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Photographed by Meadow Rose Written by Dee Dee Serpa-Wickman with Skin Prophecy & Elena Tico Model Claudia Cooper with L.A. Models Hair & Makeup by Kristabelle Marks with José Eber
magine it’s the beginning of a perfect summer day in Santa Barbara. A day on Butterfly Beach where staying until sunset does not seem long enough. A crisp sea breeze dries your ocean soaked, salty hair as you listen to the waves crash against the rocks. Your favorite take-out is by your side and a chic straw sunhat shades your face while you read a magazine. Throughout the day, you go in and out of the glistening water and your sunscreen fully protects you from the sun’s rays. With all the contradicting information out there regarding sunscreen and endless options on the market, we thought you might want some helpful information on what ingredients go in to the most important skincare product and how they benefit you. There are two types of sunscreen ingredients— chemical and physical. Chemical ingredients are absorbed in the epidermis while physical ingredients lie on top of the skin’s surface and are not absorbed. Chemical sunscreen ingredients, when used on their own, provide only partial UV protection. Chemical ingredients: • Octyl Methoxycinnamate—Blocks UV rays only, most common chemical sunscreen ingredient, less likely to cause allergic reactions • Octocrylene—Blocks UV rays only
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• Octyl Salicytote—Very weak UV block • Octyl Dimethyl Paba—Less irritating alternative to Paba, blocks UV rays • Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3)—Blocks some UVA rays • Avobenzone (Parsol 1789)—Blocks some UVA rays, can leave allergic and other adverse reactions, typically combined with Benzophenone-3 Physical ingredients Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are physical sunscreen ingredients that form a protective barrier over the skin, stopping UV rays from penetrating the skin’s surface. Titanium dioxide is a common physical block—it protects against UVB radiation fully, but only protects against short UVA radiation. Zinc oxide is the closest thing to a total sunblock. It is safe and gentle, even on compromised or environmentally challenged skins, and has been used topically for centuries as a skin protectant. It blocks ultra violet (UVB/UVA) as it reflects infrared from the sun. The most effective ingredients in sunscreen are titanium dioxide and zinc oxide because they are physical blockers, which provide protection by sitting on the skin and reflecting and refracting light. Chemical blocks are absorbed into the skin and absorb portions of the light spectrum. Physical blockers protect against a broad range of UVA and UVB light, are not harmful to the skin and are more effective than chemical sunscreen filters.