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Packers and Movers Hadapsar Pune BAF is a common surcharge applied to sea – freight rates by shipping lines. It is designed to take account of the variations in the price of marine fuel in different parts of the worlds. The BAF being charged on certain trade routes by the shipping lines working this route is determined by the liner conference whose members work on this route. The BAF is changed from time to time. More Info:

Packers and Movers Hadapsar Pune@ Packers and Movers in Hadapsar Pune@ Currency adjustment factor CAF CAF is another common surcharge that is applied to take account of any different in cost incurred by the shipping line due to currency exchange fluctuations for services bought by them in foreign currencies in the execution of their services on the customer behalf. All sea-freight rates are generally priced in US$ or Euros but local services purchased by the shipping company will be in the local currency of the country in which the goods or services are bought. The surcharge is designed to compensate the shipping line for this and is usually charged as a percentage of the basic freight charge. Peak season surcharge PSS PSS is a surcharge that is applied to both airfreight and sea – freight originating in the Far East. Due to the rapid growth in exports from countries such as China and the lag in the provision of commensurate infrastructure to handle this unprecedented growth backlogs occur at certain times of the year. A shortage of transport carrier capacity and an imbalance in trade flows means that carriers can apply this surcharge which customers are forced to pay. The surcharge may be a considerable uplift on the normal freight rates. Repositioning charge This is a surcharge that is sometimes applied by the shipping line to cover the cost of returning an empty container to a location where it may be loaded with revenue – earning cargo. The cost of handling shipping and trucking the empty container is a loss to the shipping line. In addition because an empty container is repositioned by being transported on one of its ships there is the lost opportunity cost associated with utilizing this space. This type of charge is most likely to be applied where there is an imbalance in trade volumes on a given route. For example between the USA and China there is an imbalance. In other words more cargo is shipped in full containers from Chaina to the USA than the other way round. Atricle Sources:

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Packers and movers Hadapsar Pune As with many specific areas of industry sea – freight has developed a whole plethora of terms and abbrevia...