The Advantages Of Geotechnical Engineering Have you ever wondered how a construction company knows that is it safe to build on a particular plot of land? That's where geotechnical engineering is needed. A geotechnical engineer is someone who specializes in knowing the behavior of earth materials. This type of engineering is a division of civil engineering, but could be used basically with any construction that is to be done on or in the ground. The idea of geotechnical engineering is the soil and rock mechanics and testing. To figure out the wisest approach to build on or in the ground, a geotechnical engineer may also investigate and evaluate natural stresses, stability of slopes, deposits and chemical properties. Analysis does come into play quite often in this process, however as technology advances there are numerical techniques that are replacing analysis a lot more. Geotechnical engineers spend a lot of time putting together project proposals and requests for testing to be done. This career demands a lot of teamwork because, with many buildings, lots of people will be involved. The types of projects they usually work on include but aren't limited to: tunnels, channels, embankments, reservoirs, dams, and building marinas or wharves. A geotechnical engineer will go over the outcome, on many of the projects, and decides what earth materials are required to make the project successful. Then, they start the investigation process as stated above, to figure out the properties they might run into on the land for use and a lot of times the land adjacent also. The majority of the investigation process is to protect the future structure from various natural disasters like landslides, earthquakes, flooding and so forth. Sometimes land will demand what is known as â€œground improvement." This is where engineering properties are added or taken away from the soil to improve the landâ€™s potency, firmness, and permeability. In the long term, participating in ground improvement can reduce cost and save time.
Once the investigation process is completed, a geotechnical engineer will design the foundation based on the data they have obtained in the investigation process. For the structure or building to last, they will need a specific foundation. Another goal within the designing process is to build foundations that are as safe and economical as it can be. Geotechnical engineering has come a long way. Humans have always utilized the soil to help manage flooding, irrigation and the construction of buildings and homes. Thus the beginnings of this specific engineering date all the way back to before 2000 BCE when people started building dams and canals. Scientists began looking more closely at the subsurfaces of the earth before building things, once the Leaning Tower of Pisa had problems with its foundation. A man named Karl Terzaghi published more modern geo engineering literature in 1925 and was considered to be the founder of this kind of engineering. He was the man that discovered the theory of effective stress and talks about how it affects soil. There are many geotechnical engineering books around, if you would like more detailed data on the actual practice of this career. A number of the books talk about various concepts and instances that a geotechnical engineer would use and will give you more insight on what they work on on a daily basis. A smart investment will be to buy a geotechnical engineering handbook, because they are so useful and a handy reference for methods and equations once you begin J.ROSS PUBLISHING
The Advantages Of Geotechnical Engineering working on projects as an engineer. Have you ever wondered how a construction company knows that is it safe to build on a particular plot of land? That's wh...
Document Tags: geotechnical engineering books, geotechnical engineering handbook http://www.jrosspub.com/
Published on Apr 7, 2014
Published on Apr 7, 2014
Have you ever wondered how a construction company knows that is it safe to build on a particular plot of land? That's wh...