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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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(June 5, 2014)

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pleg'ePsf] 5, o:tf] a]nf a}7s rNb}g ctM kmnfgf] lbg;Ddsf nflu of] a}7s :ylut ub{5' . Ps lbg, b'O{ lbg xf]Og, ah]6sf nflu af]nfOPsf] clwj]zgsf ;a} lbg o;/L g} lalt/x]sf 5g\ . ;+;b\df p7]sf s'/fnfO{ ;/sf/n] ;+;b\ d} hjfkm lbg'kg]{ xf], t/ ;efd'vaf6 ;do glbPsf sf/0f ;/sf/ cf/f]k ;'Gg / ljkIfL cf/f]k nufpg dfq afWo eO/x]sf] cj:yf k|s6 ePsf] 5 . k|ltsfTds?kdf s'g} Ps lbgsf] a}7sdf o:tf] x'G5 . t/ clxn] s] b]lvof] eg] of] Pp6f lgoldt sfd xf] . h;n] ;+;b\df s'g} lg0f{o x'g kfPs} 5}g . ;efd'v ;d]t pkl:yt /x]sf] sfo{ ;Dkfbg ;ldltn] lgwf{/0f u/]sf] sfo{qmd cg';f/

cfh ljZj jftfj/0f lbj;

cfh h'g %, ljZj jftfj/0f lbj; . x/]s jif{ em+} o;jif{ klg ljZj jftfj/0f lbj; ljleGg sfo{qmdsf ;fy ljZje/ dgfOFb5 } . g]kfnn] klg …;kmf ufpF, ;kmf zx/, ;a} g]kfnLsf] Pp6} /x/Ú eGg] gf/fsf ;fy of] lbj; dgfpg uO/x]sf] 5 . a9\bf] k|bi' f0f, cfw'lgsLs/0f, lj1fg k|of]uzfnf, s[lif pTkfbgdf a9\bf] ljiffbLsf] k|of]u cflbsf sf/0f k[YjLsf] cl:tTj g} ;+s6df kg]{ r]tfjgL jftfj/0fljb\x¿af6 cfO/x]sf a]nf dgfOg] o:tf lbj;sf] ;fy{stf slt /xnf < of] ;f]rgLo k|Zg xf] . afFsL k[i7 ^ df

of] clwj]zgsf] z'?s} lbg cy{dGqLn] lk|– ah]6 Nofpg], To;df 5nkmn ;s]/ h]7 @% df ;/sf/sf] gLlt tyf sfo{qmd k|:t't x'g] / To;dfly ;d]t 5nkmn eP/ h]7 #) ut] ah]6 cfpg] sfo{qmd to ePsf] lyof] . Ps xKtfb]lv ;+;b\df oL s'g} ljifon] k|jz ] kfPgg\ . kmn:j?k lk|–ah]6 5nkmn, gLlt tyf sfo{qmd k|:t't / ah]6 3f]if0ff x'g] lbgsf tflnsfx¿ k/ ;b}{ uPsf 5g\ . ljkIfLn] cf/f]k nufpg] / ;/sf/n] hjfkm lbg gkfpg] qmddf g} klg lbg lat] . kmn:j?k ;+;b\df nfu]sf cf/f]ksf]] ;/sf/n] aflx/ k|; ] dfkm{t hjfkm lbg afWo ePsf] 5 . of] qmd slxn];Dd sfod /xg] xf] eGg] lglZrt 5}g . o:tf] j]lytL plAhPkl5 ;xdltsf] jftfj/0f w'ldlnFb} hfg yfn]sf] 5, h;sf ;+s]t ;+ljwfg;efsf a}7s / ;j{bnLo a}7sdf k|s6 x'bF } 5g\ . of] c;xdltsf] jftfj/0faf6 kmfObf lng Pdfcf]jfbLn] klxn] g} c:jLs[t ePsf] pRr:t/Lo /fhgLlts ;+oGqsf] u7g ug{ dfu u/]sf] 5 / To;}nfO{ cfkm\gf] clGtd dfu elg/x]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfgsf cGt/j:t'df 5nkmn x'bF f /fHo k'g;+/rgftkm{ sDtLdf hftLo /fHo x'g' x'bF g} eGg] ;xdlt h:t} ag]sf] lyof] . ;efnfO{ ljyf]Ng Pdfcf]jfbLn] k'gM hftLo /fHosf] s'/f p5fNg]

;j{;fwf/0f 7Ug] dxflg/LIfsk|lt k|x/L clws[tx¿ ;z+lst gofF k|ljlw

j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/Lsf] If] q df clVtof/ nufot lgodgsf/L lgsfosf] lgu/fgL a9\ g yfn] k l5 Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLx¿n] ;j{;fwf/0f 7Ug] gofF–gofF k|ljlw / pkfox¿sf] vf]hL ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . g]kfnLsf] j} b ] l zs /f] h uf/Lsf] uGtJo :yfg dflgPsf dn]l;of nufot vf8L d'ns ' sf /f]huf/bftf sDkgL / dflg; ;KnfO{ ug]{ sDkgLsf 8fO/]S6/;Fu km];j'ssf] dfWodaf6 cGt{jftf{ lnP/ g]kfnLnfO{ 7Ug] qmd ;'? ePsf] 5 . ;'?df lk|m l6s6 / le;f elgP klg g] k fnL Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLx¿n] hgxL b'O{ nfv %) xhf/b]lv afFsL k[i7 ^ df

g]kfn k|x/Ldf PcfO{hL a9'jfsf] ljifonfO{ lnP/ clxn] 7'nf] ljjfb 5 . k|x/L dxflg/LIfs pk]G›sfGt cof{n ;b:o ;lrj /x]sf] a9'jf ;ldltn] ;fthgf PcfO{hL l;kmfl/; ubf{ j/Lotfqmd ldr]kl5 To;sf] c;/n] k|wfg sfof{nodf Ps k|sf/sf] e'sDk g} uPsf] 5 . To;sf/0f 8LcfO{hL / P;P;kL a9'jfdf

;d]t c;/ k/]sf] 5 . a9'jf ;ldltn] k|bfg ug{] gDa/n] PcfO{hLdf j/Lotfqmd ldlrP h:t} cGo a9'jfdf klg To;n] k|efj kf/]df a9'jfsf nflu tof/ ePsf clws[tx¿ df/df kg{] lglZrt 5 . h;sf/0f afFsL k[i7 ^ df dxflg/LIfs

dGqf0fL cfrfo{sf] tf08j g[To

jfdb]j uf}tdnfO{ gDa/ jfg e|i6frf/L eg]/ cf/f]k nufpg] k|bLk g]kfn g} pgsf] ;Nnfxsf/ ePkl5 Pdfn]leq h] u/] klg x'g] /x]5 eGg] cjwf/0ffn] :yfg kfPsf] 5 . Pdfn]sf dGqLeGbf pgsf >LdtLx¿sf] r'/Lkm'/Ln] ubf{ dGqLx¿ ab\gfd x'g yfn]sf 5g\ . ko{6g tyf ;+:s[ltdGqL eLd cfrfo{sL >LdtL lg/f cfrfo{sf] xfpefp, Jojxf/ / z}nL b]v]/ ;'g;/Lsf Pdfn] sfo{stf{x¿ cfZro{rlst aGg yfn]sf 5g\ . df}sfdf rf}sf lsg gxfGg] eGb} dGqf0fL lg/fn] cfkm\gf] hLjgz}nL g} k"0f{?kn] abn]sL l5g\ . ;fj{hlgs ;jf/L ;fwg gr9\g] / P;L hl8t uf8L dfq r9\g] km'lt{ nufpg yfn]sL l5g\ . To:t} pgn] :df6{ kmf]g afx]s cGo df]afOn af]Sg g} dg gnfUg] /jfkm klg lbg yfn]sf] b]Vbf ;'g;/Lsf Pdfn] sfo{stf{x¿ ca t clt ef] eGg yfn]sf 5g\ . >Ldfg\ dGqL x'g'eGbf cl3;Dd pgsf] hLjgz}nL ;fdfGo g} lyof] . t/ dGqL ePkl5 PsfPs pgsf] hLjgofkgsf] z}nL g} cfd'n?kdf kl/jt{g afFsL k[i7 ^ df

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

l7s k|lqmofaf6 uP afa'/fdhLnfO{ 5f8\5' g]kfnL /fhgLltdf ;xdlt jf c;xdlt s'g ;Defjgf a9L 5 < clxn] s f] /fhgLlts kl/l:ylt Pp6f P]ltxfl;s ;Gbe{;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . !@ a'Fb] ;Demf}tf, P]ltxfl;s lj:t[t zflGt ;Demf}tf, cGtl/d ;+ljwfg oL ;a} ljifox¿;Fu hf]l8Psf] 5 . d]/f] ljrf/df clxn] ;+ljwfg;efsf] bf];|f] ;+:s/0f rln/x]sf] 5 . d}n] ;xdlts} ;Defjgf a9L b]lv/x]sf] 5' . ;xdltsf] nflu sf+ u | ] ; / Pdfn] tof/ xf] n fg\ < zflGt ;Demf}tfsf] Pp6f k|d'v x:tfIf/stf{ x'g'sf] gftfn] / of] ;du| /fhgLlts k|lqmofsf] ;d]t kxnstf{ x'g'sf] gftfn] klg d clxn] g} a9L lrlGtt 5' . slxF ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / zflGt k|lqmof cw'/} /xg] t xf]O{g, To;df cem} st} 7"nf 7"nf Jojwfg v8f x' g ] t xf] O { g g < d} n ] ;+ljwfg;efdf klg d}n] ;+ljwfg;ef

x6nfOg M Clif wdnf / Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df s'/f /fv]sf] 5' . ;/sf/df /x]sf bnx¿n] ePsf ;xdltx¿ sfof{ G jog ug] { xf] eg] cK7\of/f] cj:yf cfpg ;S5 . ljutdf klg log} ljifodf ;xdlt gx'Fbf

– k'iksdn bfxfn

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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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O{Zj/ a:g]t

ljBfyL{nfO{ rf}w/Lsf] 5fqj[lQ g]kfnsf] k|ltli7t cf}Bf]lus 3/fgf rf}w/L u|'kn] z'qmaf/ gjnk/f;Lsf pTs[i6 ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ ljt/0f u/]sf] 5 . u|'kn] k|To]s jif{ 1fg pbo 5fqj[lQ of]hgf cGtu{t o; lhNnfsf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ub{} cfPsf] 5 . gjnk/f;Ll:yt rf}w/L pBf]u u|fddf cfof]lht ;df/f]xsfaLr phf{dGqL /fwf 1jfnL / rf}w/L u|'ksf cWoIf ljgf]b rf}w/Ln] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[ l Q ljt/0f u/] s f x' g \ . gjnk/f;Lsf $@ ljBfnosf pTs[i6 Ps ;o *! 5fq–5fqfx¿n] o;k6s 1fg pbo 5fqj[lQ k|fKt u/]sf x'g\ . rf}w/L u|'kn] ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTj cGtu{t b]zsf s0f{wf/ ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ub{} cfPsf] 5 . b]zsf eljio dflgg] ljBfyL{ x ¿nfO{ cWoogdf ;xof] u k'¥ofpg'sf ;fy} pgLx¿nfO{ k|f]T;fxg ug{ 5fqj[lQ pknAw u/fOPsf] xf] . utjif{sf] k|j]lzsf kl/Iffdf lhNnfdf pTs[i6 gDa/ Nofpg] Ps 5fqf / Ps 5fqsf ;fy} $@ j6} ljBfnosf pTs[i6 5fqf 5fqnfO{ 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ul/Psf] xf] . o;sf ;fy} zfl//Ls¿kdf czQm, rf}w/L pBf]u u|fdsf sfo{ / t dhb' / sf 5f] / f5f] / LdWo] a f6 klg pTs[ i 6 ljBfyL{nfO{ 5fqj[lQ k|bfg ul/b} cfPsf] 5 . utjif{ lhNnfaf6 pTs[i6 7xl/Psf tLghgf lzIfsx¿nfO{ lhNnfsf pTs[i6 lzIfssf ¿kdf gub Pj+ bf];Nnf

hgtf a}s+ sf] ;xof]u

hgtf a}+s g]kfnn] ;ft j6f dxfb]zsf ;ft} j6f cUnf kj{t r9\g] ;ft hgf g]kfnL dlxnfsf] ;d"xnfO{ %) xhf/ ¿k}ofF k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . a}+ssf k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t 8f= /d]zs'df/ e§/fO{n] cf/f]x0f ;d"xsL ;b:o z}nL

a:g]tnfO{ ;f] /sd a/fa/sf] r]s x:tfGt/0f u/] . cfufdL h'g 6f]nL cf/f]x0fsf nflu pQ/ cd]l/sftkm{ hfFb}5 . 6f]nLn] ;u/dfyf nufotsf kfFr j6f lzv/ rl9;s]sf] 5 eg] cfufdL jif{ ch{]lG6gfsf] lzv/ r9\g] atfOPsf] 5 .

cf]9fP/ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] 5 . lhNnfsf pTs[i6 x'g] ljBfyL{x¿n] hgxL !) xhf/ ¿k}ofF / ljBfnosf pTs[i6 ljBfyL{x¿n] hgxL kfFr xhf/ ¿k}ofF 5fqj[lQ k|fKt u/]sf 5g\ . ;df/f]xnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub{} phf{dGqL 1jfnLn] rf}w/L

u|'kn] ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ 5fqj[lQ pknAw u/fP/ cToGt} k|z+;gLo sfd u/]sf] atfP . g]kfnsf] cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu lzIff If]qsf] ljsf; klxnf] cfjZostf /x]sf]df hf]8 lbFb} dGqL 1jfnLn] lghL If]qn] lzIff If]qsf] ljsf;sf nflu o:t} k|efjsf/L sbd cufl8 a9fpg cfjZos /x]sf] atfPsf 5g\ . gjnk/f;Ldf l;+uf] pBf]u ufpF ljsf; ul/ o; lhNnfsf] cfly{s Pj+ ;fdflhs ljsf;df pNn]vgLo of]ubfg k'¥ofPsf] eGb} dGqL 1jfnLn] ;/sf/n] lghL If]qaf6 u/]sf] ck]Iff klg o:t} /x]sf] atfP . pQm cj;/df rf}w/L u|'ksf cWoIf rf}w/Ln] ;fdflhs pQ/bfloTj jxg cfkm\gf] Joj;fosf] c+u /x]sf] hfgsf/L lbFb} b]zsf] eljio lgdf{tfsf ¿kdf ljBfyL{x¿nfO{ cWoogk|lt ulx/f] ?lr hufpg / yk cWoogsf nflu k|f]T;fxg ug{ 1fg pbo 5fqj[lq of]hgf sfof{Gjogdf NofOPsf] atfP . 1fg pbo 5fqj[lQ of]hgfnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbOg] / o;nfO{ cem} lj:tf/ ub{} nlug] hfgsf/L klg pgsf] egfO{ lyof] . ;df/f]xdf k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L, ;DdfgLt lzIfs / ljBfyL{x¿n] klg cf–cfkm\gf] wf/0ff /fv]sf lyP . ;df/f]xdf gjnk/f;L lhNnfsf ;ef;b\x¿, /fhgLlts kf6L{sf k|ltlglwx¿ / lhNnfl:yt ;/sf/L sfof{nosf sfof{no k|d'vx¿sf] pkl:ytL lyof] .

dgf]h e§/fO{ k|fOd nfOkmdf dgf]h e§/fO{ k|fOd nfOkm OG:of]/G] ; sDkgLsf] k|d'v sfo{sf/L ePsf 5g\ . k|fOdsf] ;~rfns ;ldltn] e§/fO{nfO{ k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t lgo'Qm u/]sf] xf] . k|fOd nfOkmdf s]xL ;dob]lv Joj:yfkgsf] g]tT[ j l/Qf] lyof] . tTsflng k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t /]i6f emf bf];f| ] sfof{sfnsf nflu lgo'Qm ePkl5 ;ldltn] pgnfO{ cg'df]bg u/]sf] lyPg . To; otf sDkgL g]tT[ jljlxg 5 . k|fOd v]tfg ;d"x d"Vo k|j4{s /x]sf] aLdf sDkgL xf] . sDkgLdf emfnufotn] clgoldttf u/]sf] k|ltj]bgdfly aLdf ;ldltn] cWoog ul//x]sf] 5 . e§/fO{ g]kfn nfOkm OG:of]/G] ;sf] k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t eO;s]df JolQm x'g\ . aLdf If]q hfg'cl3 klg pgL a}l+ sª If]qdf sfo{/t lyP . lqe'jg ljZjljBfnoaf6 @)#^ ;fndf :gftsf]Q/ ;s]kl5 pgn] ToxL n]vf clws[tsf ¿kdf sl/o/

;'? u/]sf lyP . To;kl5 pgL tTsflng g]kfn cf}Bf]lus ljsf; lgud -clxn]sf] PgcfOl8;L 8]enkd]G6 a}+s_ df zfvf clws[tsf ¿kdf l5/]sf lyP . PgcfOl8;Ldf 5Fb} pgL ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] Joj:yfkg ;Nnfxsf/sf ¿kdf clk|msf uPsf lyP . ToxfFaf6 kmls{Pkl5 k'gM PgcfOl8;Ldf hf]l8Psf pgL ;g\ @))% df g]kfn nfOkm OG:of]/G] ; sDkgLdf jl/i7 k|aGwsdf ¿kdf aLdf If]qdf l5/]sf lyP . @))^ df g]kfn nfOkm 5f8]/ l8PkmcfOl8 uPsf lyP eg] @))& df ToxfFaf6 kmls{P/ g]kfn nfOkmsf] k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t ePsf lyP . @)!! af6 pgL u|fG8 a}s + df dxfk|aGwssf ¿kdf sfd ub{} cfPsf lyP . vqLn] r}t ( ut]af6 /fhLgfdf u/]kl5 a}s + ;~rfns ;ldltn] pgnfO{ sfd' k|dv ' sfo{sf/L clws[t lgo'Qm u/]sf] lyof] .

;fd;'ªsf] d]8 km/ km'6an of]hgf

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ko{6gsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ ljsf; ug{ k|fljlws pknAw u/fpg] / gofF k| l jlw ljsf; u/L j] n lnkm\ 6 lgDg sfo{qmdx¿ tbf?stfsf of] h gf, yf] k f l;+ r fO of] h gf ;fy sfo{Gjog ug{] . cflbnfO{ Jofks k|of]udf Nofpg] . s_ n' l DagL u' ? of] h gf b' O { jif{ l eq @!_ u|fdL0f If]qsf ljljw ljs[lt / k"/f ug{{ o;} cfadf cfjZos ;d:ofx¿sf] ;dfwfg ug{ tyf ah] 6 sf] Joj:yf ug] { ] . a[ x Q/ ;| f ] t ;fwg kl/rfng / n' l DagL If] q ljsf;sf] ko{ 6 g ;xhLs/0f ug{ ;a} uflj;df u'?of]hgf agfpg] . Ps÷Ps hgf ;fdflhs v_ a[xQ/ hgsk'/wfdsf] u'?of]hgfnfO{ cleoGtfsf] Joj:yf ug]{ . k|fyldstfsf ;fy k"/f ug]{ . o;sf @@_ lxdfnL If]qdf pknAw ax'd"No nflu cfjZos ah]6sf] Joj:yf h8La'6Lx¿sf] ;+/If0f, ;+jw{g / ug]{ . /fli6« o pkof] u ug{ ljz] i f u_ kz'klt / afUdtL If]qsf] afFsL sfo{ ;+oGq;lxt sfo{of]hgf nfu' ug]{ . k| f yldstfsf ;fy k" / f ug] { . @#_ s[lifsf] pGgltsf nflu 7"nf l;+rfO{ zjbfxu[ x t' ? Gt} ;~rfngdf Nofpg] . cfof]hgfx¿– ;'gsf];L 8fOe;{g, 3_ a/fxIf] q , zfnLu| f d If] q sfnLu08sL_, vKt8If]q / /f/f– rGbggfy If]qdf ;f+:s[lts ko{6g lj:tf/ ug]{ . #)_ ko{6g lj:tf/sf nflu lgDg If]qLo tyf cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:ynx¿sf] lgdf{0f oyfzL3| k"/f ug]{ . s_ kf]v/f ljdfg:yn v_ uf}td a'4 ljdfg:yn u_ lghu9 ljdfg:yn -;'? ug]{_ #!_ aLkL hGd ztfAbLsf pknIodf lj/f6gu/ ljdfg:ynnfO{ aLkL sf] O /fnf ljdfg:yn gfds/0f ug] { . #@_ lgdf{0ffwLg x'nfsL /fhdfu{nfO{ oyfzL3| ;DkGg ug{] . e]/L 8fOe;{g nufot cGo l;+rfO ##_ dWokxf8L nf] s dfu{ s f] lgdf{ 0 f sfo{nfO{ ;doa4 u/L tLj|tfsf cfof]hgfx¿nfO{ b|t" ultdf cufl8 ;fy ;DkGg ug]{ . a9fpg] / k" / f ug{ afF s L cfof]hgfx¿ l;S6f, /fgLhd/f #$_ sf7df8f}–+ t/fO{ b|t" dfu{ tLg jif{leq k"/f ug]{ . s'n]l/of, dxfsfnL nufotnfO{ ;doa4 ¿kdf k"/f ug{ cfjZos #%_ x]6f+}8f ;'/ª dfu{, yfgsf]6—gf}la;] ;'?ª dfu{ lgdf{0f k"/f ug]{ . ah]6sf] Joj:yf ug]{ . @$_ tLg jif{leq nf]8;]l8ª cGt ug{ #^_ k" j { – klZrd /] n dfu{ lgdf{ 0 f ;' ? ug{ ] . tbf?stfsf ;fy sfd ug]{ . @%_ b' O { jif{ l eq d] n DrLsf] kfgL #&_ sf7df8f}+nfO{ :j:y, x/fe/f / ;'Gb/ zx/sf ¿kdf ljsf; ug{sf nflu sf7df8f}+df k'¥ofpg cfjZos gofF pBf]u, lzIff / :jf:Yo;Fu sfd ug]{ . ;DalGwt ;+ : yfx¿nfO{ @^_ r' / ] If] q ;+ / If0fnfO{ /fli6« o cleofgsf ¿kdf ;~rfng ug]{ . sf7df8f}+aflx/ hfg pTk|]l/t ug]{ o;sf nflu Pp6f 5'§} cfof]u / sf7df8f} + d f :yflkt x' g agfpg] / o;} cfly{s jif{df oy]i6 lg?T;flxt ug]{ . /sd ljlgof]hg ug]{ . #*_ t/fO{sf pko'Qm :yfgx¿df !) @&_ rf/ jif{leq lg/If/tf pGd'ng j6f 7"nf Jojl:yt zx/ lgdf{0f ug{ /fli6« o ;fIf/tf cleofg ug]{ sfo{qmd agfpg] . ;~rfng ug]{ . #(_ dWokxf8L nf]sdfu{sf !) j6f zx/ @*_ ul/a / wgLsf 5f]/f5f]/LaLr lzIffdf lgdf{0f tTsfn ;'? ug{] . /x]sf] c;dfgtf x6fpg ;fj{hflgs – /fdrGb| kf}8]n ljBfnosf] z}lIfs u'0f:t/ j[l4sf pk;efklt nflu cleofg rnfpg] . Pj+ k|d'v @(_ n' l DagL, hgsk' / / kz' k lt s]Gb|Lo gLlt tyf k|lzIf0f k|lti7fg If] q nufotnfO{ ;d] 6 \ g ] u/L ldlt M h]7 !%, @)&! ;+ f :s[ l ts÷wfld{ s kl/qmdf

t'hs ' /fi6«klt s'g} kf6L{ ljz]ifsf] x'Fb}g, t/ dnfO{ sf+u|];sf] ljNnf le/fpFbf b'Mv nfu]sf] 5 . of] ;jfn JolQmsf] xf]Og, /fi6«fWoIfsf] xf] . – h]7 !* ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} /fi6«klt 8f= /fdj/0f ofbj jl/i7 g]tfaf6 ;Ddflgt JolQm nf]s]Gb|axfb'/ rGbaf6 xfF:of:kb, c/fhs / cfklQhgs sfd ePsf] 5 . jl/i7 g]tfaf6 o:tf] dWoo'uLg z}nL ckgfP/ cfkm}+nfO{ cWoIf 3f]if0ff ug]{ sfdn] kf6L{ ljwfgsf] ;d]t pNn+3g ePsf] 5 . – h]7 !( ut] lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ /fk|kfsf cWoIf -ljjflbt_ ;"o{axfb'/ yfkf clxn]sf] ;/sf/ xf6x'6 / nf6n'6 kfg]{ sDkgLdf ¿kfGt/0f ePsf] 5 . s] nf]stGq eg]sf] n'6]/ vfg] Joj:yf xf] < cfkm"nfO{ h] dg nfUof] ToxL ug{ kfpg] Joj:yf xf] < xf]Og eg] of] /sdfGt/sf] sf08 lsg rls{/x]sf] 5 < – h]7 !* ut] ;+;b\ a}7sdf af]Nb} /fk|kf g]kfnsf cWoIf sdn yfkf ;a} bn OdfGbf/ geP lgwf{l/t ;dodf ;+ljwfg aGb}g . cl3Nnf] ;+ljwfg;efn] ;+ljwfg gagfpg'df Pscsf{nfO{ bf]iff/f]k0f ug]{ k|j[lQn] s} sf/0f xf] . o;k6s klg Tof] bf]xf]l/g] ;+s]t b]lvFb}5 . – h]7 !& ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} :yfgLo ljsf;dGqL k|sfzgdfg l;+x Pdfn]sf] gjf}+ dxflwj]zgn] gofF k':tfnfO{ g]t[Tj x:tfGt/0f ug'{k5{ . k'/fg}nfO{ bf]xf]¥ofpg] xf]Og . of] k|fs[lts lgod klg xf] . dxflwj]zgcl3 s]xL ax; / ljjfb x'g' gf}nf] s'/f eg] xf]Og . – h]7 @) ut] lqe'jg cGt/f{li6«o ljdfg:yndf af]Nb} g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tf s]kL zdf{ cf]nL ;fta'Fb] ;xdltsf] lj/f]wdf af]n]/ /fi6«kltn] /fhgLlt ug{ vfh]sf 5g\ . ;fta'Fb] ;xdlt u/]/ ;/sf/ u7g x'Fbf dfGg], clxn] cfP/ lj/f]w ug]{ < /fhgLlts bnaLr ePsf] ;xdltsf af/]df hyfefjL af]Nb} lxF8\g] sfd /fi6«kltsf] xf]Og . – h]7 !( ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]skf Pdfnsf g]tf k|bLk 1fjnL


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

sDo'lgi6 s;/L pbfP / s;/L c:tfP < ;+;f/af6 sDo'lgi6 kf6L{ s;/L ktg eP / :jo+ sDo'lgi6 eg] s;/L oltv]/ kl/lrt 5g\ eGg]af/] nfdf] cWoog u/]sf xfj{8 o'lgel;{6Lsf k|fWofks l/r8{ kfOK;sf] cWoog ;fDojfb Ps Oltxf; k':tssf] lgisif{ v08M ;fDojfbn] ef] u ] s f] c;kmntf …dfgjLo uNtLn] pTkGg ePsf] lyof] ls o;df cGtlg{ l xt cfkm\ g } leqL sdLsdhf]/Lx¿sf sf/0f pTkGg xf]Ú Oltxf;sf] clen] v sf] rflxF bf] ; | f ] sf/0f ;xL /x]sf] alnof] ts{ lbG5 . ;fDojfb s' g } Pp6f c;n ljrf/ lyPg, h' g unt l;4 eof] , of] cfkm}+df Pp6f v/fa ;f]r lyof] . af]N;]lesx¿n] ?;df ;g\ !(!& df ;Qf xTofPsf] lbgb]lv g} ;+;f/sf] x/]s 7fpFdf ;fDojfbL l;4fGtx¿df cfwfl/t ;dfh :yfkgf ug]{ bh{gf}+ k| o f;x¿ ePsf 5g\ . d:sf] n ] tL ;a}nfO{ pbf/tf;fy k};f, xftxltof/ / ;/;Nnfx lbF b } ;xof] u k' ¥ ofof] . nueu oL ;a} k|of;x¿ c;kmn eP . cflv/df, ?;df ;d] t ;fDojfb w/fzfoL eof] , / cfh rLg, pQ/ sf]l/of, leotgfd / So'jfdf dfq of] l6ls/x]sf] 5, / tL b]zx¿df klg o;sf] ¥xf; x'g] qmd z'? eO;s]sf] 5M ToxfF sDo'lgi6x¿ ;Qfdf 6fFl;/x]sf 5g\, t/ To;sf] nlu pgLx¿n] kF"hLjfb;dIf b'/ufdL dxTjsf 5'6x¿ lbg] d" N o r' s fO/x] s f 5g\ . o:tf] ;d{gfs /]s8{nfO{ b[li6ut ubf{, o:tf] dfGotf cl3 ;fg'{ ts{;+ut g} b]lvG5 ls ;fDojfbsf] d"n cjwf/0ffx¿df jf o;sf sfo{qmddf jf oL b'j}df sltko vf; uNtLx¿ /x]sf 5g\ . ;aeGbf klxn] ;f] l eot ;+ 3 sf] lj36gaf6} u/f}+, of] ;+;f/d} ;aeGbf klxnf] sDo'lgi6 d'n's lyof] / o;n] ljZjJofkL ¿kdf sDo' l gi6 cfGbf]ngx¿ km}nfpg zlQmsf] ¿kdf cfkm"nfO{ k]z u¥of] . ;g\ !((! kl5 k| s flzt ljleGg cWoogx¿n] , of] gf6sLo 36gfaf/] cg]sf}+ y/L JofVofx¿ cl3 ;f/]sf 5g\M cy{tGqdf lg/Gt/ hf/L ultxLgtf, ljb] z L ;" r gf hfgsf/Lx¿df ;f]leot gful/sx¿sf] a9\bf] kx'Fr, ckmuflg:tfgdf ePsf] xf/, xftxltof/sf] bf} 8 df k| l t:kwf{ ug{ c;kmntf / o:t} c? sf/0fx¿ lbOPsf 5g\ . b]zleq} pTkGg lj/f]wnfO{ d]6fpg of] zf;g c;kmn eof] / kf]NofG8sf] ;f]ln8\ofl/6L cfGbf]ngsf] pbfx/0fn] ;f] l eot g] t [ T jsf] xf] z u' D of] . ;fDojfblj?4 /fi6«klt /]]ugn] lbPsf ;fx;k"0f{ r'gf}tLn] ;f]leot ;/sf/ yk lg:t]h dfl/lbof], pgLx¿ s] ljZjf;df lyP eg] leotgfddf ef] u ] s f] 7" n f] xf/kl5 ;+ o ' Q m /fHo cd] l /sfsf] zLto' 4 df nflu/xg] cfkm\ g } OR5f u' d fO;s] s f / aflx/L ljZjsf] emd]nfx¿af6 cnlUuP/ a:g tof/ ePsf] lyof] . o;df s'g} z+sf 5}g ls of] sf/s tTjx¿ k|To]sn] cfkm\gf] e"ldsf k"/f u/] . t/ olb of] zlQmzfnL ;fd|fHo cfkm}+df lsg sfd ug{ ;s] eg] of] k|0ffnL cfkm}+df ladf/ lyof] . ;fDojfbsf] ;}4flGts husf ¿kdf sfod dfS;{ j fbLleq} o;sf] cfTdljgfzsf aLpx¿ /x] s f lyP, h:tf] ls dfS;{, P+u]N;n] kF"hLjfbleq x'G5 eg]/ unt JofVof u/]sf lyP . of] l;4fGt Oltxf;sf] q'l6k"0f{ bfz{lgs ljj] r gf / oyfy{ e Gbf k/sf] dgf]j}1flgs dfGotfdf c8]sf] lyof] . dfS;{jfbsf] cfwf/e"t ts{ lyof] ls lghL ;DklQ eGg] s' / f Pp6f c:yfoL P]ltxfl;s k|lqmof xf], h;nfO{ o;n] vf/]h ug{ rfxGYof], of] cflbd ;dfh / kl5 ljsl;t x'g] ;fDojfbL ;dfhaLrsf] pp6f dWofGt/ cj:yf xf], o:tf] ts{ ;/f;/ em'7f] 5 . ;Dk"0f{ k|df0fx¿n] b]vfpF5g\, /fhf dxf/fhfx¿sf] Psflwsf/df /x] s f] cj:yfdf afx] s , ;w+ } g} hfltx¿, kl/jf/x¿ / JolQmx¿sf] :jfldTjdf /xGYof] . kz'kfng tyf aGb–Jofkf/ clg o;af6 cflh{t x'g] kF"hL klg ;w+} g} ;a} 7fpFx¿df lghL xftdf /x]sf x'Gy] . o;af6 s] ;flat x'G5 eg] lghL ;DklQ eGg] s' / f Pp6f

c:yfoL k| l qmof geO{ ;fdflhs hLjgsf] :yfoL ljz]iftf xf] / ;f]xL cg';f/ o;nfO{ x6fP/ kmfNg ;lsFb}g . dfgj :jefjdf cgGt lsl;dn] km]/abn Nofpg ;lsG5 / o;} sf/0f 8/qf;sf] bafj / tflnd lbg] s'/fnfO{ ldnfpFb} ;DklQ hddf ug]{ k|j[lQaf6 d'Qm / o;df ;dfhdf 3'nldn eP/ hLjg latfpg OR5's dfgj k|0ffnLx¿ tof/ ug{ ;lsG5, o:tf] ;dfh hxfF Kn]6f]n] ;f]r]cg';f/ lghL / JolQmut eGg] s'/f hLjgaf6 k"/} x6fOPsf] x'G5 eGg] sfnsf] dfS;{jfbL wf/0ff klg sd q'l6o'Qm 5}g . o:tf] p2]Zo k|fKt ug{sf nflu sDo'lgi6 zf;gx¿n] nfu" u/fpg ;Sg] tLj| bafjx¿n] ;kmntf kfP g} eg] klg pgLx¿sf] ;kmntf a9Ldf Ifl0fs dfq x'g]5 h:tf] ls kz' k|lIf0fdf /flvPsf hgfj/x¿ tflndaf6 km'Ssf x'gf;fy 5f]6f] ;dod} cfk"mn] l;s]sf s' / fx¿ lal;{ x fN5g\ / cfkm\ g } cfbtcg';f/sf] Jojxf/df kmls{xfN5g\ . cem s'g} s'/f, aflx/af6 l;s]/ lnOPsf] afgLa]xf]/f cfkm\gf ;Gtfgdf ;fg{ g;lsg] x'gfn], k|To]s gofF k':tfn] of] ;+;f/df sDo'lgi6 dfGotf ljk/Lt b[li6sf]0fx¿ NofOg} /xg]5, tL dWo] wg ;DklQ hDdf ug]{ rfxgf cjZo klg ;aeGbf sdhf]/ rfxgf dWo] kg]{ 5}g . ;fDojfbn] cflv/df lsg xf/ vfg'k¥of] eg] o;n] dfgj :jefjnfO{ gofF ¿kdf 9fNg] ;kmntf kfpg ;s]g . cfkm" n ] kmfl;i6jfbnfO{ k" / } c+ufln;s]kl5 klg ;fDojfbk|lt s]xL ;xfg'e"lt /fVg] d';f]lngLn] ;g\ !(@) df nueu o:t} lgisif{ lgsfn]sf lyPM n]lgg Ps hgf snfsf/ x'g\, h;n] dflg;x¿df snfs[lt eg{ vf]h] h;/L c? snfsf/x¿n] l;+x dd{/ jf wft'sf j:t'df snf eb{y] . t/ dfgj k|f0fLx¿ kTy/eGbf v8f / kmnfdeGbf sd} df]l8g] x'G5g\ . pgsf] snfsfl/tfaf6 pTs[i6 /rgf lg:s]g . of] snfsf/ c;kmn ePsf 5g\ . of] sfo{ pgsf] IfdtfeGbf k/sf] ljifo ;flat eof] . o:tf jf:tljstfx¿n] sDo'lgi6 zf;gx¿nfO{ ;/sf/L k|zf;g ;~rfng ubf{ lgoldt ¿kdf lx+;fTds pkfo k|of]u ug{ afWo kf/]sf lyP . hgtfnfO{ pgLx¿;F u ePsf wg;DklQ To;} 5f8\ g nufpg / pgLx¿sf lghL xslxtsf s'/fnfO{ /fHosf] kIfdf ;'Dkg afWo kfg{ s f nflu ;fj{ h lgs kbflwsf/Lx¿n] c;Lldlt clwsf/ k| o f] u ug} { k g] { x' g hfG5 . n] l ggn] ;j{xf/f ju{sf] clwgfosTjaf/] kl/efiff lbFb} of] o:tf] zlQm xf], h;df s'g} lgodx¿n] lans'n} /f]s nufpFb}gg\, h'g k|ToIf¿kdf b08fTds cfwf/df sfod x'G5, eg]/ oxL s'/fnfO{ a'emfpg vf]h]sf lyP . cg' e jn] b] v fPsf] 5 ls o:tf] vfnsf]] zf;g Joj:yfnfO{ ;fFRrL g} k|of]udf Nofpg ;lsG5, o:tf] Joj:yf ?; / To;sf cfl>t d'n'sx¿, rLg, So' j f, leotgfd / sDaf] l 8ofsf cltl/Qm clk|msf / Nofl6g cd]l/sfsf cg]sf}+ y/L d'n'sx¿df hah{:tL nfu" ul/;lsPsf] 5 . To;n] dfUg] d"No 7" n f] kl/0ffdsf] dfgjLo si6 dfq xf] O g, o;n] 7Ls ToxL p2] Z osf] ljWj+z klg vf]H5, h;sf nflu eg]/ o:tf zf;gx¿ :yflkt ul/G5g\, Tof] xf] ;dfgtf . 8/e:–qf;sf] afWotfdf cfwfl/t zf;gsf] kIf lnP/ af]Nbf n]lggn] o:tf] cj:yf c:yfoL¿ksf] x'g] ;f]rfO{ /fv]sf lyP, o;sf] p2] Z o k" / f ePkl5 afWosf/L /fHo lanfP/ hfg]5 . t/ pgn] s'g s'/fk|lt a]jf:tf u/] eg], /fHo elgg] cd"t{ j:t' JolQm–JolQmx¿ ldn] / } ag] s f] x' G 5, pgLx¿sf] cf– cfkm\gf] P]ltxfl;s bfloTj h];'s} eP klg k|To]sn] cfkm\gf lghL :jfy{x¿k|lt klg Wofg lbg}kg]{ x'G5 . dfS;{jfbL ;dfhzf:qsf] egfOcg' ; f/ /Hon]

k| ; + u s]bf/ ;'jb ] L ;DklQx¿sf xslxtsf] ;+ / If0f ub{ 5 , o;sf] cfk\ m g} :jfy{ eGg] s' / f x' F b } g , t/ jf:tljstf s] x' G 5 eg] o;sf ;~rfnsx¿ l5§} Pp6f gofF ju{ s f] ¿kdf b] l vg yfNb5g\ . gofF o' u sf] 9f] s f vf] N g 86] / nfUg] elgPsf] of] qmflGtsf/L bn cfkm} + d f Pp6f ;fWo aGg k' U 5 . /fHon] cyjf b'?:t ¿kdf eGg'kbf{ sDo'lgi6 kf6L{n] of] gofF ju{sf] lxtnfO{ pgLx¿n] rfx]h:t} u/L gldnfO{ ;'v} kfpF b } g g\ lsgls ;Qf hf] u fO/fVg pgLx¿ o;} d f lge{ / /xG5g\ . /, ;fDojfbL Joj:yfdf sd{rf/LtGqsf] ;+Vof lg/Gt/ a9]sf] a9\b} eO/xG5, o;sf] ;f]emf] sf/0f s] x'G5 eg] /fli6«o hLjgsf ;Dk" 0 f{ kIfx¿df, h;df cy{ t Gqsf] Joj:yf d" n ¿kdf hf]l8Psf] x'G5, /fHon] lhDd]jf/L lng] x'gfn] oL ;a s'/fsf] k|zf;lgs Joj:yf ldnfp /fHonfO{ ljzfn sd{rf/LtGqsf] cfjZostf kb{5 . k|To]s sDo'lgi6 z;gn] a]nfa]nfdf of] sd{rf/LtGq pk/ ckh; nufpFb} o;nO{ alnsf] af]sf agfpg v"a dg k/fPsf] x'G5, t}klg of] lagf s;}sf] sfd rNb}g . ;f] l eot ;+ 3 df af] N ;] l esx¿n] /fHoljKnj u/]sf] s]xL jif{leq}, ToxfFsf] ;Qfn] o;sf k|d'v sfo{stf{x¿nfO{ lj] z if vfnsf ;' l jwfx¿ klg lbg yfNof] . h'g kl5 uP/ kf6L{ g]t[Tj k+lQm gf]d]gSnft'/fsf] ¿kdf :yflkt eof], of] cfk\ m gf] kl/jf/j[ Q d} ;b} { hfg] ;' l jwfef] u L ju{ aGg k' U of] . o;n] ;dfgtfsf] cfbz{ eGg] s' / f cGTo ePsf pb\ 3 f] i f u¥of] . o; k| s f/ ;DklQs f ] ; d f g t f n f u " u g { clwsf/x¿sf] c;dfgtfnfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ cfjZos kg{ kg{ hfG5 . sDo' l gi6 zf;g ePsf / wg;DklQ cfh{ g ug{ ] ;Dk" 0 f{ ;| f ] t ;fwgpk/ /fHosf] :jfldTj /xg] k|To]s d'n'sdf nIo / ;fwgx¿ aLrsf] o:tf] lj/f] w fefz ck] l Ift g} /xG5 . of] cjZo xf] ls, sDo' l gi6 gf]s/zfxx¿sf] /fHo tyf ;dfh pk/ sfod u/] s f ks8nfO{ sd kfg{ a] n fa] n fdf ljleGg k| o f;x¿ x' g ] ub{5g\ . n]lgg / :6flngn] z'l4s/0fn] k| o f] u u/] , h' g ls :6flngsf] zf;gcGtu{t cfdg/;+xf/df kl/0ft eof] . dfcf]n] kf6L{leq ulxl/Fb} uPsf] lglxt :jfy{x¿nfO{ vQd kfg{ eg]/ cfkm\gf] ;f+:s[lts qmflGt ;'? u/] . cflv/df rflxF, kf6L{leqsf] sd{rf/LtGq gf]d]gSnft'/fn] lht]/} 5f8\of] lsgls ltgLx¿lagf s'g} sfd x'GgYof] . nf]stflGqs dfWodaf6 sDo'lgi6 zff;g :yfkgf ug] { k| o f;x¿ klg c;kmn eP . Pn]G8]sf] lrnLdf pTkGg ePsf] cg'ejn] b]vfPh:t}, t'ngfTds ¿kn] :jtGq k|];n] sfd ul//x]sf], :jtGq Gofokflnsf sfod} /x]sf], / lgjf{lrt ljwflosf ;lqmo eO/x]sf] d'n'sdf lghL ;DklQpk/sf] cfqmd0f ;kmn x'g ;Sb} lsgls ;j{xf/fju{sf] clwgfosTj cGtu{ t s7f] / tf ;fy bdgsf] l;sf/ x' g ] lj/f] w L kIfn] nf]stGqdf k|lt/f]w ug]{ sfg'gL cj;/ cfkm\ g f] nf] s lk| o tfdf 9' S s eO{ cfdhgdtsf] ;dy{ g ;flat ug{ cfkm"x¿nfO{ k|:t't u/], t/ hgtfn] pgLx¿nfO{ ;Qfaf6 x6fOlbP . sDo' l gi6 zf;gcGtu{ t clgjfo{ ¿ kdf pTkGg eO5f8\ g ] gf]s/zfxLs/0f cy{tGqnfO{ c;kmn agfpg klg lhDd]jf/ lyof], h;n] of t zf;g Joj:yfnfO{ ktg u/fpg an k'¥of], jf To;f] geP gfd dfqdf afx]s, sDo'lgi6 l;4fGtnfO{ g} kl/Tofu ug{ g]tfx¿nfO{ afWo agfof] . pTkfbgzLn kF"hL / ;DklQsf] /fli6«os/0f u/]kl5 ltgLx¿sf] Joj:yfkg sd{rf/Lx¿sf]

xftdf ;g{ k' U of] , hf] ; F u tL ;| f ] t ;fwgx¿sf] bIftf;fy ;~rfng ug{ g s'g} of]Uotf, g s'g} leqL nufj x' G Yof] . o;sf] cjZoefjL kl/0ffd lyof] . pTkfbgsTjdf qmlds ¥xf; cfpg' . cem csf] { s' / f, s] G b| L s[ t Joj:yfkgdf clgjfo{ ¿kdf sfod /xg] lgod dfq} k5\ o fpg] s' / f sDo' l gi6 cy{ t Gqx¿nfO{ k| f ljlws If]qdf b]vf k/]sf gjLgtfx¿af6 cnUu} kfl/lbof] , o;af6 yfxf kfOG5 ls cfk\mgf] d'n'sdf lj1fgsf] :t/ dfly x'Fbf x'Fb} klg lsg ;f]leot ;+3n] xfnsf jif{x¿df b]vfk/]sf sltko cToGt} dxTjk" 0 f{ k| f ljlws pknlAwx¿df cfkm"nfO{ k|j]z u/fpg ;s]g . k|m]8l/s xfo] s n] j0f{ g u/] c g' ; f/, :jtGq ahf/;Fu dfq cy{tGqdf b]vfk/]sf gofF df]8x¿af/] t'?Gt yfxf kfpg] / To;sf nflu cfjZos sbd rfng] Ifdtf /x]sf] x'G5 . /, k|z:t wg cfh{g ug]{ ;Defjgfn] dfq dflg;x¿nfO{ cfkm\gf tTsflns cfjZostfx¿nfO{ k"/f ug]{eGbf a9L d]xgt ug{ k|f]T;flxt u5{ . sDo' l gi6 Joj:yf cGtu{ t k|efjsf/L k|f]T;fxgx¿sf] cefj /Xof]M ;fF R rL g} eGg] xf] eg] , sfddf cfkm"nfO{ tf]lsPsf] pTkfbg sf]6fx¿ k" / f ugf{ ; fy tL sf] 6 fx¿sf] ;+ V of t'?Gt} a9fP/ lbOGYof] . sDo' l gi6x¿sf] cfly{ s gLltsf c;kmntfx¿n] ;aeGbf a9L bb{gfs kl/0ffdx¿ s[lif If]qdf pTkGg u/fP . h' g sDo' l gi6 zf;g sfod ePsf nueu ;a}h;f] d'n'sx¿sf cy{tGqsf] d"n cfwf/ /x]sf] lyof] . hldgsf] lghL :jfldTjsf] ckx/0f / o;kl5 nfu" ul/Psf] ;fd" l xsLs/0fn] k/Dk/fut u| f ld0f Jojxf/x¿df uf] n dfn u/fOlbof], h;n] ubf{ klxn] slxNo} gb]lvPsf] clgsfnsf] l:ylt pTkGg eof] . ;f]leot ;+3, rLg, sDaf]l8of, Olyof]lkof / pQ/ sf]l/ofdf o:tf] cj:yf b]lvof] . oL k|To]s d'n'sdf dfgj lgld{t ef]sd/Lsf] lzsf/ eO{ bzf}+ nfv dflg;x¿sf] Hofg uof] . sDo'lgi6 pQ/ sf]l/ofdf ;g\ !(() sf] bzs;Dd klg 7" n f] ;+ V ofsf afnaflnsf s' k f] i f0fsf] lzsf/ eO{ zf/Ll/s¿kdf czQm x'g k'u]sf lyP . ;g\ !(() s]f bzssf] pQ/fw{df ToxfF @) nfv hgf;Dd dflg;x¿n] ef]sd/Lsf] lzsf/ eO{ Hofg u'dfPsf] cg' d fg ul/Psf] 5 . oxfF s f] afn d[ T o' b /k| l t !,)) lhljt hGd] s f lzz' x ¿dWo] ** 5 eg] o;sf] t' n gfdf blIf0f sf] l /ofdf * /x] s f] 5, / k'?ifx¿sf] cf}ift cfo' $*=( jif{ 5 eg] blIf0f sf]l/ofsf] &)=$ jif{ /x]sf] 5 . k|lt JolQm s'n ufx{:y pTkfbg pQ/df cd]l/sL 8n/ ()) 5, hals blIf0fdf cd] l /sL 8n/ !#,&)) /x]sf] 5 . cfjZos j:t'x¿ k|z:t pTkfbg ug] { / ;dfgtf nfu" u/fpg] h' g sDo'lgi6 Joj:yfsf 3f]lift p2]Zox¿ x'g\– o;df pTkfbg c;kmntf dfq} sDo'lgi6 Joj:yfleq clgjfo{ ¿kdf sfod /xg] Pp6} cGt/lj/f]w xf]Og . o;sf] csf] { cGt/lj/f] w eg] s f] :jtGqtfsf] cefj xf], h'gsL ;d[l4 / ;dfgtf ;Fu;Fu} dfS;{sf nflu pgsf] cfGbf]ngsf] Pp6f clGtd nIo lyof] . pTkfbgsf ;Dk"0f{ kF"hLut ;fwgx¿sf] /fli6«os/0f u/]kl5 ;d:t gful/sx¿ /fHosf sfdbf/sf] txdf kl/0ft x'g k' U 5g\ – csf] { zAbdf eGg' k bf{ , ;/sf/k| l t cfl>t x' g hfG5g\ . 6«f]6l:ssf] egfO{df, h'g b]zdf /fHo g} Ps dfq /f]huf/bftf ePsf] x'G5, ToxfF lj/f]wdf nfUg' eg]sf] lj:tf/} ef]sd/Lsf] lzsf/ x'g' xf] . h;n] sfd ub}{g, p;n] vfg kfpFb}g eGg] k'/fgf]

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bfOhf]n] kf]ns ] f] hLjg  s[i0f clwsf/L afFs] nId0fk'/sL l/xfgf z]vnfO{ cfkm\g} >Ldfg\ / ;f;"n] lhpFb} cfuf] nufOlbP . ;ft dlxgfsL ue{ j tL l/xfgfsf] cfwf z/L/ hn] s f] lyof] . 36gfnfO{ n'sfpg vf]Hbf pgsf] ;dod} pkrf/;Dd x'g ;s]g . h;sf sf/0f ue{df /x]sf] aRrfsf] d[To' eof] . )&) r}t # ut]sf] ;f] 36gf %) lbgkl5 dfq} ;fj{hlgs eof] . 36gf ;fj{hlgs ePnuQ} dfgjclwsf/sdL{ / :yfgLo k|zf;gsf] kxndf l/xfgfnfO{ sf7df8f+} k'¥ofOof] . pgsf] jL/ c:ktfndf pkrf/ eO/x]sf] 5 . dfu]hlt bfOhf] Nofpg g;s]sf] eGb} l/xfgfnfO{ pgs} >Ldfg\ / ;f;"n] cfuf] nufOlbPsf x'g\ . l/xfgfnfO{ dfOtLaf6 e} + ; L / df]6/;fOsn bfOhf] Nofpg pgsf >Ldfg\ / ;f;" n ] bafa lbF b } cfPsf lyP . dfu]cg';f/sf] bfOhf] dfOtLn] lbg g;Sbf l/xfgfn] lhpFb} hNg'kg{] cj:yf cfPsf] xf] . pgLdfly To:tf] csNkgLo b'Mvb\ 36gf lax] u/]sf] Ps jif{{ k'us ] } lbg ePsf] lyof] . dfOtL kIfsf] ph'/Lkl5 afFs] k|x/Ln] l/xfgfsf >Ldfg\ kml/blj?4 Hofg dfg{] k|of; u/]sf] cleof]udf d'2f btf{ u/]/ cg';Gwfg ;'? u/]sf] afFs]sf k|x/L gfoj pk/LIfs k|]daxfb'/ a:g]tn] atfP . t/, ue{df /x]sf] ;Gtfgsf] d[To' x'g] u/L h3Go ck/fw ug{] l/xfgfsf >Ldfg\ / ;f;" eg] km/f/ 5g\ . ;fdflhs k|lti7f jf c1fgtfsf sf/0f cem} klg u|fdL0f If]qdf dlxnfdfly x'g] w]/}h;f] lx+;fsf 36gf ;fj{hlgs x'Fb}gg\ .

hgr]tgf a9\g] qmd;Fu} dlxnfdfly x'g] lx+;fsf 36gf ;fj{hlgs x'g] / kL8sdfly sf/afxLsf] dfu ub{} k|x/Ldf ph'/L lbg] qmd eg] kl5Nnf lbgdf lj:tf/} a9\b} uPsf] 5 . ljz]ifu/L t/fO{sf lhNnfdf b]lvg] o:tf 3/]n' lx+;fsf 36gf kl5Nnf jif{{df ;fj{hlgs x'g] qmd a9\b} uPsf] 5 . /fli6«o dlxnf cfof]unufot dlxnfsf If]qdf sfd ug{] ljleGg ;+3–;+:Yffsf] tYof+sn] klg o:tf 36gf a9\b} uPsf] b]vfPsf] 5 . a9\bf] hg3gTj;Fu} lx+;fsf 36gf klg a9\b} uPsf 5g\ . 3/]n' lx+;f, anfTsf/, vfg–nfpg glbPsf] , s' 6 lk6, c+ z , ;DaGwljR5]b, 3/lgsfnf u/]sf] h:tf ljifodf k|x/Lsf] dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf ;]ndf ph'/L kg{] qmd jif{g] L a9\b} uPsf] 5 . k|x/Lsf] dlxnf ;]ndf btf{ ePsf 36gfdWo] &) k|ltzt ;x/L If]qsf 5g\ . k|x/L 3/]n' lx+;fsf 36gfdf ;+j]bgzLn x'g g;s]s} sf/0f lx+;f lgoGq0f x'g g;s]sf] k"j; { ef;b\ tyf dlxnf clwsf/sdL{ df]xdbL l;l2sLsf] egfO{ 5 . pgsf ljrf/df 3/]n' lx+ ; f;DaGwL sfg' g k| e fjsf/L gx' F b f kLl8tnfO{ Gofo lbnfpg / bf] i fLnfO{ sf/afxL ug{ ;d:of kl//x]sf] 5 . sfg'gd} ldnfkqsf] k|fjwfg ePsfn] k|x/Ln] klg ph'/L btf{ gu/L ldnfpg] k|of; ub{5 . h;sf sf/0f 3/]n' lx+;fdf kLl8tn] vf]h]h:tf] Gofosf] cg'e"lt kfpg ;s]sf 5}gg\ . k|x/Ln] kL8s / kLl8t b' j } n fO{ af] n fP/ 5nkmn u/fpg] , ;DemfOa' e mfO{ u/fP/ ldnfkq u/fP/ 5fl8lbg] u/]sf sf/0f kLl8t kIf k|x/L sfof{no k'u] klg kL8sdfly sf/afxL x'Fb}g . h;sf sf/0f kL8ssf] dgf]an emg} a9\g] u/]sf] b]lvG5 .

dlxnf cfof]usf] Ps tYof+scg';f/ *! k|ltzt dlxnf cfkm\g} >Ldfg\af6 lx+;fdf kg{] u/]sf 5g\ . l/xfgfsf] h:tf] 36gfdf w]/}h;f] kLl8tn] cfkm"dflysf] lx+;faf/] ph'/L ug{ uP klg k|x/Lnufot /fHosf ;+oGqn] kLl8tsf cfjfhnfO{ rf;f] glbFbf kL8ssf] dgf]an al9/x]sf] k"j; { ef;b\ l;l2sL atfpFl5g\ . dlxnf lx+;flj?4 sfg'g lgdf{0f ug]{ / ePsf sfg'gnfO{ k|efjsf/L sfof{Gjog ug]{ /fHosf] OR5fzlQm geP;Dd l/xfgfh:tf y'k}| dlxnfn] bfOhf]h:tf] s'ky| f jf cGo 3/]n' lx+;faf6 5'6sf/f gkfpg] pgsf] egfO{ 5 . l/xfgfsf] h:t} lgolt ;ft jif{ klxn] g]kfnu~hsL xf;|g' Olb;|Ln] ef]us ] L lyOg\ . pgnfO{ klg cfkm\g} nf]Ug], ;f;" / gGbn] d§Lt]n vGofP/ cfuf] nufOlbPsf lyP . tLg jif{;Ddsf] lg/Gt/ pkrf/kl5 hn]sf] pgsf] 3fp t ;Grf] t eof] , t/ kl/jf/hgaf6 :g]x, dfof / ddtfsf] ;f6f] Pp6f s'¿k lhGbuL pkxf/ kfPsL l5g\ . @@ jifL{of xf;|'gn] of] lgolt ef]Ug'kg]{ sf/0f klg bfOhf] g} lyof] . Pp6f /+uLg 6]lnlehg / $) xhf/ bfOhf] lbg ;Sg] x}l;ot pgsf a'afcfdfsf] x'Fbf] xf] t pgn] of] cj:yf ;fob} ef]Ug'kYof]{ . ljjfx ePsf] tLg jif{kl5;Dd klg nf]Ug], ;f;" / gGbsf] of] dfu k"/f ug{ g;Sbf pgn] zf}rfnodf hNg'k¥of] . xf;|'gsf a'af ;'jfg cln bhL{ bfOhf] lbg g;s] s } sf/0f xf;| ' g nfO{ lhpF b } hnfOPsf] atfpF 5 g\ . rf} t kmL{ bafa k/]kl5 k|x/Ln] xf;|'gsf >Ldfg\ al;d / ?S;gfdfly Hofg dfg]{ pBf]usf] d'2f rnfof] . Hofg dfg{ ] p2] Z on] cfuf] nufPsf] cleof]udf cbfntn] al;dnfO{ ;ft jif{ / pgsL cfdfnfO{ kfFr s}b ;hfo u¥of] .

dlxnfdfly ePsf] lx+ ; fdf kLl8tdfly s8f sf/afxL ePsf] Tof] g} klxnf] 36gf ePsf] dlxnf clwsf/sdL{sf] egfO 5 . 3/]n' lx+;faf6 kLl8t ePsL dlxnfnfO{ sfg'gL / cGo pkrf/ u/fpg'sf] ;§f ;dfhdf yk kL8f x'g] u/L s'/f sf6\g] ul/G5 . bfOhf]nfO{ ;fdflhs k|lti7fsf ¿kdf lng], rfx]hlt bfOhf] gNofpg] a'xf/LnfO{ dfgl;s / zf/Ll/s oftgf lbg], ljjfx btf{ gu/fOlbg] jf gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq agfpg rflxg] k|df0f glbg] sfd clxn] klg ;dfhdf x'g] u/]sf] 5 . To;afx]s ax'ljjfx ug{], dfOtLnfO{ tgfj lbg], a'xf/Lsf] rl/q xTof ug]{, 5f]/LnfO{ sd k9fpg], 5f]/Lsf] ;fg}df ljjfx ul/lbg], s]6Lsf] lax]sf nflu kl/jf/n] cg}lts cfocfh{g ug{ vf]Hg], a9L k9]sL 5f]/Lsf nflu bfOhf] a9L lbg'kg]{ lrGtfn] ubf{ 5f]/LnfO{ k9fOsf] cj;/af6 jl~rt ug{] ;d:of ;dfhdf oyfjt\ 5g\/ : . g]kfnL ;dfh clxn] @! cf}+ ztfAbLsf] ;Eo ;dfh aGg / d'n'snfO{ cfw'lgs gofF g]kfn agfpg k|oTgzLn 5 . t/, afFs]df Ps !^ jifL{of ue{jtLdflysf] HofbtLn] g]kfnL ;dfhsf] tNnf] txdf h/f uf8] / a;] s f] qm" / tfnfO{ phfu/ ul/lbPsf] 5 . bfOhf] lgoGq0f ug{ agfOPsf] ;fdflhs Jojxf/ ;' w f/ P] g , )## k| e fjsf/L ¿kdf sfof{ G jog x' g g;Sbf o:tf 36gf bf] x f] l /F b } uPsf 5g\ . ljjfx / k/Dk/f;F u hf] l 8P/ b]vfk/]sf o:tf lj;+ultnfO{ x6fpg] t km{ ;fy{ s kxn h?/L 5 . -n]vs g]kfn 6]lnlehgsf afFs] ;+jfbbftf x'g\_

bf]>f] jflif{sf]T;j ;DkGg lxGb' /fi6«af6 s;}n] cnu ug{ ;Sb}g M yfkf

h] 7 !( ut] k|wfg;]gfklt uf}/j zDz]/ ha/fsf] k|d'v cfltYodf …g]kfnL ;]gf :jf:Yo lj1fg ;+ : yfgÚ sf] bf] > f] jflif{ s f] T ;j sfo{ q md ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . pQm sfo{ q mdsf] cf/Dedf k|wfg;]gfklt /f0ffn] pQm ;+:yfgsf] xftfleq lgld{t cl86f] l /Pd sDKn] S ;sf] pb\3f6g u/] . :jf:Yo ;DalGw pRr:tl/o hgzlQm pTkfbg u/L :jf:Yo If]qdf /fi6«sf] cfjZostfnfO{ kl/k"lt{ ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpg] tyf pRr:t/Lo :jf:Yo ;]jf k|bfg u/L g]kfnL ;]gfsf axfnjfnf / cjsfz k|fKt JolQmsf 5f]/f5f]/L / ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ ;d]t ;j{;n ' e ¿kdf u'0f:t/Lo :jf:Yo lzIff k|bfg ug'{ ;+:yfgsf] d'Vo p2]Zo /x]sf] 5 . g]kfnL ;]gf / /fi6«nfO{ cfjZos kg{] bIf :jf:YosdL{sf] k]zfut bIftfnfO{ clej[l4 u/L /fi6«s} Ps gd'gf :jf:Yo lzIf0f ;+:yfgsf] ¿kdf :yflkt ug{] x]t'n] ldlt @)^( h]7 !) ut] …g]kfnL ;]gf :jf:Yo lj1fg ;+:yfgÚ sf] pb\3f6g ;DkGg ePsf] lyof] eg] pQm ;+:yfg ;}lgs sNof0fsf/L sf]ifaf6 ;+rfng ul/b} cfPsf] 5 .

/fli6«o lqms]6 6f]nLsf sKtfg kf/; v8\sf / h'8f]sL ;'lgtf af]xf]/f jif{sf] pTs[i6 v]nf8L 3f]lift ePsf 5g\ . ;f]daf/ ePsf] kN;/ :kf]6; { \ cjf8{df g]kfnnfO{ 6\jfG6L–@) ljZjsk;Dd k'¥ofpg] v8\sf @)&) ;fnsf] pTs[i6 v]nf8L 3f]lift ePsf x'g\ . pgn] lqms]6 6f]nLsf ;b:oåo a;Gt /]UdL / ;'jf; vs'/n ] ;Fu} uNkm/ lzj/fd >]i7 / Pyn]l6S;sf ofd;fhg ;'gf/nfO{ kl5 kf/] . dlxnftkm{ jif{sf] pTs[i6 v]nf8L 3f]lift af]xf]/fn] ef/f]Qf]ngsL tf/fb]jL k'g, lqms]6sL ;Ltf /fgfdu/, kf}8LsL ;f]lkmof zfx / Py]n]l6S;sL lbndfof sfsL{nfO{ kl5 kfl/g\ . o'jf km'6an :6f/ ljdn 3lt{du/ jif{sf] pTs[i6 o'jf v]nf8L 3f]lift eP . pgn] lqms] 6 sf ;f] d kfn sfdL / cljgfz s0f{, kf}8Lsf lz/Lif u'?ª /

db/ g]kfn afn ;]jf ;+:yf …6«i6Ú n] sf7df8f}s + f] uf]7f6f/df dxfk'/f0fsf] eJo sfo{qmd u/L pb\3f6g u/]sf] 5 . h]7 !( ut] ;f]daf/sf lbg laxfg !)* snzofqfåf/f gu/ kl/qmdf ;d]t u¥of] . k|dv ' cltly /fk|kf g]kfnsf cWoIf sdn yfkfn] kfg;df aQL afn]/ dxfk'/f0fsf] cf}krfl/s¿kdf pb\3f6g u/]sf lyP . pb\3f6g sfo{qmdnfO{ ;Daf] w g ub} { yfkfn] @))& ;fn cufl8;Dd g]kfndf lxGb" wd{ dfGg] @% hgf klg gePsf] t/ clxn] 8n/sf] rnv]nn] ubf{ g]kfndf lqmlZrogdfq @% nfv k'lu;s]sf] atfP . pgn] eg]– …ca hlt g} 8n/sf] rnv]n eP tfklg g]kfnnfO{ lxGb" /fi6«af6 s;}n] klg cnu ug{ ;Sb}g .Ú ax'cfoflds ljsf; d~r, 7f]lSznfsf] ;xof]udf ePsf] pQm dxfk'/f0fdf 7f]lSznf bk{0f ;fKtflxssf ;Dkfbs tyf ax'cfoflds ljsf; d~rsf cWoIf 6+saxfb'/ sfsL{n] d'n'sdf lxGb" wd{sf] /Iff ug'{ cTofjZos /x]sf] eGb} pkl:yt ;a}nfO{ :jfut u/]sf lyP . pb\3f6g sfo{qmdnfO{ lj;h{g ub{} ;+:yfsf cWoIf 1fg]Gb| s6'jfnn] ;Dk"0f{ >4fn' eQmhgx¿;Fu ;xof]usf] ck]Iff u/]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf /fk|kf g]kfnsf tkm{af6 sf7df8f}+ If]q g+= @ af6 pklgjf{rgdf pDd]bjf/L lbPsf gj/fh l;Dv8fn] cfkm\gf]

dGtJo /fv]sf lyPug: . sfo{qmddf s'naxfb'/ a:g]t, z+s/ clwsf/L, >Lx/L bfxfnnufotsf cltlyx¿n] sfo{qmdsf] ;kmntfsf] sfdgf u/] . sfo{qmdnfO{ ;kmn agfpg ax'cfoflds ljsf; d~rsf ;lrj ;'ks a:g]t cToGt} ;lqmotfsf ;fy nfu]sf 5g\ . To;}u/L ;f]xL ;+:yfsf ;b:o l8lk cfrfo{ -/f]on_,, lznf s6'jfn -v8\sf_, cl:dtf v8\sf -yfkf_ nufotsf] pkl:ylt lyof] . ;f]daf/;Dd rNg] dxfk'/f0fdf syfjfrg kl08t >L ;fu/ cfrfo{n] ub}{5g\ . dxfk'/f0fsf] d'Vo p2]Zo dftf lktfsf nflu lbjf ;]jfno :yfkgf ug'{ /x]sf] 5 . – c+lst yfkf, k|lzIffyL{

kf/; / ;'lgtf pTs[i^

p;'sf ljzfn yfkf l;+hfnLnfO{ kl5 kf/] . kN;/ :kf]6; { \ cjf8{df lqms]6 k|lzIfs k'ab' '

b;fgos] jif{sf] pTs[i6 k|lzIfs 3f]lift eP . g]kfnL lqms]6 l6d l6d ckm lb

sf]nsQf cfOlkPn RoflDkog ls+U; On]eg k+hfjnfO{ x/fpFb} sf]nsQf gfO6fO8;{n] OlG8og lk|ldo/ lnu cfOkLPnsf] pkfwL lht]sf] 5 . sf]nsQf gfO6fO8;{n] ls+U; On]eg k+hfjnfO{ tLg ljs]6n] x/fPsf] xf] . 6; xf/]/ klxn] Aofl6ª u/]sf] k~hfan] lhtsf nflu lbPsf] b'O{ ;o /gsf] nIo sf]nsQfn] !( bzdnj # cf]e/df & ljs]6sf] Ifltdf e]§fPsf] lyof] . k+hfjn] lgwf{l/t @) cf]e/sf] v]ndf $ ljs]6 u'dfpFb} Ps ;o (( /g agfPsf] lyof] . k+hfjsf nflu l/2Ldfg ;fx g6cfp6 /xFb} Ps ;o !% /g agfP eg] dgg af]xf]/fn] ^& /gsf] of]ubfg lbP . sf]nsQfsf nflu dlgif kf08]n] ($, o';'km k7fgn] #^ /g agfPsf lyP . sf]nsQfn] cfOlkPndf bf];|f] k6s pkflw lht]sf] xf] . o;cl3 ;g\ @)!@ sf] kmfOgn v]n]sf] sf]nsQfn] r]GgfO{nfO{ k/flht ub{} klxnf] k6s pkflw xft kf/]sf] lyof] .

;'bz{g clwsf/L

g]kfnL klxrfg / cfTdfg'el" t dfgjsf] ;aeGbf dxTjk0f{ j:t' cfTdf xf], Tof] ch/ cd/ / cljgfzL 5 . o;nfO{ g t s'g} zf:qn] sf6\g ;S5 g t cfuf]n] g} hnfpg ;S5 . g t kfgLn] lehfpF5 g t aufpF5 g t s'g} j:t' jf kbfy{n] unfpg ;S5 g t xfjfn] g} p8fpg ;S5 . o;/L ch/ cd/ /xg] cfTdfn]] o'Qm dfgj g} ;jf]{Ts[i6 k|f0fL eg]/ cfkm\gf] klxrfg agfPsf dfgj cr]n cfkm\gf] st{Joaf6 ljd'v eP/ Ifl0fs :jfy{ nf]e df]xsf] hfndf k/]/ gfgf k|sf/sf ljs[ltx¿ b]vf kl//x]sf 5g\ . cr]n u'? zAbsf] ul/dfnfO{ ;fdlos/0f u/]/ ;jf/L rnfpg ;Lldt agfOFb}5 . t/ u'?sf] cy{ Hofb} Jofks / dd{:kzL{ 5 . u'? ;+:s[t zAbsf] b'O{ j6f j0f{x¿ ldn]/ ag]sf] 5 . …u'Ú sf] cy{ cGwsf/ / …?Ú sf] cy{ 1fgsf] Hof]ltsf] ¿kdf kl/eflift ul/Fb} cfPsf] kfOG5 . klxn] klxn] Clifd'lgx¿n] j]bJof;n] cfkm\gf lziox¿nfO{ lzIff bLIff lbP/ 1fgL ljz]ifsf] / st{Joaf]w u/L ufl8 a9\g;Sg] ;Ifd JolQmsf] ¿kdf ¿kfGt/0f u/fP/ ;Rrf dfgjdf pEofpg] sfo{ ub{y] . h'g sfo{ cfh klg eO/x]sf] 5 t/ Tof] Joj;fodf ¿kfGt/0f eP/ To;n] cfkm\gf] dxTj / pRrtfnfO{ 36fP/ ;fdfGoLs/0f ul/Fb} nfluPsf] 5 . ;donfO{ Vofn u/]/ cfkm\gf] hLjgofkgsf] nflu d'Vo sfo{nfO{ ;do cjZo g} lbg'k5{, t/ To;f] eGb}df dfgjLo ;Dj]bgfsf s'/f, ;b\efj ;xof]u pkxf/ h:tf ;a}af6 ljd'v x'g'k5{ eGg] xf]Og . xfd|f wd{zf:qx¿df dfgjn] d'Qm x'g cyf{t\ df]If k|flKt ug{sf nflu rf/ j6f dfu{x¿ atfOPsf] kfOG5 . xfdLn] df]If k|fKt ug{] åf/kfnx¿ x'g\, zdf, ljrf/, ;Gtf]if / ;T;+u . ;j{k|yd t oL rf/}sf] oTgk"j{s ;]jg cyf{t\ -kfng_ ug'{ cfjZos x'G5 . olb rf/} s'/fsf] ;]jg of kfng ug{ g;s] tLgsf] kfng ug'{k5{ . olb tLgsf] klg kfng ug{] zlQm 5}g eg] b'O{ s''/fsf] kfng ug'{k5{ . o;sf /fd|/L kfng ugf{n] ltgn] df]If¿kL /fhu[xdf lh1fif'nfO{ k|j]z ug{sf nflu 9f]sf vf]lnlbG5g\ . ;fdYo{ geP ;Dk"0f{ k|oTgn] k|f0fsf] afhL nufP/ klg To;dWo] Pp6fsf] kfng cjZo ug'{k5{ . olb tL dWo] s'g} klg Ps cfkm\gf] jzdf eof] eg] z]if tLg klg :jt cfkm\gf] jzdf cfpF5g\ . hLjg d'lQm, zflGt tyf k/dfgGbsf] cfWoflTds zlQm ljBdfg /x]sf] 5 . clg hLjgnfO{ lg/Gt/ ljsf; / zflGtsf] dfu{df nufpg] ;Defjgfx¿ cem} hLljt 5g\ . t/ cfh xfdL oL ;a}nfO{ e'n/] s]jn ;f+;fl/s s'/fx¿df cNem]/ a;]sf 5f+} . ljsf;sf s'/f ub}{ 7"nf 7"nf efiff / rsf{] gf/f nufP/ lgd'vf hgtfnfO{ ;kgf afF8]/ /fhg]tf elgPsfx¿n] /fi6«k|]d /fli6«otf k|hftGq / hg;/f]sf/sf ;jfndf vf;} pNn]Vo sfo{ ;Dkfbg ug{ g;ls/x]sf] jt{dfg ;dodf :jfy{ / kbnf]nk' tfsf sf/0f d'Vo sfo{df eg] sd Wofg lbFbf cfd hgdfg;;Fu / /fi6«sf] eljio;Fu hf]l8Psf ljifonfO{ cf]em]ndf kfl/Psf 5g\ . g]kfnL ;+:s[ltsf] ljz]iftfdf cg]stfdf Pstf 5 eg] x/]s hfthflt, efiffefifL ldn]/ ljZjdf g} clåtLo b[i6fGt k|:t't ug{ ;kmn g]kfnLn] cfkm\gf] ;d:of cfkm}+ ;dfwfg ug]{ dfu{df pbf/ x[bo / ;j{xLtnfO{ Wofgdf /fv]/ cufl8 a9\g'kg]{df Tof] x'g g;Sbf k'gM hgdfg;df lg/fzfn] 8]/f hdfpg yfn]sf] cg'e"lt ;j{q ul/Fb}5 . …;j]{ejGt' ;'lvgMÚ ;a} ;'vL xf]pmgsf] pTs[i6 efjgfnfO{ cfTd;ft ub}{ ;d'Ggt g]kfnsf] lgdf{0fdf Odfgbf/ eP/ nfUg'kg]{ lhDd]jf/LnfO{ cb"/bzL{ JolQmx¿n] eljiok|lt u}/lhDd]jf/ ag]/ cfkm\gf] bfloTjnfO{ e'n] eg] ;bfsf nflu k5'tfpg'afx]s s]xL ug{ ;lsGg . t;y{ ;dosf] clwstd\ pkof]u u/L g]kfnLsf] rfxgfnfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fVb} cfkm\gf] sfo{df cljrlnt eP/ nfUg'kg]{ b]lvG5 . dfgjdf cfh s'g} of]Uotf / bIftfsf] sdL b]lvFb}g t/ ToxL of]Uotfsf] ann] slt dfqfdf pknAwLx¿nfO{ ;+:yfut ug{ ;Sof}+ Tof] ;f]rgLo /x]sf] 5 . k6s–k6s Pp6} sfo{sf nflu hgtfn] cfGbf]ng ul//xg'kg]{, zlxb aGb} hfg'kg]{ clg kfPsf] pknAwLnfO{ htgsf ;fy cufl8 a9fpg g;Sg' la8Dagf g} dfGg'k5{ . of o:tf ljljw ;jfndf uDeL/tfk"j{s g]kfnL klxrfgnfO{ sfod /fVb} cfk;df ldn]/ ;b\efj, ;xdlt / Pstfsf ;fy cufl8 a9\g' g} ;a]sf] lxtdf sfo{ ul/Psf] 7x5{ .

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Oo/ 3f]lift ePsf] 5 . k"j{ 3f]if0ff cg';f/ lqms]6/ z/b e];jfs/nfO{ :k];n cjf8{ k| b fg ul/Psf] 5 . g] k fnnfO{ ljZjsk;Dd k'¥ofpg pgn] dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf v]]n]sf lyP . nf]slk|o v]nf8Lsf] bf}8df eg] elnjnsL ;/:jlt rf}w/Ln] afhL df/]sL 5g\ . To;}u/L wfjs a}s'G7 dfgGw/nfO{ nfOkm 6fOd clred]G6 cjf8{ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 eg] kf/f Pyln6 cjf8{ ofbj s'Fj/nfO{ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . jif{sf] pTs[i6 k'?if / dlxnf v]nf8L / nf]slk|o v]nf8Ln] df]6/;fOsn kfPsf 5g\ eg] cGonfO{ gub %) xhf/ lbOPsf] 5 . – clht ofbj, k|lzIffyL{

;Tofu|x 8]:s

nfdfåf/f kbaxfnL

/fli6«o v]ns'b kl/ifbsf] ;b:o ;lrjdf csf{] cfb]z geP;Dd o'j/fh nfdfnfO{ g} axfnL ug{ ;jf{R] r cbfntn] cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/]kl5 nfdfn] d+unaf/ kbafxnL u/]sf 5g\ . o'jf tyf v]ns'b dGqfnon] nfdf ;lxt /fv]ksf kbflwsf/LnfO{ pgLx¿sf] cjlw ;lsPsf] eGb} avf{:t u/]sf] lyof] . GofofwLz uf]kfnk|;fb k/fh'nLsf] Psn Ohnf;n] o:tf] cfb]z lbPsf] xf] . cfkm"nfO{ avf{:t ug{] lg0f{o lj?4 nfdf cbfnt uPsf lyP . cbfntn] ;b:o ;lrj nfdfsf] kIfdf cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L ub{} 5nkmnsf nflu ljkIfLx¿nfO{ h]7 @^ ut] af]nfPsf] 5 .

;'l6ª 5gf]6 cfhb]lv

g]kfn ;'l6ª ;+3n] !& cf}+ Pl;ofnL v]ns'bsf nflu v]nf8L 5gf]6 ug{ ;'l6ª 5gf]6 k|ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug{] ePsf] 5 . 5gf]6 k|ltof]lutf cfh laxLaf/ / ef]nL z'qmaf/ ;ftbf]af6f]l:yt ;'l6ª /]Ghdf x'g]5 . Pl;ofnL v]ns'bsf nflu 5gf]6 x'g Po/ /fOkmntkm{ k'?ifn] ^ ;odf %&) tyf dlxnfdf rf/ ;odf #&% PdSo'P; -ldlgdd Sjflnlkms];g :sf]/_ ug{'kg{] x'G5 . To:t} Po/ k]:tf]nsf] k'?ifdf ^ ;odf %^# tyf dlxnfdf rf/ ;odf #^% Go'gtd c+s hf]8\g' kg{] ;'l6ª ;+3sf ;lrj Pj+ jl/i7 k|lzIfs k|bLk vftLn] hgfPsf 5g\ . Pl;ofnL v]ns'b cfufdL ;]K6]Da/ !( tfl/vb]lv blIf0f sf]l/ofsf] OGrf]gdf x'Fb}5 .

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xftsf gªx? -k|:t't cfn]v k|l;4 x:t/]vfljb\ sL/f]sf] ;g\ !(!^ df k|sflzt k':ts …;a}sf nflu x:t/]vf lj1fgÚ -kfld:6«L km/ cn_ sf] wf/fjflxs cg'jfb xf] . cfkm\gf] eljio hfGg] sf}tx' ntf ;+;f/sf ;a} cfl:ts jf gfl:ts dflg;df b]lvPsf] 5 . …of] cGwljZjf;df ljZjf; ulb{gÚF eg]/ kmnfSb} cufl8sf] dflg;n] eljio atfOb]nf eGg] cfzfdf xft km}nfpg] k|j[lQ cToGt} Jofks b]lvG5 . cg'jfbssf] cg'ejdf x:t/]vf Pp6f k|fdfl0fs ljBf xf] . t;y{ cfd kf7sn] cfkm\gf] eljio cfkm}n + ] s]nfpg ;s'g\ eGg] p2]Zon] cg'jfb >[v + nf k|:t't ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . – cg'jfbs_ xftsf gªx¿sf] cWoog Ps k|sf/n] /f]ux¿sf] cWoogsf nflu ;l6s dfu{bz{g xf] eGbf km/s gknf{ . x:t/]vf lj1fgsf] of] zfvfnfO{ lrlsT;sx¿sf] 7"nf] hdftn] dfGotf lbg yfn]sf 5g\ . ltgLx¿ r'krfk la/fdLsf] xftsf gªsf] cfsf/ k|sf/ x]g{ e'Nb}gg\ . gª j+zfg'ut /f]u / To;df klg ljz]iftM d'6, kmf]S;f], :gfo', / d]?b08sf /f]ux¿sf ;"rs x'g\ . gªnfO{ :ki6¿kdf nfdf], 5f]6f], km/flsnf] / ;fF3'/f] u/L rf/ efudf ljeflht ug{ ;lsG5 .

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xftsf gª w]/} g} nfdf] eof] eg] demf} n f cfsf/sf] t' n gfdf o:tf JolQmsf] zf/Ll/s agf]6 Tolt alnof] b]lvFb}g . nfdf gª ePsf JolQmx¿df kmf]S;f] jf 5fltsf] /f]usf] k|j[lt b]lvG5 . nfdf gªdf d'lGt/af6 dflytkm{ wsf{x¿ b]lvof] eg] of] k|j[lt emg} a9L b]lvG5 .

oxL k|sf/n] gª olb s]xL 5f]6f] b]lvof] eg] 3fF6LeGbf dflysf] efudf sdhf] / L bzf{ p F 5 . To:tf JolQmdf nf/]GhfOl6;, 3fF6Lsf] /f]u jf w]/} k|sf/sf] :jf;k|Zjf; /f]u b]lvG5 . nfdf gªdf olb lgnf]kg b]lvof] eg] zf/L/s jgfj6df yk sdhf]/L a'emfpF5 . o;n] /Qm cNktfnfO{ bzf{p5 F .

s/sf] dfu ub}{ cy{dGqLnfO{ 1fkgkq ;'tL{hGo j:t'df cToflws s/ j[l4sf] dfu;lxt :jf:Yo clwsf/ tyf ;'tL{ lgoGq0f ;~hfn eQmk'/n] k|d'v lhNnf clwsf/L dfkm{t\ cy{dGqLnfO{ 1fkgkq j' e mfOPsf] 5 . eQmk' / sf ljleGg /fhg}lts bn, ;fdflhs ;+3;+:yfsf o'jf tyf ljleGg ljBfyL{x¿sf] x:tfIf/;lxt ;'tL{df k|ultzLn s/sf] dfu u/L 1fkg kq a'emfPsf] xf] . ;f] cj;/df :jf:Yo clwsf/ tyf ;'tL{ lgoGq0f lhNnf ;~hfnsf ;+of]hs /TgZj/L rjfnn] cfufdL cfly{s jif{ @)&!÷&@ sf] ah]6df ;"tL{hGo j:t'df sDtLdf !% k|ltzt s/ j[l4 ug'{kg]{ dfu u/]]sf lyP . Joj:yflksf ;+;b\n] kfl/t u/]sf] ;"tL{ lgoGq0f tyf lgodg P]g / lgodfjnLn] s/df k|ultzLn s/ nfu" ug' { k g] { Joj:yf ul/;Sbf klg cy{dGqfnon] xr'jfsf e/df s/ nfu" ul//x]sfn] s/ j[l4sf] dfu ug'[{ k/]sf] pgn] atfP . 1fkg kq j'emfpFb} ;~hfn cWoIf rjfnn] lhNnfsf ljleGg 7fpFnfO{ w"dk| fg

lgif]lwt If]q, ;"tL{hGo j:t'sf] lsgj]r ug{ gkfO{g] If]q 3f]if0ff ul/Pklg To;sf] sfof{ G jog gePsf] k| l t k| l hcsf] Wofgcfsif{0f u/fpFb} tTsfn cg'udg ug{ klg dfu u/] . ;'tL{df s/ j[l4 ubf{ ;'tL{sf] d'No j[l4 x'g uO{ ;]jgstf{ lg?T;flxt x'g] / ;/sf/nfO{ klg /fhZj j9\g] ts{ 1fkgkqdf ul/Psf] 5 . ljleGg d'ns ' df s/ j[l4 ubf{ ;'tL{ ;]jgdf sdL cfPsf] / /fHosf hgtf :j:y eO{ ;/sf/sf] :jf:Yo ah]6 klg sd ePsf] pbfx/0f ;~hfnsf ;b:ox¿n] lbPsf lyP . ;~hfn ;b:o tyf clwjQmf /fdeQm ;'jfnn] p7]sf] s/ ;'tL{af6 x'g] /f]uLsf] pkrf/df vlr{g'kg]{ / ;fj{hlgs :yndf ;' t L{ ;] j g ug] { n fO{ sfg' g adf] l hd hl/jfgf nufpg'kg]{ dfu cufl8 ;f/]sf lyP . 1fkgkq a'em\b} k|lhc clgns'df/ 7fs'/n] ;"tL{hGo j:t'nfO{ lgoGq0f / lgodg ug{ k| z f;gn] k| o f; ug] { / sfjf{xLsf nflu k|x/L kl/rfng ug]{ ;d]t cfZjf;g lbP . – /flwsf ;fksf]6f, k|lzIffyL{

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5f] 6 f] gªn] d' 6 ' s f] sdhf] / LnfO{ a'emfpF5 . olb gªsf …rGb|dfÚ ;fgf 5g\ cyjf v'6\ofpg} g;lsg] 5g\ eg] yk sdhf]/LnfO{ a'emfpF5 . olb gª ;kf6 5g\ cyjf cfwf/ If]qdf df;';Fu lanfP h:tf] b]lvof] eg] o;n] :gfo' /f]unfO{ bzf{pF5 . olb gªdf bfofF afofF

jf/kf/ wsf{x¿ 5g\ eg] :gfo' /f]usf] vt/f emg} a9L x'g k'Ub5 . olb gªdf jf/kf/ ulx/f] /]vf b]lvof] eg] o;n] xfn}sf lbgdf ladf/Lsf sf/0fn] 8/nfUbf] :gfo' u8a8L ePsf] a'lemG5 . tn lgodnfO{ cWoog ug]{ xf] eg] /f]u jf cf3ftsf] ;do jf ldlt eGg ;lsG5 . gª cfwf/af6 6'Kkf];Dd a9\g gf} dlxgf nfUg] x'Fbf o;nfO{ ;lhn} ljleGg ;dodf ljeflht ug{ ;lsG5 . olb wsf]{ gªsf] 6'Kkf]df b]lvof] eg] Tof] /f]u gf} dlxgf cufl8 nfu]sf] eGg ;lsG5, aLrdf b]lvof] eg] rf/ jf kfFr dlxgf cufl8 /f]u nfu]sf] eGg ;lsG5 / olb cfwf/df b]lvof] eg] uPsf] Ps dlxgf ldq nfu]sf] eGg ;lsG5 . gªdf b]lvg] yf]Knfx¿n] ;fdfGotf sdhf]/LnfO{ a'emfpF5 . olb gª ;]tf yf]Knfx¿n] el/Psf 5g\ eg] :gfo' k|0ffnL cToGt} sdhf]/ cj:yfdf /x]sf] a'emfpF5 . qmdz ===

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g]kfn pBf]u jfl0fHo dxf;+3n] ljleGg ;ldltx¿ u7g u/]sf] 5 . dxf;+3sf] cfOtaf/ a;]sf] kbflwsf/L ;ldltsf] a}7sn] If]qut ;ldlt u7g u/L ;efklt rog u/]sf] xf] . a}7sn] !% j6f ;ldlt u7g u/L ;j{;Ddt¿kdf ;efklt rog u/]sf] xf] . dxf;+3sf] pBf]u ;ldltdf pd]znfn >]i7, Jofkf/ ;ldltdf ljhos'df/ ;/fjuL, 3/]n' tyf ;fgf pBf]u ;ldltdf z+s/ >]i7 rog ePsf 5g\ . o:t}, dlxnf pBdL ljsf; ;ldltdf sdnf >]i7, :yn oftfoft tyf kf/jg ;ldltdf /fhg zdf{, s/ tyf /fh:j ;ldltdf ;f}/e Hof]lt lgo'Qm

:jf:Yo ;/f]sf/ aRrfsf] :ofxf/ / cfjZostf

Psb]lv tLg jif{sf aRrfx¿df w]/} kl/jt{gx¿ b]lvG5 / pgLx¿sf] zf/Ll/s dfgl;s j[l4 klg ;Fu;Fu} eO/x]sf] x'G5 . of] a]nfsf] d'Vo kl/jt{g eg]sf] pgLx¿ cnUu / :jtGq x'g rfxG5g\ . oxL sf/0fn] ubf{ cfdf–afa'x¿nfO{ of] ;do Psbd} r'gf}ltk"0f{ x'G5 / afnsnfO{ a'em\g ;Sof] eg] afnsnfO{ :jtGq x'g ;xof]u k'¥ofpF5 . of] pd]/sf] aRrfx¿ w]/} dfof rfxG5g\ . pgLx¿ x/]s lrh cfkm}+ ug{ vf] H 5g\ , t} k lg cfdfafa' s f] dfof / ;xof] u vf]lh/xG5g\ . pgLx¿sf] ljz]iftf eg]sf], afnf /fO{  pgLx¿ ;lqmo x'G5g\ / dgdf gofF lrh b]v]kl5 hfGg], 5'g], rnfpg], km\ofFSg] sf}t'xntf x'G5 .  pgLx¿ cfkm}+ lxF8\g, s'b\g / vfg vf]H5g\ .  pgLx¿ n'uf nufpg / s'g n'uf nufpg] eGg] lg0f{o u5{g\ .  lb;f÷lk;fa ug{ cfkm}+ afgL u5{g\ / c?nfO{ dfof b]vfpg / ug{ vf]H5g\ . cfdf–a'afx¿ slxn]sfxLF cfkm\gf] aRrfx¿n] cfkm"n] eg]sf] s'/f ga'em\bf jf gx]bf{ l/;fpF5f}+ / pgLx¿nfO{ ;hfo klg lbG5f}+ . t/ of aRrfx¿n] cfdfa'afn] eg]sf] s'/f a'em\g ;Sb}gg\ . To:t} pd]/sf pgLx¿ Ps} 7fpFdf r'k nfu]/ a:g klg ;Sb}gg / cfkm\gf] efjgf -xfF;f], l/;, ?g]_ cflbnfO{ /f]Sg jf 5Ng ;Sb}gg\ . ToxL eP/ of] pd]/ aRrfx¿;Fu /xFbf Ps k6s gug'{ eGb}df pgLx¿n] a'em\b}gg\ / pgLx¿nfO{ cfdfa'afsf] lgu/fgL h?/L x'G5 .

Psb]lv tLg jif{sf aRrfx¿sf] cfjZostf

 pd]/ cg';f/ aRrfx¿sf] lgGb|fsf] cfjZostf kl/jt{g x'Fb} hfG5 . of] pd]/sf

aRrfx¿nfO{ lbpF;f] Psb]lv b'O{ 306fsf] lgGb|f cfjZos x'G5 / /fltsf] ;dodf sDtLdf P3f/ 306f ;'tfpg'k5{ . aRrf ;'tfpg uf¥xf] sfo{ ePtf klg pgLx¿nfO{ ;'Tg] tflnsf agfOlbPdf ;lhnf] x'G5 . h:t} Pp6} ;dodf ;'Tg], p7\g] . aRrfx¿ xtkt ;'Tg vf]Hb}gg\ / pgLx¿ b+Uofpg yfN5g\ . o:tf] a]nfdf cfdf cfkm\gf] s'/fdf cl8u eO{ pgLx¿sf] s'/f dfGg'k5{ .  To:t} aRrfx¿ of] pd/]df Psbd} l/;fxf x'G5g\ . l/;fPsf] a]nf pgLx¿ ;dfg km\ofFSg], ;fdfg km'6fpg], ;fyL÷cfdf÷afa'nfO{ lryf]g]{, lstfa RofTg], e'OFdf k5fg]{ cflb . o:tf] a]nfdf cfdfa'af zfGt eP/ aRrfnfO{ ;DxfNg'k5{ . l/;fof] eGb}df pgLx¿ eg]sf] jf rfx]sf] s'/f k'¥ofpg' x'Fb}g . To:t} pgLx¿ l/;fP/ ;fdfg km\ofFs]sf] a]nf cfkm" klg l/;fpg' x'Fb}g, hlt cfkm" l/;fof], pgLx¿ klg Tolt g} l/;fpF5g\ t/ Psl5g zfGt eP/ a:of] eg] pgLx¿ klg Psl5gd} zfGt x'G5g\ . o;sf] nflu cfdfafa'n] w}o{ ug{'k5{ .  /, csf]{ s'/f d'Vo ;d:of eg]sf] vfgf v'jfpg' xf] . of] pd]/sf aRrfx¿ gofF vfgf vf]Hb}gg\ . gofF vfgf rfVg pgLx¿ 8/fpF5g\ . of] a]nfdf cfdf–afa'n] pgLx¿nfO{ gofF vfgf rfVg pT;flxt jf k|l] /t ug]{ . t/ vfgf v'jfpgnfO{ pgLx¿n] eg]sf] s'/f k'¥ofpg' x'bF g} . vfgf v'jfpFbf aRrfx¿;Fu a]/ cfkm" klg vfg] / vfgfsf] tfl/km ub}{ vfg] . vfgf /fd|/L vfPkl5 pgLx¿ :jfaf;L lbg] . aRrfx¿nfO{ 5'P/ vfgf v'jfpg] ug]{ / vfgf vfFbf cGo s'/f h:t} 6LeL, u]ddf aRrfnfO{ gcndNofpg] . ;lsG5 eg] Ps} ;dodf vfgf, vfhf v'jfpg] afgL ug]{ . cGtdf cfhsnsf] Jo:t hLjgz}nL / ;fdflhs ;+/rgfn] ubf{ cfdfa'afn] rfx]/ klg cfkm\gf] aRrfnfO{ Tolt ;do / Wofg lbg kfpFb}gg\ . To:t} klxn] h:t} ;+o'Qm kl/jf/sf] rng klg la:tf/} x6\b} uPsf] 5 / aRrfx¿ 6LeL, u]d, df]afOn cflbdf Jo:t x'G5g\ . Psb]lv tLg jif{sf aRrfx¿nfO{ :ofxf/ ubf{ cfdfa'af w}o{ x'g Psbd h?/L 5 . pgLx¿df w]/} ab\nfj cfpF5 / Tof] ab\nfjnfO{ a'emL ToxL cg';f/ Jojxf/ ug'{k5{ . aRrfx¿n] s'/f a'em\b}gg\ jf w]/} l/;fP eg] cfdfafa' cflQg' jf l/;fpg' x'Fb}g . of] a]nfdf of] ;fwf/0f xf] egL 7fGg' h?/L x'G5 . aRrfx¿n] h] eGof] ToxL k'¥ofpg' x'Fb}g / pgLx¿nfO{ s'g} k|sf/ k|nf]eg b]vfpg' x'Fb}g . /, aRrfx¿nfO{ cln a9L dfof, Wofg / w}o{tfsf] ;fy :ofxf/ u¥of] egL cfpFbf ;dodf pgLx¿sf] Jojxf/ / ;f]r ;sf/fTds agfpg ;lsG5 .

-n]vs lqljljaf6 kLPr8L ub}{5g\_

;flxTo l;h{gf

k|8' l] G;onsf] cf7 k|ltzt af]g; z]o/

k|'8]lG;on OG:of]/]G; sDkgLn] cfj @)^(÷&) sf] gfkmfaf6 cf7 k|ltzt af]g; z]o/ ljt/0f ug{] ePsf] 5 . sDkgLsf] z'qmjf/ jL/u~hdf ;DkGg !@ cf}+ jflif{s ;fwf/0f;efn] pQm k|:tfj kfl/t u/]sf] xf] . ;fy}, sDkgLn] % a/fa/ ! sf] cfwf/df xsk| b z] o / hf/L u/L sDkgLsf] r'Qmf k"FhL #@ s/f]8 $) nfv ¿k} o fF k' ¥ ofpg] klg atfPsf] 5 . sDkgLn] cfj @)^(÷&) rf/ s/f]8 !( nfv gfkmf cfh{g u/]sf] ;f] cj;/df hfgsf/L u/fOof] . of] cl3Nnf] cfjsf] t'ngfdf s/La @* k|ltzt a9L xf] .

SnfS;{ g]kfndf klg

nfdf] ;dob]lv h'Qf pTkfbgdf ;lqmo la|l6; a|fG8 SnfS;{n] g]kfndf cfkm\gf] clwsfl/s zf]?d ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . zf]?dsf] ld; g]kfn ;'ljg lnDa"n] pb\3f6g ul/g\ . zf]?d sf7df8f}+sf] b/af/dfu{l:yt 6fOd :Sjfo/df :yfkgf ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnsf] ljqmL lhDdf cfTdg k|flnn] lnPsf] 5 . SnfS;{sf pTkfbg :jf:yd} q L tyf cf/fdbfoL ePsf] cfTdgsf k| a Gw lgb]{zs k|0fo >]i7n] hfgsf/L lbP . SnfS;{n] a]nfot;lxt Ps ;o *) d'n'sdf rf/ xhf/ zf]?daf6 jflif{s kfFr s/f]8 5fnfsf h'Qf tyf rKkn ljqmL ub}{ cfPsf] 5 .

cf/fdbfoL ofqfsf] nflu dsfn' oftfoftnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . kmf]g g+= M $@&&%%@, $@*!(&@

efUo

ul/Psf] dxf;+3n] hgfPsf] 5 . ko{6g tyf xjfO{ oftfoft ;ldltdf czf]s zdf{, ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ k|ljlw ;ldltdf ;+hLj /fhe08f/L, a}+s, ljQLo tyf aLdf ;ldltdf z+s/k|;fb kf08], lgof{t k|j4{g ;ldltdf cg'kaxfb'/ dNn rog ePsf 5g\ . o:t}, phf{ ;ldltdf 1fg]Gb|nfn k|wfg, :yfgLo cfly{s ljsf; ;ldltdf k|df]b >]i7, Jofkf/ d]nf ;ldltdf s]zj/fh kf08], cGt/f{li6«o tyf u}/ cfjf;Lo g]kfnL ;ldltdf rGb|k|;fb 9sfn / zx/L ljsf; ;ldltdf cf]daxfb'/ /fhe08f/L rog ePsf] dxf;+3n] hfgsf/L u/fPsf] 5 . – lblksf uf}td, k|lzIffyL{

ckf+utf clwsf/sf] ;'lglZrttf ug{sf nflu ckf+utf ePsf JolQmx?nfO{ &% j6} lhNnfdf dlxnf tyf afnaflnsf sfof{noaf6 lgoldt ?kdf ckf+utf kl/rokq ljt/0f eO/x]sf] hfgsf/L u/fOG5.

g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;"rgf ljefu

d]/f] efu lyof] d]/f] nflu sf]lx Tof] . d]/f] efUob]lv b+u y+], d} x'F eGb} Tof] .. ;fFrf] 7fGbf7fGb} em'6f] x'g cfof] cfh . dglrGt] nufj em}+ x'g cfof] cfh .. a]sf/df v'zL lbPF of] dgnfO{ Tof] . d]/f] efu lyof] d]/f] nflu sf]xL Tof] .. km"nsf] dfnf em+}, pg]sf] y+] sNkgfnfO{ . e08f/} e/] y+], ld7f–ld7f s'/fn] cfkm+}nfO{ .. w]/} ld7fPsf] y+], dge/L cfgGb Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof], d]/f] nflu sf]lx Tof] .. ljxfgLsf] 3fd em}+ Gofgf] eP y]+ d g} . ;GWofsf] h'g em+} lztn eP y]+ d g} .. clego k¥of] ;fFRr} csf{sf] efu ef] Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof], d]/f] nflu sf]lx Tof] ..

 lgd]if g]jfM 

jfrf s;d v'a} s'/f] eP Yof], w]/} oxfF . ;ft} h'lg, ;fy x'g] k|lt1f u/] Yof] oxfF .. xfjfsf] emf]Ssfn] p8fP em}+ pd+u aGof] Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof], d]/f] nflu sf]lx Tof] .. j}+zsf] a]nfsf] glhsfO{ s] kSsf x'GYof] / . sf] s;n] s] ;'gfof] 6f9f glhs s] x'GYof] / .. ljZjf;df lsg ;+s6 cfOk¥of] kL8f Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof], d]/f] nflu sf]xL Tof] .. OGb]|0fL b]v] y]+, l;tsf] yf]kfdf pNnf; /+u . To;} /+udf 3f]n] y]+, v'zLsf] p8fg ;Fu ;Fu .. crfgs udL{n] r/f v;] em} ahfl/of] Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof] d]/f] nflu sf]xL Tof] .. bfofF–afofF lsg ;f]lrg\ ;f]Rb}5' ca xf] . cfkm\gf] cfFz' cfkm}+nfO{ ef/L eP/ cfof] xf] .. g eGg ldN5, g b]vfpg ldN5 la8Dagf Tof] . d]/f] nflu lyof], d]/f] nflu sf]xL Tof] ..


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;Tofu|x

laxLaf/, h]7 @@, @)&!

SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

;efd'vaf6} === l:ylt aGb} uPsf] 5 . p;n] xfn} hfltut cfwf/sf /fHo ;ldltx¿ lgdf{0f u/]sf] 5, hals oL ;ldltx¿nfO{ lj/f6gu/ ;Dd]ngdf vf/]h ul/Psf] lyof] . cfkm}n + ] vf/]h u/]sf] ;ldlt lapFemfpg' eg] ;+;b\df wldlng yfn]sf] jftfj/0faf6 kmfObf lng vf]lhPsf] eGg] a'em\g uf¥xf] kb}{g . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;ef log} cWoIfsf] csd{0otfsf sf/0f af]nfOPsf] ;efsf] cGTo g} geO{ ;dfKt eof] . clxn] km]l/ ToxL /f]u bf]xf]l/g yfn]sf] 5 . o;n] cWoIfs} sf/0f km]l/ klg ;+ljwfg gaGg] xf] ls eGg] z+sf hGdfPsf] 5 . ;+;b\df ljifo k|jz ] x'g kfPsf] eP To;n] csf]{ df]8 lnO;Sg] lyof] . lk|–ah]6 6'+luGYof], gLlt / sfo{qmd cfpFYof], To;n] Pp6f ult lnP/ ah]6dfly ;+;b\ s]lGb|t x'g] lyof] . h]7df ah]6 ;jf{lws dfu ePsf] / lat]sf] ^ dlxgfb]lvsf] lg/Gt/ cEof;af6 k|:tfljt ePsf] xf] . h]7df ah]6 cPsf] eP To;n] Pp6f ;+:yfut ;'wf/ Nofpg] lyof] . sfd gug]{ cfof]hgfaf6 /sdfGt/ x'g'kg]{ cj:yf klg o;}n] l;h{gf u/]sf] xf] . clxn] ;efd'v cfkm}+ h]7sf] ah]6sf ljkIfdf lsg plqP eGg] csf]{ klg k|Zg v8f ePsf] 5 . lxhf];Dd cj/f]wn] ah]6nfO{ klxn]s} h:tf] c;f/ d;fGt;Dd k'¥ofpg] vt/f a9fPsf] 5 . ;/sf/ df}g a:g'kg]{, ljkIfLn] lg/Gt/ cf/f]k nufO/xg] / ToxL sf/0f a}7s Ps cfwf 306f dfq rn]/ :ylut x'bF } hfg'kg]{ s'/fn] lg/Gt/tf kfof] eg] ah]6 gfd lbPsf] clwj]zg lagfah]6 g} ;dfKt x'g] l:ylt gcfpnf eGg ;lsGg . cf/f]k nflu/xg] To;sf] hjfkm lbg gkfOg] u/L ;+;b\nfO{ h;/L rnfpg vf]lhFb}5, o;n] ult/f]w cGTo xf]Og, emg\ a9fpg] b]lvG5 . ;+;f/df sxLF klg o:tf] ;/sf/n] af]Ng} gkfpg] x'bF g} . ;/sf/ eg]sf] ax'dtsf] cl:tTj xf] . ljkIfLnfO{ ;Ddfg ug'{ cfkm\gf] s'/f xf] t/ To;sf gfddf k'/} ;bg / ;w+} h:t} ljkIfLnfO{ lbOFbf s:tf] k/Dk/f a:5 eGg] ;f]Rg}kg]{ ljifo ePsf] 5 . clxn]sf] ;+;b\ ult/f]wsf] ljifo cToGt ;fdfGo 5 . s]xL cfof]hgfaf6 /sd lems]/ s]xL cfof]hgfdf xfNg' . cyf{t\ /sdfGt/ ug'{ . cfly{s sfo{ljlwn] /sdfGt/nfO{ Pp6f clgjfo{ k|fjwfgsf ?kdf lnPsf] 5 . !) k|ltzt;Ddsf] sd cGt/ x'g ;Sb5 . kfFr ca{ ah]6 ePsf] cj:yfdf sfg'gn] lbP cg';f/ /sdfGt/ x'Fbf klg %) ca{;Ddsf] sfg'gL x}l;ot /xG5 . s'g} cfof]hgf sltko sf/0fn] ;~rfngdf cfpg ;s]g eg] ToxfF hDdf ePsf] /sd csf]{ To:t} cfof]hgf, hxfF /sdsf] cefjn] sfo{ /f]lsPsf] 5, tL 7fpFdf ;fg'{ c:jefljs xf] O g . h;nfO{ ljkIfLn] e|i6frf/sf ?kdf k|:t't ul//x]sf] 5 . ;efd'vsf] of] e"ldsfn] kl5Nnf] ;do ljkIfLsf] ;d]t jf:tljstf a'em\g kfpg] clwsf/nfO{ ;Lldt ul/lbPsf] 5 . x'g;S5, ;/sf/nfO{ hjfkm lbg lbOPsf] eP To;kl5 ljkIfL ljZj:t eP/ o:tf k|Zg ug}{ gkg]{ 7fpFdf k'Ug] lyP ls < ;efd'vaf6 To:tf] cj;/ ;d]t lbOPg . h;n] ;+;b\nfO{ clgl0f{t /fVg ;efd'vn] g} e"ldsf n]v]sf] a'emfpF5 . ;efd'vsf] sfd eg]sf] ;efnfO{ ;w+} :ylut ul//xg] dfq xf]Og, ToxfF cfOk/]sf Jojwfgx¿ h;n] a}7s ;~rfngdf cj/f]w k'lu/x]sf] 5, To;nfO{ km'sfpg dxTjk"0f{?kL kxn x'g' klg xf] . h:t} ljkIfLn] s'g} ljifodf k|i6 x'g dfu ul/x]sf] 5 t/ ;/sf/ k|i6 kfg{ rflx/x]sf] 5}g eg] ;/sf/nfO{ ?lnªdfkm{t\ hjfkm lbg afWo kfg{ ;lsG5 . ;efd'vsf] ?lnªnfO{ s;}n] sf6\g ldNb}g . To:t} h'g s'/f k|i6 x'g vf]lhPsf] xf], ;/sf/af6 To;nfO{ k|i6 kfl/;s]kl5 ljkIfLn] cj/f]w v8f ul//Xof] eg] ljkIfLsf gfddf klg ?lnª x'g ;Sb5, x'gk5{, To;f] ePg eg] Tof] a}7s rNg ;Sb}g . Pp6f b'O6{ f a}7s cj/f]wdf kg{ ;S5g\, t/ ;w}+ To;f] x'g' eg]sf] ;efd'vn] Tof] ;ef rnfpg g;s]sf] a'em\gk' 5{ . ;efd'vnfO{ olt w]/} c;Lldt clwsf/ lbOPsf] x'G5– ;ef ;~rfng ul//xFbf cgfjZos cj/f]w v8f ug]x{ ¿ s/fjfxLdf klg kg{ ;S5g\ . /, w]/} c6]/ u/] ;b:otf g} lgnDag x'g ;Sb5 . of] k[i7e"ldnfO{ dWogh/ ul/Fbf ;efd'vaf6 ;ef ;~rfngsf] sfd afWotf ls lgotj; lgjf{x ePsf] 5}g eGg] k|Zg v8f x'G5 . ljkIfL k|i6 x'g vf]lh/x]sf] 5, ;QfkIf k|i6 kfg{ klg vf]lh/x]sf] 5 . t/, a}7s rflxF lg/Gt/ cj/f]wdf kl//x]sf] 5 . ljut s]xL lbgsf b[Zo log} x'g,\ h'g ;bg rnfpg vf]lhPsf] ?kdf s'g} klg k|sf/n] a'em\g ;lsGg . oxLFaf6 k|Zg p7\5, ;efnfO{ o;/L slxn];Dd clgl0f{t /fVg] < ;+;b\ ljkIfLsf] xf] eGg] dfGotf /flvPsf] xf] eg] klg ToxfF sDtLdf ;/sf/sf] klg s]xL 7fpF x'g'k5{ . ;/sf/n] sfo{qmd glbP;Dd ;+;b\ rNb}g . ;+;b\ cfkm}+n] s'g} ;fgf];Ddsf] sfo{qmd oxfF;Dd sL ;+;b\ rNg] lgodfjnL ;d]t ;/sf/n] g} k|:t't ug'{k5{ . To:tf] kIfnfO{ s'g} lbgsf] a}7sdf ;do g} glbg' eg]sf] ;fdfGo s'/f xf]Og . cem ;efd'v g]Djfªsf] o:tf] e"ldsfn] t sfo{kflnsfsf sfdx¿ g} k|efljt x'g uPsf 5g\, h'g sfd ug{ ;efd' v n] kbLo?kn] kfpF b } g g\ . pbfx/0fsf nflu ;/sf/nfO{ hjfkm lbg] df}sf glbP/ h;/L lbg}lkR5] ;bg :ylut ul/Fb} 5, To;af6 gLlt, sfo{qmd / ah]6 lgwf{l/t ;dodf cfPg eg] To;af6 pTkGg x'g] ljs[lt / lj;+ultsf] hjfkmb]xL sf] x'g] ;efd'v ls ;/sf/ < ;efd'vn] o;sf] pQ/ lbg'k5{ . csf]t{ km{ ;/sf/n] ca ;efd'vsf] e"ldsf dfly klg k|Zg ug]{ a]nf eO;s]sf] 5 . cfkm\gf sfo{qmd k|efljt x'g yfn] eg] ;/sf/ ;w+}

df}g a;]/ x'Fb}g, To:tf ;dfd'vsf af/] ljlw ljwfg adf]lhd lg0f{o k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg ;lsG5 . ca of] ult/f]w ;w+} /xg x'bF g} . ;a}n] jftfj/0fnfO{ ;xh agfpg]tkm{ nfUg'k5{ . of] jftfj/0f agfpg ;/sf/n] ;+;b\df p7]sf ;jfnx¿sf] hjfkm lbg'k5{ / To:tf] hjfkmsf nflu ;efd'vn] ;/sf/nfO{ ;do . /ldtf w]/} eof], ca of] cem} klg w]/} lbg /xg x'bF g} . of] /ldtf ;j{;fwf/0fsf nflu nfh nfUg] ljifodf kl/0ft x'g yfln;s]sf] 5 .

l7s === lgjf{lrt /fi6«klt / ;+;b\af6 lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqL /xg] ldl>t k|0ffnLdf nueu ;xdlt eO{;s]sf] lyof] . Pdfn] / sf+u|];n] t dfg]sf lyPgg\ lg < Pdfn]n] t dflg;s]sf] lyof] . sf+u; ]| n] klg zt{ ;lxt To;nfO{ l:jsf/L ;s]sf] lyof] . sf+u;] | n] /fHo k'g;{ /+ rgfdf ;xdlt eP zf;sLo :j?k dfG5' eg]sf] lyof] . !@ a'bF ] ;dembf/Lsf] e"ldsfdf juL{o pTkL8g, hftLo lje]b, If]qLo, n}l+ us pTkL8g / lje]bsf] cGTo ug]{ ul/ /fHosf] k'g;{ /+ rgf ug]{ eg]/ n]lvPsf] 5 . zflGt ;Demf}tf / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgdf klg of] cfwf/df ug]{ eGg] n]lvPsf] 5 . sf+u; ]| / Pdfn]n] To;sf] efjgf klS8P eg] ;xdlt x'G5 . ljs]Gb|Ls/0fn] ;d:of ;dfwfg gug]{ ePsf]n] ;+3Lotfsf] s'/f u/]sf xf+} . sf+u|]; / Pdfn]sf g]tfx¿ ljs] G b| L s/0fdfly p7\ g ;s] s f 5} g . ljs]Gb|Ls/0faf6 ;dfwfg ePsf] eP hgo'4, hgcfGbf]ng x'bF g} lyof] eGg] s'/f a'em\g' k5{ . ;+3Lotfsf] ljifodf tkfOFx¿ kl5 x6\g] ;Defjgf s] 5 < xfdL clxn] kl5 x6\g] ;jfn g} 5}g . xfdLn] h] ljutdf ;dembf/L u/]sf 5f+} Tof] leqaf6 ;+ljwfg agfpg' k5{ . aflx/af6 ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'bF g} . b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dtn] ;dfwfg x'Fb}g . klxnf] ;+ljwfg;efdf xfd|f] kIfdf klg b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dt lyof] . t/ ;+ljwfg t ag]g lg . k|lqmofaf6 xf]O{g ljutsf ;Demf}tfsf] l:k|6 eGbf aflx/ uP ;+ljwfg aGb} g . ag] k lg RofltG5 . klxnf d} n ] k|lqmofdf hfcf+} eGbf /utsf] vf]nf aU5 eGg] clxn] k|lqmofdf hfcf+} eGg] g}ltstf sf+u; ]| / Pdfn]sf g]tfx¿;Fu 5}g . zflGt k|lqmofsf x:tfIf/stf{x¿ ldn]/ ljutsf] ;xdlt cg';f/ ;+ljwfg agfpg' k5{ ;xdltdf . tkfOFx¿ cfkm}+n] klg k|lqmofaf6 6'+Uofpg] k|ltj4tf JoQm ug'{ ePsf] lyof] lg < xf], ljutdf klxrfg / ;+3Lotfsf kIfw/x¿sf] b' O { ltxfO{ ax' d t lyof] . k|lqmofaf6 6'U+ ofp eGbf sf+u; ]| / Pdfn] dfg]gg\, To;}n] xfdLn] klg To;df an u/]gf+} . xfdLnfO{ s] yfxf lyof] eg] Pdfn] / sf+u; ]| nfO{ afO{kf; u/]/ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg x'bF g} . clxn] cfkm\gf] b'O{ ltxfO{af6 agfpF5f} eGg] s'/f plrt xf]Og{ . ;xdltaf6} ;+ljwfg agfpg' k5{ . cfh xfdLnfO{ klg afO{kf; u/] ;+ljwfg km]l/ aGb}g . k|lqmofsf] d ;Dk"0f{ lj/f]wL xf]O{g t/ clxn] ;xdlt h'6fpg] a]nf xf] eGg] d]/f] s'/f xf] . ;+;bLo Joj:yfdf t ;+Vofsf] dxTj x'G5 lg < ;+;bLo Joj:yfdf ;+Vofsf] dxTj x'G5 t/ xfdL clxn] ;+;bLo Joj:yfdf xf]O{g, ;+qmd0fsflng Joj:yfdf 5f+} . !@ a'bF ,] zflGt ;Demf}tf / cGtl/d ;+ljwfgsf] dd{ aflx/ uP/ ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{ vf]h] km]l/ cfGbf]ng x'G5 . Tof] clwsf/ xfdLnfO{ 5 . sltj6f ;+3 agfpg] < /fHo k'g;{ /+ rgf cfof]usf] k|ltj]bg, ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bgdf 6]s/] cl3 a9\g' k5{ . klxrfgsf] kfFr / ;fd{Yosf] rf/ cfwf/df ;a}sf] ;xdlt 5 . Psn hftLo xfdLn] slxNo} eg]sf 5}gf}+ . k|ToIf lgjf{lrt /fi6«kltsf] c8fgaf6 Aofs x'g' x'G5 < Aofs x'g] eGg] s'/f 5}g . cem} k'li6 ePsf] 5 . 5 jif{df 5 j6f ;/sf/ eof] . s;}n] k'/f ;do sfd ug{ kfPsf 5}gg . ;/sf/sf] of] sfo{sfn s;/L x]g{' ePsf] 5 < xfdLn] ;o lbg;Dd /rgfTds ?kdf x]/]sf] xf] . t/ of] ;dodf ;/sf/ ultlxg, lg0f{o ug{ g;Sg], b]z nyfln+u / c/fhstf a9\bf] 5 . xfdL ca hgtfsf] ;/f]sf/sf] ljifonfO{ ;+;b\df p7fPsf 5f+} . xfdL s8f cfGbf]ngdf nfU5f+} . xfdL clxn] ;/sf/ 9fNg] of]hgfdf 5}gf}+ . xfdLn] h] s'/f p7fpg yfn]sf 5f},+ ;/sf/n] To;nfO{ u+le/?kdf glnP eljio 5}g . xfd|f] dfu k'/f gu/] gofF kl/l:ylt aG5 . afa'/fdhL;Fu s:tf] ;+3if{ 5 lg < @)$! ;fndf cof]Wofdf kf6L{sf] kfFrf} dxflwj]zgd} xfldaLr h'xf/L rn]sf] lyof] . pxfF df]xg j}Bsf] kIfdf / d}n] pxfFsf] lj/f]w u/]sf] lyPF . TolxF b]lv xfd|f] ;+3if{ lyof] . xfldaLr ;+3if{ / Pstf 5 . @)$^ b]lv xfdL Pp6} sldl6df 5f+} . oxfF klg ;+3if{ / Pstf ;Fu} rln/x]sf] 5 . o;a]nf k|r08 / afa'/fd ;Fu} a:b}g eg]/ eG5g\ . hgo'4 ;'? ePkl5 afa'/fdhLnfO{ s]Gb|Lo ;ldltaf6 lgsflnof], r'ªjfªdf k'u/] km]l/ Pstf eof] . of] 36gfnfO{ ;'Id?kdf x]gn {] ] of] s'/f a'em\5g\ . clxn]sf] ;+3if{sf] l:ylt eP klg JolQmut l/;O{jL s]xL 5}g . kf6L{, cfGbf]ng / b]zsf] ljifodf ;f]rfO{ km/s dfq xf] . o;af6 gofF Pstfsf] ;Defjgf a9\5 . afa'/fdhLn] t tkfOFnfO{ g]tf agfPsf] eGg' ePsf] 5 lg < Tof] s'/fdf d hfGg . kf6L{ leq 8fS6/ eO;s]sf] dfG5]nfO{ Nofpg' x'Fb}g, pgLx¿ cj;/jfbL x'G5g\ eg]/ k'/fgf g]tfx¿n] eGg] ug'{ x'GYof] . d}n] xf]O{g, o:tf] a'l4hLljnfO{ Nofpg'k5{ eg]/ eGg] ub{y] . d}n] NofPF . P]ltxfl;s tYox¿n] of] k'li6 ul/;s]sf] 5

eg] afa'/fd / k|r08 ;+3if{ / Pstf ub}{ ljsf; ug]{ Ps csf{sf k'/s x'g eg]/ . cem} d afa'/fdhLnfO{ ;Fu} lnP/ hfG5' . hlxn] klg pxfFnfO{ tkfOFn] ;]s]08Dofg dfq} agfpg' eof] lg < kf6L{sf] km:6Dofg t pxfF cfkm} aGg rfxg' x'Gg . pxfF aGg rfxg] xf] eg] d agfpF5' . x]6f}+8f dxflwj]zgdf d]n] csf]{ dxflwj]zgdf g]t[Tj x:tfGt/0fsf] jftfj/0f agfpg' k5{ eg]/ eg]sf] g} 5' . pxfF ;w}+ km:6 Dofg /xFb} cfpg' ePsf] 5 . ;'?df ;+o'Qm hgcfGbf]ng ;ldltsf] ;+of]hs x'g' x'GYof] . hgdf]rf{sf] g]tf x'g' x'GYof] . hgo'4df klg hg;/sf/ k|d'v x'g' x'GYof] . pxfF km:6 g} xf] . l7s k|lqmofaf6 uP afa'/fdhLnfO{ 5f8\5' . kf6L{ Pstfa4 eP/ uP df]xg j}B jf afa'/fdhL h;nfO{ klg g]tT[ j 5f8\g tof/ 5' . kf6L{ km'6\b}g . x]6f}+8f dxflwj]zgaf6 Aofs x'g' x'G5 < Aofs x'g] xf]O{g, ca ;a}+ cl3 a9\g] s'/f xf] . d, j}BhL, afa'/fdhL, gf/fo0fsfhL ;a} cl3 a9\g' k5{ . sf]xL Aofs x'g] xf]Og{ . pTkfbg / ljsf; ug]{ s'/f j}BhLsf] nflu lj/f]wsf] ljifo x'g ;Sb}g . ca ;a} cl3 a9\b} Pstfsf] s]Gb|df cfpg h?/L 5 . ef/tdf ePsf] kl/jt{ g n] g] k fndf s] x L kl/jt{ g xf] n f < efhkf cfpFb}df ef/tsf] g]kfn gLltdf kl/jt{g cfpFbg} . kl/jt{g x'G5 eGg' ef/tsf] ljb]z gLlt ga'em\g]x¿sf] s'/f xf] . ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq ;+:yfut ug]{ ljifodf g/]Gb| df]bLsf] klg ;xof]u /xG5 . /, s'g} x:tIf]k ub}{g . cfkm\g} b]zdf wd{lg/k]Iftf x6fpg gvf]Hg]n] c? b]zdf abNg' k5{ eGb}g .

cfh === jftfj/0fk|lt ;r]t / hfu?s /xg] ;a}sf]

lrGtfsf] ljifo xf], …s'g} ;do xl/of] jg, g]kfnsf] wgÚ egL rrf{df /x]sf] g]kfnsf] jg If]q ca gfd dfqdf l;ldt x'Fb}5 eg] csf{lt/ cJojl:yt a9\bf] zx/Ls/0fn] jftfj/0f lbgk|ltlbg k|b'lift x'Fb} uPsf] 5 . To:t} lau|Fbf] jftfj/0fn] a9]sf] tfkdfgsf sf/0f ;]tf lxdfnx¿ kUn]/ sfnfkTy/df ?kfGt/0f x'g] vt/f klg a9\b} uPsf] 5, o;sf af/]df ljZjsf jftfj/0fljb\x¿n] ljsl;t tyf ljsf;f]Gd'v lxdfnL b]zx¿nfO{ ;r]t u/fO/x]sf 5g\ . lxdfn}–lxdfnsf] b]z dflgg] g]kfnn] klg o;af/]df rfF8} ;r]t gx'g] xf] eg] ef]nL To:tf] uj{ ug{ ;Sg] 7fpF /xg] 5}g . To;}u/L lau|Fbf] jftfj/0fsf sf/0f s'g} klg a]nf dxfdf/L km}ng ;Sg] s'/fnfO{ gsfg{ ;lsFbg} . xfjf, kfgL tyf vfB kbfy{ cflbsf k|b'if0fsf sf/0f km}ng] ljleGg /f]un] csfn} w]/n } ] Hofg u'dfpg'k/]sf] klg 5 . s]xL ;do cl3 lj/f6gu/df km}lnPsf] hl08;sf] k|sf]knfO{ pbfx/0fsf] ?kdf lng ;lsG5 . ljut b'O{ jif{bl] v ;8s lj:tf/sf] gfddf ePsf] w'nf]–w'jfFn] pkTosfsf] jftfj/0f klg g/fd|f; ] uF k|efljt ePsf] 5 . :j:y vfg]kfgLsf] cefj klg plQs} 5 . jftf/0f :jR5 /fVgsf nflu ug'k{ g]{ w]/} kIf 5g\, h;sf] sfof{Gjogsf] nflu ;j{;wf/0fn] t cfkm\gf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug}k{ 5{, t/ To;sf] jftfj/0f lgdf{0fsf nflu ;/sf/n] ug'{kg]{ st{Jo klg w]/} 5 .

dxflg/LIfsk|lt ===

cof{ n sf] e" l dsfsf] ;jfndf k| x /L + ] clws[tx¿ ;z+lst ePsf x'g\ . cof{n cfkm}n j/Lotfqmd ldlrFbg} eGg] cfZjf;g lbO/xFbf pgs} x:tfIf/df cfPsf] ;"rgf x]bf{ j/Lotfqmd ldlrPsf] kfOPkl5 pgsf] af]nL / u/fOdf km/s ePsf] eGb} k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nodf pgLlj?4 df]rf{aGbL x'g yfn]sf] 5 . …@)&# ;fndf clgjfo{ cjsfz kfpg] cof{nn] cfkm"eGbf d'lgsf k|x/L clws[tx¿nfO{ lr9fpg yfn]sf 5g\, pgnfO{ s;/L cGo clwsf/Ln] ;fy lbG5g\ tÚ, k|wfg sfof{no ;|ft] n] eGof], …8LcfO{hL / P;P;kL a9'jfdf klg o:t} u/] pgsf] x}l;otdfly k|Zg p7\g] 5 .Ú PcfO{hL a9'jfdf l;kmfl/; ePsf /fh]G›l;+x e08f/L, ;'/G] ›axfb'/ zfx, lj1fg/fh zdf{, k|tfkl;+x yfkf, /d]zz]v/ ah|frfo{, jL/]G›afa' >]i7 tyf s]bf/k|sfz ;fpbdWo] yfkf / >]i7sf] l;kmfl/;df ;a}eGbf a9L ljjfb ePsf] xf] . ;|ft] sf cg';f/ PcfO{hL a9'jfsf qmddf u[ x ;lrj ;" o { l;njfnn] k| t fk yfkf, lj1fg/fh zdf{, jL/]G›axfb'/ >]i7sf] kIfdf alnof] c8fg /fv]sf lyP . yfkfsf] kIfdf rflxF dxflg/LIfssf] klg ;dy{g lyof] . nfdf] ;do;Dd k|aGw zfvfdf /x]sf yfkfsf nflu k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nocGtu{t 7]Ssfk§f ug{x] ¿n] nufgL u/] s f] xNnf rn] s f] 5 . a9' j f l;kmfl/;sf qmddf u[x dGqfnodf ut ;ftf ca]/ ePsf] a}7sdf ;lrj l;njfnsf] e"ldsf eg] z+sf:kb /x]sf] lyof] . lje"if0f ;ldltsf] a}7s;d]t 5f8]/ pgL ( ah] /flt dGqL Sjf6{/ k'u]sf lyP . l;kmfl/; gfddf dGqLn] …cf]s]Ú u/]kl5 dfq} !! ah] dxflg/LIfsn] x:tfIf/ u/L ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . ;f] ;"rL k|sflzt ePkl5 dxflg/LIfs cof{nn] s;};Fu klg e]63f6 u/]sf 5}gg\ .

dGqf0fL ===

ePsf] b]v]/ sfo{stf{x¿n] lha|f] 6f]Sg yfn]sf x'g\ . olt dfq xf]Og, pgn] cfkm"nfO{ ;'gsf] dfq xf]Og, lx/f / df]tLs} u/x/gf nufpg] OR5f hfu]sf] s'/f klg ug{ yfn]sL l5g\ . To:t} dGqf0fLn] x]o/ :6fOn ;d]t kl/jt{g u/L dxFuf Jo'l6kfn{/df ;fh;Hhfsf nflu hfg yfn]sL l5g\ . pgsf] o:tf] ljnfl;tfk"0f{ s'/f ;'Gg yfn]kl5 dGqL cfrfo{

lgs6sf sfo{stf{x¿n] ca dGqLhL klg e| i 6frf/sf] bnbndf km:g] eP eg] / l6sfl6Kk0fL ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . dGqf0fLn] r'/Lkm'/L b]vfpFb} s]xL ;docl3 kz'klt ljsf; sf]ifsf ;b:o ;lrj 8f= uf]ljGb 608gnfO{ klg h;/L eP klg Pp6f P;L hl8t ;jf/L ;fwg k7fOlbg dGqf0fL cfrfo{n] cfu|x u/]sL lyOg . k|ltpQ/df 608gn] xfd|f] ;+:yfn] uf8L pknAw u/fpg] sfd ub}{g eg]/ hjfkm lbPkl5 dGqf0fL 608gnfO{ h;/L klg 7]ufg nufpg' g} kg]{ ef] eg]/ >Ldfg\ dGqLnfO{ rsf]{ bafj lbg yfn]sf] ;dfrf/ ;"qn] atfPsf] 5 . otf dGqL crfo{ klg gjf+} dxflwj]zgaf6 s]lGb|o ;lrj aGg] ldzg;lxt dxflwj]zg k| l tlglwx¿nfO{ vl/b ug] { cleofgdf lbnf]Hofgn] nflu k/]sf] Pdfn]s} pRr ;"qn] atfPsf] 5 . kf]v/f ljdfg:yn rfOlgh sDkgLnfO{ 7]Ssf lbPkl5 To;}af6 k|fKt x'g] df]6f] sldzgn] r'gfj lhTg] pgsf] of]hgf /x]sf] a'lemPsf] 5 . Pdfn] cWoIf emngfy vgfnsf elthL HjfOF /x]sf dGqL cfrfo{n] klg sdfp cleofg cGtu{t >LdtL lg/fnfO{ g} cufl8 a9fPsf] a'lemPsf] 5 . xfn >LdtL lg/f clwsf/ hdfP/ sldzg a6'Ng] v]ndf ;lqmo l5g\ . olt dfq xf]Og, pgn] dGqLsf] cfb]z eGb} kmf]g ub}{ k};f c;'Ng] sfd o'4:t/df ug{ yfn]sL l5g\ .

;j{;fwf/0f === sfdsf] k|sl[ t x]//] kfFr nfv ;Dd lng] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLx¿n] ljefusf sd{rf/Lsf] ldn]dtf]df lk|m l6s6 / le;f eg]/ l8df08 :jLs[t u/fpg] clg ] f] /f]huf/Ldf hfg] g]kfnL;Fu ;/sf/n] tf]ss eGbf em08} rf}u'gf /sd lnP/ j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ldf k7fpg] u/]sf 5g\ . lk|m l6s6 / le;f eg]/ k"j{ :jLs[lt lgsfn]kl5 ;/sf/nfO{ /fh:j ltg'{ kb}g{ . /fh:j ltg'{ g} k/]klg ;fdfGo /fh:j lt/]/ /fHonfO{ 7Ug] u/]sf 5g\ . Dofgkfj/ ;~rfng ug]{ eg]/ j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefudf btf{ u/fPsf ;~rfnsx¿sf ljefudf Pp6f JolQmsf b'O{ j6f eGbf a9L Dofgkfj/ sDkgLx¿ btf{ sfod /x]sf 5g\ . sydsbflrt Pp6f sDkgL ab\gfd of aGb ePsf] cj:yfdf pgLx¿n] csf]{ sDkgLaf6 >d :jLs[lt lgsfNg] u/]sf 5g\ . of] k|lqmofdf ljefusf sd{rf/Lsf] ldn]dtf] eGbf aflx/ ;Dej 5}g . 6]saxfb'/ u'?Ë >d tyf /f]huf/dGqL ePkl5 j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefudf v'nc ] fd 3'ifsf] sf/f]jf/ x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ljefusf sd{rf/Lx¿n] j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf hfg] ;DalGwt JolQm nfO{gdf a;]/ >d :jLs[lt lgsfNg' kg]d{ f Ph]G6nfO{ nfOgdf pEofP/ hgxL *) xhf/b]lv Ps nfv @) xhf/;Dd 3'if lnP/ >d :jLs[lt lbg] ul/Psf] 5 . dfgj t:s/x¿n] ljefub]lv ljdfg:yn;Dd ;] l 6ª ldnfpg] eg] / ;j{;fwf/0f;Fu 7"nf] dfqfdf cj}w /sd c;'ns ] f x'G5g\ . clxn] ph'/L, ;+:yf btf{, cled'vLs/0f zfvf, JolQmut zfvf, lnunfO{h; ] g, k"j{ :jLs[lt, clGtd :jLs[lt, dxflgb]z { ssf] lkP zfvf, k|zf;g / gjLs/0fdf uf]Ko?kdf 3'ifsf] b//]6 g} tf]s/] dfgj t:s/L eO/x]sf] >f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . /fhgLlts kf6L{sf] e|ft[ ;+u7gsf] cf8df ljefusf sd{rf/Lx¿n] dfgj t:s/LnfO{ k|fT] ;fxg lbO/x]sf 5g\ . Ps;o hgfsf] k"j{ :jLs[lt lgl:sof] eg] Ps k6sdf !) b]lv @) hgfsf] clGtd :jLs[lt lgsfNb} ;]l6ª ub}{ u/]sf] >f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . yf]/}sf] >d :jLs[ltdf s;}sf] klg cfFvf gkg]{ x'bF f Joj;foL / sd{rf/Lsf] ldn]dtf]df k6s–k6s yf]/} yf]/} u/]/ >d :jLs[lt lgsfNg] / cj}w /sd c;'Ng] gofF tl/sf ckgfOPsf] xf] . sd{rf/LnfO{ 3'if lbg] dfWod eg] Dofgkfj/ sDkgLx¿n] lgo'Qm u/]sf Ph]G6, bnfn, dfgj t:s/ / ljefu kl/;/df OG:o"/G] ;, kmf]6f]skL / 6«feN;sf] jf]8{ /fv]/ a;]sf Joj;foLx¿ g} x'g\ . #) jif{ d' g Lsf g] k fnL dlxnfnfO{ xfp;d]8df k7fpg ;/sf/n] k|ltaGw nufPkl5 Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLn] sDkgLsf] le;fdf k]zf kl/jt{g ug{ nufP/ xfp;d]8df nufpg] u/]sf] u/]sf] >f]tn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . JolQmut k|of;df j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf hfg]x¿sf] gftf k|dfl0ft ug]{ ;DalGwt b]zsf] g]kfnL lgof]un] ToxfF /x]sf g]kfnL bnfn of Dofgkfj/ ;~rfnsnfO{ af]nfP/ /sd xft k/]kl5 dfq} gftf k|dfl0ft ul/lbg] u/]sf 5g\ . lgof]usf sd{rf/Ln] 3'if kfPgg\ eg] gftf k|dfl0ft x'bF g} Ps Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLn] u'gf;f] kf]v] . j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefudf b]lvg] Dofgkfj/ Joj;foL / Ph]G6x¿n] >d k|ltlglwsf] sf8{ lnP/ JolQmut, lnunfOh];g / gjLs/0fdf kf;kf]6{ af]s/] hfFbf sd{rf/Lx¿n] slt kf;kf]6{ 5g\ eg]/ ;f]Wg] ub{5g\ . ;]l6ªsf kf;kf]6{ ;lsP eg] sd{rf/L cfkm+} sfo{sIfaf6 p7]/ ;]l6ªsf kf;kf]6{ Nofpg Ph]G6, bnfn / dfgj t:s/x¿nfO{ ;'emfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefudf btf{ rnfgLb]lv dxflgb]z { s;Ddsf] 3'ifsf] b//]6 km/s–km/s /x]sf] 5 . btf{ rnfgLdf slt hgf JolQmsf] k"j,{ clGtd >d :jLs[ltsf] kmfOn xf] k|sl[ t x]//] kfFr;ob]lv kfFr xhf/;Dd 3'if lnOG5 . To;}u/L j}bl] zs /f]huf/ ljefun] s/f/df lgo'Qm u/]sf c/jL efiff 6«fG;n]6/x¿n] k|lt kmfO{n ;+Vofsf cfwf/df kfFr xhf/b]lv dfly 3'if lng] u/]sf] >d k|ltlglwx¿n] pNn]v u/]sf 5g\ . ljefudf >d k|ltlglw g} dfgj t:s/Ldf nfUg] u/]sf 5g\ . Pp6f Dofgkfj/ sDkgLdf ldNbf]hN' bf] l8df08 cfof] eg] /sd Pp6f Dofgkfj/ sDkgLn] lng] t/ >d :jLs[lt cs}{ Dofgkfj/ sDkgLaf6 lgsfNg] ul/G5 . clwsf+z

k|ljlw ;r{ ubf{ vf]hs] f] s'/f kfpg] t/Lsf

cfkm'n] vf]h]sf] s'/f ;r{ ubf{ ;lhn} e]6fpgsf nflu klxn] ;r{ OlGhgn] sfd ug{] tl/sf a'em\g' k5{ . tn s]lx a'bfFx¿ k|:t't 5, h;nfO{ ;r{ ug{' cl3 ofb ug{] xf] eg] kSs} klg vf]h]sf] s'/f k|fKt ug{ ;lhnf] x'g]5 .

;r{sf ljleGg 6"nx¿

tkfOFn] vf]Hg nfUg' ePsf] km/s–km/s ;'rgfsf] nflu u'unsf km/s–km/s 6"nx¿ 5g\ . h:tf] ;fdfGo ;'rgfsf] nflu …u'un j]a ;r{Ú, tl:j/sf] nflu …u'un Od]h ;r{Ú, lel8of]sf] nflu …u'un lel8of] ;r{Ú, ;dfrf/sf] nflu …u"un Go'h ;r{Ú, o'lgel;{6Lsf] nflu …u'un o'lgel;{6L ;r{Ú, n]v, l/;r{ k]k/sf] nflu …u"un :sf]n/ ;r{Ú, lstfax¿sf] nflu …u'un a's ;r{Ú, 7]ufgfsf] nflu …u'un Dofk ;r{Ú, dfn;fdfgsf] nflu …u"un ;lk+uÚ, ljz]if k|sf/sf] vf]h ug{sf nflu …u'un P8efG; ;r{Ú . o:t}–o:t} cGo ;r{ 6"nx¿ klg 5g\ h'g tkfOFn] vf]Hg rfx]sf] ;'rgfsf] k|sf/sf] cfwf/df leGg 6"nx¿ k|of]u ug{' eof] eg] rfx]sf] s'/f e]6fpg ;lhnf] x'G5 .

8s'dG] 6sf] k|sf/sf] cfwf/df

of] Pp6f cToGt} pkof]uL tl/sf xf] / sd} JolQmx¿n] dfq o;sf] k|of]u u/]sf x'G5g\ . olb tkfOF ljBfyL{ x'gx' G' 5 / tkfOFnfO{ s'g} sf];{ jf ljifosf] af/]df j8{ jf lkl8Pkm 8s'dG] 6 vf]Hg' k¥of] eg] o; tl/sf af6 tkfOFn] l;w} k|fKt ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 jf tkfOF s'g} Dofg]h/ jf clkml;on JolQm x'g'x'G5 / tkfOFnfO s'g} ljifodf lk|hG] 6];g tof/ ug{' kg{] 5 eg] tkfOFn] l;w} kfj/ KjfOG6sf kmfOnx¿ klg k|fKt ug{ ;Sg'x'g] 5 . To;sf] nflu vf]Hg nfu]sf] ljifosf] cuf8L jf k5f8L filetype:ppt, filetype:doc, filetype:p df pNn]v ug{' eof] eg] tkfOFn] vf]hs ] f] k|sf/sf] kmfOn k|fKt ug{' x'g]5 . t/ tkfOFnfO{ kmfOnsf] k|sf/ / sf]8 eg] yfxf x'g'kg{] x'G5 .

yk36 ul/ vf]Hg]

olb tkfOFnfO{ pbfx/0fsf nflu l;8\gLdf ePsf g]kfnL jlsnx¿sf] af/]df vf]Hg dg nfUof] t/ dfOu|; ] g Ph]G6x¿sf] gfd gfcf];\ eGg] rfxg' x'G5 eg] …g]kfnL jlsn –dfOu|; ] g Ph]G6Ú 6fO{k ug{' eof] eg] g]kfnL jlsnx¿;Fu ;DalGwt dfq ;'rgf cfpF5 . To:t} Tof] ln:6df tkfOF l;8\gLsf dfq jlsnx¿sf] ln:6 cfcf];\ eGg] rfxg'x'G5 eg] …g]kfnL jlsn l;8\gL +Ú ug{' eof] eg] o;n] l;8\gLdf ePsf dfq g]kfnL jlsnx¿sf] ;'rgf b]vfpF5 . /, tkfOFn] oL +, – ;+s]tnfO{ ;o'+Qm¿kdf klg k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 . h;sf] d2tn] tkfOFn] rfx]sf] ljz]if ;'rgf lgsfNg d2t u5{ .

lglZrt ;'rgfsf] vf]h

olb tkfOF s'g} zAbx¿ dfq xf]Og ls s]lx ljz]if ;'rgf g} vf]Hg rfxg' ePsf] 5 eg] To;nfO{ b'O{j6f sf]6];g ;+s]t -Ú …_ leq /flvlbg' eof] eg] u'unn] 7\ofSs Tolx ;"rgf ;Fu ldNbf] l/hN6 dfq b]vfpF5 . pbfx/0fsf] nflu tkfOFnfO{ …ci6«]lnofsf] g]kfnL kqÚ eg]/ ;r{ ug{' eof] eg] o;n] lt k'/f zAbx¿ sf] ;+of]hg;Fu ldNbf] l/hN6 dfq b]vfpF5 . t/ olb sf]6];g ;+s]t /fVg' ePg eg] o;n] Ps–Ps zJbsf] cfwf/df l/hN6 b]vfpg] u5{ .

;fO6 laz]if vf]h

olb tkfOFn] s'g} j]a;fO6df k|sflzt ePsf] ;'rgfsf] af/]df vf]Hg' k¥of] eg] of] tl/sf ;xof]uL x'g ;S5 . pbfx/0fsf] nflu olb tkfOFnfO{ l;PgPgdf cfPsf] g]kfn ;DalGw ;dfrf/ x]g'{ k¥of] eg] …g]kfnL ;dfrf/ site:www.cnn.comÚ 6fO{k ug{' eof] eg] o;n] l;PgPgdf k|sflzt g]kfnL ;dfrf/x¿nfO{ dfq b]vfpF5 .

u'un ljz]if ;r{

k|foM xfdLn] k|of]u ug{] u'un ;r{ ;fdfGo ;r{ xf] . t/ olb tkfOFn] To;df cfkm'n] vf]h]sf] ;'rgf k|fKt ug{' ePg eg] u'un P8efG; ;r{ k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 . hxfF tkfOFn] hf]8\g, x6fpg rfx]sf zAb, efiff, 7fpF, kmfO{nsf] k|sf/, ;'rgf k|sflzt ;do ;do cflb s'/fx¿ 5fGg kfpg'x'G5 . h;n] ubf{ tkfOFn] rfx]sf] ;lx ;"rgf k|fKt ug{ ;lhnf] x'G5 . To:t} ;fdfGo ;r{ ul/;s]k5L klg u"unn] tkfOFsf] a|fph/sf] b]a|] ;fO8df tkfOFn] k|fKt ug{ rfx]sf] ;"rgfsf] k|sflzt ;do 5fGg] cj;/ lbPsf] x'G5 . pbfx/0fsf] nflu ci6«l] nofdf Ps xKtf cl3 36]sf] jf s]lx jif{ cl3 36]sf] s'g} ;do ljz]ifsf] g]kfnL ;DalGw ;dfrf/ x]g{' k¥of] eg] tkfOFn] Tof] 6"nsf] ;xof]un] ;lhn} k|fKt ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 . /, To:t} 36gf w]/} k6s 36]sf] x'g ;S5 . t/ tkfOFn] u'undf ;fdfGo ;r{ ug{' eg] k'/fgf ;'rgfx¿ cfpg] rfG; a9L x'G5, To;}n] To:tf] ;"rgfsf] ;lx hfgsf/L k|fKt ug{ ;do tf]Sg' /fd|f] x'G5 .

kl/efiffsf] vf]h

olb tkfOF cWoog ub{} x'gx' G' 5 jf s]lx s'/f k9\b} x'gx' G' 5 / s'g} zAbsf] cy{df em'lSsg' eof] jf yfxf ePg eg] tkfOFn] l8S;g/L kN6fO /xg' kb{}g . tkfOFn] l;w} u"unnfO{ klg l8S;g/Lsf] ¿kdf k|of]u ug{ ;Sg'x'G5 . To;sf] nflu tkfOFn] cy{ vf]Hg' ePsf] zJbsf] cuf8L define: n]lvlbg' eof] o;n] tkfOFnfO{ To; zAbsf] cy{sf] af/]df hfgsf/L lbG5 . h:t} …define:g]kfnÚ .

Sofns'n]6/

tkfOF sDKo'6/ cuf8L x'gx' G' 5 / s]lx lx;fa ug{' kg{] eof] eg] cGo s'g} Sofns'n6] / jf PlKns];g k|of]u gu/L u'unnfO{ g} tkfOF Sofns'n6] / klg agfpg ;Sg'xG' 5 . To;sf] nflu tkfOFn] l;w} ul0flto ;+s]t k|of]u ug{' eof] eg] u'unn] cfkm}+ l/hN6 b]vfpg] 5 . h:t}M 123*123-13+12 . To:t} ljBfyL{x¿sf] nflu u'unn] ljz]if ;fOlG6lkms Sofns'n6] /sf] klg sfd ul/lbG5 .

;do, :6s, df};d / cGo ;'rgfx¿

To:t} u'unsf cGo w]/} ljz]if ;r{sf ;'ljwfx¿ klg 5g\ . h:tf] olb tkfOFnfO{ clxn] cd]l/sfdf slt aHof] hfGg dg nfUof] eg] l;w} …Current time UsÚ 6fO{k ug{' eof] eg] o;n] l;w} l8lh6n 38L b]vfpF5 . To:t} olb l;8\gLsf] df};dsf] hfgsf/L lng dg nfUof] eg] …Weather SydneyÚ ug{' eof] eg] o;n] l;8\gLsf] df};dsf] lj:t[t ljj/0f b]vfpF5 . h'g l/hN6sf] klxnf] k]hdf g} :k:6 x'G5 lSns u/]/ km]/L csf{] k]hdf uO/xg] emGem6 ul//xg' kb{}g . Dofgkfj/ Joj;foLx¿n] cfkm+}n] j}b]lzs /f] h uf/Ldf k7fPsf ;j{; fwf/0f g] k fnL gful/snfO{ hfgfhfgL ;DalGwt b]zsf sfdbf/ ;Knfo;{ sDkgL of /f]huf/bftf sDkgL;Fu ldn]/ oftgf lbg], dfg],{ b'36{ gfdf kfg]{ / u|k' df uPsf cGonfO{ 8/ qf; b]vfP/ ;Demf}tf ljkl/tsf sfddf nufpg] u/]sf 5g\ . gSsnL d]l8sn / cled'vLs/0f tflnd clxn]sf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] 3'if vfg] dfWod ag]sf] 5 . Dofgkfj/, Ph]G6, bnfn / dfgj t:s/x¿n] ljz]ifu/L dn]l;of / stf/sf] /f]huf/Ldf hfg] ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ >d :jLs[lt lg:sg' k"j{ g} gSsnL d]l8sn / -cf]l/PG6];g_ kmfOndf ;dfj] z u/] / 3' i fs} cfwf/df

hj/h:tL j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf k7fpg] u/]klg ;DalGwt lgsfosf] Wofg eg] hfg ;s]sf] 5}g . b}lgs ;/b/ !% ;ob]lv b'O{ xhf/sf] xf/fxf/Ldf j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf hfg] u/]sf] ljefusf] dfl;s cf+s8fn] b]vfPsf] 5 . j}bl] zs /f]huf/Ldf hfg] oL ;a};Fu kfOnfkfOnfdf sld;g vfOPsf] x'G5 . Dofgkfj/ k|ltlglw, bnfn / dfgj t:s/x¿ ljefusf sd{rf/LnfO{ 3'if jfktsf] /sd lbg sd{rf/L a:g] rf]srf]s, kfos kg]{ 7fpF / Hofb} 7"nf] /sd eP g]kfnaf6 x'08L of Dofgkfj/sf ;~rfns g} dfs]{l6ª ug]{ lgx'Fdf ljb]z uP/ ljb]zaf6 sd{rf/L of pgLx¿sf cfkmGtsf] vftfdf /sd hDdf ul/lbg] u/]sf] ljZj:t ;'qn] bfaL u/]sf] 5 .

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pbok'/ lkmNd cjf8{ x'b “ } kl5Nnf] ;dodf cjf8{ ug]x{ ¿sf] af9L g} cfPsf] 5 . k|foM cjf8{x¿ sf7df8f}+df g} x'g] u/]sf 5g\ . o; k/Dk/fnfO{ tf]8\b} df]km;ndf klg rnlrq cjf8{ x'g] ePsf] 5 . pbok'/ lhNnfsf s]xL u/f+} eGg] efjgf lnPsf o'jfx¿n] pbok'/ lkmNd cjf8{ ug{ nfu]sf x'g\ . ;f]sf] hfgsf/L sf7df8f} + d f cfof] l ht kqsf/ ;Dd]ngdfkm{t\ cfof]hsn] hfgsf/L u/fP . pbok'/nfO{ ;u/dfyf c~rnsf] åf/sf] ¿kdf lrlgG5 . gf} j6f lhNnf;Fu l;dfgf hf]l8Psf] o; lhNnfdf z}lIfs, P]ltxfl;s, wfld{s ko{6gsf] ;Defjgf /x]sf] 5 . pbok'/ lhNnfdf ljut nfdf] ;dob]lv rnlrqsf] lgdf{0f sfo{ ;d]t x'Fb} cfPsf] x'Fbf o; If]qsf] ljsf; / k|j4{gsf nflu rnlrq ko{6g, gofF–gofF Jofj;flos pTkfbgsf] ahf/Ls/0f ;d]t ug]{ x]t'n] …pbok'/ lkmNd cjf8{Ú oxL h]7sf] @&, @*, @( ut] pT;jsf] ¿kdf dgfpg nfluPsf] cfof] h s dWo] s f Ps /fh' ;'Gbf;n] atfP . pbok' / lhNnfsf] ;b/d' s fd ufO{3f6df x'g nfu]sf] o; cjf8{sf] d'Vo p2]Zo g]kfnL rnlrq ko{6gsf] k|j4{g ug]{, g]kfnL rnlrqsf] u'0f:t/ j[l4sf nflu k|f]T;fxg ug]{, :yflgo tyf /fli6«o :t/sf pTkflbt a:t'x¿sf] k|rf/–k|;f/ tyf ljlqm ljt/0f sfo{df ;xefuL u/fpg]

xf] . o; cjf8{ d f @)&) ;fn leq g]kfne/ k|b{zg ePsf (& j6f lkmNdaf6 kfFr pTs[i6 lkmNdsf] rog ul/ tL lkmNdx¿sf] aLrdf pTsi6 lkmNd cjf8{, pTs[i6 lgb]{zs cjf8{, pTs[i6 syf, pTs[i6 gfos, pTs[i6 gflosf, pTs[i6 5fofFsf/, pTs[i6 gj–gfos, pTs[i6 gj– gflosf, pTs[i6 rnlrq cleg]tf, pTs[i6 rnlrq cleg]qL, pTs[i6 >[+uf/ ul/ !! j6f ljwfdf cjf8{x¿ ljt/0f ul/g] 5 . :yfgLo ;f+ : s[ l ts emnsx¿, :yfgLo vfgfsf] kl/sf/ k|b{zgL, :yfgLo 3/]n' tof/L a:t'x¿ k|b{zgL, :yfgLo tyf /fli6«o:t/sf snfsf/x¿åf/f a[xt ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmdx¿ /xg] o; cjf8{

6'ln;fsf] ljlsgL kmf]6f];6'

sfo{ q mddf sfo{ q md k| f of] h s, ;x– k|fof]hs ug]{ ;+:yf÷sDkgLx¿nfO{ ljz]if ;Ddfgsf] sfo{qmd ;d]t /x]sf] 5 . ljleGg PkmPd /]l8of] x ¿ / l6eL lkmNdLaf6 k|ToIf k|;f/0fsf] Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] / ljleGg b} l gs, ;fKtflxs / DoflUhg 5fkf ;~rf/ ldl8of kf6{g/ /x]sf] o; cjf8{ d f h] 7 @& ut] ljlzi6 cltlyx¿åf/f sfo{qmd pb\3f6g, @* ut] ;]n]S6]8 rnlrqx¿sf] j[xt k|b{zgL / @( ut] a[xt ;f+:s[lts sfo{qmd;lxt k'/:sf/ ljt/0f sfo{qmd /x]sf] 5 . d'Vo cltly rnlrq lgdf{tf ;+3sf cWoIf /fhs'df/ /fO{sf] cfltYodf ePsf] pQm sfo{qmddf ldnfk dfl;ssf ;Dkfbs

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/fhf/fd kf}8n ] nfO{ lkt[zf]s

snfsf/ /fhf/fd kf}8]nnfO{ lkt[zf]s k/]sf] 5 . pgsf *% jlif{o lktf ;Ltf/fd kf}8]nsf] z'qmaf/ laxfg lgwg ePsf] xf] . nfdf] ;dob]lv bdsf] /f]uL ;Ltf/fdsf] gS;fn lgjf;df lgwg ePsf] xf] . /fhf/fdsf] lktfsf] bfx;+:sf/df lkmNdsdL{x¿ kz'ktL cfo{3f6df k'u]sf lyP . rnlrq snfsf/ ;+3n] cfkm\gf ;b:onfO{ kz'kltdf pkl:yt x'g hfgsf/L u/fPsf] lyof] . ;o eGbf al9 lkmNd tyf bh{gf}+ 6]lnlkmNddf clego ul/;s]sf snfsf/ kf}8]nsf] kl/jf/k|lt ;Tofu|x kl/jf/ w}o{ wf/0fsf] sfdgf ub{5 .

Uff]/] 5fofFsgdf

lho; d'le d]s;{ k|flnsf] Jofg/df lgdf{0f x'g] g]kfnL rnlrq uf]/]sf] 5fofFsg ef]nL h]7 @# ut]af6 ;'? x'g] ePsf] 5 . ufpFsf] uf]/] cyf{t\ lblnk /fodfemL cfkm\gf] k|]ldsfsf] vf]lhdf zx/ k'Ubf jfWofTds kl/l:yltdf cfk'mnfO{ zx/;Fu} abNg' kbf{sf] ;+3if{do syf uf]/]sf] d'Vo ljifoa:t' xf] . ;'o{ hL;L lgdf{tf /x]sf] uf]/]df lblnk /fodfemL, cg' zfx, u'g 3tL{, ddtf zdf{, /fs]z s'df/, cleif]s lul/ cflbsf] clego /xg] 5 . /d]zs'df/ /fO{sf] lgb]{zg /xg] uf]/]df z+s/ clwsf/Lsf] zAb /rgfdf ljsf; rf}w/Lsf] ;+uLt, aAn' yfkfsf] g[To, k|lbk v8\sfsf] åGå /xg] atfOPsf] 5 .

snfsdL{x? ;Ddflgt

jl/i7 lkmNdsdL{ lg/ zfx ;lxt cGo kfFr snfsf/n] /fi6«kltaf6 dfgkb\jLsf] ;Ddfg kfPsf 5g\ . h]7 !% ut] u0ftGq lbj;sf] cj;/df /fi6«klt /fdj/0f ofbjn] snfsfl/tfdf of]ubfg lbP jfkt pQm ;Ddfg lbPsf x'g\ . dfgkb\jLsf] ;Ddfg kfpg]df lgb{z ] s zfx ;lxt ;+uLtsf/ zDe'lht afF:sf]6f, uflosf sf]dn jnL, gflosf ;'ldgf l3ld/], cf]:s/ dgf]lgt lkmNd …Sof/fefgÚ sf cleg]tf lyGn] nf]G8'k nfdf 5g\ . oL lgb{]zs tyf snfsf/nfO{ ;'kj| n hg;]jf, lålto >]0fLsf] kb\jL k|bfg ul/Psf] /fi6«klt sfof{noaf6 hf/L k|; ] lj1KtLdf pNn]v 5 . dlGqkl/ifb\sf] l;kmfl/;df /fi6«kltn] tLg ;o tLg hgfnfO{ lje"if0f k|bfg u/]sf x'g\ .

%! lbg dgfof]

xlnp8 rlr{t kk uflosf tyf df]8]n 6'ln;f sG6f];6fnf]e s/f]8f+} km\ofgx¿dfem nf]slk|o l5g\ . pgn] PS; km\ofS6/df b'O{ l;hg h'/Lsf] e'ldsf ;d]t lgjf{x ul/;s]sL l5g\ . xfn} ul/Psf] Ps kmf]6f];'6df pgL lalsgLdf b]lvPsL l5g\ . pgL uLt n]vg ;fy} ufpgdf ;d]t bVvn l5g\ . 6'ln;fnfO{ sIff sf]7fdf nfu'cf}ifw cf];f/k;f/ u/]sf] cf/f]k klg nfu]sf] lyof] . UNofd/ If]qdf k|j]z u/]kZrft pgsf] sfd's z/L/sf] rf}tkmL{ rrf{ x'g] u/]sf] 5 . xfn} pgn] b'jO{df x6 ljlsgL kmf]6f];'6 u/fPsL x'g\ .

bLlksfsf] x6 kmf]6f];6' alnp8 gflosf bLlksf kfb'sf]0fn] ef]u Dofuflhgsf nflu x6 kmf]6f];'6 u/fPsL 5g\ . pgn] klqsfsf] h' g dlxgfsf] ;+:s/0fsf nflu x6 kmf]6f]

lvrfPsL x'g\ . AnsAn:6;{ SjLg Dofuflhgsf] gfdn] klg kl/lrt ef]usf] se/ k[i7df pgn] ;6{ a6g vf]n]/ t:jL/ lvrfPsL 5g\ . bLlksf klqsfsf] se/

r}q @* b]lv k|bz{g eO/x]sf] lkmNd …gfO{ geGg" n @Ú n] uf}/jdo %! cf}+ lbg dgfpg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . zlgaf/ lkmNd k|bz{g ePsf] %! lbg k'us ] f] xf] . ;kmntfsf] v';L afF9g\ lgb{z ] s ljsfz cfrfo{;lxt d'Vo kfq cg'ej /]UdL, cleg]tf ;f]lxt dfgGw/sf] ;fysf snfsf/x¿ sljtf /]UdL, pQd s];L, ljt/s ljqmd k/fh'nL, d'Vo ;xfos lgb{z ] s d':sfg 9sfn, l;ljg bfxfn, d]sck cfl6{i6 Zofd a/fn / lgb{z ] s of]uz ] l3ld/] bfª k'u] . 6f]nLn] zlgaf/ t'n;Lk'/df /x]sf] lai0f' rnlrq dlGb/df bz{s;Fu %! cf}+ lbgsf] ;kmntf afF9] . a'6jnsf] sflnsf xn e|d0f ub{} t'n;Lk'/ k'us ] f lgb{z ] s cfrfo{n] k|bz{gsf] %! lbg ;Dd cfO{kU' bf lkmNdn] g]kfnaf6 rf/ s/f]8 dflysf] u|; sf/f]jf/ ug{ ;kmn ePsf] atfP . lai0f' rnlrq dlGb/sf] ;fydf sf7df8f+s } f uf]kLs[i0f / u'0f xndf ;d]t of] lkmNdn] k|bz{gsf] %! cf}+ lbg k'¥ofPsf] 5 . nfdf] ;dokl5 g]kfnL lkmNdn] %! cf}+ lbg dgfPsf] xf] .

k]hdf sfd's n'S;df k|:t't ePsL 5g\ . pgn] cfFvfdf ufhn nufPsL l5g\ eg] Pp6f xft sDd/df /fv]/ ;6{nfO{ clnslt tGsfPsL l5g\ . bLlksfsf] unfdf Ps :6fOlni6 lx/f / kGgfsf] dfnf 5 . klqsfsf] csf{] k[i7df pgn] ;]tf] /+usf] cf]kg 6k nufPsL 5g\ . pgsf] n' u fsf] si6\ o ' d l8hfOg/ clgtf cbhflgofn] l8hfOg u/]sL x'g\ . kmf]6f];'6sf] ;dodf bLlksfn] ;Ao;frL d'vhL{, dgLif dNxf]qf, zf+tg' / lglvnsf] l8hfOgdf ag]sf n'uf nufPsL lyO{g\ . klqsfdf pgnfO{ b'nxL cjtf/df klg b]Vg ;lsg]5 .

/f]rs ;+;f/ afns;Fu %) k6s eGbf a9L

a]nfotdf @! jifL{o Ps o'jtLnfO{ cf7 jif{sf] afns;Fu %) k6s eGbf a9L of}g ;DaGw /fv]sf] cf/f]kdf cf7 jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfOPsf] 5 . nf]/]g df]l/; gfdsL tL o'jtLn] :s'n] afns;Fu lg/Gt/ b'O{ jif{ ;Dd of}g ;Dks{ /fv]sf] v'nf;f ePkl5 jf]/;]:6/ qmfpg sf]6{n] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] xf] . cfkm\gf] ;Gtfg ;d]t ePsL df]l/;n] afnssf] of}g zf]if0f ul//x]sf] v'nf;f afns !$ jif{sf] ePkl5 dfq ePsf] xf] . o; cl3 klg pgL !^ jif{ d'lgsf lszf]/;Fu of}g ;Dks{ u/]sf] cleof]udf h]n k/]sL lyOg\ . cbfntdf ;'g'jfO x'g] qmddf df]l/; xfF;L xfF;L r'/f]6 vfO/x]sL b]lvlGyg\ .

jN8{sksf] k|ltIffdf of}gsdL{

h'g !@ tfl/v b]lv !# h'nfO{ ;Dd x' g ] ljZjsk km' 6 jnsf] clGtd tof/Ldf 5 olta] n f a|flhn . a|flhnnfO{ af/ ;lxtsf /]i6'/fFsf] /fhwfgL g} dflgG5 . To;} u /L a| f lhndf htftt} /] 8 nfO6 Pl/of e] l 6G5g\ . a|flhndf of}g Joj;fo j}wflgs 5 . :yfgLo efiffdf hf]gf; elgg] a]Zofnodf sfd ug{]sf] ;+Vof a| f lhndf !) nfv eGbf a9L /x]sf] atfOG5 . ljZjsk km'6an cfof]hgfsf nflu b]z g} h'l6/x]sf] ;dodf ToxfFsf of}gsdL{x¿ klg ljZjsksf] k|ltIffdf 5g\ . a|flhndf ljZjsksf nflu slDtdf !) nfv of}gsdL{ tof/L cj:yfdf 5g\ eg] pgLx¿n] c+u|]hL af]Ng / qm]l86sf8{sf] k|of]u h:tf s'/f l;ls/x]sf 5g\ . a|flhndf dlxnfx¿nfO{ of}g Joj;fo ug{ sfg"gL c8\rg gePklg ;fdflhs c8\rg eg] htftt} 5 . ;dfhn] of}gsdL{x¿nfO{ ljZjf; ub{}g . To;sf/0f pgLx¿nfO{ sf]7f lng klg ;d:of 5 . sltko of}gsdL{sf ;d"xn] km\Nof6 g} ef8fdf lnPsf x'G5g\ . Toltdfq xf]Og pgLx¿n] c?n] eGbf dxFuf] ef8f ;d]t ltg{'k5{ . xTofsf] b/ pRr /x]sf] a|flhndf slxn]sflxF of}gsdL{ anfTs[t x'G5g\ eg] slxn] dfl/G5g\ klg . a|flhndf ut jif{ $@ xhf/ eGbf a9Lsf] xTof ePsf] lyof] . Tolt x'bfx'Fb} klg lsg o:tf] hf]lvddf nfU5g\ t a|flhnL dlxnf < lsgeg] a|flhndf clxn] klg Ps s/f]8 #) nfv dflg;n] k]6e/L vfg kfpFb}gg\ . cgf}7f] s'/f t a|flhnsf ;/sf/L j]a;fO6df ;d]t of}gsdL{sf nflu u|fxsx¿nfO{ s;/L v';L t'Nofpg] eg]/ l6K;x¿ lbOPsf] x'G5 . clxn] a|flhndf 6«]8 o'lgogx¿n] hf]gf; cyf{t\ a]Zofno rnfpg]x¿n] o'jtLx¿sf] zf]if0f u/]sf] eGb} ;d:ofsf] ;Daf]wg ug{'kg{] dfu ug{ yfn]sf 5g\ . a|flhndf ljZjsksf] ;dodf tLg s/f]8 &) ko{6sn] e|d0f ug{] ck]Iff ul/Psf] 5 . xf]6nx¿ of}gsdL{ ;lxtsf] ;]jf k|bfg ug{ xf]8 ul//x]sf 5g\ . a|flhndf of}gsdL{ ;'Gb/L k|ltof]lutf ;d]t x'g] u/]sf] 5 .

of}g ;DaGwsf a]nf klg km];a's

dflg;x¿ Psk6s w] / } s' / f ug{ ?rfpF5g\ . h;nfO{ …dlN6 6fl:sªÚ klg elgG5 . s'g} sfo{qmd jf ldl6ªdf ePsf] a]nf df]afOnsf] d];]h k9\g] afgL of o:t} o:t} cGo s'g} nt w]/}sf] x'g;S5 . of s]xL g s]xL gu/L a:g} g;Sg] vfnsf] afgL klg x'g;S5 . t/, s]xL dflg;sf] o:tf] ;Ddsf] nt x' G 5 ls, hf] of} g ;DaGwsf a]nf ;d]t km];a's rnfO/xG5g\ . sG8d agfpg] Pp6f sDkgLn] u/]sf] ;e{]df 5 k|ltzt dflg;n] ;]S; ug{] a]nfdf km];a's r]s ug{] u/]sf] hjfkm lbPsf 5g\ . olt dfq} xf]Og, !@ k|ltzt dflg;n] t ;]S; ul//x]sf] a]nf kmf]g cfpFbf p7fP/ hafkm kmsf{Psf] ;d]t atfPsf 5g\ . !) k|ltzt dflg;n] rflxF ;]S;sf] ;dodf df]afOndf s;}sf] Dof;]h cfPdf k9\g] u/]sf] atfPsf 5g\ .

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hf]8Lx¿sf] ;DaGw s:tf] 5 eGg] s'/f pgLx¿sf] ;'Tg] tl/sfn] yfxf lbg] zf]wstf{x¿n] bfjL u/]sf 5g\ . yf]/} b'/L /fv]/ cfdg] ;fdg] eP/ ;'Tg] hf]8L w]/} b'/L /fv]/ ljkl/t lbzfdf kmls{P/ ;'Tg] hf]8L eGbf a9L v';L /xg] klg cWoogsf] bfjL 5 . !! ;o hf]8Ldf ul/Psf] cWoogsf qmddf $@ k|ltzt hf]8L Ps csf{nfO{ k5f8L kf/]/ ljkl/t lbzdf kms{]/ ;'Tg], #! k|ltzt Pp6} lbzfdf kms{]/ ;'Tg] t/ cfdg] ;fdg] gx'g] / afFsL s]jn rf/ k|ltzt dfq cfdg] ;fdg] cg'xf/ kms{]/ ;'Tg] u/]sf] kfOof] . cem Ps csf{nfO{ 5f]P/ cg'xf/ cfdg] ;fdg] eP/ ;'Tg] hf]8L t ;a}eGbf v';L /xg] cWoogsf] lgisif{ 5 . z/L/sf] ;Dks{df /xg] / Ps csf{nfO{ 5f]O /xg ?rfpg]x¿ v';L a9L x'g] cg';Gwfgstf{x¿n] km]nf kf/]sf lyP . #) OGr eGbf a9L b'/L sfod u/]/ ;'Tg] hf]8L j]v';L hf]8Ldf bl/Psf 5g\ . a]nfotsf] Pl8gju{ Og/g]zgn ;fOG; km]li6ensf dgf]j}1flgs :ofd'Pn 8+s]nn] of] cWoog u/]/ lgisif{ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf x'g\ . pgn] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] ;'tfOsf] kf]lh;g / ;DaGw lgwf{/0fsf] u|fkmdf #$ k|ltzt hf]8L Ps csf{nfO{ 5f]P/ ;'Tg] / !@ k|ltzt !@ OGr eGbf sd b'/L /fv]/ ;'Tg] u/]sf] cWoogdf b]lvof] . b'O{ k|ltzt eg] #) OGr eGbf a9L b'/L /fv]/ ;'Tg] u/]sf] b]lvof] hf] lgs} c;Gt'i6 / a]v';L lyP . —Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf


Issue 36  

http://issuu.com/satyagrahaweekly/docs/issue_36 सत्याग्रह साप्ताहिक आजको (जेष्ट २२, २०७१) अंक !

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