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Soft Power Program Role Model & Gimmic • STORY-TELLING • PROVERBS / FOLKTALES / PARABELS • EXERCISE / EXAM • SIMULATION / PRESENTATION / GROUP DISCUSSION • CASE STUDY / GROUP DISCUSSION • DECISION-MAKING (SUSTAINABLE DECISION-MAKING) • LEADERSHIP SKILLS • LEADERSHIP CAPABILITIES • CONSENSUS BUIDLING


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Story-telling

Proverbs / Folktales / Parabels

Exercise / Exam

Simulation / Presentation / Group Discussion

Case Study / Group Discussion

Decision-Making (Sustainable Decision-Making)

Leadership Skills

Leadership Capabilities

Consensus Buidling

(Servas Pandur/Yayasan Lima Sila Indonesia, Jakarta, 10 Januari 2020)


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Jl. S. Parman, Grand Slipi Tower Lantai 8, Kel. Palmerah, Kec. Palmerah, Jakarta Barat yayasan.5sila@gmail.com

limasilafoundation

www.yayasanlimasila.org


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“When we plant trees, we plant the seeds of peace and seeds of hope” – Dr. Wangari Maathai (Ecology Global Network / Carolina Women’s Center)

“It’s Time to Plant Hope on Leadership for Social Justice...” – Dr. Wangari Maathai (Artika Tyner / Huff Post, 12/1/2017)


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MOHAMMAD AL-IDRISI (1099-1166)


7 Kitab nuzhat al-mushtaq (Opus Geographi-cum) atau Tabula Rogeriana karya 18 tahun (1136- 1154) Muhammad al-Idrisi (1099- 1165/1166) atas pesanan Raja Roger II di Sisilia, Italia. Isinya : informasi rinci (bahasa Arab) tiap daerah, uraian iklim, kota-kota besar, jarak antara kota-kota, budaya, bahasa, agama, dan lain-lain di Eurasia (lengkap), Utara Afrika, Tiongkok dan sedikit Asia Tenggara dan India (Scott, S.P., 1904: 416-462; John Dickie, 2008:17).

(Navigasi Niccolo de’ Conti asal Venesia ke Jawa awal abad 15 M./Bracciolini, Poggio, The Travels of Nicolo Conti, dalam The East., Londen: Hakluyt Society, vertaling J.W. Jones, 1857).

Peta Al-Idrisi mengilhami ekspedisi pelayaran musafir Marco Polo (1254-1324) asal Venetia ke Asia - Tiongkok (1271-1295) dan upaya Christopher Columbus (1451-1506) asal Italia ke ‘Indies’ melalui Atlantik dan Vasco da Gama asal Portugal ke Pantai Barat Afrika (1487); Niccolò de' Conti (1395–1469 M) ke Jawa.

( Ahmad, 1992; Stephen G. Haw, 2005; Parker, 2004:648; Bergreen, 2007:37; M. Cooperson, (2005); Rekaya, M. (1991); Alfred R Wllace, 1869 kutip Conti dalam ‘The Malay Archipelago’; Pastor Fransiskan,Giovanni da Pian del Carpini, asal Italia ke Tiongkok tahun 1240-an; Astronom Toscanelli memberi peta Atlantik ke Indies kepada Columbus th 1470).


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THOMAS MATULESSY Hualoy-Seram Selatan, 8 Juni 1783-16 Desember 1817


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... kayu garam, daging kering dan ikan harus dikirim oleh Rakyat, tapi tidak dibayar. Rakyat bekerja dan pengiriman bahan-bahan itu tanpa bayar! Dulu Belanda dan Inggris bayar, sekarang gratis, tanpa bayar! - Thomas Matulessy (1817)

Rakyat Saparua, Hitu, Haruku, Nusa Laut, dan sekitarnya di Maluku, yang dipimpin oleh Thomas Matulessy (berusia 34 tahun), melawan penjajahan kolonial Belanda. Kamis 29 Mei 1817 di Saparua, Maluku, 21 wali atau wakil rakyat merilis manifesto berisi 14 pernyataan sikap terhadap pemerintah kolonial Belanda dari Residen Jean Lubbert van den Berg di ibukota Saparua (Maluku) (Sumber: “Porto Report�, Porto, 13 November, 1817, dalam Bijdragen Vol. 65 (19ll). Thomas Matulessy adalah pahlawan pertama Indonesia yang dihukum mati oleh Kolonial Belanda tahun 1817.

Surat KonďŹ rmasi Hukuman Mati Thomas Matulessy Tahun 1817 Sumber : Ver Huell, 1835


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MARTHA CHRISTINA TIAHAHU Desa Abubu-Nusa Laut, 4 Januari 1800-1817


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Abraham Lincoln, Presiden ke-16 Amerika Serikat (AS), tewas dibunuh April 1865 karena spirit melawan dan menghapus perbudakan di AS. (Pencak, 2009:222; Finkelman, et al, 2009: 388) Perjuangan melawan perbudakan lebih dahulu mengalir dalam diri gadis remaja usia 17 tahun asal desa Abubu, Nusalaut, Maluku, Martha Christina Tiahahu ketika Abraham Lincoln masih berusia 8 tahun di AS. Usia 17 tahun, Martha Christina Tiahahu melawan perbudakan dan penjajahan kolonialis Belanda di Maluku. Ia mogok makan, tidak mau makan obat, hingga jatuh sakit, karena tidak mau dibawa ke Jawa melalui kapal penjajah Belanda, Evertsen, untuk menjadi budak pada kebun kopi milik kolonalis Belanda di Jawa. (Alaidrus, 2010)

Slavery is such an atrocious debasement of human nature ‌ may sometimes open a source of serious evils!

Begitu tulis Benjamin Franklin, satu di antara pendiri Negara Amerika Serikat (1787) dan Presiden the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery di Amerika Serikat (Writings, 1789). Perbudakan adalah penghinaan keji terhadap sifat dasar manusia dan sumber kejahatan-kejahatan besar.


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MARTHEN INDEY Doromena-Jayapura, 1912-1986


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Marthen Indey. Lahir di Doromena, Jayapura, Papua Kamis, 14 Maret 1912; Alumnus sekolah polisi di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat; Tweede Posthuiscommandant (wkl komandan polisi jaga) Marthen Indey menjalin kontak dengan pejuang kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia (Sugoro Atmoprasodjo, mantan guru Taman Siswa) yang ditahan di Digul; Belanda menangkap dan memenjarakan Marthen Indey selama 8 bulan di Pesnamman; Anggota MPRS (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat Sementara) tahun 1963-1986. (Sumber: Arya Ajisaka et al (2008), Soewarsono et al, 2013)

Marthen Indey meninggal dunia 17 Juli 1986. Atas jasa-jasanya kepada negara, Marthen Indey dianugerahi gelar Pahlawan Nasional berdasarkan SK Presiden No.077/TK/1993 tanggal 14 September 1993 bersama Frans Kaisiepo dan Silas Papare. Nama dan jasa Marthen Indey tetap dikenang dan diabadikan hingga hari ini melalui penamaan Rumah Sakit TNI-AD Marthen Indey di Jayapura.


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MOHAMMAD HATTA Fort de Kock / Bukittingi, 12/8/1902 – 14 Maret 1980


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Pergerakan atau Bangsa patah, karena pemimpinnya tidak mempunyai karakter. - Mohammad Hatta Kumpulan Karangan IV, Djakarta – Amsterdam-Surabaya, 1954, hlm. 61

Proklamator Kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia & Wakil Presiden pertama RI; Sekolah Melaju 1913-1916; usia 13 tahun merantau sendiri ke Batavia (sekarang Jakarta) untuk sekolah HBS (Hogere Burgerschool) dan MULO (Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs; untuk lulus ujian kualiďŹ kasi Hatta sekolah sambil bekerja di Kantor Pos; di MULO, Hatta menjadi kapten klub sepakbola. Usia belasan, Hatta mulai banyak belajar debat Volksraad (dewan rakyat Hindia Belanda) dari surat kabar bahasa Belanda masa itu; tahun 1931-1932, Hatta belajar ekonomi di Erasmus University Rotterdam (Rotterdam School of Commerce). (George McTurnan Kahin, 1980:113). Hatta dan Sjahrir dipenjara oleh Hindia Belanda di Digul (16/11/1934), tiba di Digul Januari 1935; November 1935, Bung Hatta (dan Sjahrir) dipindahkan ke Banda Neira, ibukota Kepulauan Banda di Maluku.


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SILAS PAPARE Serui-Papua, 1918-1973


17 Silas Papare (lahir di Serui, Papua, 18 Desember 1918 – meninggal di Serui, Papua,7 Maret 1973). Tamat Sekolah Juru Rawat tahun 1935; Silas Papare mendirikan Partai Kemerdekaan Indonesia Irian (PKII) dan dipenjara oleh Pemerintah Hindia Belanda di Jayapura (Desember 1945); 1949, bersama B. Aninam, M. Abaa, A. Papara, S. Rumbewas, A. Kamaria, dkk mendirikan Badan Perjuangan Irian (anggota hingga 4.000 orang) di Yogyakarta untuk mempertahankan kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia – termasuk Papua. Pemerintah RI menganugerahi gelar Pahlawan Nasional untuk Silas Papare (SK Presiden RI No. 077/TK/Tahun 1993, 14/9/1993). (Onnie Lumintang, 1997; Dr. Suryadi/LIAS, 2016). Silas Papare memiliki kemampuan intelijen medan; 4 Juni 1944, Silas diberi bintang jasa pangkat Sersan Kelas II oleh Hindia Belanda; Silas Papare meraih penghargaan dari OPS Perang Pasifik, Biro Intelijen Sekutu, yang ditandatangani oleh GA Willongbym, Mayor Jenderal US ARMY, 31 Oktober 1945; nama dan jejak perjuangan Silas Papare dikenang / diperingati melalui nama kapal perang milik TNI AL KRI Silas Papare.

Mulai di waktu itulah timbulnja hasrat memperdjuangkan kemerdekaan [Irian] sesuai dengan panggilan Proklamasi itu (Proklamasi Kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia 17 Agustus 1945, red.)” - Silas Papare

Madjalah Merdeka, No. 45, Th. II, 5 Nopember 1949:8

KRI Silas Papare adalah bekas Korvet kelas Parchim yang dibuat untuk Volksmarine / AL Jerman Timur akhir 1970-an. Penamaan menurut Pakta Warsawa adalah Project 133. Kapal ini didesain untuk anti-kapal selam di perairan dangkal / pantai.


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FRANS KAISIEPO


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Frans Kaisiepo was born on the island of Biakon 10 October 1921. He studied at Sekolah Guru Normal at Manokwari. Kaisiepo, and later attended a Civil Administration course at the School of Civil Service in New Guinea (Hindia Belanda). Frans Kaisiepo (10 October 1921 – 10 April 1979) served as the fourth Governor of Papua Province. In 1993, Kaisiepo was posthumously declared a National Hero of Indonesia (Pahlawan Nasional Indonesia. In 1945, Kaisiepo met Sugoro Atmoprasodjoat the School of Civil Service. They quickly found common ground due to their shared support for Indonesian independence. In July 1946, the Freedom Party of Indonesia (Partai Indonesia Merdeka) was founded by Kaisiepoin Biak, with Lukas Rumkoren as the party's elected leader. In August 1947, Silas Papare led the raising of the Indonesian red and white flag to commemorate Indonesia’s Independence Day. This action resulted in the arrest of all participants by Dutch police. They were locked up for more than three months. During that time Kaisiepoand Johans Ariks took on Papare's role. Kaisiepo was involved in a movement in Biak in March 1948, protesting against Dutch rule. Because of his resistance, he was imprisoned from 1954 to 1961. (Chris Lundry, 2009; Singh, Bilveer (2008)


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SOEKARNO Surabaya, 6 Juni 1901-21 Juni 1970


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Bangsa Indonesia ialah seluruh manusia-manusia yang, menurut geopolitik yang telah ditentukan oleh s.w.t., tinggal di kesatuannya semua pulau-pulau Indonesia dari ujung Utara Sumatra sampai ke Irian! Seluruhnya! - Ir. Soekarno, Ketua Penyusun Rancangan UUD Indonesia Merdeka, 1 Juni 1945 di depan Sidang BPUPKI, Jakarta

Proklamator Kemerdekaan Bangsa Indonesia; Presiden RI pertama (1945-1967); Remaja (belasan tahun) : Tamat SD tahun 1912, sekolah Europeesche Lagere School di Mojokerto; Usia 15 tahun - Hogere Burgerschool / HBS (SMP Hindia Belanda) di Surabaya dan belajar pada HOS Tjokroaminoto; kuliah di ITB (Bandung) 1921-1926; “Sukarno was the only Asian leader of the modern era able to unify people of such differing ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds without shedding a drop of blood.” (Pramoedya Anan Tatoer, Time, Agustus 1999)


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MAHATMA GANDHI & AKIO MORITA

Mahatma Gandhi


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GANDHI : SOCIO PRENEURSHIP-LESSONS OF LEADERSHIP TRAIT: legacy of non-violence and as the father of India’s Independence Movement .. never a head of state or government; (Forbes, 2019) Soekarno tentang Gandhi :

My Nationalism is humanity! Pidato 1 Juni 1945, Soekarno, Setneg RI, 1992

AKIO MORITA : Essential trait a CORPORATE LEADER : a leading figure who played a pivotal role in developing Japan's postwar economy,‘ (Kyodo News Service, 1999); “The one of 20 ''most influential business geniuses'' of the 20th century (Time, 1999)


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Akio Morita


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BERNERS LEE & AKIO MORITA

Berners Lee


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So, what are some quick lessons of leadership we can learn from TIM BERNERS-LEE? (1) Leaders serve : leadership is service. Leaders are here not to be served but to serve; (2) Fame or money should never drive our vision and make sure the vision involves helping others; (3) Leadership is humility (4) Leaders give.


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AKIO MORITA : Essential trait a CORPORATE LEADER. The four-letter BRAND POWER "SONY. Leadership style, Sony Corporation, imagine, design, implement, innovate, new products, marketing, brand strategies, human resources skills diversiďŹ cation strategies, global leader, consumer electronics industry.


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ALBERT EINSTEIN & BERNERS LEE

Albert Einstein


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PERSON OF THE CENTURY (TOKOH ABAD 20). Of the 100 chosen, Albert Einstein (1879-1955) was chosen as the Person of the Century, on the grounds that he was the preeminent scientist in a century dominated by science : Einstein “serves as a symbol of all the scientist..of the 20st.

THE SELFLESS INVENTOR. In a remarkable altruistic leadership, Berners-Lee started the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C). The consortium comprises organisations and other members who work on recommendations and standards to improve the Internet. Ultimately, the inventor of the World Wide Web allowed his idea to be utilised for free, with the W3C basing its standards on royalty-free technology so that it could be used by anyone. ... many people are unaware of the name Tim Berners-Lee, even though almost half the world’s population (3.2 billion people) connect to the Internet every day.


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MOHAMMAD ALI & CHARLIE CHAPLIN

Mohammad Ali


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Charlie Chaplin


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MUHAMMAD ALI : remembered as leader and champion (Dave Sheinin/The Washington Post, June 4, 2016) Muhammad Ali, "the greatest," remembered as a true champion (Reuters, June 4, 2016) Similiarly, former heavy-weight champion Muhammad Ali not only transformed the world of boxing, he embodied a whole new way for African-Americans to define themselves and relate to the larger society. In affecting African-American identity, he changed the mores. ( Heroic Leadership, Scott T. Allison, George R. Goethals, 2013)

CHARLIE CHAPLIN (1889-1977) : BODY LANGUAGE, PUBLIC SPEAKING & LEADERSHIP : “A day without laughter is a day wasted.“ "You'll never find a rainbow if you're looking down.“ "I always like walking in the rain, so no one can see me crying.“ "Imagination means nothing without doing.“ "Nothing is permanent in this wicked world, not even our troubles."


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PRESIDEN RI SOEKARNO & PRESIDEN AMERIKA SERIKAT F.D. ROOSEVELT FREEDOM SPEECH. Soekarno united his country and set it free...coming after 350 years of Dutch colonial rule and three-and-a-half years of Japanese occupation. ...Sukarno was the only Asian leader of the modern era able to unify people of such differing ethnic, cultural and religious backgrounds without shedding a drop of blood. (TIME, 1999).

THE INFAMY SPEECH. The first line of the speech: Roosevelt describing the previous day as "a date which will live in infamy". The speech is also commonly referred to as the "Pearl Harbor Speech“ to Joint Session of the U.S. Congres , December 8, 1941.


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Soekarno


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Franklin Delano Roosevelt


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SUN TZU


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Leadership is a matter of INTELLIGENCE, TRUSTHWORTHINESS, HUMANENESS, COURAGE AND STERNNESS. Every general has heard of These five things. - Sun Tzu, ‘The Art of War’


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MARK ZUCKERBERG Pendiri Facebook


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Mark Elliot Zuckerberg (14 Mei 1984 ), Dustin Moskovitz, Eduardo Saverin & Chris Highes mendirikan jejaring sosial Facebook—ketika masih kuliah di Universitas Harvard, Amerika Serikat, tahun 2004. Tahun 2011, kekayaan pribadinya mencapai 17,55 miliar dollar AS (Hardy, Quentin (December 6, 2010), Forbes magazine.) Mark Zuckerberg illustrates the transformational leadership style in action. He is described as encouraging and aggressive. A person who always demands constant innovation and growth, he loves debates and challenges. He uses all 3 styles of leadership (autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire).Mark Zuckerbergillustrates the transformational leadership style in action. He is described as encouraging and aggressive. A person who always demands constant innovation and growth, he loves debates and challenges. He uses all 3 styles of leadership (autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire). Di Ardsley High School (Amerika Serikat), Zuckerberg meraih nilai tinggi mata pelajaran klasika; pindah ke sekolah Phillips Exeter Academy, Zuckerberg meraih banyak anugerah sains ((matematika, astronomi, dan ďŹ sika) dan mahir berbahasa Perancis, Hibrani, Latin, dan Yunani kuno; Zuckerberg hobi main olahraga anggar (kapten) (McDevitt, Caitlin (March 5, 2010). The Big Money; Grynbaum, Michael M., 2004).


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JERRY YANG Pendiri Yahoo


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Jerry Chih-Yuan Yang (November 6, 1968) is a Taiwanese American computerprogrammer, internet entrepreneur, and venture capitalist. He is the co-founder and former CEO of Yahoo! Inc. Bersama David Filo, Yang mendirikan Yahoo! Inc. Yang meninggalkan perusahaannya tahun 1995. Tahun 2007, termasuk orang ke-432 terkaya dunia (2,2 miliar dollar AS). Yang lahir di kota Taipei, Taiwan; Usai 10 tahun pindah ke San Jose, California, bersama ibu dan saudara lelakinya. Ayahnya meninggal ketika Yang berusia dua tahun. Ia hanya tahu satu kata bahasa Inggris ketika berpindah ke Amerika Serikat. Ia meraih Ijazah Sains (B.S.) dan Ijazah Lanjutan Sains (M.S.) jurusan eletrik dari Univeritas Stanford, Amerika Serikat. April 1994, saat masih kuliah ia dan David Filo membuat halaman Internet "Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web“ --Yahoo, backronym "Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle“; keduanya pilih finisi umum yahoo: "kasar, ringkas, tidak terurus". Yahoo! bermula sebagai Portal web dangan panduan web bagi memberikan julat keluaran dan pelauanan yang luas bagi aktivitas ditalian, dan kini merupakan salah satu situs internet terkemuka dan mempunyai jaringan trafik tertinggi di internet. (Henderson, Harry (2009)


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ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE 1823-1913


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Alfred Russel Wallace (8 January 1823 – 7 November 1913) was a British naturalist, explorer, biologist and social activist (socio-preneurship). He is best known for proposing a theory of natural selection This was published in 1858 together with Charles Darwin’s idea. Wallace did extensive natural history exploring. He went first to the Amazon River basin and later to Malay and Indonesia. He wrote books on both these adventures. While in Indonesia he drew the Wallace Line which divides Indonesia into two parts. On one side are animals of Australasia. On the other side are species mostly of Asian origin. He wrote a wonderful book on biography (the distribution of animals). From 1854 to 1862, age 31 to 39, Wallace travelled through the Dutch East Indies (sekarang Indonesia) to collect specimens for sale and to study nature. Wallace collected more than 125,000 specimens in the Dutch East Indies (more than 80,000 beetlesalone). More than a thousand of them represented species new to science. His observations of the clear zoological differences across a narrow strait in the archipelago led to his proposing the zoogeographical boundary now known as the Wallace Line. Bali and Lombok were two islands in the archipelago only 17 miles apart at the widest (28km), roughly the same size and with the same climate, soil, elevation and aspect. Yet their flora and fauna were so different. (Bhermer, Michael 2002).


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BARACK HUSSEIN OBAMA II


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Barack Hussein Obama II (lahir di Honolulu, Hawai, 14 Agustus 1961), Presiden ke-44 Amerika Serikat—orang pertama Afrika-Amerika terpilih menjadi Presiden AS sejak tahun 1787; alumnus Universitas Columbia (Amerika Serikat) dan Harvard Law School;

Sejak usia 6 sampai 10 tahun, Obama bersekolah di Sekolah Katolik St. Fransiskus Assisi selama dua tahun dan Sekolah Dasar Besuki selama 1,5 tahun di Jakarta dan pembelajaran di rumah dengan bantuan Calvert School. (Foto: Barack Obama mengucap janji jabatan Presiden Amerika Serikat 20 Januari 2009 (Sumber: Master Sgt Cecilio Ricardo, U.S. Air Force).


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ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL Penemu Telepon


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Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-born American inventor, scientist, and engineer who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone. Bell's father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the telephone in 1876.] Bell considered his invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.Many other inventions marked Bell's later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunication, hydrofoils, and aeronautics. Bell, top right, providing pedagogical instruction to teachers at the Boston School for Deaf Mutes, 1871. Throughout his life, he referred to himself as "a teacher of the deaf". (Foto: Library of Congress) Alexander Graham Bell, teacher of teachers, seated on top step with Rev. Dexter King, founder of the school, and Dr. Ira Allen, chairman of the school committee, three steps down are teachers Annie M. Bond, Sarah Fuller, Ellen L. Barton, and Mary H. True, students are seated on the steps and standing on the sidewalk at entrance to the Pemberton Square School (Boston School for the Deaf) in Boston, Mass.


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MICHAEL FARADAY Penemu Listrik


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Michael Faraday, penemu listrik, hanya lulusan SD. Lahir pada 22 September 1791 dari keluarga pegawai di Newington, London Selatan, Inggris, Michael Faraday putus sekolah. Usia 14 tahun dia bekerja menjilid dan menjual buku. Sehingga ia selalu membaca saat waktu luang. Faraday disebut ‘Bapak Listrik’ di Inggris. (John Tyndall, 1868; Bence Jones, 1870; Hall Gladstone, 1872; Ernst Lehrs , 1975; Colin A. Russell , 2001; Frank A.J.L James, 2010).

Kala usia 20 tahun, Faraday tekun dan sabar mengikuti ceramahceramah ilmiah dari Sir Humphry Davy ; ia menuliskan pengalamannya meneliti fenomena-fenomena alam. Hasilnya, karya bukunya Experimental Researches in Electricity (1855), dan The Chemical History of a Candle (2002, 2015). Faraday menemukan dasar teori elektrokimia. Riset dan penemuan Faraday : (1) membuat konstruksi tumpukan volta dengan 7 uang setengah sen dengan 7 lembaran seng serta 6 lembar kertas basahan air garam untuk mengurai magnesium sulfat; (2) menciptakan homopolar motor--gerakan melingkar terus-menerus karena gaya lingakaran magnet mengelilingi kabel hingga ke dalam genangan merkuri dengan magnet pada genangan tersebut, maka kabel berputar mengelilingi magnet jika dialiri arus listrik dari baterai. Penemuan Farady ini adalah dasar teknologi elektromagnetik hingga hari ini; (3) melilitkan dua kumparan kabel terpisah dan menemukan kumparan pertama dilalui oleh arus, sedangkan kumparan kedua dimasukan arus (induksi timbal-balik)-- “perubahan medan magnet menghasilkan medan listrik� yang dibuat model matematikanya oleh James Clerk Maxwell (Hukum Faraday). (Sumber: India Today)


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THOMAS ALVA EDISON Penemu Lampu


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Thomas Alva Edison, lahir (di Milan, Ohio, Amerika Serikat, 11 Februari 1847 – meninggal 18 Oktober 1931 di Amerika Serikat; tanggal 110 Januari tahun 1883, Sistem penerangan listrik pertama hasil karya Edison menggunakan kabel layang di Roselle, New Jersey. Sistem itu diciptakan oleh Thomas Alva Edison. Masa kecilnya selalu mendapat nilai buruk di sekolahnya. Ibunya memberhentikannya dari sekolah dan mengajar sendiri di rumah. Edison kecil leluasa membaca buku-buku ilmiah dan mulai membuat percobaan ilmiah. Usia 12 tahun Edison mulai bekerja menjual koran, buah-buahan dan gula-gula di kereta api. dan operator telegraf, Ia pindah dari satu kota ke kota lain. Di New York, ia menjadi kepala mesin telegraf pengirim berita ke seluruh perusahaan terkemuka di New York. Tahun 1870, Edison menemukan mesin telegraf lebih unggul. Mesinmesinnya dapat mencetak pesan-pesan di atas pita kertas yang panjang; tahun 1874 di Menlo Park, New Jersey, ia membuat bengkel ilmiah. Tahun 1877, ia menemukan Gramofon, tahun 1879 ia menemukan lampu listrik, proyektor film-film kecil dan tahun 1882, ia memasang lampu-lampu listrik di jalan-jalan dan rumah-rumah sejauh satu kilometer di kota New York— pertama kali di dunia lampu listrik di jalan-jalan. Edison memegang 1.093 paten atas namanya.; risetnya antara lain mendeteksi pesawat terbang, menghancurkan periskop dengan mesin, mendeteksi kapal selam, menghentikan torpedo dengan jaring, menaikkan kekuatan torpedo, kapal kamuflase.


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WANGARI MAATHAI Peraih Nobel Lingkungan


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When we plant trees, we plant the seeds of peace and seeds of hope. – Dr. Wangari Maathai

Wangarĩ Muta Maathai (1 April 1940 – 25 September 2011) was a renowned Kenyan socialand environmental activist, and the first African woman to win the Nobel Prize. She was educated in the United States at Mount St Scholastica Benedictine College) and the University of Pittsbugh , as well as the University of Nairobi in Kenya. In 1977, Maathai founded the Green Belt Movement,an environmental non-governmental organization focused on the planting of trees,environmental conservation, and women’s rights. In 1984, she was awarded the Right Livelihood Award for "converting the Kenyan ecological debate into mass action for reforestation." Maathai was an elected member of Parliament (Kenya). She was an Honorary Councillorof the World Future Council. She was affiliated to professional bodies and received several awards. (Rice, Xan/ The Guardian, 26 September 2011);

You cannot protect environment unless you empower people, you inform them, and you help them understand that thses resources are their own, that they must protect. – Dr. Wangari Maathai


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PROFESOR DR. SIWABESSY Bapak Atom Negara RI


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Kita hidup dalam zaman pembangunan bangsa. Kenyataan ini jauh lebih penting daripada senjata-senjata nuklir. – Presiden RI Soekarno (1960)

Untuk melaksanakan misi perdamaian dan kesejahteraan bagi Rakyat Negara RI melalui program tenaga atom, Presiden RI Soekarno menunjuk Prof. Dr. G.A. Siwabessy, ahli radiologi bidang kesehatan, bukan ahli atom. Presiden RI Soekarno menunjuk Dr. G.A. Siwabessy sebagai pimpinan Panitia Penyelidikan Radioaktivitas dan Tenaga Atom, yang melibatkan anggota berbagai unsur Angkatan Darat, Angkatan Udara, badan meteorologi, RSPAD, dan sejumlah universitas. Prof. Dr. G.A. Siwabessy dikenang sampai hari ini sebagai “Bapak Atom Negara Indonesia”. (Komarudin Watubun, 2017: 80)

Hukum nasional tentang tenaga atom harus mewujudkan penjelmaan dari pada Pancasila. – UU No. 31/1964


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HANS JACOBUS WOSPAKRIK, PhD Ahli Fisika Teori


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Ahli fisika Hans J. Wospakrik menulis buku “Dari Atomos Hingga Quark” tentang pencarian manusia sepanjang sejarah—berawal dari Yunani kuno-- perihal susunan materi-materi alam hingga temuan saat ini mengenai satuan materi yang lebih kecil, yaitu quark; awal 1980-an, sambil melanjutkan studi pasca sarjananya, Hans pernah mengadakan riset bersama Martinus J.G. Veltman di Utrecht, Belanda. Veltman adalah Fisikawan peraih nobel fisika tahun 1999. (Hans J. Wospakrik, Louis de Broglie: Perintis Kuantum Terakhir, Kompas, 8 Juli 1987.

Hans Jacobus Wospakrik (lahir di Serui, Papua, 10 September 1951 – meninggal di Jakarta 11 Januari 2005), dosen dan ahli fisika teori di Institut Teknologi Bandung; meraih penghargaan fisikawan terbaik dari Universitas Atma Jaya (Jakarta) atas pengabdian, konsistensi, dan dedikasinya yang tinggi dalam penelitian di bidang fisika teori. . Hasil-hasil penelitiannya ini dipublikasikannya di jurnal-jurnal internasional terkemuka, seperti Physical Review D, Journal of Mathematical Physics, Modern Physics Letters A, dan International Journal of Modern Physics A.


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CHRISTINA HAMMOCK KOCH Perempuan Terlama di Angkasa Luar


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Christina Hammock Koch (born January 29, 1979) is an American engineer and NASA astronaut of the class of 2013. She received Bachelor of Science degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics, and a Master of Science in Electrical Engineering from North Carolina State University. She also did advanced study while working for the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC). On March 14, 2019, Koch launched to the International Space Station as a Flight Engineer on Expedition 59, 60 and 61. On October 18, 2019, she and Jessica Meir were the ďŹ rst women to participate in an all-female spacewalk. NASA reported on December 28, 2019, that Koch had spent more time in space than any other woman, breaking the previous record of retired astronaut Peggy Whitson (Roberts, Jason (August 3, 2017). Harwood, William (December 30, 2019); Raven, Benjamin (March 8, 2019). Rupinta, Amber (February 26, 2019); Whiting, Melanie (November 27, 2015).

Christina was born in Grand Rapids, Michigan and raised in Jacksonville, North Carolina by parents Barbara Johnsen of Frederick Maryland, and Dr. Ronald Hammock of Jaksonville of North Carolina. Koch's childhood dream was to become an astronaut. In 2001, she became a graduate of the NASA Academy program at GSFC.


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Jl. S. Parman, Grand Slipi Tower Lantai 8, Kel. Palmerah, Kec. Palmerah, Jakarta Barat yayasan.5sila@gmail.com limasilafoundation www.yayasanlimasila.org

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