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CONTENTS PAGE

DESIGN PHILOSOPHY small

WEATHER UNDERGROUND p3

INTERNAL COURTYARDS For light, air and greenery

BIG FOOT p19 URBAN GENEROSITY

p37

CUSTOMISED FURNITURE Creation of structure for interactive modular elements

POEIMA p66

medium INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS To encourage interaction with passers-by SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL To encourage interaction within the site

large REFERENCE TO PRE-EXISITING CULTURAL FEATURES TO INTEGRATE THE PROJECT INTO THE URBAN FABRIC POROUS COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER To invite surrounding community into the site POROUS GREEN SITE To allow unstructured trajectories through a landscape

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WEATHER UNDERGROUND MELBOURNE UNIVERSITY SOUTH LAWN AND CARPARK SOUTH LAWN GALLERY My final iteration focused on developing the car park downwards to create an exhibition space, surrounded by a gallery of study zones. The west entrance is approached by a grass slope, with footbridges that crossed small pools. In creating a double-height entry hall, the base of the columns were extruded but the originals kept. Inside, huge walls of bluestone blocks mirrored the monumentality of the NGV. By making incisions into the existing grass lawn, dug-out paths and courtyards were created and framed. A glass façade fringed the periphery of the courtyard off the central axis. The porosity of the glass façade, the entrance to the gallery, is enforced by the café and the provided seating, creating a social hub.

Studio brief: To consider the historic Melbourne Uni car park, which exists underneath the South Lawn, and explore the diverse programs which could be accommodated there-within.

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MEDIUM SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


SEATING NEAR STAIRS TO ENCOURAGE INTERACTION

The precedent that I was assigned was Louis Khan. His work was characterised by strong masonry and timber elements, culminating in an architecture that has a powerful civic presence. It is also markedly geometric, and suited well to way-finding. I thought that using his poetic flights of stairs and masonry walls would be a sensitive insertion into a University campus. Surrounding the site are brick, concrete and stone buildingsthe earliest of which being Gothic buildings dating back to the 1850s. Khan uses stairs as a poetic gesture within a wide empty court, with minimal materials applied.

Salk Institute, Louis Khan

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The different pathways that cross the site’s surface all intersect at the northern entrance to the gallery. This is where I have placed seating, available to all and not just for patrons of the cafe. This is to create opportunities for interaction within the site.

STAIRS SEATING

SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE//SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL

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STAIRS SEATING

WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE// SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL

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WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE// SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL

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LARGE SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER My principal precedent for the project was Reconciliation Place in Canberra. The walkway, which creates a visual connection between the lake, Old Parliament House and New Parliament House in the background serves to deal with the problem of a different in topographical height. The response is to create a ramp, which softens the approach visually and effort-wise. The edges of the site have been dug into, to create space for a cafe and art gallery, making a porous edge from an incision into the landscape which exposes a cavity underneath.

reconciliation place,

Architects

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Simon Kringas


COMMERCIAL PROGRAM TO ACTIVATE SITE’S

PERIMETER

SOUTH LAWN CAFE A glass façade fringed the periphery of the courtyard off the central axis. The porosity of the glass façade, the entrance to the gallery, is enforced by the café and the provided seating, creating a social hub.

ZONE FOR COMMERCIAL RETAIL

COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S

PERIMETER

WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE//COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S

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PERIMETER


REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE

My principal precedent was the NGV International, which used blue stone in its facade and created as a feature a huge archway.

ngv international, roy grounds.

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LAWN GALLERY COMMERCIAL PROGRAM TO ACTIVATE SITE’S SOUTH PERIMETER The west entrance is approached by a grass slope, with footbridges that crossed small pools. In creating a double-height entry hall, the base of the columns were extruded but the originals kept. Inside, huge walls of bluestone blocks mirrored the monumentality of the NGV. I decided to re-use the current columns, as well as creating a facade to act as the entrance hall, for a curtain wall to be inset within.The blue stone is a reference to the old buildings in the CPD, such as the Melbourne Gaol. ZONE FOR COMMERCIAL RETAIL

REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE//REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE

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ART GALLERY, WEST ENTRANCE By making incisions into the existing grass lawn, dug-out paths and courtyards were created and framed. The descent to the gallery is gently, and creates an opportunity for students and staff to enjoy cool respite underneath trees on the lawn. The pools of water also add to the tranquility, and reflect the arches that characterise the facade.

WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE//REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE

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POROUS LANDSCAPE TO ALLOW UNOBSTRUCTED TRAJECTORIES THROUGH A LANDSCAPED SITE The porosity of Reconciliation Place lies in it’s incision into, rather than construction out of, the landscape. This allows the architects to make do without walls or stairs, and therefore access to the site cannot be limited- it is always open to the public.

WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE

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TOTAL ASCENSION DURING TRAVERSE OF SITE, WITHIN THE FLIGHTS OF STAIRS AND RAMP.

Within the topography of the site, there are no fences or doorways in walls through which to pass. The gradual incline of the ramp from south to north, and east to west, allow a gentle traversing of the site. The stairs at any one time do not pass a single flight, a shallowness to the site which allows visual connections to be preserved to the entrance.

STAIRCASES WITHIN THE SITE

In this diragram are shown the stairs that act as as gateways to the site. They do not number more than 1 flight on all sides except for the west wide, allowing views down from the others into the cafe entrance. On the west side, there is nevertheless an increased visual connection to the centre created by the incision into original level of the site.

POROUS LANDSCAPE WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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North to South ramp acting as entrance from Grattan Street. By making incisions into the existing grass lawn, dug-out paths and courtyards were created and framed.

WEATHER UNDERGROUND//LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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BIG FOOT FOOTSCRAY MARKET AND ROOFTOP

URBAN PLAYGROUND My project consisted of two parts- the development of the market itself at ground-level, whose access was opened up by a porous timber facade that allowed access to a double height gallery behind. In this gallery, there is a ramp upwards that leads to galleries and the stairwell to the roof- the ramp is fringed by inbuilt seating. On the rooftop, there is a huge permanent frame structure that is a public park- the frame components within this can be re-arranged to suit events- outdoor movies, children’s climbing frame. There are also climbing walls, and seats. Retail includes a cinema, as well as a café and restaurant. The flexibility of the frame was also a nod to Archigram’s diverse and moveable programs, whose non-permanent philosophy was an asset to a community with a changing demographic over time.

Studio Brief: To consider the changing demographic of Footscray and diverse minorities that live there. In appraising the rooftop of the Footscray Markets, what opportunities lie there to create a site for interaction and community?

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SMALL SCALE GENEROSITY

WEATHER UNDERGROUND


CUSTOMISED FURNITURE CREATION OF

STRUCTURE FOR INTERACTIVE MODULAR ELEMENTS

In a post-war Britain, there was a movement by younger architects to address the climate of uncertainty over technological innovation’s envisioned impact on the workforce, answering it with utopian visions of a new world. The automatisation of factories, closure of businesses and redundancy of workers put a new emphasis on the common person and new recreational and educational needs, the problem being- as stated the Labour Party in 1959- ‘leisure and how to use it.’ Cedric Price and Joan Littlewood’s Fun Palace, conceived in 1962, was designed to address the increasingly blurred line between work and leisure as a result of the absence of the ‘drudgery’ of work. They proposed a scaffolding structure that could be continuously re-assembled by overhead cranes, and kitted out with pre-fabricated units that could provide entertainment in the form of anything from theatres to fun-fairs. It would be pre-programmed by algorithmic functions, with the help of cybernetics expert Gordon Pask. As a ‘socially interactive machine’ it was ‘highly adaptable to the sifting cultural and social conditions of its time and place,’ and in Price’s words, ‘a foretaste of the pleasures of the future.’ The Pompidou Centre is also a megastructure, whose internal walls can be manoevered in response to different exhbitiions. Fun Palace Cedric Price

Georges Pompidou Centre Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers

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Standardised scaffolding is used, where 50cm sections can be assembled into a variety of seating options.

Makeshift walls can be erected to create subdivisions within the main, central frame. This allows multiple events to occur within different zones of the rooftop.

CUSTOMISED FURNITURE big foot// small scale//customised furniture

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Seating can be staggered and mounted to create stands for pop-up concerts, outdoor cinemas or local community events.

Subdivision seating can be created for food festivals, or other events that require mass seating.

big foot// small scale//customised furniture

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MEDIUM SCALE GENEROSITY BIG FOOT

Harpa Concert Hall Hennging Larsen Architects


SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL TO ENCOURAGE INTERACTION WITHIN THE SITE

The use of staggered seating along central thoroughfares allows the mingling of sitters with passers-by, and the opportunity for people to converge at the intersections of paths. The Harpa Concert Hall is characterised by a huge lobby at it’s entrance. The space is cut by a large ramp, which affords multiple opportunities to rest in the form of break-out zoned platforms as seating. House 8 features apartments, whose patios are found off the axis of movement through the site. This encourages interaction with passers-by and neighbors, in particular.

Harpa Concert Hall, Reykjavik Henning Larsen Architects Batteríið,Ólafur Elíasson facade design

House 8 Bjark Ingels

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STAIRS SEATING

This diagram shows the principle trajectory of visitors in their access to the rooftop. By placing stairs along here, shoppers can pause and interact with one another. The top tier of stairs could also be used for public presentations.

FOOTSCRAY MARKET SOUTHERN ENTRANCE By the demolishing of the front of the market, a new permeable zone is created facing the train station. Whereas the market was originally crowded and lacking natural light, this gesture allows scope for resting from shopping activities, and a place-making zone in which to meet friends. There is also the added advantage of borrowed greenery from the rooftop jungle, and an abundance of light from the glass cieling,

SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL BIG FOOT// MEDIUM SCALE// PATHS OF TRAVEL

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USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

New York High Line

BIG FOOT// MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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OUTDOOR CINEMA

SEATING FOR FOOD FESTIVALS COMMERCIAL CINEMA CAFE AND BAR

ROCK CLIMBING FACILTIES

BIG FOOT// MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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On the rooftop, there is a huge permanent frame structure that is a public park- the frame components within this can be re-arranged to suit events- outdoor movies, children’s climbing frame. The external frame is a megastructure that forms a skin for the modular components that can be flexibly fitted in.

BIG FOOT// MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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LARGE SCALE GENEROSITY BIG FOOT


COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER TO INVITE SURROUNDING COMMUNITY INTO THE SITE

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The southern entrance to the site is a porous timber slatted facade. The breezeway can be kept open at night, allowing continued access to the rooftop. By allowing there to be a permeability to the facade, other users are encouraged to enter the site and not just shoppers.

BIG FOOT// LARGE SCALE// COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER

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POROUS LANDSCAPE TO ALLOW UNOBSTRUCTED TRAJECTORIES THROUGH A LANDSCAPED SITE

The use of staggered seating along central thoroughfares allows the mingling of sitters with passers-by, and the opportunity for people to converge at the intersections of paths. Bjark Ingels Harper Concert Hall

MFO Park, Zurich Raderschall, Burckhardt + Partner


The site is permeable in that all segments of the frame can be accessed at ground level via doorways in the scaffolding. The landscaping is applied in each square with the exception of those reserved for for commerecial programs (cinema, and bar and restaurant), as well as the squaree for stand seating and the modular kiosk area.

Space reserved for planting shrubs and grasses in the creation of a park. Aerial view of Market

POROUS LANDSCAPE BIG FOOT// LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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The landscaping on the rooftop is composed of pebbles and stone flagstones as pathways, fringed by an abundance of native plants and grasses.

BIG FOOT// LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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URBAN GENEROSITY OLD BUS DEPOT ON NICHOLSON ST, NORTH FITZROY SAWTOOTH HABITAT This project is strongly grounded in its local context, taking inspiration from its heritage background rooted in an industrial zone. The project aims to extend the green respite offered to the site’s inhabitants to the surrounding North Fitzroy community. The façade is made porous by the program- the ground storey of double doors invites interaction to the shared amenities such as bike repair, café and retail services. The units, which number 6 typologies, provide living for families and couples as well as. singles. The incorporation of private and shared courtyards is an effort to integrate nature and ‘biophilia’ into the lives of the inhabitants. Shared rooftop spaces also encourage interaction between neighbors, providing a site abundant in green communal spaces.

Studio Brief: The purpose was to re-inject individualism and greenery into the concept of a medium-density development, considered lacking in Melbourne’s recent history. The site should accomodate at least 800 people, and provisions made for several different demographics. The design response should be led by the principles of generosity, porosity, and nature correctedness.

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SMALL SCALE GENEROSITY

WEATHER UNDERGROUND


INTERNAL COURTYARDS TO CREATE SHARED OUTDOOR SOCIAL ZONES

In Memo House, the courtyard slopes down to meet the living room. Glass walls make use of this borrowed greenery, which can be seen on 3 sides of the atrium. The natural light let in is also significant. In the Diamond beach house, Operable screens allow the unit to be closed off to the outside. When open, they allow glimpses of the internal courtyard. The open plan of the house ‘s main living areas allows access from one end to the other. Operable screens also adapt certain areas to the season. In warmer times, rooms can be expanded out into the courtyard.

Memo House, BAM! Arquitectura, Argentina. Diamond Beach House, Bourne Blue


UNIT A PLAN 1:200

DECK AREA GARDEN AREA

This unit took inspiration from Diamon Beach House in creating a deck that unifies the rooms. Bifolding doors can be left open for ventilation. There is a garden in the centre of the deck, which can be seen from all rooms. The house can also be sealed during the winter, through the corridors that connect the sleeping zones to the main functions of the house.

INTERNAL COURTYARDS URBAN GENEROSITY/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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UNIT G PLAN 1:100

DECK AREA GARDEN AREA

The units can share views onto a small balcony, which would have enough soil for a small garden and even a tree. The bifold shutters are located at different places along the wall, so that the nature can partially obscure vision of one’s neighbor. The balcony, however, is for

UNIT E PLAN 1:100

URBAN GENEROSITY/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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UNIT B PLAN 1:100

DECK AREA GARDEN AREA

Inspired by Memo house, the garden is designed to feel like it is running right into the living room. Given the lay-out, nature is visible from most rooms.

URBAN GENEROSITY/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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GROUND FLOOR, STUDENT COURTYARD, 1:400 DECK AREA GARDEN AREA

The ground floor rooms open up onto an internal courtyard, which is surrounded by decking. The rooms are self-contained, however share access to a communal bathroom and kitchen area.

URBAN GENEROSITY/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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1ST

FLOOR, STUDENT COURTYARD, 1:400

DECK AREA GARDEN AREA

Via the two stairways,students have access to the rooftops.The boardwalk is lined with shrubs and interspersed with small trees for shade. Decking covers half of the pitched roofs, providing alcoves for gathering.

URBAN GENEROSITY/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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MEDIUM SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS TO ENCOURAGE INTERACTION WITH PASSERS-BY

The opportunities for bifolding windows are encouragement of cross a thermally

interaction afforded by created by the feature’s ventilation, rather than sealed house.

This allows for passive cooling, and fresh air. The natural feel of the timber is also a refreshing element in an urban context.

MOONLIGHT CABIN, JCB ARCHITECTS

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PERMEABLE SCREEN IN BI FOLDING WINDOW

The front of Unit A, as it faces onto the internal street, is designed with low seating and bi-folding windows and shutters. The residents can control the degree of privacy through the shutters, however when open afford opportunities to be level with passers-by. This is a gesture of generosity to passers-by, to allow an insight into private space within the home.

SEATING PERMEABLE WINOWS

SOCIAL ZONE

URBAN GENEROSITY/ MEDIUM SCALE// INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS

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PERMEABLE FABRIC OF THE UNITS

Taking inspiration from Fitzroy student houses, there is seating (couches) outside of the units facing the internal street. Students can choose their level of autonomy from passers-by with the use of the permeable shutters, however they can also be folded back to allow complete transparency. SEATING

The communal facilities on the corner also encourage interaction with neighboring student complexes.

PERMEABLE WINOWS

URBAN GENEROSITY/ MEDIUM SCALE// INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS

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Grounding it in the local context, students are free to populate the street with couches. This is seen on near-by Canning Street, where students gather in the middle of the street and on their porches in the evenings.

To Scotchmere Street

Internal street

STUDENT STREET 1:200

Internal street


Units C FloorPlan 1:400 SEATING PERMEABLE WINOWS

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USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS TO CREATE SHARED OUTDOOR SOCIAL ZONES

Courtyards are used in traditiona Iranian homes as a way of creating privacy for a family. However, they are also used to create a shaded environment which rooms can expand out onto by the opening of screens.

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ROOFTOP GARDEN 1:100

USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS URBAN GENEROSITY/ MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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URBAN GENEROSITY/ MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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LARGE SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE TO INTEGRATE THE PROJECT INTO THE URBAN FABRIC

The use of staggered seating along central thoroughfares allows the mingling of sitters with passers-by, and the opportunity for people to converge at the intersections of paths. Bjark Ingels Harper Concert Hall

Copenhagen Centre for Cancer and Health Nord Architects Copenhagen Centre for Cancer and Health Nord Architects


CANNING LANE ELEVATION small sawtooth line

NICHOLSON STREET ELEVATION medium sawtooth line

SCOTCHMERE STREET ELEVATION large sawtooth line

This project is strongly grounded in its local context, taking inspiration from its heritage background rooted in an industrial zone. The sawtooth factory roof-line provides a framework for the arrangement of the units in elevation, creating a theatrical ondulated edge condition.

URBAN GENEROSITY/ LARGE SCALE// REFERENCE TO SITE’S HERITAGE

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COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER TO INVITE SURROUNDING COMMUNITY INTO THE SITE


N I C H OL SON ST

UP

UP

Scotchmer Street Entrance UP

UP

UP

COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER URBAN GENEROSITY/ LARGE SCALE// COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER

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UP

STUDENT CONNECTION TO SERVICES 1:400

UP

UP UP

SCOTC

URBAN GENEROSITY/ LARGE SCALE// COMMERCIAL PROGRAM AT SITE’S PERIMETER

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HME


POROUS LANDSCAPE TO ALLOW UNOBSTRUCTED TRAJECTORIES THROUGH A LANDSCAPED SITE


GATED ENTRANCES TO THE SITE ENTRANCES TO THE SITE

URBAN GENEROSITY/ LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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URBAN GENEROSITY/ LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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POEIMA UTOPIAN PROJECT IN A FUTURE CLIMATE CHARACTERISED BY HEAT AND HARSH SUN.

ZIGGURAT This project is predicated upon the notion of a hierarchy of courtyards, which exist at both a private as well as a public scale.The courtyards connect single houses into units, units into streets and neighborhoods, and finish by creating a focal point for neighborhoods which unit them as precincts. At a city level, a huge courtyard forms the centre of the community, from which grow adjacenent courtyardsforming shopping souks- and which connect to residential areas by way of the covered walkways. INBUILT FURNITURE IS AN ANSWER TO HOUSING THAT SEES MULTIPLE TENANTS PASS THROUGH, DUE TO THE LACK OF A NEED TO SOURCE ITEMS SUCH AS TABLES AND BED FRAMES. THIS ALSO MINIMISES WASTAGE AT A TENANT CHANGE-OVER. THE SPACE CAN BE PEROSALISED WITH FITTINGS AS WELL AS TEXTILES, WHICH SERVE AS DECORATION.

USE OF CONCRETE TO IN-BUILD ALL FURNITURE INBUILT FURNITURE IS AN ANSWER TO HOUSING THAT SEES MULTIPLE TENANTS PASS THROUGH, DUE TO THE LACK OF A NEED TO SOURCE ITEMS SUCH AS TABLES AND BED FRAMES. THIS ALSO MINIMISES WASTAGE AT A TENANT CHANGE-OVER. THE SPACE CAN BE PEROSALISED WITH FITTINGS AS WELL AS TEXTILES, WHICH SERVE AS DECORATION. Seating is provided, as are bedSBOTH ITEMS DOUBLE AS STORAGE, WHICH SAVES SPACE WITHIN THE ROOM. tHEY ARE MODELLED OFF IRANIAN COURTYARD HOUSING, WHOSE RAISED PLINTHS ALLOWED FOR MATTRESSES TO BE TRANSPORTED TO WHICHEVER ROOM WAS MOST FAVOURABLE

MINIMALIST MATERIAL USE

WALLS AS STORAGE

THIS EMPHASISES THE PLAY OF NATURAL LIGHT AND SURFACE PATTERNATION, RATHER THAN EYES TO BE SUBMITTED TO THE DISTRACTION OF MULTIPLE TYPES OF CLADDING. THE SCREENS ADD AN EPHEMERAL QUALITY TO THE LIGHT AND SERVE TO MAKE THE CONCRETE LESS SEVERE.

THE USE OF THICK WALLS ALLOWS FOR LITTTLE NICHES TO BE CREATED, WHICH CAN ACT AS SHELVING OR MANTELS FOR DECORATION.

THE TIMBER AND THE CONCRETE CREATE A SENSE OF ORGANICISM AND CONNECTION TO NATURAL MATERIALS, WHICH CONNECTS TO THE GARDENS DOTTED AROUND THE COMMUNITY.

Studio brief: To consider the future of sustainable housing.

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THE DOUBLE WALL CREATES STORAGE SPACE, AND TIMBER INFIL ALLOWS FOR A FLEXIBLE PROGRAMING OF THIS SPACE. ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE TENANTS, SHELVING CAN BE REARRANGED.

COPPER SCREENS AS SHADING AND LANTERNS THE COPPER SCREENS ACT AS SHADING, AS WELL AS SAFETY BALUSTRADES ON THE ROOFTOP PATIOS- THEY EXTEND UPWARDS FROM THE FACADE WALLS. THEY CONTRAST WITH THE HEAVINESS OF THE CAST CONCRETE, AND ALLOW LIGHT TO FILTER DOWN INTO COURTYARDS IN A PICTURESQUE EFFECT. AT NIGHT TIME, THEY ALLOW LIGHT TO ILUMINATE PUBLIC GALLEYWALLS AND STAIRWELS, WHILST SIMULTANEOUSLY PROVIDING ADEQUATE PRIVACY.


SMALL SCALE GENEROSITY

WEATHER UNDERGROUND


INTERNAL COURTYARDS FOR LIGHT, AIR AND GREENERY

Many civilisations have adopted the courtyard model,particularly those with hot climates. In THE SHIHEYUAN TARDITION AS WELL AS THE ISRAELI AND MIDDLE EASTERN COURTYRADS, HIGH WALLS SEPARATE CENTRAL AXES OF CIRCULATION ROM PRIVATE DOMAINS. THE URBAN LAYOUT FOLLOWS THE PRINCIPLE OF ALLOWING SKYLIGHTS TO ILLUMINATE GALLWYWAYS UNDERNEATH.

New Gourna, Egypt Hassan Fathy

Traditional Egyptian courtyard

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DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH HDH

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH DHDHDHDHDHDH

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// INTERNAL COURTYARDS

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CUSTOMISED FURNITURE CREATION OF

STRUCTURE FOR INTERACTIVE MODULAR ELEMENTS

Juliaan Lampens has inbuilt most of the furniture into the house, whether in timber or in concrete. The house recieves adequate illumination by daylight through clerestorey windows, which have a green outlook onto a surrounding treescape, as well as large skylights. The units’ walls are inhabitable, where walls merge into shelves, seating and benches and reduce the furniture needed by the inhabitants. This humanistic and egalitarian approach embodies the premise of minimalism and degrowth in reducing the consumerist drive that guides us at present.

Van Wassenhove, Brussels Juliaan Lampens

PALOA ROCHA DE LA MENDEZ


UNIT A

INBUILT FURNITURE IN CONCRETE

Seating is provided, as are bedS- BOTH ITEMS DOUBLE AS STORAGE, WHICH SAVES SPACE WITHIN THE ROOM. tHEY ARE MODELLED OFF IRANIAN COURTYARD HOUSING, WHOSE RAISED PLINTHS ALLOWED FOR MATTRESSES TO BE TRANSPORTED TO WHICHEVER ROOM WAS MOST FAVOURABLE ACCORDING TO THE SEASON.

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// CUSTOMISED FURNITURE

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INBUILT RECESSIONS IN CONCRETE

WALLS AS STORAGE THE USE OF THICK WALLS ALLOWS FOR LITTTLE NICHES TO BE CREATED, WHICH CAN ACT AS SHELVING OR MANTELS FOR DECORATION. THE DOUBLE WALL CREATES STORAGE SPACE, AND TIMBER INFIL ALLOWS FOR A FLEXIBLE PROGRAMING OF THIS SPACE. ACCORDING TO THE NEEDS OF THE TENANTS, SHELVING CAN BE REARRANGED.

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// CUSTOMISED FURNITURE

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CUSTOMISEABLE TIMBER SHLEVING

CUSTOMISEABLE TIMBER SHLEVING TO ADJUST WITHIN THE RECESSIONS IN THE CONCRETE. ALSO, TIMBER SERVES AS SEATING ON TOP OF THE HOLLOW CONCRETE BENCHES.

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// CUSTOMISED FURNITURE

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UNIT B

INBUILT RECESSIONS IN CONCRETE

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// CUSTOMISED FURNITURE

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UNIT C

INBUILT RECESSIONS IN CONCRETE FOR STORAGE

POEIMA/ SMALL SCALE// CUSTOMISED FURNITURE

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MEDIUM SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS TO ENCOURAGE INTERACTION WITH PASSERS-BY

Architecture that is built for hot and humid climates, such as Bijoy Jahn in India with Studio Mumbai, makes use of natural passive ventilation and permeable building membranes. Here you see timber louvres. Metal screens are a technique used for privacy, taking the place of traditional wooden screens. SLiding doors, bi-folding doors and louvres all allow the removal of obstacles between residents and passers-by. The placement of seating near windows will allow for neighbors to be aware of eachother’s talking and laughing as they interact with eachother, at the same time as allowing a proximity to nature as found outside most of the units’ windows.

Bijoy Jahn; Middle eastern screen, iranian scree (own photo), unknown.

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UNIT A The unit has a central courtyard. As it a family unit, there is potential for much interaction between children of the families between houses, accross the main thoroughfare. Interaction can occur with the unit above (as seen blocked in grey); between rooms within the same unit accross the courtyard; as well as with passers-by going past the house.

SEATING PERMEABLE FABRIC OF WALLS

POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS

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UNIT B UNIT B has a central green courtyard, which can be integrated into the house via the bifolding metal doors.

The lounge space of Unit B is passed by residents going from one courtyard to another.

SEATING PERMEABLE FABRIC OF WALLS

POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS

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UNIT C Unit C has a side of the house comrpised almost exclusively of timber shutters. This side faces onto greenery from the roof below it, allowing constant privacy. It faces onto a shared patio with two other units, being ideal for students.

SEATING PERMEABLE FABRIC OF WALLS

POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// INTERNAL SEATING NEAR PERMEABLE WALLS

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SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL TO ENCOURAGE INTERACTION WITHIN THE SITE

In many middle eastern precedents, as well as medieval European precedents, flights of stairs ascend from private courtyards into houses, or from covered alleyways into the courtyards. This is a meeting spot, as well as the beginning and end of internal streets for the purpose of way-finding. Flights of stairs connect visually to lengthly pedestrian streets climbing vertically -inspired by old Jewish alleyways- and steps can be the site of repose as one steps up from a courtyard to a house, or down from a shaded collonade into a public courtyard. In Indian water wells,staies feature as seating for the many who come to wash clothes and bathe in the wells. There is also a beautiful poetry in their symmetry.


This is a meeting spot, as well as the beginning and end of internal streets for the purpose of way-finding. Flights of stairs connect visually to the rooftops, from the ground level. The patio at the top of the light well is the entrance to 4 homes, and therefore a social zone for those inhabitants.

POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// SEATING NEAR PATHS OF TRAVEL

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USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS TO CREATE SHARED OUTDOOR SOCIAL ZONES

The Iranian courtyard houses, as those found in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Iran, all lie in hot-arid zones where the diurnal temperture is significant. Walls of high thermal mass are therefore used. Houses are often oriented along the north-eastern axis, or south-eastern. ‘Pastoo’corner rooms have few openings, warm in winter. A central courtyard is bordered by collonaded galleries (‘tarme’or ‘talar’), or long sash-window rooms (‘otagh orsi’). The main family rooms are often found on the northern and southern sides of central courtyards. In Iraq, the south-eastern side features an open social zone that lies above a ‘sardab,’ a cool basement for the afternoon siesta.


green courtyards for residences

USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

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HIERARCHY OF COURTYARDS THROUIGHOUT THE UTOPIA THE COURTYARDS HAVE DIFFERENT PROGRAMS TO THEM. THE ONES NEAR THE SHOPPING SOUKS ARE FLAT AND ALLOW FOR GATHERING OF MANY PEOPLE. COURTYARDS LINED BY PATIOS ALLOW FOR SOCIALISING AND SEATING, HOWEVER THE GREENWAYS CONNECTING THE PATIOS ALLOW FOR PEACEFUL GREEN PROSPECTS FROM THE CROWDED COURTYARDS.

IRANIAN OCTAGONAL CARAVANSERAI, AS A CIVIC MODEL A CENTRAL FEATURE OF THE CONNECTIONS FORMED BY INTERSECTING PATHS IS THE IRANIAN OCTAGON, WHICH TRADITIONALLY DIRECTED THE LAYOUT OF CARAVENSERAI ALONG TRADE ROUTES. THIS IS A MEETING SPOT, AS WELL AS THE BEGINNING AND END OF INTERNAL STREETS FOR THE PURPOSE OF WAY-FINDING.

green courtyards for residences POEIMA/ MEDIUM SCALE// USE OF THE ROOFTOP AND COURTYARDS

89


LARGE SCALE GENEROSITY WEATHER UNDERGROUND


POROUS LANDSCAPE TO ALLOW UNOBSTRUCTED TRAJECTORIES THROUGH A LANDSCAPED SITE


POEIMA/ LARGE SCALE// POROUS LANDSCAPE

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Undergraduate Thesis_Portfolio  

Scales of Generosity: a curated summary of work that demonstrates my architectural ethos pursued throughout the degree, as identified in a r...

Undergraduate Thesis_Portfolio  

Scales of Generosity: a curated summary of work that demonstrates my architectural ethos pursued throughout the degree, as identified in a r...

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