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Republic of the Philippines HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES TWELFTH CONGRESS Second Regular Session

HOUSE RESOLUT ION No. 921 __________________________________________________________________________________ Introduced by Reps. SATUR C. OCAMPO, CRISPIN B. BELTRAN, LIZA L. MAZA, CARLOS M. PADILLA, CYNTHIA VILLAR, DEL DE GUZMAN, EDUARDO ZIALCITA, RAFAEL NANTES, HUSSIN AMIN, ROLEX T. SUPLICO, CELSO L. LOBREGAT __________________________________________________________________________________

RESOLUTION STRONGLY URGING PRESIDENT GLORIA MACAPAGAL- ARROYO, IN OBSERVANCE OF THE 54TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS, TO SERIOUSLY ADDRESS THE PROBLEMS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND PEACE IN VIEW OF REPORTED MOUNTI NG HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIO NS IN THE COUNTRY AND TO UNDERTAKE SPECIFIC STEPS TO HELP FOSTER A CLIMATE FOR PROMOT I NG HUMAN RIGHTS, PEACE AND JUSTICE W HEREAS the 54th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on December 10, 2002 provides an opportune occasion to review the human rights situation in the Philippines and to inquire into the Philippine government's observance of the principles and compliance with the standards set forth in the Declaration; W HEREAS reports of mounting human rights violations and growing militarism in the country undermine the ideals of the Declaration, while also posing as the biggest threats to human rights and peace; W HEREAS from January 22, 2001 to October 31, 2002, the Ecumenical Movement for Justice and Peace (EMJP) and the Alliance for the Advancement of People's Rights (Karapatan) have documented a total of 1,486 cases of human rights violations, affecting some 42,898 individuals, including 1,377 families in 44 communities; W HEREAS some 314 political prisoners, convicted or charged with common crimes, are still being held in various detention centers in 14 regions all over the country, including 12 women, 18 minors, and 12 elderly aged 60 and above; W HEREAS intensifying military operations and political repression have claimed the lives of some 167 leaders and members of legitimate people's organizations as of November 29, 2002, including 30 members and coordinators of the party-list Bayan Muna; W HEREAS of those killed, 22 were victimized in Mindoro Oriental, site of the 20-month anti-insurgency campaign dubbed “Oplan Habol Tamaraw” under the helm of 204th IB commanding officer Col. Jovito Palparan Jr.; W HEREAS the government’s continuing non-implementation of the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law (CAHRIHL) and its refusal to resume formal peace negotiations with the National Democratic Front (NDF) have given primacy to militarist solutions that fail to address the socio-economic roots of the long-standing armed conflict;


W HEREAS President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo’s decision not to declare a ceasefire this Christmas season is not only a major policy reversal from previous administrations, but also goes against the people’s aspirations to pursue the quest for a just and lasting peace; NOW , THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES to urge President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in observance of the 54th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, to seriously address the issues of peace and human rights in view of reports of mounting human rights violations in the country; FURTHER RESOLVED that the following steps be undertaken to help foster a climate for promoting human rights, peace and justice: 1. Undertake a comprehensive review of the human rights situation in the Philippines, including the government’s militarist approach to the insurgency under the “strong republic” dictum which has bred systematic human rights violations. 2. Ensure that constitutional and legal provisions on human rights are upheld and enforced, including the constitutional and legal prohibition on incommunicado detention which has facilitated the practice of enforced disappearances. 3. Systematically pursue all reports of human rights violations, expedite and resolve pending cases of violations, immediately disarm and remove members of military forces implicated in human rights violations and punish them if found guilty, render justice and indemnification to the victims. 4. Prohibit explicitly the practice of red-labeling or targeting opponents of government as terrorist, including the criminalization of political dissidents, which has placed members of people’s organizations at risk of arbitrary arrest, extrajudicial execution or enforced disappearance. 5. Resume peace negotiations to address the historic roots of the armed conflict and the specific problems and conditions that spur people to rise up in rebellion 6. Release political prisoners as a confidence-building measure to foster a positive climate for the peace process. 7. Implement the Comprehensive Agreement on Respect for Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law to ensure the protection of the rights of civilians and combatants and mitigate the sufferings of war. Adopted on this 10th day of December 2002, International Human Rights Day.

SATUR C. OCAMPO

CRISPIN B. BELTRAN

Bayan Muna--Party-List

Bayan Muna–Party-List

CARLOS M. PADILLA

CYNTHIA VILLAR

LIZA L. MAZA Bayan Muna–Party-List

DEL DE GUZMAN

Nueva Vizcaya, LD

EDUARDO ZIALCITA ROLEX T. SUPLICO Iloilo, 5D

RAFAEL NANTES

HUSSIN AMIN

CELSO L. LOBREGAT Zamboanga City, LD


HR 921 - HR Day 2002