Understanding Type 1 Diabetes Once known as juvenile diabetes, Type 1 diabetes develops when the immune system, the body's ability to produce insulin destroyed. Type 1 diabetes, formerly called juvenile diabetes because it usually affects children and young people develop when the body's own immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells found in the pancreas. Beta-cells in the body are only a means to the hormone insulin, blood sugar, the fuel cells can produce the control energy to produce. To survive, people need to have Type 1 diabetes is regular doses of insulin, either by injection or a pump to get delivered. Type 1 Diabetes: Who influences Up to three million Americans have type 1 diabetes. Although people of any age develop type 1 diabetes, it is usually first diagnosed in children. About 15,000 children a year every day 40 children diagnosed with diabetes in the United States. There is no cure or way to prevent type 1 diabetes. The researchers believe that the autoimmune response that is invited to type 1 diabetes by both genetic factors and some environmental trigger, but the specific causes, not causes found. Type 1 Diabetes: What Happens People diagnosed with diabetes because her blood sugar levels or blood sugar increased, too. Glucose, the body source of energy comes from food and is also in the liver and muscles. Your blood sugar supplies every cell in your body, but that delivery must be the hormone insulin. If there is no production of insulin in the pancreas, glucose can not enter the cell and instead remains in the bloodstream and forces the blood sugar levels higher and higher. Type 1 diabetes: minimizing the damage To avoid the physical damage caused by rising blood sugar levels type 1 diabetes patients get regular doses of insulin. You also need to eat, exercise careful diet, often, and watch their blood pressure. Living with diabetes means maintaining blood sugar balance - not too much (hyperglycemia) or too low (hypoglycemia). Hyperglycemia during long-term damage to your body, hypoglycemia, a person the feeling:
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Tired Weak Confused Irritable Shaky Hungry
Hypoglycemia can also be a person, pass out or seizure, if left untreated. Type 1 Diabetes: The warning signs There are many well-known warning sign for developing diabetes. These include: ● ● ● ● ● ● ●
Extreme thirst Frequent urination Unexplained weight loss Sores that heal slowly Dry, itchy skin Numbness or tingling in the feet Blurry eyesight
Type 1 diabetes: effects on the body If untreated, type 1 diabetes can be devastating effects on the body. People with diabetes are at increased risk for: ● Heart disease and stroke. The risk of either a heart attack or stroke is two to four times greater for people with diabetes, compared with the rest of the population. ● Blindness. Diabetic retinopathy accounts for 12000-24000 new cases of blindness each year and is the leading cause of new cases of blindness in people 20 and older. ● Kidney disease. Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure. It is as much as 44 percent of new cases of kidney failure each year. ● Damage to the nervous system. As many as 70% of diabetes patients have mild to severe damage to the nervous system. Slowed digestion of food;; carpal tunnel syndrome; The damage can result in numbness, tingling or pain in the feet or hands or cause erectile dysfunction, including a variety of other nerve cell problems. ● Amputation. Diabetes causes more than 60% of non-traumatic amputations, leg or foot due to poor blood circulation in the extremities. ● Dental disease. People with diabetes have a two-fold higher risk for gum disease. Of course this is no disease that can be ignored. If you or your child experiences one of
the symptoms of type 1 diabetes, visit your doctor as soon as possible. If You Want To Skip This Type 1 Diabetes Article Content, Please Click Here.
What causes type 1 diabetes? In this type of diabetes the body s immune system is one of the main causes. But what researchers do not know what triggers the immune system to start. Doctors know how type 1 diabetes occurs. The body s own immune system attacks and destroys beta cells in the pancreas responsible for the preparation of the hormone insulin. Without insulin the body cells are not capable of accepting and processing of glucose from the blood. The blood sugar rises, and if not properly monitored over time and ultimately to a life-threatening systemic damage throughout the body. But the doctors do not know why type 1 diabetes occurs. Nobody is yet sure what exactly prompted, auto-immune reaction that destroys the body s ability to produce insulin. The best guesses have a combination of genetic predisposition to diabetes, which is triggered by an unknown environmental factor centered. Causes Diabetes: Genetics Researchers have developed a strong association between type 1 diabetes and a person who pulled the genome. Some people seem born with a tendency to develop type 1 diabetes. However, the type-1 diabetes, a hereditary disease. Few people with a genetic predisposition for type 1 diabetes actually end up getting it. For example, if a firstdegree relative (parent, sibling or child) has, chances are your development of type 1 diabetes, only 10 percent. Even in identical twins, one twin has only a one-in-three has a chance with type 1 diabetes, when the other twin. Type 1 diabetes is a strong increase in some European countries and in the northeastern United States experienced. If type-1 diabetes only results from genetics, researchers say, such an increase in cases would take at least 400 years. Since genetic factors can not predict the development of diabetes must be other factors at work. Diabetic Environmental Triggers. Some researchers believe a virus may be 1 diabetes in genetically predisposed people the trigger for the disease type. In this scenario, the virus creates a viral protein that resembles the insulin-producing beta-cell protein. The immune system has misled by this similarity, the beta cells of the pancreas and the virus. Enteric viruses, so named because they are associated with human feces and may make the bowel, thereby
vomiting or diarrhea attack, under particular scrutiny as a possible cause of type 1 diabetes. Other researchers believe that the trigger is actually a kind of poison in the environment. One theory is the study of toxic bacteria in the soil. According to this theory, the bacteria infect vegetables, which are then eaten by humans genetically predisposed to develop type 1 diabetes. The toxins attack the pancreatic beta-cells and produce an autoimmune reaction, which also targets the beta-cells. Diabetes: other autoimmune diseases Patients with type 1 diabetes, other autoimmune problems such as thyroid disease or celiac disease. Thyroid disease causes the body to produce energy more or less quickly, than they are to produce, while celiac disease causes the immune system to the mucosa of the small intestine when attacking a person eats gluten, a protein found in wheat and other grains is included. Scientists are exploring how the presence of other autoimmune diseases, the risk of a person with type 1 diabetes to increase. Obviously there are many more must begin before the medical community to be learned to understand the causes, and ultimately the way to prevent type 1 diabetes. Until then the best thing you can do to get an early diagnosis and follow the correct insulinreplacement treatment plan as a normal and satisfying to live a life as possible. Know the signs of type 1 diabetes Elevated blood sugar levels quickly to frequent urination and thirst for a great cause. Beta-cells in the pancreas are removed the body is only a means to the hormone insulin to produce insulin, the cells can take in and process blood sugar to produce energy. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body s immune system attacks and destroys beta cells. Without an increase in insulin, glucose in the blood, eventually leading to great damage throughout the body. Itâ€™s very important for everyone, especially parents, to know and understand the symptoms of the onset of Type 1 diabetes. This is because type 1 diabetes is usually first diagnosed in children - only a small percentage of cases in adults. If the parents canâ€™t really use and interpretation of these symptoms, your child become very ill. Type 1 diabetes: early signs and symptoms Type 1 diabetes symptoms can be difficult to discern, because the disease often shows itself when children are looking much like a flu. It may take some time before symptoms begin.
A child with typical symptoms of early diabetes may be Type 1: ● Urinate frequently. This will happen because the kidneys to flush that want extra glucose in the bloodstream. The child will urinate more frequently and in larger quantities. Bed-wetting can be one of the first signs of type 1 diabetes to be a child, especially if they do not believe that the behavior exhibited before. ● Do you drink a lot. The child will be thirsty again and wanted to let the liquid from water to replenish lost so much. ● Lose weight, even if the child has a healthy appetite. The body, no longer able to process glucose for energy is beginning to muscle and fat reserves for fuel, hungry to break cells. ● Do you feel tired all the time. This is because the body can not properly process glucose for energy. Diabetic ketoacidosis People whose type 1 diabetes has undetected and untreated, the development of diabetic ketoacidosis. Since insulin is increasingly scarce, the body begins to break down body fat. After this collapse, what remains is ketones and acids that accumulate in the blood. A child may experience abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, fruity-smelling breath, difficulty breathing and even loss of consciousness. These symptoms are easily mistaken for the flu or appendicitis. Ketoacidosis is often the problem is that anyone with undiagnosed type 1 diabetes, the doctor will bring to the office. Type 1 diabetes: Later signs and symptoms Begins as a type-1 diabetes, systemic damage in the body, other symptoms are noticeable. These include: ● Nausea and vomiting. This can happen because the body is overwhelmed with stress the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. ● Blurred vision. This is the result of increased blood glucose levels at the beginning of the vision to influence. ● Tingling, numbness or pain in hands or feet. These occur when the development of diabetes interferes with blood circulation disorders in the extremities of the body starts. ● Dry, itchy skin or wounds heal slowly. Could affect the impaired blood flow to the skin.
Type 1 diabetes: long-term complications Other complications of Type 1 diabetes is heart disease, stroke, kidney damage, nerve damage and gum disease. These problems usually not published in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes were only a few years. However, these health problems could arise in adulthood, especially if they are not managed properly, diabetes or check early. Children with type 1 diabetes need insulin to survive, because their bodies produce no more capable of the hormone. But the sooner the disease is diagnosed, the sooner they can be treated. Do any of these symptoms, attention to your pediatrician as soon as you remember. If You Want To Skip This Type 1 Diabetes Article Content, Please Click Here.
Diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes Diabetes tests done with simple blood tests that measure blood sugar levels or sugar, and a particular protein. Type-1 diabetes through a blood test, the blood sugar level and then a second, a protein which is involved in type of diabetes, diabetes type 1 or type 2 diabetes diagnosed determine measures ahead. Some of these tests are also able to assess whether prediabetes is available - when blood sugar is elevated, but not yet adult diabetes. Diabetes: The diagnostic tests The blood tests are to detect diabetes: â—? Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) test. These measures blood glucose after at least eight hours of fasting. It is a simple, convenient and inexpensive tests that the preferred medium for a diagnosis of diabetes. However, it is not absolutely reliable. For example, the FPG test has proven accurate in the morning. Some people taking the test in the afternoon and show normal results may actually high blood sugar levels, which would have been revealed during a morning test. â—? Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT). This is a two step process that begins with a standard blood test FPG after a fast of at least 8 hours. The patient then drinks 75 grams of glucose dissolved in water and is tested again after 2 hours. This test is more accurate than the FPG test for the diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes, although less easy to manage. â—? Random plasma glucose test. This test measures the blood sugar without fasting. The test is not as accurate as either the FPG or the OGTT and can not be used to diagnose pre-diabetes. However, diagnosed diabetes when high blood sugar level is detected and the patient is suffering from one or more of the early symptoms of diabetes, including increased urination, thirst is constant or unexplained weight
loss. If after the initial diagnosis, given a follow-up test to see whether the patient has diabetes type 1 or type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body s immune system attacks and destroys the beta cells in the pancreas, the body is only a means to insulin, the hormone responsible for converting the support of the blood sugar into energy to produce. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still produce insulin, but it is not used properly. The second sample examined proteins called auto-antibodies that are produced by the immune system to attack the beta cells. When auto-antibodies are found, the type-1 diabetes diagnosis is confirmed. Diabetes: What is required? Type 1 diabetes is usually seen for the first time during childhood or young adulthood. Parents should be for a diabetes test, ask if your child: ● Are the symptoms of diabetes including urinating more than usual, excessive thirst, weight loss despite a large appetite ● Has a parent, brother or sister with diabetes, although even then, if a relative has the first degree, the chances of developing type 1 diabetes, only 10 percent Diabetes: Further tests Anyone who tests positive for diabetes should be given follow-up audits to assess how much damage, if any, the disease caused. These tests check: ● Heart disease: People with diabetes should be monitored for high cholesterol and high blood pressure, but adults must also be investigated for coronary heart disease. ● Kidney damage: Diabetics must recognize an annual test for microalbumin in the urine, a sign of kidney problems. ● Retinal diseases: diabetes should see an ophthalmologist annually. ● Nerve damage: Diabetic patients should be clinically examined every year for nerve damage. ● Thyroid problems: Diabetics should regularly screen for thyroid disease to get. Unlike many other tests, diabetes screening is not painful. More importantly, they can be a life by them immediately for treatment.
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