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Sashin Shah, President (JAY-HO)

Bhavik Veera, President (JAY-HO)

Sashin Deepak Shah from is a native of Kutch, Gujarat currently residing at Matunga, Mumbai. Sashin is a post graduate in Event Management and is an Event Management professional since 2004. Married to Prerana Shah also a native of Kutch, Gujarat, and has a 4 years old daughter. Currently Sashin owns a wedding Planning Company called Vivaah Planners and an Event Management Company named The EFactory. The idea behind JAY-HO is to unite Jain Youth and create a platform for their talents and present to it to the world. UTH-N-YNG was generated as an idea for all the Jain Youth to be aware about not only about Jainism & Jain Current Happenings but also to get an overview of what is happening around the world. With sections like Technology, Food & Lifestyle, Travel, Finance & Tutorials UTH-NYNG will be a one-stop-shop for all the info required for the youth. A.T.M (Artistic Talent Management) was specially designed by Sashin as he is from the field of Event Management and gets many chances to present new talent to the world may it be for Singing, Dancing, Acting, Art & Crafts or Speech. “My idea is to get the Jain community to such a level where every ones knows a Shah, Gala, Mehta or Jain as much as they know any Kapoor, Khan, Chopra or Kumar” says Sashin Shah. “Hope we are able to fulfill our dreams for a better future”

Bhavik Vinod Veera, a choreographer by passion has done MBA in Marketing and owns a dance company named Spunk Dance Company. Bhavik is a native of Kutch, Gujarat and is currently residing in Panvel, Navi Mumbai. Being passionate about dance, Bhavik likes to bring creativity and emotions through his dances.



His idea behind JAY-HO is to unite Jain Youth and give platform to the hidden talents of Jain Youth and take them to the higher level. As he always says, “STAY TUNED.STAY UNITED” UTH-N-YNG magazine is created especially for all Jain Youth not only giving information of what’s happening around but also giving them opportunity to express their views and ideas and helping them to create better future. A.T.M – Bhavik says, it is an initiative taken by his friend and colleague Sashin Shah and he liked the idea behind it. As a choreographer, he too likes to present new talent from dance field. He says, “Anyone can become Michael Jackson or Shah Rukh Khan or Ranbir Kapoor or Katrina Kaif, but end of the day it’s only you who carries your own personality”.



the king of Ratnasanchay/Mangalavati town in Purvavideh. Although a king, he was a simple and humble person. When people praised him, he thought that why people praised him even in absence of any virtues? When someone criticized him he would humbly say, "You are my true well-wisher and a friend who helps my progress by pointing out my faults." when a feeling of detachment grew in him, he found and opportune moment and took Diksha from Vimal Suri. Due to his simplicity and humility he became a very popular and ideal Sharman in his group. It is said that as a result of this rare disposition and deep mediational practices he purified his soul to an extant that he acquired the Tirthankar-nam-and-gotra-karma. Completing his age, he reincarnated as a god in the Vijay dimension. When the being that was Mahaval left the Vijay dimension, he descended into the womb of queen Siddharth, wife of king Samvar of Ayodhya. As a result of the simplicity of attitude inherited from the earlier birth, the soul in the womb of the queen had a soothing and pacifying influence on the outer world. The people of the kingdom were suddenly filled with the feelings of humility and fraternity. Irrespective of age, caste, creed and status every one started greeting and honoring others. Politeness and polished manners became the thing in vogue. The augurs and other scholars confirmed taht as the aura of a pious soul influences all the people around, the effusion of politeness was caused by the soul in the womb. The queen gave birth to the future Tirthankar on the second day of the bright half of the month of Magh. As the influence of this soul was evident in the overt mutual greetings, the king named his son as Abhinandan (greeting). As time passed Abhinandan lead normal mundane life with least indulgence. He ascended the throne when his father became an ascetic. After a long and peaceful reign, he became an ascetic and indulged in rigorous penance and lofty spiritual practices. He attained omniscience on the fourteenth day of the dark half of the month of Paush. For a long period Bhagavan Abhinandan

moved around to show the right path to millions of beings. On the eighth day of the bright half of the month of Vaishakah he attained Nirvana at Sammetshikhar.

SUMATINATH BHAGAVAN - 5 Vijayasen was the king of Shankhpur town in the Purva Mahavideh area. He had a son named Purushasimha. While he had gone for a walk in the garden one day, the prince listened to the discourse of Acharya Vinayanandan Dev. He became detached and a turned ascetic. As a result of vigorous penance and higher spiritual practices, he earned the Tirthankarnam-and-gotra-karma. Completing his age, he reincarnated as a god in the Vijayant dimension. From Vijayant dimension, the soul that was Purushasimha descended into the womb of queen Mangalavati/Sumangala, wife of king Megh of Ayodhya. The news of the queen being pregnant made the atmosphere of Ayodyha live with happiness and joy. One day two women and a little boy came to the kings court to seek justice. One of the women put forth her case before the king, "Sire! We both are wives of a rich seafaring merchant. Our husband has left for his heavenly abode leaving behind we two, a son, and heaps of wealth. The child truly belongs to me but this second wife of the merchant claims to be her. This is nothing but a conspiracy to grab the wealth that would be inherited by the child. Save me, my Lord! I seek my son and justice from you." The story narrated by the other woman was also the same. Shouting charges and counter charges at each other, both the women claimed the possession of the child. The child could not indicate his true mother as he had got equal affection from both. As the boy was born in some remote place, there was no eye witness available. The king was in a quandary. Even after a lot of probing and weighing the evidence he could not solve the problem. Any ill conceived solution could end up in doing injustice to the innocent. The king and his ministers all could end up in doing injustice to the innocent. The king and his ministers all were in a fix. The night was

approaching and the king was getting late for his dinner. He adjourned the case and went into the palace for dinner. The queen asked, "Today you are late for the dinner, your highness. What is the matter? Was there some complex problem?" The king narrated the case of the two women and their child and said, "No one is able to say firmly, which one of the women is the real mother of the child and which one is the pretender?" The queen said with a smile, "Your Highness, let a woman solve the problems of women. Send the case to me and allow me to resolve the issue." Next morning the queen herself came to the kings court. Both the women and their son were produced before the queen. There was no apparent indication in the behavior and disposition of the two women that could give any indication of the genuineness of one. All of a sudden, the queen got an inspiration and she said, "This enigma has no simple solution. There is one object and two claimants. The object, being a person, cannot be split into two. Under the circumstances the only solution I can think of is to keep the matter pending. I carry a pious soul in my womb. Let us wait till it is born and is ready to resolve this issue. during the period of waiting, let the son and the property of the deceased be taken into the custody of the state. Till then the claimants may wait." Hearing all of this one of the claimants readily accepted the arrangement but the other started weeping. In a choked voice she said, "No! Please don’t separate me from my son. I will not be able to survive without my son for such a long period, I withdraw my claim. Let the other woman take the child as well as all the property of my husband. My only submission is that I may be allowed at least meet the child. I will be contented with that only." The queen recognized the pain and concern of a mother’s heart. She gave her judgment, "The woman who immediately agreed to my proposal is the impostor. Her attachment is not to the child but to the wealth. She may be imprisoned. The one who wants to surrender her claim is the real mother. The child and the wealth may be given to her with all honor." Everyone present in the assembly was dumbstruck by this witty method of judgment. The impostor pleaded guilty and submitted to be pardoned. On the eighth day of the bright half of the month of Vaishakh, the queen gave birth to a son. A wave of peace and goodwill swept the whole world. Appreciating the

fact that the marked improvement in wisdom and sense of judgment during the pregnancy was the influence of the presence of the illustrious and pious soul, king Megh named the new born asSumati (wisdom or right thinking). When he became a young man, Sumati Kumar was married, and in due course inherited the kingdom. King Megh became an ascetic. After a long and peaceful reign Sumatinath, too, became an ascetic. He attained omniscience under a Priyangu tree on the eleventh day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra. He established the four pronged religious ford and became a Tirthankar. On the ninth day of the bright half of the month of Chaitra he got Nirvana at Sammetshikhar.

PADMAPRABH BHAGAVAN - 6 Maharaj Aparajit ruled over Susima town in the Purvavideh area. He was a simple and religious person. He got detached after listening to the discourse of an Arhat and took Diksha from Acharya Pihitashrava. As a result of long spiritual practices he earned Tirthankar-nam-andgotra-karma. Completing his age, he reincarnated as a god in the Graiveyak dimension. From the dimension of gods, the being that was Aparajit descended into the womb of queen Susima, wife of the king Kaushambi. One day queen Susima had a desire to sleep on a bed made up of lotus flowers. As this was a desire of a pregnant mother, the gods made arrangements for its fulfillment. On the twelfth day of the dark half of the month of Kartik the queen gave birth to a son. The new born had a soft pink glow like lotus flowers. The king named him as Padmaprabh. In due course the prince became young and was married. When his father left for spiritual practices, Padmaprabh ascended the throne. After a long and successful reign, when through his three fold knowledge he knew that the right moment has come, he became an ascetic. After six months of spiritual practices, on the full moon day of the month of Chaitra he attained omniscience under a banyan tree. Propagating right religion for a long time, Bhagavan Padmaprabh wandered around and at last arrived at Sammetshikhar. He got Nirvana on the eleventh day of the dark half of the month of Margshirsh.

THE GRADING SYSTEM WILL NOT WORK IN INDIA One of the most prominent universities of the world, The University of Delhi (DU) has decided to introduce a grading system for both undergraduate as well as post-graduate courses. An expert committee has been formed to formulate this change from the academic session 2013-14. According to the representatives of this expert committee, the decision to introduce grading has been taken to make the semester system more effective.

In most of the courses offered by the University of Delhi, the semester system came into the curriculum with effect from the academic session 2011-12 onward. From the very beginning, this move of the University was not welcomed with arms wide open. It created quite a furore in the academic world. For many days, classes did not take place because the DU teachers and students were protesting. One can easily judge the seriousness of this issue by looking into this outrage in past. Even, some of the political parties tried to convince the Human Resources Development Ministry to force Delhi University to discuss the issues raised by its protesting teachers and to not take coercive steps. Now, the university is going for new changes like the four year under-graduate degree courses, META University and the grading system. It is believed that they are also going to meet the same fate. It seems that all these changes are being pushed through in undue haste. The teaching and academic community is opposing this move

because the university does not seek their acceptance; neither are there any proper discussions nor any consultations. These measures have been introduced by the Vice Chancellor in such a flurry that his credibility is being subjected now. It is also believed that there is some hidden agenda behind such drastic actions. There are some statutory procedures and established democratic academic practices for implementation of new rules and policies related to academics but this hubbub is really subverting this set-up.

The students are also not pleased with the semester system. It is overburdening them and teachers and is affecting the university culture. Students are forced to cram because it is the only possible way left to outscore others. The syllabus is so vast that a student does not have any time to participate in extra-curricular activities. Yes, it keeps him/her focused on what is taught in class but at the same time the students who really want to try something new don’t get time for the same. In most of the courses, the syllabuses of the subjects which are meant to be studied in one year are now to be completed within six months. The teachers are struggling to finish the courses and even if they are finished, there is no time left for preparation. The colourful college life which is shown in movies now seems facetious.

Now, let us look into the effectiveness of grading system in colleges. In the past, when it was proposed for schools that a grading system would be followed, the schools were in dither. So, the University is now mulling over in following this system. The VC reported that a committee has been set which will look for the feasibility of implementation of this scheme. It has got the academic council’s approval which is the highest academic body in the university.

The members of this core team say that this idea has been appreciated by all. But I do not feel that it is a good step. Grades do not accurately indicate how much a student has learned in a class. Grades do not keep the passion to excel alive. When one gets fewer marks in an examination, he/she can analyze in a better way the mistakes for which marks were cut; but with grades, you do not have the actual marks. (The grades are given according to class limits. For instance, the students scoring in the range of 91-100 will get A1; the students scoring in the range of 81-90 will get A2 and so on. Then, it does not matter whether the student is getting 91 or 100, he will get an A1.) There are fears that if the students will really benefit from this system. It does not differentiate the truly deserving students and the lazybones. It overshadows the hard-work of students and discourages them because an average student is also getting same grades as of outstanding one. The academics body says that after the implementati on of this grading system, no student will be declared fail. But what is the point in doing so? You cannot loosen up the criteria. If this system gets implemented, there will be no strictness. The students will become complacent because they know that they will definitely pass. The authorities are also making a point that weak students get depressed when being reprimanded by their teachers; so, in this way, we can soothe them. But the reality is that it does NOT encourage the students to work hard at all. Many researchers, educators and parents are now questioning the purpose and effectiveness of grades.

Certainly students deserve to know how they are doing and they benefit from understanding how they are performing; but the communication of this progress can have a great impact on how a student learns. It is my opinion that grades do not motivate a student to perform better because if a student does not know where he is standing, how on earth will he try to improve himself? Students take it easy because their sole purpose becomes getting an A1 and they tend to learn the things just for this purpose. This type of learning is not worth of it. Instead, the students who get marks are more likely to want to continue exploring whatever they’re learning, more likely to want to challenge themselves, and more likely to think deeply. And, this is the main objective of education which must be imparted by the teachers to the students.

These systems are considered inefficient because teachers have raised a range of objections and some serious allegations have been made on the working of the University in making new policies. It appears completely undemocratic. The teachers are totally displeased owing to the formation of new systems without any discussion with them and without their acknowledgement. The University needs to act in a judicious way. There must be proper discussions and workshops before implementation of new policies so that the results of such systems can be learned effectively; and the students can hope for a promising future. As the University has decided that it is going to award grades rather than marks, there must be proper categorization. The differentiation should be made between good, better and outstanding performances so that the spirit of healthy competition does not get over and the quality of education remains maintained.

MAKE YOUR OWN LIGHT BALL LAMP To make your own random light-inspired lamp, you need five things: - Pilates ball (big round balloon) ; Wallpaper glue - Paper cords (approx. 200 meters) ; - Lamp cable ; - Plastic sheets What to do: 1. Blow up the pilates ball and wrap it in plain plastic sheets to protect against the wallpaper glue. 2. Mix the wallpaper glue according to the package. 3. Dip the paper cord in the glue and wrap around the ball until you are satisfied with the result. Remember to leave a hole to be able to easily replace the lamp bulb. 4.Let dry for at least 12 hours and make sure it is really dry before the next step 5. Deflate the pilates ball and pull both it and the plastic sheeting through the hole. Then mount the light cable and hang the lamp. It looks extra nice it will be with an oversized lamp bulb.The hole that you made should be on the side of the light cable so you can, as I mentioned earlier, easily replace the bulb.


2. Manali:

There are certain cities like Shimla, Manali etc. which have always been on top of the list of tourists who wish to spend summers in India; whether they are Indian's or foreign tourists who travel to India during this time. In addition to these two legendary locations a lot of other destinations have become a favorite for tourists to spend their summer vacations in India. The top 10 summer holiday Destinations in India are:1. Shimla:

Shimla is the capital city of Himachal Pradesh. A hill station in the northern part of India; Shimla was developed and established by the British during their rule as a getaway resort place for the families of the British officers. A lot of buildings and monuments were constructed by the British and have been converted into luxury Shimla Hotels and the city is a perfect example of fusion of the British influence with Indian traditions and culture. In today’s times as well; Shimla is one of the most preferred destinations to spend summer in the country. The city is named after the goddess Shyamala Devi, an incarnation of the Hindu Goddess Kali.

Manali is a beautiful hill station, 2000 meters above sea level, surrounded by breathtaking scenery of mountains, streams, rivers and small waterfalls. Manali is an important tourist destination in the northern Indian State of Himachal Pradesh. It is one of the most preferred honey moon destinations for newly wed couples within the country, and many hotels in Manali cater to the niche honeymoon segment. Manali is considered a paradise for tourists who are interested in adventure sports like trekking, mountaineering , etc. Being situated on one of the most important road links of the country which connects Kashmir with the rest of the mainland, it also serves as an important junction for travelers. Tourists who wish to travel to remote hilly locations of the country like the Lahaul and Spiti valleys also have to travel from here. The climate and facilities for travelers make it ideal location travelers to spend summer in India. 3. Goa:

An iconic tourist destination of the country; Goa is one of the best places to spend summers in the country with beautiful beaches and party atmosphere all year round. Its pristine beaches, slow pace of life, fresh food infused with Goan

spices with moderate climate makes it an ideal place to visit all year round. Goa, is mostly a winter destination, yet the off peak season summer season is ideal for budget travellers, as all the hotels in Goa, offer discounts. We loved the Goan curries and the cashew feni ( alcoholic drink made out of cashew nuts).

Tamil Nadu was established by the British for their officers and families to get away from the searing heat and high temperatures of the southern Indian region. A relatively small hill station is counted amongst the top 10 places to spend summer in India and is preferred place to spend summer holidays.

Goa, being a Union Territory, has the least sales tax on alcohol & therefore, a beer costs as much as a bottle of mineral water. There is no better way to quench a parched throat, than to have a "chilled Indian beer" in the lovely Indian sun.

Try Kodaikanal's bakeries, famous for its mouth watering pastries & savouries.

6. Munnar:

4. Srinagar:

One of the most ideal places to spend summer in india; Srinagar the erstwhile summer capital of the northern state of Jammu & Kashmir is world renowned for ‘Dal Lake’ which is so beautiful that it is referred to as “Heaven on Earth”. It is also known for it houseboats and shikaras which are a major tourist attraction. The mild temperature makes Srinagar an ideal summer getaway destination. 5. Kodaikanal:

Known for its beautifully landscaped region which is famous for lakes, hills and forests; Munnar a small hill station in the southern state of Kerala is also renowned place across the world for its tea plantation gardens. It is one of the leading centres for tea manufacturing and exports of the country. The beautiful and picturesque views coupled with moderate and mild climate make it an ideal location for the tourists to spend their summer holidays. The views of the tea plantations are awesome and worth taking time out to enjoy and capture those moments. Don't forget to pack your camera! 7. Coorg:

Popularly known as the ‘Princess of Hill stations’; Kodaikanal located in the southern Indian state of

One of the most beautiful hill stations of the country; Coorg is famous for beautiful and serene views, coffee plantations, orange and honey plantations. There have been reviews from travelers who have visited Coorg and stayed in Coorg Hotels, that the beauty of the place is such that it will haunt the travelers and compel them to visit again and again.

places by the "holiday hordes" during summer.

8. Mahabaleshwar:

10. Nanital

Located on the Western Ghats; Mahabaleshwar is the highest hill station in the entire western region and because of the virtue of its beauty it is known as the Queen of Maharashtra’s Hill stations. Apart from being a favoured tourist and honeymoon destination because of its beauty and climate; the city has great historical reference and monuments making it an ideal getaway destination to spend summer in India.

Nainital is a hill station in Uttarakhand and lies at the foothills of Kumaon range of mountains. Situated 2,000 metres above sea level, hotels in Nainital are situated in a valley containing a pearshaped lake, approximately two miles in circumference, and surrounded by mountains, called The Naina Lake, after which the town is named. From the tops of the higher peaks, "magnificent views can be obtained of the vast plain to the south, or of the mass of tangled ridges lying north, bounded by the great snowy range which forms the central axis of the Himalayas." Nainital is a glittering jewel in the Himalyan necklace, blessed with scenic natural spledour and varied natural resources .

9. Ooty:

Ooty is a popular hill station located in the Nilgiri Hills. Udhagamandalam is the official Tamil name for the town. Ooty stands at an approximate height of 7,500 feet (2, 286 m) above sea level and therefore, makes an excellent summer holiday destination.

Dotted with lakes , Nainital has earned the epithet of 'Lake District' of India .

One of the most favorite and popular tourist destinations in the Southern part of the country; Ooty is famous for its Blue Mountains which are covered with forests all through the year. It is famous for tea plantations and various movies have been shot in the beautiful and picturesque locations of the city. The climatic conditions of the hill station make it one of the most frequented

HOW TO CHOOSE AN AC FOR HOME Air Conditioner is an inherent part of an household with summners getting hotter. You should consider your needs and do your research before finalizing the one you want to buy. AIR CONDITIONER FEATURES Size / Capacity The size of your airconditioner is very important. You need to think about whether you are cooling a single room, a selection of rooms or the entire house. If the airconditioner is too small you won't cool down and you'll waste electricity running it on high all the time. If, on the other hand, you choose an airconditioner that's too large for your needs you'll have to switch it off regularly when you become too cold. Switching it on and off all the time will also waste energy. The Ton of air conditioning indicates the cooling capacity of the air conditioner. One ton of air conditioning is 12,000 BTU. A BTU is short for 'British Thermal Unit' and is the amount of heat that will raise or lower the temperature of one pound of water by 10F.You should keep in mind that actual capacity is not constant and will change based on outdoor or indoor temperature. The published rating of a unit is based upon capacity when the outdoor temperature is 950Fand the inside temperature is 800F. The chart below will help you decide the tonnage for the air conditioner for a 12-14 feet high room. Area in square feet Tonnage of AC Less than 90






Greater than 180


Energy efficiency Check the energy rating of the airconditioner you are considering. All airconditioners should have an energy-rating label which uses stars to rate the efficiency. The more stars the better. Also on the label will be an energy consumption box. The lower the number, the less it will cost to run.

Airflow The fan in the airconditioner circulates the cool air around the room. Look out for airconditioners with a variety of airflow settings. While a high setting is good for cooling a room quickly, it can be quite noisy so you need to be able to adjust it to a lower level that keeps the room cool but quiet. Noise level - It may sound pedantic but you need to check how noisy your airconditioner will be. If it's noisy, not only will it annoy you in your home but your neighbours may be affected too. Timer - A timer lets you switch your airconditioner at certain times even when you are not at home. This works well to cool the house down an hour or so before you arrive home. Ionisers - Ionisers can emit a stream of clean, fresh, negatively charged air. This reduces airborne odours by producing traces of ozone that can reenergize the enironment. Sensors - Sensors which can monitior room temperature can be located in the air conditioner unit and also the remote control unit. Aesthetics - You should consider what the airconditioner will look like attached to your wall. Try to choose one that blends in with your decor. DIFFERENT TYPES OF AIR CONDITIONERS Portable Air Conditioners Portable airconditioners can be moved from room to room and use the same heat-exchange principles as built-in models. This means they can cool and dehumidify the air. Pros • Can be moved from room to room • Can be plugged into a normal powerpoint no need for professional installation Cons • Some are only suitable as personal coolers rather than room coolers Wall or window model Air Conditioners Wall or window models can be installed in a window or an external wall. Pros • • • •

Can cool single rooms well Smaller units can be plugged into existing power points Single Unit Require lesser upfront cost as installation is simple

Cons • •

Cons Not suitable for larger rooms Aesthetically not as impressive as Split ACs

Split system Air Conditioners Split systems are generally used to cool one or more rooms, or an open-plan area. A compressor unit is installed outside and then one or two outlets are positioned indoors. Pros • Offers more flexibility on where to locate the outside component than wall models • Can cool open-plan areas well • Very quiet operation • Attractive and aesthetic designs • Good air distribution for ACs of same size Cons • Won't cool more than a couple of rooms or a single open-plan area • More expensive than portable or window units. • Has separate internal and external units which need to be joined, this requires drilling and permanent fixing. Ducted Air Conditioners Ducted airconditioners can be installed in the roof or on the ground outside. The air is then ducted through the house via various outlets. Pros • Can be designed with multiple zones so you can cool all of the home or just specific areas • Energy efficient • Offers flexibility as to where noisegenerating equipment is located Cons • Must be professionally installed. • Can't be bought 'off the shelf' - the airconditioner must be custom-made to the house. • Doesn't work as well in very humid areas • More expensive than split systems and wall systems Reverse-cycle Air Conditioners Reverse-cycle air-conditioners are available in any of the above types. Pros • One system for heating and cooling • Cheapest form of heating system • Creates the least amount of carbon dioxide

More expensive than cooling-only models

AC POWER CONSUMPTION You can check the LG Energy consumption calculator to get a sense of power or energy consumption and cost. AC PRICE AND BUDGET You should take care to narrow down on the appropriate AC by looking at the product design, quality and its performance. Also, consider the installation cost, running costs like power and maintenance while buying your AC. Split ACs cost more than Window ACs and might use slightly less power than Window ACs. You can check the price and feature comparison and AC brands websites listed above for an idea of the price and features of various ACs available. VOLTAGE STABILIZER FOR AC These are related to starting voltage of stabilizer and can be used as an indicative of the voltage stabilizer to be used: Serial # Capacity of AC (ton) Stabilizer (KVA) 1

0.5~0.8 ton



1.0~1.2 ton



1.2~1.6 ton



2.0 ~2.5 ton



3 ton


INSTALLATION Check Air Conditioner Installation Guide INVERTER BASED TECHNOLOGY IN AC Inverter based air conditioners offer considerable reduction in power consumption by adjusting compressor's running speed and controlling voltage and current frequency. These are catching up in the AC market. REFRIGERANTS IN AC The trend is shifting from R-22 refrigerant to others like R-410a, R-290 with use of microchannel PFC. This is coming as demand for energy-efficient, environment friendly ACs are on rise.

UNION BUDGET 2013-2013 SUMMARY NEW DELHI: Sports utility vehicles, imported cars and motorcycles, high-end mobile phones, eating out at air-conditioned restaurants and cigarettes will become costlier with Finance Minister P Chidambaram deciding to impose higher taxes on these items. On the other hand, there is good news for ladies as far as jewellery is concerned as they will be allowed to bring more duty free gold items provided they have stayed out of India for more than year. Moreover, branded apparels will become cheaper as there will be zero excise duty on the item. Carpets and other textile floor coverings of coir or jute will also become less expensive as they have been fully exempted from excise duty. In his Budget proposals for 2013-14, Finance Minister P Chidambaram said excise duty on Sports Utility Vehicles (SUV) will be raised to 30 per cent from 27 per cent. "SUVs occupy greater road and parking space and ought to bear a higher tax... However, the increase will not apply to SUVs registered as taxis," Chidambaram said. Consumer Items

Impact Budget Measure +ve or -ve) Customs duty on imported set-top boxes increased from 5% to Negative 10%

Television set-top boxes Mobile Phones worth more Rs Negative 2000 Silk & silk products Negative


Increase in the customs duty on raw silk from 5% to 15% Increase in the specific excise duty on cigarettes to about 18%. Similar increases are proposed on cigars, cheroots and cigarillos. An abatement of 35% on the excise duty on MRP based assessment in respect of branded medicaments of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy and bio-chemic systems of medicine Duty-free limit on imported jewellery raised to Rs 50,000 in the case of a male passenger and Rs 100,000 in the case of a female passenger Zero excise duty' for cotton and manmade sector (spun yarn) at the yarn, fabric and garment stages Service tax levied on all air conditioned restaurants


Excise duty on SUVs increased from 27% to 30%

Cigarettes and tobacco products


Branded NonAllopathic medicines


Imported Jewellery Positive Ready-made Garments Eating Out Sports Utility Vehicles (except taxis) Environmentfriendly vehicles Imported Luxury Vehicles Home Furnishing and Decor Housing Construction High-end Homes

Increase in excise duty to 6%




Positive Negative Negative

The period of concession now available for specified parts of electric and hybrid vehicles extended upto fiscal 2015 Increase in the customs duty on imported motor vehicles from 75% to 100%; on motorcycles with engine capacity of 800cc or more from 60% to 75%; and on yachts and similar vessels from 10% to 25% Handmade carpets and textile floor coverings of coir or jute exempted from excise duty Increase in the excise duty on marble from Rs 30 per sq. mtr to Rs 60 per sq mtr. For buildings having homes and flats with a carpet area of 2,000 sq.ft. or more or of a value of Rs 1 crore or more, reduction in the rate of abatement on the service tax from 75% to 70%.

Targeting the "affluent class in India that consumes imported luxury goods such as high end motor vehicles, motorcycles, yachts and similar vessels", he said: "I am sure they will not mind paying a little more." Subsequently, basic customs duty on new passenger cars and other motor vehicles (high-end cars) costing more than USD 40,000 and/or engine capacity exceeding 3,000cc for petrol run vehicles and exceeding 2500 cc for diesel run vehicles has been hiked 100 per cent from 75 per cent earlier. Likewise, duty on yachts and similar vessels has also been raised to 25 per cent from 10 per cent. In a blow to mobile handset makers, excise duty on instruments priced above Rs 2,000 has been raised to six per cent but the concessional excise duty of one per cent and has been kept unchanged in the case of low priced phones. Smokers will also have to shell out more for their puffs with Chidambaram training his eyes on them for more tax revenues. "What does a Finance Minister turn to when he requires resources? The answer is cigarettes. I propose to increase the specific excise duty on cigarettes by about 18 per cent. Similar increases are proposed on cigars, cheroots and cigarillos," he said while delivering the Budget speech. Eating out at air conditioned restaurants will also become more expensive with the Finance Minister bringing it under the purview of service tax. At present, service tax of 12 per cent does not apply to A/C restaurants that do not serve liquor. "The distinction is artificial, and I propose to levy service tax on all air conditioned restaurants," he said. Homes and flats with a carpet area of 2,000 sq ft or more or of a value of Rs 1 crore will also become more expensive as the rate of abatement for this class of buildings has been reduced from 75 per cent to 70 per cent. Silk clothes made using imported raw materials will become expensive as customs duty on raw silk of all grades has been increased to 15 per cent from 5 per cent. Set top boxes will also become costlier with basic customs duty on the item has been increased 10 per cent from from 5 per cent. However, it is not gloomy all the way with Chidambaram leaving room for some cheer as well. The duty free allowance on jewellery for an Indian passenger, who has been residing abroad for over one year or a person who is transferring residence to India, has been raised to Rs 1 lakh in case of a lady passenger from Rs 50,000 earlier. For a male passenger, this has been raised to Rs 50,000 from Rs 10,000. Moreover, precious stones will become cheaper as the basic customs duty has been cut to 2 per cent from 10 per cent on pre-forms of precious and semi-precious stones. Branded apparels will also become cheaper as there will be no excise duty on the item. Last year, 10 per cent excise duty was levied on 30 per cent of the maximum retail price (MRP). Imported hazel nuts will also become cheaper as the customs duty has been reduced to 10 per cent from 30 per cent. Similarly, dehulled oat grain will also be less expensive as customs duty has been cut to 15 per cent from 30 per cent earlier.


•Full name- Palaniappan Chidambaram •Born- 16thSeptember, 1945 in Kandanur, T.N •Political Party- Congress (1996)(2004- present) •Spouse- Nalini Chidambaram •Presently in office- Minister of Finance (incumbent) since 31st July, 2012 •Post held (incumbent)- Re-appointed as Minister of State (Independent Charge) in the Ministry of Commerce on February 9, 1995 and held the post till April 3, 1996 •Appointed as Finance Minister on June 1, 1996 and held the post till March 18, 1998. •Minister of Home Affairs In office (30 November 2008 – 31 July 2012) •Minister of State for personnel, Public relations and pensions (26 December 1985 – 2 December 1989) P. Chidambaram has made a considerable mark for himself as a multifaceted individual. The minister is a distinguished corporate lawyer and statesmen who has made a mark with suavity and smoothness in affairs. Most of all in recent history he has also established himself as one of versatile finance minster. Another distinguishing factor of the PC is his ability to take a firm stand on issues and to stick to the same with firmness of thought and convention. He has led from the font in terms of his clear and articulate thinking.

P. Chidambaram Early life- P Chidambaram was born on the 16th September, 1945 to Palaniappa Chettiar and Lakshmi Achi. His maternal grandfather was a wealthy merchant and banker and Chettinad. He did his schooling from the Madras Christian College Higher Secondary School in Chennai. After graduating with a BSc (Bachelor of Science) degree he earned his Bachelor’s of Law (L.L.B) degree from the erstwhile Madras Law University now Ambedkar Governement Law College Chennai and then went on to do his Masters in Business Administration (MBA) from the Harvard School and also holds a master from Loyola College in Chennai. He enrolled as a Lawyer in the Chennai High Court. He has two offices one in Delhi and another in Chennai and practices at the Supreme courts and various high courts in the country P Chidambaram Political Career- He first contested in the General election of 1984 from the Sivganga Constituency of Tamilnadu and was elected as MP from the constituency. In the following September of 1985 he was inducted as the Deputy Minister of Commerce Ministry and was also made Minister in the Ministry of Personnel, Public grievances and pension. He was relatively young when he was assumed his ministerial office. Later on he was appointed to the Ministry of Home Affairs and the Ministry of State for Internal Security. He continued hold both offices till the next general elections in 1989. P. Chidambaram was re elected from the same constituency in the general elections of 1989,1991,1996,1998 and 2004. Chidambaram was again inducted as Minister of state in June 1991 in the Ministry of commerce. He held that office till 1992. In the February of 1995 he was reappointed the minister of state (independent charge). While in the ministry he was instrumental in making changes in EXIM policy. Following this he quit the congress party and joined a faction of the Tamilnadu Congress Party called the Tamil Maanila Party (TMC). TMC was an important part of the coalition government that came into power and he was given the key portfolio of Finance in the government.

Chidambaram had a interloping political stinct after this. He left the TMC to form his own party Congress Jananayaka Peravai. His party largely focused on Tamilnadu yet failed to take its place as a mainstream politics. He is competence in the finance portfolio backed by public mandate was the main reason for his induction as Finance Minister in the UPA government in 2004. Holding the post of Finance Minister Chidambaram was instrumental in materialsing the 2008 budget. This budget aimed at offering a waive to the debts of farmers. His explanation being that these were solely responsible for boosting aggregate demand in the Indian economy. He has made a considerable convinent contribution to the working of his ministry. Moreover he has been attributed in bringing discipline in government spending and launched an ambitious tax reform program to tackle an unwieldy fiscal deficit. In 2008 he was made Home Minster following the resignation of Shivraj Patil. Before the general elections in 2009. He took the bold decision of prioritizing elections above corporate demands to deploy security for T20-20 matches if IPL. He was one of the representatives of the Central Government when a tri-party agreement was signed with the Gorkha Hill Council and the Government of West Bengal. The agreement was a result of Mamata Banerjee's effort to end a decade long unrest in the hills of Darjeeling. P. Chidambaram Personal Life- He is married to Nalini Chidambaram, daughter of Justice (Retd.) Kailasam, Supreme Court, and Mrs. Soundra Kailasam, a renowned Tamil Poet and author, who is a Senior Advocate and a tax lawyer practicing in the Madras High Court and the Supreme Court, primarily in litigation related to the Central Excise department of the Government of India. He has a son, Karti P. Chidambaram, who graduated with a BBA degree from the University of Texas, and Bachelors in Law from Cambridge University. His son is also a politician in the Congress party. He has keen interest in literature and in particular Tamil literature, and has a great affinity towards reading and literature.

PM Chidambaram Controversies- In September 2011, Subramanian Swamy moved to Supreme Court of India, after months of request to Prime Minister Manmohan Singh to look into Chidambaram's role in the 2G spectrum scam. A statement by the finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee concluded that the during his tenure as Finance Minster he collaborated in the pricing of 2 G spectrum. Secondly the dubious Aircel Maxis Deal that releaved that the ministers son had a 5% share on in the company. Even though shareholding in a large publicly listed company is easily verifiable, no evidence was produced to substantiate charges of Karti owning shares in any Maxis companies. Chidambaram then had statutory authority over the FIPB in his role as the Finance Minister. Subsequently the issue was raised on multiple times in Parliament of India by the opposition which demanded his resignation. He as also accused of hoarding black money the minister however has refrained to respond on the issue. He was also accused under the controversial companies registration as he represented the bankrupt Enron. He had t tender his resignation in 1992 following the tender registration scam. Chidambaram's speeches for assembly elections in Tamil Nadu have been laced with anti-Hindi rhetoric and had questioned the number of Hindi speaking ministers in the NDA government although he himself was the Finance Minister at that time and later on the Home Minister for the country. Chidambaram was also accused for his controversial scheme for tax payers. His other brushes with controversy include his speech stating that migrants were responsible for the increase in crimes in Delhi. He was also severely criticsed for the lathi charge on Anna Hazare . Another instance is the way he tackled the issue of Maoist insurgency. Finally Chidambaram was criticized for his ministry's failure to prevent the 13 July 2011 Mumbai bombings, in spite of massive investments in security following the 2008 Mumbai attacks.

REVIEW – 26/11 The terror attacks on Mumbai on 26/11 will remain etched in our memory forever. The attacks, which were condemned globally, still send a shiver down my spine when I reminisce about it. The dastardly acts by a terrorist organization at multiple sites of the city, killing and wounding hundreds of innocent lives, evoked myriad emotions. One felt furious, powerless, empathetic, distraught and traumatized at the same time. Now relive the catastrophic attacks on the big screen... The tragic event, which led to debates, discussions and candlelight marches, gets chronicled on the big screen. Ramgopal Varma's THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 is a cinematic interpretation of the barbaric attacks on 26/11, with the maverick filmmaker unfolding the attacks on Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Leopold Cafe, Taj Mahal Hotel and Cama Hospital. Also incorporated in this motion picture is the arrest of Ajmal Kasab, the sole attacker who was captured alive, and his execution at Yerwada Jail in Pune last year. A 7-minute showreel of how the terrorists infiltrated into Mumbai -- part of the promotional campaign of THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 -- was spellbinding enough to generate incredible attention for the film. The challenge that RGV faced was to reconstruct the events, replicating the gruesome acts on celluloid. But, I wish to add, one relives the emotions while watching the horrifying events unfold on the screen -- infuriation, distress, grief, helplessness. It leaves you stunned and traumatized, as if you, too, had been caught in the swirl of events that led to the inexpressible misery and carnage. Also, THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 makes you salute and respect the men in uniform, who fought the terrorists tooth and nail. That's precisely why THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 triumphs as a feature film. RGV restricts the film to the night of the incident, recording episodes between 9 p.m. and 1 a.m., when Kasab was caught at Chowpatty. The movie grabs your attention from the inception itself, when the terrorists hijack an Indian trawler, Kuber, kill the fishermen on board and compel its head to sail towards Mumbai. Though it's impossible to chronicle the events in 2 hours, RGV films the brutal attacks with ferocious passion, conjuring up images that seem straight out of real life. The audacious shootout in the lobby of Taj [replicated at another hotel], the slaughter and mayhem at CST, the blood and

gore, each and every sequence that unfolds on screen gives you the goose bumps [this could be a deterrent for those who get put off by too much blood and gore]. Especially the sequence at the interval point [a wounded child watching a cop cry his lungs out]. It is chilling! It's in the post-interval portions that the viewer gets to know what transpired at Cama Hospital and also gets an insight into the mind of Ajmal Kasab. The sequence when Kasab talks of his Aaka and the fight to save Islam is shocking. But it's the sequence in the morgue -- with Nana confronting Kasab and talking about jihad -which takes the graph of the film to an all-time high. It's in these two sequences that you realize that the supremely talented storyteller is back with a vengeance. RGV makes sure he doesn't skip a beat while narrating the vital episodes. Sure, the skeptics may argue, we have read and seen it all through various forms of communication [TV, newspapers, online], but what RGV accumulates is beyond words. This is one film where the reallife episodes take precedence, while technique takes a backseat [unlike his previous endeavors]. The gimmicky camera angles are not there this time, since RGV goes about passionately reliving the horrific tale as it is. In fact, it won't be erroneous to state that THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 rediscovers RGV, who bounces back with renewed enthusiasm. Nana Patekar is exceptional. Such restraint and maturity in a performance is a rarity. He is super in the sequences when he disposes before the inquiry commission and electrifying when he confronts Kasab at the morgue. Sanjeev Jaiswal [as Kasab] is so persuasive that you can't help but hate him and his on-screen actions. The brutality that dwells in some humans comes to the fore as Jaiswal intensely enacts the sequence at the interrogation centre. Saad Orhan [as Ismail] is equally convincing. Atul Kulkarni, Asif Basra, Ravi Kale and Ganesh Yadav make cameo appearances. On the whole, THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 is akin to watching the barbaric act in rawest form. The film not only chronicles the terror attacks, but also pays homage to the sentiments of the people of India and especially the heroes and victims of 26/11. A powerful retelling of a regrettable event in history. Do not miss this one! -

Aquarius - This is a week of contrary happenings. Your approval rating is up, so the temptation to celebrate may bring the rating down. Communications run from heartfelt, power building and just plain hurtful. Avoid gossip. Be nice no matter who else is saying what. See the good and report on that.

Leo - You step out of the major spotlight by midweek. Do what you can until then to show what you know. You can still get attention from the feminine sector, standard flattery won't work. You'll have to have creative or intellectual appeal. Authority figures will give you a chance and support if you show respect.

Pisces - Time to start a new chapter in your life. For many of you, this new phase is forced with a lightning bolt. The others, you've been planning this, so the shock is in the eyes of your nearest and dearest. Make 2 year plans at the minimum for your new direction. Be proactive over the next two weeks.

Virgo - You step into the spotlight this week. Dazzle the crowds by simply doing your best. If you make a mistake (and you will make one or two over through mid-April), handle it like a pro. No shame in being human, at least not a thinking, feeling, willing to learn and grow kind of guy or gal. This month could be the culmination of actions stated more than a year ago. Accept the critique or applause graciously.

Aries - LLC 1 ,2,3 get enough rest and eat right. A good portion of you will be having communication, transportation challenges or a change with what or who you value this month. Forewarned is forearmed. Make sure your insurance is up to date and par. Consider your priorities. Put those people and things first. Taurus - LLC 3,4,5 take life with a grain of salt, then eat right and get enough rest. There is so much pressure to get things done this month; you could end of spinning your wheels if you don't get some traction. Like a sports car getting out of the mud, consider your direction, find a foundation, start slow and build speed. Gemini - Make hay while the sun shines. You LLC 5,6,7 may make it a little more difficult to sift through what is good and true, but you have human resources galore that will assist in every way possible. Accept or ask for assistants as need be. There is a cosmic rhythm of give and take going on; be part of it. Cancer - Major adjustments are forced. Well, that's just life isn't it? Adaptation is your key to success. Successful long term adaptation is different than settling for what is easily available. It's making the most of the situation and your talents. Make plans to initiate a new strategy after your LLC 7,8,9. The cheese has moved, so move with it.

Libra - HC 1 ,2,3 says you can burn the candle at both ends, but don't let the wax drip on the carpet. Use common sense in all endeavors is what I'm trying to say. Authority figures will notice both what and why you do things. Schedule conversations, reviews, applications towards the end of the week for best results. Scorpio - HC 3,4,5 says you are up for most things. You'll find that even though there are abundant mistakes and miss-starts all month, you will glide not grind through most endeavors. Make every day count. You have six weeks to move a lot of pieces into place. You can do it more easily with honey, not vinegar. Sagittarius - Press ure or a certain type of force kicks in and lasts for six weeks. That can be the energy you need to inspire you on to better things. See a change in circumstances as the fresh breeze that livens things up. You can't fly a kite without wind. HC 5 ,6,7 find the wind and raise your consciousness . Capricorn - Finally, a little measurable progress is seen and appreciated over the next month and a half. Mistakes continue to happen, but you can find a way to make trouble work to your advantage. Limitations are the walls that define your space. What you do with that space is up to you. Schedule the tougher or tedious tasks during your HC 7,8,9.

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Sashin Shah – 9820966500 Bhavik Veera - 9820566451 LETTER FROM THE EDITOR Dear Friends, Hello and welcome to one and all, at UTH-N-YNG we have tried our level best to provide you with content and topics that are useful to you and can help you in your day to day life. We are committed in providing you the best information available out there so that all our readers are well aware of what’s going around in this world. For this we need your support and co-operation, we would like to invite you to write for UTH-N-YNG and provide us content and suggestions which you feel may help us provide better content and information to our readers. If anyone wishes to contribute Physically, Mentally or monetarily feel free to contact us at For more information visit our website: To get this magazine Join our Facebook Page:

22nd Iissue Of UTH-N-YNG Jain Magazine  
22nd Iissue Of UTH-N-YNG Jain Magazine  

Contents of the 22nd Issue: 4-5-6 Tirthankars ; Grading System in India; Rope Ball Lantern; Summer Destinations in India; What to eat & Whe...