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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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lsg ;¥of] Pdfn] dxflwj]zg <

g]skf Pdfn]sf] gjf}+ dxflwj]zg rf}yf] k6s ;/]sf] 5 . d'n b:tfj]h tof/ gePsf] hgfpF b } b:tfj] h tof/Lsf nflu dxflwj]zg c;f/ !( b]lv c;f/ @% ;Dd ug]{ csf]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . t/, of] egfO{df s'g} ;Totf g/x]sf] klg Pdfn]s} zLif{:y g]tfx¿n] atfPsf 5g\ . o;}u/L Pdfn] cWoIf emngfy vgfn eg] lrlgofF sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ s f] lgdGq0ffdf !) lbg] rLg e|d0fdf uPsf 5g\ . o;/L cWoIf h:tf] lhDd]jf/ g]tfn] dxflwj]zgsf] tof/LnfO{ eGbf rLg e|d0fnfO{ dxTj lbPsfn] b:tfj]h tof/L ug{ ;do ck'u eof] eGg] egfO{ unt /x]sf] l6Kk0fL klg kf6L{ k+lQmleqaf6} x'g yfn]sf] 5 . Pdfn] s f] pRr;" q n] cjut u/fPcg';f/ lj/fdL cj:yfdf /x]sf g]tf s]kL cf]nLsf] rfxgf cg'?k g} dxflwj] z gsf] ltly ;fl/Psf] xf] . pkrf/sf nflu a}+ss hfg'cl3 g]tf cf]nLn] cfkm\gf kIfw/ g]tfx¿nfO{ dxflwj]zgsf] ldlt ;fg{ cfu|x u/]kl5 cWoIf vgfn dxflwj]zg ldlt rf}yf] k6s ;fg{ afWo ePsf x'g\ . o:t} cWoIfsf k|Tof;L jl/i7 g]tf dfwj g]kfn klg cfk\mgf] cg's'n jftfj0f agfpg dxflwj] z gsf] ldlt ;fg] { kIfdf lyP . afFsL k[i7 ^ df

jfd kqsf/x¿nfO{ wSsf

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qmflGt Ps jif{sf] cGt/df lj/f6gu/df k'u]/ ;DkGg ePsf] 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] lyof] . Tof] k" F h Ljfbsf] k| o f] u n] of] bnsf] klxnf]k6s 7"nf / ;fgfsf eftefG;f / cfjf;df 5'l§of] . 7"nf g]tf hf] lyP, pgLx¿sf] cfjf; pRr:t/Lo / ;a} ;'ljwf ;DkGg tyf vfgkfg ToxL ?ksf] / ;fgf sfo{stf{ kftdf tyf vfgf klg ;:tf] d];sf] /Xof] < ;Dd]ng :ynd} sfo{stf{n] of] s'/f uDeL/?kn] p7fP . sfo{stf{sf] n]jLsf] k};fn] 7"nf] xf]]6ndf dlb/fsf] vf]nf] aufOPsf] egL aGb;qdf k|ltlqmof g} JoQm eof], h;sf] pQ/ g]tfx¿n] lbPgg\, lbg cfjZos 7fg]gg jf ;s]gg\ < afFsL k[i7 ^ df

jgsf 5]kf/] ;x;lrjx¿ ;nanfP jf8]g{ s'jF / g} t:s/ Û

lrtjg /fli6«o lgs'~hsf jf8]{g sdnh+u s'Fj/ u+}8fsf] vfu t:s/L lgoGq0f ug]{ gfddf / t:s/nfO{ ;dfTg] gfddf cfkm}+ vfu t:s/L ub}{ cfPsf] /x:o v'n]sf] 5 . jf8]{g l;+uf] dGqfnodf olt ab\gfd / e|i6 JolQm x'g\ ls pgsf sfnf st'{tx¿ ;fgfb]lv 7"nf sd{rf/L ;a}nfO{ hfgsf/L 5 . afFsL k[i7 ^ df jg tyf e"–;+/If0f dGqfnodf jg ljefusf] dxflgb]{zs vf]hL z'? ePsf] 5 . dxflgb]{zs vf]hL z'? eP nuQ} h'g dGqL cfP klg cfkm"nfO{ p;}sf] dfG5] eGg] s]xL d08n] k|j[lQsf ;x–;lrjx¿sf] em'08 olta]nf ;nanfO{/x]sf 5g\ . jg dGqfno

Pdfn]n] ;DxfNbf xf];\ of dfcf]jfbLn] tyf /fk|kfsf bLks af]x/f . ;fg} kf6L{sf ob'j+z emf, jlsn d';ndfg dGqL x'Fbf klg cfkm"nfO{ To:t} abNg] 5]kf/] k|j[lQsf ;x;lrjx¿ clxn] jgdGqL lgjf; k'Nrf]s / k|wfgdGqL lgjf; jfn'jf6f/;Dd k'Ug] u/]sf 5g\ . o:tf 5]kf/] k|j[lQsf ;x;lrjx¿df k|]d sF0f]n / s[i0fk|;fb cfrfo{ /x]sf 5g\ . k|d ] sF0f]n cfkm" dGqfnosf] h]i7 ;x–;lrj eGb} / cfrfo{ clxn] g]kfnL sf+u|]; kf6L{sf] x"F eGb} lxF8]sf 5g\ . h'g;'s} kf6L{sf] dGqL cfpFbf klg ;w+} Ps} kbdf / s'g} klg

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

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x6nfOg M Clif wdnf eGg] s' / f ePg . dfkb08 agfP/ sfo{stf{x¿sf] d'Nof+sg x'g' kb{Yof] Tof] x'g g;s]sf]n] dfq} xf] . clxn] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf h'g ;fyLx¿ x'g'x'G5 pxfFx¿

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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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ut jif{b]lv z'? ePsf] ljZj sfJo ofqfsf qmddf g]kfnL slj Pj+ uLtsf/ j;Gt rf}w/L oltv]/ xªsª k'u]sf 5g\ . ;LhL OG6/6]gd]G6sf cf/kL d}gfnLåf/f k|]lift lj1lKtcg';f/ xªsª g]kfnL kmfpG8];gsf] lgdGq0ffdf cfOtaf/ xªsª k'u]sf pgn] sfpn'g xndf k|jf;L g]kfnLdfem cfkm\gf /rgf k|:t't u/] . g]kfnL uLt Pj+ ;flxTo If]qsf pbLodfg slj j;Gt rf}w/Lsf /rgf /;f:jfbg ug{ ;flxTok|]dLsf] afSnf] pkl:ylt lyof] . bz{sbL3f{df vf;u/L o'jfk':tf a9L b]lvGy] . rf}w/L ha :6]hdf em'Ns] bz{sbL3f{af6 tfnLsf] u8u8fx6 5fof] . 8]9 bh{geGbf a9L sfJo /rgf ;'gfO;Sbf pgsf] sljTjefjdf ;flxTok| ] d L klg 8' l a;s] s f lyP . dfoflk/tL, ldng Pj+ la5f]8b]lv /fi6«k|]dsf efjgfn] cf] t k| f ] t /rgfsf sf/0f pkl:yt ;a} n ] cfkm\ g } dft[e"lddf /x]sf] cg'e"lt u/] . sfo{qmdsf] z'?d} xªsª

rf}w/L xªsªdf

g]kfnL kmfpG8];gsf tkm{af6 cWoIf lszg /fO{n]

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k'/fgf] df]afOn Nofpg';, gofF ;g\/fOhsf] 5}7f}+ ;fwf/0f ;ef ;fd;'ª P; kmfOe n}hfg';\

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hgtf a}s + sf] zfvf O6x/Ldf

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;g\/fOh a}s + sf] 5}7f}}+ aflif{s ;fwf/0f ;ef j}zfv @! ut] a}+ssf ;+rfns ;ldltsf cWoIf df] t Lnfn b' u 8sf] cWoIftfdf ;DkGg eof] . pQm ;fwf/0f ;efn] a} + s sf] @)&) cfiff9 d;fGt;Ddsf] jf;nft tyf cfj @)^(÷&) sf] gfkmf–gf]S;fg lx;fj / gub k|jfx ljj/0f :jLs[t ug]{ nufot ;~rfns ;ldltn] k|:tfj u/] adf]lhd r'Qmf k"FhLsf] !! k|ltzt jf]gz z]o/ / s/ k|of]hgsf] nflu )=%* k|ltztsf b/n]] gub nfef+z :jLs[t u¥of] . pQm ;fwf/0f ;efn] ;j{;fwf/0f z]o/wgLx¿sf tkm{af6 8f= lbksk|;fb e§/fO{ / lbks g]kfnnfO{ a}+ssf] ;+rfns kbdf lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt u/]sf] 5 . ;fy}, ;+:yfks z]o/wgLx¿sf] &) k|ltzt z]o/dWo] !( k|ltzt z]o/ ;j{;fwf/0f ;d"xdf kl/0ft ug]{ / ;+:yfks z]o/wgLx¿sf] xfn /x]sf] ^ j6f pk–;d"xx¿ /2 ug]{ / ;+:yfks z]o/wgLx¿sf] ;d"x …sÚ / ;j{;fwf/0f z]o/wgLx¿sf] ;d"x …vÚ ul/ s"n b'O{ j6f dfq ;d"x sfod ug{] / ;+:yfks z]o/wgLx¿sf] tkm{af6 kfFrhgf ;+rfns, ;j{;fwf/0f z]o/wgLx¿sf] tkm{af6 tLghgf ;+rfns / :jtGq ;+rfns Pshgf ul/ s"n gf} hgfsf] ;+rfns ;ldlt /xg] Joj:yf u/]sf] 5 .

Pg;]ndf lgMz'Ns ljlskLl8of

ljZjsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] cgnfOg k':tsfno ljlskLl8of Pg;]naf6 lgMz'Ns rnfpg ;lsg] ePsf] 5 . Pg;]nn] ljlskLl8of kmfp08];g;Fu ;xsfo{ u/L g]kfnL u|fxsnfO{ lgMz'Ns cWoog ug{] Joj:yf u/]sf] xf] . Pg;]nsf k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t Pl/d 6fO{nfgn/n] d+unaf/ /fhwfgLdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L gofF ;]jf …ljlskLl8of lh/f]Ú ;fj{hlgs u/]sf x'g\ . of] ;]jf lxhf] a'waf/af6 nfu" ePsf] 5 . o; ;]jfn] Pg;]nsf] OG6/g]6 ;]jf k|of]u ug{] u|fxsn] lgMz'Ns ljlskLl8of rnfP/ oxfF /flvPsf s/f]8f}+ n]v tyf cWoog ;fdu|L ;xh} k9\g tyf x]g{ ;Sg]5g\ .

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clvn g]kfn lzIfs ;+u7g :yfkgfsfnb]lv g} k]zfut / z}lIfs d'2fdf cfGbf]ng ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . xfdLn] p7fPsf k]zfut / z}lIfs Ph]08fdf lzIff dGqfno;Fu k6s–k6s ;xdlt klg ePsf 5g\ t/ sfof{Gjog ePsf] 5}g . lzIffdGqL axfnL ePnuQ} @)&)÷!!÷!$ ut] xfd|f] ;+u7gn] lb3{sfnLg / tTsfnLg k]zfut / z}lIfs dfux¿;lxt awfO{ tyf Wofgfsif{0f kq a'emfPsf lyof}+ . t/ clxn];DDf lzIff dGqfnosf] tkm{af6 xfdLn] k]z u/]sf dfusf ljifodf xfdLnfO{ af]nfP/ 5nkmn ;d]t ul/Pg . @)&! j}zfv & ut] lzIffsdL{x¿;Fu ul/Psf ;xdlt / lzIffdGqfnoåf/f ul7t z}lIfs ;dGjo ;Djfb ;ldltn] u/]sf lg0f{o j}zfv @) ut];Dd sfof{Gjog ug{ lzIffdGqLnfO{ clN6d]6d kq a'emfof}+ . xfdLn] lzIffdGqLnfO{ a'emfPsf] clN6]d]6d kqsf] s'g} ;g'jfO{ ul/Pg . c:yfoL lzIfsx¿ kf}ifb]lv /Tgkfs{df l/n] cgzg al;/x]sf 5g\ . j}zfv # ut]b]lv /fxt cg'bfgdf sfo{/t lzIfsx¿ klg tLg ;'qLo dfu /fvL lzIff ljefudf l/n] cgzgdf a;]sf 5g\ . pRr dfljsf lzIfsx¿ cfGbf]ngdf 5g\ . lzIfs ;]jf cfof]un] lnPsf] v'Nnf lj1fkgsf] df}lvs kl/Iff kl/0ffd ;fj{hlgs x'g] lalQs} @)^# otfsf c:yfoL lzIfsx¿ lj:yfkg x'g] b]lvG5 . lzIfs ;]jf cfof]un] clxn] lnO/x]sf] cGt/jftf{df lzIff dGqfnosf sd{rf/L / ;/sf/sf] glhs /x]sfx¿af6 ;Qf / zlQmsf] b'¿kof]u u/L k/LIffyL{x¿nfO{ k|efljt kf/]sf] b]lvG5 . lzIfs ;]jf cfof]un] lnO/x]sf] ;a} :t/sf] lzIfsx¿sf] cGt{jftf{sf] kl/0ffd lgikIf x'gd ] f cfz+sf pAh]sf] 5 . ;fd'bflos ljBfnosf sd{rf/Lx¿n] Go"g j]tgdf sfd ul//xg'k/]sf] 5 . pd]/ xbsf sf/0f sd{rf/Lx¿ l/Qf] xft k]zfaf6 ljbf eO/x]sf] l:ylt 5 . lghL ljBfnosf lzIfs–sd{rf/Lsf] k]zfut cj:yf sxflnnfUbf] 5 . lzIffIf]q ljs[lt / lj;+ultn] cfqmfGt ag]sf] 5 . c:yfoL lzIfs, /fxt, ljBfno sd{rf/L, lghL ljBfnosf lzIfs, lkl;Pkm, Ol;l8, lj:yflkt lzIfs–sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ljifodf ljutdf lzIff dGqfno;Fu ul/Psf ;xdltsf cfwf/df z}lIfs ;Djfb ;dGjo ;ldltn] u/]sf] lg0f{o lzIffdGqfnon] sfof{Gjog ug{ cfn6fn u/]sf] 5 . lzIff dGqfnon] sfof{Gjogsf] s'g} tTk/tf;d]t b]vfPsf] 5}g . lzIffsdL{x¿ ;8sdf cfP eg] ;xdlt ug]{ t/ sfof{Gjog gug]{ lzIff dGqfnosf] rl/qn] ubf{ lzIff If]qsf ;d:of emg\ hl6n aGb} uPsf 5g\ . xfd|f] ;+u7gn] lzIffdGqLnfO{ j}zfv & ut] a'emfPsf] clN6d]6d kqsf] s'g} ;'gj' fO{ gePkl5 cfGbf]ngdf hfg afWo ePsf 5f+} . ca ;Dk"0f{ lzIffsdL{x¿sf] ;+o'Qm cfGbf]ngsf] h?/L 5 . lzIff dGqfnosf] Aojxf/n] lzIffsdL{x¿nfO{ cfGbf]ngdf hfg afWo agfpFb} 5 . ljutdf lzIffdGqfno;Fu ul/Psf ;xdlt sfo{Gjog ug{, lzIfs ;]jf cfof]un] :yfoL lzIfssf nflu lnO/x]sf] kl/Iffsf] glthf lgikIf / kf/bzL{ u/fpg / c:yfoL /fxt / pdfljsf lzIfsx¿n] u/]sf] cfGbf]ngsf] ;dy{gsf] nflu bjfa :j¿k xfd|f] ;+u7g clvn g]kfn lzIfs ;+u7g cfGbf]ng ug{ afWo ePsf] 5 . xfd|f dfu ;dodf ;Daf]wg gul/P of] eGbf s8f cfGbf]ng ug{ afWo x'g]5f+} .

– nfnaxfb'/ lj=;L= cWoIf, clvn g]kfn lzIfs ;+u7g

af6f]sf af/]df klg ljjfb 5}g . b'O{hgf aLrsf] vf; leGgtf s] xf] eg] afa'/fd df] x g j} B x¿;F u Pstf ubf{ cfkm" alnof] gx'g] b]v]/ o;sf] ;§fdf gofF ljrf/sf] vf]ndf aflx/sf dflg;nfO{ hDdf u/]/ cfkm\gf] cj:yf ;'b[9 ug{] kIfdf 5g\ eg] k|r08 ljefhgkl5 k}bf x'g] ;+s6nfO{ y]Ug b:tfj]hdf /fli6«otf, c;dfg ;lGw ;Demf}tfsf] lj/f] w , ldln6\ o fG6 kf6L{ cflbsf s' / fx¿ n] v ] / j} B x¿nfO{ Pstfsf] axfgfdf pkof]u ug{] af6f] agfpg rfxG5g\ . pgLx¿sf aLrsf] of] ljjfb k" F h LjfbL cfrf/–ljrf/ / bz{ g nfO{ v'nf¿kdf cfTd;ft ug{] ls Pdfn]sf] h:t} 9f]+usf ¿kdf eGg] ljjfb xf] . pgLx¿aLrsf] ljjfb /fhgLlts geP/ cfkm\ g f] ;+ u 7gfTds zlQm ;Gt'ngsf nflu rln/x]sf] 5 eGg] s' / f k| r 08n] lgs} ;l6s zAbdf cleJoQm u/]sf 5g\ . pgn] ;Dd] n gsf] pb\ 3 f6g ;qdf eg] e m} + , …x] 6 f} + 8 f dxflwj] z gb] l v s] G ›Lo ;ldltsf] cf7f}+ k"0f{ a}7ssf] lg0f{o;Dd cfpFbf ljrf/wf/fTds / /fhgLlts¿kn] Pdfcf] j fbLdf s' g } ;d"x / u'6x¿ 5}gg\, of] Psl9Ssf 5 . t/ ;+ u 7g / Jojxf/df hfF b f dflyb]lv tn;Dd u'6}u'6 / JolQmlkR5] s f :jfy{ ;d" x x¿åf/f el/Psf] 5 .Ú k|r08sf] of] oyfy{jfbL :jLsf/f] l Qmn] ToxfF l eqsf] JolQm :jfy{sf] n8fOF, kf6{LnfO{ cfkm\gf] lxt cg's"n 9fNg] k|lt:kwf{ / ToxfFleq k/]sf] afXo zlQmx¿sf] w|'jLs/0fsf] 5fofFnfO{ k|:6 ¿kdf b]vfpF5 .

s] ca Pdfcf]jfbLleqsf] ;d:of j}rfl/s ax;af6 ;dfwfg x'G5 t < ToxfFleqsf] ljjfb ljrf/sf] k|Zgdf s] l G›t gePsf] x' g fn] k| y dtM of] ljrf/df s]lG›t x'g] ;Defjgf g} 5}g . bf];|f] s'/f, j}rfl/s ljjfb gePsf sf/0f of] ;dfwfg x'g] ;Defjgf klg 5}g / t];|f], ljrf/sf] cfj/0fdf ljjfb rsf{ p g] ;Gbe{ b] z leq / aflx/sf] zlQm ;Gt'ng;Fu hf]l8Psf] x'Fbf of] ldNg] s' / f pgLx¿sf] xftdf klg 5}g . b'j} kIfsf] /0fgLlt pTsif{df k' l u;s] s f] / cfOk/] s f] a] x f] g { ] dfgl;stf klg b'j} kIfdf alg;s]sf] x'Fbf ;Dd]ngdf x'g] r'gfjnufotsf k|fljlws kIfx¿nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ nuQ} u'6sf a}7s a:5g\ / ljefhgsf nflu cf/f]k–k|Tof/f]k z'? x'G5 . af¥x}df; ljjfb / ax;x¿ eO/xg], t/ ;dfwfg Pp6f ljjfbsf] klg gx'g] Pdfcf]jfbLsf] lgolt g} To;sf] eljionfO{ a'em\g sfkmL 5 . of] lgolt eg] s f] cjZoDefjL ljefhg xf] . afa'/fdn] k|:t't u/]sf ;ft a'FbfnfO{ cj}wflgs ¿kdf rf] / af6f] a f6 cfPsf] cf/f] k nfufP/ To;nfO{ …csf{] dxflwj]zgdf 5nkmn ug{ ] k" F h LÚ sf ¿kdf yGSofOlbPsf] 36gf o;sf] Pp6f ;+s]t xf] . afa'/fdnfO{ …hfg] eP hfÚ egL lbPsf] ;+ s ] t xf] . ca csf{ ] dxflwj]zgeGbf cufl8 afa'/fdsf a'Fbf 5nkmnsf nflu c:jLs[t ePsf 5g\ . ;Dd]ngkl5 ;+u7gfTds ;+/rgfleq afa'/fd kIf pFef] gnfUg] u/L a9fl/g] / o;n] pgnfO{ lg:sg} kg{] lbzflt/ ws]Ng] s'/fdf s'g} z+sf 5}g .

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u[x;lrj ;'ok{ ; | fb l;njfn k|x/L k|wfg sfof{no kl/;/l:yt cd/ k|x/L :df/sdf k'ikxf/ ck{0f ub}{ .

t'hs ' tkfOF kqsf/x¿ /fhgLlts bnnfO{ ldNg ;s]g eg]/ cfnf]rgf dfq ug'x{ G' 5 . tkfOFx¿ klg r'gfjdf xf]ldg'ePsf] 5, ;xdltdf gofF g]tT[ j 5fGg'xf];\ . xf]Og eg] /fhgLlts bnsf] cfnf]rgf dfq gug'{;\ . – j}zfv @) ut] g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3sf] dxflwj]zg pb\3f6g ub}{ k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnf r'gfjcl3 kf6L{ 7"nf] x'g] 7fg]/ ;ef;b\ / dGqL aGg] ;kgf b]Vb} Pdfcf]jfbL k|j]z ug]{x¿ Xjf/Xjf/tL cfP . r'gfjkl5 ca ;a}n] 5f]8]/ hfg] x'g\ ls eGg] nflu/x]5 . – j}zfv !* ut] lj/f6gu/df af]Nb} Pdfcf]jfbL cWoIf k'iksdn bfxfn hgtfn] xTof lx+;f dg gk/fP/} o'4 u/]/ cfPsf] dfcf]jfbLnfO{ lgjf{rgdf hgtfn] x/fP . hgtfn] ca cft+s grfx]sf] hfgsf/L u/fO;s]sf 5g\ . To;}n] hgtfsf] rfxgf cg';f/ tf]lsPs} ;dodf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f u/L zfGt g]kfn lgdf{0f ug{ ;/sf/ h:tf];'s} bafj l5rf]n]/ cufl8 a9\g]5 . – j}zfv !( ut] 8f]Nkfdf af]Nb} pkk|wfg tyf :yfgLo ljsf;dGqL k|sfzdfg l;+x b]znfO{ clxn] /fi6«jfbL zlQmsf] vfFrf] 5 . b]z / hgtfn] lbuf] zflGt / lr/:yfoL ;+ljwfg vf]hs ] f 5g\ . t/ b]zdf lgif]wsf] /fhgLlt eO/x]sf] 5, o;nfO{ b]znfO{ lgsf; lbg ;Sb}g . – j}zfv @) ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} /fk|kf g]kfnsf cWoIf sdn yfkf Pdfcf]jfbL efO{ Pdfn] alg;Sof] . ax'bnLo hgjfb 5f8]/ Pdfn] ;dfhjfbdf hfg' / gf}nf] hgfjfb 5f8]/ Pdfcf]jfbL ;dfhjfbdf hfg'n] b'O{ kf6L{aLrsf] cGt/ ;dfKt ePsf] 5 . – j}zfv !( ut] lrtjgdf af]Nb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf pkfWoIf ;LkL uh'/n ] clxn]sf] ;a}eGbf pQd /fhgLlts lgsf; eg]sf] ;a} bnsf] uf]nd]r ;Dd]ng xf] . t/ ;+ljwfg;ef aflx/ /x]sf] kf6L{ xf] eGb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fnufot sfo{df lgif]w ub}{ hfg vf]lhof] eg] hgljb|f]xdf hfg]5f}+ . – j}zfv @! ut] kf]v/fdf af]Nb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf ;lrj g]qljqmd rGb


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

Pdfcf]jfbLdf cGt3f{tL sf] sf] < PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLn] u7g u/]sf] …;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{rg– @)&) cGt3f{t 5fglag ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgÚ df s;–s;nfO{ cGt3f{tL 7x/ u/]sf] 5 / pgLx¿nfO{ s:tf] sf/jfxLsf] l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] 5 < o;af/]df cfd hgtfsf] rf;f] x'g' :jefljs g} xf]. To;}n] dfcf]jfbLsf] pQm k|ltj]bgnfO{ qmdzM xfdLn] oxfF h:tfsf] t:t} k|:t't u/]sf 5f}+ . o;sf] afFsL c+z cfufdL c+sdf k|sflzt ul/g]5M PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbLsf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] cf7f}+ k"0f{ a}7sn] ;+ljwfg;ef lgjf{ r g–@)&) df kf6L{ / kf6L{ s f pDd] b jf/lj?4 cGt3f{ t ul/Psf 36gfsf] 5fglag ug{ ag]sf] ;ldltn] ;Dk"0f{ k|lqmof k"/f u/]/ k|ltj]bg tof/ u/]sf] 5, h;df cGt3f{t x'g'sf] sf/0f / lgbfg kQf nufP/ eljiodf o:tf] x'g glbg pkfoaf/] ;'emfp lbg'sf ;fy} s]Gb|Lo sfof{no / 5fglag ;ldltdf k/]sf ph'/LdWo] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o / /fHo ;b:ox¿dfly k/]sf ph'/Lx¿sf] 5fglag u/L s] x LnfO{ ;kmfO / s] x L uNtLsdhf]/Lsf] :t/cg'¿k sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] 5 . != kf6L{sf] ju{ b[li6sf]0f / k|lta4tfdf x|f; x'g'sf sf/0f ;+ljwfg;efsf] lgjf{rgdf k|ToIf / ;dfg'kfltssf pDd]bjf/ l;kmfl/;, 5gf]6 / lgjf{rg kl/rfng ubf{ j}1flgs gLlt, ljlw, dgf] l j1fg, dfkb08 / k| l qmof cjnDag gug{n ' ] cGt3f{tsf nflu j:t'ut / cfTdut l:ylt l;h{gf u:of] . o; ljifodf s]Gb|Lo ;ldltsf] a}7sn] ;f]kfgqmddf d'Vo g]tT[ j;lxt ;a} n ] uNtLsdhf] / L :jLsf/L cfTdfnf]rgf ul/;s]sf] ljifo xf] . kf6L{df ljrf/ ;d"xsf] cfj/0fdf :yfoL u'6 sfod x'gn ' ] xf/sf cGo sf/0fafx]s k|ToIfdf s}og\ l;6 u'ds ] f] s'/f oyfy{ xf], h'g cGt3f{tsf] k|wfg kIf xf] . 5nkmn / kxnåf/f j}1flgs lgisif{df k'Ug' / s]Gb|Ls[t / PsLs[t x'g' sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] ljrf/, ljlw / sfo{zn } Lsf] k|wfg kIf xf] . o;k6ssf] r'gfp ;+:yfut gLlt k"/} kf6L{ xf]Og, JolQm n8]h:tf] / l;+uf] kf6L{ xf]Og, a'sf{ pDd]bjf/ ePh:tf] x'g uof] . ju{ k|lta4tfdf b]vf k/]sf] :vngsf sf/0f ju{ / b':dgsf] k|ToIf / ck|ToIf k|efjdf k/]/ ph'/L gk/] klg d'Vo g]tT[ j ;d"xnfO{ x/fpg sltko s]Gb|Lo ;b:on] gsf/fTds e"ldsf v]ns ] f] kfOof] . @= pDd]bjf/sf] 5gf]6 / sfo{ ljefhgn] j}1flgs gLlt, ljlw / dgf]lj1fgsf] k"0f{¿kdf kfng ug{ s]Gb|b]lv tNnf] sld6L tyf g] t fsfo{ s tf{ s f uNtLsdhf] / Ln] ljleGg :t/sf] cGt3f{tsf] nflu dlnnf] df6f] tof/ u/] s f] k[ i 7e" l ddf ph' / Ldfly 5fglag u/L k|ltj]bg tof/L ul/Psf] 5 . sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf sld6L / g]tfx¿sf cfkm\g} cfFvf 5g\, ph'/L k/]kl5 dfq 5fglag x'g] k/Dk/f a;fpg] xf] eg] sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ / cGo kf6L{aLr cGt/} s] /Xof] < g] t [ T jnfO{ yfxf 5, s;} n ] uNtLsdhf]/L u/] jf ub{}5, t/ pm ph'/L kv{]/ a:5 o:tf] cfr/0fn] g]t[Tj / sfo{stf{sf] ;DaGw s;/L hLjGt x'g;S5< cfkm\gf] kIf jf u'6sf] ePkl5 ;o vt klg dfkm x'g] / csf{] kIfsf] sdhf]/L gx'Fbf klg v]bf] kfOnf] ug{] jf a9fOr9fO tLnnfO{ tf8 agfpg] ;+:sf/sf] ljsf; x' g ] xf] eg] PsLs[ t / s]Gb|Ls[t kf6L{ lgdf{0f sNkgfsf] ljifo dfq x'g]5 . Jojxf/af6 cnu hLjGt dfS;{jfb vf]Hg'sf] s] cf}lrTo < #= uDeL/ k|s[ltsf uNtL ug{]x¿ ph'/L gk/]sf sf/0f rf]v} /xg], Tof]eGbf sd / ;fgfltgf uNtLsdhf]/L ug{] sf/afxLdf kg{] ljutsf cfof]usf Oltxf;af6 lzIff lnP/ tf]lsPsf] clwsf/ kfPsf] 5fglag ;ldlt kf6L{sf] jt{dfg l:ylt x]/]/ nfu" x'g ;Sg] u/L uNtLsdhf]/L ug{]dfly sf/afxLsf] k| : tfj s] G b| L o sfof{ n odf k] ; u/] s f] 5 . cfof] u nfO{ lbPsf] sfo{ I f] q sf cfwf/df olt ug{' g} j}1flgs x'G5 . Oltxf;af6 lzIff lnP/ eljiodf s;}dfly cf}krfl/s ph'/L gk/] klg 5fglag ug{ ;Sg] / sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; dfq xf]Og, sf/afxL ug{

;Sg] zlQm;DkGg cfof] u jf 5fglag ;ldlt aGg'k5{ . sf/afxL ug{] xf] eg] cGt3f{t x'g] kl/l:ylt lgdf{0f ug{], cg'ko'Qm pDd]bjf/sf] l;kmfl/; ug{], pDd]bjf/Lsf] nflu bafa lbg] / pDd]bjf/af/] clGtd lg0f{o ug{] sld6L / JolQmn] gLltut lg0f{ o sf ;Gbe{ d f lhDd] j f/L lng'k5{, cGoyf sf/0f cfnf]rgf u/]/ ;kmfO kfpg] ePkl5 kl/0ffdnfO{ dfq s8f sf/afxLsf] dfu ug{' plrt x' G g . d' V otM ;fk] l Ifs¿kdf pDd]bjf/sf] j}1flgs 5gf]6 ePsf lhNnf / lgjf{rg If]qdf cfkm"n] pDd] b jf/ gkfPsf] jf cfkm" n ] eg]h:tf] gePkl5 cyf{t\ hgjfb ePg eGg] axfgfdf lgotjz pDd]bjf/nfO{ c;xof]u ug{] dg;fo /fvL pbf;Lg, lgliqmo, pDd]bjf/k|lt gsf/fTds wf/0ff km}nfPsf], ;fj{hlgs¿kdf cfnf]rgf u/]sf] / afuL jf ljkIfLsf] kIfdf k|rf/ u/]sf] / ljkIfL pDd]bjf/af6 k} ; f / k| n f] e gdf k/] / sfd u/]sf]nfO{ / ;xfos¿kdf cGonfO{ klg uNtLsdhf]/Lsf] k|s[ltcg'¿k sf/afxLsf] l;kmfl/; ul/Psf] 5 . b]zel/af6 s]Gb|Lo sfof{nodf %* j6f ph'/L btf{ eP klg s]Gb|Lo sfof{nosf] a}7sn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o, s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/ / /fHo ;b:osf] dfq 5fglag ug{ lgb{]zg u/]sfn] 5fglag ug{'kg{] ph'/Lsf] ;+Vof s]xL 36\g uPsf] 5 . lnDa"jfg /fHodf s'g} ph'/L k/]sf] 5}g . s]Gb|Lo ;ldltn] 5fglag ;ldltnfO{ Ps dlxgf ;do lbPsf] lyof] t/ ph'/L k|:t't ug{] ;do a9fpg] j}1flgs b]lvPsf sf/0f ;ldltaf6 ;do yk dfu ePcg'¿k s]Gb|Lo sfof{non] yk u/]kl5 klg bf];|f] r/0fdf 5fglag / k|ltj]bg tof/Lsf nflu ;do ck'u eP k'gM Dofb yk dfu ug{'k/]sf sf/0f k|ltjb]g k|:t't x'g s]xL ljnDa x'g uPsf]df ;ldlt cfTdfnf]rgf u5{ . k|fljlws sf/0fn] s]xL l9nf eP klg 5fglag ;ldltn] ;Dej eP;Dd :ynut cWoog u/]/ s'g} cg'lrt k|efjdf gk/L lgisif{df k'Ug] sf]l;; u/]sf] 5 . j:t'ut / cfTdut k|lts"ntf tyf ;fwg;|f]t / ;dosf] ;Lldttfn] k|ltj]bgsf sltko ;Ldf /xg' :jfefljs 5 . 5fglag ;ldltsf ;+ o f] h s;lxt ;b:ox¿n] sfo{ljefhg ul/Pcg'¿k ;du| l/kf]6{ s]lGb|t u/L ;j{;Ddt k|ltj]bg tof/ u/L k|:t't ul/Psf] 5 . -s_ ldlynf, ef]hk'/f, td'jfg, sf]lrnf /fHodf k/]sf ph'/L / tT;DaGwdf :ynut 5fglagkZrft\ ul/Psf l;kmfl/;x¿M != wg'iff lhNnfaf6 s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^@@ df lhNnf ;+of]hs s= /fdrGb| d08nnufotaf6 s]Gb|Lo ;b:o c;kmL{ legjf/ ofbj / k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:ox¿ a'w/fd ofbj, ;/f]h ofbj, b]j]Gb| ofbj, /fd ;'ut 7fs'/, /fdhut ofbj, OGb|b]j ofbj, b]j;fu/ bf;, dlgif h3f{ du/, kmd{'b gbfkmnufot !* hgflj?4 ph' / L k/] s f] lyof] . o;dWo] c;kmL{ legjf/ s] G b| L o ;b:o eP/ klg pxfFn] k|ToIfdf pDd]bjf/ gkfPs} sf/0f ;dfg'kflts pDd]bjf/ eP/ klg kf6L{n] u/]sf lg0f{olj?4 c;Gt'i6 / c/fhssf] ;lqmo g] t [ T j u/] s fn] s] G b| L o ;b:oaf6 tLg dlxgf lgnDag ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . o;}u/L k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:o kmd{'b gbfkmn] kf6L{sf cflwsf/L pDd]bjf/lj?4 ultljlw u/]sfn] kf6L{ ;b:otf /xg] u/L lhNnf ;ldltaf6 / df] r f{ s f] g]t[Tjaf6 x6fpg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:o a'w/fh ofbj, ;/f]h ofbj, b]j]Gb| ofbj, /fd;'ut 7fs' / , /fdhut ofbj, OGb| b ] j ofbj;lxt ^ hgfn] kf6L{sf] ljb|f]xL pDd]bjf/nfO{ ;xof]u u/]sfn] kf6L{

k| ; + u s]bf/ ;'jb ] L

;b:otf sfod /xg] u/L kf6L{sf cGo lhDd] j f/Laf6 x6fpg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:oåo b]j;fu/ bf; / dlgif h3f{ du/n] kf6L{ s f] pDd] b jf/sf] kIfdf lhDd]jf/Lk"j{s gnfu]sfn] eljiodf o:tf] gug{] ;t{df s8f cfrf]ngf ug{] l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . @= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= %(% df ;Kt/L lhNnf If]q g+= $ sf pDd]bjf/ snfd vfFn] 5]bL /hs ;kmL, rGb|b]j d08n, l;+x]Zj/ ;fx, b]jnfn dfnL, /fdk|;fb d08n, k|]dgf/fo0f ofbj / tg'snfn zdf{;d]t ;fthgfdfly ph'/L k/]sf]df 5fglag ubf{ kf6L{n] lbPsf] pDDb]jf/ lrQ ga'em] klg ljb|f]xL pDd]bjf/nfO{ ;3fpg' uNtL ePsfn] kf6L{ ;b:otf sfod /xg] u/L cGo ;a} lhDd]jf/Laf6 x6fpg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . #= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+=+ ^@! df l;/xf lhNnf If]q g+= ^ sf kf6L{ pDd]bjf/ cd/gfy ofbjn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o dx]Gb| kf;jfg, km'nu]g gfos, /fds'df/ ofbj, /fds' d f/ kf;jfg / 7u' d08n;d]t lj?4 ph'/L lbPsf]df lgDgcg';f/ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . dx]Gb| kf;jfg s] G b| L o ;b:o / :jo+ ;dfg'kflts pDd]bjf/ eP/ klg kf6L{ cWoIf g} pDd]bjf/ ePsf] lhNnfdf pDd]bjf/lj?4 ;fj{hlgs¿kdf af]Ng' uDeL/ sdhf] / L ePsfn] s8f cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . km'nu]g gfos s]Gb|Lo ;b:o eP/ klg hlt;'s} c;Gt'li6 eP klg ;lqmo x'gk' g{d ] f ;fj{hlgs¿kdf c;Gt'li6 k|s6 ug{] sfd ePsfn] cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . k"j/{ fHo ;ldlt ;b:o /fds'df/ ofbjsf] lgjf{rgsf a]nf lhDd]jf/L wg'iffdf sfo{ If]q k/]sfn] / 7f]; k|df0f ge] l 6Psfn] sf/afxL ug{ ' g kg{ ] . k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:o /fds'df/ kf;jfg @)^$ sf] ;+ l jwfg;ef ;b:o eO;s] s fn] ;dfg' k flts pDd]bjf/ gkfPsf]df c;Gt'i6 x'g ;'xfpFb}g . cWoIf pDd]bjf/ ePsf] lhNnf ePsfn] ;+j]bgzLntfnfO{ ga'em\g' sdhf]/L ePsfn] cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . o;} u /L k" j { / fHo ;b:o 7u' d08nn] lhNnfsf] ;+j]bgzLntfnfO{ a'em\g g;Sg' / lgjf{rgsf] clGtd If0fdf ^ g+= If]qdf lgl:qmo x'g'n] z+sf k}bf ug{] 7fpF lbof] . eljiodf o;f] gug{] k|lta4tf;lxt cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . $= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^@% l;/xf If]q g+= @ df lht]Gb|s'df/ ofbjn] k"j/{ fHo ;ldlt ;b:o sdnxl/ ofbj / ef]u]Gb| 7fs'/lj?4sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ pDd]bjf/ cfkm"nfO{ lrQ ga'em] klg cWoIf pDd]bjf/ ePsf] lhNnf ePsfn] cfGtl/s¿kdf leGg dt /fv]/ ;lqmo x'g'kg{]df xfbf{ pDd]bjf/ dfq xf]Og, kf6L{ xfg{] s'/f

a' e m\ g g;Sg' sdhf] / L xf] . b' j } sd/] 8 n] lhDd] j f/L af] w ug{ g;s]sf]df cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . %= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^@$ l;/xf If]q g+= ! df b]jgf/fo0f dxtf]n] If]q g+= ! sf] tkm{af6 k"j{/fHo ;ldlt ;b:oåo udsnfn yf¿ / czf] s /fdlj?4 lbPsf] ph' / Ldf 5fglag ubf{ udsnfn yf¿n] yf¿ pDd]bjf/ gePsf]df c;Gt'li6 JoQm ug{]df dfq ;Lldt geO{ r'gfpsf] a]nf ljkIfL pDd]bjf/;Fu 3lgi6tf b]vfPsf]n] kf6L{ ;b:otf sfod /fvL kf6L{sf ;a} lhDd]jf/Laf6 x6fpg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . czf]s /fosf] ;DaGwdf pDd]bjf/k|ltsf] c;Gt'li6 / kf6L{k|lt pbf;Lgtfn] e"ldsf k"/f gu/]sf]df cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . ^= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^$* dxf]Q/L lhNnf If] q g+ = @ t' n ;Lk| ; fb 9' + u fgf;d] t n] lbPsf] ph' / Lsf] 5fglag ubf{ s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/ snfpl2gsf ;DaGwdf pDd]bjf/L gkfPsf]df pbf;Lgtf b]lvPsf]n] ;r]t u/fpg'kg{] ;'emfp ul/G5 . &= sfof{no btf{ g+= ^$* dxf]Q/L lhNnf If] q g+ = $ df s] G b| L o ;b:o t' n ;Lk| ; fb 9' + u fgfn] s] G b| L o ;Nnfxsf/ /fh]Gb| ;fxlj?4 lbPsf] ph' / Ldf 5fglag ubf{ lhNnfdf sfo{ / t s] G b| L o g] t fx¿aLr cGt/lj/f] w eP klg cfkm" :jo+ ;dfg'kflts pDd]bjf/ ePsfn] klg kf6L{sf] dlxnf pDd]bjf/nfO{ ;lqmo ;xof]u ug{'kg{]df pN6} gsf/fTds jftfj/0f agfPsf]n] ;b:otf sfod /fvL s]Gb|Lo ;Nnfxsf/af6 x6fpg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . *= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^@@ dxf]Q/L If]q g+= ^ df s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf k|ToIf pDd]bjf/ e/t ;fxn] k"j{/fHo ;b:o tyf If]q g+= ^ df tTsfnLg OGrfh{ lzjgfy dxtf] -ef]nf_ lj?4 lbPsf] ph' / Lsf] 5fglag ubf{ ;dfg'kfltsdf pDd]bjf/L gkfPsf] sf/0f c;Gt' i 6 eP klg cfkm" lgjf{rg If]qsf] k| d ' v / l;lgo/ sd/]8 pDd]bjf/ x'Fbf klg lhDd] j f/Laf] w gx' g ' / r' g fpsf] ;dodf ;+ j ] b gzLn ;dodf Ps xKtf;Dd lgl:qmo a:g' uNtL ePsfn] ;fdfGo cfnf] r gfsf] ljifo aGg ;S5 . t/ kl5 ;lqmotfk" j { s nfu] s fn] lgotdf z+ s f ug{ ' k g{ ] b] l vF b } g . (= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^#@ ;nf{xL If]q g+= # sf k|ToIftkm{sf pDd]bjf/ e/t yfkfn] k"j{/fHo ;b:o s]bf/ vqLlj?4sf] ph'/Lsf] 5fglag ubf{ s]bf/ vqLn] axfgfafhL u/]/ 5fglag ;ldltsf ;b:o l8NnL/fd cfrfo{;Fu e]6\g grfx]sf] b]lvof] . hgtf;Fu a'em\bf cGt3f{t u/]sf] b]lvof] . ctM ;b:otf sfod /xg] u/L kf6L{sf ;a} txaf6 x6fpg

l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . k"j{ /fHo ;b:o dfof ansf] lgotdf z+sf ug{'kg{] gb]lvP klg ;f] If]qsf k|d'v / cfkm";lxt ;dfg'kflts pDd]bjf/sf x}l;otn] lgjf{x ug{'kg{] cfjZos e"ldsfdf sdL ePsf]n] cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 .

!)= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^## ;nf{xL If]q g+= @ df k|ToIfsf pDd]bjf/ /fhs'df/ /fo ofbjn] k"j/{ fHo ;ldlt ;b:o /d] z a' 9 fyf] s L -sdn_ dflysf] cGt3f{tsf] cf/f]kdf 5fglag ubf{ kf6L{sf] @ g+= If]qsf] l;kmfl/; sdnsf] kIfdf x'Fbfx'Fb} pDd]bjf/ /fhs'df/ x'Fbf c;xh l:ylt k}bf eof] . o;af6 k}bf ePsf] cGtlj{/f]w kl5 xn eP klg cfz+sfsf] l:ylt sfod} /Xof] . ;fO8;fO8df b'j}tkm{af6 cleJolQm ;Gt'lnt gx'Fbf ;xh x'g ;s]g . o;y{ olt g} sf/0fn] sf/afxL ug{'kg{] b]lvPg . !!= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^!& af/f lhNnf If]q g+= ! sf k|ToIf pDd]bjf/ Hjfnfs'df/L ;fxn] k"j{ /fHo ;b:o xl/ rf}nfufO{ / zDe' d08nlj?4sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ xl/ -nfnls/0f_ pDd]bjf/sf] 5gf]6df lrQ ga'em]kl5 pQ]lht eP/ 6Lsfl6Kk0fL u/] klg kl/jf/ sd/]8 uLtfn] ;dfg'kfltsdf pDd] b jf/ kfPkl5 ;DxflnPsf] b]lvG5 . t/ pT;fxk"0f{ 9+un] ;lqmo gx'g' sdhf]/L ePsf] 5 . o;}u/L zDe' d08nn] klg ;dfg' k flts ;'lglZrt gx'Fbf;Dd pDd]bjf/nfO{ c;xof]u u/]sf] t/ kl5 ;fdfGo e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf] b]lvG5 . ctM sf/afxLeGbf klg sdhf]/L :jLsf/L b'j} sd/]8n] cfnf]lrt x'g' klg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . s]Gb|Lo ;b:o lbg]z k6]n / /fs]z ofbjn] klg sdhf]/L ePsf] :jLsf/ u/L cfnf]lrt x'g l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . !@= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^%) af/f lhNnf If]q g+= ^ df 6]s axfb'/ >]i7n] xl/ rf}nfufO{ -nfnls/0f_ lj?4sf] ph' / Ldf 5fglag ubf{ nfnls/0fn] z+sf ug{] 7fpF g/fvL sfd ug{'kg{] t/ o:tf] x'g g;Sg'df st} g st} sdhf]/L ePsf] b]lvPsfn] cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . !#= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= %(@ af/f lgjf{rg If]q g+= $ df k|ToIfsf pDd]bjf/ ;'/]zk|;fb ;fx;lxt !)$ hgfn] k"j/{ fHo ;b:o /fd/fh rf}w/L, x;Ghfg cG;f/L, nfnaxfb'/ k6]n, bLk]Gb| s'zjfxf, cIfo cf]emf, pd]z s'zjfxf, 8f . piffls/0f cG;f/L;d]t ;fthgfdflysf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ lhNnf ;+of]hs ho/fd bfxfnn] lgjf{rgdf ;xh jftfj/0f agfpg kxn ubf{ pDd]bjf/ ;'/]z a}7sdf gcfpg'n] emg\ c;xh aGb} uof] . Pscsf{k|ltsf] cfz+sf hfFbf cf/f]k k|Tof/f]kdf ljsf; eof] . h]h:tf] eP klg / lrQ ga'em] klg kf6L{sf pDd]bjf/sf] kIfdf jftfj/0f agfpg k" j { /fHo ;b:ox¿sf] e" l dsf gk'u]sf]n] ;a}nfO{ cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . !$= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^!& If]q g+= ^ df k"j{/fHo ;b:o tf/faxfb'/ sfsL{n] lhNnf ;+of]hs tyf s]Gb|Lo ;b:o ho/fd bfxfnlj?4sf] ph'/Ldf

#

5fglag ubf{ s'g} 7f]; tYo kfOPg . ph'/ stf{ :jo+ Pdfn]df k|j]z ug{] cfzo /flv;s]sf 5g\ . t/ ho/fd s];L / lhNnf ;+of]hssf] x}l;ot la;{]/ If]q g+= ^ df lgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/L gkfPsf] c;Gt'li6 obfsbf b]vfpg'n] cfnf]rgf ug{'kg{] b]lvG5 . !%= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^)( k;f{ lhNnf If]q g+ $ df k|ToIftkm{sf pDd]bjf/ k"j{ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o k| N xfb lu/Ln] k" j { /fHo ;b:o aln/fd ;fx, lx/f ;fx t]nL / ltt/Lb]jL t]nLlj?4sf] ph'/Lsf] 5fglag ubf{ pDd]bjf/sf] ljifodf c;Gt'li6sf sf/0f s]xL pbf;Lgtf b]lvP klg cGt3f{t u/]sf] tYo kfOPg, a? k| N xfb lu/L xfn Pdfn] d f k| j ] z u/] s f] 36gfsf] cWoog u/] / lzIff lng' h?/L b]lvG5 . eljiodf kf6L{ k|j]znfO{ v's'nf] gagfpg cfu|x ul/G5 . !^= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^)% / ^!) /f}tx6 lhNnf If]q g+= # df lqe'jg ;fxnufot @! hgfn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o tyf tTsfnLg lhNnf ;+of]hs ;'/]Gb| ho;jfn -czf]s_ / lw/h k6]nlj?4sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ To; lhNnf ;+of]hs ;'/]Gb| ho;jfn -czf] s _ / lw/h k6] n lj?4sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ To; lhNnfdf :j:y cGt;{3 + if{sf sf/0f z+sfn] n+sf lk/]sf] xf], cGt3f{t ePsf] b]lvFb}g . lw/h k6]nn] cGt3f{t u/]sf] gb]lvP klg lw/hsf] 6f]ndf 3/b}nf]df hfFbf lg?T;flxt ug{ ] sfo{ ePsfn] cfnf]rgf ug{'kg{] b]lvG5 . !&= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^%@ /f}txt If]q g+= $ df ljlkg ho;jfnn] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o k|e' ;fx / pk]Gb| ;fxlj?4sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ lhNnfsf] c:j:y cGtlj{/f]wsf sf/0f k|ed ' fly cfz+sf x'g' :jfefljs eP klg cGt3f{t u/]sf] k'li6 ug{] cfwf/ | f] gePsf] / t/ s]Gb|Lo ;b:o pk]bs # g+= sf] lhDdf eP klg pDd]bjf/nfO{ d2t ug{ cfkm\gf] ufpFdf ghfg'n] /fd|f] dg;fo b]lvPg, t/ oxL sdhf]/LnfO{ cGt3f{t eGg gldNg] . of] cfnf]rgf x'gk' g{] ljifo ePsfn] ;f]xLcg';f/ ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . !*= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^$$ tgx'F If]q g+ ! df /fhs[i0f >]i7n] s]Gb|Lo ;b:o eLdk|;fb uf}tdlj?4 u/]sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ cGt3f{t u/]sf] k'li6 5}g . t/ ;dfg'kflts pDd] b jf/ agfpg k} ; f lnPsf] cfef; x'g] h;/L tNnf] sld6Ldf k|:t't x'Fbf s]Gb|Lo ;b:osf] ul/df g/fv] s f] b] l vPsf] n ] ;fdfGo cfnf] r gfsf] ljifo ag] s f] n ] ;f]xLcg';f/ ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . !(= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^$% sf:sL If]q g+= @ df /fdn] k"j{ /fHo ;b:o ljZjk|sf; nfld5fg]lj?4 u/]sf] ph' / Ldf 5fglag ubf{ cfkm" n ] pDd]bjf/L gkfPsf]df lgs} c;Gt'i6 ePklg kl5 ;fdfGo e"ldsf dfq lgjf{x u/]sf] t/ pT;fxhgs ¿kdf gnfu]sf]n] ;fdfGo cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . @)= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^#! tgx'F If]q g+= ! df lIflth nfld5fg]n] k"j/{ fHo ;b:o cf]ds'df/L kf}8n ] , cf]dk|;fb kf}8n ] , ljho bjf8Llj?4 u/]sf] ph'/Ldf 5fglag ubf{ cf]ds'df/L k|ToIfdf pDd]bjf/ gkfPkl5 k"/} lgl:qmo a;]sf] / ;dfg'kflts tkm{sf] pDd]bjf/ eP/ klg k|rf/df glxF8s ] f]n] s8f r]tfjgL lbg l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . cf]dk|;fb kf}8n ] dlxnf df]rf{sf] s]Gb|Lo cWoIf ;Ltf kf]v/]n pDd]bjf/ x'bF f Tolt w]/} ?i6 x'g' plrt b]lvFbg} . o;y{ cfnf]rgf ug{k' g{] . ljho bjf8L sf+u; ]| sf] emG8f af]ss ] fn] kf6L{ ;b:otfaf6 lg:sf;g ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 . @!= sf:sL If]q g+= # df x]daxfb'/ tyf k/fh'nLlj?4sf] df}lvs ph'/Lsf] 5fglag ubf{ cf/f]k k|dfl0ft gePsfn] sf/afxLsf] k|:tfj ug{' gkg{] . @@= s]Gb|Lo sfof{no btf{ g+= ^!$ df]/ª lhNnfdf /fdk|;fb ;fxlj?4 u/]sf] a] g fdL ph' / Ldf 5fglag ubf{ lgjf{rgdf c;Gt'i6 eO{ lgl:qmo x'g' /fdk|;fbsf] uNtL ePsf]n] cfnf]rgf ug{ l;kmfl/; ul/G5 .


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eb|k'/ gu/kflnsf– ( sL wgf9\o 3/fgfsL Ps a'xf/L b]jLdfof Gof}kfg]n] b'O{ 5f]/Lkl5 uPsf] c;f]h @% ut]] t];|f] ;Gtfgsf] ¿kdf 5f]/f] hGdfOg\ . …c+z vfg] / j+z a9fpg]Ú gfddf ;f;" / kltn] lbPsf] rsf]{ bafadf pgn] e|'0fsf] ln+u klxrfg u/]/ o;k6s 5f]/f] hGdfPsL x'g\ . To;cl3 pgn] ln+u klxrfgdfkm{t b'O{k6s ue{ktg u/fpg'k/]sf] lyof] . cgf/dgL–$, latf{df]8sL csL{ Ps dlxnf /rgf ;xgLn]] lax] ePsf] cf7 jif{kl5 utjif{ dfq klxnf] ;Gtfgsf] ¿kdf 5f]/L hGdfPsL l5g\ . 5f]/Lk|lt lgb{oL k'?ifk|wfg ;f]r / k/Dk/fsf sf/0f 5f]/f] hGdfP/ kl/jf/nfO{ v';L kfg]{ k|of;sf nflu pgn] ef]Ug'k/]sf] ;f:tL dfld{s 5 . klxnf] ;Gtfgd} 5f]/f] rflxg] kl/jf/sf] c8\8Ln] ubf{ pgn] lax] u/]sf] ^ dlxgfb]lv nufnu kfFr jif{;Dddf tLgk6s ue{df /x]sf] e|0' fsf] ln+u dfq klxrfg ug'k{ /]g, 5f]/L ePsf] kQf] nfu]kl5 ue{ktg;d]t ug{ afWo x'gk' ¥of] . af/Daf/ ue{ktgsf sf/0f pgsf] kf7]3/df ;d:of b]lvPsf] 5 . pgsf] rf}yf] ue{sf] ln+u klxrfg ubf{ klg 5f]/L g} b]lvof] . To;kl5 pgn] /f]Os/fO{ u/]/ ue{ktg ug{ gdfg]kl5 klxnf] ;Gtfgs} ¿kdf 5f]/L hlGdPsL x'g\ . …j+z u'Dg] / ;DklQsf] ;+/Ifs gx'g] eGb} klt;lxt kl/jf/sf ;b:o ldn]/ k6sk6s dfgl;s oftgf lbGy],Ú /rgfn] elgg\, …kl/jf/ glalu|of];\ eg]/ k6sk6s ue{ktg u/fPF .Ú pgn] klxnf] / bf];|f] ue{ k tg ef/tsf] uf] / vk' / df u/] s f] atfOg\ . pgn] elgg\ …ef? !) xhf/ lt/] k l5 klxrfg;lxt ue{ k tg ul/lbFbf]/x]5 .Ú t/, t];|f]k6ssf] klxrfg / ue{ktg emfkfd} ul/Psf] lyof] . b] j Ldfof / /rgfh:t} xhf/f} + dlxnfnfO{ cfkm\ g } klt / kl/jf/sf ;b:on] 5f]/fsf] cfzdf 5f]/LnfO{ ue{d} ;kmfof ug{ nufO/x]sf 5g\ . emfkf lhNnf hg:jf:Yo sfof{nosf cg';f/ )^* otf @@ xhf/ ^ ;o &! hgfn] lhNnfsf ljleGg ue{ k tg s] G b| d fkm{ t ;' / lIft

ue{ktg ;]jf lnPsf 5g\ . h;dWo] )^* df kfFr xhf/ cf7 ;o &! hgfn], )^( df !$ xhf/ kfFr ;o ## hgfn] / )&) sf] k';d;fGt;Dddf b'O{ xhf/ b'O{ ;o ^& hgfn] of] ;]jf lnPsf] b]lvG5 . emfkfdf d]/L :6f]K; ;]G6/ ;'/lIft ue{ktg u/fpg] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] u}/;/sf/L ;+:yf xf] . latf{df]8sf] d]/L :6f]K; ;]G6/n] dfq )^* otf rf/ xhf/ gf} ;o !! hgfnfO{ of] ;]jf lbPsf] hgfPsf] 5 . latf{df]8sf] s]Gb|af6 )^* df Ps xhf/ ;ft ;o %) hgfn], )^( df Ps xhf/ ^ ;o ^% hgfn] / )&) sf] kmfu'gd;fGt;Dddf Ps xhf/ rf/ ;o (^ hgfn] ;'/lIft ue{ktg ;]jf lnPsf] s]Gb|sf k|dv ' o1/fh k|;fO{n + ] hfgsf/L lbP . sfg' g adf] l hd !@ ;ftf;Ddsf e| ' 0 fnfO{ dfq ue{ k tg u/fpg ;lsg] sfg'gL ;xof]u tyf k/fdz{ s]Gb| -Nofs_ emfkfsL clwjQmf pdf sfsL{n] atfOg\ . pgn] elgg\, e'|0fsf] ln+u klxrfg u/]/ ue{ktg u/fpg kfOFb}g .Ú klxrfg u/L ue{ k tg u/fpg] lrlsT;s / dlxnf b'j}nfO{ sf/afxL x'g] pgn] atfOg\ . d'n'sL P]gsf] Hofg;DaGwL dxn @*-u_ df ue{df /x]sf] e|'0fsf] ln+u klxrfg dfq u/fpg]nfO{ tLgb]lv ^ dlxgf s}b / klxrfg u/L ue{ktg u/fpg]nfO{ ^ b]lv b'O{ jif{;Dd s}b ul/g] k|fjwfg 5 . t/, hah{:tL s/0fL jf xf8gftf s/0fLaf6 ue{ /xg uPdf !* xKtf, dlxnfsf] Hofgdf vt/f k'Ug ;Sg] jf lghsf] zf/Ll/s, dfgl;s cj:yfdf vt/f k' U g ;Sg] ePdf dfGotfk|fKt tLghgf 8fS6/sf] /fodf hlxn];'s} ue{ktg u/fpg ;lsg] sfg'gdf pNn]v /x]sf] clwjQmf sfsL{n] atfOg\ . sfsL{n] cfh;Dd cbfntdf ue{ktg u/fP/ s'g} klg d'2f btf{ gePsf] atfOg\ . pgn] elgg\ , …tLg jif{ klxnf emfkf rf/cfnLsL Ps dlxnf kltn] bafa lnP/ ue{ktg u/fpg nufP, s] u/f}+ eGb} Nofsdf cfPsL lyOg\ . t/, k/fdz{ lnP/ uPkl5 kmls{P/ cfOgg\ .Ú cbfntdf dfq xf]Og, o:tf d'2f xfn;Dd lhNnf k|x/L sfof{no emfkfdf klg gcfPsf] d'2f kmfF6sf k|x/L lg/LIfs b]jLk|;fb kf}8]n atfpF5g\ . e|'0fsf] klxrfg u/]/ ul/g] ue{ktg k|foM bafadf ul/g] ePsfn] 3/kl/jf/ lau|]nf eg]/ k|x/L jf cbfntdf sf]xL klg ph'/L

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;kmn JolQmsf] klxrfg dfgj hLjg cd"No clåtLo / pRrsf]6Lsf] hLjg xf], o;nfO{ ;fy{s / pknAwLk"0f{ agfpg w]/} k|sf/sf sfo{x¿ ;Dkfbg ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . h;/L sfFrf] df6f]sf] 3}nfn] cUgLsf] tfk ;xg ubf{ ubf{ kfs]/ kl5 kSsf 3}nf aGb5 . To:t} dfgjn] cfkm\gf] hLjgdf ef]u]sf ljljw lsl;dsf ;'vb'Mv ptf/r9fj, psfnL cf]/fnL, xif{ lj:dft\ kL8f /f]bg cflb 36gfn] kl/kSj / lgk"0f{ agfpF5 . ;To / jf:tljs ¿kdf dgg ug]{ xf] eg] xfd|f s'g} klg sd{x¿ lbJo d+unsf/ / ;sf/fTds x'g' h?/L 5 . lsgeg] olb sfo{ ubf{ s'g} cfTdfsf] lbndf rf]6 k'Uof] eg] cGt/dgn] >fk lbof] eg] To:tf sfo{n] kfksf] l;h{gf u/fpF5 . s'g} lx+;|+s sd{af6 ufnL b'jf{Ro dg b'Vg] Jojxf/ ul/of] eg] x[bodf rf]6 k'U5, jf:jtdf ToxL g} kfk sd{ xf] . To;}n] d}n] olb clxn] kfk sd{ u/]+ jf s;}nfO{ b'Mv lbPF eg] csf]{ hGddf To;sf] kl/0ffd w]/} u'0ff a9L ef]Ug'k5{ eGg] :d[lt u/]df dfq klg kfksd{lt/ dg slxNo} hfFb}g . z/L/sf ;a} OlGb|ox¿nfO{ cfkm\gf] lgoGq0fdf /fVgfn] kfksd{af6 6f9f eP/ k'0o hDdf x'g yfN5 . x/]s dfgjsf] JolQmTjleq JolQmsf] sfdk|lt x'g] rfxgf, :jefj, ;+:sf/, dfgl;stf c¿k|lt ul/g] Jojxf/ cflb w]/} ljifox¿ kb{5g\ . t/ rl/q eGgfn] ;dfhn] lgwf{/0f u/]sf] cfr/0fnfO{ kfngf u/]sf] 5 of 5}g To;nfO{ cfwf/ agfP/ x]g]{ ul/G5 . To;}n] ;dfhdf rl/qlxg JolQm rl/q e|i6 JolQm of rl/qjfg JolQm eg]/ lrlgg] ul/G5 . ;dfhn] x/]s lqmofsnfknfO{ cfkm\g} 9+un] c;n sfo{ / v/fa sfo{ u/L ljefhg ul/Psf] x'G5 . To;}u/L x/]s wfld{s ;+3;+:yf tyf u|Gyx¿n] c;n sfo{ / v/fa sfo{ jf s'sd{ / ;'sd{sf] /]vf sf]/]sf] x'G5 . cfkm"n] cfkm}+nfO{ lgoGq0fdf /fv]/ ;'sd{df nfUg' g} ;Rrf cy{df rl/qjfg JolQm aGg' xf] . o:tf ;fdfGo h:tf nfUg] s'/fx¿df xfdLn] ljrf/ ug{ ;Sg'k5{ . cfkm\gf] a'l4 ljj]ssf] ;xL ¿kn] pkof]u u/L ;dfhdf cfk\mgf] k|e'Tj sfod /fVgsf nflu ;bf c;n / lxtsf/L sfo{ ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . z'e efjgf ;a}nfO{ afF8\g ;Sg' g} 7"nf] s'/f x'G5, xfdLnfO{ b'Mv lbg] JolQmnfO{ klg ;w+} z'e efjgf /fVb} uof}+ eg] Ps lbg pm cjZo g} xfd|f] Jojxf/åf/f k|efljt eP/ cfkm\gf] uNtLnfO{ dx;'; ub}{ k|folZrt ug{ k'U5 . xfdL;Fu dfkmL dfu]/ cfTdfcfnf]rgf ug]{ cj:yfdf k'U5 . To;}n] zq'nfO{ klg ;w}+ ldqsf] Jojxf/ ug{ ;s]df cjZo g} ;sf/fTds kl/0ffd k|fKt x'G5 . ;j{k|yd dfgjdf ;sf/fTds ljrf/x¿sf] k|jfx ug'{k5{ . x/]s JolQmdf / 36gfnfO{ ;sf/fTds b[li6n] x]g]{ afgL a;fNg'k5{ . s;}nfO{ b'Mv lbg' eg]s} cfkm"n] klg b'Mv kfpg' xf] . lsgeg] p;nfO{ klg To;sf] abnf lng] /fd|f] cj;/ vf]h]/ al;/x]sf] x'G5 . jf:tjdf hLjg eg]sf] g} cfTdf / z/L/sf] ;+ud cyjf ldng xf] . ha hLjg¿kL gbLaf6 cfTd¿kL lsgf/f cnu x'G5, ta hLjgsf] nLnf klg ;dfKt x'G5 . t;y{ hLjgnfO{ Jojl:yt / dof{lbt agfpgsf nflu z/L/sf] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf /xG5 . z/L/ :j:y 5 eg] dg klg :j:y /xG5 . To;}n] cfTdfsf] cl:tTj jf]w u/fpg] jf cfTdf /x]sf] r}tGonfO{ k|:t't ug]{ dfWod klg z/L/ g} xf] . o; lagf cfTdfn] s'g} sd{ g} ug{ ;Sb]g . To;}n] z/L/ cfTdfsf] sd{ ug]{ ;fwg xf] . z/L/sf] dxTj klg ta;Dd x'G5, ha o;nfO{ ;~rfng ug]{ cfTdf /xG5 . xfd|f] z/L/ k~r tTjx¿ ldn]/ ag]sf] x'G5 . To;}n] o;nfO{ k~rdxfe"tsf] z/L/ elgG5 . hn, k[YjL, jfo' clUg / cfsfz . oL ;a} tTjx¿n] xfd|f] z/L/df cf–cfkm\g} 9+un] sfo{ ul//x]sf x'G5g\ . oL ;a} Pscsf{sf kl/k'/s eP/ /x]sf 5g\ . h;/L lbof] afNgsf nflu skf;, t]n / clUgsf] a/fa/ e"ldsf /xG5, To:t} xfd|f] z/L/sf nflu x/]s tTjsf] plQs} dxTj /x]sf] x'G5 . ha cfTdfn] cfkm\gf] of]hgfsf] ¿kdf 1fgnfO{ u|x0f ub{5 eg] z/L/nfO{ :j:y /fVgsf nflu kfgLsf] dxTj al9/x]sf] x'G5 . cfTdfn] ef]hg 1fg kfPkl5 zlQmzfnL aG5 . To;}n] 1fgnfO{ 1fgfd[t, 1fg;'wf, 1fg/;, 1fg;l/tf eg]/ j0f{g ul/G5 . dfgjsf nflu 1fgsf] dlxdf hlt dxTjk"0f{ x'G5, To;n] hlt ;kmn cGo s'g} s'/fn] agfpFb}g . c:t' .

v]n ;+;f/

Ps dt ulgg] d~rn] hgfPsf] 5 . ljwfsf ljh]tfn] 6«kmL / k|df0fkq;Fu} kN;/ df]6/;fOsn k|fKt ug{]5g\ eg] cGo dgf]lgtn] pkxf/x? k|fKt ug{]5g\ . kN;/ :kf]6{\; cjf8{sf] cfufdL h]7 !* 3f]if0ff x'g]5 .

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dbg e08f/L :d[lt k|lti7fg g]kfnn] x/]s jif{ ;~rfng ub{} cfPsf] dbg e08f/L :d[lt uf]N8sksf] t];|f] ;:s/0f cfufdL a}zfv @& ut] b]lv h]7 # ut];Dd ;~rfng x'g] ePsf] 5 . t];|f] ;+:s/0f;Dd cfOk'Ubf ljh]tf l6dnfO{ ut jif{sf] k' / :sf/ /flz a9fP/ Ps nfv k' ¥ ofOPsf] cfof]hsn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . uf]N8skdf k"j{sf rlr{ t l6d dfq geP/ /li6« o tyf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf v]nf8Lx?sf] klg ;xeflutf x'g]5 . k|ltof]lutfdf g]kfnsf rlr{t cf7 j6f l6dn] ;xeflutf hgfpg] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 .

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g]kfn ckmuflg:tfg;Fu k/flht

dn]l;ofdf hf/L P;L;L lk|ldo/ lnu RoflDkogl;k cGtu{t lxhf] ePsf] v]ndf g]kfnnfO{ ckmuflg:tfgn] k/flht u/] s f] 5 . ckmuflg:tfgn] g]kfnnfO{ 8sjy{ n' O ; lgodsf] cfwf/df !)* /gn] k/flht u/]sf] xf] . g]kfnn] Jofl6ª ub{u} bf{ kfgL k/]kl5 8sjy n'O;sf] cfwf/df lg0f{o ul/Psf] lyof] . 6; xf/]/ Jofl6ª lgDtf] kfPsf] ckmuflg:tfgn] $( cf]e/ # an v]n/] @^@ /g agfPsf] lyof] . g]kfnsf] nflu zlQm uf}rg / a;Gt /]UdLn] #÷# ljs]6 lnP . 7"nf] nIo k5\ofPsf] g]kfnL Jof6\;Dofgn] lxhf] klg v/fa k|bz{g bf]xf]¥ofP . cf]kg/ ;'af; vs'/n ] / g/]z a'9fP/ qmdzM * / !) /gdf cfp6 eP . g]kfnn] ^ cf]e/sf] klxnf] andf a'9fP/nfO{ u'dfPsf] lyof] . h'ga]nf g]kfnsf] !# /g dfq} lyof] . ckmufgL an/;fd' 1fg]G› dNn klg w]/} l6s]gg\ . !% an v]ns ] f pgn] !! /g dfq} hf]8] . sKtfg kf/; v8\sfn] ## /g agfP . z/b\ e]ifjfs/ z"Godf cfp6 eP . zlQm uf}rgn] / ;f]dkfn sfdLn] ;dfg !( /g hf]8] . cGo v]nf8Ln] bf]xf]/f] c+s hf]8g\ ;s]gg\ . g]kfn o;cl3 g} l8;]Da/df x'g] b'O{ lbj;Lo k|ltof]lutf P;L;L RoflDkogl;ksf] nflu 5gf]6 eO;s]sf] 5 .

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g]kfnL sf+u|];sf] e|ft[ ;+:yfsf] ?kdf g]kfn nf]stflGqs v]ns'b ;+3 :yfkgf ePsf] 5 . ;fg]kfl:yt g]kfnL sf+u|]; s]G›Lo sfof{nodf 3f]if0ff;ef u/L cWoIf / dxf;lrj;lxt ^& ;b:oLo s]G›Lo sfo{;ldltaf/] hfgsf/L lbOPsf] xf] . ;ldltsf cWoIfdf b]j]G›s'df/ z]/rg / ;lrjdf ;'af]w k|wfg /x]sf 5g\ eg] cGo ;a} s]G›Lo ;b:o /x]sf 5g\ . sf+u|]; v]ns'b ljefu k|d'v Pj+ ;ef;b\ wg/fh u'?ªn] nf]stflGqs v]ns'b ;+3sf] 3f]if0ff ub{} v]ns'b If]qsf] ;du| ljsf;df ;+u7gn] dxTjk"0f{ sfd ug{] ljZjf; JoQm u/] . ;+3sf cWoIf z]/rgn] cfufdL lbgdf sf+u|];sf] gLlt lgoddf /x]/ v]ns'bsf] ljsf;sf nflu sfd ug{] atfP .


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/ ulx/f] 5 eg] ;DalGwt u'0fx¿ d'vl/t x'G5g\ . olb ljefhg ;fgf] 5 eg] JolQmsf] hLjgdf ;fgf] e"ldsf /xG5 . a'9L cf}+nf b'O{ k|sf/sf x'G5g\– ;f}Do cyf{t\ ;fdfGo ufF7f] ePsf] / alnof] ufF7f] ePsf] . w : klxnf] k|sf/ cyf{t\ ;f}Do ufF7f]o'Qm a'9L cf+}nf eg]sf] aflx/tkm{ 3'dfpbf/ / gª d'lGt/sf] ufF7f] ;fdfGo nlrnf] ufF7f] ePsf] a'9L cf}+nfnfO{ elgG5 . o:tf] a'9L cf}+nfsf] cy{ xf]– 3'nldn

x' g ] , km/fl;nf] ldhf;sf] , cfw' l gs ;f]rsf] / hLjgsf af/]df km/flsnf] b[ l i6sf] 0 f ePsf] JolQm . olb dl:tis/]vf tnlt/ em's]sf] 3'dfpbf/ 5 eg] oL u'0fx¿df cem} j[l4 x'G5 . olb dl:tis/]vf ;f]emf] 5 eg] of] JolQm t'ngfTds ¿kdf k/Dk/fjfbL x'G5 . ;f}Do ufF7f]n] JolQmsf] k};f / ljrf/sf b[ l i6n] pbf/tfnfO{ bzf{ p F 5 . ;a} lx;fan] o:tf] JolQm alnof] ufF 7 f] ePsfeGbf a9L pbf/ x'G5g\ . csf]{

zAbdf eGg] xf] eg] o:tf] JolQm ;f]r jf Jojxf/ b'j} b[li6sf]0faf6 …al9 lbg]Ú vfnsf x'G5g\ . a'9L cf}+nf hlt a9L xTs]nf;Fu hf] l 8Psf] x' G 5, Tolt g} xbdf Tof] JolQmdf c7\ o fpg] jf ;l~rt ug] { k| j [ l Q x' G 5 . sGh' ; JolQmsf] a' 9 L cf} + n f xTs] n f;F u cToGt} hf] l 8Psf] x' G 5 . g+ u tkm{ s f] efu leqtkm{ df]l8Psf] x'G5 . dfgf}+ lbdfu ;l~rltsf nflu ;lqmo 5 . alnof] ufF7f]sf] t'ngfdf ;f}Do ufF7f] ePsfx¿ ;w+} lbg pBt /xG5g\ . alnof] ufF7f]jfnfx¿ s'g} /fo lbg klg k6s– k6s ;f]R5g\ . ;f} D o ufF 7 f] ePsfx¿;F u s] x L dfluof] eg] tTsfn} lbg tTk/ x'G5g\ . t/ s;} n ] hf] 8 u/] g eg] k| l t1f ul/;s]kl5 ;f]r]/ lg0f{o kl/jt{g ug{ klg ;Sb5g\ . qmdz ===

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cf}Bf]lus 3/fgf rf}w/L u|'ksf cWoIf ljgf] b rf} w /L xf] d Nof08 l/on :6] 6 cjf8{af6 ;Ddflgt ePsf 5g\ . g]kfndf ;a}eGbf klxnf l/on :6]6 Joj;fo z'? u/] / dfu{ b z{ g u/] j fkt rf} w /L pQm cjf8{af6 ;Ddflgt ePsf x'g\ . ;f]daf/ /fhwfgLdf cfof]lht ;df/f]xdf zx/L ljsf;dGqL 8f= gf/fo0f v8\ s fn] rf}w/LnfO{ cjf8{ x:tfGt/0f u/]sf lyP . cWoIf rf}w/Lsf] tkm{af6 u|'ksf sfo{sf/L lgb{z ] s a?0f rf}w/Ln] cjf8{ lnPsf lyP .

…g]kfndf l/on :6]6 Joj;fosf] cjwf/0ff g} gag]sf] ;dodf xfdLn] o; Joj;fodf xft xfn]sf lyof}+, sf7df8f}+sf] cJojl:yt zx/Ls/0fnfO{ Jojl:yt agfpg xfdLn] ;fd'lxs cfjf;sf] cjwf/0ff sfof{Gjogdf Nofof}+Ú u|'ksf cWoIf rf}w/Ln] eg], …clxn] l/on :6]6 Joj;fo gofF prfO{df k'u]sf] b]Vg kfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfu]sf] 5 . rf}w/L u|k' n] @)%* ;fndf ;fd'lxs cfjf; of]hgf z'? u/]sf] xf] . l;hL 8]enk;{dfkm{t u|k' n] pRr u'0f:t/Lo xfplhª

kl/of]hgfx¿ ;DkGg ub{} cfPsf] 5 . u|k' n] sf7df8f}+ /]l;8]G;L, dfpG6 Eo" /]l;8]G;L km]h ! / @_ ;DkGg ul/;s]sf] 5 eg] l;hL lxN; kl/of]hgf cGt{utsf 3/x¿ lgdf{0fsf] clGtd r/0fdf 5g\ . l;hL lxN; kl/of]hgfcGtu{t sf7df8f}s + f] xflQuf}8+ fdf lgdf{0f eO{/x]sf $( j6f …nSh/L leNnfhÚ x¿ g]kfns} gd"gfof]Uo xfplhªsf ¿kdf ljsf; ug{] nIo u|k' n] /fv]sf] 5 . l;hL 8]enkn;{n] lgdf{0f u/]sf k|fh ] S] 6x¿k|lt pkef]Qmfx¿sf] cfsif{0f /xFb} cfPsf] 5 .

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dn]l/ofaf6 aRgsf nflu k|ydtM nfdv'§s ] f] 6f]sfOaf6 aRg h?/L 5 . of] ;+qmd0f u/fpg] nfdv'§x] ¿ /ftsf] a]nf ;lqmo x'G5g\ / oxL sf/0fn] ubf{ udL{ofddf ;fFem / /ftdf ;s];Dd aflx/ ga:g] . a:g'k/]df klg nfdv'§] eufpg] lqmd nufP/ a:g] . t/ To:tf lqmd nufpFbf cfFvf, xft -xTs]nf_ / n'ufn] 9fSg] efudf gnufpg] . aRrfx¿nfO{ nufpFbf cem} a9L Wofg lbg'k5{ . ;'Tg] a]nfdf em'n nufP/ ;'Tg'k5{ . Hj/f]nfO{ ;fwf/0f dfg]/ 3/d} cfkm}+ pkrf/ u/fpg'sf] ;§f Psrf]6L :jf:Yo ;Nnfx lng h?/L x'G5 / st} Tof] Hj/f] dn]l/of xf] egL olsg u/fpg'k5{ .

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l/l4l;l4sf] l;len u|'ksf] kmfOe :6f/ xf]d6]n a'lsª v'nf 5'6 of]hgf

l/l4l;l4 Hj]n;{n] cIfo t[tLofsf] cj;/ kf/]/ ;'g tyf rfFbLsf] u/uxgf vl/b ubf{ lgdf{ 0 f nufotdf @) k|ltzt / xL/fsf] uxgfdf #) k|ltzt 5'6 lbPsf] 5 . cIfo t[tLof lxGb"

wd{cg';f/ j}zfv z'Ns kIf t[tLofsf] lbg kg]{ / o; lbgnfO{ ljz]if u/L cIfo cyf{t\ slxNo} gfz gx'g] jf g;lsg] dfGotf :j¿k lnOG5 . ljut !% jif{b]lv ;'g–rfFbLsf] sf/f]af/ ub}{ cfPsf] l/l4l;l4 Hj]n;{n] x/]s jif{ cIfo t[tLofsf] lbgnfO{ 7"nf] kj{sf] ¿kdf dgfpFb} cfPsf] 5 .

cfpFb} 5 ==== www. satyagraha online.com

l;len nSh/L /]l;8]G;sf] km]ldnL 6fj/, lk|ldo/ 6fj/ / skf{]/]6 6fj/sf km\Nof6 tyf ¿ksf] a'lsª v'nf ul/Psf] sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . l;len u| ' k cGtu{ t sf] l;len ;] G 6/ k| f lnn] ;~rfngdf NofPsf pQm 6fj/df l/on kmfOe :6f/ xf]6nsf] ;'ljwf pknAw x'g5 ] . pQm kmfOe :6f/ xf]6naf6 km\Nof6df a:g]n] vfgfb]lv ¿d ;le{;;Dd, k;{gn s] o /b] l v gl;{ ª s] o /;Dd, ;lkªb] l v nG8« L ;Dd nufotsf ;' l jwf pknAw x'G5g\ . To;}n] pQm 6fj/nfO{ kmfOe :6f/ xf] d 6] n gfd lbOPsf] xf] . km\ N of6df kmfOe:6f/ ;'ljwf /x]sf] of] g} klxnf] ePsf] l;len u|'ksf cWoIf OR5f/fh tfdfªn] atfP . ;' l jwf ;DkGg ckf6{d]G6sf] kfrf}+ tNnfb]lv dflysf x/]s km\nf]/df NofG8:s]k uf8{]g /xg]5 . l;len nSh/L /]l;8]G;sf] km]d]nL 6fj/df b'O{ / tLg a]8?d ePsf #% o'lg6, lk|ldo/ 6fj/df Ps ;o @# o'lg6 / skf{]/]6 6fj/df *! o' l g6 5g\ . l;len u|'kcGtu{tsf] l;len :6]6 k|flnn] nSh/L /]l;8]G;sf km]ldnL 6fj/, lk|ldod 6fj/ / skf{]/]6 6fj/sf km\Nof6sf] laqmL v'nf u/]sf] xf] . kfFrtf/] xf]6nsf] ;a} ;'ljwf kfOg] ePsf] x'Fbf ckf6{d]G6nfO{ …kmfOe :6f/ xf]d6]nÚ gfd lbOPsf] xf] . ckf6{d]G6 a:g]n] vfgf, ;/;kmfO{nufot s'g} klg ljifodf emGem6 lnO/xg' gkg{] ;d"xsf cWoIf tfdfªn] hfgsf/L lbP . …/fhwfgLsf] Jo:t hLjgz} N L ;xh agfpg xfdLn] nSh/L ckf6{d]G6 lgdf{0f ug{ nu]sf xf}+,Ú pgn] eg] . ckf6{d]G6df a:g]sf nlu sDkgLn] g} h'g;'s} ;dodf akm]6 vfgfsf] k|aGw ldnfPsf] x' G 5 . sf] 7 f ;/;kmfO{ b ] l v la5\ o f} g f ldnfpg] ; Ddsf sfd xfp;lslkªn] ug{]5g\ . ;'Gwf/fl:yt ^ /f]kgL hldgdf km]ldnL, lk|ldod / skf{]/]6

cf/fdbfoL ofqfsf] nflu dsfn' oftfoftnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . kmf]g g+= M $@&&%%@, $@*!(&@

tLg j6f 6fj/ ckf6{d]G6 aGg nfu]sf x'g\ . km]ldnL 6fj/ ;+oQ ' m kl/jf/nfO{ nlIft ul/Psf] 5 . o;df b'O{ / tLg a]8¿ddf @% o'lg6 ckf6{d]G6 aGg]5g\ . lk| l dod 6fj/ Ps hf] 8 L kl/jf/ nlIft 5 . o;df w]/}h;f] Ps a]8?dsf Ps ;o @# o'lg6 ckf6{d]G6 lgdf{0f x'g]5g\ . ljz]ifu/L 5f]/f5f]/L ljb]zdf a:g] ;]jf lgj[Qx¿sf nflu lk|ldod ckf6{d]G6 pko'Qm x'g] sDkgLsf] bfaL 5 . x]/rfx, :jf:Yof]krf/ ;a} ;'ljwf pknAw /xg] ePsf] x'bF f pgLx¿sf] a'9; ] sfn;d]t ;xh x'g] hgfOPsf] 5 . skf{]/]6 6fj/ eg] Jofj;flos cltlyx¿nfO{ /fVgsf nflu sDkgLx¿n] vl/b ug{ ;Sg]5g\ o;df klg clwsf+z Ps a]8?ds} *! o'lg6 ckf6{ d ] G 6 aGg] 5 g\ . Ps j] 8 ?dsf] ckf6{d]G6df lnleª ?d, afy?d 5'§f5'§} x'g]5 . u|'ksf cWoIf tfdfªn] g]kfndf clxn];Dd s'g} klg ckf6{d]G6df gePsf]

v'a rnfvL u¥of} d}n] rfxFbf v]/L . ;f]r kl5 cfkm}+ lbg'knf{ k5'tfO{ km]l/ .. ToxL ;do /fd|f] efjgf pDn]sf] a]nf cf]7 . d}n] r'Dag ug{ vf]Hbf xTs]nfdf k¥of] cf]7 ..

 lgd]if g]jf 

dfofsf] :jfut xf], :jLs[t eg]sf] a'em . af/af/ :jLs[lt x'Gg ca]nf xf]nf a'em .. PsfGtdf lsg lbOg df}sf u'Dnf cf]7 . d}n] r'Dag ug{ vf]Hbf xTs]nfdf k¥of] cf]7 .. ;w}+ km';{b x'Gg cfw'lgs hdfgf xf] of] . sf] sxfF k'U5g\ cfkm\g} eg]/ sxfF x'G5 of] .. ;do 5Fb} xf];\ cfP pQd x'G5 cf]7 . d}n] r'Dag ug{ vf]Hbf xTs]nfdf k¥of] cf]7 ..

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ahfh ufF7sf] 7fF6df ofbjnfO{ Ps nfv

ahfh df]6/;fO{snsf] g]kfnsf] cflwsf/Ls ljt/s x+;/fh x'nf;rGb PG8 sDkgL -PrPr ahfh_ n] gofF jif{ @)&! sf] pknIodf cfkm\gf u|fxsx¿sf nflu NofPsf] …ahfh ufF7sf] 7fF6Ú pkxf/ of]hgfdf e}/xjfsf Ps o'jfn] Ps nfv gub k'/:sf/ lht]sf 5g\ . o; cl3 klg e}/xjf wswO{ If]qsf rGb| z]v/ ofbjn] gub Ps nfv lht]sf lyP . ofbjn] j}zfv !& ut] PrPr ahfhsf] e}/xjf If]qsf] clws[t laqm]tf ah c6f]df]afO{N;af6 l8:se/ !@% l;l;sf] 8«d afO{s vl/b u/]sf

lyP . ofbjnfO{ e}/xjfdf ah c6f]n] Ps sfo{qmdaLr k'/:sf/ /sd x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] xf] . Ps nfv lah]tf ofbjnfO{ ah c6f]sf k|aGw lgb{]zs xl/axfb'/ yfkf, ;~rfnsåo df]xgLnfn Gof}kfg], u'¿k|;fb If]qL / ;]N; d]g]h/ s]za yfkfn] Ps nfv ¿k}ofFsf] r]s, vfbf, cla/;lxt k'/:s[t u/] . ofbjn] df]6/;fO{sn vl/b u/]nuQ} s'kg :qm\ofr ubf{ kfFr xhf/ k'/:sf/ kfPsf lyP . …ahfh ufF7sf] 7fF6Ú pkxf/ of]hgfdf ahfhsf] s'g} klg a|fG8sf df]6/;fO{sn vl/bdf :qm\ofr sf8{ kfO{G5 / To;df /x]sf] gDa/nfO{ %^%& df P;PdP; u/L b}lgs nSsL …8«Ú df ;xefuL aGg ;lsG5 . ;fy} pkxf/ of]hgfdf nSsL …8«Ú df cfh gk/] ef]ln klg ;xefuL agfO{g] ;fy} df]6/;fO{sn vl/bdf Ps nfv;Ddsf] 5'6 /x]sf 5g\ . ahfhsf] of] of]hgf cGt{ut e}/xjfsf b'O{s hgfn] hgxL Ps nfv lhlt;s]sf 5g\ .

Pp6f ult Pp6f /lt ljZjf;sf] k|lts . 5'6]kl5 5'l6G5 km]l/ cfpFb}g If0f /lts .. a]Un} 5' Û egL wfs gnufpm rflxG5 cf]7 . d}n] r'Dag ug{ vf]Hbf xTs]nfdf k¥of] cf]7 ..

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Pdfcf]jfbL ===

ljrf/ ===

lj/f6gu/ ;Dd]ng To;sf/0f klg o;n] ;w+} ;Demgfdf /fVg] agfof] . lj/f6gu/df sDo'lgi6 s]Gb|sf] s'/f p7fOF b f :jo+ To:tf] s' / f ug] { ] bn Pdfcf]jfbL lat]sf] ;ft jif{leq rf/j6f eO;s]sf] lyof] . afa'/fdx¿n] 5f]8]kl5, oBlk of] ;d"xn] csf]{ kf6L{ g} agfPsf] t 5}g t/ kf6L{ aGg] s'/fnfO{ s;}n] /f]Sg g;Sg] u/L h;/L ljefhg eof], To;nfO{ ;d]t hf]8\bf h+unjf;sf] of] Pp6f bn zx/ k;]kl5 kfFrj6f ePsf] a'em\g ;lsg5 . t}klg of] bnsf] gfd PsLs[t eGg] g} /x]sf] 5 . of] kIf klg s;}n] a'em\g g;Sg] u/L k|s6 ePsf] 5. k|r08 of] bnsf cWoIf lyP . pgsf] cWoIftfdfly s;}n] k|Zg u/]sf lyPgg\ . a? ;+ u 7gnfO{ dha' t agfpg egL dxflwj]zgkl5 s]lGb|o ;ldltnfO{ lj36g / 36'jf u/]/ k'/} Ps jif{ rnfO;s]kl5 km]l/ pgL cWoIf ePsf] atfOof] . s]lGb|o ;ldltdf rflxF ltg} /x] . dxf;lrj;Dd k|:tfljt eP . b'O{ hgf pkfWoIf lyP of] ;Dd]ngkl5 Ps hgf dfq sfod /x] . klxn] tLgj6f pkfWoIf /x]sf] bn o;/L v'lDrP/ Pp6f pkfwoIfdf em¥of] . ;Dd]ngn] gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7nfO{ pkfWoIf 5flg;s]sf] x'Fbf afa'/fd jf:tjd} of] bndf /xg] xf] eg] Pp6f ;fwf/0f ;b:o, Tof] klg k|r08sf] lgufxdf, To;f] ePg eg] gofF zlQm jf To:t} s'g} gfddf csf] { kf6L{ vf] N g afWo ePsf 5g\ . ;+u7gnfO{ ;b[9 agfpg] elgPsf] of] ;Dd]ng s]jn afa'/fdnfO{ x6fpg Pp6f /0fgLlts sfd lyof] eGg] a'em\g ;lsG5 . Tolt s'/fsf nflu dfq k|ToIf?kn] of] bnn] Ps s/f]8 ?k}ofF vr{ u/]sf] lx;fa cfPsf] 5 . sDo' l gi6 kf6L{ geP/ Pdfcf]jfbL slt wgL /x]5 eGg] a'em\g of] Pp6f cflwsfl/s kIf xg ;Sb5 . dxflwj]zgsf] Ps jif{kl5 ;Dd]ngsf gfddf csf]{ dxflwj]zg, ;Dd]ngnuQ} csf] { ljz] i f dxflwjz] g / ljz] i f dxflwjz]gkl5 csf]{ dxflwj]zg o:tf] 3grSs/ b] l vof] bnsf] ;+ u 7gleq . /fli6«o ;Dd]ngsf] d'2fx¿ l5gf]kmfgf] u/]g eg] ljz]if dxflwj]zg af]nfpg] / 6'+uf] nufpg] elgPsf] lyof], afa'/fdn] lsg dfGg' e Pg, a' e m\ g ;lsPg . ;Dd]ngkl5 k|r08sf] k|ltlqmof o:tf] cfof] . o;n] s] a'emfpF5 eg] o;sf o:tf s'g} klg d~rn] sfd ubf]{ /x]g5 . gq jif}{lkR5] ;Dd]ng jf ljz]if jf k"0f{ h] elgP klg cfof] l ht eO/xg] t/ d'2frflxF ;w+} lhpFsf ltpF /lx/xg] cj:yf cfpg] lyPg xf]nf . Ps jif{cl3 x]6f+}8fdf k"FhLjfbL qmflGt ug]{ elgof] . Ps jif{kl5 Tof] qmflGt ;DkGg ePsf] / ;dfhjfbL qmflGtsf nflu ljb|f]x ug]{ elgof] . casf] Ps jif{kl5 x'g] egL clxn] g} atfOPsf] ljz]if dxflwj]zgdf ;dfhjfbL qmflGt klg ;DkGg eP/ s]jn ljb|f]x ug{ dfq afF s L /x] s f] elgPnf . of] ljifo ;Demgfdf /fvf}+, w]/} ;Defjgf 5, Ps jif{ k l5 To;} elgg] 5 . of] ljutn] atfPsf] pbfx/0f xf] . o;n] klg of] kf6L{ jf:tjdf kf6L{ g/x]/ rdTsf/ ug]{ elgPsf JolQmsf] ;+ : yf dfq /x] s f] atfpF 5 . rdTsf/ ;w} + el/ x' F b } g . lj/f6gu/ ;Dd] n g x] / f} + . oqf] 7" n f] ;Dd]ng elgof], xnaf6 dfu x'Fbfx'Fb} / x:tfIf/ ;d] t ul/F b f ul/F b } cGTotM cWoIfsf] uf]hLaf6 gfd lems]/ kl9of] / s;n] tfnL ahfP, s;n] ahfPgg\, x]g{ nufOof] . gahfpg]x¿n] s] xljut ef]Ug'k5{ eGg] klxn] g} ;+s]t lbO;lsPsf] lyof] . oL s'/f aflx/ cfO;s]sf 5g\ . o;n] Pdfcf]jfbLdf leGg dt jf s'g} ;' e mfj lbOof] eg] ltgLx¿ s;/L n5fl/Fbf /x]5g\ eGg] pbfx/0f klg lbPsf] 5 . s] l Gb| o ;ldltdf cWoIfn] ;f] e m} dfkb08 ldr] / Pp6f kIfsf] s§/ lj/f]wLnfO{ h;/L eP klg s]lGb|o ;b:o agfpg] c8fg b] v fPkl5 ToxfF a:bf ;w}+ lgx'l//xg'kg]{ ;Gb]z cfof] / afa'/fd aflxl/g afWo eP, s]lGb|o ;b:osf] gfd 5fGg] a} 7 sdf ;w+ } ;l/s /x] s f Ps ;b:on] eg] . efvf ;lsPsf / s]lGb|o ;b:o /fhwfgL gcfOk'lu;s]sf x'Fbf cem} w]/} s'/f n's]sf ;"q eG5 . tL ;a} 5/ki6 ePkl5 Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ lrGg emg\ ;lhnf] x'g] Tof] ;"qsf] bfjL 5 . lgjf{ r g nuQ} / g/fd| f ] k/fho ef]u]sf] bnsf] /fli6«o ;Dd]ngn] cfkm\gf] klg d"Nof+sg unf{ eGg] dflgPsf] lyof] t/ tL ;a} s] x L geO{ , klZrdf /fi6« x ¿nfO{ k| d ' v zq' 3f] i f0ff u/] / Pdfcf]jfbLsf] ;Dd]ng ltg} JolQm, hf] klxn] lyP, nfO{ s]lGb|o ;ldltdf k'gM dgf] l gt u/] / ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ;Dd]ngaf6 k|fKt ePsf 3fprf]6x¿n] s'g ?k lng] x'g\, oltrflxF kSsf xf] tL ;fdfGo?kn] vf6f a:g]jfnf 5}gg\ . of] ;Dd]ngn] a'emfPsf] s'/f olt dfq xf] .

cGt{lj/f]w / cGt{;+3if{ x'Fb} s;}sf] km/s ljrf/;Fu hf]l8Psf g]tfx¿nfO{ clxn] cfP/ lgif]w ug]{, k|tfl8t ug]{ / lsgf/f nufpg] sfd ePsf] b]lvPsf] 5 . tkfOFx¿ ca Pdfcf]jfbLdf ga:g] t < kf6L{df ga:g], kf6L{ km'6fpg] eGg] s'/f xf]O{g, Tof] h?/L 5}g . xfdLn] kf6L{df ljrf/sf] ljsf;, sfo{lbzfsf] ljsf;, ljlw, k|lqmof / l;4fGtsf] ljsf;sf] nflu xfdL lg/Gt/ ;+3if{ ul//xG5f+} . /, kf6L{nfO{ ?kfGt/0f ug{ cfkm\gf] 7fpFaf6 of]ubfg u5f}{+ . h'g lsl;dsf] ljlw / k|lqmofaf6 cl3 al9Psf] 5, km/s dtnfO{ lgif]w ug]{ ;+st] g]tT[ j rogdf b]lvPsf] 5 o;nfO{ x6fpg ;+3if{ u5f+{} . ;a} ;fyLx¿sf] aLrdf xfdL nu]/ of] ljifodf ax; rnfpF5f} . j}Bn] klg km'6 cl3 o:tf] eGg' x'GYof] lg < df]xg j}BhLx¿sf] sfo{lbzfd} ljdlt lyof] . pxfFx¿sf] ljrf/ / b[li6sf]0fd} 7"nf] km/s lyof] . t/ clxn] kf6L{leq sfo{lbzfdf Toqf] km/s 5}g . sfo{gLlt, ljrf/ / /fhgLltdfdf Tolt 7"nf] cGt/ 5}g . s]xL hf]8kf]/sf cGt/x¿ 5g\ To;n] leGg lbzflt/ klg nfg eg] ;S5 . Tolta]nf dfq} ;f]Rg ;Sg] s'/f xf] . k|r08 k]n]/} cl3 a9\g vf]h] gofF kf6L{ vf]Ng kl5 kg'{x'Fb}g < To;f] xf]Og{ , o;df ax; x'G5, ;+3if{ x'G5 . ;+:yfkg kIfn] k]Ng] sfd eof] eg] To;sf] k|lt/f]w klg x'G5 . ;+3if{ t lg/Gt/ rln/xG5 . ;+3if{ hlxn] klg pknlAwljxLg x'g] u5{ < pknlAwlxg x'g] eGg] s'/f xf]O{g . ;a}eGbf 7"nf] zlQm ljrf/sf] zlQm xf] . xfdLn] ;lx ljrf/ / sfo{lgtL af]Sof+} eg] gkfPsf] s'/f klg xfdL kfpF5f} . s;}nfO{ zlQmn] dfq} xf]Og{ ljrf/ dflgG5 lg . ljrf/ dfq} eP/ eGbf klg ;+u7g klg x'g'k¥of] lg < To;f] xf]O{g, ljrf/ cg';f/sf] ;+u7g x'g'k5{ . ljrf/ ljgfsf] ;+u7gsf] s'g} cf}lrTo 5}g . b]ze/L sfo{stf{x¿aLr h'g dfxf}n / ;+Vof 5 afa'/fd e6\6/fO{nfO{ c:jLsf/ u5{g\ eGg] s'/f 5}g . s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt agfpFbf t afa'/fd e6\6/fO{;uF !% hgf dfq b]lvof] < afa'/fd e6\6/fO{n] Tofu ubf{ Tofu ug]{ !% hgf ;fyLx¿sf] s'/f k|fljlws dfq xf] . c? w]/} ;fyLx¿ klg ToxfF x'g' x'GYof] . To;df sf] lj/f]wL, sf] ;dy{s eGg] s'/f x'Fb}g . gf/fo0fsfhL >]i7 klg k|r08;Fu ldNg' eof] < To;f] xf]Og{ , slt ;fyLx¿n] 5f8\g' eof], slt ;fyLx¿ a:g' ePsf] 5 . 5f8]sf hlt otfsf / g5f8]sf hlt ptf kIfsf eGg] s'/f x'bF g} . of] JolQm ljz]ifsf] cNkdt jf ax'dtsf] s'/f xf]Og{ , of] ljrf/, ljlw / k|lqmofsf] s'/f xf] . kf6L{nfO{ s;/L lgdf{0f ug],{ s;/L k|efjsf/L agfpg], sfo{lbzf / cfGbf]ngnfO{ s;/L cl3 a9fpg] eGg] s'/f xf] . ljrf/sf] s'/f ug]{n] ;Dd]ng 5f8\g ldN5 < xfdLn] ;Dd] n g alxisf/ u/] s f] xf]Og{ . xfdL ;Dd]ng xndf a:of+} . xfdLn] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf dfq} ga;]sf] xf] . ToxfF afa'/fd e6\6/fO{n] a:g c:jLsf/ u/]kl5 To:tf] s]Gb|Lo ;ldltdf a:g tTsfn cfjZos 5}g eg]/ 5f8\g' ePsf] xf] . leGg dt / ljrf/nfO{ lgif]w ug]{ u/L h;/L sDo' l gi6 cfGbf] n gs} lj/f;t 5, To;nfO{ bf]xf]¥ofpg] sfd eof] eGg] s'/f xf] . afa'/fd e6\6/fO{nfO{ ;dy{g ug]{ !% hgf dfq} x'g\ eGg] xf]O{g, ToxfF ;of+} sfo{stf{x¿ pxfFnfO{ gx6\g';\ eg]/ /f]P/ cfu|x ul//x]sf lyP . clxn] ePsf s] G b| L o ;b:ox¿n] klg To:t} cfu| x

ul//x]sf lyP . tkfOFx¿ kf6L{ 5f8\g' x'G5 ls x'Gg < xfdL Pdfcf]jfbL 5f8\bg} f+} . o;nfO{ cem} ljsf;, kl/is[t u/]/ n}hfg k|of; u5f+{} . h'g ljlw / k|lqmofaf6 cl3 a9]sf] 5, o; lx;fjd} cl3 a9] kf6L{ lj;{hglt/ hfG5 . Pdfcf]jfbL lj36g x'g] cj:yfdf k'Uof] < xf], olx ljlw / k|lqmofaf6 Pdfcf]jfbL cl3 a9\of] eg] lj36glt/ hfG5 . ljlw, k|lqmof, gLlt, ljrf/, sfo{lbzf / km/s dtnfO{ ;Ddfg ub}{ ljsf; ug{ ;s]gf+} eg] Pdfcf]jfbLnfO{ lj36gaf6 s;}n] /f]Sg ;Sb}g . Tof] lj36g /f]Sg xfdL k|of; u5f}{+ . k|r08 km]l/ zlQmzfnL cWoIf aGg' eof] lg < Oltxf;df sf] cWoIf aGof] eGg] s'/f dxTjk"0f{ xf]O{g . hgtf / /fi6«nfO{ s;/L g]t[Tj lbg], lgsf; s;/L lbg] eGg] s'/f dxTjk"0f{ xf] . k|r08n] lg0f{o ;Rofpg' ePg eg] < xfdL clGtd;Dd kf6L{ d f sfd ul//xG5f8+} . Pstf / ;+3if{sf] dfWodaf6 kf6L{nfO{ ?kfGt/0f ug{ lg/Gt/ k|of; ul/ g} /xG5f+} . clxn] g} gofF kf6L{ vf]Ng] ;f]rs ] f 5}gf}+ . olx kf6L{nfO{ gofF zlQmsf] ?kdf ?kfGt/0f ug{sf] nflu lg/Gt/ ;+3if{ ul//xG5f+} .

jgsf ===

If]qLo k|d'vdf sfdsfh gu/]sf ;x– ;lrj k|]d sF0f]n, s[i0f cfrfo{ / /fdk|;fb nD;fn h:tf sd{rf/LnfO{ clxn]sf dGqLn] klg 7]ufg nufpg ;s]gg\ eg] jgsf] ;+ : yfut ljsf; gx' g ] jg sd{ r f/L atfpF5g\ . /fd|f / ;Ifd sd{rf/LnfO{ kfvf nufpg oL sF 0 f] n , cfrfo{ / nD;fnh:tf lkmN8sf] 1fg gePsf ;x– ;lrjnfO{ jgsf] If] q Lo sfof{ n odf s6fpg'kg]{ 66\sf/f] cj:yf ePsf] jg dGqfnosf sd{rf/L atfpF5g\ . To;}u/L sF0f]nn] cfkm" jg ljefusf] dxflgb]{zs jGg k};f cfjZos k/]sf] eGb} s]lx lbgcl3 k"jf{~rn e"–;+/If0f clws[t;Fu df]6f] /sd p7fPsf 5g\ . jg ljefusf] dxflgb]{zs aGg 7"nf] /sd cfjZos kg]{ eGb} zlgaf/ laxfg e"– ;+/If0f sfof{no k|d'v;Fu 5'§f5'§} 3]63f6 u/]sf] ;|f]tn] atfPsf] 5 . :jR5 5lj ePsf] atfpFb} lxF8\g] csf{ ;x;lrj s[i0f cfrfo{ h'g ;/sf/ cfP klg dGqfnosf] of]hgf dxfzfvf k|d'v /xFb} cfPsf 5g\ . pgn] cfrfo{ cfpg'k"j{ Pdfn] lgs6sf ;+ 3 ;+ u 7gnfO{ ax' ; /f] s f/ jg kl/of]hgfsf] s/f]8f}+sf sfd Psnf}6L ?kdf lbPsf lyP . clxn] klg ;x;lrj cfrfo{ n fO{ Pdfn]n] cfkm\gf] tkm{sf] sd{rf/L eGb} cfPsf] 5 . To;}u/L nD;fn Nofk6df dfq s] l Gb| t x' g ] ax' ; /f] s f/jfnf jg kl/of] h gf tx;gx; agfpg] sfd{rf/LnfO{ clxn];Dd jg dGqLn] s'g} sf/jfxL k|lqmof cufl8 ga9fpFbf jg dGqfnodf sf+u|]; lgs6sf sd{rf/Ldf lg/fzf 5fPsf] 5 . jgdGqLn] s'g} klg sbd grfNbf g] k fnL sf+ u | ] ; lgs6sf sd{ r f/Ldf sfdsfhsf] pT;fx / dgf]an lub}{ uPsf] sd{rf/L atfpF5g\ . To:t} jg dGqfnodf /x]sf ljleGg hg/n km/]i6«L ;d"x e" tyf hnfwf/, /fli6«o lgs'~h tyf jGohGt' ;+/If0f, jg cg';Gwfg tyf ;j]{If0f, jg:klt / xflQ;f/ ;d"xnfO{ unt lg0f{o u/fO{ h'g;'s} ;d'xdf dflyNnf] txdf ;?jf ug{ ldNg] k|fjwfglj?4 ;a} ljefusf sd{ r f/L Psh' 6 eP/ ;lrjnfO{ 1fkgkq a' e mfPsf 5g\ . cf–cfkm\ g f] ljifout 1fg ePsf / ;]jf / ;d"x ldNg] n fO{ dfq dxflgb] { z s agfpg sd{rf/Ln] dfu u/]sf 5g\ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

Jofj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgf ;Nnf3f/L, sf7df8f}+

Jofj;flos s[lif tyf Jofkf/ cfof]hgf ljZj a}+ssf] cfly{s ;xfotfdf @)^^ sflQs @& ut]b]lv sfof{Gjogdf /x]sf] 5 / o; r/0fsf] ;dflKt @)&@ c;f/ d;fGtdf x'g]5 / bf];|f] additional financing cg';f/ June 2018 ;Ddsf] ;do /xg]5 . of] cfof]hgfsf] d'Vo p2]Zo cfof]hgf nfu" ePsf lhNnfsf lglb{i6 s[lifpkhx¿sf] d"No >[v + nfdf cfj4 ;fgf s[ifs / s[lif pBdL Pj+ s[lif Joj;foLx¿sf] k|lt:kwf{Tds Ifdtfdf ;'wf/ ug'{ /x]sf] 5 . of] cfof]hgf klxnf] r/0fcGtu{t wg'iff, dxf]Q/L, ;nf{xL, /f}tx6, af/f, k;f{, lrtjg, wflbª, sf7df8f}+, nlntk'/, sfe|]knf~rf]s, gjnk/f;L, tgx'F, nDh'ª, sf:sL, :ofª\hf, kfNkf, ?kGb]xL, slknj:t', bfª, afFs], alb{of, ;'v]{t, s}nfnL / s~rgk'/ u/L @% j6f lhNnfdf ;~rflnt 5 / bf];|f] r/0f cGtu{t o;} cfj @)&)÷&! af6 g]kfne/ ;~rfng x'Fb}5 . tf]lsPsf] p2]Zo xfl;n ug{ cfof]hgfn] s[lif pTkfbgnfO{ cfjZos kg]{ pGgt tyf u'0f:t/Lo lapmsf] ;'lglZrttf Pj+ pGgt gZnsf kz'k+IfLsf] pknAwtf ;/n / ;'ne t'Nofpg'sf ;fy} s[lqd uef{wfg ;]jfnfO{ lj:tf/ ug]{, s[ifssf] ahf/Ls/0f Ifdtf clej[l4 ug{], ljz]iftfsf] cfwf/df t'ngfTds nfe ePsf s[lif tyf kz'hGo pTkfbg / j:t'x¿sf] ljlzi6tfaf6 nfe lng k|lt:kwf{, s[lif d"No clej[l4 >[+vnfsf] :yfkgf tyf ;'b[9 ug]{ h:tf /0fgLlt cjnDag u/]sf] 5 . ;Dks{M ;Nnf3f/L, dxf/fhu~h, sf7df8f}+ kmf]g g+=M (&&–)!–$)!&&^% km\ofS; g+=M (&&–)!–$)#&@#^ Email: mail@pact.gov.np Website: www.pact.gov.np

jf8]g{ === pgn] vfu t:s/ ;dfTg hfFbf cfkm}+ vfu lnP/ lxF8g\ ] u/]sf] klg dGqfnodf ;a}nfO{ hfgsf/L 5 . t/ pgn] af]ss] f] vfu s'g} t:s/sf] xftdf k'Uof] eGbf rflxF crDd nfUg ;S5 t/ eof], To:t} . pgn] af]ss ] f] vfu kl5 t:s/;Fu e]l6of] . of] 36gfsf] 5fglag ug{ dGqfnodf ph'/L ;d]t k/]sf] 5 . t/ pgnfO{ clxn];Dd s'g} lsl;dsf] sf/jfxL ePsf] 5}g . csf],{ t:s/Lsf] cf/f]kdf lgbf]i{ f JolQmnfO{ kqmfp ug]{ / ltgnfO{ km;fpg] sfd klg s'jF /af6 x'bF } cfPsf] 5 . ;Tofu|xnfO{ k|fKt hfgsf/L cg';f/ To;/L lgoGq0fdf lnOPsf Ps lgbf]i{ f JolQmn] si68Ldf cfkm\gf] Hofg u'dfpg'k¥of] . elgG5, tL JolQmnfO{ cfkm"n] t:s/L ug]{ u/]sf] asfpg pgnfO{ d/0ff;Gg x'g] u/L s'l6Psf] lyof] . ;f]xL sf/0f tL lgbf]i{ f JolQmsf] Hofg uPsf] xf] . of] ph'/L klg dGqfnodf k/]sf] 5 . t/ of] ph'/LnfO{ klg /2Lsf] 6f]s/Ldf ldNsfpg] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . oL ltg} JolQm x'g,\ hf] cfh klg lrtjg /fli6«o lgs'~hdf jf8]g{ sf x}l;otdf dnfO{ s;n] s] u5{ < eGb} 5flt km'sfP/ lxFl8/x]sf 5g\ . o:tf JolQmnfO{ tTsfn sf/jfxL ug'k{ g]{ xf] ls xf]Og < ;DalGwt lgsfon] a'em\g h?/L 5 .

lsg ===

pgn] ;fj{hlgs?kd} dfu klg ub}{ cfPsf lyP klg . t/ oxL a]nf g]tf cf]nL klg pkrf/sf nflu a}s + s hfg'kg]{ eof] . cf]nL ;d"x klg tf]lsPsf] ldltdf g} dxflwj]zg ubf{ l:ylt cfkm\gf] kIfdf gx'g] lgisif{df k'us ] f] lyof] . cf]nL / g]kfn ;d"x b'jn } fO{ nljªsf] nflu ;do ck'u eO/x]sf] jt{dfg kl/k|I] fdf rf}yf] k6s dxflwj]zgsf] ldlt ;fg]{ lg0f{o ePkl5 b'j} kIfnfO{ /fxt ldn]sf] 5 . t/ of] /fxtsf] kmfObf s;n] p7fpg ;S5 t, o;} eGg ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g . csf]l{ t/ ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf s]kL cf]nLsf] lju|bF f] :jf:Yo cj:yfn] Pdfn]leqsf] /fhgLlts w|j' Ls/0f klg gofF lz/faf6 cl3 a9\g yfn]sf] 5 . cf]nLsf] lau|bF f] :jf:Yosf] sf/0f ;f] sf] kmfObf jl/i7 g]tf dfwj g]kfnn] p7fpg] ;Defjgf klg k|an ag]/ hfg yfn]sf] 5 . otf jl/i7 g]tf g]kfnn] leqL?kdf g]tf cf]nLsf] ;Ddfg u/f},+ t/ g]tT[ j rogaf/] Wofg lbcf}+ eGb} nlaª z'? ul//x]sf 5g\ . pgsf] gofF lz/faf6 ul/g yflnPsf] nlaªn] cf]nL ;d"xnfO{ wSsf k'Ug] cg'dfg /fhg}lts ljZn]ifsx¿n] ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ .

jfd ===

v'Nnf pkfWoIfdf jfd u7aGwgsf lvnfaxfb'/ e08f/Ln] o'lgogsf /fdhL bfxfn;Fu lemgf] gf} dtn] dfq ljho k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ . otf ;dfj]zL pkfWoIf o'lgogsL clgtf ljGb'n] ljho k|fKt u/]sL l5g\ . dxf;lrjdf klg !!* dt / v'Nnf ;lrjdf gf} dtsf] cGt/n] ;+oQ ' m jfd Kofgn ljho ePsf] 5 . dtsf] cfwf/nfO{ x]bf{ jfd Kofgnn] sl7gsf ;fy ljho k|fKt u¥of] . b'O{ltxfO{ dtsf] cGt/n] lhTg] ;kgf b]v]sf] jfd Kofgn lemgf] dtsf ;fy lhTg'nfO{ :jtGq kqsf/x¿n] vf;} pknAwL 7fg]sf 5}gg\ . o:t} /fhwfgL sf7df8f}+ pkTosfdf klg ;+oQ ' m jfd Kofgnn] ;f]r] cg'?ksf] dt k|fKt ug{ ;s]gg\ . :jtGq?kdf p7]sf sdn u'?ªn] jfd KofgnnfO{ cfR5' cfR5' kf/]sf lyP . pgL Psn?kdf p7]tf klg pgnfO{ sf7df8f}+ lhNnfsf kqsf/x¿n] ;Ddfghgs dt lbP/ efjL lbgdf pgsf] g]t[TjnfO{ :jLsf/ ug'{kg]{ l:ylt l;h{gf ul/lbPsf 5g\ . sltko kqsf/n] pgnfO{ g]kfnL kqsf/ hutsf s]h/Ljfn klg eGg yfn]sf 5g\ . o:t} :jtGq?kdf v'nf ;lrj kbdf p7]/ jfns[i0f a:g]tn] klg ;+oQ' m jfd KofgnnfO{ 7"n} r'gf}lt lbPsf lyP . pgn] klg #%) dt NofPsf lyP . pgsf] k|:tfjs kqsf/ 8Da/s'df/ lu/L / ;dy{s an/fd aflgofF /x]sf lyP . pgsf] pDd]bjf/L lkmtf{ ug{ lgs} s;/t ul/Psf] lyof] . oL ljljw l:yltnfO{ x]bf{ ;+o'Qm jfd Kofgnn] dxf;+3 sAhf u/]tf klg pgLx¿n] 7"nf] 5ftL lnP/ ljho pT;j dgfpg ;s]gg\ .

k|ljlw agfcf}+ lk|m df]afOn PK;

:df6{kmf]gsf] k|of]udf cfPsf] Jofkstf;Fu} df]afOn PK;sf] k|of]u al9/x]sf] 5 . xf]6n, /]:6'/fFb]lv Anu / j]a;fO6n] cfkm\g} df]afOn Pk tof/ kfg{ yfn] s f 5g\ . P08«f]O8 clg PKknsf ck/]l6ª l;:6ddf rNg] df]afOn 5'§f5'§} Pk tof/ kfg{ s f nflu /fd| } ah] 6 vr{g]x¿sf] ;+Vof klg pNn]Vo x'g yfn]sf] 5 . t/, ljleGg df]afOn ck/]l6ª l;:6dx¿df rNg] df]afOn Pk l;Q}df klg agfpg ;lsG5 . o;vfnsf] ;'ljwf ljleGg j]a;fO6x¿n] lbO/x]sf 5g\ tL dWo] s]xL o:tf 5g\ .

PK;af/

of] j]a;fO6df l;Q}df tkfOF cfkm\gf] df]afOn Pk agfpg ;Sg'x'G5 . Pk agfpgsf nflu of] /fd|f] Kn]6kmd{ xf], hxfF Pr6LPdPn kfFr PlKns];g agfpg ;lsG5 . o;vfnsf df]afOn Pk ;a} vfnsf df]afOn ck/]l6ª l;:6ddf rN5g\ . o;df tkfOF cfkm" n ] rfx] h lt g} ;+ V ofdf df] a fOn Pk agfpg ;Sg'xG' 5 . Tof] klg hDdf tLg :6]kdf dfq . h'g @) ldg]6df g} tof/ x'G5 . of] j]a;fO6n] tkfOFn] tof/ kf/]sf] Pk klAn; ;d]t ul/lbG5 . o;sf] dtna xf] u'un Kn]df h:t} u/]/ tkfOFsf] Pk of] j]a;fO6df klg ;a} ; F u ;fem] ug{ ldNg] u/] / /fVg;Sg'x'G5 . o;df df]afOn Pk agfpg' tkfOFsf nflu Pp6f Od]n 7]ufgf agfpg' hlQs} ;lhnf] 5 . o;sf k|fljlwsn] tkfOFn] agfPsf Pk Go"gtd\ u'0f:t/sf 5g\ of 5}gg\ ;fy} ;xL tl/sfn] sfd u5{ ub{}g To;sf] hfFr klg u5{g\ .

ah6r

of] j]a;fO6 l;Q}df P08«f]O8 tyf PKkn Pk tof/ kfg{sf nflu tkfOFnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ agfOPsf] xf] . cf]kg ;f];{ k| f ] h ] S 6sf ¿kdf rnfOPsf] of] j] a ;fO6df klxn] g} tof/ kf/] / /flvPsf Knlug ;fy} cfkm"n] tof/ kfg{] ;'ljwfsf ;fy tkfOFnfO{ df]afOn Pk agfpg cfjZos ;+zfwg ;fy} rnfpgsf nflu ;xof]uL ;fdu|L ;d]t /flvPsf] 5 . o;df df]afOn Pkn] s;/L sfd u5{ b]lv tkfOFnfO{ Pk agfpFbf s'g s'g :6]kdf s] s] c;lhnf] k5{ / To;sf] ;dfwfg s] x'G5 eGg] ;d]t l;sfOPsf] 5 . o;df df]afOn Pk tof/ kfg{sf nflu s'g} sf]l8ªsf] 1fg cfjZos 5}g . of] j]a;fO6df Pk tof/ kfbf{ s]xL ;f];{sf]8 tkfOFsf] sDKo'6/df 8fpgnf]8 eg] ug{'k5{ .

PG8«fd] f]

of] j]a;fO6 klg l;Q}df df]afOn Pk agfpg lbgsf nflu g} vf]lnPsf] xf] . o;df lel8of], cGt{lqmofTds gS;f, kmf]6f] Uofn/L, Do"lhs Kn]o/, s:6d k]h, Od]n c;, kL8LPkm, km];a's, 6\jL6/ k]h tyf cf/P;P; Go"h kmL8 h:tf ;'ljwf /fv]/ df]afOn Pk tof/ kfg{ ;lsG5 . o;df l;Q}df tof/ kfl/g] df]afOn Pkdf j]a;fO6sf] tkm{af6 lj1fkgx¿ /flvPsf x'G5g\ . tkfOF obL To:tf lj1fkg ljgfsf] df]afOn Pk agfpg] xf] eg] s]xL 8n/ ltg{'k5{ .

OlGkmlg6dls+h

of] j] a ;fO6af6 tkfOF P08« f ] O 8, PKkn / Pr6LPdPn kfF r df df] a fOn Pk agfpg ;lsG5 . To;sf nflu tkfOF n ] z' ? df cfkm\ g f] Pksf] gfd 5fGg' ; clg z' ? ug{ ' ; \ Pk agfpg hDdf @) ldg] 6 df g} tkfOF s f] df] a fOn Pk tof/ x' G 5 . Tof] klg tLg :6] k df . To;sf nflu tkfOF n ] z' ? df cfkm\ g f] df] a fOn Pkdf /fVg] ;fdu| L x¿sf] Joj:yf ug{ ' k 5{ To;kl5 j] a ;fO6df /x] s f] 8« o fu / 8« k ;' l jwfnfO{ k| o f] u u/] / To;nfO{ Pksf] ¿k lbg ;lsG5 . Pk tof/ ePkl5 To;nfO{ l;w} klAn; klg ug{ ;lsG5 . o;df l;Q} d f Pk tof/ kfg{ ;lsg] Pkdf lel8of] , kmf] 6 f] , Rof6?d, 6\ j L6/, sDo' l g6L ?d h:tf ;' l jwf klg hf] 8 \ g ;lsG5 .

PkOGe]G6/

of] j] a ;fO6 z} l Ifs ;+ : yf PdcfO6Ln] df] a fOn l;sfO s] G › cGt{ u t lgdf{0f tyf ;~rfng u/]sf] j]a;fO6 xf] . of] j]a;fO6 ljz]ifu/]/ P08«f]O8 Kn]6km{dsf] nflu xf] . of] df]afOn Pk Kn]6km{d k|of]u ug{sf nflu u'unsf] PsfpG6 cyf{t\ hLd]nsf] PsfpG6af6 nu Og ug{'k5{ . of] cg';Gwfg k|of]hg;Fu hf] l 8Psf] ;fO6 ePsfn] o;af6 df] a fOn Pk agfpgsf nflu c? o:t} vfnsf j]a;fO6df eGbf w]/} ;'ljwf kfpg ;lsG5 eg] o;df df]afOn Pk agfpgsf nflu cfjZos 1fg tyf ;Lksf nflu w]/} cWoog ;fdu|L klg kfpg ;lsG5 .


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laxLaf/, j}zfv @%, @)&!

SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

b'aO{df ;To :j¿k nfOe

d] #) tfl/vdf b'aO{sf] d';Nnf 6fj/l:yt a/b'O{df …;To :j¿k nfOeÚ ;f+uLlts sfo{qmd x'g] ePsf] 5 . b'aO{df /x]sf] u}/cfjfl;o g]kfnL ;+3, cGo g]kfnL ;+:yf Pj+ g]kfnL ;d'bfosf] tkm{af6 g]kfnL lqms]6sf] ljsf;sf nflu pQm ;f+uLlts sfo{qmd cfof]hgf ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . b'aO{df x'g] ;To :j¿k ;f+uLlts sfo{qmd

af/] hfgsf/L lbg sfo{qmdsf] ;xsfo{ ul//x]sf] cf]h]8 Oe]G6\;n] k|]; ld6 u¥of] . d'n'sdf lqms]6sf] nflu Pp6f klg :t/Lo lqms] 6 v] n d} b fg gePsf] cj:yfdf cGt/f{li6«o:t/sf] v]n d}bfg lgdf{0f ug{] ;/sf/sf] lg0f{onfO{ :jfut ub{} To;sf lgldQ ;To :j¿k ;f+uLlts sfo{qmdaf6 ;+sng ePsf] /sd ;xof]u ug{] ;d]t ;xuf]o ul/g] atfOof] . sfo{qmddf af]Nb} ufos ;To/fhn] g]kfnsf] lqms]6 v]nnfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug{] x]t'n] cfkm'x¿n] s'g} klg /sd glnO{ ;f] sfo{qmddf efu lng nfu]sf] atfP . ufos :j¿k/fhn] cfkm' lqms]6sf] lgs} 7'nf] km\ofg ePsf sf/0f g]kfnL lqms]6 v]nnfO{ dfly p7fpgsf nflu cfkm\gf] tkm{ a f6 ;xof] u ug{ nfu] s f] atfP . ;f+uLlts sfo{qmd ;To :j¿kn] cfkm\gf rlr{t bh{g uLt k|:t't ug{]5g\ .

g]kfn clk|msf km]l:6endf b'O{ g]kfnL lkmNd g]kfn clk|msf lkmNd km]l:6jnsf] rf}yf] ;+:s/0f cfof]hgf x'g] ePsf] 5 . cfpFbf] h]7 ^ b]lv * ut];Dd /fhwfgLsf] /l;og sNr/n ;]G6/df pQm km]l:6en cfof]hgf x'g]5 . klxnf] ;+:s/0fb]lv g} cfof]hgf ub{} cfPsf] sn]h ckm hgf{lnHd P08 df; sDo'lgs]zg …l;h]Pd;LÚ n] rf}+yf] ;+:s/0f klg cfof]hgf ub{}5 . tLg lbg;Dd ;~rfng x'g] km]l:6endf ;]g]unsf] …6'sL a'sLÚ, o'ufG8fsf] …lb lu|g l8«dÚ, 3fgfsf] …lb u|'D; a|fO8Ú, gfOh]l/ofsf] …db/ ckm hh{Ú, df]/Ssf]sf] …n OGkm]G6 OG8dL{Ú, ;fpy

clk|msfsf] …jLgL d08]nfÚ, s+uf]sf] …jf/ jLrÚ / …n OGeL n'i6Ú lkmNdnfO{ b]vfOg]5 / To:t} g]kfnL lkmNdtkm{ 8Aa' If]qL

lgb{ ] l zt …/fxbfgLÚ / ;dg clwsf/L lgb{]lzt …lxpF lrt'jfÚ nfO{ b]vfOg]5 . clk|msf / g]kfnaLr ;f+:s[lts kIfsf] cfbfgk|bfg tyf b'O{ b]zaLrsf] ;DaGw k|uf9 a9fpg km]l:6jn cfof]hgf ul/Psf] cfof]hs kIfsf] egfO{ 5 . lzIffdGqL lrqn]vf ofbj, o'ufG8fsf l8g k|f]km];/ cf/f]g, lkmNd lgb{]zs 8f]dLgLs nufot g] k fnsf ljlzi6 lkmNdsdL{ n ] rf} y f] ;+:s/0fsf] g]kfn clk|msf dxf]T;jsf] pb\3f6g ug{]5g\ .

dlgiffsf nflu d] @ P]ltxfl;s lbg cleg]qL dlgiff sf]O/fnfsf nflu d] @ P]ltxfl;s lbg aGof] . SofG;/ h:tf] vt/gfs /f]uaf6 pgn] d'lQm kfPsf] of] lbg pgsf nflu ljz]if aGof] . pgnfO{ lrlsT;sn] Ps jif{ cl3 cyf{t\ @ d], @)!# df SofG;/ /f]uaf6 k"0f{ d'Qm 3f]if0ff u/]sf lyP . To;sf/0fn] klg pgn] of] lbgnfO{ ljz]if lbgsf] ¿kdf dgfOg\ . xfn d'DaO{df /x]sL dlgiffn] cfkm\gf] lhGbuLsf] dxTjk"0f{ lbgnfO{ k'/fgf tyf glhssf ldq;Fu a;]/ kf6L{ u/]/ dgfOg\ . pgsf] of] v'zLofnLdf ;xeflutf hgfpg

t];f| ] ljjfxsf] tof/Ldf la|l6gL

gflosf tAa', lbKtL gjn, cleg]tf HofsL >fkmh:tf alnp8sf x:tL ;xefuL ePsf lyP . snfsf/l;tsf] hd36df dlgiffn] cfkm\gf] gofF lhGbuLn] Ps jif{ k'/f u/]sf]n] @ d] cfkm\gf nflu csf{] hGdlbg ePsf] atfOg\ . ;g\ @)!@ sf] l8;]Da/df dlgiffnfO{ uef{zosf] SofG;/ ePsf] kQf nfu]sf] lyof] . o;kl5 pgL ;h{ / Lsf nflu cd]l/sf uPsL lyOg\ . Go"of]s{df sl/a ^ dlxgf;Dd pkrf/ u/]kl5 utjif{ pgL ef/t kms{ ] s L lyOg\ . uef{ z osf] SofG;/sf] pkrf/kl5 pgn] Ps ;Gtfg kfNg] OR5f JoQm u/]sL lyOg\ . …;fob Pslbg km]/L d la/fdL x'g] ;d:ofaf6 d'Qm x'g]5' / Ps ;Gtfg kfNg rfxG5', To;kl5 d]/f] cfkm\gf] kl/jf/ klg x'g]5 .Ú pgn] 6\ j L6/df n] v ] s L lyOg\ . SofG;/af6 d'lQm kfPkl5 clxn] pgL k"0f{ tGb'?:t ag]sL 5g\ . SofG;/sf lj?4 lht xfl;n u/]sL dlgiffsf] Tof] v' z L pgsf] d' x f/df k| i 6} b] l vGYof] . kf6L{ s f] ;dodf klg pgL cfkm\ g f ;fyLdfem lgs} v'zL b]lvlGyg\ . dlgiff xfn lkmNddf k'g/fudg ug{sf nflu

rLgsf %^ jifL{o r]g s'ªh' @) jif{b]lv Pp6f ld;gdf 5g\ . dlxnfn] nufpg] a|f ;+sng ug{] ;f}v ePsf oLgn] clxn];Dd kfFr xhf/ yfg a|f ;+sng ul/;s]sf 5g\ . @) jif{sf] ;+sngaf6 hDdf ePsf /+uLla/+uL oL a|f ;hfP/ pgL ;+u|xfno agfpg rfxG5g\ . r]g k]zfn] :jf:YosdL{ x' g \ / pgn] lat] s f jif{ x ¿df dlxnfsf] :tgdf cfpg] ;d:ofsf af/] d f hgr]tgf hufpg] sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ . w]/}h;f] dlxnfx¿n] cfkm'nfO{ ;'Gb/L b]vfpg] /x/df lgs} ;fF3'/f a|f nufpg] u5{g\ . h;n] ubf{ pgLx¿sf] :tgdf ;d:of cfpg] u/]sf] / ;h{/L u/]/ :tg g} x6fpg'kg{] b'Mvb cj:yf;Dd l;h{gf ePsf] pgn] b]v] . dlxnfx¿nfO{ ;xL ;fOhsf a|f nufpg r]tgf km}nfpg] p2]Zon] pgL sn]hx¿df k'Ug yfn] . sn]hsf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ pgn] ;xL cfsf/sf a|f nufpg / cfkm\gf clxn]sf unt a|f km'sfn]/ cfkm'nfO{ lbg cfu|x u/] . ;'?;'?df t dlxnfx¿n] oLgsf] lgot s] xf] eg]/ lgs} z+sf klg u/]/ pgsf] cleofgdf vf;} jf:tf u/]gg\ . t/ ha pgsf] cleofgsf] p2]Zo a'em], To;kl5 pgLx¿ cfkm\gf a|f km'sfNg /fhL eP . …d}n] ;+sng u/]sf w]/}h;f] a|f sn]hsf ljBfyL{x¿n] dnfO{ bfg lbPsf x'g\Ú r]gn] rfOgf 8]nL;Fu eg], …d]/f] ;+sng x]bf{ lat]sf @) jif{df s;/L a|fsf] k|ljwL / cfsf/df kl/jt{g cfof] eGg] klg yfxf kfpg ;lsG5 .Ú …s]xL ;fyLx¿n] d]/f] of] ;f}vnfO{ cgf}7f] / sfd gnfUg] klg eg], r]g eG5g\, …t/ o;df lgs} uDeL/ ;Gb]z n's]sf] 5, d dlxnfx¿sf] :tgdf ;d:of gcfcf];\ eGg] rfxG5', pgLx¿sf] :jf:Yok|lt ;dlk{t ub{} ;+u|xfno vf]Ng rfxG5' .Ú clxn] pgn] cfkm\g} 3/df a|f k|b{zg ug{] u/]sf 5g\ . :yfgLo k|zf;gn] pgnfO{ Ps 3/ cg'bfg lbg] jfrf u/]sf] 5 . h;df pgL ;+u|xfno :yfkgf ug{ rfxG5g\ . ;+u|xfnodf cfuGt'sx¿n] lgMz'Ns k|j]z kfpg]5g\ . …t/ dnfO{ cem} kfFr xhf/ a|f ;+sng ug{] /x/ 5Ú hg:jf:Yok|lt r]tgf hufpg a]nfa]nf ;fj{hlgs:yndf a|f nufP/ pleg] oLgn] eg] .

rf]/sf] cg]s bfp

l:qmK6sf] cWoogdf Jo:t l5g\ . pgL @))* df …e't l/6G;{Ú gfds lkmNddf b] l vPsL lyOg\ . dlgiff Pstfsf alnp8sL ;jf{ l ws rlr{ t gflosf lyOg\ . lkmNd …;f}bfu/Ú dfkm{t alnp8df 8]Ao' u/]sL pgn] To;kl5 s}of}+ ;kmn lkmNddf sfd ul/g\ .

lnl6n ld; jN8{ o'lge;{df b[li6

cfufdL d] !# tfl/vsf lbg 6sL{sf] ldnf;l:yt s]kmfn'sf l/;f]6{df x'g] lnl6n ld; jN8{ o'lge;{sf] kmfOgn k|ltikwf{df ;xeflutf hgfpg g]kfnaf6 b[li6 bfxfn uPsL 5g\ . df]/ª pnf{af/L 3/ eO{ xfn l8NnLahf/l:yt PgcfO;L Ps]8]dLdf sIff cf7df cWoog/t !@ jifL{of b[li6 ut kmfu'g # ut] /fhwfgLdf OKnfg]6n] cfof]hgf u/]sf] …lnl6n ld; g]kfnÚ sf] ljh] t f x' g \ . ;+ : yfsf cWoIf ;Gtf] i f ;fksf] 6 fsf cg' ; f/ 6sL{ s f] sfo{ q mddf ;xeflutf hgfpg'cl3 b[ l i6nfO{ snfsf/ lz/f]d0fL bjf8L, ;~rf/sdL{ tyf sf]l/of]u|fkm/ /f]lhg zfSo, 8fnL vgfn, ;' / ] z s] ; L tyf ;f} G bo{ l jb\ cf] s fzf d' N dL nufotn] ljljw ljifodf k|lzIf0f lbPsf lyP . 6sL{df pgn] g]kfnsf] ;+:s[lt emNsg] Pp6f ;f+:s[lts g[To;d]t k|:t't ug{] ;fksf]6fn] atfP . b[li6sf cleefjs cfdf ozf]bf bfxfnsf ;fy 6sL{ uPsL l5g\ . k|ltof]lutfdf pgsf nflu l8hfOg/ laGhgf u'?Ën] klx/g tof/ kf/]sL 5g\ . k|ltof]lutfsf] kmfOgn j}zfv @( ut] x'Fb}5 . ljut @! jif{b]lv 6sL{df cfof]hgf x'Fb} cfPsf] afnaflnsfsf] of] cGt/f{li6«o k|ltof]lutfdf $# /fi6«sf afnaflnsfn] ;xeflutf hgfpFb}5g\ . k|ltof]lutfdf g]kfnaf6 klxnf]k6s ;xeflutf hgfpg nfluPsf] xf] . /fhwfgL / df]km;ndf afnaflnsf tyf lszf]/L / o'jtLb]lv u[lx0fLx¿;Ddsf nflu k|ltefd'vL tyf ;f}Gbo{d'vL k|ltof]lutfx¿ cfof]hgf ub{} cfPsf] O{Knfg]6n] ljleGg cGt/f{li6«o k|ltof]lutfdf ;ft pkflw g]kfn leq\ofO;s]sf] 5 .

k'gM ;Fu}

cd]l/sL kk:6f/ la|6gL :ko];{n] t];|f] ljjfxsf] tof/L ul//x]sL l5g\ . cd]l/sL ;~rf/dfWodx¿n] la|6gLn] k|]dL 8]le8 n'sf8f];;Fu ljjfx ug{ nfu]sf] vj/ k|sfzg tyf k|zf/0f 5g\ . pgLx¿n] xjfO{ 6fk'df laafx ug{ nfu]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . tof/Lsf nflu pgLx¿ xjfO{ k'u]sf 5g\ . la|6\gL / 8]le8;Fu} pgLx¿sf] ;'/Iff 6f]nL klg /x]sf] 5 . cfpFbf] h'gdf ljjfx ug{] tof/L ul//x]sf pgLx¿ 7fpF x]g{ ToxfF uPsf] x'g;Sg] ;dfrf/ ;|f]tsf] bfaL 5 . la|6\gLn] o;cl3 ;g\ @))$ d} b'O{ k6s ljjfx ul/;s]sL 5g\ . ;a}eGbf klxn] pgn] Hof;f]g cn]Sh]G8/;Fu ljjfx u/]sL lyOg\ . pQm hf]8Ln] %% 3G6f glaTb} l8ef];{ u/]sf] lyof] . To;kl5 la|6\gLn] ;g\ @))$ d} pgsf Jofsck 8fG;/ s]leg km]8/lng;Fu ljjfx ul/g\ . pgLx¿af6 b'O{ 5f]/f hlGdPsf 5g\ .

/f]rs ;+;f/ a|f ;+ux| fno agfpg] rfxgf

xlnp8 hf]8L P~h]lngf hf]nL / pgsf klt a|f8 lk6 rfF8} g} Ps lkmNddf ;Fu} b]lvg] ePsf 5g\ . hf]nLn] 6\jL6/dfkm{t 6\jL6 ub{} pQm s'/fsf] hfgsf/L lbPsL x'g\ . ;g\ @))% df …ld:6/ P08 ld;]h l:dyÚ df clego u/]kl5 k'gM pgLx¿ Ps;fy kbf{df b]lvg nfu]sf x'g\ . %) jif{sf lk6 ;g\ @)!! df #* jifL{of P~h]lngfn] klxnf]k6s lgb{]zg u/]sf] lkmNd …Og b n}+8 ckm An8 P08 xgLÚ df cltly e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf lyP . lk6n] >Ldlt hf]nL;Fu k'gM sfd ug{ kfpFbf cfkm'nfO{ v'zL nfUg] atfP .

rf]/sf] cg]s bfp x'G5 t/ tfOjfgsf Ps ljBfyL{ n ] eg] cfkm\ g } lzlIfsfsf] lelqj:q rf]g]{ u/]sf] v'n]sf] 5 . nLg gfd u/]sf #! jif{] tL rf]/n] uPsf] ;fndfq} df:6;{ l8u|Lsf] ;l6{lkms]6 lnPsf lyP . tL lzlIft rf]/n] pgnfO{ /fd|L nfUg] dlxnf k|f]km];/sf k]G6L, DofS;L Kof8 nufot uf]Ko ;fdfg rf]bf{ pgL kmGbfdf k/]sf x'g\ . $! jifL{of tL dlxnf k|f]km];/ ljjflxt x'g\ . h;n] lngnfO{ sn]hdf k9fPsL lyOg\ . lng eg] tL k|f]km];/sf] ;'Gb/tfnfO{ la;{g ;s]gg\ k]G6Lsf nflu 3/} kmf]/]/ leq k;] . nLg tL k|f]km];/sf uf]Ko sk8f cfkm\gf] Aofudf yGSofp+b} ubf{ k|f]km];/sf klt cfOk'u] . rf]/L of]hgf c;kmn x'g] dfq} xf]Og, k|f]km];/sf kltn] k|x/LnfO{ ph'/L lbPkl5 pgL olta]nf k|x/L lgoGq0fdf rf]/Lsf] d'2f v]lk/x]sf 5g\ . o;cl3 pgn] kmf]gdfkm{t\ k|f]km];/nfO{ b'Mv lbg] u/] klg pgn] k|x/Ldf ph'/L u/]sL lyOgg\ .

b'O{ ldg]6d} &% k|ltzt r/d;'v

;a}sf] prfO{ a/fa/ gePh:t} ln+ u sf] nDafO{ tyf df] 6 fO{ klg Psgf;sf] x'Fb}g . dxTjk"0f{ s'/f t s] eg] s]xL ;fgf] x'Fb}df o;n] sfd ug{} g;Sg] xf]Og . of}g pQ]hgfdf cfpg] / ljleGg r/0fdf cl3 a9\b} hfg] s' / f sltko afXo tyf cfGtl/s s' / fdf e/ k5{ . k| f oM ;a}h;f] JolQmn] cfkm\gf] hLjgsf] s'g} a]nf jLo{ :vng rfF8f] ePsf] cg'ej u/]sf x'G5g\ . lsG;]n] u/]sf cWoogdf of]lgdf ln+u k|j]z u/fPsf] b'O{ ldg]6 leq} &% k|ltzt k'?ifsf] r/d;'v kfPsf] b]lvPsf] lyof] . zL3| :vngnfO{ s;/L kl/eflift ug{] eGg] s'/fdf ax; klg gePsf] xf]Og . ln+u of]lgdf k;fPsf] #) ;]s]G8d} jf Ps ldg]6eGbf sd ;dodf jf kfFrb]lv !) wSsfd} jLo{ :vng eP l56f] :vng ePsf] eg]/ kl/eflift ug{] k|of; klg eP, t/ clxn] of] ;f]rfO{df s]xL kl/jt{g cfpg yfn]sf] 5 . o;/L l56f] jLo{ :vng x'g'nfO{ zL3| jLo{ :vng elgG5 . hf]8LnfO{ ;Gt'i6 kfg{ ;lSbgF ls eGg] lrGtfn] ;d:of a9fpF5 . s]xL cf}ifwLsf] klg o:tf] k|efj x'g;S5 . cfSsnem'sSn o:tf] zL3| :nvg x'g' c:jfefljs xf]Og . of}g;Dks{ /f]Sg], z'? ug{], cf;g kl/jt{g ug{], :vng xf]nf h:tf] ePkl5 t'?Gt} ln+u of]lgaf6 aflx/ lems]/ ln+usf] km]bnfO{ a]:;/L c7\ofpg], sG8d k|of]u ug{], lk;fa cfpFbf /f]Sg k|of]u ul/g] df+;k]zLsf] s;/t u/]/ jLo{ :vng /f]Sg] cEof; ug{ ;Sbf klg kmfObf k'U5 . :jKgbf]if :jfefljs xf] / o;n] s] ;+s]t ul//x]sf] 5 eg] tkfOFn] of}grfxgf zfGt kfg{ ug{'ePsf] pkfo kof{Kt 5}g . olb tkfOFn] of}g ;Gt'li6 k|fKt ug{] s'g} lgoldt pkfo ug{ kfpg'ePsf] l:yltdf of] ;d:of cfkm}+ sd eP/ hfG5 .

!@ jif{;Dd klg====

l;+ufk'/df Ps bDktLn] lax] u/]kl5 klg !@ jif{;Dd sf}dfo{ e+u u/]gg\ . tL ljjflxt hf]8Lsf kltn] ;'xfu/ft b]lvg} ;Def]usf] nflu k|:tfj u/]sf lyP t/ kTgLn] of}gf+u b'Vg] eGb} ;DaGw /fVg c:jLsf/ ub{} cfPsL lyOg\ . w]/k} 6s of}g ;Dks{sf] k|:tfj kTgLn] c:jLsf/ u/]kl5 ;/sf/L sd{rf/L ;d]t /x]sf tL nf]Ug]n] kTgL;Fu of}g ;Dks{ /fVg] OR5f g} df/] . /, x'bF fx'bF } Tof] hf]8Ln] of}g ;Dks{ ug{k' 5{ eGg] s'/f ;d]t e'n] . ;do laTb} hfFbf To; bDktLn] aRrfaRrL s;/L hlGdG5g\ eGg] s'/fsf] klg x]Ssf kfpg 5f8\of] . c? bDktLsf 5f]/f5f]/L b]Vbf ;d]t pgLx¿nfO{ cfZro{ nfUgyfNof] / cfkm\gf 5f]/f5f]/L lsg ePgg\ xf]nf eGg] nfUg yfNof] . To;kl5 pgLx¿ cfkm'x¿sf aRrf lsg ePg eg]/ ;f]Wg 8fS6/sf]df uP . s]xLa]/sf] 5nkmn kl5 8fS6/n] yfxf kfP sL tL nf]Ug]:jf:gLn] t slxNo} klg of}g ;Dks{ g/fv]sf /x]5g\ . of}g ;Dks{ g/fv]kl5 aRrfaRrL x'g] s'/} ePg . kl/If0fsf] qmddf lrlsT;sn] dlxnfsf] of]gLdf ;+sr ' gsf] ;d:ofsf sf/0f b'Vg] u/]sf] s'/f kQf nufP . o:tf] ;d:of ePsf dlxnfsf] nflu of}g;Dks{ lgs} kL8fbfoL x'G5 / of}g ;Dks{ ug{ dfGb}gg\ . To;kl5 8fS6/n] Ps 8fon]6/ jf of]gL km'sfpg] pks/0fsf] ;xfotfn] tL dlxnfsf] pkrf/ ul/g\ h;sf/0f pgnfO{ of}g ;Dks{sf a]nf kL8f gxf];\ / ;Def]usf nflu tof/ xf]pg\ . To;kl5 pgn] aRrf kfpg of}g ;Dks{ ug{k' 5{ eGg] s'/f klg l;sfOg\ . To;kl5 t Tof] hf]8Lsf nflu ;Def]u lgTosd{ h:t} eof] . clxn] t tL dlxnf rf/ dlxgfsL ue{jtL ePsL l5g\ . —Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf

Pages 25/01/2071  

सत्याग्रह साप्ताहिकको आज बैशाक 25 गते को नयाँ अंक

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