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Pyramids By: Amanda Gould 2013 www.ancientegypt.info

www.ancient-egypt.co.uk

rde.nsw.edu.au

http://www.culturefoc us.com

http://www.culturefocu s.com


Have you ever wondered about pyramids in ancient Egypt? Do you want to know about the purpose, inside, how they were built, and other cool interesting pyramid facts? Well then grab a juice box and listen. Do you know how ancient Egyptians built pyramids? Pyramids were planned carefully before being built. A platform had to be found that was large and solid enough to support the enormous weight of the pyramid. Pyramids were planned on the west side of the Nile River for religious reasons. It was where the sun set. Some of the stone for a pyramid would arrive by boat. That’s why pyramids were made close to the Nile River. Many farmers were pyramid workers. They would come to help build each year when the Nile flooded their farms. To build the pyramid some of the stones were taken to the site by boat. Archeologists assume the blocks for the pyramid were cut by hammering wooden wedges into the rock. It took hundreds of thousands of pieces of stone to build a pyramid. When the pyramid was almost finished, a special block covered in shiny metal (gold or electrum) was placed on the top of the pyramid. It takes a long time to build pyramids! It took about 20 years to build the Great Pyramid of Giza! Building a pyramid is hard work!

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Have you ever wondered what the purposes of pyramids are? We still do not know why some pyramids were built. Egyptians believed their pharaoh was a living god. Pyramids were built as a tomb for the pharaoh to keep the pharaoh living forever. The first pyramid, The Step Pyramid, was built for King Djoser. The Great Pyramid (Khufu’s) has several chambers and galleries inside. It was possibly not built according to the original plans. Ancient Egyptians built smaller pyramids for the queen. We do not know why pyramids are shaped the way they are. Some people believe it is based on the way the rays of sun look. The Egyptians probably thought the sloping sides of the pyramid were like a stairway to the sun on the journey to the next world. Egyptians lined the tip of the pyramid with Orion’s belt (constellation.) Those are the reasons why pyramids were built.


Do you want to know what’s inside pyramids? Pyramids are really royal tombs. Somewhere beneath the huge stones or inside was a burial chamber, where the dead king lied. Below the king’s chamber is a smaller room that early explorers called the queen’s chamber. Whatsoever this room has nothing to do with any queen. To stop grave robbers, pyramid builders created extra passages and false shafts to try and fool them. There are stairways, dark hallways, galleries, hieroglyphs, and Egyptian art inside pyramids. Inside pyramids, Egyptians used oil lamps to see. That’s what’s inside pyramids.

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Have you ever wanted to know some pyramid facts? Well now’s your chance! Pyramids of Egypt have lasted for almost 5,000 years! There are about 80 pyramids in Egypt and the west bank of the Nile. The Great Pyramid is one of the most famous structures ever built. The Great Pyramid is the biggest pyramid that has been built. The great pyramid is believed to have more than two million limestone blocks. Each block weighs about as much as a car with people in it. Today there is a law in Egypt forbidding visitors from climbing the Great Pyramid. The largest pyramid of all is the Great Pyramid at Giza. It was built for King Khufu. The Step Pyramid was the first pyramid ever built. The Step pyramid inspired the Bent Pyramid. The Step Pyramid was built about 4,700 years ago. It’s the biggest stone building still standing. Those are some pyramid facts I found interesting!

Fast fact: Did you know each limestone block weighed about as much as a family car with people in it?

Pyramids are amazing! I really hope you enjoyed learning how they were built, the purpose of them, the inside, and other cool interesting facts. I hope you found this interesting! 


Glossary Archeologists- 25 page Chamber- a large room Corridor- a long hallway or passage Electrum- An amber- colored alloy of gold & silver used in ancient times. Hieroglyphics- writing used by ancient Egyptians made up of pictures and symbols. Religious – (religion) belief I a god or gods Limestone- a hard rock used in building and in making lime and cement Pharaoh – a title of an ancient-Egyptian king Shaft- a long, narrow passage that goes straight down Sloping- to be at an angle Tomb- A grave, room, of building for holding a dead body Wedge-a piece of food, wood, metal, or plastic that is thin at one end and thick at the other


Bibliography Bingham, C. (2004). Pyramid. New York: DK Publishing, Inc. Krensky, S. (2001). Egypt. New York: Schoolastic Inc. Macdonald, F. (2009). The Pyramids. New York: Digging Into History. Putnam, J. (2011). Pyramid. New York: DK Publishing. Simon, S. (2003). Pyramids & Mummies. New York: Scholastic Inc. Tyldesley, J. (2007). Egypt. New York: Simon & Schuster, Inc.

Pyramids  

Pyramids Ancient Egypt

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