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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

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(March 20, 2014)

k[i7 *

d"No ¿= !).–

lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf

jl/i7x¿dWo] slgi7, x7\7L t/ ;kmntd\ JolQmTj g]kfnL sf+u|];af6 7"nf gfdx? lng'k¥of] eg] ljZj]Zj/k|;fb sf]O/fnf, ;'j0f{ zdz]/ ha/f, u0f]zdfg l;+x, ;"o{k|;fb pkfWofo, s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{ / lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] gfd lng'kg]{ x'G5 . oL gfdx?dWo] klg ;'j0f{ zdz]/ / ;"o{k|;fb pkfWofonfO{ …7"nfÚ sf] k+lQmdf /fVg cfhsf sltko sf+u|];Lx? sltko sf/0fn] eml:sG5g\ . To;f] t, u0f]zdfg l;+x / s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{ klg hLjgsf] clGtd sfnv08df sf+u|];sf] d"nwf/eGbf cnu ePsf lyP . oL b'j} g]tfnfO{ d[To'kl5 eg] ;du| sf+u|];n] c+ufn]sf] lyof] . h] xf];\, cfhsf ldltdf jl/i7tfsf] qmddf rf/ hgf ;j{sflng dxTjk"0f{ JolQmTjsf] gfd lng elgof] eg] sf+u|];hg lagflxrlsrfx6 jL=kL=, u0f]zdfg, ls;'ghL / lul/hfafa'sf] gfd lnG5g\ . /fhgLlts jl/i7tf jf ;'ema'emsf b[li6n] klg qmd oxL x'G5 . t/, ;Qf / zlQmsf] cfwf/df ;kmntfnfO{ dfkg ug]{ xf] eg] of] qmd 7Ls pN6f] x'G5 . ;Qf / zlQmnfO{ ;kmntf dfGg] xf] eg] ;jf{lws ;kmn JolQm lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf x'g\ / To;kl5 qmdzM s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{, u0f]zdfg l;+x / cGTodf jLkL sf]O/fnfsf] gfd lng'kg]{ x'G5 . jLkL sf]O/fnf k|yd lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqL t ag] t/ pgnfO{ x7ft\ kbRo"t ul/of] . /, pgsf] hLjg ;+3if{d} laTof] . u0f]zdfghL ;j{dfGo ag], k|htGqsf lktf ag] / ;j{:jLsfo{ klg ag] t/ cfkm\g} sf/0fn] xf];\ jf cGo sf/0fn] xf];\, ;Qfsf] k|ToIf :jfb rfVg kfPgg\ . ax'bnsf] k'g:yf{kgf ug]{ ;kmn ;jf]{Rr sdf08/ x'Fbfx'Fb} klg pgsf] hLjgsf] clGtd sfnv08 kf6L{eGbf 6f9f / Psf+sL lyof] . ls;'ghL b'O{k6s k|wfgdGqL ag] t/ ;Qf / zlQmsf] lx;fan] lgSs} cf/f]x cj/f]x Joxf]g'{k¥of] . u0ftGq :yfkgf;Dd cfOk'Ubf pgL …c;fGble{s / ck|f;+lusÚ eO;s]sf lyP . oL tLg}hgf eGbf ;aeGbf ;kmn 7xl/P, lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf . s}og\ k6s k|wfgdGqL, g]kfnL /fhgLltsf ;jf{lws zlQmzfnL JolQm / ;fdfGo /fhgLlt1eGbf w]/} dfly /fhg]t aGg pgL ;kmn eP .

hLkLsf] ;Demgfdf === ;¥of] sf+u;]| sf] hfu/0f cleofg

t/ lglZrt?kdf s] eGg ;lsG5 eg] oL ;a} JolQmTjx?n] lul/hfafa' eOlbPsf] eP kl/l:ylt cfkm" cg's'n x'g] lyof] eGg rflxF lsdfy{ r'Sg] lyPgg\ . ;fFlRrs} s:tf JolQmTjsf wgL lyP t lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf < pgsf] Pp6f pkgfd cToGt} k|rlnt lyof]– …xjNbf/Ú . xjNbf/sf] cy{ lyof]– cfkm\gf] vf;} j'l4 ljj]s gePsf] t/ cfkm\gf pRrflwsf/Lsf] cfb]zsf] k"0f{tof tfd]n ub}{ l;kfxL kl/rfng ug]{ JolQm . jLkL sf]O/fnfsf] hLjgsfndf pgL To:t} g} lyP . jLkLsf] cfb]z pgsf

u[x / nfs] ;]jfaLr bfx] f/] L

rf/ dlxgfb] l v g] k fn k| x /LnfO{ PcfO{hLljxLg agfPsf] u[x dGqfno;"u nf]s;]jf cfof]usf] ljjfb z'? ePsf] 5 . k|x/L lgodfjnLsf] ljÈonfO{ lnP/ u[x / nf]s;]jf cfof]uaLr bf]xf]/L g} rn]sf] xf] . k|x/L lgodfjnL Nofpgsf nflu o;cl3 g} nf] s ;] j f cfof] u n] clGtdk6s eg] / b' O { k6s Dofb lbO;s]sf] 5 . t/, b'O{ clGtdk6s eg]/

PcfO{hLljxLg k|s/0f ylkPsf] ^ dlxgfsf] cjlwdf klg k|x/L lgodfjnL cfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . ut kmfu'gsf] & ut] Dofb ;lsof] . To;kl5 u[xsf clwsf/Lx?n] nfh krfP/ ca rflx" kSsf clGtdk6s Dofb ylklbg' k¥of] eGb} kqfrf/ u/] . Tof] kqnfO{ nf]s;]jfn] c:jLsf/ u¥of] / kl5 u[xsf clwsf/Ln] cfu|x u/]kl5 u[xdGqLsf] lg0f{o u/fP/ kqfrf/ ug{ eGof] .

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

cfhaf6 P;Pn;L

:s'n] hLjgdf kmnfd] 9f]sfsf] ?kdf lnOg] P;Pn;L k/LIff cfhaf6 z'? x'bF 5 } . k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{no ;fgf]l7dL eQmk'/sf cg';f/ ;a} k/LIff s]Gb|df jfwf Jojwfglagf g} k/LIff ;DkGg ug{] Joj:yf ldnfOPsf] 5 .

k/LIffdf k/LIffyL{n] lr6 rf]/s ] f] jf s'g} klg clgoldttf x'g] sfo{ u/]sf] kfOPdf tTsfn To:tf k/LIffyL{sf] k/LIff /2 u/L sf/afxL ug{ ;a} lhNnfsf lhNnf lzIff ;ldltnfO{ lgb{z ] g lbPsf] k/LIff lgoGq0f sfof{non] hgfPsf] 5 . . o:tf k/LIffyL{sf] tTsfn k/LIff /2 u/L cfufdL jif{;d]t k/LIffdf ;xefuL x'g gkfpg] u/L sf/jfxL ug{] Joj:yf u/]sf]

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

g]kfnL sf+u|];n] ef]ln & ut]af6 z'? ug{] eg]sf] d]rL–dxfsfnL hfu/0f cleofgsf] klxnf] r/0fsf] sfo{qmdsf] ;do tflnsfdf x]/km]/ u/]sf] 5 . kl/jlt{t ;Gbe{df ;+ljwfg;ef lgodfjnL tyf Joj:yflksf ;+;b\df dxTjk"0f{ ljw]osx¿ k|:t't ePsfn] To;sf] cg'df]bgsf] nflu ;ef;b\x¿nfO{ clgjfo{ pkl:yltsf] nflu XjLk hf/L ePsf] ;Gbe{df c~rn:t/Lo k|lzIf0fsf] klxnf] r/0fsf] ;dodf x]/km]/ ul/Psf] xf] .

dxfsfnLsf] dx]Gb|gu/df oxL r}t !^ ut]af6 klxnf] r/0fsf] sfo{qmd z'? eP/

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

jl/i7x?dWo] slgi7 t/ ;kmntd\ lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] ef]ln r}t & ut] k'0oltly xf] . o; cj;/df pgsf] ;Demgf ug' { lgtfGt :jefljs xf] . cfh lul/hfafa' eOlbPsf] eP < of] k|Zgsf] pQ/ ljleGg JolQmn] cf–cfkm\g} 9+un] cf–cfkm\ g } lxtdf ;' l jwfcg' ; f/ lbg] ub{ 5 g\ . ;' z Ln sf] O /fnfb] l v ;' h ftf sf]O/fnf;Ddn] of] k|Zgsf] hjfkmdf JoQm ug]{ pb\uf/ / k'iksdn bfxfnb]lv 1fg]Gb| zfx;Ddn] JoQm ug]{ cleJolQmx?sf] cg'dfg;Dd dfq ug{ klg d'lZsn x'G5 .

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

hfb' u/]/ nf]8;]l8ª 36\g] xf]Og nf]8;]l8ª Go"gLs/0f slxn];Dd x'G5 < nf]8;]l8ª Go"lgs/0fsf] nflu sfd / of]hgf xfdLn] cl3 a9fO/x]sf 5f+} . o;sf] yfngL ePsf]n] kl/0ffd klg cjZo g} cfpF5 . w]/} cfof]hgfx?sf] pTkfbg d]l;g klg dd{t / Ifdtf a9fpg] sfd eO/x]sf] 5 . Ifdtfcg';f/ pTkfbg gePsf]n] klg To;f] ug'{ k/]sf] xf] . P;Pn;L lbg] ljBfyL{n] t cGwsf/d} k9\g'kg]{ cj:yf cfof] lg < of] nfdf] ;dob] l vsf] ;d:of xf], d}n] clxn] pTkfbg u/]/ ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg ug]{ ljifo xf]Og . ef] l naf6} sd x' g ] ;Defjg rflxF Psbd} sd 5 . kfgL sd ePsf] n ]

– phf{dGqL /fwf 1fjnL

x6nfOg M Clif wdnf

clxn] d] l ;gsf] dd{ t eO/x] s f] 5 .

afFsL k[i7 ^ df

rLgsfhL / OZj/L dgf]lgt

g]kfnL sf+u;]| n] k|dv ' ;r]tsdf rLgsfhL >]i7 / ;r]tsdf OZj/L Gof}kfg]nfO{ dgf]lgt u/]sf] 5. g]kfnL sf+u;]| ;+;bLo bnsf] ljwfgsf] wf/f !#(-!_ df bnsf] g]tfn] s'g} Ps ;b:onfO{ k|dv ' ;r]tsdf dgf]gog ug{] Joj:yfcg';f/ sf+u;]| ;+;bLo bnsf g]tf ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] kf6L{sf] ;+;bLo bnsf] ljwfgcg';f/ k|dv ' ;r]ts / ;r]ts dgf]lgt u/]sf x'g\ .


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laxLaf/, r}q ^, @)&)

sf=lh=b=g+= !$@÷)%%÷%^, uf]=x'=sf=b=g+= !$@÷)^#÷^$

SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

u|Lglxnsf] …a9\5 x}Ú of]hgf

u|Lglxn l;6Ln] …a9\5 x}Ú gfdsf] gofF of]hgf NofPsf] 5 . ;Lldt cjlwkl5 cfkm\gf 3/hUufsf] d"No a9\g] ePsfn] oyfjt\ /x]sf] d"Nodf vl/b ug{ p;n] cfXjfg u/]sf] 5 . u|Lglxn tLg ;o @) /f]gLdf cf7 ;o JolQmut 3/ agfpg] of]hgf xf] . kz'kltgfyaf6 !) ldg]6 / af}4af6 kfFr ldg]6sf] b"/Ldf /x]sf] o; sf]nf]gL a;f]af; ug{ pko'Qm / jftfj/0f d}qL /x]sf] sDkgLsf] bfjL 5 .

lx/f]sf] :Kn]G8/ cfO{–:df6{

g]kfndf lx/f] df]6/;fOsnsf] cflwsfl/s ljqm]tf g]kfn hg/n dfs{]l6ª k|flnn] …:Kn]G8/ cfO{ – :df6{ Ú ahf/df NofPsf] 5 . gofF df]6/;fOsn ;o ;L;L ePsf] / df]6/;fOsnsf] d' V o ljz] i ftfsf ¿kdf 6« f lkms hfddf /f] l sg' k bf{ cfkm} + :6f6{ aGb x' g ] 5 . o;n] cgfjZos ¿kdf vkt x'g] OGwg arfpg] ePsfn] jftfj/0fnfO{ sd xflg k'¥ofpg] bfaL sDkgLn] u/]sf] 5 . gofF y|L 6f]g u|flkms l8hfOg / gofF n'S;sf] ;fydf 6\o'a n]; 6fo/, ;'/Iffsf nflu ;fO8 :6]G8 OlG8s]6/, a|]lsªIfdtf /fd|f] ug{ hL6Lcf/ a|]lsª l;:6d / afOsnfO{ rf]/L x'gaf6 arfpg d]g :6\ofG8df ns nufpg] k|fjwfg ePsfn] g]kfnL pkef]Qmfdfem of] df]8n nf]slk|o x'g] ljZjf; sDkgLsf] 5 . rf/ /+udf pknAw ;f] df]6/;fOssf] ahf/ d"No Ps nfv %! xhf/ ¿k}ofF 5 .

lxdfnf]T;j ;DkGg

lxdfn /]ld6n] b]zsf ljleGg :yfgdf cfof]hgf u/]sf] /f]8–zf] …lxdfnf]T;jÚ ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . lxdfn /]ld6n] hgfPcg';f/ /f]8 zf]n] lxdfn /]ld6sf u|fxssf kl/jf/nfO{ dgf]/~hgsf ;fy} ;]jfsf] af/]df klg hfgsf/L k|bfg u/]sf] lyof] . k"j{ Onfdaf6 z'¿ ePsf] /f]8 zf] bds, Onfd, latf{df]8, w/fg, ufO{3f6, hgsk'/, l;Gw'nL, rGb|lgufxk'/, gf/fo0f3f6, wgu9L, dx]Gb|gu/, bfª, a'6jn x'Fb} afUn'ªdf k'u]/ 6'+luPsf] lyof] . o; /f]8–zf]df O{lGb/f hf]zL, lgdf ?Dafn] cfkm\gf rlr{t uLt k|:t't u/]sf lyP eg] lht' g]kfnn] xfF:o k|:t'ltåf/f dgf]/~hg k|bfg u/]sf lyP . lxdfnog a}+ssf] lxdfn /]ld6n] cfkm\gf] …;DkGg kfb{}5 lhGbuLÚ eGg] gf/f;lxt ;]jf k|bfg ub{} cfO/x]sf] 5 . g]kfne/ rf/ xhf/eGbf a9L /]ld6\ofG; e'QmfgL ;]jf s]Gb| ePsf] lxdfn /]ld6n] sl06g]06n kmfOgflG;on ;le{;h ] / atf; Pzf]l;P6\z k|flnsf] k|ToIf ;xeflutfåf/f u|fxsnfO{ ;]jf k|bfg ub{} cfPsf] 5 .

kz'klt If]q ljsf; sf]if / 8fa/ g]kfnaLr ;xsfo{

kz'klt If]qcGtu{tsf au+}rfdf xl/ofnL sfod ug]{ p2]Zon] kz'klt If]q ljsf; sf]if / 8fa/ g]kfn k|flnaLr !) jif{cl3 ePsf] ;Demf}tf k'gM gjLs/0f ul/Psf] 5 . kl5Nnf]k6s ;g\ @))* cui6df gjLs/0f ul/Psf] pQm ;Demf}tfsf] cjlw ut ;g\ @)!# df ;lsPsf] x'Fbf ;f]xL ;Demf}tfsf] gjLs/0f ul/Psf] 8fa/ g]kfnn] hgfPsf] 5 . ;Demf}tf gjLs/0f sfo{qmddf kz'klt If]q ljsf; sf]ifsf ;b:o ;lrj 8f= uf]ljGb 608g / 8fa/ g]kfn k|flnsf sG6«L d]g]h/ x/ls/t l;+x j]bLn] ;Demf}tfkqdf x:tfIf/ u/]sf lyP . 8fa/n] uf}znf rf]ssf] jfl6sfsf] ;+/If0fsf ;fy} jgsfnL If]qdf ?b|fIf, a]n rGbg, j/, kLknsf lj?jfx¿ j[Iff/f]k0f ub}{ cfO/x]sf] 5 . pQm ;Demf}tfcg';f/ 8fa/ g]kfnn] yk pQm If]qdf ;/;kmfO, rf}tf/fx¿sf] dd{t / u|Lgxfp; g;{/Lsf] klg lgdf{0f ug]{ ePsf] 5 .

skf]{/]6

*

O{Zj/ a:g]t

slj÷uLtsf/ rf}w/Lsf] Psn ljZj sfJoofqf

;Tofu|x÷hlh{of P6nfG6f

cd]l/sL ;docg';f/ ;fFemsf] ^M)) alh;s] s f] 5 . aflx/ dGb l;/] 6 f] rNb} 5 . P6nfG6f zx/df cjl:yt lxdfnog :kfO; xndf k|jf;L g]kfnLsf ;fy s]xL ;+Vofdf ljb]zL gful/s;d]t pkl:yt 5g\ . nfU5, xnsf] eL8ef8 / vrfvr cj:yfn] aflx/sf] l;/]6f]n] Tolt dxTj /fVb}g, leq udf{udL{ rn]s} 5 . cfkm\gf] Psn ljZj sfJoofqfsf] kl5Nnf] ;+:s/0f lnP/ slj÷uLtsf/ j;Gt rf}w/L kmfu' k"l0f{dfsf] /ft cd]l/sL /fHo hlh{ofsf] P6nfG6f zx/l:yt lxdfnog :kfO; xfp; k'us ] f x'g\ . cGt/f{li6«o g]kfnL ;flxTo ;dfh -cg];f;_ hlh{of RofK6/sf] cfltYo :jLsfb}{ slj rf}w/L cfkm\gf s]xL gofF / k'/fgf ;flxlTos v'/fsx¿sf] sf];n ] L lnP/ ToxfF k'us ] f x'g\ . nfU5, P6nfG6f zx/ / cGo cf;kf;sf k|jf;L g]kfnLsf] cf]O/f] g} nfu]sf] 5 . eL8af6 ;Gtf]if kxf8L 6kSs 6lKsG5g\ / pb\3f]if0fsf] sfo{ ;DxfN5g\ . nuQ} g] k fnL ;flxTocg' / fuL tyf P6nfG6fdf hd]/} /x]sf JolQmTj s[i0f b]jsf]6fn] cltly slj rf}w/Lnufot ;a} ;flxTocg'/fuL cfuGt'sx¿nfO{ :jfut ub{ 5 g\ . :jfut sfo{ q md nuQ}

slj÷uLtsf/ rf}w/Lsf] ax'cfoflds JolQmTj emNsg] Ps kl/rofTds j[Qlrqsf] k|:t't ul/G5 . 5'§} kl/j]z, Jofkf/Ls / cf} B f] l us 3/fgfdf hGdL÷x'ls{P/ klg ljut tLg bzsotf slj uLtsf/ rf}w/Ln] g]kfnL ;flxTo, snf / ;+:s[ltsf] k|j4{g / ;Dj4{gdf b]vfPsf cle?rL / k'¥ofPsf of]ubfgaf/] ;f] j[Qlrqn] ;+If]kdf af]Nb5 . ;fydf slj rf} w /Lsf b' O { bh{ g eGbf a9L ;f+uLlts PNjd / gofF sfJo÷uLlt /rgfx¿ df]afOnaf6} x]g{ / ;'Gg ;lsg] u/L tof/ kfl/Psf] df]jfOn PK;sf] klg

To; kl/j]zdf nf]sfk{0f ul/G5 . tt\ k Zrft\ slj rf} w /L cfkm\ g f ;flxlTos jfGsLx¿sf] kf]sf] km'sfP/ k|d ] /;n] r'nD{ d 8'js ] f cfkm\gf sf];n ] Lx¿ k:sg yfN5g\ . $% ldg]6sf] kl/lw gf3]sf] ;f] k:sfO{sf qmddf sltko ;flxTofg'/fuL Hofb} efj's aGg k'U5g\ t sltko ;flxTo Kof;Lx¿ …jfG; df]/Ú eGb} cfNxflbt aGg k'U5g\ . ;f] cj;/df …g]klnh P;f]l;o;g ckm ;fpy–Oi6 cd] l /sfÚ sf k" j { cWoIfx¿ qmdzM /fhf 3n], bLks dxt, k|0fo /f0ff, 8f= k|Nxfb kGt / jt{dfg

cWoIf 8f= /fdrGb| a/fnn] ;+o'Qm¿kdf vfbf cf]9fP/ slj÷uLtsf/ rf}w/Lk|lt ;Ddfg k|s6 ub{5g\ . slj rf}w/L a8f] efj' s b] l vG5g\ . nuQ} cGt/f{ l i6« o g]kfnL ;flxTo ;dfh -cg];f;_ hlh{of RofK6/sf tkm{ a f6 s[ i 0f b] j sf] 6 f / slj÷uLtsf/ a;Gt rf}w/LaLr dfofsf] lrgf]sf] cfbfg–k|bfgsf] sfo{qmd /xG5 . o;/L cg] ; f;n] ljlzi6¿kdf k|jf;sf g]kfnLnfO{ Ps} dfnfdf pGb} cfˆgf] ;flxlTos sfo{qmdnfO{ cToflws ;kmn kfl/lbPsf] d f slj÷uLtsf/ rf} w /Ln] ToxfF s f] cg] ; f;k| l t cufw s[t1tf hfx]/ ub{5g\ eg] slj÷uLtsf/ rf}w/Lsf] Psn ljZj sfJoofqfsf qmddf cfkm"n] s]xL ;xof]u k'¥ofpg kfPsf]df cfkm"x¿ klg cToGt} cfNxflbt ePsf] atfpF5g\, cfof]hssf tkm{af6 bLks kxf8L, ;Gtf]if kxf8L / k|0fo nfdfn] . o;vfn] cGt/f{li6«o ;flxlTos hd36nfO{ ;kmn kfg]{qmddf h'6\bf cfkm"x¿ wGo ePsf] pgLx¿sf] egfO{ /xG5 . g]kfnL nf]s ;+uLtsf k|v/ JolQmTj tyf cd]l/sfsf nflu g]kfnL cj}tlgs jfl0fHob"t k|]d/fhf dxtn] pkl:yt dxfg' e fjx¿k| l t s[ t 1tf JoQm ub} { sfo{qmdsf] lj6 dfb{5g\ / ;a} ;xefuLx¿ /flqef]hdf ;l/s x'G5g\ .

lqms]6 h;L{df d]ufsf sd{rf/L]

d]uf a}+s g]kfnsf sd{rf/Ln] g]kfnL lqms]6 l6dsf] h;L{ nufP/ sfd u/]sf 5g\ . 6\jfG6L–@) ljZjsk lqms]6df g]kfnsf] ;kmntfsf] sfdgf ub}{ a}+ssf sd{rf/Lx¿n] lqms]6 h;L{ nufP/ sfd u/]sf x'g\ . sflGtkyl:yt d]uf a}+ssf] k|wfg sfof{no d]uf dxndf e] n f eP/ sd{ r f/Ln] ;+ o ' Q m¿kdf ;kmntfsf] sfdgf ;d]t u/]sf lyP . …v]n g} o:tf] dfWod xf], h;n] xfdL ;a} g] k fnLnfO{ Ps};'qdf afFWg ;S5, g]kfnL l6dnfO{ ;kmntfsf ;fy} cem} k|ultsf] sfdgf / efOrf/f clej[l4 ug{ h;L{ nufP/ sfd u/]sf xf},+ Ú d]uf a}s + sf l;Ocf] clgn s]z/L zfxn] eg], …g]kfnsf] v]n ePsf] cGo lbgdf klg o;/L g} sfd u5f}{+ .Ú d]uf a}s + n] g]kfnL v]ns'bsf] ljsf;sf nflu ;Sbf] ;xof]u ub}{ cfPsf] l;Ocf] zfxn] atfP . km'6ansf] ljsf;sf nflu d]uf a}s + n] :yfkgfsf] jif{d} y|L:6f/ SnjnfO{ Psjif{;Dd cfly{s ;xof]u u/]sf] lyof] .

k|es' f] df]jfOn vftf ;~rfngdf

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dfcf]jfbLsf] c3]N{ ofO{ xfn} PsLs[t g]skf dfcf]jfbL / g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIfn] ;+oQ' m lj1lKt hf/L u/], h;n] b'O{ dfcf]jfbL PsLs/0f x'g nfu]sf] eGb} /fhgLlts j[Qdf xNnf klg eof] . b'O{ dfcf]jfbL Ps x'g\ jf gx'g,\ of] cfdhgtfsf] ;/f]sf/sf] ljifo xf]Og . pgLx?n] ;+oQ' m?kdf hf/L u/]sf] lj1lKtdf :yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] lj/f]w klg Ps d'Vo a'bF fsf ?kdf /x]sf] 5 . o;df eg] cfd hgtfsf] rf;f] cjZo /x]sf] 5 . lsgls of] lj1lKtaf6 cfdhgtfn] a'em\g] eg]sf] pgLx? k|hftflGqs k|lqmofnfO{ tyf nf]stflGqs k4ltnfO{ cem} klg :jLsf/ ug{ tof/ 5}gg\ eGg] g} xf] . :yfgLo lgsfo hgk|ltlglwljxLg ePsf] !# jif{ nfUb}5 . of] eg]sf] tLg j6f cfjlws lgjf{rg eO;Sg'kg]{ ;do xf] . :yfgLo lgsfo hgk|ltlglwljxLg x'Fbf tL lgsfodf ;/sf/n] u/]sf] vaf}{sf] nufgL afn'jfdf kfgL eO/xs} 5 . /sd vr{ eO/x]sf] 5 t/ tL ;a} gSsnL jf lst]{sfddf . sfuhkq agfP/ /sd x8Kg] Pp6f ;+:yfut sfd g} eO;s]sf] lyof] . dfcf]jfbL ;a}eGbf 7"nf] ePsf] a]nf tL lgsfosf gfddf uPsf] /sdsf] ;a}eGbf 7"nf] lx:;f p;n] kfof] . /fhgLlts ;+oGqsf gfddf hxfF klg oxL bnsf] jr{:j /xg] u/]sf] lyof] . h;n] n'6sf] klg ToxL lx:;f kfO/x]sf] lyof] . t/ otf cfd hgtf eg] l56f] cfkm\gf :yfgLo k|ltlglw v8f x'g] df}sf b]p egL dflu/x]sf lyP . o;}sf/0f p;n] c? bnn] h:t} cfkm\gf] 3f]if0ffkqdf bf];|f] ;efsf] lgjf{rg ;DkGg ePsf] ^ dlxgfleq :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ;DkGg ug]{ eGg] n]Vof] . To;a]nf cyf{t\ Tof] lgjf{rgdf p;nfO{ cl3Nnf] k6ssf] eGbf emg\ a9L dt k|fKt x'g] ljZjf; lyof], b'O{ ltxfO g} cfpg] . o;sf] dtnj xf] of] b]zdf dfcf]jfbL afx]s c? sf]xL 5}gg\ eGg] cfTdd"Nof+sg . To;}sf/0f s]Gb| / :yfgLo txdf ;a}lt/ cfkm\gf] sAhf x'g] 7fg]/ p;n] ^ dlxgleq :yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] s'/f 3f]if0ffkqdf n]vs ] f] x'gk' 5{ . cl3Nnf] r'gfjdf o;n] u/]sf wfFwnLx¿ of] r'gfjdf ha ha ;Dej ePg, To;kl5 o;/L xf¥of] ls Tof] sNkgf;Dd ul/Psf] lyPg . p;n] h+un / ;Qfdf xF'bfsf] HofbtLsf] hjfkm kfPsf] lyof] . 3f]i0fffkqdf n]lvP cg';f/ oxL ;dodf :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg eP p;sf] cj:yf z'Go g} x'g] b]lvG5 . s]Gb|df s'g} cl:tTj gePkl5 To:tf] a]nf :yfgLo lgjf{rg x'Fbf cfkm\gf] ljho ckjfbsf] s'/f dfq x'g] 7fg]/ p;n] s'/f km]b]{ d"n / /fli6«o bfloTj ;+ljwfg ePsf] x'Fbf of] ;+ljwg 3f]if0ff geP;Dd :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ug{ x'Gg, o;n] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fsf] sfdnfO{ afwf kf5{ eGg yfn]sf] 5 . ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f / :yfgLo lgjf{rg b'O{ leGg k|s[ltsf s'/f x'g\ . :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg lgtfGt :yfgLo txdf dfq ;Lldt x'G5 . pDd]bjf/ 5gf}6b]lvsf ;a} s'/fsf] ;Ldf ToxL, Pp6f ufpF jf Pp6f gu/leq /xG5 . To:tf] a]nf Tof] sfdn] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf sxfFg]/ afwf kf5{ eGg] s;}n] a'em\g ;s]sf 5}gg\ . ToxL ga'lem/x]sf a]nfdf of] bnn] :yfgLo lgjf{rg ug]{ s'/f tTsfnnfO{ /f]Sg dfu u/]sf] xf] . of] bnsf g]tfx¿sf] egfO x]l/of] eg] of] s'/f ;lhn} a'em\g ;lsG5 . bf];f| ] ;efsf] lgjf{rgdf ;a} /fhgLlts bnsf] ;femf s'/f xf], Ps jif{leq ;+ljwfg 3f]if0ff / ^ dlxgleq :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg . o;nfO{ k/ ;fl/of] eg] hgtfsf nflu a]OdfgLsf] xb x'g5] . jf:tjdf eGg] xf] eg] hgtfnfO{ ;+ljwfgeGbf :yfgLo lgsfo rflxPsf] 5, hxfF pgLx¿sf b}lgs hLjg;Fu hf]l8Psf ljifo 5g\ . ljsf; lgdf{0fsf] kIf Tolt g} dxTjk"0f{ 5 . To;}n] hg;/f]sf/;Fu hf]l8Psf] o:tf dxTjk"0f{ ljifodfly c3]N{ ofO ug'{ :jo+ dfcf]jfbLsf nflu klg bL3{sflng lxtsf] ljifo x'g ;Sb}g.

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kmfu'g #) ut] z'qmaf/ – k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfåf/f lad:6]s a}7sdf ;xefuL ePjfkt eQf:j?k k|fKt s/La ^% xhf/ ?k}ofF ;/sf/L sf]ifdf /fVg eGb} lkmtf{ . r}t ! ut] zlgaf/ – k]6«f]lnod kbfy{df ;/sf/n] u/]sf] d"Noj[l4lj?4 ;/sf/ ;Dj4 bnx?s} ljBfyL{ ;+u7gx?åf/f ;8s cfGbf]ng z'? . r}t @ ut] cfOtaf/ – k]6«f]lnod kbfy{df ePsf] d"Noj[l4 lkmtf{ lng ljBfyL{ ;+u7gsf g]tfx?åf/f k|wfgdGqL;Fu cfu|x . d"Noj[l4 jfWotf ePsf] eGb} lkmtf{ x'g g;Sg] k|wfgdGqLsf] k|:6f]lQm . r}t # ut] ;f]daf/ – b'O{ jif{cl3 hgsk'/df kfFr hgfsf] Hofg hfg] u/L ePsf] lj:kmf]6df wg'iff If]q g+= $ af6 lgjf{lrt ;ef;b\ tyf ;b\efjgf kf6L{sf g]tf ;~hos'df/ ;fxsf] xft /x]sf] k|x/Lsf] v'nf;f, ;fx km/f/ . – ;/sf/L hflu/d} /xFbf avt pDd]bjf/ ag]sf] 7x/ ub}{ ;+ljwfg;ef ljz]if cbfntåf/f /fk|kf g]kfnsL ;ef;b\ sfGtf e§/fO{ lgnlDat . r}t $ ut] d+unaf/ – ;/sf/sftkm{af6 ;"rgf tyf ;~rf/dGqL ldg]Gb| l/hfnåf/f ;/sf/ ;~rfngsf nflu …Go"gtd ;femf sfo{qmd tyf cfrf/;+lxtfÚ ;fj{hlgs . r}t % ut] a'waf/ – k]6f« l] nod kbfy{sf] d"Noj[l4sf] lj/f]wdf cfGbf]ng/t ljleGg ljBfyL{ ;+u7gåf/f pkTosf aGbsf] cfXjfg .

pk]Gb| emf /f;folgs ljiffbLsf] clgoldt tyf cToflws k| o f] u sf sf/0f g] k fnL pkef]Qmfsf] lubf]{ :jf:Yon] lhDd]jf/ lgsfo dfq xf] O g, lhDd] j f/ JolQmx¿nfO{ klg j}slNks¿kn] lrGtg ug{ jfWo agfPsf] 5 . s[lif pTkfbgdf k| o f] u ePsf] ljiffbLsf] gsf/fTds kl/0ffdn] gLlhIf] q nfO{ klg o;sf] ljsNkdf ljiffbL/lxt s[lif pTkfbg s;/L j[l4 ug]{ eGg]af/] lgs} lrlGtt t'NofPsf] 5 . ;/sf/L :t/af6 cUof{lgs v]tLsf nflu s' g } 7f] ; of] h gf gcfP klg k|fT] ;fxg:j¿k lsl~rt cg'bfgsf] Joj:yf eg] ePsf] 5 . /f;folgs ljiffbLd'Qm s[lif pTkfbgdf gLlhIf]qsf] rf;f] a9\b} uPsf]n] ;/sf/L cg'bfgsf] Go"g ;xof]un] ck]lIft pknlAw xfl;n ug{ s7Lg t 5 g}, t/ klg gLlhIf]q cUof{lgs v]tL ug{ pT;flxt ePsf] b]lvG5 . ;' v ] { t lhNnfsf] rf/ uflj; nf6Lsf]OnL, pQ/u+uf, kf]v/LsfF8f / d]xns'gfdf df6f]sf] pkrf/b]lv dn, aLpsf] k|of]u, l;+rfO{, sL6gfzs h}ljs cf}iflwsf] k|of]u cflb ;Dk"0f{ hfgsf/L u/fpg] k|ljlw …O{–Pu|LsNr/Ú sf] k/LIf0f k|of]u eO/x]sf] / o;sf] ;kmn glthf cfPkl5 b]zel/ of] k|of]unfO{ lj:tf/ ug]{ lhNnf s[lif ljsf; dGqfnosf] bfjf /x]sf] 5 . k|dv ' tof afnL nufpg]bl] v pTkfbg;Ddsf] s[lif ;DalGw s]xL hfgsf/L g/x]sf] s[ifs eujfg e/f];] s[lifsfo{ ub}{ cfO/x]sf] lyof] . …O{–Pu|LsNr/Ú df /x]sf] s[lif ;DalGw hfgsf/Ld"ns rf/j6f ;km\6j]o/ -d[lQsf, c+s/' , k|fl] tsf/ / le:6f/_ n] s[ifsnfO{ 3/ a;L a;L hfgsf/L lbg]5 . of] hfgsf/Ld'ns k|ljlw lgZro klg s[lif pTkfbgdf Pp6f gofF cfofd yKg] 5 . o; k|of]unfO{ k|0ffnLsf] ¿kdf ljsl;t ul/ b]zel/ lj:tf/ ubf{ s[lif pTkfbgdf gofF qmflGt Nofpg]5 . cUof{lgs s[lifnfO{ k|fT] ;fxg ug{ a9L laiffbL k|of]u x'g] sfe|] lhNnfdf zq' hLj Joj:yfkg -cfO{kLPd_ sf] k|of]u eO/x]sf] 5 . of] k|ljlwsf] ;kmntfn] ls;fgnfO{ sL6gfzs /f;folgs ljiffbLsf] k|of]unfO{ lj:yflkt ug]5 { / afnLdfly zq' hLjsf] cfqmfd0f :jtM ;dfKt eP/ hfg] 5 . zq' hLjsf] Joj:yfkg ug{ k|of]udf NofOPsf] cfOkLPd k|ljlw ;kmn kl/If0f ug{ ;lsof] eg] of] b]zel/ lj:tf/ ug]{ of]hgf /x]sf] 5 . ;/sf/n] cg'bfgsf] of]hgf NofPkl5

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s[ifsdf gofF k|ljlwaf6 cUof{lgs v]tL ug{ xf};nf a9]sf] 5 . ljleGg 7fpFdf ljleGg t/sf/Lsf] v]tL ubf{ ;f] 7fpF kmnfgf] afnLsf] ks]6If]qsf] gfdn] k|Voft ePsf] 5 . o;/L ;/sf/n] s[ l if pTkfbgsf #@ ;o ks]6If]q 3f]lift u/]sf] 5 . ;aeGbf a9L klZrdf~rn ljsf;If]qdf Ps xhf/ Ps ;o !@ ks]6If]q 5g\ eg] dWo klZrdf~rn ljsf;If] q df rf/ ;o #%, ;' b " / klZrdf~rndf @)@, dWodf~rn ljsf;If] q df *)@ tyf k" j f{ ~ rn ljsf;If]qdf 5 ;o #! ks]6If]q 5g\ . ls;fgx¿n] cfkmgf] cfjZostfg';f/ s'g} vf; t/sf/L pAhfP/ cfDbfgL lng] u/]sf sf/0f Tof] vf; afnLsf] ks]6If]q 3f] i f0ff ul/Psf] xf] . s[ i fsnfO{ k| f ] T ;fxg:j¿k ;/sf/sf] s' g } 7f] ; sfo{qmd g/x]sf]n] of] vf; afnLsf] ks]6If]q abNg] u/]sf] klg kfOPsf] 5 . s' g } If] q df vf; afnLsf] lg/Gt/ pTkfbgsf] cfwf/df To; afnLsf] ks] 6 If] q 3f] i f0ff t ul/of] t/ ;f] If]qdf s[lif ;]jf s]Gb, zLt e08f/0f, ahf/ Joj:yfkg, l;+ r fO{ tyf oftfoftsf] ;' l jwf cflb cfwf/e" t ;] j fsf] cefjdf s[ i fsx¿ cfkm\ g f] pTkfbgsf] ;xL d"No kfpgaf6 al~rt x'G5g\ / s[lif pTkfbgsf] lg/Gt/tfsf] qmde+u x'g hfG5 . ;/sf/n] s'g} vf; afnLsf] If]q 3f]if0ff u/]sf] cf}lrTo ;dfKt x'G5 . s[lif C0f lbP/ dfqn] s[lif pTkfbgsf] ;xL Joj:yfkg x'g ;Sb}g . pk/f]Qm cfwf/e"t ;]jfx¿sf] cefjdf s[ l if pTkfbgsf] j[ l 4nfO{ k|f]T;flxt ug{ ;lsGg . cfhef]ln t/sf/L lgof{tsf] va/ 5fkfx¿df v'a} :yfg kfPsf] 5 . rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] ^ dlxgfdf s"n lgsf;L !& k|ltztn] a9]/ $% ca{ @! s/f]8 / cfoft !#=* k|ltztn]] a9]/ tLg va{ #$ ca{ *# s/f] 8 ¿k} o fF k' u ] s f] tYofFsnfO{ x]bf{ :yfgLo:t/af6 ahf/ vf]Hb} hfFbf ;Ldfkfl/sf] ahf/df a]Rg k'¥ofOPsf] !)–@) s/f]8sf] t/sf/L lgof{t ePsf] 7xl/Fb}g . lgof{t eg]sf] cfkm\gf] cfjZostf k"lt{ kl5sf] j:t'nfO{ ljb]zL ahf/df a]r]/ ljb]zL d'b|f cfh{g ug'{ xf] . s[ifsn] @% s/f]8sf] t/sf/L ljb]zL ahf/df a]Rg' / c/af}+sf] ;f]xL t/sf/L ljb] z af6 NofP/ g] k fndf pkef]u ug'{n] lgZro klg lgof{tsf] ;d'lrt kl/efiff ug{ ;Sb}g . s[ l if ljsf; dGqfnocg' ; f/ )^*÷)^( df !% nfv #! xhf/ rf/ ;o (# x]S6/ hUufdf wfg v]tL ePsf] lyof] . cl3Nnf] jif{eGbf !#=& k|ltztn] pTkfbg j[l4 eO{ %) nfv &@ xhf/

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;b\efjgf kf6L{sf /fli6«o cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]sf] cWoIftfdf @)&) kmfNu'g @* / @( ut] kf6L{ s]lGb|o sfof{no, sf7df8f+}df ;DkGg ;b\efjgf kf6L{ /fli6«o sfo{ ;Dkfbg ;ldltsf] a}7saf6 lgDgfg';f/ lg0f{o ul/Psf] 5 . lg0f{o M – dw]zL hgtfsf] k|jn OR5fcg'¿k ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf k|efjsf/L e'ldsfsf] lgjf{xsf] nflu dw]z s]Gb|Lt /fhgLlts bnx¿aLr PsLs/0f ckl/xfo{ 5 . kf6L{ Pstf k|lqmofsf] k|yd r/0f cGt{ut, @)^$ ;fn kmfNu'g !^ ut] ;+o'Qm nf]stflGqs dw]zL df]rf{ tyf g]kfn ;/sf/aLr ;DkGg Pltxfl;s cf7 a'Fb] ;Demf}tfsf x:tfIf/sf/L bn ;b\efjgf kf6L{, dw]zL hgclwsf/ kmf]/d g]kfn tyf t/fO{ dw]z nf]stflGqs kf6L{aLr hf/L kf6L{ PsLs/0f k|lqmofnfO{ cljnDj d't{¿k k|bfg ug{ of] a}7s lg0f{o ub{5 . – cfufdL Ps jif{ leq ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGq g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug]{ p2]Zo;lxt kf6L{ cfkm\gf] ;a} ;ef;b\nfO{ ;+ljwfg;efdf ;hu, ;r]t tyf ;fjwfg eO{ b]zsf dw]zL, cflbjf;L–hghftL, dlxnf, blnt, d'l:nd, cNk;+Vos ;d'bfosf] lxtdf ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug{df /rgfTds e'ldsf lgjf{x ug{ of] j}7s lgb]{z ub{5 . – jt{dfg ;dodf Ps jif{ leq ;+3Lo nf]stflGqs u0ftGqfTds ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{ cTofjZos 5 . kf6L{ Ps jif{ leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fdf cfkm\gf] Wofg s]Gb|Lt ug]{ 5 . :yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] jxfgfdf zf;s ;d'bfo g]t[Tjsf] kf6L{x¿ ;+ljwfg;efåf/f ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fnfO{ sk6k"0f{ 9+un] lg:t]h ug{ rfxG5 . kf6L{ Ps jif{ leq ;+ljwfg lgdf{0fkZrft\ :yfgLo lgjf{rgsf] kIfw/ 5 . – @)&) r}q !) b]lv !% ut];Dd ;b\efjgf kf6L{ lhNnf:t/Lo sfo{stf{ kl/rfng sfo{qmd cGtu{t kf6L{ s]lGb|o g]tfx¿sf] pkl:yltdf ;a} lhNnf ;b/d'sfddf ;lqmo sfo{stf{ a}7s ;DkGg ug{sf nflu lg0f{o ub{5 . – ;b\efjgf kf6L{

d}l6«s 6g wfg pTkfbg eof] . of] jif{ cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf @#% k|ltztn] cfoft j[l4 eO{ rf/ ca{ @^ s/f]8 &) nfvsf] rfdn cfoft ePsf] lyof] . cfly{s jif{ )^(÷)&) df !$ nfv @) xhf/ x]S6/ If]qkmndf wfg v]tL ePsf] lyof] . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf !! k|ltztn]] ¥xf; eP/ pTkfbg $% nfv rf/ xhf/ d}l6«s 6g dfq wfg pTkfbg eof] . of] cfly{s jif{df g]kfn /fi6« a}+scg';f/ cf7 c/a $% s/f]8sf] rfdn cfoft ePsf] lyof] . cfly{s jif{ )&)÷)&! Dff s[lif ljsf; dGqfnocg';f/ !$ nfv $^ xhf/ gf} ;o %! x]S6/ hUufdf wfg v]tL eof] . cl3Nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf @^ xhf/ gf} ;o %! x]S6/ a9L hUufdf wfg v]tL eof] . ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf !@ k|ltztn] j[l4 eO{ wfgsf] pTkfbg %) nfv $& xhf/ d}l6«s 6g eof] . rfn" cfly{s jif{sf] ^ dlxgfdf tLg ca{ #) s/f]8sf] rfdn cfoft eO;s]sf] 5 . pk/f] Q m tYof+ s n] k/lge{ / tf lbgfg'lbg tLa|¿kdf a9\b} uO/x]sf] s'/fk|lt ;/sf/ clxn] klg ;hu ePsf] 5}g . hlt cg'kftdf j}b]lzs nufgL lelqPsf] 5 ToxL cg'kftdf k/lge{/tf klg a9\b} uO/x]sf] 5 . s[lifdf g} j}bl] zs nufgLnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] vaf}{+sf] /sd nufgL ePsf] 5 . t/ s[lifdf o;n] sl~rt pknlAw b]vfpg ;s]sf] 5}g . /f;folgs dn / ljiffbLsf] clgoldt k| o f] u sf sf/0f df6f] s f] pa{ / fzlQm lbgfg'lbg ¥xf; x'Fb} uPsf] / o;sf] ;'wf/sf s'g} k|of;x¿ gePsf]n] c;kmn Joj;fosf] ¿kdf kl/0ft /x]sf] g]kfnsf] s[lifsf] b'/fj:yfn] ;/f]sf/jfnfnfO{ …ls u/ ls d/Ú sf] cj:yfdf NofPkl5 aNn /f;folgs dnsf] ljsNkdf k|f+ufl/s dnsf] k|of]u x'g yfn]sf] 5 . ljiffbLsf] k| o f] u nfO{ /f] S g sL6gfzs h} l js ljiffbLsf] k| o f] u x' g yfn] s f] 5 . cUof{lgs v]tLsf] dfWodn] pTkfbg j[l4sf pkfox¿sf] vf]lh ug{ cg]s k|of]ux¿sf] cEof; x'g' v'zLsf] s'/f xf] . ljb]zsf ljleGg k|ljlw k|of]u ul/ cfw'lgs tl/sfn] v]tL ul/ sd} e"lddf /fd| f ] pTkfbgn] s[ i fsnfO{ v] t Llt/ cfslif{ t ug{ yfn] s f] 5 . s[ i fssf] v]tL;Fu al9/x]sf] cfsif{0fnfO{ :yfloTj k| b fg ug{ s[ l ifdf ;/sf/n] nufgL a9fpg' kb{5 . s[lifIf]qnfO{ k|fyldstfdf ;/sf/n] /fv] klg #=@ k|ltzt dfq s"n ;fwg ljlgof]hg ug{ ;s]sf] xf] . !=# k|ltztdf l:y/ /x]sf] s[lifsf] cfly{s j[l4b/nfO{ a9fpg' kg]{ ;/sf/sf] g}lts bfloTj dfq xf]Og, afWotf klg xf] . j}b]lzs ;xof]usf] cg'lrt k|of]unfO{

/f]Sg / s[lifIf]qdf nufgL a9fpg ;lqmo kxn yfNg' kb{5 . g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] dftxtsf ;a} a}s + nfO{ s[lifIf]qdf clgjfo{tM !) k|ltzt nufgL ug'k{ g]{ lgb]z { g lgZro klg s[lif pTkfbgk|ltsf] ;+jb] gzLntfnfO{ phfu/ ub{5 . t/ s[ifsnfO{ C0f lbFb}df g ;/sf/sf] s[lifk|ltsf] bfloTj k"/f x'G5 g s[ifsn] pTkfbgsf] ;d'lrt Joj:yfkg ug{ ;Sb5 . s[lif pTkfbg a9fpg C0f nufgL b]lv lnP/ ;fwg ;|ft] sf] ;Dk"0f{ Joj:yf ;/sf/n] ug'{ kb{5 . k|ljlw, k|fljlws, l;+rfO{, e08f/0f / ahf/ Joj:yf cflbsf] ;d'lrt ;'ljwfn] dfq s[lif pTkfbgsf] /fd|f] glthfn] s[lifsf] cfly{s j[l4b/nfO{ a9fpg ;Sb5 . oL ;'ljwfsf] cefjdf C0f nufgLn] dfq ck]lIft kl/0ffd lbg ;Sb}g . :yfgLo :t/df ;a}sf] kx'Fr a9fpg / ul/aL lgjf/0fsf] sfo{qmdnfO{ cufl8 a9fO{ hgtfnfO{ ;jn, ;Ifd t'Nofpg NofOPsf] ;xsf/L gLltsf] lkmtnf] sfof{ G jog kIfn] ;du| ;xsf/L ;+:yfnfO{ w/fzfoL agfPsf] 5 . ljQLo sf/f]jf/ ug]{ ;xsf/L ;+:yfx¿ hgtfn] hDdf u/]sf] /sdsf] lxgfldgf ul/ clxn] sf/jfxL em]nL /x]sf] 5 . C0f lbP/ c¿ s'g} bfloTj glng] ;/sf/L lgsfosf] cb'/blz{tfsf sf/0f ;d:t ;xsf/L gLlt g} c;kmn ePsf] 5 . lbgx'F ;os8f}+ ;xsf/L clVtof/df aofg lbg cfO/x]sf 5g\ . cg'udgsf] cefjdf ljQLo ck/fw df}nfPsf] 5 . hgtf 7luPsf 5g\ . hgtfsf] nflu uPsf] ;xsf/L sfo{qmd hgtfnfO{ g} bl/b| agfPsf] 5 . ljQLo sf/f]jf/sf] 7f]; gLltsf] cefj, dflyNnf] lgsfosf] cg'udgsf] lkmtnf]kg, c;n Joj:yfkg gePsf], sf/f]jf/df kf/blz{tfsf] sdL, hf]lvdk"0f{ shf{sf] nufgL, a]tl/sfsf] C0f c;'nL cflb ;xsf/L ;+:yfsf gsf/fTds kIf x'g\ h;n] ;xsf/Lsf] cjwf/0ffnfO{ g} c;kmn agfOlbPsf] 5 . To;sf/0f klg s[lifdf dfq shf{ k|jfx s[lif pTkfbgsf] dfkb08 aGg ;Sb}g . s[lif pTkfbgdf s[ifs ;fwg xf] eg] ;/sf/nfO{ ;fWosf] e"ldsf lgjf{x ug'{ kb{5 . Go"g Aofhb/df s[lif C0f, cg'bfgsf] Joj:yf, ef}lts k" j f{ w f/sf] ;' l jwf cflbsf] ;d' l rt Joj:yfn] s[lifnfO{ pTkfbgd'vL agfpg ;Sb5 / xfdL cfTdlge{/tfsf] lbzfdf kfOnf cufl8 rfNg ;Sb5f} + . ;F w } a]lyltn] laufl//x]sf] k|0ffnLnfO{ g} cfwf/ agfP/ s[ l if pGgltsf] sNkgf ug{ ;lsFb}g . xfdLn] s[lif pGgltsf nflu k/Dk/fut¿kn] sfod xfd|f] c;kmn k|0ffnLnfO{ abNg} kb{5 . oxL g} cfhsf] cfjZostf xf] / xfd|f] bfloTj klg xf] .

t'hs ' hgtfsf] lxt, hgo'4 / hgcfGbf]ngsf] dd{ljkl/t s;}n] gofF ;+ljwfg agfpF5' eg]/ ;f]r]sf] 5 eg] Tof] lbjf:jKg dfq x'g]5 . – r}t $ ut] ef]hk'/df af]Nb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf cWoIf df]xg j}B of] ;/sf/ b'O{ ltxfO ax'dtn] ag]sf] 5 . To;}n] kl/jt{gkl5sf] nfef+z lbg, /fhgLlts :yfloTj lnP/ cfly{s qmflGt ug{ / e|i6frf/ lgd{n ug{ of] ;/sf/ ;kmn x'g]5 . – r}t ! ut] g'jfsf]6df af]Nb} cy{dGqL 8f= /fdz/0f dxt b" w , vfg] k fgL / k] 6 « f ] l nod kbfy{ s f] d" N oj[ l 4kl5 ca lah' n Lsf] efp a9\g]5, To;n} k]6«f]lnod kbfy{df ePsf] d"Noj[l4 tTsfn lkmtf{ lng'k5{ . efp a9fpg' s f] ;§f cfon lguddf ePsf] e| i 6frf/, r' x fj6 / clgoldttfaf/] 5fgljg x'g'k5{ . – r}t $ ut] ;+;b\df ;Daf]wg ub}{ g]kfnL sf+u|];sf ;ef;b\ ch'{gg/l;+x s];L kf6L{ km'6]sf] @! dlxgfkl5 b'O{ kf6L{aLr sfo{ut Pstf eof] eGb} PsLs/0fsf] k|rf/afhL ug'{ unt xf] . clxn} b'O{ dfcf]jfbLaLrsf] Pstf c;Dej 5 . – r}t # ut] sf7df8f}+df af]Nb} g]skf–dfcf]jfbLsf pkfWoIf ;LkL uh'/]n !( lbg;Dd ;'Ts]/Ln] vfg kfPsL 5}gg\, t/ xfd|} kf6L{sf dGqL / g]tf eg] kf6L{sf] clwj]zg pb\3f6gdf hfg x]lnsf]K6/ rf6{/ u5{g\ . ul/an] vfg gkfO{ ef]sef]s} dg{] / ul/asf gfddf /fhgLlt ug{] g]tf / dGqL kmh'n vr{ ug{], of] sxfFsf] /fHoJoj:yf xf] < – r}t $ ut] ;+;b\df ;Daf]wg ub}{ g]skf Pdfn]sf ;ef;b\ r'8fdl0f ljs ;a} /fhgLlts bnx?n] r}t !) ut]leq ;xdlt u/]/ ldlt tf]lslbg] xf] eg] cfufdL h]i7 dlxgfleq} :yfgLo lgsfosf] lgjf{rg ;Dej 5, xf]Og eg] h]i7df r'gfj x'g ;Sb}g . – r}t # ut] tfKn]h'ªdf af]Nb} k|d'v lgjf{rg cfo'Qm lgns07 pk|]tL


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

cf]nL / g]kfn /fi6«3ftLM uf}td Pstfsf Pdfn] km'6s ] f] lyof] . ltg} 6'6k] m'6s ] fx¿ km]l/ Ps eP/ Tof] kf6L{ xfls/x]sf 5g\ . xfFSg' of] cfkm\gf] 7fpFdf 5 t/ To;n] hgtfnfO{ slt 9fFl6/x]sf] 5 eGg] o;sf b:tfj]hx¿n] atfO/x]sf] cj:yfrfFlx+ cfklQhgs 5 . Pdfn] kf6L{ s:tf] xf] eGg] o;sf pkfWoIf afdb]j uf}tdn] u/]sf] lr/km/sf c+zx¿ kl9of] eg] of] k|Zg hf] sf]xLn] ug'k{ g]{ x'G5 . s'g} l;4fGt gePsf] kf6L{, ToxL l;4fGtsf] cfn]kdf v8f 5 . To;sf/0f klg of] bnaf/] kl/lrt x'g b:tfj]hsf c+zx¿ k|:t't ul/Psf] xf] . Pdfn]af6 km'6/] dfn] eGg] bn v8f u/]sf uf}tdn] lnlvt¿kdf Tof] bnaf/] k|:t't u/]sf ljj/0fx¿sf] bf];f| ] >[vnf oxfF k|:t't 5M– dxfsfnL ;lGw / /fli6«o cl:dtfsf] ;jfn dxfsfnL ;lGwsf] k[i7e"ld ;+;bdf o;sf] cg'df]bgsf nflu ePsf k|lqmof / k|oTgx¿sf ;Gbe{df ax;–ljjjfbsf ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f / ltgsf k|df0fx¿ cg]sf}+ ;|f]t / dfWodaf6 ;fj{hlgs eO;s]sf 5g\ . tyflk oxff To; ;lGwsf s]xL k|d'v / uDeL/ sdhf]/Lx¿sf] pNn]v ug'{ ;fGble{s b]lvG5 .  Psflt/ ;g\ !(@) df ;DkGg zf/bf afFw kl/of]hgf ;Demf}tfsf] ;dofjlw ;dfKt eO;s]sf] / csf]l{ t/ 6gsk'/ ;lGw g]kfnsf] ;+;baf6 cg'df]bg x'g g;ls/x]sf] cj:yfn] ef/tnfO{ c;lhnf] / lxgtfaf]w eO/x]sf] lyof] . pm zf/bf afFw kl/of]hgfsf] ;dofjlw yk u/fpg / 6gsk'/ ;lGwnfO{ g]kfnsf] ;+;baf6 cg'df]bg u/fpg cg]s hfnem]n / if8\oGq ul//x]sf] lyof] . kmn:j¿k ef/tn] zf/bf Jof/] h 6gsk' / / k~r]Zj/nfO{ ufdL …dxfsfnL gbLsf] PsLs[t ljsf; ;lGwÚ dfwj g]kfn k//fi6« dGqL ePsf] a]nf pgLfkm{t cfkm";dIf k|:t't ug{ nufof] . o;nfO{ …dxfsfnL Kofs]hÚ sf] ¿kdf kl5 rrf{df NofOof] . jf:tjdf of] Kofs]h k~r]Zj/ kl/of]hgfsf ¿kdf g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ b] v fP/ zf/bf afF w kl/of]hgfsf] ;dofjlw yk u/fpg] / 6gsk'/ ;lGwnfO{ cg'df]bg u/fpg] s'l6n if8\oGq u/x]5, h'g if8\oGqdf tTsfnLg pkk| w fgdGqL tyf k//fi6«dGqL dfwj g]kfn / u[xdGqL s]kL cf]nL;lxt Pdfn]sf s]xL w"t{ Pj+ s'l6n g]tfx¿ ;+nUg /x]sf] eGg] s'/f k'li6 eO;s]sf] 5 . o;nfO{ g]skf Pdfn] l eq /x] s f OdfGbf/ g] t f, sfo{stf{x¿n] To; a]nf a'em\g ;s]gg\ . hgg]tf dbg e08f/Lsf]] cu'jfOdf 6gsk'/ ;lGwsf lj?4 b]zeQm sDo'lgi6 qmflGtsf/Lx¿n] alnbfgk"0f{ n8fO n8] / tTsflng k|wfgdGqL lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfnfO{ l;+u} /fi6«n] /fi6«3ftL egL lrlGxt u¥of] . oxL kl/k]Iodf dbg e08f/Ln] cfk\gf] hLjg u'dfpg'k¥of] . o:tf] l:ylt g]kfnL hgtfsf ;fd" /xFbf–/xFb} dfwj–s]kL u'6n] ef/tsf] cfjZostf k'lt{ ug{sf nflu g]kfnsf] /fli6«o lxt ljk/Lt /x]sf] dxfsfnL ;lGw k|ltlqmofjfbL zlQmx¿;Fu ldn]/ kfl/t u/fof] . Psftkm{ ;lGw cg'df]bg ul/Psf] oltsf ;do lalt;Sbf klg ;lGwsf] 8L=kL=cf/= tof/ ePsf] 5}g eg] ;lGw cg'¿ksf] sfo{;DkGg ug{ nufgL s;n] ug]{ eGg] s'g} 6'u+ f] 5}g . To;sf] 6'u+ f] gx'bF } ;lGw cg'df]bg u/fpg xtfl/g'sf k5fl8 s] /x:o 5 <  gbLsf] x}l;otaf/] ;lGw k|i6 5}g . ;lGwkqn] eG5– …dxsfnL gbL clwsf+z efudf b'O{ b]zx¿sf aLrdf ;Ldf gbL xf] ._ T;f] eP sxfF, s'g 7fpFdf rflx+ ;Ldf gbL xf]og / lsg < ;lGw df}g 5 . k~r]Zj/df nufgL ug'{ d'n'ssf nflu 3fts x'g ;S5 . gbLsf] d'xfgdf g} ef/tn] Ps nf}6L sAhf u/]sf] 5, tlt dfq xf]Og, p;n] ToxfF ;]gf g} t}gfy u/]sf] 5 . dxfsfnL gbL b'O{ b]zsf] ;dfg clwsf/ ePsf] ;femf gbL xf] eGg] dfGotfnfO{ ;d]t Tofu]/ g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}lds xsnfO{ c:jLsf/ ug]{ s'/f cufl8 ;f/]sf] 5 .  kfgLdflysf] clwsf/af/] ;lGwsf] wf/f @ -@_ sf] -c_ n] eG5– 6gsk'/af6 g]kfnn] ;'V ofddf #%) / jiff{ofddf !,))) So";]s kfgL kfpg]5 . o;sf] dtnj afFsL kfgL ;a} ef/tsf] x'g]5 . ;fy} g]kfnn] sf]af6 kfgL kfpg] < o] klg :ki6 5}g . ef/tLo kIfaf6 xf] eg] p;af6 kfpg] kfgL ;lGw gePsf a]nf gkfpg klg ;lsg] eof] . cyf{t\ kfgLsf] v6g ef/tsf] lyof] . o;sf] tfTko{ of] gL ef/tsf] egL :jLsfg'{kg]{ x'g cfpF5 . of]hgfaf6 xf] eg] Tof] kfgLsf] dfqf a/fa/ x'g'kg]{ . ef/tn] vr{ xfn]sf]df klg lbg]–glbg] clwsf/ p;sf] xf] eGg] xf] eg] g]kfn;Fu

cg'dlt g} glnO{ p;n] nufgL ug{ kfpg] g} xf] < xf]Og . wf/f # n] cf– cfkm\gf] jt[dfg ef]urngnfO{ sfod /fVb} gbLsf] afF s L kfgLdf ;dfg clwsf/ /xg] s'/f d~h"/ u/]sf] 5 . o;af6 g] k fn a/fa/Lsf] xsbf/ /x]g . k|s[ltn] ;fgf] b]z / g]knnfO{ hn;Dkbfdf ef/teGbf w] / } 7" n f] agfOlbP klg of] w"t{tfk"0f{ ;lGwåf/f ef/tn] Tof] hn;Dkbf 3dfp/f] kf/fn] cfkm"lt/ ;f/]sf] 5 / g]kfnnfO{ p;n] pkof]u u/L /fv]sf] dfq kfgLsf] xsbf/ agfOlbPsf] 5 . o;/L dxfsfnL ;lGwn] zf/bf Jof/]h / 6gsk'/ ;lGwdf ePsf] /fi6« 3 ftnfO{ ;Rofpg] axfgfdf /fi6«3ftsf] kL8fnfO{ c? yKg] sfd u¥of] . kmntM k~r] z j/ gag] s f] cj:yfdf g]kfnsf] xs u'Dg k'Uof] .  dxfsfnL ;lGwdf pkef]Uo pkof]udf k|lts'n cj;/ gkg]{ u/L dfq a/fa/L afF8kmfF8 ug]{ h:tf s'/fn] g} kfgLdflysf] xsdf c;dfgtfsf] l:ylt ;[hgf u/]sf] 5 lsgeg] cl3Nnf ;lGwcGtu{t g]kfnn] pkef]u ub}{ cfPsf] kfgLsf] dfqf ef/tn] pkef]u u/]sf] kfgLsf] dfqfeGbf cToGt Go"g /x]sf] 5 .  ljb"tljqmL ;DaGwdf wf/f $ -$_ n] eG5– g]kfnsf efusf] ljB'tsf] s]xL lx:;f ef/tnfO{ ljqmL ul/g]5 . o; s'/fnfO{ ef/tn] ljB't lsGg} kg]{ k|fjwfg xf] egL g]kfn kIfn] cfkm\g} lsl;dsf] JofVof u/]sf] 5 t/ o; k|fjwfgaf6 p;nfO{ ljB"t\ lsGg s/ nfUg] eGg] b]lvFb}g . o:tf] Joj:yf ;lGwsf cGo wf/fn] klg u/]sf] 5}g . t/ g]kfn eg] ef/tn] d~h"/ u/]sf] d"Nodf ljB't a]Rg afWo 5 eGg] k|i6} b]lvG5 . cf}klgj]lzs zf]if0fsf] of] lgGbgLo :j¿knfO{ Pdfn] g] t [ T jd08nLn] cfkm\ g } /fi6« j fbL sd/]8x¿lj?4 a]OdfgLk"0f{ n8fO n8]/ kf6L{leq s[ltd ax'dt v8f u/L ;lGw cg'df]bg u/]/ sfg'gL dfGotf lbnfO{ 5f8\of] . ca k|Zg p7\5, g]kfnsf] /fli6«o clwsf/ / ;Ddfgdfly oqf] wSsf nfUg] / d'ns ' nfO{ gjpklgj]zjfbL zf]if0fsf] hAa/ e"d/Lleq km;fpFb} kf6L{sf] d"n /0fgLlts lgisif{s} lj?4 hfg] of] lg0f{o Pdfn] g]tT[ jd08nLn] 1fgtfjz u¥of] ls hgL hfgL < dfly pNn]lvt s]xL cGo k|d0fx¿n] s] b]vfpF5 eg] of] c1fgtfsf] kl/0fd geP/ ;' l gof] l ht 9+ u n] ef/t] n L zf;sju{;Fu ;Demf}tf ul/Psf] xf] . s] ef/tsf c;+ V o >dhLlj hgtf;F u P]Soj4tf :yflkt ub}{ ToxfFsf] Psflwsf/ k'h F Lkltju{, To;sf] k|ltlglwTj ug]{ If]qLo k|eT' jjfbL zf;sx¿sf] g]kfndflysf] zf]if0f / lyrf]ldrf]sf lj?4 ;+3if{ ug'k{ g]{ cfwf/e"t ljifonfO{ 5f8]/ Pdfn] g]t[Tjd08nLn] qmflGtsf zq';fd' cfTd;dk{0f u/]sf] xf]Og < s] kfFrf} dxflwj]zgåf/f kfl/t …g]kfnsf] hn;| f ] t df g] k fnL hgtfsf] cIf' 0 0f ;fj{ef}lds clwsf/nfO{ /Iff ug]{ gLlt cjnDag ul/g]5Ú eGg] lg0f{osf lj?4 sfd u/]sf] xf]Og < of] ;lGw /fi6«lj?4 eofgs hfn;fhL xf] / o;nfO{ hah{:tL cg'df]bg u/fOPsf] lyof] eGg] s'/f k'li6 ug]{ c? yk s]xL tyOx¿ pNn]v ug'{ oxfF ;fGble{s x'g]5 .  @)%# c;f]h * ut]sf] …b[li6Ú df Pdfn] s f Ps hgf zLif{ : y g] t fn] eGg'ePsf] lyof]– …of] ;+ljwfgnfO{ c;kmn kfg]{, ;+;bLo Joj:yfnfO{ g} c;kmn kfg]{ ==== eGg]x¿sf] ;lqmotf a9\ g yfn] k l5 of] ;lGwnfO{ w] / } nDAofpg x'Fb}g ==== r'gfjx¿ klg cfpFb5 } g\ . ==== eGg] lgrf]8df k'luof] .Ú  k|ltlqmofjfbL ju{;Fu ;d]t ;Demf}tf u/]/ agfO{Psf] ;+ljwfgn] klg ;+;bsf] b'O{ ltxfO{ ax'dt geO{ cg'df]bg ug{ gkfOg] Joj:yf /fvL /fli6« o tfsf] ;+/If0f ug]{ k|of; u/]sf] kl/k|]Iodf b]zelQmk"0f{ cfGbf]ngsf] g]t[Tj ug]{ sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] s]Gb|Lo sldl6sf] @(cf}+ a}7sdf !(–!# sf dtfGt/n]

k| ; + u s]bf/ ;'jb ] L dxfsfnL ;lGwsf] ljkIfdf /x]sf] a}7s nDAofP/ rf/ lbgkl5 ;f]xL a}7sdf s]Gb|Lo sldl6sf] !&–!& sf] ;dfg dtdf ! d tab/ ug{ nufO{ !&–!^ n] agfOPsf] cToGt lemgf] ax'dtsf e/df ;lGw cg'df]bgsf] lg0f{o u/fpg' Pdfn] g] t [ T j d08nLsf] ljb] z Lsf Ozf/fdf /fi6« l xts} lj?4 u/] s f] hfn;fhLsf] r'Tyf] gd"gf xf]Og / <  ;lgw cg'df]bgsf] k"j{ ;GWofdf 6«8 ] o'lgognfO{ c;fGble{s sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ug{ nufO{ Pdfn]sf csf{ vf6L g]tf v8\u cf]nLn] ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnL hgtf / kf6L{ sfo{ s tf{ ; fd' k~r] Z j/ kl/of]hgfaf6 #) ca/ o'lg6 ljB't k|ltjif{ g]kfnsf] efudf kg]{ / To;af6 a;]g{ L ! v/a, @) ca/ cfDbfgL x'g] s'/f k|rfl/t u/]/ em'6s ] f] v]tL ug'k{ g]{

Jof/]h / 6gsk'/df ePsf] /fi6«3ftnfO{ ;RofPsf] xf:of:bk s'/f ul//x]sf] 5 / o;df uNtL ePsf] xf] eGg] s'/f :jLsfg{;Dd klg tof/ 5}g .  ;lGw cg'df]bgkl5 Pdfn]sf] /fi6«jfbL 5ljdf cf3ft k' u ] s f] / g] t [ T jn] cfTdfnf]rgf;Dd klg ug{ gdfg]sf] kl/l:yltdf ls l;Ë} kf6L{ n fO{ blIf0fkGyL /fli6«o cfTd;dk{0fjfbL x'g 5fl8lbg' kYof] { ls hgjfb / /fli6«ootfsf kIfdf /xg ;Sg]x¿ hltn] ;+ul7t eP/ kf6L{sf qmflGtsfL em08fsf] /Iff ug{ k'u{l7t eP/ cfl8 a9\g tof/ x'g'kb{Yof] . g]kfnL qmflGtsf] af6f]sf ;DaGwdf g]knL hgjfbL qmflGtsf] af6f]sf ;DaGwdf jt{dfg Pdfn] g]tT[ j kfFrf} /fli6«o dxflwj]zgn] lgwf{l/t u/]sf] af6]df ljrlnt x'g k'us ] f]

zlQmx¿sf] dfqfTds ljsf; / kl/l:yltdf cfPsf] dfqfTds kl/jt{g PsfPs u'0fdf kl/jt{g x'gsf nflu To;df qmflGtsf/L ¿kfGt/0fn] km8\sf] dfg]{ of 5nfª\ dfg]{ sfd u5{ dfqfnfO{ u'0fdf kl/jt{g t b]Vg] t/ to;df 5nfª\ dfg]{ s'/f la;{g' x'bF g} eGg] ;DaGwdf PË]N;n] cufl8 eGg'ePsf] 5– …x]un ] åf/f k|ltjfbg ul/Psf] ;+qmd0f /]vfsf] dfkg;DaGwL l;4fGtdf klg o;} ljifosf] rrf{ 5 . h:tf] ls kl/0ffTds j[l4 vf; r/0fdf k'uk] l5 To;df u'0ffTds 5nfª\sf] l:ylt l;h{gf x'G5 . pbfx/0fsf nflu kfgL ttfpFbf, lr:ofpFbf to;sf] SjygfÍ / lxdfÍn] tL ;+qmd0f ljGb'x¿sf] sfd u5{g\ . To; ljGb'df k'Ugf;fy …u'0ffTds 5nfªÚ n] Pp6f–Pp6f gofF cjyf k|fKt ub{5 . h;n] ubf{ dfqf u'0fdf kl/jt{g x'G5 .Ú zflGtk" 0 f{ hgcfGbf] n gdf k an k|of]usf] cfjzostf /lx/xg] / To; k|lqmofaf6 Pp6f ;fdflhs km8\sf] df/]/ csf]{ ;fdflhs cj:yfdf ¿kfGt/0f x'g] s'/fnfO{ kf6L{sf] kfFrf} /fli6«o dxflwj]zgn] c+uLsf u/]sf] 5 . To; s'/fnfO{ g]skf dfn]_n] ;jf]k{ l/ :yfg lbPsf] 5 t/ 5}7f}+ dxflwj]zgåf/f kfl/t /fhg}lts k|ltj]bgdf qmflGtsf/L km8\ s f] l agf g} zflGtk" 0 f{ ;+qmd0fsf] s'/f ub}{ elgPsf] 5– …dfqfTds

5} 7 f} + dxflwj] z gkl5 ;dfhsf] qmflGtsf/L ¿kfGt/0fsf] af6f]df an k|of]u ug]{ ;jfn Pdfn]n] kl/tofu ul/;s]sf sf/0f cGo ljifox¿df klg p;n] cufl8 ;f/]sf] ljZn]if0fx¿n] dfS;{jfb c:jLsf/ ug}{ ;f];n 8]df]qm]6sf ¿kdf ktg ePsf] s'/f :ki6 x'G5 . qmflGtsf] af6f] s f ;DaGwdf ?;L sDo'lgi6 kf6L{sf] ;g\ !(%^ sf] aL;f+} dxflwj]zgdf v'|Zrf]jn] cjnDag u/]sf] zflGtk" 0 f{ af6f] e Gbf Pdfn] s f] 5} 7 f+ } dxflwj]zgsf] nfOg s'g} dfg]df km/s 5}g . pko'{Qm dxflwj]zgsf] lg0f{oaf/] v'nf;f ub}{ …ljzj sDo'lgi6 cfGbf]ngsf] ;+lIfKt Oltxf;Ú gfds /rgfdf elgPsf] 5– …!(%^ df ;DkGg ;f]leot;+3sf] @)cf}+ kf6L{ sf+u; ]| kl5 To;n] Jofks / ljZjJofkL ¿k lnof] . to; dxflwj]zgdf v'|Zrf]jn] p7fPsf @ j6f k|Zg d'Vo 5g\ k|yd :6flngdsf lj?4 cfqmd0f, bf];f| ] zflGtk"0f{ ;+qmd0fsf] k|Zg . dxflwj]zgdf k|t't cfkm\gf] u'Kt l/kf]6d { f v'Z| rf]jn] :6flngnfO{ v'gL, ck/fwL, 8fs", h'jf8], ?;L Oltxf;sf] ;a}eGbf tfgfzfx, a]s"km, abdf; cflb atfP/ eT;gf{ u/] . v'Zrf]jn] o; s'/fdf hf]8 lbP ls klxn]sf] …P]ltxfl;s cj:yfÚ df cS6'a/ qmflGt Ps dfq ;xL af6f]

k~r]Zj/ kl/of]hgfsf ¿kdf g]kfnL hgtfnfO{ b]vfP/ zf/bf afFw kl/of]hgfsf] ;dofjlw yk u/fpg] / 6gsk'/ ;lGwnfO{ cg'df]bg u/fpg] s'l6n if8\oGq u/]5, h'g if8\oGqdf tTsfnLg pkk|wfgdGqL tyf k//fi6«dGqL dfwj g]kfn / u[xdGqL s]kL cf]nL;lxt Pdfn]sf s]xL w"t{ Pj+ s'l6n g]tfx¿ ;+nUg /x]sf] eGg] s'/f k'li6 eO;s]sf] 5 . sf/0f s] lyof] < hals o;cl3 )%# efb| ^ df hn;|ft] dGqLn] sl/a % ca/, @) s/f]8 o'lg6 dfq ljB't pTkfbg x'g] s'/f] pNn]v u/L n]vs ] f] kq -tYof+ssf] ;|ft] _ pxfFn] kfO;Sg'ePsf] lyon:f] . o;/L pxfFn] ^ u'0ff a9L ljB't pTkfbg x'g] efif0f u/]/ s;sf] ;]jf ug{ vf]Hg'ePsf] lyof] <  To; a] n f kf6L{ cWoIf dgdf] x g clwsf/L To; ;lGwnfO{ cg'df]bg ug]{ kIfdf x'g'x'Gg lyof] eGg] s'/f @)%#, c;f]h #) ut]sf] …5nkmnÚ ;fKtflxsdf JoQm pxfFsf] o; ljrf/n] k|i6 kfb{Yof]– o; ;lGwnfO{ kfl/t ug]{, gug]{ eGg] ;DaGwdf xfd|f] kf6L{df km/s ljrf/x¿ cfP . kf6L{s} lg0f{o ;d]t l5gl5gd} ablnof] . Ps k6s dxf;lrjn] Ps lsl;dsf] lXjk hf/L ub}{ …;lGw kfl/t ug{ lbFb}gf}+Ú eGg'eof], km]l/ ef/tLo kIfaf6 ljZj;gLo cfwf/ gkfO{ b"tfjf;sf] lj1lKtsf cfwf/df kf; ug]{ lXjk hf/L ubf{ dte]b b]lvof] . tkfO{+nfO{ yfx} 5, ;lGw xtfl/P/ ug'{ x'Fb}g eGg] kIfdf /x]sf] JolQm d :jo+sf] ef]6 ;lGwsf] kIfdf kfl/of] . o;n] klg yk u'gf;f] pAhfof] .Ú

pko'Q{ m ljj/0faf6 lgDg lgisif{x¿ k|fKt x'g cfpF5g\–

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b'36{ gfn] sd ePsf] 5 . dfk;] cleofgsf] sf/0f ;8s b'3{6gfdf w]/} g} sdL cfPsf] b]lvPsf] 5 t/ 6«flkms k|x/L;Fu dfk;] gfKg] oGqsf] sdLsf] sf/0f of] cleofg hlt ;kmn x'g'kg]{ xf] ePsf] b]lvPsf] 5}g . dfk;] gfKg] oGqsf] sdLsf sf/0fn] Zjf;sf] ljlwaf6 jf d'v ;'F3]/ cleofg ;~rfngk|lt w]/} hgtfsf] u'gf;f] b]lvPsf] 5 . oGqsf] sdLsf] sf/0f ckgfPsf] of] ljlwn] ubf{ lnld6df ;] j g u/] s f] / cglnld6]8 ;]jg u/]sf]nfO{ Pp6} t/fh'df tf]Ng] u/]sf] eg]/ JofKt u'gf;f] cfO/x]sf] b]lvPsf] 5 . h]xf];\ 6«flkms k|x/Ln] of] sfd hgtfsf] enfO{sf] nflu g} u/]sf] xf] . o;nfO{ cGoyf lng'sf] ;f6f] /fd|f] b[li6sf]0fn] lng'kg]{ s'/f xf] . oxfF lbOg] nfO;] G ;sf] tl/sf klg vf;} e/kbf] { b]lvFb}g . ljb]zdf nfO;]G;sf] nflu :s'n k'Ug'kg{] x'G5 eg] oxfF To:tf] s'g} vf; Joj:yf b]lvPsf] 5}g . nfO;]G; vf]l;Fbf nfO;]G; lng hfg'sf] ;§f b'O{–tLgrf]l6 nfO;]G; agfpg] k|j[lQ klg oxfF JofKt kfOPsf] 5 . ;8snfO{ Jojl:yt kfg{sf] lgldQ ;a}n] lgoddf a;]/ lgodsf] kfngf ug'{kg]{ x'G5 . o; ;DalGwt ;a} ;/f]sf/jfnfx¿ / hgtf ;d]t cfkm" ;r]t x'g'kg]{ x'G5 . h;n] ubf{ ca cfpg] lbgx¿df ;8s b'3{6gf ;dfrf/sf] lx:;f gagf];\ . ;8s b'3{6gfsf] sf/0fn] s'g} lktfn] ;Gtfg u' d fpg' gk/f] ; \ eg] ;Gtfgn] cfˆgf] dftflktf u'dfpg' gk/f];\ . ;8s b'3{6gfsf] sf/0f s;}sf] cfFvfdf kL8fsf] cfz' gauf];\ . ;8s b'3{6gfsf] nflu xf] O g z' e sfo{ s f] nflu xf] . ;8snfO{ z'e sfo{df :yfGtl/t ug'{ ;Dk"0f{ g]kfnLsf] dfq} geP/ ;Dk"0f{ dfgjhfltsf] g} dxTjk"0f{ sfo{ xf] . o;k|lt OdfGbf/ / jkmfbf/ x' g ' k| T o] s dfgjsf] k| d ' v lhDd]jf/L xf] .

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g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 k;f{ zfvfsf]] bzf}+ clwjz]gaf6 lgjf{lrt klxnf] sfo{ ;ldltsf] a}7sn] kqsf/ dxf;+3 k;f{ zfvfdf sfg'gL ;xfotf sIf -lnun 8]S;_ sf] :yfkgf ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . zfvfsf] a}7sn] >dlhjL kqsf/x¿sf] xslxtsf nflu jL/]Gb|k|;fb ofbj / /fdgf/fo0f s'dL{ /xg] u/L b'O{ ;b:oLo pQm sfg'gL ;xfos sIf ;ldlt agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] xf] . To;}u/L a}7sn] cTofjZos sfd afx]s cGo cj:yfdf cfkm\gf ;jf/L ;fwgdf …k|];Ú gn]Vg ;d]t cg'/f]w ug]{ lg0f{o u/]sf] 5 . n]lvPsf k|];x¿ d]6fpg klg ;DalGwt ;a}nfO{ a}7sn] cfu|x u/]sf] cWoIf Zofd a+h/fn] hfgsf/L lbP . zfvfsf lgjt{ d fg cWoIf s] ; L nfld5fg] / k" j { cWoIfx¿ czf]s ltjf/L tyf zq'3g g]kfn ;lDdlnt tLg ;b:oLo ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;d]t agfpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] cWoIf a+hf/n] hfgsf/L lbP . ;x;lrj z]v/axfb'/ 5ts' n LnfO{ !% lbgleq pko' Q m :yfgdf sfof{ n o :yfkgfsf nflu :yfg 5gf]6 ug]{ lhDd]jf/L lbPsf] / vftf ;~rfngsf nflu sf]iffWoIf cg'k ltjf/Lsf] clgjfo{ x:tfIf/ tyf ;lrj s[i0fpbf; vgfn / cWoIf Zofd a+h/f dWo] Pshgfsf] x:tfIf/ rNg] u/L vftf ;~rfng ug]{ lg0f{o ;d]t a}7sn] u/]sf] 5 .

k|wfg;]gfklt uf}/j zDz]/ ha/fn] kmfNu'g @( ut]sf] dlGqkl/ifb\sf] lg0f{ocg';f/ k|f8 pk/yL bhf{df kbf]GgtL ePsf k|f8 ;xfos /yL xf]ds'df/ nfjtLnfO{ r}q # ut] h+uL c8\8fdf cfof]lht Ps ;df/f]xsf aLr pk/yLsf] bHof{gL lrGx k|bfg u/] . ;fy} kbf]GgtL ePsf k|f8 pk/yL nfjtLnfO{ sfo{/yL ljefu -k|f8 ljefs_ sf] k|d'vsf] lhDd]jf/L lbOPsf] ;]gfn] hgfPsf] 5 .

PkLPkm 6f]nL nfOj]l/of k|:yfg

;+oQ' m /fi6«;3+ sf] cg'/f]wdf zflGt:yfkgfy{ ;z:q k|x/L ansf] tkm{af6 o'gfO6]8 g]zG; ld;g Og nfOa]l/ofdf kmD8{ k'ln; o'lg6 -PkmkLo'_ sf] ¿kdf sfo{ ug{ vl6Psf] ;z:q k|x/L ansf] Po ;o #) ;b:oLo Ps 6f]nL kmfu'g #) ut] To;tkm{ k|:yfg u/]sf] 5 . ;z:q k|x/L dxflg/LIfs sf]if/fh jGtn] ;z:q k|x/L an k|wfg sfof{nodf cfof]lht Ps ;df/f]xsf aLr ;f] 6f]nLnfO{ z'esfdgf;lxt xflb{s ljbfO{ u/] . ;z:q k| x /L dxflg/LIfs jGtn] To; cj;/df nfOj]l/ofdf zflGt :yfkgfy{ g]kfnsf] tkm{af6 vl6Fb} cfPsf] PkLPkm 6f]nLn] nfOj]l/ofdf cfˆgf] 5'§} klxrfg agfPsf] rrf{ ub{} g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] OHht k|lti7fnfO{ sfod /fVb} o'Pgsf] Dof08]6 cg'¿ksf] lhDd]jf/L s'zntfk"j{s k'/fug{ lgb]{zg lbP . pgn] dfgjclwsf/

/ cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gsf] cIf/; kfngf ub}{ sfo{ ug'{kg]{ atfpFb} ld;gdf t}gfy ljleGg b]zsf ;'/IffsdL{;Fu cfjZos ;dGjo / ;xsfo{ ub}{ :yfgLo hgtfsf] dg lhTg] 9+un] pTs[i6 sfo{ ug{ x/xd]zf lqmoflzn /lx/xg'kg]{ pNn]v u/] . ;z:q k|x/L jl/i7 pk/LIfs uf]ljGb If]qLsf] sdf08df To;tkm{ k|:yfg u/]sf] ;f] 6f]nLdf l;lgo/ clws[t !% hgf, h'lgo/ clws[t !^ hgf;lxt s"n Ps ;o #) hgf 5g\ .++ ;f] d'ns ' sf] ljleGg :yfgdf u/L ;z:q k|x/L ansf] tkm{af6 tLgj6f PkmkLo' 6f]nL vl6Fb} cfPsf] 5 . tLgj6} 6f]nLdf u/L xfn s"n tLg;o *) hgf PkLPkm clws[t tyf hjfgx¿ ;xefuL /x]sf 5g\ . o;}qmddf ToxfF sfo{/t PkLPkm 6f]nLnfO{ abnL ug{ klxnf] 8km\kmf To;tkm{ k|:yfg u/]sf] xf] .

lqms]6 6f]nLnfO{ k|wfgdGqLsf] awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf

hd{ g sf] Ps cbfntn] o' / f] l kog RoflDkog jfo{ g Do'lgvsf cWoIf pnL xf]Gh]nfO{ ;f9] tLg jif{sf] h]n ;hfo ;'gfPsf] 5 . s/ 5nLsf] cf/f]kdf bf]ifL 7xl/Pkl5 pgnfO{ h]n ;hfo ;' g fOPsf] xf] . pgL hd{gLn] ;g\ !(&$ df ljZjsk lhTbf :6«fOs/ lyP . xf]Gh]sf] :jL; a}+sdf uf]Ko vftf /x]sf] kfOPsf] aLaL;Ln] hgfPsf] 5 .

sd{zLntf / zflGt xfdL dfgj ;Fw} lqmofzLn tyf l;h{gzLn x'g'k5{ . ta dfq z/L/ dg clg wg;d]t cfh{gsf nflu ;xhtf cfpF5 . dxfg\ JolQmTj tyf bfz{lgs clg uf}tdj'4 h:tf cfbz{ k'?ifx¿sf] k|]/0ff / hLjgLaf6 klg To:tf s'/fx¿sf] af/]df hfGg / a'em\g ;lsG5 . ljZjljVoft ss]l;og bfz{lgs Oefgf]aLr u'8{lhs vf;} s'g} sfd gePsf] lbgdf cfkm\gf] r]nfx¿nfO{ lnP/ s'g} h+untkm{ uP/ ToxfF 7"nf] vfN8f] vGg nufpg'x'GYof] . ulx/f] / 7"nf] vfN8f] vlg;s]kl5 r]nfx¿n] eGy]– u'? xfdLn] vfN8f] t tof/ kf¥of+}, ca s] ug]{ < pxfFsf] hjfkm ;xh x'GYof]– ca Tof] vfN8f] k'/ ltdLx¿ . clg r]nfx¿ eGy]– k'g]{ eP lsg vf8n vGg nufpg'eof] t u'? < km]l/ k|Zgsf] hjfkmdf bfz{lgs eGg'x'GYof]– ltdLx¿ lagfsfd To;} a:of} eg] cN5L / lbdfu klg ;':t x'G5, To;}n] lqmofzLn aGgsf nflu cfkm"nfO{ Jo:t /fVgsf nflu s]xL g s]xL ug'{k5{ . ;a}h;f] dxfk'?if, eujfg\, bfz{lgs tyf ;Gt dxGyn] o:tf s'/fx¿ cfkm\gf] ;fwgfsf] qmddf a]n}df a'em]sf x'G5g\ . dfgjn] lagfsfo{ ;do latfpg' x'Fb}g eGg] ;Gb]zsf] ultnf] b[i6fGt k|:t't ulPsf] 5, h;n] dfgjnfO{ ;bf ;Tsfo{ ub}{ lqmofzLn hLjgofkgsf nflu k|]/0ff k|bfg ub{5 . To:t} s'/f ljZjk|l;4 n]vs hh{ agf8{ zfn] klg atfPsf 5g\ . pgn] …s]xL sfd gkfP lem+uf df/]/ eP klg cfkm"nfO{ Jo:t /fvÚ eg]sf 5g\ . o;/L dfgj hLjgdf sd{ jf sfo{sf af/]df y'k|} To:tf k|;+ux¿ kfOG5g\, h;af6 dfgjnfO{ pmhf{ ldN5 . xfd|f] zflGtsf cu|b"t eujfg uf}td a'4n] klg To:t} dfgjLo ;Gb]z lbPsf 5g\, h;df pgsf lzion] k|Zg u/]sf lyP– u'? xfdLn] s:tf;Fu ;+ut ug'{k5{ < …a'4k'?if;FuÚ pQ/df atfP . k]ml/ lziox¿n] eg]– To:tf JolQm e]l6Fb}g eg] s:tfsf] ;+ut ug'{ knf{ < cfkm"h:t} cWoflTds JolQm;Fu ;+ut ug'{k5{ . cem} k|Zg ub{} lziox¿ eG5g\– cWoflTds JolQm klg e]l6Pg eg] lg u'? < …To;f] eP h;/L h+undf u}+8f PSn} lxF8\5, To:t} ltdLx¿ klg PSn} lxF8 t/ s';+utdf gk/Ú a'4n] o;/L tL lziosf] k|Zgsf] pQ/df cfkm\gf] hjfkm 6'+UofP . o;af6 s] hfGg ;lsG5 eg] dfgjn] slxNo} klg s';+ut cyjf v/fa JolQmsf] ;+utdf k/]/ o; ;j{>]i7 dfgj hLjgnfO{ latfpg' x'Fb}g . xfdL a'4 wd{df tGqjfbsf s'/f klg k9\5f}+ / ;'G5f}+ . g]kfndf tGqofgL af}4 wd{ klg lgs} k|Voft /x]sf] kfOG5 . o; ;Dk|bfodf / lxGb" wd{ cGtu{tsf tflGqs lqmofx¿df w]/} cGt/ gePsfn] klg of] a9L g} k|of]udf cfPsf] xf] ls eGg] dfGotf kfOG5 . o; ;Dk|bfosf] ljrf/cg';f/ ;f+;fl/s ljifox¿ g} wfld{s lqmofsf] ¿kdf ;fdflhs cfrf/ ljrf/x¿sf lj?4 dfgjLo sdhf]/Lx¿ o;k|lt cfslif{t /x]sf kfOG5g\ . ltAatdf tGqofg sfnfGt/df nfdfjfbsf] ¿kdf kl/:s[t x'Fb} cfPsf] xf] ls eGg] dflgG5 . sf7df8f+} pkTosfdf :joDe" / af}4 r}Todf k"hfcfhf ug]{ / ljz]if wfld{s k/Dk/f rnfpg] sfo{ nfdfx¿af6 g} ePsf] kfOG5 . tGqofgsf] af/]df lrGtg / dgg ubf{ dWosfnLg g]kfndf nf]slk|o ePsf ;xhofg, sfrqmofg klg :jefjt :d0fof]Uo 5g\ . cflba'4n] tflGqs ;Dk|bfox¿sf] lgdf{0fdf ;xof]u u/]sf] eGg] tTsflng ljåfgx¿sf] dfGotf kfOG5 . ah|ofgLx¿n} g} gfd kl/jt{g u/L ah|w/ agfPsf] xf] ls < g]kfndf / ltAatdf dfq} cflba'4sf d"lt{x¿ kfOgfn] klg of] ts{ p7\g' :jfefljs xf] . oxfF tGqofg rf/ ;Dk|bfodf ljeQm ePsf lyP eGg] klg pNn]v st} st} kfOG5 . af}4 tGqjfbsf *$ l;4dWo] uf]vgfysf] klg gfd lnOPsfn] tTsflng ;dodf af}4 tGqofg z}jtGqjfbaf6 k|efljt lyof] eGg] egfO /x]sf] klg e]l6G5 . o;af6 g]kfndf gfy ;Dk|bfosf of]uLx¿ / af}4 tGqofgsf ;fwsx¿aLr Ps cfk;df ;lxi0f'tf /x]sf] a'em\g ;lsG5 . h] eP klg g]kfn k|frLg ;dob]lv g} tGqsf] ;fwgf:yn /lxcfPsf] s'/fdf eg] ljdlt /xFb}g . cfk;df ldn]/ ;lxi0f'tfk"j{s ;a} hfthft tyf wdf{jnDjLx¿n] dgfpg] rf8kj{, /Llt;+:s[lt dgfpg] k/Dk/f / tl/sfn] klg d]nldnfk, Pstf / Psn] csf{sf] kj{k|lt ;Ddfg ug]{ pbfx/0fLo sfo{ xfdLdf /x]sf] 5 . g]kfn / g]kfnLsf] klxrfg / ljz]iftf cflåtLo / cg's/0fLo /x]sfn] klg zflGtsfdL ;'Gb/ b]znfO{ ;b\efj, ;xof]u / ;xsfo{af6 g} åGå, lx+;f / cGofonfO{ cGt u/L zfGt g]kfn lgdf{0f ug{ ;lsG5 eGg] oyfy{nfO{ dgg u/L ;a} gful/sn] cf–cfkm\gf] If]qaf6 ;sf/fTds kxnsf] yfngL ug'{kg]{ vfFrf] /x]sf] 5 . o;af6} ljZjzflGtsf] dfu{nfO{ ;'ud / ;xh agfP/ ;d'Ggt g]kfn lgdf{0f u/L cufl8 a9\g ;lsG5 .

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g]kfnn] ljZjsk lqms]6df ljhoL z'?jft u/]sf]df k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfn] awfO{ tyf z'esfdgf lbPsf 5g\ . …xªsªnfO{ *) /gn] k/flht ub{} g]kfnL l6d ljhoL ePsf] va/n] dnfO{ clt xlif{t agfPsf] 5Ú k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] cfOtaf/ ;fFem jQmJo hf/L ub{} eg], …/fli6«o uf}/j clej[l4 ug{] g]kfnL lqms]6 l6dnfO{ d o; cj;/df xflb{s awfO{ 1fkg ub{5' .Ú 6\jfG6L–@) ljZjsk lqms]6df klxnf]k6s ;xefuL ePsf] g]kfnL l6dsf] ljhoL z'?cft k|z+;fof]Uo /x]sf] sf]O/fnfn] atfP . …g]kfnL lqms] 6 l6dn] 5f] 6 f] ;dodf k| f Kt u/] s f] o; ;kmntfsf] ;/sf/ sb/ ub{5 . of] ;kmntfn] cfpFbf k|ltof]lutfdf klg cem pRr:t/sf] k|bz{g u/L ljZjsk r'Dg] ;kgf ;fsf/ kfg{ ;Dk"0f{ v]nf8L / k|lzIfsnfO{ yk xf};nf / k|]/0ff k|fKt x'g] d}n] cfzf lnPsf] 5'Ú k|wfgdGqL sf]O/fnfn] eg] .

Do'lgvsf cWoIf h]n ;hfo

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pbok'/ uf]N8sk r}t clGtddf

pbok'/ uf]N8sk km'6jnsf] t];|f] ;+:s/0f cfufdL r}t @% ut]af6 z'? x'g] ePsf] 5 . j}zfv @ ut];Dd x'g] k|ltof]lutfdf df]km;nsf rf/ / P l8lehg lnusf rf/ u/L s'n cf7 Snan] ;xeflutf hgfpg] ePsf ;f]djf/ /fhwfgLdf kqsf/ ;Dd]ng u/L cfof]hsn] hfgsf/L lbPsf 5g\ . cfof]hs lhNnf km'6an ;+3 pbok'/sf cWoIf ls/0f /fO{n] k|ltof]lutfdf P l8lehg Snj pkljh]tf dl5G›, g]kfn cfdL{, ;z:q / ;/:jtL Snj tyf df]km;nsf pbok'/ !!, ;u/dfyf !!, w/fg Snj, ;d|f6 :kf]l6ª Snj ;xefuL x'g] hfgsf/L lbP . /fO{sf cg';f/ k|ltof]lutfdf klxnf] x'g]nfO{ b'O{ nfv, bf];|f]nfO{ Ps nfv ¿k}ofF k|bfg ul/g]5 .

lkmkmf jl/otfdf g]kfn plSnof]

lqms]6 v]nf8LnfO{ 8]Jo' Sofk

6\jfG6L–@) ljZjskdf klxnf] v]n v]ns ] f] g]kfnL 6f]nLsf v]nf8LnfO{ …8]Ao' SofkÚ k|bfg ul/Psf] 5 . g]kfnn] ljZjsk 6\jfG6L–@) df v]Nb} ljZjsk 6\jfG6L–@) 9f]sf vf]ns ] f] 5, h'g g]kfnn] v]ns ] f] ;aeGbf 7"nf] :t/sf] v]n xf] . g]kfnL 6f]nLn] xªsª;Fusf] v]ndf cEof; ug{c ' l3 g]kfnL 6f]nLsf Joj:yfks pQd sdf{rfo{n] v]nf8LnfO{ jl/otfcg';f/ …8]Ao' SofkÚ k|bfg u/]sf lyP . jl/otfcg';f/ sKtfg kf/; v8\sfnfO{ Ps / 1fg]G› dNnnfO{ b'O{ gDa/ c+s /x]sf] Sofk k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . To;kl5sf] qmdz gDa/ g]kfnL 6f]nLdf /x]sf afFsL zlQm uf}rg, z/b e]ifjfs/, j;Gt /]UdL, ljgf]b e08f/L, g/]z a'9fP]/, ;'jf; vs'/n ] , ;fu/ k'g, lht]G› d'lvof / ;f]dkfn sfdLnfO{ Sofk gDa/ k|bfg ul/Psf] lyof] . afFsL rf/ v]nf8LdWo] s;}n] klg k|ltof]lutfdf v]Ng kfPdf pgLx¿nfO{ klg Sofk k|bfg ul/g] 5 .

ljZj km'6an dxf;+3 -lkmkmf_ sf] jl/otfqmddf g]kfn gf} :yfgdfly plSnPsf] 5 . lkmkmfn] laxLjf/ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] jl/otfdf g]kfn gf} :yfg km8\sf] dfb{} Ps ;o ^) cf}+ :yfgdf plSnPsf] xf] . o;cl3 cl3Nnf] dlxgf lkmkmfn] ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] jl/otfqmddf g]kfn Ps ;o ^( cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf] lyof] . blIf0f Pl;ofdf cu|:yfgdf /x]sf] ckmuflg:tfg eg] Ps ;o @& cf}+ :yfgdf 5 . o;}u/L ef/t Ps ;o %@ cf}+ :yfgdf 5 eg] dflNbD; Ps ;o %&, a+ u nfb] z Ps ;o ^@ / kfls:tfg Ps ;o %* cf}+ :yfgdf /x]sf 5g\ . >Ln+sf Ps ;o &# cf}+ :yfgdf plSnPsf] 5 eg] e'6fg @)& cf}+ :yfgdf oyfjt 5 . lkmkmf jl/otfdf :k]g Ps gDa/df /xFbf hd{gL bf];f| ,] ch{l] G6gf t];f| ] / kf]ru'{ n rf}yf] :yfgdf sfod} /x]sf 5g\ . ;g\ @)!$ sf] ljZjsk cfof]hs /fi6« a|flhn eg] gjf}+ :yfgdf oyfjt g} /x]sf] 5 .


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xTs]nf ;DaGwL ljljw kIf -k|:t't cfn]v k|l;4 x:t/]vfljb\ sL/f]sf] ;g\ !(!^ df k|sflzt k':ts …;a}sf nflu x:t/]vf lj1fgÚ -kfld:6«L km/ cn_ sf] wf/fjflxs cg'jfb xf] . cfkm\gf] eljio hfGg] sf}tx' ntf ;+;f/sf ;a} cfl:ts jf gfl:ts dflg;df b]lvPsf] 5 . …of] cGwljZjf;df ljZjf; ulb{gÚF eg]/ kmnfSb} cufl8sf] dflg;n] eljio atfOb]nf eGg] cfzfdf xft km}nfpg] k|j[lQ cToGt} Jofks b]lvG5 . cg'jfbssf] cg'ejdf x:t/]vf Pp6f k|fdfl0fs ljBf xf] . t;y{ cfd kf7sn] cfkm\gf] eljio cfkm}n + ] s]nfpg ;s'g\ eGg] p2]Zon] cg'jfb >[v + nf k|:t't ug{ nfluPsf] xf] . – cg'jfbs_ ;l6s Pj+ j}1flgs sygsf nflu ljBfyL{x¿n] of] lgodnfO{ ;Fw} dgg ug'{kb{5 / afofF xftdf b]lvPsf] s'g} …cToGt} /fd|f] /]vfÚ sf] cfwf/df cyjf ;DalGwt JolQmn] uj{sf ;fy afofF xftsf] /]vftkm{ Wofg cfslif{t u/] s f] cfwf/df eljio syg k|dfl0ft x'g' x'Fb}g . To:tf] lrGxn] ta;Dd kl/0ffd lbFb}g, ha;Dd Tof] lrGx bfofF xftdf klg b]lvFb}g .

bfofF / afofF xft

b'j} xTs]nfx¿ Ps} k|sf/sf 5g\ ls 5} g g\ a' e m\ g b' j } xft /fd| / L hfF R g' k b{ 5 . olb b' j } xTs] n f Ps} k|sf/sf 5g\ eg] h] h:tf] syg x'G5, Tof] k|jn x'G5 . olb afofF xftdf b]lvPsf] lrGx bfofFdf b]lvPg eg] o;n] :jefljs k|s[ltnfO{ dfq a'emfpF5 . bfofF xftdf Tof] lrGx b] l vPg eg] o;sf] kmn kfOFb}g, cyjf kl/0ffd lg:sFb}g olb b'j} xft Psbd} ;dfg 5g\ eg] s] a' e m\ g ' k b{ 5 eg] ;DalGwt JolQmn] k|f/Awn] jf k|s[ltn] lbPeGbf yk s]xL ljsl;t gu/]sf] eGg] a'em\g kb{5 . bfofFeGbf afofFtkm{sf] dl:tissf] a9L k| o f] u x' G 5 / :gfo' x ¿ bfofF xfttkm{ a9\5 eg] ofb /fVg' h?/L 5 . kl/0ffdtM bfofF xftn] ljsl;t

a[xt lqsf]0f

;lqmo dl:tisnfO{ a'emfpF5 eg] afofFn] :jefljs k| s [ l t jf em' s fpnfO{ dfq a'emfpF5 .

dl:tis/] v f, hLjg/] v f / :jf:Yo/]vfaf6 j[xt\ lqsf]0f aGb5 -lrq x]g'{xf];\_ . of] lqsf]0f hlt 7"nf] x'G5, Tolt g} :jf:Yo /fd|f] x'G5, lsgls :jf:Yo/]vf hLjg/] v faf6 6f9f x' g k' U b5 . hLjgk|ltsf] b[li6sf]0f j[xt\ x'G5 / sfo{If]q klg ;Ldfdf gafFlwP h:t} x'G5 . olb dflyNnf] sf]0f -hLjg/]vf /

dl:tis/]vfaf6 lgld{t_ gAa] l8u|LeGbf sdsf] eof] eg] Tof] JolQm Jou| / a9L g} ;+j]bgzLn x'G5 .

rt'e{'h

gfdn] ;' e mfP em+ } x[ b o / dl:tis/]vfsf] aLrsf] If]qnfO{ rt'e'{h elgG5 -lrq x]g'{xf];\_ . olb b'j}lt/ ;fFu'/f] 5}g / ;dfg cfsf/sf] 5, o;nfO{ /fd|f] dfGg'kb{5 . o:tf] b]lvof] eg] lg0f{odf ;Gt'ng, ;Gt'lnt dl:tis / cToGt} /fd|f] k|lts dfGg'kb{5 . rt'e{'hn] c?sf k|ltsf] wf/0ff / ;xof]uLk|ltsf] wf/0ffnfO{ bzf{pF5 . olb cToGt} ;fF3/' f] 5 eg] o;n] j}rfl/s ;+sL0f{tf cyjf wd{sf af/]df b[9wld{tfnfO{ a'emfpF5 . olb cToGt} km/flsnf] eof] eg] clg0f{o / j}rfl/s¿kdf cToGt} v's'nf] JolQm eGg] a'emfpF5 . qmdz ===

l;l6hG;\ a}s+ sf] …;"o{ g]kfn cfzf pBdzLntf cjf8{Ú r}tdf a08 ;"rLs/0f

kmfNu' g @( ut] l;l6hG;\ a} + s OG6/g] z gn lnld6] 8 / g] k fn :6s PS;r]GhaLr k|lt C0fkq c+lst tyf r'Qmf d"No Ps xhf/ ¿k}ofF sfod ePsf] %) s/f]8 a/fa/sf], kfFr nfv yfg C0fkq jflif{s *=% k|ltzt Aofhb/ sfod ePsf] / q}dfl;s tj/n] Jofh ljt/0f ug{] / C0fkq afF8kmfF8 ePsf] ldltn] ;ft jif{df

;fjfF lkmtf{ e'QmfgL x'g] u/L ;fd'lxs nufgL sf]if, ;j{;fwf/0f tyf JolQmut nufgLstf{nfO{ bf];f| ] ahf/df sf/f]jf/ ug{sf] nflu a08 ;"rLs/0f ;DaGwL ;Demf}tf ul/sf] a}s + n] hgfPsf] 5 . C0fkq ;"rLs/0f ;Demf}tf kqdf o; :6s PS;r]Ghsf] tkm{af6 dxfk|aGws ;Ltf/fd yklnof / a} + s sf] tkm{ a f6 ;xfos dxfk| a Gws÷sDkgL ;lrj u0f] z /fh kf]v/]nn] x:tfIf/ u/] .

;g\ @)!# sf ;fdflhs pBdLnfO{ of] jif{ r}t !$ df …;"o{ g]kfn ;fdflhs pBdL cjf8{ @)!#Ú af6 ;Ddfg ul/g] ePsf] 5 . pTs[i6 kfFr ;fdflhs pBdLn] of] cjf8{ kfpg] 5 g\ . b]ze/af6 cfPsf cfj]bgdWo]af6 5flgPsf !) clGtd k|lt:kwL{sf] 5gf]6 eO;s]sf] cfof]hsn] hfgsf/L lbPsf] 5 . ;fdflhs pBdL cjf8{ ax'/fli6«o sDkgL ;"o{ g]kfn / r]Gh km\oh ' g g]kfnn] tLg jif{bl] v k|bfg ub{} cfPsf 5g\ . cfof]hssf cg';f/ of] jif{ cfzf cjf8{sf nflu !$ c~rnsf $) lhNnfaf6 Ps ;o !( ;fdflhs pBdLn] cfj]bg lbPsf lyP . tLdWo]af6 klxnf] r/0fdf pTs[i6 $) pBdL r'lgPsf lyP . pgLx¿nfO{ !& kmfu'gdf cfof]lht ahf/ ldgf/df ;d]t ;xefuL u/fOPsf] lyof] . To;kl5 pTs[i6 !) pBdL rog ePsf x'g\ . cfof]hssf cg';f/ clGtd !) sf] ;"rLdf kg{]df rf/ hgf /fhwfgL / 5 hgf aflx/sf 5g\ . pkTosfleqaf6 5flgg]df k|mG] 8 x]lG8qmfkm\6sf zflGt >]i7 / lgh{nf >]i7, :df6{ kfgLsf ;'dg zfSo, / lxdfnog ofla{6 kmfd{sf pHjn rfkfufO{+ 5g\ . /fhwfgL aflx/af6 l;Gw'nLl:yt h'gf/ s]Gb|Lo ;xsf/L ;+3sf bLksk|;fb sf]O/fnf, sfe|s ] f] e§]8fF8f dlxnf s[lif ;xsf/LsL km"ndfof tfdfª,

rf}w/L ;d"xsf] Sofd]n r'/f]6

r'/f]6 pBf]udf @) s/f]8 ¿k}ofF nufgL ug{] 3f]if0ff u/]sf] rf}w/L ;d"xn] cGt/f{l6«o a|fG8sf] r'/f]6 Sofd]n g]kfndf NofPsf] 5 . ax'/fli6«o sDkgL hfkfg 6f]afsf] O+s -h]l6cfO{_ sf] pTkfbg Sofd] n g] k fnL ahf/df ljqmLljt/0f z'? eO;s]sf] 5 . ut xKtf cfof]lht ;fj{hlgs sfo{qmddf h]l6cfO{sf pRr Joj:yfks tyf rf}w/L ;d'xsf k|aGw lgb{z ] s lgjf{0f rf}w/L nufotsf] pkl:yltdf Sofd]nsf b'O{ km/s cfsf/sf Kofs]6 g]kfnL ahf/df ljqmL z'? ul/Psf] xf] . z'?df hfkfgd} pTkflbt r'/f]6 ljqmL ug{] / lj:tf/} gjnk;f;Ll:yt KnfG6df pTkfbg yfngL ug{] rf}w/L ;d'xsf] of]hgf 5 . gjnk/f;Ll:yt pBf]u u|fddf rf}w/L ;d'xn] cfkm}+ KnfG6 lgdf{0f ul/ r'/f]6 pBf]udf cfpg

k|oTg u/]sf] lyof] . t/, ck]Iffcg'¿k ;kmntf kfpg ;s]sf] lyPg . sDkgLn] clxn] klg ;fx;L nufotsf s]lx a|fG8 pTkfbg ub{} cfPsf] 5 . lahdf08" ; F u tLg dlxgf cl3sf] cGtjftf{df rf}w/L ;d'xsf cWoIf ljgf]b rf}w/Ln] z'?df h]l6cfO{sf s]lx a|fG8 ;fj{hlgs ug{] / lj:tf/} ;+o'Qm nufgLdfkm{t g}kfnd} r'/f]6 pTkfbg ug{] of]hgf ;fj{hlgs u/]sf lyP . pgn] g]kfndf pTkfbg yfngL ePsf] jif{ r'/f]6 pBf]udf @) nfv 8n/ -sl/a @) s/f] 8 ¿k} o fF _ nufgL ug{ ] / To;kl5 qmlds¿kn] nufgL a9fpg] rf}w/Ln] atfP . hfkfgaf6 NofOPsf] k|ljlwdf ;fx;L nufotsf :yfgLo a|fG8sf] klg pTkfbg a9fpg] /0fgLlt rf}w/L ;d"xsf] 5 . h]l6cfO{;uF sf] ;xsfo{n] g]kfnL r'/f]6 pBf]udf cfkm"x¿ gofF 9+un] :yflkt x'g] ljZjf; rf}w/Lsf] 5 . :t/Lo pTkfbg z'? ePkl5 g]kfnaf6 lgof{tsf] ;+efjgf ;d]t vf]lh ug{] rf}w/L ;d"xsf] of]hgf 5 . ;o jif{ nfdf] Oltxf; ePsf] Sofd]n ljZjJofkL 6«8] dfs{ kfpg] klxnf] r'/f]6 a|fG8 xf] . clxn] ljZjsf ;oeGbf a9L d'ns ' df Sofd]n ljqmL x'g] h]l6cfO{n] hgfPsf] 5 . h]l6cfO{n] Sofd]n nufot ljG:6g, ldN6 ;]eg] , laPG8Pr, l;Ns s6nufot cf7 a|fG8sf r'/f]6 cGt/f{li6«o ahf/df ljqmL ub{} cfPsf] 5 . g]kfndf la:tf/} h]l6cfO{sf yk a|fG8 ;fj{hlgs ug{] tyf hfkfgL k|ljlwdf pTkfbg ;'? ug{] rf}w/L ;d'xsf] nIo 5 .

cf/fdbfoL ofqfsf] nflu dsfn' oftfoftnfO{ ;Demg'xf];\ . kmf]g g+= M $@&&%%@, $@*!(&@

sfe|]s} cfzfk'/L cuf{lgs kmfd{sf k|]daxfb'/ nfdf, Ko'7fgsf] dft[el" d pmhf{sf dw's/ s];L, /fd]5fksf] tfdfsf];L sDo'lg6L l/hg PG8 6k{G] 6fOgsf /Tgaxfb'/ g]jf/ / wflbªsf] g]kfn ;f];fO6L ckm l8;]an dN6Lkkf{]h sf]– ck/]l6esL t]hs'df/L ltjf/L 5g\ . cfzf cjf8{af6 b'O{ >[+vnfdf !# ;fdflhs pBdL

;Ddflgt eO;s]sf 5g\ . …lkk'n, k|f]lkm6 / Knfg]6Ú sf] hudf pleP/ cl3 a9\g] ;fdflhs pBdLnfO{ k|fT] ;fxg ug{ cfzf cjf8{ z'? ul/Psf] cfof]hsn] hgfPsf] 5 . cu|0fL ;fdflhs pBdLsf] klxrfg, ;Ddfg / k|j4{g g} cjf8{sf] d'Vo p2]Zo /x]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . g]kfndf ko{6g / hn;|f]t h:t} dfgj ;+zfwg klg k|jn ;Defjgfsf] If]q /x]sfn] cfzf cjf8{dfkm{t\ k|j4{g z'? ul/Psf] xf] . of] jif{sf] cjf8{ ljt/0f ;df/f]xdf cfFvf /f]u ljz]if1 8f= ;Gb's ?Ot tyf tLnu+uf OlG:6Ro'6 ckm cKyfNdf] n f] h L kl/jf/nfO{ pNn] v gLo sfo{jfkt ;Ddfg ul/g] ePsf] 5 .

lqmi6nsf] ;fwf/0f ;ef ;DkGg

kmfu'g #) ut] lqmi6n kmfOgfG;sf] bzf+}, P3f/f} / af¥xf+} jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;ef ;DkGg ePsf] 5 . ;efdf ;~rfns ;ldltsf cWoIf s]bf/ sfsL{n] cfly{s jif{ @)^&÷)^*, )^*÷)^( /

@)^(÷)&) sf] tLg cfly{s jif{sf] n]vf kl/Ifssf] k|ltj]bg ;lxtsf] ;~rfns ;ldltsf] k| l tj] b g k| : t' t u/] . tLg cfly{s jif{sf] n]vf kl/Ifssf] k|ltj]bg / jf;nft tyf gfkmf gf]S;fg lx;fj ;lxtsf] ljQLo ljj/0f k|sfzg ug{ / jflif{s ;fwf/0f ;ef k|of]hgsf nflu g]kfn /fi6« a}+sn] :jLs[lt k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . s]xL cjlw t/ntfsf] ;d:ofsf sf/0f c;xh cj:yf k/]tf klg shf{

c;'nLdf s8fO{ ul/Psf sf/0f cfly{s jif{ @)^(÷)&) df !% s/f]8 (& nfv v'b d'gfkmf ePsf] Joxf]/f cWoIf s]bf/ sfsL{n] ;efnfO{ hfgsf/L u/fP . klxNnf] cjlwdf t/ntfsf sf/0fn] shf{ c;'nLtkm{ Wofg lbg' k/]sf] xF'bf xsk|b z]o/ hf/L ug] { sfo{ :yug ePsf] d f !M! cg' k ftdf xsk|b z]o/ hf/L u/L r'Qmf k"FhL !$ s/f]8 rfn' cfly{s jif{df g} k'¥ofpg] k|:tfj klg ;efn] :jLs[t u/]sf] 5 . To;}u/L cGo pko'Qm a}+s jf ljQLo;Fu dh{/df hfg] ljz]if k|:tfj klg ;efn] :jLs[t u/]sf] 5 . xfn ;+:yfdf tLg ;b:oLo ;~rfns ;ldltdf cWoIf s]bf/ sfsL{ ;~rfns d'Gg' >]i7 / pT;j;'Gb/ >]i7nfO{ afFsL sfo{sfnsf nflu u/]sf] lgo'lQmnfO{ ;efn] cg'df]bg u/]sf] 5 .

kmfu'gb]lv a}zfv;Ddsf] cjlw xfjfx'/L a9L cfpg] ;do xf] . cfuf] afNbf ;'/lIft 7fpFdf afNg], ;nfO{, nfO6/, dl§t]n cflb HjngzLn j:t' s]6fs]6Ln] e]6g\ ] 7fpFdf g/fVg] . s]6fs]6LnfO{ hyfefjL cfuf] afNbf x'g;Sg] cfunfuLsf b'36{ gfx?af/] ;DemfOa'emfO ug]{ / o:tf s'/fx?af6 ;hu /xg hgr]tgf a9fpg] sfo{df ;xof]u u/f}+ .

g]kfn ;/sf/

;"rgf tyf ;~rf/ dGqfno ;"rgf ljefu

df]6f]kgf clxn]sf] ;dodf Ps ;femf ;d:ofsf] ¿kdf b]lvg yfn]sf] 5 . klxn] klxn] ljs;t /fi6«sf] klg ;d:of dflgg] df]6f]kgf clxn] ljsf;f]Gd'v /fi6«sf] klg ;d:of ePsf] 5 . df]6f]kgf eGgfn] z/L/df cToflws af];f]kgf eO{ :jf:YonfO{ gsf/fTds c;/ k'¥ofpg] cj:yf xf] . olb s'g} JolQmn] cfkm\gf] z/L/nfO{ rflxg]eGbf a9L vfgf vfG5 / ToxL cg';f/ vfgfaf6 k|fKt ePsf] zlQm -Sofnf]/L_ vr{ ePg eg] Tof] Sofnf]/L af];f]sf] afnf /fO{ ¿kdf hDg yfNb5 / df]6f]kgf z'? x'G5 . df]6f]kgfn] ubf{ ljleGg k|sf/sf :jf:Yo ;d:ofsf] hf]lvd a9fpF5 / sltko cj:yfdf k|f0f3fts /f]usf] sf/0f klg x'g;S5 . df]6f]kgfsf] d'Vo sf/0f eg]sf] g} c:j:Yo vfgfsf] cToflws ;]jg / ToxL cg';f/ zf/Ll/s ultljlwdf sdL x'g' xf] . clxn]sf] cfw'lgs hLjgz}nL / /xg;xgn] ubf{ xfdL cfxf/ a9L vfG5f}+ / t'ngfTds¿kdf zf/Ll/s ultljlw sd u5f{+}{ / cGttM af];f] hDg yfNb5 .

df]6f]kgfsf] cGo sf/0fx¿M

z/L/nfO{ rflxg]eGbf cToflws vfg] . kmf:6km'8, dMdM, rfpldg, k|]mGr k|mfO, ;;]h, k]o kbfy{ . u'lnof] / lrNnf] vfgf .  j+zfg'ut u'0f . dlb/fkfg .  yfO/fO8 / cfGb|f xdf{]gsf] ;d:of . s'g} k|sf/sf] cf}ifwLsf] ;fO8Okm]S6 . afnaflnsf / lszf]/ cj:yfsfx¿sf] Pp6f 7"nf] ;d:of eg]s} df]6f]kgf xf] . tYof+s cg';f/ klg lszf]/–lszf]/L cj:yfdf g} df]6f]kgfsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ k|f0f3fts /f]usf hf]lvddf k/]sf 5g\ . afNosfndf ePsf] jf ckgfPsf] hLjgz}nL o'jf cj:yf;Dd klg ToxL afgL x'G5 . afNosfndf df]6f] /x]sfx¿ k|foM o'jf cj:yfdf klg df]6f x'G5g\ . xfdL cfkm\gf] aRrfx¿nfO{ w]/} v'jfpg] k|of; u5f+}{ / w]/} vfPsf] /fd|f] dfG5f}+ / zf/Ll/s¿kdf x§fs§f jf df]6f] ePg eg] lrGtf u5f}+{ . t/ clxn] of] cj:yf /x]g / afnaflnsf df]6f] eP eg]rflxF lrGtf lnP/ tf}n lgoGq0f ug'{k5{ . gq slnn} pd]/b]lv dw'd]x / x[bo3ft h:tf ;d:ofaf6 kLl8t x'g ;S5g\ .     

df]6f]kgsf c;/x¿M

 pRr /Qmrfk÷pRr sf]n]:6«f]n  kfrg k|0ffnLsf] ;d:of .  SofG;/sf] vt/f .  x[bo3ft, dl:tis3ft .

.

dw'd]x . xf8hf]gL{ ;DaGwL ;d:of . afFemf]kgf . zf/Ll/s¿kdf e2f b]lvP/ dfgl;s¿kdf tgfj / lrGtf x'g;S5 . df]6f]kg ePsf] yfxf kfpg] w]/} tl/sfx¿ 5g\ . ;lhnf] tl/sfdWo] cfkm\gf] tf}n lsnf]u|fd_ df gfKg] clg prfO{nfO{ klg ld6/df gfKg] . cfPsf] tf}nnfO{ prfO{sf] :Sjfo/ u/L efu ug]{ . h:t} JolQmsf] rf}n %$ 5 / prfO{ !=% ld6/ 5 eg] aL=Pd=cfO{ -a8L df; OG8]S;_ o;/L lgsfNg ;lsG5 . aL=Pd=cfO{= Ö %$÷!=$x$=% Ö@$ / cfPsf] kmnnfO{ aL=Pd=cfO{= sf] dfkb08;Fu t'ngf ug{ ;lsG5 . olb aL=Pd=cfO{= @% eGbf dfly jf w]/} cfPdf df]6f]kgf z'? ePsf] a'lemG5 / #) eGbf a9L cfPdf cToflws df]6f] a'lemG5 . aL=Pd=cfO{= sf] dfkb08 aRrfx¿sf] nflu eg] km/s x'G5 . ;a}eGbf sl7g / d'l:sn eg]s} tf}n lgoGq0f / 36fpg xf] . xfdL k|fo ;a}nfO{ g} tf}n 36fpg] pkfox¿ yfxf xf]nf t/ tL pkfox¿ hlt eGg ;lhnf] 5, Tolt g} b}lgsL hLjgdf ptfg{ uf¥xf] x'G5 . xfdL k|foM Ps b'O{ xKtf;Dd vfgf lgoGq0f u5f}{+ / zf/Ll/s ultljlw a9fpF5f} / rfxG5f}+ ls tf}n crfgs g} 36f];\ / cfkm"n] ;f]r]h:tf] ePg eg] xfdL lg/fz x'G5f}+ / k'gM cfkm\gf] k'/fg} hLjgz}nLdf kms{G5f}+, h'g unt xf] . ToxL eP/ tf}n 36fpg cfTdjn, b[9tf rflxG5 .    

tf}n 36fpg] s]xL pkfox¿M

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nflu O{Zj/sf] jrg x'GYof] . nfdf] lgjf{;g hLjgsf] qmddf pgL c;+ V o sf+ u ] | ; L sfo{stf{sf sdf08/ lyP . xhf/ lsnf]ld6/ nfdf] k"j{–klZrd km}lnPsf] g]kfn–ef/t ;Ldfsf] kf/Lk§L pgL ;lqmo lyP / sfo{stf{sf] v6gk6gdf ;lqmo /xGy] . pgn] To; ;do cfkm" …g]tfÚ aGg] ;kgf slxNo} af]sg] g\ . ;bf;j{bf jLkLnfO{ ;kmn agfp jLkLs} /0fgLltcg';f/ jLkLsf] cfb]z tfd]n ug{ bQlrQ /x] . jLkL sf]O/fnfsf] lg0f{odf lul/hfk|;fbn] slxNo} k|Zg p7fPgg\, cf1fsf/L cg'ofoLsf ?kdf sfo{/t /x] . ;fFrf] cy{df lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] a]Un} klxrfg g} lyPg, s]xL lyof] eg] jLkLsf] 5fofFsf ?kdf dfq lyof] . zfob jLkLn] g} pgnfO{ …xjNbf/Ú sf] pkdf lbPsf lyP . t/ s] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf kmut …xjNbf/Ú lyP t < sf+u; ]| sf cfd z'eR] 5's / sf+u; ]| aflx/sf JolQmx?sf aLrdf pgsf] 5lj o:t} ePklg sf+u; ]| leqsf ;+3if{/t sfo{stf{aLr pgL e/kbf{ …lul/hf bfh'Ú lyP . nIonfO{ dxTjk"0f{ dfGg] / nIo xfl;nsf] ;fwgsf] u'0f–bf]ifk|lt vf;} jf:tf gug]{ lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf cfd sfo{stf{sf nflu ljZjfl;nf lj/fdljGb" lyP . dx]Gb|

df]/Ë SofDk;sf] ;fdfGo r'gfjsf] ljho ;'lglZrt ug{ xf];\ jf cfGbf]ngsf nflu k};f h'6fpg xf];,\ pgn] tL nIox? k|flKtsf nflu cjnDag ug]{ pkfosf u'0fbf]ifsf] af/]df jf:tf /fv]gg\ eGbf klg x'G5 . o;sf nflu sltko cj:yfdf /fhgLlts ofqfsf qmddf lzv/df k'u]sf] cj:yfdf ;d]t cfnf]rgf ;d]t Joxf]g{' k¥of] . lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] oxL ldhf;sf sf/0f pgnfO{ x7\7L, lh2L / x7wdL{ ;d]t elgof] . jf:tjd} pgL x7\ 7 L lyP . k|hftGqsf ;jfndf klg pgsf] of] x7 ToxL xb;Dd hLjgko{Gt sfod /Xof] . )$* ;fndf lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqL ePnuQ} u0f]zdfg l;+x;Fusf] dte]b / slr+un / To;kl5 pkr'gfj x'bF } dWofjwL r'gfj;Dd cfOk'Ubf s[i0fk|;fb e§/fO{;uF sf] dte]b / To;sf sf/0f kf6L{ k+lQmdf b]lvPsf] #^ / &$ sf] ljefhg pgsf] x7s} sf/0f xf] eGg] klg w]/} 5g\ . x'g klg lul/hfk|;fb cln nlrnf] eOlbPsf] eP To:tf] kl/l:ylt hlGdg] lyPg ls eg]/ ;f]Rg'kg]{ cj:yf lglZrt?kdf ljBdfg 5 . sDo'lgi6x?sfk|ltsf] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] wf/0ff / Jojxf/ klg lgSs} ljjfbf:kb /Xof] . pgL pu| sDo'lgi6 lj/f]wLsf ?kdf lrlgGy] . …dfn], d;fn] /

d08n] Ps} x'g\Ú eGg] pgsf] cleJolQm g]kfnL /fhgLlts kl/b[Zodf ;a}eGbf a9L p4/0f ul/Psf] cleJolQmdWo] kb{5 . pgL ;fFlRrs} sDo'lgi6x?k|lt c;lxi0f' b]lvGy] . :jefljs?kdf sDo'lgi6x? klg pgLk|lt /fd|f] wf/0ff /fVb}gy] . cfhsf] sf+u|];sf] ;xofqL g]skf Pdfn]n] pgnfO{ slxNo} ;~rf] lbPg . lgjf{lrt ePsf] rf/ dlxgfleq pgsf lj?4 yflnPsf] sd{rf/L cfGbf]ng, dbg e08f/Lsf] d[To'kl5 pgnfO{ …vngfosÚ sf ?kdf ul/Psf] k|:t'lt / e|i6frf/sf] cf/f]kdf dlxgf}s + f] ;+;b\ cj/f]wsf af/]df w]/n } fO{ ofb xf]nf . ax'bnLo Joj:yfsf] k'g:yf{kgf kl5sf clwsf+z 36gf / b'36{ gfsf] s]Gb| ljGb'df lyP lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf . pgsf] 7fpFdf c? sf]O{ eOlbPsf] eP cfhsf] g]kfnsf] kl/b[Zo s:tf] x'g] lyof] xf]nf, cg'dfg ug{ lgSs} uf¥xf] 5 . cToGt} nfdf] /fhgLlts hLjg ofqfsf qmddf clwsf+z sfnv08 u}/sf+u; ]| L / sf+u; ]| leqs} klg 7"nf] hdftsf nflu pgL 7"n} vngfosf ?kdf /x] . sf+u; ]| leqsf] Pp6f 7"nf] hdft -;DejtM ax'dt sf+u; ]| _ sf nflu pgL e/kbf{ gfos lyP . h]xf];,\ lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf of t 7"n} gfos lyP of 7"n} vngfos . pgnfO{ …l7s}Ú eGg] dflg; lj/n} lyP . sDo' l gi6x? dxfgtd\ lj/f] w L lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf hLjgsf] pQ/fw{df rflxF pu| sDo'lgi6x?sf nflu ;d]t e/f];fsf s]Gb| aGg k'u] . ;QfkIf / ljkIfsf /fhgLlts uf]6Lrfndf Jo:t /xg] lul/hfafa' PSsf;L rnfodfg /fhgLltaf6 p7]/ ;j{:jLsfo{ /fhg]tf aGg k'u] . lul/hfafa'sf] of] ?kfGt/0f jf:tjd} lj:dosf/L lyof] . s] lul/hfk|;fb nlrnf] eP/ jf x7\7L x'g 5f]8]sf] sf/0f o:tf] ;Dej ePsf] xf] < /fd|f];Fu ;f]Rg] / ljZn]if0f ug]{ xf] eg] pgn] x7 5f8]sf lyPgg\, a? c?n] pgsf] x7sf ;fd" 3'F8f 6]s]sf] b]lvG5 eg] pgn] klg cfkm\gf] kmfObf j]kmfObf jf nfe xfgLnfO{ w] / } xb;Dd jf:tf gu/] s f] b]lvG5 . sDo'lgi6x?sf ;aeGbf c;lxi0f' lul/hfk|;fb pu| sDo'lgi6nfO{ d"nwf/df Nofpg] sf/stTj ag] . Tof] qmddf kf6L{sf] kmfObf–a]kmfObfnfO{ pgn] k6Ss} jf:tf u/] g g\ . pgnfO{ /fd| / L yfxf lyof] , tTsflng cj:yfdf r' g fj u/fpg' sf+u|];nfO{ lxts/ 5}g . t/, /fi6«sf] /fhgLltnfO{ ;xL af6f]df Nofpg pgn] r'gfjnfO{ /f]h] . 1fg]Gb| zfxsf] x7wdL{tf / tfgfzfxL Jojxf/nfO{ k/f:t ug{ pgL sDo'lgi6k|lt klg ;lxi0f' ag]s} x'g\ . log} ;a sbdn] pgnfO{ /fhg]tf agfof] . x7\7L lul/hfk|;fbn] x7 5f8]sf] / nlrnf] ePsf] b]lvP klg ;+;b\ k'g:yf{kgf h:tf ljifodf pgsf] …x7Ú jf:tjd} ckTofl/nf] lyof] . ljjfbdf /x]/} rrf{sf] lzv/df /xg] lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnfsf] cfnf]rgf x'g eg]

slxNo} 5f]8g] . cfh klg pgsf] gfd ;'Gg] lalQs} gfs v'DRofpg] / g]kfnsf] ;Dk"0f{ cJoj:yf / ljs[ l tsf nflu pgnfO{ lhDd]jf/ 7x¥ofpg] w]/} 5g\ . s'g} a]nf jLkLnfO{ kmfF;Lsf] dfu ub}{ ljdfg:yndf pgsf] af6f] 5]Sg] / pgnfO{ c/fli6«o tTj eGb} ljifadg ug]{x? jLkLsf] cfbz{ / gLltsf] ;aeGbf 7"nf k|z; + s alg;s]sf 5g\ . ltg} JolQmx? lul/hfk|;fbnfO{ rflxF 7"nf] vgfnos dfGb5g\ . lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf s]xL …x7Ú / lg0f{ox?sf] cf}lrTo jf:tjdf cem} klg pgs} cg'ofoLx?aLr klg ;flat x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . 5f]/L ;'hftfk|ltsf] pgsf] df]x JofVof ug{ g;lsg] 5 . ;DejtM w[t/fi6«sf] k'qdf]x eGbf klg a9L lyof] lul/hfk|;fbsf] k'qL df]x . pgn] s'g} k|sf/sf] pko'Q{ m :yfgsf] xsbf/ gePsL ;'hftfnfO{ pkk|wfgdGqL agfPsf lyP . clwsf+z sf+u; ]| hg, oxfF;Dd ls pgsf cGw cg'ofoL dflgPsf jt{dfg k|wfgdGqL ;'zLn sf]O/fnfsf] ;Dd ljdlt x'Fbfx'Fb} klg pgn] x7k"j{s ;'hftfnfO{ pkk|wfgdGqL agfPsf lyP . elgG5, pgL 5f]/LnfO{ kf6L{sf] afu8f]/ ;d]t ;'Dkg rfxGy] . of] pgsf] cGwf] k'qLdf]x af]xs s]xL lyPg eGg'kg]{ cj:yf cem} 5 . t/, lul/hfk|;fbsf lgs6td\ /x]sf JolQmx?sf cg';f/ pgnfO{ To:tf] df]x geO{ jf:tjd} ;'hftfsf] g]tT[ j Ifdtfdf ljZjf; lyof] / of] /fi6« / sf+u; ]| kf6L{ ;'hftfs} xftdf ;'/lIft /xG5 eGg] dfGotf pgdf ljsf; ePsf] lyof] . ;'hftfsf] Ifdtf k|bz{g / Jojxf/af6 of] ljZjf;nfO{ ;To xf] eGg] cfwf/ cem} ge]l6Psf] sf/0f of] k'qL df]x g} eGg'kg]{ cj:yf cem} ljBdfg 5 . h] xf];\, lul/hfk|;fb sf]O/fnf g]kfnL /fhgLlts kl/b[Zosf …x7\7LÚ jl/i7x?dWo] slgi6 t/ ;kmntd\ JolQm x'g\ . ljutdf pgL geOlbPsf] eP cfhsf] b[Zo s] x'GYof] jf cfh pgL eOlbPsf eP s] x'GYof] eGg] k|Zgsf] hjfkmdf cf–cfkm\g} 9+un] y/L y/Lsf ljZn]if0f / lgisif{sf] 7]nL lg:sg ;Sb5 .

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u[x ===

u[xdGqL jfdb]j uf}tdn] g} x:tfÔ/ u/]/ nf]s;]jfnfO{ k|x/L ;]jfdf lgo'lQm tyf a9'jf ubf{ ckgfpg'kg]{ ;fdfGo l;4fGt sfof{Gjogsf nflu yk tLg dlxgfsf] ;do dfu] . u[xdGqLn] g} lr7\7L n]v]kl5 nf]s;]jfn] dfGg] k|x/L clwsf/Lsf] klg ck]Ôf lyof] . t/ dlxgf lbg laTg nflu;s]sf] 5, nf]s;]jfn] dfg]sf] 5}g . a? dlGqkl/Èb\ ePsfn] lgodfjnL kf; ug]{ ;xh af6f] x'"bfx"'b} lsg k'gM Dofb yKg'k¥of] eg]/ nf]s;]jf cfof]un] u[xnfO{ :ki6Ls/0f dfu]kl5 u[xdf dfq xf]Og, k|x/L k|wfg sfof{nodf klg o;n] x+ufdf dRrfPsf] 5 . lsgls k|x/Ldf rf/ dlxgfb]lv k|zf;gtkm{sf Pshgf klg PcfO{hL 5}gg\ . a9'jfsf] lbg s'bf{s'b}{ l8cfO{hLx? lg/fz eO;s]sf 5g\ . cl3Nnf] laxLaf/sf] dlGqkl/Èb\sf] a}7sn] ;lrjsf l/Qm kbx?df kf"r hgfsf] a9'jf u¥of] . t/ k|x/Lsf] klqmof g} z'? x'g ;s]sf] 5}g . s]lx lbg cl3dfq k|x/L x]8Sjf6{/ uPsf u[xdGqL jfdb]j uf} t dn] l56\ 6 } g} PcfO{ h L a9' j f ug] { atfPsf lyP . >f]tsfcg';f/ k'/fg} lgodfjnLcg';f/ a9'jf ug'{kg]{ bafa ;/sf/dfly a9]sf] 5 . t/ tLg ;ftfb]lv k|x/L lgodfjnLljxLg 5 . k|x/L ;]jfsf kbdf lgo'lQm tyf a9'jf

k|ljlw km];a's vf]nk] l5 P;PdP;

km];a's cfd dflg; hf]l8g], e]l6g] ;fj{hlgs d~r alg;s]sf] 5 . k'/fgf / :s'n] pd]/kl5 5'6]sf ;fyL b]lv gofF gofF ;fyL agfpg] dfWod ag]sf] 5 of] ;fdflhs ;~hfn . of] ;fdflhs ;~hfnsf] nf]slk|otf ljZje/ plQs} 5 . g]kfndf gx'g] t emg\ s'/} ePg . o;sf] nf]slk|otf Pn]S;f jf s'g} c? Pgflnl6S; j]a;fO6n] b]vfpg} kb{}g dflg; OG6/g]6sf] sg]S;g hfFRg o;sf] k|of]u u5{g\ . cfd b} l gsLsf] cxd\ lx:;f alg;s] s f] 5, km] ; a' s . dflg;x¿ dgdf km'/]sf s'/f ;a} km];a'sdf pbf+uf] kf5{g\ . To;}n] t o;nfO{ dflg;sf] dgf]lj1fg hfGg] dfWodsf¿kdf klg lng yflnPsf] 5 . Joj;flos nfesf nflu nlIft pkef]Qmfsf cfjZostf, dfgl;stf ;fy} b}lgs ultljlw af/]sf ;"rgf Psd'i7¿kdf kfOg] dfWod ag]sf] 5 of] ;fdflhs ;~hfn . o;df cfj4 ePsfx¿sf af/]sf] ;"rgf / hfgsf/L xfl;n ug{ w]/}n] o;sf] ;'/lIft 8f6f rf]g{sf nflu ;fOa/ cfqmd0f ul//x]sf x'G5g\ . To;f] t cg]sg cfsif{s kmf]6f] / lel8of]sf] ln+s efO/n¿kdf z]o/ u/]/ :kfd/n] tkfOFsf] km];a's PsfpG6 ultljlw dfly lgoGq0f u5{g\ . PsfpG6 Xofs x'g] ;d:of klg al9/x]sf] 5 . o:tf 7uLb]lv rf]/L / km];a's PsfpG6df x'g] cgfjZos rnv]n /f]Sg tyf s;}n] cfkm\gf] km];a'sdf cglws[t kx'Fr -PS;];_ kfPsf] hfgsf/L kfpgsf nflu km];a'sn] k|of]ustf{x¿sf nflu ljleGg ;'ljwf lbPsf] 5 . To:t} xf] df]afOn -P;PdP;_ gf]l6lkms];g . h;n] tkfOFsf] km];a's PsfpG6df nuOg u/] k l5 tkfOF n fO{ Pp6f P;PdP; k7fpF5 . o;vfnsf] ;]jf lngsf nflu tkfOFn] cfkm\gf] km];a'sdf bfofF t km{ s f] dfly l;/fgdf /x] s f] ;]l6ªdf uP/ PsfpG6 ;]l6ª;\ df lSns ug{'k5{ . To;kl5 b]lvg] k]hdf afofFtkm{ l;/fgdf hg/n / ;]So'l/6L eGg] b'O{ ljsNk b]lvG5 . tL b'O{ ljsNk dWo] tn kl§ /x]sf] ;]So'l/6L eGg]df lSns ug{'eof] eg] tnsf] h:tf] k]h b]lvG5 . hxfF km];a's PsfpG6 ;'/lIft ¿kdf rnfpgsf nflu cfkm"n] ljleGg ;'/IffTds pkfox¿ ckgfpg ;lsg] ljsNkx¿ lbOPsf] x'G5 . b]lvg] ljsNkx¿ dWo] nlug gf]l6lkms];G; eGg]df lSns ug{'eof] eg] To;df tkfOFnfO{ s'g} klg pks/0f Nofk6k, df]afOn, 6\ofAn]6_ af6 tkfOFsf] km];a's vf]n]sf] v08df To;sf] hfgsf/L s;/L u/fpg] eGg] ljsNk lbPsf] e]6\g' x'g]5 . hxfF Od]n jf P;PdP; u/]/ km];a'sdf /x]sf] tkfOFsf] PsfpG6 vf]lnPsf] hfgsf/L lbg] ljsNk 5gf}6sf] cj;/ lbPsf] x'G5 . tL dWo] tkfOFn] tNnf] efudf /x]sf] 6]S:6 d];]h n]v]sf] ljsNkdf 7Ls lrGx nufP/ kl/jt{gnfO{ ;'/lIft -;]e r]Gh]h_ ug{'eof] eg] tkfOFsf] km];a's vf]Ngf;fy tkfOFsf] df]afOndf P;PdP; cfpF5 h;df s'g OG6/g]6 a|fph/af6 slt ;dodf tkfOFsf] km];a's vf]lnof] eGg] hfgsf/L ;d]6]sf] x'G5 . gf]6M km];a'ssf] o;vfnsf] gf]l6lkms];g df]afOndf kfpgsf nflu tkfOFn] km];a'sdf df]afOn gDa/ /fv]sf] -e]l/kmfO u/]sf]_ x'g'k5{.

g]6f]sf] j]a;fO6df Xofs/sf] cfqmd0f

g]6f]n] cfkm\gf cg]sf}+ j]a;fO6df o'qm]gL Xofs/x¿n] ;fOa/ cfqmd0f hgfPsf] 5 . o;nfO{ o'qm]gdf b]lvPsf] ;+s6sf sf/0f …cjf:tljs o'4Ú -er{'cn jf/km]o/_ sf] ;+s]tsf] ¿kdf x]l/Psf] 5 . g]6f] ;}lgs u7aGwgsf k|jQmf cf]cfgf n+u]:s'n] j]a;fO6df ;]jf c:jLsf/ ug{] vfnsf cfqmd0f ePsf] t/ To;n] j]a;fO6 ;~rfngdf k|efj gkf/]sf] atfP . o; cfqmddf Xofs/x¿n] cg]sf}+ sDKo'6/nfO{ cfkm\gf] lgoGq0fdf lnP/ nlIft sDKo'6/df cg]sf}+ tYof+s k|jfx ul/lbG5g\ / o;n] sDKo'6/ k|0ffnLnfO{ sfd ug{ g;Sg] agfpF 5 . n+ u ] : s' n ] ljz] i f1x¿n] sDKo' 6 /nfO{ ;fdfGo¿kdf sfd ug{ ;Sg] agfpg sfd ul//x]sf] / s]xL j]a;fO6x¿ s]xL 306f aGb ePsf] atfP . n+u]:s'n] o; cfqmd0fsf nflu sf] lhDd]jf/ xf] eGg] atfPgg\ . o;sf] lhDd]jf/L o'qm]gL Xofs/x¿sf] ;d"x ;fOa/ as{'6n] lnPsf] 5 . 8An'8An'8An' 86 ;fOa/–as{'6 86 cu{df o; ;d"xn] g]6f]sf tLg j]a;fO6nfO{ nIo agfPsf] / pgLx¿n] lsesf ;]gfnfO{ ;xof]u u/]sf] pNn]v u/]sf] 5 . o; ;d"xn] g]6f]sf] pkl:ylt o'qm]gdf gxf];\ eGg] rfx]sf] atfOPsf] 5 . o'qm]gsf /l;of ;dy{s /fi6«klt leS6/ ofg'sf]lern] d:sf]sf] ;dy{gdf o'/f]k]nL dxf;+3;Fu glhssf] ;DaGw :yfkgf ug{ c:jLsf/ u/]sf lyP / pgnfO{ x6fpg o'qm]gsf] ;8sdf /Qmkft ePsf] lyof] . d:sf]n] /l;ofnL efifLsf] afx'No ePsf] qmfOldofsf] s[i0f ;fu/Lo k|foåLkdf ;]gf k7fPkl5 klZrd]nL d'n's qm'4 ePsf 5g\ . o'qm]gL tgfjsf sf/0f ;fOa/:k];df ePsf] of] kl5Nnf] ljB'tLo cfqmd0f xf] . dfr{ * df a]nfotdf s]G›Lo sfof{no /x]sf] afP l;:6dn] o'qm]gdf /x]sf] cfkm\gf] sDo'6/ g]6js{ :g]s gfds ;fOa/ efO/;af6 k|efljt ePsf] hfgsf/L lbPsf] lyof] .

ubf{ ckgfpg'kg]{ ;fdfGo l;4fGt nfu" ug]{ Dofb ut & kmfu'gdf ;ls;s]sf] 5 . Dofb ;lsg' eg]sf] klxnfsf] k|x/L lgodfjnL lgliqmo x'g' xf] . tLg k6s;Dd nf]s;]jf cfof]un] ;fdfGo l;4fGtsf k|fjwfgx? lgodfjnLdf ;dfj]z u/L nfu" ug{sf nflu Dofb yk ul/;s]sf] 5 . t/ 8]9 jÈ{ laTbf klg gof" lgodfjnL cfpg ;s]g . km]l/ u[xn] Dofb yk u/Llbg nf]s;]jf cfof]unfO{ kqfrf/ ul//x]sf] 5 . t/ cfof]un] tLg ;ftf laTbf klg Dofb yKg dfg]sf] 5}g . h;sf/0f k|x/L clwsf/Lx?b]lv u[xdGqL uf}td;Dd x}/fg ePsf 5g\ . s]xL k|x/L clwsf/Ln] gof" lgodfjnL cfkm" cg's"n gx'g] ePsfn] k'/fg} lgodfjnLcg';f/ a9'jf ug{ nlaª ul//x]sf 5g\ . To;sf/0f u[xdGqL uf}td klg Dofb yk]/ PcfO{hL a9'jf ug]{ kÔdf /x]sf] >f]t atfp"5 . Dofb yk gx'"bf k|x/Lsf ;?jf a9'jf ;a} 7Kk 5g\ . l;kfxL;Dd To;sf] c;/ k/]sf] 5 . t/ nf]s;]jfsf clwsf/Lx? slGeG; x'g ;s]sf 5}gg\ . csf{]tkm{ ;/sf/n] gof" lgodfjnL Nofpg klg rf;f] lbPsf] 5}g . lvn/fh /]UdL g]t[Tjsf] ;/sf/df kf; x'g} nfu]sf] k|x/L lgodfjnL bjfjdf /f]lsPsf] lyof] .

cfhaf6 === / o;sf nflu ;ldltnfO{ clwsf/;lxt lgb{z ] g lbOPsf] 5 . To;}u/L k/LIff s]Gb|df s'g} klg sd{rf/Ln] clgoldttf u/]sf] kfOPdf / k/LIff s]Gb|df hah{:tL k|jz ] ug{ vf]Hg] / czflGt km}nfpg]nfO{ tTsfn lgoGq0fdf lnP/ Ps nfv ?k}ofF hl/jfgf jf ^ dlxgf s}b jf b'j} ;hfo x'g] Joj:yf ul/Psf] 5 . k/LIffsf nflu cfjZos kg{] k|Zgkq, pQ/k'l:tsf, k/LIff ;~rfng;DaGwL lgb{]lzsf, s]Gb|fWoIf lgb{z ] g k'l:tsf, cGo ;Dk"0f{ ;fdu|L / vr{sf] clVtof/L;d]t ;a} lhNnfdf k'lu;s]sf] 5 . k/LIffsf nflu tflnd k|fKt sd{rf/L t}gfy ul/Psf] 5 . sfof{non] k/LIffsf nflu ut jif{eGbf %) j6f k/LIff s]Gb| yk ub{} b]ze/ Ps xhf/ *#^ j6f k/LIff s]Gb| sfod u/]sf] 5 . o; jif{b]lv b]ze/af6 xf]d;]G6/ x6fOPsf] 5 . k/LIffyL{nfO{ clgjfo{?kdf cfkm\gf] ljBfno kf]zfs nufP/ dfq k/LIffdf ;xefuL x'g lgb{z ] g lbPsf] 5 . k/LIffdf lgoldt / PShfD6]8 u/L kfFr nfv ^^ xhf/ *% ljBfyL{n] k/LIff lbg cfj]bg kmf/d e/]sf 5g\ . h;df lgoldttkm{ rf/ nfv !( xhf/ #%@ / PShfD6]8df Ps nfv $^ xhf/ &## hgf 5g\ . ut jif{ k{ fFr nfv $& xhf/ !^% ljBfyL{n] k/LIff lbPsf lyP . k/LIff ;~rfngsf nflu b]ze/ %# xhf/ &^ hgzlQm / ;'/Iffsf nflu b]ze/ !* xhf/ #^) k|x/LnfO{ v6fOPsf] 5 . k/LIff laxfg * ah]b]lv !! ah];Dd ;~rfng x'g]5 eg] ef]ln klxnf] lbg c+u|]hL ljifosf] k/LIff x'g]5 . k/LIff cfufdL r}t !$ ut] ;DkGg x'g]5 .


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SATYAGRAHA WEEKLY

/f]rs ;+;f/ pQ]hgf j9fpg ul/g] lqmofsnfk

9sfn ;'dw'/ ;fFem xF'b} u[idf OG6/6]Gd]G6n] /fhwfgLsf] xf]6n ofs P08 otLdf …9sfn ;'dw'/ ;fFem @)&)Ú ug{] ePsf] 5 . g]kfnL gofF jif{nfO{ :jfut ug{ g]kfnL ;f+uLlts cfsfzsf Ps gIfq ufos /fds[i0f 9sfnn] …9sfn ;'dw'/ ;fFemÚ df cfkm\gf ;'dw'/ uLt k:sg] 5g\ . /fhwfgLdf kqsf/ e]63f6 sfo{qmdsf] cfof]hgf ul/ pQm sfo{qmdsf] af/]df hfgsf/L u/fpFb} cfof]hs k|d'v u[x]G› l3ld/]n] o;cl3 g]kfndf gePsf] pRr:tl/o Psn ;fFem x'g] bfaL u/] . /fds[ i 0fn] klg cfof] h sn] eg] cg' ; f/s} of] sfo{qmdnfO{ …g]e/ l;g ljkmf]/Ú agfpg] sf]l;z /xg] atfP . 9sfnn] )&) ;fnnfO{ labfO{ ub{} )&! ;fnnfO{ :jfut ug{ em08} $ 306fsf] ;dodf cfkm\gf rlr{t uLt k:sg] atfP . cfkm\gf] klxnf] lkmNd …ememNsf]Ú sf] hLGbuLn] o;/L wf]sf lbof] ls=== af]nsf] uLt;lxt …hfnL ¿dfnÚ sf] df5f

kfgLdf===, …cflzjf{o:bÚ sf] dnfO{ of] hLGbuLn]===, l;df/]vfÚ sf] lr6\sf] u'Go"===tyf kl5Nnf] k6s pgn] ufPsf] lkmNd …5f]8L uP kfk nfUnfÚ sf] zLif{ uLt;lxt cfkm\gf PNadsf uLtx¿ …9sfn ;'dw'/ ;fFemÚ df ;'Gg ;lsg] …cflzjf{bÚ lkmNdsf lx/f] ;d]t /x]sf ufos 9sfnn] atfP . tLg bzs nfdf] ;f+uLlts ofqfdf lxFl8/x]sf /fds[i0fn] g]kfnL lkmNddf vf;} w]/} uLt gufPklg cfw'lgs, kk, nf]s, uhn, ehg tyf /fli6«o ul/ xhf/ eGbf a9L uLt ufO;s]sf 5g\ . log} rlr{t ufossf] ;'dw'/ ;fFemnfO{ :tl/otf k|bfg ug{ bfhL{lnª / :j]bzsf jl/i7 jfWojfwsx¿n] ;fy lbg] 5 g\ . …9sfn ;' d w' / ;fF e mÚ df /fds[i0f;lxt cGo s]lx nf]slk|o snfsf/x¿sf] ;d] t k| : t' l t /xg] cfof] h s ;+ : yfdf k| d ' v u[x]G›n] atfP .

ljlsgLdf h]dfsf] d:tL

jL/ uf]vf{nLsf] 5fofFsg z'?

;Dk"0f{ jL/ uf]/vf{nLsf] jL/ ufyfdf cfwfl/t rnlrq …jL/ uf] v f{ n LÚ sf] kf] v /fsf ljleGg /d0fLo :yfgdf d+unjf/af6 5fofFsg z'? ePsf] 5 . xfO{ 6 P08 8] k m\ y lkmNd;\ k| f lnsf] Aofg/df lgld{t rnlrq …jL/ uf]vf{nLÚ sf k|:t'tstf{ ;~hoafa' 9sfn x'g\ . cljgfz u'?ª, ul/df kGt, eLd u'?ª, ¿kf /fgf, ?b| u'?ª, uf]ljGb s];L, zDe' yfkf cflbsf] d"Vo clego /xg] …jL/ uf]vf{nLÚ df ljdn kf}8o\ fn / lzj l3ld/]sf] { g /xg] 5 . g]kfnsf] s]xL ;+oQ ' m lgb]z :yfgsf] 5fofFsg ;sfP/ ef/tsf] ;d]t ljleGg :yfgdf 5fofFsg x'g] …jL/ uf]vf{nLÚ df åGå /fh]Gb| v8\uL, g[To /fh' zfx, ;+uLt nId0f z]ifsf] /xg] 5 .

cws§L ;'l6ªdf

lkmNd …cws§LÚ sf] ;'l6ª z'? ePsf] 5 . /+ u kqsf/ ;' j | t cfrfo{n] lgb{]zg ug{ nfu]sf] of] lkmNdsf] klxnf] ;6\ ;f] d af/ sf7df8f} + d f snfsf/åo ljN;g ljqmd /fO{ / clzidf gsdL{n] lbPsf 5g\ . ;'jt| oxL lkmNdaf6 lgb{z ] gdf 8]Ao' x'Fb}5g\ eg] kl5Nnf] k':tfsf cfzfnfUbf b'O{ snfsf/ ljN;g / clzidf klxnf]k6s l:qmg z]o/ ub{}5g\ . lgb{]zs cfrfo{n] klxnf] lkmNd ePklg lgb{]zgdf s'g} c;xh / cgf}7f] dx;'; gePsf] k|ltlqmof lbPsf 5g\ . sl/a gf} dlxgfsf] u[xsfo{kl5 ;'l6ª z'? ul/Psf]n] klg xf]nf, pgL lgs} cfTdljZjf;L b]lvGy] . sf7df8f}+ / lrtjgdf Ps dlxgfleq 5fofFsg ;Sg] lgdf{ 0 f kIfsf] of] h gf /x] s f] 5 . k| b Lks' d f/ pbosf] nufgL /x] s f] lkmNdnfO{ xl/ 3n] nfdfn] lvRb}5g\ .

bf]xf]/f] e"ldsfdf glGbtf

cleg]qL glGbtf s];L klxnf] k6s kbf{df bf]xf]/f] e"ldsfdf k|:t't x'g] ePsL l5g\ . lkmNd …s}lkmotÚ df lgb{]zs bz/y lu/Ln] cleg]qL s];LnfO{ bf]xf]/f] e"ldsfdf k|:t't ug{ nfu]sf x'\g\ . cf]d blIf0fsfnL lkmNd k|flnsf] klxnf] k|:t'lt /x]sf] …s}lkmotÚ sf] kmfu'g @( ut] cf}krfl/s lgdf{0fsf] 3f] i f0ff ul/of] . /fhwfgLdf cfof]hgf ul/Psf] sfo{qmddf cleg]qL s];Ln] elgg\, …nfdf] ;dokl5 k[ y s e" l dsfdf b]lvFb5 } ' . kfPsf] e"ldsfnfO{ Ps ;o k|ltzt Gofo ug{] sf]lz; u5{' .Ú sfo{qmddf pkl:ytnfO{ n8\8' afF8]sL glGbtfn] lkmNdsf] e"ldsf af/] yk v'nfOgg\ . lgb{]zs bz/y lu/Ln] syfj:t' lkmNd lgdf{0f ePkl5 dfq} v'nfpg] atfP . lrGtfdl0f a/fn / wg b]jsf]6fsf] nufgL /x]sf] lkmNddf glGbtfsf] ;fydf gljg >]i7, l;kL kf}8]n, z+s/ zfxL 7s'/L, ls;g ;'g'jf/ / ;hgf yfkf …/f]hÚ sf] d'Vo e"ldsf /xg]5 . dfwj zdf{sf] k6syf Pj+ ;+jfb /x]sf] lkmNddf ch{'g kf]v/]nsf] ;+uLt 5 . /fd]Zj/ sfsL{n] lvRg] lkmNdnfO{ sf7df8f}+ / kf]v/fdf 5fofFsg ul/g] atfOPsf] 5 . lkmNdsf] 5fofFsg cfh ^ ut]af6 k|f/De x'g] lgb{]zs lu/Ln] hfgsf/L lbP .

rnlrqdf ljN;g / clzidf;Fu} uf}/j kxf/L, l/:tf a:g] t , k| b Lk afF : tf] n f nufotsf snfsf/nfO{ b]Vg kfOg]5 . ulht lji6 / gd|tf >]i7sf] klg cltly e"ldsf /xg]5 . l;g]dfn] k9fO{df sdhf]/ / w]/} k};f sdfpg] o'jfsf] syf sd]8L z}nLdf k:sg] k|of; ug{] atfOPsf] 5 . lkmNddf /fhg Ozfg / a;Gt ;fksf]6fsf] ;+uLt ;'Gg ;lsg] 5 .

lkmNd …>L % cDa/]Ú df cleg]tf ;f}uft dNn / cleg]qL s]sL clwsf/L d'Vo snfsf/sf] ¿kdf b]lvg] ePsf 5g\ . lgb{]zs lbkf a:g]tn] lgb{]zg ug{] o; lkmNddf ;f}uft / s]sL klxnf]k6s ;Fu} b]lvg nfu]sf x'g\ . cd[t cu|jfn lgdf{tf /x]sf] …>L % cDa/]Ú df l6«o' OG6/6]g;{ / hLjg;fyL lkmND;\sf] ;+oQ ' m Jofg/df lgdf{0f x'g5 ] . ;f}uft / s]sL;Fu} …>L % cDa/] Ú sf cGo snfsf/x¿ klg kmfOgn ePsf 5g\ . laqmd l;+x, dltg vfg, nf] s d0fL ;fksf] 6 f, cr{ g f b]nfn;lxt cl8;gaf6 5flgPsf snfsf/x¿df ;[hgf clwsf/L, lbjfh /fO{, lj/n clwsf/L, ;kmf]nf e§/fO{, ;/f]h a:g]t, ¿ks /Dt]n, /fh]z a'9fyf]sL, ;'bLk sfsL{, cgGo uf}tfd, cd/ nfdf, ceo nfdf, k|ltdf 9sfn, ;'zfGt sfsL{, cf:yf l;hfktL, ;tLz clwsf/L 5g\ . …>L % cDa/]Ú nfO{ l:qmK6 /fO{6/ cledGo" lg/jLn] n]vs ] f x'g\ . afFsL snfsf/ tyf k|fljlwssf] gfd cf}krfl/s sfo{qmd u/L ;fj{hlgs ul/g] lgb{z ] s a:g]tn] atfOg\ . …>L % cDa/]Ú sf] xfn sf7df8f+s } f] w'Daf/fxLl:yt l6«o' OG6/6]g;{sf] sfof{nodf js{;k rNb}5 . lkmNdsf] ;'l6ª r}q !) ut]af6 z'¿ ul/g] ePsf] 5 .

;d'bd| f /f]hlngsf] xf]nL

cleg] t [ /f] h lng vfgn] o;k6sf] xf]nLdf cfkm\gf] cfsif{s z/L/ b]vfpFb} bz{snfO{ xf]nLsf] lukm\6 lbPls l5g\ . xfn} pgn] ;d'›df k'u/] ljlsgLdf ;lhb} xf]nL kmf]6f];6' u/]sL l5g\ . …dnfO{ /+u lgs} dg k5{ To;}n] xf]nL gv]ln/xg ;lsgÚ vfgn] elgg– t/ dnfO{ s]ldsn / kfgLsf] aaf{bL eg] dg kb{}g .Ú To;}n] pgn] s]ldsn gld;fPsf] /+u k|of]u ub{} dflg;n] k|of]u gug{] ;d'›sf] kfgLdf xf]nL dgfPsf] atfOg\ .

;Def]u z'? ug{' cl3 of}g pQ]hgf j9fpg ul/g] ljleGg of}g lqmofsnfk k| f slqm8f -kmf] / Kn] _ ug{ ' k 5{ . of} g lqmofsnfknfO{ ;'dw'/ jgfpg ul/g] s'gk} lg k"j{ lqmofsnfk h:t} /dfOnf] jftfj/0fdf ul/g] ef]hg, k|]djftf{, >[+uf//;o'Qm 7§fnfO{ klg k|fslqm8f elgG5 . t/ sltko dflg;x¿ Ps}rf]6L ;Def]u u5{g\ . o;f] ubf{ k'?if tyf dlxnfsf] of} g k| l tlqmof rqmdf ePsf] leGgtfn] b'jd} f r/d of}g cfgGb kfpg uf¥xf] x'G5 . of}g ;'v lng] qmddf tfnd]n ldNb}g . oyf]lrt k|fslqm8fdf ;+nUg x'Fbf of}g cfgGbnfO{ o;sf] r/d ljGb'df k'¥ofpg d2t u5{ . k|fslqm8fdf ;+nUg x'Fbf Ps csf{sf] z/L/, p;sf ;+j]bgzLn c+usf jf/]df yfxf x'g] dfq xf]Og, bDktLaLr Ps cfk;df s'/fsfgL x'g] / Ps csf{nfO{ /fd|/L j'em\g] cj;/ klg ldN5 . cfk;L ;dembf/L j9fpg d2t ldN5 . olx cfk;L ;dembf/Ln] g} j}jflxs hLjg pRrtd¿kdf ;kmn x'G5 . o;sf nflu of}gk|ltlqmof rqm / ;+j]bgzLn c+usf jf/]df yfxf x'g'k5{ . pQ]hgfTds c+ux¿ JolQm JolQmdf s]lx km/s kg{] eP klg of}gf+u, of}g jl/kl/sf] If]q, rfs, lgtDj, cf]7, ub{g, :tg, sfvL, lt3|f, gfeL If]q s]lx k|d'v of}g ;+j]bgzLn If]q x'g\ . of}gf+usf] s'/f ubf{ k'?if ln+u hlt dxTjk"0f{ 5, dlxnfsf] euf+s/' nfO{ lj;{g' x'Gg . of}g ;'vsf nflu zf/Ll/s dfq xf]Og dfgl;s tof/L klg cfjZos k5{ . r/d ;'v s;/L yfxf kfpg] < dfgj of}g k|ltlqmof rqmsf rf/j6f r/0f x'G5g\ . PS;fO6d]G6 km]h, Knf6f] km]h, cuf{hd km]h / l/hf]n; ' g km]h . PS;fO6d]G6 km]h, o; pQ]hgfsf] r/0fnfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbP dflg; Knf6f] km]hdf k'U5 . of] r/0fdf of}g pQ]hgfsf] dfqf cem j9\5 . dlxnfdf of}lg4f/ cem} v'Ng] tyf o; jl/kl/sf] efu km'Ng] x'G5 . of]gL jl/kl/sf] efu o;/L j9\g] ePsfn] e+ufs'/ cln leq bj]sf] h:tf] b]lvG5 . :tgkfg gu/fPsf dlxnfdf :tgsf] cfsf/ j9]sf] b]Vg ;lsG5 . cfwf eGbf j9L dlxnfdf cg'xf/ / z/L/sf] 5fnf /ftf] b]lvG5 . k'?ifn] h:t} o; r/0fdf dlxnfn] klg cfGtl/s Gofgf]kg tyf bjfjsf] dx;'; u5{ . df+z+k]zLx¿df tgfj k}bf x'G5 tyf /Qmrfk j9\5 . Kn]6f] km]hdf ePsf] of}g l:6d'n];g lg/Gt/¿kdf ePdf r/d ;'vsf] r/0f cuf{hd km]hdf k'luG5 . of] r/0fdf j9\b} uPsf] of}gtgfjsf] pGdf]rg x'G5 . o;sf] cjlw lgs} 5f]6f] x'g] eP klg dfgj of}ghLjgdf o; r/0fsf] ljz]if dxTj 5 . o; r/0fdf df+;k]zLx¿df lgs} tgfj cfpF5 / v'lDrg] tyf v'Ng] x'G5 . dlxnfdf kf7]3/ tyf of]lgsf] aflx/L efu Pj+ z/L/sf] tNnf] efusf df+;k]zLx¿ v'Drg] tyf km'Sg] x'G5g\ . k"0f{r/d ;'v kfpFbf o:tf] df+;k]zL v'Drg], km'Sg] qmd !) b]lv !% k6s;Dd x'G5 . o; a]nf h'g ;'vfg'el" t x'G5 To;nfO{ r/d ;'v jf r/d :juL{o cfgGb elgG5 . o;kl5 k'gM ;a} s'/f ;fdfGo cj:yfdf cfpg] qmd z'? x'G5, h;nfO{ l/hf]n; ' g km]h elgG5 .

OdfGbfl/tf k'li6 ug{ cfkm}+ ue{jtL

>L % cDa/]df ;f}uft / s]sL

sfd's :6f/ h]df P6\lsG;gn] s]lx cl3dfq ljbf dgfpg] qmddf cfkm\gf] sfd's z/L/ b]vfpg s'g} s;/ afFsL /flvgg\ . l8;]Da/b]lv Ps v]nf8L;Fu 8]6df /dfpg z'? u/]sL h]dfsf] cfsif{s z/L/sf] ljifodf ljleGg vfn] rrf{ klg eof] . x'gt, h]dfnfO{ cfkm\gf] z/L/ b]vfpg slxn] klg cfklQ ePg . @( jifL{o h]dfn] ljlsgLdf cfkm\gf] sfd's hjfgL b]vfpFbf x]/]/ /dfpg]x¿sf] ;+Vof eg] 7'nf] lyof] .

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Ovn] dfG5]nfO{ s];Dd ug{ kl5 kfb{}g eGg] xfn} gfOh]l/ofdf ca'hf gfdsL dlxnfsf] xs{tnfO{ x]/] k'U5 . ;fyLn] >Ldfgsf] v'j} tfl/km ub{} ljjfxOt/ ;DaGw g/fVg] / cfkm'nfO{ lgs} dfof ug{] km"lt{ nfPkl5 of] 36gf z'?jft eof] . ;fyLsf] >LdfgnfO{ c? g} dlxnf;Fu k6sk6s b]lv;s]sL pgnfO{ To:tf] s'/f k'li6 u/fpg vf;} uf¥xf] k/]g . Ps lbg ;fFem, ;fyL zx/ aflx/ uPsf] df}sf 5f]k]/ pgL ;fyLsf] 3/df uOg\ . hxfF pgsf >Ldfg PSn} lyP . pgn] cfkm\gf] sf/ lalu|Psf] axfgf ul/g\ . ;fyLsf >Ldfgn] 3/;Dd k'¥ofOlbg] k|:tfj u/] . t/, pgn] cfkm'nfO{ ot} af; lbg cfu|x ul/g\ . ;fyLsf >Ldfgn] To;nfO{ c:jLsf/ ug{ ;s]gg\ . /ft l5lKkb} hfFbf pgn] ;fyLsf] >LdfgnfO{ df]lxt ul/;s]sL lyOg\ . pgLx¿aLr ;dfud eof] / ca'hf To;}/ft ue{jtL eOg\ . ;fyLsf >Ldfgn] ue{ktgsf nflu cfu|x u/] klg pgn] dflggg\ . cljjflxt /x]sL pgn] elgg\, …cfdf aGg] of] d]/f] clGtd df}sf xf], o;nfO{ u'dfpg rfxGg .Ú ;fyLsf] 3d08 r'/ ug{ kfPsf] / cfkm' cfdf aGg kfPsf]df pgL clxn] b+u l5g . …z'? z'?df d}n] p;nfO{ lgs} ;r]t klg agfPF, t]/f] >LdfgnfO{ d}n] c? s]6L;Fu b]v]+, Vofn u/ x} eGbf pN6} dnfO{ 3/ efF8\g nfu]sf] cf/f]k nufO{Ú pgn] k'/fgf lbg ;lDemFb} elgg\, …dnfO{ pgsf] >Ldfg wf]sa] fh xf] eGg] k'i6L ug{' lyof], To;sf nflu ;a}eGbf 7"nf] k|df0f d]/f] ue{ xf] .Ú ;Fwh } ;f] ;fyLn] >Ldfgk|lt cltljZjf; b]vfpFb} km"lt{ nfPkl5 $@ jifL{o ca'hfnfO{ vlk;Sg' ePg . pgnfO{ nfUof], …o;sf] >Ldfg slt OdfGbf/ 5 eGg] s'/f k'li6 u/]/} b]vfOlbg'k¥of] .Ú

dlxnfx¿ s]df cfslif{t <

dlxnfsf] dgleq s] eO/x]sf] 5 < of] ljifo k'?ifsf nflu Pp6f 7'nf] k|Zgsf ¿kdf /xg] u/]sf] 5 . cem olb s'/f ;]S;sf] xf] eg] t o:tf] s] s'/f 5 hf] dlxnfnfO{ otflt/ cfslif{t ub{5 < Ps zf]wsf cg';f/ sltkosf] a'emfO{df dlxnfdf ;]S;k|lt OR5f hfu[t x'gs ' f] ;DaGw pgLx¿sf] pd]/;Fu 5 . tYo of] xf] ls dWod pd]/ / a9L pd]/sf dlxnfdf of}g ultljlwx¿ s]jn pd]/af6 lgolGqt x'Fb}g . pgLx¿sf nflu ;fyLsf] :jf:Yo / p;sf] ;Def]uk|ltsf] pT;'stfn] 7'nf] cy{ /fVb5 . o;}af6 pgLx¿ k|efljt x'g] ub{5g\ . @* b]lv #% jif{ pd]/ ;d"xsf dlxnf ;]S; ug{sf nflu ;lqmo t /xG5g\ t/ pgLx¿ ;lhn} sfd's Jojxf/ k|bz{g ub{g} g\ . o;ljk/Lt sof+k} 6s ;fyLsf] pbfl;gtf, p;sf] :jf:Yo, ;fyLleqsf] ;]S;k|ltsf] sd ?emfg cflb s'/fn] klg dlxnfleqsf] ;]S; OR5f ;dfKt kfb{5 . Ps cWoogcg';f/ dlxnfx¿ k'?ifsf] zf/Ll/s agfj6df a9L Wofg lbg] ub{5g\ . zlQmzfnL JolQmk|lt zf/Ll/s¿kn] dlxnfx¿ a9L cfslif{t x'g] ub{5g\ . cWoogcg';f/ dlxnfx¿ ;fdfGo k'?ifsf] t'ngfdf k'i6 k'?iftkm{ a9L cfslif{t x'G5g\ . o;sf ;fy} k'?ifsf] cfqmfds Jojxf/n] klg a9Lh;f] dlxnfnfO{ lvRg] ub{5g\ .

b]xJofkf/ a9fpg dlxnfnfO{ sf];{

rLgdf u|fxsnfO{ s;/L cfslif{t ug{] eg]/ Pp6f sf];{ g} lbOPsf] 5 . rLgdf !) hgf b]xJofkf/df ;+nUg dlxnfn] o:tf] sf];{ lnO/x]sf] Ps lel8of] ;fj{hlgs ePsf] 5 . clxn] hxfFklg o;}n] rrf{ kfO{/x]sf] 5 . OG6/g]6df j]Zofj[lQdf ;+nUg !) dlxnfnfO{ b]vfOPsf] 5 . o; lel8of]df dlxnfx¿ b]xJofkf/;Fu ;DjlGwt sf];{sf] tflnd lnO/x]sf 5g\, tfls s'g tl/sfn] u|fxsnfO{ cfkm'lt/ cfslif{t ug{ ;lsG5 . s]jn b'O{ ldg]6sf] o; lel8of]df ;'6df ;lhPsL Ps dlxnf OG:6«S6/ ToxfF pkl:yt dlxnfx¿nfO{ ;DemfO/x]sL 5g\ ls s;/L a9L eGbf a9L u|fxsnfO{ cfkm'lt/ cfslif{t ug{ ;lsG5 . oBlk o; lel8of]sf] k|dfl0fstf k'li6 ePsf] 5}g t/ o; lel8of]n] OG6/g]6 ;fO6x¿df pTkft dRrfPsf] 5 . :d/0fLo 5, rLgdf b]xJofkf/ u}/sfg'gL 5 . —Ph]G;Lsf] ;xof]udf


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