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Cinema Al-Khayyam Analysis

By: Sarah Nahawi Randa Al Salhi Rasha Mustafa


Table of Contents • The Arab Cinema • Cinema in Amman • Cinema Al-Khayyam • Documentation • Brief History • Site • The Architect • Design • Analysis

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The Arab Cinema The introduction of the cinematograph in 1895, a machine that was both a camera and projector, and the emergence of the moving pictures enchanted the world and was not limited to the West. The emergence of cinema in the Arab world took place not long after. The first movie showings were in Egypt, Algeria and Morocco in 189697. Then in 1900, Palestine caught up to the moving pictures scene. As well as many new modern typologies like the railway, office buildings, and etc, the cinema was an important element contributing to the modernity movement and the social changes that followed. We can consider cinema and film to be one of the main forces that revolutionized Arab societies in the 20th century. Movies opened people’s eyes to many subject matters concerning lifestyle and social norms. They were made to be relevant to the cultural in the Middle East.

Fig. 1 (Cornell University Research Guides) Cinema Strand in Alexandria

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Cinema in Amman The emergence of modern typologies and institutions in addition to the increase in population helped transform Amman’s socially. In particular, the cinema was a very influential modernizing force. It is a place of social interaction and public gathering where cinemas urban nodes and a meeting point for many influential figures. Many ministers, political figures and singers used to attend cinema al-Khayyam. This new phenomena was a celebrated event in which people dressed up for. In principle, it was open to the public and allowed access to information and entertainment even for those who were illiterate.

Fig. 2 Crowd dressed up

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Cinema Al-Khayyam • Name: Cinema Al-Khayyam • Architect: Sayyid Kurraim • Location: Omar Al-Khayyam Street, AlWeibdeh, Amman. • Year Built: 1949, by Abd Al-Razzaq Al-Fayyumi

• Year restored: Early 1960s, by Sayyid Kuraim Fig. 3 (CSBE)

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Brief History Abd Al-Razzaq Al-Fayyumi had the original cinema built in 1949. It was named Al-Fayyumi Cinema. In the early 1960s it was purchased by Mahmoud Abu-Qura who commissioned Sayyid Kuraim to redesign it then named it Al-Kayyam Cinema.

The Architect The architect Sayyid Kurraim was an important figure in the modern movement in Egypt. He studied at Cairo University then completed his masters at ETH Zurich. Sayyid Kurraim has published Al-Imara Magazine, the first Arabic magazine focusing on modern design.

Fig. 4 Al- Imara Magazine Issue 6


Ground Floor Plan 1:150 B

C 18.0 Boiler

12.7

6.1

N

Outer Space

Services

5.6

Stage

A

Store

A

Main Hall

19.3

22.2

Kitchen

Tickets

Main Entrance

Shop

Entrance Hall

9.9

5.9

7.0

C

B


First Floor Plan 1:150 B

C Store

N

Kitchen

A A

Main Hall

Cafeteria

Kitchen

Office

Saloon

C

Office

B

Office


Second Floor Plan 1:150

B

C Store

N

Upper Hall

A

A

Main Hall

Contro l Room

Office

Bathroom s Office

Saloon

C

Office

B

Office


Third Floor Plan 1:150 B

C

N

A

Upper Hall

A Contro l Room Vip Hall

Bathroom s Office

Hall

C

Office

B

Office


Section AA 1:150

19.00

17.20

16.00

Control Room

10.20

10.00

9.74 8.72

Upper Hall

8.72

7.00

6.74

Cafeteria

4.76

4.94

Main Hall

0.45

Stage 0.20 -0.20

-0.35

-0.48

-0.60 -1.05


Section BB 1:150

17.20 16.00

14.20

12.68

10.70

6.74

2.78

0.45


Section CC 1:150

17.20

16.00

14.20

12.68

12.68

10.70

10.70

Upper Hall 9.74 8.72

8.72

6.74

6.74

6.74

4.76

4.76

Main Hall

2.78

2.78

0.80 0.45 0.00 -0.48

-0.65


Elevation 1:150


Site There is a staircase from Prince Mohammad Street leading to Omar AlKhayyam street of which pedestrians used to approach the building.

Fig. 5 Site Plan

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Design Cinema Al-Khayyam is known for its asymmetrical faรงade. It is the only one overlooking the street. Elements of modernity on the faรงade include: Balconies which represent structural innovation, colestras and concrete. It was free faรงade design with a combination of vertical and horizontal elements. The facade also displayed use of mosaics and colored tiles.

Fig. 6 Facade

Fig. 7 Tiles 16


Fig. 8 Faรงade Analysis

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Another element of modernity and effect of the industrial revolution’s new methods appear in the buildings structural system. One can clearly see the use of I beams inside as well as the modern HVAC system.

Fig. 8 I Beam and structural columns

Fig. 9 HVAC system 18


In the interior the upper and lower halls are connected to form one volume. The services’ areas like the cafeteria are linked to the upper hall. Furthermore the lower hall is connected to the entrance as well as the main gathering hall. The concept of cinematic architecture was using elements like light, space, sound and experiences in order to represent the transition between reality and fantasy, for example, the ticket booth and the ornaments that decorated the halls represent the transition while the stage display represents fantasy.

Fig. 10 Ticket Booth

Fig. 11 Ticket Booth 19


Fig. 12 Main Hall

Fig. 13 Secondary Hall

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Fig. 13 Ground Floor Program Analysis

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Fig. 14 First Floor Program Analysis

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Fig. 15 Second Floor Program Analysis

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Fig. 16 Third Floor Program Analysis

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Fig. 17 Program Analysis

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Fig. 18 Program Analysis

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Fig. 19 Program Analysis

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Cinema al khayam, Amman,jordan  
Cinema al khayam, Amman,jordan  
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