Page 1

Nepali-English Dictionary compiled by Karl-Heinz Krämer South Asia Institute, University of Heidelberg (updated: 14 April 2007) aba

ca

adv.

now, from now on

abaddha

cfa$

n./adj.

bound, tied up confined

abela

ca]nf

n./adj.

lateness, late

aber

ca]/

adj.

late

aber bhayo

ca]/ eof]

comp.

it is late

abhas

cfef;

n.

abhav

cefj

n.

abhaya

ceo

n.

glimpse, shadow, reflection, vision, faint memory, inkling non-existence, absence, lack, scarcity lack of fear

abhibhavak

cleefjs

n.

guardian

abhilekh

clen]v

n.

inscription

abhinaya

clego

n.

mimicry, imitation

abhiprerit

clek|]l/t

adj.

motivated

abhipret

clek|]t

adj.

planned

abhiram

cle/fd

adj.

abhiruci

cle?lr

n.

abhivriddhi

clej[l$

n.

extremely beautiful, sublime inclination, earnest desire, liking development

abhiyan

cleofg

n.

abhiyog

cleof]u

n.

abhiyukta

cleoÚQm

adj.

expedition, march, exploration accusation, allegation, charge accused

abhrak

ce|s

n.

mica, talco (a soft mineral)

abhyas

cEof;

n.

practice

abrak

ce|v

n.

mica, talco (a soft mineral)

acamma

crDd

n.

acamma lagnu

crDd nfUgÚ

v.i.

acamma parnu

crDd kgÚ{

v.i.

surprise, wonder, amazement to be surprised, to be amazed, to be astonished to be surprised, to be amazed, to be astonished

1


acamma parnu

crDd kgÚ{

v.t.

acanak

crfgs

adv.

acano

crfgf]

n.

to surprise, to amaze, to astonish suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly cutting board for meat

acanu

crfgÚ

n.

cutting board for meat

acar

crf/

n.

acar

cfrf/

n.

hot and sour pickle, pickles, chutney, salsa conduct, behaviour

acaran

crf/)f

n.

accer

cRr]/

n.

acel

cr]n

adv.

achut

c%Út

adj.

achuti

c%ÚtL

n.

achutoddhar

c%Útf]$f/

n.

ad

cf*

n.

reformation of untouchables support, prop

adalat

cbfnt

n.

law court

adambar

cf*Da/

n.

conceit, ostentation

adan-pradan

cfbfg–k|bfg

n.

adarniya

cfb/)fLo

adj.

adarniya sadasya

cfb/)fLo ;b:o

n.

giving and taking of things, exchange, social communication, give and take respectable, deserving honour honorary member

adarsh

cfbz{

n.

ideal, value

adarvaci

cfb/jfrL

adj.

polite

adaunu

c*fpgÚ

v.t.

adda

c*\*f

n.

to support, to hold up, to stop office; court of law

adesh

cfb]z

n.

adha

cfwf

adj.

order, instruction, command half

adhai baje

c(fO ah]

adv.

half past two

adhaini

c(fOgL

n.

the senior woman in a

2

conduct, behaviour, practice letter [of the alphabet], [written] character, [except numerals], alphabet, syllable these days, nowadays, recently, presently untouchable, of lowest caste untouchable, lowest caste


adham

cwd

adj.

adhar

cfwf/

n.

palace harem mean, low, wretched, base, vile foundation, basis, support

adharat

cfwf/ft

n.

midnight

adharbhut

cfwf/e'^

adj.

basic, fundamental

adharit

cfwfl/t

adj.

based upon

adharit cha

cfwfl/t %

adharma

cwd{

n.

sinfulness, irreligiousness

adhi

cfwL

adj.

almost a half

adhikar

clwsf/

n.

adhikari

clwsf/L

n.

adhikrit

clws[t

adj.

adhiraj

clw/fh

n.

adhirajkumar

clw/fhsÚdf/

n.

right, authority, procession, proprietorship officer, one having authority, magistrate, proprietor authorised, vested with authority supreme ruler, sovereign, overlord prince

adhirajya

clw/fHo

n.

adhiveshan

clwa]zg

n.

sovereignty, empire, kingdom session, meeting, sitting

adhogati

cwf]ult

n.

fall, downfall, degradation

adhunik

cfwÚlgs

adj.

modern, recent, current

adhyaksha

cWoIf

n.

adhyay

cWofo

n.

chief, master, director, chairman, superintendent, supervisor chapter, section, canto

adhyayan

cWoog

n.

adi

cflb

n./adj.

adijati

cflbhflt

n.

study, learning, tuition, perusal beginning, primary, origin, first, basic; etcetera, etc. tribe, tribal, autoethon

adikal

cflbsfn

n.

primeval time

adikaran

cflbsf/g

n.

adikavi

cflbslj

n.

first cause, fundamental cause first poet, pioneer poet

adikavya

cflbsfJo

n.

first epic, Ramayana

adinu

cl*gÚ

v.i.

to stop

adityavar

cflbtojf/

n.

Sunday

based upon

3


adivasi

cflbjfl;

n.

adkalnu

c*\sNgÚ

v.t.

adkanu

c*\sgÚ

v.i.

adkaunu

c*\sfpgÚ

v.t.

to get stuck, to be stopped, to be halted to cause to stick

adnu

c*\gÚ

v.i.

to stop, to cease moving

aduva

cbÚjf

n.

ginger

advittiya

clålQo

adj.

agadha

cufw

adj.

agadi

cufl*

postp.

agadi badhaunu

cufl* a(fpgÚ

v.t.

unparalleled, second-tonone unfathomable, bottomless, deep in front of, before, ahead, toward the front, first to lead forward

agadi badhnu

cufl* a(\gÚ

v.i.

agal-bagal

cun–aun

adv.

agami

cfufdL

adj.

agati

cult

n.

to advance, to move forward from left to right, on both sides coming, forthcoming, ensuing decline, lack of progress

age

cfu]

adj.

before, future, in furute

agena

cu]gf

n.

fireplace, hearth

ageno

cu]gf]

n.

fireplace

aghadi

c#fl*

aghat

cf#ft

n.

in front of, before, toward the front, first blow, assault

aghaun

cf#f}+

adv.

next year

aghaunu

c#fpgÚ

v.i.

to be satisfied with eating

aghi

cl#

aghi lagnu

cl# nfUgÚ

v.t.

aghi nai

cl# g}

adv.

aghi sarnu

cl# ;gÚ[{

v.i.

aghi-aghi

cl#–cl#

aghillo

cl#Nnf]

adj. 4

aborigine, original inhabitant to guess

already, before, previously, formerly, facing, in front of, ago, to go first, to go ahead, to lead, to guide already, long ago to advance, to volunteer, to incite, to instigate a long time ago, in times gone by first, former, front, anterior,


adv.

last, previous in front of, facing

cl#;Dd

adv.

some other time, before, on other occasions, generally, usually, in single file, one after another, sequentially, surrounded by until recently

aglo

cUnf]

adj.

tall, high

aglo

cfUnf]

n.

latch, bolt

aglyaunu

cUNofpgÚ

v.t.

to lock, to pull to [a door]

agni

clUg

n.

fire

agnikand

clUgsf)*

n.

fire, conflagration

ago

cfuf]

n.

fire

agraha

cfu|x

n.

agulto

cuÚN^f]

n.

desire, longing, craving, zeal, urging, insistence piece of burning wood

aguva

cuÚjf

n./adv.

leader, leading

agya

cf!f

n.

agyakari

cf!fsf/L

adj.

order, command, instruction, permission obedient

agyan

v!fg

n./adj.

ignorance; ignorant

agyat

c!ft

adj.

unknown, secret, obscure

ahan

cx

int.

no

ahangkar

cx°f/

n.

arrogance, conceit

ahar

cfxf/

n.

food, diet

ahara

cfxf/f

n.

food, diet

ahat

cfxt

adj.

struck, beaten

ahile

clxn]

adv.

now, this time

aimai

cfOdfO{

n.

woman

ain

P]g

n.

law, legal code, rule

aina

P]gf

n.

aincatana

P]+rftfgf

adj.

ainselu

P];]nÚ

n.

mirror, looking glass, pane of glass out of control, controlled by outsideforces yellow raspberry

aipugnu

cfOkÚUgÚ

v.i.

to arrive

aitavar

cfOtjf/

n.

Sunday

aghiltira

cl#lNt/

aghi-pachi

cl#–kl%

aghisamma

5


aitihasik

P]ltxfl;s

adj.

historical

aja

cfh

adv.

today

aja bihana

cfh laxfgf

comp.

this morning

ajabholi

cfhef]ln

adv.

nowadays

ajakal

cfhsfn

adv.

nowadays

ajan

chfg

adj.

ignorant

ajang

chª

adj.

ajat

chft

adj.

ajatshatru

chftzqÚ

adj.

huge, very big, enormous, formidable outcaste, low caste, not born having no enemy

ajha

adv.

still, yet, moreover, now

ajhai

c´}

conj.

even then, even now

ajivan

cfhLjg

adj.

akad

cs*

n.

akado

cs*f]

adj.

throughout life, for a whole life-time insistence, obstinacy, stubbornness, persistence obstinate, stubborn

akal

csn

akalpaniya

csNkgLo

adj.

akamakaunu

csdsfpgÚ

v.i.

akamakka

csdSs

adj.

akamakka parnu

csdSs kfg{

v.t.

akangksha

cfsfª\Iff

n.

confused, baffled, disconcerted, dumbfounded, perplexed to be confused, to be baffled, to be in a quandary, to be taken aback, to be disconcerted, to be rattled, to hesitate, to pause aspiration

akanksha

cfsf+Iff

n.

wish, desire, intention

akantak

cs)^s

adj.

akapat

csk^

adj.

free from trouble, unobstructed, thornless guiltless, frank, open

akar

cfsf/

n.

size, shape, form, outline

akaraniya

cs/)fLo

adj.

akarma

csd{

n.

improper, unfit to be performed unnecessary act, wicked

6

wisdom, intelligence, cleverness, knowledge, skilful, clever, wise unimaginable, unthinkable, inconceivable to hesitate, to pause


act intransitive

akarmak

csd{s

adj.

akarmanya

csd{)o

adj.

akarmi

csdL{

n.

akarna

cs)f{

akarna

csg{

n.

akarsan

cfsif{)f

n.

official record, document, list of official records attraction

akartavya

cst{Jo

adj.

improper, unfit to be done

akartha

csfy{

adj.

akash

cfsfz

n.

without cause, pointlessly, in vain sky, space

akashe tara-marg

cfsfz] tf/窶電fu{

n.

cable railway

akashvani

cfsfZjf)fL

n.

radio broadcast

akasmat

cs:dft

adv.

akasmik

cfsl:ds

adj.

akathaniya

csygLo

adj.

akathya

csYo

adj.

akavat

csjt

n.

suddenly, accidentally, unexpectedly, all of a sudden sudden, abrupt, accidental, casual inexpressible, indescribable, inexpressible, obscene, indecent inexpressible, indescribable, inexpressible, obscene, indecent, filthy, unutterable duty, God

akbar

csa/

n.

akbare

csa/]

adj.

akbari

csa/L

adj.

akelo

cs]nf]

adj.

name of the third Indian Moghul Emperor pungent chilli, extraordinary hot related to Akbar, pure, unadulterated alone

akhabar

cvaf/

n.

newspaper

akhir

cflv/

adv.

at last, eventually

akkal

cSsn

n.

akkali

cSsnL

adj.

knowledge, cleverness, thought clever, intelligent

akkase

cSsf;]

adj.

sky-blue

7

idle, useless, good for nothing a do nothing, sinner, evildoer, rogue, villain deaf, having no ear


akkasinu

cSsfl;gÚ

v.i.

to fly up

akraman

cfqmd)f

n.

attack, invasion

akrista

cfs[i^

adj.

attracted, drawn, charmed

akriti

cfs[lt

n.

size, shape, form, outline

aksar

cS;/

adv.

akshansh

cIff+z

n.

often, frequently, usually, many, a lot latitude

akshar

cIf/

n.

aksijan

clS;hg

n.

alag

cnu

alainci

cn}+rL

n.

cardamom

alangkar

cn°f/

n.

embellishment

alasya

cfn:o

n.

laziness, idleness

alchi

cN%L

adj.

lazy, idle

alekha

cfn]v

n.

algyaunu

cNUofpgÚ

v.t.

alhad

cfNxfb

n.

writing, script, anything written tho lift, to raise, to release, to set free delight, fulfilment

ali

cln

adj.

a bit, a little, few

ali

cfnL

n.

alikati

clnslt

adj.

ridge at the edge of a fieldterrace a little, a small quantity

alilo

clnnf]

adj.

lacking salt, tasteless

aljhanu

cN´gÚ

v.i.

to get caught up in

aljhaunu

cN´fpgÚ

v.t.

to entangle

alkatra

cnsqf

n.

asphalt

allare

cNnf/]

n.

rover

almalaunu

cNdnfpgÚ

v.t.

to confuse, to lead astray

almalinu

cndlngÚ

v.i.

almari

cfNdf/L

n.

to be bewildered, to be amazed, to be confused shelves, cupboard

alocana

cfnf]rgf

n.

criticism, critique

alocanatmak

cfnf]rgfTds

adj.

critical

letter [of the alphabet], [written] character, [except numerals], alphabet, syllable oxygen separate, different

8


alok

cfnf]s

n.

alpamat

cNkdt

n.

enlightenment, light, brightness minority

alsi

cN;L

adj.

lazy, idle

alu

cfnÚ

n.

potato

alu tachnu

cfnÚ tf%\gÚ

v.t.

to peel off potatoes

alubakhada

cfnÚav*f

n.

plum-tree

am

cfd

adj.

common, general

ama

cfdf

n.

mother

amai

cfd}

n.

grandmother [rural]

amaju

cfdfh'

n.

husband's elder sister

amala

cdnf

n.

a kind of fruit [sour-sweet]

amanav

cdfgj

adj.

inhuman

amanya

cdfGo

adj.

unaccepted, unobeyed

amar

cd/

adj.

immortal, undying

amarkosh

cd/sf]z

n.

amba

cDaf

n.

(a Sanskrit dictionary compiled by Amar Singh) guava

amdani

cfDbfgL

n.

income

amdani badhaune

cfdbfgL a(fpg]

n.

income generating

amilo

cldnf]

adj.

sour

amir

cdL/

adj.

wealthy, rich

amiri

cdL/L

adj.

wealthy, rich

amkhora

cDvf]/f

n.

amnirvacan

cfdlgjf{rg

n.

brass pot for drinking from, tumbler general elections

amol

cdf]n

adj.

priceless, invaluable

amrit

cd[t

n./adj.

elixir, nectar; immortal

amulya

cd'No

adj.

priceless, invaluable

amurta

cd't{

adj.

formless

an

c

int.

yes

anadarvaci

cgfb/jfrL

adj.

non-honorific [ling.]

anadi

cgflb

adj.

analamaya

cgndo

adj.

having no beginning, selfborn fiery

anand

cfgGb

n.

happiness

anandi

cfgGbL

adj.

happy

9


ananta

cgGt

adj.

infinite, endless

anar

cgf/

n.

pomegranate

anarsa

cg;f{

n.

anashan

cgzg

n.

a kind if sweet bread made of rice flour, sugar and butter fasting

anatha

cgfy

adj.

uncared for, orphaned

anautha

cgf}&f

adj.

anautho

cgf}&f]

adj.

anautikta

cgf}ltQmf

n.

queer, unusual, extraordinary queer, unusual, extraordinary, strange, peculiar immorality

anavarat

cgj/t

adj.

unceasing, constant

anbhaunu

cGefpgÚ

v.t.

ancal

c~rn

n.

to say good-bye to the couple in marriage, to send away a bride zone

ancal adalat

c~rn cbfnt

n.

zonal court

ancal nyayadhish

c~rn GofofwLif

n.

zonal judge

ancal prashasan

c~rn k|zf;g

n.

zonal administration

ancal sabha

c~rn ;ef

n.

zonal assembly

ancaladhish

c~rnfwLz

n.

zonal commissioner

ancetnu

cr]&\gÚ

v.t.

anda

cG*f

n.

to discipline, to impress, to press, to push with force egg

andaji

cGbfhL

adv.

appropriately, about

anderi

c*]/L

n.

castor-oil plant

andha

cGwf

adj.

blind

andhabhakta

cGweQm

n.

andhakar

cGwsf/

n.

blind follower, superstitious person darkness

andheri

cw]/L

adj.

dark, gloomy

andhi

cflw

n.

storm, strong wind

andhiyar

cflwof/

n.

andhopan

cGwf]kg

n.

sharer of half the land or crop blindness

andhyaro

cWof/f]

n./adj.

andolan

cfGbf]ng

n. 10

dark, gloomy, sad, darkness, ignorance, gloom agitation, riot, movement


andra

cfGb|f

n.

entrails

anduva

c*Újf

n.

not castrated animal

aneka

cg]s

adj.

several, many

ang

cfª

n.

anga pugnu

cé kÚUgÚ

anga-bhanga

cé–eé

n.

part, body, portion, limb, procedure to be the procedure complete mutilation of a limb

anga-bhanga garnu

cé–eé ugÚ{

v.t.

angacched

céR%]b

n.

angalnu

cuNgÚ

v.t.

angalo

cufnf]

n.

angan

cfug

n.

angar

cuf/

n.

anga-raksha

cé/Iff

n.

to adopt, to accept, to follow, to embrace, to hug hug, embrace, armful, the bent arm yard, courtyard, house, home cinder, ember, the black substance of charcoal protection of body

anga-rakshak

cé/Ifs

n.

body guard

angethi

cu]&L

n.

anggur

cu'/

n.

iron or clay vessel to carry fire, portable fireplace grape

anghi

cf#L

n.

storm, whirlwind, hurricane

angikar

céLsf/

n.

acceptance

angikar garnu

céLsf/ ugÚ{

v.t.

to accept, to follow

angikrit

c+uLs[t

adj.

adopted, agreed, promised

angikrit nagarikta

c+uLs[t gful/stf

n.

adopted citizenship

angikrit nepali nagarikta anginti

c+uLs[t g]kfnL gful/stf n. cglulGt

adj.

countless

angka

n.

angka ra akshar

c° / cIf/

numeral, digit, issue, number [of a periodical], mark [in an examination], score, points [in a game], act [in a drama] figure and letter

angka ra aksharle bolaunu angka-ganit

c° / cIf/n] af]nfpgÚ

to call by figure and word n.

c°ul)ft

11

to amputate, to dismember, to mutilate amputation

adopted Nepali citizenship

arithmetic, mathematics


angkamal

c°dfn

n.

embrace

angkapatra

c+skq

n.

label, fillet

angkit

c+lst

adj.

angkuran

c+sÚ/)f

n.

marked, written, endorsed, encounted germination, beginning

angocha

cuf]%f

n.

towel, napkin

angrej

c+u|]h

n.

angreji

c+u|]hL

n./adj.

angsha

c+z

n.

angshadan

c+zbfg

n.

Englishman, Westerner, white man English, British, English language share, division, fragment, ingredient, contribution, element, portion, clause, sub-clause contribution, donation

angshadhar

c+zw/

n.

share-holder, heir

angshako hak

c+zsf] xs

n.

angshiyar

c+lzof/

n.

heirship, right to the paternal property co-heir, sharer, partner

angul

c+uÚn

n.

finger, a finger's breadth

anguli mudra

c+uÚnL dÚb|f

n.

anguli pratimudra

c+uÚnL k|ltdÚb|f

n.

fingerprint, nameprinted ring finger impression

angur

c+uÚ/

n.

grape

ani

clg

conj.

and, then, and then

anicchit

clglR%t

adj.

undesired, unwished for

anikal

clgsfn

n.

famine

anil

clgn

n.

wind

anivarya

clgjfo{

adj.

inevitable

anjali

c~hnL

n.

anjuli

c~hÚnL

n.

anka

c+s

n.

the open palms of the hands held together and slightly cupped, a double handful, offering in worship, tribute the open palms of the hands held together and slightly cupped, a double handful, offering in worship, tribute numeral, digit, issue, number [of a periodical], mark [in an examination], score, points [in a game],

12


ankai

csfO{

n.

act [in a drama] estimate, evaluation

ankanaunu

cGsgfpgÚ

v.i.

to hesitate

ankha

cfvf

n.

eye

ankhako nani

cfvfsf] gfgL

n.

pupil

ankhibhuin

cfvfLe'O

n.

eyebrow

ankuro

csÚ/f]

n.

ankush

c+sÚz

n.

shoot, seedling, bud, fresh shoot of a plant hook

anmaunu

cGdfpgÚ

v.t.

anna

cGg

n.

to say good-bye to the couple in marriage, to send away a bride grain, food

anna-bhandar

cGge)*f/

n.

granary

anp

cfk

n.

mango

anshu

cfz'

n.

tear, teardrop

ant

cf&

n.

courage, boldness

anta

cf&f

n.

wheat flour

anta

cGt

n.

end, conclusion

anta garnu

cGt ugÚ{

v.t.

to end, to finisch

antai

cGt}

adv.

elsewhere

antar

cGt/

n./adj.

antaral rajya

cGt/fn /fHof

n.

difference, interval; inner, interbuffer state

antardeshiya

c+tb]{zLo

adj.

inland, domestic

antardeshiya jalpath

c+tb]{zLo hnky

n.

inland waterways

antardeshiya patra

c+tb]{zLo kq

n.

inland letter

antardeshiya vanijya

c+tb]{zLo jfl)fHo

n.

internal trade

antardhvans

c+tWj{;

n.

sabotage

antargat

cGtu{t

adj.

included, comprised

antargrasta

c+tu|{:t

adj.

involved

antarik

cfGtl/s

adj.

interior, inner, internal

antariksha

cGt/LIf

n.

space, universe

antarmukhi

cGtdÚ{lv

adj.

introvert, inward-looking

antarrastriya

cGt/f{li^«o

adj.

international

antarrastriya kanun

cGt/f{li^«o sfg'g

n.

international law

antarrastriya

cGt/f{li^«o dÚb|sf]if

n.

International Monetary

13


mudrakos antarvarta

cGtjf{tf{

n.

antarvasan

c+tjf{;g

n.

antarvasi

c+tjf{;L

n.

internship, confinement within prescribed limits internee

antarvasit

c+tjf{l;t

adj.

interned

antarvasit garnu

c+tjf{l;t ugÚ{

v.t.

to intern

antarvirodh

cGt/lj/f]w

n.

antastha desh

cGt:y b]z

n.

self-contradiction, inner contradiction buffer state

anthanabbe

cG&fgAa]

num.

ninety-eight, 98

anthaunna

cG&fpGg

num.

fifty-eight, 58

anthyaunu

c&ØfpgÚ

v.t.

anti

c+lt

n.

to catch firmly, to seize, to clutch, to grasp firmly ultimatum

antim

clGtd

adj.

antis

clGt;

adj.

last, final, conclusive, ultimate last

antnu

cf^\gÚ

v.i.

to dare, to take the risk

antya

cGTo

n./adj.

end, last run

antyesti

cGTo]lit

n.

anubhav

cgÚej

n.

anubhavi

cgÚelj

adj.

the last rites after death, funeral ceremony, obsequies experience, feeling, sensation experienced

anubhuti

cgÚe'lt

n.

anudan

cgÚbfg

n.

real knowledge, experience, sensation grant

anugaman

cgÚudg

n.

follow-up

anuhar

agÚxf/

n.

face, countenance

anukramnika

cgÚqmdl0fsf

n.

contents, list of contents

anukul

cgÚs'n

adj.

anuman

cgÚdfg

n.

anumati

cgÚdlt

n.

anupasthit

cgÚkl:yt

adj.

favourable, agreeable, friendly inference, guess, presumption permission, consent, assent absent

anupras

cgÚk|f;

n.

alliteration

14

Fund [IMF] interview


anurodh

cgÚ/f]w

n.

request, entreaty, prayer

anurodh garnu

cgÚ/f]w ugÚ{

v.t.

anurup

cgÚ¿k

adj.

anusandhan

cgÚ;Gwfg

n.

to request, to ask for, to pray resembling, corresponding, similar, analogous, congruous research, investigation

anusar

cgÚ;f/

postp.

anusaran

cgÚ;/)f

n.

according to, in accordance with, equivalent to, in conformity with compliance, accordance

anushasan

cgÚzf;g

n.

discipline, instruction

anuvad

cgÚjfb

n.

translation, immitation

anuvakta

cgÚjQmf

n.

translator

anuvar

cgÚjf/

n.

face, countenance

anveshan

cGj]z)f

n.

exploration

anya

cGo

adj.

other

anyatra

cGoq

adj.

anyaya

cGofo

n.

elsewhere, somewhere else, in some other place injustice

apaci

ckrL

adj.

undigested, undigestible

apadha

ck(

adj.

illiterate, unlettered

apaharan

ckx/)f

n.

apanaunu

ckgfpgÚ

v.t.

aparadh

ck/fw

n.

aparadhi

ck/fwL

n./adj.

abduction, kidnapping, usurpation to adopt, to make use of, to apply crime, offence, guilt, fault, sin criminal, wrongdoer

aparicit

ckl/lrt

adj.

unknown, unfamiliar

aparjhat

ck/´&

adv.

apas

cfk;

n.

apashoc

ckzf]r

n.

suddenly, surprisingly, all of a sudden those close to oneself, relatives regret, sorrow

apasma

cfk;df

adj.

aphai

cfkm}

adv.

among each other, among themselves self, personally

aphisar

clkm;/

n.

officer

aphno

cfkm\Gff]

adj.

one's own

15


aphnu

cfkm\Gf'

adj.

one's own

apil

ckLn

n.

aprakashit

ck|sflzt

adj.

appeal, contradiction, objection unpublished

apratyashik

ck|Toflzs

adj.

unexpected, sudden

apravasi

cfk|jf;L

n.

immigrant

apsara

cK;/f

n.

nymph, fairy, spirit

apurva

ck'j{

adj.

new, strange

arab

c/a

num.

one billion, 1.00.00.00.000

arajakta

c/fhstf

n.

anarchy

arakshan

cf/If)f

n.

reservation

aram

cf/fd

n.

comfort, rest

arambha

cf/De

n.

beginning, start

are

c/]

arini

cC)fL

adj.

free from debt

arje

cfh]{

n.

arko

csf]{

adj.

prophecy, prediction, forecast another, next, second

arop

cf/f]k

n.

arpanu

ck{gÚ

v.t.

artha

cy{

n.

arthadanda

cy{b)*

n.

finance, wealth, nmeaning, significance, import, interpretation, explanation fine

artha-mantri

cy{dGqL

n.

minister of finance

arthashastra

cy{zf:q

n.

arthat

cyf{t

adv.

arthik

cfly{s

adj.

economics, political economy that is to say, in other words, i.e. economic, financial

arthik matava

cfly{s dxTj

n.

economic importance

arthyaunu

cYof{pgÚ

v.t.

arti

ctL{

n.

aru

cf¿

n.

to make sense of, to understand advice, counsel, lesson, instruction, precept, moral lesson, admonition peach

aru

c¿

adj.

(reported speech marker)

16

imputation, allegation, insinuation, accusation to offer up, to dedicate

another, more, either, further


aru kohi

c¿ sf]xL

arubakhada

cf¿av*f

n.

plum

asabhya

c;Eo

adj.

uncivilised, uncultured

asadh

c;f(

n.

asadharan

c;fwf/)f

adj.

Asadh or Asar, third month of the Nepali year [JuneJuly] unusual, uncommon

asadhya

c;fWo

adj.

very, extremely

asahamati

c;xdlt

n.

asahaya

c;xfo

adj.

disagreement, dissent, discordance helpless

asal

c;n

adj.

asali

c;nL

adj.

real, true, pure, unadulterated, morally good real, genuine

asam

cf;fd

n.

Assam

asaman

cf;dfg

n.

sky

asamanta

c;dfGtf

n.

inequality

asamaya

c;do

n.

asamayik

c;fdlos

adj.

asambhava

c;Dej

adj.

untimeliness, bad or unfitting time inopportune, untimely, inconvenient impossible

asan

cf;g

n.

asanggati

c;+ult

n.

asankhya

c;+Vo

adj.

asanna

cf;Gg

adj.

asantusta

c;GtÚi&

adj.

asantusti

c;GtÚli&

n.

seat, stool, office, post, posture, throne incoherence, irrelevance, absurdity, irrationality, incompatibility, anomaly innumerable, countless, beyond number imminent, impencing, near, close dissatisfied, discontented, displeased, reluctant dissatisfaction

asapas

cf;kf;

adv.

nearabout, nearby

asaphal

c;kmn

adj.

unsuccessful, failure

asar

c;f/

n.

asar

c;/

n.

Asadh or Asar, third month of the Nepali year [JuneJuly] effect, influence, mark, authority

someone else

17


asat

c;t\

adj.

ash

cfz

n.

evil, bad, non-existent, illusory hope

asha

cfzf

n.

hope

ashangka

cfz+sf

n.

ashanti

czflGt

n.

suspicion, doubt, fear, dread lack of peace, unrest

ashaya

cfzo

n.

ashcarya

cfZro{

n.

ashcaryalagdo

cfZro{nfUbf]

adj.

meaning, aim, intention, purport wonder, surprise, astonishment surprising

ashiksha

clzIff

n.

illiteracy

ashikshit

clzlIft

adj.

ashirvacan

cfzLj{rg

n.

uneducated, unlettered, illiterate blessing, benediction

ashirvacan

cfzLj{rg

n.

blessing

ashirvad

cfzLjf{b

n.

blessing, benediction

ashirvad

cfzLjf{b

n.

blessing

ashis

cflzif

n.

blessing, benediction

ashis dinu

cflzif lbgÚ

v.t.

to bless

ashlil

cZnLn

adj.

indecent, vulgar

ashram

cf>d

n.

ashraya

cf>o

n.

ashrit

cfl>t

postp.

hermitage, residential institute dependence, resort, reliance, retreat depending on, relying on

ashu

cfzÚ

adj.

ashuddha

czÚ$

adj.

quick, speedily, immediate, swift impure

ashutos

cfzÚtf]if

adj.

contended, easily pleased

ashvin

cflZjg

n.

asi

c;L

Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month of the Nepali year [September-October] eighty, 80

asima

c;Ld

adj.

boundless, unlimited

asimit

c;Lldt

adj.

boundless, unlimited

asoj

c;f]h

n.

Ashvin or Asoj, fifth month of the Nepali year [September-October]

18


aspast

c:ki&

adj.

aspastata

c:ki&tf

n.

aspatal

c:ktfn

n.

not clear, indistinct, vague, dim, obscure, blurred, ambiguous lack of clarity, uncertainty, haziness hospital

astaunu

c:tfpgÚ

v.i.

to set [sun, moon or star]

astha

cf:yf

n.

faith, reverence, veneration

asthipanjar

cl:ykGh/

n.

skeleton

asti

cl:t

adv.

astiko bihibar

cl:tsf] laxLaf/

the day before yesterday, recently, the other day last Thursday

astitva

cl:tTj

n.

existence, being, entity

astrashastra

a:qz:q

n.

astreliya

c:&«]lnof

n.

weaponry, armament, arms, weapons Australien

asuvidha

c;'ljwf

n.

inconvenience

asvabhavik

c:jefljs

adj.

unnatural

asvasth

c:j:y

adj.

unhealthy.morbid

asvikar

c:jLsf/

n.

atah

ctM

conj.

non-acceptance, rejection, refusal, denial hence, therefore, thus

atainu

c^fOgÚ

v.i.

to fit into, to be contained

atal

c^n

adj.

atangka

cft°

n.

atangkit

cftl°t

adj.

firm, irrevocable, resolute, unwavering, steadfast, still, unmoving fear, terror, panic, phobea, suffering terrified

ataunu

c^fpgÚ

v.i.

to fit into, to be contained

ateri

c^]/L

adj.

headstrong, obstinate

ath

cf&

num.

eight, 8

athara

c&f/

adj.

eighteen, 18

athasi

c&f;L

adj.

eighty-eight, 88

athaun

cf&f}+

adj.

eighth

athava

cyjf

conj.

or

athcalis

c&rfnL;

adj.

forty-eight, 48

athhattar

c&xQ/

adj.

seventy-eight, 78

athsatthi

c&;&\&L

adj.

sixty-eight, 68

19


athtis

c&tL;

adj.

thirty-eight, 38

ati

clt

adj.

atikraman

cltqmd)f

n.

atirikta

cltl/Qm

adv.

very much, exceeding, extremely, beyond infringement, contravention, violation extra, additional, excessive

atit

ctLt

n./adv.

past, gone

atithighar

cltly#/

n.

atithishala

cltlyzfnf

n.

atma

cfTdf

n.

guest house, guest chamber guest house, guest chamber mind, heart, intellect, soul

atmabhiman

cfTdfledfg

n.

self-respect, self-esteem

atmabodhak

cfTdfaf]ws

adj.

reflexive [linguistics]

atmahatya

cfTdxTof

n.

atmanirbhar

cfTdlge{/

n.

atmasamman

cfTd;Ddfg

n.

suicide, self-murder, selfkilling self-dependence, selfsupport self-respect, self-regard

atmavibhorta

cfTdljef]/tf

n.

fascination

atmavishvas

cfTdljZjf;

n.

self-confidence

atripti

ct[lKt

n.

attalika

c§flnsf

n.

insatiability, lack of appeasement balcony, verandah

attar

cQ/

n.

scent, fragrance

atthais

a&&fO{;

adj.

twenty-eight, 28

attinu

cflQgÚ

v.i.

atur

cftÚ/

adj.

atut

c^Ú^

adj.

atuva

c^'jf

n.

to be frightened, to be nerveous sick, wounded, impatient, anxious unbroken, continuous, continual ginger

atyacar

cTofrf/

n.

atyanta

cToGt

adj.

atyavashyak

cTofjZos

adj.

atrocity, tyranny, excess, outrage, oppression a lot, much, very much, exceedingly, utterly, extremely very necessary, essential

atyukti

cToÚlQm

n.

hyperbole, exaggeration

au

cf}

conj.

and

20


aucitya

cf}lrTo

n.

audyogik

cf}Bf]lus

adj.

propriety, appropriateness, validity industrial

aunlo

cf}+nf]

n.

finger

aunlyaunu

cf}+NofpgÚ

v.t.

to point at

aunsi

cf}+;L

n.

aunu

cfpgÚ

v.i.

new moon, last day of the dark half of the month to come

aupacarik

cf}krfl/s

adj.

formal, ceremonial

aupacarik adarvaci

cf}krfl/s cfb/jfrL

adj.

formally polite [linguistics]

ausadhipasal

cf}iflwk;n

n.

avadhi

cjlw

n.

avahela

cjx]nf

n.

chemist's (shop), pharmacy, drugstore periode, time, limit, term, duration neglect, disdain, contempt

avahelna

cjx]ngf

n.

neglect, disdain, contempt

avaj

cfjfh

n.

voice, sound, report, uproar

avakash

cjsfz

n.

free time

avalamban

cjnDag

n.

support, reliance

avalokan

cjnf]sg

n.

look, gaze

avanati

cjglt

n.

decline, downfall

avarodh

cj/f]w

n.

avas

cfjf;

n.

obstruction, hindrance, impediment, restraint, taboo dwelling, place of residence

avasar

cj;/

n.

avasar paunu

cj;/ kfpgÚ

v.t.

opportunity, chance, occasion, scope to take a chance

avashya

cjZo

adv.

certainly

avashyak

cfjZos

adj.

avashyakta

cfjZostf

n.

avastha

cj:yf

n.

avasyakta

cfj:oQm

n.

avat-javat

cfjt–hfjt

n.

avicchinna

cljlRrGg

adj.

necessary, needful, inevitable necessity, need, requirement condition, state, age, phase, despondency need, necessity, requirement coming and going, connection, transmigration uninterrupted, continuous

21


avikasit

cljsl;t

adj.

undeveloped

avishvas

cljZjf;

n.

aviskar

cfljisf/

n.

distrust, disbelief, nonconfidence, suspicion, doubt discovery, invention

avivekpurna

cljj]sk')f{

adj.

avyavastha

cJoj:yf

n.

without reason, for no reason, unfounded disorder

ayaram gayaram

cfof/fd uof/fd

n.

frequent defectionist

ayarlaind

cfo/n})*

n.

Ireland

ayog

cfof]u

n.

commission

ayojana

cfof]hgf

n.

project

ba

af

n.

father [colloquially]

babu

afaÚ

n.

father

bacaunu

arfpgÚ

v.t.

to save, to defend, to spare

bada

a*f

adj.

bada hakim

a*f xflsd

n.

big, large, gigantic, og great size district officer

badal

afbn

n.

cloud

badam

abfd

n.

peanut

badamash

abdfz

adj.

badanam

abgfd

adj.

wicked, immoral, mischievous caluminated, infamous

badha

afwf

n.

badhak

afws

adj.

hinderance, obstacle, obstruction hindering, obstructing

badharnu

a(fgÚ{

v.t.

sweep

badhaunu

a(fpgÚ

v.t.

badhi

a(L

adj.

to increase, to make bigger, to enlarge more, larger, higher

badhiya

al(of

adj.

badhnu

a(\gÚ

v.i.

badi

abL

n.

bado

a*f]

adj.

fine, nice, superior, excellent, of good quality to increase, to grow, to advance, to go forward, to flourish the dark half of a lunar month; evil, wickedness big, large, gigantic

bagainca

au}+rf

n.

garden, orchard

bagbani

afuafgL

n.

gardening, horticulture

22


baggi

aUuL

n.

horse carriage

bagh

af#

n.

tiger

bagha

af#f

n.

obstacle

bagnu

aUgÚ

v.i.

to flow, to glide

bagvani

afujfgL

n.

horticulture

bahadur

axfbÚ/

adj.

bahas

ax;

n.

bahattar

axQ/

num.

brave, bold, courageous, defiant discussion, argumentation, debate seventy-two, 72

bahek

afx]s

postp.

except, besides

bahini

alxgL

n.

younger sister

bahinijvain

alxgLHjfO

n.

younger sister's husband

bahira

aflx/

postp.

outside, at another place

bahira samet

aflx/ ;d]t

bahirapatti

aflx/kl§

n.

outside

bahiro

alx/f]

adj.

deaf

bahiskar

alxifsf/

n.

bahra

afx|

num.

expulsion, removal, exclusion, excommunication twelve, 12

bahraun

afx|f}+

adj.

twelfth

bahudaliya

axÚblno

adj.

multiparty

bahudaliya vyavastha

axÚblno joj:yf

n.

multiparty system

bahumat

axÚdt

n.

majority

bahumulya

axÚd'No

adj.

bahun

afxÚg

n.

valuable, expensive, very costly Brahmin

baijani

a}hgL

adj.

purple

baink

a}°

n.

bank

bais

afO{;

num.

twenty-two, 22

baisatthi

a};&\&L

num.

sixty-two, 62

baishakh

a}zfv

n.

baithak

a}&s

n.

baj

afh

n.

first month of the Nepali calendar [April/May] meeting, session, living room, sitting room, reception room hawk

even outside

23


baje

ah]

baje

afh]

n.

grandfather

bajet

ah]&

n.

budget

bajhnu

a´\gÚ

v.i.

to quarrel, to wrangle

bajnu

aHgÚ

v.i.

to sound, to chime

bajyai

aHo}

n.

bakas

afs;

n.

grandmother [lower class], woman's mother-in-law [lower class], a Brahmin woman, an old woman box

bakas

as;

n.

present, gift, reward

bakhat

avt

n.

bakhri

afv|L

n.

time, period, moment, opportunity she-goat

bakhro

afv|f]

n.

goat

bakkulo

aSsÚnf]

n.

crane

baklo

afSnf]

adj.

thick

baksanu

aS;gÚ

v.t.

bal

an

n.

bal

afn

n.

to give, to present [as a present or reward by a high standing personality like the king] strength, power, force, might child, boy

balatkar

anfTsf/

n.

rape

bali

anL

adj.

strong, powerful

bali

afnL

n.

standig crops, harvest

balika

afLnsf

n.

young girl

balistha

aln:&

adj.

strong, powerful, stout

baliyo

alnof]

adj.

strong, powerful, stout

balkrishna sama

afns[i)f ;d

n.

balnu

aNgÚ

v.i.

balnu

afNgÚ

v.t.

Bal Krishna Sama [a famous Nepali poet] to burn, to blaze, to catch fire to kindle, to light, to burn

balti

afN&L

n.

bucket

balun

afnÚg

n.

a kind of folk song

balyakal

afNosfn

n.

childhood

bamojim

adf]lhd

adv.

according to, in accordance

o'clock

24


bamojit

adf]lht

adj.

banaunu

agfpgÚ

v.t.

with, accordingly according to, in accordance with, accordingly to make, to build, to repair

bancaro

aGr/f]

n.

axe

bancnu

afRgÚ

v.i.

to survive

banda bhayo

aGb eof]

comp.

it is closed, it is shut

banda garnu

aGb ugÚ{

v.t.

to close, to shut

bandakopi

aGbfsf]kL

n.

cabbage

bandar

afb/

n.

monkey

bandel

ab]n

n.

wild pig

bandhan

aGwg

n.

imprisonment

bandhnu

afWgÚ

v.t.

to bind, to tie up, to fasten

bandi

aGbL

n.

hostage, prisoner

bandighar

aGbL#/

n.

prison, jail

bandigriha

aGbLu[x

n.

prison, jail

bandikhana

aGbLvfgf

n.

prison, jail

bandnu

af*\gÚ

v.t.

banel

ag]n

n.

to part, to divide, to share, to partition wild pig

bango

aféf]

adj.

crooked, bent, twisted

bangur

a+uÚ/

n.

pig

bani

afgL

n.

habit, disposition, character

banki

afsL

n.

bannu

aGgÚ

v.i.

remainder, left over, residue to be ready, to be made

bans

af;

n.

bamboo

bansko purda

af“:sf] k'bf{

n.

bamboo curtain

bar

af/

n.

fence, temporary wall

bar

af/

n.

bara

a/f

n.

weekday [of the Nepali calendar] great-grandfather

barbar

aa{/

n./adj.

barbarta

aa{/tf

n.

bare

af/]

postp.

bari

af/L

n. 25

barbarian, savage, barbarisch, wild barbarity about, realting to, concerning dry field, garden


barkha

av{f

n.

barnu

afgÚ{

v.t.

baru

a?

barulo

af?nf]

n.

wasp

basai sarai

a;fO{ ;/fO{

n.

migration

basalnu

a;fNgÚ

v.t.

basanta

a;Gt

n.

to cause to sit, to make someone sit spring

basaunu

a;fpgÚ

v.t.

basinda

afl;Gbf

n.

to cause to sit, to make someone sit inhabitant, resident

basnu

a:gÚ

v.i.

to sit, to settle, to remain

basobas

a;f]af;

n.

basovas

a;f]jf;

n.

bata

af&

postp.

residence, place of residence residence, place of residence from, by

bata marnu

aft dfgÚ{

v.i.

to talk

batas

atf;

n.

wind, air

batho

af&f]

adj.

intelligent, clever

bato

af^f]

n.

road, path, way

bato lagnu

af^f] nfUgÚ

v.t.

to set off

battai

a§fO{

n.

quail

batti

aQL

n.

lamp

battis

aQL;

num.

thirty-two, 32

batuko

a^Úsf]

n.

cup, bowl

baulaha

af}nfxf

adj.

mad, lunatic

baunna

afpGg

num.

fifty-two, 52

bayalis

aofnL;

num.

forty-two, 42

bayan

aofg

n.

bayan

afof

adj.

description, narration, account left

bayanabbe

aofgAa]

num.

ninety-two, 92

bayasi

aof;L

num.

eighty-two, 82

becnu

a]RgÚ

v.t.

to sell, to dispose off

beglo

a]Unf]

adj.

separated

behornu

a]xf]gÚ{

v.i.

to bear, to make use of, to

rains, rainy season, monsoon to observe, to abstain from better, rather, or

26


look after, to afford time, occasion

bela

a]nf

n.

beluka

a]nÚsf

n./adj.

bemajja

a]dHhf

adj.

evening, in the evening, after sunset not pleasing

benci

a]GrL

n.

bench

bensi

a]+;L

n.

bepar

a]kf/

n.

valley, lowland, lower portion of a hill trade, commerce

bepar garnu

a]kf/ ugÚ{

v.t.

to trade, to sell

bepari

a]kf/L

n.

trader, merchant

ber

a]/

n.

time, delay, late

berojgar

a]/f]huf/

n.

unemployment

bes

a];

adj.

good, very good

besar

a];f/

n.

turmeric

besari

a];/L

adv.

bevasta

a]jf:tf

adj.

bhada

ef*f

n.

nicely, abundantly, profusely, plentifully, excessively indifferent, unmindful, unconcerned, careless rent, hire, fare, freight

bhadai

eb}

n.

woman's brother's daughter

bhadau

ebf}

n.

bhadgaun

efbufp

n.

bhadkinu

e*\lsgÚ

v.i.

bhado

ebf]

n.

fifth month of the Nepali year [August-September] Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an ancient town east of Kathmandu] to be frightened, to feel shy, to go astray woman's brother's son

bhadra

eb|

n.

bhagnu

efUgÚ

v.i.

fifth month of the Nepali year [August-September] to flee, to run away

bhai

efO

n.

younger brother

bhai-bharadar

efOef/fbf/

n.

bhaibuhari

efOaÚxf/L

n.

king's address towards his royal relatives younger brother's wife

bhain

eO

n.

ground, earth, floor

bhainsi

e}+;L

n.

water buffalo [female]

bhajan

efhg

n.

receptacle, object, dividing

27


bhaka

efsf

n.

promise

bhakta

eQm

n./adj.

devotee; devoted, pious

bhaktapur

eQmkÚ/

n.

bhakti

elQm

n.

bhaktiman

elQmdfg

n./adj.

Bhaktapur, Bhadgaon [an ancient town east of Kathmandu] devotion, worship, veneration devotee; devoted, pious

bhakundo khelnu

esÚ)*f] v]NgÚ

v.t.

to play football

bhala

efnf

n.

spear, lance, pike

bhalai

enfO{

n.

bhale mujur

efn] dÚhÚ/

n.

welfare, well-being, goodness, gentleness peacock

bhalu

efn"

n.

bear

bhanda

eGbf

postp.

bhandakunda

ef*fsÚ*f

n.

compared to [used for construction of comparative] pots and pans

bhandaphor

e)*fkmf]]/

n.

bhandar

e)*f/

n.

unmasking, unveiling, disclosure, revelation, betrayal store room

bhandnu

ef*\gÚ

v.t.

to spoil, to ruin (morally)

bhando

ef*f]

n.

cooking pot, vessel, pot

bhane

eg]

conj.

if, on the other hand

bhangero

eu]/f]

n.

sparrow

bhanij

eflgh

n.

sister's son

bhanje buhari

efGh] aÚxf/L

n.

sister's son's wife

bhanje jvain

efGh] HjfO{+

n.

sister's daughter's husband

bhanji

efGhL

n.

sister's daughter

bhanjo

efGhf]

n.

sister's son

bhanjyang

e~Hofª

n.

bhanne

eGg]

adj.

narrow valley, defile, mountain pass called, named

bhansa

efG;f

n.

kitchen

bhansar

eG;f/

n.

bhanubhakta acarya

efgÚeQm cfrfo{

n.

customs, customs duties, office of the customs department Bhanubhakta Acharya [a famous Nepali poet]

28


bhar

e/

n.

trust, faith, fullness

bhar parnu

e/ kgÚ{

v.t.

to trust

bharadar

ef/fbf/

n.

a high official

bharadari sabha

ef/fbf/L ;ef

n.

bharat

ef/t

n.

assembly of high officials or nobility in early Shah and Rana times India

bharatiya

ef/tLo

adj.

Indian

bhare

e/]

postp.

later in the day, afterwards

bhari

ef/L

adj.

heavy, weighty

bhari

el/

adj.

full to the brim, full

bharibharau

el/e/fp

adj.

full to the brim, full

bharipurna

el/k')f{

adj.

full to the brim, full

bharkar

ev{/

adv.

right now

bharopeli

ef/f]k]nL

adj.

indoeuropean

bharopiya

ef/f]kLo

adj.

indoeuropean

bharosa

e/f];f

n.

hope, trust, reliance

bhartsana

eT;{gf

n.

reproach, abuse

bharya

efof{

n.

wife, female consort

bharyang

e¥ofª

n.

stairs

bhasa

efiff

n.

language

bhasan

efif)f

n.

speech, lecture

bhasan dinu

efif)f lbgÚ

v.t.

to give a lecture

bhasavigyan

efifflj!fg

n.

linguistics, philosophy

bhat

eft

n.

boiled rice

bhatamas

e^df;

n.

soyabean

bhatiji

elthL

n.

man's brother's daughter

bhatijo

elthf]

n.

man's brother's son

bhattarak

e§f/s

adj.

revered, respectable

bhau

efp

n.

price, value, rate

bhaugolik

ef}uf]lns

adj.

geographic, geographical

bhaugolik mahatva

ef}uf]lns dxTj

n.

geographical importance

bhauju

efph'

n.

elder brother's wife

bhava

efj

n.

bhavan

ejg

n.

thought, mental state, feeling, sentiment, musing house, mansion, palace

29


bhavan nirman kala

ejfg lgdf{)f snf

bhavana

efjgf

n.

bhavavacak nam

efjjfrs gfd

n.

bhavya

eJo

adj.

bhedo

e]*f]

n.

bhek

e]s

n.

bhela

e]nf

n.

neighbourhood, locality, area gathering (of people)

bhet

e]&

n.

meeting, visit, interview

bhet hunu

e]& xÚgÚ

v.t.

bhetnu

e]&\gÚ

v.i./v.t.

bhijnu

leHgÚ

v.i.

to meet, to bump into someone to meet, to get, to find, to come across to get wet

bhiksha

leIff

n.

begging, alm, charity

bhinaju

legfhÚ

n.

elder sister's husband

bhinnata

leGgtf

n.

difference

bhitra

leq

postp.

inside, within, in

bhitrinu

lelqgÚ

v.i.

to enter, to penetrate

bhitriya

lelqof

adj.

bhitte

leQ]

counted as a member of the family or group wall

bhitto

leQf]

n.

side of the wall

bhogate

ef]u^]

n.

grapefruit

bhogdan

ef]ubfg

n.

help, assistance

bhojan

ef]hg

n.

food

bhojnalaya

ef]hgfno

n.

bhok

ef]s

n.

kitchen, cafe, canteen, dining room hunger

bhok lagnu

ef]s nfugÚ

bhokaunu

ef]sfpgÚ

v.i.

to be hungry

bholi

ef]ln

adv.

tomorrow

bhote

ef]^]

n.

Tibetan, Bhote

bhraman

e|d)f

n.

travel, travelling, roaming

bhrasta

e|i^

adj.

bhrastacar

e|i^frf/

n.

fallen, spoilt, polluted, defiled corruption, corrupt practice

architecture thought, mental state, feeling, sentiment, musing abstract [linguistics] grand, pompous, splendorous sheep

to be hungry

30


bhrastacari

e|i^frf/L

n.

corrupt person

bhugarbha vigyan

e'ue{ lj!fg

n.

geology

n.

geological survey

n.

bhugolko anusandhan e'uf]nsf] cgÚ;Gwfg sfo{ karya bhuin eÚO bhuin

e'O

n.

bhuincalo

e'Orfnf]

n.

ground, floor, surface of the earth ground, floor, surface of the earth earthquake

bhuinkatahar

e"Os&x/

n.

pineapple

bhuja

eÚhf

n.

boild rice [upper class]

bhuknu

eÚSgÚ

v.i.

to bark

bhu-ksharan

e"If/)f

n.

soil erosion

bhulnu

eÚNgÚ

v.i./v.t.

bhumi

e'ld

n.

bhumigat

eÚldut

n.

to forget, to make a mistake, to be attached ground, floor, surface of the earth underground

bhumika

e'ldsf

n.

bhundi

e*L

n.

preface, introduction, foreword stomach

bhu-parivestit desh

e'kl/j]li&t b]z

n.

land-locked country

bhusuno

eÚ;Úgf]

n.

gnat

bhutang

e'^fª

n.

Bhutan

bhuteko makai

eÚ^]sf] ds}

n.

popcorn

bhuteko masu

eÚ^]sf] df;Ú

n.

fried meat

bhutla

eÚTn

n.

fur, hair

bhutnu

eÚ^\gÚ

v.t.

to fry

bhutpurva

e'tk'j{

adj.

past, former, previous

bhutuva

eÚ^Újf

n.

fried meat

bhyaguto

EofuÚtf]

n.

frog

bhyaunu

EofpgÚ

v.i.

to find time

bic

aLr

bicar

larf/

n./postp. middle, centre, during, among n. thought, consideration, idea

bicchi

laR%L

n.

scorpion

bigauti

lauf}tL

n.

biha

laxf

n.

beestings, the milk of the animal after bearing a calf marriage, wedding,

31


bihaite

laxfOt]

adj.

matrimony married, wedded

bihana

laxfg

n./adv.

morning; in the morning

bihivar

lalxjf/

n.

Thursday

bij

aLh

n.

seed

bijaropan

aLhf/f]k)f

n.

bijuli

lahÚnL

n.

laying of the foundation stone, cornerstone ceremony electricity, lightening

bikha

lav

n.

poison, venom

bilkul

lansÚn

adj.

entirely, fully, completely

binti

laGtL

n.

request, prayer

bintipatra

lalGtkq

n.

application, petition

biralo

la/fnf]

n.

cat

birami

la/fdL

n./adj.

patient, illness, ill

birta

latf{

n.

free-hold land

birtaval

latf{jfn

n.

owner of free-hold land

bis

aL;

num.

twenty, 20

bitaunu

latfpgÚ

v.t.

to spend

biu

aLp

n.

seed

biunjhanu

lap´gÚ

v.t.

to wake up

bodi

af]*L

n.

boknu

af]SgÚ

v.t.

a kind of bean, blackeye bean to carry, to lift, to conceive

boko

af]sf]

n.

he-goat

bolaunu

af]nfpgÚ

v.t.

to call, to invite

bolbala

af]nafnf

n.

all in all, all powerful

bolcal

af]nrfn

n.

conversation, talk

bolcalma

af]nrfndf

bolinu

af]lngÚ

v.i.

to be spoken

bolivacan

af]nLjrg

n.

conversation, talk

bolnu

af]NgÚ

v.i.

to speak

brihaspatibar

a[x:kltaf/

n.

Thursday

brihat

a[xt

adj.

big, large, huge

buddhi

aÚl$

n.

buddhical

aÚl$rfn

n.

knowledge, intellect, mental power, wisdom chess

in everyday language

32


buddhijivi

aÚl$hLjL

adj.

intelligent, learned

budha ba

a''(f af

n.

grandfather [lower class]

budhavar

aÚwjf/

n.

Wednesday

budhi ama

a'(L cfdf

n.

grandmother [lower class]

budhi aunlo

a'(L cf}+nf]

n.

thumb

budho

a'(f]

adj.

old [person]

buhari

a'xf/L

n.

son's wife, daughter-in-law

buingal

aÚOun

n.

bujhaunu

aÚ´fpgÚ

v.t.

upper storey of a house, attic, garret to explain, to make over

bunda

aÚbf

n.

main point, main issue

burundi

aÚ?)*L

n.

Burundi

butta

aÚ§f

n.

design

buva

aÚjf

n.

father, papa

bvanso

Ajf;f]

n.

wolf

byadmintan

Aof*ldG^g

n.

badminton

cabaunu

rafpgÚ

v.t.

to chew

cadhaunu

r(fpgÚ

v.t.

cadhnu

r(\gÚ

v.t.

to cause to ride, to offer [to superiors] to climb, to mount, to ride

cadnu

r*\gÚ

v.t.

caharnu

rxfgÚ{

v.t.

cahinu

rflxgÚ

v.i.

cait

r}t

n.

caitra

r}q

n.

cakhaunu

rvfpgÚ

v.t.

to mount, to go up, to ascend, to ride, to improve to loiter, to linger, to walk about, to spend time idly by moving about to be necessary, to be required twelfth month of the Nepali year [March-April] twelfth month of the Nepali year [March-April] to cause to taste

cakhnu

rfVgÚ

v.t.

to taste

cakku

rSsÚ

n.

knife, cutting knife

cakramarg

rqmdfu{

n.

ringroad

cal

rfn

n.

movement

calak

rnfs

adj.

clever, sly, cunning, shrewd

calakh

rnfv

adj.

clever, sly, cunning, shrewd

33


calan

rng

n.

calan

rnfg

n.

custom, habit, style, conduct despatch, consignment

calan garnu

rng ugÚ{

v.t.

to use

calaunu

rnfpgÚ

v.t.

calis

rfln;

num.

to cause to move, to put to use, to move, to despatch forty, 40

callo

rNnf]

n.

young chicken

calnu

rNgÚ

v.i.

caltika

rNtLsf

adj.

camada

rd*f

n.

to move, to be current, to be in use, to work, to flirt common, normal, in circulation skin, hide

camal

rfdn

n.

husked but uncooked rice

camca

rDrf

n.

spoon

camero

rd]/f]

n.

bat, vampire

camkanu

rDsgÚ

v.i.

to glitter, to shine

camkaunu

rDsfpgÚ

v.t.

to polish, to cause to shine

camkilo

rlDsnf]

adj.

bright

camsur

rD;Ú/

n.

canakya

rf)fSo

n.

cancun

rfgrÚg

adj.

canda

rGbf

n.

[a kind of pungent vegetable eaten raw as herbal medicine] [name of Kautilya, the author of the ancient Arthashastra] about, a little, miscellaneous donation

candai

rf*}

adv.

soon

candi

rfñbL

n.

silver

cando

rfñ*f]

adj.

candrama

rGb|df

n.

quick, fast, soon, immediately moon

cangunarayan

rfuÚgf/fo)f

n.

cap

rfk

n.

car

rf/

num.

Changunarayan [an ancient site in the eastern part of the Kathmandu valley] arc, segment of a circle, semi-circle, rainbow four, 4

caraitira

rf/}lt/

adv.

on all (four) sides

caran

r/)f

n.

foot, leg, a quarter of a

34


stanza to make graze

caraunu

r/fpgÚ

v.t.

carca

rrf{

n.

carit

rl/t

n.

caritra

rl/q

n.

carkanu

rs{gÚ

v.t.

carkaunu

rsf{pgÚ

v.t.

carkha

rvf{

n.

carko

rsf]{

adj.

carnu

rgÚ{

v.i.

hard, bitter, heavy, difficult, loud, piquant. lively, excessive, high to graze

caro

r/f]

n.

bird

cartarph

rf/tkm{

adv.

on all (four) sides

cartira

rf/lt/

adv.

on all (four) sides

cataunu

r^fpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to lick

catnu

rf^\gÚ

v.i.

to lick

caubar

rf}a/

adj.

four times

caubis

rf}aL;

num.

twenty-four, 24

cauda

rf}*f

n./adj.

width, breadth; wide

caudai

rf}*fO

n./adj.

width, breadth; wide

caudha

rf}w

num.

fourteen, 14

cauhattar

rf}xQ/

num.

seventy-four, 74

cauka

rf}sf

n.

cauntis

rf}+tL;

num.

eating place surrounding the store thirty-four, 34

caupattai

rf}k§}

adj.

exceedingly, exceptionally

cauranabbe

rf}/fgAa]

num.

ninety-four, 94

caurasi

rf}/f;L

num.

eighty-four, 84

causatthi

rf};^\&L

num.

sicty-four, 64

cautara

rf}tf/f

n.

cautariya

rf}tl/of

n.

sincere and benevolent member of the royal family member of the royal family

35

talk, enquiry, query, praise, remark, commendation character, conduct, manners, behaviour, work, occupation character, conduct, manners, behaviour, work, occupation to crack, to split, to break to cause to crack, to cause to split spinning wheel


cautarph

rf}tkm{

adv.

on all (four) sides

cautho

rf}yf]

adj.

fourth

cavalis

rjfnL;

num.

forty-four, 44

cavanna

rjGg

num.

fifty-four, 54

cavaunu

rjfpgÚ

v.t.

to chew

cehara

r]x/f

n.

celi

r]nL

n.

celibeti becvikhat

r]lna]^L a]rljvt

n.

face, appearance, countenance female disciple, female pupil girls trafficking

cepang

r]kfª

n.

cetana

r]tgf

n.

cetauni

r]tfpgL

n.

Chepang [a Nepalese nationality] intelligence, consciousness, animation, rationality, spirit to warn

cetavani

r]tfjgL

n.

warning

cetnu

r]TgÚ

v.i.

cha

%

num.

to be conscious, to recover the senses, to be on the alert six, 6

cha patra

% kq

adj.

sixfold

chabbis

%AaL;

num.

twenty-six, 26

chadnu

%fb\gÚ

v.i./v.t.

to throw up, to vomit

chadnu

%f*\gÚ

v.t.

to leave, to leave out

chahari

%xf/L

chahattar

%xQ/

num.

seventy-six, 76

chaisatthi

%};&\7L

num.

sixty-six, 66

chaitaun

%}^f}+

adj.

sixth

chakkinu

%lSsgÚ

v.i.

chakyaunu

%sØfpgÚ

v.t.

to be deceived, to be astonished to tell lies, to deceive

chala

%fnf

n.

skin

chalnu

%NgÚ

v.t.

to deceive, to trick

chalphal

%nkmn

n.

discussion, debate

chalphal garnu

%nkmn ugÚ{

v.t.

to discuss

chamnu

%fDgÚ

v.t.

to touch, to feel

chana

%fgf

n.

roof

shade, shelter, protection

36


chanavin

%fgjLg

n.

chand

%Gb

n.

selection, search, scrutiny, choice meter, prosody, intention

channe

%fGg]

n.

filter, strainer

channu

%fGgÚ

v.t.

chantyal

%GYofn

n.

chapakhana

%fkfvfgf

n.

to choose, to select, to sieve Chantyal [a Nepali nationality] press, printing press

chapanna

%kGg

num.

fifty-six, 56

chapinu

%flkgÚ

v.i.

to be published

chapnu

%fKgÚ

v.t.

to print, to publish

charnu

%gÚ{

v.t.

to scatter, to disperse

chata

%ftf

n.

umbrella

chati

%ftL

n.

chatra

%fq

n.

chest, breast, bravery, courage scholar, disciple, pupil

chatravas

%fqfjf;

n.

chattis

%QL;

num.

hostel, boarding house, lodging thirty-six, 36

chaunu

%fpgÚ

v.t.

to cover, to roof

chauro

%fp/f]

n.

cub, puppy, kitten

chaya

%fof

n.

shade, shadow, reflection

chayalis

%ofnL;

num.

forty-six, 46

chayan

%fof

n.

shade, shadow, reflection

chayanabbe

%ofgAa]

num.

ninety-six, 96

chayasi

%of;L

num.

eighty-six, 86

cheknu

%]SgÚ

v.t.

to stop, to hinder

chetri

%]qL

n.

chimeki

l%d]sL

n.

Chetri, Kshatriya [the second highest class (varna) of the Hindu social hierarchy] neighbour

chindi

l%+*L

n.

cellar, basement

chiraunu

l%/fpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to go through

chirkemirke

l%s]{lds]{

adj.

spotted

chirnu

l%gÚ{

v.i.

chito

l%^f]

adj.

to go through, to bore through quick, smart

37


chodnu

%f]*\gÚ

v.t.

chopnu

%f]KgÚ

v.t.

to leave, to leave out, to abandon, to relinquish, to give up to cover, to hide

chori

%f]/L

n.

daughter

choro

%f]/f]

n.

son

choto

%f]&f]

adj.

short, small, condensed

chunu

%ÚgÚ

v.t.

to touch

churavaji

%Ú/fjfhL

n.

exchange of dagger-blows

chuskar

%Ú:s/

n.

tell-tale, backbiter

chutkara

%Ú^sf/f

n.

release, freedom, rescue

chutnu

%Ú^\gÚ

v.i.

to be left, to separate

chuvachut

%Újf%'t

n.

cihan

lrxfg

n.

cijbij

lrhlah

n.

untouchability, contamination grave, graveyard, cemetry, tomb, burial ground goods, furniture, wares

cikitsa

lrlsT;f

n.

cikitsalaya

lrlsT;fno

n.

treatment, remedy, medication, therapy hospital, dispensary

cil

rLn

n.

eagle

cimotnu

lrdf]&^gÚ

v.t.

to pinch, to nip

cin

rLg

n.

China

cinari

lrgf/L

n.

cinaunu

lrgfpgÚ

v.t.

ciniyan

lrglof

adj.

identity, acquaintance, intimacy, familiarity to introduce, to cause to recognize Chinese

cinnu

lrGgÚ

v.t.

cinta

lrGtf

n.

cintan

lrGtg

n.

cintit

lrlGtt

adj.

to recognize, to know, to identify, to distinguish woory, anxiety, care, concern, reflection thinking, study, reflection, contemplation, meditation sad

ciplo

lrKnf]

adj.

slippery

cirnu

lrgÚ{

v.t.

to split, to rip up

ciso

lr;f]

adj.

cold, wet, moistened, damp

ciso pani

lr;f] kfgL

n.

cold water

38


cithi

lr&L

n.

letter, written message

citra

lrq

n.

citta

lrQ

n.

cittha

lr^\&f

n.

picture, painting, illustration, image mind, feeling, spirit, heart, attention, memory, thought lottery, game of chance

citthi

lr^\&L

n.

letter, written message

cituva

lrt'jf

n.

leopard, panther

ciundo

lrp*f]

n.

chin

ciura

lrp/f

n.

flattened rice, beaten rice

ciya

lrof

n.

tea

cod-patra

rf]*–kq

n.

cok

rf]s

n.

written consent of divorce, quitclaim courtyard

cokhinu

rf]lvgÚ

v.i.

to be pure

cor

rf]/

n.

thief, robber, swindler

cornu

rf]gÚ{

v.t.

to steal

cot

rf]^

n.

cucuro

rÚrÚ/f]

n.

wound, bruise, hurt, mental agony peak, summit, highest point

cuda

r'*f

n.

crown, crest

cudamani

r'*fdl)f

n.

cuhinu

rÚlxgÚ

v.i.

a kind of valuable ornament or jewel worn on the head to drip, to leak

cuhunu

rÚxÚgÚ

v.i.

to drip, to leak

culensi

rÚn]+;L

n.

culo

rÚnf]

n.

a curved instrument for cutting and preparing vegetables for cooking cooking place, stove

cultho

rÚN&f]

n.

plaited hair, interwoven hair

cumnu

rÚDgÚ

v.t.

to kiss, to caress

cuna

rÚgf

n.

lime

cunauti

rÚgf}tL

n.

challenge

cunav

rÚgfj

n.

election, selection

cunavi

rÚgfjL

adj.

electoral

cup lagnu

r'k nfUgÚ

v.i.

to be quiet

curot

rÚ/f]^

n.

cigarette

cusnu

rÚ:gÚ

v.t.

to suck

39


cutai

rÚ^fO

n.

beating, thrashing

cutnu

rÚ^\gÚ

v.t.

to thrash, to beat

cyankhla

RofVnf

n.

ground corn

cyatnu

RofTgÚ

v.t.

to tear

cyau

Rofp

n.

mushroom

dabau

bafp

n.

pressure

dabi

bfaL

n.

claim, demand

dadhnu

*(\gÚ

v.i.

to burn, to be burnt up

dadu

*f*Ú

n.

ladle

daguraunu

buÚ/fpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to run

dagurnu

buÚgÚ{

v.i.

to run, to hasten, to race

daha

bx

n.

pond, lake

dahi

bxL

n.

yoghurt

dahine

bflxg]

adj.

right

dahri

bfx|L

n.

beard

dai

bfO

n.

elder brother

dailo

b}nf]

n.

daju

bfhÚ

n.

door, gate, passage, entrance elder brother

dajyu

bfHo'

n.

elder brother

daknu

*fSgÚ

v.t.

to call, to invite

daksha

bIf

adj.

dexterous, able, astute

dakshin koriya

blIf)f sf]l/of

n.

Südkorea

dal

bfn

n.

different kinds of lentils

dal

bn

n.

party, group, crowd

dalal

bnfn

n.

broker, tout, middleman

dalbal

bnan

n.

dalbandi

bnaGbL

n.

the whole party, army, strenght party politics, group politics

dalcini

bfnrLgL

n.

cinnamon

dalit

blnt

n.

dallo

*Nnf]

n.

Dalit, untouchable (as seen by the Bahuns) round thing, cloth, lump

dalo

*fnf]

n.

basket

dalpati

bnklt

n.

dalvihinata

bnljxLgtf

n.

party leader, chief, commander independence from party,

40


daman

bdg

n.

non-party suppression, oppression

dampati

bDklt

n.

husband and wife

damphu

*Dkm"

n.

a kind of drum

dan

bfg

n.

danda

*f*f

n.

donation, gift, religious gift, contribution hill, hillock, pole of a roof

danda

*f*

n.

fine, penalty, punishment

dandalnu

**fNgÚ

n.

back

dandi

*f*L

n.

pole, staff (of a palanquin)

dando

*f*f]

n.

danphe

*fkm]

n.

dant

bft

n.

hill, hillock, the pole of a roof the nine-coloured Himalayan pheasant [the National Bird of Nepal] tooth

dant majhnu

bft df´\gÚ

v.t.

to clean teeth

dant malnu

bft dNgÚ

v.t.

to clean teeth

dant maskaunu

bft d:sfpgÚ

v.t.

to clean teeth

dantko burus

bftsf] aÚ?;

n.

tooth brush

dantmanjan

bGtdGhg

n.

tooth paste

danuvar

bgÚjf/

n.

dapha

bkmf

n.

Dhanuwar [a Nepali nationality] section of a law

dar

*/

n.

daraj

b/fh

n.

fear, dread, alarm, risk, danger cupboard

daraunu

*/fpgÚ

v.i.

to frighten, to be frightened

darbar

b/af/

n.

palace, royal court

dari

bf/L

n.

beard

dari

b/L

n.

cotton rug

daridra

bl/b|

adj.

poor, needy, penurious

darim

bfl/d

n.

pomegranate

darja

bhf{

n.

darjan

bh{g

n.

class, standard, position, rank dozen

darjiling

nfhL{lnª

n.

Darjeeling

darlagdo

*/nfUbf]

adj.

dreadful, terrible, dangerous

41


darle

*/n]

darshan

bz{g

n.

das

b;

num.

audience, appearance, vision ten, 10

das

bf;

n.

slave, servant, dependent

dasana

*;gf

n.

dasaun

b;f}+

adj.

cotton rug for lying on, mattress tenth

dashak sarvanam

bzs ;j{gfd

n.

demonstrative pronoun

dasi

b;L

n.

proof, evidence

dasta

bf;tf

n.

slavery, servitude, bondage

dastavej

b:tj]h

n.

document, deed

data

bftf

datri sanstha

bft[ ;+:yf

n.

donor agency

daudaha

bf}*fxf

n.

daura

bfp/f

n.

touring, travelling, inspection firewood, fuel, dried wood

dava

bfjf

n.

claim, demand

daya

bof

n.

daya aunu

bof cfpgÚ

kindness, favour, mercy, pity, sympathy to pity, to feel pity

dayan

bfof

adj.

right

dayaniya

bogLo

adj.

pitiable, arousing pity

debre

b]a]|

adj.

left, reverse, opposite

dedh baje

*]( ah]

adv.

half past one

dekhaunu

b]vfpgÚ

v.t.

to show

dekhi

b]lv

postp.

from, after, owing to

dekhinu

b]lvgÚ

v.i.

to be seen, to appear

dekhnu

b]VgÚ

v.t.

to see

dera

*]/f

n.

residence, booth, camp

desh

b]z

n.

land, country, region

deshantar

b]zGt/

n.

deshbhakta

b]zeQm

n.

terrestrial longitude; foreign country patriot

deshbhakti

b]zelQm

n.

patriotism

deshraksha

b]z/Iff

n.

national defence

devar

b]j/

n.

husband's younger brother

out of fear

giver, donor, benefactor

42


devarani

b]j/fgL

n.

devata

b]j^f

n.

dhadas

(f*;

n.

dhago

wfuf]

n.

dhakane

(sg]

n.

dhakdhakyaunu

(s(sØfpgÚ

v.t.

rice fried in butter and cooked in milk to push down, to tap

dhaknu

(fSgÚ

v.t.

to hide, to cover, to conceal

dhamilo

wldnf]

adj.

dim, not clear, dirty, muddy

dhamki

wDsL

n.

threatening, threat, reproof

dhan

wg

n.

wealth, property, riches

dhan

wfg

n.

unhusked Reis

dhanca

(frf

n.

dhandha

wGwf

n.

dhandhali

wfwnL

n.

design, way, method, make up, manner occupation, business, profession chaos, chaotic state

dhani

wfgL

adj.

golden

dhani

wgL

adj.

rich

dhaniyan

wlgof

n.

coriander

dhaniyanko sag

wlgofsf] ;fu

n.

coriander green

dhantnu

(f^\gÚ

v.i.

to tell a lie, to deceive

dhapaunu

wkfpgÚ

v.t.

to drive away, to chase

dhara

wf/f

n.

dharahara

w/x/f

n.

water tap, torrent, current of water tower

dharan

wf/)f

n.

holding, wielding

dharana

wf/)ff

n.

dharatal

w/ftn

n.

determination, thought, memory surface (of the earth)

dharke

ws]{

adj.

striped

dharma

wd{

n.

religion, duty, creed, faith

dharmadeva

wdb]j

n.

dharmadhikari

wdf{lwsf/L

n.

dharmagranth

wd{u|Gy

n.

Dharmadeva [a Licchavi king, father of Manadeva I] an official responsible for jurisdiction religious text

43

husband's younger brother's wife god encouragement, hope, assurance thread


dharmashala

wd{zfnf

n.

dharmavacak nam

wd{jfrs gfd

n.

resthouse [for religious puposes] abstract noun [ling.]

dharmik

wld{s

adj.

religious, related to dharma

dharmik sthan

wld{s :yfg

n.

religious centre

dharna

wgf{

n.

dharo

wf/f]

n.

dhatu

wftÚ

n.

the act of waiting for something spring of water, current of water, stream of people metal

dhau

wfp

n.

ore

dherai

w]/}

adj.

much, many, a lot

dherai aghi

w]/} cl#

adv.

long time ago

dherai logne hunu

w]/} nf]Ug] xÚgÚ

comp.

to practice polyandry

dherai vivaha

w]/} ljjfx

n.

polgamy

dherai vivaha garnu

w]/} ljjfx ugÚ{

comp.

to practice polygamy

dheraijaso

w]/}h;f]

adj.

many, a lot

dhiki

l(sL

n.

a machine for husking rice

dhimal

lwdfn

n.

dhindo

l(+*f]

n.

Dhimal [a Nepali nationality] boiled flour paste

dhoka

(f]sf

n.

door, gate, gateway

dhukka

(ÚSs

adj.

free from axiety, secure

dhukur

('ÚsÚ/

n.

dove

dhukuti

('ÚsÚ^L

n.

barn, storehouse, treasury

dhunga

(Ú+uf

n.

stone

dhup

w"k

n.

sun, sunshine, incence

dhusro

wÚ;|f]

adj.

ash-coloured, grey

dhvanse

Wjf;]

adj.

dark-brown, soot-coloured

dhyan

Wofg

n.

meditation, contemplation

didi

lbbL

n.

elder sister

digo

bLuf]

adj.

sustainable

din

lbg

n.

day

dinahun

lbgxÚ

adj.

daily

dinbhari

lbgel/

dinu

lbgÚ

v.t.

to give

dirgha

bL#{

adj.

large, wide, tall, huge, deep

for the whole day

44


dirghakalin

bL#{sfnLg

adj.

disha

lbzf

n.

sustained, chronic, long term direction

diunso

lbp;f]

adv.

at the day time

divas

lbj;

n.

day

dobar

bf]a/

adj.

double, twice, twofold

dohori

bf]xf]/L

adj.

pertaining to both sides

doklo

bf]Snf]

adj.

double

doko

*f]sf]

n.

doreto

*f]/]&f]

n.

a big basket carried on the back footpath, way to walk

dori

*f]/L

n.

cord, rope

dosi

bf]ifL

adj.

dosro

bf];|f]

adj.

defective, faulty, guilty, sinful second

dravyavacak nam

b|Jojfrs gfd

n.

material noun

dristi

b[l:&

n.

sight, vision, looking

dristikon

b[l:&sf])f

n.

viewpoint, visual angle

dublaunu

bÚAnfpgÚ

v.i.

to get thin, to be weak

dublo

bÚAnf]

adj.

weak, thin, lean, skiny

dubnu

*ÚAgÚ

v.i.

to drown, to sink

dubulki marnu

*'ÚaÚNsL dfgÚ{

v.t.

to take the plunge

dudh

bÚw

n.

milk

dugdha

bÚUw

n.

milk

dugdhasar

bÚUw;f/

n.

cheese

dugurnu

bÚuÚgÚ{

v.i.

to run

duhkhi

bÚMvL

adj.

sad

duhunu

bÚxÚgÚ

v.t.

to milk

dui

bÚO{

num.

two, 2

dura

bÚ/f

n.

Dura [a Nepali nationality]

duragraha

bÚ/fu|x

n.

prejudice, improper attempt

durdarshita

b'/blz{tf

n.

durgam

bÚu{d

adj.

far-sightedness, prudence, sagacity remote

dursancar

bÚ/;rf/

n.

telecommunication

durvavahar

bÚj{jxf/

n.

misconduct, misbehaviour

dusti

b'l:t

adj.

defective, corrupted,

45


dut

b't

n.

dvandva

åFb

n.

defiled, contaminated, polluted ambassador, massenger, courier couple, duel, quarrel

dvara

åf/f

postp.

from, by

dvija

låh

n.

dvitiya purus vacak

låtLo kÚ?if jfrs

n.

twice-born, Brahman, oviparous second person [ling.]

dvitiyardha

låtLofw{

n.

second half

dyotak

Bf]ts

adj.

e

P

int.

making clear, showing, manifesting, enlightening, indicating hey! listen!

eghara

P#f/

num.

eleven, 11

egharaun

P#f/f}+

adj.

eleventh

ejan

Phg

ek

Ps

num.

one, 1

ek baji

Ps aflh

adv.

once

ek chin

Ps l%g

adv.

ek coti

Ps rf]l^

adv.

for a moment, for a short time once

ek khep

Ps v]k

adv.

once

ek na ek

Ps g Ps

ek palta

Ps kN&

adv.

once

ek saya dui

Ps ;o bÚO{

num.

one hundred and two, 102

ek saya ek

Ps ;o Ps

num.

one hundred and one, 101

ekaarkalai

Psfcsf{nfO{

adv.

each other

ekabihana

Psflaxfg

adv.

very early in the morning

ekadeshma

Psfb]zdf

ekaki

PsfsL

adj.

alone, solitary

ekanabbe

PsfgAa]

num.

ninety-one, 91

ekanta

PsfGt

n./adj.

ekanunna

PsfpGg

num.

solitude, loneliness; alone, lonely fifty-one, 51

ekasi

Psf;L

num.

eighty-one, 81

ekatira

Psflt/

adv.

to one side, on the one hand

ditto, loc cit.

one or other

in any country

46


ekcalis

PsrfnL;

num.

forty-one, 41

ekdam

Psbd

adv.

very

ekedami

Ps]*dL

n.

academy

ekhattar

PsxQm/

num.

seventy-one, 71

ekikaran

PsLs/)f

n.

ekikrit

PsLs[t

integration, amalgamation, unification integrated, united, unified

ekkai coti

PSs} rf]l^

adv.

at the same time, at once

ekkais

PSsfO{;

num.

twenty-one, 21

ekkasi

PSsfl;

adv.

eklai

Psn}

adv.

suddenly, at once, all at once alone, only

eklauti

Psnf}^L

adj.

monopolistic

eklo

PSnf]

adj.

lone, solitary, alone, single

eknas

Psgf;

adj.

ekohorinu

Psf]xf]l/gĂš

v.i.

eksaro

Ps;/f]

adj.

similar, in the same way, monotonous, uniform, all the same to concentrate on one thing only single, without cover, once

eksatthi

Ps;^\&L

num.

sixty-one, 61

ekta

Pstf

n.

ektak

Ps^s

adv.

oneness, unity, union, sameness, solidarity incessant, continuous

ektis

PstL;

num.

thirty-one, 31

ektrit

Pslqt

adj.

united, gathered

eproc

Pk|f]r

n.

approach

eshiyali

PlzofnL

adj.

Asian

esiyayi

Pl;ofoL

adj.

Asian

euta

Pp^f

adj.

one [non-human]

euta tukra jagga

Pp&f ^Ăšqmf hUuf

evamastu

Pjd:t'

adv.

so be it; Amen

evan

Pj+

conj.

and, as also

gada

ubf

n.

club, mace, bludgeon

gadagad

ubub

adj.

glad, happy, pleased, joyful

gadar

ub/

n.

mutiny, rebellion, revolt

gadda

u@f

n.

soft and thick bed, mattress

gaddar

u@f/

adj.

revolutionary

a small plot of land

47


gaddar

u@/

n.

mud, dirt, swamp

gaddar-posh

u@/–kf]z

n.

gaddi

u@L

n.

gaddu

u@Ú

n./adv.

gadgad

ub\ub\

gadha

uwf

n.

door mat for rubbing off mud throne, saddle cloth, cushion a bear's cub; useless, good for nothing, worthless thick mud or any thick substance, muddy, swampy donkey, ass

gadhapaccisi

uwfklRr;L

n.

gadinarasing

u*\*Lg/l;ª

adj.

adolescence, an unexperienced age enthroned, installed as king

gadnu

uf*\gÚ

v.t.

to bury

gadryak-gudruk

ub\¥ofs–uÚb|'s

n.

gadryamma

ub\¥ofDd

n.

gadya

uB

n.

sound produced by the trampling of feet or hoofs terrible sound produced by the fall of heavy things prose, ordinary writing

gadya-kavita

uBsljtf

n.

prose poetry

gadya-kavya

uBsfJo

n.

prose, belles lettres

gagri

ufu|L

n.

a metal water-vessel

gagro

ufu|f]

n.

gahak

ufxs

n.

a large earthenware or metal jar for water buyer, customer, purchaser

gahaki

ufxsL

n.

buyer, customer, purchaser

gahat

uxt

n.

lentils

gahiro

ulx/f]

adj.

deep, profound, solemn

gahraun

ux|f}+

adj.

heavy, weighty

gahro

ufx|f]

adj.

difficult, arduous, hard

gahrungo

ux|Ú+uf]

adj.

heavy, weighty

gahun

uxÚñ

n.

wheat

gai

ufO{

n.

cow

gaibastu

ufO{j:tÚ

n.

cattle

gaihra

u}x|

adj.

all, whole

gainda

u}+*f

n.

rhinoceros

gair sarkari sanstha

u}/ ;/sf/L ;+:yf

n.

Non Government

48


gairaprajatantrik

u}/k|hftflGqs

adj.

gajar

ufh/

n.

Organization, NGO undemocratic, nondemocratic carrot

gala

ufnf

n.

cheeks

galainca

un}+rf

n.

carpet

galat

unt

adj.

wrong

gali

ufnL

n.

rebuke, abuse, reproof

gali

ufln

n.

rebuke, abuse, reproof

gali garnu

ufnL ugÚ{

v.t.

to tell off, to insult

galli

uNnL

n.

lane, by-lane

gamarkyaunu

udSØf{pgÚ

v.t.

to clutch, to seize

gambhir

uDeL/

adj.

deep, grave, far down

ganagan

ugug

n.

ganaganahat

ugugfx^

n.

ganaganaunu

ugugfpgÚ

v.i.

grumbling, murmuring, prattling grumbling, murmuring, prattling to grumble, to mumur

ganatantra

u)ftGq

n.

ganathan

ugyg

n.

republic, republican system of government idle talk, gossip, a long tale

ganathanaunu

ugygfpgÚ

v.t.

to talk nonsense, to gossip

gandagi

uGbuL

n.

filth, dirt, impurity

gandha

uGw

n.

gandhadravya

uGwb|Jo

smell, odour, stink, scent, perfume a sweet scented substance

gandhak

uGws

n.

sulphur, brim-stone

gandhakshat

uGwfIft

n.

gandharva

uGwj{

n.

gandharva-ved

uGwj{j]b

n.

sandal-wood, tice, etc. for puja a celestian or heavenly musician, a class of demigod science of Music

gandharva-vidya

uGwjljBf

n.

music, the science of music

gandharva-vivaha

uGwj{ljjfx

n.

gandhi

uGwL

a kind of marriage by mutual agreement, love marriage a perfumer, one who sells essences or scented oils, scented, perfumed, having a sweet smell

49


gandhik

ulGws

n.

gandyaulo

u*Øfnf]

n.

the scent of perfumery merchant earthworm

gangato

uu^f]

n.

crab

ganja

ufhf

n.

marijuana

ganjagol

uGhuf]n

n.

ganji

uGhL

n.

ganjipha

uGhLkmf

n.

gannu

uGgÚ

v.t.

gans

ufñ;

n.

confusion, topsy-turvey, chaos sweater, vest, jacket, undershirt a kind of playing cards or ist game to count, to reckon, to deem mouthful, morsel

gansnu

uf:gÚ

v.t.

to join together

ganti

uGtL

n.

gapashap

ukzk

n.

number, reckoning, attendance prattle, tittle-tattle

gapphad

uKkm*

garaunu

u/fpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to do

garbha

ue{

n.

womb, foetus, embryo

garerai chadnu

u/]/} %f*\gÚ

v.t.

to perform at all cost

garib

u/La

n./adj.

garibi

u/LaL

n.

poor, penniless, humble, needy poverty, penury, humility

garjan-tarjan

uh{gth{g

n.

threat, intimidation

garjanu

uh{gÚ

v.i.

garmi

udL{

n.

to thunder, to roar, to bluster heat, warmth

garna chodnu

ug{ %f]*\gÚ

v.t.

to stop to do something

garna dinu

ug{ lbgÚ

v.t.

garna thalnu

ug{ yfNgÚ

v.t.

ro allow to do something, to cause to do something to start to do something

garnu

ugÚ{

v.t.

to do

garo

uf/f]

n.

wall

gate

ut]

n.

gatha

ufyf

n.

date [according to the Nepali calendar] story, tale, verse, song, lay

gathakar

ufyfsf/

n.

author of a narrative tale

gathan

u&g

n.

formation, construction; act

prattler, braggart, tattler

50


gathaso

uyf;f]

n.

gati

ult

n.

gatihara

ultxf/f

adj.

gatiman

ultdfg

n.

gatishil

ultzLn

n.

gatividhi

ultljlw

n.

gatta

uQ

adj.

of building,modelling or shaping long tale of oneself, nonsense speed, motion, movement, condition, circumstance, position lazy, sedentary, idle, stagnant speed, movement, full motion speed, movement, full motion activity, movements, frequentation, state of things, position of progress hopeless, having nothing

gattam

uQd

adj.

hopeless, having nothing

gatvar

uTj/

adj.

gaun

ufp

n.

transitory, perishable, mortal village

gaun

uf})f

adj.

gaun vikas samiti

ufp ljsf; ;ldlt

n.

gaunghar

ufp#/

n.

secondary, subordinate, indirect, inferior, expressing associate quality Village Development Committee, VDC neighbour, villager

gaunnivasi

ufplgjf;L

n.

villager

gaunthali

uf}+ynL

n.

swallow

gayab

ufoa

adj.

geru

u]?

adj.

missing, vanished, dissappeared ochre, red-brown

ghadi

#*L

n.

clock, watch

ghailo

#}nf]

n.

ghaite

#fOt]

adj.

a large water-vessel, a huge pitcher hurt

gham

#fd

n.

sunshine, heat of the sun

ghan

#g

n.

ghana

#gf

adj.

large hammer, cloud, solidity thik, dense, solid, grumous

ghanta

#)^

n.

clock, watch

ghantaghar

#)^#/

n.

clocktower

51


ghanti

#f^L

n.

throat, mountain pass, vale

ghar

#/

n.

house

ghar hernu

#/ x]gÚ{

gharelu udyog

#/]nú pBf]u

n.

to run the household, to do the housework cottage industry

ghatak

#^s

n.

ghatana

#^gf

n.

ghataunu

#^fpgÚ

v.t.

ghati

#f^L

n.

factor, component, constitutent, ingredient incident, event, accident, episode to cause to decrease, to subtract throat, mountain pass, vale

ghati

#^L

adj.

less, few, little

ghatnu

#^\gÚ

v.i.

ghatta

n.

to decrease, to lesson, to decline corn mill, water mill

ghatu

#f^Ú

n.

a Gurung dance

ghau

#fp

n.

ghiu

l#p

n.

wound, sore, hurt, injury, ulcer melted butter

ghoda

#f]*f

n.

ghoral

#f]/n

n.

ghosana

#F]if)ff

n.

ghosanapatra

#F]if)ffkq

n.

declaration, proclamation, announcement manifesto

ghosit

#f]lift

adj.

declared, proclaimed

ghumnu

#ÚDgÚ

v.i.

ghunda

#Ú*f

n.

to move about, to roam, to turn round, to go around knee

ghus

#';

n.

bribe, emolument, graft

ghyampo

£ofDkf]

n.

a large clay jar, a store-jar

giddha

lu$

n.

vulture

gija

luhf

n.

gum

gilo

uLnf]

adj.

soft, overripe, overcooked

girnu

lugÚ{

v.i.

glas

Unf;

n.

to fall, to drop, to come down, to be degraded glass

gobar

uf]a/

n.

52

horse, pony, hammer of a gun Himalayan wild goat

cowdung [used as plaster on the floor of the house]


godam

uf]bfd

n.

godamel

uf]*d]n

n.

godavari

uf]bfj/L

n.

godnu

uf]b\gÚ

v.t.

Godavari [a village in Kathmandu valley] to beat severely

godnu

uf]*\gÚ

v.t.

to weed, to remove weeds

gohi

uf]xL

n.

crocodile

golbhinda

uf]lNe+*f

n.

tomato

goli

uf]nL

n.

a small ball, bullet

goli gantho

uf]nL uf&f]

n.

ankle bone

golidvara mrityudanda uf]nLåf/f d[ToÚb)* goman sarp uf]dg ;k{

n.

death penalty by shooting

n.

cobra

gopalprasad rimal

uf]kfnk|;fb l/dfn

n.

gopya

uf]Ko

adj.

Gopal Prasad Rimal [ a famous Nepali poet] confidential, secret, private

goro

uf]/f]

adj.

goru

uf]?

n.

gosthi

uf]i&L

n.

goth

uf]&

n.

symposium, small assembly, discourse cowshed, byre

graha

u|x

n.

planet, evil star, eclipse

grahan

u|x)f

n.

gram

u|fd

n.

acceptance, reception, act of receiving or holding village

grenait

u|]gfO^

n.

granite

griha

u[x

n.

gulaphi

uÚnfkmL

adj.

house, abode, residence, dwelling pink, rose-coloured

guliyo

uÚlnof]

adj.

sweet, sugary

gumaraha

uÚd/fx

adj.

misled, astray

gumaunu

uÚdfpgÚ

v.t.

to lose, to forfeit

gun

uÚ)f

n.

gunabodhak

uÚ)faf]ws

adj.

quality, virtue, merit, attainment qualitative [gram.]

gundri

uÚGb|L

n.

gundruk

uÚGb|Ús

n.

53

godown, storehouse, granery weeding, removal of weeds

fair-complexioned, white [skin] ox [castrated]

mat made of rice, wheat or corn-straw fermented and dried vegetables


gupta

uÚKt

adj.

guptacar

uÚKtr/

n.

obscure, hidden, secret, private spy, emissary

gupti

uÚKtL

n.

spy, detective

guru

uÚ?

n.

gurung

uÚ?ª

n.

guruvar

uÚ?jf/

n.

spiritual teacher, master, guide Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali nationality] Thursday

guthi

u"&L

n.

gyan

!fg

n.

gyani

!fgL

n./adj.

gyapan

!fkg

n.

habba

xAaf

n.

habbe

xAa]

n.

hackanu

xRsgÚ

v.i.

had

xf*

n.

might, power, capacity, strength might, power, capacity, strength to get frightened, to hesitate, to be scared bone

hade badam

xf*] abfd

n.

almond

hadpa

x*\k

n.

hadtal

x*tfn

n.

confiscation, taking one's property illegally, misappropriation strike, picket

haisiyat

x}l;ot

n.

hajar

xhf/

num.

ability, status, merit, capacity one thousand, 1,000

hajurama

xhÚ/cfdf

n.

grandmother

hajurba

xhÚ/af

n.

grandfather [rural]

hajurbuva

xhÚ/aÚjf

n.

grandfather

hajurmuma

xhÚ/dÚdf

n.

grandmother [upper class]

hak

xs

n.

right, authority, claim

hal

xfn

n./adj.

halkhabar

xfnva/

n.

present time, present condition, description news current affair

halla

xNnf

n.

halnu

xfNgÚ

v.t. 54

a religious or benevolent society, trust, pledge knowledge, intelligence, understanding, wisdom learned, intelligent, informed, erudite memorandum

noise, turmoil, uproar, tumult to put, to serve


haluka

xnÚsf

adj.

light (in weight)

haluko

xnÚsf]

adj.

light [weight]

halungo

xnÚéf]

adj.

light [weight]

haluva

xnÚjf

n.

haluvabed

xnÚjfa]b

n.

flour boiled in water and mixed with butter and sugar a kind of sweet fruit

hamala

xdnf

n.

attack, invasion, assault

hamro

xfd|f]

pron.

our (m.)

hango

xfuf]

n.

branch, offspring

haninu

xflggÚ

v.i.

hanknu

xfSgÚ

v.t.

hannu

xfGgÚ

v.t.

to run very fast, to fly very fast to drive, to challenge, to exaggerate to strike, to shoot, to jump

hans

xf;

n.

duck, goose, swan

hansa

x+;

n.

hansaunu

x+;fpgÚ

v.t.

soul, vital air, life; duck, swan, goose to cause to laugh

hanseuli

x;]pnL

n.

hansilo

xl;nf]

adj.

hans-kukhura palan

xf;sÚvÚ/f kfng

n.

laughter, joke, jest, fun, spott humerous, cheerful, frolicsome, jolly, jovial, gay, merry poultry farming

hanso

xf;f]

n.

laughter, laugh

hanssi

x:;L

n.

laughter, joke, fun

hara

x/

adj.

every, everyone

haraunu

x/fpgÚ

v.i.

to lose, to defeat

harayo

x/fof]

harbakhat

x/avt

adv.

always, ever

hardam

x/bd

adv.

always, ever

hariya makai

xl/of ds}

n.

corn on the cob

hariyo

xl/of]

adj.

green

hartakarta

xtf{stf{

n.

hasil

xfl;n

adj.

one who is all in all, the Almighty obtained, acquired

hastagat

x:tut

adj.

received, obtained

hastakala

x:tsnf

n.

handicraft, hand-work

hastakshar

x:tfIf/

n.

signature, one's own

it has got lost

55


handwriting hastakshep

x:tIf]k

n.

interference, interruption

hat

xft

n.

hand

hat aunu

xft cfpgÚ

comp.

hat halnu

xft xfNgÚ

to fall into someone's hands to lend a hand

hatiyar

xltof/

n.

weapon

hatkelo

xTs]nf]

n.

palm

hatnu

x^\gÚ

v.i.

hatteri

xQ]/L

adv.

hatti

xfQL

n.

to retreat, to go away, to get out of the way word used for expressing surprise or sorrow elephant

hatya

xTof

n.

murder, killing, slaughter

hava

xjf

n.

air, wind, breeze

hava

xfjf

n.

air, wind, breeze

havai

xjfO{

adj.

airy, relating to air

havai jahaj

xjfO{ hxfh

n.

airplane

havai marg

xjfO{ dfu{

n.

air route

havai-dank

xjfO{*fs

n.

air letter, aerograph

havajahaj

xfjfhxfh

n.

aeroplane, airplane

havan

xjg

n.

fire sacrifice

havapani

xfjfkfgL

n.

climate, weather

havas

xj;\

hemanta

x]dGt

n.

hernu

x]gÚ{

v.t.

o.k. [a word to indicate obedience] late autumn, beginning of the cold season to see, to look at, to watch

herpher

x]/km]/

n.

hijo

lxhf]

adv.

change, exchange, alteration, transfer yesterday

hijo rati

lxhf] /ftL

adv.

last night

hijoaja

lxhf]cfh

adv.

nowadays

himalaya pradesh

lxdfno k|b]z

n.

Himalayan region

himarekha

lxd/]vf

n.

snowline

himasrot bhaeko nadi

lxd;|f]t ePsf] gbL

n.

meltwater river

him-marubhumi

lxdd?e'ld

n.

tundra

hina

xLg

adj.

low, vile, inferior, degraded,

56


base, humble Hindi

hindi

lxGbL

n.

hindnu

lx+*\gÚ

v.i.

hira

xL/f

n.

to walk, to go, to move, to start, to set off diamond

hit

lxt

n.

gain, benefit

hiun

lxp

n.

snow

hoco

xf]rf]

adj.

short, low

hodabaji

xf]*afhL

n.

contest, gambling, betting

hosh

xf]z

n.

hosh garnu

xf]z ugÚ{

v.t.

sense, sensibility, intelligence to be cautious

hoshiyar

xf]lzof/

adj.

cautious, careful

hoshiyari

xf]lzof/L

n.

hotel

xf]^]n

n.

cautiousness, carefulness, prudence hotel

hridaya

x[bo

n.

heart, mind, will

hukka

xÚSsf

n.

water pipe, Hookka

hulak adda

xÚnfs c*\*

n.

post office

hundi

xÚlb

postp.

during

huri

xÚ/L

n.

strong wind, storm

huri calnu

xÚ/L rNgÚ

hyolmo

xØf]ndf]

n.

iccha

OR%f

n.

Hyolmo [a Nepalese nationality] wish, desire

icchit

OlR%t

adj.

desired, wished for

icchuk

OR%"s

adj.

interested

ijjat

OHht

n.

honour, status

ikh

O{v

n.

jealousy, envy, vengeance

ikh phernu

O{v km]g" {

v.t.

to take revenge

ilaka

Onfsf

n.

ilam

Onfd

n.

ilame

Onfd]

n.

jurisdiction, possession, limit, area under control Ilam (a district in Eastern Nepal) inhabitant of Ilam

iman

O{dfg

n.

truth, belief, faith, honesty

imandar

O{dfgbf/

adj.

honest, trustworthy, faithful

imandar

Odfgbf/

adj.

honest, faithful

to be stormy

57


imandari

O{dfgbf/L

n.

indonesia

OG*f]g]l;of

n.

honesty, faithfulness, integrity Indonesien

indriya

OlGb|o

n.

sense, sense organ

inklab

OGSnfa

n.

revolution

int

O+{^

n.

brick

irada

O/fbf

n.

irsya

O{iof{

n.

wish, desire, will, plan, intention jealousy, envy

irsyalu

O{iof{n"

adj.

jealous, envious

ishara

Ozf/f

n.

ishvar

O{Zj/

n.

gesture, sign, indication, wink God, the Lord

iskus

O:s";

n.

a kind of vegetable

ispat

O:kft

n.

steel

ista

Oi^

adj.

wished, desired

itar

Ot/

adj.

other

itihas

Oltxf;

n.

history

itihasik

Oltxfl;s

adj.

historical

itihaskar

Oltxf;sf/

n.

historian

itrinu

OlqgÚ

v.i.

ityadi

OTofbL

conj.

to be mischievous, to talk mischievously about sex etcetera, etc.

iyarphon

Oo/kmf{g

n.

earphone, hearing-aid

jado

hf*f]

n./adj.

coolness, winter, chill, cold

jaga

hu

n.

foundation, ground work

jagaran

hfu/)f

n.

awakening, wakefulness

jagat

jut

n.

universe, the world

jagga

hUUff

n.

landland, field, estate

jagir

hfuL/

n.

jagnu

hfUgÚ

v.i.

jahaj

hxfh

n.

employment, Job, service, monthly salary, wages to wake up, to be alert, to be angry ship, vessel

jahan

hxf

pron.

where

jahan

hxfg

n.

jal

hn

n.

family, members of the family water

58


jalaunu

hnfpgÚ

v.t.

jali

hfnL

jalnu

hNgÚ

n./adj. 1. forgerer, netting, web, film; imitated, forged v.i. to burn, to be kindled

jal-shakti

hnzlQm

n.

water power

jalvayu

hnjfo"

n.

climate

jalvayuko prabhav

hnjfo"sf] k|efj

n.

climatical influence

jal-vibhajak

hnljefhs

n.

watershed

jama

hfd

n.

congestion, dregs, rusts

jama

hdf

adv.

tol, in sum, altogether

jamaunu

hdfpgÚ

v.t.

to make solid, to freeze

jamin

hdLg

n.

land, field

jamma

hDdf

adv.

tol, in sum, altogether

jamnu

hDgÚ

v.i.

to be frozen

jana

hgf

n.

(counting word for persons)

jana-andolan

hgcf+bf]ng

n.

janacetana

hgr]tgf

n.

janaganana

hgu)fgf

n.

popular movement, people's movement ethnic consciousness, national consciousness census

janai

hg}

n.

jana-jagaran

hghfu/)f

n.

janajati

hghflt

n.

sacred thread of a Brahman popular awakening, renaissance ethnic group, nationality

janajivan

hghLjg

n.

public life, public living

janakari

hfgsf/L

n.

knowledge, information

janapakshiya

hgkIfLo

adj.

related to the people

janapravad

hgk|jfb

n.

jana-sahabhagita

hg;xeflutf

n.

hearsay, rumour, common talk popular participation

janasamaksha

hg;dIf

comp.

in public

janasankhya

hg;+Vof

n.

population

janashruti

hg>"lt

n.

janasvasthya

hg:jf:Yo

n.

rumour, hearsay, common talk public health

janata

hgtf

n.

janatantravad

hgtGqjfb

n. 59

to set fire to

people, public, mass, mankind democracy


janatantrik

hgtlGqs

adj.

democratic, democratical

janavad

hgjfb

n.

janavar

hgfj/

n.

a political principle in which the supreme administrator must be elected by common people animal, beast

janc

hfr

n.

exam, test

jancnu

hfRgÚ

v.t.

to test, to examine

jand

hf*

n.

beer

jangal jamaune kam

h+un hdfpg] sfd

n.

jangal tayar parne

h+un tof/ kfg]{

n.

jangali

hénL

adj.

afforestation, reafforestation afforestation, reafforestation savage, wild, beastly

janieko

hflgPsf]

adj.

known

janjal

h~hfn

n.

janma

hGd

n.

janmabhumi

hGde'ld

n.

worldly domestic affairs, family, wife and children birth, life, nativity, production birthplace

janmadar

hGdb/

n.

birth rate

janmadata

hGdbftf

n.

father, progenitor, producer

janmanu

hGdgÚ

v.i.

to be born

janmat

hgdt

n.

public opinion

janmathalo

hGdynf]

n.

janmaunu

hGdfpgÚ

v.t.

birth-place, place where born to give birth to

janmeko

hGd]sf]

adj.

born

jannu

hfGgÚ

v.t.

to know, to understand

jantantra

hgtGq

n.

people's democracy

janto

hftf]

n.

janu

hfgÚ

v.i.

handmill for grinding corn etc. to go

japan

hfkfg

n.

Japan

japnu

hKgÚ

v.t.

jarayo

h/fof]

n.

to mutter prayers, to repeat mantra or prayer, to tell beads a kind of deer

jari

hf/L

adj.

60

proceeding, continued, current, in force


jarimana

h/Ldfgf

n.

jarivana

h/Ljfgf

n.

jaruri

h?/L

adj.

fine, punishment, money penalty fine, punishment, money penalty urgent, immediate

jasta

h:tf

n.

tin

jastai

h:t}

conj.

as for example, i.e., like

jasto

h:tf]

conj.

as for example, i.e., like

jasto dekhincha

h:tf] b]lvG%

comp.

it looks like

jasto sunincha

h:tf] ;"lgG%

comp.

it sounds like

jat

hft

n.

class, caste, kind, sort

jati

hlt

adv.

that much, about

jativacak nam

hfltjfrs gfd

n.

generic term

jatiya

hftLo

adj.

jatpat

hftkft

n.

national, pertaining to the nation caste system

jau

hf}

n.

barley

javab

hjfa

n.

answer

javan

hjfg

n.

young man, youth

javaph

hjfkm

n.

answer

javaphdehi

hjfkmb]xL

n.

jaya

ho

n.

jayaprakash malla

hok|sfz dNn

n.

jehandar

h]xGbf/

adj.

responsibility, accountability, obligation victory, conquest, triumph, gain, profit Jayaprakash Malla [the last Malla king of Kathmandu] intelligent, wise

jel

h]n

n.

jail, prison

jeth

h]&

n.

jethaju

h]&fh"

n.

second month of the Nepali year [May-June] husband's elder brother

jethan

h]&fg

n.

elder brother' wife

jethani didi

h]&fgL lbbL

n.

jethi sasu

h]&L ;f;"

n.

husband's elder brother's wife wife's elder sister

jetho

h]&f]

n.

eldest [of brothers]

jhagada

´u*f

n.

quarrel, dispute, squabble

jhalkanu

´NsgÚ

v.i.

to mshine, to glitter, to glisten

61


jhalmal

´ndn

adj.

bright, resplendent, brilliant

jhamtanu

´D^gÚ

v.t.

to spring upon, to assault

jhan

´g

adv.

more

jhan jhan

´g ´g

jhanda

´)*f

n.

flag, banner

jhangad

´fu*

n.

jhantnu

´f^g \ Ú

v.t.

Jhangad [a Nepalese nationality] to thresh (paddy), to rebuke

jharnu

´gÚ{

v.i.

jhaskanu

´:sgÚ

v.i.

jhiknu

l´SgÚ

v.t.

to fall, to descend, to go down to be startled, to get frightened all of a sudden, to feel sudden alarm to take out, to take off

jhinge macha

l´+u] df%f

n.

shrimp

jhingo

k´+uf]

n.

fly, housefly

jhol

´f]n

n.

broth, soup

jhuknu

´"SgÚ

v.i.

to bow down, to stoop

jhunda

´")*f

n.

group, assembly, bond

jhutho

´'&f]

adj.

untrue, false

jhuto

´'^f]

adj.

untrue, false

jhyal

´\ofn

n.

window

jhyalkhana

´\ofnvfgf

n.

jail, prison

jibro

lha|f]

n.

tongue

jilla

lhNnf

n.

district

jilla pramukh adhikari

lhNnf k|d'v clwsf/L

n.

Chief District Officer, CDO

jilla vikas samiti

lhNnf ljsf; ;ldlt

n.

jimma

lhDdf

n.

District Development Committee, DDC responsibility, care, custody

jimmevari

lhDd]jf/L

n.

responsibility

jindagi

lhGbuL

n.

life

jira

hL/f

n.

cumin

jirel

lh/]n

n.

jit

hLt

n.

Jirel [a Nepalese nationality] victory, triumph, success

jitnu

lhTgÚ

jiu

hLp

n.

body, person, frame

jiundo

lhpbf]

adj.

living, alive, lively

more and more

to win

62


jiunu

lhpgÚ

v.i.

to live

jivajantu

hLjhGt"

n.

living being, animal

jivan

hLjg

n.

life, existence, animation

jivani

hLjgL

n.

life-story, biography

jivanshaili

hLjgz}nL

n.

way of life, habits, lifestyle

jivjantu

hLjhGt"

n.

animal, living being

joban

hf]ag

n.

jod

hf]*

n.

jodi

hf]*L

n.

youth, puberty, flower of youth power, strength; join, addition, total, the sum total couple

jodnu

hf]*\gÚ

v.t.

to add, to join

joi

hf]O{

n.

wife [rural]

jokhnu

hf]VgÚ

v.t.

to weigh

jotnu

hf]TgÚ

v.t.

to plow, to harness

juhar

h"xf/

n.

jewel, jewellery, gem

juka

h"sf

n.

leeches, tapeworms

juktanu

h"QmgÚ

v.i.

julus

h"n";

n.

to be forthcoming, to be collected, to be united, to be entangled procession, marching

jumra

h"d|f

n.

lice

jun

h'g

n.

moon

jun

h"g

pron.

which, whichever

junaph

h"gfkm

n.

presence

junar

hÚgf/

n.

orange

junelo

hÚg]nf]

n.

large millet

junga

hÚuf

n.

moustache

junkiri

h'gsL/L

n.

firefly

junsukai

hÚg;Ús}

pron.

whichever, whatsoever

juramuraunu

hÚ/dÚ/fpgÚ

v.i.

to be active, to be alert

jut

hÚ^

adj.

group, party

jutaunu

hÚ^fpgÚ

v.t.

to collect, to gather

juthyaunu

hÚ&ØfpgÚ

v.t.

to get dirty, so soil

jutnu

hÚ^\gÚ

v.i.

to be collected, to be united

63


jutta

hÚQf

n.

shoe, slipper, boot

juva

hÚjf

n.

game, gamble

juva khelnu

hÚjf v]NgÚ

jvain

HjfO

n.

jyada

Hofbf

adj.

jyadai

Hjfb}

adj.

jyestha

Ho]i&

n.

jyotirvidya

Hof]ltlj{B

n.

second month of the Nepali year (May-June) astronomy, astrology

jyotis

Hof]ltif

n.

astronomy, astrology

jyotisi

Hof]ltifL

n.

astrologer, astronomer

kabja

sAhf

n.

possession, occupation

kacauro

srf}/f]

n.

cup

kachuva

s%Újf

n.

turtle, tortoise

kacinggal

slr+un

n.

quarrel

kada

s*f

adj.

hard, harsh, cruel, unkind

kadam

sbd

n.

step, footstep

kadar

sb/

n.

respect, value, appreciation

kag

sfu

n.

crow, raven

kagati

sfutL

n.

lime

kahalaunu

sxnfpgÚ

v.i.

to be called, to be famous

kahan

sxf

pron.

where? in what place?

kahan pani

sxf klg

adv.

nowhere, not anywhere

kahani

sxfgL

n.

saying, proverb, story

kahile

slxn]

pron.

when? at what time?

kahile kahin

slxn] sxL+

adv.

kahin

sxL+

adv.

sometimes, from time to time wherever

kahin kahin

sxL+ sxL+

adv.

kahinlo

sflx+nf]

n.

at some places, in many a place fourth eldest [of brothers]

kaid

s}b

n.

imprisonment, jail

kaid garnu

s}b ugÚ{

v.t.

to arrest

kaidi

s}bL

n.

prisoner, captive, convict

kaidkhana

s}bvfgf

n.

prison, jail

to gamble

64

daughter's husband, sonin-law too much, in excess, excessive extremely


kailo

s}nf]

adj.

light-brown [hair]

kainyo

sfOof]

n.

comb

kaiphat

s}kmt

n.

kaiphiyat

s}lkmot

n.

kaiyaun

s}of}+

adj.

statement, remark, description statement, remark, description innumerable, many, several

kaiyun

s}o"

adj.

innumerable, many, several

kaj

sfh

n.

work, duty, job, occupation

kaju

sfh'

n.

cashew nut

kaka

sfsf

n.

father's brother

kakh

sfv

n.

kakhi

sfvL

n.

position formed while sitting cross-legged on the floor, side of the body above the hip, lap arm-pit

kaki

sfsL

n.

father's brother's wife

kakrinu

slqmgÚ

v.i.

kakryaunu

sqmØfpgÚ

v.t.

to become stiff by cold, to be numbed to make numbed

kal

sfn

n.

kala

snf

n.

kalaha

snx

n.

kalakar

snfsf/

n.

quarrel, scramble, dispute, fray artist, technician

kalakaushal

snfsf}zn

n.

state of being skilful

kale

sfn]

n.

kaleji

sn]hL

adj.

a dark skinned human being dark-red

kalejo

sn]hf]

n.

liver

kaligad

sflnu*

n.

artisan

kalij

sflnh

n.

pheasant

kalilo

slnnf]

adj.

ender, soft, delicate, young

kalo

sfnf]

adj.

black

kalo dal

sfnf] bfn

n.

black lentils

kalo mas

sfnf] df;

n.

black lentils

kalpa

sNk

n.

era

kalpana

sNkgf

n.

imagination, fiction,

65

time, period, era, age, season, death art, craft, technics


kalpanashakti

sNkgfzlQm

n.

supposition, assumption powers of imagination

kalyan

sNof)f

n.

welfare, good

kalyanakari

sNof)fsf/L

adj.

kam

sfd

n.

propitious, auspicious, beneficial, good work, duty, job, occupation

kam

sd

adj.

little, less, small

kam garnu

sfd ugÚ{

v.t.

to work

kamai

sdfO

n.

kamaunu

sdfpgÚ

v.t.

kamdar

sfdbf/

n.

kamej

sd]h

n.

income, returns, mode of earning to earn, to acquire wealth, to cultivate worker, labourer, porter, helper shirt

kamero

sd]/f]

n.

kamilo

sldnf]

n.

kamjori

sdhf]/L

n.

kamkaj

sfdsfh

n.

weakness, debility, deficiency business, occupation, work

kammal

sDdn

n.

blanket

kammar

sDd/

n.

waist

kamnu

sfdgÚ

v.i.

to tremble, to shiver

kamta

sDtf

adj.

less, insufficient, short

kamti

sDtL

adj.

less, insufficient, short

kan

sfg

n.

ear

kancat

sGr&

n.

temple

kanchi

sfG%L

n.

kancho

sfG%f]

n.

last born female child, nice young girl youngest [of brothers]

kanco

sfrf]

adj.

raw, unripe, immature

kand

sf)*

n.

chapter, branch, incident

kandha

sfw

kandhinu

sflwgÚ

v.i.

to be fatt [with eating]

kando

sf*f]

n.

thorn

kanggal

séfn

adj.

poor, penniless, penurious

kanka loti

sfGsf nf]tL

n.

ear lobes

white clay used in painting walls ant

shoulder

66


kankro

sfqmf]

n.

cucumber

kano

sfgf]

adj.

blind in one eye, one-eyed

kanparo

sGkf/f]

n.

temple

kanso

sf;f]

n.

bronze

kanta

sf^f

n.

fork

kantipur

sflGtkÚ/

kanun

sfg'g

n.

Kantipur [an old name for Kathmandu] law, regulation

kanun bamojit

sfg'g adf]lht

kapada

sk*f

n.

kapal

skfn

n.

according to the law, in conformity with the law cloth, clothing, apparel, wear hair of the head, head

kapal kornu

skfn sf]gÚ{

v.t.

to comb the hair

kapal nuhaunu

skfn gÚxfpgÚ

v.t.

rinse hair

kaphal

sfkmn

n.

kaphi

skmL

n.

a fruit like strawberry but with a hard pit coffee

kapnu

sKgÚ

v.t.

to carve, to chisel

kar

sf/

n.

car

kar

s/

n.

tax

kara

sf/f

n.

imprisonment, confinement

karadanda

sf/fb)*

n.

prison sentence

karagar

sf/fuf/

n.

prison, jail

karagriha

sf/fu[x

n.

prison, jail

karai

s/fO{

n.

karamat

s/fdt

n.

cooking pot [with a wide mouth] miracle

karan

sf/)f

n.

karaunu

s/fpgÚ

v.i.

cause, motive, purpose, reason, occasion, origin to shout

karavas

sf/fjf;

n.

prison sentence

kardata

s/bftf

n.

karelo

s/]nf]

n.

karib

s/La

adv.

tributory, tax-paying, taxpayer a bitter vegetable, bitter gourd almost, aproximately

karigar

sf/Lu/

n.

artisan

karkhana

sf/vfgf

n.

workshop, factory,

67


karma

sd{

n.

manufactory deed, act, work

karmacari

sdf{rf/L

n.

employee, officer

karod

s/f]*

num.

kartavya

st{Jo

n.

crore, 10 million, 10.000.000 duty, task

kartik

sflt{s

n.

karuva

s?jf

n.

karya

sfo{

n.

karya samiti

sfo{ ;ldlt

n.

action, act, duty, occupation, profession, function, role working committee

karyakarini

sfo{sfl/)fL

adj.

executive

karyakram

sfo{qmd

n.

programme, schedule

karyalaya

sfof{no

n.

workshop, office

karyanvayan

sfof{Gjog

n.

execution, implementation

karyapalika

sfo{kflnsf

n.

executive

karyashala

sfo{zfnf

n.

workshop

kasari

s;/L

pron.

how? in what way?

kasaundi

s;f}+*L

n.

kasle lagyo?

s:n] nfUof] <

comp.

cooking pot [with a narrow mouth] who has taken it?

kasnu

s:gÚ

v.t.

to tighten, to pull firmly

kast

si^

n.

kasturi

s:t'/L

n.

pain, distress, trouble, hardship muskdeer

katahar

s^x/

n.

jack fruit

kataunu

s^fpgÚ

v.t.

katauro

s^f}/f]

n.

to cause to be cut, to cause to be beheaded cup

katha

syf

n.

story, tale, fable, narrative

katha halnu

syf xfNgÚ

comp.

to tell a story

kathan

syg

n.

kathin

sl&gÚ

adj.

kathinai

sl&gfO{

n.

utterance, narration, statement difficult, hard, arduous, not easy difficulty

kathit

slyt

adj.

said, narrated, told

68

seventh month of the Nepali year (OctoberNovember) brass pot with a spout


kathor

s&f]/

adj.

kati

slt

pron.

hard, harsh, rigid, unkind, cruel how much? how many?

kati baje ?

slt ah] <

comp.

at which time?

kati bajyo?

slt aHof] <

comp.

what's the time?

kati bhayo?

slt eof] <

comp.

how much is it?

katima?

sltdf <

comp.

for how much?

katinu

sfl^gÚ

v.i.

to be cut

katipaya

sltko

adj.

some, few

katnu

sf^\gÚ

v.t.

to cut, to chop, to cancel

kattar

s§/

adj.

diehard, orthodox

kauli

sfpnL

n.

cauliflower

kavi

slj

n.

poet

kavita

sljtf

n.

poem

kayam

sfod

adj.

fixed, settled, firm, steady

kayam garnu

sfod ugÚ{

comp.

to fix a date

ke

s] <

pron.

what?

kehi

s]xL

adj.

something

kehi kurako anurodh garnu kehi kurako mato milnu kehi kurama anurodh garnu kehi kurama mato milnu kelaunu

s]xL s'/fsf] cgÚ/f]w ugÚ{

comp.

to ask for, to request

s]xL sÚ/fsf] dtf] ldNgÚ

comp.

to agree upon, to arrange

s]xL sÚ/fdf cgÚ/f]w ugÚ{

comp.

to ask for, to request

s]xL sÚ/fdf dtf] ldNgÚ

comp.

to agree upon, to arrange

s]nfpgÚ

v.t.

to sift, to remove impurities

kendrit

s]lGb|t

adj.

centered

kera

s]/f

n.

banana

kerau

s]/fp

n.

pea

kesari

s];/L

adj.

saffron-coloured

kesh

s]z

n.

hair of the head

ketaketima

s]^fs]^Ldf

comp.

in childhood

keti

s]^L

n.

girl

keto

s]^f]

n.

boy

keval

s]jn

adv.

only, mere, all, whole

69


khabar

va/

n.

message

khabarkagat

va/sfut

n.

newspaper

khacar

vRr/

n.

mule

khada

v*f

adj.

erect, upright

khadkundo

v*\s* Ú f]

n.

khadukunlo

v*Úsn Ú f]

n.

khadyanna

vfBfGg

n.

a very large cooking vessel with rings on two sides to hold a very large cooking vessel with rings on two sides to hold food grains

khagat

vfut

n.

paper

khairo

v}/f]

adj.

brown

khaja

vfhf

n.

snack

khajasaja

vfhf;fhf

n.

snack

khajur

vhÚ/

n.

date

khala

vfnf

n.

the outer layer of skin

khaldo

vfN*f]

n.

khali

vfnL

adj.

valley, ditch, trench, pit, hole only, mere, merely, alone

khamba

vDaf

n.

pillar, pole, post

khanaunu

vgfpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to be dug

khanci

vfrL

n.

khanco

vfrf]

n.

khand

v)*

n.

khandan

v)*g

n.

khandit

vl)*t

adj.

Khanchi [one of the former mini stets of western Nepal] requirement, need, necessity part, section, chapter, division, piece, canto refutation, rebuttal, repudiation, denial broken into pieces, split

khanekura

vfg] sÚ/f

n.

food

khani

vflg

n.

mine

khanij

vlgh

n.

minerals

khanij padartha

vlgh kbfy{

n.

mineral product

khaninu

vlggÚ

v.i.

to be poured out

khannu

vGgÚ

v.t.

to dig

khanu

vfgÚ

v.t.

to eat

khanyaunu

vGofpgÚ

v.t.

to pour out

70


khapat

vkt

n.

consumption, sale, demand

khappar

vKk/

n.

skull

kharab

v/fa

adj.

kharab

v/a

num.

kharani

v/fgL

bad, wicked, spoiled, naughty 100 billion, 1.00.00.00.00.000 ashes, ash-coloured

kharau

v/fp

n.

kharaunu

v/fpgÚ

v.t.

wooden sandal, wooden slipper to fry hard, to overparch

kharayo

v/fof]

n.

hare

kharca

vr{

n.

kharidnu

vl/*\gÚ

v.t.

expense, expenditure, disbursement, oulay to buy, to purchase

kharij

vfl/h

adj.

khas

vf;

adj.

dismissed, rejected, discharged real, true, particular, proper

khasaunu

v;fpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to fall

khasi

v;L

n.

castrated he-goat

khasnu

v:gÚ

v.i.

to fall, to die

khasro

v;|f]

adj.

rough, coarse, frank

khat

vf^

n.

bed stead

khatam

vtd

n.

khednu

v]b\gÚ

v.t.

end, finish, conclusion, death to chase

khel

v]n

n.

play, game

kheladi

v]nf*L

n.

player

khelaunu

v]nfpgÚ

v.t.

to cause to play

khelnu

v]NgÚ

v.t.

to play, to act

kher

v]/

n.

kheri

v]l/

postp.

time, length of time, destruction, loss, waste during

kheti

v]tL

n.

agriculture, cultivation

kheti garnu

v]tL ugÚ{

v.t.

khetikamai

v]tLsdfO

n.

to till the ground, to carry out agriculture agricultural income

kheti-pati

v]tLkftL

n.

agriculture, cultivation

khicadi

lvr*L

n.

a mixture of rice and lentils cooked together

71


khicalo

lvrnf]

n.

khicolo

lvrf]nf]

n.

khir

vL/

n.

interference, meddling; disturbance, quarrel, turmoil meddling, quarrel, interference rice pudding

khoi

vf]O

pron.

where (is it) ?

khoj

vf]h

n.

search, quest, pursuit

khoji

vf]hL

n.

inquiry

khojkhabar

vf]hva/

n.

khojnu

vf]HgÚ

v.t.

trace, quest, search, enquiry to search

kholnu

vf]NgÚ

v.i./v.t.

kholo

vf]nf]

n.

khopo

vf]kf]

n.

khoriya

vf]l/of

n.

khorsani

vf];f{gL

n.

a small hole in the wall for keeping things uncultivated land, nature reserve chilli, hot pepper

khosuva

vf];Újf

n.

thieve, one who snatches

khudkila

vÚ*\lsnf

n.

steps

khukuri

vÚsÚ/L

n.

a Nepalesed curved knife

khumcinu

vÚlDrgÚ

v.i.

to shrink

khunda

vÚ*f

n.

khushi

vÚzL

khusi

vÚ;L

adj.

a kind of sword, a kind of scimitar pleasure, delight, cheerfulness, glad, happy happy

khutrukka

vÚqÚSs

n.

khutto

vÚ§f]

n.

the sound produced by little articles when dropped leg

khuvaunu

vÚjfpgÚ

v.t.

to feed

ki

ls

conj.

kilakile

lsnlsn]

n.

or, either; word to denote interrogation or doubt uvula

kimbu

lsDaÚ

n.

mulberry

kina

lsg

pron.

why?

kinabhane

lsgeg]

conj.

because

kinamel garnu

lsgd]n ugÚ{

v.t.

to go shopping, to buy

72

to open, to unfasten, to explain, to annotate small river


kinnu

lsGgÚ

v.t.

to buy

kintu

lsGtÚ

conj.

but, only, without

kinvadanti

ls+jbGtL

n.

kira

sL/f

n.

rumour, hearsay, false report, popular talk, vague talk, tradition worm

kiraya

ls/fof

n.

hire, rent

kiro

sL/f]

n.

insect, worm

kirtiman

sLlt{dfg

adj.

kisam

ls;d

n.

renowned, famous, celebrated kind, sort, class, species

kisan

ls;fg

n.

farmer, peasant

kisim

lsl;d

n.

kind, sort, class, species

kismis

ls;ld;

n.

raisins

kisti

ls:tL

n.

tray

kitli

lsTnL

n.

kettle

kitnu

ls^\gÚ

v.t.

kodali

sf]bfnL

n.

to grind teeth, to gnash, to decide, to fix, to specify, to resolve spade (with short handle)

kodalo

sf]bfnf]

n.

spade (with long handle)

kodo

sf]bf]

n.

a kind of millet

kohi

sf]xL

adj.

anybody, anyone, someone

koila

sf]Onf

n.

coal

koili

sf]OnL

n.

cuckoo

kop

sf]k

n.

anger, wrath

kop-bhajan

sf]kefhg

n.

victim of anger

kopila

sf]lknf

n.

bud

koriya

sf]l/of

n.

Korea

kornu

sf]gÚ{

v.t.

to scratch

kos

sf];

n.

koshish

sf]lzz

n.

koshish garnu

sf]lzz ugÚ{

v.t.

a measure of length (distance of about 2 miles) endeavour, attempt, exertion, effort to try

kot

sf]^

n.

coat

kotha

sf]^f

n.

room

kotparva

sf]tkj{

n.

(a histsorical event: Jang

73


Bahadur's coup of 1846 that brought the Rana family into power) after the coup of 1846

kotparva pashcat

sf]tkj{ kZrft

kotyaunu

sf]^ØfpgÚ

v.t.

to prick, to scratch

kram

qmd

n.

kramashah

qmdzM

adj.

krambodhak

qmdaf]ws

n.

series, chain, order, method step by step, by degree, serially, successively ordinal number

kramjor

qmdhf]/

adj.

weak, ineffective

kranti

qmflGt

n.

krishna paksha

s[i)f kIf

comp.

krisi

s[lif

n.

revolution, pace, movement, declination, invading, surpassing dark fortnight, the phase of the waning moon agriculture

krisi utpadan

s[lif pTkfbg

n.

agricultural production

kritagya

s[t!

adj.

thankful, grateful

kriyakalap

lqmofsnfk

n.

functions, rites, ceremonies

kriyapad

lqmofkb

n.

verb

kriyayogi

lqmofof]uL

n.

adverb

kshamata

Ifdtf

n.

kshetra

If]q

n.

ability, capacity, might, power file, plot of land, area

kshetraphal

If]qkmn

n.

kucakra

sÚrqm

n.

products of the land, field crops, area intrigue, a secret plot

kuco

sÚrf]

n.

broom

kucyaunu

sÚRofpgÚ

v.t.

to crush

kudnu

sÚb\gÚ

v.i.

to run

kuhino

s'Úlxgf]

n.

elbow

kuhuno

sÚxÚgf]

n.

elbow

kuhunu

sÚxÚgÚ

v.i.

to rot

kukhurako bhale

sÚvÚ/fsf] efn]

n.

cock, rooster

kukhurako pothi

sÚvÚ/fsf] kf]yL

n.

hen

kukhuri

sÚvÚ/L

n.

hen

kukhuro

sÚvÚ/f]

n.

chicken

kukur

sÚsÚ/

n.

dog

74


kul

sÚn

n.

kumari

sÚdf/L

n.

race, generation, family, clan, dynasty, parentage princess, unmarried women

kun

sÚg

adj.

which, what

kuncahin

sÚgrflx+

adj.

which one?

kund

sÚ)*

n.

pond, tank

kundnu

sÚb\gÚ

v.t.

to hew, to carve

kunni

sÚlGg

adv.

kuposan

sÚkf]if)f

n.

I don't know, perhaps, maybe malnutrition

kura

sÚ/f

n.

word, matter, affair, talk

kurakani

sÚ/fsfgL

n.

conversation, talk, chat

kurauni

sÚ/fpgL

n.

kurnu

sÚgÚ{

v.t.

milk boiled down till nearly solid to wait,to attend

kursi

sÚ;L{

n.

chair

kushal

sÚzn

n./adj.

kushasan

sÚzf;g

n.

kusti

sÚ:tL

n.

happiness, wellbeing; skilful, proficient, expert bad government, maladministration wrestling

kusti khelnu

sÚ:tL v]NgÚ

kutapita

sÚ^lk^

n.

beating, exchange of blows

kutnaitik kshetra

sÚ^g}lts If]q

n.

strategical area

kutnu

sÚ^\gÚ

v.t.

to beat, to hit

kuva

sÚjf

n.

well

kvartj

Sjf^\{h

n.

quartz

kyare

Sof/]

labh

nfe

n.

lacar

nfrf/

adj.

value, profit, gain, earning, advantage unable, helpless, obliged

ladain

n*fO{+

n.

war, battle, fighting, strife

ladnu

n*\gÚ

v.i./v.t.

lagabhaga

nueu

adv.

lagaeko

nufPsf]

adj.

to fight, to struggle, to fall down about, nearly, approximately, almost used

lagani

nufgL

n.

investment

lagaunu

nufpgÚ

v.t.

to use, to put on, to wear,

to wrestle

I suppose

75


lagayat

nufot

postp.

to set up, to cause to work including, together with

laghukatha

n#Úsyf

n.

short story

laghu-katha

n#Úsyf

n.

short story

lagnu

nfUgÚ

v.i.

lagu

nfuÚ

adj.

to appear, to begin, to start, to join intoxicating, exciting

lahad

nx*

n.

lahad aunu

nx* cfpgÚ

entertainment, diversion of mind, amusement, joke to wish

lahar

nx/

n.

lahari

nx/fL

n.

laihernu

nfOx]gÚ{

v.t.

ripple, small wave, surge, undulation ripple, small wave, surge, undulation to try on [clothes]

laijanu

n}hfgÚ

v.t.

to carry, to take away

laj

nfh

n.

shame, shyness, modesty

lajja

nHhf

n.

lakh

nfv

num.

lakkhan

nSvg

adj.

laksha

nIf

adj.

lakshmiprasad devkota lakshya

nIdfLk|;fb b]jsf]^f

n.

nIo

n.

shame, shyness, dishonour, ignominy, scandal, disgrace one hundred thousand, 1.00.000 one hundred thousand, 1.00.000 one hundred thousand, 1.00.000 Lakshmi Prasad Devkota [a famous Nepali poet] aim, target, goal

lalitpur

nlntkÚ/

n.

lam

nfd

n.

Lalitpur, Patan [a neighbouring town of Kathmandu] a long line, a queue

lamai

ndfO

n.

length

lamba

nDaf

adj.

long

lamkanu

nDsgÚ

v.i.

lamkhutte

nfDvÚ§]

n.

to walk with long steps, to stride mosquito

lamo

nfdf]

adj.

long

lampasar

nDk;f/

adj.

prostrate, stretched out

lamtann

ndtGg

adj.

prostrate, stretched out

76


lanchana

nfG%gf

n.

stigma, blame, slander

lanu

nfgÚ

v.t.

to take away, to remove

lapakka

nkSs

adv.

lapsi

nK;L

n.

adhering, attaching, stricking a kind of sour fruit

larbarinu

na{l/gÚ

v.i.

to reel, to stagger, to sway

lash

nfz

n.

carcass, dead body

lasun

n;Úg

n.

garlic

latanpatan

n^gk^g

n.

deceit, fraud

lataramma

n^/Dd

adj.

in bunches, in clusters

lato

nf^f]

adj.

dumb

latti

nfQL

n.

kick

launu

nfpgÚ

v.t.

to put on (clothes), to ware

lauro

nf}/f]

n.

stick

lek

n]s

n.

lekha

n]v

n.

lekhak

n]vs

n.

hilly region, the higher slope of a mountain prose composition, writing, essay, article author, writer

lekhinu

n]lvgÚ

v.i.

to be written

lekhnath paudyal

n]vgfy kf}*Øfn

n.

lekhpadh

n]vk(

n.

Lekh Nath Paudyal [a famous Nepali poet] reading and writing, study

leninvad

n]lggjfb

n.

Leninism

licchavi

lnR%lj

n.

licchavikal

lnR%ljsfn

n.

Licchavi [an early ruling dynasty of the Kathmandu valley] Licchavi era

ligalige

lnulnu]

n.

uvula

likhat

lnvt

adj.

written

likhit

lnlvt

adj.

written

lila

nLnf

n.

lilam

lnnd

n.

a play, amusement, diversion auction

limbu

lnDa'

n.

Limbu [a Nepali nationality]

ling

lné

n.

gender [gram.]

linu

lngÚ

v.t.

lipi

lnlk

n.

to take, to acquire, to accept script, writing, handwriting

77


lobh

nf]e

n.

lobhi

nf]eL

adj.

greed, covetousness, temptation greedy, stingy, covetous

logne

nf]Ug]

n.

husband [common]

lognemanche

nf]Ug]dfG%]

n.

man, male person

lognemanis

nf]Ug]dflg;

n.

man, male person

lohota

nf]xf]&f

n.

a small metal water-pot

lok

nf]s

n.

loktantra

nf]stGq

n.

world, the three worlds [heaven, earth, hell], people democracy

luga

nÚuf

n.

clothes, clothing

luga dhunu

nÚuf w'gÚ

v.t.

wash clothes

luga lagaunu

nÚuf nufpgÚ

v.t.

put on clothes

luga launu

nÚuf nfpgÚ

v.t.

put on clothes

luga phernu

nÚuf km]gÚ{

v.t.

change clothes

luga phukalnu

nÚuf kmÚsfNgÚ

v.t.

take off clothes

luga phukaunu

nÚuf kmÚsfpgÚ

v.t.

take off clothes

luknu

nÚSgÚ

v.i.

to hide

lvang

Njfª

n.

clove

lyaunu

NofpgÚ

v.t.

to bring, to fetch

ma

df

postp.

in, at, on, among

macan

drfg

n.

stage

maccinu

dlRrgÚ

v.i.

to swing

macha

df%f

n.

fish

macha marnu

df%f dfgÚ{

v.t.

to fish

madat dinu

dbt lbgÚ

v.t.

to help, to assist

madhes

dw];

n.

madhya-din

dWo–lbg

n.

the Tarai (the southern flat land along the Indian border) noon

madhyakalin

dWosfnLg

adj.

mediaeval

madhyam

dfWod

n.

medium

madhyamik yug

dfWolds oÚu

n.

middle ages

madhyanha

dWofGx

n.

noon

madhyarat

dWo/ft

n.

midnight

78


madhyavadhi nirvacan dWofjlw lgjf{rg madhye dWo]

n.

mid-term elections

postp.

mag

dfu

n.

amongin the middle, at the centre, in between, within, inside demand, claim

magaj

duh

n.

brain

magar

du/

n.

Magar [a Nepali nationality]

magh

df#

n.

magne

dfUg]

n.

tenth month of the Nepali year [January/February] beggar

magnu

dfUgÚ

v.t.

to ask for

maha

dx

n.

honey

mahadhiveshan

dxflwj]zg

n.

mahajan

dxfhg

n.

mahakavi

dxfslj

n.

mahal

dxn

n.

general assembly, general meeting moneylender, rich man, virtuous man great poet [a title for Bhanubhakta Acharya] palace

mahango

dxuf]

adj.

expensive

mahasul

dx;'n

n.

mahasus

dx;';

n./adj.

mahatta

dxQf

n.

mahattva

dxj

n.

mahattvakanksha

dxjsf+Iff

n.

cess, tax, rate, custom, octroi feeling, experience, understanding greatness, magnitude, gravity, glory, importance greatness, magnitude, gravity, glory, importance high ambition, great desire

mahattvakankshi

dxjsf+IfL

adj.

ambitious

mahattvapurna

dxjk')f{

adj.

mahila

dlxnf

n.

superb, royal, regal, palmy, magnanimous, generous woman

mahilo

dflxnf]

n.

second eldest [of brothers]

mahima

dlxdf

n.

exaltation

mahina

dxLgf

n.

month

mahina

dlxgf

n.

month

maida

d}bf

n.

fine flour

maidan

d}bfg

n.

an open field

maiju

dfOh'

n.

mother's brother's wife

79


mailo

d}nf]

adj.

dirty

mailo

dfOnf]

n.

second eldest [of brothers]

main batti

d}g aQL

n.

candle

maina

d}gf

n.

maiyan

d}of

n.

maja

dhf

n.

majako

dhfsf]

adj.

a name applied to several different sturnoid passerine birds of India and countries further east, belonging to the genera Acridotheres and Eulabes princess; a word used affectionately for addressing a daughter happiness, enjoyment, rejoicing pleased, funny

majha

df´

n.

middle, centre

majhi

df´L

n.

Majhi [a Nepali nationality]

majhnu

df´\gÚ

v.t.

to clean

makai

ds}

n.

corn, maize

makal

dsn

n.

malai man parcha

dnfO{ dg k%{

comp.

a small moveable earthenware stove used for heating I like

malai man pardaina

dnfO{ dg kb{}g

comp.

I don't like

malai thah chaina

dnfO{ yfxf %}g

comp.

I don't know

malesiya

dn]l;of

n.

Malaysia

malilo

dlnnf]

adj.

fertile, manured

maltal

dfntfn

n.

article, goods

mama

dfdf

n.

mother's brother

man

dg

n.

man aunu

dg cfpgÚ

mind, thought, mental state, heart, feeling to long, to wish

manadeva

dfgb]j

n.

manahi

dgfxL

n.

Manadeva [name of several kings of the Licchavi era] prohibition, control

manai

dgfO{

n.

prohibition, control

mananiya

dfggLo

adj.

manasib

dgfl;a

adj.

honorable, respectable, venerable right, just, proper, reasonable, fit

80


manaunu

dgfpgÚ

v.t.

to celebrate

manav

dfgj

n.

manavshastra

dfgjzf:q

n.

mankind, man, human being anthropology

manbodhak

dfgaf]ws

adj.

honorific [grammar]

manc

d~r

n.

dais, raised platform, stage

mancari

d~r/L

n.

manche

dfG%]

n.

cluster of buds and flowers, flower bud man, person

mandro

dfGb|f]

n.

large bamboo or cane mat

mangal

d+un

n.

the planet Mars

mangalvar

d+unjf/

n.

Tuesday

mangga

dfu

n.

manglavar

d+Unjf/

n.

demand, requirement, requisition Tuesday

mangoliya

d+uf]lnof

mangsir

d+u;L/

n.

mani

dfgL

adj.

eighth month of the Nepali year [November/December] respectable, respectful

manis

dflg;

n.

man, person

mannu

dfGgÚ

v.t.

manoranjan

dgf]/~hg

n.

manovigyan

dgf]lj!fg

n.

to respect, to worship, to accept, to observe amusement, entertainment, recreation psychology

manovigyanik

dgf]lj!flgs

adj.

psychological

manparaunu

dgk/fpgÚ

v.t.

to like, to approve, to prefer

mansthiti

dgl:ylt

n.

mental state

mantavya

dGtJo

n.

mantralaya

dGqfno

n.

view, opinion, remark, note, comment ministery

mantri

dGqL

n.

minister

manyata

dfGotf

n.

mapdanda

dfkb)*

n.

recognition, validity, accredition touchstone, standard

maramar

df/fdf/

n.

fight

marathi

d/f&L

n.

Marathi

marg

dfu{

n.

eighth month of the Nepali year [November/December]

Mongolei

81


maric

dl/r

n.

black pepper

marka

dsf{

n.

loss, harm, damage

marnu

dfgÚ{

v.t.

to kill, to slaughter

masala

d;nf

n.

spices

masauda

d;f}bf

n.

draft, rough copy

masi

d;L

n.

ink

masino

dl;gf]

adj.

mast

d:t

adj.

fine, thin, mild, gentle, delicate drunk, intoxicated

mastira

dfl:t/

n./adv.

above, up

masu

df;Ú

n.

meat

mat

dt

n.

matabhed

dte]b

n.

vote, opinion, voice, dogma, belief difference of opinion

matako

df^fsf]

adj.

earthen

matganana

dtu)fgf

n.

counting of votes

mathi

dfly

postp.

above

mathlo tala

dfYnf] tnf

n.

upper floor

matnu

dfTgÚ

v.i.

to get drunk

mato

dtf]

n.

mato

df^f]

n.

consultation, counsel, opinion earth, clay, soil

matoko sarvekshan

df^f]sf] ;j]{If)f

n.

soil survey

matribhakta

dfq[eQm

n.

a devotee of one's mother

matribhasa

dfq[efiff

n.

mother tongue

matriprem

dfq[k|]d

n.

mother love

maulik

df}lns

adj.

original

mauna

df}g

n.

silence, taciturnity, mum

mauri

df}/L

n.

bee, honeybee

mausam

df};d

n.

weather, season, monsoon

mausimi

df}l;dL

adj.

seasonal

mausuph

df};'km

pron.

maya

dfof

n.

personal address towards the king [royal honorific pronoun] love

maya garnu

dfof ugÚ{

v.t.

to love

mece

d]r]

n.

Meche [a Nepali nationality]

82


meghalaya

d]#fno

n.

mehanat

d]xgt

n.

Meghalaya [a Northeast Indian state] industry, labour, hard work

mehel

d]x]n

n.

a fruit

mel

d]n

n.

meva

d]jf

n.

meeting, unity, concord, harmony, intimacy, friendship, union, alliance melon

midiya

ldl*of

n.

media

mihi

ldxL

adj.

mihinet

ldlxg]t

n.

fine, fine spun, finely pulverized; soft, tender, smooth labour, industry, work, toil

mihineti

ldlxg]tL

adj.

milaunu

ldnfpgÚ

v.t.

milnu

ldNgÚ

v.i.

mirg

ldu{

n.

misaunu

ld;fpgÚ

v.t.

misri

ld;|L

n.

to mingle, to mix up together sugar candy, rockcandy

mit

dLt

n.

friend (ritually concluded)

mit lagaunu

dLt nufpgÚ

v.t.

to make friends (ritually)

mithai

ld&fO{

n.

sweets

mitho

dL&f]

adj.

delicious, tasteful, tasty

miti

ldlt

n.

date, day, limit, time

mohani

df]xgL

n.

charm, enchantment

mohi

df]xL

n.

buttermilk

mohi parnu

df]xL kfgÚ{

v.t.

to make buttermilk

moja

df]hf

n.

socks, stocking, hose

moren

df]/]g

n.

moraine

mosam

df];d

n.

orange

motamoti

df]^fdf]&L

adj.

near about, approximately

motar

df]^/

n.

car

motar haknu

df]t/ xfSgÚ

v.t.

to drive a car

83

industrious, hardworking, busy, active to reconcile, to resolve, to arbitrate, to bring about an agreement, to cause to join, to mix, to adjust, to solve, to balance to agree, to fit in, to mingle to mix up, to befit deer


motaunu

df]^fpgÚ

v.i.

to get fat

moto

df]^f]

adj.

fat

mrig

d[u

n.

deer

mrityu

d[ToÚ

n.

death

mrityuko danda

d[ToÚsf] b)*

n.

death penalty

mudda

dÚ@f

n.

law-suite, case

mudki

dÚ*\sL

n.

blow of a fist

mudra

dÚb|f

n.

seal, coin, gesture

mudrak

dÚb|s

n.

printer

mudrakshar

dÚb|fIf/

n.

printing type

mudralaya

dÚb|fno

n.

press, printing place

mudran

dÚb|)f

n.

act of printing

muhan

dÚxfg

n.

muhar

dÚxf/

n.

source of a river or an irrigation canal facade

muhurta

dÚx't{

n.

mukam

dÚsfd

n.

mukh

dÚv

n.

a division of time (48 minutes), auspicious moment, a moment, a while, a very short time halting place, halt, dwelling, place of residence, camping place mouth, face

mukh dhunu

dÚv wÚgÚ

v.t.

wash and clean the face

mukhyat

dÚVot

adv.

mukta

dÚQm

adj.

chiefly, mainly, principally, primarily liberated, released

mukta garnu

dÚQm ugÚ{

v.t.

to free

mul

d'n

n.

root, source, origin

mula

d'nf

n.

radish

mulak

d'ns

postp.

mulatah

d'ntM

adv.

mulayat

dÚnfot

adj.

based on, depending on, growing from, emanating from, originating from basically, fundamentally, primarily, essentially soft

mulsadak

d'n;*s

n.

main road

muluk

dÚnÚs

n.

country, realm, kingdom

mulvasi

d'njf;L

n.

native, original inhabitant

84


mulya

d'No

n.

cost, price, worth, value

mulyangkan

d'Nofég

n.

valuation, estimation

muma

dÚdf

n.

munal

dÚgfn

n.

mung

dÚª

n.

muni

dÚlg

postp.

mother [used by upper class only] a kind of bird from the mountains a kind of Lentils, mung bean below, under

muntira

dÚlGt/

postp.

downwards, below, under

musaldhare

sÚ;nwf/]

adj.

torrential, heavy

muskaunu

dÚ:sfpgÚ

v.i.

to smile

muskuraunu

dÚ:sÚ/fpgÚ

v.t.

to smile

muso

d';f]

n.

mouse, rat

musoko dulo

d';f]sf] bÚnf]

n.

mousehole

musuro

dÚ;Ú/f]

n.

a kind of lentils

muthi

dÚ&L

n.

fist

mutu

dÚ^Ú

n.

heart

mvain

DjfO

n.

kiss

mvain khanu

DjfO vfgÚ

myaun garnu

dofp ugÚ{

v.t.

to mew

na

g

conj.

neither, nor

nabbe

gAa]

num.

ninety, 90

nac

gfr

n.

dance

nacnu

gfRgÚ

v.i.

to dance

nadi

gbL

n.

river

nagar

gu/

n.

town, city

nagarik

gful/s

adj.

civil, urban, metropolitan

nagarik shastra

gful/s zf:q

n.

civics, civic studies

nagarpalika

gu/kflnsf

n.

nai

g}

part.

nain

gfO{+

interj.

municipality, municipal committee a particle used after the word to give emphasis no, negation

naitikta

g}ltstf

n.

morals, morality, ethics

naito

gfO^f]

n.

navel

najar

gh/

n.

eye, vision, sight, look, glance

to kiss

85


najarana

gh/fgf

n.

gift, present

najarana

gh/fgf

n.

gift, present, presentation

najayaj

gfhfoh

adj.

improper

najik

ghLs

adj.

near, close to, next to

najitnu

glhTgÚ

v.t.

not to win

nak

gfs

n.

nose

nakka pora

gfs\sf kf]/f

n.

nostrils

nakkal

gSsn

n.

copy, fashion

naksha

gSzf

n.

pattern, map, plan, chart

nalikhutto

glnvÚ§f]

n.

shin-bone

nam

gfd

n.

name, noun

namak

gfds

adj.

namasthanik

gfd:yflgs

adj.

named, bearing the name of independent from a noun

namdar

gfdbf/

adj.

famous well known

namkaran

gfds/)f

n.

naming ceremony, baptism

namkarma

gfdsd{

n.

naming ceremony, baptism

nam-namasi

gfdgfdf;L

n.

name and address

namnishan

gfdlgzfg

adj.

namyogi

gfdof]uL

n.

name, trace, mark; name and address postposition

nanda

gGb

n.

husband's younger sister

nandebhai

gGb]efO

n.

nang

n.

husband's younger sister's husband nail

nangge

gfé]

adj.

naked, uncovered

nanggo

gféf]

adj.

naked, uncovered

nani

gfgL

n.

baby

napunsakling

gkÚ+;slnª

n.

neuter [grammar]

nara

gf/f

n.

naram

g/d

adj.

slogan, striking word, phrase soft, delicate, kind, gentle

naramro

g/fd|f]

adj.

bad, not good

nardan

gb{g

n.

neck

narendra

g/]Gb|

n.

king

naresh

g/]z

n.

king

nari

gf/L

n.

wrist, pulse

86


narival

gl/jn

n.

coconut

naso

g;f]

n.

vein

naspati

g:kftL

n.

pear

nata

gftf

n.

relationship, alliance

natadar

gftfbf/

n.

relative

nati

gflt

n.

grandson

natija

glthf

n.

result, consequence

natini

gfltgL

n.

granddaughter

natishitosna

gfltzLtf]i)f

adj.

temperate, moderate

nau

g}

num.

nine, 9

naun

gfp

n.

name

naun caleka

gfp rn]sf

adj.

well known, famous

nauni

gf}gL

n.

butter

navaun

gjf}+

adj.

ninth

nayakatva

gfosTj

n.

leadership, hegemony

nayan

gof

adj.

new

nebharo

g]ef/f]

n.

fig

nepalganj

g]kfnuGh

n.

nera

g]/

adj.

neri

g]l/

adj.

neta

g]tf

n.

Nepalganj [a town in the western Tarai] near, near by, close by, not far near, near by, close by, not far leader, guide, chief

netritva

g]t[Tj

n.

leadership, guidance, lead

nevar

g]jf/

n.

Newar [a Nepali nationality]

nibandha

lgaGw

n.

nibhnu

lgEgÚ

v.i.

nibuva

lgaÚjf

n.

article, essay, dissertation, thesis, bond, fixation to go out, to be extinguished lemon

nico

gLrf]

adj.

nidaunu

lgbfpgÚ

v.i.

nidhan

lgwfg

n./adj.

low, inferior, mean, worthless to go to sleep, to become numb destruction, death, poor

nidhar

lgwf/

n.

forehead

nidho

lgwf]

n.

confirmation, settlement, decision, final word,

87


nihsantan

lgM;Gtfg

adj.

resolution childless, without offspring

nihun

lgxÚ

n.

excuse, pretence, pretext

niji kshetra

lghL If]q

n.

private sector

nikai

lgs}

adj.

much

nikat

lgs^

adj.

nikaya

lgsfo

n.

near, near by, close by, not far body, system

niko

lgsf]

adj.

cured, well

nilo

gLnf]

adj.

blue

nimitta

lgldQ

nimnalikhit

lgDglnlvt

nimti

lglDt

n./postp. for, for the sake of, for the cause of, cause, motive, account, reason adj. undermentioned, following, mentioned below postp. for, for the sake of

ninda

lgGbf

n.

nindan

lgGbg

n.

niptara

lgk^f/f

n.

nipun

lgkÚ)f

adj.

disposal, settlement, reconciliation, conclusion dexterous, skilful, clever

nir

gL/

adj.

indigo

nira

lg/

adj.

nirakaran

lg/fs/)f

n.

nirakshar

lg/If/

adj.

near, near by, close by, not far abrogation, annulment, removal illiterate

nirantar

lg/Gt/

adj.

nirantarta

lg/Gt/tf

n.

continuous, constant, incessant, ceaseless continuity, continuation

niraparadh

lg/k/fw

adj.

innocent, faultless, guiltless

nirarthak

lg/y{s

n.

nirdaya

lgb{o

adj.

nirdayata

lgb{otf

n.

nirdesh

lgb]{z

n.

meaningless, vain, useless, fruitless, insignificant, worthless, futile cruel, brutal, merciless, unkind cruelty, unkindness, severity, brutality instruction, order, indication

88

reflection, condemnation, slander, calumny, vilification, censure, blame vilification


nirdeshak

lgb]{zs

n.

nirdeshan

lgb]{zg

n.

nirman

lgdf{)f

n.

nirmata

lgdf{tf

n.

nirmit

lgld{t

adj.

nirnaya

lg)f{o

n.

nirogi

lg/f]uL

adj.

nirvacan

lgjf{rg

n.

construction, creation, manufacture, formation, framing, act of building or making maker, producer, manufacturer, builder, creator made, formed, built, created decision, resolution, discernment, ascertainment, determination healthy, in good health, not ill election

nis

lg;

n.

gneiss

nisedh bhumi

lgif]w e'ld

n.

forbidden land

nishcal

lgZrn

adj.

nishcaya

lgZro

n.

nishcit

lglZrt

adj.

nishcit sankhyabodhak niskantak

lglZrt ;+Vofaf]ws

n.

fixed, still, firm, motionless, immovable sure knowledge, resolution, determination, confidence sure, unfailing, without doubt definitive numeral

lgis)^s

adj.

niskanu

lg:sgĂ&#x161;

v.i.

thornless, free from troubles to come out, to appear

nisto

lg:tf]

adj.

plain, bland

nitamba

lgtDa

n.

hip

niti

gLlt

n.

policy, morality, manners

niun

lgpď&#x201A;&#x2026;

n.

pretext, excuse

nivaran

lgjf/)f

n.

nivas

lgjf;

n.

nivasi

lgjf;L

n.

niyam

lgod

n.

prevention, preclusion, redress, deterrence, determent home, residence, abode, dwelling inhabitant, resident, inmate, native rule, usage, regulation,

89

director (of an institute or center) instruction, order, indication


practice control, restraint

niyantran

lgoGq)f

n.

niyati

lgolt

n.

niyukta

lgoÚQm

adj.

niyukti

lgoÚlQm

n.

niyutta

lgoÚQ

adj.

nokar

gf]s/

n.

appointed, engaged, employed, devoted, nominated, assigned servant

nuhaune kotha

gÚxfpg] sf]&f

n.

bathroom

nuhaunu

gÚxfpgÚ

v.t.

take a bath

nun

g'g

n.

salt

nunilo

gÚlgnf]

adj.

salty

nyauri

Gofp/L

n.

mongoose

nyaya

Gofo

n.

justice, equity, logic, reason

nyayadhish

GofofwLz

n.

judge, justice

nyayadhish

GofofwLz

n.

judge, justice

nyayalaya

Gofofno

n.

court of justice

nyayapalika

Gofokflnsf

n.

judiciary

nyuntam

Go'gtd

adj.

minimum, minimal

ochyan

cf]%Øfg

n.

ochyaunu

cf]%\ØfpgÚ

v.t.

odhan

cf]wfg

n.

odhaunu

cf](fpgÚ

v.t.

bed, bedding,sleeping-mat, quilt to spread bedding, to spread a rug,to spread a mat three-legged iron stand for putting a cooking vessel over a fire to cover up sombody else

odhne

cf](g \ ]

n.

blanket, bedcover, bedroll

odhnu

cf](g \ Ú

v.i./v.t.

ogatnu

cf]u^\gÚ

v.t.

ohar dohar

cf]x/ bf]x/

n.

to cover oneself up; to wrap, to cover to occupy, to reserve, to hinder the act of coming and going

ohor dohor

cf]xf]/ bf]xf]/

n.

the act of coming and going

ohralnu

cf]x|fNgÚ

v.t.

to cause to descend

oilaunu

cf]OnfpgÚ

v.i.

to wither, to fade

90

fate, luck, fortune, destiny, predestination appointed, wmployed, posted appointment, employment


oilinu

cf]OlngÚ

v.t.

to be withered

oiranu

cf]O/gÚ

v.i.

to drop, to fall headlong

oiraunu

cf]O/fpgÚ

v.t.

oirini

cf]Ol/gÚ

v.i.

oirinu

cf]Ol/gÚ

v.i.

to cause to drop, to cause to fall [in large quantity] to drop, to fall [in large quantity] to flow continually

ojhel

cf]´]n

adj.

hidden, screened off

okatnu

cf]s^\gÚ

v.t.

okhar

cf]v/

n.

to occupy, to reserve, to hinder walnut

okhati

cf]vtL

n.

medicine

orlanu

cf]n{gÚ

v.i.

to comedown, to descend

orlinu

cf]ln{gÚ

v.i.

to comedown, to descend

osarinu

cf];fl/gÚ

v.i.

osarnu

cf];fgÚ{

v.t.

oth

cf]&

n.

to be moved from one place to another to move something from one place to another lip, lips

pacadi

krfl*

postp.

behind

pacas

krf;

num.

fifty, 50

pacasi

krf;L

num.

eighty-five, 85

pacchim

klR%d

n.

west

paccis

kRrL;

num.

twenty-five, 25

pachadi

k%fl*

postp.

behind, later, in the back

pachattar

krxQ/

num.

seventy-five, 75

pachaute

k%f}^]

adj.

late, hinder, backward

pachi

kl%

postp.

behind, later, in the back

pachi hatnu

kl% x^\gÚ

v.i.

to move back

pachi janu

kl% hfgÚ

v.i.

to follow

pachi sarnu

kl% ;gÚ{

v.i.

to step back, to step down

pachillo

kl%Nnf]

adj.

last, hindermost, back, rear

pachipachi

kl%kl%

adv.

immediately after, next

pacpanna

kRkGg

num.

fifty-five, 55

pad

kb

n.

foot, step, foot-step, word

padadhikari

kbflwsf/L

n.

official, officer, authority

padartha

kbfy{

n.

meaning of a word, matter

91


padarthavacak nam

kbfy{jfrs gfd

n.

objective term

padavi

kbjL

n.

title, designation; post, rank

padhai

k(fO

n.

padhaunu

k(fpgÚ

v.t.

study, method of reading or teaching to teach

padhelekheka

k(]n]v]sf

adj.

padhnu

k(\gÚ

v.t.

educated, able to read and write to lear, to read, to study

padina

klbgf

n.

mint

pagal

kfun

n.

a mad man

pagalkhana

kfunvfgf

n.

mad-house

pagalnu

kufNgÚ

v.t.

to melt

paglanu

kUngÚ

v.i.

to melt

pahad

kxf*

n.

mountain, hill

pahadi pradesh

kxf*L k|b]z

n.

hilly region

pahenlo

kx]+nf]

adj.

yellow

pahican

klxrfg

n.

pahilo

klxnf]

adj.

recognition, acquaintance, identity first

pahiran

klx/g

n.

pahuna

kfxÚgf

n.

costume, suit, dress, clothes, garments visitor, guest

painsatthi

k}+;^\&L

num.

sixty-five, 65

paintalis

k}+tfnL;

num.

forty-five, 45

paintis

k}+tL;

num.

thirty-five, 35

paitalo

k}tfnf]

n.

sole

pajani

khgL

n.

pakaunu

ksfpgÚ

v.t.

arrangement, setting in order, overhauling [the annual festival during which appointments of government officials were renewed for the ensuing year] to cook

pakeko

kfs]sf]

adj.

ripe, cooked, mature

paket

ks]^

n.

pocket

pakhala

kvfnf

n.

diarrhoea

pakhalnu

kvfNgÚ

v.t.

to rinse

pakheta

kv]^f

n.

wing

92


pakhura

kfvÚ/f

n.

pakka

kSsf

adj.

pakka garnu

kSsf ugÚ{

v.t.

pakku

kSsÚ

n.

meat fried in butter

paknu

kfSgÚ

v.i.

pako

kfsf]

adj.

to be ripe, to ripen, to be cooked aged, experienced

pakranu

kqmgÚ

v.t.

pakrau

kqmfp

n.

to catch, to hold, to arrest, to capture, to seize, to catch on, to understand capture, arrest, seizure

paksha

kIf

n.

wing, part, party

palnu

kfNgÚ

v.t.

palpa

kfNkf

n.

paltan

kN^g

n.

to take care of, to raise, to bring up, to nourish, to keep, to tame Palpa [former mini-state, currently a district of Nepal] regiment, batallion

palunggo

kfn'¨f]

n.

spinach

pan

kfg

n.

pana

kfgf

n.

the leaf of the betal nut eaten with areca nut and lime leaf (of a book)

panati

kgftL

n.

great-grandson

panc

kfr

num.

five, 5

panc patra

kfr kq

adj.

fivefold

pancanabbe

kGrfgAa]

num.

ninety-five, 95

pancangga

k~rfé

n.

pancaun

kfrf}+

adj.

almanac (of Hindu astrology) fifth

pancayat

kGrfot

n.

panchaunu

kG%fpgÚ

v.t.

village assembly to decide disputes, an assembly of elected representatives to evade, to push aside

pandhra

kGw|

num.

fifteen, 15

pani

klg

adv.

also, too, even

pani

kfgL

n.

water, rain

pani ... pani

klg » klg

adv.

as well as

pani pareka vela

kfgL k/]sf] j]nf

comp.

when it rains

93

arm 1. certain, sure, true; durable, strong; careful to confirm to make sure


pani parnu

kfgL kgÚ{

v.t.

to rain

paniun

klgp

n.

panjaa

kGhf

n.

panjika

kl~hsf

n.

a flat spoon used for ladling out rice a combination of five fingers, gloves, covering of the hands register, list, calender

pankha

k+vf

n.

wing, feather; fan

pantha

kGy

n.

path, sect, religious order

panthi

kGyL

n.

traveller, sectarian

pap

kfk

n.

sin

papi

kfkL

adj.

sinful, profligate, criminal

par

kf/

n.

para

k/

adv.

paraghaun

k/f#f}+

adv.

end, other side, limit, accomplishment, renunciation, release, relief, deliverance, liberation aside, separate, beyond, further after two years

parajaya

k/fho

n.

defeat

parajit

k/flht

adj.

parajit

k/flht

adj.

defeated, vanquished, overthrown defeated, overthrown

parakram

k/fqmd

n.

parakrami

k/fqmdL

adj.

param

k/d

adj.

paramdham

k/dwfd

n.

paramgati

k/dult

n.

power, strength, valour, prowess heroic, gallant, valiant, brave best, supreme, uttermost, extreme heaven, paradise, the next world; death, demise liberation, salvation

parampad

k/dkb

n.

liberation, salvation

parampara

k/Dk/f

n.

paramparagat

k/Dk/fut

adj.

sequence, succession, order tradional

paramparik

kf/Dkfl/s

adj.

traditional, hereditary

parampita

k/dlktf

n.

the creator of all, God

parantu

k/GtÚ

n./adv.

parapacuke

kf/kfrÚs]

n.

but, inspite, however, still, the remaining life, end divorce, dissolution of marriage

94


parar

k/f/

adv.

two years ago

pararastra

k//fi^«

n.

pararastra mantralaya k//fi^« dGqfno pararastra mantri k//fi^« dGqL pararastriya k//fi^«Lo

n.

foreign county, another country foreign ministry

n.

foreign minister

adj.

paraspar

k/:k/

adj.

parca

krf{

n.

foreign, alien, related to another nation mutually, reciprocal, one another leaflet, settlement record

parda

kbf{

n.

pardabhitrai

kbf{leq}

comp.

curtain, screen, veil, partition secretly

pardesh

k/b]z

adv.

abroad

pardesh lagnu

k/b]z nfUgÚ

parela

k/]nf

n.

eyelash

pareva

k/]jf

n.

pigeon, young dove

pari

kfl/

n.

pari

kf/L

n.

paribhasa

kl/efiff

n.

the other side [of the shore or boundary] the other side [of the shore or boundary] definition, terminology

paricalan

kl/rfng

n.

mobilization

paricaya

kl/ro

n.

paricched

kl/R%]b

n.

pariksha

k/LIff

n.

acquaintance, intimacy, familiarity part, division, section of a book, chapter, paragraph examination, investigation

parikshan

k/LIf)f

n.

examination, investigation

parimanbodhak

kl/df)faf]ws

adj.

quantitative [grammar]

parinam

kl/)ffd

n.

result, consequence

parinamsvarup

kl/)ffd:j¿k

conj.

parinati

kl/)flt

n.

paripati

kl/kf^L

n.

paripurti

kl/kÚlt{

n.

as a result of, with the result of, consequently transformation, culmination, form tradition, method, mode, arrangement, order perfection, completion

parisad

kl/ifb

n.

parishist

kl/lzi^

n.

to go abroad

95

assembly, council, senate, committee appendix, supplement


parishrami

kl/>dL

adj.

paristhiti

kl/l:ylt

n.

parit

kfl/t

adj.

parityag

kl/Tofu

n.

laborious, industrious, painstaking, hardworking, diligent circumstances, situation, condition, surrounding, environment resolved, decided, concluded, passed (of a motion, bill, etc.) abandonment, abdication

parivar

kl/jf/

n.

family

parivartan

kl/jt{g

n.

change, exchange

pariyojana

kl/of]hgf

n.

project

parkhal

kvf{n

n.

wall

parkhanu

kv{gÚ

v.t.

to wait, to have patience

parkhinu

klv{gÚ

v.t.

to wait, to have patience

parnu

kgÚ{

v.i.

parnu

kfgÚ{

v.t.

paro

kf/f]

n.

to happen, to occur, to fall, to ignite to put in, to lay, to ignite, to cause, to make mercury

parsi

kl;{

adv.

the day after tomorrow

parti

kf^L{

n.

party

parti kendriya kamiti

kf^L{ s]Gb|Lo sldlt

n.

parva

kj{

n.

parvat

kj{t

n.

central committee of a party festival, holiday, fête, chapter, section, portion, canto hill, mountain, rock

paryanta

ko{Gt

postp.

till, until, unto, up to

paryatak

ko{^s

n.

traveller, wanderer, tourist

paryatakharuko svarg

ko{^s¿sf] :ju{

n.

tourist paradise

paryatan

ko{^g

n.

touring, tourism

pasal

k;n

n.

shop, warehouse, booth

pasale

k;n]

n.

pashcim

klZrd

n.

shopkeeper, merchant, vendor west

pashupalan

kzÚkfng

n.

animal husbandry

pashupati

kzÚklt

n.

Pashupati

pasina

k;Lgf

n.

sweat

96


paskanu

k:sgÚ

v.t.

to serve [food]

pasnu

k:gÚ

v.t.

pata

kf^

n.

patak

k^s

n.

to enter, to go in, to come in jute, hessian, silk, silk threat times, occasion

patalo

kf^nf]

adj.

thin

patan

k^g

n.

packing, package

patan

ktg

n.

fall, downfall, degradation

patan

kf^g

n.

patani

k^gL

n.

Lalitpur, Patan [a neighbouring town of Kathmandu] irrigation

path

kf^

n.

lesson, reading, recital

path

ky

n.

path, course

pathaunu

k&fpgÚ

v.t.

to send, to despatch

pathi

kf&L

n.

lamb [female]

patho

kf&f]

n.

lamb [male]

pathshala

kf&zfnf

n.

school, seminary

pathshalaya

kf&zfnfof

n.

pati

klt

n.

school, college, academy, seminary husband

patit

kltt

adj.

fallen, degraded, outcaste

patni

kTgL

n.

patra

kq

n.

wife, better half, married woman page

patrakar

kqsf/

n.

journalist

patre cattan

kq] r§fg

n.

sedimentary rock

patrika

klqsf

n.

magazine, journal

patta

kQf

n.

leaf, foliage, address

patthar

kTy/

n.

stone

patti

k§L

n.

bandage

patti

kl§

n.

side

pattyaunu

k§\ofpgÚ

v.t.

to plait, to fold

pau

kfp

n.

a quarter

paune

kf}g]

adj.

a quarter to

paunu

kfpgÚ

v.t.

to get, to obtain, to receive, to bear, to beget, to

97


pauranik

kf}/flgs

adj.

produce legendary

pauranu

kf}/gÚ

v.i.

swim

pauri

kf}/L

n.

swimming

pauri khelnu

kf}/L v]NgÚ

v.t.

swim

pauroti

kfp/f]^L

n.

bread

paus

kf}if

n.

paustik

kf}li^s

n.

ninth month of the Nepali year (December/January) nutrition

pesh

k]z

postp.

in front of, before

pesha

k]zf

n.

occupation

pesta

k]:tf

n.

pestachio nut

pet

k]^

n.

stomach

peti

k]^L

n.

phagun

kmfuÚg

n.

phaida

kmfO{bf

n.

belt, casket, small box, small chest, girdle eleventh month of the Nepali year (February/March) advantage

phailanu

km}ngÚ

v.i.

to spread, to be scattered

phailanu

km}ngÚ

v.i.

to spread, to be scattered

phailinu

km}lngÚ

v.i.

to spread, to be scattered

phaisala

km};nf

n.

phalam

kmnfd

n.

decision, judgement, settlement, adjudication iron

phalgun

kmNuÚ)f

n.

phalnu

kmfNgÚ

v.t.

phalnu

kmNgÚ

v.i.

phalphul

kmnkm'n

n.

to bear fruits; to cleanse, to husk fruits and flowers

phalphul kheti

kmnkm'n v]tL

n.

horticulture

phalsvarup

kmn:j¿k

postp.

as a result of

phansi

kmf;L

n.

phapar

kmfk/

n.

execution by hanging, noose buckwheat

pharak

km/s

n.

pharakilo

km/flsnf]

adj. 98

eleventh month of the Nepali year (February/March) to throw away

difference, separation, being apart spacious, roomy, extensive


pharar

km/f/

n.

absconding, fled

pharkanu

kms{gÚ

v.i.

to return, to come back

pharsi

km;L{

n.

large yellow pumpkin

phastaunu

km:^fpgÚ

v.t.

to develop, to become fat

phatyangro

km^Øféf]

n.

cricket, grasshopper

pherabadal

km]/abn

n.

change, modification

pheri

km]l/

adv.

phesan

km];g

n.

again, once more, once again facion

phijinu

lkmlhgÚ

v.i.

to spread

phikri garnu

lkmqmL ugÚ{

v.t.

to be worried

phila

lkmnf

n.

thigh

philipins

lkmlnlkG;

n.

Philippinen

phohor

kmf]xf]/

adj.

dirty, foul, filthy, obscene

phokso

kmf]S;f]

n.

lungs

phranseli

k|mfG;]nL

adj.

French

phul

km'n

n.

flower

phul

kmÚn

n.

egg

phulbari

km'naf/L

n.

flower garden

phuleko kesh

kmÚn]sf] s]z

phulkopi

km'nsf]kL

n.

cauliflower

phupaju

kmÚkfhÚ

n.

father's sister's husband

phupu

kmÚk'

n.

father's sister

phurtilo

kmÚlt{nf]

adj.

smart

phusro

kmÚ;|f]

adj.

grey, grizzled

phutbal khelnu

kmÚ^an v]NgÚ

v.t.

to play football

phyanknu

km\ofSgÚ

v.t.

to throw away

phyauro

km\ofp/f]

n.

fox

pidit

kLl*t

adj.

pindalu

lk+*fnÚ

n.

afflicted, tortured, distressed, oppressed a kind of root

pindulo

lk+*Únf]

n.

calf of the leg

ping

kLª

n.

swing

pir

kL/

n.

worry, anxiety, distress, mental trouble, punishment

grey hair

99


pira

lk/f

n.

floor seat [of straw or wood]

piralnu

lk/NgÚ

v.i./v.t.

piro

lk/f]

adj.

to torment, to afflict, to distress, to tease hot [in taste]

pirolnu

lk/f]NgÚ

v.t.

pita

lktf

n.

to torment, to afflict, to distress, to tease father [Sanskritized]

pithiun

lkl&p

n.

back

pitho

kL&f]

n.

flour, powder

pitho

kL&f]

n.

flour

pittal

lkQn

n.

brass

pohor

kf]xf]/

adv.

last year

poi

kf]O

n.

husband [rural]

poila

kf]On

n.

poila janu

kf]On hfgÚ

comp.

running away with a man without formal marriage run away with a man

pokhari

kf]v/L

n.

pond, lake, reservoir

poleko masu

kf]n]sf] df;Ú

n.

barbecued meat

pothi mujur

kf]yL dÚhÚ/

n.

peahen

potnu

kf]TgÚ

v.t.

poto

kf]tf]

n.

smear with red clay, paint the floor wall, whitewash a smearing rag

prabandhak

k|aGws

n.

prabhat

k|eft

n.

prabhav

k|efj

n.

prabhavashali

k|efjzfnL

adj.

pracalan

k|rng

n.

pracalit

k|rlnt

adj.

pracar

k|rf/

n.

pracarit

k|rfl/t

adj.

100

manager, writer of an essay daybreak, dawn influence, effect, power, strength, authority, dominance powerful, strong, radiant prevalence, custom, usage, currency, movement prevalent, current, customary, in practice, , in vogue, recognised publicity, publication, usage, advertisement, announcement propagated, publicised, circulated, made current, made prevalent, given currency


pracin

k|frLg

adj.

ancient, old, antique, aged

pracinta

k|frLgtf

n.

antiquity, ancientness

pradesh

k|b]z

n.

pradeshik

kf|b]lzs

adj.

province, region, realm, country, territory, state regional

pradhanmantri

k|wfgdGqL

n.

Prime Minister

pradhannyayadhish

k|wfgGofofwLz

n.

Chief Justice

pradhyapak

k|fWofks

n.

pradurbhav

k|fb"ef{j

n.

pradusan

kb"if)f

n.

college teacher, lecturer, professor appearance, manifestation; serious or terrible outbreak; birth, prevalence pollution

pragati

k|ult

n.

progress, advancement

pragatishil

k|ultzLn

adj.

progressive, modern

prahari

k|x/L

n.

police

praja

k|hf

n.

prajatantra

k|hftGq

n.

subject, tenant, people, progeny democracy

prajatantrik

k|hftflGqs

adj.

democratic

prakar

k|sf/

n.

kind, way, sort

prakash

k|sfz

n.

prakashak

k|sfzs

n.

light, manifestation, publication publisher

prakashan

k|sfzg

n.

publication, publishing

prakashit

k|sflzt

adj.

published

prakashkiya

k|sfzsLo

adj.

related to the publisher

prakhyat

k|Voft

adj.

prakriti

k|fs[lt

n.

renowned, famous, celebrated, noted nature, talent

prakritik

k|fs[lts

adj.

natural, physical, material

prakritik gyas

k|fs[lts Uof;

n.

natural gas

prakritik vanaspati

k|fs[lts jg:klt

n.

natural vegetation

prakriya

k|lqmof

n.

praman

k|df)f

n.

pramanik

k|dfl)fs

adj.

pramanik

k|fdfl)fs

adj.

process, procedure, manner, method, technique proof, testimony, evidence, attestation, ascertainment factual, true, genuine, authoritative factual, true, genuine,

101


authoritative pramanit

k|dfl)ft

adj.

certified

pramanpatra

k|df)fkq

n.

pramukh

k|dÚv

n.

certificate, testimonial, permit principal, chief, head

pranali

k|)ffnL

n.

method, mode, way

pranta

k|fGt

n.

prapta

k|fKt

adj.

prapti

k|flKt

n.

prarambha

k|f/De

n.

prarthana

k|fy{gf

n.

border, end, extremity, province obtained, received, acquired receipt, procuration, acquisition, income, profit beginning, commencement, inception, initiation, starting point prayer, petition, request

prarthana garnu

k|fy{gf ugÚ{

v.t.

tp pray, to request

prasanga

k|;é

n.

prasar

k|;f/

n.

prashangsa

k|z+;f

n.

prashasan

k|zf;g

n.

relation, connection, association, discussion, narration, context width, expansion, extent, spreading, spread, diffusion praise, appreciation, applause, laudation, eulogy administration

prashasta

k|z:t

adj.

prashna

k|Zg

n.

abundant, sufficient, enough question

prashnarthak sarvanam prashnavali

k|Zgfy{s ;j{gfd

n.

interrogative pronoun

k|ZgfjnL

n.

questionnaire

prasiddha

k|l;$

adj.

prastav

k|:tfj

n.

prastavana

k|:tfjgf

n.

prastut

k|:tÚt

adj.

famous, renowned, glorious, illustrious, celebrated proposal, suggestion; preface, foreword, preamble introduction, prologue, preface, foreword presented, submitted

pratam purusvacak

k|td kÚ?ifjfrs

n.

first person [grammar]

pratha

k|yf

n.

usage, practice, custom, rule, fashion, method,

102


pratham

k|yd

adj.

system first, best, primitive

pratham purus

k|yd kĂ&#x161;?if

n.

first person [ling.]

prathamikta

k|fyldstf

n.

priority, precedence

prati

k|lt

postp.

pratibaddha

k|lta$

adj.

pratibaddhata

k|lta$tf

n.

towards, near to, against, in opposition to restricted, banned, conditioned, committed commitment

pratibandhit

k|ltalGwt

adj.

pratibha

k|ltef

n.

pratibimba

k|ltlaDa

n.

restricted, banned, conditioned genius, intellect, wit, intelligence, brilliance reflection, image, shadow

pratibimbit

k|ltlalDat

adj.

reflected

pratigama

k|ltufdf

adj.

retrogressive

pratik

k|tLs

n.

symbol, fetish

pratikar

k|ltsf/

n.

retaliation, revenge

pratikatmak

k|tLsfTds

adj.

symbolic, allegorical

pratikriya

k|ltlqmof

n.

reaction

pratiksha

k|tLIff

n.

expectation

pratinidhi

k|ltlglw

n.

representative, substitute

pratinidhitva

k|ltlglwTj

n.

pratipaksha

k|ltkIf

n.

pratipakshi

k|ltkIfL

n.

pratishat

k|ltzft

n.

representation, deputation, delegacy opposition, rival side, hostile camp, contesting party opponent, rival, contestant, contralateral percent percentage

pratishodh

k|ltzf]w

n.

pratisparddha

k|lt:k${

n.

revenge, vengeance, retaliation, vendetta, blood feud rivalry, contest, competition

prativedan

k|ltj]bg

n.

report, representation

pratiyogita

k|ltof]lutf

n.

rivalry, competition, hostility

pratyek

k|To]s

adj.

every, everyone

pravacan

k|jrg

n.

pravesh

k|j]z

n.

commentary, elucidation, explanation entry, admission, access,

103


pravidhi

k|ljlw

n.

entrance technique

pravidhigya

k|ljlw!

n.

technician

pravriti

k|j[lt

n.

trend

pravritti

k|j[lQ

n.

prayah

k|foM

adv.

prayas

k|of;

n.

inclination of mind, tendency almost, nearly, often, generally effort, attempt, endeavour

prayatna

k|oTg

n.

effort, attempt, endeavour

prayog

k|oF]u

n.

pret

k|]t

n.

pristhabhumi

k[i&e'ld

n.

use, application, action, effort, usage, example, performance dead, deceased, spirit of the dead, evil spirit, ghost; a very greedy person basis

prithvi

k[YjL

n.

earth

priya

lk|o

adj.

dear, lovely, beloved

pucchar

kÚR%/

n.

tail

pugnu

kÚUgÚ

v.i.

puja garnu

k'hf ugÚ{

v.t.

to arrive at, to reach, to be fulfilled, to be sufficient to worship, to adore

puja kotha

k'hf sf]&f

n.

punargathan

kÚgu{&g

n.

punarjivit

kÚghL{ljt

adj.

punarnirman

kÚglg{df{)f

revived, risen from the dead reconstruction

punarvalikan

kÚg/jnLsg

n.

revision, retrospect, review

punarvas

kÚgjf{;

n.

rehabilitation

puniun

kÚlgp

n.

punling

kÚ+lné

n.

a flat spoon used for ladling out rice male [grammar]

pura

k'/f

adj.

purano

kÚ/fgf]

adj.

purashcaran

kÚ/Zr/)f

n.

purashcarya

kÚ/Zrof{

n.

104

prayer room, worshipping room reorganization, recasting

full, complete, entire, gross, whole old, ancient repeating the name of a deity repeating the name of a deity


puratatva

kÚ/ftTj

n.

archaeology

puri

kÚ/L

n.

bread cooked in butter

purkha

kÚv{f

n.

ancestor, forefather

purna

k')f{

adj.

purnatah

k')f{tM

adv.

purnataya

k')f{tof

adj.

purnima

k'l)f{df

n.

perfect, full, complete, whole, accomplished, sufficient, detailed completely, fully, perfectly, totally completely, totally, fully, entirely full moon day

purohit

kÚ/f]lxt

n.

family priest

purusartha

kÚ?iffy{

n.

purusvacak sarvanam kÚ?ijfrs ;j{gfd purvadhar k'jf{wf/

n.

manly achievement, energy, vigour, valour personal pronoun

n.

infrastructure

purvagraha

k'jf{u|x

n.

prejudice

purvak

k'j{s

suff.

together, with

purvi

k'jL{

adj.

eastern, eastern quarter

purviya

k'jL{of

adj.

eastern

purviya

k'jL{o

adj.

eastern

puryaunu

kÚof{pgÚ

v.t.

pus

kÚ;

n.

pusta

kÚ:tf

n.

to exort, to lead, to fulfil a wish ninth month of the Nepali year (December/January) generation, succession

pustakalaya

kÚ:tsfno

n.

library

pusti

kÚli&

n.

nourishment, nutrition

putali

kÚtnL

n.

butterfly

pval

Kjfn

n.

hole, opening

pyaj

Kofh

n.

onion

pyaro

Kof/f]

adj.

pyau

Kofp

n.

loving, dear, beloved, lovely, pleasant mushroom

racak

/rs

n.

author, writer, maker

racana

/rgf

n.

racanatmak

/rgfTds

adj.

composition, production, creation, formation creative, constructive

racayita

/rlotf

n.

composer, writer, author,

105


racit

/lrt

adj.

radhi

/f(L

n.

maker composed, made, formed, manufactured, compiled, constructed, built, invented, fabricated coarse wollen rug

ragat

/ut

n.

blood

ragat aunu

/ut cfpgÚ

rahanu

/xgÚ

v.i.

rahar

/x/

n.

to remain, to dwell, to inhabit a kind of lentils

rahasyamaya

/x:odo

adj.

mysterious, secret, hidden

rahasyamaya dhangabata rahat

/x:odo (éaf&

adv.

in a mysterious way

/fxt

n.

comfort, relief

rai

/fO{

n.

Rai [a Nepali nationality]

raithane

/}yfg]

n.

local inhabitant, aboriginee

raiti

/}tL

n.

tenant, leaseholder, farmer

raja

/fhf

n.

king, ruler, sovereign

rajaharuma

/fhfx¿df

comp.

among kings

rajasva

/fh:j

n.

revenue, royalty

rajdarbar

/fhb/af/

n.

the king's palace

rajdhani

/fhwfgL

n.

capital

rajdut

/fhb't

n.

ambassador

rajdutavas

/fhb'tfjf;

n.

embassy

rajhans

/hxf;

n.

swan

rajhans

/fhxf;

n.

swan

raji

/fhL

adj.

rajikhushi

/fhLvÚzL

n.

rajinama

/fhLgfdf

n.

willing, pleased, desirous, content, complacent willingness, acceptance with much pleasure agreement, compromise

rajkaj

/fhsfh

n.

rajkaji

/fhsfhL

adj.

rajkanya

/fhsGof

n.

rajkarya

/fhsfo{

n.

rajkumar

/fhsÚdf/

n.

to bleed

106

government work, administration relating to government, relating to administration princess public affair, affairs of state, governance prince


rajkumari

/fhsÚdf/L

n.

princess

rajnaitik

/fhg}lts

adj.

political

rajnaitik gatividhi

/fhg}lts ultljlw

rajniti

/fhgLlt

n.

politics, political science

rajnitigya

/fhgLlt!

n.

politician

rajnitik

/fhgLlts

adj.

political

rajnitik labh

/fhgLlts nfe

n.

political importance

rajparisad

/fhkl/ifb

n.

council of state

rajprasad

/fhk|;fb

n.

palace

rajtantra

/fhtGq

n.

rajvanshi

/fhj+zL

n.

rajya

/fHo

n.

monarchy, monarchical system of government Rajvanshi [a Nepali nationality] kingdom, state, territory

rajyadhikar

/fHolwsf/

n.

rajyavati

/fHojtL

n.

rakhnu

/fVgÚ

v.t.

power of the state, jura regia Rajyavati [mother of Licchavi king Manadeva I] to keep, to protect, to hold

raksha

/Iff

n.

defence, protection, guard

raksi

/S;L

n.

alcoholic drink

raktapatpurna

/Stkftk")f{

adj.

bloody

rakumari

/fhsÚdf/L

n.

princess

ramailo

/dfOnf]

adj.

pleasant

ramaunu

/dfpgÚ

v.i.

ramnu

/DgÚ

v.i.

ramro

/fd|f]

adj.

to be pleased, to feel happy, to feel delighted, to be glad to be pleased, to feel happy, to feel delighted, to be glad good, beautiful

rang

n.

colour

rangamanc

/éd~r

n.

stage

rangaunu

/+ufpgÚ

v.t.

rangicangi

/+uLr+uL

adj.

to colour, to paint, to dye, to tint multi-coloured

rangin

/+uLg

adj.

coloured

rango

/fuf]

n.

water buffalo [male]

political movement

107


rani

/fgL

n.

queen

ranniti

/)fgLlt

n.

strategy

rap

/fk

n.

ras

/;

n.

heat of the sun, heat of the fire juice, broth

rasiya

/;Lof

n.

Russia

rastra

/fi^«

n.

nation

rastrabhasa

/fi^«efiff

n.

rastranayak

/fi^«gfos

n.

national language, language of the nation head of state

rastravad

/fi^«jfb

n.

nationalism

rastravadi

/fi^«jfbL

n./adj.

a nationalist, nationalistic

rastriya

/fli^«o

adj.

national

rastriya jagaran

/fli^«o hfu/)f

national awakening

rastriya rastra

/fli^«o /fi^«

nation-state

rastriyata

/fli^«otf

n.

nationality, nationalism

rat

/t

postp.

rat

/ft

n.

engaged in, employed in, devoted to, absorbed in, addicted to night

rat parcha

/ft k%{

rati

/flt

adv.

at night

rato

/ftf]

adj.

red

rato mato

/ftf] df^f]

n.

red clay to paint the wall

raun

/f}+

n.

hair of the body

ravivar

/ljjf/

n.

Sunday

rayako sag

/fofsf] ;fu

n.

mustard greens [large]

rel

/]n

n.

rail

rica

Crf

n.

verse, hymn

rihai

l/xfO{

n.

rijha

l/´

n.

rina

C)f

n.

release, acquittal, deliverance, discharge, setting free gladness, happiness, contentment debt, loan, due, obligation

rini

C)fL

n./adj.

debtor, indebted

ris

l/;

n.

anger, wrath, irritation

risaeko

l/;fPsf]

adj.

angry

it's getting dark

108


risaunu

l/;fpgÚ

v.i.

to be angry, to get irritated

risi

Clif

n.

sage, saint, wise ascetic

riti-thiti

/Lltlylt

n.

social customs

rittinu

l/lQgÚ

v.i.

to be emptied

ritto

l/Qf]

adj.

empty, hollow

ritu

CtÚ

n.

season of the year

rodh

/f]w

n.

rog

/f]u

n.

rogi

/f]uL

n.

onbstruction, obstacle, hindrance sickness, disease, illness, ailment sick person

rojgar

/f]huf/

n.

rok

/f]s

n.

rokinu

/f]lsgÚ

v.i.

roknu

/f]SgÚ

v.t.

roti

/f]^L

n.

ruci

¿lr

n.

business, trade, employment, profession, occupation prohibition, restriction, interdict to be stopped, to be hindered to prohibit, to obstruct, to hinder, to prevent, to stop bread [made of flour and water without yeast] interest, liking, taste

rugha

?#f

n.

cold, catarrh, chill

rugna

?U)f

adj.

runa man lagnu

?g dg nfUgÚ

ill, sick, unwell, indisposed, motbid, diseased to feel like to wep

runu

?gÚ

v.i.

to weep, to cry

rup

¿k

n.

rupantar

¿kfGt/

n.

rupi

¿kL

postp.

rupiyan

?lkof

n.

countenance, look, form, shape, aspect, beauty, guise, semblance, appearance transformation, transition, change of form, metamorphosis, translation, conversion having the form of, having the shape of Rupee

ruvanda

?jf)*f

n.

Ruanda

ruvaunu

?jfpgÚ

v.i.

to cause to weep

saba

;a

adj.

all, everything

109


sabai bhanda

;a} eGbf

sabaijaso

;a}h;f]

pron.

almost all

saber

;a]/

adj.

early

saberai

;a]/}

adv.

early

sabha

;ef

n.

sabhapati

;efklt

n.

sabhyata

;Eotf

n.

sabik

;flas

adj.

assembly, meeting, gathering chairman [of a meeting, organization or party] civilization, civility, politeness, courtesy, good manner former, previous

sabun

;faÚg

n.

soap

sabunko gaj

;faÚgsf] ufh

n.

soap foam

sabunko phinja

;faÚgsf] lkm+h

n.

soap foam

sabut

;a't

n.

sacetak

;r]ts

n.

proof, evidence, testimony, demonstration whip

saciv

;rLj

n.

sacivalaya

;lrjfno

n.

secretary, advisor, companion secretariat

sadak

;*s

n.

road [metalled]

sadan

;bg

n.

sadar

;b/

n.

sadar upatyaka

;b/ pkTosf

n.

residence, house, assembly hall acceptance, approval, sanction central valley

sadashya

;bZo

n.

member

sadashyaharuprati daman-niti sadasya

;bZox¿k|lt bdggLlt

n.

;b:o

n.

politics of oppression towards members member

sadasyata

;b:otf

n.

membership

sadbhavana

;b\efjgf

n.

friendship

sadhain

;w}+

adv.

always

sadhan

;fwg

n.

sadhana

;fwgf

n.

material, resource, medium, means, equipment devotes labour or striving, object of devotion; controlling spirit or ghost by reciting sacred verses;

of all

110


sadharan

;fwf/)f

adj.

penance, propitiation common, simple, general

sadharan sabha

;fwf/)f ;ef

n.

general assembly

sadhe

;f(]

adj.

half past

sadiccha

;lbR%f

n.

good wishes, good will

sadupayog

;bÚkof]u

n.

utilization

sadyantra

if*\oGq

n.

conspiracy, plot, intrigue

sagapat

;fukft

n.

(leafy) vegetables

sagar

;fu/

n.

ocean, sea

sagar

;u/

n.

sky, heaven

sagarkhand

;u/vG*

n.

sweet potato

sagarmatha

;u/dfyf

n.

sagaunu

;ufpgÚ

v.t.

Sagarmatha, Chomolungma, Mount Everest to help, to assist, to aid

saghaunu

;#fpgÚ

v.t.

to help, to assist, to aid

saglo

;Unf]

adj.

whole, complete, undivided

sagsabji

;fu;AjL

n.

vegetables

sahabhagi

;xefuL

n.

partner, accomplice

sahabhagita

;xeflutf

n.

participation

sahalekhak

;xn]vs

n.

co-author

sahamat

;xdt

n./adv.

sahamati

;xdlt

n.

sahan

;xg

n.

sahanu

;xgÚ

v.t.

sahara

;xf/f

n.

agreement, of one and the same mind or opinion agreement, concurrence, content endurance, enduring, bearing to forbear, to endure, to brook, to sustain, to withstand help, assistance, support

sahasrabdi

;x;|fAbL

n.

millennium

sahaya

;xfo

n.

help, assistance, support

sahayak

;xfos

n.

assistant, helper, colleague

sahayak nadi

;xfos gbL

n.

tributary (river)

sahayata

;xfotf

n.

help, assistance, support

sahayog

;xof]u

n.

cooperation

sahayog samiti

;xof]u ;ldlt

n.

cooperative society

111


sahayogi

;xof]uL

n.

sahinlo

;flx+nf]

n.

colleague, supporter, assistant, friend third eldest [of brothers]

sahitya

;flxTo

n.

literature

sahityakar

;flxTosf/

n.

writer, author

sahityashastra

;flxTozf:q

n.

poetics, rhetoric, literature

sahityik

;flxlTos

adj.

literary

sahu

;fxÚ

n.

sahu

;fx'

n.

sahuni

;fxÚgL

n.

merchant, trader, moneylender, banker shopkeeper, merchant, trader, businessman, moneylender shopkeeper (female)

saiddhantik

;}$flGts

adj.

sainik

;}lgs

adj.

according top principle, theoretical military

sainik viman

;}lgs ljdfg

n.

military plane

saintis

;}+tL;

num.

thirty-seven, 37

saja

;hf

n.

sajaya

;hfo

n.

sajha

;f´f

n.

punishment, confinement, penalty punishment, confinement, penalty cooperative, joint enterprise

sajilo

;lhnf]

adj.

easy, simple

sakali

;snL

adj.

sakbhar

;se/

adv.

original, true, pure, good, genuine as much as possible

sakesamma cando

;s];Dd rf*f]

comp.

saknu

;SgÚ

v.t.

saksham

;Ifd

adj.

as fast as possible, as soon as possible to be able; to finish, to complete capable, competent

sakshar

;fIf/

adj.

literate

saksharta

;fIf/tf

n.

literacy

sal

;fn

n.

year [of vikram samvat]

salabalaunu

;nanfpgÚ

v.i.

to move restlessly

salah

;nx

n.

locust

salai

;nfO{

n.

matches

salaiko batta

;nfO{ a§f

n.

match-box

salakhala

;fnfvfnf

adj.

on the average

112


salana

;fnfgf

adj.

annually, every year, yearly

sali

;fnL

n.

wife's younger sister

salig

;flnu

n.

statue, effigy, idol, image

salik

;flns

n.

statue, effigy, idol, image

salinda

;flnGbf

adj.

annually, every year

sallaha

;Nnfx

n.

sallahakar

;Nnfxsf/

consultation, advice, counsel, conference, deliberation advisor, consultant

salo

;fnf]

n.

wif's younger brother

samacar

;dfrf/

n.

news, information

samadhan

;dfwfg

n.

samagra

;du|

adj.

solving the problem, cracking the nuts, removel of doubts whole, all, entire, complete

samaj

;dfh

n.

society

samaj shastra

;dfh zf:q

n.

sociology

samajik

;fdflhs

adj.

social

samajvad

;fdfHjfb

n.

socialism

samajvadi

;fdfHjfbL

n./adj.

socialist

samajvadi rajya

;fdfHjfbL /fHo

n.

socialist state

samaksha

;dIf

postp.

before, in front of,

samalocana

;dfnf]rgf

n.

review

saman

;fdfg

n.

saman

;dfg

adj.

samanta

;dfgtf

n.

samanti

;fdGtL

adj.

things, materials, apparatus, tools, belongings, appliances similar, equal, alike, uniform, equivalent, identical, tantamount equality, equivalence, parity, similarity, likeness feudal, feudatory

samanvaya

;dGjo

n.

samanya

;fdfGo

adj.

samanya ling

;fdfGo lnĂŠ

n.

combination, union, uniformity, harmony, natural succession ordinary, general, common, usual, trivial, insignificant double gender

samanya nam

;fdfGo gfd

n.

generic term

113


samapta

;dfKt

adj.

samarpan

;dk{)f

n.

samartha

;dy{

adj.

samarthak

;dy{s

n./adj.

samarthan

;dy{g

n.

samarthata

;dy{tf

n.

finished, completed, accomplished offering, dedication, surrender, deliverynce, disposal, assignment mighty, powerful, strong, able supporter, vindicator; supporting support, ratification, corroboration capability, competence

samasta

;d:t

adj.

whole, entire, all

samasti

;dli^

n.

samastigat

;dli^ut

adv.

collectiveness, totality, aggregate collectively

samasya

;d:o

n.

problem, dilemma

samasyagrasta

;d:ofu|:t

adj.

problematic

samata

;dtf

n.

samatal

;dtn

adj.

samay

;do

n.

sambal

;Dan

n.

equalness, similarity, evenness plain, level, smooth, even, flat; moderate time, period, season, opportunity, leisure, occasion support

sambandha

;DaGw

n.

sambandhi

;DaGwL

suff.

relation, relationship, connection, association, affinity related with, pertaining to

sambandhi sarvanam

;DaGwL ;j{gfd

n.

relative pronoun

sambhavana

;Defjgf

n.

possibility, probability

sambhavatah

;DejtM

adv.

possible, in all probability

sambhranta

;De|fGt

adj.

sambodhan

;Daf]wg

n.

samcar

;Drf/

n.

perplexed, confused, bewildered address, calling aloud; vocative case news, information

samdhi

;DwL

n.

samdhini

;lDwgL

n.

samet

;d]t

postp. 114

son's father-in-law, daughter's father-in-law son's mother-in-law, daughter's mother-in-law with, together with,


saminya

;fdLGo

adj.

including, included simple, common

samiti

;ldlt

n.

committee

samjhana

;D´gf

n.

samma

;Dd

postp.

remembrance, reminiscence, memory upto, as far as

sammat

;Ddt

adv.

sammati

;Ddlt

n.

sammelan

;Dd]ng

n.

sammilit

;DdLlnt

adj.

sammyaunu

;DDofpgÚ

v.t.

with eyes shut, with eyes closed, covered to level, to make plain

sampadak

;Dkfbs

n.

editor

sampadakiya

;DkfbsLo

adj.

editorial

sampadakiya sahayak ;DkfbsLo ;xfos sampadakiya vibhag ;DkfbsLo ljefu sampanna ;DkGg

n.

assistant editor

n.

editorial department

adj.

samparka

;Dks{

n.

sampradaya

;Dk|bfo

n.

sampurna

;Dk')f{

adj.

samrat

;d|f^\

n.

samriddha

;d[$

adj.

rich, well-off, prosperous, wealthy, well-to-do company, association, union sect, religious society, mode, tradition, usage, custom complete, whole, entire, all, total, perfect, finished emperor, sovereign, king of the kings important

samu

;fdÚ

postp.

samuccaya

;dÚRro

n.

samudaya

;dÚbfo

n.

samudayavacak nam

;dÚfojfrs gfd

n.

samudayik

;fdÚbflos

adj.

samudra

;dÚb|

n. 115

unanimous, agreeing, agreed to, approved, sanctioned, permitted opinion, consent, approval, permission, acceptance, assent meating, conference

before, in front of, opposite, facing assemblage, mass, collection collection, assemblage, group collective noun, generic term collective, pertaining to community sea, ocean


samudra sataha

;dÚb–| ;tx

n.

sea level

samuha

;d'x

n.

samuhik

;d'lxs

adj.

collection, assemblage, group collective

samunnati

;dÚGglt

n.

samyatantra

;fDotGq

n.

progress, development, elevation, rise communism

samyavad

;fDojfb

n.

communism

samyavadi

;fDojfbL

n./adj.

communist

san

;g

n.

jute

sana buva

;fgf aÚjf

n.

sancalan

;+rfng

n.

mother's younger sister's husband managing, directing

sancalan

;~rng

n.

movement

sancalit

;~rflnt

adj.

sancar

;~rf/

n.

managed, conducted, directed movement, motion

sancaran

;~r/)f

n.

movement, motion

sanco

;frf]

sandarbha

;Gbe{

sandarbha-suci

;Gbe{;"rL

n./adj. 1. key; true, sincere, genuine, real n. treatise, a collection of anthology, formation, construction; context, appendage, expansion n. bibliography

sandesh

;Gb]z

n.

sandhe

;f(]

n.

information, news, message; command; gift present bull

sanga

postp.

with, along with

sangai lanu

;ª} nfgÚ

v.t.

to take along, to take away

sangasangai

;ª;ª}

adj.

together

sanggathan

;é&g

n.

organization, union, league

sanggathanatmak

;+u&gfTds

adj.

organizational

sanggathanik

;é&lgs

adj.

organizational

sanggharsa

;+#if{

n.

sangh

;+#

n.

sanghu

;f#Ú

n.

struggle, conflict, strife, friction assembly, association, multitude, monastery wooden bridge (of a log or planks), small bridge

116


(usually made of bamboos or planks of wood) collection, compilation

sangkalan

;°ng

n.

sangkalpa

;°Nk

n.

sangkat

;+s&

n.

sangkat

;°^

n.

sangketik

;fª\s]lts

adj.

sanglo

;fª\nf]

n.

token, nominal, symbolic, indicative roach

sanguro

;fuÚ/f]

adj.

narrow

sangyojik

;+of]lhs

n.

conjunction

sangyukta rastra sangh sani ama

;+oÚQm /fi^« ;+# ;fgL cfdf

n.

United Nations Organization mother's younger sister

sanishcavar

;lgZrjf/

n.

Saturday

sanivar

;lgjf/

n.

Saturday

sanjha

;f´

adv.

in the evening

sanjha paryo

;f´ k¥oF]

sankhyabodhak

;+Voaf]ws

adj.

numerical [grammar]

sankhyamatrabodhak

;+Vofdfqaf]ws

n.

cardinal number

sankramankal

;+qmd)fsfn

n.

transitional period

sano

;fgf]

adj.

small, little, inferior

sanp

;fk

n.

snake

sanracana

;+/rgf

n.

sanrakshak

;+/Ifs

n.

structure, composition, anatomy keeper, preserver, guardian

sanrakshan

;+/If)f

n.

sansad

;+;b

n.

guardianship, patronage, protection, conservation, tutelage parliament

sansadiya

;;bLo

adj.

parliamentary

sansadiya vyavastha

;;bLo Joj:yf

n.

parliamentary affairs

sanshodhan

;+zf]wg

n.

sanshodhit

;+zf]lwt

adj.

sanskar

;+:sf/

n.

correction, purification, refinement, revision, amendment corrected, amended, revised reformation, initiation,

solemn promise, resolve, solution, determination distress, peril, caöamity, agony hint, symbol, gesture, sign

it became evening

117


sanskaran

;+:s/)f

n.

sanskrit

;+:s[t

n.

purification correction, act of refining; edition Sanskrit

sanskriti

;+:s[lt

n.

culture, customs, tradition

sanskritik

;+:s[lts

adj.

cultural

sanskritmaya

;+:s[tdo

adj.

sanskritized, full of Sanskrit

sansmaran

;+:d/)f

n.

sanstha

;+:yf

n.

recollection, memory, remembrance institution, establishment

sansthagat

;+:yfut

adj.

institutional

sansthan

;+:yfg

n.

sansthapan

;+:yfkg

n.

santa

;Gt

n.

santa-mahanta

;GtdxGt

n.

institution, establishment, corporation establishment, founding, initiation, inauguration, foundation mendicant, ascetic, pious person, devotee holy men

santan

;Gtfg

n.

santanabbe

;GtfgAa]

num.

santan-nigraha

;Gtfglgu|x

n.

santan-nirodh

;Gtfglg/f]w

n.

santaunna

;GtfpGg

num.

birth control, family planning birth control, family planning fifty-seven, 57

santulan

;GtÚng

n.

equalization, making equal

sanu

;fgÚ

adj.

small, little, inferior

sanu

;fg'

adj.

small, little, inferior

sanvaidhanik

;+j]wflgs

adj.

constitutional

sanvarddhan

;+j${g

n.

rearing, breeding, fostering

sanvedanshil

;+j]bgzLn

adj.

sensitive, sensible, feeling

sanvidhan

;+ljwfg

n.

constitution

saph

;fkm

adj.

sapha

;kmf

adj.

clear, fair, pure, unadulterated, obvious, bright clean, clear, pure, transparent

118

family, extended family, lineage, genealogy, offsoring, children, breeding ninety-seven, 97


saphal

;kmn

adj.

successful, effective, fruitful

saphalibhut

;kmnLe't

adj.

successful

saphalta

;kmntf

n.

success, achievement

sar

;f/

n.

sara

;f/f

adj.

substance, essence, kernel, purport, chief part, vigour, spirit all, whole, entire, complete

saraha

;/x

adj.

saral

;/n

adj.

saranggi

;f/éL

n.

similar, like, resembling, on equal footing easy, simple, plain, straightforward, upright, sincere Sarangi, a kind of violin

sarapnu

;/fKgÚ

v.t.

to curse

saripha

;l/kmf

n.

custard-apple

sarkar

;/sf/

n.

government, administration

sarkari

;/sf/L

adj.

sarkari bhasa

;/sf/L efiff

n.

governmental, public, official, administrative official language

sarnu

;fgÚ{

v.t.

sarnu

;gÚ{

v.i.

to move, to remove, to shift, to copy, to infect to move, to spread

sarp

;k{

n.

snake

sarva

;j{

adj.

all, entire, whole, complete

sarvahara

;j{xf/f

n.

proletariat

sarvajan

;j{hg

pron.

everybody

sarvajanik

;fj{hlgs

adj.

public

sarvanam

;j{gfd

n.

pronoun

sarvanamik

;fj{gflds

adj.

pronominal

sarvapracin

;j{k|frLg

adj.

oldest

sarvashrestha

;j{>]i&

adj.

sarvasva

;j{:j

n.

best of all, preeminent, highest, supreme, paramount entire property, everything

sarvatomukhi

;j{tf]dÚlv

adj.

universal, all pervading

sarvekshan

;j]{If)f

n.

survey

sarvesarva

;j]{;jf{

adj.

sasana

;f;gf

n.

all-in-all, supreme, chied of all punishment, suppression

119


sashakta

;zQm

adj.

sashastra

;z:q

adj.

potential, powerful, strong, forceful armed, equipped with arms

sasto

;:tf]

adj.

cheap

sasu

;f;'

n.

mother-in-law

sasura

;;Ú/f

n.

father-in-law

sasuro

;;Ú/f]

n.

father-in-law

sat

;t\

n.

sat

;ft

num.

existence, essence, substance, goodness seven

sata

;ftf

n.

week, period of seven days

sataha

;tx

n.

surface, level

satahi

;^xL

n.

exchange of currency

satani

;^gL

n.

satasi

;tf;L

num.

change, exhange, interchange eighty-seven, 87

sataun

;ftf}+

adj.

seventh

satcalis

;TrfnL;

num.

forty-seven

sath

;fy

postp.

with, including

sathattar

;txQ/

num.

seventy-seven, 77

sathi

;fyL

n.

friend, companion

sathi

;f&L

num.

sixty, 60

sati

;tL

n.

satopuglo

;ftf]kÚUnf]

n.

Sati, virtuous wife, chaste woman, faithful woman spirit, presence of mind

satra

;q

num.

seventeen, 17

satsatthi

;T;^\&L

num.

sixty-seven, 67

satta

;§f

n.

satta

;§f

n.

change, exhange, interchange speculation

sattais

;QfO{;

num.

twenty-seven, 27

sattari

;Q/L

num.

seventy, 70

sattarudh

;Qf?(

adj.

ruling, wielding power

satu

;ftÚ

n.

flour of dryfried corn

satya

;To

adj.

saun

;fpg

n.

true, real, right, veritable, correct, honest fourth month of the Nepali year [July-August]

120


saundarya

;f}Gbo{

saunvar

;fpñjf/

n.

Monday

saurya

;f}o{

adj.

solar

sauta

;f}tf

n.

co-wife

sava

;jf

adj.

a quarter past

saval

;jfn

n.

saya

;o

num.

question, plumb, a laden weight on a line hundred, 100

sekaunu

;]sfpgÚ

v.t.

to roast, to warm up

sekuva

;]sÚjf

n.

roasted meat

selaunu

;]nfpgÚ

v.t.

to cool

selroti

;]n/f]^L

n.

sepilo

;]lknf]

adj.

Nepalese doughnut made of rice flour shaded, dark

seto

;]tf]

adj.

white

seva

;]jf

n.

sevan

;]jg

n.

shabda

zAb

n.

service, attendance, worship service, attendance, worship word

shabdakos

zAbsf]if

n.

dictionary

shahar

zx/

n.

town

shaharikaran

zx/Ls/)f

n.

urbanization

shahi

zfxL

adj.

royal

shahid

zfxLb

n.

martyr

shakta

zQm

adj.

shakti

zlQm

n.

shaktihina

zlQmxLg

adj.

shaktiman

zlQmdfg

adj.

shaktiparikshan

zlQmk/LIf)f

n.

able, capable, strong, vigorous, energetic, hard, firm strength, power, prowess, capability, calibre, vigour, energy powerless, impotent, enervated powerful, capable, mighty, vigorous trial of strength

shaktishali

zlQmzfnL

adj.

powerful, strong

shamel

zfd]n

adj.

shamil

zfldn

adj.

assembled, gathered together, united together assembled, gathered

beauty, charm, pretiness

121


shangka

z°f

n.

shankalu

z+sfnÚ

adj.

shankaradeva

z+s/b]j

n.

shanta

zfGt

adj.

sharad

z/b

n.

together, united together doubt, suspicion, apprehension suspicious, questionable, prone to suspicion, vague Shankaradeva [a Licchavi king, grandfather of Manadeva I] calm, quiet, mild, serene, pacific, grave, silent early autumn

sharan

z/)f

n.

protection, shelter

sharanarthi

z/)ffyL{

n.

refugee, shelter-seeker

sharat

z/t

n.

early autumn

sharir

z/L/

n.

body

shasak

zf;s

n.

shasakiya

zf;sLo

adj.

shasan

zf;g

n.

shasan parivartan

zf;g kl/jt{g

n.

administrator, ruler, governor governmental, administrative, public command, authority, governance, reign coup, putsch

shasana

zf;gf

n.

punishment, suppression

shasankal

zf;gsfn

n.

term of office, reign

shasankarta

zf;gstf{

n.

shasanpaddhati

zf;gk$lt

n.

shasan-pranali

zf;gk|)ffnL

n.

administrator, ruler, governor polity, system of government government, constitution

shasantantra

zf;gktGq

n.

government, constituion

shasit

zfl;t

adj.

shastra

z:q

n.

shatabda

ztfAb

n.

ruled, administered, governed; punished weapon, arms, tool, instrument century

shatabdi

ztfAbL

n.

century

shatak

zts

adj.

hundred, 100

shatru

zqÚ

n.

enemy

shatruta

zqÚtf

n.

enmity, hostility

shaucalaya

zf}rfno

n.

rest room, toilet

shav

zj

n.

corpse

122


shayad

zfob

adv.

perhaps, maybe

sherpa

z]kf{

n.

shikariko svarg

lzsf/Lsf] :ju{

n.

Sherpa [a Nepali nationality] hunting paradise

shiksha

lzIff

n.

education

shikshak

lzIfs

n.

teacher

shikshan

lzIf)f

n.

shir

lz/

n.

Shista

lzi^

adj.

shisya

lzio

n.

teaching, instruction, education head, crest, noddle, summit, top of anything gentle, polite, mannerly, civil, wellbred, refined, trained student, pupil, disciple

shithilta

lzlyntf

n.

shlok

Zn]]s

n.

shobha

zf]ef

n.

shos

zf]if

n.

shosak

zf]ifs

adj.

shosan

zf]if)f

n.

shosit

zf]lift

adj.

suction, drying up, withering, dryness, absorption, sucking, exploitation exploited

shram

>d

n.

hard labour, toil, exertion

shravan

>fj)f

n.

shri

>L

n.

fourth month of the Nepali year [July-August] Mr., Mrs., Ms., Miss

shrilangka

>Lnéf

n.

Sri Lanka

shriman

>Ldfg

n.

husband

shrimati

>LdtL

n.

wife

shuddha

zÚ$

adj.

shukavar

zÚsjf/

n.

pure, genuine, chaste, uncontaminated, clear, uncorrupted, unadulterated Friday

shukla paksha

zÚSn kIf

comp.

123

feebleness, weakness, looseness, laxity verse, stanza, poetry, couplet beauty, handsomeness, magnificence, elegance, lustre, replendence suction, drying up, withering, dryness, absorption, sucking absorbent, withering

the moonlit half of a lunar month


shukravar

zÚqmjf/

n.

Friday

shunya

z'Go

n./adj.

empty, nill, zero

shur

z'/

adj.

hero, warrior, champion

shuru

zÚ¿

n.

start, beginning

shuru garnu

zÚ¿ ugÚ{

shyarpa

Zofkf{

n.

siddhanta

l;$fGt

n.

siddhi

l;l$

n.

siddhyaunu

l;$ØfpgÚ

v.t.

Sherpa [a Nepali nationality] doctrine, tenet, established truth perfection, accomplishment, maturity, fulfilment, victory to finish, to complete, to kill

sikkim

l;lSsd

n.

Sikkim

siknu

l;SgÚ

v.t.

to learn

silbar

l;Na/

n.

aluminium

siling

l;lnª

n.

ceiling

sima

;Ldf

n.

simana

l;dfgf

n.

simi

l;dL

n.

boundary, border, limit, landmark boundary, border, limit, landmark bean

simit

;Lldt

adj.

limited, restricted

sinbi

l;+aL

n.

bean

sincai

l;+rfO

n.

watering, irrigation

sincit

l;l~rt

adj.

irrigated, drenched

sindur

l;+b'/

n.

vermilion, lead powder

sindure

l;+b'/]

adj.

scarlet, vermilion-coloured

singgapur

l;+ufkÚ/

sinha

l;+x

n.

lion

sinhasan

l;+xf;g

n.

throne, lion's seat

sinki

l;GsL

n.

sip

;Lk

n.

sipahi

l;kfxL

n.

soured raddish, fermented raddish handicraft, handiwork, art, craft, arts and crafts, skill soldier

sipalu

l;kfnÚ

adj.

sipharish

l;kmfl/z

n.

to start, to begin

Singapur

124

skilful, experienced, clever, skilled recommendation, letter of


sirak

l;/s

n.

support; intercession quilt

sirani

l;/fgL

n.

pillow

sirjana

l;h{gf

n.

sisa

;L;f

n.

creation, formation, construction lead

sita

l;t

postp.

with, along with

siune kal

l;pg] sn

n.

sewing machine

siunu

l;pgÚ

v.i.

to sew, to stitch

siyo

l;of]

n.

needle

skulma padhnu

:s'ndf k(\gÚ

comp.

to go to school

smaran-patra

:d/)f–kq

n.

reminder, memorandum

smarika

:dfl/sf

n.

smriti

:d[lt

n.

smriti-patra

:d[lt–kq

n.

monument, memorial; commemorative volume memory, remembrance, memento reminder, memorandum

snan

:gfg

n.

bath

snankotha

:gfgsf]&f

n.

bathroom

so

;f

adj.

that, that one, he, she

sobhita

;f]letf

n.

cobalt

socnu

;f]RgÚ

v.t.

sodhakhoj

;f]wvf]h

n.

sohra

;f]x|

num.

to think, to ponder, to consider research program, research project sixteen, 16

sojho

;f]´f]

adj.

somvar

;f]djf/

n.

straigt, straigtforward, honest Monday

sopan

;f]kfg

n.

steps, ladder, staircase

spast

:ki^

adj.

sresta

;|:tf

n.

srot

;|f]t

n.

srot ra sadhan

>f]t / ;fwg

n.

distinct, clear, intelligible, lucid, apparent, evident book-keeping, account, register book current, stream, channel, water course, source of income resources

stambha

:tDe

n.

column

stan

:tg

n.

breast

125


stava

:tj

n.

steshan

:^]zg

n.

praise, admiration; prayer, hymn station

sthagit

:ylut

adj.

postpones, adjourned

sthan

:yfg

n.

sthaniya

:yfgLo

adj.

sthapan

:yfkg

n.

sthapana

:yfkgf

n.

sthapit

:yflkt

adj.

sthayi

:yfoL

adj.

sthayitva

:yfloTj

n.

sthira

l:y/

adj.

sthirata

l:y/tf

n.

sthiratva

l:y/Tjf

n.

sthiti

l:ylt

n.

striling

:qLlné

n.

place, spot, site, position, house local, territorial, regional, topical establishment, foundation, setting up, creation, planting, placing establishment, foundation, setting up, creation, planting, placing propounded, founded, established, instituted, set up, fixed, placed, erected, installed pßermanent, stationary, fast, durable, lasting, stable, steady permanence, durability, sustainment stable, firm, fixed, permanent, constant, steadfast, immovable, determined, patient immobility, steadiness, stability, constancy, immutability, patience immobility, steadiness, stability, constancy, immutability, patience place, position, circumstance, condition, phase, equilibrium female [grammar]

stuti

:t"lt

n.

subista

;Úla:tf

n.

praise, glorification, eulogy, admiration; hymn of praise, invocation, solemn prayer easiness, comfort

subistako

;Úla:tfsf]

adj.

comfortable, easy

sucana

;'rgf

n.

sucanapatra

;'rgfkq

n.

notice, notification, information, advertisement, indication, hint advertisement, notice

126


suci

;'lr

n.

suci

;'rL

n.

sudhar

;Úwf/

n.

sudharak

;Úwf/s

n.

sudharnu

;ÚwfgÚ{

v.t.

sudridha

;Úb[(

adv.

suga

;'uf

n.

needle, a pointed piece of iron, goad, prong liste, table, index, catalogue improvement, reform, reformation, correction, amendment, renovationr reformer, improver, disciplinarian to correct, to reform, to amend, to make better very strong, very firm, very rigid parrot

sujhau

;'´fp

n.

suggestion, advice, counsel

sujhav

;'´fj

n.

suggestion, advice, counsel

sukhi

;"vL

adj.

happy, pleased, delighted

sukhiya

;"lvof

adj.

sukti

;"lQm

n.

sukul

;ÚsÚn

n.

sukumvasi

;ÚsÚdjf;L

n./adj.

sukuti

;ÚsÚ^L

n.

pleasure loving, pleasant, happy good saying, beautiful sentence a kind of straw mat, a person of high or respectable family a homeless person, homeless dried meat, jerk

sun

;Úg

n.

gold

sunaulo

;Úgf}nf]

adj.

golden

sunaunu

;ÚgfpgÚ

v.t.

to make others hear, to tell

sundar

;ÚGb/

adj.

sundha

;Ú(

n.

beautiful, nice, pretty, charming trunk (of an elephant) snout

sungur

;ÚuÚ/

n.

pig, hog

suntala

;ÚGtnf

n.

tangerine

suntale

;ÚGtn]

adj.

orange-coloured

sunuvar

;ÚgÚjf/

n.

supari

;Úkf/L

n.

Sunuwar [a Nepali nationality] areca nut, betel nut

suraksha

;Ú/Iff

surakshit

;Ú/lIft

protection, security adj.

127

well protected, in safety


surti

;ÚtL{

n.

tobacco

suruva

;Ú?jf

n.

meat broth, meat soup

surya

;'o{

n.

sun

susajjit

;Ú;lHht

adj.

well adorned, well prepared

susangat

;Ú;+ut

susangata

;Ú;+utf

n.

susangati

;Ú;+ult

n.

well associated, well accompanied; reasonable good association, good companionship good companionship

suselnu

;Ú;]NgÚ

v.t.

to whistle

suselo

;Ú;]nf]

n.

sushasan

;Úzf;g

n.

sushri

;Ú>L

n.

whistling, sighing; whistling sound made by the wind, sound produced by water while flowing good government, good rule, good administration Miss

susta

;Ú:t

adj.

sutne kotha

;ÚTg] sf]&f

n.

sutnu

;ÚTgÚ

v.i.

sutrapat

;'qkft

n.

to sleep, to go to sleep, to go to bed, to lie down beginning, commencement

suvidha

;Úljwf

n.

facility, convenience

suvista

;Úlj:tf

n.

easiness, comfort

svabhav

:jefj

n.

svabhavatah

:jefjtM

adv.

habit, nature, temperament, character naturally, by nature

svabhavik

:jefljs

adj.

natural, by nature

svaccha

:jR%

adj.

svad

:jfb

n.

clean, clear, pure, transparent taste

svadhin

:jfwLg

adj.

svadhinata

:jfwLgtf

n.

svami

:jfdL

n.

svar

:j/

n.

svarg

:ju{

n.

128

lazy, slow, idle, tardy, inactive bed room

independent, free, selfgoverning, autonomous independence, freedom, autonomy master, owner, lord, proprietor, husband voice, sound, tune, tone, vowel heaven, paradise, sky, heavens; a beautiful place,


svargavas

:ju{jf;

n.

a pleasant site death, passing away

svarup

:j¿k

n.

shape, form, apperarance

svasni

:jf:gL

n.

wife [common]

svasnimanche

:jf:gLdfG%]

n.

woman

svasth

:j:y

adj.

healthy

svasthya

:jf:Yo

n.

health

svatah

:jtM

adj.

svatantra

:jtGq

adj.

voluntarily, spontaneous, of one's own accord free

svatantrata

:jtGqtf

n.

freedom, independence

svatantrata divas

:jtGqtf lbj;

n.

independence day

svayam

:jod

adv.

personally, self

svayambhunath

:jfoDe'gfy

n.

Swayambhunath

svayamev

:jod]j

adv.

personally, self

svayamsevak

:jod;]js

n.

volunteer

svayang

:jo+

adj.

personally, self

svayatta

:jfoQ

adj.

svayatta shasan

:jfoQ zf;g

n.

autonomous, under one's control autonomy, self-government

svayattashasi

:jfoQzf;L

adj.

autonomous

svayattata

:jfoQtf

n.

autonomy

svikar

:jLsf/

n.

svikrit

:jLs[t

adj.

svikriti

:jLs[lt

n.

syal

:ofn

n.

acceptance, confession, assent, agreement accepted, agreed, consented, conferred acceptance, sanction, approbation, acknowledgement, consent jackal

syau

:ofp

n.

apple

tadha

^f(f

adj.

far (away)

tadkanu

t*\sgÚ

v.i.

tadkinu

t*\lsgÚ

v.i.

tai

tfO{

n.

to walk speedily, to shout, to cry to walk speedily, to shout, to cry flat iron pan

taipani

t}klg

conj.

though, notwithstanding

taja

tfhf

adj.

fresh, not stale; green,

129


tak

tfs

n.

tak

^s

n.

takaliph

tsnLkm

n.

unfaded; recent time, hour, opportunity, chance reflection, light; gazing, staring; looking at the things with closing the eyes trouble, pain, affliction

takiya

tlsof

n.

pillow

takuro

^fsÚ/f]

n.

summit, top, peak, apex

tal

tfn

n.

lake

tala

tfnf

n.

lock

tala

tn

postp.

down, below

tala

tnf

n.

floor

talak

tns

postp.

upto, as long as

talca

tfNrf

n.

lock

talika

tflnsf

n.

list, key, table, schedule

talim

tfnLd

n.

training, teaching

talkanu

^NsgÚ

v.i.

talkinu

^lNsgÚ

v.i.

talmel

tfnd]n

n.

talu

tfnÚ

n.

to shine, to glitter, to sparkle to shine, to glitter, to sparkle co-ordination, concordance, harmony, agreement palate

tama

tfdf

n.

copper

tamakhu

tdfvÚ

n.

tobacco

tamang

tfdfª

n.

tamsanu

tD;gÚ

v.i.

Tamang [a Nepali nationality] to be forward, to be active

tamu

tdÚ

n.

tanahun

tgxÚ

n.

tanav

tgfj

n.

tanba

tfaf

n.

Tamu, Gurung [a Nepali nationality] Tanahun [former mini-state; today district in western Nepal] tension, tenseness, strain, tautness copper

tanda

tGbf

n.

bed-sheet

tannu

tfGgÚ

v.t.

to draw, to pull, to drag

130


tansnu

^f:gÚ

v.t.

to stick, to fasten, to join

tap

tk

n.

tap

tfk

n.

tapani

tfklg

conj.

penance, practice, heat, warmth heat, warmth; mental sorrow, anxiety, regret although, nevertheless

tapari

^k/L

n.

tapke

tfKs]

n.

a plate made of leaves, leaf-plate frying pan

tar

t/

n.

cream

tara

tf/f

n.

star

tara

t/

conj.

but

taranga

t/é

n.

taraph

t/km

n.

wave, whim, caprice; emotion, vibration direction, side

taraph

t/km

conj.

towards

tarbuja

taÚ{hf

n.

watermelon

tari khet

^f/L v]t

n.

terraced field

tarika

t/Lsf

n.

tarikh

tf/Lv

n.

tariko sag

tf/Lsf] ;fu

n.

method, manner, way, means date [according to the western calendar] mustard greens [small]

tark

ts{

n.

tarkari

tsf{gL

n.

debate, discussion, argument vegetable curry

tarnu

tfgÚ{

v.t.

to deep fry

tarph

tkm{

conj.

towards

tarph

tkm{

n.

direction, side

tarphbata

tkm{af&

postp.

on the part of, from

tarul

t?n

n.

yam

tarun

t?)f

n.

young man, youth, juvenile

taruno

t?gf]

n.

young man, youth, juvenile

tasartha

t;y{

int.

taskar

t:s/

n.

on account of that, from that reason, therefore smuggler

taskari

t:s/L

n.

smuggling

tat

t^

n.

shore, bank, beach, coast

tatastha

t^:y

adj.

neutral, objective,

131


tataunu

ttfpgÚ

v.t.

indifferent to heat, to warm up

tatha

tyf

conj.

and

tathya

tYo

n.

truth, reality, substance

tato

^f^f]

n.

mark, spot, scar, stain

tato

tftf]

adj.

warm, hot

tato pani

tftf] kfgL

n.

hot water, warm water

tattva

tQj

n.

tau

tfp

n.

truth; true state, essence, substance, the real factor of bringing things into existence sheet of paper

tauko

^fpsf]

n.

head

taulanu

tf}ngÚ

v.t.

to weigh, to compare

tauliya

tf}lnof

n.

towel

tavar

tj/

n.

tayar

tof/

adv.

manner, way, mode, method ready

tayar garnu

tof/ ugÚ{

v.t.

to make ready

tayar hunu

tof/ xÚgÚ

v.i.

to be ready, to make ready

tayarima

tof/L

n.

readiness, preparation

tebbar

t]Aa/

adj.

tehra

t]x|

num.

thrice, threefold, three times, triplicate thirteen, 13

teis

t]O{;

num.

twenty-three, 23

tekne lauro

^]Sg] nf}/f]

n.

staff, walking stick

telbij

t]naLh

n.

oilseed

telhan

t]nxg

n.

oilseed

tenis

^]lg;

n.

tennis

ternu

^]gÚ{

v.t.

tesro

t];|f]

adj.

to obey, to respect; to pay attention third

tesro dhrava

t];|f] w|j

n.

third pole

tettis

t]QL;

num.

thirty-three, 33

thag

&u

n.

cheat, knave, swindler

thagaha

&ufxf

n.

cheat, knave, swindler

thagnu

&UgÚ

v.i.

to cheat, to deceive

thaha

yfxf

n.

knowledge, information

132


thakai

ysfO

n.

thakali

ysfnL

n.

thaknu

yfSgÚ

v.i.

thal

yfn

n.

fatigue, weariness, exhaustion Thakali [a Nepali nationality] to get tired, to become tired, to be exhausted plate

thali

yfnL

n.

small plate

thalni

yfNgL

n.

beginning, commencement

thalnu

yfNgÚ

v.t.

thalo

ynf]

n.

thamaunu

&dfpgÚ

v.t.

to begin, to start, to commence place, land; levelled high place, table land to recognize, to know

thami

yfdL

n.

Thami [a Nepali nationality]

thamyaunu

&DofpgÚ

v.t.

to recognise, to know

thana

yfgf

n.

police station. police post

thana

&fgf

n.

police station. police post

thanda

&G*f

adj.

cold, chilly

thanda marubhumi

&)*f d?e"ld

n.

tundra

thannu

&fGgÚ

v.t.

to think, to determine

thapnu

yfKgÚ

v.t.

thar

y/

n.

to establish, to erect, to place clan, tribe, subcaste

tharkaunu

ysf{pgÚ

v.t.

to frighten, to shake

tharu

yf?

n.

Tharu [a Nepali nationality]

thati

yfgL

n.

pawn, stake, postponement

thaun

&fpñ

n.

place, spot, opportunity

thegnu

y]UgÚ

v.i.

to last, to persist, to endure

theknu

&]SgÚ

v.t.

thicnu

lyRgÚ

v.t.

thik

&Ls

adj.

to fix, to sum up, to appoint, to post to press, to crush, to squeeze right, correct

thiti

l&^L

n.

lass, girl, young women

thiti

lylt

n.

thiti-riti

lyltl/lt

n.

arrangement, order, custom, regulation, usage arrangement, order, custom, regulation, usage

133


thito

l&^f]

n.

lad, boy, young man

thople

yf]Kn]

adj.

spotted

thopo

yf]kf]

n.

drop, speck

thor

yf]/

adj.

less

thorai

yf]/}

adj.

a little, few

thuli ama

&'nL cfdf

n.

thulo

&'nf]

adj.

father's elder brother's wife, mother's elder sister big

thulo ba

&'nf] af

n.

thulo buva

&'nf] aÚjf

n.

thunse

yÚG;]

n.

thunuva

yÚgÚjf

adj.

father's elder brother, mother's elder sister's husband father's elder brother, mother's elder sister's husband a large close-meshed basket imprisoned, arrested

thuprai aunu

yÚk|} cfpgÚ

v.i.

to pour in, to swarm in

thupro

yÚk|f]

n.

heap, mound, pile, crowd

ti

tL

pron.

those

tibbat

ltAat

n.

Tibet

tighra

lt#|f

n.

thigh

tihun

ltxÚg

n.

vegetable stew

tikho

tLvf]

adj.

sharp, pointed

tiknu

l^SgÚ

v.i.

to last, to remain, to endure

til

tLn

n.

sesame

tin

l^g

n.

tin

tin

tLg

num.

three, 3

tinma

ltgdf

tinma adhi bhanda kehi badhi

ltgdf cf#L eGbf s]xL a(L

tippani

l^Kk)fL

n.

tippanikar

l^Kk)fLsf/

n.

note, annotation, comment, commentary, observation, critical remark commentator

tira

lt/

postp.

towards, in direction to

tirnu

ltgÚ{

v.t.

tp pay

tirsana

lt;{gf

n.

desire for drink and food,

134

under it, under them, under there a little bit more than half of them


thirst; desire, wish, ambition thirty, 30

tis

tL;

num.

tithi

ltly

n.

titri

ltqL

n.

toknu

tf]SgÚ

v.t.

toli

^f]nL

n.

topalnu

^f]kNgÚ

v.t.

tori

tf]/L

n.

torika phul dekhnu

tf]/Lsf kmn b]VgÚ

tran

qf)f

n.

protection, defence, safety

tribhuj

lqeÚh

n.

triangle

tricalis

lqrfnL;

num.

forty-three, 43

trihattar

lqxQ/

num.

seventy-three, 73

tripanna

lqkGg

num.

fifty-three, 53

trisatthi

lq;^\&L

num.

sixty-three, 63

tritiya purus

t[tLo kÚ?if

n.

third person [ling.]

tritiyapurusvacak

t[tLo kÚ?ifjfrs

n.

third person [grammar]

triyakalap

lqofsnfk

n.

function, task

triyanabbe

lqofgAa]

num.

ninety-three, 93

triyasi

lqof;L

num.

eighty-three, 83

tukra

^Úqmf

n.

a small piece,

tukrinu

^ÚlqmgÚ

v.i.

to be divided to pieces

tulana

tÚngf

n.

comparison, similarity

tunginu

^Ú+lugÚ

v.i.

tupi

^ÚkL

n.

to come to an end, to be finished, to be completed pig-tail

turunta

tÚ?Gt

adj.

immediate

tyag

Tofu

n.

desertion, abandonment

tyahan

Toxf

adv.

there

tyas tak

To; tfs

adv.

at that time

tyasai

To;}

adv.

tyasaile

To;}n]

conj.

in that way, without any reason; free, vain therefore, so

date [according to the astrological calendar] a sour fruit [relished for pickle], tamarind to fix, to determine, to appoint, to decide small group, btch, party, team to pretend, to make a pretext mustard to be astonished

135


tyaso hunale

To;f] xÚgfn]

conj.

so, thus

tyasprati

To;k|lt

adv.

tyasto

To:tf]

pron.

in this connection, concerning this such, that kind of, like that

tyatiko

Toltsf]

adj.

that much, that big

ubhayaling

peoln¨

n.

double gender

ubhinu

plegÚ

v.i.

ubhyaunu

pEofpgÚ

v.t.

ubjani

pAhgL

n.

to stand up, to stand, to get up to cause to stand, to raise up production, productivity

ubjanu

pAhgÚ

v.i.

ubjaunu

pAhfpgÚ

v.t.

ubranu

pa|gÚ

v.i.

to grow, to grow up, to be produced to produce, to cause to grow to be left over

ucalnu

prfNgÚ

v.t.

to lift up

ucca

pRr

adj.

high, lofty, upper, superior

ucca parvatiya

pRr kj{tLo

adj.

alpine

udaharan

pbfx/)f

n.

udaharaniya

pbfx/)fLo

adj.

instance, example, illustration exemplary

udan

p*fg

n.

flight, act of flying or fleeing

udar

pbf/

adj.

udarashaya

pbf/fzo

adj.

udarta

pbf/tf

n.

udarvad

pbf/jfb

n.

high minded, munificent, generous, open-hearted, noble-minded generous, high-minded, magnanimous generosity, liberality, magnanimity, nobleness liberalism

udarvadi

pbf/jfbL

n.

liberal, liberalist

udas

pbf;

adj.

sad

udasi

pbf;L

adj.

sad

udaunu

p*fpgÚ

v.t.

udaunu

pbfpgÚ

v.i.

to cause to fly; to waste, to squander, to gobble to rise (sun or moon)

udaya

pbo

n.

rising, ascent, dawning

uddesh

p@]z

n.

uddeshya

p@]Zo

n.

desire, wish, intention, purpose aim, objective

136


uddhar

p$f/

n.

kindness, charity

udgar

pb\uf/

n.

udharnu

pwfg{

v.t.

exclamation, emotional statement to rip up

udhinnu

plwÌGgÚ

v.t.

udnu

p*\gÚ

v.i.

to dig up, to pick out, to find out, to search, to select to fly

udus

p*Ú;

n.

bedbug

udyamashil

pBdzLn

adj.

industrial

udyat

pBt

adj.

udyog

pBf]u

n.

udyogi

pBf]uL

adj.

ready, prepared, raised, brought up industry, enterprise, effort, diligence industrious

ugharnu

p#fgÚ{

v.t.

to open, to unlock

ughranu

p#|gÚ

v.i.

to be opened

ugra

pu|

adj.

wrathful, angry, fierce

uhan

pxf

pron.

he, she [very polite]

uhile

plxn]

adv.

ujad

phf*

adj.

then, at that time, many years ago, long ago deserted, isolated

ujyalo

pHofnf]

adj.

light

ukali

psfnL

n.

upward gradient

ukalnu

psfNgÚ

v.t.

to lift

ukalo

psfnf]

n./adj.

ukasnu

psf:gÚ

v.t.

steepness, upward gradient; steep ro raise, to rouse

ukelnu

ps]NgÚ

v.t.

to vomit, to spew out

ukhan

pvfg

n.

proverb, saying, aphorism

ukhelnu

pv]NgÚ

v.t.

to uproot, to remove

ukhu

pvÚ

n.

sugar cane

ukkaunu

pSsfpgÚ

v.t.

to break open, to initiate

ukkinu

plSsgÚ

v.i.

uklanu

pSngÚ

v.t.

to be selected, to be picked out to climb up, to ascend

ukta

pQm

adj.

mentioned, said

ukti

plQm

n.

statement, remark, a saying

137


ukusmukusaunu

psÚ;dÚsÚ;fpgÚ

v.t.

ullangghan

pNn+#g

n.

to stifle, to cause claustrophobia violation, contravention

ullas

pNnf;

n.

joy, delight

ullekh

pNn]v

n.

ullekhniya

pNn]vgLo

adj.

ullikhit

pNn]lvt

adj.

mention, reference, description remarkable, worthy of being mentioned written, mentioned

ulto

pN^f]

adj.

opposite, upside-down

umalnu

pdfNgÚ

v.t.

to cause to boil

umarnu

pdfgÚ{

v.t.

to cause to sprout

umedvar

pd]bjf/

n.

candidate

umer

pd]/

n.

age, length of life

umkanu

pDsgÚ

v.i.

umlanu

pDngÚ

v.i.

ummedvar

pDd]bjf/

n.

to escape, to get free, to slip out to boil, to bubble up, to simmer candidate

umranu

pd|gÚ

v.i.

un

pmg

n.

to sprout, to spring up, to grow up wool

unancas

pgGrf;

num.

forty-nine, 49

unannabbe

pgfGgAa]

num.

eighty-nine

unansattari

pgfG;Q/L

num.

sixty-nine, 69

unansaya

pgfG;o

num.

ninety-nine, 99

unasi

pgf;L

num.

seventy-nine, 79

unca

pmrf

adj.

high, lofty

uncai

pmrfO

n.

height, tallness, summit

uncalis

pGrfnL;

num.

thirty-nine, 39

unco

pmrf]

adj.

high

unco

prf]

adj.

high

uni kammal

pmgL sDdn

n.

wollen blanket

unmulan

pGd'ng

n.

unnais

pGgfO{;

num.

uprooting, destruction, eradication nineteen, 19

unnat

pGgt

adj.

unnati

pGglt

n. 138

risen, progressed, improved progress, rise,


unnatishil

pGgltzLn

adj.

advancement, improvement, prosperity, elevation progressive

unnayak

pGgfos

n.

uplifter, reformer, leader

unnayan

pGgog

n.

uplift, development

unnu

pÌGgÚ

v.t.

unsathi

pG;f&L

num.

to wreath, to thread, to string, to pass a thread through a needle fifty-nine, 59

unta

pm^

n.

camel

untis

pGtL;

num.

twenty-nine, 29

upabhog

pkef]u

n.

enjoyment

upabhokta

pkef]Qm

n.

consumer, user

upacar

pkrf/

n.

upadesh

pkb]z

n.

remedy, medical treatment, care instruction, counsel, lesson

upadhi

pkflw

n.

upahar

pkxf/

n.

title, attribute, designation, status present, gift

upaj

pkh

n.

crop, produce, product

upakhyan

pkfVofg

n.

upakram

pkqmd

n.

upalabdha

pknAw

adj.

upalabdhi

pknAwL

n.

upalakshya

pknIo

n.

upama

pkdf

n.

upanisad

pklgifb\

n.

upanisadvadi

pklgifb\jfnL

n.

upansanhar

pk;+xf/

n.

legend, tale, episode (of a narration); proverb, sying plan, programme, preparations, beginning, preamble, preface gained, felt, acquired, attained, available achievement, accomplishment sign, implication, ourpose, occasion comparison, simile, likeness Upanishads (the theological part of the vedas) (someone who is following the teachings of the Upanishads) conclusion, summary

upanyas

pkGof;

n.

novel

139


upar

pk/

postp.

above, over, for

uparastrapati

pk/fi^«klt

n.

vice-president

uparna

pkgf{

n.

scarf, shawl

upasabhapati

pk;efklt

n.

upasthiti

pkl:ylt

n.

vice-chairman [of a meeting, organization or party] presence, attendance

upatya

pkTo

n.

valley

upa-usnakatibandhi

pk–pi)fsl^aGwL

adj.

subtropical

upayog

pkof]u

n.

use, utilization, application

upayogita

pkof]lutf

n.

usefulness, utility

upayukta

pkoÚQm

adj.

upeksha

pk]Iff

n.

upekshit

pk]lIft

adj.

uphranu

pk|mgÚ

v.i.

proper, suitable, appropriate slight, indignity, neglect, disregard, contempt, scorn neglected, ignored, discarded, disregarded to jump, to leap

upiyan

plkofñ

n.

flea

uralnu

p/fNgÚ

v.t.

to instigate, to incite

urlanu

pn{gÚ

v.i.

usa

piff

n.

to surge up, to rise up, to come in waves; to become angry dawn, daybreak

usinnu

pl;ÌGgÚ

v.t.

to boil while cooking

uso

p;f]

adj.

like that, such

uta

ptf

adv.

there, thither

utarnu

ptfgÚ{

v.t.

uthal-puthal

pyn–kÚyn

n.

to cause to get off, to cause to descend, to help to descend, to take off (clothes) overturning, change

uthaunu

p&fpgÚ

v.t.

uthnu

p&\gÚ

v.i.

uti

plt

adv.

to wake up, to rouse, to cause to rise to get up, to stand up, to stand that much

utnikher

plTgv]/

adv.

meanwhile, at that time

utpadan

pTkfbg

n.

production

utpatti

pTklQ

n.

origin, production

140


utpidak

pTkL*s

n.

oppressor

utpidit

pTkLl*t

n.

utpidit varga

pTkLl*t ju{

n.

oppression, persecution, harassment oppressed class

utranu

pqgÚ

v.i.

utrinu

plqgÚ

v.i.

utsaha

pT;fx

n.

utsav

pT;j

n.

utsukta

pT;Ústf

n.

entertainment, festival, celebration, festivity enthusiasm, excitement

uttam

pQd

adj.

supreme, best

uttano

pQfgf]

adj.

flat on one's back

uttar

pQ/

n.

answer, reply; north

uttaradhikari

pQ/flwsf/L

n.

heir, successor, inheritor

uttardayi

pQ/bfoL

adj.

uttejit

pQ]lht

adj.

responsible, answerable, accountable excited, quickened

utthan

pTyfg

n.

vacan

jrg

n.

upliftment; progress, emancipation speech, utterance, talk

vad

jfb

n.

theory, dispute, controversy

vaicarik

j}rfl/s

adj.

ideological

vaidhanik

j}wflgs

adj.

vaishakh

j}zfv

n.

vajracarya

jh|frfo{

n.

vaktavya

jQmJo

n.

constitutional, according to the constitution first month of the Nepali year [April-May] Vajracharya, Bajracharya, a tantric guru, a Buddhist priest speech, statement, topic

vampanthi

jfdkGyL

n./adj.

leftist

van biralo

jg la/fnf]

n.

wild cat

van upabhokta samuha vanbhoja

jg pkef]Qmf ;d'x

n.

forest users group

jfef]h

n.

picknick

vanijya

jfl)fHo

n.

trade, commerce, business

vanko dhan

jgsf] wfg

n.

forest resources

141

to get off, to descend, to float, to rise out of, to rise above to get off, to come down, to descend enthusiasm, excitement


vansha

j+z

n.

vardan

j/bfg

n.

clan, pedigree, dynasty, lineage, birth, family, tribe, generation boon

varga

ju{

n.

class, kind, series, row

varga mil

ju{ dLn

n.

square mile

vargahin

ju{xLg

adj.

classless

vargahin samaj

ju{xLg ;dfh

n.

classless society

varipari

jl/kl/

adv.

varnan

j)f{g

n.

varsa

jif{

n.

all round, round about, on all sides description, narration, encomium year

varsa

jiff{

n.

varta

jftf{

n.

vartalap

jftf{nfk

n.

vartaman

jt{dfg

adj.

vasanta

j;Gt

n.

rains, rainy season, monsoon discourse, account, conversation, topic, talk, dialogue dialogue, conversation, talk, discourse current, existing, modern, current time, present time spring

vasi

jf;L

n.

inhabitant, dweller

vastavik

jf:tljs

adj.

vastavikta

jf:tljstf

n.

in reality, essential, genuine, true, virtual reality, truth

vastu

j:tÚ

n.

vastutah

j:tÚtM

adv.

vatavaran

jftfj/)f

n.

veda

j]b

n.

condition, surrounding, environment, circumstances, situation Veda

vela

j]nf

n.

time

veshya

j]Zof

n.

prostitute, whore, harlot

vibhag

ljefu

n.

section, part, department

vibhagiya

ljefuLo

adj.

vibhajan

ljefhg

n.

departmental, related to the department section, part, department

vibhinna

ljleÌ

adj.

142

thing, item, substance, article, property; cattle in reality

various, diverse, different kinds of


vicalan

ljrng

n.

vicar

ljrf/

n.

videsh

ljb]z

n.

departure, deviation, moving about, unsteadiness consideration, observation, notion, idea, judgement foreign country

videshi

ljb]zL

n.

foreigner

videshi sahayata

ljb]zL ;xfotf

n.

foreign aid

vidhan

ljwfg

n.

vidheyak

ljw]os

n.

legislation, act, law, ordinance, regulation, rule bill [in a legislature]

vidhi

ljlw

n.

vidhipurvak

ljlwk'j{s

adv.

vidhivat

ljlwjt

adv.

vidit

ljlbt

adj.

vidroha

ljb|f]x

n.

vidvan

ljĂĽfg

n./adj.

vidya

ljBf

n.

vidyabhyas

ljBfEof;

n.

vidyalaya

ljBfno

n.

vidyarambha

ljBf/De

n.

vidyarthi

ljBfyL{

n.

knowledge, learning, attainment study, habit of study, practice of learning school, college, academy, seminary initiation into one's studies with religious solemnities, the beginning of reading an writing student

vidyarthi gatividhi

ljBfyL{ ultljlw

n.

student movement

vidyashram

ljBf>d

n.

boarding school

vidyut

ljBĂ&#x161;t

n.

electricity

vigat

ljut

adj.

past, gone away

vighatan

lj#^g

n.

vigyan

lj!fg

n.

break up, dissolution, destruction acquired knowledge, conscience, wisdom, understanding, science

143

method, procedure, law, rule, prescript duly, methodically, systematically duly, methodically, systematically, in conformity with rules, as prescribed by law known, understood, acquainted revolt, rebellion, mutiny, treason scholar; learned, wise


vihina

ljxLg

postp.

vihinata

ljxLgtf

n.

devoid of, deprived of, destitute of missing, non-existence

vijaya

ljho

n.

victory, triumph, conquest

vijaya

ljhof

n.

vijaya dashami

ljhof bzdL

n.

vijayi

ljhoL

n./adj.

vijeta

ljh]tf

n.

vikas

ljsf;

n.

vikasit

ljsfl;t

adj.

the goddess Durga, the Durga Puja festival the Dashara festival, the Dasain festival victor, conqueror, vanquisher; victorious, triumphant conqueror, victor, one who has achieved victory development, expansion, evolution developed

vikasit

ljsl;t

adj.

developed

vikat

ljs^

adj.

dreadful, difficult, hideous

vikendrikaran

ljs]Gb|Ls/)f

n.

decentralization

vikhandan

ljv)*g

n.

vikhandit

ljvl)*t

adj.

vikriti

ljs[lt

n.

vilas

ljnf;

n.

vilayat

ljnfot

n.

viman

ljdfg

n.

fission, breaking up, splitting up, fragmentation divided, separated, split up, cut off, broken deformation, defilement, mutilation, defect luxury, enjoyment, luxurious life, sensuous pleasure, pleasure with the opposite sex foreign land, foreign country, Europe, England airplane, airship

vimansthal

ljdfg:yn

n.

airfield, airstrip

vinash

ljgfz

n.

vipanna

ljkĂ&#x152;

adj.

viparit

ljk/Lt

adj.

viphal

ljkmn

adj.

vir

jL/

adj.

destruction, ruin, disaster, loss distressed, afflicted, fallen into calamity, in a critical state opposit, contrary, reverse, adverse, hostile fruitless, useless, unsuccessful brave, courageous, heroic, gallant

144


viraha

lj/x

n.

virodh

lj/f]w

n.

viruddha

lj?$

postp.

visakta

ljiffQm

adj.

visalu

ljiffnÚ

adj.

visaya

ljifo

n.

separation, parting, estrangement; loss dissension, discrepancy, hostility, discord, objection, antagonism against, opposed, opposite, contrary, adverse, hostile toxic, poisonous, venomous, vituperative toxic, poisonous, venomous, vituperative subject, topic, article

visaya-kram

ljifoqmd

n.

contents, table of contents

visayantar

ljifofGt/

n.

visayapravesh

ljifok|j]z

n.

visaya-pravesh

ljifo–k|j]z

n.

an outside subject, another topic introduction, preface, foreword, preliminary introduction

visayavastu

ljifoj:tÚ

n.

vishal

ljzfn

adj.

vishes

ljz]if

adv.

vishes adalat

ljz]if cbfnt

n.

subject matter, something discussed big, very big, gigantic, extensive, large, palatiol, huge, great extraordinary, unusual, special, distinguished, famous special court

vishes nam

ljz]if gfd

n.

proper name

vishesagya

ljz]if!

n.

expert

vishesan

ljz]if)f

n.

adjective

vishesya

ljz]io

n.

vishista

ljlzi^

adj.

vishva

ljZj

n.

substantive; a noun with an adjective qualifying it conspicuous, remarkable, important, distinguished, extraordinary universe, the whole world

vishvas

ljZjf;

n.

vishvasniya

ljZj;gLo

adj.

vishvasniyata

ljZj;gLotf

n.

vishvaspatra

ljZjf;kfq

n.

belief, trust, faith, reliance, confidence, assurance trustworthy, reliable, creditable trustworthiness, reliability, creditability reliable person, confidant

vishvavidyalaya

ljZjljBfno

n.

university

145


vishvayuddha

ljZjo'$

n.

world war

viskambhak

ljisDes

n.

interlude (in a drama)

vismayadibodhak

lj:doflbaf]ws

n.

interjection

visphot

lj:kmf]^

n.

visphotak

lj:kmf]^s

adj.

outburst, explosion, eruption; smallpox explosive

vistar

lj:tf/

n.

vistarit

lj:tfl/t

adj.

vivad

ljjfb

n.

vivaha

ljjfx

n.

vivaran

ljj/)f

n.

vivash

ljjz

adj.

vividh

ljljw

adj.

vividhta

ljljwtf

n.

vriddha

j[$

adj.

vriddhavastha

j[$fj:yf

n.

vriddhi

j[l$

n.

vrihaspativar

j[x:kltjf/

n.

progress, increase, increment, rise, growth, enlargement Thursday

vriksha

j[If

n.

tree

vriksharopan

j[Iff/f]k)f

n.

tree plantation

vrisadeva

j[ifb]j

n.

vyakhya

JofVof

n.

Vrishadeva [name of a Licchavi king, greatgrandfather of Manadeva I] explanation

vyakhyan

JofVofg

n.

vyakta

JoQm

adj.

vyakti

JolQm

n.

vyaktigat

JolQmut

adj.

speech, lecture, explanation, exposition clear, discernible, expressed, stated, mentioned person, individual, manifestation personal, individual

vyaktitva

JolQmTj

n.

personality, individuality,

146

extension, expansion, extent; spread expanded, enlarged discussion, debate, dispute, altercation, quarrel, controvercy marriage, wedding, matrimony description, account, statement dependent, helpless, subjected different, diverse, various, miscellaneous diversity, variety, variation old, aged, advanced in years, mature; ancient old age


self vyaktivacak nam

JolQmjfrs gfd

n.

proper name, proper noun

vyangya

JoéØ

n.

sarcasm, irony, innuendo

vyangya-citra

JoéØlrq

n.

cartoon

vyapar

Jofkf/

n.

vyapta

JofKt

adj.

vyatha

Joyf

n.

vyavahar

Jojxf/

n.

vyavasay

Joj;fo

n.

vyavastha

Joj:yf

n.

vyavasthapan

Joj:yfkg

n.

business, trade, profession, occupation, industry diffused, pervaded, occupied, overcast, scattered, flush pain, suffering, misery, distress, injury, ache behaviour, conduct, manner, treatement undertaking, occupation, employment; engagement, business system, method, regulation, management, settlement, systematization, form organizing, systematizing

vyavasthapika

Joj:yflksf

n.

legislative

vyavasthapit

Joj:yflkt

adj.

vyavasthit

Jojl:yt

adj.

yadyapi

oBlk

conj.

yagya

o!

n.

established, systematized, managed systematic, methodical, in order although, though, even, if, however, notwithstanding religious sacrifice, oblation

yahan

oxf

adv.

here, at this place, hither

yahi

oxL

pron.

this very

yahi nai

oxL g}

pron.

this and no other

yas karan

o; sf/)f

so, because of this

yas kramma

o; qmDdf

for this reason, so

yasaigari

o;}u/L

adv.

consequently, therefor, so

yashasvi

oz:jL

adj.

yashogan

ozf]ufg

n.

renowned, reputed, glorious eulogy, singing of praises

yasmadhye

o;dWo]

adv.

by that, in this

yaso

o;f]

adj.

like this, such

yasogari

o;f]u/L

adv.

consequently, therefor, so

yasto

o:tf]

pron.

like this, of the same kind

147


yasto andhyaroma

o:tf] cWo/f]df

comp.

in such darkness

yata

otf

adv.

here, at this place, hither

yatauta

otfptf

adv.

yatayat

oftfoft

n.

hither an thither, here and there, in all directions transportation, traffic

yathavat

oyfjt

adv.

in situ, intact, as before

yati

olt

adv.

yatiko

oltsf]

adv.

this much, thus much, so much so much

yatra

ofqf

n.

trip, voyage

yatri

ofqL

n.

traveller, pilgrim, tourist

yatro

oqf]

pron.

so great, so big

yauvan

of}jg

n.

yayavar

ofofj/

n.

youth, adolescence, manhood, puberty nomad, wanderer

yog

of]u

n.

yogadan

of]ubfg

n.

yogaphal

of]ukmn

n.

joining, junction, combination, union, coupling; relationship, connection cooperation, help, assistance, contribution the sum total

yogyata

Of]Uotf

n.

power, strength, talent

yojana

of]hgf

n.

planning

yug

oÚu

n.

epoch, era, age

yugoslabhiya

oÚuf]:nfeLof

n.

Yugoslavia

yurop

o'/f]k

n.

Europe

yuropeli

o'/f]k]nL

adj.

European

yuva

oÚjf

n.

youth

yuvati

oÚjtL

n.

young woman, youthful woman

148

Nepali English Dictionary  

Nepali English Dictionary

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