Page 1


b@ma&;ESifh tcGef0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD; AdkvfcsKyfvSxGef; b@mESpftwGif; &nfrSef;csufvkyfief;wm0efrsm; jynfhrDatmifjrif apa&;qdkif&m vkyfief;単SdEdIif;tpnf;ta0;wGif trSmpum;ajymMum;pOf/ b@ma&;ESifh tcGef0efBuD;Xme 0efBuD; AdkvfcsKyfvSxGef;tm; jynfaxmifpk jrefrmEdkifiHawmfqdkif&m AD,uferfqdk&S,fvpf or速wEdkifiH oHtrwfBuD; Mr. Chu Chong Phung vma&mufawGUqHkpOf/

*sme,ftzGJU


A1 Electrical Accessories No. 135, 30 th Street,Pebedan Township, Yangon. e.mail : aunga1@myanmar.com.mm Tel: 246 423, 385 285


12

*sme,f

NO.(42), 1- SEPTEMBER, 2009

HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY

odNyD; wwfNyD;olrsm; udk r&nf&G,fbJ rodao;? rwwfao;olrsm; udkom &nf&G,fNyD; 'Daqmif;yg;udk a&;jzpfygw,fqdkwm OD;qHk;ajym csifygw,f/ NyD;awmh Weekly Eleven *sme,fxJrSm pmrsufESm rsm;xufu owfyt kH rSm;t,Gi;f

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uG,v f eG o f rl sm;ESihf

uRefawmf(2) aumif;ñGefY

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(aph&ef)

q&mhukd twif;t"r®aqGrsKd; pyfrnfqdkvQif uRefawmfESifh aqG rsKd;awmfonf[k ajymí&rnfxifyg onf / tb,f a Mumif h q d k a omf q&m\ om;jzpfol udk0PÖ('g½dkuf wmarmif 0 PÖ ) ES i f h uRef a wmf \ nDr csKdcsKd&DwdkYrSm ZeD;armifESHjzpfae aomaMumifhwnf;/ wuúov kd af &T&wk r*¾Zif;wGif q&m\ aqmif;yg;ESit hf wl q&m\ om;rsm;jzpf M uaom ud k 0 PÖ ? udAk v(udo k ak rmif)wd\ Yk 0w¬Krsm;ESihf uRefawmfwdkY nDtpfudkESpfa,muf jzpfMuaom udak tmifjynfEh iS hf uRef awmfwdkY\ 0w¬Krsm;vnf; yg&Sdvm ayonf/

uReaf wmf\ 0w¬KrSm wu,fh tjzpftysuu f kd rlwnfí uset f ydik ;f rsm;udk xdk;Zmwfcif;xm;jcif;jzpf\/ wu,ft h jzpftysufqo kd nfrmS þ odkYjzpfonf/ ud0k PÖ OD;yOöi;f 0wfonfah eYu jzpf\/ q&monf OD;yOöif;0wfESifh jzpfaom ud0k PÖukd OD;oH;k Budrcf sNyD; aemuf ol\OD;acgif;ay:odkY vuf wifxm;ay;&ef OD;yOöi;f jzpfou l 0kd PÖ udk yefMum;vdkufavonf/ ud0k PÖrmS zcifjzpfol q&m\ OD;acgif;ay:odkY vufwifxm;&ef &GHUwGefYwGefYjzpfaeay&m q&mu ]]wifvu kd yf gbk&m;/ t&Sib f &k m;u bk&m;om;awmf OD;yOöif;wpfyg;r [kwfvm;/ wynfhawmfu vl0wf aMumif y J / wif a umif ; ygw,f bk&m;}}[k &Si;f jyavQmufxm;vdu k f \/ udk0PÖu q&m\ OD;acgif; ay:odkY vufwifvkdufaomtcg q&monf rsufvHk;rsm;udk rSdwfNyD; aemuf wpfpw kH pf&mudk tm½Hjk yK½Irw S f aeavonf/ xdkjrifuGif;udk tajccHum uRefawmfu 0w¬KzefwD;vdkuf\/ uRefawmfh Zmwfaumifonf t&uform;? zJorm;? rdef;rayGol jzpf\/ rde;f uav;rsm;ESihf awGUvQif ywfcRJeyfcRJjzifh ygatmifjr§Lwwf\/ rid k c sif y gbJ v suf rsuf & nf a wG pD;usatmifvkyfwwf\/ wpfzuf vloem;vmonftxd rsu&f nfNzKd if NzdKifusEdkifwwf\/ wpfaeYwGif t&ufrl;NyD;½dkuf rIjzifh tcsKyfus\/ þodYk rMumcP usavh&Sd\/ onfwpfcg tcsKyfrS vGwfvmcsdefwGifrl zcifjzpfolu olUudkOD;yOöif;0wfap\/ OD;yOöif;0wfxm;aomolUudk olUzcifu OD;acgif;ay:odYk vufwif

owfyjkH yifjcif;? o'´gtxm;todjk yif jcif;? pmtjzwftawmufjyKjcif;? wkYdudk jyKvkyfNyD;rSom pmpDolxH pm rlcsay;&rSmjzpfygw,f/ tJ'Dpmrludk pmpDNyD;wJhaemuf y½kzfzwfolu ppfygw,f/ y½kzf zwfolppfNyD;onfhwdkif t,f'Dwm tzGUJ u wpfO;D vQif rifta&mifwpf rsKd;pDeJYppfNyD; aemufqHk;t,f'Dwm csKyfu, kd w f ikd f xyfrpH pf? t,f'w D m csKyfvufrSwfxdk;rSom a&SUvkyfief; pOfrsm; qufvkyfMuwJh t,f'Dwm tzGJUudk uRefawmfrsuf0g;xifxif

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q&mOD;om"k

aemuftywfquf&ef

(csJU&ef)

(atmufcs&ef)

(tay:wif&ef) 'grjzpfrae oH;k ae&wJh toH;k rsm;wJh oauFwwcsKdUyg/ pm&Guf&JU ab;? b,f? nmtpGeEf pS zf ufukd 'D oauFwawG ñTef;xkwf&rSmyg/ t,f'DwmtzGJU&JU wm0efu awmh tBuD;rm;qHk;yg/ t,f'w D m[m pma&;q&m&JU vufa&;rlay:rSm rifta&mifuGJeJY

ap\/ zcif\ OD;acgif;ay:odkY ol\ vufuw kd ifvu kd cf sed w f iG rf l Muufo;D arG;ñSif;rsm;xum tcgwdkif;uJhodkY zefwD;vkyf,laom rsuf&nfrsm;r [kwo f nfh rsuf&nfrsm;u tvdv k kd pD;usvmawmh\/ zcif\ arwÅm ZmwfaMumifh a&mifjyef[wfonfh rsuf&nfrsm;yifjzpf\/ 0w¬KrSm þrQomjzpfonf/ xk0d w¬Kudk q&mvnf; zwfNy;D yHk&ygonf/ uRefawmfESifhawGUaom tcg q&mu olUt"dyÜm,fESifhol ajymvdkufavonf/ ]]0w¬KzwfNy;D Ny/D aumif;w,f/ 'Daumifhudk 'DvdkESdyfuGyfvdkufwm aumif;w,f}} q&mbmqkv d rkd eS ;f uRefawmf csuf c sif ; oabmayguf v k d u f y g onf/ q&mu udk0PÖudk &nf&G,f í ajymvdu k jf cif; jzpf[efwyl gonf/ ,cktcg ud0k PÖwpfa,muf bk&m; w&m;bufukd pdwñ f w T u f m t&uf udkvnf; vGefcJhonfhESpfaygif;rsm; pGmuwnf;uyif &wdjywfjzwfcJh NyD;jzpfaomfvnf; xdkpOfurl t aygif;toif;rsm;ESifh wpfcGufwpf zvm;ru csaecsdefjzpfonf/ q&monf pD;u&ufukd vuf Mum;rcs wpf½dIufrufrufaomuf wwfoljzpfaomfvnf; t&ufudkrl cg;cg;oD;oD; &GH&Smrkef;wD;oljzpfav onf/ xdkYaMumifhvnf; uRefawmfh Zmwfaumif;t&uform; (q&m xifvdkufonfrSm wu,fhtjzpft ysufxJrS udk0PÖ)u zcif\ OD; acgif;ay:odkY vufwifvdkuf½Hkjzifh tvd k v d k r suf & nf u svmonf u d k q&mu tawG;ESifh tm;&auseyf oGm;jcif; jzpf[efwlygonf/

wmawG&Sdygw,f/ odt Yk wGuf pme,fZif;pmrsuf ESmrsm;xuf owfyo kH wfñeT ;f trSm; rS m ; t,G i f ; ,G i f ; jzpf & yf r sm;u pmpDol? owfyHkppfoleJY t,f'Dwm tzGJUrSm wm0ef&SdygaMumif;? jzpf ay:vmaom trSm;twGuf pmpDol udkvnf;aumif;? owfyHkppfoludk vnf;aumif; tjypfyHkcscGifhr&SdbJ t,f'DwmcsKyfonfom wm0ef,l ajz&Sif;&rSmjzpfygaMumif; wifjy vdkufygw,f/

udkOD;a&T


*sme,f

NO.(42), 1- SEPTEMBER, 2009

HONESTY IS THE BEST POLICY

aurif;nD

trS e f p if p pf uRef a wmf u pma&;jcif;xuf pmzwfjcif;udkydkí ckrH if\/ xdo k Ykd cHrk ifonft h avsmuf pmrsKd;pHu k zkd wfjzpf\/ uRefawmfzwf aom pmrsm;wGif bmoma&;? ,Of aus;rI? Edik if aH &;ponfjzifh pmtrsK;d tpm;upHkvSonf/ pmtrsKd ; tpm;pk H o avmuf pmtkyt f rsKd;tpm;rsm;uvnf; pHv k S onf/ zwforQ pmtkyrf sm;wGif ½kyf jypmtkyv f nf;ygonf/ uAsmpmtkyf vnf;ygonf/ 0w¬KawG usr;f pmawG vnf;ygonf/ owif;pmqdkvQif vnf; tvGwfray;/ aeYwpfaeYp vdkY pmrzwf&ao;vQif wpfckckvdk aeovdk cHpm;&\/ owif;pmzwf vQiv f nf; uReaf wmfu ayghayghwef wefrzwf? acgif;BuD;ydkif;rSpí em a&;aMumfjimtxd tukezf wfjzpf\/ txl;ojzifh aeYpOfxkwfowif;pm rsm;xJrS aqmif;yg;rsm;udk uReaf wmf tvGefBudKufonf/ ta&;tom; aumif;aumif;jzifh jc,frIef;xm; onfrSm tm;&p&mjzpf\/ þodjYk zifh pmzwfouf&ifv h m aomtcg pma&;csifpw d af y:vm\/ pma&;aumif;csifvQif pmrsm;rsm; zwf&rnf[al om tqdt k rderYf sm;udk Mum;zl;xm;awmh pmrsm;rsm;zwfol tzd k Y rcuf c J [ k x if w mvnf ; yg onf/ wpfzef pma&;olwpfa,muf tzdkY rdrduRrf;usif&mbmom&yfESifh rdrdusifvnf&m ywf0ef;usift aMumif;udk a&;om;jcif;onf t aumif;qH;k [kqakd om q&mtcsKdU\ t,ltqrsm;udv k nf; Mum;zl;em;0 &Sd&m uRefawmfpma&;aomtcg t

13

xufygtcsuftvuftaMumif;t &mrsm;udk vkyfief;vrf;ñTeftjzpfcH ,lvdkufawmh\/ wu,fw h u,f pOf;pm;Munfh awmh uRefawmfu vltxifBuD; atmif [dpk yfpyf 'DpyfpyfavQmufvyk f jywwfaomfvnf; uRrf;usif&m ynm&yf vkyfief;[lí bmrQr,f r,f&&r&S/d rdru d siv f nf&m ywf0ef; usiftaMumif; awG;Munfhawmh uRefawmhfrdom;pk? tdrfaxmifa&; taMumif;rSví JG tjcm;usiv f nf&m ywf0ef;usifu tvGeftrif;&Sm;yg; vGef;vSonf/ udprö &S?d a&;wwfvQif yef;u av;wpfyGifhtaMumif;onfyif pm tkyBf uD;wpftyk af vmuf jzpfeikd o f nf qd k a wmh uRef a wmf u sif v nf & m uRefawmfhrdom;pktaMumif;awGudk yJ yHo k P²meftrsKd;rsKd;jzihf pmzGUJ awmh rnf[k qHk;jzwfvdkuf\/ þodkYjzifh rdom;pktufaq; rsm;ud k uRef a wmf a &;jzpf a wmh onf/ uReaf wmfu ykxZk Ofjzpfonf/ ykxZk Ofqakd wmh twÅ&o dS nf/ twÅ &Sdawmh rdrdudk,fudk rdrdtaumif; jrif o nf / xd k Y x uf y d k í qd k & vQif tjcm;olawGu taumif;jrifwmudk vnf;cHcsifonf/ 'Dawmh rdom;pk taMumif; pma&;aomtcg pmzwf olrsm; txifBuD;ap&ef aumif;wm awGudkyJa&;onf/ qdk;wmawGudk rvTrJ a&Smifom a&;&Nyq D v kd Qiv f nf; cyfazmhazmhoma&;onf/ xdkudpö onf td r f a xmif O D ; pD ; jzpf a om uRefawmfnHhír[kwf? pdwfxm; raumif;ír[kw/f uHtaMumif;rvS í jyifyya,m*rsm;yl;uyfí ponf bmnmjzifh cyfazmhazmha&;\/

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The Age of Turbulence by Alan Greenspan Munf&Tef;


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