Sunshine Science-Culture and Art Magazine Teachers: The new generation will be your devotion. -Mustafa Kemal Atat端rk
Elbistan IMKB Anatolian Teacher High School
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Atatürk was born in Selanik in 1881. His father was Ali Rıza
Efendi, and his mother was Zübeyde Hanım. His parents called him Mustafa.
His father , Ali Rıza Efendi died when little Mustafa started pri- mary school, so they moved to another city. They stayed there with his uncle. His worked on his uncle’s farm for some time. Then, he went back to Selanik, and started Şemsi Efendi School again. Later, he entered the exam for the Military School and he passed it. He was very good at maths in the Militariy School. His maths teacher liked him very much. One day, he said to him “Your name is Mustafa. My name is Mustafa. That’s why I’m giving you the name Kemal. Your name is Mustafa Kemal from now on. His name became Mustafa Kemal then. He was very hardworking student. He finished the Military School and joined the army as a young officer. He fought in Çanakkale Wars. Then, He became the chief commander of the Turkish Independence War. His enemies were Englishes,Frenches, İtalians and Greeks. You see, He saved our country with his friends from the very strong nations of the world. And he overcomed them. Then, He invited the all Turkish patriots to Ankara on the “19th of March,1920”. He opend the Turkish Grand National Assembly by a religious ceremony on the “23rd of April, 1920”. Atatürk is founder of the Young Turkish Republic. He founded the Republic of Turkey on the “29th of October, 1923”. And he became the first president of the Turkish republic. In 1934 The Turkish Grand National Assembly gave him the surname “Atatürk”. Atatürk means the father of Turks in English language. He died on the “10th of November, 1938”. His mausoleum is in Ankara. Ankara is the capital city of the Turkey. It’s in the middle of Turkey.
Happy is the one who says I am a TURK.
Vision In the direction of turkish national education to create an original effective and qualified school community by integrating the present and the future and living the ideal of being a teacher in the direction of Turkish National Education. in education ; to be the leader school of our city in YGS-LYS success and represantation of natural and spiritual valves.
Mission Our mission as Elbistan Anatolian Teachers' Training High Achool is to gain the required knowledge, skills attitude and behavior of teaching profession in accordance with the general docrines and basic principles at the National Education, to provide a foreing language level in order to monitor the develogenment and the changes in the world and to prapere a modern educational enviroment for the improvement of self confidence self control and sense of responsibility.
Success In 2011-2012 Education Year
4 Students in the Faculty of Medicine 12 Students in the Faculty Law 6 Students in Engineering Faculties 2 Students in Dentistry 8 Students in Guidance and Psychological Counselling 2 Students in Education Faculties 1 Students in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation 2 Students in Political Science and Public Administration 1 Students in International Relations 4 Students in Nursing In 2010-2011 Education Year 1 Student in the Faculty of Medicine 4 Students in the Faculty Law 1 Studen in Electrical - Electronics Engineering 21 Studens in Education Faculties 2 Studenrs in International Relations
The Goals of University Education Let us begin by acknowledging that univer-
sity education has at least four interlocking goals: A. Dissemination of knowledge (such that the knowledge of the older generation is preserved in the younger generation).
In this article, I wish to explore an important issue in university education, namely, â€œWhat kind of university education is best suited to the goal of career advancement?
B. Training of people, aimed at the production of the man power needed for the preservation and progress of the nation and society (engineers, architects, bankers, doctors, lawyers, accountants, teachers, administrators, cabinet ministers, ...); C. Training of researchers needed for the preservation and expansion of human knowledge; D. The development and enhancement of the inner potential of individuals (intellectual, moral, emotional, physical, social, cultural, spiritual, ...) My focus in this article is the relation between goal B and goal D.
Goals A, C and D are clearly related and mutually enhancing. An educatio- nal programme that aims to develop and strengthen the research abilities of students (goal C) will develop the habits of independent learning among students, and will ultimately lead to the development and enhancement of the intellectual potential of the individu - al students (goal D). It will also lead to the transfer of knowledge (goal A) as a by product of the focus on indepen dent learning. Similarly, goals A and B are related: in order to produce an efficient task force out of the new gene ration (goal B), it is necessary to impart available knowledge and skills to them (goal A). The question is, is goal B in conflict with goals C and D, or are they mutually reinforcing? For the majority of students, the primary motivation for education is career advancement. From the studentsâ€™ point of view, an efficient educational programme should increase their chances of finding a job and going up the career ladder. Hence, goal B is the most important from their perspective. However, as far as teachers are concerned, goal D is the most important. Hence the need to explore the potential conflict between the two.
Did You Know ? -11% of people are left handed. -Unless food is mixed with saliva you can't taste it. -Most lipsticks contain fish scales. -85% of plant life is found in the ocean. -The Hawaiian alphabet has 12 letters. -Birds need gravity to swallow. -The longest recorded flight of a chicken was 13 seconds. -A cat has 32 muscles in each ear. -Cats spend 66% of their life asleep. -Switzerland eats the most chocolate equating to 10 kilos per person per year. -When lightning strikes it can reach up to 30,000 degrees celsius. -That you burn more calories eating celery than it contains. (The more you eat the thinner you become.) -Toilets use 35% of indoor water use. -Sound travels almost 5 times faster underwater than in air. -All the blinking in one day equates to having your eyes closed for 30 minutes. -Lightning strikes the Earth 6,000 times every minute. -Your tongue is the fastest healing part of your body. -Hummingbirds are the only bird that can fly backwards. -A duck can't walk without bobbing its head. -In 1878 the first telephone book made contained only 50 names. -Pop corn was invented by the Aztec Indians. -An average person will spend 25 years asleep. -An elephants ears are used to regulate body temperature. -Bats always turn left when exiting a cave. -There are 31,557,600 seconds in a year. -The safest car color is white. -Apples are more effective at waking you up in the morning than coffee. -Cats can't move their jaw sideways. -The movie 'Wayne's World' was filmed in two weeks. -The Amazon rainforest produces half the. world's oxygen supply. -A group of whales is called a pod.
How to Become a More Effective Learner
Tips from Psychology to Improve Learning Effectiveness & Efficienc
I'm always interested in finding new ways to learn better and faster. As a graduate student who is also a
full-time science writer, the amount of time I have to spend learning new things is limited. It's important to get the most educational value out of my time as possible. However, retention, recall and transfer are also critical. I need to be able to accurately remember the information I learn, recall it at a later time and utilize it effectively in a wide variety of situations.
1. Memory Improvement Basics
I've written before about some of the best ways to improve memory. Basic tips such as improving focus, avoiding cram sessions and structuring your study time are a good place to start, but there are even more lessons from psychology that can dramatically improve your learning efficiency. 2. Keep Learning (and Practicing) New Things Learning and practicing new skills helps your brain retain new information. Image by Mysid.One sure-fire way to become a more effective learner is to simply keep learning. A 2004 Nature article reported that people who learned how to juggle increased the amount of gray matter in their occipital lobes, the area of the brain is associated with visual memory. When these individuals stopped practicing their new skill, this gray matter vanished. So if you're learning a new language, it is important to keep practicing the language in order to maintain the gains you have achieved. This "use-it-or-lose-it" phenomenon involves a brain process known as "pruning." Certain pathways in the brain are maintained, while other are eliminated. If you want the new information you just learned to stay put, keep practicing and rehearsing it.
3. Learn in Multiple Ways
Focus on learning in more than one way. Instead of just listening to a podcast, which involves auditory learning, find a way to rehearse the information both verbally and visually. This might involve describing what you learned to a friend, taking notes or drawing a mind map. By learning in more than one way, you’re further cementing the knowledge in your mind. According to Judy Willis, “The more regions of the brain that store data about a subject, the more interconnection there is. This redundancy means students will have more opportunities to pull up all of those related bits of data from their multiple storage areas in response to a single cue. This cross-referencing of data means we have learned, rather than just memorized.”
4. Teach What You've Learned to Another Person
Teaching can improve your learning. Educators have long noted that one of the best ways to learn something is to teach it to some one else. Remember your seventh-grade presentation on Costa Rica? By teaching to the rest of the class, your teacher hoped you would gain even more from the assignment. You can apply the same principle today by sharing your newly learned skills and knowledge with others. Start by translating the information into your own words. This process alone helps solidify new knowledge in your brain. Next, find some way to share what you’ve learned. Some ideas include writing a blog post, creating a podcast or participating in a group discussion.
8 5. Utilize Previous Learning to Promote New Learning
Another great way to become a more effective learner is to use relational learning, which involves relating new information to things that you already know. For example, if you are learning about Romeo and Juliet, you might associate what you learn about the play with prior knowledge you have about Shakespeare, the historical period in which the author lived and other relevant information. 6. Gain Practical Experience For many of us, learning typically involves reading textbooks, attending lectures or doing research in the library or on the Web. While seeing information and then writing it down is important, actually putting new knowledge and skills into practice can be one of the best ways to improve learning. If you are trying to acquire a new skill or ability, focus on gaining practical experience. If it is a sport or athletic skill, perform the activity on a regular basis. If you are learning a new language, practice speaking with another person and surround yourself with immersive experiences.
7. Look Up Answers Rather Than Struggle to Remember
Of course, learning isnâ€™t a perfect process. Sometimes, we forget the details of things that we have already learned. If you find yourself struggling to recall some tidbit of information, research suggests that you are better offer simply looking up the correct answer. One study found that the longer you spend trying to remember the answer, the more likely you will be to forget the answer again in the future. Why? Because these attempts to recall previously learned information actually results in learning the "error state" instead of the correct response.
8. Understand How You Learn Best
Another great strategy for improving your learning efficiency is to recognize your learning habits and styles. There are a number of different theories about learning styles, which can all help you gain a better understanding of how you learn best. Gardnerâ€™s theory of multiple intelligences describes eight different types of intelligence that can help reveal your individual strengths. Looking at Carl Jungâ€™s learning style dimensions can also help you better see which learning strategies might work best for you.
9. Use Testing to Boost Learning
Testing can be more beneficial than studying alone. Image by Clinton Cardozo.While it may seem that spending more time studying is one of the best ways to maximize learning, research has demonstrated that taking tests actually helps you better remember what you've learned, even if it wasn't covered on the test.The study revealed that students who studied and were then tested had better long-term recall of the materials, even on information that was not covered by the tests. Students who had extra time to study but were not tested had significantly lower recall of the materials. 10. Stop Multitasking Multitasking can hurt learning effectiveness. For many years, it was thought that people who multitask, or perform more than one acti vity at once, had an edge over those who did not. However, research now suggests that multitasking can actually make learning less effective. In the study, participants lost significant amounts of time as they switched between multiple tasks and lost even more time as the tasks became increasingly complex.By switching from one activity to another, you will learn more slowly, become less efficient and make more errors. How can you avoid the dangers of multitasking? Start by focusing your attention on the task at hand and continue working for a predetermined amount of time.
How To Play Sudoku ?
While it can be a challenging game, learning how to play Sudoku is easy and can be accomplished by anyone. Sudoku is a fun brain-teasing exercise and one of the main benefits of this hobby is that it keeps your mind sharp. This helps with overall health and wellness, as well as with vitality and mental clarity. It has been long known that games that exercise the mind can help aid in memory function as well. In addition to keeping your mind sharp, Sudoku is also a great way to relax and unwind. The really nice part about learning how to play Sudoku is that you can take your Sudoku puzzles anywhere. While it is usually a one-person hobby, this highly addictive game can still provide ample opportunities to meet others who share the same interest and passion in Sudoku.
Mathematics of Sudoku
A completed Sudoku grid is a special type of Latin square with the additional property of no repeated
values in any of the 9 blocks of contiguous 3×3 cells. The relationship between the two theories is now completely known, after it was proven that a first-order formula that does not mention blocks is valid for Sudoku if and only if it is valid for Latin Squares. The number of classic 9×9 Sudoku solution grids is 6,670,903,752,021,072,936,960 or approximately 6.67×1021. This is roughly 1.2×10−6 times the number of 9×9 Latin squares. Various other grid sizes have also been enumerated—see the main article for details. The number of essentially different solutions, when symmetries such as rotation, reflection, permutation and relabelling are taken into account, was shown to be just 5,472,730,538. The maximum number of givens provided while still not rendering a unique solution is four short of a full grid (77); if two instances of two numbers each are missing from cells that occupy the corners of an orthogonal rectangle, and exactly two of these cells are within one region, there are two ways the numbers can be assigned. Since this applies to Latin squares in general, most variants of Sudoku have the same maximum. The inverse problem—the fewest givens that render a solution unique—was recently proven to be 17. A number of valid puzzles with 17 givens have been found for the standard variation without a symmetry constraint, by Japanese puzzle enthusiasts, and 18 with the givens in rotationally symmetric cells. Over 49,000 examples of Sudoku puzzles with 17 givens resulting in a unique solution are known. The arrangement of numbers in Sudoku puzzles have greater Shannon entropy than the number arrangements in randomly generated 9×9 matrices. This is because the rules of Sudoku exclude some random arrangements that have an innate symmetry.
Generating Many Radical, Creative Ideas What is Brainstorming?
Madison Avenue advertising executive, Alex Osborn, developed the original approach to brainstorming and published it in his 1953 book, "Applied Imagination." Since then, researchers have made many improvements to his original technique. The approach described here takes this research into account, so it's subtly different from Osborn's approach. Brainstorming combines a relaxed, informal approach to problem solving with lateral thinking. It encourages people to come up with thoughts and ideas that can, at first, seem a bit crazy. Some of these ideas can be crafted into original, creative solutions to a problem, while others can spark even more ideas. This helps to get people unstuck by "jolting" them out of their normal ways of thinking. Therefore, during brainstorming sessions, people should avoid criticizing or rewarding ideas. You're trying to open up possibilities and break down incorrect assumptions about the problem's limits. Judgment and analysis at this stage stunts idea generation and limit creativity. Evaluate ideas at the end of the brainstorming session â€“ this is the time to explore solutions further, using conventional approaches.
Why Use Brainstorming?
Conventional group problem solving can often be undermined by unhelpful group behavior. And while it's important to start with a structured, analytical process when solving problems, this can lead a group to develop limited and unimaginative ideas. By contrast, brainstorming provides a free and open environment that encourages everyone to participate. Quirky ideas are welcomed and built upon, and all participants are encouraged to contribute fully, helping them develop a rich array of creative solutions. When used during problem solving, brainstorming brings team members' diverse experience into play. It increases the richness of ideas explored, which means that you can often find better solutions to the problems that you face. It can also help you get buy-in from team members for the solution chosen â€“ after all, they're likely to be more committed to an approach if they were involved in developing it. What's more, because brainstorming is fun, it helps team members bond, as they solve problems in a positive, rewarding environment. While brainstorming can be effective, it's important to approach it with an open mind and a spirit of non-judgment. If you don't do this, people "clam up," the number and quality of ideas plummets, and morale can suffer.
One Day The Hodja... ~ Pivotal Point ~ One idle day, the villagers were contemplating philosophical thoughts and deliberating the mysteries of the universe. Since they weren't getting anywhere with their reflections, they decided to solicit the wisdom of Nasreddin Hodja. `Hodja Effendi,' they said, `you are a learned man, maybe you can shed a light on this puzzle. Where is the centre of the earth?' Nasreddin Hodja didn't skip a beat. `Right under the left front foot of my donkey.' he said. `Hodja Effendi,' protested the villagers, `that can't be right!' `If you don't believe me,' said The Hodja, `measure it for yourself!' ~ Helva Blues ~ One day Nasreddin Hodja felt like eating helva. He would have made some but there was no butter, no sugar and no flour at home. The larder was empty, his tomach was empty and his pockets were empty. He was being tormented with the dream of a huge plate full of helva and he was getting hungrier and hungrier. Finally, he decided to walk down the road to the grocery store. `Do you have flour?' he asked the grocer. `I certainly do, Hodja Effendi.' `Do you have sugar?' `Yes, I do.' `Do you have butter?' `Yes, Hodja Effendi.' `So then, what's holding you back, my friend? Make yourself a good pot of helva and eat it!'
~ Watermelon vs Walnut ~ One day Nasreddin Hodja was working in his little watermelon patch. When he stopped for a break, he sat under a walnut tree and pondered. `You Sublime Allah,' he said, `it's your business, but why would you grow huge watermelons on weak branches of a vine, and house little walnuts on a strong and mighty tree?' And as he contemplated such, one walnut fell from the tree right onto his head. `Great Allah,' he said as he massaged his bruised head, `now I understand why you didn't find the watermelons suitable for the tree. I would have been killed if you had my mind.'
Series of t
The Walking Dead is an American horror drama television series developed by Frank Darabont.
It is based on the comic book series of the same name by Robert Kirkman, Tony Moore, and Charlie Adlard. The series stars Andrew Lincoln as sheriff 's deputy Rick Grimes, who awakens from a coma to find a post-apocalyptic world dominated by flesh-eating "walkers", resembling zombies. He sets out to find his family and encounters many other survivors along the way. The eponymous title of the series refers to the survivors, and not the zombies. The Walking Dead premiered on October 31, 2010, on the cable television channel AMC in the United States. It premiered internationally during the first week of November 2010 on Fox International Channels. Based on its reception, AMC renewed the series for a second season of 13 episodes, which premiered on October 16, 2011.Two episodes into the second season, AMC announced that the show would return for a third season, which began airing on October 14, 2012. On December 21, 2012, AMC renewed The Walking Dead for a fourth season. The series has been well received and has received many award nominations, including a Writers Guild of America Award nomination and a Golden Globe Award nomination for Best Television Series Drama.The series has also attained strong Nielsen ratings, beating various records for a cable series, including receiving 12.3 million viewers for its mid-season three premiere to become the most-watched basic cable drama telecast in history.
Based on the comic book series of the same name, The Walking Dead tells the story of a small group of survivors living in the aftermath of a zombie apocalypse. Most of the story takes place in the Atlanta metropolitan area and then the surrounding countryside of northern Georgia, as the survivors search for a safe haven away from the shuffling hordes of predatory "walkers" or "biters" (as the zombies are referred to in the show), who devour any living thing they catch, and whose bite is infectious to humans. The plot is focused primarily on the dilemmas the group faces as they struggle to balance their humanity with their survival against the zombie horde, and later, how they cope with members being killed and deal with other human survivors they encounter, many of whom are dangerous and predatory themselves. The group is led by Rick Grimes, who was a sheriff 's deputy before the zombie outbreak. At every turn they are faced with the horror of the walking zombies, the changing dynamic of their group, and hostility from the scattered remains of a struggling human populace who are focused on their own survival now that the structures of society have collapsed.
What is this zombie ?
A zombie (Haitian Creole: zonbi; North Mbundu: nzumbe) is an "animated corpse resurrected by mystical means, such as witchcraft". The term is often figuratively applied to describe a hypnotized person bereft of consciousness and self-awareness, yet ambulant and able to respond to surrounding stimuli. Since the late 19th century, zombies have acquired notable popularity, especially in North American and European folklore.
In modern times, the term "zombie" has been applied to an undead being in horror fiction, largely drawn from George A. Romero's 1968 film Night of the Living Dead. They have appeared as plot devices in various books, films, television shows, and video games.
Awards and nominations
The Walking Dead was nominated for Best New Series for the 2011 Writers Guild of America
Awards. It was nominated for Best Television Series Drama at the 68th Golden Globe Awards. It was also named during the Ameri can Film Institute Awards 2010 as one of the top 10 television programs of 2010. For the 2011 Saturn Awards, the series rece- ved six nominationsâ€”for Best Television Presentation, And- rew Lincoln for Best Actor in Television, Sarah Wayne Callies for Best Actress on Television, Steven Yeun for Best Supporting Actor in Television, Laurie Holden for Best Supporting Actress in Television, and Noah Emmerich for Best Guest Starring Role in Television. The series was nominated for Best Drama Series at the inaugural 1st Critics' Choice Television Awards. The pilot episode "Days Gone Bye" received three nominations for the 63rd Primetime Emmy Awardsâ€”it was nominated for Outstanding Sound Editing for a Series and Outstanding Special Visual Effects for a Series and won for Outstanding Prosthetic Makeup for a Series, Miniseries, Movie or a Special.
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over forty countries and
with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Greenpeace states its goal is to "ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity" and focuses its campaigning on world wide issues such as global warming, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering, and anti-nuclear issues. Greenpeace uses direct action, lobbying and research to achieve its goals. The global organization does not accept funding from governments, corporations or political parties, relying on 2.9 million individual supporters and foundation grants. Greenpeace has a general consultative status in the United Nations Economic and Social Council and is a founding member of the INGO Accountability Charter; an international non-governmental organization that intends to foster accountability and transparency of non-governmental organizations. Greenpeace evolved from the peace movement and anti-nuclear protests in Vancouver, British Columbia, in the late 1960s and early 1970s. On September 15, 1971, the newly founded Don't Make a Wave Committee sent a chartered ship, Phyllis Cormack, renamed Greenpeace for the protest, from Vancouver to oppose United States testing of nuclear devices in Amchitka, Alaska. The Don't Make a Wave Committee subsequently adopted the name Greenpeace. In a few years, Greenpeace spread to several countries and started to campaign on other environmental issues such as commercial whaling and toxic waste. In the late 1970s, the different regional Greenpeace groups formed Greenpeace International to oversee the goals and operations of the regional organizations globally. Greenpeace received international attention during the 1980s when the French intelligence agency bombed the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland's Waitemata Harbour, one of the most well-known vessels operated by Greenpeace, killing one individual. In the following years, Greenpeace evolved into one of the largest environmental organizations in the world. Greenpeace is known for its direct actions and has been described as the most visible environmental organization in the world. Greenpeace has raised environmental issues to public knowledge, and influenced both the private and the public sector. Greenpeace has also been a source of controversy; its motives and methods have received criticism and the organization's direct actions have sparked legal actions against Greenpeace activists.
Location of Amchitka island in Alaska.In the late 1960s, the U.S. had plans for an underground nuc-
lear weapon test in the tectonically unstable island of Amchitka in Alaska. Because of the 1964 Alaska earthquake, the plans raised some concerns of the test triggering earthquakes and causing a tsunami. A 1969 demonstration of 7,000 people blocked a major U.S.-Canadian border crossing in British Columbia, carrying signs reading "Don't Make A Wave. It's Your Fault If Our Fault Goes". The protests did not stop the U.S. from detonating the bomb. While no earthquake or tsunami followed the test, the opposition grew when the U.S. announced they would detonate a bomb five times more powerful than the first one. Among the opposers were Jim Bohlen, a veteran who had served the U.S. Navy, Irving Stowe and Dorothy Stowe, who had recently become Quakers. As members of the Sierra Club Canada, they were frustrated by the lack of action by the organization. From Irving Stowe, Jim Bohlen learned of a form of passive resistance, "bearing witness", where objectionable activity is protested simply by mere presence. Jim Bohlen's wife Marie came up with the idea to sail to Amchitka, inspired by the anti-nuclear voyages of Albert Bigelow in 1958. The idea ended up in the press and was linked to The Sierra Club.
16 The Sierra Club did not like this connection and in 1970 The Don't Make a Wave Committee was established for the protest. Early meetings were held in the Shaughnessy home of Robert Hunter and his wife Bobbi Hunter. Subsequently the Stowe home at 2775 Courtenay St. became the HQ. As Rex Weyler put it in his chronology, Greenpeace, in 1969, Irving and Dorothy Stowe's "quiet home on Courtenay Street would soon become a hub of monumental, global significance". Some of the first Greenpeace meetings were held there, and it served as the first office of the Greenpeace Foundation. The first office was opened in a backroom, storefront on Cypress and Bwy SE corner in Kitsilano, Vancouver.
Irving Stowe arranged a benefit concert (supported by
Joan Baez) that took place on October 16, 1970 at the Pacific Coliseum in Vancouver. The concert created the financial basis for the first Greenpeace campaign. Amchitka, the 1970 concert that launched Greenpeace has been published by Greenpeace in November 2009 on CD and is also available as mp3 download via the Amchitka concert website. Using the money raised with the concert, the Don't Make a Wave Committee chartered a ship, the Phyllis Cormack owned and sailed by John Cormack. The ship was renamed Greenpeace for the protest after a term coined by activist Bill Darnell. In the fall of 1971 the ship sailed towards Amchitka and faced the U.S. Coast Guard ship Confidence which forced the activists to turn back. Because of this and the increasingly bad weather the crew decided to return to Canada only to find out that the news about their journey and reported support from the crew of the Confidence had generated sympathy for their protest. After this Greenpeace tried to navigate to the test site with other vessels, until the U.S. detonated the bomb. The nuclear test was criticized and the U.S. decided not to continue with their test plans at Amchitka.
Published on Apr 12, 2013