Page 1


Authors Deanna

Sarah

Wendy

Victoria

Rachael

Anisha


Contents Section One Fast Fashion Re-Useable Fashion - Cosumer Impact

Section Two Food Pesticides

Section Three Plastic in the Ocean Why Plastic


FASHION


FASHION

The fashion industry may have a glamorous exterior, but Havoc has made it our mission to educate the world on how the tightly knitted truths about fashions worldly impact affect us and our environment. To define fashions trouble areas into two categories we believe fast fashion and consumer impact are the most significant.

Section One


FASHION

WHAT IS IT? Are you the kind of person who loves a little bit of retail therapy? Or someone who will buy new outfits for upcoming events just to wear a couple of times? Are those T-shirts you’ve worn maybe three times still sitting in the bottom of your drawer? I know I do all of the things above and maybe you do too. I’m here to give you a little rundown on a big issue called fast fashion. Fast fashion can be typically defined as the term that describes inexpensive designs that move quickly from the catwalk to stores, to meet new trends. These items are often made in large consumptions, produced rapidly by retailers with disastrous consequences for our environment. Fast fashion and the fashion industry has grown by 9.7% and now one of the biggest polluters in the world.


THE PROCESS + ENVIRONMENT When you’re wearing a piece of clothing do you ever think about the full process it undertook to become the amazing insta –worthy piece it is now? It’s so easy to see, like and buy the things we want but what if we saw the full consequences of these actions right in front of our eyes? We may not now, but for future generations it is a real problem. So! let’s start right at the beginning. Firstly, to make a piece of clothing a fiber is needed. This fiber is usually a plant, a crude oil or animal and most likely an energy and pollutant-intensive process. Next ! The fiber is then spun into a yarn which then is knitted or woven into some sort of fabric. And during this process there is usually all sorts of horrible bleaches and dyes. Fast fashion tries to use the quickest form of manifacturing possible. Also, Materials such as polyester, nylon and arcylic are a kind of plastic made from petroluem, which can often take up to a thousand years to biodegrade.

And voila! You have your fast, trendy bit of clothing made but at what cost ? Each year, on average, Australians buy about 27 kilograms of new textiles. Discarding around 23 kilograms of that waste, and then twothirds of those materials are man-made and never breakdown.


FASHION

Depleting non-renewable resources Emits huge lots of greenhouses gases Uses major quantities of energy, chemicals and water.


Aussies send of textiles to Landfill every year. The more in our landfills the more methane gas that’s contributes to climate change.

FASHION

So, we know that the process of making fast fashion takes a major toll on our environment but then what happens to clothes that are made and don’t sell? According to the CEO of Australian textile body, millions of stocks are either going to waste, or being intentionally destroyed through numerous ways. The fashion industry can be very shady too. It was said that some big retailers had been going to the lengths such as de-labelling items, culling, slashing, marking or destroying them. Retailers are buying cheap in big bulk and them disposing of the items when they don’t sell. Where then do these unused clothes end up? Our landfills and damaged oceans.


FASHION Consumer Impact is about

making individuals aware of their part in fashion pollution and what we all can do to make our association a positive one for our environment. Havoc wants to see that we as consumers can reduce our footprint by choosing sustainable options for textiles. We also believe supporting both local and chain retail stores that are aware of their impact and are making a difference is just as important.

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FASHION

Fashionable Waste? Article by Deanna Szczygiel

To start off we’re going to ask you a series of questions. Don’t worry, this isn’t an interrogation… How many times are year do you ‘spring clean’ out your wardrobe? Is it only in spring or is it a couple or more times a year? What do you do with the clothes you decided you don’t need? Do you donate them to a charity store or bin? Give them to siblings and friends that are more than willing to take them off your hands? Or do you simply throw them into the garbage? If you answered yes to our last question you’re not alone. On average, 500 thousand tonnes of textiles and leather are dumped into landfills each year in Australia alone. 30 per cent of Australians threw away more than 10 items of clothing in the scope of 2017. This means at least 72.39 million garments were thrown out by this portion of Australians in one year. Now, you can worry… With

Fashion becoming faster and faster each year more and more textiles are wasting away in landfills when they could have been recycled and reused. Not surprisingly us Millennials are the worst offenders when it comes to tossing out clothes, oops! This problem is worse the younger the consumer, with approximately 40 per cent of us buying half of our wardrobe in the last 12 months. We shouldn’t be putting the blame strictly on ourselves as most of us are a product of our environment in this respect. We learn from what’s taught to us by big fashion companies and media advertising that sets the tone and speed of what’s appropriate and for how long. This has created a culture with the need to keep up to date with the latest fashion trends. This shows as we are two times more likely

than baby boomers to throw away clothing due to changing fashion or believing we have overworn them. Although, just because this may be true doesn’t mean we should stripe ourselves of our responsibilities to dispose of our textiles considerately. In fact, we should change the way we go about our shopping. We need to give thought to what we are buying, from whom and how sustainable it is. For us to be a little bit more mindful of our purchases and textile disposal, it will be a small push in making a big change in our environment and fashion culture.


FASHION

ALTERNATIVE OPTIONS Charity Stores

Upcycling

One of the most well-known options of textile disposal is giving these items to charity bins or stores. This is a great way to fund charities and get your textiles off your hands in a sustainable way. With this said, there are down sides to giving to charity.

Upcycling might be known as something for old ladies who love to sew, or a concept adopted by hipsters. But it is a really innovative way of revaluing old or used clothing. There are retail stores that base their identity on this concept of upcycling both in location and online form.

Pros: Donating to charity will help fund the

organisation and therefore give those in need necessary help.Your clothes are getting a second chance, possibly with a family who really needs them. Also, There is usually a charity bin or store in your local area meaning it isn’t an inconvenience.

Pros: Apart from giving your textiles a second-

Cons: Charities are being over stocked due to the

Cons: Although it is a concept that is being revisited

fast turn over in fashion. They don’t sell all clothes, although some stock gets transported to other stores most of the stock that doesn’t sell will end up in landfill which is what we were trying to avoid. Also, charities don’t except clothes that are stained, torn or in bad condition. If you do include this in your donation, these clothes don’t make it to the rack but instead are put straight into the bin.

chance, upcycling is a creative way to revalue clothing and you can do this yourself. Although, buying clothing from upcycled stores almost curtainly means these revauled clothing fits with current trends. in a quirky way, it isn’t a well-known alternative. While there are a small amount of online upcycling stores, if you are more of a instore purchase person, the odds of you finding a store in your local area arent great. If you want to try this yourself you have to devote a good deal of time to the cause. Also, although this idea is great, the material that isnt used are more than likely put into the bin.


FASHION

FOR YOUR TEXTILES: Enviro-Aware Stores

Paper

Retail stores are joining the move to be more environmentally friendly. Stores such as H&M and Country Road are giving customers the option to recycle their used textiles. Some stores have more restrictions than others.

Here’s an alternative you might not have known of, your old denim and cotton rags can become paper. This option gives an everlasting environmentally friendly identity to a product that could have wasted away in a landfill.

Pros: Firstly, to entertain the selfish side of us, both

Pros: Making textiles into paper is another innovative

H&M and Country Road give out store credit as their way of saying thank you. H&M accepts textiles in any condition and from any brand. Secondly, H&M not only resells good quality garments as secondhand,they reuse others as cleaning clothes, reduces tattered ones down into fibres and recycles them into insulation, new garments, car seat stuffing and even cardboard. Wow! Although Country Road isnt as invested as H&M they are doing good by being in partnership with the Red Cross and they accept textiles in good condition but only clothing with their brand.

Cons:These stores aren’t generally located in your

local area which can make it a hassle to commit to.

way to recycle clothing. By doing this, these textiles can enter mainstream recycling once it’s turned into paper. Therefore giving these garments a second chance and second purpose.

Cons: Although its probably one of the better

solutions, what really brings this alternative down is that only a very few places practice this recycling style. Because of this, it’s hard to find information on where to donate your clothes. Even with a small amount of knowlegde, its not an option thats likely practiced in your local area or nearest town. Lastly, due to its small bussiness community only a small minority of clothes can be used in this process.


Food Waste Waste is a major issue within society and food waste is one of the biggest contributors. Humanity disposes of approximately 30% of the total food produced in the world. The food industry is large contributor to a great deal of global issues and without consuming the food that is created by it, we are causing a larger amount of waste than we initially expect. The production of food contributes to around 8% of greenhouse gas emissions, and if we cut our food waste we could reduce the amount of unnecessary ways of adding to global warming. Further the food industry spends billions of dollars on producing food through the farms, restaurants and retailers that gets wasted each year. This equates to $940 billion worth of food getting wasted globally each year. Further it contributes to deforestation which ruins habitats for animals and adds to global warming.

Section Two


Death by Food The food industry is one of the leading contributors to loss of life. It sustains the farming and killing of over 56 billion animals globally each year. This means that by wasting 30% of our food we are contributing the unnecessary death of almost 17 billion animals per year. It also uses large amounts of water which would be needed to sustain more lives in other areas. Further farms use large amounts of pesticides to try and protect their crops. However, many of these pesticides contain the dangerous chemical neonicotinoid which is a leading problem in the cause of the decline in bee populations. By killing the bees, the farmers are destroying their chances of pollinating their crops and therefore contributing to higher amounts of food waste.


Preserving Your Food Approximately two thirds of all food waste within Australia is from restaurants, retailers and homes of the general public. Throughout the world there is enough food produced annually to feed every person in the world, however because of the nature of those who have access to that food, it is prepared in a way which makes it unable to be saved for those who are unable to obtain it. However, there are ways to reduce the amount of food wasted by society. Using proper storage for foods can extend their shelf life and reduce the amount of food wasted. Further expiration dates are meant as a guideline for consumers, assuming they open and start consuming the food by the date it is brought into the retailer. By manually checking the food through look, smell and taste we can gain a better understanding of how they work and could decrease our amount of food waste.


Pump head

Hose

Spray bottle - body

“Pesticides are simply, chemicals we use to kill insects.�


Consumables

Pesticides What are they? Pesticides are simply, chemicals we use to kill insects. In fact, we have been using pesticides for thousands of years, though in the past they were mainly organic. An article written for IUPAC (International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry) it states – “The growth in synthetic pesticides accelerated in the 1940’s with the discovery of DDT.” From the 1940’s onwards, scientists have been mixing and creating new chemicals to create new pesticides. All together there are 6 types: Insecticides - insects Herbicides - plants Rodenticides - rodents (rats and mice) Bactericides - bacteria Fungicides - fungi Larvicides - larvae

Insecticide

Bactericide

Rodenticide

Herbicide

Fungicide

Lavicide


Are they dangerous? Pesticides are chemicals that allow us to protect our food, or homes and our farms from insects of all kinds. Unfortunately, though the use of pesticides has become greater over the years, to which we are relying on them. In a research article written in 2000 for EPH (Environmental Health Perspectives) it reviews the health effects of residents living near hazardous waste landfills. It writes about an ex-military base in Dauphin County, Pennsylvania contained drums of toxic chemicals including pesticides. “Residents were instructed to stop using the water. Higher rates of eye irritation, diarrhea, and sleepiness were reported by residents of households with contaminated well water than by residents of households not having contaminated water.” Another story from Siberia, states that in the 1970’s the small town of Tegul’det was used as a pesticide dump. No one quite knows how long the pesticide dump was used for, but the small town was still built. It was some time later, at first everything was fine, until the townsfolk started complaining. Things such as headaches and sickness. Slowly steps were taken it help the small village, and soon things were back to normal.

“Higher rates of eye irrtation, diarrhea, and sleepiness were reported. ” This information though, doesn’t only point to human sickness, pesticide waste also harms our animals and our flora. Written in another journal for oxford university, it writes “However, these cost figures do not reflect the indirect costs of pesticide chemical use such as human pesticide poisonings, reduction of fish and wildlife populations, livestock losses, destruction of susceptible crops and natural vegetation, honey- bee losses.” As it seems, the effects pesticide waste can have impacts on both the human body and our flora and fauna. For humans, the constant feeling of being sick is to be expected, but other illnesses such as eye irritation, diarrhea and sleepiness, brings forward the very real and large consequences that we face if we do discard of all types of pesticides properly and safely.


Consumables

“The effects pesticide waste can have impacts on both the human body and our flora and fauna.�


Ask yourself, do you know how to dispose of pesticides properly?


Consumables

What can I do?

If we take all the evidence give to us, we can see the impact pesticide waste has on us, as well as our animals and our plants. So, the next time you but some pesticides, for whatever reason it may be, please seek out your local council for the correct ways on disposing pesticides, follow all the instructions that are now printed onto labels, and if unsure, allow yourself the time to seek help and to research as much as possible.


By Rachael Camden

Plastic. A revolutionary discovery that will reduce the need for natural resources saving the environment, this pliable and easily shaped man made material can be used to create everyday items and products and will change the way that we live. This was the message and purpose of plastic when it was created in 1869. It became a popular substitute for traditional materials such as paper, glass and wood and meant that animals such as elephants were no longer poached for their ivory. It was the first time human manufacturing was not constrained by limited natural resources meaning this amazing discovery would save the environment.

The endless possibilities of plastic meant that it was being used for a variety of purposes including food preservation and packaging, cutlery, clothing and furniture increasing its production by 300%. With 50% of plastic produced being single use only the negative impacts began to increase, it can take up to 1000 years for plastic products to break down meaning that plastic waste that ends up in the environment will stay there affecting the animals that live there. This man made substance that was created to save the environment is now destroying it.

Section Three


Plastic


Plastic

By the 1960’s the positive reaction to plastic started to fall as plastic debris was being seen in the ocean. There is an estimated 268,940 tonnes of waste floating in the ocean today. Pollution from plastic bags, bottles and straws that enter the ocean are harming and killing marine life with over 267 species being affected by plastic pollution everyday from a range of different causes. Plastic bags floating in the ocean can be mistaken by many marine animals as food including sea turtles, dolphins, whales and fish and when ingested can obstruct their stomachs resulting in death, some other causes also include suffocation, starvation and entanglement. The plastic debris that is ingested by the fish will stay in their stomach and the possibility of small traces of plastic entering the human food chain is also a growing concern. Plastic doesn’t only affect the animals under the water but also above.


Seabirds can also mistake small plastic pieces for fish resulting in their death, they also bring back these plastic pieces to feed to their chicks leading to their starvation and affecting their growth and survival. Other marine animals such as crabs have also been seen using plastic products such as bottle lids in place of their shells. The increasing amount of plastic pollution in the ocean is a major threat to the animals that live there, so how long before the amount of plastic in the ocean out weighs the amount of sea life?

Cleaning up the ocean and saving the marine life should be something on everyone’s mind, today plastic is everywhere from food packaging, plastic cutlery, straws and shopping bags so saying no to plastic is harder than it sounds, when plastic is the only option available disposing of the products by recycling is the best way to reduce the possibility of it harming the ocean.


Plastic


Why Plastic? Plastic For more than 50 years the global production of plastic has continued to rise being a major part of our lives. Plastic itself is versatile, lightweight, flexible, moisture resistant, strong and inexpensive product, which highlights the consumers high demand for plastic. However, Australians on average use around 130kg of plastic each year, but only 12% is recycled. More frightening still, up to 130,000 tonnes of plastic will find its way into the ocean which leads to environmentalists drawing statistics that most of the sea life will disappear within the next 6 to 16 years. Plastic is a synthetic or natural organic material that can be shaped when soft and then hardened. The first man-made plastic was created by Alexander Parkes publicly demonstrated it at the 1862 Great International Exhibition in London. Parkesine, is an organic material derived from cellulose that, once heated, can be moulded and hold its shape when cooled.


What is in plastic Plastic is a synthetic or natural organic material that can be shaped when soft and then hardened. The first man-made plastic was created by Alexander Parkes publicly demonstrated it at the 1862 Great International Exhibition in London. Parkesine, is an organic material derived from cellulose that, once heated, can be moulded and hold its shape when cooled. 1. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE) – soft drink, juice, water, beer, mouthwash, peanut butter, salad dressing, detergent, and cleaner containers 2. DEHP-endocrine disruptor that mimics the female hormone estrogen. It has been strongly linked to asthma and allergies in children. It may cause certain types of cancer and it has been linked to negative effects on the liver, kidney, spleen, bone formation, and body weight. 3. High-density polyethylene (HDPE)-Used in opaque milk, water, and juice containers, bleach, detergent and shampoo bottles, garbage bags, yogurt and margarine tubs, and cereal box liners. Considered a safer plastic. 4. Polyvinyl chloride (V or Vinyl or PVC)-Used in toys, clear food and non-food packaging (e.g., cling wrap), some squeeze bottles, shampoo bottles, cooking oil and peanut butter jars, detergent and window cleaner bottles, shower curtains, medical tubing, and numerous construction product. Can be hazardous in consumer products 5. Low-density polyethylene (LDPE) – Used in grocery store, dry cleaning, bread and frozen food bags, most plastic wraps, and squeezable bottles 6. Polypropylene (PP) – Used in ketchup bottles, yogurt and margarine tubs, medicine and syrup bottles, straws, and Rubbermaid and other opaque plastic containers, including baby bottles. 7. Polystyrene (PS) – Used in Styrofoam containers, egg cartons, disposable cups and bowls, take-out food containers, plastic cutlery, and compact disc cases. 8. Other The four main big plastic usages 1. Take away coffee cups Coffee cups can not be recycled because these cups have a plastic lining that makes them unrecyclable. About 2.7 billion Australians use takeaway coffee cups. 2. Plastic water bottles Every year billions of plastic water bottles are used, and only 1 in 5 of bottles get recycled 3. Plastic bags A plastic bags lifespan is about 12 minutes and we as consumers in Australia use over 4 billion each year. While globally a trillion of these bags are used each year. 4. Plastic straws Australians use around 2.7 billion plastic straws a year.


Stop using Plastic


So what can we do to change? Change starts with us, it is us who has to make an impact on the environment, it is us who has to say no, and it is us who needs to help, product and preserve the environment that lives around us. Just think of everyday objects that we may use, like plastic bags, plastic straws and water bottles, we use them for a small amount of time, so what can we do to change? Here’s How? 1. Straws 2. Recycle right 3. A leaner lunch 4. Ban the bottle 5. Grow your own food/ buy fresh food that does not have plastic packaging 6. Reusable containers (tupperware) 7. Bring your own shopping bag 8. Keep your jars 9. Wrap bread in cloth and store in wooden bin 10. Beeswax wraps 11. No disposable cubs 12. Go to a farmers market 13. Make your own products (makeup, cleaning products) 14. Go to a waste free shop 15. Avoid Styrofoam 16. Metal containers/cutlery 17. Compost 18. Reusable sandwich bags


HAVOC  

A magazine all about waste. Designed by students for students.

HAVOC  

A magazine all about waste. Designed by students for students.

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