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Fish ID Project

Auburn High School, Aqua Science, Coach Arington By: Sarah Hemmer


Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 1

Common Name: Goldfish Scientific Name: Carassius auratus auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae 

Geography / Habitat: The Goldfish is a freshwater fish in the family Cyprinidae of order Cyprinitformes. It was one of the earlierst fish to be domesticated and is one of the most commonly kept aquarium fish.

Life Strategy: The life strategy of a goldfish is to live and reproduce.

Food / Feed Strategy: Goldfish normally eat goldfish flakes. They suck them in through their mouth.


Body Form or Style: The body shape of a goldfish is oval and sort of longer. The mouth of the goldfish forms to a ´point that is rounded off.

Swim / Locomotion Style: The goldfish uses his tail to swim back and forth in the fish tank. Moving its tail from side to side makes the goldfish able to move. They also use their side fins to swim.

Mouth Position: The mouth of the goldfish is located at the front of its face, in the middle. Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goldfish

Title: Fresh Water Fish

Species #: 2

Common Name: Angelfish Scientific Name: Pterophyllum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Cichlidae 

Geography / Habitat: The Pterophyllum, also known as Angelfish is a freshwater fish that is from the family Cichlidae. All angelfish species originate from the Amazon River, Orinoco River and Essequibo River basins in tropical South America.

Life Strategy: The life Strategy of an Angelfish, also known as Pterophyllum is to live and reproduce. Angelfish are ambush predators and prey on small fish and macroinvertebrates. All Pterophyllum species form monogamous pairs. Eggs are generally laid on a submerged log or a flattened leaf. As is the case for other cichlids, brood care is highly developed.


Food / Feed Strategy: The Angelfish normally eat flakes for tropical fresh water fish.

Body Form or Style: The three species of Pterophyllum are unusually shaped for cichlids being greatly laterally compressed, with round bodies and elongated triangular dorsal and anal fins. This body shape allows them to hide among roots and plants, often on a vertical surface. Naturally occurring angelfish are frequently striped longitudinally, colouration which provides additional camouflage.

Swim / Locomotion Style: Angelfish normally swim slow and always in between plants.

Mouth Position: The mouth of an angelfish is positioned on the front of their face. It forms a point. Their mouths are not very big. Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pterophyllum Title: Freshhwater Fish Species #: 3 Common Name: Cardinal Tetra Scientific Name: Paracheirodom axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Paracheirodom

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae 

Geography / Habitat: these fish prefer slow moving, middle layer water in shoals. They prefer slightly acidic pH of 5.8 and a temperature of 24 degrees Celcius. Cardinal tetras do not migrate and are generally found in open water. Cardinal tetras are small fish; males grow to about 2.5 cm in length in the wilt but can attain lengths of 5 cm in an aquarium.

Life Strategy: Eggs hatch within 24-30 hours of fertilization. Females can release their eggs during the rainy season. The eggs become fertilized by the sperm of males in close proximity. Mating takes place at twilight during the rainy season.


Food / Feed Strategy: This fish eats very small crutstaceans, mesocauna, eggs, algae, detritus ad some other types of prey.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz,umich.edu/site/index.html

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 4

Common Name: Red Fire Guppy Scientific Name: Poecilia Reticulata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Poecilia

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Poecilidae 

Geography / Habitat: The Red Fire Guppy is a very calm and peaceful fish and should be housed with freshwater tank mates of similar temperament.

Life Strategy: The male guppy is smaller in size then the female. Males have brighter coloration and females have a duller coloration. Females also dent to be more aggressive then the male red Fire Guppy.


Food / Feed Strategy: The Red Fire Guppy is omnivores and requires both algae based foods as well as meaty foods. An algae based flake food, along with freeze dries bloodworms and brine shrimp will provide guppies with the proper nutrition.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 5

Common Name: Madagascan Rainbow Scientific Name: Bedotia gaegi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Bedotia

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Atheriniformes

Family: Bedotiidae 

Geography / Habitat: This fish was found and identified in 1907 and is a member of the Silverside group. Rainbow fish are known for their characteristic large eyes, black or silver band, which runs through the middle scales row of their body. They have a deeply forked mouth and two dorsal fins.


Life Strategy: The peaceful fish is a schooling fish that should be housed in a planted aquarium with plenty of room to swim as they are very active. Madagascan Rainbow fish do best with gravel in their tank.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Madagascan Rainbow Fish have a large mouth, but their throat tends to be very narrow. With this mind, foods should not be to large for your fish. A good diet for these fish should consist of flakes food.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 6

Common Name: Cherry Barb Scientific Name: Puntius Titteya Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Puntius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyniformes

Family: Cyprinidae 

Geography / Habitat: Compared to other barbs this fish is more a slender fish. The main body of this fish is Silver and Black with a golden stripe that goes horizontal down his body. During the spawning, the male fish will turn a bright cherry red which also explains the name.


Life Strategy: The Cherry Barb prefers a 30 gallon tank that is well planted, with soft, slightly acidic water. You can add rocks or/and driftwood to the aquarium which will make it even more comfortable for the fish.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Cherry Barb fish eats a variety of foods. Including vegetables, and as well meaty foods. You can also feed quality flake food and as well live frozen shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater

Species #: 7

Common Name: Black Oranda Goldfish Scientific Name: Crassium Auratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Garassius

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: N/A

Family: Cyrprinidae 

Geography / Habitat: This fish is a metallic scaled fish, closely resembling the veil Tail Goldfish. This fish is one of many varieties of what is collectively known as ornamental or fancy goldfish.


Life Strategy: Breeding often results in up to 1.000 eggs with fry hatching in five to six days. They should be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg laying fish.

Food / Feed Strategy: Goldfish are omnivores and will what all types of dried and live foods. However limit protein intake. Goldfish flake of pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu

Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Dalmatian Molly Scientific Name: Poecilia Latopinna Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Poeciliformes

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Poeciliformes

Family: Poecilia 

Geography / Habitat: This fish has a black and white polka dotted botty, and is sometimes referred to as the Marbled Molly of Marbled Sailfin Molly. Mollie has the ability to adapt to a variety of salt levels in the aquarium.


Life Strategy: The Dalmatian Molly is a livebearer that requires a spawning box in a large 25 gallon tank, or a larger breeding tank. Every 60 – 70 Days the female fish will give birth to 10 – 60 young that are already approx. one half inch long.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are omnivores and require algae. Provide these fish with algae, based flake foods, as well as freeze dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp

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Body Form or Style: Depressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 9

Common Name: Clown Loach Scientific Name: Botia Macrantha Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Botia

Class: Actinpterygii

Order: Colbitiformers

Family: Cobitidae 

Geography / Habitat: Native to the waters of Indonesia, this member of the Cobitidae family appreciates caves, holes, and other hiding places amongst heavy aquarium plantings especially when it sleeps. Because the Clown Loach is native to fast moving streams, it prefers good water movement and currents.


Life Strategy: These fish are native to fast moving streams, which means it prefers to good water movement and currents in the tank. They grown to an impressive size of nearly one foot in length and should be housed in larger freshwater systems.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish should eat food such as vegetable flakes or tablets along with meaty supplements such as live frozen or freeze worms.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 10

Common Name: Ornate Bichir Scientific Name: Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Polypetus

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Polypteriformes

Family: Polypteridae 

Geography / Habitat: Ornate Bichirs are found in Africa, as well as other members of the primitive Polypteridae family. The Ornate Bichir has a unique ability to survive out of water. With a lung like paired swim bladder and gills to help breathing, the fish can spend


short periods of time on the land. Bust must soon return to its water environment for respiration purposes. 

Life Strategy: You have to be very careful choosing tank mates for the Ornate Bichir as they are very passive towards other large fish.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish consume dries bloodworms, tubifex, brine shrimp and flake or pellet food.

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Body Form or Style: Taenform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 11

Common Name: Bleeding heart Tetra Scientific Name: Hyphessobycon Erythrostigma Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae 

Geography / Habitat: Bleeding Heart Tetras are normally found in the Upper Amazon river basin, in the Rio Negro of Brazil as well as other regional rivers.


Life Strategy: Females are externally fertilized. Spawning begins with vigorous swimming among dense vegetation and is followed by mates pressing their sides together. Eggs are released after brief quiverting, then eggs attach to vegetation or fall to the bottom. Females do not respond to mating in aquariums.

Food / Feed Strategy: it is thought that their diet is similar in the wild as it is in captivity and is made up of small crustaceans, insects, zooplankton and other organic matter.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 12

Common Name: Central Stoneroller Scientific Name: Campostoma anomalum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinitiformes

Family: Cyprinidae 

Geography / Habitat: Central stonerollers are found from New York west through the Great Lakes to Wisconsin and Minnesota and South through Mississippi valley to


Mexico. The prefer to live in pools or riffles with gravel or rubber substrate in small to medium sized streams. 

Life Strategy: Depending on the stream, fish may migrate upstream, possible into small headwater streams, to find suitable spawning habitat. Females stop to lay eggs in nests occupied by larger males. Neither male nor female remain to guard the nest.

Food / Feed Strategy: The diet also consists of detritus, diatoms, inorganic material, and bluegreen algae. 95%of their diet consisted of diatoms and filamentous algae.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 13

Common Name: Long Nose Gar Scientific Name: Lepisoteus osseus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Semionotiformes

Family: Lepisosteidae 

Geography / Habitat: Gars are found in the eastern part of the United States. They can be found along the eastern seaboard from the Delaware River, N.J. to central Florida and


in the upper Midwest in the St. Lawrence River. They live in a variety of low land habitats, preferring sluggish areas of larger rivers, lakes, reservoirs and estuaries.  

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs in the spring and summer. In rivers, longnose gars make upstream spawning runs during the spring period of high water, then move downstream into larger pools. They have also been spawning in open, wind-exposed areas over rocks as well as gravelly, weedy sites. They provide no parental care

Food / Feed Strategy: Gars are active night feeders and much of the feeding is surface-oriented. They eat eggs, insects, and fish such as: shads, silversides, and catfish.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 14

Common Name: Widemouth Blindcat Scientific Name: Satan Eurystomus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae 

Geography / Habitat: This fish is from the Edwards Aquifer in Bexar Country near San Antonio, Texas. Widemouth Blindcats live in the fresh water.


Life Strategy: Spawning season usually caries by habitat, parental care has been seen although it varies among species and sexes.

Food / Feed Strategy: Widemouth Blindcats are carnivores and detririvores. The mainly eat crustacreans. These fish are top predators in their habitat.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Silver Carp Scientific Name: Hypophthslmichthys molirix Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae 

Geography / Habitat: Silver carp are native to eastern Asia and are commonly found in northeastern China and Siberia. They have also been introduced to other areas of the


world and are now considered invasive to North America. Silver carp have been reported in 16 states in the United States and are well established in the Mississippi River Basin. 

Life Strategy: Cued by increased water temperature, they generally produce in warm seasons. Silver Carp participate in broadcast spawning as the female releases eggs and males fertilize them within the water column. A single female can carry as many as 2 million eggs. They reach sexual maturity at 4 to 6 years of age.

Food / Feed Strategy: As filter feeders, silver carp are able to filter out the very smallest organisms. However, only small part of their diet consists of zooplankton and detritus. They can also eat small arthtopods and algae.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 16

Common Name: Rainbow Trout Scientific Name: Oncorhynchus mykiss Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actingnopterygii

Order: Salmoniformes

Family: Salmonidae 

Geography / Habitat: They are only native to the pacific coast of north America. However, they have been introduced throughout the united states and in every continent


except for Antarctica for game fishing purposes. Freshwater, brackish or marine waters of temperate zones. 

Life Strategy: The male and female will open their mouth, arch their backs and deposit the eggs and milt (fish sperm). The eggs are enveloped in a cloud of milt and are fertilized. Only a few seconds elapse from the time the female drops into the red and fertilization occurs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Resident Rainbow Trout tend to eat more fish than steelhead. Both species primarily feed on invertebrate larvae drifting in mid-water to conserve energy that would be expended if they were foraging for food in the substrate.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 17

Common Name: River Blackfish Scientific Name: Gadopsis marmoratus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Gadopsidae


Geography / Habitat: River blackfish have a relatively limitedrange, inhabiting freshwater rivers in southeastern Australia. They prefer to stay in low – velocity (0 to 20 cm/s), highly sheltered pools of lowland rivers

Life Strategy: River Blackfish reproduce sexually. Fertilization of eggs occurs outside of the mothers body, and eggs are normally laid in hallow logs.

Food / Feed Strategy: River blackfish are carnivorous, ambush predators. They prefer to ambush prey areas over cover in order to most efficiently use their short, quick bursts of speed.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/ Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Yellow Bullhead Scientific Name: Ameiurus natalis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Ictaluridae

Species #: 18


Geography / Habitat: Yellow Bullheads are found throughout the eastern part of the United States. Extending north to southeastern Canada and west to the great plains and Rio Grande.

Life Strategy: Yellow Bullheads spawn from April until June. The female produces 300 to 700 sticky yellowish eggs per spawning acts. The nest can contain to about 1700-4300 eggs in total.

Food / Feed Strategy: Yellow Bullheads are opportunistic feeders and feed at night. They have been known to eat minnows, crayfish and other things.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 19

Common Name: Freshwater Drum Scientific Name: Aplodinotus Grunniens Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Percifrmes

Family: Sciaenidae


Geography / Habitat: Freshwater Drum are considered to be one of the most wideranging fish species in North America. They are found at the northern Hudson Bay down the Rio Usumacinata Basin of Guatemala.

Life Strategy: The breed seasonally in open water. The eggs are fertilized and left floating near the surface where the eggs, then larvae, are carried by currents.

Food / Feed Strategy: Freshwater Drum move rocks and other substrates to flush their prey. Adults feed primarily on aquatic insects such as mayflies, small fish and mollusks.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: Channel Catfish Scientific Name: Ictalurus Punctatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluformes

Family: Ictaluridae


Geography / Habitat: They come from lower Canada and throughout the Midwest of the United States and have been introduced in Cyprus, Czech Republic, Romania, Slovakia and Spain.

Life Strategy: Channel Catfish can live in both freshwater and saltwater. But are generally found in freshwaters such as lakes, reservoirs and ponds.

Food / Feed Strategy: Channel Catfish have taste buds located all over their body. The olfactory system is used mostly in consumption of food.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Termial Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 21

Common Name: Maquarie Perch Scientific Name: Maquaria Australasica Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percichtyidae


Geography / Habitat: The Maquarie Perch is only found in Australia, They are in highest abundance in the Murray Darling basin in New South Wales and have been introduced in other rivers in Australia.

Life Strategy: They are schooling fish. To breed, they migrate upstream and gather in schools where the males nudge the female vent region which causes the release of eggs and then fertilization.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on caddisfly, stonefly and mayfly species. Adults feed at the bottom of lakes and rivers. The young eat water fleas, roifers, and water mites.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 22

Common Name: Rainbow Darter Scientific Name: Etheostoma Caeruleum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Percidae


Geography / Habitat: The species inhabits the Great Lakes and the Ohio River valley, into Northern Alabama, and west into Missouri and Arkansas. They Prefer the fastmoving currents in creeks, small rivers and rocky bottom streams.

Life Strategy: Male fish are more brightly colored during the breeding season and are territorial warding off other males. When mating, the male and female vibrate together; the male deposits his sperm and the female deposits 3-7 eggs in the gravel.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on aquatic insect larvae, small snails, and crayfish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 23

Common Name: Sheatfish Scientific Name: Silurus Glanis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Siluridae


Geography / Habitat: These fish are found in eastern Europe and Asia. They are found primarily in large rivers and lakes and deep water near dams.

Life Strategy: Males create nests where females deposit their eggs. Males then guard the eggs until they hatch

Food / Feed Strategy: fry eat plankton for the first year of their lives. Adults eat worms and snails, insects and small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Taeiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/

Title:

Freshwater

Species #: 24

Common Name: Silver Chiclidae Scientific Name: Anomalochromis Thomast Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformers

Family: Chiclidae


Geography / Habitat: They are found in Africa, in the Coastal rivers from the Konkoure to the St. John. The fish are typically found in slightly acidic, oxygen rich water. They prefer creeks. Rivers, and streams to lakes.

Life Strategy: These fish typically form monogamous breeding pairs and the female spawn on a flat surface such as leaf or stone. Both parents guard the eggs, and participate in fry raising.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are herbivores and feed on algae, plants. And smaller invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/search.php Title: Freshwater fish Common Name: African Butter Fish Scientific Name: Schilbe Myshus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformers

Family: Schilbeidae

Species #: 25


Geography / Habitat: These fish are found in Africa, including the Nile. Shoals in sanding or slowly flowing open water with emergent or submerged vegetation.

Life Strategy: The fish leave the eggs unguarded, they will bread in the rainy season and may be either single or multiple spawner in different locations.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed from mid-water and surface waters on a wide variety of foods including fish, insects, shrimp, snails, plant seeds, and fruit.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/search.php

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 26

Common Name: African Knife Fish Scientific Name: Xenomystus Nigri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family: Notopteridae


Geography / Habitat: The African Knife Fish is widely distributed in tropical Africa, in the Nile, Chad Niger, Ogowe and Congo basins. This Fish prefers quiet waters with vegetation.

Life Strategy: The females lay about 150-500 mm diameter that are externally fertilized by the males. This species of fish can produce barking sounds. These fish will come to the surface from time to time to swallow air.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed at dusk and during the night on worms, insects and snails.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/search.php Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 27

Common Name: Amiets Lyretail Scientific Name: Fundulopanchax Amieti Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodpntiformes

Family: Nothobranchiidae


Geography / Habitat: They are found throughout Asia. Southern Myanmar to Malay Peninsula and Indonesia, eastern Thailand to Cardamon Range. Occurs in tamin stained blackwater streams, and found in forest covered streams including peat adjacent areas.

Life Strategy: This fish is a mouth brooder, young and about 6 cm at birth. It takes around three months for free swimming fries to grow.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on insects at the water surface or small invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostaciform Mouth Position: Subraterminal Citation: http://www.fishbase.org/search.php

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 28

Common Name: American Eel Scientific Name: Anguilla Rostrata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Anguiliformes

Family: Anguilidae


Geography / Habitat: American eels are found in water with coastal access along with the Atlantic seaboard of the US.

Life Strategy: Spawning is not well understood, but fascinating. The adults migrate to the ocean during autumn.

Food / Feed Strategy: American eels are opportunistic feeders, which means they eat whatever food is available to them. They are considered carnivorous and eat a variety of food, including fish, frogs, insects and dead organisms.

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Body Form or Style: Anguiliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguiliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://myfwc.com/wildlifehabitats/profiles/fish/freshwater/american-eel/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Eel

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 29

Common Name: Bulldog Pleco or Sucker Fish Scientific Name: Hypostomus plecostomus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actiniopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Loricariidae


Geography / Habitat: The Bulldos Pleco comes out of south America. In Magdalena and Apuré River basins. Lakes and ponds with leafy vegetation on the bottom and also rocky substrate.

Life Strategy: These fish lay a clutter of eggs hat are sticky and attach nearby plants or rocks.

Food / Feed Strategy: They will eat decaying plants, aglae, leftover food from mother fish. They are also known to be scavengers.

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Body Form or Style: Copressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bulldog_plec

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 30

Common Name: Yellow Swordtail Scientific Name: Xiphophorus Clemenciae Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyptinodontiformes.

Family: Poeciliidae


Geography / Habitat: This fish comes from North America. It is common in small streams and brooks with light current and rockpools in areas with extensive limestone outcroppings, relatively uncommon in fast flowing streams.

Life Strategy: These fish are live young bearers; the female fives birth to her young among vegetation.

Food / Feed Strategy: Omnivourous, it’s the diet that includes both, plants ad small crustaceans, insects, and annelied worms.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 31

Common Name: Coolie Loach Scientific Name: Pangio Kuhlii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cobitidae


Geography / Habitat: This fish is found in Borneo, Java, Thailand and Malaysia. The natural habitat of the Coolie Loach is the sandy beds of slowmoving rivers and clean mountain streams. Lives in hill streams to lowland forest canals and peats.

Life Strategy: These fish are social fish and are typically found in small clusters but are cautious and nocturnal by nature and swim near the bottom where they feel around obstacles. When they breed. They are oviparious.

Food / Feed Strategy: They are nocturnal and are scavengers, so they will basically eat anything that will hit the bottom.

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Body Form or Style: Anguilliform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 32

Common Name: Upsidedown catfish Scientific Name: Synodontis Nigriventris Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Mochokidae


Geography / Habitat: The Upsidedown catfish comes form Africa, it comes from the middle of the Congo River to be specific. It lives in areas with lots of rocks and plants.

Life Strategy: These fish are known for swimming upside down most of the time. They are oviparous and lay eggs. The young fish do not swim upside down until they are about two to three months old.

Food / Feed Strategy: The upside down catfish feeds mainly at night on insects, crustaceans and plants matter.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 33

Common Name: Tiger Barb Scientific Name: Puntius Tetrazona Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cypriniformes

Family: Cyprinidae


Geography / Habitat: This fish has been reared in several countries in facilities for breeding aquarium fish. Tiger barbs have been reported to be found in clear or turbid shallow waters of moderately flowing streams.

Life Strategy: The egg layers tend to spawn several hundred eggs in the early morning in clumps of plants. Spawned eggs are adhesive and negatively buoyant.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on worms, crustaceans and plants.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 34

Common Name: Swordtail Characin Scientific Name: Corynopoma Riisei Kingdom: Annimalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae


Geography / Habitat: These fish come from south America. They were found in the coastal rivers Trinidad and northern Venezuela and from the Meta River basin.

Life Strategy: The fertilization of the eggs take place while the eggs are still inside the female. The eggs hatch in 1-2 days.

Food / Feed Strategy: They eat detrirus, plant matter and tiny insects that are found on top of the water.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 35

Common Name: Striped Panchax Scientific Name: Aplochoeilus Lineatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family: Aplocheilidae


Geography / Habitat: This fish is widely distributed in Peninsular India and Sri Lanka. Lives in streams and reservoirs at high latitudes, and in rivers, wells of the plains, lowlying paddy fields, swamps and brackish waters.

Life Strategy: Utilized for mosquito control. Spawn in mosses floating on the surface of the water. Eggs hatch in 12-15 days.

Food / Feed Strategy: In the wild these fish eat insects off of the surface of the water.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 36

Common Name: Sterbai Cory cat Scientific Name: Codydoras Sterbai Kingdom: Animala

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichthyidae


Geography / Habitat: This fish is found throughout the South American rivers and streams.

Life Strategy: The male will clamp the barbells of the female during the fertilization of eggs. The female attaches he eggs to a leaf or another smooth surface.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are bottom feeders and will eat fallen plant matter, tiny insects in the bottom, or anything they can find that floats down.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 37

Common Name: Spotted Snakehead Scientific Name: Channa punctata Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Channidae


Geography / Habitat: The Spotted Snakehead is found in Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, and Yunnan in China. It is found in ponds, swamps, brackish water, ditches and beels. It prefers stagnant waters in muddy streams.

Life Strategy: Breeds throughout the year. A breeding pair builds a nest where the eggs are laid and guarded by both parents. The female is responsible for the fry while the male protects the area near the fry.

Food / Feed Strategy: This fish feeds on worms, insects, and small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Anguilliform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species: # 38

Common Name: Spotted Green Pufferfish Scientific Name: Tetraodon nigroviridis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family: Tetraodontidae


Geography / Habitat: The adults inhabit the freshwater streams, rivers and foodplains.

Life Strategy: Lays a cluster of eggs that sink to the bottom.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed on mollusks, crustaceans, and other invertebrates, as well as some plant matter.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 39

Common Name: Clown Killifish Scientific Name: Pseudepiplatys annulatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family: Aplocheilidae


Geography / Habitat: The Clown Killifish comes from Liberia and Sierra Leone. The fish occurs in coastal swamps and shallow waters of the Coastal areas.

Life Strategy: The female lays the eggs every day Eggs are externally fertilized. The eggs will hatch in 2-3 days.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed primarily on aquatic arthropods such as insect (mosquito) larvae, aquatic, crustaceans and worms.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 40

Common Name: Diamond Tetra Scientific Name: Moenkhausia Pittieri Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Characiformes

Family: Characidae


Geography / Habitat: The Diamond Tetra comes from south America, from Lake Valencia basin in Venezuela to be specific.

Life Strategy: The fish usually spawn in the early morning. The eggs normally hatch in 36 hours and the fry are usually free swimming in 4 days.

Food / Feed Strategy: This fish feeds on worms, crustaceans and insects.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 41

Common Name: Electric Blue Hap Scientific Name: Sciaenochromis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chichlidae


Geography / Habitat: Endemic in Lake Malawi. Inhabits several habitats where rocks are found; usually found in caves and cracks of the biotope.

Life Strategy: Oviparous and a Mouth-brooder. The female broods for two to three weeks. During this time her mouth will appear enlarged and she will not eat anything.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on small fish, mainly small harvae or fry that live among the rocks.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Blue Streak Hap Scientific Name: Labidochromis Caruleus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Circhlidae

Species #: 42


Geography / Habitat: Endemic to Lake Malawi. Known only from the northwestern coast of the lake.

Life Strategy: This specie is a maternal mouthbreeder, meaning the eggs are carried, hatched, and developed in the mothers mouth. She carries them for about three weeks. These fish are ovophiles and the male will excavate a pit in the sand within his territory, in which the female lays the eggs; the males then take these eggs into their mouth for fertilization.

Food / Feed Strategy: They prefer to eat vegetation growing on lake bottoms, but will occasionally eat small insects.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 43

Common Name: Flagtail Catfish Scientific Name: Dianema urostriatum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichthyidae


Geography / Habitat: South America: Amazon River basin. Found in rivers and pools.

Life Strategy: They spawn over substrate and are known for building bubble nests. These floating nests are made of foam and vegetal debris. Spawning and caring for the eggs and larvae takes place in these nests.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are scavengers and feed off fallen plant material, crustaceans, insects, ect, that they find on the bottom of their habitat.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ http://www.fishbase.org/

Title: Freshwater fish

Species #: 44

Common Name: Freshwater Butterfly fish Scientific Name: Pantodon Buchholzi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family: Pantodontidae


Geography / Habitat: Eastern Limit of its distribution seems to be the Quémé River in Benin, but it is also observed in Jong River, Sierra Leone. It lives in swamps, creeks and buckwaters and inhabits the calmer parts of rivers.

Life Strategy: These fish breed over a span of several days sometimes up to one week long. The eggs sink into the bottom and the parents sometimes cover them with substrate. These fish can jump out of the water to catch prey or escape predators.

Food / Feed Strategy: it is an insectivore, feeding or terrestrial insects and aquatic larvae and nymphs of insect. It also feeds on crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ http://www.fishbase.org/ Title: Freshwater fish Common Name: Gray Bichir Scientific Name: Polypterus Senegalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Polypteriformes

Family: Polypterus

Species #: 45


Geography / Habitat: This species inhabits marginal swamps and freshwater lagoons and it appears to favor sheltered inshore habitats the muddy regions at the sides of rivers and swampy waters.

Life Strategy: During the hottest hours of the day, it comes to the surface just on the outer edge of the vegetation, and it goes back to the bottom when disturbed. These fish are egg scatterers, and once the eggs are released and fertilized the parents don’t show any signs of brood care.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds mainly on fish, insects, crustaceans, mollusks, frogs as well as on plant fragments and seeds.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/ Title: Freshwater Fish Common Name: Ram Chilid Scientific Name: Mikrogeophagus Ramirezi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Chilidae

Species #:46


Geography / Habitat: Orinoco River basin, in the Ilanos of the Venezuela and Colombia. The species are typically found where cover in the form of aquatic or submersed vegetation is available and the water us slow moving.

Life Strategy: Once paired after courting they will generally clean off a rock at the spawning point. Some will lay on the rock, while some will lay on the substrate around it. Both the male and the female take turns guarding the egg and caring for them.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are omnivores and will eat a wide variety of foods, plants, crustaceans and insects.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.aquaticcomunity.com/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 47

Common Name: High Backed Pygmy Swordtail Scientific Name: Ziphophorus Multilineatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family: Poeciliidae


Geography / Habitat: Inhabitats fast flowing river, preponderantly in stands of water plants or below overhanging shore vegetation.

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Life Strategy: These fish are livebearers. One fertilization can result in several batches of fry since the female can save sperm. The female gives birth to her young among plants. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on insects and some plant material.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 48

Common Name: Honey Gourami Scientific Name: Trichogaster Chuna Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Osphrnonemidae


Geography / Habitat: India and Bangladesh, Inhabits pools, ditches, ponds and beels. Occurs in rivers and lakes with vegetation.

Life Strategy: The honey gourami is a bubble nest builder that uses plants to help bind together the bubbles. The eggs hatch after 2 days and the fry become free swimming 3 days later. The male will guard the nest until the fry become free swimming.

Food / Feed Strategy: This specie is an omnivore , and will eat insects off the surface of the water, or floating plant parts.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 49

Common Name: Indian Glassy Fish Scientific Name: Parambassis Ranga Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Ambassidae


Geography / Habitat: Thailand, Malaysia, and Neapel. Found in sluggish and standing water. A common species proliferating in impoundments.

Life Strategy: Breeds everywhere during the rains. Builds a nest and guards its young. The eggs are laid on broad leaved plants.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on invertebrates, worms, and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Freshwater Fish

Species #: 50

Common Name: Julii Cory Scientific Name: Corydoras Julii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Siluriformes

Family: Callichtheryidae


Geography / Habitat: Lower Amazon River and coastal rivers in northeastern Brazil. They like bottoms to be sandy or rocky.

Life Strategy: They are oviparous. The female carries a few of the eggs between her fins while the male fertilizes them. she then finds a safe spot, usually heavy with vegetation, and hides them. They will continue this process until around 100 eggs have been fertilized.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds on worms, crustaceans,, insects and plant matter.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Subterminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 51

Common Name: Axelrod’s Clown Blenny Scientific Name: Ecsenius Axelrodi Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actingopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Blenniidae


Geography / Habitat: in and around coral reefs at a depth of 3-36 meters. Lives in topical waters in the Western Central Pacific ocean. They are found in and around the Admiralty Islands, Papua New Guinea, and Solomon Islands. Also found in the Philippines Islands.

Life Strategy: Females lay eggs that are then externally fertilized by males. The eggs are demersal and stick to the reefs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivorous to smaller fish, but also frequently eat algae or other small plants growing on the reefs.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 52

Common Name: Big Eye Cardinal Fish Scientific Name: Nectamia Bandanensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Epigonidae


Geography / Habitat: Western and Eastern Indian Ocean, Northwest, Western Central and Eastern Central Pacific ocean on outer coral and reef slopes.

Life Strategy: Egg layers, with eggs clumping together in clusters, secured by parents to rocks or coral.

Food / Feed Strategy: they eat small fish, zoobenthos, benth crustaceans and mobile invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 53

Common Name: Bignose Unicorn Fish Scientific Name: Naso Vlamingii Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Acanthuridae 

Geography / Habitat: Western and eastern Indian ocean, Western Central and Eastern Central Pacific Ocean in coral reefs.

Life Strategy: Do not breed very often, but lay eggs that are externally fertilized by the males.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed on zooplankton, small crustaceans, and algae.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 54

Common Name: Blackcap Gramma Scientific Name: Gramma Melacara Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Grammatidae


Geography / Habitat: The Blackcap Gramma inhabits the Western Central Atlantic, where it can be food in the West Indies and Central America. It is a deep water species found from 11 down to 60 meters. It’s typically found along vertical cliffs and drop offs beyond other reefs.

Life Strategy: Females will lay 10-50 eggs in a nest made by the male from fibrous material like algae. The male then comes by and fertilize the eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: Their diet is mainly plankton, krill, and zooplankton, but will occasionally eat smaller crustaceans and shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.aquaticcommunity.com/

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 55

Common Name: Brown Sturgeon Fish Scientific Name: Acanthurus Nigrofuscus

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformers


Family: Acthuridae 

Geography / Habitat: Can be kept with other species of a similar size and nature but will predate on smaller fish. Can be maintained as a pair or species group in a larger aquarium.

Life Strategy: The y reproduce fairly easy. The Brown sneakhead is a mouthbrooding eggfeeder.

Food / Feed Strategy: Carnivous and enjoys live foods but adapts well to frozen food such as prawns, bloodworm and mussel in captivity. Will not accept dried foods.

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Body Form or Style: Globbiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com/species Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Blue Angelfish Scientific Name: Holocanthus bermudensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Species #: 56


Family: Pomacanthidae 

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the western Atlantic part from Bermuda, the Bahamas and Florida to the Gulf of Mexico, and tend to stay near rocks, coral, and sponges.

Life Strategy: The female can release 25 to 75 thousand eggs each day, the eggs are also buoyant. The male externally fertilizes them.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed primarily on sponges, but also feed on tunicates, jellyfish, and corals as well as plankton and algae.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: www.wikipedia.org http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 57

Common Name: Clown Trigger Fish Scientific Name: Balistoids consipillum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Tetradontiformes


Family: Balistidae 

Geography / Habitat: They prefer to live in the Western and Eastern Indian Ocean, and Western Central and Eastern Central Pacific Ocean. They can be found in a variety of depth ranges from 1-75 meters deep.

Life Strategy: They lay their demersal eggs in a small hole dug in the sea bottom. The young are on their own once they are born.

Food / Feed Strategy: The diet consists of sea urchins, crabs and other crustaceans, mollusks, and tunicates.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciform Mouth Position: Beak, Terminal

Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com7 Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 58

Common Name: Chevron Tang Scientific Name: Ctenochaetus Hawaiiensis Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Acanthuridae 

Geography / Habitat: Live on coral reefs at a depth of 1-61 meters. They are found throughout the Pacific Ocean.

Life Strategy: There is not much known on how these fish breed, but they do stay in large schools throughout their whole life.

Food / Feed Strategy: Chevron tangs feed on algae off the coral reefs beds, they can often be found grazing the coral with their heads down and tails up.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 59

Common Name: Cinnamon Clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion Melanopus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Pomacentriade 

Geography / Habitat: They are found in tropical places all over the world. Tropical reefs at a depth of 1-17 meters. They are found in the Pacific Ocean.

Life Strategy: These fish prefer to spawn on substrate and in caves. They are also Oviparous. An anemone is not necessary for spawning.

Food / Feed Strategy: Feed predominantly on planktonic copepods algae. Usually prefer to stay around their anemone home.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 60

Common Name: Flamefish Scientific Name: Apogon Maculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopertygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Apogonidae 

Geography / Habitat: Found on tropical marine reefs at depths of up to 128 meters. They can be found in the Northwest, Southwest and Western Central Atlantic Oceans.

Life Strategy: Prefer to breed on reef beds near drop offs, males care for and carry eggs until they hatch.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on benth crustaceans, small fish, zoobenthos and mobile invertebrates. They are nocturnal and stay hidden in cracks and crevices until night when they come out to hunt.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 61

Common Name: Yellowtail Tang Scientific Name: Zebrasoma Xanthurum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes


Family: Acanthuridae 

Geography / Habitat: Coral reefs at depth up to 20 meters. Located in the Western Indian Ocean.

Life Strategy: The males will change color during spawning to attract females. These fish are oviparous.

Food / Feed Strategy: They survive on micro or macro algae that they scavenge off the reef beds, corals, and sometimes animals live turtles or groupers.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Labriform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 62

Common Name: Yellow- Tailed Damsel Scientific Name: Chrysiptera parasema Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae 

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the western pacific. IncludingSolomon Island, Northern Papua and New Guinea. They are found in the reefs at depths between 1-16 meters.

Life Strategy: These fish are oviparous and form distingt pairs during breeding. The females lay the eggs which are demersal and stick to the coral reef floor. The males then guard and aerate the eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: These fish are scavengers and will eat a variety of things including algae, small fish and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 63

Common Name: Yellow Hogfish Scientific Name: Bodianus Bimaculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae 

Geography / Habitat: They are common around rubble and sand in steep outer reef slopes and drop-offs, usually adjacent to very deep water. They live in depth of 30-60 meters and are located throughout the Indo-Pacific.

Life Strategy: They school together with juveniles and females with a dominant large male as the head of the group. They lay eggs.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on small shrimp and also graze on sponges and corals.

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Body Form or Style: Taeniform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 64

Common Name: Swordfish Scientific Name: Xiphias Glasius Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Xiphiidae 

Geography / Habitat: They are found in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: tropical and temperate and sometimes cold waters, including the Mediterranean Sea, the Sea of Marmara, the Black Sea, and the Sea of Azov. They are oceanodromous and live in depths up to 800 meters.

Life Strategy: The females may carry from 1 million to 29 million eggs, during spawning season the solitary males and females will pair up. The eggs are released and are buoyant.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on other fish including mackerel, barracudas, silver hake, redfish, herring, squid, crustaceans and lantern fishes. They use their sword to kill their prey.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: They have terminal mouths that have an evolved, long, skinny, upper jaw. Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 65

Common Name: Sailfish Scientific Name: Istiophorus platypterus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae 

Geography / Habitat: They are oceanodromous and stay between depths of 0-200 meters. They are found in the Indo-Pacific, Eastern Pacific, Western Indian Ocean and Eastern Indian Ocean.

Life Strategy: They live in large schools and undergo a specific spawning season in the pacific. Where the females lay their eggs in the open ocean and then the males swim by and fertilize them in large groups. The eggs are left alone to hatch and grow.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed mainly on fish, crustaceans and cephalopods. They use their large dorsal fins (snails) to herd the fish into tightly packed groups that make it easy to pick out individual fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal, with envolved, large, skinny, upper jaws. Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine fish Common Name: Leaping Bonito Tuna Scientific Name: Cybiosarda Elegans

Species #: 66


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actionpertygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae 

Geography / Habitat: They are oceandromous and live in water that’s deeper than 50 meters. They are located in the Western Pacific: restricted to the northern three quarters of Australia (absent from the south coast) and the southern coast of Papua New Guinea.

Life Strategy: They live in large schools of hundreds of fish. They spawn and fertilize in this group at the same time and then the eggs are left to develop in the open ocean since they are buoyant.

Food / Feed Strategy: They stay in their large schools and feed off whatever is small enough for them to eat as they pass by. Things like algae, plankton, small fish and fish larvae.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Northern Bluefin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunmus thynmis

Species #: 67


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae 

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic: Canada, Gulf of Mexico, and the Caribbean Sea to Venezuela and Brazil. Eastern Atlantic: Often Islands off Norway to Canary Islands, including the Mediterranean and the southern part of the Black Sea.

Life Strategy: These fish will school by size sometimes having albacore, yellowfin, bigeye, and skipjack fish in their school. The eggs are larvae are pelagic.

Food / Feed Strategy: Prey on small schooling fish (anchovies, sauries, hakes) or on squids and red crabs.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Southern Sennett

Species #: 68


Scientific Name: Sphyraena pricudilla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sphyraennidae 

Geography / Habitat: Located on marine reefs at depths of up to 65 meters. Found in the Western Atlantic: Bermuda Florida (USA), and the Bahamas to Uruguary.

Life Strategy: These fish will lay large clusters of eggs. The eggs and larvae are buoyant.

Food / Feed Strategy: They use lie in wait ambush, and hunt fish, cephalopods and sometimes on shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Rooster Hind Scientific Name: Hyporthodus Acanthistius

Species #: 69


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serrandiae 

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Pacific: Southern California in the USA, south to Peru. Common in the Gulf of California.. Occasionally encountered in isolated reefs and sandy bottoms near the coast at depths of 46-90 meters.

Life Strategy: Could not find information on breeding. Fish from small schools where they scavenge together.

Food / Feed Strategy: Eat smaller fish, crustaceans, shrimp, and sometimes known to feed on plankton and sea grass.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: White Grouper

Species #: 70


Scientific Name: Eepinephelus aeneus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae 

Geography / Habitat: Eastern Atlantic: along the west coast of Africa to southern Angola, including the southern Mediterranean. Adults are found on rocky or mud-sand bottom; juveniles have been taken in coastal lagoons and estuaries. Depths between 20200 meters.

Life Strategy: These fish are protogynous hermaphrodite and breed whenever they encounter another of their species.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on other fish, stomatopods, cephalopods, crabs, and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Pacific Halibut Scientific Name: Hippoglossus Stenolepis

Species #: 71


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Pleuronectidae 

Geography / Habitat: Located in the North Pacific: Hokkaido, Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk to the southern Chukchi Sea and Point Camalu, Baja California, Mexico. They live on condinental shelves.

Life Strategy: Spawning takes place during the winter months on continental shelves. The eggs hatch after 15 days and become free floating larvae.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on fish, crabs, clams, squids, and other invertebrates.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: California Halibut Scientific Name: Paralichthys Californicus

Species #: 72


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Paralichthyidae 

Geography / Habitat: In open oceans and along coasts, sometimes in brackish water. Depths up to 183 meters. Eastern Pacific: Quillayuta River in Northern Washington, USA to Southern Baja California, Mexico. Also in northern the gulf of California.

Life Strategy: The adults will migrate many miles to shallower water in order to spawn. They live mostly on areas with sandy bottom.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed during the day on other smaller fish and also on squids.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Subcarangiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Great Barracuda Scientific Name: Sphyraena Barracuda

Species #: 73


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Sphyraenidae 

Geography / Habitat: The Great Barracuda is from the Pacific Ocean. And also from the Red Sea, and east coast of Africa, Hawaii and the Marquesan.

Life Strategy: Not much information on breeding. Young like to stay mangroves or reefs with lots of cover.

Food / Feed Strategy: They use lie in wait ambush, and hunt fish, cephalopods and sometimes shrimp.

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Body Form or Style: Sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish

Species #: 74

Common Name: Warty Frogfish Scientific Name: Antennarius Maculatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata


Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lophiiformes

Family: Antennariidae 

Geography / Habitat: Maldives and Mauritius to Indonesia, Singapore, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands. Recently reprted from New Caledonia. They stay in sheltered rocky reefs at depths of up to 11 meters.

Life Strategy: These fish are oviparous, and the eggs are bound in ribbon-like sheath or mass of gelatinous mucus called ‘egg raft’ or ‘veil’ and placed in a secure area on the reef.

Food / Feed Strategy: They mainly eat other fish lie nekton, finfish and bonyfish.

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Body Form or Style: Globiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Amiiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Atlantic Wolf Fish Scientific Name: Anarhichas lupus

Species #: 75


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Anarhichadidae 

Geography / Habitat: Canada and Western Greenland. Bay of Biscay and northwestern Mediterranean. Live in open ocean with rocky bottoms, sometimes over sand or mud. No deeper than 600 meters.

Life Strategy: Eggs are internally fertilized and then male will stay with the nest for four months while they develop.

Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on fish, hard-shelled mollusks, crabs, lobsters, sea urchins and other echinoderms.

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Body Form or Style: Globiforms Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Skipjack Tuna Scientific Name: Katsuwomus pelamis

Species #: 70


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Scombridae   

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Geography / Habitat: These tuna are oceanodromus and live in depths of up t o 260 meters. They are found in st open oceans. Life Strategy: These fish will spawn throughout the years as long as they are in warm enough tropical water. Food / Feed Strategy: They feed on fish, crustaceans, cephalopods and mollusks;cannibalism is common for these fish.

Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater/Marine Fish Common Name: Dogtooth Tuna Scientific Name: Gymnosarda unicolor

Species #: 77


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciifomres

Family: Scmbridae   

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Geography / Habitat: Found Around coral reefs off in the areas of the Iindo-Pacific: Red Sa and East Africa. Life Strategy: These fish stay in small schools of 6 or less and work together to heard schooling fish into tight bundles so they can feed on them. Food / Feed Strategy: Preys on small schooling fish. Such as Decapterus, Caesio, Nasio, Cirrhilabrus, Pterocaesio and ccasionally squids.

Body Form or Style: Swim / Locomotion Style: Mouth Position: Citation: http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.seriouslyfish.com

Title: Saltwater fish Common Name: Blue spotted Grouper Scientific Name: Cephalopholis argus

Species #: 1


Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: from the Indo-Pacific, is a commercial game fish, invasive species.

Life Strategy: spawning usually occurs territorially in the morning.

Food / Feed Strategy: Hunters, they hover motionless in the water column before attacking, Eating juvenile surgeonfish and crustaceans.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Carangiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blue-Spotted_Grouper


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #:2

Common Name: Atlantic Blue Marlin Scientific Name: Makaira nigricans Kingdom: Animilia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: periformes

Family: istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Marlin are distributed throughout the Atlantic's tropical and temperate waters, most populously in the western parts.

Life Strategy: Marlins breeds in late summer and fall. Females may spawn as many as four times in one season. They often release over seven million eggs at once. Males may live for 18 years, and females up to 27.

Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on a wide variety of fish near the surface. It uses its bill to stun, injure, or kill while knifing through a school of prey, then returns to eat.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Supraterminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indo-Pacific_blue_marlin#Makaira_mazara


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 3

Common Name: king mackerel Scientific Name: Scomberomorus cavalla Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: scomberomorus

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico. The king mackerel is a subtropical species of the Atlantic Coast of the Americas.

Life Strategy: Eggs and sperm are shed into the sea and their union is by chance. A female may shed from 50,000 to several million eggs over the spawning season. Fertilized eggs hatch in about 24 hours.

Food / Feed Strategy: king mackerels are opportunistic carnivores. Their prey depends on their size. Depending on area and season.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_mackerel


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 4

Common Name: Jewfish Scientific Name: Epinephelus itajara Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Serranidae

Geography / Habitat: Is a large saltwater fish of the grouper family found primarily in shallow tropical waters among coral and artificial reefs. Includes the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, most of the Caribbean, and the Brazilian coast.

Life Strategy: During the breeding season from July through September, goliath groupers gather together at breeding sites in groups of 100 individuals or more. The fertilized eggs are scattered in the water column of the ocean. These fish are very long-lived with a slow growth rate and late sexual maturation. Jewfish are like most other groupers, they may undergo a sex-change part way through life.

Food / Feed Strategy: Goliath groupers feed on crustaceans, such as spiny lobsters, shrimps and crabs as well as fish including stingrays and parrotfish, in addition to octopuses and young sea turtles. Despite having teeth, the fish engulfs its prey and swallows it whole.

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Body Form or Style: Compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Ostraciiform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Epinephelus_itajara


Titel: Saltwater fish

Species #:5

Common Name: Mahi-Mahi Scientific Name: Coryphaena Hippurus Class: Animalia, Actinopterygii Family: Coryphaenidae

Order: Perciformes Genus: Coryphaena

Species: Hippurus

Geography / Habitat: Found off shore temperate, tropical and subtropical waters world wide. Dolphins are also often found along the surface among floating log, floating debris, buoys or seaweed.

Life Strategy: Males and females are sexually mature in their first year, usually by 4-5 months old. Females may spawn two to three times per year. Producing 80,000 and 1,000,000 eggs per event.

Food / Feed Strategy: They’re fast swimmers with top speed exceeding 50 mph. that’s partly why they’re a highly sought after game-fish. They feed on flying fish, mullet, mackerel, squid, sea horse, crab, shrimp and other small fish.

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: Terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mahi-mahi


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 6

Common Name: Southern king fish Scientific Name: Menticirrhus americanus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sciaenidae

Geography / Habitat: It lives in shallow coastal waters on the western fringes of the Atlantic Ocean. From as far north as New York to southwestern Texas. Live in the Atlantic coast of America and Gulf of Mexico, the Carrabin’s.

Life Strategy: Spawning takes place from June to November in the area of Delaware Bay

Food / Feed Strategy: The southern kingfish feeds on benthic invertebrates. Also shrip crabs and smaller amphipods.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menticirrhus_americanus


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 7

Common Name: Greenland shark Scientific Name: Somniosus microcephalus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondicthyes

Order: Squaliformes

Family: Somniosidae

Geography / Habitat: native to the waters of the North Atlantic Ocean around Greenland and Iceland Life Strategy: This is one of the largest living species of shark, of dimensions comparable to those of the great white shark. The flesh of a Greenland shark is poisonous. They retain the developing embryos within their bodies so that they are born alive after an undetermined gestation period. 10 pups per litter is normal, each initially measuring some 90 cm (35 in) in length. Food / Feed Strategy: grey seals and fish

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Body Form or Style: Fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greenland_shark


Title: Saltwater fish

Species #: 8

Common Name: Barracuda Scientific Name: Sphyraena barracuda Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: sphyraenidae

Geography / Habitat. Great barracudas linger near the water's surface alone or in small groups. The adults will also venture near the shore in murky waters where they are almost hidden from sight. The young hide among the branching roots of mangrove trees or between corals and sponges on the reef. Life Strategy: Great barracuda reproduce when ocean waters begin to warm, by swimming into shallow waters to mate. They will all gather in an area to release eggs and sperm and the fertilized eggs will be taken away on the currents to drift. Food / Feed Strategy: Barracudas are voracious, opportunistic predators, relying on surprise and short bursts of speed to overtake their prey. For bigger fish the shoot fast and takes chucks off of them with their sharp teeth’s.

 Body Form or Style: stagittiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://sea.sheddaquarium.org/sea/fact_sheets.asp?id=104


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:9

Common Name: bluefish Scientific Name: Pomatomus saltatrix Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: pomatomidae

Geography / Habitat: As with most marine fish, their spawning habits are not well known. In the western side of the North Atlantic, at least two populations occur, separated by Cape Hatteras in North Carolina Life Strategy: They reproduce during spring and summer, and can live for up to 9 years. The gulfstream can carry fry spawned to the south of Cape Hatteras to the north, and eddies can spin off, carrying them into populations found off the coast of the mid-Atlantic, and the New England states.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult bluefish are strong and aggressive, and live in loose groups. They are fast swimmers which prey on schools of forage fish. bluefish are preyed upon by larger predators at all stages of their life cycle. And also eat their own young.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pomatomus_saltatrix.png


Title: Saltwater Fish

Species #: 10

Common Name: Arabian carpetshark Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium arabicum Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Orectolobiformes

Family: Hemiscylliidae

Geography / Habitat: Presently known to live in the "Gulf" between Iran and the Arabian Peninsula. Life Strategy: Maximum length about 70 cm, average size between 50 and 60 cm. Probably egg laying. Food / Feed Strategy: Feeds primarly on invertebrates and small fishes.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: subcarangiform Mouth Position: subterminal

Citation: http://www.shark.ch/Database/Search/species.html?sh_id=1148


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 11

Common Name: Yellowfin Tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus albacares Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scombridae

Geography / Habitat: Mid-ocean islands such as the Hawaiian archipelago, other island groups in the Western Pacific, Caribbean and Maldives islands Indian Ocean, as well as the volcanic islands of the Atlantic such as Ascension Island often harbor yellowfin feeding on the baitfish these spots concentrate close to the shoreline. Life Strategy: Spawning takes place at sea in the spring and summer, and most fish are capable of reproduction at the age of 2 or 3 years.

Food / Feed Strategy: Spawning takes place at sea in the spring and summer, and most fish are capable of reproduction at the age of 2 or 3 years.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/tuna/species_pages/atl_yellowfin_tuna.h tm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 12

Common Name: bigeye tuna Scientific Name: Thunnus obesus

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scombrinae

Geography / Habitat: Bigeye tuna are found in the open waters of all tropical and temperate oceans, but not the Mediterranean Sea. Life Strategy: Longer-lived than the closely related yellowfin tuna, the bigeye has a lifespan of up to 12 years, with sexual maturity at age four. Spawning takes place in June and July in the northwestern tropical Atlantic, and in January and February in the Gulf of Guinea, which is the only known Atlantic nursery area. Food / Feed Strategy: Feed items include both epipelagic and mesopelagic species, with deep diving behavior during the day thought to be related to the seeking of prey.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bigeye_tuna


Title: saltwater fish

Species #:13

Common Name: swordfish Scientific Name: Xiphias gladius Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: xipgiidae

Geography / Habitat: Swordfish are found around the world in tropical, temperate, and sometimes cold waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans. North Atlantic swordfish are found in the Gulf Stream of the western North Atlantic Ocean, extending north into the Grand Banks of Newfoundland.

Life Strategy: Spawning occurs from November to February in temperatures above 20 °C (68 °F) in the south Atlantic off south Brazil Spawning is year-round in the Caribbean Sea and other warm regions of the west Atlantic. Food / Feed Strategy: Swordfish feed on a variety of fish and invertebrates such as squid. They capture their prey by slashing their bill back and forth, stunning or injuring the prey in the process. They have developed unique characteristics, such as special eye muscles and a heat exchange system, that allow them to swim in deep cold water in search of prey.

 Body Form or Style: fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform  Mouth Position: supraterminal Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/swordfish/species_pages/north_atlantic_ swordfish.htm


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 14

Common Name: wahoo Scientific Name: Acanthocybium solandr Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: scomberomorini

Geography / Habitat: Wahoo are found near the surface in tropical and subtropical waters around the world. Wahoo live in tropical waters year-round but are also found in higher latitudes during the summer. They’re frequently found alone or in small, loosely connected groups rather than compact schools. Life Strategy: Wahoo grow fast, up to 8 feet and 158 pounds, and have a short life span, up to 5 or 6 years in the Atlantic and 9 years in the Pacific. Wahoo spawn year-round in tropical waters and during the summer in higher latitudes. Individual wahoo spawn multiple times throughout the spawning season. They’re very productive, releasing a half million to 45 million eggs per year to compensate for eggs that might not survive to adulthood. Food / Feed Strategy: Wahoo mainly feed on squid and fish, including frigate mackerel, butterfish, porcupine fish, and round herring. They generally compete with tuna for the same kind of food, but can feed on larger prey by using their extremely sharp teeth to render prey into bite-size pieces. A number of predators sharing their habitat feed on young wahoo

 Body Form or Style: stagittiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.fishwatch.gov/seafood_profiles/species/wahoo/species_pages/atlantic_wahoo.ht m


Title: Marine/Saltwater Fish

Species #: 15

Common Name: Bignose Shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus altimus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: Patchy records from around the world indicate the bignose shark probably has a circumglobal distribution in tropical and subtropical waters. In the Atlantic Ocean, it occurs from Delaware Bay to Brazil, in the Mediterranean Sea, and off West Africa. Life Strategy: While large enough to perhaps be dangerous, the bignose shark seldom comes into contact with humans due to its preference for deep water. Food / Feed Strategy: The bignose shark feeds mainly on bottom-dwelling bony fishes (including lizardfishes, croakers, flatfishes, and batfishes), cartilaginous fishes (including Squalus dogfishes, Holohalaelurus catsharks, Dasyatis stingrays, and chimaeras), and cephalopods.

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bignose_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 16

Common Name: blue angel fish Scientific Name: Holacanthus bermudensis Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Geography / Habitat: The Bermuda blue angelfish tends to stay near rocks, coral, and sponges. It also lives around boulders, in caves, and crevices in shallow water. It is found in the western Atlantic part of from Bermuda, the Bahamas and Florida to the Gulf of Mexico, and also to Yucatan, Mexico. Life Strategy: The Bermuda blue angelfish has no specific breeding period, so they breed year round. When they do breed, the female can release from 25 to 75 thousand eggs each day, totaling up to 10 million eggs each breeding cycle.

Food / Feed Strategy: The Bermuda blue angelfish feeds primarily on sponges, but also feeds on tunicates, jellyfish, and corals as well as plankton and algae. Young blue angelfish eat parasites on other fish.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bermuda_blue_angelfish


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 17

Common Name: hog fish Scientific Name: Lachnolaimus maximus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Geography / Habitat: The hogfish is one of the larger species of wrasses and is found in the western Atlantic Ocean with a range from Bermuda, south through the Caribbean Sea and northern Gulf of Mexico, continuing to the north coast of South America. Hogfish are very abundant in the Florida Keys and are a valuable economical important species among fisherman. Life Strategy: The hogfish changes sex during different life stages. The change usually occurs around 3 years of age. The change usually occurs around 3 years of age.

Food / Feed Strategy: Adult hogfish feed mainly on mollusks including pelecypods, gastropods, and scaphopods, but will also feed on hermit crabs, amphipods, and sea urchins, crushing its prey with strong pharyngeal jaws.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/hogfish/hogfish.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 18

Common Name: bull shark Scientific Name: Carcharhinus leucas

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Carcharhiniformes

Family: Carcharhinidae

Geography / Habitat: The bull shark is commonly found worldwide in coastal areas of warm oceans, in rivers and lakes, and occasionally salt and freshwater streams if they are deep enough. Life Strategy: Bull sharks mate during late summer and early autumn. a bull shark may give birth to four to ten live young. Food / Feed Strategy: A bull shark's diet consists mainly of bony fish and sharks, including other bull sharks, but can also include turtles, birds, dolphins.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bull_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 19

Common Name: white marlin Scientific Name: Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae

Geography / Habitat: Occurring in the Atlantic Ocean, the white marlin has a distribution from the western Atlantic Ocean and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean. Life Strategy: Spawning only once per year, white marlin migrate to subtropical waters and spawn in early summer, in deep oceanic waters. People believed that they spawn in pairs, as opposed to communal or mass spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: White marlin confluences produce nutrient-rich upwellings, drawing baitfish, and thus are successful feeding areas for the white marlin and other predatory fishes. There is some evidence that white marlin can stun or kill their prey by spearing or slashing it with their bill.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: supraterminal

Citation: http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/Gallery/Descript/whitemarlin/whitemarlin.html


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 20

Common Name: clownfish Scientific Name: Amphiprion ocellaris Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacentridae

Geography / Habitat: Clownfish are native to warmer waters of the Indian and Pacific oceans, including the Great Barrier Reef and the Red Sea. Life Strategy: Clownfish lay eggs on any flat surface close to their host anemones. In the wild, clownfish spawn around the time of the full moon. The male parent guards the eggs until they hatch about 6 to 10 days later. Food / Feed Strategy: Clownfish feed on small invertebrates which otherwise potentially could harm the sea anemone, in the wild they eat live food such as algae, plankton, mollusks, and crustacean.

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphiprioninae


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 21

Common Name: shortfin mako shark Scientific Name: Isurus oxyrinchus Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Lamnidae

Geography / Habitat: The shortfin mako inhabits offshore temperate and tropical, and is found in the Gulf Stream or warmer offshore waters. Life Strategy: The shortfin mako shark giving birth to live young. It is believed that females may rest for 18 months after birth before mating again. Shortfins do not engage in sibling cannibalism unlike the sand tiger shark. Food / Feed Strategy: The shortfin mako feeds mainly upon cephalopods, bony fishes including mackerels, tunas, bonitos, and swordfish, but it may also eat other sharks, porpoises, sea turtles, and seabirds. Makos swim below their prey, so they can see what is above and have a high probability of reaching prey before it notices.

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Body Form or Style: sagittiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shortfin_mako_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 22

Common Name: Splendid toadfish Scientific Name: Sanopus splendidus

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Batrachoidiformes

Family: Batrachoididae

Geography / Habitat: also known as the coral toadfish, is a species of toadfish entirely endemic to the island of Cozumel. Commonly found under coral outcroppings. Life Strategy: The splendid toadfish has limited dispersal capabilities, as both the eggs and larvae remain associated with the seabed, rather than drifting in currents in the water column. During the development of the eggs, they are guarded by the male. Food / Feed Strategy: This species diet mainly consists of small fish, molluscs, crustaceans and polychaete worms. It usually feeds by ambush, remaining still until prey comes within range, before making a quick lunge and engulfing the animal in its large jaws

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Body Form or Style: compressiform Swim / Locomotion Style: ostraciiform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://www.arkive.org/splendid-toadfish/sanopus-splendidus/


Title: Saltwater fishes

Species #: 23

Common Name: Indian sand tiger shark Scientific Name: Carcharias tricuspidatus Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Chondrichthyes

Order: Lamniformes

Family: Odontaspididae

Geography / Habitat: found in the Indian and western Pacific oceans Life Strategy: Reproduction is ovoviviparous, the embryos feeding on their yolk sac, and other ova produced by the mother Food / Feed Strategy: Its diet consists of fish and small sharks

 Body Form or Style: Fusiform  Swim / Locomotion Style: Thunniform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indian_sand_tiger


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 24

Common Name: great white shark Scientific Name: Carcharodon carcharias Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: chordrichthyes

Order: lamniformes

Family: lamnidea

Geography / Habitat: Great white sharks live in almost all coastal and offshore waters, with greater concentrations in the United States, South Africa, Japan, Oceania, Chile, and the Mediterranean One of the densest known populations is found around Dyer Island, South Africa, where almost all of the shark research is done. Life Strategy: Almost nothing is known about reproduction in great whites. Great white sharks also reach sexual maturity at around 15 years of age. Maximum life span is believed to be more than 30 years. Birth has never been observed, but pregnant females have been examined. Great white sharks are ovoviviparous, which means eggs develop and hatch in the uterus and continue to develop until birth. Food / Feed Strategy: Great white sharks are carnivorous and prey upon fish. Great whites have also been known to eat objects that they are unable to digest, they also begin to target predominately marine mammals for food.

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Body Form or Style: fusiform Swim / Locomotion Style: thunniform Mouth Position: terminal

Citation: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_white_shark


Title: saltwater fish

Species #: 25

Common Name: Tiger grouper Scientific Name: Mycteroperca tigris Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Epinephelidae

Geography / Habitat: Western Atlantic: south Florida, Gulf of Mexico, Bahamas, Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Venezuela, and probably throughout the Caribbean to Brazil. Life Strategy: Spawning aggregations of several hundreds of fish take place approximately one week following each full moon during the months of January to April at the east of Vieques Island, Puerto Rico. Food / Feed Strategy: It occurs in coral reefs and rocky areas and is an ambush predator.

 Body Form or Style: compressaform  Swim / Locomotion Style: carangiform  Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/links/44682/0



Sarah Hemmer Fish ID Project