Republic of the Philippines HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES TWELFTH CONGRESS Second Regular Session
HOUSE RESOLUT ION No. 1132 ___________________________________________________________________________ ________________ Introduced by Reps. SATUR C. OCAMPO, CRISPIN B. BELTRAN and LIZA L. MAZA ___________________________________________________________________________ ________________
RESOLUT ION STRONGLY REAFFIR M I N G THE IRAQI PEOPLE'S RIGHT TO SELFDETERM I NAT I ON BY CALLING ON THE UNITED STATES- LED COALIT ION FORCES TO IMME D IATE LY WITHDRAW FROM IRAQ AND ALLOW THE UNITED NATIONS TO ASSUME THE CENTRAL ROLE IN ADMIN ISTER I NG IRAQ'S NEUTRAL AND PEACEFUL TRANSIT ION TOWARD SELF- GOVERNANCE W HEREAS there is an urgent need for all nations to support and reaffirm the sovereignty, political independence and territorial integrity of Iraq, as well as the right of the Iraqi people to freely determine their own system of government and political leadership, including the right to control their own natural resources; W HEREAS Iraq’s journey toward self-determination is impeded, however, by the continued presence of over 150,000 American troops on its territory, including some 12,000 US soldiers in the capital city of Baghdad, three weeks after the regime of President Saddam Hussein was officially declared defeated on April 9 by the United States-led coalition forces; W HEREAS on the other hand, Iraq’s ravaged economy is gradually being subdivided among big US businesses through a post-war reconstruction program estimated to cost between $900 million to $1.7 billion, all expected to be repaid from Iraq’s oil revenues; W HEREAS American firms said to be politically-connected to the administration of Pres. George W. Bush have already cornered prime civil works contracts through the invitation-only bidding process of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), and have started reconstruction operations in Iraq; W HEREAS among those that have won initial contracts are US construction and engineering firm Bechtel National Inc. for damaged infrastructure, RTI International for establishing local democratic institutions, Stevedoring Services of America for running the Umm Qasr port and Creative Associates International for rebuilding the educational system, even as plans are already underway for the rehabilitation and management of Iraq's oil industry; W HEREAS these developments belie the main justifications of the US for going to war, namely the removal of Saddam Hussein from power and ridding the country of its so-called weapons of mass destruction, and gravely confirm earlier charges that the invasion had more to do with controlling political power over Iraq and its natural resources; W HEREAS though initially welcomed by large segments of the Iraqi population, the American troops have recently encountered surging anti-US sentiments and demonstrations all over Iraq, some leading
to violent clashes between US soldiers and Iraqi civilians, such as the April 29 shooting incident in the town of Fallujah (some 30 kilometers west of Baghdad) where US soldiers opened fire on local demonstrators, killing at least 13 Iraqis, including three boys under 11 years old and injuring 75 others, according to media reports based on residents’ accounts; W HEREAS calls for the immediate withdrawal of US troops have also been aired by the 57-nation Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC), which is also pushing for the United Nations to assume a central role in running Iraq's internal and external affairs in the interim period, as well as a vital role in all arrangements pertaining to the exploitation of its oil resources; W HEREAS United Nations Secretary General Koffi Annan and UN member nations have also spoken out that the international body must assume a key role in rebuilding Iraq beyond playing a humanitarian role, such as sending a peacekeeping force and an independent body to oversee the nation’s transition, even as this requires a mandate from all of the UN Security Council’s 15 members; W HEREAS despite the growing clamor for a US withdrawal, Washington has shown no signs of giving up its commanding role in administering a post-war Iraq based on recent declarations by US Secretary of State Collin Powell and National Security Adviser Condoleeza Rice, while President Bush himself has hinted that the American occupation of Iraq may take “at least two years”; W HEREAS genuine self-determination and international legitimacy for Iraq can only be achieved with United Nations authority; NOW THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED, AS IT IS HEREBY RESOLVED, that the House of Representatives declare its strong reaffirmation of the Iraqi people’s right to self-determination by calling on the United States-led coalition forces to immediately withdraw from Iraq and allow the United Nations to assume the central role in administering Iraq’s neutral and peaceful transition toward selfgovernance. Adopted.
SATUR C. OCAMPO LIZA L. MAZA
CRISPIN B. BELTRAN
Bayan Muna–Party-List Bayan Muna–Party-List