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Volume 6, Issue 1

InTrans

November 20th 2006

Study Association Transito Visiting address: Erasmus University Rotterdam Room H12-05

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50 Postal address: Room H12-07

Typically Dutch: Stemmingmakerij Er zijn misschien belangrijkere dingen, maar mobiliteit raakt ons allemaal. Volgens stemwijzer.nl verschillen de verkiezingsprogramma’s van de politieke partijen voor wat betreft mobiliteit slechts ten aanzien van de volgende twee vragen: “Mag Schiphol groeien?” en “Moeten meer wegen aangelegd worden?” De linkse partijen PvdA, SP en Groen Links beantwoorden beide vragen negatief, terwijl de rechtse partijen CDA, VVD en Groep Wilders positief antwoorden.

Current events: • Elections • Holidays (Christmas) • Dubai 2007

Inside this issue: Coverstory: Typically Dutch

2

From the editors

2

From the Board

2

Gateway2Europe

4

Living in a car free city

5

Column: Maarten van der Westen

6

Port Day report

7

Annabel’s Corner

8

Feit is dat de groei van luchtvracht voor meer dan 95% gecorreleerd is aan economische groei. Deze luchtvracht wordt vooral vervoerd in de buik van passagiersvliegtuigen. Een ander feit is dat de belastinginkomsten van automobiliteit de veroorzaakte maatschappelijke kosten voor infrastructuur, milieu, en ongevallen met ongeveer 2 miljard euro overschrijden. De vraag is dan wat de linkse partijen beweegt: cliëntelisme? Links lijkt de voorkeur te geven aan de beautyslaapjes van Gooische vrouwen en BN-ers in hun stulpjes aan het Naardermeer, in plaats van de forensen uit Almere die elke ochtend in een wolk van uitlaatgassen vaststaan op de A9. Zelfs de aanleg van een tunnel is voor links niet acceptabel om het fileprobleem rond Amsterdam te verlichten. Het verschil van 2 miljard is gelijk aan de totale exploitatiebijdragen van de overheid aan

het openbaar vervoer, dat de linkse partijen gratis willen maken voor ouderen en jongeren. Om ouderen niet te stigmatiseren, koppelt de PvdA de

mum snelheid nog progressiever dan links. Maar als ik toch moet kiezen voor een verantwoord mobiliteitsbeleid, dan wordt het CDA of VVD. Een

invoering van gratis openbaar vervoer aan de introductie van de OV-chipkaart. Het probleem is echter niet zozeer dat gratis OV ouderen stigmatiseert, maar dat ouderen het OV stigmatiseren als mobiliteit waarin je niet in de kracht van je leven gevonden wil worden. Met een beetje creativiteit wordt dit inkoppen voor de autoindustrie, en kopen we dadelijk in Nederland meer auto’s dan ooit tevoren. Je zou bijna denken dat de auto- en olieindustrie de partijkas van linkse partijen spekt.

plezierige bijkomstigheid is dat beide partijen niet tornen aan de hypotheekaftrek. En als ik dadelijk in mijn nieuwe huis woon, en geniet van een lekker glas wijn, ga ik bedenken hoe ik me kan inzetten voor het beperken van het sluipverkeer in mijn wijk en het behoud van de authentieke moerasnatuur in de naburige Polder Schieveen. Het kan natuurlijk niet zo zijn dat Zestienhoven, de A13, de A20, en vooral de geplande verlenging van de A16 naar de A13 ten koste gaan van dit unieke stukje Hollands landschap, en….mijn nachtrust!

In het kader van mobiliteit is de populistische roep van Geert Wilders voor meer wegen, geen rekening rijden, afschaffing van trajectcontroles en verhoging van de maxi-

Mr. Dr. Peran van Reeven Meer over de verkiezingen op pagina 6...


Page 2

InTrans

From the Editors A new academic year, a new master, a new job or extra curricular activity or in short a complexly new adventure; that was what awaited us in September 2006. ‘Extra curricular activity? Say what?’ ‘Extra curricular activities’ or in layman’s terms everything related to, but not part of your studies. Or in our case making sure

this InTrans arrives on your doorstep. How fitting is it indeed that this InTrans is also completely new, ready to stand up to your scrutinizing and criticism. It is now your job as our loyal reader to evaluate whether we have succeeded in making yet again a better, new and improved InTrans.

It is therefore our sincerest hope that this InTrans, like every issue published before, will interest, inform and entertain you and furthermore that it will be worthy of your scarce time…

Floris Geldof

Floris Geldof Jeroen van Haaren Editors InTrans 2006-2007

Jeroen van Haaren

From the board - Chair(wo)man

“we are planning to have a great year, full of nice and interesting activities”

My name is Sanne de Jong, I am 22 years old and I am the chairman of Transito 06-07. I was born in a village close to Rotterdam, but I am living in Tilburg for 4,5 years now. I have a bachelor in International Business from Tilburg University and I am currently a Master student of Urban, Port and Transport Economics.

During my bachelor studies I spend a semester at the University of Bologna in Italy and that was really the highlight of my student life so far. In Tilburg I have always been an active member of a study association and I was a part of the conference committee and the lustrum committee. When I came to the Erasmus University I

thought it would be nice to join an organisation again, and Transito seemed like a nice organisation to become part of. In October the 19th board of Transito started, with 5 enthusiastic board members and we are planning to have a great year, full of nice and interesting activities for the students of the major and master UPTE.

From the board - Secretary

The Transito Board 2006-2007 From left to right: Karin, Sanne, Daan, Annabel In front: Jaymi

The courses of the first trimester have come to an end, the Harbor day is already a few weeks ago, and still I was asked to introduce myself. Hopefully most of you know me by now, either by face or by name. A little bit about myself: I’m Karin and currently 21 years old and living in Maarssen. I did the bachelor Economics at Erasmus last three years and now I started my master UPT. Besides studying and Transito, I am involved in another board: I am chairman of a small

dance group and also part of a commission that organizes activities for the younger people in my church. Furthermore, I am an assisting teacher in Gymnastics for the youngtalented gymnasts in my city, which is very nice to do. No more room to mention all my other activities, but for sure Transito will be a great part of it this year and I’m sure it will bring lots of pleasure to me and hopefully also to the other members of Transito.


Volume 6, Issue 1

Page 3

From the board - Treasurer My name is Annabel de Jager and I am the treasurer of the Transito Study Association for the next college year. Now I am following the pre-master program of Urban, Port and Transport Economics. Before I came to Erasmus

University, I studied Management, Economics and Law at INHOLLAND Hogeschool. I received my bachelor degree in July last summer. Besides my new study, I am also very excited about my participation in the study

association. I want to learn a lot for my personal goals, keep the financial status of the association healthy and participate in the organisation of multiple activities.

From the board - External Affairs My name is Jaymi Chung and I’m a master student in Urban, Port and Transport Economics. I started my study International Business and Management Studies at the Inholland in Rotterdam. After my propedeuse I went to the Erasmus University for the Bachelor study Economics. Last year I was an active member in the study

association AEclipse for the International Research Project 2006 as commissioner Research & Program. Besides the incredible time we had in Brazil, I have also learned a lot from my committee. By joining the Transito board 2006 - 2007 I hope to develop further my organizing and social skills. Together with Willemien de Jong and Eric van

den Berg we are organizing the study trip 2006-2007 with the destination Dubai. We are really excited about Dubai! I really look forward to a great year together with my fellow board members and try to make a tremendous and successful year! See you at our activities!

From the board - Activities My name is Daan Weijsenborn. I am a member of the board of Transito and the only male of the board. I don’t know why that is but i am determined to find out! I am 26 years old, and after i finished my bachelor’s degree I decided to start working as a Account Manager for a large software house. This was not very wise because i found out that selling van not very difficult and not very challenging. The job

and company were kind of nice but in the long term I saw myself not very happy over there. I decided to go for a masers degree and left the firm. After one year in the "schakeljaar" commuting between Amsterdam, where i live, and Rotterdam, where the EUR is, I am planning and sure that i will finish this year. For this year I have a couple of plans. First of all finish my Masters degree. But in relation to Transito I

have more than one. First of all I would like to make the activities multidisciplinary. So for those who are interested in port or urban or transport. I also hope to be able to connect Transito more with the exchange students.

When you have suggestions or something to say about the activities of Transito please contact me. +31624754968.


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InTrans

Rotterdam Gateway2Europe Say Rotterdam and you’ll hear ‘Supply Chain Management’. Indeed, Rotterdam is a gleaming pearl in the international crown called ‘Supply Chain Management’. The Netherlands are often called ‘the gateway to Europe’, a title that fills us with pride, and our pockets. But why is this title so important, and, more significant, can we keep it? First of all, we need to regard the elements (nodes in the supply chain) that justify this title. The port of Rotterdam is an evident node, with direct (deep water, 78 ft) access to sea and for many carriers port of first call for Europe. Excellent connections make this port the interface between Europe and the rest of the world (ROW). At this moment, Rotterdam handles the largest share of containers destined for European destinations and is, together with Hamburg and Bremen, Germany‘s main port. Second there is Schiphol, the fourth European airport and main hub for the combination KLM/ Northwest and an important interface for travelers between the EU and the US. This vital, since traffic generates more traffic (assumed that capacity is abundant). By

grouping cargo (and passengers) unit costs can be reduced, which attracts even more traffic, it’s the old story of economics of scale, scope and density. Companies funneling their products to the final customer via the Netherlands are ensured of, at least in theory, a fast and reliable handling of their cargo to and from important destinations. The importance of all these ongoing 24/7 activities is enormous. Let us just regard a container. A container on itself hardly has any value for the inland GDP, but affiliate activities have. The vessel has to enter the port (port duties), has to be serviced (shipping agent, oil and food supply), the container has to be unloaded and stored (terminal handler, e.g. ECT). At this point numerous activities are generated, like stuffing and stripping, and repair. And don’t forget inland transport by road, rail and barge! Being Gateway to Europe is a position that is very precious for the Dutch economy, but how are the future prospects? Can we remain competitive? The answer is a bitter no. I know that amongst you there are people who spend a huge amount of their time

on the road, to numerous destinations (hopefully many which are international, we have just seen that we have to promote the Netherlands in order to earn money!) but with one common factor: congestion. Just think of it: we are loosing soil because our politicians are so terribly dragging, it is sick making! What about innovations, what about the second Maasvlakte, what about optimizing the public transport system (the high speed link linking the North with the West is cancelled, no Zuiderzeelijn (yet))? Do we really want to have our nice country to be eliminated from the international field of competitiveness? It is horrible, a shame! We, young high potentials, need to raise our voice! It is our duty to close the lines and enforce new infrastructural facilities in order to ensure a well facilitated growth of current activities. Ask yourself the question, would you be happy to see such important logistic clusters disappear to Germany and France leaving us no more than a few price elastic crumbs of the large cake?

Entry to the port of Rotterdam

Jolle Jansma - Transito Board

Transito hereby congratulates M on winning the first prize in th


Volume 6, Issue 1

Page 5

Living in a carcar-free city: is that possible? Traffic congestion is a problem in most cities of the world. Just to mention some data, in 2003in the US, congestion caused 3.7 billion hours of travel delay and 8.7 billion litres of wasted fuel, for a total cost of more than $63 billion for the year. The negative externalities of congestion, mainly pollution and delay, are well-known problems to anyone lives in an urban area. Every year the EU organises the European Mobility Week, a full week of events dedicated to sustainable mobility. The most important of these events is the ‘car free day’ or ‘in town without my car’ campaign. During this day all cars are banned from the city centre of the participating towns. The campaign has mainly the aim to encourage the use of alternative forms of transport other than private cars and to raise awareness of what is at stake so far as concerns sustainable mobility in towns. Many cities in Europe participate in this event and most of the people are very positive about this initiative. Nevertheless the question remains: is it really possible to live in a car-free city? Are people ready to give up their cars for their daily

activities? Our society heavily relies on motorized vehicles to move people and goods. In and around urban areas most of the people use the car to move and the almost totality of goods are delivered by motorized vehicles. Is it really possible to abandon this long-established way of living and working and shift to an idyllic car-free city? Honestly I don’t think this won’t be a possibility for most cities at least for the next 10-20 years. Some even argue that traffic congestion is evidence of social and economic vitality and that we must accept the f a c t t h a t automobiles are central to metropolitan life. Probably they are right, but this doesn’t prevent us to try to stimulate people to move by more sustainable modes of transport. There are many possible policy measures: from the provision of showers in office building to stimulate bike commuting to the introduction of congestion charging schemes to reduce car use in urban areas; from the provision of gratis public transport to the introduction of restrictive

parking measures in cities. Probably what we are still missing is commitment: not only from policy makers but also from people. Maybe people are not concerned about congestion; or maybe they are, but they are not willing to refrain from the comfort of their cars; or maybe they think that sooner or later, in one way or the other, something will change. Maybe they are wrong.

...I don’t think this won’t be a possibility for most cities at least for the next 10-20 years....

G. Mingardo

Car free city center in Sienna Italy

Notes: 1.

Source: http:// www.citymayors.com/transport/ congestion_usa.html (November 2006).

2.

Have a look at this webpage http:// www.carfree.com/ to have an idea of how (and if) would be possible to live in a car-free city.

Maria Lampri and Stella Georgiou he 2006 Young Haven Debat


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InTrans

De politiek moet voor de verandering eens kijken naar alle ontwikkelingen die het vrachtverkeer heeft doorgemaakt in de afgelopen jaren

Groen Links, Vrachtverkeer rechts Binnenkort moeten we ons massaal weer richting stembus slepen om een nieuw kabinet te kiezen. Alle politieke partijen komen weer naar voren met hun meningen en plannen. Het vrachtverkeer wordt in deze plannen regelmatig genoemd. Er zijn een aantal kwesties waarin het wegverkeer een rol speelt: het fileprobleem, het milieu en de toestroom van vele OostEuropese chauffeurs zijn hete hangijzers.

Groen Links heeft een interessante passage in zijn partijprogramma staan: “De transportsector en zeven miljoen personenauto’s veroorzaken verreweg het grootste deel van de uitstoot van broeikasgassen in Nederland. Daar bovenop komen nog eens de gigantische kosten voor uitbreiding van het wegennet, en het menselijk leed en de kosten die het gevolg zijn van verkeersongelukken.”

Nederland is al sinds mensenheugenis een handel- en transportnatie. Vele mensen in dit land hebben werk dankzij transport en distributie. Maar voor Groen Links telt dit blijkbaar niet. Zij zien vrachtwagens alleen als grote milieuonvriendelijke monsters. Dat alle gebruiksartikelen en voedingsmiddelen in dit land altijd op een bepaald moment door een vrachtwagen zijn vervoerd, maakt een vrachtwagen blijkbaar niet nuttig. Dat honderdduizenden mensen dankzij het vervoer een baan hebben in dit land, is blijkbaar ook niet belangrijk.

Persoonlijk vraag ik me af hoe Groen Links campagne voert

voor de verkiezingen. Waar andere partijen mooie posters en folders hebben, mag Groen Links dit niet gebruiken natuurlijk. Denk aan de kilometers die vrachtwagens moeten afleggen om dat promotiemateriaal over het hele land te verspreiden! Dat wordt veel fietsen voor mevrouw Halsema.

Groen Links, en alle politieke partijen met hen, kan beter eens zijn kop uit het zand halen, en erkennen dat Nederland niet zonder vrachtverkeer kan. Net zomin als de rest van de wereld. Vrachtwagens zijn nodig, omdat het vaak de beste, snelste en heel vaak de enige manier is om goederen van A naar B te krijgen. Immers, niet elke winkel of huis heeft een spoorlijn of een kanaal voor de deur. Vrachtwagens zijn noodzakelijk!

De politiek moet voor de verandering eens kijken naar alle ontwikkelingen die het vrachtverkeer heeft doorgemaakt in de afgelopen jaren. Zijn ze niet van Euro-0 begin jaren negentig naar Euro-5 gegaan, een enorme ontwikkeling waarbij uitlaatgassen heel veel minder schadelijk zijn geworden? Vergelijk de uitstoot per kilogram lading maar eens met een personenauto. Vrachtwagens zijn tegenwoordig zelfs schoner dan trein of schip. Het zijn toch alleen vrachtwagens die uitgerust zijn met SCR (Selective Cathalystic Reduction, AdBlue) en EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) om schadelijke stoffen in uitlaatgassen te reduceren? Kwam de transportbranche zelf niet met milieuvriendelijke plannen zoals de LZV’s?

Soms lijkt het wel alsof een beter milieu niet meer het doel is. Nee, het gaat om minder vrachtwagens en personenauto’s op de weg. Het maakt niet

uit hoeveel plannen er vanuit de transportbranche komen om schade aan het milieu te voorkomen. Zolang niet een groot deel van de vrachtwagens van de weg verdwijnt, wordt er niet naar de plannen geluisterd. Men staart zich blind op de hoeveelheid voertuigen op de weg.

Het is voorspeld dat het wegvervoer in 2010 zal zijn verdubbeld ten opzichte van vandaag. De Europese Unie heeft dit eindelijk erkent, en men heeft ingezien dat hun reclamecampagne voor de “modal split”, waardoor al het overheidsgeld naar spoor en water gingen, niets uithaalt. De Europese Unie heeft begrepen dat het veel beter is voor het milieu en de economie om te investeren in het wegvervoer, zodat al die vrachtwagens niet meer in de file staan te ronken. Zonder twijfel werkt dit beter dan geld steken in spoorlijnen die toch nauwelijks worden gebruikt.

Misschien wordt het eens tijd dat ook Groen Links zijn ogen eens opent. Dit geldt ook voor de andere politieke partijen. Er worden legio goede plannen aangedragen door fabrikanten van vrachtwagens en door de transportbranche zelf. Wellicht zou het realistischer zijn om deze plannen eens te bekijken en om mee te werken deze plannen uit te voeren. Ik durf te wedden dat dit veel beter is voor het milieu dan alleen maar met vingers te wijzen. Zolang het enige échte doel van de politiek is om het aantal voertuigen op de weg drastisch te verminderen, zal het milieu niet gebaad zijn. Zonder transport staat immers écht alles stil!

(bij het schrijven van dit stuk is het milieu in generlei wijze aangetast)


Volume 6, Issue 1

Page 7

Port Day Report Once upon the time there was

big vessels. First we were

were all amazed by the sheer

a famous port: the Port of

taken to the logistic company

size

Rotterdam. It survived wars,

“Schenker”, where we enjoyed

potential for working 24/7 and

political and social changes

a company presentation. It

the industrial plants

that even made it become

was clear that it has nothing to

resembling the Lego bricks toy.

larger

powerful.

do with the port per sé, but the

The Exxon Refinery has its own

Surely it has to be seen with

large warehouse area held by

dedicated terminal where the

your own eyes to realize its

Schenker is filled with the

big vessels full of crude oil are

true meaning. This is the main

cargo commodities either to be

arriving. The trip around the

reason

put on ships or to be unloaded.

refinery area took us more

and more

why

a

group

of

university students went to the port, last October and I was one

of

them.

Being

an

exchange student, for me the image of the Port of Rotterdam is indisputable. In my country of origin, Poland, we have always

known

its

strong

position and it leader status. That is why I was excited about the trip to the port. I went there with the idea of seeing

Something that made me a little sentimental was that one of

the

warehouses

from

Schenkel was half filled up with famous and tasty Polish beer “Zywiec”. I found out that the

connections

between

Poland and The Netherlands are higher that I expected them to be. The second part of the trip was a sightseeing tour of the refinery “Exxon”. We

cranes, huge docks and many

of

refinery,

its

there

than an hour and that by the bus (!), so I did not even want to imagine walking around on foot…it was somehow excited for me seeing something like Texas in the miniature. The whole excursion to the port took us all day, but it provided us with the opportunity to see the port, the real port not like one on a postcards. It also brought up the thoughts that port is not anymore just a transport

Colofon

the

node,

indeed

it

encompasses more economic activities around the core port

Redactie

Floris Geldof

that mutually influence each

Jeroen van Haaren

other for the instant growth.

intransredactie@gmail.com

Port of Rotterdam nowadays struggles

Visiting Address

Erasmus University Rotterdam

with

many

competitors but there is hardly

Room H12-05

one similar with the particular

Burgemeester Oudlaan 50

atmosphere

like

the

keeps and spreads. Postal Address

Study Association Transito Erasmus University Rotterdam Room H12-07

Kasia Kurek

P.O. box 1738 3000 DR ROTTERDAM

Masters student Urban,

Tel.: 010-4082070

Port and Transport

Fax.: 010-4089156

Economics

www.transito.nu

port

I found out that the connections between Poland and The Netherlands are higher than I expected them to be.


Study Association Transito Study Association for Urban, Port and Transport Economics

Your advertisement here? Contact Jaymi Chung Email: extern@transito.nu Tel: +31 (0) 6 248 728 67

Annabel’s corner Annabel de Jager will provide a column here on a regular basis starting with this issue of the InTrans Before I went to University, I have studied at INHOLLAND Hogeschool, as you may have read before in this magazine. I have been really excited to come to a new surrounding, a new setting and new education. Some people told me studying at a University would be quiet different than the last years at INHOLLAND. I did not know what to expect, but thought it was a logical next step and would be very much the same. I was wrong. My former study was more practical. We had to cooperate with each other, wrote many papers, were focused on the real life and the literature just helped to understand. Now I

am just following lectures, am reading my books and learning for my exams. That setting is different to participate in and I had to change my way of learning. For the first time in two years, I am actually reading whole books. There is no need for deadlines and therefore also no hurry in the last week. Students are also different. In University, there is a bigger so called ‘students-life’ and a lower willing to put time and energy in extra activities and appointments. On the other hand, they are also more serious about their lives and carrier perspectives; the people I have met in this short period. On this moment I can conclude that one education form is no better or worse that the other,

but it is different. Students are thinking differently (of course this is the meaning of the school) but also the way of given education is not the same. Therefore I also changed the way of learning and studying. I am very excited about my exams, which will start on November 20th. So I am studying a lot at the moment; I hope you do that as well.

Good luck at your exams!


Intrans november 2006