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½kyf½Sif?*Dw? pmaytEkynm½Sif awGuaejyD;? vkH;0t½Sufuif;rJYwJY erlemawGukd pGrf;pGrf;wrH jyoifYw,fqkdwJY tajzrsKd;/ pkHaewmygyJ/ tMuHtpnfawGuawmY wu,fYukd tMuHaumif;awGyg/ 'gayr,fY cufw,f/ taumif;qkH;jzpfatmif bmvkyf&rvJ/ olwkdY&JY aqG;aEG;yGJ[m tqkH;rowfEkdifbl;/ ______________________________________________ __________________ [kd;ta0;u wa,moHoJYoJYuav; avxJ ysH0Jvmaew,f/ Mum;vm;? rD;cdk;a&mif rIefrIefzsdK;zswJY jrufcif;jyifus,fay: vdar®mf a&mifEIwfcrf;awG wtdtdaMuGusaeav&JY/ reufjzefqkd&if b,fvkdiSufawG vmMuvdrfYOD;rSmvJ/ b0[m a&cJjcpfwpfckaygYuG,f/ wkwfao;ao;wpfacsmif;ay:rSm csdKjrdefrI a&cJtpteawG 0kdif;tkHwG,fuyfaewm/ [D&dMowyÜ qkdwm Mum;zl;vm;/ [kwfjyD? [kwfjyD/ tJ'Dpum;awGukd teufa&mif aowÅmwpfvkH;xJ xnfYyg/ owif;pmta[mif; wpfapmifeJY &pfywfxkyfykd;yg/ a&eHokwfyg/ csdwfydwfyg/ jyD;awmY uwÅDygtdwfeJY a&qdyfcsvkdufyg/ [kwfw,fav/ pdwf"gwfawG usef;rma&;raumif;rSawmY vSvSyy uGyfrsufvkdufjcif;[m aq;½kHygyJ/ yGifYcsyf? yGifYzwfawG? 0wfrIefawGeJY &ufvkyfxm;wJY aq;½kHaygY/ ½kyf0wÇKwkd;wufrIawGu wD;rIwf[pfaMuG;vkdufwJY tEkynmrJY aw;oGm;wpfykd'f[m tokbcscgeD;qJqJ a&tkd;ukd cGJvkdufwJY toHvkdyJ/ uJ tmV0DwHcg;uyJ apmifYyguG,f/ aemufqkH;awmY olwkdYawG tajzwpfckukd &vkdufMuw,f/ ]]t½Suf[m MunfYol&JY rsufvkH;xJrSm ½Sdw,f/}} qkdwJY t,ltqukd vufcHvkdufMuw,fav/ uJ...'DawmY vkH;0t½Sufuif;atmif b,fvkd vkyfMurvJ/ rsufvkH;awGukd xkd;azmufypfvkduf zkdYawmY rjzpfEkdifbl;/ taumif;qkH;uawmY vlawG&JY rsufvkH;ukd wd&pämef awG&JYrsufvkH;eJY tpm;xdk;vJvS,fypfvkdufzkdYyJ? [kwfw,f/ 'gaumif;w,f/ 'gayr,fY urÇmay:rSm ½Sd½SdorSSs vlwpfa,mufcsif;pDukd cGJpdyf ukoay;&rSmaemf/ rvG,fbl;/ uJ.. 'Dxuf aumif;wJYenf;? oufomvG,fulwJYenf;ukd MuHMuygOD;qkdawmY aemufqkH;tajzwpfckyJ xGufvmw,f/ bmvJqkdawmY../ 'D ½kd;½kd;rsufvkH;awGeJYyJ MunfYvkdYjrifvkdY&atmif vkyfypfvkdufzdkY/ ½Sif;½Sif;ajym&&if tarSmifcsvkdufzkdY/ uJ..raumif;bl;vm;/ urÇmajrMuD;wpfckvkH;ukd tarSmifvkdufr,fav/ ______________________________________________ ________________ tJ'DtMuHtpnfukdyJ taumiftxnfazmfjzpfoGm;ygw,f/ odyÜHynm½SifawG&JY tultnDeJ YurÇmajrMuD;ukd zkH;tkyfzkdY MuufOcGHykHpH acgifrkd;MuD;wpfck vkyfvkdufMuw,f/ jyD;awmY aea&mif? va&mif? Mu,fa&mifawG wkd;vkdY raygufEkdifatmif apYapYpyfpyfeJY urÇmajrMuD;wpfckvkH;ukd zkH;umypfvkdufMuav&JY/


tm;vkH;arSmiftwd usoGm;w,f/ uJ.. rsufESmzkH;awG cGswfvkdufawmY/ rvkdawmYbl;av/ wpfa,muf wpfa,muf oJoJuGJuGJ rS rjrif&awmYwm/ bm½Sufp&m vkdovJ [kwfw,fr[kwfvm;/ ukdif;...vlom;awG tm;vkH; tpGr;fukef t½Sufuif;vGwf cGifUukd vGwfvGwfvyfvyf MuD;&oGm;ygjyD/ ______________________________________________ __________________ jywfa½GYawmifwef; &ifbwf ESpfjcrf;ukd MunfYjyD; ESvkH;om;u b,fbufyg oGm;&rvJ qkdwm.. a0cGJ&cufaewkef;yJvm;/ em;½GufawG ]]t}} oGm;MuaygY/ *sLwDcsdef r½SdwJY tdyfrufawG rufaygY/ naecif;uawmY yufvufarsm oGm;cJYawmYw,f/ tydkif; (3) at'D 3000 acwfvGefykHjyif (okdYr[kwf) twdwfESifY tem*wfukd aygif;pnf;jcif; ya&mrD;o,yfpf&JY ykHjyif urqkH;ao;ygbl;/ *&d'@m&D t& qkd&if aemufqkH;rSm ya&mrD;o,yfpf&JY a0'em cHpm;ae&wJY tjzpfukd rMunfY&ufvkdY [musLvD (Hercules)uvmjyD; u,fwifygw,f/ [musLvDuawmY odwJY twkdif; tifrwef cGeftm;AvMuD;jyD; oefrm wmukd;/ olu ya&mrD;o,yfpf&JY tonf;ukd aeYwkdif;vmpm;aewJY vif;wukd owf?csnfaESmif xm;wJY oHMudK;awGukd qGJjzwfypfvkduf awmY ya&mrD;o,yfpf vGwfajrmufoGm;wmaygY/ ______________________________________________ _________________ ya&mrD;o,yfpf vGwfajrmufoGm;ygjyD/ uJ..ol bmvkyfrvJ/ ______________________________________________ _____________________


tjrJwrf; vlom;awG&JY tusdK;½Sd&m ½SdaMumif;ukd wpfckck vkyfay;csifaewJY ya&mrD;o,yfpf[m olYukd csnfaESmifxm;wJY oHMudK;awG ajyoGm;wmeJY wpfjydKifeuf urÇmajrMuD;qDukd ikHYMunfY vkdufw,f/ tkd.. urÇmajrwpfckvkH; arSmifvkdY rnf;vdkYygvm;/ olY&ifbwfwpfckvkH; jAKef;ceJ ½IHY0ifoGm;ovkd cHpm;vkduf&w,f/ eH½kd;awG [mESvkH;om;ukd oHy&moD;wpfvkH;ukd nSpfcsovkd &uf&ufpufpuf zspfnSpf acsrG vkdufwmaygY/ vlom;awGtwGuf ig ,lay;cJYwJY rD;ukd Zkewfrif;MuD;u uG,f0Suf xm;vkdufjyefjyDvkdY olYpdwfxJ atmufarYoGm;w,f/ vlom;awG 'ku©a&mufaeMua&mYr,f/ arSmifMuD;rnf;rnf;xJrSm vlawG[m rD;ukd tokH;rcswwfwJY b0eJY wd&pämef omom aexkdif½Sifoef aeMua&mYr,f/ ol pOf;pm;&jyDav/ bmvkyfrSmvJ/ 'Dwpfcg rD;ukd vlom; awGqD oGm;xyfay;jyef&ifvnf; Zkewfrif;MuD;u jypf'PfcwfjyefOD;awmYr,f/ tonf;ukdvif;w auGs;cH&wYJ a0'em[moufom wmrSwfvkdY/ awmifwef;ay:rSm oHMudK;eJYcsnfaESmif cHxm;&wJY ra&wGufEkdifatmif Mumanmif;cJYjyD;om; tcsdefumvaygif;rsm;pGm[m olYb0wpfckvkH; ausmufwkH;wpfwkH;vkd wAspfAspfjrnfjyD; uGJaMu oGm;atmif xkacscJYjyD;jyD/ olYvufusefb0 ausmufwkH;tykdif;tp uav;ukdyJ xyfyGwf ½kdufcwfxkjyD; rD;nSday;&OD;rSmvm;/ tm;...qkd;vkdufwJY a0'em / 'gayr,fY wpfbufu MunfY&ifaum vlom;awG&JY usqkH;cef; ukd 'Dtwkdif; xdkifMunfYae&ufrSmvm;/ vlpifppfuae wd&pämefawG vkdtarG;xlMurf;Murf;awGeJY urÇmajray: vl;vSdrfYnnf;wGm;ae Mur,fY vlom;awGukd olarYypfvkduf&rSmvm;/ ya&mrD;,yfpf twGufawmY tJ'Da0'emu ykdqkd;ygw,f/ tkd..jzpfcsif&m jzpfapawmY/ ya&mrD;o,yfpf[m eu©wfwm&m opfwpfvkH; qefqef ckdifrmvif;vufrIawGukd ayGYcsDjyD; urÇmajray: qif;oGm;vkdufw,f/ ______________________________________________ _____________________ ajcaxmufwpfbuf urÇmajray: xdvkdufvkdufcsif;rSmyJ ya&mrD;o,yfpf[m olYvufxJ urD;wkwfukd xGef;ndSvkdufw,f/ ______________________________________________ __________________ urÇmajr wpfckvkH; vif;yoGm;vkdufwm/ arSmifrdkufjcif;&JY qHyifcsnftaxG;trSsif awG zdsK;zsdK;zspfzspf wGefYvdrf avmifuGsrf;vdkY tvif;rkefwkdif;[m vlom;tm;vkH;&JY rsufESmay:ukd jAKef;qkd jzwf½kdufcsvkdufykH.. tJ'DrSmyJ ya&mrD;o,yfpf[m olYukd a'goxGuf? &efvkdaewJY vlom;oef;aygif;rsm;pGmeJY rsufvkH;tMunfYawGukd tHYMowMuD; &ifqkdifvkduf&awmYw,f/ ______________________________________________


_____________________ rD;a&mifatmufrSm t½Sufuif;csifwkdif; uif;aewJY vlom;awG? ,kwfrmcsifwkdif; ,kwfrm? npfnrf;csifwkdif; npfnrf;aewJY tjyKtrlawG? apmapmu tcsdeftxdawmY tm;vkH;[m arSmifxJrSm jzpfcsifwkdif; jzpfvkdYaumif; aeMuwmukd;/ tck ya&mrD;o,yfpfa&mufvmrS olwkdY&JY vGwfvyfpGm t½Sufuif;rJYaerIukd rD;wkwfwpfacsmif;eJY taESmifYt,Suf ay;vmwJY ya&mrD;o,yfpf&JY tay:ukd vlawG&JY a'goeJY &efjidK;awGu w0kef;0kef; pkjyKHjyD; jyKwfusxdrSefoGm;awmYw,f/ "m;qGJol qGJ? wkwfukdifolu ukdif? cJaumufolu aumuf? ykqdefeJY? 0g;cGsefeJY ?oHql;eJY? teD;tyg;rSm awGYorSs? ypönf;tm;vkH;ukd vufeufvkd qGJudkifvkdY ya&mrD;o,yfpfqD wpf[kefxdk; ajy;0ifvm Muw,f/ ya&mrD;o,yfpfuawmY? rD;a&mifatmufrSm jrif&wJY vlawG&JY pufqkyfp&mjrifuGif;ukd tHYMowMuD; ai;MunfY&if; ikdifaerdwkef;yJ/ olYcrsm aoqkH;oGm;wJY aemufqkH;puúefYykdif;txd tHYMoaecJY&wmyg/ vlawG&JYtusdK; o,fykd;csifwJY ya&mrD;o,yfpf[m olUukd,fol b,folYvufcsufeJY toufxGufoGm;rSef;awmifrod vkduf½Smbl;/ (1997) rif;cdkufpkd;pef (aumif;uifeJYrvGwfwJY tawmifyHwpfpkH 0wÇKwdk pkkpnf;rI rS ya&mrD;o,yfpf aoqkH;jcif; ukd pmcspfolrsm;twGuf wifqufay;vkdufygonf/)

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