfu]sf] a]nfdf cfkm"n] rnfPsf ;fdfgx¿ c?nfO{ k|of]u ug{ lbg' x'Fb}g . xfF5\o' ubf{ jf vf]Sbf ?dfnn] d'v 9fSg] / cfkm\gf] s'Ogflt/ kf/]/ d'v 5f]Kg] . xftn] 5f]Kbf ls6f0f'x¿ cfkm\gf] xftdf cfpF5 / c?nfO{ ;g{;Sg] ;Defjgf x'G5 . ;fy} vfgfdf klg ;'k, tftf]kfgL, dxsf] k|of]u a9L ug'{k5{ . km\n'lj?4 ;'O{ klg nufpg ;lsG5 . bdsf lj/fdLx¿n] klg hf8f] dlxgfdf cem} a9L cfkm\gf] :jf:Yodf Wofg lbg'k5{ . Go"gtd\ tfkqmd ePsf] a]nf 3/leq a:g' g} plrt x'G5 . /, lxF88'n ug'{k/]df Gofgf] n'uf nufP/ lbpF;f] jf 3fddf dfq lxF8\g] ug'{k5{ . laxfg / a]n'sfsf] ;dodf lxF88'n ug'{ x'Fb}g . dlg{ªjfsdf hfg]x¿n] klg hf8f] df};ddf w]/} Wofg lbg'k5{ . 6f]kL, :sfkm{, k~hf / Gofgf] n'uf nufpg'k5{ . pRr/Qmrfk ePsfx¿n] cem a9L n'uf nufpg'k5{ lsgeg] hf8f] eP/ z/L/ sfDbf /Qmrfk a9fpF5 . w]/} lr;f]df 3/leq g} Jofofd ubf{ plrt x'G5 . aRrfx¿ / j[4x¿nfO{ ;'Tg] a]nfdf lx6/ jf x6 Anfª\s6] k|of]u u/]/ Gofgf] kfg'k{ 5{ . t/ sf]7fleq cfuf] afNbf jf tfKbf em\ofn–9f]sf v'nf /fVg'k5{ . hf8f]df cfkm\gf] vfgfkfgdf klg Wofg lbg' h?/L x'G5 . hf8f]af6 aRg w]/n } ] /S;L, r'/f]6 / df;' vfg] u/]sf x'G5g\, o;n] ubf{ tf}n klg a9\5 . ToxL eP/ hf8f] df};ddf tftf] ;'k, lrof, kfgL jf x6n]dg h:tf k]o kbfy{ a9L nfebfos x'G5 . csf]{ d'Vo ;d:of eg]sf] 5fnf km'6g\ ] xf] . o;n] dflg;sf] JolQmTjdf klg c;/ ub{5 . 5fnf km'6b\ f kf]Ng], lrnfpg] h:tf ;d:ofx¿ x'G5 . xft–v'§f, cf]7 / ufnf w]/} km'6g\ ] ub{5 . g'xfPkl5 / ;'Tg'cl3 nf];g k|of]u ubf{ 5fnf km'6g\ sd x'G5 . ;du|df eGg'kbf{ lxhf]cfh hf8f] a9\b} uPsf] 5 / ;fy} sf7df8f}+sf] xsdf ljleGg 7fpFx¿df ePsf ;8s lgdf{0f sfo{n] ubf{ w'nf], w'jfF vfg afWo 5f}+ . oL b'j}sf sf/0fn] Zjf;k|Zjf; ;DaGwL ;d:ofx¿ a9L b]lvg yfn]sf] 5 . clnslt Wofg lbP/ Gofgf] n'uf nufpg], df:ssf] k|of]u ug]{, 6f]kL, :sfkm{ nufpg] ;fy} vfgfdf klg plQs} Wofg k'¥ofof}+ eg] hf8f]sf] ;d:ofaf6 aRg ;lsG5 . -n]vs lqljljaf6 kLPr8L ub}{5g\_

l;les a}s + sf] ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg ;flxTo l;h{gf

l;les 8] e nkd] G 6 a} + s sf] rf+ } y f] ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . If]qLo:t/sf] ljsf; a}+ssf] ¿kdf wflbª lhNnfdf ljQLo sf/f]af/ ;~rfng ub}{ cfPsf] a}s + n] s]xL lbgcl3 ;fwf/0f;;ef ;DkGg u/]sf] xf] . jflif{ s ;fwf/0f;efdf cWoIf gf/fo0fs'df/ >]i7n] cfj @)^)÷)&) df a}+sn] tLg s/f]8 !# nfv $# xhf/ Jofh cfDbfgL / %# nfv #( xhf/ cGo cfDbfgL u/L hDdf tLg s/f]8 ^^ nfv *@ xhf/ cfDbfgL u/]sf] hfgsf/L lbP . ;f] cjlwdf a}+sn] Ps s/f]8 %% nfv kfFr xhf/ Jofh vr{, sd{rf/Ldf $#

k|ltIff ug'x { f];, \ ug{] Ps sRrf kbfy{_ dfq} pTkfbg ug{] b} 5 xf]Ú, rf}www.satyagrahaonline.com w/Ln] eg], …lSn+s/ k"0cfpF f{ Ifdtfdf

pTkfbg z'? ug{ cem} b'O{ jif{ nfUg]5 .Ú ;f]xL 7fpFdf pTkflbt lSn+s/af6 l;d]G6 pTkfbg ug{] pgn] atfP . …clxn] cfofltt lSn+s/af6 pTkfbg ul//x]sf 5f}+Ú, pgn] eg] . kl5Nnf] ;dodf pTkfbgd" n s pBf]udf nufgLstf{sf] cfsif{0f 36] klg l;d]G6df eg] a9]sf] 5 . pQm pBf]udf 7" n f Joj;flos 3/fgfb] l v ;fdfGo

:jf:Yo ;/f]sf/

nfv $) xhf/ / cGodf *( nfv (# xhf/ u/L hDdf b'O{ s/f]8 ** nfv #( xhf/ vr{ eO{ hDdf &* nfv ;ft xhf/ gfkmf ePsf] atfP . o;df klg sd{rf/L af]gz / cfos/kZrft v'b gfkmf eg] $@ nfv %# xhf/ ¿k}ofF dfq /x]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . wflbªj]zLdf s]Gb|Lo sfof{no, a}/]gL / cf?3f6df zfvf tyf wflbªj]zLsf] k'R5f/ahf/ / kL8f uflj;sf] cfbd3f6df PS;6] G ;/ sfpG6/ ;~rfngdf /x]xsf 5g\ .

jL/u~hdf u|f08sf] zfvf

u|f08 a}+sn] cfkm\gf] @@ cf} zfvf jL/u~hdf lj:tf/ u/]sf] 5 . a}+ssf cWoIf :j¿k u' ? ª sf] g ] n ] zfvfsf] pb\ 3 f6g u/] . pQm zfvfaf6 lgIf] k ;+sng, shf{ k|jfxsf ;fy} k|ltkq, a}}+s 8«fkm\6nufot ;Dk"0f{ cfw'lgs a}+lsª ;]jf k|bfg ul/g] a}+sn] hgfPsf] 5 . a}+sn]

pd]/n] dfu]sf] lx;fa===  j;Gt rf}w/L 

d]/f] cfwf pd]/ dl;t k|Zg u5{ hLjgsf] lx;fa s:tf] 5 < w]/} s]/d]6 5 ls, st} st} ;kmf klg 5 <

st} Od]n klg x'Fb}g To;}n] d]/f] pd]/ dnfO{ dfkm u/ d;Fu, ltd|f] k|Zgsf] pQ/ 5}g

d d]/f] hLjg¿kL au}+rfdf, slt km'n]+, slt ;'s]+ jf slt cf]OlnPF Tof] a]lx;fa 5

rf/}lt/ cFWof/f] 5 st} pHofnf] 5}g rfxgf cgGt 5g\ cfudgsf], s'g} kbrfk 5}g

slt cledfg eof] sltk6s em's]+ d slt wk]9ÞL bu'/] slt nIo k'u]+ d

d]/f] cfwf pd]/n] dnfO{ l;sfPsf], s]jn Pp6f efiff 5 To;leq, olx clenfiff 5 ef]ln dfG5]x¿n] geg'g\ gZj/ lyof] If0fdf ljnLg eof] of] eGbf k[ys, o;/L ;Dem'g dnfO{ dflg; lyof] sd{sf] af6f] lxF8\of], dflg; eP/ ;f; km]¥of] dflg; eP/ df6f] aGof]

slt slt slt slt slt slt

vf]nf au] ult /f]lsPF d ;'o{ pbfPF afbn n's]+ ;kmntf r'd]+ c;kmntfdf u'd]+ d

of] ;a s'g} sDKo'6/df 8fpgnf]8 x'Fb}g d]/f] d'6'sf] of] cg'ej

xfdL oxfF klg xfn;Dd sl/a !( ca{ !% s/f]8 lgIf]k ;+sng u/L !% ca{ %) s/f]8 shf{ k|jfx u/]sf] hgfPsf] 5 .

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x'08fO{sf] u|f08 cfO{ !) g]kfndf x' 0 8fO{ s f] g] k fnL cfoftstf{ tyf ljqm] t f nIdL OG6/slG6g]G6n k|flnn] x'08fO{ …u|f08 cfO{ !)Ú sf/ g]kfnL ahf/df leq\ofPsf] 5 . gofF :6fOn, OGwg lskmfotL Ifdtf / gofF n' S ;df g] k fnL ahf/df leq\ o fPsf] nIdL OG6/slG6g]06nsf cWoIf u0f]zaxfb'/ >]i7n] atfP . cfO{ !) n] g]kfnL sf/ kf/vLx?sf] dg lhTg;Sg] cWoIf >]i7n] atfP . pgn] g]kfnL c6f] df]afOnsf] ahf/df x'08fO{sf gofF sf/n] cfkm"nfO{ cAan bhf{df pEofpg] bfjL ;d]t u/] . hd{gLdf l8hfOg ul/Psf x'08fO{ u|f08nfO{ df]8g{ n'S;, 6«]G8L / k|f]u|]l;e PS;6]l/o/ l8hfOgsf ;fy ahf/df k|:t't ul/Psf] sDkgLn] atfPsf] 5 . o;df @ l8g Do'lhs l;:6d, ! hLaLsf] OG6g{n d]df]/L ;lxtsf] Do'lhs :6f]/, An'6'y, o'PaL 8«fOesf] ;d]t ;'ljwf /x]sf] 5 . u|f08 sf/ ljleGg cf7 j6f

sn/df pknAw /x]sf 5g\ . To;sf ;fy} x'08fO{sf] u|f08 sf/sf] ;'?jftL vl/bstf{nfO{ ! nfv %) xhf/;Ddsf] 5'6 pknAw x'g] klg nIdL OG6/slG6g]G6nn] hgfPsf] 5 .

cf/fdbfoL ofqfsf] nflu dsfn' oftfoftnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . kmf]g g+= M $@&&%%@, $@*!(&@


;fKtflxs

;Tofu|x

laxLaf/, k'; $, @)&)

SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

;xdltdf === Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;+ljwfg;efaf6 aflx/ /fVbfsf] cj:yf sNkgf ug{ ;lsG5, s:tf] xf]nf < of] cj:yfnfO{ dWogh/ u/]/ sf+u|];n] ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7sd} o;sf] ;Fu;Fu} pkl:ylt / lgjf{rgsf] k'g/fjnf]sgaf6 lkmtf{ Nofpg] /0fgLlt agfP/ To;cg';f/ kxn ug{ yfNof] . oxLg]/ Pdfn]n] sf+u|];nfO{ wf]sf lbg yfNof] . ljj/0fx?n] oxL s'/f a'emfpF5g\ . lgjf{rgsf] k'g/fjnf]sg gu?~h]n Pdfcf]jfbLn] ;dfg'kfltssf] gfdfjnL ga'emfpg], k|ToIftkm{sf ljhoLx?n] klg k|df0fkq glng] of] bnsf To:tf c8fg /x], h;n] lsg o;nfO{ 5f8\g'kg]{ ls o;af6 kl5 x6\ g nufpg' k g] { b' O { ljsNkdWo] g]kfnL sf+u; ]| n] p;nfO{ kl5 x6\g'kg]{ jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug]{tkm{ gLlt agfof] . ToxL cg';f/ lgif]w u/]/ ;efsf] klxnf] a}7s 8fsL ;efsf] k'/} cjwLe/ rrf{ eO/xg] cyf{t\ Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf c;Gt'i6x?sf] cg'kl:yltdf a}7s a:g] ls a}7snfO{ s]xL lbg k/ ;f/]/ ;xdlt agfpg] eGg] ljsNkdf sf+u; ]| / Pdfn]sf] af6f] 5'l§of] . Pdfn] pknAw ePhltsf] a}7s a;fpg] / sf+u; ]| ;a} ;xefuL x'g] u/L a}7s 8fSg] eGg] kIfdf pleP . slt;Dd eg] ;ef g} alxisf/ u5'{ elg/x]sf] zlQmn] s]xL lbg ;do lbP cfkm"x? k|lqmofdf cfpg] elgFbf ;d]t Pdfn] tof/ ePg . To;s} sf/0f sf+u; ]| n] PSn} lg0f{o ug{k' ¥of] . ;dfg'kfltssf] pDd]bjf/ lbg] ;do b'O{ k6s ylkPsf] cj:yf To;s} pkh xf], h;nfO{ klxnf]k6s sf+u; ]| PSn} / bf];f| k] 6s Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf] ;dembf/Ldf Dofb ykL k'; !) ut];DdnfO{ ;fl/of] . tTsfnsf nflu Dofb yKg] of] sfd ckh;o'Qm lyof], t/ bL3{sflng?kdf rflxF Pp6f :ki6 ;Gb]z lbg] vfnsf] . o;n] s] kl/0ffd Nofof] eg] Pdfcf]jfbL;lxtsf ;+ljwfg;efdf ghfg] egL c8fg lnPsf bnx? oxL cj:yfdf ;efdf hfg] eP .

lgjf{rgsf] k'g/fjnf]sg klg gubf{ x'g] eof] . ;ef u7g eP/ To;n] ljutsf lgjf{ r gnfO{ dWogh/ ub} { cfpF b f lgjf{rgnfO{ emg\ lgikIf wfFwnL/lxt / :jtGq agfpg s] s:tf pkfox? cjnDag ug'k{ 5{ eGg] ;'emfj lbg ;+;bLo ;ldlt u7g ubf{ x'g] eof], hf] ljutdf klg o:tf] sfd x'bF } cfPsf lyP . s7f]/ k|sf/sf] c8fg lnP/ a;]sf] Pp6f zlQmnfO{ of] 7fpFdf Nofpg' rfgr'g] s'/f xf]Og, h;df bf];f| ] 7"nf] bn Pdfn]sf] s'g} ;xof]u / e"ldsf klg /x]g . o;nfO{ ko{jI] fsx?n] b'Mvb\ dfg] . slt;Dd eg] ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a} 7 s ga;' ~ h] n pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGq sfod /xf];\ eGg] cToGt ;fdfGo s' / fdf klg Pdfn] n ] c8\ 8 L lnO/Xof] . t/ p;n] lj/f]w ubf{ub}{ klg oL sfd ;DkGg eP . o;n] bf];f| ] 7"nf] bnsf ?kdf /x]sf] Pdfn]sf] ;+ljwfg;efdf ;xhLs/0fsf] ls lj£gsf/L e"ldsf x'G5 eGg] z'?d} k|Zg v8f u/fPsf] 5 . Pdfn] bf];f| ] 7"nf] x'bF } hfFbf t/ kl/0ffd gcfO;ls g} lgjf{rgdf st} s;}n] klg s'/f gp7fPsf] / ;fGble{s klg gePsf] ljifo /fi6«klt / pk/fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg k|;Ë Nofof] . ^ dlxgfdf ;+ljwfg agfpg] xf] eg] ToxL ;+ljwfg cg';f/ o;sf] Joj:yf u/f}+ eGbf p;n] dfg]g . p;n] eg] adf]lhd eof] eg] of] ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] sfd g} /fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg x'g5 ] , To:tf lgjf{lrt /fi6«klt ^ dlxgfsf nflu cGtl/d x'g5 ] g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7s g} slxn] a:g] eGg] 6'Ëf] gnfUb} /fi6«kltsf] lgjf{rg ug'k{ g]{ kl/l:ylt Tof] klg cGtl/d ?kdf cfkm}d+ f of] e}/x]sf] ;+:yfx?nfO{ eTsfpg] sfd lyof] . Pdfcf]jfbLn] cl3Nnf] lgjf{rgdf 7"nf] x}l;ot b]lvg yfNbf dfq} p;n] 6'lF 8v]ndf efif0f u/]/ tTsflng k|wfgdGqL lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfnfO{ 6'lF 8v]n d} cfkm\gf] v'§fdf NofP/ /flhgfdf r9fpm egL nNsf/]sf] lyof] . Pdfn] bf];f| ] 7"nf] x'gf;fy /fi6«kltnfO{ s/La s/La Tolx ?kdf Jojxf/ u/]sf] cj:yf aGof] . crDd s] 5 eg] /fk|kf / Pdfcf]jfbLn] h]

sn Ol08of === dfq

?= @=()

k|lt ldg]6

;fy} stf/, ;fpbL c/]laof, o"=P=O=, ax/fOg / s'at] df kmf]g ubf{ ca ?= !@ k|lt ldg]6 . kmf]g ug{] tl/sf M !$@$ ± slG6«sf]8 ± kmf]g g+= yk hfgsf/Lsf nflu M gf]l6;af]8{ g+= !^!* )&)& !!!!! df 8fon u/L ;'Gg ;Sg' x'g]5 . pNn]lvt dxz'n b/df g]kfn ;/sf/sf] lgodfg';f/ nfUg] s/ ;dfj]z ul/Psf] 5}g .

g]kfn 6]lnsd x/]s rf8kj{ Pj+ ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fx? b]zsf /fli6«o klxrfg x'g\ . o:tf s'/fx?sf] cGTo x'g' eg]sf] /fli6«o klxrfg u'Dg' xf] . /fli6«o klxrfgsf] hu]gf{sf nflu klg rfF8kj{ Pj+ ;f+:s[lts k/Dk/fsf] k|j4{g / ;Dj4{g ug'{ xfd|f] g}lts bfloTj xf] .

g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;"rgf ljefu

eg] To;df p;n] of] ljifodf s'/f ldnfof], t/ Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;efdf k|jz ] u/fpg] s'/fdf rflxF km]l/ p;n] Jofjwfg ug{ vf]Hof] . p;sf] e"ldsfaf/] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg ;DkGg eP/ kl/0ffd k|fKt ePsf aL;} lbgdf of] bnsf] å}w / jftfj/0fnfO{ c;xh agfpg] bh{g hlt sfd eO;s]sf 5g\ . o;n] klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf v]ns ] f] e"ldsf huhfx]/ 5 . o;sf] dtaf6 g} To;a]nf Pdfcf]jfbLsf] Psn hflto cfwf/df !$ j6f /fHosf] k|:tfj x'g uPsf] lyof] . oxL bnsf sf/0f /fHo k'g;+/rgf cfof]udf klg Pdfcf]jfbLsf] To:t} csf]{ hflto /fHos} k|:tfj x'g uPsf] xf] . of] lgjf{rg km]l/ pm & j6f /fHodf em¥of] . ;'lw|Pnf egL cfzf ul//lxPsf a]nf bf];|f] ;+ljwfg;efsf] olt yf]/} lbgdf bh{ghlt ljifodf o;n] k|s6 ul//x]sf s'/fx? o;/L g} afem\g yfn]sf 5g\ . ;+ljwfg;efsf] klxnf] a}7s / To;kl5sf lbgx?df s;/L k|f/De xf]nfg\ eGg] o; sf/0f klg k|Zg p7]sf 5g\ . Pdfn]sf nflu of] ;ef klg ;+ljwfg xf]Og, ;Qfsf nflu s]lGb|t ePsf] a'em\g ;lsG5 . ;Qf afu{l] gªs} nflu o;n] ljifo p7fg ug{ yfln;s]sf] 5 . oBlk p;sf c8fgrflxF vf]qmf ;flat eO;s]sf 5g\ . ;xdlt h'6fpg ;dfg'kfltssf pDd]bjf/x?sf] gfd lbg] l:ylt / pRr:t/Lo ;+oGqsf] Dofb yKg] sfd To;sf kl5Nnf pbfx/0f x'g,\ h'g s'/f p;sf] cg'kl:ylt /x] klg ;DkGg eO;s]sf] 5 .

o;f] ===

rG› e08f/L, chos'df/ rf}/l;of, wg/fh u' ? ª, k' i kf e' ; fn, z+ s / e08f/L, uugs'df/ yfkf, hLjg kl/of/, kfj{tf 8L;L rf}w/L / /fhgk|;fb kGtn] cf– cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . lxhf]sf] a}7sn], ;+ljwfg;ef÷;+;b\sf] lgj{frg cfd?kdf zflGtk"0f{, :jtGq / lgikIf 9+un] ;DkGg ePsf] lgisif{ lgsfn]sf] 5 . …hgtfsf] ckf/ ljZjf;n] ;+ljwfg;efdf g]kfnL sf+u; ]| ;a}eGbf 7"nf] kf6L{sf] ?kdf :yflkt x'g ;kmn ePsf] 5 . lbuf] zflGt jxfnL ug{,] ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{,] g]kfnL hgtfsf] k|ult ;d[l4sf nflu 7f]; sfo{qmd Nofpg] g]kfnL sf+u; ]| sf] k|ltj4tfsf k|lt hgtfsf] 7"nf] ljZjf; xfdLn] kfPsf 5f},+ sf+u; ]| n] eg]sf] 5 . sf+u; ]| n] of] ljZjf; / cledtk|lt ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL lbbLalxgL, bfh'efO{x?nfO{ wGojfb ;d]t lbPsf] 5 . lgj{frgnfO{ zflGtk"0f{, :jtGq / lgikIf 9+un] ;DkGg ug{ ] u/fpg] bfloTj af] s ] s f] lgj{ f rg cfof]unfO{ sf+u; ]| nfO{ wGojfb lbPsf] 5 . tf]lsPs} ldltdf lgjf{rg ;DkGg u/fpg g]kfn ;/sf/n] cfkm\gf] lhDd]jf/LnfO{ s'zntfk"js { ;DkGg u/]sf]df dlGqkl/ifb\ nufot /fHosf ;Dk" 0 f{ /fi6« ; ] j s sd{rf/Lx?, ;]gf, k|x/L tyf lgjf{rgdf ;+nUg ;a} c+ux?nfO{ klg sf+u; ]| n] wGojfb lbPsf] 5 . lgj{frgdf :jtGq ko{jI] f0fsf] e"ldsf lgj{fx ug{] ;a} /fli6«o ;+3÷;+:yfx? Pj+ lgj{frgnfO{ :jtGq / lgikIf agfpg ;+rf/ hutn] v]ns ] f] e"ldsfsf k|lt sf+u; ]| a} 7 sn] wGojfb lbPsf] 5 . ;fy} , ;+ l jwfg;efsf] lgjf{ r gdf g] k fnnfO{ ;b\efj, ;xof]u lbg] ;a} ldq/fi6«x?, ;+oQ ' m /fi6«;+3, cGt/f{li6«o ;+3 ;+:yf ;a}df sf+u; ]| n] wGojfb lbPsf] 5 . sfo{;ldltsf] a}7s ef]ln k'; $ ut] ljxfg !! ah] kf6{L s]G›Lo sfo{fnodf k'gM a:g]5 .

geP === klg ;Fu} hfg] xf] . g]kfnL sf+u|];sf] k|fyldstf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f xf], o;df sf+u|]; / Pdfn] ;Fu;Fu} hfg'k5{ . To;f] eP zlQm ;Gt'ng s;/L ldnfpg] < of] klg ldN5 . xfdL 6] j ' n df a;] / s' / f u/] k l5 ;a} s' / f ldN5 . hgtfn] g} ldn] / ;/sf/ / ;+ l jwfg agfpm eg] s fn] ldNg'sf] ljsNk} 5}g . ;xdltsf] ;/sf/sf] g]t[Tj rflxF s;n] ug]{ < 7"nf] bn g]kfnL sf+u; ]| ePsf]n] ;/sf/sf] g]tT[ jdf bfaL x'g' :jefljs g} xf] t/ ;a} s'/f sf+u|];n] g} u5{ eGg] s'/f x'Fb}g . xfdLn] ;+3Lotfdf cfwfl/t nf]stflGqs ;+ljwfg lbg'5, To;sf] nflu sf+u; ]| / Pdfn] Ps 7fpFdf pleg} k5{ . o;sf] ljsNk g} 5}g . ;efkltsf] g]t[Tjdf ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ aGnf < sf+u|];sf] g]t[Tjdf ;xdltsf] ;/sf/ aG5 . ;+ ; bLo bn ag] k l5 ToxfF r' g fj eP/ h;n] lhT5 Tolx sf+u|];sf] k|wfgdGqL x' G 5 . ;' z Ln, z] / axfb' / , /fdrGb| jf c? sf] x L klg g] t f k| w fgdGqL aGg ;S5g\ . d s' g } JolQmsf] eGbf kf6L{ s f] kIfdf 5' . ;efklt klg aGg ;Sg'x'G5, pxfFs} g]t[Tjdf kf6L{ klxnf] kf6L{ ag] s f] n ] pxfF s f] ;Defjgf t /xG5 g} . sf]7] a}7s /f]Sg bjfj eGg] s'/fcfPsf] 5 < xf], Tof] xf] . d+l;/ $ df r'gfj eof], klxnf] kf6L{ aGof] t/ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7s ga;L …Dof08]6Ú glbPsf JolQmx?n] lg0f{o ub}{ lxF8\g vf]h]sf]n] xfdLn] ;+:yfut?kdf hfcf}+ eg]sf xf+} . of] lj/f]w xf]Og, xfdL pxfFx?sf ;xof]uL xf}+ t/ j}wflgs?kdf cl3 a9\g' k¥of] eg]sf] . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] pxfFx?nfO{ r'gfjL ;/sf/ lgdf{0fsf] nflu k|oTg ug{ dfq …Dof08]6Ú lbPsf xf+} .

k'if ! === >L % jf >L % kbjLwf/L s'g} klg :qLnDk6 a]sfdsf u'08fn] ;d]t dlxnfnfO{ k'?if / k'?ifnfO{ dlxnf agfpg] afx]s g]kfnLsf] efUo ljwftf x'g] xs /fVby] . of] eg]sf] xb};Ddsf] ;j{;QfjfbL lrGtg lyof] / xf] . b'ef{Uojz, Tof] vfn] ;j{;QfjfbL lrGtg cfh klg sfod /x]sf] dfq xf]Og, cem} df}nfpg] k|of; klg ub}5 { . k'iksdn bfxfnn] g]t[Tj u/]sf] Pdfcf]jfbL xf];\, df]xg j}Bsf] dfcf]jfbL xf];\ jf sdn yfkfsf] g]t[Tjdf /x]sf] /fk|kf g]kfn xf];\, o:t} ;j{;QfjfbL lrGtgsf] k|lts xf] . k'iksdn bfxfn jf df]xg j}Bsf] ;d"xn] cfkm"nfO{ h] h:tf] ?kdf k|:t't u/] klg pgLx?sf] vf; p2]ZorflxF sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] ;jf]R{ rtf;lxtsf] PstGqfTds Joj:yf sfod ug'{ g} xf] . ax'bnLo Joj:yfnfO{ dfg] klg ax' n jfb gdfGg] eg] s f] jf:tjdf oxL ;j{;QfjfbL lrGtgsf] kl/0ffd xf] . k'iksdn bfxfn jf df]xg j}Bn] ;s] eg] ToxL vfn] Joj:yf ug]{ xf] . csf]t{ km{, sdn yfkfsf] /fhgLlts 3f]lift p2] Z o klg >L % egfpF b fx?sf] ;jf]{Rrtf;lxtsf] Joj:yf sfod ug'{ g} xf] . sdn yfkf k|j[lQn] >L % x?sf ;fd" 6fpsf] em'sfpg'nfO{ uf}/j dfGb5g\ . :jo+ sdn yfkf k~rfotsfnsf] /fi6«jfbL :jtGq ljBfyL{ d08nsf] cWoIf …d08n]Ú x'g\ . pgsf] Oltxf; dfq xf]Og, jt{dfg ;d]t To:t} nIo k|flKtsf nflu ;dlk{t 5 . k'iksdn bfxfn, df]xg j}B jf sdn yfkf cfhsf oyfy{ x'g\ . logLx? jf:tjdf g} k'if ! sf cjz]if x'g\ . of] oyfy{ xf] .

j}/f] === ljefu >f]tn] hfgsf/L u/fPsf] 5 . j}b]lzs /f]huf/ ljefusf] nfdf] hflu/] hLjg / cg'ej ePsf 1fggfy 9sfn cf7 jif{ eGbf a9L ljefudf al;;s]sf sd{rf/L x'g\ eg] afa'nfn /]UdL oftfoft Joj:yf sfof{nodf cfwfbzs a9L a;]/ ljefu cfPsf sd{rf/L x'g\ . ev{/} lgo'Qm ul/Psf /ljGb| df]xg e§/fO{nfO{ ljefusf] cfO{6L zfvfn] ug]{ sfo{ ljefhgsf] l6Kk0fLdf ;xL ug{ nufP/ k'/fgf / 3'if vfg vlKk; clwsf/Lx?n] 3'if c;'Ng] af6f] v'Nnf u/]sf 5g\ . dn]l;ofsf] kmfOndf s]l8Pg btf{ gDa/ gldn]sf kmfOn / cGo d'n'ssf] xsdf btf{ gldn]sf kmfOnnfO{ btf{ ldnfpg] / 7"nf] dfqfdf 3'if c;'Ng] af6f] v'nf ul/lbPsf 5g\ dxflgb]{zs e§/fO{n] . o;eGbf cufl8 s]l8Pg / btf{ gDa/ gldn]sf kmfOndf ljjfbx'Fb} cfPsf] lyof] eg] s]l8Pg gldn]sf / btf{ gDa/ gldn]sf kmfOnnfO{ ljefun] :jLs[tL lbg] u/]sf] lyPg . cfO{6L zfvfn] 3' i f vfP/ btf{ gDa/ ldnfOlbPkl5 k"j{:jLs[lt / clGtd :jLs[ltsf h:tf;'s} l8df08 / kmfOnx? :jLs[t x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . of] 3'if c;'Ng] …u|f08 l8hfOgÚ k"j{:jLs[lt zfvfsf zfvf clws[t 1fggfy 9sfnsf] of]hgfdf k"j{:jLs[lt zfvfsf lgb]{zs OGb| a:ofn, clGtd :jLs[ l tsf lgb] { z sx? sdn/fh e08f/L, ab|Laxfb'/ sfsL{ / zfvf clws[t afa'nfn /]UdLsf] ldn]dtf]df ePsf] ljefu >f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . l:6s/, k"j{ / clGtd :jLs[ltsf] l6Kk0fL p7fpg] / lk|G6 ug]{, …sf]8 gDa/Ú ;DalGwt zfvfsf lgb]{zsx?;Fu dfq} x'g] ub{5 . lgb]{zsx?n] …lSnsÚ uf]Kosf]8 /fv]/ cfkm\gf] sDKo'6/ vf]n]kl5 dfq} lg:;f, l:6s/ / l6Kk0fL lg:sg] ub{5 . o;df ljefusf] cfO{ 6 L zfvfsf] ldn] d tf] d f Jofks clgoldttf x'g] u/] klg ;DalGwt lgsfo eg] lgn{Hh ag]sf] 5 . dxflgb]z { s /ljGb|df]xg e§/fO{n] c~hfgd} 3'if c;'Ng] af6f] v'nf ul/lbPsf 5g\ . k"j{:jLs[lt adf]lhdsf] sDkgLdf clGtd :jLs[lt x'g'kg]{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ P]gdf pNn]v ePklg ca ljefudf x'g] ;a}vfn] gldn]sf sfd ug]{ lhDdf cfO6L zfvfn] kfPsf] 5 . /fh:j sf6]sf] k|df0f ;d]t ufoa agfP/ cfO6L zfvfn] b}lgs nfvf}+ /sd c;'Ng ;S5, ljefu kl/;/df /x]sf] a}+s >f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . k"j:{ jLs[ltdf /x]sf] le;fsf] k|sl[ teGbf leGg le;f ePsf] v08df clGtd >d :jLs[lt lbg gldNg] / o;/L le;f gldnfO{ :jLs[lt lbFbf g]kfnL sfdbf/ ;DalGwt b]zdf /f]huf/Lsf] l;nl;nfdf 7lug] ub{5g\ .

^ k|ljlw u'unn] g]kfnLdf cg'jfb yfNof]

OG6/g]6sf] kof{o ag] s f] u' u nsf] cg' j fb ;]jfaf6 g]kfnL klg nfeflGjt x'g] ePsf 5g\ . u' u nsf] cg' j fb ;] j fn] g]kfnL efiffdf klg cg'jfb z' ? u/] s f] hgfPsf] 5 . u'un cg'jfb ;]jf u'un 6« f G;n] 6 sf] cflwsfl/s Anudf u'unsf ;km\6j]o/ OlGhlgo/ cg{ ] dfp;/n] gofF gf} efiff ylkPsf] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . of] ;Fu} u'unn] cg'jfb ug{] efiffsf] ;+Vof *) k'u]sf] 5 . cg'jfb ubf{ /ftf] nufPsf] 7fpFaf6 nuOg u/]/ cg'jfbnfO{ ;xL ¿k lbg ;lsG5 . p;n] g]kfnL;lxt clk|msf / Plzofsf gf} efiffdf cg'jfb ;]jfsf] lj:tf/ u/]sf] xf] . clk|msf, Plzof / cf]lzlgofsf @)) ldlnog eGbf a9L k|of]ustf{ /x]sf oL gf} efiffdf cg'jfbsf] ;]jf ;'? u/] s f] xf] . g] k fnL;F u } Plzofsf d+ u f] l nog / k+ h faL efiff klg u' u nsf] cg'jfbdf hf]l8Psf 5g\ . u'unsf ;km\6j]o/ OlGhlgo/ cg{] dfp;/n] cfkm\gf] Anudf Ps s/f]8 &) nfv eGbf a9L hg;+Vofsf] k|of]usf] efiff g]kfnLdf klg u' u nsf] cg' j fb z' ? ePsf] pNn] v u/] s f 5g\ . pgn] g] k fnL efiff k|of]ustf{nfO{ u'unsf] cg'jfbnfO{ ;xL / l7s agfpgsf nflu ;xof]u ug{ klg cg'/f]w u/]sf 5g\ . u'unsf] efiff cg'jfbsf] cleofgn] ljZjnfO{ efiffsf] cj/f]waf6 d'Qm kfg{] cfzf /fVg ;lsG5 . g]kfnL efiffdf z'? ePsf] cg'jfbdf tTsfn w]/} uNtLx¿ e]l6Pklg To;df qmdz ;'wf/ x'g]5 . ;'wf/sf nflu c+u|]hLdf ks8 ePsf g]kfnL OG6/g]6 k|of]ustf{sf] ;xeflutf u'unn] ck]Iff u/]sf] 5 . u'unsf] cg'jfb ;]jf lgz'Ns ePsfn] tkfOF OG6/g]6sf h'g;'s} klg k]hx¿ klg g]kfnLdf cg'jfb u/]/ k9\g ;Sg'x'G5 . ;fy} ca g]kfnL j]a;fO6 / g]kfnLdf n]lvPsf s'/fx¿ klg &( km/s efiff af]Ng], a'em\g]x¿n] k9\g ;Sg]5g\ . o;vfnsf] ;'ljwfsf sf/0f g]kfnsf] ko{6g If]q k|ToIf nfeflGjt x'g]5 . ;fy} g]kfnL efiff c? efiffdf ¿kfGt/ x'g] ePsfn] g]kfnL Anu/ tyf j] a ;fO6 ;~rfnsn] klg gofF / k[ y s vfnsf lelh6/ klg kfpg] 5 g\ . u'unsf] of] cg'jfb ;]jf ;'wfl/Pkl5 ;a}eGbf a9L g]kfnL o'jfju{ nfeflGjt x'g]5 hf] /f]huf/Lsf nflu ljb]l;G5g\ . of] cg'jfbn] /fd|f] sfd ug{ yfn]kl5 c/aL tyf dn]l;og efiffdf n]lvPsf s'/fx¿ g]kfnLdf k9\g / a'em\g ;lsG5 . To;f] t u'un cg'jfbaf6 ;xL pRrf/0f klg l;Sg ;lsG5 . u'unn] o; vfnsf] cg'jfb ;]jf z'? ug{' cuf8L g} sf7df8f}+ ljZjljBfnon] klg bf]efif] z'? u/]sf] lyof] h'g cfh klg k|fylds txdf g} /x]sf] 5 .

o;/L x6fpg';\ kLcf/aL6L

kLcf/aL6L cyf{t\ k;{gn l/ªAofs 6f]g . Pg;]nsf] df]afOn lng'ePsfx¿sf nflu of] kl/lrt ;]jf g} xf] . of] ;]jf dfkm{t tkfOFn] cfkm"nfO{ kmf]g ug{] JolQmx¿nfO{ cfkm\gf] ?lr cg';f/sf uLtx¿ ;'gfpg ;Sg'x'G5 . s;}nfO{ klg kmf]g ubf{ nfdf] ;do;Dd kmf]g uPsf] hgfp lbg] cfjfh -6f]g_ ;'Gg' lgs} d'l:sn / k6\of/nfUbf] x'G5 . To;}n] Eofn" P8]8 ;]jfsf ¿kdf b"/;~rf/ tyf df]afOn ;]jf k|bfos sDkgLx¿n] o;vfnsf ;] j f pknAw u/fPsf x'G5g\ . h;nfO{ tkfOF cfkm\gf] OR5fcg';f/ k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'xG' 5 . Pg;]nn] cfkm\gf] df]afOn ;]jf lng]x¿sf nflu kmf]g ug{x] ¿nfO{ uLt tyf ;Gb]z ;'gfpg] ;]jf kLcf/aL6Lsf ¿kdf lbO/x]sf] 5 eg] g]kfn 6]lnsdn] ;Lcf/aL6Lsf] ¿kdf o:t} ;]jf lbO/x]sf] 5 . b'O6{ fdf d"No / ;]jfsf] eg] 7"n} km/s 5 . Pg;]nn] s/ afx]s !) ¿k}ofFdf Ps dlxgf;Dd kmf]g ug{n ] fO{ uLt ;'gfpg] ;'ljwf lbG5 eg] ;f]xL vfnsf] ;'ljwf s/;lxt 6]lnsdn] !% lbgsf nflu dfq !@ ¿k}ofF $# k};f lnG5 . s/sf] lx;fa ug{] xf] eg] 6]lnsd / Pg;]nsf] ;]jf z"Ns a/fa/ h:t} ePklg uLt aHg] ;dosf] lx;fa ug{] xf] eg] Pg;]nsf] kLcf/aL6L eGbf 6]lnsdsf] ;Lcf/aL6L bf]Aa/ dxFuf] 5 . csf{] dxTjk"0f{ s'/f s] xf] eg] Pg;]ndf Ps k6s kLcf/aL6L lnO;s]kl5 Tof] gx6fpFbf ;Dd cfkm+} gjLs/0f eO/xG5 / dlxg}lkR5] k};f sfl6O/xG5 . t/ g]kfn 6]lnsdsf] eg] ;do ;lsPkl5 ;]jf cfkm+} aGb x'G5 csf{] k6s lng rfx]sf] v08df dfq k};f nfU5 . Pg;]nsf] kLcf/aL6L cfkm+} gjLs/0f x'g] / k};f sfl6g] ePsfn] df]afOn lng] / kLcf/aL6L /fVg]x¿ cfkm+} ;r]t x'g'k5{ . gq tkfOFn] grfx]sf] dlxgfdf klg kLcf/aL6L aH5 / k};f sfl6G5 klg . tkfOFn] Pg;]nsf] df]afOn lng'ePsf] 5 / To;df kLcf/aL6L /fVg'ePsf] 5 eg] pQm ;]jf s;/L lng] ;Fu} s;/L x6fpg] eGg] klg a'em\g' h?/L 5 . tkfOFn] Pg;]nsf] kLcf/aL6L lgDg tl/sfn] lng tyf x6fpg ;Sg'xG' 5 . kLcf/aL6Ldf /x]sf] uLtnfO{ x6fpg (@)* g} 8fon u/]/ cfpg] lgb{]zgsf] kfngf jf, DELETE<:k]z>cfkm"n] x6fpg rfx]sf] uLtsf] kLcf/aL6L gDa/ 6fOk u/]/ (@)( df P;PdP; ug{'k5{ . kLcf/aL6L g} x6fpgsf nflu R 6fOk u/L (@)( df P;PdP; k7fP x'G5 . Pg;]nsf] kLcf/aL6L /fVg] tyf x6fpg] hfgsf/L oxfF kfpg ;lsG5 .


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

lsDkm ;lsof], …gf] Kn]; Og kmf/ cj]Ú pTs[i6

cGt/f{li6«o kj{tLo dxf]T;j -lsDkm_ sf] !! cf}+ ;+:s/0f d+l;/ #) ut] cfOtaf/ ;lsPsf] 5 . dxf]T;jdf pTs[i6 x'Fb} …gf] Kn]; Og kmf/ cj]Ú n] !% ;o 8n/sf] k' / :sf/ k| f Kt u¥of] . of] ld;] n Oafe]gåf/f lgb{]lzt d]lS;sg 8s'd]G6«L xf] . kfFr lbg;Dd rn]sf] lkmNd dxf]T;jdf cGt/f{li6«o k|lt:kwf{df …a|]lyª lb :d]n ckm lb :sfO{Ú / …x]lnsK6/ /]:So'P/ Og lb lxdfnoÚ n] qmdzM bf];|f] / t];|f] cjf8{ k|fKt u/] . bf];f| ] eP;Fu} a]gfO6 cfOdgåf/f

lgb{]lzt l:j6\h/NofG8sf] lkmNd …a|]lyª lb :d]n ckm lb :sfO{Ú n] Ps xhf/ 8n/ k'/:sf/ xft kf¥of] . t];|f] cjf8{ k|fKt u/]sf] …x]lnsK6/ /]:So'P/ Og lb lxdfnoÚ n] kfFr ;o 8n/ k'/:sf/ k|fKt u¥of] . o; 8s'd]G6«LnfO{ xl/ yfkf / k|mfG; ;]gn] lgb{]zg u/]sf x'g\ . g]kfnL lkmNdx¿sf] k|lt:kwf{ g]kfn Kofgf]/dftkm{ ;xf/f zdf{sf] lkmNd …r]lhª /]Gaf]hÚ n] lkmS;g ljwfdf pTs[i6 k'/:sf/ lhTof] . lkmNdn] @% xhf/ ¿k}ofF xft kf¥of] .

To:t} hfkfgsf] /] : 6' / ] G 6df sfd ug{ ] g]kfnLsf] syf 8s'd]G6«L …Kn]Oª ljy gfgÚ n] g] k fn Kofgf] / dfs} gglkmS;gtkm{ pTs[i6 cjf8{ lhTof] . bLk]z v/]n / cf;LdLåf/f lgb{]lzt lkmNdn] klg @%

xhf/ ¿k}ofF k|fKt u¥of] . g] k fn dfgf/f] d f cGt{ u tsf b' O { lkmNdnfO{ qmdzM rnlrq ljsf; jf]8{ / lsDkm cfof]hs lxdfn Pzf]l;o;gn] k'/:sf/ k|of]hg u/]sf x'g\ . o;} jif{bl] v z'? u/]sf] …a]:6 lkmNd cg dfpG6]g 8]enf]kd]G6Ú ljwfsf] cjf8{ e'6fgL 8s'dG] 6«L P6L l;S; ;]lG6ld6;{n] kfof] . l5l/ª Uo]N;y]g / lk6/ju{åf/f lgb{l] zt lkmNddf e'6fgsf lxdgbLsf] af6f]

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v'nfpg dhb'/x¿n] ug{] s7f]/ >dsf] syf ;dfj]z 5 . dxf]T;jsf lg0ff{os d08ndf g]kfnL ;dfhzf:qL B'tL a/fn, a]nfotL kqsf/ :6]km]g u'8ljg / :jL; cf/f]xL /f]h/ a' | g / lyP . @) b] z sf $& lkmNd b]vfOPsf] dxf]T;jsf] ;dfkg SofK6]g hf]g gfonåf/f lgb{]lzt a]nfotL 8s'd]G6«L …b Olks ckm Pe/]:6Ú af6 ul/of] .

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…xfOj]Ú lgb{z ] s bLks /f}lgof/nfO{ bf];f| ] k|fh ] S] 6sf nflu k'/:sf/:j¿k em08} !$ nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] wg/fzL k|fKt ePsf] 5 . rf/ ;o ^$ cGt/f{li6«o lkmNddWo] pTs[i6 !$ leq kb{} lgb{z ] s /f}lgof/sf] bf]>f] syfgs lkmNd …XjfO6 ;gÚ n] ;f] ;xof]u k|fKt u/]sf] xf] . …XjfO6 ;gÚ g]kfnsf] !@ jif{] /fhg}lts åGåkl5sf] g]kfnL u|fld0f lhjgdf cfwfl/t lkmNd xf], h;sf] 5fofFsg s]lx dlxgfkl5 g]kfnsf] k"jL{ kxf8df x'g] atfOPsf] 5 . g]b/Nof08sf] /f]68« o\ fd cGt/f{li6«o rnlrq dxf]T;jn] x/]s jif{ @ k6s afF8\g] lkmNd lgdf{0f ;xof]u …Xo'j6 afN; km08Ú ;+;f/d} k|ltli7t dflgG5 . of] k6s km08n] Pl;of, k"jL{ o'/f]k, Nofl6g cd]l/sf / clk|msfsf ( j6f b]zsf !$ j6f lkmNdnfO{ sl/a @ s/f]8 @@ nfv ¿k}ofF a/fa/sf] lgdf{0f ;xof]u afF8g\ ] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . ;f] l x dxf] T ;jn] k| b fg ug{ ] a' : 6 sfo{ s ddf ;d] t /f} l gof/ ;xefuL

x'g]5g\ . ljhoL !$ dWo] % lkmNdn] lgdf{0fsf nflu yk tflnd k|fKt ug{]5g\ . a':6 sfo{qmdsf] nflu ef/tsf] /~hg ljsfz ld>sf] …jfO{N8 kmfo/Ú, /f}lgof/sf] …XjfO{6 ;gÚ, o'uf08fnL lgb{]zs 8f]gfN8 d' l u;fsf] …jf:jfÚ, blIf0f clk| m sfsf lgb{]zs leG;]G6 df]nf]Osf] …hf]le6\hf]Ú / sf]nlDaofsf lgb{]zs l;h/ P;]le8f]sf] …nf l6o/f nf ;fDj|fjLÚ 5flgPsf 5g\ .

pQd ag] afh]

ljleGg 6]lnlehg Rofgnaf6 k|;f/0f eO/x]sf xfF:o >+[vnfdfkm{t y'k|} snfsf/ nf]slk|o eO/x]sf 5g\ . ltg} dWo]sf Ps x'g\ pQd s];L . pQd b'O{ bzseGbf a9L ;dob]lv ;fgf] kbf{ tyf 7"nf] kbf{sf rnlrqdf clego u/]/ bz{ssf] dg lhlt/x]sf 5g\ . @)$) ;fndf gf6sdf clego u/]/ snfsfl/tf If]qdf k|j]z u/]sf pQd @)$@ ;fndf g]kfn 6]lnlehg :yfkgf ePkl5 xfF:o >[+vnfx¿df Jo:t x'g yfn] . pgn] clego u/]sf] klxnf] >[+vnf …cflht eP/Ú df Hofk"sf] e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf lyP . bh{gf}+ 6]ln>[+vnfdf clego ul/;s]sf pQdnfO{ cfkm"n] clego u/]sfdWo] …hLjgrqmÚ, …yf]/} eP k'lu;/LÚ, …r]tgfÚ, …dgÚ, …efjgfÚ, …hLjgofqfÚ, …d]/L af:;}Ú tyf …tLtf] ;ToÚ sf] e"ldsf dg k/]sf] 5 . df]xg lg/f}nf lgb]{lzt rnlrq …k'sf/Ú dfkm{t 7"nf] kbf{sf] rnlrqdf ;d]t xfF : o snfsfl/tfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbPsf pQdn] xfn;Dd Ps;o eGbf a9L rnlrqdf clego ul/;s]sf 5g\ . …gfO g eGg' n–@Ú pQdn] clego u/]sf] kl5Nnf] rnlrq xf] . pQd clxn] …tLtf] ;ToÚ sf] e"ldsfsf sf/0f rrf{df 5g\ . bz{sdf´ nf]slk|o agfPsf] 5 . of] >[+vnfdf pgL slxn] dfOnf ;fx'sf ¿kdf k|:t't x'G5g\ eg] slxn] g]tfsf ¿kdf . o;aLr pQdn] klxnf]k6s Pp6f g]kfn rnlrq ;d]t lgdf{0f u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] rnlrq …lrgf/LÚ k|b{zgsf] tof/Ldf /x]sf] 5 h;af6 plg cfzfjfbL /x]sf] atfpF5g\ . oL snfsf/n] xfn} cfkm\gf] %@ cf}+ hGdlbg dgfPsf 5g\ . %@ cf}+ j;Gtdf k|j]z ubf{ s];L afh] klg ag]sf 5g\ . pgL afh] l/n nfOkmdf xf]Og l/on nfOkm ag]sf x'g . pgL xfn} gfltgL kmfNu'0fL s];Lsf xh'/jf ePsf 5g\ .

h'xL /fhg]tfsf] e"ldsfdf

@& jifL{o df]8n tyf snfsf/ O{dL /f];'dsf] sfd's hjfgLnfO{ w]/}n] tfl/km u/]sf 5g\ . To;}n] t pgL ljgf lxrlsrfx6 pQ]hs kmf]6f];'6 u/]/ w]/}sf] cfFvfdf a;]sL l5g\ . o;}qmddf xfn} dfq Ps Dofu]lhgsf nflu pgn] x6 kmf]6f];'6 u/]sL l5g\ . :Sjfo/ Dofu]lhgsf] gofF c+ssf nflu pgn] kmf]6f];'6 u/]sL x'g\ . kmf]6f];'6sf qmddf O{dLn] gUg kf]h klg lbPsL l5g\ . cfkm\gf] cfsif{s z/L/ b]vfpg] qmddf O{dL lgs} v'n]sL lyOg\ .

/x]gg\ ;GbLk cfrfo{ OlG8og cfO8n tyf ef/tLo ufos ;GbLk cfrfo{ s f] lgwg ePsf] 5 . l/ofln6L zf] …OlG8og cfO8nÚ sf] bf];|f] l;hgsf ljh]tf cfrfo{ s f] pkrf/sf qmddf cfOtaf/ laxfg d[To' ePsf] xf] . /fh:yfgsf cfrfo{ Ps cfkmGtsf] lax] d f ;xeflu ePkl5 la/fdL ePsf lyP . pgnfO{ gofF lbNnLsf] d]bfGt c:ktfndf egf{ ul/Psf] lyof] . ;g\ @))^ sf] clk|n @@ df OlG8og cfO8n ag]sf ;GbLkn] ljleGg l6eL zf]df efu lnPsf lyP . ;GbLkn] cd]l/sfdf alnp8 gjk|ltefsf] cjf8{ klg kfPsf lyP . pgsf] lgwgk|lt ef/tLo ufos, uflosf tyf ;+uLtsf/x¿n] zf]s JoQm u/]sf 5g\ .

/f]rs ;+;f/

alnp8 ;kmn cleg]qL h'xL rfjnfn] nfdf] ;dokl5 clego u/]sf] rnlrq …u'nfa Uof+uÚ clxn] lgs} rrf{df 5 . h'g rnlrqdf pgnfO{ gsf/fTds e"ldsfdf b]Vg ;lsG5 . …u'nfa Uof+udf d]/f] /fhg]tfsf] e'ldsf /x]sf] 5,Ú h'xLn] elgg\, …rnlrqsf] k6syf ;'Gg] lalQs} d}n] dGh'/L lbPsL lyPF .Ú rnlrq Ps cnu vfnsf] ePsf]n] bz{ssf] dg lhTg] pgsf] ljZjf; 5 . pgn] cfkm\gf] e"ldsf klg r'gf}tLk"0f{ /x]sf] ePklg cfkm"n] /fd|f];Fu lgjf{x u/]sf] atfOg\ . ;f}lds ;]gsf] lgb{]zgdf ag]sf] …u'nfa Uof+uÚ df h'xL;Fu} dfw'/L lblIft / dfxL lunsf] klg d"Vo e"ldsf /x]sf] 5 .

…tf]/L nfx'/Ú] sf] km:6 n's ;fj{hlgs

PgaL dxh{gn] lgb{]zg u/]sf] rnlrq …tf]/L nfx'/Ú] sf] km:6 n's kf]:6/ ;fj{hlgs ul/Psf] 5 . ;fj{hlgs kf]:6/df :ki6;Fu lkmNdsf d'Vo snfsf/sf] cg'xf/ b]vfOPsf] 5}g, t/ klg snfsf/ lrGg vf;} uf¥xf] kb{g} . ;'jf; yfkf, ulht lji6, ;d"gf s];L, clzidf gsdL{, /f]lxt s'df/nufotsf snfsf/sf] d'Vo e'ldsf /x]sf] …tf]/L nfx'/]Ú nfO{ l/bd P08 lblnk lkmNd;\sf] Aofg/df lbns'df/ tfdfª / /f] l zkm tfdfªn] lgdf{ 0 f u/] s f x' g \ . PS;g÷sd]8L >]0fLdf /flvPsf] o; rnlrqsf] syf s[i0f cfrfo{n] n]v]sf x'g\ . l;g]df6f]uf| kmL lg/h sF8n ] sf] /x]sf] 5 . rnlrqsf] l/lnh 8]6 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5}g .

sIff !@ df k9\g] o'jtLx¿sf] of}g ;DaGwsf] ;d:ofn] ef/tLo cleefjsx¿ cToflws ;d:ofdf k/]sf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] of}gsf] ljifodf lzIff glbPs} sf/0f of] ;d:of ef]Ug' k/]sf] tYof+sn] b]vfPsf] 5 . of}gsf ljifodf lzIff glbPs} sf/0f &% k| l tzt o' j tLx¿n] ;fg} pd] / df of} g ;DaGw sfod /fVg] u/] s f] tYof+ s df hgfOPsf] 5 . …s/Lj &% k| l tzt o'jtLx¿n] :s'ndf k9\bfs} cj:yfdf of}g ;DaGw /fVg] u/]sf 5g\,Ú tYof+sdf elgPsf] 5, …:s'ndf k9\g] pd]/df of}g ;DaGw /fVbf of}gsf] nt cToflws x'g] u5{ .Ú plrt of}g lzIff glbg] xf] eg] of}g ;DaGwsf] ntn] ljs/fn cj:yf Nofpg] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . of}g ;DaGwsf] nt /f]Sgsf nflu klg of}g lzIffdf hf]8 lbg'kg{] tYof+sdf hgfOPsf] 5 . of}g ;DaGwsf] nt a9\b} uPsf o'jtLnfO{ of} g ;DaGw sfod gubf{ ; Dd ;Gt' l i6 ldNb} g klg . tYof+ s sfcg' ; f/ dxfgu/x¿df a;]/ k9\g] tyf x's{]sf o'jtLx¿ #* 306f kmh'n sfddf Jo:t x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . To;df Rofl6+u, a|fplh+u, kmf]gdf s'/fsfgL, P;PdP;, /S;L lkpg] / ;]S; ;DaGw sfod ug{] g} pgLx¿sf] lbgrof{ /x]sf 5g\ . sIff !@ df k9\g] o'jtLx¿n] xd];f uf]hLdf s08d lnP/ lxF8\g] u/]sf] ef/tLo ;~rf/dfWodx¿sf] tYof+sdf pNn]v 5 . h'g;'s} a]nf of}g ;DaGw sfod ug{ ' k g{ ] ePsfn] s08d af] S g' k/] s f] To:tf o' j tLx¿sf] k| l tlqmof 5 . dxfgu/x¿df o'jtL / o'jfx¿df dN6Lkn 8]l6+usf] sG;]K6 klg a9L /x]sf] 5 . Pp6} ;dodf PseGbf a9L Ajfok|m]08 / un{k|m]08 agfpg] o'jfo'jtLsf] sfo{af6 cleefjsx¿ lrlGtt 5g\ . ef/tLo ;~rf/dfWodx¿n] of}g ;DalGw lzIff ef/tsf nflu clgjfo{ eO;s]sf] hgfPsf 5g\ . pgLx¿n] s'g} klg JolQmnfO{ of}g ;DaGw /fVg] v'a} rfxgf x'g] u/]sf] 5 eg] hLjgofkgdf ;'wf/ clgjfo{ /x]sf] hgfPsf 5g\ . ;]S; ;DalGw lkmNd, lrq x]g{ v'a dg k5{ eg] To;nfO{ s]xL sd ug{}kg{] ;dfrf/df hgfOPsf] 5 . of}g ;DaGwsf] ntsf sf/0f w]/} o'jtLx¿ j]Zof ag]sf tYof+s /x]sf] ef/tLo ;~rf/dfWodsf] egfO{ 5 . of}g ;DaGw /fVg] nt a9]kl5 o'jtLx¿nfO{ OG6/g]6df cToflws df]x x'g] u/]sf] hgfOPsf] 5 . pgLx¿n] OG6/g]6df gf+uf t:jL/ x]g{], 6]lnkmf]gdf ;]S;sf s'/f ug{], kf]g{ lkmNd x]g{] u/]sf 5g\ . oxL sf/0f $) k|ltzt o'jtLx¿ crfgs ue{jtL x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . o;n] w]/} ;d:of hGdfPsf klg 5g\ . of}g ;DaGwsf] nts} sf/0f &) k|ltzt j}jflxs hLjgklg ljlu|Psf 5g\ .

dlg{ªjfseGbf klg kmfO{bf

cfkm\ g f] z/L/nfO{ tGb' ? :t agfpg tyf df]6f]kg / cGo :jf:Yo ;d:ofaf6 aRg dlg{ ª jfs ug{ ] k|rng 5 . sltkon] dlg{ªjfs;Fu} laxfgLkv s;/t klg u5{ g \ . dlg{ªjfs jf s;/t b'j} :jf:Yosf nflu kmfObfhgs g} 5g\, t/ a9L kl/>dlagf g} :jf:YonfO{ kmfObf k'¥ofpg] csf{] sd{sf af/]df rflxF xfdL w]/}nfO{ hfgsf/L gx'g ;S5 . lj1x¿n] laxfgLkv of}g;Dks{ ug{' dlg{ªjfs jf JofofdeGbf klg lxts/ x'g] atfPsf 5g\ . laxfgLkvsf] of}g;Dks{n] z/L/sf df+;k]zLnfO{ tGb'?:t agfpg'sf ;fy} /Qm;~rf/ / d'6n ' fO{ ;d]t :j:y /fV5 . Sofgf8fsf] lSjG; ljZjljBfnosf cg';Gwfgstf{x¿n] u/]sf] cWoogn] laxfgLkvsf] of}g;Dks{sf c¿ ljleGg kmfObf;d]t ePsf] kQf nufPsf] 5 . laxfgLkvsf] ;]S;n] dfOu|]gh:tf] 6fpsf] b'Vg] ;d:ofnfO{ sd u5{ . of}g;Dks{sf] Ps 306fdf tLg ;o Sofnf]/L OghL{ vr{ x'G5, h;sf sf/0f JolQmdf dw'd]x x'g] vt/f sd x'G5 . laxfgLkvsf] of}g;Dks{n] z/L/df /Qm;~rf/ ;Gt'lnt ub{} pRr /Qmrfksf] vt/f sd u5{ . sG8d gnufO{ ul/g] of}g;Dks{n] dflg;nfO{ k|km'lNnt agfpg'sf ;fy} l8k|];gaf6 klg 6f9f /fV5 . hf]gL{ b'Vg] tyf cGo xf8hGo /f]u klg laxfgLkvsf] of}g;Dks{n] sd u5{ . laxfgLkvsf] of}g;Dks{n] JolQmdf k|fs[lts k|km'Nntf e5{ .

8f= dlxGb/sf ;]S; l6K;

klxnf] k 6ssf] of} g ;Dks{ tkfOF n ] ;f] r ] ; /x /fd| f ] gx' g ;S5 . jf:tjdf eGg'kbf{ o;nfO{ lnP/ w]/} g} 8/ x'g] ub{5 . 8f= dlxGb/ jfT;fn] klxnf] k6s s;};Fu zfl/l/s ¿kdf glhs x'Fbf s] s'/f cfzf ug{] / gug{] eGg] s' / f atfPsf 5g\ . – ;a}hgfn] cfkm\gf] klxnf] ;Dks{ uNtL/lxt xf];\ eGg] rfxG5g\ . cem s;}n] t o;nfO{ syfsf] kfq;Fu bfFHg] ;d]t ub{5g\ . o:tf] ;f]Rg' unt eg] xf]Og t/ uNtL g} x'g' x'Fb}g eGg] ;f]Rg' rflxF unt xf] . k'?ifx¿n] of}g ;Dks{sf] ;do nlDaof];\ eGg] rfxG5g\, t/ olb pgLx¿ r/df]Tsif{df rfF8} g} k'u]sf] v08df uNtL g} eof] eg]/ ;f]Rg' x'Fb}g . s;}sf] ln+u pQ]hgfdf klg ;d:of cfpg;S5 t/ Tolta]nf cfkm" ;]S;sf] nflu of]Uo 5}g eGg] e|d dgdf cfpg;S5 . olb tkfOFn] o:tf] ;f]Rg'x'G5 eg] of] tkfOFsf] uNtL xf] . o:tf] cj:yfdf tkfOFn] cfkm\gf] kf6{g/;Fu k|z:t kfslqm8f u/]/ cGTo ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 . olb s'g} sf/0fn] tkfOF cfkm\gf] klxnf] ;Dks{df c;kmn x'g'eof] eg] ToxfF hlxn] klg bf];|f] df}sf x'G5 . olb s'g} k'?ifn] x:td}y'gåf/f cfkm\gf] ln+u pQ]lht ug{;S5, pQm dflg; ;fdfGo cj:yfdf ePsf] a'em\g' kb{5 . – dlxnfsf nflu klxnf] k6ssf] of}g;Dks{ clnslt kL8fbfoL x'g;S5, t/ of] 8/fpg'kg{] kL8f eg] xf]Og . w]/}h:tf] cj:yfdf o:tf] kL8f cf}+nf k8\sfpFbfsf] kL8f;/x x'G5 . oBlk, kL8fsf] 8/n] g} of}g;Dks{sf] k|lqmofnfO{ k'/} v/fa ub{5 . of}g;Dks{ z'? ug{'eGbf klxn] cfkm\gf] kf6{g/n] cfkm";Fusf] ;fldKotfnfO{ ;xh¿kdf lnO/x]sf] 5 ls 5}g Tof] ofb ug{'xf];\ clg dfq k|lqmofnfO{ la:tf/} cufl8 a9fg'xf];\ . – klxnf] ;Dks{df dlxnfsf] of]gLaf6 /ut aUg}k5{ eGg] s'/fnfO{ ;DejtM cGwljZjf;sf] ¿kdf v8f ePsf] 5 . of]gLdf ePsf] kftnf] lemNnL 6'l6;s]kl5 /ut aUg] ub{5, t/, k'?ifx¿n] lsg Tof] kftnf] lemNnLnfO{ s'df/LTjsf] ;+1f lbG5g\ < s8f Jofofd, ;fOlSnª ubf{ of] kftnf] lemNnL 6'6\g ;S5, sf]xL dlxnfsf] hGdhft g} o:tf] lemNnLsf] ljsfz gePsf] x'g;S5 . olb o:tf] ljifodf cfkm\gf] kf6{g/dfly s'g} z+sf 5 eg] klxn] g} s'/f ug{'xf];\ a]8df ePsf] a]nf xf]Og . – Ps unt kfOnfn] ue{ a:g ;Sg] vt/f x'g;S5 . ;Dks{sf] a]nf ln+u lgsfNg] k|lqmof jf dlxnfsf] dlxgfjf/Ldf k"0f{¿kdf e/ gkbf{ /fd|f] x'G5 . cljjflxt hf]l8x¿n] s08dsf] k|of]u ug{'kg{] x'G5 . – ha Ps csf{sf] z/L/sf] t/n kbfy{ ;fl6G5, To:tf] cj:yfdf jftfj/0f cJojl:yt x'g;S5 . o;sf] nflu s'g} bf];|f] pkfo 5}g . rfx] tkfOF ug{';\ of gug{';\ . o:tf] s'/fsf] w]/} lrGtf glng'xf];\ . —Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf

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