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SARAH CHAN Student No: 641728

Semester 2/2013

Group 5



The umbrella was meausred using a small tape measurer. The scale used is 1:10, where 1 cm represents 10 cm on paper, as depicted in the drawings. The umbrella was open to its fullest before it was measured and drawn in order for it to be as accurate as possible.


The section drawing displays the umbrella’s inside structure as well as its exterior.

The red dotted lines represents the appearance of the umbrella when closed.


860 55 110

580 395


Scale 1:10









UMBRELLA SKETCHES These sketches are of an umbrella, also known as a Japanese parasol. It is made up of wood and string, giving it an interesting structure when the umbrella is open. In this perspective, where the umbrella is open to its fullest, the configuration between the pink string and the wood that creates the structure seems very complicated and a pattern of repetition can be observed.

The sketch above shows there is a stopper on the top, where the umbrella can stay open the whole time. Looking up from this perspective also gives another unique appearance, where the wooden bars look like they are overlapping. The handle of the umbrella has a curved shape, which fits nicely with our grip and hold of our hand. The umbrella is wider than it is longer, where its width is 86 cm and its height is 58 cm.




These images of the umbrella were modelled using the program ‘Rhinoceros 5.0’ in a three dimensional manner.


Using the revolve command, I was able to draw an outline of half of the umbrella and rotate it 360 degrees, giving the umbrella its three dimensional appearance.

DEVELOPMENTAL MODEL Seeking inspiration from the movement of the umbrella, I was able to design a bone structure that incorporated a similar action to the umbrella. Using cardboard strips for the bone structure and split pins, I was able to use this as my foundation to represent the ‘bone’ element and its mobility.

My initial ideas for the model came through my sketches and brainstorming. By including the umbrella’s mobility aspect, I was able to come up with the idea of using a bird. The body was built using pieces of cardboard that were placed on top of one another creating layers.

The skeleton part of the model, which is represented by the bones of the structure, can be rotated at its joints. The main branches coming out from the body are located in a diffrerent layer to have an overlapping effect.


The bones of the wings were covered in feathers, representing its ‘skin’. As seen in the image of the model’s top view, the wings can extend to its full potential. The image below it presents its structure with the feathers on top.



Although the skin used on the model is not a material stretched over the bones, skin can be represented by a layer that covers it.




This design was inspired by not only the umbrella, but also from the nature of a male peascock’s tail.

I have made this design to have the ability to close up, similarly to a peacock when it does not want its colourful feathers to be in view.

It is eye catching for the viewers because of its size and its curved feature. This design can portray a confident person who does not mind their personal space to be intruded by strangers.

This way, the individual has a choice to have it open or closed like the umbrella.

The design is attention seeking, therefore the individual should feel secure and more accepting.


FRONT This design has branches that come out from the sides of the body and shoots outwards. The branched appearance is inspired by the umbrella where it is held up by many thinner sticks, The design crosses over the front and the back of the body which represents the idea of security. This representation is enhanced by the three dimensional triangular shapes.

BACK The side arms are bear because an individuall can feel more welcoming when approached on their side rather than in front of them. There is no skin covering the bne structure, only triangular shapes.




Inspired by the model of a bird, I designed a pair of wings that will have the same mobility as the model. Where the wings can slide up and down.

The wings are situated on the back of the individual, where they flare out to the side, will attract people to their sides instead of the front.

The bone structure has a skin layer stretched over it with shapes cut out of it.

Personal space is not so much of an issue because the wings of this design has a representation of confidence and attention seeking.

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