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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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(Feb. 16, 2017)

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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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tTsfnLg /fi6« k lt /fdj/0f ofbjn] klxn]b]lv g} o;df rf;f] lbO/xg'ePsf] lyof] . pxfFn] r'/] bf]xg /f]Sg ;/sf/nfO{ ah] 6 df sfo{ q md ;dfj] z ug{ cfu| x ug{'eof] . r'/] bf]xg /f]Sg ;lsPg eg] t/fO{–dw]; d?e"lds/0f x'g] / cfkm" To;sf] ;fIfL a:g g;Sg] pxfFn] atfpg'eof] . Tolta]nf;Dd r'/] efj/sf] ljgfzaf6 jGohGt'sf ;fy} dflg;sf] hLljsf g} w/fkdf kl/;s]sf] lyof] . k|To]s jif{ x/]s gbLn] xhf/f} + x] S 6/ v] t Lof] U o hldg aufP/ n} h fGYof] . dxf] Q /L, wg' i ff, l;/fxfsf dfG5] sfuhdf hldgbf/ lyP, t/ pgLx¿;Fu v]tL ug]{ hldg lyPg . ;~rf/dfWodn] o;nfO{ k|d'v jftfj/0fLo d'2f agfPkl5 ;/sf/L clwsf/L r'/] ;+/If0fdf sfd ug{ afWo eP . ToxL a]nf ;'zLn sf]O/fnf g]t[Tjsf] dlGqd08ndf dx] z cfrfo{ jgdGqL aGg'eof] . r'/]af6 lgsflnPsf] 9'+uflu§L / afn'jf ef/t lgof{t x'g] qmd Jofks a9] s f] ;do lyof] Tof] . jL/uGh, lj/f6gu/ / e}/xjf gfsfdf ef/taf6 cfpg]eGbf ef/tlt/ hfg] 6«ssf] nfOg nfdf] x'GYof] . o;f] ubf{ g]kfnaf6 ;:tf] d"Nodf ef/ttkm{ 9'+uflu§L uO/x]sf] lyof] . g]kfnn] kfpg'kg]{ hlt k};f kfpg ;s]sf] lyPg . lgof{ t ubf{ tf] l sg' k g] { d" N o gtf]s]sf sf/0f g]kfn ;/sf/sf] /fh:j klg u'd]sf] lyof] . 7]s]bf/x¿ t nfeflGjt lyP, t/ g]kfnLn] s]xL kfPsf lyPgg\ . pN6f] xfd| f ] k| f s[ l ts ;| f ] t sf] ljgfz eO/x]sf] lyof] . g]kfndf 9'u+ f vfgL k|z:t} 5g\ . tL vfgLaf6 9'u+ f lgsfNg'k5{ . t/, tL vfgL pTvgg\ ug{ oxfF s;}nfO{ ?lr 5}g . lsgeg] To;df nufgL ug{k' 5{, sfd ug{k' 5{ . hals, r'/] If]qdf gbL lsgf/d} qm;/ pBf]u /fVbf sd nufgL / sd ;dod} cs't sdfO x'G5 . h'g 7fpFdf 9'u+ flu§L vf];bF| f jftfj/0f ljgfz x'G5, pBf]uLx¿ ToxLFaf6 9'u+ flu§L / afn' j f lemSg pBt eP . tTsfn lgof{taf6 g]kfnnfO{ s]xL cfDbfgL ePh:tf] b]lvP klg o;sf] bL3{sfnLg c;/ 7"nf] x'G5 . To;sf] kl/k"lt{ hlt;'s} nufgLn] klg x'g ;Sb}g . 9'+uflu§L pTvgg\ ug]{ xf] eg] kxf8L If]qsf vfgLaf6 ug{ ;lsG5 . cfGtl/s ahf/sf nflu / lgof{t;d]t ug{ ;lsg] !# j6f vfgL ;/sf/n] klxrfg u/]sf] 5 . tLdWo] sltko vfgL;Dd hfg] af6f] alg;s]sf] 5 . Tof] vfgLaf6 9'+uf lgsfn] /fi6«nfO{ nfe x'G5 . t/, r'/]af6 9'+uflu§L tyf afn'jf lgsfn] r'/] / t/fO{–dw]; d?e"ld aG5 . of] ;+;f/sf cGo 7fpFsf] cg'ejn] klg b]vfPsf] oyfy{ xf] . xfdLnfO{ 9'+uflu6L, afn'jf lgof{t ug{ cfjZos 5Fb} 5}g . o:tf k|fs[lts ;+zfwg lgof{t u/]/} g]kfnsf] cfly{s l:ylt ;'l„g] klg xf]Og . lgof{t ug{ xfdL;Fu c¿ ljsNk 5g\ . l;d]G6, hnljB't xfdL lgof{t ug{;S5f}+ . ko{6g ljsf; u/] klg lgof{t u/];/x g} nfe x'G5 . t/, 9'+uflu6L lgsf;Ln] g]kfnsf] jftfj/0fd} c;/ kfg]{ x'Fbf To;nfO{ a]r]/ k};f sdfpg b]zsf] lxtdf 5} g . 9' + u flu6L a] R 5' eGg' / r]lna]6L a]r]/ k};f sdfpF5' eGg' Pp6} s' / f xf] eGg] ; Ddsf] ts{ s } cfwf/df Tolta]nf ;/sf/n] lgof{t /f]Sg] lg0f{o nfu" ug{ ;s]sf] xf] . ;Fu;Fu}, r'/] If]qaf6 9'+uflu§L lgsfNg klg aGb]h nufOof] . qm;/ pBf]ux¿nfO{ r'/]sf] km]bL, dfgja:tL, gbL, /fli6«o /fhdfu{, ljB't k|;f/0f nfOgaf6 kfFr ;o ld6/b]lv b'O{ lsnf]ld6/;Dd 6f9f ;fg] { u/L dfkb08 nfu" ul/of] . of] dfkb08 lsg h?/L lyof] eg] Tolta]nf w]/} qm;/ pBf]u r'/]km]b / gbL lsgf/d} lyP . gbL lsgf/df qm;/ pBf]u /fVbf 9'+uflu§L vf];|]/ 6«sdf nf]8 ub}{ a]Rg ;lhnf] x'GYof] . sd nfutd} cs't sdfO ug{ ;lsGYof] . x'Fbfx'Fbf qm;/ pBf]ux¿ r'/k] m]baf6 cem dfly pSnFb} leq–leq;Dd hfg yfn] . gbLleq} PS:sfe]6/ x'n]/ klg 9'+uflu§L lgsfNg yfn] . To:tf pBf]unfO{ :yfgfGt/0f ug{ ;/sf/n] 5 dlxgf ;do lbPsf] lyof] . kl5 Tof] ;do kl/jt{g ul/of] . t}klg sfof{Gjog ePg . dfkb08cg' ; f/ r' / ] a f6 9' + u flu§L lgsfNg kfOF b } g . r' / ] km] b af6 Ps lsnf]ld6/ b'/Ldf dfq qm;/ pBf]u /fVg kfOG5 . o;sf nflu r'/] ;+/If0f ljsf; ;ldltn] gS;f g} agfP/ s' g s' g ljGb'af6 slt tx;Dd 9'+uflu§L lgsfNg kfOG5 egL ls6fg u/]sf] 5 . x/]s lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltnfO{ Tof] gS;f k7fP/ To;} cfwf/df sfof{Gjog ug{ lgb]{zg ul/Psf] 5 . dsjfgk'/ / lrtjgdf eg] w]/} qm;/ pBf]u r'/] km]baf6 Ps lsnf]ld6/leq} k5{g\ . o;n] tL b'O{ lhNnfsf w]/} qm;/ pBf]u aGb ug{'kg]{ eof] . ljsNksf ¿kdf pgLx¿n] af/f / k/f;Ldf qm;/ pBf]u

agfpg'kg]{ lyof] . r'/]d} pTkGg x'g] sl/a !^( j6f gbLn] 9'+uf lu6L af]s]/ n}hfG5g\ . tL !^( gbLdWo] ^! gbLdf xfdLn] 9'+uflu§L lemSg If]q 5'§ofOlbPsf 5f}+ . To;nfO{ xfdL 9'+uf …xfe]{l:6ª 6«ofkÚ eG5f}+ . anfg, /ft'h:tf gbLdf o:tf] 6«ofk tf]lsPsf] 5 . pTvgg\ qmddf em]n xf]nf eg]/ xfdLn] slt tx;Dd 9'+uflu§L y'lk|P lgsfNg kfOG5 egL lrXg nufOlbPsf 5f}+ . tL 7fpFaf6 lrXgcg';f/ qm;/jfnfn] 9'u+ flu§L lgsfNbf ;/sf/nfO{ cfklQ x'Fb}g . t/, w]/} lgof{t x'g] If]qdf xfdLn] tf]s]sf] 7fpFaf6 dfq lems]/ k'Ub}g . To;kl5 pgLx¿ kxf8lt/ nfUb}gg\, lsgls ToxfF hfg dxFuf] k5{ . a? r'/]lt/} l55{g\ . h:tf], e}/xjfaf6 lgsf;L x'g] 9'+uflu§Lsf nflu ltgfp / jf0fu+uf gbL ;|f]t x'g\ . ToxfFaf6 k'u]g eg] pgLx¿ /fKtLlt/ hfFb}gg\, dfly r'/]lt/ ;5{g\ . ;ldltn] tof/ kf/]sf] sfo{ljlwcg';f/ sfd ubf{ s;}nfO{ klg cK7]/f] k5{ eGg] dnfO{ nfUb}g . kxf8lt/ ;lhn} qm;/ pBf]u rln/x]sf 5g\ . sf7df8f}+df cfk"lt{ eO/x]s} 5 . e/tk'/, a'6jn nufot r'/] If]q glhs /x]sf 7fpFdf klg lu6L cefj eof] eGg] clxn];Dd ;'lgPsf] 5}g . o:tf] cj:yfdf s] x L ;Lldt JolQmsf] Jofj;flos nfesf nflu dfkb08 v's'nf] kf/]/ km]l/ klxn]h:t} r'/] bf]xg ug{ lbg' 3f] / /fi6« 3 ft x' g ] 5 . of] g] k fnsf] eljiodfly g} 7"nf] s'7f/f3ft xf] . r'/] cToGt} ;+jb] gzLn If]q xf] . o;sf] cf;kf;df a:g] ^) k|ltzt g]kfnLsf] hLljsf clxn] klg ;+s6df 5 . cem o;af6 lu6L, afn'jf lgsfNg lbg] xf] eg] qm;/jfnfx¿ / ltgnfO{ ;+/If0f ul//x]sf s]xL JolQm df]6fpnfg\ t/ ul/a emg\ ul/a x'bF } hfg] 5g\ . To;}n,] dfkb08 ;+zf]wg u/]/ clxn]eGbf a9L 9'u+ flu§L vf];g| ' / To;nfO{ lgsf;L;d]t ug{ lbg'sf] s'g} cy{ 5}g . g]kfnn] 9'u+ flu§L lgof{t g} ug]{ xf] eg] tLg jif{cl3 klxrfg ul/Psf vfgLsf] ljsf; ug{k' 5{ . lghL If]q Tof] 7fpFdf hfg rfxFbg} eg] ;/sf/ cfkm}n + ] nufgL ug{k' 5{ . qm;/ pBf]ux¿nfO{ o;df ?lr x'bF g} . pgLx¿nfO{ t r'/] If]qaf6 9'u+ flu§L lems]/ !@/!# ;o k|ltzt kmfObf sdfpg] /; a;]sf] 5 . c¿ pBf]ueGbf qm;/df olt w]/} cfly{s nfe 5, pgLx¿ cGt hfg} rfxFbg} g\ . 9'+uflu§L, afn'jf eg]sf] o:tf] j:t' xf], h;sf] d"No hlt eP klg pkef]udf c;/ kb} { g . 3/ agfO/x] s f] dfG5] n ] k|ltl6«k b'O{ xhf/ lt/]/ lu6L lslg/x]sf]df Ps}rf]l6 ^ xhf/ k'u] klg p;n] 3/ agfpg /f]Sb}g . 7]s]bf/n] 9'+uflu§Lsf] efp a9fpFbf klg ;/sf/n] af6f] agfpg /f]S5' eGg ldNb}g . h;/L xfdLnfO{ b}lgs g'g rflxG5, ljsf; lgdf{0fdf lu6L klg To:t} xf] . k]6«f]lnod kbfy{h:t} cfjZos j:t' xf] of] . o:tf]df qm;/ pBf]ux¿n] sf6]l{ nª u/]/ ;lhn} d"No a9fpg ;S5g\ . xfdLsxfF qm;/ pBf]ux¿sf] Pp6f lu/f]x 5 . ;'?b]lv g} kfv'/L rnfpg] / bfbflu/L

ug]x{ ¿ of] pBf]udf ;xefuL x'bF } cfPsf 5g\ . To;dfly unt lgot ePsf /fhgLlt1x¿sf] pgLx¿nfO{ 5xf/L 5 . sfdbf/ cfkm}+ klg HofnfeGbf c¿ nfen] cfslif{t 5g\ . sltko cj:yf dflns g} cb[Zo x'G5g\ . ufpFnx] ¿n] cfˆgf] a:tL ljgfz eO/x]sf] hfGbfhfGb} lj/f]w ug{ ;Sb}gg\ . lsgeg], To;sf dflns;Fu an / wg b'j} x'G5 . of] Ps lsl;dn] ck/fw;Fu ufF l ;Psf] / c;Lldt gfkmf sdfpg] /QmrGbgsf] t:s/Lh:t} xf], h;df afx'ansf] cTolws k|of]u x'G5 . /, k|ToIf tyf ck|ToIf ¿kn] /fhgLlts g]tfx¿sf] ;+/If0f x'G5 . clxn] klg /fhgLlts ;+/If0fs} sf/0f dfkb08 ;+zf]wg u/]/ eP klg 9'u+ flu§L pTvggnfO{ nlrnf] agfpg vf]lhPsf] xf] . olta]nf 9'u+ flu§L cefj 5 / o;n] ljsf;–lgdf{0f k|efljt x'g;S5 eGg] ts{ klg d hfoh b]lVbgF . sf7df8f}d+ f p8]sf] w'nf]af6 g} xfdL 9'u+ flu§Lsf] cefj 5}g eg]/ k|:6} eGg ;S5f}+ . Psflt/ afn'jf / 9'u+ flu§L af]s]sf 6«s tyf l6«k/n] ;8sdf w"nf] p8fO/x] s f 5g\ eg] csf{ l t/ ;8s lj:tf/sf sfo{ wdfwd x'bF 5 } g\ . 3/x¿ klg k|z:t} aGb} 5g\ . 9'u+ flu§Lsf] cfk"lt{ sd eOlbPsf] eP olt w]/} w'nf] p8\g] u/L lgdf{0f sfo{ x'g] lyPg . csf{lt/, pxfFx¿n] eg]em}+ :jb]zdf 9'u+ flu§L cefj eP/ ljsf;–lgdf{0f k|efljt x'g] l:ylt cfPsf] xf] eg] lgsf;L v'nf u/]/ emg\ cefj x'g] l:ylt lsg Nofpg'kof]<{ oL b'j} ts{ cfk;df ldNb}gg\ . To;}n], dfkb08 ;+zf]wg u/]/ s] sf nflu a9L 9'+uflu§L pTkfbg ug{ vf]lhFb}5 eGg] k|:6} a'lemG5 . of] ;a} rnv]n ef/tsf] pQ/k|b]z / laxf/lt/ eO/x]sf] ljsf; lgdf{0fsf nflu cfk"lt{ ug{ xf] . o;sf nflu a? dWokxf8L If] q sf 9'+uflu§L pTvgg ug{' pko'Qm x'G5, h'g r'/] If]qsf] eGbf u'0f:t/Lo klg 5 . r'/]sf lu6L t lgdf{0fsf] cfwf/ agfpg dfq sfd nfU5 . d'Vo lgdf{0fsf] nflu s8f r§fgsf] lu6L rflxG5, h'g dWokxf8L If]qdf 5 . t/, qm;/jfnfx¿ ToxfF hfFbg} g\, lsgls To;sf nflu a9L nufgL / a9L ldlxg]t nfU5 . !)/!@ nfv nufgL u/]/ jif{lbgd} s/f]8klt x'g] ePkl5 pgLx¿ lsg a9L ldlxg]t u5{g\ /< r'/] ;+/If0fsf nflu ag]sf] u'?of]hgf ;/sf/n] :jLs[t ul/;s]sf] 5 . To;nfO{ pNn+3g ub}{ r'/]af6} 9'+uflu§L pTvgg u5{' eGg' d"v{tfk"0f{ sfd xf] . r'/] tyf t/fO{ – dw] ; / ToxfF s f afl;Gbfsf] eljio;F u hf] l 8Psf] o:tf] k| : tfj dlGqkl/ifbdf cfpg] s'/fn] c¿sf cfFvf g/;fP klg u[xdGqL ljdn]Gb| lglwsf] cfFvfaf6 cfFz' cfpg'kg]{ xf] . wg'iffsf] pxfFsf] lgjf{rg If]q r'/] ljgfzs} sf/0f ;+s6u|:t 5 . r'gfjdf pxfFnfO{ ef]6 xfNg] slt a:tL ;+s6df 5g\ . sdnf, /ft' / hnfb gbLsf] ljgfz b]Vg'ePsf] pxfF t o:tf] k|:tfj cfpFbf ?g'kg]{ xf] . sDtLdf cfˆgf] lgjf{rg If]qsf hgtfsf] eljios} vflt/ klg pxfFn] o:tf] k|:tfj cl3 a9\gaf6 /f]Sg'k5{ .

t'hs ' /fHo k'g;+/rgfdfkm{t dw];L, yf?, cflbjf;L hghfltnufotnfO{ d"n k|jfxdf gNofP;Dd ;+ljwfg sfof{Gjog x'g ;Sb}g . To;sf nflu ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg klxnf] / clgjfo{ zt{ xf] . – kmfu'g ! ut] hgsk'/df af]Nb} gofF zlQm kf6L{sf ;+of]hs 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{ ;+;b\df k]z ePsf] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|:tfj kf; geP;Dd lgjf{rg x'g ;Sb}g . tf]lsPsf] ldltdf lgjf{rg geP ;+ljwfg km]n x'G5 . To;}n] Pdfn]n] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgsf] lj/f]w ul//x]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg km]n u/L k|fKt ;a} pknAwL u'df];\ eg]/ g} Pdfn]n] o:tf] if8\oGq u/]sf] xf] . – kmfu'g ! ut] jL/u+hdf af]Nb} ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf] j}zfv bf];|f] jf t];|f] xKtf;Dd r'gfj u/fpg ;Sg] xf] eg] xfd|f] kf6L{n] ;fy lbG5, xf]Og r'gfj} u/fpg g;Sg] xf] eg] jt{dfg ;/sf/sf] cf}lrTo 5}g . ;Qf ;dLs/0f kl/jt{g x'G5 . – kmfu'g # ut] s}nfnLdf af]Nb} g]kfnL sf+u|];sf g]tf uf]kfndfg >]i7 ;+ljwfg sfof{Gjogsf nflu tLgj6} txsf] lgjf{rg cfjZos 5 . kmfu'g dlxgfleq} r'gfjsf] ldlt 3f]if0ff x'Fb}g eg] xfdL ;bg / ;8s b'j} 7fpFaf6 ;/sf/nfO{ 3'F8f 6]sfpg] 5f}+ . – kmfu'g # ut] s}nfnLdf af]Nb} g]skf Pdfn]sf g]tf z+s/ kf]v/]n r'gfj xfg]{ 8/n] g]kfnL sf+u|]; ;+ljwfg sfof{Gjog x'g glbg] v]ndf nfluk/]sf] 5 . sf+u|];sf] /fli6«o Ph]08f Tof] klg k|i6 5}g, o:tf] kf6L{sf] ;fGble{stf ;lsPsf] 5 . – kmfu'g $ ut] nlntk'/df af]Nb} g]skf Pdfn]sf ;lrj of]u]z e§/fO{


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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cfly{s ljsf;sf nflu /fhgLlt tyf k|zf;gh:tf u}/cfly{s sf/ssf] e"ldsf clt dxTjk"0f{ /xG5 . /fhgLltn] c;n ;+:s[ltsf nflu lbzfaf]w / k|zf;gn] lqmofzLntf lbPaf6 g} ljsl;t d'n's cfhsf] cj:yfdf k'u]sf x'g\ . g]kfnsf] cfly{ s ljsf;sf] k| l qmof hlxn] klg ;+sd | 0fdf b]lvg'df oxfFsf] cl:y/ /fhgLlt / k/Dk/fut k|zf;g k|d'v sf/sdf /xFb} cfPsf 5g\ . cGo kIfx¿ klg lhDd]jf/ x'g ;Sb5g\, t/ zf;sLo Joj:yfdf /xg] uxg e"ldsfsf sf/0f oL b'O{ kIf g} cfnf] r gfsf k| d ' v s] G b| d f 5g\ , h' g :jfefljs klg xf] . d' n ' s n] cfly{ s ljsf;sf nflu clxn];Dd …6]sckmÚ sf] l:ylt g} xfl;n ug{ g;Sg'df /fhgLlt / k|zf;g g} k|d'v bf]ifL x'g\, c:ki6 / cfu|xL /fhgLlt / csd{0o k|zf;g g} k|d'v lhDd]jf/ x'g\ . cem egf+} :jfyL{ /fhgLltsdL{ / w"t{ sd{rf/LaLrsf] dfv];fª\nf] g} lhDd]jf/ /xF b } cfPsf] 5 . k| T o] s /fhgLlts sfo{ s f/L / k| z f;sn] p;sf] pQ/flwsf/LnfO{ cfkm"n] kfPsf]eGbf /fd|f] k|0ffnLsf] x:tfGt/0f ug{ ;Sg'kb{5 . Tolt dfq xf]Og, cfˆg} sfo{sfn klg cfheGbf ef]ln /fd|f] b]lvg'kb{5 . k|hftGq k|flKtsf] ^^ jif{ / lghfdtL k|zf;gsf] ^) jif{sf] Oltxf; pknlAwljxLg x'gd ' f oL b'O{ ju{sf] g} sdL÷sdhf]/L 5 . cf}krfl/s e"ldsfdf /xg]x¿af6 g} ck]Iff ul/G5 . JolQmut txdf k|zf;g ;Ifd 5, t/ o;n] Ifdtfsf] k|bz{g ug}{ ;s]g, k6sk6s cfGbf]ngaf6 vfl/Psf g] t fx¿df /fHosf} z n snf b] l vPg . /fhgLltsf] gLltg] t [ T j /

k| z f;gsf] Ifdtfsf kl/0ffd slxNo} b]lvPg . kl/0ffdtM k|z:t ;Defjgf ePsf] ;fgf] d'ns ' sf] clxn] klg cfly{s ;fdflhs k|ultsf] kvf{Odf 5 . !# /fli6«o of]hgfnfO{ clGtd ¿k lbg cfof]lht /fli6«o ljsf; kl/ifb\sf a} 7 sdf g] k fn ;/sf/sf tTsfnLg d'Vo;lrj Pj+ /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf ;b:o nLnfdl0f kf}8]nn] Pp6f uDeL/ k|Zg p7fpg'eof] – pmhf{zLn o'jfx¿sf] pkof]u / l5d]sLx¿sf] cfly{s ljsf;af6 g]kfnn] s;/L kmfObf lng;S5 < /fli6«o hLjgsf ljleGg If]qdf ljlzi6 of]ubfg k'–ofPsf lj1x¿sf] e]nf h'g cfufdL bz jif{sf nflu b[li6sf]0f;lxt tLg jif{sf nflu sfo{of]hgf ug{ cfof]lht lyof], o;n] g]kfnsf] ljsf; 9fFrfnfO{ kmls{P/ ;dLIff ug}{kg]{ dfu u/]sf] lyof] . gLlt, of] h gf tyf sfof{ G jogdf ;+ n Ug jt{ d fg tyf lgjt{ d fg kbflwsf/Lx¿sf nflu of] e]nf b'O{ sf/0fn] cj;/ lyof] . klxnf], ljutdf cfkm"x¿n] th{'df tyf sfof{Gjog u/]sf gLlt tyf of] h gfx¿ lsg ;kmn ePgg\ eGg] ;dLIffsf] cj;/ o;n] lbPsf] lyof] . bf];f| ,] ;dLIffn] ca cjnDag ul/g'kg]{ ljsf; 9fFrfsf nflu pko'Qm /0fgLlt lgwf{/0f ug]{ jftfj/0f klg o;n] k|bfg u/]sf] lyof] . d'n'ssf] cfly{s ljsf;sf] /]vf sf] g ] { of] Pp6f ck" j { cj;/ lyof] . elg/xg'kb}{g, g]kfnsf cfly{s ;fdflhs ljsf;sf kl/;"rs /fd|f 5}gg\ . g]kfnsf] cfly{s j[l4 ;fnfvfnf #=^ k|ltztdf 5 . ut jif{sf] l:ylt x]g]{ xf] eg] ;fs{sf d'n'sx¿df g]kfnsf] l:ylt ;a}eGbf Go"g /x]sf] 5 . o; If]qdf ef/t, a+unfb]z / >Ln+ s fsf] dfq ^ k| l tzteGbf dfly cfly{ s j[ l 4 b] l vPsf] xf] O g, åGåsf] ljeLlifsfdf kmF;]sf] ckmuflg:tfg klg g]kfneGbf bf]Aa/ cfly{s j[l4b/ xfl;n

ug{ ;Ifd 5 . l5d] s L d' n ' s rLgn] ljut s] x L jif{b]lv nfutf/ em08} bf]xf]/f] c+ssf] xf/fxf/Ldf cfly{s j[l4 xfl;n ul//x]sf] 5 . g] k fnsf] cy{ t Gqn] jflif{ s @=( k|ltzt dfq yk /f]hfu/L l;h{gf ul//x]sf] 5, h;n] jflif{s ¿kdf >d ahf/df k|j]z ug] { s/La kfF r nfv lqmofzLn >dzlQmdWo] b'O{ ltxfOeGbf a9L cfKmgf] ;' l glZrt eljiosf] nflu j} b ] l zs /f]huf/Ldf hfg afWo 5g\ . ut cfly{s jif{df g]kfnsf] s'n j}b]lzs Jofkf/ ?= *&! ca{ ePsf]df ?= ^(* ca{ hlt 3f6f eof] . cTolws ?kdf a9\ b f] cfGtl/s pkef]usf] dfu k"/f ug{ pBf]u tyf snsf/vfgf v'Ng ;s]sf 5}|gg\ . hLjg k|0ffnL pmhf{ ;3g 5 . k|z:t hnpmhf{ pTkfbgsf] ;Defjgf eP/ klg ljZjs} ;a} e Gbf sd k| l tJolQm pmhf{ vkt ug]{ d'n'ssf ¿kdf g]kfn b]lvPsf] 5 . cfsflzFbf] d"Noj[l4sf] df/df pkef] Q mfx¿ lklN;Psf 5g\ . g] k fnL d'b|fsf] cjd"Nogn] j}b]lzs a:t' ;]jfsf] pkef]u ug]{ cfd;j{;fwf/0fsf] b}glGbgL si6s/ ePsf] 5 . /fli6«o cfDbfgLsf] clwsf+ z lx:;f pkef] u df uPsf] 5, k" F h L lgdf{ 0 fsf] ult lgs} ;' : t 5 . pRr cfo ju{sf ;Lldt JolQmx¿sf] ljnf;L hLjgz}nLn] cy{tGqnfO{ emg} ylª\ynf] agfPsf] 5 . ;fgf] cy{tGq ePsf] d'n's g]kfndf ljsf;sf cj;/ k|z:t gePsf xf]Ogg\ . k|fs[lts ;|f]tx¿sf] kof{Kt pknAwtf 5 . hn;|f]t tyf ko{6g g]kfnsf] ljsf;sf k|d'v cfwf/ x'g\ . oL b'j} ;|f]t :jR5 / lbuf] ;|f]t x'g\ . cGo d'n'ssf nflu of] rf]v] nfUg] ljifo :jo+ xfdL eg] x]/]/ dfq a:g afWo 5f}+ . k|fs[lts ;|f]tsf] pkof]udf g]kfnL /fhgLltsdL{x¿ lgs}

c:ki6 5g\ h;n] g cfGtl/s nufgL u/fpg ;Sof] , g afXo ;fem] b f/L ljsf;af6 kmfObf g} lng;Sof] . oL ljifodf ;femf b[li6sf]0f /fVg] cfGtl/s u[xsfo{ clxn];Dd x'g ;s]g . c?0fsf] lgdf{ 0 fn] ;+ v ' j f;efb] l v lj/f6gu/;Dd ljsf; sf]l/8f]/ hf]l8g] lyof], t/ o;k|lt g]kfnL /fhgLltn] ;r]t b[li6sf]0f /fVg ;s]gg\ . s0ff{nL, k~r]Zj/ tyf dxfsfnLsf] ljsf;n] klZrdL v08 cf}Bf]lus sf]l/8f]/ aGg;Sg] ;Defjgfdf 5 . t/ ca l9nf eO;Sof] . g]kfndf kof{ K t v] t Lof] U o e" l d ePklg e" l dJoj:yfkg / pkof] u nfO{ /fhgLlts/0f ul/Fb} cfPsf] 5 . kl/0ffdtM e"ldn] pAhfpg xf]Og, /fhgLltsf] v]tL kfPsf] 5 . clxn] d'ns ' hg;+Vofsf] nfef+z –kk' n ] ; g l8le8] G 8_ df 5 . s' n hg;+Vofsf] %& k|ltzt lqmofzLn pd]/sf 5g\, h'g s]xL ;dokl5 oxL ¿kdf /xg] 5}g . dfgj;fwg ljsf; / pkof]usf] :ki6 vfsfsf] cefjdf g]kfnL >d vf8L nufotsf d' n ' s sf] lgdf{ 0 fdf kl;gf r'xfpFb} 5 . ljb]lzg g;s]sf] o'jf pmhf{ ls t lgliqmo 5, ls ljgf tnadf /fhgLltn] pkof]u ul//x]sf] 5 jf cGo ;fdflhs s'ntdf km;]sf] 5 . /fhgLltn] a] n fa] n fdf ljsf;sf :j} / sNkgfdf cfdhgtfnfO{ e' n fpF b } cfPsf] 5 t/ :ki6 b[li6sf]0f;lxtsf] ;fy{s gLlt g]t[Tj eg] slxNo} lbPg . nL Sjfg o' , kfs{ r' ª xL, dxfly/ df]xDdb, b]ª l;ofcf] k]ª h:tf /fhg]tfn] cfˆgf d'n'sdf b]vfPsf] g]t[Tjaf6 lzIff lng cfjZos 5 . k"j{ cd]l/sL /fi6«klt af/fs cf] a fdfn] eg] e m+ } cfly{ s ;DkGgtfn] cfwf/ lbPg eg] :jtGqtfsf] cy{ sd nfU5 . cfly{s ;fdy{\on] g} d'n's / o;sf afl;GbfnfO{ jf:tljs :jtGqtfsf] dx;"; u/fpF5 .

/fhgLltnfO{ ;xof]u ug]{, ;"rgf lbg], ;Nnfx lbg] / s]xL xbdf ;r]t u/fpg] ju{ k|zf;g xf] . of]Uotf k|0ffnLaf6 vfl/Psf] k|zf;g;Fu oL sfo{ ug{ lj1tf / ;fx; b'j} x'g'kb{5 / x'G5 eGg] dfGotf /flvG5 . g] k fnsf] k| z f;gdf lj1tf ePklg sd pkof]u / ;fdy{\o ePsf] k|zf;g xf] . /fhgLlts sfo{sf/Laf6 k|:tfj ePsf /fd|f–g/fd|f sfo{;"rLnfO{ ljgfljZn]if0f k|lqmofdf :jLs[lt lbg] afgL o;nfO{ k/]sf] 5 . :jLs[t sfo{;"rLnfO{ sfo{qmddfkm{t cg'jfb ug{ eg] of] ;+oGq slxNo} pT;fxL ePg . k/Dk/fut ¿kdf sfo{;Dkfbg ug]{ / Ao"/f]Kofyf]nf]hLsf] /f]uaf6 u|l;t aGg] afgL k/] k lg em6\ s f pkrf/ o;n] slxNo} kfPg . cl:y/ /fhgLltsf sf/0f af/Daf/ ablng] ;/sf/ / Ph]08fsf sf/0f klg p;sf] lqmofsnfksf] kl5lNt/ kms]{/ ljj]rgf x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . s]jn k/Dk/f wfGg] u/L ;LdfGt lqmofzLntf dfq b]vfpFb} cfPsf] 5 . lan lSnG6gn] eg]em}+ gfOF eGg ;Sg] t/ sfo{ q md cfqmfds k|zf;g g]kfnL ;dfhn] kfpg ;s]g . k| z f;g / /fhgLlt cfkm+ } d f Ps cfk;sf cfGtl/s lgoGq0f / ;Gt'ngsf k|0ffnL x'g\, t/ oL b'O{aLr x'ls{+b} uPsf] dfv];fª\nf]n] k|0ffnLleq ;f}bfafhL kf] x'sf{pFb} nu]sf] 5 . /fhgLlts k|0ffnL cg'r/ sd{rf/Lk|lt /dfpg] / sd{rf/L j[lQ:jfy{df nxl;g] k|j[lQn] k|0ffnLleq ;f}bf ;+:s[lt x'ls{Psf] dx;"; ul/Fb}5 . 6«]8 o'lgolghdn] k|zf;gleq ljeflht lgi7f klg x'ls{+b} uPsf] 5, h'g lghfdtL ;]jfsf dfGo d"NoeGbf k[ys xf] . t/ /fhgLlt / k|zf;gsf] h]h:tf] cj:yf ePklg cy{tGq eg] ljZjJofkLs[t aGb} 5 / o; k|lqmofdf g]kfnsf] cy{tGqn] klg ;sL g;sL x]lng'k/]sf] 5 . ultzLn

:jljo"n] ug'{kg]{ sfd l;kL ;fksf]6f Úa;GtÚ lqe'jg cGt//fli6«o ljdfg:ynaf6 nfOg nfP/ cWoog, /f]huf/L, 3'Dg / a;fO{+ ;/fO{sf] nflu hfg]x¿sf] ;+Vof al9/x]sf] 5 . x/]s jif{ nfvf}+ o'jfo'jtLx¿ h;n] kf}/v / d]xgt ug{ ;Sb5g\ pgLx¿n] b]zleq cfˆgf] l;k, Ifdtf / >dsf] k|of]u ug{ gkfpg' jf k|of]u gx'g' b':vsf] s'/f xf] . o'jfo'jtLx¿ knfog x'g' /fi6«sf nflu cToGt} g/fd|f] xf] . ljleGg ;+sfodf cWoog ul/;s]sf, :gftsf]Q/ ;ls;s]sf / b]zleq sfd u/]/ vfg / a:g g;Sg] cj:yfn] u|:t ePsf w]/ cg'xf/x¿ d]gkfj/ sDkgLdf lgl/x ag]/ hfg'kg]{ afWotf 5 . lglZrt tx;Dd kl9;s]kl5 3/ kl/jf/af6 h'g ck]Iff x'G5 Tof] k"/f gx'g] ePkl5 cd]l/sf, Sofg8f, hfkfg, sf]l/of, b'j}, stf/, ;fpbLnufotsf b]zx¿df ws]lng' kg]{ jf:tljstf xfd|f] ;fd" ljBdfg 5 . ;w}+ xfdL :s"nb]lv ljZjljBfno;Dd l;k l;Sg] cj;/af6 al~rt eof}+ . lstfasf 7]nLx¿df s;}n] elglbPsf jf n]lvlbPsf ;}4flGts s'/fx¿ l;Sof}+ t/, clwsf+z xf]gxf/ o'jfo'jtLx¿ l;k / snf k|:km'6gaf6 al~rt eof}+ . g]kfndf k9fOg] w]/} s'/fx¿– …g]kfn u/La b]z xf], hn;|ft] sf] bf];f| ] wgL b]z xf], lxdfn, kxf8 / t/fO{ ldn]/ ag]sf] ;'Gb/ b]z xf], k|fs[lts ;'Gb/tfn] el/Psf] dgdf]xs b]z xf]Ú ;'Gbf cfgGb nfUg] t 5g\ t/ b]zdf ljBdfg ;|ft] / ;fwgnfO{ k|of]u gubf{ b]z slt s'?k aGb} uO/x]sf] 5, Tof] ;a}nfO{ yfxf 5 . a] / f] h uf/ o' j o' j tLx¿ wdfwd pTkfbg ul//x]sf sn]h tyf ljZjljBfnox¿ vf]qmf cfbz{af6 k|]l/t / r/d /fhgLltaf6 k|efljt 5g\ . oxfFaf6 vf]h cg';Gwfgdfkm{t g]kfndf s'g} gofF s'/f ylkPsf] 5}g . k/Gt' g]kfnL ljBfyL{x¿n] ljZjsf 6k ljZjljBfnodf /fd|f] k|bz{g u/]sf va/ cfPsf x'G5g\ a]nf–a]nf . xfdL s:tf] lzIff k9]sf 5f}+ eGg] s'/f JofVof ul//xg' cfjZos 5}g . k9]n]v]sf o'jo'jtLx¿ olt w]/} 5g\ ls pgLx¿sf] Joj:yfkg ug]{ sNkgf g]kfn ;/sf/ / g]kfndf 7fpF cf]u6]sf k'/fgf /fhgLlts kf6L{x¿df 5}g . lglZrt pd]/;Dd cWoog ul/;s] kl5 k| d f0fkq l;/fgLd' l g yGSofP/ c/a hfg' jf k};f k]n]/ o'/f]k hfg' clGtd ljsNk alg/x] s f] 5 . o;n] ;Ifd o'jo'jtLx¿nfO{ b]z alx/ ws]Nb5 . k9]n]v]sf o'jfx¿df /f]huf/sf] ;'lglZrttf gx'Fbf dfgl;s

kL8f lbgfg'lbg ylkPsf] 5 . x'g t nf]s ;]jf, lzIfs ;]jf cflb h:tf ;/sf/L ;]jfx¿ t 5g\ t/ % hgfsf] nflu sf]6f v'Nof] s'g} If]qdf eg] % xhf/n] k|lt:kwf{ ug{' kg]{ / $ xhf/ ( ;o (% hgf t kmflng' kg]{ cj:yf 5 . xfd|f] lzIffn] xfdL s[lifk|wfg d'n'ssf hgtf xf}+ eg]/ eG5 t/ cGg, kmnkm"nh:tf vfBfGgx¿ s;/L pTkfbg ug]{ eg]/ l;sfpFb}g . xfdL s] pTkfbg u/]/ lgof{t ul//x]sf 5f}+ t < ljZj ahf/df xfd|f] :yfg z"Go 5 . xfdL t oxfF b} l gs?kdf cfjZos s' / f klg pTkfbg ug{ ;ls/x]sf 5}gf}+ . g]kfndf pTkfbg x'g} kg]{ cTofjZos b}lgs k| o f] u df cfpg] b ] l v ;dofg' s " n cTofw' l gs cf} h f/x¿ pTkfbg x' g ' k g] { j:t' x ¿ pTkfbg eO{/x]sf 5}gg\ . s[lifk|wfg b]z xf] t/, c/af}+sf] s[lifhGo ;fdu|Lx¿ ef/taf6 cfoft ug{' kl//x]sf] 5 . xfdLnfO{ s[lifk|wfg b]z eg]/ k9fO{of], t/ s[lifdf qmflGt 7f];\ ?kdf s;/L ug]{ eg]/ l;sfOPg jf l;ls;s]sf tdfd o'jfo'jtLx¿ cGo b]zdf knfog eP . of] Pp6f pbfx/0f dfq xf] . k|ofKt hgzlQm b]z ljsf;sf] nflu kl/rflnt\ 5g\ ls 5}gg\ / 1fg, l;k / bIftfsf] b[li6df of]Uo 5g\ ls 5}gg\ eGg] k|Zg klg 5 . OlGhlgo/, 8fS6/, lzIfs, s[ifs, pBf]uklt cflb s] slt hgzlQm cfjZos 5 b]zsf] nflu / s'g–s'g If]qdf eGg] cf+s8f 5}g / tbg'?k lzIffdf cfd"n kl/jt{g / kl/dfh{g ePsf] 5}g . d'Vo tyf cfly{s ?kfGt/0fsf] lagf /fhgLlts pknlAwx¿ ;+:yfut x'g ;Sb}gg\ . To:sf] nflu cfly{s pGglt clgjfo{ 5 . cfly{s pGglt / k|ultsf] nflu tbg';f/sf] lzIff, tflnd / 1fgsf] cfjZos kb{5 . To:sf] nflu lzIff k|0ffnLdf cTolws kl/jt{g u/L vf]h tyf cg';Gwfg k4ltdf hfg' kb{5 . df:6/ kl9;s]sf tdfd xfdL o'jfo'jtLx¿nfO{ 6fFs agfpg cfpFb}g, l;of] agfpg cfpFb}g, df]afO{n agfpg cfpFb}g, cTofw'lgs ;dfgx¿ agfpg cfpFb}g . km]/L g]kfnsf o'jfo'jtLx¿ ljb]zdf uP/ rdTsf/ u/]sf pbfx/0fx¿ sd 5}gg\ . oxfF s'/f s] xf] eg] h'g s'/fnfO{ ;}4flGts ?kdf l;sfOG5 Jojxfl/s?kdf gl;sfP;Dd b]zdf s]xL kl/jt{g x'Fb}g . ca s:tf] lzIff k|0ffnL x'gk' 5{, To;df ax; s]lGb|t x'gk' g]{ b]lvG5 . knfog hgzlQm lgoGq0fdf /fHo pbfl;g 5 . g]kfnLn] b'j,} stf/, ;fpbL, dn]l;of jf h'g;'s} b]zdf uP/ lbgdf !^ 306f hlt sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ . @)^& b]lv @)^* b'O{ jif{ d b'j}df /xFbf :jo+ ef]u]sf] 5', b]v]sf] 5' / dx;'; u/]sf] 5' ls xfdL g]kfnLx¿n] s:tf] bogLo cj:yf ;xg'kb{5 eg]/ . k|ofKt l;k gx'Fbf sfdx¿ ;fgfltgf ug{'kg]{, Hofnfb/ cToGt} sddf sfd ug{'kg]{, ufx«f] / ;+ j ] b gzLn sfdx¿ klg hah{ : tL ug{ ' k g] { ,

lgdf{0fsf clwsf+; vt/fsf sfdx¿ lhGbuLnfO{ bfpdf /fv]/ sfd ug{'kg]{ h:tf afWotfx¿ 5g\ ToxfF . olt;Dd ls sfd ubf{ cK7]/f] k¥of] / ug{ g;Sg] cj:yf cfof] eg] …ls u/ ls 3/ hfÚ eGg] wDsL;d]t ;xg'kb{5 . cfTd;Ddfg u'dfpFbfsf] kL8f x/]s g]kfnLn] ToxfF ef]lu/x]sf 5g\ . of] ;a} b] z sf] sdhf] / cj:yfn] xf] . cfly{ s ?kdf ;jn gag] ; Dd, b] z df ljsf; geP;Dd, j}1flgs / ;'ljrfl/t 9+un] hgkl/rng geP;Dd, x/]s If]qdf cfjZos hgzQmL pTkfbg gu/];Dd cfly{s ljsf; / ;Dej 5}g . cfhsf] cfjZostf cfTdlge{/ cy{tGqsf] ljsf; g} xf] . sn]h tyf ljZj ljBfnodf /fhgLltsf] gfddf s'/fhgLlt dfq ug]{x¿n] ;du| lzIff k| 0 ffnL kl/jt{ g k| l t rf;f] lbPsf] kfO{ + b } g . /fhgLlts gf/fsf] ?kdf jf c:qsf] ?kdf ld7f ld7f s'/fx¿ ul/of] t/ sfd s]xL ePg . d}n] b]v]sf] 5'– @)^% ;fndf :jljo" lgjf{rgdf efu lnP/ lht]sf jf xf/]sf ax';Vos o'jfo'jtLx¿ vf8Ldf sfd ul//x]sf 5g\, cd]l/sf jf a]nfotaf6 tl:j/x¿ km];a'sdf z]o/ ul//Psf 5g\ / s]xL

qmGbg, lg/fzf, cfj]u / /fhgLltk|lt 3[0ff hfx]/ ul//x]sf 5g\ . sf/0f, pgLx¿nfO{ ljZjljBfnodf kf6L{sf uf]7fnfsf] ?kdf k|of]u ul/of] t/ pgLx¿ ;f/f ljBfyL{x¿sf] hLjgsf] s'g} Uof/]G6L ul/Pg . xfdL /fhgLlts pknlAwsf] vf]qmf] efif0faf6 pQ]lht x'G5f}+ . /fhgLlts pknAwL cfkm}df 7f]; s'/f xf]Og h:n] b]z ljsf; ub{5 . /f0ffzf;g, k~rfot, ax'bn, /fhtGq, u0ftGq, ;+l3otf, ;dfj] ; Lh:tf zAbjnLx¿n] k| o f] u x' F b } o'jfo'jtLx¿nfO{ cfGbf]ng jf ;+3if{df hfg pTk|l] /t ul/of], ;a}eGbf a9L pNn]Vo?kdf /rgfTds ?kdf / lg0f{os ?kdf ljBfyL{x¿n] g} cfGbf]ng, ;+3if{ / alnbfg lbP . /fhgLlts kl/jt{g eof]– g]kfnL sf+u|];n] /f0ffx¿nfO{ kmfNg e"ldsf v]Nof], dfcf]jfbLn] ;z:q o'4dfkm{t /fhtGqnfO{ 7]ufg nufof] t/ rf]s rf]sdf hg;d'bfodf 5nkmn x'G5 lxhf] / cfhdf s] km/s 5 < s] leGgtf 5 < o;sf] pQ/ nu] h df sk8f e/] / lqe' j g cGt//fli6« o ljdfg:ynaf6 alxl/g nfu]sfn] s] lbG5g\ Tof] a'‰g h?/L 5 . cfkmGtsf] zj ljb]zaf6 Nofpg

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gkfP/ tl8\kPsf 3/kl/jf/n] s] eG5g\ Tof] a'‰g h?/L 5 . o:sf] vf]qmf ts{ ug]{ /fhgLlts kf6L{sf c;Ifd uf]a/u0f]zx¿n] pQ/ lbg ;Sb}gg\ . O{ltxf;df o'jfo'jtLx¿nfO{ h;/L cfGbf]ng / ;+3if{df k|of]u ul/of] tbg';f/ pgLx¿nfO{ b]zleq sfd ug]{, kl/jf/;Fu a:g] / b]z ljsf;df 6]jf k'¥ofpg] cj;/af6 /f]lsof] . xfd|f lrGtGx¿ ;Gt'lnt / Jojxfl/s x'g cfjZos 5 . /fhgLlts kl/jt{g;Fu} z}lIfs pGglt ePg / cfly{s ljsf; ePg eg] b]zdf s'g} klg ;d:ofsf] lgsf; lgSnFb}g . ul/aL, clzIff, a]/f]huf/Lh:tf ;d:of oyfjt /fv]/ nf]stGq, kl/jt{g, gofF g]kfnh:tf zAbjnLsf] lk08 r9fP/ b]zsf] d'xf/ ablnFbg} . o;sf] nflu gofF lrGtg clgjfo{ 5 . cfhsf] ljZj Jofkfl/s/0fsf] 7"nf] ;Ghfn ag]sf] 5 . Pp6f b]zn] cfˆgf ;dfgx¿ cs}{ dxfb]zdf pTkfbg ub{5 / Jofkfl/s k|eT' j hdfpFb5 . rLg, ef/t, sf]l/of, cd]l/sf, /l;of cflb b]zx¿ cufl8 al9/x]sf 5g\ t/ xfdL sof}+ sf]if k/ ws]lnPsf] cfhsf] g]tT[ jn] a'‰g ;s]sf] 5}g . xfdL ;a}sf xftdf g]kfnL df]afOn 5}gg\, bfFt df‰g]bl] v skfn sf6\g];Dd, k]6 eg]{b]lv z/L/ ;hfpg];Dd, 3/ agfpg]bl] v k"jf{wf/ lgdf{0f;Dd ;a} ;dfg cfoft ug]{ / xfdL /fi6«jfbL 5f}+ jf xf}+ eGg] s'/fdf tf/tDo ldNb}g . /fi6«jfb efjgfTds s'/f xf]; xfdL x/]s If]qdf cGt/f{l:6«o ahf/;Fu k|lt:kwf{ ug{ ;s]sf 5}gf}+ . of] ;To s'/f xf] . of] abNg h?/L 5 .


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lj/f6 cg'kd w/fgsf] Pp6f Jo:t rf]sdf Pp6f af]8{ /flvPsf] 5 . af]8{df n]lvPsf] 5, …/]Nj] rf]sÚ . ToxL af6f] x'Fb} k'luG5, lxGb" x ¿sf] k| l ;4 wfdx¿ rt/f / j/fxIf]q . ToxL rf]saf6 yf]/} dfly nfu]kl5 cfpF5 csf]{ ljZjk|l;4 lxGb" tLy{ : yn lji0f' k fb' s f . t/ oL ;a} uGtJodf k'Ug /]nsf] ;'ljwf 5}g . t/ rf]ssf] gfd eg] /]Nj] rf]s 5 . /]Nj] rf]saf6 k"j{tkm{ tLg ldg]6sf] rf/kf+u|] ofqfdf cfpF5 k"j{s} k|ltli7t aLkL sf]O/fnf :jf:Yo lj1fg k|lti7fg . ToxL /]Nj] rf]saf6 ;ft ldg]6 xf/fxf/Ldf cfpF5 w/fgsf] d'Vo rf]s efg'rf]s . t/ oL s'g} klg 7fpFdf k'Ug /]nsf] ;'ljwf 5}g . g t sf7df8f}+df h:tf] d]6«f] /]nsf] ;e]{ jf ;~rfngsf] ;/sf/L sfo{qmd g} 5 . dfq 5 t /]n gs'b\g] /]nj] nfOg . /]n gb]lvg] /]nj] rf]s . w/fg] /]nj]sf] Oltxf; a]n gkfOg] df]/ªsf] a]naf/L / kfg gkfOg] ;'g;/Lsf] kfgaf/L h:t} /]n gkfOg] w/fgsf] rf]ssf] gfd /x]sf] 5 /]Nj] rf]s . /]Nj] nfOg / /]Nj] rf]s eg]/ w/fgdf k|l;4 ePsf] of] 7fpF TolQs} /]nj] rf]s eg] ePsf] x}g . oxL 7fpF eP/ 5's5's /]n s'bs ] } sf/0fn] o;sf] gfd /]Nj] x'g uPsf] w/fg] Oltxf; 5 . ;g\ !(%* ;fnb] l v !(^@ ;fn;Dd w/fgdf dfnjfxs /] n rNYof] . w/fgsf] km';a]| f6 l3ln{u+ -/f]kj]_n] NofPsf 9'+ufx¿nfO{ xfnsf] /]Nj]glhs emfl/GYof] . ToxfF emfl/Psf /fd|f / bx«f 9'+ufx¿ /]ndf xflnGYof] . Tof] /]nsf] uGtJo x' G Yof] ;' g ;/L / ;Kt/Lsf] l;dfgfdf kg] { eLdgu/ . eLdgu/ cyf{t\ ;Ktsf]zLsf] Aof/]h ePsf] 7fpF . xf], ToxL 7fFpdf emfl/Gy] w/fg] 9'+ufx¿ . g] k fn / ef/tn] u/] s f] sf] z L kl/of]hgfsf] ;Demf}tf cg';f/ pQm 9'+ufx¿ nlug] s'/f sf]zL kl/of]hgf ;Demf}tfdf k9\g ;lsG5 . g]kfnsf] tkm{af6 dxfjL/ zdz]/ tyf ef/tsf] tkm{ a f6 u' N hf/Lnfnn] u/] s f] sf] z L kl/of]hgfsf] ;Demf}tf aLkL sf]O/fnf

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lj/f]wdf cfGbf]ng rnfPsf]Ú cflb leGg leGg cf/f]k nufpFbf klg s]xL ;Lk gnfu]/ …/}yfg] / ef/tLo dw]zLsf] auL{s/0fÚ ug{ cleofg g} rnfPsf] xf] . s'g} klg ;/sf/n] nf]stflGqs d"No / dfGotfsf dfgs l;4fGt cg';f/ -!_ cfwf/e"t clwsf/sf] axfnL, -@_ cfd :jtGqtf, -#_ cfTd lg0f{osf] cj;/, -$_ g}lts :jfoQtf, -%_ /fHodf hgtfsf] k|efjsf/L ;xeflutf -^_ dfgjLo ljsf;, -&_ /fhgLlts ;dfgtf, -*_ zflGtsf] :yfkgf / -(_ ;d[l4 cflb sfo{ef/ k"/f ug]{ bfloTj lnPsf] x'G5 . s] oL dfkb08 cg';f/ oxfFsf ;/sf/ rn]sf 5g\ < b]zdf p7]sf cfGbf]ngx¿n] kl/jt{gsf rfxgf /fv]sf lyP . t/ hgtfsf] kIfdf s'g} kl/jt{g b]lvPg . -!_ b]zel/ e|i6frf/sf] ;+:yfut ;+/rgf agfP/ e|i6frf/ ug]{ Psdfq Ph]08f af]s]sf] k'/fgf] /fHo;Qfsf] ;+/rgf oyfjt\ sfod 5 . -@_ Ao"/f]qm\of;Lsf] k/Dk/fut dfgl;stfdf lsl~rt kl/jt{g b]lvPsf] 5}g . -#_ ljutsf]eGbf k/lge{/tf tLj| t / ¿kdf a9] s f] 5 . -$_ /]ld6\ofG;afx]s b]zsf] cfly{s cj:yf abt/ 5 . -%_ 6«fG;k]/]G;L OG6/g]zgnsf] k|ltj]bg cg';f/ e|i6frf/sf] ;"rsfFsdf g]kfn t]>f] :yfgdf 5 . -^_ s[lifsf] cj:yf bogLo 5 . -&_ cy{If]q k"0f{ e|i6 5 . -*_ b]z k"0f{ cefj / ;+s6u|:t cj:yfdf 5 . -(_ ljsf; / pBf]u cj:yf hL0f{ 5 . b]zsf] o:tf] t:jL/ abNg g} hgtfn] 7' N 7" n f cfGbf] n gx¿ u/] s f lyP . /fHo;Qfdf zf;sju{sf] d'xf/ km]l/P klg ;Qfdf Jojxf/tM s'g} kl/jt{g cfPg . /fhtGqsf] ;dflKtkl5 zLif{ tLg bnsf] lglj{ s Nk Psflwsf/ sfod ePkl5 nf]stflGqs d"No dfGotfsf] dfkb08;+u s] dtnj < kfn}kfnf] zf;g ug]{ rng cg';f/ tLg bn zf;ssf] ¿kdf kl/0ft ePsf] 5 . pgLx¿sf] a' e mfO{ d f oxL kl/jt{g xf] . kf6L{nfO{ ;Qfdf k'¥ofO{ lbgs} nflu cfGbf] n g ePsf] lyof] . ;Qfdf uPkl5 cfGbf]ng l;låof] . ca cfGbf]ng xf]O{g, ;d[l4 / ljsf;sf] lbzfdf nfUg' kb{ 5 . lgsf; gkfP/ hgtf c;Gt'i6 ag]sf] cj:yfdf of] gofF vfn] lts8dsf] tfgfafgf a'lgb} 5 . dw]z TofHo 5 . p;nfO{ ef/tLo elgPsf] 5 . t/ klg /fhgLltsf] s]Gb|df /flvPsf] 5 . /fHo if8oGqsf] s]Gb| ljGb'df 5 . dw]znfO{ dw]zL bnx¿sf] xftaf6 km'Tsfpg Ps bzsb]lv lg/Gt/ rNb}

cfPsf] if8oGq lj/fdf cj:yfdf k'u]sf] 5}g . dw]z ljleGg vfn] c;Gt'i6tfsf] cGWof/f]df /x]sf]n] /fHon] cg's"n 7fg]/ lzsf/ ug{ z'¿ u/]sf] 5 . –!_cfGbf]ngaf6 cleJoQm dw]zsf] dfFu ;Daf]wg x'g g;s]sf], -@_ dw]zsf bnx¿sf] k|efjsf/L e"ldsf x'g g;s]sf], -#_ Ps bzs nufP/ klg /fhgLlts lgsf; gePsf] , -$_ cfGbf] n gsf] afWofTds cj:yfdf afFRg' k/]sf], -%_ b}glGbgL ;xh x'g g;s]sf] cflb sf/0fx¿af6 dw]z c;Gt'i6 5 . o;} df}sfsf] kmfobf p7fpg ;a} rfxG5g\ . dw]z afXo ¿kdf 6'6s ] f], tf]8\g ;lsg] cflb cj:yfdf b]lvPklg efjgfTds ¿kdf dw]z Psl9Ssf 5 . /fHon] xfdLnfO{ :jLsf/ ug{ rfxFbg} eGg] ;DaGwsf] 3[0ffTds ljZjf; cld6 ¿kdf k/]sf] 5 . dw]z h'ga]nf klg Psd'i6 cfGbf]ng ug{ tof/ 5 eGg] s'/f ljutsf] cfGbf]ngn] b]vfO{ ;s]sf] 5 . hlt;'s} c;Gt'i6tf /x]klg clwsf/ gkfp~h]n cfGbf]ngsf] afWosf/L kl/l:ylt ljBdfg /x]sf]n] dw]z o;nfO{ gsfg{ ;Sb}g . pTsif{df uPsf] cfGbf]ngnfO{ ;dy{g ug{ kf6L{x¿ 5f8]/ cfGbf]ngdf ;fd]n x'g] oxL efjgfsf] k|tLs xf] . s]xL u'nfdafx]s dw]zL Pstfdfly s;}n] k|Zg p7fpg ;Sb}g . ljutsf] gfsfaGbL cfGbf]ngn] ;a} s'/f b]vfO{ ;s]sf] 5 . To;sf/0f klg rf]S6f vfg uPsL a'9L h:t} emf]ndf 8'a/] dg'{ gk/f];\ . nf]stflGqs k|0ffnLdf ljZjf; ug]{ zlQmx¿ klg nf] s tflGqs cfbz{ n fO{ ltnf~hnL lbO{ 5n, k|kr + , hfn, km/]a, wf]vf oL k+rzLnsf] l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df /fhgLlts glthfnfO{ cfkm\gf] kIfdf kfg{ cufl8 al9 /xFbf lgsf;sf] cfz ug'{ a]sf/ xf] . OdfGbf/Lk"j{s bnx¿n] /fhgLlts lgsf; rfx]s} xf] eg] dw]z;+u ePsf] ;Demf}tfsf] laGb'df cfpg' kb{5 . hxfFaf6 dw]znfO{ k5fl8 ws]Ng z'¿ u/]sf] xf] Tof] ljGb'df cfpg' kb{5 . oxL OdfGbf/L xf] . ljuteGbf /fhgLlts a'emfO{ klg ljsl;t cj:yfdf /x]sf]n] 5n5fdsf] kl/kf6L{sf] pGd"ng x'g' kb{5 . b'i6 dfgl;stfaf6 u|l;t ;fdflhs ;b\efj vNanfpg] v]n tTsfn vtd ug'{ kb{5 . ;fDk|bflos cfuf] afNg] / To;df /fi6« j fbL /f] 6 L ;] S g] b'ik|of; cljnDa aGb ug'{ u/fpg' kb{5 . sf]tkj{nfO{ k'g/fj[lt u/fP/ Oltxf;nfO{ ¿jfpg] h+u] k|jl[ tnfO{ ;dod} /f]Sg' ;a}sf] sQ{Jo xf] . xf]Og eg] k5'tfpg]afx]s c¿ s]xL afFsL /xFb}g .

/]Nj] rf]ssf] /f]rs syf

k|wfgdGqL ePsf] ;dodf ePsf] xf] . sf]zL kl/of]hgf ;Demf}tfsf] wf/f tLgsf] pkwf/f rf/df n]lvPadf]lhd cfofhgfnfO{ rflxg] 9'u+ f, lu6Lsf] nflu w/fgsf] km';8]| fF8f;Dd /]n Nofpg] ;Demf}tf eof] . ;Demf}tf cg';f/ ;g\ !(%* b]lv !(^@ ;Dd cyf{t\ ljqmd ;Djt\ @)!^ b]lv @)@) cf;kf;;Dd w/fgdf /]n rNYof] . 9'u+ f af]Sg] /]n ePsf]n] 9'u+ /] n ] eg]/ To;a]nf lrlgPsf] /]nn] ;b{' vf]nf x'bF } l3ln{u+ af6 cfPsf 9'u+ fx¿ /]ndf xfn]/ eLdgu/ k'–ofpFYof] . w/fg] 9' + u ] / ] n sf k| T oIfbzL{ x' g ef]hk'/sf dgs'df/ /fO{ . lj=;+ @))! ;fn] /fO{n] To;a]nf w/fgdf ef]hk'/af6 g'g lng cfpFbf cfkm"n] /]n b]vs ] f] ;'gfP . …nfdf] /]n lyof], uf8LeGbf w]/} nfdf]Ú, tGg]/L x'Fbf b]v]sf] /]naf/] af]Nb} xfn w/fg–* df a:g] /fO{n] eg], …w]/} eL8 x'GYof] /]n cfpg] 7fpFdf . sf]xL 9'+uf xfNg] / sf]xL x]g]{ .Ú ef]hk'/ hlGdP/ ljut bz jif{otf w/fgdf a;]sf dgs'df/ /fO{sf] h:t} w/fg] /]nsf] afNosfnLg cg'ej 5 w/fgd} hlGdPsf x/]/fd sdf{rfo{sf] . w/fg tLgdf @))^ ;fndf hlGdPsf sdf{rfo{n] afNosfndf w/fgd} /]n b]vs ] f lyP . …xfdL ;fgf s]6fs]6L u'?? s'b]/ 9'+u] /]n x]g{ hfGYof}+ / To;a]nfsf] /]n clxn]sf] kfFrj6f nfdf 6«s hqf] x'GYof]Ú, …w/fgsf k|yd : lxhf] / cfhÚ eGg] w/fgsf] Oltxf;af/] s f] k' : tssf n] v s;d] t /x] s f sdf{ r fo{ eG5g\ , …9'+u]/]ndf l3ln{+uaf6 km';|] x'Fb} cfPsf 9'+ufx¿ /]ndf r9fpg] ;ohgf hlQ sfdbf/x¿ x'Gy] t/ x]g]{ t slQ xf] slQ .Ú lj/f6gu/–w/fg sRrL ;8s x'Fb} s'b\Yof] w/fgdf /]n To;a]nf w/fgb]lv eLdgu/;Dd /]n s' b \ Y of] hlta] n f lj/f6gu/b] l v w/fg;Dd cfpg] xfnsf] kSsL ;8s sRrL dfq} lyof] . To;a]n} w/fgdf b}lgs tLgkN6 /]n cf]xf]/bf]xf]/ uy{\of]

hals lj/f6gu/b]lv w/fg;Dd Pp6f dfq} b}lgs uf8L rNYof] . o:tf] ljut k|ToIf b]v]sf 5g\ x/]/fd sdf{rfo{n] . To;a]nf w/fg aNn–aNn zx/L If]q x'g nfu]sf] lyof] . t/ 3f]kf k~rfot gfdsf] cfˆg} kl/ro ePsf] xfnsf] /]nj] If]qdf /]n s'lb;s]sf] xf] . …/]n u'8]sf] a]nf otfsf] w/fgeGbf ptf /]nj]sf] rxnkxn w]/} lyof]Ú, sdf{rfo{ eG5g\, …cfhsn 7Ls pN6f] 5 .Ú w/fg] /]Nj]n] w/fgaf6 nUof] dfq}, s]xL lbPg %# jif{cl3 nuftf/ kfFr jif{ w/fgdf rn]sf] /]nn] w/fgnfO{ s]xL lbPsf] Oltxf; 5}g . 5f]6f] ;dosf nflu s]xL sfdbf/x¿n] /f]huf/L kfPsf] / c:yfoL rxnkxn a9fpg'afx]s w/fgdf s'bs ] f] /]nn] w/fgnfO{ s]xL klg lbPsf] b]lvFbg} . o;a]nf h:tf] cflbjf;L hghfltsf cfOPncf] !^( sf d'2fx¿ gp7]sf] To;a]nf l3ln{u+ n] km';]| 8fF8faf6 nfvf}+ lSjG6n ;Unf 9'u+ f nu]/ km';]| 8fF8fnfO{ yk km';]| agfof] . w/fgsf] km';|] 8fF8fsf] 9'+uf pSsfP/ eLdgu/sf] sf]zL Aof/]h agfof] . Jofks r'/] If]qsf] bf]xg eP/ jg]sf] eLdgu/sf] k'n pEofpg w/fg] e"uf]n / >dn] 7"nf] u'g nufof] . t/ sf]zL kl/of]hgfn] w/fgnfO{ s]xL klg lbPg . w/fgsf leQf pSsfP/ ag] s f] sf] z L kl/of] h gfn] w/fgk|lt s]xL glbPsf] dx;"; x/]/fd sdf{rfo{n] klg u/]sf 5g\ . …sf]zL kl/of]hgfn] oxfFsf efujt k|;fb >]i7 / nIdL k|;fb >]i7nfO{ b]zs} s ju{sf 7]s]bf/ agfof] tyf s]xL ;o dhb'/x¿nfO{ tTsfnLg ;dodf s]xL /f]huf/L klg lbof]Ú, w/fg] 9'+u] /]nsf] Oltxf; sf]6\ofpFb} sdf{rfo{ eG5g\, …o;afx]s w/fgaf6 9'+u] /]nn] 9'+uf nfg]afx]s s]xL klg u/]g . cfpFbf l/Qf] cfpg] / hfFbf /]nel/ 9'u+ f nu]/ w/fgnfO l/Qf] kfg]{afx]s s]xL u/]g .Ú w/fg] /]nn] s]xL ;do w/fgnfO{ rxnkxnsf] s] G b| agfP/ ;n{ S s} :yfgLonfO s]xL glbOsg uof] . o;af/]df

pma]n} :yfgLox¿ lg/fz ePsf] atfOG5 . /]nn] rf]sglhs} 3/ ePsf cu|h kqsf/ tyf cflbjf;L cleoGtf hgsClif /fO{ 9'u+ ] /]naf/] :yfgLosf] u'gf;f] uLtaf6} ;'gs ] f] :d/0f u5{g\ . …d} n ] cfheGbf aL; jif{ c uf8L Pshgf ;f7L jif]{ afh]sf] d'vaf6 w/fg] 9' + u ] /] n af/] uLt ;' g ] s f] lyPF Ú , /fO{ ;DemG5g\, …=====dg} p8fof] 9'+u} /]n}n]Ú eGg] dfq} ofb eof] . zfob tL afh] klg cfh hLljt x'g'x'Gg .Ú …w/fgdf d]6f« ] /]n of k"j–{ klZrd /]nj]sf] 6«flGh6Ú 9'+u} af]Sg] ePklg w/fg g]kfnsf] /]nj] Oltxf; af]s]sf] k|frLg zx/ xf] . To;a]n} /]nj] rn]sf] w/fgdf xfn g k'/fgf] /]nj]sf] cjz]if g} 5 . g t cfw'lgs /]nj]sf] ;DefJotfsf] cWoog g} ePsf] 5 . sf7df8f}+–s]?+u–n'lDagL /]nj] rnfpg] s'/f olta]nf p7]sf] 5 . k"j–{ klZrd /]nj]sf] k|f/lDes ;e]; { d]t oxLa]nf ePsf] 5 . cem /fhwfgLdf d]6f« ] /]n rnfpg] Jofks rrf{ x'bF 5 } . 7Ls olta]nf w/fgdf eg] k'/fgf] /]nsf] Oltxf; arfpg] jf gofF d]6f« ] /]nj] ;~rfngsf] af/]df s]xL klg ax; ePsf] 5}g . w/fg] /]nj]sf] Oltxf;sf hfgsf/ s]xL :yfgLo o'jfx¿ eg] w/fgdf h;/L klg /]nj] ;~rfng x'gk' g]{ atfpF5g\ . …ufpF k~rfotaf6 gu/kflnsf x'bF } w/fg ca pkdxfgu/kflnsf eO;ssf] 5 t/ ufpF k~rfotdf rn]sf] /]nsf] Oltxf; pkdxfgu/ x'bF f klg gx'g' oxfFsf] b'Mvb kIf xf]Ú, w/fg] /]naf/] hfgsf/ w/fg * sf s'Gbg clwsf/L atfpF5g\ . ls t k"j–{ klZrd /]nj]sf] 6«flGh6 jf w/fgd} a]Un} d]6f« ] /]nj] ;~rfng x'gk} g]{ pgsf] egfO 5 . w/fgs} dx]Gb| ax'd'vL SofDk;df dfgljsLsf ljBfyL{ clwsf/L eG5g\, …To;a] n f w/fg ;' g ;fg x' F b f w/fg l/TofP/ 9'+uf nfg] /]nj] aGg;S5 eg] pkdxfgu/kflnsf ePsf] w/fgdf a9\bf] ;+Vofsf ofq'x¿ af]Sg] cfw'lgs d]6«f] /]nj] ;/sf/n] rfxFbf lsg aGb}g <Ú

cWofTd cfWoflTds bz{ / hLjg – cf]ds[i0f s];L

z/L/ lj1fgsf] cWoogaf6 klg a'‰g ;lsg] cfkm"leq /x]sf] zf/Ll/s c+u / To;sf] ;~rfng k|lqmof ;Fu;Fu} xfdLdf ef}lts tyf cef}lts ¿kdf k|f0fsf] :yfkg / lg/Gt/tf e} /x]sf] x'G5 . cef}lts / cd"t{ cj:yfsf] k|f0fzlQmsf] :yfkgfsf] :j¿k:yn cyjf aLh :j¿ksf] j[If :j¿k cj:yfsf] ¿kdf xfdLn] k|f0f / z/L/ eg]/ ;fdfGo cj:yfdf ;Demg ;lsG5 . To:t} k|f0fsf] cj:yfsf] af/]df xfd|f] k"jL{o bz{gdf w]/} nfdf] ;dob]lv lrGtg u/]sf] kfOG5 . h;nfO{ cfTdfsf] cl:tTj 5}g egg] cyf{t\ gfl:ts k|sf/n] bfz{lgs lrGtg u/]sf] bz{gdf af}4 bz{g, h}g bz{g k|d'v ¿kdf 5g\ eg] cfTdfsf] cl:tTj /x]sf] 5 egL cfl:ts k|sf/n] xfd|f] a]b, k'/f0f, pklgifb\ cflbsf] wf/0ff /x]sf] 5 . o;k|sf/ cfTdfsf] cl:tTj 5 5}g eGg] bfz{lgs wf/0ff k|f0fzlQmsf] cl:tTj;Fu /x]sf] wf/0ffTds ljrf/fTds cfh ko{Gtsf ljdz{ /x]sf 5g\ . k|fs[lts of]usf vflt/ cfWoflTds bz{gn] dfly atfPsf] b'a} k|sf/sf bz{gdWo] s'g} kIfdf geP/ JolQmsf] cfˆgf] cl:tTj dfly s]jn oyfy{k/s lrGtgaf6 dfq s]lGb|t /xg elgPsf] 5 . cfkm"nfO{ cfˆgf] cl:tTj r]tgf ;lxt ;j{ k|yd cfˆgf] hGd ldltsf] ;donfO{ ;f]Rg'xf];\ . To;a]nf s] s] ;fydf lyof] < s] s] lyPg, lyof] eg] s;/L /x]sf] lyof] < h:t} M sk8fsf] cj:yf, xfd|f] hftkftsf] cj:yf, xfd|f] /fhgLlts cj:yf . a:q sk8fsf af/]df cfhsf] km];g df]8ln+sf] o; @!cf}+ ztfAbLdf cfOk'us ] f xfdL To; afNofj:yfdf eg] k|fs[lts ¿kdf g} lga{:q gf+uf] lyof}+ . ttkZrft xfd|f] kl/jf/n] cfˆgf] cfly{s ;fdy{\o / df};dL jftfj/0fnfO{ ljrf/ u/]/ ;d'lrt sk8f nufOlbPsf] / ;dfhdf ;a}n] To;} ul//x]sf] x'Fbf cg's/0f ub}{ cfh;Dd cfOk'Ubf sk8f clgjfo{ cfjZostfsf] ¿kdf ePsf] kfOG5 . hfltkftLsf] af/]df hGd;do / afNofj:yfdf JolQmnfO{ hflt ljz]if, prf] hft lgrf] hfth:tf s'/fsf] s'g} lrGtf geP/ s]jn cfˆgf] dflg;kgsf] efj g} k"0f{ oy]i6 ePsf] kfpg ;lsG5 . xfn jt{dfg pd]/ cj:yfdf em}+ prf] hft x'Fbf uj{ ug{'kg]{ lgrf] hftL x'Fbf x]nf x'g'kg]{ clg tfufwf/L hghflt, blnth:tf hfltkftLhGo zAbsf] k|of]usf] To; cj:yfdf s'g} cfjZostf g} kb}{g . To;a]nf hft kft s]xL g/xL Ps dflg; hflt dfq /x]sf] 5 . wd{sf] af/]df cfh t]/f] d]/f] tF 5f8 / d5f8 /x]sf af}4, lxGb" lqmlZrog, d'l:nd wd{sf ;a} ljåfg\ cf–cfˆgf bz{g / ljrf/wf/f ;a}eGbf pQd /x]sf] eg]/ 7f]s'jf ul//x]sf] l:ylt 5 ;a}n] c?sf] wd{sf lgGbf, cfnf]rgf ub}{ cf–cfˆgf wd{k|lt cf:yfsf ;b:o a9fpg] xf]8afhL rln/x]sf] / cfkm"nfO{ s'g rflx wd{ pQd eg]/ rog ug{ sl7g k/]sf] cfh cj:yf 5 hjls hGd cj:yfdf of] wd{;DaGwL s'g} ljjfb dt dtfGt/ af/] afnsnfO{ lrGtf jf 6fpsf] b'vfO{sf] ;'?jft gePsf] cj:yf l:yt Ps lgd{n cjf]wkg /x]sf] x'G5 . /fhgLltsf af/]df ljleGg jfb l;4fGtsf] cfwf/df /x]sf] ljleGg kf6L{ / ltgsf ljrf/wf/f u|x0f ug}{ kg]{ afWofTds hLjgdf cNem]sf] cfhsf] o; cj:yfsf] l:yltdf /x]sf] kfOG5 . hasL hGdbfsf] cfˆgf] cj:yfdf s'g} /fhgLlts efj/lxt cfˆgf] cl:tTjsf] /Iffy{ vfgfsf] nflu dft[ :tgkfg / cfˆgL cfdf;Fu dfq ;/f]sf/ / nufj /x]sf] kfOG5 . s'g} em'6f k|k~r hfn;fIfLsf] cfjZostf klg afNofj:yfsf] l:yltdf /x]sf] x'Fb}g . cfWdflTds lrGtgaf6 afNofj:yfsf dflysf cj:yfnfO{ xfdLn] cg'ej u/L kf/ ub}{ cfO;s]sf] x'Fbf ca km]l/ To; cj:yfsf] cg'e"lt;Fu xfnsf] ljrf/nfO{ s]lGb|t u/L t'ngfTds lrGtg u/L sfo{ / sf/0fjfb;Fu ;fk]If tfbfDo /fVb} cfhsf] cj:yf;Fu OR5fzlQmnfO{ dfWod agfpFb} ;dfh;Fu zflGtk"j{s ;fdfgf ub}{ hfg] xf] eg] ;do ;dfh o'u ;'xfFpbf] ;a}df zLtn 5xf/L lbg c;Dej 5}g t/ zLtntfsf] ljj]s r]tgf ePkl5 dfq Kof;Lsf] ufO8 lgb]{zg ug{ ;Ifd x'g ;lsG5 . cGTodf, cv08sf] lrGtg ub}{ tgfj d'Qm x'g ljrf/ Wofg s]lGb|t x'Fb} dfu{df OR5'ssf nflu bz{gwf/f ;xof]uL dGq xf] . Wofg / cWofTdsf nflu h+un hfg kb}{g s]xL TofUg kb}{g, dfq lbgsf] s]xL ;do ljrf/ ljdz{ / cGtlqmof{df 5'6\ofpF . cfˆgf] ;xeflutf c¿sf nflu b'Mvb gxf];\ egL hlxn] klg ;r]t agf}F .

b}lgs rf/ 306f lxF8/] ljBfno hfg'kg]{ afWotf

lhNnfsf] dWo If]qdf /x]sf] >Lsf]6 uflj;sf ljBfyL{ b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8]/ k9\gsf nflu ljBfno hfg afWo ePsf 5g\ . >Lsf]6 uflj;s} b'u{d j8f eg]/ lrlgg] ( gDa/ j8fsf ljBfyL{ b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8]/ k9\g afWo ePsf x'g\ . j8f g+ ( df sIff % ;Ddsf] dfq ljBfno /x]sfn] sIff ^ b]lv k9\gnfO{ j8f g+ $ df /x]sf] ;gftg wd{ dflj vf]rn]s hfg] ub{5g\ . laxfg * ah] ljBfno cfpg'k5{, a]n'sf ^ ah] dfq 3/ k'luG5, sIff * df cWoog/t 5fq /d]z lu/Ln] atfP . pgn] eg], …b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8\g'kg]{ afWotf 5 .Ú lzIfsn] lbPsf] u[xsfo{ klg $ 3G6f lxF8\g'kbf{ ug{ ;lsFb}g, sIff & sf 5fq /f]zg lu/Ln] eg], …pHofnf] x'Fbf ljBfnosf] tof/L ug{'k5{, cFWof/f] x'Fbf 3/ k'luG5 .Ú ljBfno k9\gs} nflu eg]/ o;/L b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8\g afWo ePsf] sIff !) sL 5fqf ;'Gg/L lu/Ln] atfOg\ . …;w}F l9nf] u/L ljBfno k'luG5Ú, pgn] elgg\, …lzIfsn] ;w}+ sIffsf]7fdf k9fpg ;'? ul/;s]kl5 k'U5f}F, xfd|f] of] afWotfnfO{ s;}n] a'‰b}g .Ú 6f9fsf] af6f] lxF8]/ cfpFbf dfgl;s tyf zf/Ll/s ysfgsf sf/0fn] >Lsf]6 j8f g+ ( sf ljBfyL{sf] k9fOk|lt ?lr 36\b} hfg] lzIfs /d]z gfyn] hfgsf/L lbP . sIffsf]7fdf klg l9n} k'Ug] u/]sf] pgn] atfP . u[xsfo{;d]t vf;} u/]sf] b]lvFb}g . ljBfyL{ ;w}+ yfs]/ cfpg] u/]sf] / slxn]sfxLF t sIffsf]7fd} ;'Tg] u/]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . cfˆg} j8fdf dflj;Ddsf] ljBfno ePsf] eP o:tf] afWotf x6\g] :yfgLo cleefjs x]d/fh lu/Lsf] egfO 5 . …o;/L b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8]/ ljBfno hfg'kg]{ x'Fbf /fd|f];Fu k9\g kfpFb}gg\Ú, pgn] eg], …ljBfnodf k9]sf] s'/f 3/ hfFbf yfs]/ lal;{xfN5g\ .Ú af6f]sf] ;d:of tyf :yfgLo au8Luf8 vf]nfdf k'n gx'Fbf ljBfyL{nfO{ emg} ;d:of x'g] u/]sf] pgn] atfP . a;f{bsf] ;dodf :yfgLo au8Luf8 vf]nfsf sf/0f ljBfno k9\g g;Sg] >Lsf]6–( sf ljBfyL{sf] afWotf 5 . au8Luf8 vf]nfdf kfgLsf] ;tx a9]/ vf]nf tg{ g;s]/ a;f{bsf] ;dodf k9fO k|efljt x'g] u/]sf] 5 . vf]rn]sdf /x]sf] ;gftg dflj Ps dfq >Lsf]6 uflj;sf] sIff !@ ;Dd k9fO x'g] ljBfno xf] . uflj;af6 kfpg] ;]jf;'ljwfaf6 ;d]t j8f g+ ( sf :yfgLo afl;Gbf klg al~rt x'g] o:t} afWotf /x]sf] 5 . ;8s ;~hfn;d]t ghf]l8Psfn] vfBfGgsf nflu;d]t b}lgs $ 3G6f lxF8]/ n}hfg'kg]{ afWotf 5 . ufpF kl/ifb\af6 5'6\ofpg] of]hgfdf ;d]t ;f}t]gL Jojxf/ ug]{ u/]sf] ( g+sf :yfgLo afl;Gbfsf] cf/f]k 5 . :yfgLo /fhlglts bnn] cfˆgf] j8fsf of]hgf dfq kl/ifb\df kfl/t ug]{ u/]sf 5g\ . j8f d~raf6 cfPsf of]hgfnfO{ ;d]t sf6]/ /fhgLlts bnn] cfˆgf j8fdf xfNg] u/]sf] ;d]t :yfgLojf;Lsf] cf/f]k 5 . ( g+ j8fnfO{ ;w}F >Lsf]6 uflj;n] ;f}t]gL Jojxf/ ug]{ u/]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . sIff !@ ;Dd k9fO x'g] pQm ljBfnodf >Lsf]6sf ;fy} b]pn]s, s6f}hkfgL, GjfnL, x6}/fh, l;Q8, >Ls]bf/nufot uflj;sf ljBfyL{ cWoog/t 5g\ .


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

elgd08ndf PS;LPdhLsf] zf]?d

cfO{l8Pd;L k|f=ln=n] PS;LPdhL gfds x] e L OSo' k d] G 6sf] ] PS:Sn' l ;e zf] ? d nlntk'/sf] elgd08ndf ;~rfngdf NofPsf] 5 . zf]?dsf] ;d'b\3f6g cfO{l8Pd;L k|f=ln=sf cWoIf k|lj0f 9'u+ fgf / h'emfp sG;6«S;g d]l;g/L u|k' s+= ln -PS;LPdhL_, lrgsf ;x–cWoIf Pj+ dxfk|aGws 8f= Hofª;]g lnpn] ;+oQ' m ?kdf u/]sf x'g\ . PS;LPdhLsf] g]kfnsf] nflu cflwsfl/s ljqm]tf cfO{l8Pd;L k|f=ln /x]sf] 5 . h'emfp sG;6«S;g d]l;g/L u|k' s+= ln= sf] :yfkgf ;g\ !(*( ldq/fi6« rLgdf ePsf] xf] . ljZjsf] x]jL O{SjLkd]G6 ahf/df cToflws dfu /x]sf] % a|f08x¿dWo] PS;LPdhL a|f08 klg k|d'v Ps xf] eg] rLgdf ;a}eGbf w]/} laqmL x'g] g+= ! x]jL O{SjLkd]G6 a|f08 xf] . laqmL kl5sf] ;]jf ;+ e f/sf nflu sDklgn] eQmk' / sf] ;fgf]l7dLl:yt cfk\mg} dd{t–;+ef/ s]Gb|sf]

Pg;]nsf u|fxsx¿n] ca df]afO{n 8]6f ;kf]6{ ug]{ df]afO{n kmf]gaf6 nf]slk|o ;fdflhs ;~hfn km] ; a' s lgMz' N s rnfpg kfpg] ePsf 5g\ . …OG6/g]6 ;a}sf nfluÚ lyd cGtu{t b]zsf] cu|0fL df]afO{n ;]jf k|bfos sDkgL Pg;]nn] km];a's;Fusf] ;xsfo{df cfsif{s of]hgf …km];a's lk|mÚ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . km];a's lk|m of]hgf cGtu{t Pg;]nsf ;a} lk|k]8 tyf kf] : 6k] 8 u| f xsx¿n] PG8« f ] O 8 df]afO{n Pk / a|fph/ -k|f]S;L afx]s_ af6 km];a'sdf lgMz'Ns cfˆgf] :6\of6; kf]:6 ug{, kmf]6fx¿ cknf]8 ug{, c?sf] :6\of6; x]g{, nfO{s, ;]o/ tyf sd]G6 ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . Pg;]nsf] of] ckm/ nfu' ePkl5 km];a's k]hdf …uf] 6' lk|mÚ a6g :jtM b]lvg] 5 . of] a6g lSns ug]{ lalts}, Pg;]nsf u|fxsx¿n] km];a'ssf] lgMz'Ns ;+:s/0faf6 km];a's a|fph ug{ ;Sg]5g . Úkm];a's;Fusf] ;xsfo{df cfˆgf u|fxssf nflu of] nf] s lk| o ;fdflhs ;~hfn lgMz'Ns rnfpg kfpg] of]hgf Nofpg kfpF b f xfdL lgs} xlift{ 5f} + . o;n] u|fxsnfO{ ;fdflhs ;~hfn dfkm{t b]z ljb] z df /x] s f cfkmGt, ;fyLefO{ / kl/jf/hg;Fu ;lhn} ;Dks{df /xg / O{G6/g]6 ;]jfsf] hg3gTj a9fpg d2t k' o f{ p g] 5 ,Ú Pg;] n sf k| a Gw lgb] { z s ;fOdg kls{ G ;n] eg] . ljleGg cGt/f{li6«o cWoogn] O{G6/g]6sf] kx'Fr / cfly{s j[l4aLr :ki6 ;DaGw b]vfPsf]

:yfkgf;d]t ul/;s]sf] 5 . pQm ;]jf s] G b| a f6 sDkgLn] rfO{ g Lh ljif] z 1 O{lGhlgo/;d]t pknAw u/fO{ ;]jf k|bfg ub}{ cfPsf] cfO{8LPd;L k|f=ln=sf k|aGw lgb]z { s k'?iff]Qd ;'jb] Ln] atfP . zf]?dsf] :yfkgf ;+u} PS;LPdhLsf] /f]8 /f]n/,

;f]on sDKofS6/, 8an 8«d sDKofS6/, Aofsxf] nf]8/, nf]8/, df]6/ u|]8/, df]afOn qm]g, n/L qm]g, SjfOn/ qm]g, l8h]naf6 rnfpg ;lsg] kmf]s{lnkm\6 6«s, df]afOn 6fj/ qm]g ;d]t cfO{l8Pd;Ln] g]kfnL ahf/df pknAw u/fpg] ePsf] 5 .

d' n ' s sf] x] j L O{ S jLkd] G 6 ahf/df cfO{l8Pd;L k|f=ln= n] 5f]6f] ;dodf g} cu|0fL :yfg cf]u6\g ;kmn sDkgLsf] ?kdf cfkm"nfO{ :yfkLt ul/;s]sf]] 5 . PS;LPdhLn] @))) 6g Ifdtfsf] cn 6]l/g qm]g %))) 6g ;Dd Ifdtfsf qmfpn/ qm]g, rLgdf ;a}eGbf a9L Ifdtfsf] !@ 6gsf] nf]8/ d]l;g, !)) dL6/ dfly cfsfzdf klg cfuf] lgefpg ;Sg] d]l;g / rf}yf] k':tfsf] ;8s lgdf{0f d]l;g cf}hf/ ;Dd agfpg ;kmn ePsf] 5 . o;n] ljZj d]l;g cf}hf/sf] ahf/df 7"nf] :yfg cf]u6]sf] 5 . o;n] ljsf; u/]sf @!%^ /lhi68{ k] 6 ] G 6, !^$ k] 6 ] G 6] 8 cfljisf/sf] ;fy} !)) eGbfa9L cfk\mg} k|ljlwn] ljsf; u/]sf pTkfbgx¿ 5g\ . pRr k| l jlwsf] ljsf;n] ubf{ g} PS;LPdhLn] ljZj jhf/df lbgfg'lbg cfkm\gf] jhf/ lx:;f a9fpFb} nu]sf] 5 .

Pg;]nsf] …km];a's lk|mÚ ckm/

kl/k|]Ifdf Pg;]n ;/sf/;Fu ;xsfo{ ub}{ ;g\ @)@) leq ;a} ufpF ljsf; ;ldltdf O{G6/g]6 k'{ofpg] h:tf /fli6«o nIo k| f Kt ug{ d f of] u bfg k' { o fpg sl6a4 /x]sf] kls{G;n] atfP . …O{G6/g]6 se/]hdf j[l4 ub},{ ;'ne b/ tyf gljgtd ;]jf dfkm{t xfdL o:tf /fli6«o nIodf of]ubfg k'{ofpg sfd ul//x]sf 5f}+ . k|ljlw t6:ytfn] se/]h lj:tf/nfO{ yk ult k|bfg ug]5 { ,Ú km];a's lk|m of]hgf ;fj{hlgs ub}{ kls{G:n] eg] . kls{G;\ / km];a'ssf] Pl;of Kof;]lkms If]qsL k|d'v k|ltlglw tyf u|f]y kf6{g/lzksL k|dv ' cfGgf GffOu|g] n] ;+oQ ' m?kdf km];a's lk|m ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . …Pg;]n;Fusf] ;xsfo{df g]kfndf km];a'ssf] of] ;fdflhs ckm/ Nofpg kfPsf]df xfdL xlift{ 5f}+ . o:tf] ckm/n] g]kfndf yk sg]lS6le6L ;'lglZrt ub}{ yk JolQmx¿nfO{ O{G6/g]6df hf]8g\ of]ubfg k'o{ fpg] ljZjf; 5,Ú gfOu|g] n] sfo{qmddf elgg\ . km];a's lk|m ckm/ olx a'waf/ -kmfu'g $_ af6 nfu' eO{ () lbgsf] nflu /xg]5 . of] ckm/ km];a's;Fu ljZjAofkL ?kdf p;sf] cfGtl/s k|0ffnL;Fu ldnfO{Psf] x'gfn] lgMz'Ns ;+:s/0fsf] dhf lng u|fxsn] s'g} 5'§} ;]jf ;'rf? ug{kg]{ 5}g . ckm/df km];a'ssf] clwsf+z lkmr/x¿ lgMz'Ns

a}s+ ckm sf7df08" n'DagLåf/f lrka]; sf8{ ;~rfngdf

a}s + ckm sf7df8f} n'l' DagLn] lrk a]; sf8{ ;~rfng u/]sf] 5 . a}+sn] cfˆgf u|fxsx¿nfO{ ;'/lIft tyf ;lhnf] sf8{ ;]jf pknAw u/fpg O{PdeL lrk;lxtsf] 8]la6, qm]l86, tyf cGt{/fli6o 8]la6 sf8{ pknAw u/fpg] ePsf] 5 . o'/f]k df:6/ sf8{ lehf sDkgL tyf g]kfn /fi6« a}s + åf/f tf]lsPsf] dfkb08 cg'?ksf] ;f] sf8{ ca pk/fGt a}+s ckm sf7df8" n'lDagL lnld6]8sf] ;a} zfvfx¿af6 pknAw x'g5 ] . a}s + n] of] ;'lawf cfˆgf ;d:t u|fxsju{sf] lxt tyf yk ;'ljwfsf] nflu NofPsf] hfgsf/L u/fpb} o; ;'ljwfn] ;Defljt u|fxsju{nfO{ klg o; a}s + df art vftf vf]nL cGo ;'ljwfx¿ pkef]u ug{ k|/] 0ff ldNg] ljZjf; JoQm u/]sf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} u|fxssf] cfjZosQmf cg';f/ a}s + n] cfpg] lbgx¿df gofF ;]jf tyf ;'ljwfx¿ pknAw u/f+pb} hfg] k|0f u/]sf] 5 .

PgcfO{;L Pl;ofdf kmG8 6«fG;km/ ;]jf

PgcfO{;L Pl;of a}+sn] df]afOn a}+lsª ;] j faf6 cfˆgf vftfjfnf u| f xsnfO{ Pg;LPrPn–cfO{kLP; kmG8 6«fG;km/ ;]jf ;'? u/]sf] 5 . ;f] ;]jfdfkm{t PgcfO{;L Pl;of a}+ssf] df]afOn a}+lsª ;]jf k|of]u u/L ;]jfu|fxLn] ;Dk"0f{ jfl0fHo a}+ssf ;fy} g]kfn lSnol/ª xfp;;Fu cfa4 ^* a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yfsf] vftfdf ;lhn} /sd 6«fG;km/ ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . o; k|sf/sf] ;]jf ;'? ug]{ PgcfO{;L Pl;of klxnf] a}+s ag]sf] 5 . o; ;]jfdfkm{t Psk6sdf @% xhf/ ?k}ofF / Ps lbgdf ! nfv ?k}ofF;Dd /sd 6«fG;km/ ug{ ;lsg]5 .

u|f08L c:ktfndf Kofs]h

u|f08L cGt/f{li6«o c:ktfnn] So'lk8 Kofs]h ckm/ cl3 ;f/]sf] 5 . hf]8L nlIft o; So'lk8 Kofs]h ckm/df b'Od{ Wo] Pshgfn] !# xhf/ ?k}ofF a/fa/sf] :jf:Yo k/LIf0f Kofs]h ubf{ csf]{ Ps hgfnfO{ :jf:Yo k/LIf0f lgMz'Ns ul/g] ePsf] 5 . u|f08L cGt/f{li6«o c:ktfnsf] j]ng]; ;]G6/df kmfu'g dlxgfe/ of] ckm/ nfu" x'g] c:ktfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . c:ktfnsf] j]ng]; ;]G6/n], a]l;s x]Ny r]sck,slDk|xl] G;e x]Ny r]s ck, PlShSo"l6e x]Ny r]sck, PlShSo'l6e Kn; x]Ny r]sck, 8foa]l6h x]Ny r]sck,sfl8{ofs x]Ny r]sck, rfON8 x]Ny r]s ck,l;lgo/ l;l6hg x]Ny r]sck, ls8\gL x]Ny r]sck, j'dG; x]Ny r]sck nufotsf ljleGg ;'/IffTds :jf:Yo k/LIf0f Kofs]hx¿ pknAw u/fpFb} cfPsf] 5 .

pknAw 5g\ . km];a'sdf c?n] cknf]8 u/]sf kmf]6f] tyf lel8of] x]gs { f] nflu eg] ljBdfg 8]6f z'Ns nfUg] 5 . u|fxsn] cfkm'n] a|fph ul//x]sf] km];a's k]hsf] dfly bfofFlt/ /x]g] …l; kmf]6f]hÚ a6g lSns u/L k]8 ;+:s/0fdf kmf]6f] tyf lel8of x]g{ ;Sg]5g\ . km];a'ssf] lk|m ;+:s/0faf6 k]8 ;+:s/0fdf hfg' eGbf cufj} u|fxsnfO{ ;'lrt klg u/fOg]5 . km];a'ssf] k]8

;+:s/0fdf kmf]6f] tyf lel8of]x¿ cem ;'ne b/df x]g{sf nflu u|fxsx¿n] km];a's k]haf6} cfˆgf] cfjZostf cg';f/sf] 8]6f Kofsx¿ vl/b ug{ klg ;Sg]5g\ . To;}u/L Pl:6«S; !@# Xof; 8fon ul/ k|fKt lgb]z { g cg';f/ klg u|fxsx¿n] cfk"mnfO{ rflxPsf] 8]6f Kofs vl/b ug{ ;Sg]5g\ . km];a'ssf cg';f/, xfn g]kfnaf6 *) nfv eGbf a9L dflg;x¿ km];a'ssf dfWodaf6 ;fdflhs ?kdf cfj¢ /x]sf 5g\ . km];a's lk|m a|fplhªsf] ;'ljwf k|fS] ;L a|fph/df pknAw x'g] 5}g . pbfx/0fsf nflu cf]k/] f ldlg h:tf k|fS] ;L a|fph/x¿af6 km];a's k|of]u ubf{ ljBdfg 8]6f z'Ns nfUg]5 . To:t} u|fxsn] km];a'ssf cGo afÅo lnªsx¿ lSns ubf{ km];a's lk|m ;+:s/0faf6 aflx/ uPsf] ;'lrt u/fOg] 5 / u|fxsn] olb km];a's k|mLaf6 aflx/ hfg rfx]df ljBdfg 8]6f z'Ns nfUb5 .

:jf:Yo ;/f]sf/ d'6' c:j:y x'g] sf/0f

d'6' z/L/sf] Ps dxTjk"0f{ c+u xf] . d'6' hf]ufpg dflg;x¿n] cg]sf}+ tl/sfx¿ ckgfpg] u/]sf] kfOPsf] 5 . t/ ;fgf ;fgf s'/fn] klg d'6'df c;/ ug{ ;S5 . xfdLn] ;fdfGo elgg] afgLn] klg d'6'sf] Ifdtfdf x«f; cfpg ;S5 . cfh xfdL tkfO{nfO{ of] hfgsf/L u/fpFb} 5f}+ ls h'g xfd|f s]lx ;fdfGo g/fd|f afgLn] d'6' lau|g ;S5 . w'dkfg ug{' r'/f]6 ;]jg ug{' dfgj:jf:Yosf nflu xflgsf/s xf] eGg] k|fo: ;a}nfO{ yfxf 5 . ljzifu/L o;n] dflg;sf] kmf]S;f]df c;/ ug]{ eg]/ elgG5 . o;n] kmf]S;f]df dfq c;/ ub}{g ls d'6'sf nflu 3fts g} dflgG5 . w'dkfgsf sf/0f /ut d'6';Dd k'UgnfO{ afwf k'¥ofpF5 . dlb/f ;]jg ug{' ;fdfGotof: sd dfqfdf /S;L ;]jg ubf{ :jf:Yodf vf;} c;/ gug]{ atfOP klg cTolws ;]jg eg] o;sf] zq' g} xf] . cTolws dlb/f ;]jgn] pRr /Qmrfk pTkGg u/fpF5 h;n] d'6'df ;d:of NofpF5 . w]/} cf/fd ug{' 3G6f}+ cf/fd ug]{ afgLn] Åbo3ft / d'6' /f]usf] ;d:of pTkGg u/fpg ;S5 . w]/} ;do cf/fd ug]{ dflg;nfO{ lgoldt zf/Ll/s Jofofdn] klg kmfObf k'¥ofpFb}g . ;f]kmf of cGo st} nfdf] ;do cf/fd ug]{ afgLn] lgoldt /Qm;+rf/df k|efj kfg{ ;S5 . h+u km'8 vfg' d'6' /f]usf] k|d'v sf/0f eg]sf] a9L dfqfdf h+s km'8 ;]jg ug{' . h+s km'8 ;]jg ug]{ afgLn] ;fukft / cGo kmnkm"n t/sf/Ldf dg ghfg' xf] . t/ d'6'sf nflu kmnkm"n / ;fukft Psbd} nfebfos x'G5 . To;sf/0f lrlsT;sx¿sf cg';f/ h+s km'8 ;]jg klg d'6' /f]usf] Ps sf/0f xf] . zf/Ll/s Jofofd gug{' :j:y z/L/sf nflu lgoldt Jofofd h?/L x'G5 . cem d'6' /f]uLx¿sf nflu t zf/Ll/s Jofofd gu/L x'Fb}g . b}lgs?kdf Jofofd u/]sf /Qm;+rf/sf gnLx¿ ;lqmo x'G5g\ / d'6'df /ut k|;f/0f x'g s'g} klg cj/f]w k'¥ofpFb}g . zf/Ll/s Jofofd gug{' klg d'6'sf nflu xflgsf/s dflgFb} cfPsf] 5 .

;flxTo l;h{gf

uhn

hf efO km]/L P kN6 3/ uP/ cfOh s;d vfO{ cfdfsf] b"w 5f]P/ cfOh dfly l;lnªdf xh'/a'jfsf] t/af/ 5 lvofF kvfnL wfl/nf] ;fb nfP/ cfOh

df5fk'R5«] a}s + s'df/Lkf6Ldf

df5fk'R5]« a}+s lnld6]8n] cfˆgf] kf6g -ufMaxfn_ zfvfnfO{ s'df/Lkf6L -tkmfNxf]_ df :yfgfGt/0f u/]sf] 5 . pQm zfvfsf] pb\ 3 f6g a} + s sf cWoIf 8f= jL/] G b| k| ; fb dxtf] n ] u/] . ;~rfngdf cfPsf] gofF zfvfaf6 a}sn] u| f xsx¿nfO shf{ , lgIf] k nufotsf ;Dk'0f{ a}+lsª ;'lawf pknAw u/fPsf] 5 . o;sf ;fy} @$ 306f g} /sd lemSg ;lsg] cfˆg} Pl6Pdsf] ;'ljwf ;d]t pknAw u/fPsf] 5 . $ cj{ ^^ s/f]8 ^$ nfv ?k}ofF r'Qmfk'FhL /x]sf] a}sn] kf}if d;fGt;Dd ? %* cj{ @$ s/f]8 lgIf]k kl/rfng / ?= %! cj{ *% s/f]8 shf{ k|jfx u/]sf] 5 . ;f] calwdf a}+sn] ?= %& s/f]8 %#nfv v'b d'gfkmf u/]sf] 5 . o; a}sn] b}lgs a}+lsª sf/f]jf/ ;~rfng ug{ k|of]u u/]sf] a}+lsª ;ˆ6j]o/ Unf]a; laZjdf g} pTs[i6 dflgg] a}+sn] bfaL u/]sf] 5 . xfn o; a}+sn] %^ zfvf tyf ! PS:6]G;g sfpG6/ dfkm{t ;Dk'0f{ a}+lsª ;'ljwf k|bfg u/L/x]sf] 5 .

;xsfl/tf M s] < lsg < s;nfO{ < s] < ;xsf/L ;+:yf– csf{nfO{ ;]jf lbP/ cfkm"n] k};f sdfpg] Joj;fo xf]Og; btf{ u/]/ s;}sf] ;xof]u dfUg] k|of; xf]Og / z'elrGtsx¿ ;b:o alglbP/ ug{ vf]Hg]x¿nfO{ d2tlbg] pksf/sf] k|tLs klg xf]Og . ;xsf/L ;+:yf t– ;b:ox¿n] cfkm}FnfO{ cfjZos ;]jfsf] aGbf]a:t ug]{ Joj;fo xf]; ;]jf lng] JolQmnfO{ hlxn];'s} ;b:otf lbg] v'nf ;Ë7g xf] / :jfjnDagsf] kf/:kl/s cEof; ug]{ ;+/rgf xf] . lsg< cfˆgf] cfly{s, ;fdflhs, ;fF:s[lts pGglt cfkmF} ug{; ;xeflutfd"ns k|ls|ofaf6 cfˆgf] JolQmTj ljsf; Pj+ s[ltTj lj:tf/ ug{ / zf]if0fljxLg cfly{s ;DaGwgx¿ :yfkgf u/L k|s[lt–d}qL hLjg z}nLsf] ;+:s[lt a;fNg . s;nfO{ < cfkm}F pTkfbg ug]{ k|fylds pTkfbsx¿nfO{; j:t' jf ;]jfsf cfd pkef]Qmfx¿nfO{ / :j/f]huf/Lsf] pBf]uwGbf rnfpg] jf:tljs >dhLjLx¿nfO{ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

;xsf/L tyf ul/aL lgjf/0f dGqfno

;xsf/L ljefu gofFafg]Zj/, sf7df8fF+} .

ca rflxF 7"nf] j/bfg dfu];\ x} t}Fn] af6f]df b]jLyfgsf] uf]8f ;dfP/ cfOh

/l~htf s';'d lul/

x]g{ hf ca sf]–sf] 5g\ ;Ldf ldRg a;]sf sf]xL g/fVg', ;asf] lz/ 5KsfP/ cfOh ;s] afFr]/ cfpg' zq';Fusf] Tof] o'4df df6f] r}F gu'dfP;\ a? ;lxb eP/ cfOh .

:j:y kqsfl/tfsf] ljsf;, :jtGq / xs clwsf/sf] hu]gf{, /fli6«o ;j{dfGo k|rng / dfGotfnfO{ ;dfof]hg ub}{ cufl8 a9\g' cfhsf] ckl/xfo{ cfjZostf xf] .

g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;"rgf ljefu


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

sflnDkf]ª 5'l§of]

ef/tsf] bflh{lnªaf6 sflnDkf]ª cnu ePsf] 5 . bflh{lnªsf] dxTjk"0f{ zx/ dflgPsf] sflnDkf]ªnfO{ klZrd a+ufnsL d'VodGqL ddtf a]ghL{n] cnu} lhNnf 3f]if0ff u/]sL x'g\ . pgsf] 3f]if0ff;Fu} ca sflnDkf]ª klZrd a+ufnsf] @! cf}+ lhNnf ag]sf] 5 . Ps ;df/f]xnfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ d'VodGqL a]ghL{n] sflnDkf]ª If]qsf hgtfsf] k|zf;sLo ;'udtfsf nflu cnu lhNnf agfPsf] atfOg\ . k| z f;lgs sfdsf nflu bflh{ l nª ;x/;Dd k' U g' k g] { emGem6af6 ca sflnDkf]ªaf;Ln] d'lQm kfPsf] pgsf] egfO 5 . …kxf8df /x]sf y'k|} ;d'bfox¿ ldn]/ ljsf;df cl3 a9\g' cfjZos 5,Ú pgn] elgg\, Úcem /fd|f] ljsf;sf nflu sflnDkf]ªnfO{ gofF lhNnf agfPsL x"F . Ú d'VodGqL a]ghL{n] sflnDkf]ªsf nflu sl/a # ;o s/f]8 ef/tLo ?k}ofFsf ljsf; cfof]hgf klg 3f]if0ff ul/g\ . h;df l;lSsd hf]8\g] ;8s / vfg]kfgL cfof]hgf 5g\ . l;lSsd hf]8\g] ;8snfO{ @@) s/f]8 / vfg]kfgLsf nflu %) s/f]8 ef/tLo ?k}ofF 5'6\ofPsf] pgn] atfOg\ . sflnDkf]ª ;g\ !&)) ;Dd l;lSsdaf6 zfl;t lyof] . t/, !*cf}+ ztfAbLsf] ;'?df g} e'6fgn] lht]sf] lyof] . !%@ jif{ e'6fgsf] zf;gdf /x]sf] sflnDkf]ª la|l6;-e'6fg o'4kl5 la|l6;sf] sAhfdf cfof] . la|l6; ;/sf/n] of] efunfO{ bflh{lnªdf ufEof] . bflh{lnªdf uflePsf] 7Ls !%@ jif{kl5 sflnDkf]ª gofF lhNnf ag]sf] xf] . a]ghL{n] Ps bh{g hlt hftLo ljsf; af]8{ klg u7g u/]sL 5g\ . oL ;a} af]8{sf s]Gb|Lo sfof{no klg sflnDkf]ªdf g} /flvPsf] 5 . g]kfnL efifL ;d'bfosf] afx'No /x]sf] sflnDkf]ª bflh{lnª lhNnfsf dxTjk"0f{ tLg If]qdWo] Ps lyof] . gofF lhNnfsf] hg;+Vof sl/a %) xhf/ x'g]5 eg] !)%^ ju{ lsnf]ld6/ If]qkmn x'g] 5 . ;g\ !(*^ df ePsf] :jtGq uf]vf{Nof08sf nflu ePsf] cfGbf]ngdf sflnDkf]ª Ps k|d'v s]Gb| lyof] . ;g\ @))* b]lv @)!! ;Dd ePsf] bf];|f] uf]vf{Nof08 cfGbf]ngdf klg sflnDkf]ª Pp6f s]Gb| lyof] . To;}n] sltkon] a]ghL{sf] of] sbdnfO{ kxf8df snsQfsf] zf;g alnof] agfpg] / uf]vf{Nof08sf] ;Defjgf sdhf]/ agfpg] c:qsf ¿kdf lnPsf 5g\ . kl5Nnf] cfGbf]ngdf dxTjk"0f{ e"ldsf lgjf{x u/]sf xs{axfb'/ If]qLn] sflnDkf]ªnfO{ cnu lhNnf agfpg cleofg rnfO/x]sf lyP . If]qL klZrd a+ufn ljwfg;efsf ;b:o;d]t /x]sf hgcfGbf]ng kf6L{sf cWoIf klg x'g\ . pgn] a]ghL{sf] of] sbdsf] v'n]/ :jfut u/]sf 5g\ . otf uf]/vf hgd'lQm kf6L{sf cWoIf ljdn u'¿ªn] eg] uf]vf{Nof08 cfGbf]ng sdhf]/ kfg]{ if8oGq ePsf] eGb} cfGbf]ngsf] tof/L yfn]sf 5g\ . sflnDkf]ªnfO{ bflh{lnªaf6 cnu ul/P;Fu l;lnu'8Lsf] t/fO{ If]qnfO{ klg cnu lhNnf rnfpg' kg]{ dfu p7]sf] 5 . pgLx¿n] klg k|zf;sLo ;xhtfsf nflu l;lnu'8L If]qnfO{ cnu agfpg'kg]{ dfu p7]sf] xf] .

;/sf/ === h;af6 ;/sf/n] pko'{Qm dfGg ;Sg] kfq csf]{ s'g} klg x'g;Sb5 . ;jf]{Rrsf] cfb]zn] of] lgo'lQm ab/ g} u/]sf]rflx+ xf]Og . lgodfjnLsf] Joj:yfnfO{ k|i6;Fu JofVof ePdf Ho]i7tfnfO{ lgo'lQm gu/]s} sf/0f of] lgo'lQm vf/]h ug{'k5{ eGg] dfu ck"0f{ x'g]5 . o:tf] x'g k"0f{ ax; / / k"0f{ km};nf cfpg'k5{ . ;jf]{Rrn] pQm d'2fsf] k];L cfpFbf] * ut]sf nflu /fv]sf] 5 . To;df dxflg/LIfs kbdf a9'jf u/]sf] ;DaGwdf ePsf d"Nof+sg;lxtsf kmfOn / a9'jf;DaGwL lg0f{osf] kmfOn dxfGofoflwjQmfsf] sfof{nodfkm{t tLg lbgleq lemsfpg klg cfb]z lbPsf] 5 . ;jf]{Rrsf] pQm cfb]z;Fu} ;/sf/Ln] ug]{ lgo'lQm÷a9'jfsf] ljifodf ;/sf/ / cbfnt cfdg] ; fdg] ePsf] 5g\ , b' O { ;+":yfaLr 6s/fjsf] cj:yf l;h{gf ePsf] 5 . axfnjfnf k|x/L k|d'vsf] clgjfo{ cjsf;kl5 Tof] kbdf csf]{nfO a9'jf ug]{ ;/sf/L lg0f{onfO{ ;jf]{Rr cbfntn] /f]s nufPkl5 ca of] ;+u7g s;/L rN5 < eGg] k|Zg v8f x'G5 g} . of] /f]s o:tf] ljifodf eof], hf] cbfntsf] If]qleqsf] xf] ls xf]Og eGg] ;j{;fwf/0fn] e]pg} kfpg ;ssf 5}gg\ . cbfntL lg0f{osf af/] ;j{;fwf/0fn] a'em\g ;Qm}gg eg] Tof] ckl/eflift x'g hfG5 . kmfu'g @ ut]b]lv vfnL x' g ] kbdf ! kmfu' g df a;] s f] dlGqkl/ifb\ a}7sn] k|x/L lgodfjnL @)&! sf] lgod $! adf]lhd dxflg/LIfsdf a9'jf ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] lyof] . To;nfO{ ;jf]{Rr cbfntaf6 cNksfnLg cGtl/d cfb]z hf/L u/L :yug ug{ ;/sf/sf gfddf cfb]z hf/L eof]] . o:tf] cfb]zsf] cfwf/ rflx s] xf] eGg] k|i6 ePg . s]jn ph'/L k/]sf] cfwf/df o;f] ul/of] eGg] cf/f]k cbfntdfly nfu]sf] 5 / Tof] klg k|wfgGofofwLzsf] a]~raf6 g} eof] . ljBdfg sfg'g x]bf{ ;/sf/sf] sbd u}x«sfg'gL xf] eGg] cfwf/ g} e]l6Fb}g . k|x/L lgodfjnLsf] lgod $! df …g]kfn ;/sf/n] pko'{Qm b]v]sf] pDd]bjf/nfO{ k|x/L dxflg/LIfs kbdf a9'jf ug]{5Ú eGg]] 5 . ;/sf/n] u/]sf] of] a9'jfsf] lg0f{o ;f]xL lgodcg';f/ ePsf] a'em\g ;lsG5 . s'g kfq pko'{Qm xf], s'g xf]Og eGg] lgwf{/0f ug]{ sfd ;/sf/sf] xf] . ;/sf/ eg}s} sfo{sfl/0fL /x]sf] ;+:yf xf] / k|x/L ;+u7g eg]sf] ;/sf/af6 cdg rog u/fpg] lgsfo xf] . olt s'/fnfO{ cbfntn] lsg x]/]g eGg] k|Zg cfkm}+df lg?Ql/t /x]sf] 5 . of] lgo'lQmsf] d"n cfwf/ eg]sf] lgodfjnLsf] lgod $! df /x] s f] Joj:yf xf] . To;df elgPcg';f/ of]Uotf JolQm Tof] xf], h;df Ho] i 7tf, sfo{ s ' z ntf, sfo{ I fdtf, pQ/bfloTj jxg ug{;Sg] Ifdtf, g]t[Tj k|bfg ug{;Sg] s'zntf tyf cfkm"eGbf d'lgsf] k|x/LnfO{ k|f]T;fxg / kl/rfng ug{;Sg] ;fdYo{ /x]sf] x'G5 . pNn]lvt ;ftj6f cfwf/dWo] h] i 7tfdfq} xf] , sfuhaf6 b] l vg] s' / f . afF s L sfo{ s ' z ntf, sfo{ I fdtf, pQ/bfloTj jxg ug{ ; Sg] Ifdtf, g] t [ T j k| b fg ug{;Sg] s'zntf tyf cfkm"eGbf d'lgsf] k|x/LnfO{ k|f]T;fxg / kl/rfng ug{;Sg]

;fdYo{sf] dfkg ug]{ eg]sf] ;/sf/n] g} xf] . cbfnt] o;nfO x] g { ;Qm} g jf ldNb}g . of] cbfnt;Fu hf]l8Psf] ljifo g} xf]Og . cfkmgf] lgsfo cbfntleqsf sd{rf/Lsf] d"Nof+sg p;af6 xf]nf t/ k|x/L t ;/sf/sf] u[xdGqfnoaf6 rNg] lgsfo xf] . Ho]i7nfO{ lgo'lQm lbg] s'/f /fd|f] xf] t/ p h]7f]dfq} xf], To;kl5sf 5j6f s'/fdf kl5 k/]sf] /x]5 eg] Tof] cj:yfdf s]] ug]{ < of] ;fdfGo k|Zg xf]Og . t/ oxL k|Zg p7fof] ;jf]R{ rsf] sbdn] . lgodfjnLsf] cfzodf :ki6 5 –Ho]i7tfnfO{ cfwf/ dfGg'k5{ eGg] s'/f . t/ lgo'lQm Ho]i7nfO{ g} ug{'k5{ eGg] xf]Og . of] lgodfjnLd} n]lvPsf] s'/f xf] . To;sf/0f ;/sf/sf] sbdnfO{ /f]s]/ cbfnt p;n] 5'6Øfpg g;Sg], gldNg] 7fpFdf k|j]z u¥of] eGg ;lsg] cfwf/x? 5g\ . o;n] c? ljs[lt Nofpg ;Sb5, hf] kl5 k|s6 x'Fb} hfg] 5g\ . To;j]nf cbfntn] s] unf{ < of] k|Zg ;fdfGo 5}g . lgoddf h] Joj:yf ePsf] 5, ;sf/n] ToxLcg';f/ u/]sf] 5 eg] To;df cbfntn] lsg /f]s nufpg'k¥of] < clxn] ;j{;fwf/0fsf] dl:tisdf p7]sf] k|Zg oxL xf] . o:tf s]xL cGo k|Zg klg v8f u/]sf] 5 ;j{;fwf/0fsf] dgdf . h:tf] ;/sf/n] h'g cfwf/af6 of] lgo'lQm u/]sf] lyof], To;nfO cGoyf elgof] eg] of] lgodfjnL sfd gnfUg] jf jb/efuL x'G5 . o;sf] cy{ xf] csf]{ lgod agfpg'k¥of] . To:t} cbfntn] of] xf]Og, Tof] lgo'Qm u/ eg]sf] cfwf/df lgo'lQm ug]{ xf] eg] o:tf] lgo'lQm ;/sf/n] u/]sf] x'g] ls cbfntn] < To:tf] lgo'lQmsf] hjfkmb]lxtf ;/sf/k|lt x'g] ls cbfntk|lt < cbfntsf] km};nf;Fu} o:tf w]/} k|Zg p7\g ;S5 . cbfntsf] cfb]zaf6 lgo'lQm ePsf] dxflg/LIfs slDtdf p;nfO{ lgo'Qm gug]{ ;/sf/k|lt p;sf] j}/efjg} /xG5 . km] l / klg, ;dfhdf cdg rog sfod ug{] lhDd]jf/L ;/sf/sf] xf] . of] sfdsf nflu ;/sf/nfO{ l;sfpg] lgsfo

eg]sf] u[x dGqfno tyf To; dftxtsf ;'/Iff lgsfo g} xf] . t/ ToxL lgsfosf] k|d'v kb ;/sf/n] lgo'Qm ug{ kfpFb}g eg] cdgrogsf] ck]Iff s;/L k'/f x'G5 < o:tf] cj:yfdf sfo{ k flnsfsf] sfdsf/jfxLk|lt cgfjZos x:tIf]k ug]{ Gofokflnsfsf] k|d'vdfly dxfcleof]usf] k|Zg p7\g' c;fGble{s x'Fb}g .

ef/t === – x]g'{xf];\, ef/tsf] g]kfndf Pp6f dfq} rfxgf 5 . Tof] eg]sf] oxfF g]kfndf l:y/tf, zflGt / ljsf; cfcf];\ eGg] g} xf] . o:tf] eof] eg] b'j} b]zjLrsf] ;DaGw cem} ;d'w/' x'G5 . k|uf9 x'G5 . oxL cg';f/ cl3 a9\5 . ef/tsf] g]kfnk|ltsf] rf;f] eg]sf] g} s;/L b'j} b]z cfly{s ;fem]bf/Ldf xftdf xft ldnfP/ cl3 a9\g ;lsG5 eGg] g} xf] . cfufdL lbgdf l4kIfLo ;DaGw s;/L k|uf9 agfpg ;lsG5 eGg] g} xf] . ) p;f] eP g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf ef/tsf] x:tIf]k 5}g < – g]kfnsf] /fhgLltdf s] ug]{ gug]{ eGg] s'/f oxLFsf dfG5]n] lg0f{o ug]{ xf] . g]kfnsf /fhgLlt1x?n] g} lg0f{o ug]{ s'/f xf] . xfdL t rfxG5f}+ ls g]kfndf l:y/tdf cfcf];\ . oxL ljZjf; / cfwf/df ;DaGw ljsf; x'G5 . ) tkfO{+ t g]kfnsf] ufpF–ufpFdf k'Ug'ePsf] 5, ef/tk|lt g]kfnL hgtfsf] efjgf s:tf] kfpg'eof] < – xf], d k|foM ;a} lhNnfdf k'u]sf] 5' . ef/tk|lt pxfFx?sf] cflTdotf kfPsf] 5' . slxn] slxn] s]xL /fhgLlts bnx?n] ef/tk|lt s]xL s'/f l6Kk0fL u/] klg g]kfnL hgtfsf] ef/tk|lt w]/} /fd|f] ;b\efj 5 . ) t/ Pdfn] cWoIf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLn] t ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgdf ef/tsf] bVvn 5 eGg'ePsf] 5 lg < – dgf] l j1fg a' e m\ g h?/L 5 . ef/t;Fu g]kfnsf] tLglt/sf] v'Nnf l;dfgf 5 . dnfO{ nfU5, l4kIfLo ;DaGw w]/} k|uf9 5 . xfdLn] g]kfnL hgtfx?sf] rfxgfnfO{ g} ;dy{g u/]sf] Oltxf; 5 . olb tkfO{ P]ltxfl;s ?kdf x]g'{x'G5 eg] . xfdLn] g]kfndf ;Fw} nf]stGqnfO{ g} ;dy{g u/]sf 5f}+ . ) g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg hf/L ubf{ / clxn] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wgdf ef/tsf] lsg c;xdlt lsg lyof] t < – oxfFsf] ;+ljwfgnfO{ lnP/ hf] ;jfn p7]sf] 5, xfdLn] ;Fw} Pp6} s'/f eg]sf 5f} + . Tof] eg] s f] s] xf] eg] ls of] ;+ljwfgnfO{ ;a}n] d]/f] ;+ljwfg egf];\ . ;a}nfO{ ;d]l6of] eg] dfq} b]zdf l:y/tfsf] dfxf]n aG5 . To;}n] ;a}nfO{ ;fydf lnP/ rNg'k5{ . o;sf] nflu s] ug'k{ 5{ jf d;nf s] xf] eGg] s' / f g] k fnsf g] t f tyf hgtfx?n] g} lg0f{o ug]{ s'/f xf] . ) p;f] eP clxn]sf] ;+ljwfgdf ;a}sf] ckgTj 5}g t < – sf]lzz e}/x]sf] 5 . ) eg]kl5 g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfgnfO{ lnP/ ef/t a]v'zL 5}g < – ;+ljwfg t g]kfnsf] nflu / g]kfnL hgtfsf nflu xf] lg . o;df ef/t v'zL jf a]v'zLsf] s'/} cfpFb}g lg . ef/tsf] rfxgf eg]sf] ;+ljwfgdf ;a}sf] ckgTj x' g ' k ¥of] , o;sf] nflu clxn] k| o Tg rln/x]sf] 5 . ) g] k fnsf] ;+ l jwfgnfO{ ef/tsf] k" 0 f{ ;dy{ g 5 < – xfdLn] elg/x]sf 5f}+ ls hf] k|of; clxn] e}/x]sf] 5, To;nfO{ xfdL k"0f{ ;dy{g u5f}{+ . / xfdL ljZjf; u5f}{+ ls ca ;a} ;d"bfosf] ckgTj x'G5 . ) g]kfndf r'gfjaf/] ef/tsf] wf/0ff s] xf] < r'gfj x'g'k5{ eGg] xf] ls jf c? s] xf] < – ljNs'n, r'gfj t x'g} k¥of] lg . ;+ljwfgsf] nflu klg r'gfj x'g'k¥of] . ta t oxfFsf] nf]stGq dha'b x'G5 . r'gfj k|lqmofdf ef/tsf] k"0f{ ;dy{g 5 .

nfu" cf}ifw b'Jo{;g/lxt :j:y / ;Dd'gt ;dfh k|flKtsf nflu nfu" cf}ifw b'?kof]usf] /f]syfd tyf lgoGq0f sfo{df ;xof]u k'¥ofcf}+ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

u[x dGqfno

nfu"cf}ifw lgoGq0f zfvf

r'gfj ===

h]7 klxnf] ;ftfb]lv lgjf{rg ug{ sDtLdf kmfu'g * leq} ldlt 3f]if0ff ug{ cfof]un] ;/sf/nfO{ o; cl3b]lv g} af/Daf/ cg'/f]w ub}{ cfPsf] lyof] . df3 @# ut] cfof]un] ;/sf/nfO{ k7fPsf] sfo{tflnsfdf klg kmfu'g klxnf] ;ftf ldlt 3f]if0ff ug{k' g]{ pNn]v 5 . lgjf{rgsf nflu sDtLdf !@) lbg ;do nfUg] cfof]un] hgfPsf] 5 . t/ sltko tof/L cl3 al9;s]sf] x'gfn] ;/sf/n] ;xof]u u/] () lbgdf klg lgjf{rg ;Dej x'g] k|d'v cfo'Qm ofbjn] atfpFb} cfPsf 5g\ . To;}u/L lgjf{rg cfof]un] :yfgLo txsf] lgjf{rg b'O{ r/0fdf ug{ ;/sf/nfO{ cfu|x u/]sf] 5 . cfof]un] b'O{ r/0fsf] r'gfjsf] b'O{ ldlt klg k|:tfj u/]sf] 5 . cfof]usf k|dv ' cfo'Qm ofbjn] 5f]6f] ;dodf r'gfj ug{k' g]{ / :yfgLo tx k"0f{ sfof{Gjogdf gcfO;s]sf] cj:yfdf slDtdf klg b'O{ r/0fdf dtbfg ug{k' g]{ ;'emfj ;/sf/nfO{ lbPsf x'g\ . ;|ft] sf cg';f/ cfudL h]7 ! / @! ut]sf] ldlt k|:tfj u/]/ pgn] k|wfgdGqLnfO{ ;'emfj lbPsf 5g\ . :d/0f /xf];\, dw];L df]rf{n] ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg geP;Dd r'gfjdf efu glng] c8fg lnFb} cfPsf] 5 . ;/sf/n] df]rf{sf] dfu ;Daf] w gsf nflu eGb} ;+ l jwfg ;+zf]wg ljw]os ;+;bdf btf{ klg u/]sf] 5 . t/, Pdfn]sf ;fy} ;Qf?9 /fk|kfn] ;d]t lj/f]w u/]sf sf/0f b'O{ ltxfO{ gk'Ug] ePkl5 ljw]os cl3 a9]sf] 5}g .

:jljo' ===

ljKnj lgs6 dfcf]jfbLsf] yjfªdf aGb;q rln/x]sf] / @* jif]{ pd]/ xbsf] lj/f]w ub}{ g]lj ;+3sf] Ps ;d"xn] SofDk;df tfnf nufPsf sf/0f r'gfj clglZrt ag]sf] lyof] . To:t}, d+unaf/ lqe'jg ljZjljBfnocGtu{t pkTosfleqsf cf+lus SofDk; k|dv ' x¿n] klg tfnfaGbLsf aLr lgjf{rg ug{ g;Sg] lqljnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP . ljKnj lgs6 ljBfyL{ ;+u7gn] cfkm"x¿ :jljo' r'gfjsf] lj/f]wL g/x]sf] / lgjf{rg sfo{tflnsf Ps xKtf k/ ;f/] tfnf vf]lnlbg] atfPsfn] ljBfyL{ ;+u7gx¿ klg Ps xKtf lgjf{rg k/ ;fg{ nlrnf] ePsf lyP . t/, k|wfgdGqL h;/L klg tf]lsPs} ldltdf lgjf{rg u/fpg tTk/ b]lvPkl5 em8ksf] cfz+sf a9]sf] xf] . otf pd]bjf/ dgf]go, bfaL lj/f] nufot lgjf{rg sfo{tflnsf tLg–rf/lbg k/ ;f/]/ !$ ut] g} lgjf{rg u/fpg k|wfgdGqLn] lgb]{zg lbPkl5 g]lj;+3n] nufpFb} cfPsf] tfnf vf]ns ] f] 5 . ;+3sf cWoIf g}gl;+x dx/sf cg';f/ g]lj ;+3sf] ;d"xn] nufPsf] tfnf vf]lnPsfn] ca lgjf{rgsf nflu s'g} cK7\of/f] kg]{ 5}g .

b'36{ gfdf ===

kbd axfb'/ dNn, efu]Zj/–& /x]sf 5g\ . cGo b'O{ hgfsf] gfd v'Ng ;s]sf] 5}g . pQm b'36{ gfsf af/]df g]kfnL sf+u; ]| n] Ps k|; ] lj1lKt hf/L ub}{ b'Mv JoQm u/]sf] 5 . hf/L lj1lKtdf elgPsf] 5, …88]Nw'/fsf] efu]Zj/af6 ;b/d'sfdtkm{ cfpFb} u/]sf] ;] ! h *## gDj/sf] ofq'jfxs hLk cfh b'3{6gf x'Fbf % hgfsf] d[To' / ^ hgf uDeL/ 3fOt] ePsf] 36gfk|lt g]kfnL sf+u; ]| ulx/f] b'Mv JoQm ub{5 .Ú

/fi6«kltn] === aflx/ /fv]/ 7"nf bn cl3 a9]sf lyP, To;n] ;dfwfg lbPg, ca ;+ljwfg ;+zf]wg k|lqmofdf Pdfn]nfO{ aflx/ /fVbf To:t} csf]{ ;d:of cfpg ;S5 . Pdfn]sf] ljZjf; lnP/ ;+zf]wg ljw]os 6'u+ f] nufpFb} r'gfjtkm{ hfg'xf];\ .Ú ;+ljwfg ;+;f]wgsf] of] k|:tfj ;a}nfO{ ;d]6g] ;Gbe{df cfPsf] xf] . ljifo s:tf] xf] Tof] cfkm\gf] 7fpdf 5 t/ o;nfO{ Pdfn]n] ;+;bdf k|jz ] g} x'g glbPsf] s'/f t hu hfx]/ g} 5 . ;+;bdf 5nkmn ug'{ ;f6f]

k|ljlw kmf]6f]sf nflu pTs[i6 % kmf]g

cfhsf] b'lgofdf :df6{ kmf]g ax'pkofuL 5 . o;sf] k|of]u s'/f ug{ dfq geP/ kmf]6f] lvRgb]lv uLt ;'Gg / lkmNd x]g{;Dd x'G5 . oxfF xfdL kmf]6f] lvRgsf nflu ahf/df pknAw ;a}eGbf pQd % :df6{kmf]gsf] ljifodf hfgsf/L lbb}5f} . != PKkn cfOkmf]g & Kn;M of] kmf]gnfO{ o;sf] 8'cn Sofd/f ;]6cksf] sf/0fn] dfq} klxnf] gDa/df /flvPsf] xf]Og, alNs cfh ahf/df pknAw s'g} klg :df6{kmf]gn] olQsf] ultnf] kmf]6f] lvRg ;Sb}g . o;sf] Sofd/fn] …af]sx] Okm]S6Ú k}bf u5{ . cyf{t\ k|of]ustf{nfO{ ;a}eGbf al9 dg kg]{ An8{ Aofsu|fpG8 . o; :df6{kmf]gsf] Sofd/f x/]s vfnsf] k|sfzsf] cj:yfdf pTs[i6 kmf]6f] lgsfNg ;Ifd 5 . o;sf] l/o/df !@ d]uflkS;n / k|mG6df & d]uflk|S;nsf] Sofd/f /x]sf] 5 . @= u'un lkS;]n PS;Pn ;du| ljz]iftfdf lkS;]n PS;Pnn] cfOkmf]g & Kn;;Fu k|lt:kwf{ ug{ ;Sb}g t/ cfhsf] ldltdf of] PG8«fO] 8df ;a}eGbf /fd|f] kmf]g xf] . of] :df6{kmf]gsf] Sofd/fn] Psbd} lj:t[t 9+un] kmf]6f] lSns u5{ . o;sf] Sofd/f k|of]u ug{x' G' 5 eg] lbp;f] kmf]6f] lSns u/]/ x]g; '{ , o;n] cfOkmf]g & Kn;eGbf klg /fd|f] glthf lbg]5 . sd k|sfzsf] cj:yfdf eg] of] clnslt r'S5 / plQs} /fd|f] kmf]6f] lgsfNg ;Sb}g . o;df !@ d]uflkS;nsf] l/o/ / * d]uflkS;nsf] k|mG6 Sofd/f /x]sf] 5 . #= ;fd;'ª Uofn]S;L P; & Ph ;fd;'ªsf] of] ˆNoful;k :df6{kmf]g Sofd/fnfO{ 5f]8]/ klg pknAw pTs[i6 :df6{kmf]gdf k5{ . o;df !@ d]uflkS;nsf] l/o/ Sofd/f 5 eg] % d]uflkS;nsf] ;]NkmL Sofd/f /x]sf] 5 . o;sf] Sofd/f kmf:6 c6f]kmf]s; df]8df hfG5 . o;sf cnfjf km]; l86]S;g, Prl8cf/, Kofgf]/f]df, lhof] 6\ofluª, l8lh6n h"d h:tf lkmr/x¿ klg o;df 5g\ . $= PKkn cfOkmf]g & PKknsf] of] kmf]g Unf]S;L P; & Phsf] t'ngfdf clnslt k5fl8 5 . o;sf]p Sofd/fn] Tolt kmfOg Od]h l86]n lbFb}g . ;fy} Od]h go;sf] dfdnfdf klg clnslt wd{/fpF5 . t}klg of] :df6{kmf]gn] ;'Gb/ tl:a/ lgsfNg ;S5 . o;sf] l/o/df !@ d]uflkS;nsf] Sofd/f 5 h'g clK6sn Od]h :6]anfOh];gaf6 ;';lHht 5 . o;df Pkm/!=* sf] ckr{/ 5 lh;sf] dtna xf], o;n] nf] nfO6df klg pQd Sjfln6Lsf] kmf]6f] lgsfN5 . o;sf] k|mG6 SOfd/f & d]uflkS;nsf] 5 . %= PKkn cfOkmf]g ^ P; Kn; o; kmf]gsf] Sofd/f !@ d]uflkS;nsf] 5 h'g ;f]gLsf] ;]G;/af6 ;';lHht 5 . o;df Ps cnu k|sf/sf] k|ljlw klg 5 h'g /+usf] ;Gt'ng ldnfpg ljz]if k|sf/n] agfOPsf] 5 . t/ o;n] nf] nfO6df /fd|f] glthf lbb}g . o;df ;]NkmLsf] nflu % d]uflkS;nsf] Sofd/f /x]sf] 5 . Pdfn]n] an k|of]u ug{ vf]hs ] f] cj:yf 8]9 dlxgf;Dd g} sfod /Xof] . ;jf]R{ rn] p;nfO{ emfKk' xfg]kl5 dfq o;n] k|jz ] kfPsf] lyof] . o:tf] a]nf /fi6«kltn] Pdfn]nfO{ eGg'kg]{ s'/f dw];L df]rf{nfO{ eg]sf] cj:yfn] pgsf] Pdfn] df]xg} a'emfpF5 . of] a]nf 7fpF 5f8]sf] df]rf{n] xf]Og . xfn ;+;bdf /x]sf] ;+zf]wg ljw]osdf pNn]lvt ;Ldf+sg x]/km]/ k|:tfj sf+u; ]| / Pdfn]sf] k'/fg} k|:tfj eP klg clxn] Pdfn]n] kf]lh;g abNbf ult/f]w nlDaPsf] df]rf{sf] egfO 5, jf:tljstf klg oxL xf] . of] ;Ldf+sg 8]9 jif{cl3 Pdfn]s} cWoIfsf x:tfIf/af6 ;+;bdf uPsf] lyof] . kl5 pgn] c8fg km]/k] l5 ;d:of cfPsf] xf] . o:tf] a]nf /fi6«kltn] ;Demfpg] kfq sf] xf] jf sf] /x]5 eGg] cfkm}+ k|i6 5 . t/ eof] pN6f], ;demfpg' kg]{ kfqdf k/] df]rf{ . o;n] /fi6«klt e08f/Lsf] em'sfj stf eGg] ;fj{hlgs txaf6 g} k|s6 eof] . of] kb ;'xfpFbf] s'/f xf]Og . xf], /fhLlgs lgsf;sf nflu o:tf] cfu|x ul/Psf] kIf lgZro g} /fd|f] xf] . t/ h'g s'/f hf];uF eGg kg]{ lyof], kfq pN6f] x'bF f of] cfkm}+ lgik|efjL aGg uof] . o;n] /fi6«kltsf] em'sfjnfO{ klg ;fj{hlgs u¥of], h'g ;Ddflgt kb ;'xfpFbf] ePg . o:tf] dfGotfn] ;xdlt h'6fpFbg} . jf:tjd} ;xdlt vf]Hg] xf] eg] klxn] bf]ifL xf] eGg] v'6Øpg' k5{ . To:tf] ePg . dw];Lx?n] Pdfn]nfO{ ljZjf;df lng'kg]{ cfwf/ b]lvFb}g t/ /fi6«kltaf6 Tof] ug{ ls6]/ g} elgof] .

/fk|kfsf] ===

cflbjf;L hghflt, canf+ u nufotaf6 # ;o !% hgf k|ltlglw clgjfo{ ul/Psf] 5 . e[ s ' 6 Ld08kdf kmfu'g ^ ut] p¢f6g ;qdf Ps nfveGbf

a9L ;xefuL ptfg]{ kf6L{sf] bfaL 5 . p¢f6gcl3 sf7df8f} + s f ljleGg %$ :yfgaf6 h'n'; lgsfNg] tof/L /fk|kfsf] 5 . dxflwj] z gdf & ;oeGbf a9L :jo+;]js kl/rfng / tLg txsf] ;'/Iff Joj:yf ul/g] /fk| k fn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;+of]hs lnª\b]gn] dxflwj]zg ÚxfO6]sÚ x' g ] atfP . …dxflwj] z g :ynj/k/ l8lh6n l8:Kn] af]8{ /flvg]5, o'6\o'a / km];a'saf6 klg nfOe ug]{ tof/L u/]sf 5f}F,Ú pgn] eg], …g]t[Tj rogsf nflu g]kfnd} ag]sf] ljB'tLo ef]l6ª d]l;g k|of]u ug]{5f}F .Ú

lxGb'/fi6« ===

g]kfnsf tkm{af6 k|ltlglwTj ug]{ lxGb" /fi6« g] k fnsf ;] g f k| d ' v cfq] o nfO{ cltljlzi7 cltlysf] ?kdf cfdGq0f ul/Psf] 5 . pQm cfd;efdf d' V o cltlysf ?kdf clvn ef/tLo lxGb" /fi6« lgdf{0f ;]gfsf ;+/If0f k/dk'Ho u'? >L>L lz4]Zj/ of]uLhL d'Vo jQmfsf ?kdf ;xefuL x'g]5g\ . ;fy} lgdf{0f ;]gf kl/jf/ sL /fli6«o k|d'v nf]skfn ;GWof cu|jfnnfO{ ljz]if cltlysf] ?kdf lgDTofOPsf] 5 . cfd;efsf] cWoIftf clvn ef/tLo lxGb" /fi6« lgdf{0f ;]gfsf] lj/fËgf ;]gf k|d'v ;fWjL jxg ljwjLn] ug]{ atfOPsf] 5 . pQm cfd;efdf ;+:yfks ;]gfWoIf ;fw' ;fx]jhLsf] dGtJo /xg]5, h;nfO{ ;'Gg lgs} Jou| t fsf ;fy k| l tIff ul/Psf] cfof]hsn] atfPsf] 5 . o; k|sf/sf] cfd;ef k| y d k6s x' g uO/x] s fn] sfo{qmdnfO{ ;kmn kfg{ clvn ef/tLo lxGb" /fi6« lgdf{0f ;]gfsf z'elrGts, sfo{stf{ tyf lxGb" wd{k|lt cufw cf:yf /fVg] eQmhg cxf]/fq vl6/x]sf 5g\ .


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;Tofu|x

laxLaf/, kmfu'g % ut] @)&#

SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

Zj]tf klg PsLs[t j:tL lgdf{0f cleofgdf

cleg]qL tyf lgdf{qL Zj]tf v8\sfn] e" s Dkaf6 k| e fljt x' g uPsf] l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] 7"nf] lz?af/Ll:yt ‰ofF8L ufpFdf Plss[t gd"gf a:tL lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u ug]{ ePsL 5g\ . ;f] ufpF k'u]sL Zj]tfn] PsLs[t jl:t lgdf{0fsf nflu of]hgf ;xof]u ug]{ atfPsL x'g\ . :j= cleg]tf >Ls[i0f >]i7sf] lhNnfdf cjl:yt pQm e" s Dk k| e fljt ufpF lgdf{0fsf] gd'gf tof/ u/L cfjZos ;+/rgf lgdf{0fdf Zj]tfn] ;/sf/af6 k|fKt /sdnfO{ gd'gf j:tLsf ¿kdf agfpg ;xof]u ug{ nfu]sf] hgfOg . ;/sf/n] e"sDk kLl8tnfO{ cfjf; lgdf{0fsf nflu lbPsf] /sdnfO{ :yflgox¿sf] Plss[t jl:t lgdf{ 0 f agfpg rflxg] lj:t[ t of] h gf;lxt lgdf{ 0 fdf ;d] t ;xof] u

ug] { l 5g\ . o;df Zj] t fsf] OlGhgl/ª sG;n6]G;Ln] cfjZos k|fljlws ;xof]u

/]vf / sf]dn;lxt tLg bh{g snfsf/ /fk|kfdf

/fli6« o k| h ftGq kf6L{ d f # bh{ g snfsf/ k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . sf7df08f}df cfof]hgf ePsf] Ps sfo{qmddf kf6L{ cWoIf sdn yfkfn] 6Lsf / dfnf nufO lbP/ snfsf/x¿nfO{ kf6L{ d f k| j ] z u/fPsf lyP . sfo{ q mddf /fk| k fsf sf]iffWoIf p4j kf}8]n, s]lGb|o ;b:oåo /]vf yfkf, sf]dn jnL nufotsf] pkl:ytL lyof] . clwsf+z snfsf/n] lxGb' /fi6« / /fhtGq, /fk|kfsf] d'n gf/f ePsfn] o;df ;xdlt hgfpF b } kf6L{ d f k| j ] z u/] s f] atfP . kf6L{ k|j]z ug]{x¿df snfsf/ /ljGb| v8\ s fb] l v gflosf s[ i ff rf}nfufO;Dd 5g\ . kf6L{ k|j]z ug]{x¿df snfsf/ dbgbf; >]i7, /fdrGb| clwsf/L,

;+emgf j'9fyf]sL, co'j s];L, k|lbk afF:tf]nf nufotsf 5g\ . sl/a # bh{g snfsf/ Ps;fy kf6L{df k|j]z u/]sf x'g\ . o:t}, sd]8L l;l/on …xs]{ xjNbf/Úsf * hgf snfsf/ klg /fk|kfdf k|j]z u/]sf 5g\ . b]zdf lgjf{rgsf] rrf{ rln/x]sf] ;dodf clxn] snfsf/x¿ klg ljleGg kf6L{df k|j]z ug]{ qmd al9/x]sf] 5 . r'gfjsf] ;dodf kf6L{df k|j]z ug]{ nx/ rNg] / r'gfj kl5 kf6L{ 5f8]/ csf]{ kf6L{df hfg] qmd klxnf] ;+ljwfg ;efsf] r'gfjaf6} snfsf/x¿df b]lvPsf] 5 . snfsf/sf] of] z}nLsf] /fhgLltnfO{ w]/}n] ljrf/sf] eGbf klg cj;/sf] /fhgLltsf] ?kdf x]/]sf 5g\ .

k|d] Lsf af/]df d'v gvf]Ng]

ug]{5 . ^% 3/ w'/L tyf #&% hg;+Vof /x]sf] pQm a:tLdf e"sDkn] ;a} 3/

eTsfPsf] lyof] . Zj]tfn] elgg\, …of] a:tLnfO{ gd'gf a:tL agfpFg d cfˆgf] Hofg lbP/ nfUg]5' . ;/sf/n] ug]{ cfly{s ;xof]udf xfdLn] Joj:yfkg u/]/ gd'gf a:tL agfpFg]5f}+ .Ú klxnf] k6s lbj+ut kltsf] Åx lhNnf l;Gw'kfNrf]ssf] dfemL j:tLdf k'u]sL Zj]tfnfO{ ToxfFsf :yflgon] …a'xf/LÚ / …efph'Ú eGb} km"ndfnf / vfbfn] :jfut u/]sf lyP . …dnfO{ h;/L efph' / a'xf/L eGb} :jfut ug{e ' of] . To;}u/L tkfO{x+ ¿sf] dgdf v';L Nofpg rfxfG5'Ú Zj]tfn] elgg\, …tkfO{+x¿n] o;/L gftf nufP/ af]nfpFbf dnfO{ v';L nfU5 .Ú Zj]tfnfO{ dfemL a:tL;Dd n}hfg kxn u/]sf o1/fh sfsL{n] dg;'g ;'? x'+g' cuf8L g} j:tL lgdf{0fsf] sfo{ ;'? ug]{ atfP .

w'd;{' –;'GtnLsf] Eofn]G6fOg d';x/ a:tLdf k|]d ljjfx u/]sf xf:osnfsf/ hf]8L w'd; '{ –;'GtnL pbfx/0fLo hf]8L dflgG5g\ . ;Fu} snfsfl/tf ubf{ k|]ddf k/]sf pgLx¿ clxn] snfsfl/tfdf dfq xf] O g, ;dfh;] j fdf klg ;F u } 5g\ . xfn dxf]Q/Lsf d';x/ ;d'bfosf nflu a:tL a;fNb} u/]sf pgLx¿n] lgdf{0fflwg a:tLd} …Eofn] G 6fOg 8] Ú dgfPsf 5g\ . t/, pgLx¿sf] Eofn]G6fOg Psfk;df dfq ;Lldt ePg . a:tL agfOlbg] ePkl5 v';L ePsf d';x/ ;d'bfosf jfl;Gbfsf nflu w'd{';–;'GtnLn] Pscsf{;Fu u/]sf] c+sdfn / r'Dagn] a]Un} dfxf]n aGof] . a:tL lgdf{0fsf nflu ;xof]u ;+sng ug{ ci6«]lnof k'u]sf w'd{'; b]z kms]{nuQ} sfdd} k'u]sf lyP . ;'GtnL sf7df8f}+d} lyOg\ . Eofn]G6fOgsf nflu pgL w'd{';Fu}

sfddf vl6g a:tL k'lug\ . Eofn]G6fOg 8] s f] laxfg a:tLsf dflg;x¿aLr c+sdfn u/] . /, sfddf vl6g yflnxfn] .

kIfn] lbPsf] 5 . pQm ;dodf O{R5's hf] sf]lxn] klg lgdf{0f l6d;Fu ;Dks{ ug{;Sg] atfO{ P sf] 5 . h] 7 af6 ˆnf] / df hfg] lkmNddf hfb'u/sf] ;d]t pkdf kfPsf xfF:o snfsf/ dxfb]j lqkf7L / cho >]i7 kmfO{gn 5g\ eg] ;+uLt tf/fk|sfz lnDa'sf] /xg]5 . lzj lasn] sf]l/of]u|fkmL ug]{ lkmNddf nufgLdf ;fem]bf/L ljgf]b s'df/ l;+xn] ;fem]bf/L ub}{ 5g\ . jlnp8df ;d]t 5fofFsgsf] cg'ej ;+ufn]sf g/]g l;+xn] lkmNd lvRg]5g\ .

lzNkfn] JoQm ul/g cfkm\gf] k|d]

gflosf lzNkf kf] v | ] n n] lgdf{tf 5lj/fh cf]emf;Fusf] cfˆgf] k|d] ;a}sf ;fd' JoQm u/]sL l5g\ . nfdf] ;dob]lv lzNkf / 5ljsf] k| ] d ;DaGwsf] rrf{ ;fj{hlgs e}/x]sf lyP . olt;Dd ls 5lj / lzNkfn] cfkm"x¿ lax]sf nflu tof/ ePsf] ;d]t atfPsf lyP . of] jif{sf] bz}df g} lax] ug]{ tof/Ldf /x]sf lzNkf / 5ljsf] cGttM lax] ePg . pgLx¿n] rf8} g} lax] ug]{ atfP klg clxn];Dd ;fOt h'/s ] f] 5}g . t/ …Eofn]G6fOg 8]Úsf] cj;/df k|]dL– k|]ldsfn] Ps csf{k|lt dfof JoQm u5{g\ . dg k/fP/ klg eGg g;Sg]x¿n] cfˆgf] k|]dnfO{ kf]Vg] ;d]t u5{g\ . k|]ddf /x]sf jf ljjfx u/]sfx¿n] klg k|]d ;DaGwnfO{ v'nfpg] u/]sf 5g\ . olx, k|]d lbj;sf] df}sf 5f]k]/ gflosf lzNkf kf]v|]nn] klg

PS;g lkmNd x]g{] e};+ L

Ps xhf/ Ps ;o $# lsnf]sf] of] e};L cfln;fg dxnleq a:5 . 6]S;f;sf ^) jif{sf /f]gL / $$ jif{sf ;]/f]g la|hh ] n] @))$ df cfkm";uF ePsf %@ j6f e}; + Lsf] jyfgnfO{ laqmL u/] / vl/b u/] Pp6f kf8L . o; kf8LnfO{ pgLx¿n] ;'?b]lv g} km/s tl/sfn] Jojxf/ u/] . kf8L x'ls{b} uof] / ch+usf] e}; + Lsf] ?k lnof] . o;nfO{ pgLx¿n] jfON8 ly+u gfd lbPsf 5g\ . clxn] 7"nf] e}; + Lsf] ?k lnPsf] 5 . jfON8 ly+unfO{ cfˆgf] 3/leq 5'§} sf]7fdf /fv]sf 5g\ oL bDktLn], hxfF p;n] cfkm"nfO{ dg k/]sf] PS;g lkmNd x]5{ . oxfF;Dd ls o;n] /f]gL / ;]/f]gs} lsr]g 6]andf vfgf vfG5 . ;]/f]g elG5g\, …jfON8 ly+unfO{ 3/leq Nofpg] ;f]r d]/f] lyof] . ha of] ;fgf] kf8L lyof], d}n] eg]–F o;nfO{ xfdLn] 3/df Nofpg'k5{ .Ú /f]gL eG5g\, …p cfkm"vz ' L 3/leq lxF88'n u5{ . dnfO{ crDd nfu]sf] 5 ls p;sf] rf/ ;o kfpG8sf] 6fpsf]n] clxn];Dd 3/df 7"nf] Iflt k'¥ofPsf] 5}g . …p 3/leq l5/fPsf] sf/ h:t} nfU5 . p;nfO{ cfˆgf] sf]7fleq l5bf{ ;Fw} kmlg{r/ x6fP/ 7fpF agfOlbg'k5{ .Ú /f]gLsf] Pp6f cfFvfsf] Hof]lt u'd]kl5 oL bDklQn] e}+;Lsf] ayfg laqmL u/]sf lyP . jfON8 ly+u clxn] P3f/ jif{sf] jo:s ePsf] 5 . /f]gL / ;]/f]gn] kfn]sf e]8fx¿;Fu p;sf] /fd|f] ldqtf 5 . To;f] t jfON8 ly+un] Ps k6s /f]gLnfO{ em08} df/]sf] lyof] . PSsf;L s] e't r9\of] s'GgL /f]gLnfO{ cfˆgf b'O{ l;+uaLrdf /fv]/ s'bfPsf] lyof] . Tolta]nf ;]/f]gn] cfˆgf >Ldfgsf] Hofg uof] eGg] ;f]r]sL lyOg\ . t/ wGg cGTodf TolQs} 5f]l8lbof] .

;+;f/sf] h'g s'g} b]zdf hfg';\, x/]s b]zdf ;]gfsf] lhDd]jf/L eg]sf] hgtfsf] ;'/Iff ug{' g} x'G5 . s'g} 7"nf] 36gf x'Fbf ;]gfnfO{ af]nfOG5 lsgsL pgLx¿n] s'g} kIfkft gu/Lsg sfg'gL bfo/fdf NofP/ Gofo lbnfpF 5 g\ . t/ ef/tLo ;~rf/dfWodsf cg';f/ ;+;f/df Ps o:tf] b]z 5, hxfF ;}lgsx¿nfO{ ;/sf/n] lbg] tnasf] abnfdf dlxnfx¿nfO{ anTsf/ ug]{ cg'dlt lbOG5 . ef/tLo l/kf]6{sf cg';f/ blIf0f ;'8fgsf] o"lg6L /fHodf o:tf] 36gf x'g] ub{5 . o; s'/fsf] v'nf;f ;+o'Qm /fi6« ;+3sf] Ps l/kf]6{df v'nf;f ul/Psf] 5 . o; v'nf;fkl5 ;+;f/e/ o; b]zsf] cfnf]rgf eO/x]sf] 5 .

6«DknfO{ ef]6 lbFbf ;DaGw ljR5]b

cd]l/sfsf /fi6«klt 8f]gfN8 6«Dksf] sf/0f ca >Ldfg >LdtLsf] ;DaGw klg 6'6\g yfn]sf] 5 . o:t} gofF va/ cd]l/sfsf] Soflnkmf]lg{ofaf6 cfPsf] 5 . cd]l/sfsf] Soflnkmf]lg{ofdf a:b} cfPsL &# jifL{of u]n d}ssld{s ;'?b]lv g} 6«Dksf] lj/f]wL lyOg\ . u]nn] pgsf] kltn] cl3Nnf] jif{ Ps l5d]sL;Fu 6«DknfO{ ef]6 xfNg] atfPsf] ;'g]sL lyOg\ . u]n kltsf] o:tf] s'/fsf sf/0f l/;fPsL lyOg\ / Tolta]nfb]lv g} klt;Fu cnu x'g] ljrf/ u/]sL lyOg\ . u]nnfO{ nfUof] ls cfˆgf] kltsf] 6«DknfO{ ;dy{g pgsf] hLjgdf s]jn wf]sf xf] . kltsf] To:tf] km};nfkl5 pgnfO{ nfUof] ls pgn] cfkm"nfO{ g} a]js'km agfO/x]sL 5g\ . pgn] kl5Nnf] ;do km};nf lng l9nf ug{ gx'g] ;f]lrg\ / lg0f{o lnOg\ .

cf]5o\ fg ttfPsf] * xhf/

/l;ofsL Ps o'jtL ;'Gb} crDd nfUg] sfd ul5{g\ . pgL tkfO{+ cf]5\ofgdf hfg'eGbf cufl8 tkfO{+sf] 3/ jf xf]6]nsf] sf]7fdf uP/ cf]5\ofg ttfpg] sfd ul5{g\ . olt dfq xf]Og, pgn] ;fydf k}lgs a6g klg /flV5g\, tfls s'g} cfkt cfOnfUof] eg] pgn] ;]So'l/6LnfO{ af]nfpg ;s"g\ . leS6f]l/of njfrof]jf @! jif{sL eOg\ / pgL Ps dfgj cf]5\ofg ttfpg] ;fwgsf] ?kdf sfd ul//x]sL l5g\ . On]lS6«s a]8 jfd{/sf] af/]df t tkfO{+nfO{ yfxf g} 5 . oL Xo'Dofg a]8 jfd{/ s'g} ckl/lrtsf] 3/ jf xf]6]ndf uP/ pgLx¿sf] cf]5\ofg ttfPafkt Ps 306fsf] em08} ;fF9] cf7 xhf/ ?k}ofF lnlG5g\ . olb pgn] k"/} Ps dlxgf;Dd cf]5\ofg ttfpg] sfd ul/g\ eg] pgnfO{ em08} Ps nfv *! xhf/ ltg{'k5{ . 8]nL ld//df k|sflzt va/sf cg';f/ leS6f]l/of k};f lt/]afkt u|fxssf] cf]5\ofg tft]sf] ;'lglZrt ub{l5g\ . pgn] s]jn a]8 jfd{/sf] dfq sfd ub{l5g\ . of] qmddf pgL;Fu s'g} u|fxsn] s'/f eg] ug{ ;S5 t/, zf/Ll/s ;DaGw eg] agfpFlbgg\ . ha pgn] cf]5\ofg ttfO{/x]sL x'lG5g\, pQm ;dodf u|fxsn] af]Ng ;S5g\ t/ cf]5\ofgdf guO{sg .

>Ldfg;Fu ;lNsg]sf] o:tf] xfnt

lgdf{tf 5lj/fh cf]emf;Fusf] k|]dnfO{ v'nfPsL l5g\ . lzNkfn] km];a'sdf 5lj / cfˆgf] tl:a/ kf]i6 ub}{ n]v]sL l5g\– …XofKkL Eofn]G6fOg 8]Ú . o;af6 klg s] k'i6L x'G5 eg] lzNkfsf Eofn]G6fOg 5lj x'g\ . lax]sf] tof/Ldf /x]sf 5lj / lzNkf clxn] ulx/f] k|]ddf /x]sf] pgsf] of] k|]defjn] klg k'i6L x'G5 .

c~h'n] NofOg] gofF uLt

alnp8 gflosf cflnof e§ h'g lkmNddf sfd ul5{g\, Tof] lkmNdsf] lx/f];Fu pgsf] gfd hf]l8Psf] x'G5 . ljutdf l;4fy{ dnxf]qf, j?0f wjg, ch{'g sk'/h:tf lx/f];Fu pgsf] gfd hf]8]/ ul;kx¿ ag] . cflnof :jod\n] eg] cfkm" s;}sf] k|]ddf gk/]sf] atfpFb} cfPsL l5g\ . kl5Nnf] ;do cflnofn] k|]dLsf] ljifodf k6Ss} d'v gvf]Ng] lg0f{o lnPsL l5g\ . …tDdf tDdf nf]u]Ú uLtsf] l/d]ssf] n~rsf cj;/df pkl:yt ePsL oL @# jifL{of gflosfnfO{ kqsf/x¿n] pgsf] kl5Nnf] k|]dLsf ljifodf lh1f;f /fv]sf lyP . o;sf] hjfkmdf cflnofn] elgg\, …dnfO{ jrg lbg'; ls tkfO{+x¿ d]/f] k|]dLsf] ljifodf s'g} k|Zg ug{' x'g] 5}g . s[kof s'g} k|Zg gug{'; .Ú cflnofn] olt eg]kl5 kqsf/x¿n] klg yk s/ u/]gg\ .

/f]rs ;+;f/

tnasf] ;§f anfTsf/df 5'6

…/+uLgÚ sf] 3f]if0ff

lkmNd …/+uLgÚ lgdf{0f ug]{ 3f]if0ff ul/Psf] 5 . pQm lkmNddf cleg]qL lgzf clzsf/Ln] b'O{ cleg]tf;Fu /f]dfG; ug]{l5g\ . ln8 cleg]tfdf gj/fh >]i7 / afa' e08f/L to ePsf 5g\ . afa'sf nflx Ú/+lugÚ 8]Ao" lkmNd x'g5 ] . sfo{qmddf cGo sf:6 P08 qm'sf] 3f]ifgf x'bF f lkmNdsf lgb]z { ssf] eg] gfd 3f]if0ff ul/Pg . lgdf{0f kIfn] o;nfO{ xlnp8 z}nL k5\ofPsf] bfaL u/]sf] 5 . lgdf{0f kIfn] ;DalGwt syf cg';f/sf] lgb]{zs 5gf]6 ug]{ z}nL /x]sf] / ;f]xL z}nL cg';f/ pko"Qm lgb]z { sf] 5gf]6 u/]/ s]xL ;dodf lgb]z { s kmfOgn ug]{ atfPsf] 5 . lkmNdsf] syf ls/0f dfO{snn] n]v]sf x'g\ . sfo{qmddf lgb]{zsn] l:qmK6 :jLsf/ gub}{ ubf{ s] x'G5 eGg] k|Zgdf lgdf{tf ;'jf; yfkfn] l6d ldNg] u/L cfk;L ;xdtLdf Tof] ;a} ldnfpg] eGb} lgb] { z ssf] /fo ;Nnfx dgg x' g ] u /L snfsf/ / l:qmK6dfly /x]/ sfd ug]{ hjfkm lbPsf lyP . lgb]{zs 5gf]6 tLg dlxgf leq ul/;Sg] hfgsf/L lgdf{0f

&

uflosf cGh' kGtsf] cfjfhdf ;dfj]z …lhGbuLsf] k|fKtL ltdLÚ af]nsf] uLtsf] lel8of] ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 . uflosf kGtn] Eofn]G6fOgsf] sf]z]nLsf] ?kdf of] uLt ahf/df NofPsf] atfOg\ . ch{'g kf]v/]nsf] ;+uLtdf tof/ ePsf] of] uLtsf] 5fof+sg n08gdf ul/Psf] 5 . s'zn >]i7n] lel8of]sf] lgb]{zg u/]sf x'g\ . uLtsf/ g[k]z pk|]tLsf] PNad …cfxfgÚdf of] uLt ;dfj]z 5 . uLtdf ljs]z / cg'sf] /f]dfG; x]g{ ;lsG5 .

36gf a|flhnsf] ;fcf] kfpnf]l:yt s'af6fcf] eGg] 7fpFsf] xf] . hxfFsL Ps dlxnfn] cfˆgf] >LdfgnfO{ pgs} ckf6{d]G6df Ps ckl/lrt o'jtL;Fu ;xjf;df lnKt ePsf] cfˆg} cfFvfn] b]lvg\ . c;}Xo eP/ pgn] tL @) jifL{of o'jtLdfly a]OHhtLk"0f{ sf/jfxL ul/g\ . pgn] tL o'jtLsf] skfn /]h/n] sf6]/ /fu]kf6] agfOlbOg\ . pgn] nufPsf] n'uf Roftr't kf/]/ gf+u]emf/ agfOg\ . clg a:tLdf gf+u} 8'nfOg\ . kl5 >Ldfgn] tL o'jtLnfO{ p2f/ u/L sk8f nufOlbPsf lyP . pQm a:tLsf s'g} l5d]sLn] df]afOnaf6 of] b[iosf] lel8of] lvr]/ ;fdflhs ;~hfndf kf]i6 ul/lbP . ;fdflhs ;~hfn k|of]ustf{x¿n] >LdtLsf] PS;gk|lt cfklQ hgfpFb} pgnfO{ sf/jfxL ug{ k|x/Lsf] Wofgfsif{0f u/] . k|x/Ln] klg t'?Gt} 36gfsf] cg';Gwfg yfn]/ pgnfO{ kqmfp u/]sf] 5 . kqmfp kg{'cl3 km];a'sdf n]v]sL lyOg\, …d}n] h] u/]F, 7Ls u/]F . Pp6f ljjflxt k'?if;Fu n;k; ug]{nfO{ o:t} ;hfo lbg'k5{ .Ú pgn] cfkm" ca >Ldfg;Fu ;Fu} a:g g;Sg] ;d]t 3f]if0ff u/]sL l5g\ . kLl8t o'jtLn] k|x/LnfO{ aofg lbFb} k'?if ljjflxt /x]sf]af/] cfkm"nfO{ yfxf gePsf] atfPsL l5g\ . cfkm"x¿aLr sl/a kfFr dlxgfb]lv ;DjGw /x]sf] pgsf] egfO 5 . kL8s dlxnf olb bf]ifL 7xl/Psf] v08df !) jif{;Ddsf] h]n ;hfo ef]Ug'kg]{ x'g ;S5 . pgLdfly csf]{ JolQmnfO{ wDSofPsf] zf/Ll/s rf]6k6s nufPsf], abgfd u/]sf], oftgf lbPsf] nufotsf cleof]u k|x/Ln] nufPsf] 5 . – Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf


सत्याग्रह साप्ताहिक २०७३ साल फाल्गुन ६ गते बिहिबार बर्ष १८ अंक २३