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The Canadian

Shorthorn Report

Canadian Publications Mail Product Sales Agreement #40019886

It’s Bull Sale Season! Spring 2020


Muridale Shorthorns

have 13 Two year old and 2 yearling bulls headed to the

Who’s Your Daddy Bull Sale

April 2 Saskatoon Livestock Sales Saskatoon, SK

Muridale Phantom 10F

Muridale Steel 13F

Muridale Chute 27F

Muridale Federal 33F

Sire: Muridale Iron Man 4X

Sire: Muridale Iron Man 4X

Sire: Muridale Robert 35U

Sire: Muridale Dimension 3D Semen Available:

Muridale Robert 35U $30/straw

Embryos for sale

Muridale Jaxson 4A $30/straw

Muridale Prairie 47T x Muridale Buster 14K Muridale Goose 76Y x Muridale Buster 14K Muridale Penny 10S x Muridale Buster 14K Muridale Tasha 36U x Saskvalley Imagine 65X

The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

Muridale Buster 2nd 76P

$25/straw - Proven Calving Ease

Muridale Shorthorns

Scot Muri 306-553-2244 cell 306-741-6833 Russell Muri 306-741 1727 Swift Current, Saskatchewan www.muridale.com sjmuri@sasktel.net

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The Canadian

Your Success is Determined By Your Breeding Decisions

SHORTHORN REPORT

We are entering bull sale season. This is the time of year when most bulls are sold, but you should keep your eyes open for your next bull at all times during the year. There is an old adage “you should buy a good herd bull when you find one, not when you need one”. While this was coined decades ago, it has probably never been as true as it is today. Forecasts for the Canadian beef industry look very positive into the foreseeable future. In order to maximize your returns, you also have to invest in genetics that will allow you to produce a product that is in demand. There is no time like the present to do this.

Publications Mail Agreement #40019886 Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to:

At this time of year, most every Shorthorn breeder in this country is focused on the arrival of a new calf crop. It is a time of anticipation and excitement as each new birth tells the tale of the breeding decisions they made last year. Maybe you just turned your old herd bull out with your cows. Maybe you are expecting the first calves from a new herd sire. Maybe you implanted a set of embryos and are anxiously waiting to see the results. Maybe you bred your cows and heifers to some of the breeds best available AI sires. Maybe you did all or some of these things. Whatever the case, the breeding decisions you make can be a major factor that determines your success and even your income for several years into the future.

Box 3771, Regina, SK S4P 3N8 Phone 306-757-6133 Fax 306-525-5852 Email office@canadianshorthorn.com Grant Alexander 306-861-5504 Saskatchewan Livestock Association Belinda Wagner 306-757-6133

The Canadian Shorthorn Report Box 3771, Regina, SK S4P 3N8

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Herd Reference 2020 Deadline - July 1 Publication - August 1 Fall 2020 Deadline - September 15 Publication - October 15 January 2021 Deadline - December 15 Publication - January 15 Spring 2021 Deadline - February 1 Publication - March 1 Advertising Rates Full Page.............................. $450 2/3 Page.................................. 340 1/2 Page.................................. 275 1/3 Page ................................. 220 1/4 Page ................................. 180 1/6 Page ................................. 150 Business Card.$65 or $180 yearly Colour extra. Subscriptions 1 Year (Canada) ..................... $24 1 Year (U.S.) .................... $30 US 1 Year (Foreign) ..................... $55 GST is applicable on all fees BN 107956021 Cover picture courtesy of Horseshoe Creek Farms Ltd.

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Here are just a few thoughts I have in regards to what has to be considered in making the breeding decisions in your herd. I will put a disclaimer on these comments as being mine and only mine. They are intended simply to be food for thought and nothing more. You are free to mate your cows and heifers to any sire you wish to. That is what makes this business great in that we have some control over our own success. Of course, your breeding decisions are only one of several factors that will affect your success. Feeding, promotion, presentation and customer service are also key factors to a successful breeding

herd, but your breeding decisions are one of the key bases on which success is built from. You have to have a good product to feed, promote and present, in order to gain success. As another old saying goes, “You can’t make a silk purse from a sow’s ear.” 1) Understand your potential target markets. It makes no sense producing something that no one wants, unless you are independently wealthy and the revenue your cow herd produces is not of any concern. If your customers want breeding stock that will work well in commercial operations, then be very conscience of traits like color, birth weight and calving ease. Just remember that if your focus is the commercial producer, they still sell their cattle by the pound. Performance should be a consideration. If your key focus is the production of Shorthorn show steers and heifers, you may want to consider completely different genetics. We are fortunate in this breed to have a wide array of genetics and you can select whatever you think will assist in achieving your own personal goals. Know what the market trends are at present, but more importantly know where they appear to be going. This year’s breeding decisions will result in offspring that will be marketed two or three years from now, or even further into the future. 2) If you are not happy with the progeny of your present herd sire, replace him before this breeding season. There are lots of outstanding herd sires being offered in test stations, bull sales, or by private treaty by breeders in the next few months. Selection of quality genetics has never been better than it is now. Your herd sire will affect your herd for many years into the future. There are lots of examples of herds where a particular sire made a herd. There are also lots where a particular sire destroyed a herd. Your herd sire is one of the most important assets your cattle enterprise has. Don’t Continued on page 8 The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


Bender Shorthorns & Star P Farms Online Bull sale March 28, 2020 Bids close 7PM

Selling 25 Stout, functional bulls Viewing at farm March 27-28 Pictures and videos posted on dvauction.com

Star P Farms

Blaine & Rayleen Possberg 306.231.3933 www.starpfarms.com

Bender Shorthorns

Glenn & Ryan Bender 306.728.8613 www.bendershorthorns.com The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Canadian Shorthorn Association Board of Directors

President

Dale Asser Duntroon, ON Phone 705-444-0386 Cell 705-444-9403 hillhavenshorthorns1@gmail.com

President-Elect Ray Armbruster Rossburn, MB Ph: 204-859-2088 Cell: 431-761-4477 ray.armbruster@gmail.com Directors

Bob Merkley Aldergrove, BC Phone 604-607-7733 Cell 778-240-7233 circlemshorthorns@telus.net Dan Stephenson Okotoks, AB Phone 403-938-4112 Cell 587-436-2224 djstephenson1@gmail.com Richard Moellenbeck Box 47, Englefeld, SK S0K 1N0 Ph:306-287-3420 Cell: 306-287-7904 bellmfarms@outlook.ca Dennis Cox Compton, QC Phone 819-837-2086 Fax 819-820-5080 triplejcox2018@gmail.com Mitchell Boyle Indian Mountain, NB Phone 506-384-0129 Cell 506-875-5450 eastcoastfoods@outlook.com Canadian Shorthorn Association Belinda Wagner, Secretary-Treasurer 2nd Floor, Canada Centre Building Evraz Place, Box 3771, Regina, SK S4P 3N8 Phone 306-757-2212 Fax 306-525-5852 Email office@canadianshorthorn.com Website www.canadianshorthorn.com Office hours - M-F - 8:30 am - 4:30 pm

CSA News... In the dead of February it is often difficult to find an uplifting, positive, bright future story to tell, but I have a great one this year. The CSA held its first Junior Leadership Forum in early January in Toronto, attended by eight juniors and by all accounts it was a great success on many levels and stands to result in many positive initiatives which are being worked on for the benefit of all juniors across the country. A summary of the event, written by the juniors is included elsewhere in this magazine. You will recall that following our AGM in Quebec last year this junior leadership program took shape and the CJSA LEADERSHIP PROGRAM MISSION established: • Deliver leadership models and direction for individual junior member learning and development • Provide opportunities for junior members across Canada to come together, exchange ideas, share experiences and build on the national CJSA program • Strengthen beef and agricultural industry knowledge among our junior members to aid in the growth and improvement of the Shorthorn breed in Canada for future generations. With Belinda Wagner’s exceptional planning and facilitator skills, along with Jamie Blenkiron’s (OSA President) assistance, the Forum was held January 11 to 13 in Toronto. Highlights were speakers on various topics such as developing personal skills, communication and recognizing leadership opportunities along with attending a Raptors game and a tour of Macgregors Meats & Seafood,

By Dale Asser where many of us saw for the first time how our product is transformed into the specialty needs of the consumer. Great work was done by the juniors prioritizing action plans for engaging all Shorthorn youth and helping to develop skills and knowledge for their further education, career choices and hopefully an extended lifetime with Shorthorns. There was a lot of hard work packed into two and a half days but everyone had fun along the way and got to know new friends from across the country (I heard about a card game that went into the wee hours of the morning!). I want to personally thank all the breeders and Shorthorn enthusiasts who generously donated in order to fund this initial Leadership Forum. It is imperative that financial support continues as our long-term goal is to build confidence and character in the youth of our breed through programs such as an annual forum, which we hope to expand to a larger group of attendees next year. As breeders/owners we are promoting, selling and eulogizing our Shorthorn breed everywhere we go and what I saw in our youth forum was a group of young Shorthorn members who are more than capable and extremely enthusiastic about taking on the challenge of promoting and growing our breed with their voices, ideas and actions. Please make it a date to attend the CSA AGM this June in Edmonton, Alberta. The youth program will be a feature on the agenda... shining a light on our brightest stars of tomorrow. More details on the AGM are also published in this issue of The Shorthorn Report.

CSA Registry & Member Services - Shayla Chappell and Laura Ecklund Unit A, #13, 4101-19 Street NE, Calgary, Alberta T2E 7C4 Ph: 403-717-2581 Fax: 403-253-1704 registry@canadianshorthorn.com https://csa.digitalbeef.com Office hours: 8:30 - 4:30 September 1 to March 31 - - Monday to Friday April 1 to August 31 - - Monday to Thursday Page 6

The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


AMENDMENTS TO THE BY-LAWS OF THE CANADIAN SHORTHORN ASSOCIATION 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

The By-laws may be amended by the affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members who have voted through a mail in ballot. Notice of all proposed amendments shall be given to the Secretary in writing, signed by two members in good standing, at least sixty (60) days prior to the date of the annual meeting. The membership will be provided by mail, with all notices of motion received at least 30 days prior to the annual meeting. All notices of motion will be taken to the Annual Meeting for discussion and debate and may be amended there by a simple majority of votes cast. Within 15 days of the annual meeting a ballot, along with the notices of motion, or, amended notices of motion will be mailed to the membership. Ballots must be returned to the Canadian Shorthorn Association office no later than 45 days after the Annual Meeting to be counted. The results of any votes will be held in total confidence until all votes are counted and the results of all votes will be released by the Canadian Shorthorn Association President or Board of Directors. In order to receive a ballot in 2020, memberships must be purchased on or before June 20, 2020. Amendments to or the repeal of any by-laws shall become effective upon approval by the Minister of Agriculture (Canada) and registration in the Department of Agriculture (Canada). All Notices to amend the By-laws must be received in this office by Tuesday, April 21, 2020.

THE CANADIAN SHORTHORN ASSOCIATION 2nd Floor, Canada Centre Building, Evraz Place, Box 3771, Regina, SK S4P 3N8 Phone (306) 757-2212 Fax (306) 525-5852 email office@canadianshorthorn.com Dale Asser, President Belinda Wagner, Secretary-Treasurer The Annual General Meeting of THE CANADIAN SHORTHORN ASSOCIATION

will be held SATURDAY, JUNE 20, 2020 at the ROYAL HOTEL 8450 Sparrow Drive, Leduc, Alberta T9E 7G4 (780) 986-1840 The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Your Success is Determined By Your Breeding Decisions settle for anything short of the best sire you can afford. I cannot think of any investment that returns bigger dividends than a good herd sire. 3) We are fortunate to have a wide array of excellent sires available through AI. I do not remember any time in the past where so many great genetic choices are available. There are lots of excellent synchronization programs available now that reduces the work involved with artificial insemination. Artificial insemination provides the opportunity to virtually mate each female in your herd to specific sires. In order to do this properly, you have to have a good understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of each female and of each sire you are considering using. 4) Use balanced multiple trait selection. Select for optimums in most every trait, including growth EPDs, milk and eye appeal. Like most things in life, optimum or middle of the road is a good place to be. Oftentimes selection of middle of the road traits leads to more complete cattle. They are usually cattle that will work in many different environments and in different breeding programs. Single trait selection is usually not recommended except in extreme cases where improvement in a single trait is a key to improving your herd. 5) Don’t be afraid to use new genetics if you think they will advance your breeding program towards its target and goals. Some breeders continue to use the same genetics over and over again, expecting to see improvement in their herd quality. It usually doesn’t happen this way. You know what they say about people who do the same thing over and over expecting to get different results… well I think you know the answer! At the same time, don’t just use new genetics without exploring what they could offer. Don’t just follow the lead of other breeders to select the genetics of your new herd bull. There is a lot to be said for having unique genetics in your Page 8

herd, as most people like to add outcross genetics to their herd. 6) The same can be said about using older genetics. In the past few years, there have been many producers searching for and using genetics from past decades. I will be the first to say that many sires from the past can be very useful breeding instruments today. I have used some of these sires myself and it has been very interesting to see how these sires work with some of today’s best genetics. I also see some breeders using semen from any sire from the past. I would suggest that some of these genetics were poor then… and they are poor now. When we were feeding cattle on our farm we collected a great amount of carcass data on the progeny of many of these sires. Some of them produced offspring with extremely poor carcasses. I remember lots of Shorthorn and Shorthorn cross steers with rib eye areas less than 10 square inches in size and heifers from the same sires with 8 square inch rib eye areas. It was sires like these that created the great discounts for Shorthorn influenced cattle in the auction markets during that era. Even though this breed has seen amazing improvement in our carcass data, performance and feed efficiency, it has taken decades for the image of the breed to see the improvement it deserves. I like to think that most of this is now a part of our past, but there are still a few cattle buyers who think of Shorthorns of 30 or 40 years ago when they see a Shorthorn today. I hope we are all careful that we don’t move backwards in this regard. We don’t need to, and don’t want to, go back there so I urge everyone to use some caution when using sires from the past. If you do decide to use older genetics, study your lessons and make educated breeding decisions.

Continued from page 4 your poorer producing females. It is also possible to purchase embryos that combine the genetics from some excellent females of the breed with some of the best sires in the breed, at very reasonable prices. Embryo transplant is another method you can use to fast track the improvement of your herd. 8) I would urge every breeder to take the time to re-examine the goals you have for your breeding program. If you have never set any definite goals, sit down and write them out. Review them on a regular basis and see if you are moving closer to achieving them. If you feel you are not making the progress you want, consider what you need to do to help achieve them faster. The goal of a true cattle breeder should be to make each generation of cattle produced of higher quality than the previous one. Don’t be afraid to accept the mistakes you make in your breeding program. Everyone has made them but the most successful breeders make corrections, learn from their mistakes and move on. I think that the progress the Shorthorn breed has made in recent times has been simply amazing. There is much more that can be done and we should never stop seeking improvement. Good luck with your calving season, and good luck with making your breeding decisions for this year. Striving for improvement and excellence is what it is all about so spend some time considering your breeding options. Also remember that a big part of the Shorthorn business is the people we meet in it. Here’s hoping everyone has April showers, May flowers, grass up to your stirrups and a 100% calf crop to eat it!  Until next time, Grant

7) Embryo transplant is now very commonplace in the beef business. It is possible to flush your best female and implant the embryos in some of The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


Semen in Both Quantity and Quality! Bayview Unique K11 X(CAN)480935 Excellent reports are now coming from the UK regarding the first Unique K11 calves being born there. So far there have been no calving issues being reported. Reports from Australia continue to also be very good about his calves. Semen is available in Canada at $50/straw plus shipping and GST. Semen is stored at Alta Genetics in Alberta and at Eastgen in Ontario or here at our farm. THF, PHAF & DSF as well as Myostatin free.

HC Bluebook 22B X(CAN)M478041

Some of our very best 2019 calves are again sired by Bluebook. He was our top selling bull at $32,000 in 2015 and he developed into one of the most impressive bulls we have ever used here. Unfortunately, he was lost due to an injury, but we will continue to use him in our herd through AI. Semen is available at $40/ straw plus shipping and GST. Available in Canada, USA and Australia. THF, PHAF & DSF as well as Myostatin free.

Other sires:

• TM Gus 36S - former Denver Champion - $30/straw • Homedale Flash - 1992 Agribition Champion bull - $20/straw • Star P Matrix 4N - $30/straw • Shadybrook Perfection 35S - $35/straw • HC FL Touchdown 123T - 2009 Agribition Champion Bull - $30/straw • HC Leader’s Legacy 9U - a heifer safe son of Leader 21st - $25/straw • Moombi Powerplay - Outcross Australian sire - $30/straw • Wolf Willow Major Leroy 1M - Used around the world- $30/straw

**Several other sires are available. Contact us for more details. **

We would also like to thank everyone who purchased, bid or watched our Frozen in Time online sale in January. This year’s online sale saw the largest number of people request bidder numbers, in fact, we had more than twice as many registered bidders than in any sale previously held. Bidder numbers were issued to people from eight Canadian provinces, seven U.S. states, as well as Australia, Germany, England, Ireland, Northern Ireland, and Denmark. Our embryo inventory is still quite large, so if you are thinking of implanting embryos this year, contact us for more information. We feel our embryo inventory includes some of the most unique Shorthorn genetics we could find. Embryos are a very economical way to add new genetics to your breeding program. We offer one of the best minimum pregnancy guarantees in the business.

Horseshoe Creek Farms Ltd.

Weyburn, Saskatchewan Grant & Chris Alexander, Gerald Alexander 306-861-5504

www.horseshoecreekfarms.com horseshoecreek@sasktel.net Facebook: Horseshoe Creek Shorthorns The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Right Employee for the Right Job... Methods to select the right person for your ranch E n d i n g up shorthanded on the ranch because one of your employees suddenly quit or you had to let an employee go because they were not fulfilling their role is costly, time-consuming and frustrating. Were there steps that you could have taken to prevent this sudden shortage of help? How do you avoid having constant turnover? One answer is to select the right employee for the right job and equip them with the tools they need to be successful. With some time and effort on the front end of the hiring process, essential training, and continual communication, you can set yourself up for a more positive outcome for your farm/ranch hiring process. Lessons learned Wayne Fahsholtz, president of Padlock Ranch, near Sheridan, Wyo., has managed more than 30 full-time and 40 part-time employees annually for the past 15 years. Fahsholtz says he has learned many lessons over the years when it comes to human resource management — but probably the biggest lesson he has learned is to not just focus on hiring for skills and experience — hire the person with the right attitude. Over the years, he began to further study the impact of the effectiveness of his hiring decisions. From this, he developed what he calls the 3-3-3 approach. He explains this approach, first, take the three best employees you have hired, then the three worst employees over the past three years and see if you can identify what it was you may have missed during the interview of the employees that didn’t work out and what stood out in the interviews from those who ended up being successful employees. Page 10

Outline roles How can an employee accomplish what the boss believes they should if they don’t understand or know their expected job roles. Job descriptions are important. Just as one would interview for a job with an agricultural business like a bank or seed company, they would be provided with a job description outlining their duties, goals, and overall responsibilities. Why would we not do this in our cattle operations? It is just as important that they know what is expected of them to do their job properly and prevent misunderstandings between the employee and the supervisor. Developing a job description does not have to be a daunting task. It can be as simple as a few short paragraphs or as long as two pages, depending on how detailed you want to be. The most important element is getting the job description down on paper and clarifying the expectations. A written job description allows for more open communication and a better understanding all around. If there are concerns or questions on what is listed in the job description, it is spelled out on a sheet a paper and can be discussed or revisited as needed. A secondary benefit for agricultural entities with several employees is that it allows fellow employees to know what each other is responsible for. This can prevent confusion, frustrations or lack of completion of projects. And, at the time of evaluation, a job description becomes a useful tool to measure performance against. Here are six tips for writing a job description: 1) Job descriptions are typically one page and written to keep them focused and direct. 2) Write responsibilities first and the title and summary can be added after the responsibilities are listed out. Keep titles short, positive and engaging. E.g. Assistant Feed Supervisor vs feedman.

By B. Lynn Gordon

3) Focus on eight or fewer major job responsibilities that are clear and understandable. Sub-duties could be listed in certain major areas. Don’t forget to include one overall clause stating; other duties as assigned for the betterment of the ranch. 4) Include the percentage of time to be devoted to these major responsibilities. E.g. Manage animal health 25%, upkeep and repair of machinery 30%. 5) Identify 3-5 competencies that will be needed for the job. Skills, abilities, certifications, etc., and work conditions typical to the day-to-day operation, such as outdoor weather conditions, and physical demands etc. 6) Identify who the employee reports to/is supervised by and the number of co-workers they will work with. If they have any supervisory duties explain that role. Job descriptions are also useful in family operations particularly in operations where a son or daughter has recently moved back into the operation. To keep communication as transparent as possible and transition into an operation seamless, clear duties of all people working on the farm/ranch will lessen the chance for misunderstanding. Furthermore, as additional employees and or family members are added into the operation, it becomes clear to see what the critical needs are or where certain job duties could be shifted from one person to the next. Selecting the right employee, with the right attitude and communicating with them through a simple, yet complete job description will set the stage for your operation to reach your goals and will reduce stress and expenses which come along with employee turnover.  The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


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The Myostatin Mutation: A Basic Overview... Myostatin in Shorthorn cattle has increasingly found its way into discussions and articles recently and the CSA Board feels an information overview for members would be welcomed at this time. First, let’s all understand that this is not just a Shorthorn condition. The myostatin mutation is found in all cattle breeds. There are several different myostatin variants of which some are more prominent to certain breeds and each manifests itself differently in terms of the physical characteristics they may demonstrate in carriers. As such, this condition does not operate the same way as other mutations and genetic conditions you are already familiar with, such as TH, DS and PHA. Technically, myostatin is a protein produced by the body to control muscle growth. The myostatin protein is what tells the body to quit producing new muscle fibers and stop muscle growth. There is a mutation of the gene that produces a different protein in place of myostatin that is much less effective in controlling muscle mass development. Without the presence of the myostatin protein, increased muscle mass (what we refer to as “double muscling” in the beef cattle industry) is exhibited by the animal. The cattle that exhibit the double muscled look don’t actually have two copies of a muscle, but rather their muscle fibers are just larger than normal. The genes that control myostatin production are actually found in all mammals, not just beef cattle. In some breed populations, the myostatin mutation can be seen more commonly. Breeds such as the Piedmontese and Belgian Blue are prime examples of the presence of the myostatin mutation. These cattle are known for their extremely heavy muscle patterns and high carcass yield, due in large part to the myostatin mutation and selection for this type of cattle. In beef cattle, there are nine variants of the myostatin mutation and of these, three are common to the Shorthorn breed (nt419, E226X, and F94L). Each of Page 14

these most common mutations can result in the extremely muscular phenotype but can vary in some other traits that might also be expressed in association with the myostatin mutation, such as calving dystocia or inadequate fertility. Cattle that are homozygous for any of the three mutations will fully express the double muscled trait. What makes the myostatin mutation unique is that animals can have one copy of the gene and exhibit some of the characteristics associated with the mutation to a lesser degree than an animal that has two copies of the gene. Genetic tests for variants of the myostatin mutation have been around for many years, and it is available to determine if an animal possesses any of the three common variants in the Shorthorn breed. The test for the myostatin mutation is available through the CSA from Neogen (previously Delta). There are numerous animals in our registry with Free (green) or Carrier (red) symbols for a specific myostatin pedigree on the CSA Digital Beef system. However ‘possible’ yellow myostatin is not shown for Myostatin carrier generations going forward on the pedigree. Each of the three common myostatin variants (nt419, E226X, and F94L) are listed under the DNA tab. Animals tested will show as either “Free” (0 copies of the mutation, myostatin functions normally in the animal) or “Carrier” (1 copy of the mutation; very rarely you may see 2 copies) or “Possible” which means an animal within four generations tested as a Carrier. Breeding a bull that is a myostatin mutation carrier to a cow that is also a carrier (or vice versa) would result in a 50% chance of producing a calf that is a myostatin mutation carrier, and a 25% chance of producing a homozygous, double muscled calf. It should be noted that while the additional muscle expression might be an interesting idea, being a carrier of these variants can lead to significant problems that are not desirable in the herd in any way, such as calving

difficulties and subpar fertility. Also, even with the multiple variants of the myostatin mutation, breeding a carrier of one variant to a carrier of a different variant can still cause these issues and undesirable consequences. Doing such matings is not advised. We understand this is certainly a confusing trait to wrap one’s head around, as it can almost be viewed as backwards in the way it presents itself. It’s best to try to remember that myostatin is the protein that causes normal muscle patterns. When the gene mutates to produce one of the abnormal variants that is when we see some changes in the body type of beef cattle. As mentioned earlier, several breeds such as the Belgian Blues, specifically breed to include the myostatin mutation as the double muscle profile in their animals is a major selling feature. They are an example of several breeds and breeding programs who have chosen to manage the myostatin mutation rather than eliminate it. While it requires diligent genetic monitoring, it can be managed and therefore is not considered a defect or a negative in some breeding programs in the same way DS, PHA and TH are. The CSA has eliminated the ‘yellow’ possible for myostatin on the pedigree in order to recognize it separately from the more negative and undesirable connotations of the yellow TH, PHA and DS. A full review of an animal’s pedigree back several generations for myostatin test results can reveal the information breeders need. As always, when you are unsure or need extra assurance, order a defect test for the animal in question. If you have questions on the myostatin mutation or testing for the mutation, please feel free to contact the CSA registry office.

The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


Genetic Conditions Displayed on a Pedigree... Genetic conditions (sometimes referred to as defects) are certainly something that we have to pay attention to in the Shorthorn breed. Whether it is TH, PHA, DS or Myostatin, each of these can cause detrimental effects in your herd if they are not closely monitored. Except for the Myostatin mutation which is the sole subject in the separate article on the adjoining page, we are not going to go into the specifics of each of these conditions here and how they can impact a calf. Instead, we will focus on some of the nomenclature and symbols that you might see when researching pedigrees in Digital Beef. When studying cattle pedigrees in Digital Beef, you might have noticed various colored notations of THC, DSF, or other similar abbreviations beside animal names on the digital pedigree (not the paper pedigree). If you didn’t know what they signified, you are in luck with this article! There are three colors that you will see for these abbreviations: RED, GREEN and YELLOW. We will explain below what they signify.

Red: If you see a THC, PHAC, or DSC on an animal’s pedigree tab on

Digital Beef, then that animal has been tested and confirmed as a carrier for that condition. In order to have an animal test as a carrier of TH, PHA or DS, one of the parents must be a carrier of that condition. Two parents that are tested free should not be able to produce a THC, PHAC or DSC calf. As always, extra precaution should be taken in regards to breeding two carriers of the same genetic condition to each other, as doing so gives you a 25% chance of producing a homozygous calf that will exhibit the signs of TH, PHA, or DS. Breeding two carriers of the same genetic condition to each other is not recommended.

Green: A THF, PHAF, or DSF

in the Pedigree tab on Digital Beef indicates that the animal in question has been tested free of the specific genetic condition. Animals that are “free by pedigree” without being tested The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

will appear with these same green symbols in the system as though they had been tested. Breeding a THF, PHAF, or DSF cow to a bull (or vice versa) that is a carrier for any of these conditions CAN produce a calf that is a carrier, but the resulting calf will not exhibit characteristics of the defect. An animal MUST be tested as free of these conditions to receive the THF, PHAF, or DSF designation in the Digital Beef system.

Yellow: The most difficult of the

colored markers to understand. It is an animal with a TH, PHA or DS on their Pedigree tab in Digital Beef which is an untested potential carrier for the designated condition. NOTE: Previously the CSA Digital Beef system displayed untested, potential carriers or ‘Possibles’ in Black. We have changed that to Yellow to be consistent across the Shorthorn breed in North America and yellow stands out better than black for quick identification. An animal with any of these designations is NOT tested for the genetic condition listed in yellow. Instead, these animals have a tested carrier (THC, PHAC, or DSC) within four generations in their pedigree, without an animal tested free (THF, PHAF, or DSF) between them on the pedigree. For example, a calf is listed as PHA because his great-grandsire is PHAC, and none of the cattle in the direct line back to that great-grandsire in the pedigree have been tested as PHAF. The simplest way to remove the yellow letters from a pedigree is to test the animal in question to officially determine if they are free or a carrier for the genetic condition. If an animal does not have a yellow designation, that means there are no tested carriers within four generations on the pedigree. That does not mean that you might not find a carrier five or more generations back.

Genetic conditions in your herd can be managed by doing your homework and taking extra precaution in your breeding program. The CSA Digital Beef registry is a valuable tool for members to research animals they own or wish to consider acquiring. Hopefully, these color-coded designations in Digital Beef help you when you’re making those decisions to identify animals that are tested for genetic conditions, or those that might be worth the investment to find out their status with a defect test. It is always the member’s responsibility to do their own due diligence. It is very important to remember that many animals or their ancestry have not been tested for all or any conditions. Therefore, looking through a pedigree back three, four, five or more years and NOT FINDING yellow possible or red carrier letters DOES NOT mean that animal is free and clear of genetic conditions, it only means it has no tested ancestry and therefore no defect information, good, bad or possible is available until you order the test yourself on the animal you are researching. The Digital Beef registry is a management aid, a tool in the toolbox you might say. It is never a bad idea to order your own tests on new bulls or any animal you bring into your herd. The defect test costs are very reasonable and easy to order through the CSA registry.  Thanks to Matt Woolfolk, Director of Performance Programs, ASA for allowing us to edit his articles to fit our CSA programs, on these two topics. Page 15


Communication at the Core... Communication is at the core of many things we do in our lives. As a society, we know how important communication is by looking at the number of means we have to be able to communicate with others. We have computers, cell phones, email, text messaging, websites, Facebook, Twitter, and the list goes on. Yet, I’m sure many of you reading this can recall a time when you said, “we need to communicate better or if only there was better communication.” A lack of communication may have resulted in a failure to meet a deadline, forgetting to check the cattle’s water, or an organization’s resolution failing to pass because the membership was uninformed. Good communication can help a business be successful, a ranch reaches its goals, and organizations accomplish their mission. Clear, concise communication — from top to bottom in a business and throughout an organization — can result in outcomes and achievements only a team that is communicating effectively will be able to achieve. While interviewing twelve national beef industry leaders to provide a perspective on leadership in agriculture, many important elements of leadership were identified, one of which was the significant role of communication. This column will focus on the effectiveness of a leader’s ability to communicate when serving in a volunteer role in an agricultural organization. However, many of the points presented can also be applied to a setting where you may be managing employees, dealing with customers, working in small groups or communicating with your family. Think about successful people you know in business, politics or another entity – are they good communicators? With the achievement that seamless communication can generate, it is no wonder the capacity to communicate is a must in a leader’s skill set. Being an excellent communicator goes hand in hand with being a successful leader. Effective leaders are measured in their capability to communicate in these ways: 1) They articulate their ideas Remember back when you were in elementary school, spelling was a primary course but along with spelling was the focus on pronouncing words, speaking clearly and learning to articulate yourself. This was a form of outward communication. By focusing on clear, concise and accurate communication you augmented your ability to express your thoughts and convey your ideas. Outward communication for those serving as Page 16

By B. Lynn Gordon leaders is essential. A leader must be able to share a message — whether it is complex or not — so those receiving the communication can understand the message. The more effective you communicate the message — the more you will be understood. Not communicating the message effectively can result in miscommunication and possibly misrepresentation. Those serving in leadership roles of agricultural organizations become spokespersons for the organization, their peers and their industry. Their message represents the many voices and members of the organization or industry. Therefore, it goes without saying, a leader’s ability to communicate the message is critical to the organization and the industry. 2) They listen Listening and the ability to listen was identified equally as crucial elements of communication for leaders. A leader must have the ability to listen first and listen actively. Leaders are not necessarily the first to speak on a subject, but they take it all in and they can take the discussion to a more unified level, primarily because they took the time to listen. As one agricultural leader said, “they take an analytical approach to digest the information and what has been done, and in the next breath discussing what it might be.” Ensuring they are hearing and gaining input from those who they represent (e.g. membership), adds to the leaders’ ability to contribute to the quality of the final action or policy of that organization. Communicating with others is important, but truly listening to the results in a new dimension of a leader. 3) They engage people Skilled leaders involve others, so they become an active part of the conversation and make others feel like what they have to say is important to the discussion. The result is communication which flows in both directions. When communication flows openly, members of organizations feel empowered to express their thoughts and ideas with top leadership. Those in top leadership roles have demonstrated the ability to connect and resonate with members. This opens doors for successful accomplishments of the organization and breaks down barriers that develop when communication is strained. The result is a trusting environment where confidence and collaboration grow. A leader, who openly listens to both sides and engages both sides in a conversation, creates a solid, trusting environment. Simply put, a leaders’ ability to convey the message, listen to those they represent and move the organization forward by engaging others, all stem from one’s ability to be a communicator. 

The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


13th Annual

Sun Country Country Shorthorn Sale Sale

Tuesday, March 10, 2020 - 1:00 PM CST Johnstone Auction Mart, Moose Jaw, SK

Offering... • 35 yearling and two year old bulls • 20 replacement heifers Horseshoe Creek Farms Ltd. Grant & Chris Alexander Weyburn, SK horseshoecreek@sasktel.net 306-861-5504

Rocking L Cattle Co. Dylan & Hector Lamontagne Wawota, SK hj.lamontagne@sasktel.net 306-577-8875 or 306-577-8840

Sale will be broadcast on DVAuction.com Anwender Cattle Co. Gary, Kim & Sadie Anwender Radville, SK gks.acc@sasktel.net 306- 442-2090

Diamond Creek Cattle Co. Rylan & Todd Knupp rylanknupp@gmail.com Weyburn, SK 306-861-9510 or 306-861-1422 The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Philip Butterfield Philip died early on January 22, 2020. He is survived by his wife of 61 years, Jenifer, and by his children Deirdre, Aidan (Margreet), Oliver (Judy), Augustus (Janet), Nicholas (Nikola) and Victoria (Andy) and several grandchildren , great grandchildren. Philip was born in Vancouver, spent his early childhood in Summerland, BC, did a year at Art School in New York, and then, as a young man went north to Atlin, BC and the Yukon. He worked in the goldmines, was a longshoreman

on the steamboats of the Yukon River, was a woodcutter, and taught in schools in Whitehorse. In 1955 the family went to Vancouver where he was a schoolteacher until 1963. After four years at graduate school in Seattle he joined the new University of Lethbridge in southern Alberta as a founding member, and remained there as both an administrator and philosophy professor until his retirement in 1989. The move to the prairies brought a new interest in raising purebred Shorthorn cattle and so in 1970 the family moved to what became known to us all as “The Farm” in Monarch, Alberta. Philip

combined his university activities with raising his considerable herd, showing and selling prize cattle all over the world. He did this while also remodelling the family home with his boys, farming the land, and extensively landscaping the property. Philip remained on the farm to the age of 91, and in 2015 he and Jenifer moved to Victoria. Philip loved his family; he loved the farm with all the trees he planted, and all the animals he raised; he enjoyed company and solitude, he loved to argue and debate.

Neil Brown Neil Darrel Brown, in his 90th year, passed away peacefully in hospital on Sunday October 20, 2019. Beloved husband of Joyce (nee Taylor). Loving father of daughter Cindy and Brian Theoret, sons Neil Jr. and BethBrown, Paul and Katalin Brown, Scott Brown, and

chosen daughters Shelley and John Getty, and Karen and Brad Bellows. He enjoyed a fun-filled childhood and subsequent decades with his late brother Denton (Carly). Neil will be fondly remembered by his East York Goliath chums, Canadian Shorthorn Breeders, extended family members, and cherished friends. Neil was a successful businessman and president of the company Doering and Brown

with his partner, the late John Doering. On retirement, Neil farmed near Uxbridge, Ontario raising purebred shorthorn cattle and was often seen pursuing his passion for golf. A true gentleman, kind, honest, and loyal, Neil lived life to the fullest, enjoying his family and friends, his cattle, travelling across the globe, and most of all, 32 happy years of married life with “Joycie”.

Milton Hennig On October 21, 2019, M i l t o n Clifford Hennig of Andrew, AB passed away at the age of 87 years. Milton is survived by his two sons and two daughters, John Page 20

(Christine) of Ardrossan, AB, Reece (Jayme) of Two Hills, AB, Joan (Greg) of Edmonton, AB and Carol (Chris) of Victoria, BC; seven grandchildren, Jared (Mia), Dalyce, Lauren, Brittany, Dylan, Jaelynn and Blaire. Predeceased by his wife, Rita; his parents, John and Erna; one brother; and four sisters. The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


BIRDTAIL SHORTHORNS

Check out Birdtail Shorthorns at the Douglas Test Station. Bulls and heifers sell March 28, 2020, watch for catalogue and videos. Also have an excellent pen of yearling bulls and heifers for sale at the farm.

Semen for Sale

We have purchased the remaining semen from Eionmor Shorthorns and are offering: Eionmor Royal Piper 22T • Eionmor Chieftan 63R • Eionmor Ultra 8C We have used these sires and bloodlines in our herd and they have worked very well for us. Call for info.

The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

Birdtail Shorthorns Ray and Susan Armbruster Rossburn, MB. 204 859 2088 shorthornsue@gmail.com

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Canadian Junior Shorthorn Leadership Conference finding a mentor, challenging yourself and being coachable. Heather’s presentation not only helped the juniors in brainstorming future events, but things that each will take back and use in their everyday lives. Bethany Storey from Beef Farmers of Ontario joined us late Saturday Back row L-R Royce Moellenbeck, SK, Evan Patriquin, AB, afternoon. Her role as Samuel Dempsey, QC, Taylor Carlson, MB, Sadie Anwender, the communications SK, Jamie Blenkiron, Ontario Shorthorn Association. Front Row L-R: Belinda Wagner, Canadian Shorthorn coordinator focuses on Secretary-Treasurer, Brooke VanDeVoorde, AB, Sarah the connection between Height, ON, Samantha Lundy, ON, Dale Asser, Canadian both producers and urban Shorthorn President. people alike. Bethany Eight enthusiastic juniors gathered made the juniors aware of agricultural for a weekend of program and self- initiatives that they may be interested development in Toronto, thanks to in being a part of in the future. The contributions from Canadian Shorthorn Canada-wide events included the Cattleman’s Young Leaders program breeders and supporters. and FCC’s Young Producer Summit. She Saturday afternoon kicked off with encouraged the juniors to reach out to the the juniors participating in ice breaker urban audience as well when expanding activities to get acquainted. They were and promoting the CJSA program, as very enjoyable and helped everyone this is a mainly untapped market with “loosen up”. Heather Hargrave was the both the potential for members and first guest of the day. Heather works monetary contributions. It is important in a marketing and communications that potential donors or participants role with Trouw Nutrition Canada. are targeted in the best way to connect She brought both junior cattle and with the audience. For example, many professional experience to share with the established breeders will want to be juniors. Much of her message was based contacted by phone, rather than viewing on how to become a stronger leader, a post on social media. while building others up around you. She shared ten important tips to focus Saturday evening brought the first on during a leadership journey. Some of official discussion of the framework for the most important were: networking, the junior association. The members identified some of the top challenges as: the structure of the association leadership, the current guidelines, provincial vs national association(s) and sponsorship. Two tasks recognized as priorities were finalizing the organizations structure and creating a social Enjoying a Raptors game. media presence. Page 22

By Sadie Anwender

The first official step in revitalizing the structure came in setting a board of directors, one director per region, and our newly established board is as follows: (*= voting representative) ● BC - vacant ● AB - Evan Patriquin*, Brooke VanDeVoorde, Jakob Meinczinger ● SK - Sadie Anwender*, Royce Moellenbeck ● MB - Taylor Carlson* ● ON - Sarah Height*, Samantha Lundy ● QC - Samuel Dempsey* ● Maritimes - vacant The executive structure will remain intact and as follows: ● President - 1 year term ● Vice President - 1 year term ● Secretary - 1 year term Sunday morning began with more roundtable discussion. It was decided to form committees from the current board and attendees, so that members would have the opportunity to focus on one or more areas. The committees are as follows: ● Promotions and Communication Sadie, Sam, Taylor ● Show - Sami, Sarah, Evan ● Fundraising and Finances - Sami, Sarah, Brooke, Sam ● Member Outreach - Royce, Evan, Taylor Later Sunday morning, former CJSA member Julian Brown posed many important questions to the junior members about running a non-profit organization. He helped them establish their purpose and goals as an association and the target audiences. The CJSA’s 2020 mission is to create an amazing experience - “For Juniors, by Juniors”. Fundraising is also a large part of helping the CJSA reach their goals, and one of Julian’s speciality areas. The juniors plan to reach out to potential partners and sponsors by letter mail, social media and personal introductions. The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


Events like raffles, semen auctions and embryo donations are on the horizon to be staple events annually.

around a country the size of Canada.

Pertaining to the annual National Junior Show, a goal of the juniors is to focus on offering a wider variety of noncattle events such Macgregors Seafood Plant as (but not limited to): sales talk, graphic design, video/ process, as many hadn’t really been PowerPoint, public speaking, cook-off, exposed to this side of the beef business. etc. Meetings will also be held each Macgregors also hosted us for a very year at the respective location where nice steak lunch – after that it was back executive nominations will take place (as to the airport and home. previously stated). The hosting protocol for the show is in the process of revision, The weekend in Toronto was a great with the show committee overseeing opportunity for collaboration and main responsibility; and a goal innovation. The majority of the board is is for the CJSA board to take planning to attend this year’s National a much larger role in hosting show, which will be held July 31-August the show, starting in 2021. The 2 in Neepawa, MB. Feel free to contact member outreach committee them with questions on the topic. will be working on filling the vacancies on the board, and Once again thank you to the contributors ideas for hosting of next year’s who made the weekend possible; leadership forum. breeders and cattle producers alike can look to places like the CJSA to ensure Monday morning the group the future of the Canadian beef industry. was able to tour Macgregors Meat and Seafood which was Tour of Macgregors Meat and Seafood an interesting and enlightening

Michaela Chalmers, former Junior Angus board member was also a speaker on Sunday. She touched on the opportunities afforded to her through the junior program and growing outside her comfort zone. Michaela was a part of planning many conferences and shows throughout her tenure with the board and her focus was on creating opportunities for everyone involved at these events, in some way. Michaela also talked about the challenges of working together as a board, when you are only able get together a couple of times a year, especially when spread out

Janell Shorthorns Watch for us at the

Western Prime Shorthorn Bull & Female Sale

VJV Westlock, AB April 4, 2020

Melanie Barkley Box 1473, Stettler, AB T0C 2L0 Michelle & Tanner Duncan (403)-740-4958 mel.barkley@yahoo.com The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Peterson Family Farms Meeting Creek, AB Christy 780-608-6197 Steven & Danielle 780-281-0569

R.R. 3 Mannville, AB T0B 2W0

Doug & Karen Hess & family

Ph/Fax: (780) 763-2209 6 1/2 miles South of Mannville karenahess@hotmail.com on Hwy 881

Half Diamond

George & Elizabeth Procter RR #5 Brussels, ON N0G 1H0

PH 519-887-9206 FAX 519-887-9880 email - bodmin@hurontel.on.ca

Double R Ranch

Renwick’s

Purebred

BODMIN

Shorthorns

Orville, Eleanor & Family Box 607, Melita, MB R0M 1L0 204-522-8686 Email: ojemr@mts.net

Birdtail Shorthorns

Ray & Susan Armbruster

Box 597, Rossburn, MB. R0J 1V0 Phone/fax 204 859 2088

shorthornsue@gmail.com www.birdtailshorthorns.com

DAVID & JOANNE CURRIE & FAMILY 2878 King St, Caledon, ON L7C 0R3 David’s Cell: 647-400-2844 david.flightpath@gmail.com Jessica’s Cell: 519-400-3160 jesscurrie@hotmail.com Joanne’s Cell: 416-274-7124

This Space Could Be Yours! $180/Year or $65/Issue

Triple J Farms J

JJ

Dennis & Marlene Cox, Jeremiah, Joseph, Jessica Ph: 819-837-2086 triplejcox2018@gmail.com

Prospect Hill SHORTHORNS

RAISING QUALITY SHORTHORNS FOR OVER 50 YEARS

Les & Shelley Peterson

780-877-2444 Box 64 Visit us at the farm or at Meeting Creek, AB www.prospecthillshorthorns.com T0B 2Z0

For all your printing needs

(306) 525-8796 GRANT ROLSTON Box 1562 Vulcan, AB T0L 2B0

www.TwinMapleShorthorns.com Jim and Lynn Poole 902-384-2964

PHOTOGRAPHY

Phone: 403-593-2217 grantspix@gmail.com www.grantspix.com

Kettleview Shorthorns Est. 1901

The Shelley’s Ronald, Carol and family 4631 Perth Road 178, RR #2 Gorrie, ON N0G 1X0

Fax: (519) 335-3939

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Tel: (519) 335-3679

Embryo Transplants Ltd. P.O. Box 590 Crossfield, AB T0M 0S0 Ph: 403.946.4551 Fax: 403.946.5093 embryos@davis-rairdan.com www.davis-rairdan.com The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


TAMARACK

SHORTHORNS Alvin Johnson Box 27 Brownvale, AB T0H 0L0 Ph/Fax 780-618-9044

Dr. Christine Ewert Hill christine.ewert@gmail.com

Green Philip Burgess and Family Grove

1519 Highway #1 Falmouth, NS B0P 1L0 902-798-5174 (h) 902-790-2985 (c) pattyburgess1974@hotmail.com

(306)452-7867 (C) • (306)452-3803 (H) Box 31, Redvers, SK S0C 2H0

This Space Could Be Yours! $180/Year or $65/Issue

“Committed to Shorthorns”

Coming Events ...

Index of Ads ...

Mar 10...........13th Sun Country Shorthorn Sale, Moose Jaw, SK Mar 27...........Best of the West Bull Sale, Olds, AB Mar 28...........Bender/Star P Online Bull & Female Sale, Neudorf, SK Mar 28...........Manitoba Bull Test Sale, Douglas, MB Mar 28...........Red Rose and JWM Open House & Bull Sale, Drumbo, ON Apr 2..............“Who’s Your Daddy” Shorthorn Sale, Saskatoon, SK Apr 4..............Western Prime Shorthorn Bull and Female Sale, ......................Westlock, AB Jun 18-20.......Canadian Shorthorn Association Annual Meeting, ......................Edmonton, AB Jul 31-Aug 2..2020 Canadian Junior Shorthorn Association ......................National Show, in conjunction with the Manitoba Youth ......................Beef Round-up, Neepawa, MB

Alberta Shorthorn Association....................................... 17 Bender Shorthorns/Star P Farms.................................... 5 Best of the West Bull Sale............................................. 21 Birdtail Shorthorns......................................................... 21 Canadian Shorthorn Association.................................. 6,7 Horseshoe Creek Farms Ltd........................................... 9 Hill Haven Shorthorns.................................................. IBC Janell Shorthorns........................................................... 23 Lingley Livestock..........................................................IFC Muridale Shorthorns........................................................ 3 National Jr. Show/MB Beef Round-Up.......................... 26 Red Rose Farm............................................................. 25 Shadybrook Shorthorns..................................................11 Sun Country Shorthorn Sale.......................................... 19 Who’s Your Daddy Bull & Female Sale........................ BC

IT ’S A NEW YEAR

Do you have 20/20 Vision? Success is achieved with a Plan - a Vision. 20/20 Vision enables you to see both near and far.

MARCH28 ANNUAL OPENHOUSE & BULL SALE

An opportunity to evaluate our 2018 Breeding decisions

ALL AREWELCOME!

Martin & Liz Mason & Sons 747710 Twp Rd 4, RR #2 Drumbo, ON N0J 1G0 519.771.7066 cell 519.442.7066 home The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

Remember to get your Vision checked regularly!

J.W.M.

John Mason 519.636.6634 cell Page 25


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The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020


The Canadian SHORTHORN REPORT - Spring 2020

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Profile for Belinda Wagner

The Canadian Shorthorn Report - Spring 2020  

A magazine publication geared to promote and educate about the Shorthorn cattle breed.

The Canadian Shorthorn Report - Spring 2020  

A magazine publication geared to promote and educate about the Shorthorn cattle breed.

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