Issuu on Google+

t e .n

c r a

id p u

m n a

w w w

y m .


pdf

rSwfwrf;

uGefjyLwm pmpDpm½dkuf ESifh tacsmowf

pdf

wnf;jzwfol

kthihacn

MMCP pdf Creator Group rSwifqufonf/ jrefrmtD;bGwftjzpf yxrtBudrf Zefe0g&Dv 2009


rmwdum 1/

&,foHudk pm;NrHKjyefol ESifh awGUqHkjcif; ..................................................................5 obiftEkynm *sme,f 47

2/

OD;iHk;rif; .................................................................................................................7 obiftEkynm *sme,f 48

3/

uRefawmfwdkU ywf0ef;usifu emrnfrsm;...............................................................10

obiftEkynm *sme,f 67

4/

qdkufum; qdkufum;............................................................................................. 12 obiftEkynm *sme,f 50

5/

pdwfwdkif;uscsifol .................................................................................................15 obiftEkynm *sme,f 69

6/

tqdkBuD; toHenf; ..............................................................................................18 obiftEkynm *sme,f 71

7/

bBuD;ESpfa,mufESifh olcdk; .................................................................................... 21 obiftEkynm *sme,f 76

8/

bBuD;ESpfa,mufESihf ar;cGef; ................................................................................. 24 obiftEkynm *sme,f 78

9/

trsKd;t&if;BuD; ..................................................................................................... 26 obiftEkynm *sme,f 83


10/

uRefawmfESifh vufrSwfppfrsm; ............................................................................... 29 a½Tjrifom *sme,f 5

11/

ckefcsolrsm; ...........................................................................................................31 0,folUpdwfBudKuf *sme,f 4

12/

um;wpfpif;aMumifh tonf;uGJ..............................................................................33 obiftEkynm *sme,f 6

13/

um;iSm;pD;ol wpfa,muftaMumif; .......................................................................36 obiftEkynm *sme,f 8

14/

um;iSm;pD;ol wpfa,muftaMumif; (2) ................................................................39 obiftEkynm *sme,f 9

15/

a&SUcef; ................................................................................................................. 42 obiftEkynm *sme,f 22


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

&,foHudk pm;NrHKjyefol ESifh awGUqHkjcif; avmuwGif&Sdaom owå0grsm;teuf vlonf &,fwwfaom? &,fEdkifaom owå0g jzpfonf/ vlESifh wd&pämefwdkU\ t"du uGmjcm;aom tcsufrSmvnf; xdk tcsufom jzpf\/ wd&pämefrsm;onf emusif onfhtcg atmf[pfEdkifaomfvnf; aysmf½Tifonfhtcg trlt&mjy½HkrS vGJí toHxGufum r&,farmEdkifMuacs/ xdkUaMumifh ½dk;om;aom aysmf½TifrIwpf&yfESifh awGUaomtcg toHxGufí tm;&yg;& &,farmjcif;udk vlwpfa,muf\ &ydkifhcGifhtjzpf wdwdusus vkyf&ef oifhygonf/ &,farmaysmf½Tifjcif;udk pwif MuHKawGUMu&onfhtcg xdef;csKyfwwfaom owå0grSm rdef;uav;rsm; jzpfMuonf/ xdkodkU xdef;csKyfjcif;rSmvnf; &,fjcif;ESifh ywfowfí olwdkU\ tvSty? pm&dwå tay:wGif qHk;jzwf xm;aom tcsuftvufrsm; &SdaeaomaMumifh yifjzpfonf/ toHus,fus,fjzifh tm;&yg;& &,farmvQif rdef;raumif; r[kwf[k olwdkU qHk;rcHxm;& aomaMumifhom jzpfonf/ omref&,fp&m ESifhawGUvQif rdef;uav;rsm; jyHK;wwfMu\/ awmfawmf &,f&aom udpöESifh awGUvQif wcpfcpf toHay;onf/ vHk;0 xdef;csKyfr&Edkifaom &,fp&m ESifhawGUvQifum; rdef;uav;rsm; rsufESm vTJoGm;wwf Mu\/ odkUaomf pdwfcs&aomol? tajctaeESifh ywf0ef;usifudk awGUvQifrl rdef;uav;rsm; uyif &,fp&m? aysmfp&mawG ajymprf;yg[k awmif;qdk wwfolrsm; rSmvnf; (uRefawmhf tawGUtMuHKt&) rdef;uav; rsm;yif jzpfygonf/ wpfcgu bwfpfum; wpfpD;ay:wGif (uRefawmf wuúodkvf rSjyefvmwkef;) xdkifcHkwGif twlxdkif &aom ausmif;olonf uRefawmfh eHab;rS cyfNidrfNidrf xdkifaevsuf ygvmNyD;rS a&SUudk pdkufMunfhum wpfckckudk pOf;pm;&if; yxr jyHK;onf/ aemuf ]cpf} ceJ&,f\/ aemuf cg;udkaumhí tlxJrS ckefxGufvmaom &,foHudk rxdef;EdkifbJ oHk; av; csuf cpfonf/ aemufrS owd&í uRefawmhfudk vSrf;Munfhum jyHK;onf/ olU tMunfhaMumifh uRefawmf aMumif oGm;\/ xdkausmif;ol a&SUrSm bmrsm; &,fp&m &SdaeovJ[k &Smonf/ bwfpfum;ay:rSm &yfvsuf pD; aeMuolawGxJrSm bm&,fp&m rSrawGU/ bm tjzpftysuf rSvnf; r&Sd/ xdkausmif;olxHrS wcpfcpf wtpftpf &,foH av;ig;cGef; xyfxGuf vmjyef\/ Aka'¨g? taMumif;rJh awmh 'Drdef;uav; r&,fwef&m? rdef;uav; rsm;onf taMumif;rJh &,favh r&SdMuaMumif; uRefawmf aumif;aumif; odygonf/ taMumif; &Sdudk&Sd &rnf/ xdkrdef;uav;u &,ftNyD; uRefawmhfudk cdk;Munfhum 'kwd, tBudrf MuHK& jyef\/ jyóem ygvm;/ uRefawmf bm&,fp&m jzpfaeovJ/ owdESifh uRefawmf udk,f uRefawmf avhvmonf/ bmvGJrSm;rIrS r&Sdyg/ xdkpOf rdef;uav;u cg;uav; udkukef;? rsufESmudk vuf0g;ESifh tkyfum cGD;cGD;[k tm;&yg;& &,favonf/ olU&,foHu uRefawmfh rsufESmudk vufypfAHk;ESifh xkovdk jzpfaeum ausmukef;u ,m;ovdk? Adkufu ,m;ovkd jzpfvmcJh\/ uRefawmf bmjzpfaeNyDvJ? uRefawmf raeEdkifawmh/ cg;ukef;um &,faeaom aumif;rav;udk vufwUdk um ar;&\/ ]] 'DrSm uRefawmf bmjzpfvdkUvJ? bmjzpfvdkU &,fwmvJAs }} uRefawmf toHqHk;awmh xdkrdef;uav;u t&,f&yfum uRefawmhfudk a'go ESifh vSnfhum Munfh\/ jyD;awmh avoHrmrm ESifh uRefawmhfudk jyefar;onf/ ]] bmvJ? bmjzpfvdkUvJ }} jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

5


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] r[kwfbl;av? cifAsm; bmjzpfvdkU &,fwmvJ/ uGsefawmhfudk MunfhNyD; }} ]] bm igh bmom&,fwm eifeJU bmqdkifvJ/ bmvmaMumif wmvJ }} oljyefajymonfh pum;aMumifh uRefawmf awmfawmf tcufawGU oGm;\/ jyóemu pNyD/ odkUaomf bmjzpfvdkU? bmjzpfw,f [laom jyóemudk ola&m uRefawmfa&m rodMu/ wpfckcku vGJaecJh\/ ]] r[kwfbl;av/ cifAsm;u bmjzpfvUkd &,fwmvJ }} ]] ighomom bm&,f&,faygh/ eifeJU bmqdkifvdkUvJ }} ]] 'gqdk cifAsm;u bmjzpfvdkU uRefawmfudk Munfh&,fwmvJ }} uRefawmhf pum;aMumifh ol awmfawmf a'goxGufoGm; yHk&\/ ]] bmrS rqdkifbl;/ ighbmom reufu ausmif;rSm jzpfwmudk awG;NyD; &,fwm? eifeUJ bmrS rqdkifbl; }} olUpum;aMumifh uRefawmfvnf; olUudk tm;em? owdxm; vGef;aom udk,fhbmom &Sufum tomNidrf aevdkuf &\/ olU ajympum;aMumifh jzpfoGm;onfh jyóemudk uRefawmf oabm aygufoGm;cJh ygonf/ olr reufu ausmif;awmfxJrSm awmfawmf &,fp&m aumif;cJhaom tjzpfwpfckudk MuHKcJh&vdkU jzpfrnf/ tJ'D wkef;u xdktjzpfudk £a`E´t& r&,fcJhbJ um;ay:a&mufrS jyef pOf;pm;um awG;NyD; &,fjcif; jzpfvdrhrf nf/ ab;ywf0ef;usifrS olU&,foHudk Mum;/ rMum; uRefawmfhudk avhvmjcif; jzpf\/ 'gudk uRefawmfu rvHkjcHKjcif;om jzpfonf/ qufr&,fEdkifawmhjcif;udk a'gyGjcif;? olUbmom vGwfvGwfvyfvyf &,faewmudk uRefawmfu Munfhum odoGm;onfh twGuf &Sufjcif;wdkUaMumihf rausreyfjzpfum rsufESmudk rmwif; xm;&if;... ]] b,fvdk aumifvJ rodbl;/ ½l;aeovm; rodb;l / aMumifawmifawmifeJU? ½kyfudku... [kwfw,f/ oleJU bmqdkifvJ }} ponfjzifh rausreyf jzpfum ajymaeojzifh uRefawmfrSm &xm;onfh ae&mudk xm;um xGufajy;zdkU txd pOf;pm; rdcJh&zl;onf/ wu,fawmh reufu awGU&aom &,fp&mudk reufrSm &,fvdkufjcif;onf taumif;qHk;om jzpfygonf/ odkUr[kwf vlrsm;udkom &,fcsifNyD; udk,fwdkif t&,fcH&rSmudk &SufwwfvQif vHkjcHK pdwfcs&aom tdrfcef;xJ a&mufrS jyefawG;um t&,f pm;jrHKU jyefoihfonf/ tJ'grS r[kwf vQifawmh uRefawmf ar;onfh tcgwGif bmrS &Sufaep&m rvkdbJ olr awGUcJhaom reufu &,fp&mudk jyefajymum uRefawmf ESifhtwl tm;&yg;& &,fvdkufzUdk aumif;onf/ tckawmh bmrSef;rodbJ olESifh uRefawmf wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,muf &efolawGjzpfum pdwfqif;&JpGm jzpf um;pD; vmMu&\/ xdktjzpfudk tckxd uRefawmf rSwfrd aerdonf/ xdk &,fp&m udk pm;jrHKUjyefonfh ausmif;olESifh uRefawmf xyfrqHkawmhyg/ (q&mopömeDu vlUavmuonf zwfaumif;atmif a&;xm;onfh 0w¬KZmwfvrf; r[kwf qdkonfhpum;aMumifh rqHkMuyHk ay: onf/) xdkUaMumifh rdef;uav;rsm;onf &,fp&mudk awGUvQif oli,fcsif; wpfa,mufudk awGUovdk awGUonfh ae&mwGifyif yGifhvif; ½dk;om;pGm &,foifh ygonf/ &,foHaMumifh £a`E´ odu©m xdcdkuf roGm;Edkifyg/ &,fonfh tcgwGif vlonf tvSqHk; owå0g jzpfonf/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 47

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

6


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

OD;iHk;rif; uRefawmf vGefcJhonfh (10) ESpfcefUu tpdk;& 0efxrf; vkyfcJhzl;onf/ vG,fvG,f ulul pma&;[kyif ajym&rnf jzpfaomfvnf; uRefawmfu &yfuGuf pma&; wpfa,mufyif jzpfonf/ xdkUaMumifh uRefawmf tvkyfu wjcm;½kH;pma&;awGvdk reuf(8) em&D ½Id;prdk;ESifh xrif;csdKifhuav; udkifum ½Hk;odkU ajy;&aom pma&;rsdK; r[kwf/ n(7)em&DwGif zGifhaom &yfuGuf (&0w) ½Hk; (,ck &,u ½Hk; )odkUoGm;um n½Hk;ydwfcsdef (9) em&D (10)em&DcefUrS jyef&aom pma&; jzpfonf/ uRefawmf wm0efusonfh &yfuGufu oCFef;uRef; NrdKUe,ftwGif;&Sd &efatmif &yfuGufrSm jzpfonf/ uRefawmf wm0efusonfh &efatmif &yfuGufonf rif;om; &efatmifvdk cHhcHhacsmacsmBuD; r[kwf? oCFef;uRef; blwm ESifh (39) um;BuD;*dwf eHab; em;wGif &Sdaom &yfuGuf uav;om jzpfonf/ &yfuGuf twGif;&Sd vlrsm;u ½Hk;tvkyfvkyfol OD;a& enf;enf;? blwmESifh um;*dwfwdkU\ vlpnfum;rIudk taMumif;jyKum a&mif;0,f MuolwdkUom rsm;onf/ xdkblwm eHab;&Sd aps;ESifh oCFef;uRef;aps;BuD; qufaeojzifh aps;onf trsm;pkrSm uRefawmfh &yfuGuf uav;xJrSm &SdMuonf/ vufvkyf vufpm; a&mif;0,fpm Muonfh vlrsm; aexdkifonfh &yfuGuf jzpfonfh tm;avsmfpGm nbuf &yfuGuf½Hk;cef;wGif wufvmMuonfh jyóemawG uvnf; rMum;zl;onfh jyóem r,HkEdkifp&m jyóemrsm; jzpfonf/ [dkbuftdrfu tkef;yif 'DbuftdrfxJ udkif;wJh jyóem? wpfjcHwnf;aeMu &mrS jcHpnf;½dk;udk ydwfypf vdkufojzifh wpfzuftdrfrS tdrfomoGm;vdkUr&wJh jyóem? uav;csif; jyóemjzpfNyD; wpfzuftdrfrS uufqufoDcsif;udk apmif;zGifhonfh jyóem? csDwDpkMuonfh jyóem ponfh jyóemrsm;? {nfhpm&if;wdkifol rsm;? axmufcHpmawmif; olrsm;ESifh uRefawmfh &efatmif&yfuGuf ½Hk;cef;onf rD;wxdefxdef tjrJwrf;&Sd aewwf ygonf/ &yfuGuf twGif;&Sd jzpfay:onfh jyóemrsm;udk &yfuGufwGif;rS vlBuD;rsm;u ajyvnfatmif? auseyfatmif ajz&Sif;ay; Mu&\/ wpf&yfuGuw f nf; aeMuolrsm; jzpfojzifh wpfa,muf taMumif; wpfa,mufodum wpfcgwpf&H ajz&Sif;&vG,faomfvnf; wpfcgwpf&H taMumif; odaeMuonfh twGuf ajz&Sif;&cufonf rsm;vnf; &Sdygonf/ uRefawmf pma&;vkyfcgpu &yfuGuf vlBuD; wpfOD;ESifh MuHKzl;onf/ touf (50)cefU &SdNyD; cyfydefydef? tjrJ pdk;&drf ylyef aewwf\/ &yfuGuf vlBuD; pjzpfNyD; wpfywfavmuf txd jyóem ao;ao;av;awG ESifhom MuHK &onf/ (10) &ufcefUavmufrSm jyóem wpfck wufonf/ wufonfh jyóemuvnf; tenf;i,f xl;qef;\/ rD;aoG;xnfhum wdkuf&aom aMu;rD;yl jyóem jzpfonf/ rD;yl iSm;í wdkufNyD; jyeftay;rSm jyóem wufMujcif; jzpfav\/ rD;yliSm;olu jyefay;aom rD;ylonf olUrD;yl r[kwf? olUrD;ylu tBuD; jzpfNyD; jyefay;aom rD;ylu tao; jzpfaeonf[k pGyfpGJonf/ iSm;wdkufoluvnf; oliSm;uwnf;u xdkrD;ylyg[k ajymojzifh ½Hk;cef;odkU a&mufvmMujcif; jzpfonf/ b,fvdk ajz&Sif;&rSe;f jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

7


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

rod/ uRefawmfwif r[kwf? ra[mfo"mwdkU OD;ay:OD;wdkU? ckdifzkef;w&m; olBuD;wdkU yifvQif acgif;udkuf Edkifaom jyóemrsKd; jzpfonf/ &yfuGuf vlBuD; topfudk pdefac: vdkufaom jyóemvnf; jzpfonf/ uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGuf vlBuD;u ESpfzufpvHk;udk ppfar; ar;onf/ ESpfzuf pvHk;uvnf; tBuD;tao; om wGifwGifajym\/ 'DrSmwif uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGuf vlBuD;u ajymonf/ ]] 'Dvdk&Sdw,fuG 'Dudpö&JU tajccH[m opömw&m;yJ/ opömw&m; ysufwJh tcg 'Dvdk jyóemrsdK;awG wufaerSmyJ/ usKyfwdkU jrwfpGmbk&m; av;oacFseJU urÇmwpfodef; yg&rDjznfhpOfwkef;u ikH;rif; b0 a&mufcJh zl;w,f }} bk&m;qdkojzifh jyóem wufaeMuol ESpfa,muf pvHk; awmfawmf NidrfoGm; Muonf/ ikH;rif;ZmwfeJU aMu;rD;yl tBuD; tao;? b,fvdk ajz&Sif;ay; rvJ qdkwm uRefawmf pdwf0ifpm; oGm;\/ ]] bk&m; tavmif; iHk;rif; &SdwJh awmBuD; rD;avmifoGm;wJh tcg iHk;rif;u opömjyKw,f/ olUudk rdbESpfyg;u pGefUypf oGm;wm rSefygw,f/ olUrSm ysHEdkifwJh tarG; tawmf rpHkwmvnf; rSefygw,f/ pojzifh ayghuGm iHk;rif;&JU opömawGaygh/ tJ'DrSm awmrD;u iHk;rif;udk ravmifbJ a&SmifoGm; owJh }} jyóemwufaeaom ESpfzuf vlawGrSmvnf; bmrSef;rodbJ tlaMumifaMumifEiS f em;axmif aeMu&\/ olbmqufajymrnfudkvnf; b,folrS rodMu/ uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGuf vlBuD;u cPem;NyD; aMu;rD;yludk udkifMunfh jyefonf/ ]] uJ 'Dawmh... igwdkUrSm tJ'Dopömudk erlem,l Mu&r,f/ igar;wJh ar;cGef;udk tJ'D opömeJUajz/ uJ .... rvSodef; eifoludk iSm;wm 'DrD;ylyJ r[kwfvm; }} ]] r[kwfbl; vHk;0r[kwfbl;? uRefr rD;ylutBuD; aMu;ESpfydóm eD;yg;&Sdw,f 'Dtao; r[kwfbl; }} ]] [kwfNyD ..uJ.. aX;aX;? igwdkU olU opömudk ,Hk&r,f/ eif olUqDu iSm;wm 'DrD;yl r[kwfbl; qdkwmyJ ajymawmh }} ]] bmvdkU r[kwf&rSmvJ uGsefru olUxufawmif ydk opömjyvdkU &ao;w,f/ wpftdrfom;vHk; _____ NyD; 'ku©a&muf& ygap&JU/ [Jh.. vSodef; eif r,kwfrmeJU.. tavsmf rajymeJU igh qDu cJ wpfvHk;awmif r&bl; rSwf ... }} iHk;rif; Zmwfvrf;vnf; bmrS rwwfEdkif/ olwpfcGef; udk,f wpfcGef;ESifh pum;xrsm; Muojzifh ! qlnHaeNyD;rS aemuf tzGJU0if wpfa,mufu ]'g ½Hk;cef;? Z&yf r[kwfbl;} bmnm atmfojzifh SK I wdwfoGm; Muonf/ aemufawmh xdkdjyóem ajyvnfoGm; ygonf/ iHk;rif; ZmwfaMumihfawmh r[kwf?R N; aemuf tzGJU0if wpfa,mufu jyóem jzpfaom vrf;xJrS taygifcHaom rdef;rudk ac:vmu ar;NyD W O xdk rD;yl tao;om jzpfaMumif; olUqDrSm rMumcPaygif zl;aMumif; axmufcHcsufjzifh r jyóem u NyD;oGm;jcif; yo jzpfonf/ t odkUaomf uRefawmf em;rvnf/ uRefawmfwdkU vlBuD;u bmaMumifh iHk;rif; Zmwfuadk cif;&ovJ[k e b ar;Munfh rdonf/ l l i ]] rodbl;uG? olUpdwfxrJ Sm &Sdwm ajymNyD; &Sif;wm aerSmaygh }} w ok jzpfonfh udpö? z&JoD; [laom tajzom &\/ odkUaomf aemufnrsm;wGif tdrf&Sif tdrfiSmo;&ef b jyóemrsm; vmonfh cdk;onfh jyóem? blwmaps;rS ig;tav;cdk; onfhudpö? rsm;vSpiGmsaom tcgwGifvnf; uRefawmfwdkU vlBuD; u ]iHk;rif; uav;[m} f t[kh tpcsDNyD; jyóem r&Sif;cif iHk;rif;Zmwfudk a[mavh &Sdonf/ iHk;rif;vdk opöm &Sd&rnf/ iHk;rif e;o pum;udk wefzdk;xm; &rnf pojzifh s ajymavh &Sd\/ uRefawmfwdkU yxr tHhMo Muonf/ aemuf l uawmh ol jyóem &Sif;vQif xdktoHudk a i Mum;&zef rsm;vm ojzifh xHk;pH twdkif; uGsefawmfwerkdUc vlBuD; emrnf OD;iHk;rif; jzpfoGm;\/ olU iHk;rif;Zmwfudkvnf; wpf&yfuGufvHk; tvGwf &um modmaeMuNyD jzpfonf/

Co

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

8


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

wpfMudrfawmh uGsefawmfwdkU &yfuGufu NrdKUe,frS usif;yaom Ouú| zvm;'dkif; twGuf abmvHk; 0ifuef &rnf/ toif; &efykaH iG twGuf &yfuGuf twGif;wGif &Sdaom vkyfief;&Sif rsm;tm; tvSLaiG aumufcHonf/ zdwfpmjzifh zdwfum ½Hk;wGif atmifEkdifa&; toif;zGJU Mujcif;vnf; jzpf\/ tvSLaiGrsm; aumufcHNyD; abmvHk;orm; rsm;twGuf tusÐ? abmif;bD? zdeyf 0,f&ef wdkifyifNyD; tpnf;ta0; odrf;&ef twGuf OD;iHk;rif;u pum; aemufqHk; ajym&onf/ OD;iHk;rif;u rwfwwf &yfum vkyfief;&Sifrsm;ESifh abmvHk; orm;rsm;udk Munfhí cP pOf;pm;onf/ uRefawmf &,fcsif ojzifh acgif;iHkU xm;vdkufonf/ abmvHk; ESifh vdkufzufaomZmwf 550 edygwfawmf xJrSm &Smaevm; rodbl;[k awG;rd aomaMumifh jzpf\/ odkUaomf.... ]] uRefawmfwdkU jrwfpGm bk&m; iHk;rif; b0 wkef;u... }} uRefawmf rsufvHk; jyL;oGm;onf/ usefvlBuD;rsm; uvnf; rsufESmysuf ukefMuonf/ abmvHk;ESifh iHk;rif;../ tJ'DrSm raeEdkif awmhwJh vlBuD; wpfa,mufu ]a[hvl bmqdkif vkdUvJAs} [k 0ifwm; ygao;onf/ odkUaomf r&awmh/ ]] bk&m; tavmif; iHk;rif;[m awmrD;BuD; udk opöm jyKw,f/ tJ'D opömawG aMumifh awmrD; BuD;[m bk&m; tavmif;udk a&SmifNyD; avmifcJh zl;w,f/ tJ'Dawmh uRefawmfwkUd abmvHk; toif;vnf; abmvHk; upm;wJh tcgrSm opöm &Sd&r,f/ udk,feJUuef&r,fh wpfzuf toif;tay:rSm opöm tjynfh eJU upm; &r,f }} ]] [m... a[hvl? awmfygawmhAsm? abmvHk;eJU cifAsm; Zmwfvrf;eJU bmqdkifvkdUvJ }} onf;rcHEdkiaf om vlBuD; wpfa,mufu xí ajymaomfvnf; uRefawmfwdkU OD;iHk;rif;u tjyHK; rysufbJ jyefajym cJhonf/ ]] qdkifwmayghAsm tJ'Dvdk opöm tjynfheJU upm;&if iHk;rif;vdk awmrD; ravmifbJ uGif;oGm; ovdk uGsefawmfwdkU &yfuGufu vli,f awG&JU ajcaxmufxJu abmvHk;udk wjcm;bufu rvkEdkifbJ uGif;oGm;Mu rSmaygh }} / /

bbiftEkynm *sme,f 48

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

9


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

uRefawmfwdkU ywf0ef;usifu emrnfrsm; uRefawmfwdkU aqGrsdK;rsm;xJwGif emrnfESifh ywfowfí tMuD; tus,f jyóem wufcJh&zl;aom jzpf&yf wpfck &SdcJhzl;onf/ uRefawmf tar bufrS tarBuD; a':aumuf\ armif? uRefawmfh tbuav;\ om; tBuD;qHk; arG;cJhpOfu jzpfonf/ xdkacwf xdktcgu jrefrmh ½kyf&Sif avmuwGif rif;om;BuD; jrifhatmifrSm emrnf tifrwefBuD; aecsdefvnf; jzpfygonf/ xdk rif;om;BuD; OD;jrifhatmifudk uRefawmfwdkU ewfpifabmufaxmf ½Gmom;rsm; t½l;trl; ESpfoufMu? BudKufMuonf/ uRefawmhf a':av;rsm;rS tp wpf½GmvHk; tysKdawG onf;onf;vIyf jrifhatmif jzpfaeMucsdefyif jzpfonf/ ½kyf&Sif rif;om;BuD; OD;jrifah tmifu om"kjcHwGif vma&muf ½kyf&Sif ½dkufMuonfhtcg uRefawmfh ta':awG jcHtjyifu oGm;acsmif;MunfhMu&if; xrif;awG? bmawGyif iwfzl; onfhtxd jzpfonf/ xdkacwf xdktcsdefu ½kyf&iS f rif;om;? rif;orD; tNydKifenf; Muojzifh wpfOD;wnf; ESpfOD;wnf;aom rif;om; rif;orD; rsm; tay: olwdkU jrwfEdk; cspfcifyHk txifBuD; av;pm;yHku 'DaeUacwf xuf ydkqdk;rnf [k xifygonf/ jyóemu uRefawmfh tbuav;\ om;jzpfolu Mumoyaw;aeUwGif arG;onf/ wpfrsdK;vHk;? wpfaqGvHk; aysmfvdkuf Muonfhjzpfjcif;? aysmf&jcif;u ajr;uav;? om;uav;? armifuav; &onfu wpfrsKd;? xdkajr;uav;? om;uav;? armifuav;onf Mumoyaw;aeUrSm arG;onfu wpfrsKd;aMumifh jzpf\/ tm;vHk; oabm wlnDcsuft& (aA'if q&m ryg) xdk uav;udk jrifhatmif [k emrnfrSnfhMu jcif;yif jzpfonf/ aomMumaeUu pí jrifhatmif jrifhatmif ESifh xdkuav;udk rdk;rTefatmif ac:Mu\/ xdkemrnf ay;aMumif; ajymMu <um;Mu\/ xdkrSmyif jyóemu pavonf/ uRefawmf wdkU jcHESifh oHk;jcHavmuf tuGm wdkuftdrBf uD;rS csrf;omaom rdom;pk uvnf; uRefawmfh tbuav;\ om;xuf wpfywf apmarG;aom olwdkU ajr;uav; Mumoyaw;om;udk jrifhatmif[kyif emrnf ay;xm;Muonf/ uRefawmfwdkUu xdk emrnf ay;aMumif;udk odMu aomtcg olwdkUbufu pum;oH xGufvmonf/ olwdkUu t&if ay;wm jzpfaMumif;? xdkaMumifh olwdkUudk vdkufwkum aemufrS ay;wm rcHEdkifaMumif;? ajymif;ay; apcsif aMumif;yif jzpfonf/ 'DrSmyif uRefawmfwdkUbufu vnf; ravQmhMu/ olwdkU xdkemrnf ay;xm;wm rodaMumif;? jrifhatmifudk BudKufí jrifhatmif ay;xm;aMumif;? ajymif;ray; EdkifaMumif;yif jzpfonf/ aemufwpfcsufu uRefawmfwdkU aqGrsdK; todkif;t0dkif;xuf [dkwpfzufu ydkí aiGaMu; jynfhpHkum *kPf&Sd Muonf/ xdktcsufudk taMumif;jyKum olwdkUu olwdkUajr;? olwdkUom;ESifh uRefawmfwdkU uav;udk emrnf twlrcHEdkifaMumif; ajymMu\/ olwdkUbufrS ta': wpfa,mufu tdrfudk vmum xdkudpöudk wpfqifh pum;ESifh r[kwfbJ w&m;0if ajymonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

10


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

olwdkUu &ufOD;aMumif;? aemufqkwf ay;apcsifaMumif;? olwdkUu olwdkU wludk tauR;tarG;ESifh emrnf ay;rSm jzpfaMumif;awG ygonf/ 'Dbuf uvnf; rcHEdkif? olwdkUu aiG&SdwmeJU wdkUu ajymif;&rvm;? olwdkUvdkyJ wdkUvnf; wdkUwludk tauR;tarG; ESifh uifyGef;wyf rSmaygh jzpfvm Muonf/ ta':awG? ta':awG nDr awGcsif; awGUvQif ceJUMu? apmif;Mu? ajrmif;Mu jzpfvm Muonf/ xdkudpöonf bBuD;? baxG; txd acgif;cJ vmMu\/ vlBuD;awG at;apvdkí ajymif;ay;&ef em;cs aomfvnf; rmef&Sdaom vli,fawGu pum;awG tvGeftuRH ajymxm; MuNyD jzpfojzifh r&awmhNyD/ jrifhatmif rS jrifhatmifyJ wpfjym;rS ravQmhEdkifMu/ aemufqHk; wpfzufEiS fh wpfzuf apmif;ajrmif;onf txdrS w&m;0if pum;rsm; Muonf/ emrnfESifh rqdkifaom tjcm; EdkifuGuf ydkifuGuf rsm;udk ajymMuNyD/ wJtdrf eJUaeNyD; jrifhatmif rSnfhawmh bmjzpf rSmrdkUvJ? [dkrif;om; jrifhatmifom Mum;&if pdefpm;aorSm/ a[h wdkU jrifhatmifu ½dk;;om;wJh jrifhatmifuG/ a*gyuajr; jrifhatmif r[kwfbl;/ [kdbufu a*gyuvkyfol bBuD;vnf; rae&? 'Dbufu em;enf;enf; av;ol tbuav;vnf; rae&awG jzpfukef/ Edkif&mqdkif&m vlawG usdwfwm; Muaomfvnf; r&awmh/ jrifhatmif emrnfvyk GJBuD; qifETJum ta':vkyfolawG eyef;vHk;um ukwfMu zJhMuonf/ nDrjzpfolawG qHyifqGJum aqmfMu wD;Mu jzpfukef Muonf/ ab;u trSef twdki;f jzpfapcsif MuolawGvnf; tkyfpkuGJ ukefMu\/ udk,fhbufu apmwmyJ bmjzpfvdkU ajymif;&rSmvJ? oufouf cGwdkufwm? rajymif;eJU qdkolawGu [kdbuf wdkufudk oGm;MuNyD; ydkufqH&Sd&if a½TyJ0,fvdkU &r,f? emrnf0,fvdkU &rvm;? 'goufouf wifpD;wm? ighrdef;rawmif rarG;ao;vdkU arG;&if bmaeUom;yJ jzpfjzpf jrifhatmifvdkU xyfay; vdkufcsifao; rajymif;eJU qdkolawGuvnf; uRefawmfwdkU jcHbufudk vmMu\/ aemufqHk; jrifhatmifta&; jrifhatmif ab;u q&mawmf bk&m;xH a&mufoGm;\/ q&mawmfu ESpfzuf aqGrsdK;awGac: ? a&SUwGif ar;um tqHk;tjzwf ay;onf/ t&ifarG;í t&ifay; olu emrnf ,lum aemufarG; olu emrnf ajymif;ap/ uRefawmfh a':av;awG rsuf&nfusum ESyfn§pf Muonf/ &GmOD; q&mawmf qkdawmh bmrSvnf; apm'u rwufEdkifMu? vdkufemzdkUyJ &Sdonf/ jrifhatmifudk ydkifoGm; olu q&mawmfESifh oHCmawmf ig;yg; yifhum emrnfay; uifyGef;wyfonf/ uRefawmfwdkU bufuvnf; q&mawmf qHk;jzwf ovdkemrnfajymif; ygonf/ odkUaomf ajymif;onfh emrnfu atmifjrifh jzpf\/ xdkxufawmh ravQmhEdkif/ wpfzuf uvnf; jrifhratmif&if NyD;a&m? olUbmom bmyJjrifhjrifh/ rif;om;BuD; OD;jrifhatmif uawmh bmrS odvdrfhrnf rxifyg/ odkUESifh BuD;vmMuawmh xdkjrifhatmif ESifh atmifjrifhonf ½G,fwl a,mufsm;av;awG jzpfvmum twlwl upm;Muonf/ aqmhMuonf/ xdktxd vlBuD;awGu rac:Edkif rajymEdkif &SdMuonf/ ,ckxuf xdvnf; xdkjrifhatmifESifh atmifjrifh ouf&Sd xif&Sm; &Sdaeyg ao;onf/ uGsefawmfh OD;av; t½IH;orm; udkatmifjrifhu a&jzLNrdKUe,fol ESifh tdrfaxmifusum xdk t&yfrSm &Sdavonf/ tEdkif&ol jrifhatmif uawmh b,frSmvJ uGsefawmf rod/ (3-4-2000) &ufaeUu pma&;q&mausmf wm&mrif;a0\ ZeD; raemf[&Du om;OD;av;udk atmifjrifpGm arG;zGm;vdkufaMumif; od&onf/ uav;udk oGm;Munfhawmh eDwm&Juav; jzpfonf/ odkUaomf rnfonfh uav;rqdk arG;vmvQif eDwm&Juav; jzpfojzifh xdkemrnfudk pum;vHk; t&Sm awmfaom wm&mrif;a0 ,lvdrfhrnf[k uGsefawmf rxifyg/ ol bmemrnf uifyGef;wyfrvJ/ uRefawmf pdwf0ifwpm; odcsifaeygonf cifAsm;/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 67 jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

11


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

qdkufum; qdkufum; 'DwpfBudrfwGif uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGuf uav;wGif tm;upm;yGJrsm; usif;y&ef twGuf &yfuGuf ½Hk;cef;wGif vlpnfum;vsuf &Sd\/ Zefe0g&Dv (4) &uf aeUwGif usa&mufaom vGwfvyfa&;aeUudk *kPfjyKum tm;upm;yGJrsm; usif;yjcif; jzpfonf/ vrf;tvdkuf yg0if,SONf ydKifvdk olrsm;u pm&if;ay;? qdkufum; ay:wGif avmfpyDumwifum b,ftm;upm;udk b,faeU b,folUxHwGif pm&if;ay;oGif;&ef[k EdI;aqmfolu EdI;aqmf? &yfuGuf\ abmvHk;uGif;wGif rD;acsmif;wdkifrsm; xGef;um ajrn§duGif;&Sif;? csKdifhzdkUMuESifh aqmif;wGif; csrf;csrf;pD;pD; rSm aysmfp&mudk jzpfaeMu\/ xHk;pHtwdkif; wpf&yfuGufvHk;u uav;awGvnf; ckefayguf atmf[pf jrL;xl;um aeMuonf/ uRefawmfh &yfuGuf uav;u tm;upm;enf; awmfawmfpHkpHk xnfhoGif; xm;\/ uav;rsm; twGuf rkefUpm;ajy;yGJ? ESpfa,mufaygif; ajcoHk;acsmif; ajy;yGJ? tusÐ0wfajy; NydKifyGJ? acsmwdkifwuf? acgif;tHk;½kduf? tenf;i,f touft½G,f&Sd tysKdvlysKd rsm;twGuf xkyfpD;xdk;? abmvHk;uef? vGefqGJyGJ? vlvwfydkif; twGuf ydkufausmfjcif;? Muufawmif½dkuf? abmvHk;uefESifh tajy;NydKifyGJwdkU jzpfMuonf/ 'DESpfwGif NydKifyGJ rsm;pGm &Sdonfhteuf y&dowf pdwft0ifpm;qHk; NydKifyGJrSm Zefe0g&Dv (4) &ufaeU reufwGif usif;yrnfh wma0; tajy;NydKifyGJom jzpfygonf/ xdkwma0; tajy;NydKifyu GJ dk pdwf0ifpm;Mu? tm½Hkxm; Mujcif; rSmvnf; Zmwfvrf;uav; wpfck &Sd\/ uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGufxJwGif ]qkdufum;} [k trnf &aom vli,f wpfa,muf &Sdonf/ touf (25) ESpfcefU &SdNyD; olUudk qdkufum;[k ac:Mujcif;rSm touf q,fhav;ESpf uwnf;u ! ausmif;rae awmhbJ qdkufum;xGuf eif;ojzifh olUoli,fcsif;rsm;u qdkufum;[k aemufac:&mrS K ]qdkufum;} [k trnfwGif oGm;jcif; jzpfonf/ IS R qdkufum;rSm t&yf ig;ayajcmuf vufrcefU &Sdonf/ udk,fvHk; udk,faygufrSm omref N jzpfaomfvnf; xl;jcm;csufrSm ajcovHk;u awmifhwif;NyD; <uufom; tajr§mif;ajr§mif; xae\/ i,f pOf W O uwnf;u qdkufum; eif;onfh twGuf ajcovHk; <uufom;rsm; tm;aumif;jcif; jzpfonf/ ur yo wpfOD;ESifh 'DESpf rdk;&moDcefUu qdkufum;onf wjcm; &yfuGufrS jynfe,fESifhwdkif; tajy; orm; t vufzuf&nfqdkifwGif pum; ajymMu&mrS pdefac: tajy; NydKifyGJ wpfckudk pwifcJhonfe/a qdkufum;onf b wpfMudrfrS tajy;NydKifcJhjcif; r&Sdaomfvnf; i,fpOf uwnf;u qdkufum;eif; icJllhaom olUajcaxmuf rsm;udk ol,HkMunfonf/ wpfzufu vli,f uawmh tajy;orm; vHk;vHk; jzpfk\w/ oo pdwf0ifpm; Muonf/ pdefac:Muaom tajy;NydKifyJu G dk uRefawmfh &yfuGufrS vli,fwdkif; tawmf b wcsKdUu tavhtusifh r&Sdojzifh qdkufum; rvG,f[k xifolrsm;his &SdMuovdk qdkufum; tay: fUt &yfuGuf udk,fh&yfuGuf [laom ,HkMunfolrsm;vnf; &SdMu\/ &yfuGufcsif; rwlnD Muojzifh ol o tpGJjzifh qdkufum; Edkif&rnf[k tm;ay;um avmif;aMu;udk xyf sexnfh olawGvnf; &SdMuonf/ 'DvdkESifh u reuf(5) em&D paom olwdkU NydKifyGJ udk uGsefawmfh &yfiu alGufrS vl(50)avmuf oGm;Munfh Muonf/ c bDtdkpDxdyfrS wyf&if; (3) txd olwdkU toGm;tjyef ertajy;NydKif Muonf/ xdkyGJwGif bmaMumifhrSef; m rod? qdkufum; EdkifcJhonf/ tjywftowf awmh om r[kwf? "mwfwkid f (2) wdkifavmuf apmNyD; yef;0if

C

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

12


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

cJh\/ tjyefrSm vli,fawGu qdkufum;udk xrf;ydk;um jyefvm Muonf/ wpfoufvHk; b,folrS ta&;rvkyf cJhaom qdkufum;vnf; Hero jzpfoGm;onf/ tck uRefawmfwdkU tm;upm; NydKifyGJwGif tajy;NydKifyGJvnf; ygonf/ qdkufum;ESifh wpfBudrfNydKifcJh zl;onfh vli,f\ rdom;pku taMumif;aMumif; aMumifh uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGufxJ ajymif;vm ojzifh &efola[mif; ESpfOD; rD;ukef ,rf;ukef ETJum &mZ0ifa<u; qyf&rnfh tjzpf tajy;NydKifyGJudk wpf&yfuGufvHk;u pdwf0ifpm; Mujcif; vnf; jzpfonf/ tm;upm; orm; vli,fudk olUzcifu qdkifu,fjzifh vdkufum tcsdefrSwf em&DESifh naewdkif; tajy; usifhonfudk awGU&ovdk qdkufum;vnf; qdkufum; apmapmpD;pD; odrf;NyD; naewdki;f tajy; avhusifh onfwJh/ wpf&yfuGuf vHk;u &yfuGuf cH qdkufum;udkom tm;ay; Muonf/ wpfBudrf ravhusifhbJ Edkifxm; ojzifh 'D wpfBudrfvnf; qdkufum;yJ Edkifvdrfhrnf[k xifMu wGufMuonf/ 'DvdkESifh Zefe0g&Dv (3) &uf nudk a&mufonf/ &yfuGuf NydKifyGJrsm; jzpfaom ydkufausmfjcif;? xkyfpD;wdk;ESifh abmvHk; NydKifyGJ rsm;\ Final nvnf; jzpfonf/ olUvrf; udk,fvrf; tEdkifrcH tNydKifMuJ Muaom yGJaumif;rsm; jzpfojzifh uRefawmfwdkU &yfuGuf twGif;rSyif r[kwf/ wjcm; &yfuGufrsm; rSvnf; vmMunfh Muojzifh uGif;vQHum oGm;\/ upm;enf; (3)rsdK; pvHk; jyóem tenf;i,fpD wufMuojzifh &yfuGuf vlBuD;rsm; yGJawmfawmfav; xdef;odrf; Mu&onf/ toHawG0if? &Sif;&wmarmESifh n (2) em&DcJG avmufrSm NydKifyGJ tm;vHk; NyD;pD; oGm;onf/ (4)em&DwGif wma0;NydKifyGJ prnf jzpfojzifh tdyfívnf; rxl; awmhNyD/ ESif;p zGJzGJrSm rD;zdk? aumufn§if;aygif;ESifh ig;ajcmufzw k f pm;um pum;ajym Muonf/ ajymMuonfh pum;u ]qdkufum; taMumif;} ? tajy; csefyD,HrSmvnf; uRefawmfh &yfuGufudk ajymif;vmNyD; wpf&yfuGuf om;csif; jzpfoGm; aomfvnf; i,farG; jcHayguf qkdufum;udkom ydkí tm;ay; Muonf/ Ouú|u tqdk;qHk;? 'DyGJrSm qdkufum;yJ Edkif&rnf[k wuf<u ,HkMunfpGm qdkonf/ reuf (4)em&DrSm pufbD; qkdifu,f um;rsm; jzifh tajy;orm; rsm;udk vdkufapmifha&Smufum wmvTwf vdkufonf/ &yfuGuf vlBuD; awmfawmf rsm;rsm; ygoGm;MuNyD; uRefawmf? Ouú| ESifh vlBuD; (2) OD;cefUom usefcho J nf/ Ouú|u 'DyGJwGif qdkufum; EdkifcJhvQif NrdKUe,f tqifhodkU 0ifNydKif cdkif;rnf/ xdkUaemuf wdkif;? xdkUaemuf qdkufum;onf vufa&G;pif tajy; csefyD,H? pum; ajym&if t½kPfysKdU vm\/ ESif;rsm;vnf; odyfodyf onf;onf; usojzifh ae&mwdkif; a00g; aeMuonf/ rdk;aomuf tcsdef\ tm;ay;rIaMumifh wpfnvH;k rtdyfcJh&aom uRefawmf wdkUvnf; idkufp jyKonf/ yef;0if&ef tcsdefvnf; eD;aeNyD jzpf\/ xdktcsdefwGif... ]] qdkufum;... qdkufum;AsdKU...qdkufum; }} atmfoH eufBuD;aMumifh idkufaeaom Ouú| ukvm;xdkifrS vl;vJ xonf/ ]] [m... qdkufum;wJh? qdkufum; yef;0if vmNyDuG? awGUvm;? igrajymvm;? qdkufum;.. }} ]] qdkufum;..qdu k fum; }} qdkufum;[k atmfvmolu uRefawmfwdkU a&SUodkU ESif;xkxJrS 0kef;ceJ ajy;0if vmonf/ Ouú| qD;ayGUum zrf;\/ ]] qdkufum;? rif;csufcsif; r&yfeJU? ckefayguf aevdkuf? ckefaevdkuf }} ]] [m... bmvdkU ckef&rSmvJAs }} ]] w,f... 'Daumif tarmqdkU oGm;vdrfhr,f? ckefqdkckef }}

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

13


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] [m... Ouú| bmawG ajymaewmvJ? uRefawmfh qkdufum; vlcdk; oGm;NyD/ tJ'g vmajymwm? ckav;wifyJ vkyfygOD; }} olUpum;aMumihf aoaocsmcsm Munfhawmh ajy;0ifvmolu qdkufum; r[kwf? &yfuGufxJrS qdkufum; axmifpm;olom jzpf\/ Ouú|u &Sufum aMumifoGm;\/ ]] cGD;yJ tJ'g rif;u bmjzpfvdkU qdkufum;vdkU atmf&wmvJ }} ]] uRefawmfh qdkufum; ygoGm;wm b,fvdk atmf&rvJ? ckyJ ckd;oGm;wm }} ]] b,fbufajy;wmvJuG }} Ouú| tdyfcsif rl;wl; "gwfrD; qGJum xGuf\/ usefvlBuD;rsm;vnf; ajy;vdkuf Muonf/ uRefawmf wpfa,mufwnf; ½Hk;cef;wGif tdyfcsifrl;wl; usefcJh\/ rMumrD yef;0if vmMuonf/ xdkyGJwGif qdkufum; yxr r&yg/ eHygwf (18) om csdwf\/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 50

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

14


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

pdwfwdkif;uscsifol uRefawmfhwGif tawmf vufaygufuyfí ypdypyf rsm;um tifrwef odu©mBuD;csif? &Sdcsifaom ta': wpfa,muf &Sdonf/ xdk uRefawmfh ta':rSm aqGrsdK;rsm;ESifh odyfhrwnfhwuf/ olUodu©m? olUrmeudk vGefpGm a&SUwef;wif wwfaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ uRefawmfwdkU aqGrsdK;awGrSm ynmwwfol tawmf enf;yg;onf/ xdk ta': uawmh olUacwf olUtcgu High School Final atmifum tvkyfp0if cJhojzifh t&m&Sdi,f wpfa,muf jzpfcJhonf/ olUcifyGef; uvnf; olUxuf tqifh wpfqifhjrifhol t&m&SdwpfOD; jzpf\/ olU*kPf olUrmefonf uRefawmfwdkUxJ wGifawmh tawmfhudk tqifajyum rmexm;í &ovdk jzpfaeonf/ xdkta':\ yifukd,fADZvnf; t&m&mudk taumif; rjrifwwf? olUpdwfwdki;f us&ef qdkonfrSm tawmfcufonf/ jyóemwpfck jzpfonfESifh oltrSef oltaumif;om pmvHk; aygif;wwfonf/ tdrfESifh aqGrsdK;xJwGif olU taMumif;udk i,fpOf uwnf;u odxm; Muojzifh cGifhvTwf em;vnf ay;Muonf/ olU ½Hk;wGifvnf; t&m&Sd wpfa,muf jzpfojzifh em;vnf cGifhvTwf onf;cH MuolwdkU &Sdvdrfhrnf/ þodkUjzifh olUADZonf uav; (3)a,muf &onftxd tvHrvS?J yGJwdkif; tdkau ae\/ odkUaomf olUudk onf;rcHum olESifh vHk;vHk; tqifrajyaom vlwpfpk &Sdonf/ xdkolrsm;rSm wjcm; r[kwf/ olUtdrfwGif ac:xm;aom tdrfazmf rsm;om jzpf\/ rnfrQavmuf onf;cH wwfol? tvkyfudk oefU&Sif; wduspGm aqmif½Gufwwfol rdef;uav; yifjzpfap? olUMoZm? olUavoH? olU t[def; ta[muf 'Pfudk rcHEdkifMu/ wpfv rjynfhrD ajy;Muonfu rsm;onf/ ta':hoabm uvnf; &Sif;onf/ tvum; cdkif;wm r[kwf/ tcaMu;aiG ay;ckdif;wm? ol ckdif;ovdk rvkyfEdkifvQif oGm;Mu [lí jzpfonf/ olU tultnDudk udk,fu ,lum olUtwGuf aiGaMu; jyef ulnDonf[k ta': rjrifEdkif/ pmempdwf? udk,fcsif; pmpdwf tawmfenf;onfh aumufcsufrsdK;ESifh tdrfazmfawG wpfa,mufNyD; wpfa,muf ajymif;aeonfrSm renf;awmh/ ta': ESifh olUcifyGef; reuf (9)em&D ½Hk;trD ajy;&jcif;? uav; (3)a,muf Am[D& vSnfhrMunfh Edkifaom tdrftvkyf rsm;aMumihf tdrfazmf r&Sdívnf; rjzpf? &awmhvnf; &onfh tdrfazmfESifh wnfhatmif rae/ wpfcgu olESifh vHk;0 tqifrajyawmhaom tdrfazmf wpfa,mufESifh jyóem wufonf/ trSefawmh xHk;pHtwdkif; olUtvGefom jzpf\/ xdktdrfazmfu tawmfoabm aumif;aMumif; ywf0ef;usifu odMuonf/ xdkUaMumifh xdkaumifrav;udk tdrfeD;csif; tdrfwpftdrfu ac:onf/ xdktdrfrSm xdk aumifrav; tqifajy aeonfudk ta': Mum;onfh tcg jyóem wufMuonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

15


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

xdkaumifrav;udk vufcH xm;aom tdrfudk ta':u oGm;um jyóem &Sm\/ xdkaumifrav;udk rsufESm ajymifwdkufí ac:xm;jcif;rSm olUudk apmfum;jcif; jzpfaMumif;? tdrfcsif;uyfae ojzifh vufcH xm;p&m rvdkaMumif;wdkU ajymum jyóem wufMuonf/ olESifh tqifrajyol wjcm; wpfa,mufESifh tqifajyae onfudkyif vufrcH Edkifavmufatmif twå rme zHk;vTrf;aeaom vlwpfa,muf tjzpf ta':hudk uRefawmfwdkU oem;um em;vnf cGifhvTwf ay;½Hkom wwfEdkif Muawmhonf/ xdktdrfazmf xdktdrfwGif tqifajy aeonfudk Munfhum ta':hrSm aeUpOf pdwfqif;&Jum ae&\/ arwåm enf;olwdkU\ 'ku©u rao;vSyg uvm;/ 'DvdkESifh wpfvavmuf Mumawmh ta': tdrfazmf wpfa,mufESifh tawmf tqifajy aeonfudk Mum;&\/ uGsefawmf a&mufoGm;awmh aumifrav;u q,fav;ESpf omom &Sdao;onf/ 00NzdK;NzdK; rsufESmu tjrJjyHK; ae\/ uav; wpfa,mufvdk aewwfonf/ ta':h vufatmuf 0efxrf; wpfOD;u tnmrS ac:ay;onf [k od&onf/ oGufoGuf vufvuf &Sdonf/ todÓPf enf;onf/ ynm rJhojzifh ESdrfwmvm; apmfum;wmvm; odyfrod/ uav; pdwfrukef aoG;í ta':qljcif;? acgufjcif; wkdUudkvnf; tjyHK;rysuf? ta':ESifh wnfholr&Sd[k ajymcJh rdorQ xdkaumifrav; qef;qef;jrifh ESifhrS uRefawmfwdkU rSm;rSef; od&onf/ xdk aumifrav;rSm vl&nf rvnfao;aom uav; wpfa,muf? cyfEkEH kH cyfwHk;wHk; wpfa,muf om jzpfonf/ wpfaeUawmh ta':htdrf tvSL vkyfonf/ tvSLqdkjcif;xuf olUuav; wpfa,muf arG;aeUom jzpf\/ nbuf usif;yjcif; jzpfNyD; tdrfodkU tqifhwl t&m&Sdrsm;? ta':hxuf tqifhjrifhaom t&m&Sdrsm; vmMurnf jzpfonf/ ta':u olUrmef? olUrmeaMumifh rdom;pkESifh rwnfhonfom &Sdonf/ olUtdrfodkU ta&;MuD; olawG vmrnf qdkawmh tm;vHk;u 0dkif;0ef;um aysmfp&m aumif;onfh rdom;pkrSef; jycsif ao;onf/ usefarmifESpfr awGuvnf; udk,hftpfr twGuf[k oabmxm;um auseyf rauseyfonfudk arhxm;í tm;vHk; ulnD Mu&\/ xdkyGJodkU ta': rvmrSm pdk;&drf aeaom vlBuD;rsm; tm;vHk; vmMuonf/ vufaqmifawG ay;Mu? pm;Mu aomufMu? aysmfMu &\/ ta': uawmh olUti,fqHk; uav;av; pum;ajymwwf orQawG vkyfcdkif;um &,farm aysmf½Tif aeonf/ vmMuonfh *kPfoa&&SdvlBuD;rsm; uvnf; vav; vkyfjyorQudk jyHK;jyHK; ½Tif½Tif Munfhum csDrGrf; Muonf/ ! pm;aomufNyD;í tcsdKyGJESihf vufzufyGJ pm;MupOf ta&;BuD;aom {nfhonf wpfa,mufu SK I a&aomuf&ef a&bl;udk rçonfh tcg a&u ukefae\/ a&aEG;Murf; uvnf; topf? tckrR S N xnfhxm;ojzifh ylum aeonf/ W ]] [Jh aumifrav; zefcGufeJU a&wpfcGuf cyfcJhprf;? tHr,faMumifrsm; Munfah e ao;w,f rO / u igacguf vdkuf&.... oGm;... aoaocsmcsm cyfcJh}} yo t ta':h pum;aMumifh tdrfazmfrav; okwfceJ ajy;\/ a&tdk;u twGif;cef;wGaif &Sdaomfvnf; bSne fhum jyHK;jyHK;ESifh tdrfa&SUu vSrf;MunfhvQif jrifae &onf/ atmfjyD;onfESifh ta':u jyeflv l i pum;quf ajymonf/ xdkpOf... w ok ;jrifh cyfaeaom a&cGuf ]]cGrf;....uGrf...*Grf}} qdkaom toHudk Mum;&onf/ vSrf;Munfhawmh qef;oqef b vGwfus oGm;jcif; jzpf\/ ta': rsufESmrSm rmwif;um oGm;onf/ ol is t&SufuGJNyD qdkwmudk odvdkuf h t &\/ {nfhonfawGom r&SdvdkUuawmh qef;qef;jrifh em;o,frS fqHyif? OD;acgif;ESifh aygifwGif;aMum ESpfzufpvHk; wpfrdepf twGif; tqkd;qHk; tajctae a&mufoseGm;o Edkifonf/ odkUaomf tajctaet& ta':avQmh yg\/ tm;vHk;vnf; wdwfoGm;um aumifrav;ud l uk Munfhae Muonf/ a i ]] awmuf.... eif[mav odvm; [Jh [Jh... aumuf rcNyD; 'Dtwdkif; rcyfeJU/ zifudk aoao csmcsm e okwfNyD;rS cyf/ eifawmhav }} mm

Co

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

16


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] [kwf...[kwfuJh tefwD }} qef;qef;jrifhu usoGm;aom aMu;a&cGuf uav;udk aoaocsmcsm aumufum olUwifyg;jzifh oHk;av;csuf okwfum a&tdk;xJ ESpfvdkufwm tm;vHk; awGU&avonf/ wdkifyifrxm;bJ tvSLwpfckvHk; 0g;ceJ yGJus oGm;onf/ 0dkif;&,fMuaom vlawGudk aMumifumai; ae\/ ta':\ ta&;BuD;aom {nfhonf rsm;vnf; wHawG;oD;atmif &,fMu\/ ta':rSm ae&muyif ra½GUEdkif/ bmpum; rSvnf; rxGuf/ olUvnfNrdKrSm olUa'goawG wpfqdkU aeyHk &avonf/ xdk a&cyfcdkif;aom vlBuD;u qdkonf/ ]] at;... olvkyfwm eifajymwmeJUawmh udkufom;yJ? zifudk aoaocsmcsm okwfNyD;rS cyfwmyJav }} NyD;awmh &,fMu jyef\/ aemufwpfaeU 'DtaMumif; ½Hk;rSm ajymNyD; &,fMu armMu awmhrnf/ xHk;pH twdkif;yif aemufwpfaeUrSm qef;qef;jrifh r&Sdawmh/ uRefawmfwdkU ajymxm;aom pum; jyefrSefum oGm;\/ tck a&cGuf vGwfuswmudk jrifwdkif; uRefawmf xdk tdrfazmfrav;ESifh odu©m rme BuD;csif vGef;aom ta':udk owd& aewwfonf/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 69

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

17


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

tqdkBuD; toHenf; qGrf;odrf;yGJrSm pwdwf½dI; vkyfr,f qdkuwnf;u &yfuGufxJu vli,fawG xHk;pHtwdkif; vIyfvIyf½G½G jzpfaeMuwm awGU&onf/ vufzuf&nfqdkif? taMumfqdkifESifh Am'Hyif t&dyfatmuf [kdwpfpk 'DwpfzGJU tm;vHk; xdkudpö wpfckwnf; ta&;wBuD; aqG;aEG;Mu? pum; ajymMuESifh &Sdonf/ qGrf;odrf;yGJqdkvQif t&if ESpfawGrmS qdkif;ESifh atmifyGJcHavh &Sdonf/ 'DESpfawmh pwdwf½Id;wJh/ ydkí wuf<u aeMujcif;u xdkpwdwf½dI;wGif emrnfBuD; tqdkawmf av;ig;OD;tjyif &yfuGufxJu 0goem&Sif oDqdkolrsm;yg oDqdkEdkif jcif;aMumifh jzpfonf/ xdkUaMumifh xdkpwdwf½dI;udk &yfuGufwGif;rS vli,frsm; OD;aqmif Murnf jzpfonf/ qGrf;odrf;yGJ tNyD; r[m'kuf bk&m;rJ azmufonfh udpöxufyif xdkudpöudk vli,fawG ydkwuf<u aeMuonf/ &yfuGuf "r®m½Hk a&SUu r@yfwpfck a&mufvm\/ wdkifuDawG a½TUMu? pifawG aqmufMu? &yfuGuf vlBuD; wpfOD;ESifh twl tdrfawG avQmufum &efyHkaiGaumuf vufrSwf a&mif;MuESifh aysmfp&mBuD; jzpfaeonf/ xdkodkU wuf<uonfh vli,frsm; xJwGif aZmfaZmfu twuf<uqHk;? rsufpd aemufp&m taumif;qHk;ESifh t&ufa&mqHk; jzpfonf/ aZmfaZmfhudk pwdwf½dI; pifaqmuf&mwGif acR;oH½TJ½TJESifh wdkifuDawG vdSrfhaewm jrif&\/ pwdwf½dI; OD;aqmifol vli,frsm;udk vufzuf&nfqdkifwGif aeUn vufzuf&nf wdkufolrsm; rSmvnf; aZmfaZmf yifjzpfonf/ pwdwf½dI; &efyHkaiGudkvnf; aZmfaZmfhtdrfu ig;axmif xnfhxm;NyD; jzpfonf/ aZmfaZmfh rdom;pku &yfuGufxJrSm jynfhpHkolrsm; jzpfMu\/ om;orD;udk tvkdvdkufonfh ae&mwGif emrnfBuD;onf/ udk,fh om;orD; xifay:a&; twGuf tawmf *½kpdkuf Muaom rdbESpfOD;udk aZmfaZmf &xm;onf/ &yfuGufxJrSm pufbD;awG acwfxwkef;u pufbD; t&ifpD;EdkifolrSm aZmfaZmfESifh olUnDr/ w,fvDaA;&Sif; ay:awmh yxrOD;qHk; 0,fwm aZmfaZmfwdkUtdrf/ atmufpufvnf; xdkU twlyif jzpf\/ *pfwm? awmufcHk? aqmif;abmufpfESifh uufquf aumif;aumif; &Sdaom om;ESifhorD;\ oli,fcsif;rsm; qdkvQif tjrJ vdkufavsm oabmaumif;aom aZmfaZmfh rdb rsm;aMumifh olUtdrfrSm vli,fawG pnfum;onf/ aZmfaZmfh tdrfrSm oli,fcsif; av;ig;a,muf avmufawmh tNrJ &Sdaewwfonf/ oDcsif;wdkufMuawmhvnf; aZmfaZmfh tdrfrSmyif jzpfonf/ rdcifu tkef;EdkU acgufqGJ? eef;BuD;okyf? 'Hayguf? a½T&ifat; ponfhjzifh vkyfauR;onf/ aZmfaZmf tqdkaumif;aMumif; wD;0dkif; tzGJUrS rSwfcsuf jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

18


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

ay;Mu ojzifh aZmfaZmfu olUzcifudk pD;&D;xkwf ay;&efawmif ylqmaeNyD[k rdcifu reuf rkefU[if;cg;qdkifwGif pdwfnpfovdk trlt&mESifh *kPf,lum ajymaeNyD jzpfonf/ 'Dpwdwf½dI;rSm aZmfaZmf 'Davmuf wuf<u aeonfh taMumif; wpfck uvnf; &Sdao;onf/ aZmfaZmf BudKufaeaom aumifrav;u aZmfaZmf oDcsif; qdkNyD;vQif tajzay;rnf[k uwd ay;xm;jcif;yif jzpfonf/ xdkaumifrav;u aZmfaZmfh nDr oli,fcsif; tacsmtvSuav; jzpf\/ xdkUaMumifh aZmfaZmf þrQ wuf<uum pwdw½f dI;udk þrQ vHk;yef; aejcif;vnf; jzpfonf/ qGrf;odrf;yGJ NyD;onfh naerSm pwdwf½dI; p&efom &Sdawmh\/ aZmfaZmfhudk wuf<u vIyf&Sm;aeMuonfh vli,fawGMum;wGif nae av;em&DcefU uwnf;u &SL;zdeyfajymif? abmif;bD topf? ukwftusÐ wvufvufjzifh awGU&onf/ pwdwfpifay: wufvdkuf? cif;xm;onfh cHkawGMum;xJ ajy;vdkuf? vufzuf&nfqkid fxJ a&mufvmvdkuf? tqdkawmf BudKaom um;ay: ygoGm;vdkuf vlBuD;awGESifh &yfpum; ajymvkdufESifh &Sd\/ nae&D aea&mif0if oGm;onfESifh pwdwf½dI;pif rD;vif;um tvQKdtvQKd aps;onfawG a&mufvmNyD; pwdwf½dI;pif vrf;wpfavQmuf yGJaps;wef; uav; jzpfoGm;onf/ vlvnf; awmfawmf pnf\/ rMumrD wD;olawG pifay:wufvm? *pfwmBudK;n§donfh toH? atmf*ifupm;oH? abhpfprf;oH? rdkufu½dkzkef; prf;oHawGaMumifh y&dowf ydkrdk vIyf½G vmonf/ aZmfaZmfuawmh pifay: wufvdkuf? atmf*iform;udk wdk;wdk;? vd'fwD;oludk &,farm? '&rfw;D oludk pD;u&ufay;? pifatmuf jyefqif;um rdom;pkESifh twl&Sdaeaom aumifrav;em; 0ifxdkif? jyefxGuf awmfawmfudk rsufpd aemufp&maumif; ae\/ pwdwf½dI; pcgeD;rSm aZmfaZmf t0wftpm; wpfBudrf vJonf/ tzGifh wD;vHk; wD;NyD;awmh &yfuGufxJrS aumifav; wpfa,muf qdkonf/ odyftqifrajyvS aomfvnf; udk,fh &yfuGufom;rdkU tm;ay;Mu\/ aZmfaZmfu pwdwf½dI; tprSm rqdkcsif? pifrNidrfao; ojzifh tpydkif; qdkolrsm;onf xda&mufrI r&Sdwwf qdkwmudk aZmfaZmf odonf/ pwdwf½Id; txmus oGm;NyD jzpfaom q,fa,mufajrmufavmuf usrS olqdkrnf jzpfonf/ xdkUaemuf 0goem&Sifrsm; qdkMu&if; emrnf toifhtwifh&NyD; tqdkawmf wpfa,muf wufonf/ emrnfrBuD; aomfvnf; tqdkawmf tppf jzpfojzifh oyf&yfpGm qdkoGm;Edkifonf/ xdkUaemuf tqdk&SifrSm aZmfaZmf[k aMunmonf/ vufckyfoHawG qlnHum oGm;\/ ckeu tqdkawmf xufyif rqdkao;cif uwnf;u tm;ay;rIu tm;aumif; aeonf/ aZmfaZmf pifay:udk vufjyum wufvm\/ xHk;pH twdkif; twD;orm; rsm;ESifh cyfwdk;wdk; cyfMumMum pum;ajymum rdkufa&SU wGif &yfonf/ wjcm;vlawGvdk r[kwfbJ aZmfaZmfu pum;udk t&if pajym\/ ]] uRefawmf tckoDqkdr,fh oDcsif;u uRefawmfh &ifxJu &nf½G,fol twGufyg/ &nf½G,fol&JU &ifxJudk a&mufatmif uRefawmf oDqdkr,fh oDcsif; uav;&JU emrnfudk rajymbJ y&dowfeJU &nf½G,folwdkU cHpm; MunfhMuyg cifAsm}} aZmfaZmfh pum;qHk;onfESihf atmf*ifoH upí Intro 0ifpOf rD;awG tm;vHk; jywfum zswfceJ arSmiftwd usoGm;\/ tHhMopGm ][m} ][if} atmfoHrsm;? ]jzL;pfudkMunfh} ]rD;cvkwfawG t&ifydwf} paom pifay:rS toHrsm;? vufESdyf"mwfrD;awG pifay:a&muf vmMu? y&dowf atmfoH ponfjzifh qlnHum oGm;Mu\/ rD;u wpf&yfuGuv f Hk; ysufjcif; r[kwf/ rD;BudK;qGJxm;onfh tdrfwpftdrfom ysufjcif; jzpf\/ jzL;pfjywfoGm;onf [k qdkonf/ q,frdepf avmufMumawmh rD;awG jyefvif; vmum vlawG uav;awG aysmff½TifpGm atmf[pf Mu\/ wD;olawG pifay:odkU wufvm Muonf/ aZmfaZmf rdkufa&SU jyef&yf aomfvnf; feeling atmufaeyHk &\/ pifay:rS rdkufudkifum &yfae aomfvnf; wD;oH rvmao;/ *pfwmrS vQyfppfBudK;awG tckrS jyefquf &onf/ aZmfaZmf q,frdepfavmuf aMumifawmifawmifESifh &yfae&\/ jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

19


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

toH 0ifvmonf/ oDcsif;u ½dIif;atmif\ ]aumifrav;} oDcsif;/ vlawG cyfMuJMuJ cyfzGJzGJom vufckyfwD;awmhonf/ rD;om rysufvQif oDcsif; Intro oH Mum;uwnf;u vufckyfoHawG a0gceJ pOfvGifhvmrSm aocsm\/ ]] rif;tem;udk a&muf&if... }} rD;ysufoGm;jyefonf/ vlawG atmfoHawG pHkae\/ rD;u tukefysufjcif; r[kwf/ [kdbufvdkif; vmonf/ [kdwpfzuf vdkif;odkU a½TUMu ajymif;Muonf/ rD;jyefvmonf/ aZmfaZmf jyefwuf\/ pifay:rSm q,frdepfcefU &yfapmihfonf/ Intro wD;onf/ ]] rif;tem;udk a&muf&if rjrifovdkeJU vSrf;cdk;Munfhw,f rif;rsufESmav;&,f }} arSmifus oGm;jyefonf/ vlawG atmfMujyef\/ yxrjywfoGm;aom vdkif;u jyefvmum ckeu csdwfxm;aom vdkif;u jyefjywf oGm;jcif; jzpfonf/ atmfMu [pfMu ajy;MuvTm;Mu/ aemufqHk; ESpfzufpvHk; jywfoGm;\/ cPMumawmh atmfoH[pfoHrsm; i,foHygatmif atmfMuonf/ qGJMuvGJMu atmfMu[pfMu/ rD;awG tm;vHk; jyefvif; vmonf/ aZmfaZmfh rsufESmrSm aoG;awG ½TJae\/ wm0ef&Sd vHkjcHKa&;&Jrsm;vnf; a&mufvmonf/ aZmfaZmfESifh pifatmufrS y&dowf &efjzpfjcif; jzpfonf/ yGJysufawmhrvdktxd jzpfoGm;\/ aZmfaZmf jzpfyu Hk dk pifatmufu Munfholu p&if; &efjzpfMujcif; jzpfonf/ aZmfaZmf aq;½Hka&mufum aZmfaZmfudk ½dkufolrsm; pcef;a&mufoGm; Mu\/ pwdwf½dI; qufvuf usif;y ygonf/ rD;vHk;0 xyf rysufawmh/ vlawG tm;vHk; qdkMu? aysmfMu? atmfMu &ygonf/ yGJtp tqHk; qdkcsifvGef; tm;BuD;aom aZmfaZmfawmh rqdkvu dk f&/ &csifvGef;tm;BuD;vQif ysufwwfaom Oyrmav; wpfcktjzpf uRefawmf trSwf &aecJh ygonf cifAsm;/ / Intro

obiftEkynm *sme,f 71

SK

N

t

l

a re ci

e us

i

o

h ft

ok

o sb

ll i w

a be

r

u yo

OW

m

m Co jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

20

RI

!


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

bBuD;ESpfa,mufESifh olcdk; uRefawmfwGif bBuD;ESpfa,muf &Sdonf/ OD;atmifwifESifh OD;omacG; [k trnf&\/ uRefawmfh tarBuD;? OD;atmifwif? OD;omacG;? a':ao;ao;ESifh a':axG;&if[laom olwdkU armifESr ig;a,mufwGif uRefawmfh tarBuD;? OD;omacG;ESifh a':axG;&ifwdkUom tdrfaxmif usonf/ OD;atmifwifESifh a':ao;ao;wdkUu vlysKdBuD; tysKdBuD; b0ESifhyif wpfoufvHk; aexdkif oGm;cJh Muygonf/ uRefawmfh bBuD;a&m bav;yg pmayodyf rwwfMuyg/ a&;zwfEdkif½Hk bkef;BuD; ausmif;xGufrsm; jzpfMuonf/ olwdkUonf uRefawmf vlrSef;od uwnf;uvnf; rcsrf;om Muyg/ vuform; tvkyfjzifh toufarG;&if; rjynfhrpHkESifhyif vlUb0udk ukefvGefcJh Muygonf uRefawmfh bBuD; ESpfa,mufonf wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,mufvnf; rwnfhMu/ wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,muf tjyeftvSef apwemxm;&if; rMumcP pdwfqdk; pdwfaumuf jzpfwwf Muonf/ uRefawmf arG;onfrSpí (28)ESpftxd aecJhaom uRefawmfwUdk tdrfudk aqmufpOfu bBuD;ESpfa,mufu aqmufay; Mu\/ wdkifav;wdkif xlNyD; acgifwef; ypfonfhtcg bBuD;jzpfolu wdkifxdyfudk wufonf/ bav;jzpfolu tpfudkjzpfoludk pdwfrcsí rwuf&ef atmfNyD; olwufrnf[k ajymonf/ bBuD;jzpfolu wdkifwpf0ufrS jyefqif;um bmrSrajymbJ olU&Jwif;uav; cg;Mum;xdk;um tdrfbufjyefum oGm;\/ a&rdk;csKd;um xrif;pm;NyD; tdyfonf/ tdrfaqmufonfh ae&mudk jyefrvmawmh/ olUpdwfxJrSm olUudk acgifwef;rypfwwf[k bav;u ajymonf xifum pdwfqdk;oGm;jcif; jzpfonf/ bav;uvnf; ol apwemjzifh ajymwmudk 'Dvkdvkyf&rvm; qdkum pdwfqdk;um tdrfjyef\/ aemufaeU bBuD; a&mufvmawmh bav;jyefonf/ bav;a&mufvmawmh bBuD;u jyef\/ nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf toHwdwf pdwfaumuf Muum q,f&uf Mumonf/ uRefawmhf tarBuD; olwdkU tpfr ac:ajymwmvnf; r&awmh/ aemufqHk; uRefawmfh tazBuD;u ]]rif;armifESpfa,muf taMumif; igodygw,fuGm/ aemufaeUvmudk aqmufap&r,f}} [k tmrcH\/ aemufwpfaeU nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf qHkcsdefusawmh bBuD;u &wif;uav; cg;Mum; n§yfxdk; uRefawmfh tazBuD;u ]]udkatmifwifa&? 'Daumif q,fhESpfayAs? jzwfNyD; acgiftwGuf qufxm;&if jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

21


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

aumif;r,f xifw,f}} [k ajymawmh bBuD;u xdkopfwdkifudk aumufum udkif\/ buav;u wluav;qGJwkef; .... ]] udkomacG;a&? umysOfeJU cif;ysOfawG a&mukefNyDAs/ uRefawmfvnf; arhNyD; yHkxm;rdum a½G;ygOD; }} qdkawmh buav;u opfyHkbuf a&mufum oGm;\/ 'DvdkeJU tazBuD;u [kd[mav; ajymvdkuf? a&aEG;uav; aomufvdkuf vkyfawmh bBuD;wdkU nDtpfudk tdrfaqmuf Muonf[k qdkonf/ wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,muf cspfMuonf/ ½dk;onf/ tm;emwwfonfh uRefawmfh bBuD; ESpfa,mufudk tazBuD;u rSwfcsuf cszl;onf/ ]] rif;armifawGu tcsif;csif; odyfcspf MuwmyJ/ tm;uvnf; emwwf? ½dk;vnf;½dk;? at;... 'gayr,fh olwdkUcsnf;yJawmh vTwfay;vdkU r&bl; }} wJh/ olwdkU nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf tvkyfp 0ifonfhaeUuvnf; xdkodkUyif ajymprSwf wGif\/ bBuD; ESpfa,muf ESifhtwl OD;odef;atmif qdkaom ½Gmv,fvrf;u vlwpfa,mufyg vuform; oGm;avQmuf Mu\/ uefx½dkufu vuform; ynmwwf rwwf wpfywf cdkif;Munfhrnf qdkonf/ bBuD; ESpfa,muf reufxGufum naejyef wpfywfvHk; vkyftm;udk jy&onf/ wwfaMumif;jyMu &onf/ tdrfaqmufaeaom vuform; 0g&ifhBuD;awG twGuf wHcg; abmifacGjcif;? pa½G;udkuf jzwf&jcif;? opfwGuf&jcif; wdkUrSm tqef;r[kwfawmh/ olwdkUudk uefx½dkufu wpfywf nmckdif;jcif; [k uRefawmfwdkU em;vnf &aomfvnf; bBuD; ESpfa,mufu uefx½dkufudk awmfawmf wHk;onfhvl [kqdkum oem; aeMuonf/ wpfywfcefU vkyftm;jy NyD;awmh oHk;&ufcefUem;um tvkyfcefU rcefU vmar;zdkU ajymonf/ bBuD; ESpfa,mufoGm; ar;awmh reufjzefpqif; [k ajymvdu k f\/ olwdkU 0rf;omum xdkuefx½dkuf aumif;aumif; tqlcH&NyD[k wGufMuonf/ olwdkUudk tvkyfqif;zdkU ajymvdkufolu tjcm; wpfa,muf jzpfaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ xdkaeU reuf 7 em&D tvkyfqif;&ef reuf 4 em&D uwnf;u a&wGif;wGif a&csKd; MuaomaMumifh tdrfeDcsif;rsm; wpfnvH;k tdyfr&[k ajymMuonf/ nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,muf atmfMuajymMu oDcsif;qdkMu? a&csKd;Muwm eHeuf 5 em&DcefUrS NyD;onf [k cefUrSef; Muonf/ uRefawmhf bBuD;ESpfa,mufu wjcm;t&mom rwlcsif ae&rnf/ em;av;onfh ae&mwGifawmh ESpfa,mufpvHk; wlMu\/ a&rdk;csKd;NyD; Muawmh ½Gmv,fu udkodef;atmifudk oGm;EId; Muonf/ tpfudku EdI;rnfqdkvQif nDudk rajym? todray;/ nDuvnf; xdkUtwl jzpfojzifh udkodef;atmifudk oGm;EId;Mu&m udkodef;atmif tdrfeD;csif;awGvnf; rtdyf&[k qdkonf/ olwdkU EdI;rnfhom EdI;&onf/ OD;odef;atmifu olwdkUt&if 4 &uf uwnf;u tvkyf pqif;aeNyD jzpfonf/ wpfa,mufESifh wpfa,muf ql&if;qJ&if; atmfMu&if; tvkyf 0ifaemufusrnfudk pdk;&rfum vdkuf&Sm Mu&if;ESifh olwdkU xGufoGm;awmh ½GmuvlawG awmfawmfrsm;rsm; Edk;um usef&pfcJh Muonf[k ajymMu\/ ]] eifhbBuD;awG tvkyfp0ifwJh aeUuawmh pHyJ }} [k vlwkdif;u uRefawmfhudk ajymjywwf Muonf/ uRefawmfonf xdktaMumif; rsm;udk od&onfhaemuf bBuD; ESpfa,muf rsufESmudk Munfhonfhtcg ½dk;om;jcif;? cspfp&m aumif;jcif;ESifh xHktjcif; wdkUudk wpfNydKifwnf; awGUvdkuf &onf[k xifygonf/ xdkUxuf uRefawmf udk,fwdkif tdyfa&;ysuf &aom nwpfnudk rSwfrd ygonf/ xdknu rdk;tukef aqmif;0ifp jrLyg;yg; usaom nwpfn jzpfonf/ opfBuD; 0g;BuD; aygaom uRefawmfwdkU ewfpif abmufaxmf ½Gmuav;rSm wNidrNfh idrfh aqmif;t0ifwGif &Sdonfh apmifESifh auG;um tdyfí aumif;aom nwpfnvnf; jzpfygonf/ jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

22


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

xkdn oHk;em&DavmufrS bBuD;u tdrfom wufonf/ tdrfom wuf&if;ESifhyif jrLyg;yg;atmuf azmufum vif;aeaom va&mifatmufwGif olcdk; ESpfa,mufudk awGUvkduf\/ tdrfav;tdrf pkum aeaom uRefawmfwdkUjcH0if; twGif;rSm olcdk; vIyf&Sm; aeonfudk bBuD;aumif;pGm awGU&\/ olcdk;u bBuD;tpfr uRefawmhf tarBuD;tdrf (uRefawmftdrf) ESifh bav;wdkUtdrfodkU uyfonf/ 'DrSmyif bBuD;u pOf;pm;onf/ olUnD bav;omacG;udk EdI;um olcdk;udk zrf;&rvm;/ 'grSr[kwf vsifjref yg;eyfaom uRefawmhf tazBuD; OD;ydkvdkudk EId;um zrf;&rvm;/ olUnDudk EdI;í nDjzpfolu tdyfcsifrl;wl; atmfoHaMumifh xvmvQif olckd;rSmrsm; vufeuf ygvmvQif nDav;awmh 'ku©/ ydkvdku a,mufz/ ydkvdkUudkyJ EdI;&rvm;/ 'grSr[kwf olwuf aeonfh tdrfomESihf eD;aom nDav;tdrfu olckd;udk t&if zrf;um omacG;udkyJ EdI;&rvm;/ bBuD; rMuHwwf jzpfaewkef; olckd;u uRefawmfwdkUtdrf ab;jywif;udk zGifhonf/ ydkvdk/ aemufwpfa,mufu bav;tdrf aemufwHcg;udk uvefUonf/ omacG;/ olckd; ydkvdk? omacG;/ ydkvdkol ckd;omacG;/ tdrfomxJu bBuD; bmvkyf &rSef;rod/ bav; tdrfaemufwHcg; yGifhoGm;\/ bBuD; 0kef;ceJ tdrfomxJrS xum MuHK;atmfonf/ ]] omacG; olcdk;? olcdk; omacG;? ydkvdkolcdk; ocGD; ydkomacG;? ocGD;ydkacG;? omckd;ckd;acG;? ydkacG;ocGD; }} bBuD; ½kwfw&uf atmfoHaMumifh olcdk;ESpfa,muf vefUum ajy;onf/ jcHxJrSm ywfí ajy;jcif; jzpf\/ wpfjcHvHk; Edk;aomfvnf; bBuD; t"dyÜm,fudk razmfEdkifjcif;? olcdk;omacG;[k Mum;olu nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf &efjzpfum atmfonf xifjcif;? ydkvdk olcdk; Mum;olu orD;a,mufz &efjzpfonf xifjcif;aMumifh rvdkufMu/ bBuD;atmfoH rwdwfawmhrS odum 0dkif;vdkuf Mu\/ bBuD;u a&SUqHk;rS olcdk; ocGD; omacG; ydkvdk atmfum vdkufonf/ aemufqHk; bBuD; rdvkrdcif olcdk;wpfa,mufu bkef;BuD;ausmif;xJ 0ifum ajy;onf/ bBuD;u qufrvdkuf ojzifh rrdvdkuf? jyefvmawmh bBuD; atmfoHawG taMumif;udk 0dkif;um tjypfwif Muonf/ ]] [... olckd;u rif;wdkU ESpftdrfudk uyfwmudk;uG }} [k bBuD;u jyefvSnf acsy\/ ]] tJ'gqdkvnf; udkatmifwif&,f? a&SUaumif rdrSyJ Opöm? bkef;BuD;ausmif;xJ bmjzpfvdkU qufrvdkuf wmwHk; }} 'Dawmh bBuD;u acgif;udk cg,rf;um ar;oludk ½dkif;vSyg uvm;[laom tMunfhESifh Munfhum ajz\/ ]] [... ighaZmeJUig xvdkuf&wm? igtcif;oGm;wJh udpöu bmrS NyD;atmif vkyfcJh&wm r[kwfbl;/ olcdk; rdvdkU q&mawmfeUJ awGU&if r½dkrao jzpfrSmuG? qufvdkufvdkU r&bl; }} olcdk;zrf;ol tm;vHk; xdktaMumif; ajymum &,fMuonf[k od&av ownf;/ /

obiftEkynm *sme,f 76

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

23


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

bBuD;ESpfa,mufESihf ar;cGef; xdkrQ vGJMuaom uRefawmfh bBuD;ESifh uRefawmfwdkU aysmf½TifpGm aexdkif cJhMuygonf/ xdkbBuD;rsm;onf jcHxJwGif &Sdaom uRefawmfwdkU armifESr 14 a,mufudk cspfMuygonf/ *vyf... *vyf... uawmuf... uawmuf... jrnfaeaom vufwGef; vSnf;uav;awG? t½G,f a&mufawmh jrefrm *sifuav;awG? qGJjzefUvQif &aom opfom;acguf ukvm;xdkif uav;awGudk oH&m wpfcsufrS rygbJ vkyfay;cJh zl;onf/ uRefawmfwdkUu oH&mwpfcsufrS rygaom acgufukvm;xdkif uav;ESpfvHk; &\/ nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf &SdaomaMumifh jzpfonf/ odkUaomf xdkcHkuav;rsm; tckawmh ysufpD; oGm;MuNyD jzpfonf/ bBuD; tarGtjzpf pma&;cHkuav; wpfvHk;om &vdku\ f / xdkodkU cspfzdkUaumif;aom bBuD;ESpfOD;udk uRefawmf r&Jw&J pcJhaom taMumif;uav;udkvnf; rSwfrd aecJhonf/ xdkpOfu uRefawmf (16)? (17) ESpft½G,f jzpf\/ pmawG ayawG zwfNyD;cgp [kdpyfpyf 'Dpyfpyf jyóem&Smcgp? ywf0ef;usifu vlawG taMumif;udk pdwf0ifpm;cgp jzpfonf/ tcsdeftcgu oDwif;uRwf jzpf\/ bBuD;ESifh bav;u ESpfpOf vkyfay;aeus vufwGef;vSnf; rD;yHk;uav;awGudk pwifwGef;zl;olrSm uRefawmfwdkU armifESrrsm; omvQif jzpf\/ uRefawmf (10)ESpfom; t½G,f uwnf;u qdkawmh 1975-76 avmufu jzpfvdrfhrnf/ (rkefU[if;cg; [if;&nfawmif;wm uRefawmfh tbdk;u pwm [laom tajymrsKd; r[kwfyg/ rSwfrd orQudk trSeftwdkif;a&;jcif; jzpfonf) uRefawmf 15-16 ESpfa&muf oGm;awmh xdkvufwGef;vSnf; uav;awG rwGef;awmh/ rdk;tukef aqmif;t0if pdwfAsmyg 0ifcsdefwGif bdkauoum wdrf;wdrf;rl;rl; EdkifvSaom oDwif;uRwfv? cHpm;rIwGif yGJawmfiwfum vrf;ovm;jcif;? pdwf*PSm rNidrfjcif;? pdwftm;i,fjcif; wkdUudkom cHpm;ol jzpfygonf/ ! uRefawmf rwGef;aomfvnf; uRefawmfhxuf 6-ESpf i,faom uRefawmfhnDESifh tjcm;nD? nDrawG K wGef;wkef;qdk ojzifh bBuD;ESpfOD; uawmh vufwGef;vSnf;uav;awG vkyfay;wkef;om jzpfonf/ 1980 IS R cefUwGif xdkvufwGef;vSnf;uav;awGudk pD;yGm;jzpf vkyfa&mif;vmwmvnf; awGU&\/ odkUaomf N uRefawmf bBuD;awG uawmh pD;yGm;a&; em;vnfol r[kwf? uRefawmfvnf; xdkpOfu rod/ OW uRefawmfodwm wpfckyJ &Sdonf/ oDwif;uRwfwkdif; uRefawmfwdkUudk upm;p&mvkuyr fay;aom tckvnf; vkyfay;aeqJ bBuD; ESpfa,mufudk uefawmh csifonf/ olwdkUudk uefawmhvQifyo rkefUzdk;av; at k uefawmhzdkU bmav;vnf; &rnf/ bBuD; ESpfa,mufudk trSL;jyKum wpfjcHv;Hk &Sd toufBuD;ol rsm;ud e pDpOfonf/ ll b i þodkUjzifh uRefawmf armifawG? nDrawGudk pkpnf;um ydkufq k Hawumuf? udk,fut&if o wpf0ufpdkufum pDpOf&onf/ udwfrkefUESpfvHk;jzifh uRefawmfwdkU t&if;tESD;bo(30)usyf xnfhum csDwuf Muonf/ tdrf toD;oD; rD;xGef;cgp avmfpyDumoH? w&m; "r®ohiH? s *syftdk;oH qlnHcgp? nae&D f twif;uRwf tpaeUwGif jzpfonf/ ae0ifapmum bmoabmESifh vlawG aysmfjrL; aeMurSef; rodaom ooD ajr;awGtm;vHk; pk½Hk;uefawmh Muawmh bBuD;ESifh bav; se rsuf&nfvnf Muonf/ xdkodkUpkum u uefawmhjcif;rSm uRefawmf pwifaom yxrtBudrf jzpf\ al/ ½dk;om;aom bBuD;ESpfa,muf toHawG i c r u qkay;aom toHtqHk; rkefUzdk;&NyD;onfh wkefum qkay; Muonf/ uefawmh NyD;NyD;csif; uRefaewmf m tqHk; pum;p ajymonf/ om

C

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

24


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] bBuD;eJU bav;? uRefawmfu nDtpfudkawG? armifESr awGudk pkNyD; uefawmhwmyg/ uRefawmf odcsif wmav; wpfckavmuf ar;vdkU&rvm; }} ]] ar;av rif; bmar;csifvdkUvJ }} bBuD;u uRefawmfh atmfoHaMumifh aoaocsmcsmMum;um ar;onf/ usefarmifESr rsm;ESifh aqGrsKd; rsm;vnf; pdwf0ifpm; aeMu\/ ]] [kdav uRefawmf r&Sif;wmyg/ [dk ukodkvf? tukodkvfaygh... uRefawmfwdkU tck bBuD;wdkUudk uefawmhwm ukodkvf? ig;awG zrf;wm? yk½GufqdwfawG owfwm? ykpOf;awG zrf;wm? rdbudk cHajymwm? tJ'g tukodkvf? uRefawmfwdkU aooGm;&if ukodkvfeJU tukodkvf b,ft&mudk t&if cHpm;&ovJ qdkwm }} uRefawmf atmfoHudk &yfvdkuf\/ uefawmhcH aqGrsKd;rsm;u uRefawmfhudk ai;um aMumifNyD; Munfhae Muonf/ ]] [m;[m; ighajr; 'Dvdkqdk&ifawmh rif;jrJjrJomrSwfawmh/ ukodkvf[m tukodkvfxuftm;BuD; w,fuG/ ukodkvfudk t&ifcHpm;& wmyJ }} ]] a[haumif omacG;? uav;awGudk &rf;rajymeJU/ rif;ajymwm r[kwfao;bl;/ w&m;eJUqefUusifw,f/ ½GmOD;q&mawmf a[mwJh 0domcgZmwfeJU tZmwowf b,frSm xm;rvJ/ ighajr;wdkU tukodkvf qdkwm rvkyfwm taumif;qHk;yJ }} uRefawmfhxuf us,faom atmfoH [pfoH rsm;aMumifh uav;awGa&m? aqGrsKd;awGyg vefUukef\/ ]] 'DrSm tpfudk? ig;&mhig;q,frSm tukodkvfaMumihf cH&wJh Zmwfu ESpfZmwfwnf;? ukodkvfrSm cHpm;&wJh Zmwfu trsm;BuD;? ukokdvf[m tukodkvfudk acszsufEdkifw,fvdkU q&mawmf a[mwmav }} ]] a[haumif omacG;? uav;awGudk rif;bmawG ajymaewmvJ }} ]] tpfudkU pum;u rSm;aewmudk }} ]] a[haumif wdwf }} ]] tpfudk trSm;ajymwm awmf uav;awGu...}} ]] omacG; }} ]] tpfudku...}} &efx jzpfMuaom bBuD; ESpfa,mufa&SUrS uRefawmf udwfrkefU yef;uefudk rum xvpfonf/ zsefajz olrsm;Mum;rSm Mum;csif&m Mum;um bBuD;ESpfa,muf ukodkvf? tukodkvf udkjiif; rqHk;Mu/ uRefawmfh udwfrkefUudkvnf; olwdkU owdr& Muawmh ojzifh uRefawmfwdkUyJ wD;vdkuf Mu&onf/ tckawmh ESvHk;oGif;&mbuf ygwufaom ukodkvfESifh tukodkvfwdkU\ raumif;rI oabmudkvnf; uRefawmf q&mBuD; OD;a½Tatmif\ aus;Zl;aMumifh odcJh&NyD/ b0oHo&m jywfa&; twGuf edAÁmeftwGuf ukodkvfESifh tukodkvfonf tESpfom& odyfrjcm;em; vSaom taxmuftyHhom jzpfaMumif;? edAÁmefudk OD;wnfolrsm; twGuf ukodkvf tukodkvfpnfazmifoG,fom jzpfaMumif; uRefawmf odcJh&ygNyD/ pmzwfwwfcgp todÓPf uav;ESifh 'ku©ay;rd cJhaom uRefawmfh tjzpfudk uRefawmf udk,fwdkif tjypfrSwf,lum ½dk;om;Muaom bBuD;ESifh bav;wdkUudk cGifhvTwfEdkifMuzdkU trSwfw& xdktaMumif;udk a&;rdygonf cifAsm;/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 78

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

25


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

trsKd;t&if;BuD; uRefawmfwdkU\ um;armif;wwfaom rsKd;½dk;onf uRefawmfh tazBuD;wGif *dwfqHk; avonf/ uRefawmfh tazBuD; (tarhtaz) uawmh um;udk ½dk;½dk;armif;wwfol r[kwf/ e,f (ta0;ajy;) um;BuD;rsm;udkyg armif;wwfol jzpfonf/ xdkUtjyif ta0;ajy; um;q&mwdkU xHk;pHtwdkif; uRefawmfh tazBuD;u Lady (3)a,muf &Sd\/ uRefawmfh tarBuD;u 'kwd, jzpfonf/ uRefawmf vlrSef;odcsdefwGifrawmh tazBuD;udk um;armif;wm rawGU&awmh/ aemufq;Hk lady ESifh wpfcgwpf&HrS uRefawmfwdkU tdrfodkU a&mufwwfonf/ vmonfh tcgwGifvnf; tazBuD;u uRefawmfESifh uRefawmfhnDudk ac:um NrdKUxJoGm; wwf\/ NrdKUxJ oGm;jcif;rSm ½kyf&SifMunfhcsifvQif tazBuD;udk arQmf&onf/ xdkaeUu tazBuD;tdrfodkU a&mufvmonf/ xrif;pm;NyD;awmh uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudkukd ½kyf&SifoGm;Munfhrnf ajym\/ uRefawmfwdkU aysmfMuygonf/ &efukefNrdKUodkU toGm; um;ay:wGif tazBuD;u tdyfvdkufvm\/ tdyfwmrS a[mufoHxGufatmif ESpfESpfNcdKufNcdKufBuD;udk tdyfvdkufoGm;jcif; jzpf\/ uRefawmfu odwwfp½G,frdkU NrdKUxJa&mufNyD;? tazBuD; rEdk;rSmudk pdk;&drf aecJhonf/ odkUaomf NrdKUxJa&mufonfESifh tazBuD;u Edk;onf/ uRefawmf pdwfat;oGm; ovdk Munfhawmh tazBuD;u jyHK;onf/ ]] ig Edk;ygw,fuG? NrdKUxJa&muf&if [Gef;oHawG 'Davmuf qlaewm }} um;ay:u qif;awmh a&cJa& 10 jym;zdk; 0,fum rsufESm opfonf/ xdkUaemuf uRefawmfwdkUudk yy0if;½HkrSm (,ck Traders Hotel ae&mrSm) a*:ZDvmESifh uif;aumifum;jy\/ jyonfrS um;pjy uwnf;u tazBuD;u tdyfavonf/ a*:ZDvm ay:vmawmh uRefawmf aMumufum tazBuD;udk EId;awmh tazBuD; cPEdk;onf/ olMunfhNyD;om; aumif;w,f qufMunf[ h k ajymum jyeftdyf oGm;\/ uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudk ESpfa,muf aMumufaMumufESifh qufMunfh ygonf/ ½kyf&SifNyD;oGm;awmh uRefawmfwdkU nDtpfudk ESpfa,mufudk yy0if;½Hkatmuf &Sdonfh tmvl;yl&D auR;onf/ xdkUaemuf bwfpfum; &Sd&m rSwfwdkifodkU vrf;avQmufum jyefvmcJh&\/ uRefawmfwdkU jyefcsdefu aeUcif; 2em&DcGJyGJ tNyD; jzpfonf/ aeUcif;tcsdef &efukefrS jyeftqif; um;awG xHk;pHtwdkif; xdkpOfuwnf;u um;acsmifojzifh uRefawmfwdkU ajr;tbdk; oHk;a,muf ae&m &ygonf/ vufrSwfjzwf tNyD; tazBuD;u xHk;pHtwdkif; tdyfjyef\/ 'Dwpfcgawmh udpö r&Sd? uRefawmfqif;&rnfh Z0erSwfwdkifudk uRefawmf odonf/ odkUaomf uRefawmfwdkU pD;vmaom vlacsmifonfh bwf(pf)um;u odrfjzLcHk; wHwm;u qif;NyD; uwnf;u w&Murf; armif;av onf/ a&SUrSm&Sdonfh vdkif;wl bwf(pf)um;udk zdkufjcif;[k uRefawmf odonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

26


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

odrfjzLaps;? rqvmpuf? av;vrf;? awmufavQmuf wtm; vdSrfharmif;ojzifh opfom;abmf'DESifhcHkoH w*sKdif;*sKdif;qlnH? vlawGatmf um;tif*sifoH qlnHum aMumufcref;vdvdyif jzpfonf/ xdkacwfu r*Fvmaps; rSwfwdkifr&Sdao;í wmarGudkvkí armif;Mujcif; jzpfonf/ wpfzufum;uvnf; xHk;pHtwdkif; tavQmhray;/ olausmfvdkuf udk,fa&SUa&mufvdkuf? rSwfwdkifawGrSm py,f,mawGu vlawGudk uref;uwrf; qif;cdkif;um ta&;wBuD; qlnHpGm atmf[pf&if; vlrwifawmhbJ um;udk w&Murf; armif;aponf/ oHpHkjrnf[nf;aeaom opfom;umBuD; ESpfpif; &ifaygif;wef;rdcsdefum; tonf;xdwfp&m taumif;qHk; yifjzpfawmhonf/ wpfpif;ESifhwpfpif; uyfrdcsdefrSm wpfOD;ESifhwpfOD; rcHcsifatmif avSmifajymifjcif;rSm ,ckrS r[kwf? [kdwnf;u 'Dtwdkif;yif jzpf\/ udka½T'½dkifbmrsm; uvnf; toufab; aoab; rodawmh/ rcHcsifpdwfEiS fh *D,mudk ajymif;um vDAmudkom wtm; zdeif; wufMu\/ olwdkU urÇmwGif a&SUum;udk ausmfa&;rSm eydkvD,H Oa&mywdkufudk odrf;zdkUeD;eD; ta&;BuD;avonf/ xdkodkU um;ESpfpif;qlnHpGm NydKifaecsdefwGif uRefawmfh tazBuD; Edk;um vm\/ c&D;onfrsm; xdwfvefU wMum; i,foHygatmif atmfaomaMumihf jzpfonf/ um;ESpfpif; *D,mukef vDAmukef eif;um ab;csif;,SOf aecsdefvnf; jzpf\/ um;pufoH i,foHygatmif rcsdrqefU atmfNyD;rS uRefawmfwdkUum; *D,mukefum usefcJhonf/ ausmfoGm;aom um;rS py,f,mu ,ckacwf twdkif;yif vufacgufudk toHrsKd;pHk rIwfum paemufNyD; a0;um oGm;onf/ tazBuD; ywf0ef;usifudk wpfcsufMunfhum tdyfae&mrS qwfceJ xxdik f\/ uRefawmfwdkU um;py,f,mu a&SUum;udk jyefausmfa&;twGuf rSwfwdkifawG atmfar;onf/ um;ay:rSm ygonfh c&D;onfawG uvnf; aMumufíom atmfonf? eD;pyf&m rSwfwdkifrSm usawmh aorSmpdk;í b,folrS rqif;Mu/ bmaMumifhvJ qdkwm uRefawmfvnf; 'DaeUtxd rod? um;arSmufNyD; 'ku©rsm;rSmxuf aemufum;wpfpif; r&rSmudk ydkaMumufívm; rod/ xdkpOf uRefawmfwdkUum;u *D,m topfxdk;um vDAmudk tom;ukef eif;onf/ a&SUum; zifukd eD;uyfaeNyD jzpf\/ qwfceJauGUum ausmfonf/ rvGwf/ um;wpfpD; vmaeonfh twGuf uref;uwrf; jyefa&Smif&í vlawG(xdkifolawG) NydKvJukefonf/ (xdkpOfu ,ckvdk ESpfvrf;oGm; r[kwf? wpfvrf;oGm;om jzpf\/) um;udk jyefwnfhum a&SUum;zifrS uyfí vkdufonf/ tcGifhomonfESihf ausmfrnfhyHk? py,f,m uvnf; um;jywif;rS acgif;udk xkwfum um;&Sif;r&Sif; atmfum ay;ae\/ xdkpOfrSmyif uRefawmfh tazBuD;u xdkifae&mrS MuHK;xum atmfonf/ ]] aocsifvdkUvm; tck&yf bmaumifvJuG }} a&SUum;ESifh uyfae&mrS uRefawmfwdkUum; ½kwfceJ usefcJh\/ um;ay:rS c&D;onfawG tm;vHk;u tazBuD;udk 0dkif;MunfhMuonf/ py,f,mu tjyifxkwfxm;aom olUacgif;udk ½kwfum tazBuD;udk Munfh\/ um;t&Sdefavsmhum vrf;ab;wGif &yfum oGm;onf/ ]] cifAsm;BuD; bmajymwmvJ }} py,f,mu tazBuD;xHodkU a&mufvmum atmfar;onf/ um;u &yf&ef vrf;ab;odkU csaeNyD jzpf\/ ]] t&rf;armif;& ovm;uG? wkdufNyD;aoukef&if b,fhES,fh vkyfrvJ }} um;u vrf;ab;em; vHk;0 xdk;&yfum oGm;\/ uRefawmfuawmh uav;rdkU aMumufwm wpfckyJ &Sdonf/ um;armif;cef;rS atmfoH roJruGJ ESifhtwl w0kef;0kef; toHMum;um um;vSnfhaom a*gufwHudk udkifum '½dkifbm xGufvmonf/ ]] b,faumifvJuG? ighudk qJwm igarmif;wm bmjzpfvJ }} ]] at; qJwm igyJuG? b,fvkdarmif;wmvJ }} jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

27


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

wpfum;vHk;&Sd y&dowf Nidrfum oGm;\/ um;q&mu a*gufwHudk ukdifum ajy;vmonf/ tazBuD;u rwfwwf&yfqJ/ odkUaomf um;q&m uRefawmfwdkU cHkem;ta&mufwGif... ]] [m taz }} ]] at; igyJydkvdkuG/ um;udk b,fvdk armif;wmvJ }} py,f,mu bmajym&rSef; rod/ a*gufudkiv f mol um;q&mudk tazBuD;u e&if; ydwfwD;\/ y&dowfu em;rvnf/ odkUaomf um;jyefarmif; onfhtcg rSwfwdkifaph&yfí vdyfu tbdk;ac:&avmufatmif aES;oGm; avonf/ um;ay:rS qif;awmh tazBuD;u '½dkifbmudk bmrS rajymawmh/ em;rvnfaom uRefawmfu ar;&onf/ ]] tazBuD; ckeu... }} ]] tJ'g ighyxrrdef;r rjruarG;wm/ bdkpdefwJh? tvum;aumif }} [k tazBuD; a'goESifhajzavonf/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 83

SK

N

t

l

a re ci

e us

i

o

h ft

ok

o sb

ll i w

a be

r

u yo

OW

m

m Co jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

28

RI

!


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

uRefawmfESifh vufrSwfppfrsm; 1982 ckESpfu jzpfygonf/ uRefawmfu (10)wef;ausmif;om;? uRefawmfhnDu (7)wef; ausmif;om; jzpf\/ uRefawmfwdkU aeaom ausmif;u txu (3) oCFef;uRef;? xdkacwf xdktcsdefu txu(1)? txu(2)wdkU emrnfBuD;aecsdefwGif uRefawmfESifh uRefawmfhnu D txu(3)rS ausmif;om;awG jzpfaeonf/ xdk txu(3)odkU oGm;&ef uRefawmfwdkU um;pD;&\/ um; qdkonfrSm bwf(pf)um; jzpfygonf/ uRefawmfhwdkUpD;aom um;u (13) tpdrf;? uRefawmfwdkU jzwfoef;&aom rSwfwdkifrsm;u Z0e? bk&m;vrf;? bDtdkpD? oHvrf;? uzl;auGU/ xdkuzl;auGUodkU a&mufvQif uRefawmfwdkU txu(3) a&SUyif jzpf\/ xdkacwfu uRefawmfwdkU ay;&aom um;crSm 15 jym;om jzpfonf/ xdktcsdefwGif uRefawmfu rkefUzdk; 1 usyf 25 jym;&í uRefawmfhnD ckepfwef; ausmif;om;uvnf; xdktwdkif; &ygonf/ xdkUaMumihf Z0erSwfwdkifrS uzl;auGU rSwfwdkif txd toGm; 15 jym;? tjyef (15)jym;? jym; (30) usonf/ um;ctrSeftwdkif; ay;vQif uRefawmfESifh nDjzpfol (95)jym;om usef\/ xdkUaMumihf uRefawmfhnDu toGm;jzpfap tjyefjzpfap um;cudk 10 jym;ESifh &atmif pD;avh &Sdonf/ 'grS (1)usyfjynfah tmif oloHk;&rSmudk;/ uRefawmfu (10)wef; qdkawmh vlysKdaygufp/ qHyifudk oyf&yfcsifonf/ tdkufwifudk tjynfh &Sdcsifonf/ odu©mudk &Suf&aumif;rSef; odaeNyD/ xdkUaMumihf uRefawmfonf um;ay:a&mufvQif txu(1)rSm qif;rnfh ausmif;om;rsm; (bk&m;vrf;rSm qifhrnfh ausmif;om;rsm;) a&SUwGif tdkufwif tjynfhESifh um;udk pD;wwfonf/ jyóemu uRefawmfnDom jzpf\/ olu uav;qdkawmh tdkufwif r&Sd? olUpdwfxJrSm wpfusyf tjynfhoHk;a&;om &Sdonf/ xdkpOfu ausmif;awGrSm rkefUa&mif;yHkuvnf; rkefU[if;cg; wpfyGJ jym; 50/ tokyf wpfyGJ wpfrwf/ (25)jym; ponfhjzifh jym;pGef; rcHEdkifaomaMumifh 95 jym;om usefvQif ol\ jym;(20)rSm bmrS pm;í r&awmh/ tJ'Dawmh olu toGm; jzpfap? tjyefjzpfap um;ckd; pD;\/ 'grS ol wpfusyf tjynfh oHk;&rSmudk;/ xdkpOfu um;py,f,m rsm;uvnf; vufrSwfESifh jzpfí tawmfvsifonf/ tckacwf py,f,mrsm; xdkacwfpy,f,mrsm;udk vHk;0rrDaMumif; uRefawmf ajym&Jonf/ (10)jym;ay;ol ESpfrSwfwdkifrSmqif;? 15 jym; av;rSwfwdkif/ jym; (20) wmarGtxd/ wmarGausmfvQif 25 jym;/ armfwiftxd jym;(40)acwfjzpf aomaMumifh olwdkU vsif&jcif;vnf; jzpfEidk fygonf/ wpfaeUawmh uRefawmfhnDu um;cdk; pD;onf/ 15 jym; ay;&rnfh vrf;udk 10 jym;ay;pD;jcif; jzpf\/ 'Dawmh vsifaom vufrSwfppfu rdonf/ ('Daumif b,fwkef; uwnf;u um;ckd;pD;aerSef; tdkufwifcH aeaom uRefawmf rod)/ vufrSwfppfu olUudk bDtdkpDrSm armif;csonf/ uRefawmfhnDuvnf; 5 jym;udk xyfray;? bDtdkpDrSm qif;oGm;\/ aeUpOf olESifh uRefawmf xdkum;wpfpif; r[kwf wpfpif; pD;&aomaMumihf odaeaom aumifrav;awGu uRefawmfhudk jyHK;Muonf/ uRefawmf awmfawmf &Sufygonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

29


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

ausmif;tjyef rSwfwdkifrSm awGUawmh uRefawmfh a'gou qdkzG,f&m r&Sdawmh/ 'Daumif uawmh reufuudpö olrvkyfovdkyif/ vmrnfh (13)um; tpdrf;udk vnfyif;&Snfatmif arQmfae\/ uRefawmf a'go jzpfoGm;onf/ ]] a[haumif rif;reufu bmjzpfvdkU um;cdk;pD; wmvJ }} ]] um;.. nDav; cdk;rpD;ygbl; }} ]] Z0eeJU uzl;auGUudk 15 jym; qdkwm odvsufom;eJU rif; bmjzpfvdkU (10)jym; ay;&wmvJ/ vufrSwf ppfu armif;csawmh ig odu©m uswm ayghuG }} nDjzpfolu uRefawmfh a'go pum;udk pdwf r0ifpm;? um;vm rvm arQmfvdkuf ao;\/ NyD;rS olu qufajym\/ ]] tJ'D vufrSwfu 15 jym;rS rwefwm }} ½kwfw&uf uRefawmf bmjyef ajym&rSef; rod/ olqdkvdkonfu ol 15 jym; ay;vdkufvQif vufrSwfppfu jyefay;aom teDa&mif vufrSwf uav;udk ajymaejcif; jzpfonf qdkwmudkawmh uRefawmf oabmaygufonf/ ]] [rif;udk tJ'Dvufrw S f 15 jym;eJU a&mif;wmrS r[kwfyJ }} ]] olu 'gyJ jyefay;wmudk; }} nDjzpfolu rausreyfjzifh ajym\/ nDjzpfolu xdkpm½Guf uav;udk 15 jym;jzifh 0,f&onf[k xifaeonf/ uRefawmfomjyef ajym&rSef; xdkpOfu rod/ trSefawmh nDjzpfol\ 0efaqmifrIudk xdk vufrSwfu oufaocHjcif;om jzpfonf/ odkUaomf 1982 ckESpfu xdk 0efaqmifrI qdkaom pum; ray:ao;/ 'Dawmh uRefawmf em;vnf ovdkyJ ajym&onf/ ]] a[haumif rif;udk 'DvufrSwf 15 jym;eJU a&mif;wm r[kwfbl;/ rif; Z0euae uzl;auGUudk a&mufzdkU olwdkU o,foGm;&wJh twGuf 15 jym; ,lwm }} uRefawmfh pum;qHk;awmh nDjzpfolu jyefajym\/ ]] tpfudkBuD;uvnf; uRefawmfrvdkuv f nf; olwdkUu 'Dum;udk 'Dae&mawGyJ armif;r,fh[m? bmjzpfvdkU uRefawmfhusrS ydkufqHawmif; &wmvJ }} xdkpOfu uRefawmfxdkpum;udk jyefrajzEdkifcJhyg/ olajymwm [kwfaeonf qdkwmudk uRefawmf awG;rdaomaMumifh jzpf\/ olydkufqHray;/ xdkum;ay: rwufvnf; 'Dum;BuD; uawmh 'Dae&mudk armif;rSmyJ jzpfonf/ 0efaqmifrIqw dk mudk uRefawmf xdkpOfu rodovdk uRefawmfhnDvnf; oabmrayguf/ wef&wefaMu;ray;í uRefawmfu tpfudktaeESifh &SufwmyJ &Sdonf/ nDjzpfou l dk bmrS jyefrajymEkdifcJh/ uRefawmfwdkU tck b0 um;ay:rSm pD;cJh MuNyD/ uRefawmfwdkU rpD;vnf; b0um;u xdkae&m xdkrSwfwdkifodkU oGm;rnfom jzpf\/ uRefawmf b,ftxd vufrSwfqkwfxm; ovJ? xdkae&m txdom pD;cGifh &Sdygonf/ vufrSwf ppfuawmh aocsm\/ rSwfwidk f tausmfcHvdrfhrnf r[kwfyg/ / a½Tjrifom *sme,f 5

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

30


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

ckefcsolrsm; uRefawmfonf um;taMumif;udk bmrS aoaocsmcsm od&Sdol wpfa,muf r[kwfaomfvnf; uRefawmf aexdkifaom jynfom,m vrf;wavQmufvHk;rSm um;q&m? um;orm;? um;tHkem tawmfrsm; ygonf/ natmufqdkuf qGJum jyefvmaom bwfpfum;BuD;rsm;rSm tdrfrsm;udk OD;wdkufí wpfaeukef armyef;vmol wpfa,mufvdk Nidrfoufem;ae wwfMuonf/ xdktcsdefqdkvQif uRefawmfwdkU oli,fcsif;rsm; um;ay:wufum pum;ajym? aq;vdyfc;dk aomuf? *pfwmwD; pojzifh vkyfwwfMuonf/ aqmif;wGif;reuf t½kPfwuf tcsdefwdkUwGif tdyf&mxJwGif aEG;onfxufaEG;atmif auG;&if; wpfpif;NyD;wpfpif; pufEdI;um w*sKdif;*sKdif; xGufoGm;wwfaom xdkbwfpfum;oHrsm;udk uRefawmf Zdrf,lum em;axmifwwf\/ uRefawmfrS vGJí usefoli,fcsif; tm;vHk;uawmh um;ESifh &if;ESD;Mu\/ uRefawmfh oli,fcsif;rsm;rSm um;armif;ol\om;? tHkemom;? wl pojzifh &SdMuonf/ bmrS rawmfolawGuvnf; xdkoli,fcsif;rsm; um;EIdufonfhtcg 0ifEIduf&if; pufqDawG pufacs;awG ayum aysmf½Tif aewwf Muonf/ uRefawmfh oli,fcsif;rsm; tdrfa&SU jynfom,mvrf;rwGif ajy;qGJaeaom eHygwf 14 bwfpfum;rsm;udk rjrif&ao;aomfvnf; toHMum;½HkESifh um;eHygwfudk tvGwf& Muonf/ yguifoHESifh csufyvuf toHudkvnf; cGJEdkifMu\/ uRefawmfuawmh rnfodkUrS BudK;pm;ír&/ uRefawmfh twGufawmh um;pufoH? um;[Gef;oHwdkUonf tm;vHk; twlwlom jzpf\/ bmrS ruGJjym;/ xdkbwfpfum;BuD;rsm;ESifh ywfowfí uRefawmfwdkU vli,favmuwGif *kPf,lavh&Sdaom uRrf;usifrI ESpfck &Sdavonf/ wpfckrSm rnfrQ tjrefEIef;ESifh armif;aeaom um;yifjzpfap? aemufbuf taygufrS yHkpHrysuf wG,fpD;Edkifjcif;ESifh xdkt&SdefESifh armif;aeaom um;ay:rS [efrysuf ckefcsEdkifMujcif;yif jzpfonf/ ,ck jyefawG;MunfhvQif bmrS ajymyavmufonfh udpörsKd; r[kwfaomfvnf; vli,fb0wGifawmh xdkodkU vkyfEdkifolonf yDbd ol&Jaumif;[k txif &SdMuonf/ uRefawmfwdkU oli,fcsif; trsm;pk aeMuaom ae&monf txu(2) ausmif;a&SU rSwfwdkifESifh Z0erSwfwdkif tMum;wGif jzpfonf/ uRefawmfu &efukefrS pD;vmvQif ausmif;a&SUrSwfwidk frSm qif;csifqif;? odkUr[kwf Z0erSwfwidk fwGif qif;avh &Sdrnf/ uRefawmfh oli,fcsif;awG uawmh &efukefrS jyefvmvQifvnf; ausmif;a&SU rSwfwdkifwGif rqif;? jynfom,mvrf;ESifh aZmwdu vrf;qHk&m uRefawmfwdkU tdrfa&SUwGif ukef;qif; t&SdefESifh armif;oGm;aom um;ay:rS [efrysuf ckefqif;um aecJhMu\/ uRefawmf a&mufvmawmh olwdkUu a½TnmqdkifrSm vufzuf&nf rSmNyD;om; jzpfaewwfonf/ tpydkif;rSm xdkodkU ckefrqif;wwfaom uRefawmfhudk tjypfwifavh &SdMuaomfvnf; Mumvmawmh olwdkU 'Dvdk aoaooyfoyf ckefcswwfwmvnf; obm0 jzpfav\/ xdkodkU ckefqif;onfhudk Munfh&onfrSm awmfawmf tonf;,m;p&m aumif;ygonf/ uRefawmfwdkU jynfom,mvrf; ukef;qif;onf wmarGukef;avmuf rrwfaomfvnf; ajyonfhc&D;u Mum&Snfojzifh ukef;qif;wpf0ufwGif um;t&Sdefu awmfawmfudk jrefonf/ xdkUtjyif uRefawmfwdkacwfu 0wfpm; qif,ifyHku tuÐsvuf&Snf? vHcsnfajczsm;axG;ESifh OD;xkyf cyfidkufikdufpwdkvf jzpf\/ jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

31


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

vHkcsnfajczsm;axG;udk ajczrdk;ay:½Hk qGJrum udk,fudk0yfvsuf ckefcs&if; vufwpfzufu ppfOD;xkyfudk tomzdxm; ao;onf/ Munfh&wm awmfawmf tonf;,m;p&maumif;\/ odkUaomf uRefawmfh oli,fcsif; rsm;uawmh avxD;ppfom;awGvdk wzsyfzsyf ckefcsum um;vrf;ray:rSm t&SdefESifh oHk;av;vSrf;ajy;um usef&pfcJhwwfonf/ uRefawmfu xHk;pHtwdkif; jyefvrf;avQmuf/ jynfom,m vrf;ronf ukef;qif;jzpfonfh tjyif vrf;uvdrfum b,fbufodkU tenf;i,f auGUapmif;um &Sdonf/ ukef;qif;NyD;p t&Sdef&cgpae&mwGif csKdifhBuD;wpfck &Sd&m bwfpfum;wdkif; xdkae&mwGif 0kef;'dkif;tjrJ ckefwwfavonf/ twufum;qdk jyóem r&Sdaomfvnf; tqif;um;awGuawmh w'kef;'kef; w'dkif;'dkif; jrnfum qif;oGm;avh &Sdonf/ xdkaeUu paeaeU aeUv,fcif;jzpfonf/ aeomaomaeU jzpfojzifh uRefawmfwdkU aZmwdurf;a&SUrSm vlpHk\/ naecif; ae0ifcgprdkU aumifrav;awG tdrfwGif;ykef;awG vrf;ovm;jcif;? tdrfa&SUxGufxidk fjcif; wdkUjzifh jynfom,mvrf; pnfum;aecsdef jzpfonf/ uRefawmfvnf; oli,fcsif;awG ESifhtwl vrf;ab; vufzuf&nfqdkifrSm xdkifum ae\/ xdktcsdefwGif txu(2)bufrS umwpfpif;ay:um vm\/ naeav;em&D NrdKUxJtjyefum; jzpfojzifh vl&Sif;um ukef;qif;twdkif; t&Sdefjzifh w0kef;0kef; w'dkif;'dkif; ajy;um vm\/ aemufrSm um;wpfpif; ygvmojzifh twif;armif;vmjcif; jzpfonf/ aemufum;uvnf; twif;vdkuf vm\/ um;wpfpif;ESifh wpfpif; uyfvsuf &Sdonf/ um;vrf;rrS toHrsm;aMumihf uRefawmfwdkU vSnfhMunfh onfhtcg aemufum;ay:rS Edkif0if;[k ac:aom oli,fcsif; wpfOD;u vufvSrf;um jy\/ 'Davmuf um;zdkufaeaom t&SdefrmS ckefcsí vJvQif.... xdkpOfrSmyif ukef;qif;csKdifhxJodkU um;bD;awGusum 0kef;ceJ ajrmufwuf oGm;Mu\/ oli,fcsif;vnf; aemufwG,fcHkwGif wG,fxm;&mrS ajrmufwuf oGm;\/ 'kef;ceJ jyefusawmh b,fvdkjzpfonf rod/ oli,fcsif; vHkcsnfu tyHkvdkuf uRwfum avxJ 0JvGifhum oGm;\/ oli,fcsif; wifyg; tazG;om;ESifh ikwfwkwfxdkifum atmf&if;[pf&if; ygoGm;onf/ ]][dk;xm;? um;&yf? um;&yf}} atmfaomfvnf; a&SUum; aZmuyfaeaom um;q&mwdkUu rMum;Muawmh/ uRefawmfwdkU tm;vHk; cPaMumifae&mrS wifyg;tazG;om;ESifh ygoGm;aom oli,fcsif;aemufodkU ! vHkcsnfaumufum ajy;vdkuf&\/ Z0erSwfwdkifudk um;u t&ifa&mufEiS fh ojzifh &Smawmh vlawG SK I 0dkif;Munfh aeaom um;vrf;reHab; a&ajrmif;xJrSm cEÆmudk,f atmufydkif;udk ESpfxm;um atmf[pfac:R N aeaom oli,fcsif;udk awGUMu &onf/ W um;&yf&yfcsif; t&Sufudk umuG,f&ef a&&Sdaeaom ajrmif;xJ atmufydkif;udk ESpfx r Om;&jcif; u o wdkUudkyif jzpfvdrfhrnf/ uRefawmfwdkU olUvHkcsnf ay;awmh vHkcsnfudk acgif;rS pGyfcsum uRefaywmf t rapmifhawmh/ ajy;avonf/ olawmfygonf/ uRefawmfom qdkvQif owdvufvaGwf rTefxlum e b bmvkyf&rSef; odrnf r[kwf/ l il xdk oli,fcsif; 10 &ufavmuf tdrfxJu tdrfjyifrxGuf? xGwfwmES ifh olUudk tm;vHk;u w k 0dkif;&,fMu ajymMu pMuESifh &Sdwwfonf/ oo b xdktjzpfaMumifh um;ay:u ckefqif;olawG wpfywfavmuf NidrfoGmi;\/ s h t odyfrMumyg/ uRefawmfwdkU tdrfa&SUrSm wzsyfzsyf ckefqif; olawG f udk jyefawGU &avonf/ /

l

a re ci

e us

o

0,folUpdwfBudKuf *sme,f 4

m

m Co jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

32


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

um;wpfpif;aMumifh tonf;uGJ um;wpfpif;jzifh vl&m0ifcJhaom uRefawmfonf um;wpfpif;aMumihf tonf;uGJchJ zl;ygonf/ uHMur®monf wpfcgwpf&H tuGufaphaph vSnfhpm; wwfonf/ Computer Game wpfckvdk pepfwus &SdvSonf/ 9 wef;ESpfa&mufawmh uRefawmf &ifcek f wwfaeNyD/ bmaMumifh r[kwf/ oli,fcsif; rdef;uav; wpfa,mufESifh pum; ajym&wm? twl&Sdae&wmudk om,mrdonf/ xdkrdef;uav;udk oabmusíawmh r[kwf? bmrSef;vnf; rod? auseyf aewwfonf/ xdkESpfwGif uRefawmfhpdwfxJu usdwfí BudKufaeaom rdef;uav;rSm wpfausmif;vHk;u usdwfí BudKufaeaom cifoufMuL [laom aumifrav; wpfa,muf jzpfonf/ cifoufMuLonf tom;jzLjzL rsufESm 0dkif;0dkif;? yg;csKdifhuav;ESifh EIwfcrf; ay:ay: rsufvHk;vSvS &Sdum pE´myHk qHyifn§yf xm;\/ wpfausmif;vHk;eD;yg; rdef;uav;awG pE´myHk qHyifxm;Mu aomfvnf; cifoufMuL rsufESmESifh xdkqHyifyHkrSm tvdkufqHk;[k uRefawmf xifonf/ odkUaomf cifoufMuL\ rsufvHk;vSvSav;awGu pdrf;um;pl;&Sonf/ olrEIwfcrf;uav;u tjrJwrf; wif;aphum xm;\/ pE´myHk olUqHyif ukyf0J uav;udk vufacsmif; jzLjzL azmif;azmif; uav;awGESifh qwfceJ cgwifvdkufvQif uRefawmfwdkU tonf;at;um olUtem; ruyf&J jzpfMu&onf/ odkUaomf tdyfrufxJrSm cifoufMuLu olUqHyifawGudk 0JoGm;atmif cgum uRefawmfhudk yg;csKdifhuav; cGufoGm;atmif jyHK;um jy\/ ][Jh &J0if; vmav} [kac:onf/ rsufvHk;awGu &Da0 ½Tef;vuf csKdtDum ae\/ tdyfrufu vefUEdk;awmh &ifxJrSm av;eifhNyD; wpfrsKd;BuD; jzpfum aeonf/ reufvif;awmh vG,ftdwfav;av;BuD;udk vG,fum acgif;iHUk &if; ausmif;odkU vm&onf/ twef;xJ a&mufawmh rsufvHk;pdrf;pdrf; EIwfcrf; wif;wif;aphxm;aom cifoufMuLudk aphaph rMunfh&J/ &ifxJrSm armum ae\/ cifoufMuLudk w&m;0ifBudKufaMumif; today;ol rSeforQ q&mr BudrfvHk; (odkUr[kwf) ½Hk;cef; a&muf&onf uom rsm;avonf/ cifoufMuLonf olUudk cspfonf [laom pum; wpfcGef; twGuf rnfolUudkrQ n§mwm oem;jcif;? em;vnfcJhjcif; r&Sd? &ufpufpGm wHkUjyef wwfonf/ xdkodkU cifoufMuL &uf&ufpufpuf rmeBuD;jcif;rSm um;wpfpif;ESifh ywfoufonf[k uRefawmf wpfxpfcs ,HkMunf xm;onf/ uRefawmfwdkU i,fpOfu um;wpfpif;udk ydkifqdkifonf [laom t"dyÜm,fonf jynfhpHk<u,f0 csrf;omonf [laom t"dyÜm,fudk twdtus trdt& aqmifavonf/ omref vlwef;pm;wGif um;wpfpif; ydkif½dk;xHk;pH r&Sd? uRefawmf (10)wef; txd aygif;oif;cJh &aom oli,fcsif;rsm; xJwGif um;ydkifol wpfOD;rQ r&SdcJhzl;acs/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

33


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

uRefawmf cspf&ygaom cifoufMuLrSmawmh pvHk; eHygwf zD;,ufuav; wpfpif;udk ydkifonf/ wpfywfrSm 3 &ufavmuf olrudk xdkum;uav;jzifh tBudKtydkU vkyfwwfonf/ wpfcgwpf&H q&mr 3 OD;cefU ygvmwwf\/ um;wHcg;udk qGJzGiv fh dkufaom cifoufMuL\ rsufESmrmrmudk ausmif;om;aygif; rsm;pGm ESifhtwl uRefawmf ai;zl;onf/ xdktcsdefwGif cifoufMuLonf usm;opfr aygufpuav; ESifhvnf; wlygonf/ tqdyfjyif;ygonf [laom vQmESpfcG &Sdonfh a>ra[mufESifhvnf; wl\/ xdkvQmESpfoG,fonf wpfzufu vSyjcif;? wpfzufu um;ydkifjcif;/ cifoufMuLudk csNyD; armif;xGufoGm;aom pvHk;eHygwf zD;,uf um;uav;udk ai;armol awmfawmf rsm;ygonf/ uRefawmfuawmh xdkt&mudk um;[krjrif? cifoufMuL\ BudKaeus tBudKxm;aeus rmeESifh uRefawmfwdkU ckefwwfí r&aom r[mwHwdkif;/ uRefawmf txu(2) oCFef;uRef;\ yGJawmf&ufrsm;wGif cifoufMuLudk q&mrsm;? ta>ct&Hrsm;ESifh um;ay:u qif;vmwm jrifzl;onf r[kwfvm;/ tjyefwGif ausmif;tkyf q&mrBuD;udk wifum xdkum;uav; xGufoGm;onfudk jrifcJhzl;onf r[kwfvm;/ cifoufMuL rajymESifh? cifoufMuL\ um;udk ausmif;oGm;ausmif;jyef twl pD;cGifh&aom aX;aX;0if;? rsKd;rsKd;aqGESihf jzLjzLwdkUyifvQif wpfausmif;vHk;rSm rnfolUudkrQ *½krpdkufovdk rsufESmxm;awG rmaewwfonf r[kwfvm;/ cifoufMuL tm;vHk;udk &ufpufaejcif; rmeBuD;aejcif;rSm xdkum;aMumifh[k uRefawmf xifonf/ cifoufMuLrsufvHk;awGu xdkzD;,uf um;uav;vdk pdrf;onf/ cifoufMuL EIwfcrf;awGu xkdzD;,uf um;uav; a&SUrsufESmvdk rJhí aeonf/ xdkum;ay: wufxdkifNyD; wHcg;udk *sdrf;ceJ ydwfvdkufvQif uRefawmfwdkUESifh cifoufMuLonf urÇm jcm;í oGm;\/ cifoufMuLudk xdk pvHk;eHygwf zD;,uf um;uav; vmrBudKaom aeUwGif pum;vdkufajymum vufqGJNyD; pmay;aom (p)tcef;rS ieJwpfa,muf ausmif;xkwfcH &NyD;onfh aemufwGif cifoufMuLrSm uRefawmfwdkUESifh tawmfa0; oGm;onf/ olr rsufvHk;ESifh EIwfcrf;rsm; ydkí wif;rm cufxefMu[efvnf; &onf/ uRefawmfwdkU cspfaomfvnf; xkwnf BuD;rm; tiftm; aumif;vSaom cifoufMuLudk rBudK;pm;&Jawmh/ odkUaomf uRefawmf cifoufMuLudkawmh rrkef;/ olUzD;,ufum; udkawmh t&rf; rkef;onf/ cifoufMuL ighudk rcspfwm xdkum;aMumifh[k uRefawmf twyf odonf/ pdwfxJrSm pGJí aeonf/ cifoufMuLudk cspfaMumif; pum;vdkufajym&ef rqdkxm;ESifh? rsufESm&dyfawmifrS rjy&Jaom uRefawmfonf olUzD;,ufum; udkawmh trkef;BuD; rkef;vdkuf\/ xdkUtwGuf uRefawmf abmufpf0uf*Gefum; wpfpif; &Sdonf[k b,fawmhrS pdwful; r,Of/ cifoufMuLu olUum;uav;ay:odkU uRefawmfhudk jyHK;&,fum wifac:oGm;onf[kom pdwful;,OfcJh zl;onf/ odkUaomf uRefawmfum; olrum;udk rkef;onf/ ]] cifoufMuLu olUrSm um;&SdvdkU igwdkUudk rkef;wmuG }} cifoufMuLudk uRefawmfhvdk usdwfcspfaeolawGu uRefawmfhpum;udk rsufvHk;jyL;um em;axmif aeMu\/ ]] cifoufMuLrSm tJ'Dum;&SdvdkU 'Davmuf jzpfaewmuG/ olrajymeJU? ab;u uyfpD;wJh vlawGawmif Munfhygvm;/ 'Dum;om r&Sd&if ol'Davmuf r[kwfbl;/ um;aMumifh igtJ'Dum;udk rkef;w,fuG }} odyfhrpnf;½Hk;&? cifoufMuLudk cspfum pdwfxJu ydk;aeol tm;vHk; uRefawmfh pum;qHk;awmh xdkum;udk rkef;oGm; Mu\/ vlolcyif; &NyDqdkawmh uRefawmf OD;aqmifum MuHpnfonf/ ]] 'Dum;udk jyóem &Smr,fuGm? bD; avavQmhr,f? uefr,f }} jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

34


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

aemufqHk; uRefawmf jr§LqG,frIaMumihf um;rkef;aeol 3 OD; &\/ ausmif;rqif;cif cifoufMuLudk vmBudKaomum;a&mufum vm\/ um;'½dkifbmBuD; cParS;aewkef; uRefawmfwdkU twef;xJrS vpfxGufum xdkum;bD;awG tm;vHk;udk avavQmh Muonf/ xdkUaemuf um; body udk tm;&SdorQ usKH;uefum uRefawmfwdkU vpfajy; Muonf/ odkUaomf ausmif;qif;csdef rwdkifrD uRefawmfwdkUrSef; odum oGm;\/ uRefawmfwdkU av;a,muf ausmif;rqif;&/ rsufESm rmxefum uRefawmfwdkUudk rkef;wD;aeaom cifoufMuLESifh q&mBuD; ½Hk;cef;rSm qHk&onf/ 12;30 rSm ausmif;wufaom rlvwef;awG pmoifcsdet f xd q&m^q&mr av;a,mufu ppfar;um aemufqHk; uRefawmf w&m;cH[k rSwfcsuf csMu\/ cifoufMuL uRefawmfwdkUudk rmxefrkef;wD;pGm rsufapmif; xdk;&if; csmceJ wpfzufodkU vSnfh\/ ]] rif;u bmjzpfvdkU um;udk bD;awG avavQmhNyD; uef&wmvJ }} uRefawmf tonf;i,fum yg;pyf ydwfum xm;\/ bmrS ajymrxGuf? &ifxJrSm 0rf;enf;onf/ odkUaomf olrum;armif;í r&awmhjcif;ESifh cifoufMuL ESifhtwlwl cyfMumMum &Sdae&jcif; twGufawmh aysmfonf/ ]] ajymavuGm }} q&mBuD; toHaMumifh uRefawmf tonf;wkef&if; rsuf&nf 0dkif;um vm\/ uRefawmf BudK;pm;um toHudk n§pfxkwf &onf/ cifoufMuL\ uRefawmfhudk rkef;aeaom rsufvHk;udkvnf; awGU&onf/ ]] uRef ... uRefawmf tJ'Dum;udk rkef;vdkUyg q&mBuD; }} ]] bmuG? um;udk rkef;vdkU }} rsuf&nf0Jum vmaom uRefawmf tvkdtavsmuf owåd0ifum tm;vHk;udk 0efc\ H / owåd&SdpGm uRefawmfom acgif;aqmif jzpfaMumif; b,fvdk wm0ef,l 0efcHrdrSef; rod/ xdkum;udk rkef;aMumif; cifoufMuL a&SUrSm ajym&wmudk auseyf aecJhonf/ aemufqHk; usefoHk;a,mufudk vTwfum ausmif;tkyf q&mBuD;u uRefawmfh wifyg;udk 5 csufwD;NyD; twef;ydkif q&mru oHk;csuf vufudk aqmfonf/ uRefawmhfudk ½dkufNyD;onf txd cifoufMuLu Munfhaeum aemufqHk; avjyefxdk;NyD; oGm;aom olUum;av;ESifh xGufcGmí oGm;onf/ t½dkufcH&aom wifyg;ESifh vufz0g;xuf um;wpfpif;aMumifh &aom uRefawmfh tonf;xJu 'Pf&mu ydkí emonf/ xdkUaemuf cifoufMuLudka&m olUum;udkyg uRefawmf vSnfhrMunfhawmh/ xdkodkUum;wpfpif;aMumifh uRefawmf tonf;uGJzl;\/ um;udkvnf;rkef;oGm;\/ um;&Sdonfh rdef;uav; rsm;ESifh vlrsm;udkvnf; rkef;onfhpdwfudk awmfawmfMumMumrS uRefawmf arhazsmuf EkdifcJhygonf/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 6

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

35


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

um;iSm;pD;ol wpfa,muftaMumif; uRefawmf &Hzef&Hcg uutiSm;um;rsm;udk iSm;pD;avh &Sdygonf/ uu(tiSm;um;) iSm;pD;&jcif;\ t"du &nf½G,fcsufrSm tcsdefudk 0,f,ljcif;om jzpfygonf/ wpfcgwpf&H udk,foGm;rnfh vrf;c&D;u vdkif;um;ESifh oGm;vQif &aomfvnf; rSwfwdkifwdkif;wGif &yfum c&D;onfwifavh apmifhavh &Sdaom? owfrSwfxm;onfh vrf;c&D;uom oGm;&aomaMumifh vdkif;um;onf tcsdefMumwwf ygonf/ tiSm;um;pD; onhftcg xdk'ku©ESpfrsKd;rS vGwfuif; ygonf/ udk,foGm;csifonhf ae&modkU a&mufatmif jzwfvrf;u ydkUay;wwf ojzifh tcsdefukef oufom ygonf/ ta&;wBuD; csdef;qkdxm;wm r&SdvQif uRefawmf vdkif;um;udkyJ pD;wwf ygonf/ wpfavmu 0,folU pdwfBudKuf *sme,fwGif tiSm;um; q&m wpfa,muf a&;xm;aom pmwpfyk'fudk zwf&\/ um;q&mwdkU\ 'ku©rsm; jzpfonf/ um;q&mrsm;rSm 'ku©&Sdovdk um;pD;ol rsm;rSmvnf; 'ku© &Sdavonf/ pD;ol jzpfaomaMumifh armif;ol jzpfaomaMumifh r[kwf? vl\ pdwf"mwfESio fh m qdkifygonf/ uRefawmfvnf; tvkyf oabmESifh tcsdeftcgt& rMumcP tiSm;um;pD;&aom tawGUtMuHKxJrSm a&;p&m uav;awG &Sdyg\/ um;q&mrsm; raumif;[k uRefawmf rqdkcsifyg/ aumif;aom um;q&mrsm;udk MuHKzl;ovdk qd;k aom &rf;aom um;q&mrsm; ESifhvnf; awGUzl;yg\/ ! wpfcgu um;a&SUcef;rSm pD;&if; a&SU'ufbkw(f &Sf)ay:rSm uRefawmfhZmwfnTef; File udk K wifxm;cJhonf/ tdrfa&SU a&mufawmh xHk;pHtwdkif; arhum um;c&Sif;NyD; qif;onf/ tdrfa&mufonf IS txdvnf; owdr&? xrif;pm;NyD;csdefrS um;q&mu tdrfa&SUjyefa&muf vmum [Gef;wD;onf/R N xGufMunfhawmh uRefawmfh File usefcJhí jyefvmay;aMumif; ajymonf/ W uRefawmf awmfawmf tHhMoum 0rf;omoGm; &onf/ xdk File om aysmufvQif aemuf r O aeU u bmqufvkyf &rnf qkdwm rawG;wwf? um;q&mu A[ef;em;a&mufrS owdxm;rd yoí odum t jyefvmay;onf[k qdkonf/ um;cxyfay; awmhvnf; r&/ udpör&Sdbl; [k ajymume avufum jyNyD; armif;ajy; oGm;\/ aus;Zl;wifp&m awmfawmf aumif;ygonf/ ll b i w xdkodkU um;q&mrsKd;udk awGUzl;ovdk.../ k o xdkaeUu uRefawmf n 10;15 cefU AdkvfcsKyfvrf; (yef;qdk;wef;) owHwm;em;rSm um;iSm;onf/ b yxr vrf;ay:rSm armif;oGm;aom um;rsm;udk iSm;jcif; jzpfNyD; ig;rdepfiscefU wpfpif;rS r&yfaomaMumifh th vmNyD; uRefawmfESifh teD;qHk; Taxi qdkif;bkwfrD; zGifhum &yfxm;aom um;2pif; &Sd&modkU avQmuf f eo um;wpfpif;udk ]um;tm;ovm;cifAs} [k ar;&onf/ s lu ]] b,foGm;rSmvJ }} a i ]] ok0PÖ oGm;aumvdyfem; }} erc

m

m Co

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

36


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

um;q&mu rJhí wjcm;bufodkU vSnfhonf/ uRefawmfhudk pum;yif jyefrajym/ oloGm;csifaombuf ESifh uRefawmf oGm;csifaom ae&m rudkuf[k udk,fhbmom em;vnfum a&SUwHcg;zGifhum xm;aom 'kwd, um;wpfpif;xH ar;&jyef\/ ]] oGm;aumvdyf wpfa,mufwnf;vm; }} ]] [kwfuJh }} ]] ig;&m }} uRefawmf wpfcsuf pOf;pm; &onf/ awmif;onhfaps;u rsm;ae\/ 35 vrf;rS uRefawmftjyef rdk;csKyfwdkif; um;iSm;pD;avh &Sdonf/ 350? 400 ay;&wwfonf/ xdkaps;u yHkreS f jzpf\/ ]] 400 xm;ygvm;? uRefawmf jyefaeusyg }} ]] tcsdefvnf; MunfhOD;av ajymwJhaps;yJ/ iSm;csif&ifiSm;? oGm;prf;yguGm um;vrf;ay:u um;udkyJ oGm; iSm;prf;yg }} olUpum;aMumihf uRefawmfhpw d fxJ awmfawmfa'go xGufoGm;onf/ uRefawmf yxr um;vrf;ay:u um;awGudk wm;aejcif;? olUqD t&ifrvmbJ wpfzufum;qD t&ifoGm;jcif; wdkUudk olu rauseyf jzpfaeyHk &\/ xdkodkU qdkvQifvnf; ravQmhEdkif[k ajymvQif NyD;ygonf/ uRefawmfhudk ESifvTwf armif;vTwfp&m rvdk/ awmfawmf ½dkif;onfh tjyKtrl jzpf\/ uRefawmf pdwfudk xdef;um jyefvmNyD; um;vrf;ay:u um;udkom wm;&\/ cPMumawmh um;wpfpif; &onf/ oGm;aumvdyf 300 wJh/ uRefawmfwdkU aps;pum;udk olMum;ygonf/ uRefawmfum;xJ 0ifxdkifNyD; um;xGufawmh ... ]] awmfawmfcG uswJhaumifawGvnf; &Sdao;wmud;k rat ... awG }} [laom toHudk Mum;&\/ uRefawmfh um;q&m uawmh Mum;[efrwl/ uRefawmf jyefajymjyawmh um;q&mu &,fonf/ ]] wpfcgwav 'DvdkyJ tpfudk&m? uRefawmf uawmh wpfc&D;wnf; oGm;r,fh vlawGyJ ajyvnf auseyfwm aumif;ygw,f }} ]] at;Asm em&D0ufavmufyJ awGUMuayr,fh pdwfcsrf;omwm ydkaumif; ygw,f }} um;q&m ajymwm rSefyg\/ em;vnf odwwfolESifh c&D; twloGm;&jcif; onfvnf; r*Fvm wpfyg;yif jzpf\/ aemufwpfcg MuHK&onfh um;q&m usawmh wpfrsKd;/ um;xdk;&yfNyD; oGm;csifonfh ae&majymawmh 400 [k ajymonf/ 350 xm;ygvm; qdkawmh bmrS rpOf;pm;? udk,fh nDtpfudkawGyJAsm wuf? avmuBuD;u aewwf&if auseyfp&mcsnf;yJ bmnm tm;&yg;& ½Tef;½Tef;a0 ajym\/ um;armif;oGm;&if; eHab;u ,SOfarmif;aom udk,fydkifum;xJrS aumifrav;udk rSnfhw,f tcspfuav; atmf\/ yvufazmif;ay: avQmufoGm;onfh aumifrav;awG aemufydkif;udkvnf; olUpdwf tcHjzifh wpfckrusef tuJjzwf jyef\/ uRefawmfhudkvnf; pum; ajymonf/ 'DavmufqdkvQif tawGUtMuHKt& uRefawmf wdwfwdwfaeum um;pD; &rnf qdkwm odNyD jzpfonf/ ykZGefawmifa&mufawmh udk,fhq&mu rSwfwdkifu vlawGudk ok0PÖ pHjyaps; atmfum wifzdkU BudK;pm;onf/ uRefawmfhudk wpfpHkwpf&m cGifhawmif;jcif; r&Sd? uRefawmf wm;&ef yg;pyfr[&ao;rD olUtoHaMumifh um;xJodkU vlawG ajy;0ifum xdkifaeMuNyD jzpf\/ vGwfvGwfvyfvyf at;at;aq;aq; jyefcsifojzifh um;iSm;pD;aom uRefawmfhpw d fxJ awmfawmf rausreyf jzpf&onf/ uRefawmfhudk BudKwif cGifhawmif;vQif udpör&Sd? uRefawmf iSm;xm;csdefwGif olUum;udk uRefawmf cPydkifonf qdkwmudk em;vnf&JUvm; rod? odkUaomf tdrfjyefcsifaeol c&D;onfrsm; twGuf uRefawmf onf;cHvdkuf ygonf/ odkUaomf q&morm;u xdkrQESifh r&yf/ jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

37


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] a,mufzBuD;a& 'Dbuf enf;enf;wdk; vdkufygvm;/ vmabmf'gBuD;wuf }} uRefawmf pD;onfh acgif;cef; udkyg vlwpfa,mufwifawmh uRefawmf onf;rcHEdkifawmh/ ]] udk,hfq&m a&SUcef;udkyg wif&ifawmh vGefNyD xifw,fAsm }} ]] [m a,mufzBuD;&m em;vnf ay;prf;yg/ 'DacwfrSm 'DvdkrS vkyfrpm;&if b,fvdk tqifajy rSmvJ? r[kwfbl;vm;? aemf abmf'gwdkU rdk;½Gmwkef; a&cHwm tcsif;csif;yJAsm? em;vnf ay;prf;yg/ abmf'gvmwuf }} ]] vlwifr,fqdk BudKajymoifhw,f? xm;awmhck a&SUcef;yg qdkawmh r[kwfawmhbl;? uRefawmfu cifAsm;um;udk iSm;xm;wm? a&SUcef;yg qdkawmh r[kwfawmhbl;/ uRefawmfu cifAsm;um;udk iSm;xm;wm a&SUcef;awmh r&bl;Asm }} uRefawmfwdkU pum;oHaMumifh a&SUcef; wufrnfh yk*¾dKvfu awGa0 oGm;[ef wl\/ ]] [m a,mufzBuD; uvnf;uGm 'Hk;ra0;prf;ygeJU? ajyajyvnfvnfaygh? wufwuf abmf'gBuD;wuf }} oltwif; wufckdif;ojzifh tjyifu yk*¾dKvfuvnf; tdrfjyef a&mufzdkUom t"du xm;um usefwm uRefawmfwdkU jyóem[k oabmxm;vdkuf ovm; rod? ZGwfwufxdkif\/ ]] 'gyJaygh tm;vHk; tdrfjyefa&muf &r,f abmf'gwdkU um;c wpfa,muf wpf&maemf }} *D,m xdk;&if; aysmf½TifpGm atmfaom olUpum;aMumifh aemufcHkrSm usyfusyfwnf;wnf; ig;a,mufxdkif aeolrsm;xHrS toHawG xGufvm Mu\/ pD;aeus ig;q,f .../ wifaeus ig;q,fyJ/ vdSrfhNyD;p um;bD;udk olu &yfum wpf&m ... [k jiif;onf/ NyD;awmh ... ]] abmf'gwdkU&m udk,fh rdef;r udk,fhom;orD; rsufESmudk apmapm jrif&rSm? ig;q,fudk Munfhovm; tm;vHk; OK tdrf ta&muf ydkUay;rSm }} odkUaomfr&/ 50 ESifh 100 atmfMu&if; um;xJrSvlawG jyefqif;Mu\/ uRefawmf usdwfí 0rf;omonf/ odkUaomf a&SUcef;u yk*¾dKvfum; rqif;/ um;ay:rS qif;oGm;olawGu rausreyf? apmapm BudKajym ygvm; bmnm ajymaeMu\/ um;q&mu tdrfjyefcsif olawG tay: ae&may;í tEdkifusifh olom jzpfonf/ ]] abmf'gBuD;u oGm;rSm aemf }} eHab;u yk*¾dKvfu acgif;wpfcsuf ndwf\/ ]] a&SUcef; 150 aemf? aemufcef;u 100 }} eHab;u yk*¾dKvfu a'gojzifh vSnfhum Munfh\/ xdkpOf aemufbufrS 'dkifemwpfpif; xdk;&yfum vm\/ ok0PÖ aps;av; ... / vlawG a0gceJ ajy;oGm;Muonf/ a&SUcef;u q&mvnf; bmpum;rS jyefajymraeawmh? wHcg;zGifhum vpf\/ wHcg;yif jyefydwf roGm;/ uRefawmf wHcg; jyefydwfay;um touf00 ½SL&if; pD;u&uf wpfvdyfxkwfum rD;n§dNyD; zGmonf/ aemufu 'dkifemu wpfa,muf ESpfq,fjzifh tukefwifonf/ udk,fhq&m pdwf"mwf usum armif;xGuf\/ um;u t&Sdef&um ajy;aeonf/ um;xJrSm uRefawmfwdkU wdwfqdwf aeMu\/ toif;wdkuf? ½Hk;av;? ajcmufvrf;a&mufawmh udk,fhq&mu pum;pajymonf/ ]] awmfawmf cG uswJhaumifawGAsm? avmuBuD;rSm BuD;Edkifi,fn§if;yJ abmf'g? b,folrS b,folUudk riJhbl;/ em;vnfrI r&SdMubl;/ awmfawmf pdwfysufzdkU aumif;w,f/ cGifaumif;udk rdNyD;rSAsm 'geJU abmf'guvnf; awmfawmf vmbfwdwfwJhvyl J }} wJh/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 8

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

38


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

um;iSm;pD;ol wpfa,muftaMumif; (2) uRefawmfMuHKcJhonfh um;pD;ol wpfa,muf tcuftcJawGudk ajymjyawmh um;q&mu jyHK;avonf/ ]] uRefawmfuawmh wpfrsKd;yJAs/ uRefawmfhum;udk iSm;NyD;&if aemufxyf vlrwifawmhbl;/ uRefawmf auseyfvdkU oGm;EdkifwJh aps;&NyD;NyDyJ/ aemufwifp&m rvdkawmhbl;? oabmwpfcku aps;rwnfh&ifawmh vdkufcsifrS vdkufr,fAsm }} 'DaeU um;q&muawmh vkyEf dkifwmudkom ajymaomol jzpf&rnf/ uRefawmfpD;vmpOf ok0PÖvrf; wpfavQmuf um;iSm;ol oH;k av;a,mufudk awGUyg\/ udk,fhq&mu jyHK;í vufcgjycJhwm jrif&onf/ 'Dawmh olESifh uRefawmf avay;ajzmifh&if; 34 vrf; (taemf&xm)odkU a&mufrSef;rod a&mufoGm;onf/ 34 vrf;xdyfa&mufrS uRefawmfhrSmu ig;&mwef wpf½Guf? ESpf&mwefESifh ta<u 20 om ygonf/ olESifh aps;wnfh vmwmu 250d/ olUrSmuvnf; jyeftrf;p&m ta<uu (50d) ryg/ q,fwef wpf½Gufom &Sd\/ ]] &w,fAsmygwJh 220d yJay;awmh }} ]] [m r[kwfwm qif;trf;vdkufr,fav }} ]] udpör&Sdygbl;Asm wrifvkyfwmrS r[kwfyJ? &w,fay;? um;u tMumBuD; 'Dae&mrSm &yfr&bl; }} uRefawmfwdkU tjyeftvSef EIwfqufNyD; vrf;cGMJ u\/ r*Fvmygwum;/ xdkaeUnaezdkU ay;p&m0w¦K? ,lp&m r*¾Zif;? &p&m ydkufqH? tyfp&m Video tacGawG? tNyD;ajym p&m&Sdaom pum;awGajymum xHk;pHtwdkif; uRefawmfhtrd fjyefcsdefu a&mufvmavonf/ NrdKUv,f taemf&xm? yef;qdk;wef; cHk;wHwm;yGdKifh? oGm;aumvdyf? 350? wpfa,mufwnf; Murf;jyifeJU eD;NyD; ab;rSm a&mufae&if Negative offset vkdUac:w,f/ acwfrD aemufqHk;ay: h dk jzwfum a&ausmfESifh um;awGu Positive offset vdkUac:w,f/ AdkvfcsKyfvrf;twdkif; armif;um ydGKifu ykZGefawmiftMum; ydGKifhtausmf oHvrf;wGif uRefawmfpD;vmaomum; xdk;&yfum oGm;\/ um;q&mu touf(50)cefU &SDNyD; ydefydefyg;yg; at;at;aq;aq; vlwpfa,muf/ olESifh uRefawmf aps;pum;uvGJí bmrS pum;rajymzl;ao;/ olu nnf;wGm;í um;wHcg;zGifhum um;a&SUtzHk;udk vSefonf/ [kdEIduf'DEIduf pufEId;ae\/ r&/ uRefawmfa&SU acgif;cef;rSm xdkifae&wm tm;emvmNyD; 'kwd,tBudrf tzHk; vSefaeaom olUtem; a&mufoGm;\/ jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

39


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

um;puftaMumif; em;vnfvdkUawmh r[kwf/ uRefawmfhtwGuf um;jyifaeaom olUudk tm;emum tm;ay;&eftwGuf eHab;em;rSm &yfay;jcif;om jzpf\/ ol [kd'DEIdufaomfvnf; um;u aumif;rvm? um;q&mBuD;uvnf; uRefawmfhudk tm;em[efwlum um;udk a'go jzpfae\/ xdkpOf uuwpfpif; rD;xdk;um &yf&if; um;[Gef;udk wD;\/ ]] at;uGm um;u azmufjyefNyD? aemufaeUawmh ydkUrSygyJ atyefUyJuG? rif; ygpif*sm wifoGm;ygvm; }} ]] b,fvJ }} ]] ok0PÖ oGm;aumvdyfem;wJh? 350 }} ]] av;&may;ygvm; }} ]] a[haumifuGm igajymNyD;om; ygpif*smuG? wifoGm;prf; yguGm? ighum;u 'ku©jzpfaevdkU }} tjyeftvSef ajymaeaom olwdkUpum;awG xJrSm uRefawmf wpfcGe;f rS 0ifrajymrd/ aemufqHk;awmh uRefawmf xdkum;xJ a&mufoGm;onf/ uRefawmfh rdwfaqGBuD;uawmh um;a&SUzHk;udk EIdufum usefcJh\/ um;ay:a&muf uwnf;u 'kwd, yk*¾dKvfu b,fae&mu iSm;vmwmvJ/ um;ysufawmh ydkufqHay;&ao; ovm; ponfjzifh ar;\/ uRefawmf trSeftwdkif; ajzygonf/ 'kwd,q&mu olomqdkvQif xdkc&D;udk 400 ,laMumif; xyfajym\/ uRefawmfbmrS xyfrajymawmh? ray;rjzpfqdkvQif 400 ay;vdkufawmhrnf/ xdkokdU pOf;pm;aepOf um;u xdk;&yfoGm;\/ ykZGefawmifaps; rSwfwdkif tvGefrSmyif jzpfonf/ um;wm;ol ESpfOD;/ omauw ½kyf&Sif½HktvGef? 350d? 300d xm;yg/ aemufqHk; um;wHcg; zGifhoH? ydwfoH? xHk;pHtwdkif; uRefawmf wpfcGef;rS rajymrd? 'kwd,q&mu um;uufqufudk zGifhonf/ pdkif;qdkifarm\ vufa½G;pif oDcsif;tacG/ uRefawmfhudk t&ifydkUay;&ef ajymrnfMuH&if; 'kwd, q&mu ykZGefawmif tausmfrSm omauwbuf csKd;auGUaom ykZGefawmifukef;udk auGUonf/ ]] uRefawmfhudkawmh t&ifyUdk ay;zdkU aumif;wmayghAsm? uRefawmfu yxriSm;wmyJ }} ]] omauwuae ok0PÖ teD;av;yJ? a&mufrSmaygh? 'Dc&D;udk 'Daps;eJU vdkufwmyJ uHaumif; }} ]] aps;u oGm;aeusaps;yg? rauseyf&if tpuwnf;u ajymaygh? aemufum; &wmyJ }} 'kwd,q&mu *D,m ajymif;xdk;\/ pum;awmh rajym/ xdkpOfrSm aemufu wufaom q&mwdkUu ajymonf/ olwdkU ESpfa,mufu a,musfm;wpfOD; rdef;rwpfOD; jzpf\/ ! K ]] &Sifu omauwyJ r[kwfbl;vm; }} S RI ]] r[kwfbl;cifAs? uRefawmfu ok0PÖoGm;aumvdyfem; }} N uRefawmf uref;uwrf; ajym&onf/ W ]] tm ... uRefawmfwdkUu omauw twl atmufarhvkUd / omauw 0ifNyD; ,lrpO &m&Sw d m u ,lNyD;&if aq;½HkjyefoGm;&rSm? uRefawmfZeD;u 'DnarG;rSm rdkUvdkU }} yo t ]] b,faq;½HkvJ }} a e b ]] A[kdtrsKd;orD;aq;½Hk }} ll i ]] ydkUay;r,f tm;vHk; 1000d ay;vdkufygvm; }} kw o ]] wpfaxmif? udpör&Sdbl;? a&SUu q&mu }} bo ]] &w,folUudk csxm;vdkufrSmaygh }} s hi t um;u ajymajymqdkqdk &yfoGm;\/ f ae&mMunfhawmh ykZGefawmifcHk;wuf? NyD;aemuf omauwse ocHk;wHwm; qif;cgeD;aeNyD/ 'Dae&mu uRefawmfum;&zdkU rvG,fawmh/ lu a i ]] a[hvl? cifAsm; usKyfudk wifwkef;u wifvmNyD; er'Dcvdk rvkyfeJUavAsm }}

m

m Co

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

40


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

]] wifuwnf;u vlMuHKwifwmyJ/ cifAsm;udk usKyfu odyfwifcsifwm r[kwfbl;/ yxrum;vdkyJ qif;aygh }} 'Dwpfcgawmh uRefawmf onf;rcHawmhNyD/ ]] a[hvl[kdum;u um;ysufvkUd qif;&wm? rwifcsif&if tpuwnf;u rwifeUJ ? usKyfiSm;NyD; vlvnf; xyfwifao;w,f/ [kdvlatmf'g aumif;awmh usKyfudk armif;csw,f qdkawmh cifAsm; w&m; ovm; }} ]] w&m;&csif&if w&m;pcef;oGm;? 'g um;armif;aewm }} tajctae tawmfjyif;xefaepOf aemufrS iSm;olxJrS vlBuD;u 0ifpum; ajym\/ ]] nDav; t&ifiSm; vmwm qdk&ifawmh nDav;udk t&if vdkufydkUoifhwmaygh? udk,fwdkUuvnf; tcsdef r&Sdawmh cufw,f }} ]] &w,f? tpfudk xdkifyg? uRefawmf tpfudkwUkd udk ydkUay;r,f }} uRefawmf txkyfawG ,lum um;ay:rS qif;vdkuf\/ olwdkUquf pum;ajym aeonf/ bmawGajymonf qdkwm uRefawmf a'goaMumifh rMum;? rMumrD xdkESpfa,mufvnf; qif;umvm\/ yxr wpfaxmifeJU wnfhNyD;rS 1500 awmif;onfh twGuf[k qkdonf/ um;q&mu um;rxGufrD tm;vHk;udk roJruGJ atmf[pfum qJoGm;ao;onf/ 10 rdepfcefU um;apmifhNyD; uRefawmfwdkU ESpfa,mufpvHk; um;&ygonf/ uRefawmfu 250d? [kdq&m rsm;u 800d? apwem tusKd;ay; yifwnf;/ xdkodkU um;q&mrsm; udkvnf; MuHKcJhzl; ygonf/ / obiftEkynm *sme,f 9

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

41


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

a&SUcef; vlqdkonfu rnfonfhae&m rnfonfh tajctaeudk a&mufa&muf oufaomifhoufom at;at; aq;aq; aevdkaom owÅ0g jzpfonf/ urÇmOD;tprS 'DaeUtxd xdkoufouf omom? at;at;aq;aq; Style usus aevdkaom pdwfaMumifh t&mrsm;pGm wdk;wuf ajymif;vJ vmcJhonf/ xdkUaMumifh tdrfawGvnf; yHkpHrwl/ um;awGvnf; yHkpHrwl/ aemufqHk;ay:um;qdkaom um;wpfpD;\ toufonf (1)ESpf tjyif ydkcH avhr&Sd? rqHk;Edkifaom aemufqHk;awGu tqufquf ay:OD;rnfom jzpf\/ xkdodkU oufaomifhoufompGm aevdkaom qE´aMumifhvdkif;rsKd;pHk\ um;av;rsm;wGifvnf; a&SUcef; qdkwm ay:vm &avonf/ a&SUcef;onf oD;jcm;qefonf/ xdkifp&m ae&m&onf/ wpfOD;wnf; qdkvQif aemufc&D;onf wpfOD;ESifhom qufqHp&m &Sd\/ ESpfOD; qdkvQif NyD;NyD/ vlqif;vlwuf a½TU&ajymif;&aom 'ku©? tv,fwef;rS ab;wef; ajymif;&zdkU acsmif;&aom 'ku©/ py,f,m nTefMum;rIESifh uif;a0;um awG;csif&m awG;cGifh&aom okc? intercon rS w*spf*spfESifh py,f,m\ pum;oHudkawmh wpfqdwf onf;cH &wwf\/ um;udk ab;wdkuf? ausmay; rpD;&bJ wnfhwnfhp;D &onf uyif awmfawmf tqifajy aeNyD r[kwfygvm;/ oufBuD;½G,ftdk? tysKduav;rsm;? uav;ykpdauG;rdcifESifh oHCmawmfrsm; twGuf oifhawmfaom ae&m wpfckvnf; jzpfonf/ oufomat;aq;pGm vdk&m c&D;oGm;vdk olwdkUtwGuf pdwf0ifpm; p&m ae&mvnf; jzpfonf/ xdkodkU pD;vdkol vlBudKufrsm; aomfvnf; acgif;cef;onf vlESpfOD;wnf;om wifEdkifonfh twGuf 0,fvdktm; rsm;um a&mif;ukef ypönf; &Sm;yg;vQif aps;wufwwfaom obm0om jzpf\/ aemufum;MunfhNyD;rS wHcg;zGifhyg/ wHcg;jznf;jznf; ydwfyg/ oHCmawmfrsm; OD;pm;ay;yg/ a&SUcef;wpfOD; (30d^-)/ a&SUcef;wGif awGU&avh &Sdaompmrsm;? &SifoD0vdESifh omrnawmif q&mawmf bk&m;yHk ponfwdkUudk a&SUcef;rSm pD;vQif awGU&wwfonf/ ]aemufum;MunfhNyD;rS wHcg;zGifhyg} qdkwmudkawmh vltawmfrsm;rsm; vdkufem Mu&\/ um;q&m uvnf; wpfcgwpf&H owday;wwfonf/ ]wHcg;jznf;jznf;ydwfyg} uawmhr&/ wcsKdUum;awGu 'kef;ceJ *sKdif;ceJ jrnfatmif ydwf&\/ 'gawmif wHcg;ESifh wHcg;abmiftMum; vufwpfvHk;cefU [aeao;\/ wcsKdUwHcg;rsm;wGif tdrfwHcg;oHk; oHrif;wkef;rsm;yif wyfqif xm;vdkufao;onf/ xdkUaMumifh tkef;ceJ jrnfatmif wtm;udk aqmifhydwf Mu&onf/ xdkpmrSm tydkom jzpfonf/ ]oHCmawmfrsm; OD;pm;ay;yg} uvnf; odyfrxl;jcm;/ a&SUcef;rSm c&D;onfrsm; trdefUom; ygvmMuvQif &[ef;wdkU\ tm;onf onf;cHjcif;ESifh avsmfnDpGm oHCmawmfrsm; aemufbufodkUom <uMu&onf/ ]a&SUcef;wpfOD; (30)} uawmh tqdk;qHk;vGJrSm; aeaom pmaMumif;om jzpfonf/ a&SUcef;rS pD;vQif rnfol pD;pD; ig;q,f ay;&onf/ (30) a&;xm;ygvsufESifh (50)udk ajymif;awmif; jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

42


eDudk&J

vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

Muonf/ b,fub,fvkd paom em;vnfrIrSe;f rod? olol igig ay;aeMuojzifh xHk;pHvdk jzpfaeMuojzifh uRefawmfpD;onfh tcgwGifvnf; (50)ay;& ygonf/ odcsifí ar;Munfhawmh ud, k fhq&m *D,mxd;k rysuf? rxl;jcm;aom avoHjzifh jyefajz\/ ]] oHk;q,fqkd&if rudkufvdkU }} wJh/ 30d^- qdkvQif rudkufp&m olUtwGuf bmrsm; &Sdygoenf;/ uRefawmf em;rvnfyg/ olUaeUwGuf rudkufwmvm;? um;&if;xm;wJh wefzdk;eJU rudkufwmvm; uRefawmf rodyg/ uRefawmf xifwm uawmh a&SUcef;pD;csifol rsm;ojzifh ukd,fhq&mrsm;u tuGufaumif; &um wrifwum aps;wif Mu[ef wlygonf/ oufouf omomom at;at;aq;aq; vlUb0udk vdkif;um; uav;jzifh ZdrfcHcsif (odkU) 'ku© rcHcsifolawG uvnf; 20d^-udk rMunfhawmhbJ ay;vdkufMu jcif;jzifh tqifajyoGm; Mu[efwl yg\/ 'gawmifrS udk,fhq&mawGu um;&yfwmeJU a&SUcef;wef;zGifhvQif rBudKufMu/ ]a&SUcef;&vm;}[k ar;Mu&ao;\/ xdkodkU ar;vQif ]b,foGm;rSmvJ} jyefar;onf/ &efukefNrdKUxJu r[mAE¨Kv yef;jcHvrf; avmufqdkvQif rwifwwfMu/ 50d^- wnf;ESifh NrdKUxJa&mufrnf jzpfojzifh olwdkUtwGuf aiGydkr&Edkif aomaMumifh jzpf\/ 38 um;av; qdkvQif ykZGefawmifaps; txd MunfjzLpGm vufcH Muonf/ 39 qdkvQif wmarG? r*Fvmaps;txd BudKufMu\/ ykZGefawmifaps;? r*Fvmaps;txd 100d^- &wwfMuojzifh ydkoabm uswwf avonf/ acgif;cef;a&SUcef;udk tvG,fwul pD;cGifh&onf qdkvQif 'kv’bw&m; wpfck[k rSwf,l&rvdk jzpfavonf/ nbuf '*HkodkU qGJaom uu um;rsm;wGifvnf; acgif;cef;onf aps;BuD;\/ acgif;cef; 200d^-? aemufcef; 100d^-/ befqdvQif aemufzHk;atmuf tcef;uav;xJ wpfa,muf ig;q,f ,lonf/ um;pD;&mwGiaf wmh aiGcsrf;omvQif 'kue© nf;wwfonfrmS trSefyif jzpfavonf/ uRefawmfvnf; rMumcPqdkovdkyif avxefukef;odkU vmwdkif; um;av;a&SUcef;u pD;avh &Sdonf/ uRefawmfaeaom tdrfu um;*dwfESifh wpfrSwfwdkifom a0;aomaMumihf a&SUcef;wGif pD;&eftwGuf tcuftcJ r&SdaomaMumifhvnf; jzpfonf/ wpfaeU uRefawmf NrdKUxJoGm;&ef um;*dwfa&mufawmh xGufrnfh um;acgif;cef;rSm rdef;uav; wpfa,muf &Sdae\/ uRefawmf 0ifxdkifNyD; odyfrMum? um;xGufavonf/ udk,fhq&muvnf; b,foGm;rvJ? bmvJ rar;? cyfat;at;yif um;udk armif;vmavonf/ uRefawmfh eHab;u aumifrav; uawmh um;rSwfwdkif &yfwkdif; um;q&mudk ausmfum rSwfwdkif tjyifbufudk jyL;jyL;jyJjyJ vSrf;vSrf; Munfhwwfwm owdxm; rdonf/ ok0PÖ vrf;qHkudk a&mufawmh jyóemu pavonf/ ]] [m ... awGUNyD? a[h ... 'Dudkvma[; }} aumifrav;u um;acgif;cef;rS twif;MuHKum atmfonf/ rSwfwdkifrS aumifav; wpfa,muf ajy;xGuf umvm\/ a&SUcef; eHab; vm&yfonf/ ]] tpfudk tpfudk uRefrvl vmNyD }} uRefawmfhbuf vSnfhajymaom aumifrav; pum;udk uRefawmf em;rvnf? aumif;rav;u tultnDawmif;ovdk um;q&mudk ajymjyef\/ ]] tpfudk orD;ajymwJhvl 'DrSmawGUNyD tJ'g }} ]] [m ... rif;udk *dwfuwnf;u ajymom;yJ ESpfa,mufpm wpfcgwnf; ,lxm;vdkuv f dkU? rif;rS r,lwm/ tck c&D;onf wifNyD; aeNyD/ nd§Munhfaygh? &&ifawmh NyD;wmyJ }} um;q&mu pdwfysufvufysufyHkpH (tenf;i,f a'go xGufcsif aeykHvnf; &Sdonf)ESifh ajym\/ aumifrav;u uRefawmfhudk tjyHK;uav;jzifh &Sif;jyonf/

jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

43


vlESifh olwdkU\ [morsm;

eDudk&J

]] tpfudk 'Dvdkyg uRefru oleJU csdef;xm;wm tJ'g raocsmvdkU acgif;cef;,l rxm;wm tJ'g olu tckapmifhaeawmh }} aumifrav;u qufrajymawmhayr,fh uRefawmf oabmayguf ygonf/ cspfolESpfa,muf NrdKUxJoGm;zdkU csdef;Murnf/ aumifav; rSwfwdkifrSm apmifh rapmifh raocsmawmh aumifrav;u a&SUcef;udk wpfa,mufpmyJ iSm;xm;onf/ uRefawmf wufpD;NyD; aumifav; a&mufvmawmh uRefawmhfudk ESifjcif; jzpf\/ aemufcef;rSm uvnf; twG,fawG bmawGESifh >ywfodyf aeNyD/ uRefawmf qif;ay;í r&Ekdifawmh/ ]] [m rjzpfEdkifbl;av? aemufrSmvnf; usyfaeNyD/ z,fay;&if atmufa&muf oGm;rSmaygh/ tm;awmh emygw,f }} xdkpOf py,f,mu ]armif; ...} qdkaom toHudk intercon rS Mum;&\/ um;q&mu pdwfr&SnfawmhNyD/ *D,mudk xkd;&if; ajym\/ ]] uJ nd§vdkU r&vnf; aemufum; ajymif;pD;vdkufMuAsm }} bmqHk;jzwf&rSef; rodcif a&SUcef;odkU tbGm;BuD; wpfa,muf a&mufum vm\/ toufu (70)avmuf &Sdrnf xifonf/ ]] om;wdkU&,f? bdkuav;aps;udk oGm;csifvUdk yg? tbGm;rsufpdcGJxm;vdkU a&SUcef;av; ay;yg om;&,f }} uRefawmf bmajym&rSef; rodawmh/ um;q&muvnf; pdwfnpf oGm;[ef wl\/ bmjzpfírSef;awmh ro? aumifrav;a&m uRefawmfyg um;ay:u rqif;Muao;/ tbGm;BuD;u um;wHcg;udk zGifhonf/ py,f,mu ]armif;} qdkaom toHudk cyfus,fus,f xyfMum; &jyefonf/ uRefawmf wHcg;zGifhum um;acgif;xJu xGufrnf tvkyfrSm OD;yOöif;ESpfyg; <uvm Mu\/ ]] uJ ... 'umwdkU a&SUcef;av; z,fay;Mu ygvm;? OD;yOöif;wdkU ykZGefawmifbuf <ucsifvdkU }} toHMum;í armhMunfhawmh OD;yOöif;ESpfyg;udk awGU&onf/ wpfyg;u vufrSm ausmufywfwD; pnf;um vnfyif;wGif BudK;odkif; xm;&\/ vufusKd;vmaom *Dvmeudk,fawmf jzpfonf/ um;q&mu um;pufudk owfypf vdkuf\/ ]] uJ... 'umwdkU oHCmawmf OD;pm;ay;qdkwm a&;xm;w,f r[kwfvm;? 'Dudk,fawmfhrSm 'Pf&meJUrdkUyg }} ! um;xGufoGm;awmh cspfolESpfa,muf? rsufvHk;cGJxm;onfh tbGm;BuD;ESifh pma&;q&m wpfa,muf SK RI tlaMumifaMumifjzifh rSwfwdkifrSm usef&pfcJhonf/ rsufvHk;cGJ xm;aom tbGm;BuD;udk aemufum; wpfpD; acgif;cef;xJtxd uRefawmfvdku fwNif W ay;&onf/ BudK;MumarmifEHv S dk wl,SOfwGJ rcGJEdkifaom cspfolESpfa,mufuawmh uuiS r O m;um u vpfMuonf/ uRefawmf armarmESifh pD;u&ufxkwf aomuf&if; um;pD; ordkif;wpfavQmuf yo 'Davmuf t jyóemwufcJh &aom a&SUcef;udk rSwfwrf;wif&if; aMumifpDpDjzifh aemufum; wpfpaD; qufapmifhcJh e &ygonf cifAsm;/ / ll b

i w k

s

f eo

u ial

t

hi

ooobiftEkynm b s

*sme,f 22

rc e m

m

Co jrefrmhrQm;ewfarmif

44


i

p u rc

a y m

a m n

w

. w w

t

.d ne


NiKoYae_Ye_Than