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Exploitative Recruiting and Forum in Asia Foundation Trafficking Kampong Speu

Kampong Speu,Cambodia Presenter: Martyna Gacek Kampong Speu, Cambodia

Presenter: Martyna Gacek 31.03.2011


Exploitative Recruiting and Forum in Asia Foundation Trafficking Kampong Speu

Kampong Speu,Cambodia Presenter: Martyna Gacek Kampong Speu, Cambodia

Presenter: Martyna Gacek 31.03.2011


Our Approach • SSF takes a preemptive approach to trafficking • We attempt to identify at-risk children and provide sustainable assistance to them and their families. • We work at three levels (individual, family and village) with the goal of strenthening families and social infrastructure to protect children. • SSF has identified far more at-risk children than we can fully support. We focus on protecting girls who are 10 or older because they face the highest risk of trafficking. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Our Interventions • We have 2 interlinked programs: Child Protection and Livelihoods. • Child Protection includes a Protection Center, Learning Center, and support for students and their families in 13 villages. • Livelihoods works in partnership with 250 households in three villages. • We also respond to individual cases of violence and abuse of children and women, including rape, forced prostitution, trafficking and child labor. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Where we work • Kampong Speu Province, Cambodia

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Why Kampong Speu? • The province’s proximity to Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and the extreme poverty in many of its villages make its residents extremely vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking.

• High rates of unemployment, under employment, food insecurity, malnutrition and high debts are common. • Educational opportunities are limited, escpecially in rural areas. About 17% of schools have no access to water, 12% have toiles and one-fith of all classrooms have dirt floors. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Why Kampong Speu? • More than one in seven households is headed by a single mother (15%). • More than 40% of the province’s residents are under 18 • About 12% of residents leave the province in search of either seasonal or year round work each year. • There are only 31 public health centers. (1 for every 24,000 people). www.ssfcambodia.org

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Preach Bhat Village

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Finding Wanna • While in Pchea Bhat village we came across our first case of a girl who had gone missing in Malaysia. • Her name is Wanna and she is between 13 and 16 years old. • Her birth certificate was altered to raise her age to 18 by a village leader. • She left for Malaysia on May 29, 2010 • She has not been heard from since. • Her parents asked us to help locate her. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Wanna

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More Cases • As word spread from village to village that we were assisting Wanna’s family we began receiving complaints from other families. • Within 2 months we had accumulated 26 cases, but only 10 families asked for assistance. • Eight cases involve missing girls and women. • One involves a missing 18 year old male. • One case involves a woman who returned from Malaysia after one year without any salary. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Companies and Recruitment Practices • The companies are Philimore Cambodia, T&P, Eung Rithy Group, VC Man Power, CRT, and Cambodia Labour Supply Ltd. • The recruitment techniques range from radio advertisements, to flyers, and appeals by local authorities and brokers. • The recruitment process is characterized by a high level of deception and misinformation. • Once the girls and women are in the training centers communication with families is either monitored or severed. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Case 1 Returning from Malaysia penniless and abused

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Case 2 Escaping a training center

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Case 3 Escaping from a household in Malaysia

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Case 4 Trapped in a home in Malaysia

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Our Actions • SSF is working with other NGOs and investigators from SISHA and Phnom Penh Human Trafficking Police. • We held a meeting between the famil ies and the investigators this week. • The families were terrified before the meeting. • We spent several hours reassuring them that they would be safe. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Our Actions

• They also became frightened during the meeting when they realized the extent of the problem.

• After the meetings they were more trusting of the investigators and SSF.

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Conclusions • Because we work inside the communi ties targeted by recruiters we can identify the social, economic and familial dynamics that they exploit. • We see the tremendous suffering, fear and guilt of the families. • We can act as a bridge between investigators and families. www.ssfcambodia.org

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Recomendation • If the root causes of trafficking are not solved, efforts to prevent will fail.

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Forum Asia Foundation Optimized