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September 2002 (Bhadra, 2059 V.S.) First in height, first in flight

Est. 1999

Issue 3, Year 3

Sanskriti Sangalo Issue 3 Year 3 September 2002

Table of contents President“s Message


About NCNC, Inc.


Editorial Board

Upcoming Events of NCNC


Dasharath P. Lohar

Spiritual Philosophy of Yoga


Annapurna Deo

Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries


A presentation of the Nepalese culture in the Americas’

Madhav Dhakal Srijana Thapa Publisher: Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. Sanskriti Sangalo is published annually usually around the beginning of the Nepali new year (Vikram Samvat). However, this year“s issue is delayed due to certain circumstances. The deadline for the submission of articles, advertisements, and event information is the end of February every year. Suggestions and comments on improving the newsletter are always welcome. Mailing Address: Sanskriti Sangalo, Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. P.O. Box 5223, Raleigh North Carolina 27650-5223 Disclaimer: Editors may not agree with all the contents of the newsletter. Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. is not liable for the damage to anyone due to the information contained in this newsletter. Any error or information should be mailed to the editor(s) at the above address.


NCNC Activity Reports Mourning on Nepal tragedy Joint convention of Neplaese associations International festival 2001 Dashain festival 2001 Puskar Shah in Raleigh for the world peace New year 2002 celebration Sarswati pooja/Nepali language opening ceremony NCNC new year convention International festival 2002 Reception for H.E. Shambhu Shimkhada Technology Transfer Abstracts NCNC, Inc. Program Updates Community News Poems Teej Celebration in Nepal Time as a Cycle Life Members of NCNC NCNC Membership Form Useful Information NCNC Balance Sheet NCNC Executive Committee

11 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 15 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 27 27 28

About the cover page The 17th century Shree Tauleshwor Nath temple in Taulihawa, Kapilvastu, Nepal. It is the largest Shiva temple in Nepal. In spite of its glory, it lacks a proper management due to the lack of funds.

President“s Message proud that NCNC is really known by many with a good respect and that is not possible by one or two person, it is due to the whole community. I thank you all for that from the deep down of my heart.

Dear NCNC Community, Namaste! I greatly appreciate you giving me an opportunity to serve NCNC as its President for the term of 2002-2003. I had also enjoyed working as NCNC Vice-President for its first term 2000-2001. We all know that accepting any responsible position is a big commitment and needs dedication. However, I personally feel that my commitment and dedication towards Nepali community of North Carolina began from the day I landed in North Carolina in 1981. I like to give the priority to work hard and smart towards nurturing NCNC and leading NCNC towards the ladder of development and accomplishment and be able to see the Nepali Community with its full blossom.

I have been making sure to represent NCNC at most of the Nepali organizations even with my personal expenses from wherever we have been invited. I think that it is needed since NCNC is still at early age. I have attended Nepalese Americas Council (NAC) annual executive meeting in February, Association of Nepalese in Midwest America (ANMA) 20th convention in May, The Association of Nepalese in the Americas (ANA) 20th convention in July, and Nepalese Association in Southeast America (NASeA) convention during Labor Day weekend. Last year, NCNC had a great success in organizing the joint convention during Labor Day weekend. Recently, you may have learned that North Carolina is the center for the newly born nonprofit organization named ”Nepali Women“s Network of North America„ (NWN). I am privileged to lead this network.

With our continued hard work, dedication and unity, NCNC has been evolving as an institution to provide varieties of services to its community. Providing services must be the mission of NCNC at this early phase of establishment. We have several challenges ahead to achieve our mission. However, I strongly believe that mission accomplishment depends upon our unity, understanding, compassion, support, love, and affection among us. I have confidence that you all will always help and support and guide me to the right path whenever I am in need. If we all always keep in mind the meaning of "Center", the rest will be the best.

I would like to assure you all that I have been taking my every step very carefully for NCNC“s reputation/success. I believe that NCNC is strong and will not break by any storm. Currently NCNC is focusing on two major projects, which are the Counseling program and Nepali Language Learning. We will work together and we will gain together. So please: Fly fly fly for the highest height, stick to the flight but don“t quit site Don“t quit flight though flight is slow, we will succeed in another blow!

It has always been my best interest to serve/inspire Nepal Center of North Carolina for overall progress working as a good role model for our next generations and an asset for the land where we are enjoying our life. NCNC has been even in its young age able to do many successful activities within Nepali community as well as internationally. You would learn more about the activities as you go through this newsletter. We should be

Thank you all once again! Yours truly, Annapurna Deo (President, NCNC) 3

Festival by presenting a booth there to introduce Nepal. 3) Donate money to cope with natural disasters and charities. 4) Contact area institutions (such as universities) and offer information on Nepal 5) Help non-Nepalese going to Nepal by orientation, information and guidance. 6) Help Nepalese moving to North Carolina. 7) Publish annual newsletters with extensive educational information. 8) Receive and host dignitaries related to Nepal visiting North Carolina. 9) Maintain an active relationship with other Nepalese Associations in North America. 10) Organize Nepalese cultural programs. 11) Administer Nepali learning classes.

About NCNC, Inc. This is an organization of the North Carolinians of Nepalese origin, which attempts to bring positive changes, and build responsible citizenship through education and culture. NCNC is about friendship. As our children and we merge in the mainstream America we recognize the modern needs and at the same time we want to preserve and influence our cultural values, and tradition in a meaningful way. Our annual activities include but not limited to the following. 1) Two semi-Annual Conventions (one logistic and the other cultural) normally attended by about 200 people. 2) Participate in festivals such as Durham Center Fest and Raleigh International 4

Buddhism, Jainism believes that due to karma or action soul migrates from one to another life cycle and suffers pain. The karmas that bind our souls are due not only to the action of our body, mind and speech, but also to the intention behind them. The ultimate goal of life is to achieve liberation removing all karma by the three-fold- path of right faith, right conduct and right knowledge. Gita or Bhagwat Gita is the most popular Hindu Religious book preached by Lord Krishna to His favorite devotee Arjun. He said ”karma is bond and mukti is to be free from karma in the shape of good and bad consequences by the four-fold- path: karma yoga, jnana yoga, dhyan yoga and bhakti yoga. Of all devoutly worship (bhakti yoga) is the best.„

Upcoming Events of NCNC International Festival: November 8-10, 2002. Dashain Festival: October 12, 2002. New Year Celebration: December 21, 2002.

Spiritual Philosophy of Yoga Mr. Narayan Deo, M.S.(Chem.), A.I.F.C., M.F, B.L. The thinkers (sages) have described karma as two-fold: righteous and unrighteous. In course of time, creatures get bound to their virtue and vice. To the heaven through pious deeds and to the hell through impious deeds — this is the way the creation is karma-bound. Suffering comes from impious deeds and pleasure from pious deeds. So one who wants pleasure performs pious deeds only. After the expiration of sins, the atma (soul) follows several re-births (according to karma). Nor is it otherwise when virtues are expended. Liberated souls are never reborn. However, the souls in the heaven are reborn after expiration of good karma. This is certain. Hence wise one turns to the Knowledge (Jnana, Gyan) —method, abandoning both virtues and vice. That the atma can be seen (realized) on this shore (i.e. in this very life) is learnt from the scriptures. The knowledge must be nursed as the means and the harbinger of Mukti (liberation). To be free from the bonds of karma and suffering the Three-Fold-Path recommended by God realizers to follow for peace and salvation in general, and the Four-Fold Path in special as said in Gita.

Philosophy of Bhagwat Gita-– You will be freed from bondage to work and its auspicious and inauspicious results by performing your duties giving up attachment, doing that as an offering to Me and doing your duty thinking of Me. Activities are performed by prakriti and the soul does nothing. The soul neither does anything nor is entangled. The soul is higher than body, mind and intelligence, and I am that soul. O Arjuna , be a Yogi, because a Yogi attains the supreme goal. Give your mind to Me, be devoted to Me, worship Me and bow to Me. Doing so you will come to Me, I truly promise you. Take refuge to Me alone resigning all your duties, I shall absolve you of all sins, do not worry. Meditation on God is better than knowledge, renunciation of fruit of actions is superior to meditation. He who devoutly worships Me is the best of all. Those who are not faithful cannot attain Me and they return to the path of birth and death„. Thus, Lord Krishna preached Karma yoga, Jnana yoga, bhakti yoga and dhyan yoga: the four-fold-path to eliminate pain and achieve absolute peace, bliss and happiness called salvation, liberation or moksha.

Lord Buddha gave great importance to karma or action and preached for Nirvana. Transmigration is due to the influence of karma alone and ignorance is the cause of suffering. One can get salvation by the threefold path consists of right prajna, right sheel and right samadhi. Buddha preached: ” Rouse thyself by thyself and work out your own salvation ”. Same as Hinduism and

Philosophy of Upnishad or Jnana: Upnishads, which explain the path of jnana 5

Maya will alone know what Maya is. Brahman jnana is the essence of the Advait Vedantic philosophy, which will dawn in you by meditating on Mahavakyas, which constitute the quintessence of Upnishadic teaching. If the vedas be compared to a tree, and Upnishads its fruit then the mahavakyas can be characterized as the juice of the fruit, which say ”Thou art not body, mind, intellect, senses. Thou art not three bodies ( gross, subtle and casual ) and five Koshas (sheaths of, food, vital, mental, intellectual and bliss). Thou art the witness of three states (Awake, sleeping and dreaming). Thou art that, pure consciousness. Realize this and be free„. ”The soul is the master of chariot, the body is the chariot, the intellect is the charioteer, the mind is the rein, and the senses are the horses„‘ Ka. Up.

are the last chapter of Hindu religious book Vedas. The central theme of upnishads is that Brahm is atma and atma is Brahman. This is declared by the famous Mahavakyas (great sayings) taken from four Vedas-”Prajnanam Brahman„ (Conscious Intelligence is Brahman)-Aitt.Up, Rig Veda; ”Tatvamasi„ (Thou art that)-Chh. Up, Sam Veda; ”Ayam Atma Brahman„ (This self is Brahman)Man.Up, Atherv Veda; ”Aham Brahmasmi„ (I am Brahman)-Bri. UP, Yajur Veda. Veda describes three things: Karma, Upasana and Gyan(jnana). Higher knowledge is Jnana kand and lower knowledge is karm kand. Karma kand is to go to heaven and Jnana kand to attain liberation. The Supreme reality is the only reality and everything else is just because of illusion or Maya. There are two kinds of views about liberation: first, it can be attained after death and second, it can be attained even in life time. Liberation can come only when we are able to attain the true knowledge, which leads from the unreal to real, from darkness to light and from death to immortal. This follows the philosophy of Vedant Darshan or Brahman Sutra compiled by Veda Vyas (c. 3100 B.C., however, the Vedas are eternal).

Philosophy of Yoga: Acharya Patanjali is the father of Yoga. The science of Yoga seeks to discover and realize the ultimate reality through yogic practices. Patanjali prescribed the control of pran (life breath) as the means to control the body and mind. This rewards one with good health and happiness. Yogic postures enhance the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive, endocrine systems and other organs of the body. The attainment of the ultimate bliss of God through the discipline of: yama, niyama, asana, paranayam, pratyahar, dharna, dhyan and samadhi are called eight-limbic yoga.

Now let“s inquire the Brahman from which the universe originated. Both difference and non-difference between Brahman and Jivatma (soul) is taught like serpent and its coil. Brahman is more than individual soul. There is equality to enjoyment only. The soul can not create this world. One has to meditate sitting with steadiness and not while moving, wherever concentration of mind is attained till death. Brahman is attained by knowledge (Gyan).

The restraint of the modification of the mindstuff is yoga. These mental modifications are restrained by practice and non-attachment. As its result, the evil over the inner Light is destroyed. By the practice of the limbs of Yoga, the impurities dwindle away and there dawns the light of wisdom leading to discriminative discernment. Practice becomes firmly grounded when well attended to for a long time, without break. By study of spiritual books, communion with one“s chosen deity and by total surrender to God, samadhi is attained. The word expressive of

It is impossible to attain liberation without jnana. One can attain liberation only through knowledge (jnana). —Veda. There is nothing equal in purity to jnana‘ Gita. Jnana is the knowledge of Self (soul), Maya (Illusory power of Brahman) and Brahman. He who gets knowledge of self, having overcome 6

Shiva, Brahma and My brother Balram. When a person is desirous of sensual objects and their enjoyments, his mind gets more and more attached to them; but if he faithfully remembers Me, his mind gets more and more absorbed in My love. Divine-love-devotion is higher religion or ”param Dharm„. That which is rare, that which is unattainable, and that of which mind cannot even think of, is acquired without asking through devotion. Whether the mind is attached to God through lust, anger, fear, love or any other way, the result is God realization„ (Bhagawatam). Listening, remembering, offering prayer, worshiping, serving the lotus feet of God, to be servant and friend, and finally surrendering to God are nine types of Devotion called Nawdha-bhakti. Among nine only three (Shravan, Kirtan and Manan) are main. In Bhakti yoga three points should be focused: firstly, devoid of all desires; secondly, it should not be diluted by karma, jnana, tap, etc., and thirdly, one should serve through the relation of sant, dasya (servitude), sakhya (friendship), vatsalya, (parent-hood), and madhurya (passionate-love)

Ishvara is the mystic sound OM. To repeat it with reflection upon its meaning is an aid. Siddhis are born of practices performed in previous births, or by herbs, mantra repetition, or by samadhi. These superphysical senses are obstacles to nirbij samadhi but are powers in the worldly pursuits. Kundalini Yoga- Kundalini Shakti, the serpent-power or mystic fire, is the primordial energy or Shakti that lies dormant or sleeping in the Muladhar Chakra in the middle of anus and the genital. There is no spiritual awaking so long one does not get the access to this power. When the kundalini sleeps man is awake to this world. The Kundalini Shakti wakes and rises upward to Chakras viz., Swadhisthan, Manipur, Anahat, Visudhi and Ajna by mantras, bundhas, mudras, pranayam or by blessing of a great saint through touching body or eyes contact. Becoming motionless, trembling, sweating, horripilation, paleness, choked voice, tears, unconscious trans are eight symptoms of awaking. Kundalini is not a thing to see with physical eyes or by the apparatus invented by man. It is a thing to be felt by making the mind pure and subtle by leading a strict life discipline.

There are three aspects (manifestation) of God (Supreme personality): Brahman (worshiped by Jnani as formless, nameless, attributeless and non-doer), pramatma (worshiped by Yogis), and Bhagvan (worshiped by bhaktas or devotees as some name and form appeared on the earth). Jnanis experience God at a distance, Yogis at a closer and devotees experience at the closest distance. The Jnani is superior to the austere ritualist. The yogi is superior to the jnani and the bhakta is the supreme (Gita, 6.47). Although the bliss of God with form or without form is the same, yet there is an indescribable specialty in the Divine-Lovebliss which attracts and intoxicates even paramhansas (liberated souls) like King Janak, rishi Sanak. Moreover, the path of jnana is difficult and has greater chance of falling down. But the path of Bhakti is easiest and the best.

Philosophy of Bhakti (Devotion): Bhakti is preferred by all scriptures, sages, yogis and obtained by Divine grace only which depends on bhajan and sharan. Therefore, Lord Krishna said ”having obtained joyless and transient human life, worship ME constantly (Gita 9.33). ”The highly evolved yoga and intellectually analyzed Jnana(knowledge), the minute study of the vedant and the ascetic order of renunciation, the religious and ritual observances (dharm), and penance and austerity, these are all uncertain ways of Divine attainment as compared to My devotional-love. Only with faithful love and devotion one can find Me. There is no other way. Truly speaking, saints are more loving to Me than my own emanations, such as 7

surrendered to God. Chanting His sacred name and praying with tears can bring His grace soon. God realization is the only one ultimate aim of human life. If we do not try while in the form of human life, then there is great suffering and pain in rotating the endless cycle of birth and death. The scriptures say ”awake, arise and seek the holy association and try for salvation„.

One of Jagatguru Shankaracharyaé s (509477 BC) disciple asked him ”what one should do immediately who is desirous to salvation?.„ He replied ”saintly association, no attachment from the world and the mind attachment to God. Because, without devotion the purification of heart is impossible. So, sing the glory of Govind, O mind, take refuge in Him and sing. Grammar can not help you in your last moment. You can step in yoga or you can live in the family. You live amidst people or alone in solitude. If the mind rest in the blissful Brahman, no more, no more care or grief for you. Eternal peace and bliss are yours.„

In the present time of kaliyuga God“s name (like Ram, Krishna, Hari, Om, Shiva, Durga) has the highest value and power. Moreover, name is better than Karma, Bhakti, and Jnana. All names are the name of one God, which is nameless, formless and is neither male nor female. About God“s names, there are two philosophies: first, name has equal power to roop (form); second, name has more power than form of God. Moreover, name is available to everyone. Hence, whatever name one prefers should remember by japa (chanting holy names of God) and dhyan (meditating on holy and sacred name or form. Sharan (surrendering) and smaran (remembering God“s name or form) are the best way to realize peace, Bliss and Ish (God).

God is one and only one, nameless, formless genderless, attributeless (called Nirgun Brahman). He appears in different forms and names to fulfill special objectives called Sagun Brahman worshiped by Bhaktas. Truth is that God is one, seers describe it severally. No one is bigger or smaller. But it is easier to practice by selecting only one favorite name and form. Practice is constantly continued till death whether realized or not. Without remembering God at the time of death even jivanmukta (liberated soul) can be subjected to bondage again like Jadabharat who had to become a dear in his next life. On the other hand, Ajamil who remembered his son“s name Narayan (which is God“s name) attained Bisnudham (see Bhagvat Puran for detail).

Did You Know This? The first in flight Shivkar Bapuji Talpade used vedic knowledge and creativity to construct an aircraft, and demonstrated the capability of the aircraft on a beach in Bombay, India in 1895. The aircraft reached an altitude of 1500 feet. This flight was 8 years before the Wright Brothers achieved their first flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. [Source: Knapp, S. (2000). Proof of Vedic Culture凫s Global Existence. The World Relief Network.]

God can not be grasped through senses, mind and intellect, He can not be known even after constant efforts for innumerable ages. He can be known by one upon whom He showers and on whom He graces with His Divine power. Holy association, delusion destruction and liberation are impossible without His grace. His grace is the essential condition for liberation and attainment of Supreme bliss. His grace is not arbitrary, but depends on the condition of complete self-surrender to God. The cause of freedom and bondage is the mind. So the mind alone has to be

The true period of the Lord Buddha A great scholar Narayan Sastry, after his 20 years of research on authentic ancient records, established the true date of the Lord Buddha 8

as the 19th century BC. Lord Buddha was born in Lumbini of our country Nepal. Mr. Sastry proved that the Western historians distorted the ancient records and wrongly wrote the period of Buddha as the 5th century BC. He produced the unbroken list of the historic dates of the kings of Nepal from the end of the dwapar yuga (i.e., 3102 years B.C.). It is proven that Jagatguru Aadi Shankaracharya was born in 509 BC according to the records of various Indian Maths. Shankaracharya debated with the then Indian Buddhist kings and won them back to Sanatan Dharm. Thus, it is obvious that Buddhism had spread all over India by that time. Therefore, it is impossible that Lord Buddha was born in the 5th century BC as written by the Western historians. The true period of the Lord Buddha is 1894-1814 B.C. [Source: Swami Prakashanand Sarswati (2000). The True History and Religion of India A Concise Encyclopedia of Authentic Hinduism. International Society of Divine Love, Texas.]

affects the quantity and composition of their waste. Populations with higher levels of economic development usually produce a greater proportion of non-biodegradable materials in their waste. Populations with lower levels of economic development usually generate a greater percentage of biodegradable waste, which is usually the case in developing countries. If this waste is not handled properly, it can have significant negative impacts on the environment. Solid waste generation rates and composition can also be influenced by geographical location, climate, economic, social and religious factors. Many developing countries do not have proper records of solid waste generation, but some are available. A survey conducted in 1991 showed that the solid waste generation rate for Kathmandu was 250-500 gm/person/day. According to the 1994 census, Kathmandu valley had a population of 1.02 million, which means about 480-500 tons of solid-waste is generated every day. In various Indian cities, solid waste generation ranged from 320-530 gm/person/day. Most reports on municipal solid waste for cities in South and West Asia list generation rates ranging from 500- 800 gm/person/day.

Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries Mr. Nagendra Neupane, Cary, North Carolina

In the past, people in developing countries would reduce solid waste at the household level by backyard composting, and using the compost as fertilizer for crops. This still exists in some cities, but in most cities a lack of open space has forced almost all household wastes into landfill disposal. Since 1990, landfills have become a political game in Nepal, and politicians in every election raise landfill issues to gain popularity.

The majority of fast-growing cities are located in developing countries. Growth inevitably means more people, more activities, and more waste that needs to be removed and processed. Solid waste management is a growing issue in developing countries because of the increasing environmental pollution often associated with it.

Recycling is the practice of recovering used materials from solid waste and using those materials in manufacturing processes. The primary benefits of recycling are conservation of natural resources and reduction of landfill space needed. Reuse is a simple idea: �One

Human beings are the primary source of solid waste. The level of socio-economic development of human populations often 9

There are both environmental and agronomic benefits to composting, not to mention the potential to avoid rising disposal costs for municipal solid waste. Compost has been found to lighten heavy soils, improve the texture of light sandy soils, and increase the water retention capacity of most soils. Composting costs considerably less than soil excavation and incineration. A number of farmers already compost manure, and have had very positive experiences with composting.

person“s trash is another person“s treasure.„ Reuse is easy, and saves money, energy, and resources. Unfortunately, recycling programs have been costly in developing countries, and the technology required is often too complicated or not adaptable to local circumstances. Some individuals go door-todoor collecting scrap metal, paper, and empty bottles, which they pay for and sell to dealers or junkyards (Kawadi). This is done primarily to earn money, not explicitly to recycle or preserve the environment, so valuable materials are often preferred while nonprofitable recyclables are often ignored. This results in messes and untidiness at waste collection sites, and is an ongoing issue in developing countries.

Community participation plays a vital role in solid waste management. Public knowledge and willingness are very important factors necessary to promote environmental awareness. Over the past ten years in India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Nepal, citizen groups have been spearheading changes to public awareness of waste and recycling. One study shows that people in Nepal have become more concerned and aware of their living environment, and have started working as partner with the government. Recently, Kathmandu Municipality installed more dust bins in the most sophisticated central business area, based on the successful public participation with trial dust bins in different parts of city.

Production of methane gas from landfills could be used for commercial purposes such as cooking. Gas capture has been tried on an experimental basis in few places in developing countries. But, all landfills are not designed with gas collection. Landfill gas is supplied to a nearby hospital in New Delhi, India. Anaerobic digestion was introduced to Sri Lanka in 1969. The energy crises of 1973 prompted more activities in the area though there had not been activities to the same magnitude as in neighboring India, Nepal or as in China. But, lack of proper monitoring, maintenance and control of moisture utilization of landfill gas, as an energy source is not sufficient.

Planning, management, and decision-making all depend on a country“s administrative structures and political values. The most common solid waste management problems in developing countries are caused by institutional deficiencies, inadequate legal provisions, and a lack of resources. Several national and international organizations are working in Nepal to improve environmental conditions. A German-aided organization (GTZ) does most solid waste management work in Nepal. It provides advisory and financial support for improving urban development and management.

Composting is not a new technology. By composting yard materials and food scraps, homeowners reduce the amount of waste that requires disposal. Organic components of municipal solid waste include food wastes, paper, cardboard, textiles, rubber, leather, yard wastes and wood. Food waste is the major organic component in developing countries. Many of these wastes can be composted, including vegetable trimmings, eggshells, tea bags and cotton bags. One study shows that agriculture composting is a popular activity in developing countries.

The management of solid waste in developing countries is a serious issue with significant 10

environmental consequences. Approaches to municipal solid waste management based on collection and disposal have failed to provide effective services. Many parts of cities in developing countries are partially or completely blocked by solid waste in rainy seasons. Improper dumping of waste is the main problem. Recycling and composting have been considered an alternative to reduce solid waste, but these are not without problems. In the past, large-scale recycling plants have been set up in developing countries based on western technologies. Many of these plants failed and were abandoned for several reasons.

Do you know when did KALI YUGA begin?

*Technology was too complicated and not adapted to local circumstances.

NCNC Activity Report

The famous MAHABHARAT WAR (You may have watched the TV serial on it. It is worth watching if you have not already.) took place in 3139 BC (i.e. 5141 years ago). It lasted for 18 days. The KALI YUG began after the MAHABHARAT WAR in 3102 BC (i.e. with the ascension of the Lord Krishna). Thus, according to the Panchang Patro, we are in 5104 Kali era. [Source: Swami Prakashanand Sarswati (2000). The True History and Religion of India A Concise Encyclopedia of Authentic Hinduism. International Society of Divine Love, Texas.]

Mourning on Nepal tragedy *Management and technical expertise was often not available or sufficient.

On June 3, 2001, Nepalese residing in the area gathered to mourn the tragic death of King and Queen of Nepal in Hindu Bhavan in Morrisville. Dr. Gangadhar Sharma, volunteer priest and founder of Hindu Society of North Carolina, read verses from the Geeta for the peace of the departed royals of Nepal. Dr. Sharma offered homage saying that His late Majesty gave his life while carrying out his kingly duties. Paying tearful tribute to late King and Queen, Mr. Ishwar Devkota, President, Nepal Center of North Carolina, described this as a national tragedy and by far the darkest day in Nepalese history. He further described His Majesty as a gentle, charming, and peace loving personality and said that irrespective of whether monarchy or democracy in Nepal, we Nepalese always looked up to His Majesty with hope. Mr. Pramod Mishra, shocked at the loss of the royal family, described his majesty as kind, wise and symbol of national unity even for people who were in principle opposed to monarchy. Mr. Narayan Deo described His Majesty as a kind, generous and peace loving good king and offered prayers.

*Institutional environments in western countries were completely different from those in developing countries, and these could not be transferred along with the technology. It can be concluded that every country in the world needs to develop its own solid waste management policy to provide for its economic, social, and environmental needs. Active public participation is needed at every stage of solid waste management. References: Jain, A. P. (1994). 20th WEDC Conference: Colombo, Sri Lanka, 1994. Solid waste management in India. United Nations Environmental Program. Municipality Solid Waste Management. News reports. The Kathmandu Post (various dates).


The registration in progress at the Joint Convention of Nepalese Associations

Nepalese gather to mourn in North Carolina Dr. Harihar Bhattarai emphasized deep sense of attachment of Nepalese people to His Majesty by tradition and culture of Nepal. He further described our king as very kind. Mrs. Saroj Sharma, past President of Hindu Society of North Carolina, recalled her recent visit to Nepal and expressed her grief on this tragic event. People present from within 100 mile area observed moment of silence, offered flowers at the pictures of their majesties and offered prayers for eternal peace of the departed souls.

The Key Note Speech was delivered by His Excellency Murari Raj Sharma, Nepalese Ambassador to UN. Workshops/seminars on current Nepalese issues, women“s lives, Nepalese youths growing up in US, Technology transfer and development issues, spiritual programs, yoga, bhajans were organized. Cultural programs by our talented performers from all the participating associations, and professional musical concert by popular singer from Nepal Mr. Deep Shrestha and his entourage were successful. Ask the Doctor program, children's program, volunteering, blood-donation, and community service programs were also held. Poetry festival with a special category for children competition was notable. Indoor Soccer Tournament was held. The winners were Raleigh Ko Gorkhali, and the runner-ups Atlanata Blues.

Joint convention of Nepalese associations Ishwar Devkota: Chairman Narayan Rajhandary: Co-chairman This report is on our memorable Labor Day Convention (September 1-3, 2001) hosted by Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. (NCNC), jointly with Nepalese Association in Southeast America (NASeA), Nepalese American Council (NAC), Nepa Pasa Pucha of Amerikaye (NPPA), and Florida Nepal Association (FNA). It is my utmost pleasure to report to you that we did our best on our part to make all our guests feel at home guided by our teaching ”Aathiti Devo Bhava„ (a guest is a god). The objective of the convention was to provide a forum for exploring the educational and cultural challenges that Nepalese face in America as well as recent developments and social changes in Nepal.

We had extended invitation to several distinguished individuals to attend this seminar. We received messages from Prime Minister of Nepal, Honorable Sher Bahadur Deuba, and also from former governor of North Carolina, Honorable James B. Hunt wishing success of the convention. We estimated that the attendance was about 500 people. Our friends and guest were from all over: from west e.g. California, from Midwest (Minnesota, St. Louis area, Michigan, Tennessee, Ohio and so on), a huge 12

craft sale. NCNC donated $75.00 from this event to the pool of money being collected for NY and DC relief fund being coordinated by Devendra ji on behalf of NCNC.

participation from Florida, Georgia, and DC area. This was an amazing showcase of Nepali and American friendship, meetings, music, food, brotherhood and sisterhood. My heartfelt thanks to all our coordinators and the volunteers who made this a spectacular event and more. We have received many heartwarming comments on the convention. I remain certain that this will provide us inspiration to do more in future and go for other stars! For me it has. Thank you all for your hard work and support.

Dashain festival 2001 Coordinator: Mrs. Annapuna Deo This Dashain was celebrated at Duke International House with a great turnout and plenty of delicious food. The meaning and purpose of Dashain in Sanskrit/English were provided by the participants of different ages including one four-year old, senior members and friends of NCNC representing the diverse Nepali culture. Thanks to all the participants and who presented the tradition of Dashain through shlokas/meaning, and songs. It was very impressive to see all children doing beautiful job standing in front of hundreds of people and pronouncing the shlokas in Shanskrit. All of them received big applauses from the audience and were rewarded with a simple gift by Mrs. Annapurna Deo as an encouragement. We appreciate all those who helped for the success of this event.

International festival 2001 Co-ordinator: Mr. Ishwor Devkota Hats off to Kisan ji and his wife Pam for their splendid job on running the International Festival on October 5 and October 6, 2001. International Festival was enjoyable and once again proved to be a great place to do something together, strengthen our own friendship, and meet so many new friends. Our own Chef Kisan prepared Momos, Lamb Kabab and they were excellent. Our booth was well decorated and had a good crowd compared to other booths. Thanks to all who

Puskar Shah in Raleigh for the world peace! We received Mr. Puskar Shah at Raleigh, North Carolina on October 23rd, 2001. Mr. Shah was on a world bike tour with a message

Nepalese Cafe in the International Festival 2001 volunteered on this occasion to make it a success. We learned a lot in this festival. This was an excellent opportunity for us to get involved. We also had a small stall for crafts and souvenir sale. We already had a good experience on that from last year. Financially, we gained $35.00 from the food stall and there was $40.00 contribution to NCNC from

Mr. Puskar Shah with his bike (on the left) 13

Ishwar Devkota and Mr. Pramod Mishra from past BOD extended their best wishes and expressed their confidence on the newly elected BOD. The children were happy playing games with Ms. Srijana Thapa. Having a bigger hall to enjoy the gathering was appreciated by everyone.

of universal peace. NBC had very good news coverage on Puskarjee on October 24th, 2001. If you wish, please go to from where you can connect back to NBC17 News. There is a news item to read and a video to watch. NCNC hosted a dinner to honor him and we had an opportunity to meet him on October 25th at the E.S. King Village in Raleigh. NCNC members also provided a financial support to Mr. Shah at the meeting. He left Raleigh to go to Atlanta, on October 26th, 2001.

Saraswati Pooja/Nepali language learning opening ceremony Coordinator: Mrs. Annapurna Deo The Nepali learning class was initiated on the occasion of Saraswati Pooja (February 17, 2002). Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and intelligence, and Nepalese believe this day to be the most auspicious for initiating kids for learning. Congratulations to NCNC/Nepalese community for this initiative! The program began with a brief Saraswati pooja and shlokas by Mr. Narayan Deo. Children in circle enjoyed reading Nepali book with Mrs. Sumitra Karki and learning yoga with Mr. Deo on a colorful rug. We are in search for a free place to hold the classes at different levels during weekends. The Nepali learning is open to all - tourists, Peace Corps volunteers, children, youth and adults. We thank all who expressed their support and helped in this valuable project of teaching Nepali subject abroad. Please see under the Programs section to find out more about this program.

We had a special feeling meeting him: a feeling of courage, a feeling of inspiration, a feeling of pride and more. Mr. Shah, a proud son of Nepal, was just fine and moving ahead with his mission of "Peace and Love". New Year 2002 celebration Co-ordinator: Mrs. Annapurna Deo It was a nice party with a lot of good food and fun for first time at the Bethesda Ruritan Club in Durham on January 20, 2002. The meeting was also meant for the job transfer ceremony for the BOD. The program began with a short peace prayer by Mr. Narayan Deo. Few of the vacant position of BOD were filled on that day and as well as few coordinators were also nominated to accomplish some of the new goals. New president, Annapurna Deo extended her sincere thanks to the members of the election committee. On behalf of NCNC, she presented a beautiful plaque to Mr. Ishwar Devkota, the past and the first President of NCNC for his successes and achievements during 2000-2001.

NCNC Nepali new year convention Co-ordinator Mr. Kisan Upadhyay The New Year Convention was co-ordinated by Mr. Kisan Upadhyay in Durham, North Carolina on April 20, 2002. The convention was attended by about 88 members. It was inaugurated by the NCNC president Mrs. Annapurna Deo with a peace message. She presented a brief introduction to the programs run or to be run by NCNC to the general body. Mr. Ishwar Devkota, the ex-president of NCNC thanked the last BOD members for their contribution. He suggested the members

Mrs. Annapurna Deo donated a brand new big rug to NCNC for the use by children in meetings. In her speech, she presented few of her short term goals (please see president“s message). She thanked all the participants for their supports in electing her as the president of NCNC and asked them for their continued help in fulfilling NCNC objectives. Mr. 14

events that included sidewalk cafe , main stage, young people“s performance, international bazaar, cultural exhibit, and demonstration. The visitors enjoyed the Nepalese dishes and learned to write their names in Nepali. Many women visitors put on saris and went around the festival ground. NCNC was not only able to promote the culture of Nepal to an international audience but also was able to make a net financial gain of $904.47 from the sale of Nepali food and handicrafts.

to work in peace and harmony for the progress of the community. Mr. Kisan Upadhyay, the treasurer of NCNC, presented the financial balance sheet in the convention. The NCNC account balance at that time was $3700.00. Mrs. Bhagwati Neupane talked about the commencement of the Nepali Language Class. She thanked the members who helped her organize the classes. Mr. Shree Kant Gautam presented his views on developing a curriculum for the Nepali Class. He mentioned to include things such as but not limited to reading/writing Nepali, culture, geography, history and civics in Nepal. He expressed his confidence to overcome the obstacles in this regard. There was an open interaction program among the members of the convention. Several members raised questions on the functioning of NCNC, Inc. and gave their suggestions. Dr. Devendra Amatya interpreted the meaning of each letter of NCNC, Inc, and presented several meanings of the same.

NCNC is grateful to all the chairpersons and the volunteers without whom it could not have been a success.

Finally, there was a cultural program coordinated by Mrs. Shanti Rajlawat. The performers were kids of Mr. Dhakal family of Greensboro, and kids from Raleigh. The final moments of the convention were open for entertainment by everybody. Several members told funny Nepali jokes, and the whole convention burst into laughter almost without a break. Raffle games were organized for different age groups separately. We are thankful to Ms. Srijana Thapa who procured the prizes for the games. It was a fun, and several members (particularly kids) enjoyed their prizes. NCNC earned $83.00 from the sale of the tickets. Overall, the event was a grand success.

Children performing a traditional Nepali dance during the International Festival at Raleigh Reception for H. E. Shambhu Shimkada Co-ordinator: Mrs. Annapurna Deo The NCNC organized a reception/pot luck dinner to honor H. E. Shambhu Simkhada, and his wife Mrs. Bindu Shimkhada at the Duke International House in Durham. Dr. Shimkhada is the Ambassador/Permanent Representative of Nepal to the United Nations Agencies in Geneva, and the Ambassador of Nepal to the Government of Switzerland. He was the immediate past Chairman of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights.

International festival 2002 The International Festival was organized by the International Focus, Inc. (1307 Glenwood Avenue, Suite 154, Raleigh, NC 27605) from April 26 to April 28 2002 at the State Fairgrounds, Raleigh. NCNC participated in

Dr. Shimkhada gave an informal speech on Nepal and the Nepalese on the occasion. 15

(8852 m) and the ancient unbroken culture dating back to pre-Christian Era, it has been a great attraction to the developed nations of the west. Thus, tourism is the main source of income for foreign exchange. While more than 6000 rivers flowing from the northern Himalayas to the south present a great potential for the water resources development including hydropower for its economic growth, it has also been a kind of threat to the nation because of landslides, floods, soil erosion, and inundation of fertile lands. This has resulted in reduced or inefficient agricultural productions, which the country heavily relies on. Similarly, the population growth, especially in urban areas, is continuously threatening not only water quantity and quality but also air quality. A cost-effective technology appropriate to the society and the environment is in need for the water, watershed management, urban planning, health and infrastructural development. Despite of this, the country has been able to keep up some with the fast changing world with the booming computer and information technology.

Dr. and Mrs. Simkhada with NCNC members He had given his formal speech on "United Nation and Human Rights" during the luncheon at Chapel Hill organized by the West Triangle Chapter of the UN Association. It was very nice of DUIH officer for putting a Nepali Flag on its entrance door, and we are grateful to him.

Technology Transfer Abstracts This section summarizes the technology transfer presentations made at the Joint Convention of Nepalese Associations during the Labor Day week-end 2001.

A significant amount of investment in its techno-economical development comes from international assistance and donor agencies. In this process, a huge amount of technology from these donor countries“ assistance as providers is transferred to Nepal, its professionals, and local people as the receivers of the technology for the developmental projects.

A national level council for technology transfer to Nepal Dr. Devendra M Amatya, Ph.D., P.E. Nepal, an agrarian country located between two giant nations, India in the south and China in the north, is slowly moving forward for the socio-economic development of its 23 million people. According to the United Nations (2001) report, Nepal was ranked at 69th position out of 72 countries based on Technological Access Index (TAI). The recent jump in Human Development Index (HDI) was attributed to some growth in education sector. However, it has a long way to go to technological development, it reported.

The paper focused on some of the main obstacles that need to be overcome during this transfer of technology and the idea of a new type of provider who has some prior knowledge of overcoming these obstacles. Nepalese and/or professionals and expatriates of the Nepalese origin residing abroad, including the U.S.A. and who are willing to provide technical and technological services to the development of Nepal can be a valuable resource as a new provider. In the context of USA, a large cadre of such enthusiastic professionals already exists. The paper emphasized the need of pooling such resources as providers of such

Perhaps because of the natural beauty of the snowy Himalayan range with several highest peaks of the world including Mount Everest 16

technology/services to different agencies/institutions/societies in Nepal as the receivers that are in its dire need. It is proposed that a Technology Transfer (TT) Council on a national level here in the USA can be an effective approach to pursue such a program. The paper further illustrated the potential areas, means and approaches of the transfer. The multilateral benefits of these two main approaches of transfer were discussed. The TT Council may be formed of representatives from different existing Nepali organizations in the North America. Last but not the least, role of these organizations to coordinate efforts with the TT council, the role of TT council in coordinating TT services between receivers in Nepal and providers here and the role of receivers in Nepal were also briefly discussed.

understanding of their special characteristics as a distinctive nation, a sympathetic appreciation as well as balanced judgment of their culture and tradition, and a willingness to stop out of their accustomed mode of thinking to address practically the issues of development. Awareness of cancer in American-Nepalese community Dr. Padam P. Paudel, M.D. The following points were covered in the presentation. 1. Impact of change of lifestyle in USA. 2. Eating habits and type of foods. 3. Tobacco and alcohol consumption. 4. Breast and gynecological cancers. 5. American Nepal Medical Foundation. 6. It“s role in helping and in educating the Nepalese. 7. Continuing medical education to doctors and paramedical professionals. 8. Contribution of equipment, books, and journals through American Nepal Medical Foundation.

Potentials for software export from Nepal Dr. David Bellin A survey of software engineering in Nepal, along with the actions, which would be necessary on the part of government and industry to realize the potential for exporting software, was presented in the paper. Data were used from industry interviews and lectures, as well as courses at Kathmandu University. The presenter was a Fulbright Senior Scholar in Nepal in the year 2000.

Transfer of technology: a concept for Nepal Dr. Narayan B. Rajbhandari

Development of Nepal: an alternative view Dr. Harihar P. Bhattarai

Land and water are the two fundamental natural resources for the sustainable economic development of any country. There is, however, a serious concern about the sustainability of the land and water resources in the developing countries with the growing populations. Nepal is one of the countries that covers about 14.7 million hectares in the South Asia. Until the 1960s, the human activities matched the carrying capacity of the land in Nepal. But, since then under the pressure of increasing human and livestock populations, the forest resources are being rapidly depleted. Over the last three decades, the total loss of forests is estimated to be more than 570,000 hectares, which are nearly 4% of the total land. Today, the country has only

Based on a few ethnographic case studies, the paper analyzed some of the pertinent aspects of development, such as environment, health, population, education, science, and technology in Nepal“s geo-political, sociocultural, and economic background and suggested that Nepalese problems and prospects should be studied in their own context. With proper analysis followed by the implementation of modest people-oriented programs, the development of Nepal can be a real possibility: rather than an economic luxury or an impossible task. However, the people of Nepal need an informed 17

and extension systems. The research system involves coping with the farmer“s working environment, systematic enquiry about their social and cultural systems, and innovation of technology through collaborative approach. The extension system involves collaborative teaching and learning between the farmers and the extension agents through programming, motivation, and professionalism.

about 5.5 million hectares (37.4%) of forested lands left. Of which, more than a quarter is degraded. As a result, the country“s major hydrologic cycles are disturbed and water supply for human consumption and irrigation of agricultural land has become a major problem. As a consequence, the core problems such as soil erosion, low soil fertility, water shortage, water pollution, forest encroachment, disappearance of aquatic resources, poverty, and food security are still big concerns in Nepal.

NetNP North America (The Network of Nepalese Professionals) Sanjeev Sah, President

Nepal has undergone various technical measures to overcome the growing problems of land and water resources management. However, the technical measures failed to address the core problems. One of the main causes of failure is that the technology could not adequately integrate with the felt needs of the Nepalese people, their cultural practices, and the resources available to them. For instance, a majority of Nepalese people is small farmers. Their main source of income is their small farm land, which is even less than one acre. Increased and improved agricultural production is the only way towards poverty alleviation and food security for them. But, soil fertility rates are declining, and the agricultural production is well below the land“s potential.

NetNP North America (The Network of Nepalese Professionals) is a non-profit organization of Nepalese professionals, dedicated to the professional and cultural development, community service, philanthropy and the overall advancement of Nepalese, Nepalese Americans and the communities in which we work and live. In order to fulfill this mission, NetNP does the following: 1. Enhances professional development via speaking engagements and seminars. 2. Assists the disadvantaged through philanthropic and fund raising activities. 3. Provides a forum for networking and developing bonds.

Thus to solve problems such as this, it is necessary to find answers to questions, such as: What technology will then reward the productivity? How can the technology be developed, and transferred? From our past experiences, we have understood that the agricultural production problem will never be solved when farmers are herded like animals into new ventures. What I believe is that the success of the transfer of technology is dependent upon how successfully we can connect and integrate the farmer“s cultural practices and their purposeful thinking while they are learning the proper use of the new technologies. Furthermore, the transfer of technology should also be a part of research

4. Provides a variety of opportunities to lend time and support to community service organizations across North America and overseas. 5. Addresses the professional, political, cultural and social issues that affect Nepalese professionals today. A note on the Nepali calendar (Vikram Samvat) We are currently in 2059 Vikram Samvat (VS). A famous Hindu King, named 18

program a professionalism and strong foundation to serve its purpose effectively if the Nepali community ever has a need.

Vikramaditya (102 B.C.-15 A.D.) was born in 102 BC who conquered most part of South Asia, and established a just kingdom based on Sanatan Dharm. To mark the victory of Vikramaditya, a calendar was started in 57 B.C., which is called Vikram Samvat. It is based on Solar Calendar, and the New Year begins around the middle of April. Now you know the history behind the Nepali Year (Vikram Samvat).

As it is a valuable and most essential program it must be maintained and carried on by varieties of professionals of different field from Nepali communities/organizations from all over North America. The members in this committee may be for example; lawyers, medical professionals, psychologists, therapist, teachers, child psychologists, social workers, real state agents, spiritual leaders, senior citizens, students, etc with a mix numbers of men, women and youth of ages 21 years and above in a good health.

The committee“s members are considered as resource/consulting persons. However, a member with counseling training in a special area may be called a counseling person depending on his/her area of training.

A proper attention and help in the time of a crisis could really save precious lives from emotions or huge frustrations. A member of the program can be a friend away from a friend to those who really are in search for one.

NCNC, Inc. Program Updates Nepali learning NCNC has started Nepali Learning Classes. Following are the names of Nepali Learning Program Committee members and their contact numbers: Coordinator: Mrs. Bhagabati Neupane


Teachers: Mrs. Bhagabati Neupane Dr. Dasharath Lohar Mrs. Sumitra Karki Mrs. Sarala Acharya Mr. Shree Kant Gautam Mr. Narayan Deo Mrs. Indira Mishra General consulting program committee (GCPC)

Basic policy: To protect ones right of privacy, mutual trust and to serve the main purpose of this service, the members of this consulting committee would always need to maintain confidentiality and the professionalism to respect each individual/client and their life style.

Some members of Nepali community in USA after facing many unexpected challenges without any family and friends realized the need of forming a General Consulting Program Committee in North America. It was established this year (2002) in the state of North Carolina with the cooperation of Nepal America Council (NAC) and Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. (NCNC). Purposes: • The General Consulting Program Committee be formed to cover as many areas as possible in order to give the

Program chair: Mrs. Annapurna Deo (NCNC/NAC) Program advisor: Dr. Shyam Karki (NAC/ANA) Mr. Shaubhagya Lal Shrestha (NAC/NASeA)


and referral needs amongst the Nepali population in USA. (b) Develop and pilot test culturally and linguistically appropriate training curriculum for telephone counselors in NC based on the results of Need Assessment.

Legal advisor: Mr. Girija Gautam (ANA/NAC) Program committee members: Dr. Eugenia Eng (NCNC) Miss. Savitri Gurung (NCNC) Dr. Ramesh Amatya (NAC/NASeA/NCNC) Mr. Puspa Man Joshi (NAC/ANMA) Dr. Padam Sharma (NAC/ANMA) Mr. Narayan Deo (NCNC) Dr. Padam Paudel (NCNC/ANMA) Mr. Ishwar Devkota (NCNC) Dr. Gaury Adhikary (ANMA/NAC) Dr. Prahlad Pant (ANMA/NAC) Dr. Ganga Dhar Sharma (NCNC)

Since this program and GCPC (described above) have some similarity in their objectives, this proposal from Miss Savitri Gurung was highly appreciated after some question/answer by some respective members of NCNC. Later the NCNC BOD has also approved her proposal. However NCNC would need some one to sponsor the Master Practicum project by contributing maximum of $300 towards telephone calls bill involving in this project. Other expenses would be contributed through UNC. Miss Savitri Gurung has already started contacting the Nepali Community for her studies.

(Eventually we might have one 1-800-toll free telephone number for conveniences.) Health education practicum learning contract NCNC/NAC jointly have been working towards forming a General Consulting Program Committee as mentioned above. As a Neplai proverb, dhunga khojda deuta bhetiyo (looked for a stone, found a god!) goes, the Health Education Practicum (HP) to be conducted by Miss Savitri Gurung would provide a useful resource fore this program.

Community News Monthly Devi pooja Devi pooja activity on second Sunday of each month from 11 to 1 for two hours at Hindu Temple was started in 1999 and has been continued since then with many progresses in the activities. In Devi Pooja program we normally do pooja, Devi-stutee, nam-kirtan, meditation and havan using shri-shukta, mritunjay-mantra and gayatri-mantra followed by Arati and Prasad.

Miss Savitri Gurung a graduate student at the School of Public Health, University of North Carolina had an opportunity to discuss with NCNC community on May 26 evening at DUIH about her proposal ”Health Education Practicum Learning Contract„. As part of the requirements for a master's degree in public health, students in the Department of Health Behavior and Health Education must complete a 400-hour, mentored practicum that focuses on developing skills in health education practice. The Health Education Practicum (HP) emphasizes developing specific intervention skills. She asked NCNC assistance because as part of her HP practicum she want to: (a) Identify quality of life issues and thus appropriate counseling

In addition to the regular monthly Devi Pooja by Mr. Narayan Deo also did Geeta path on June 10, 2001 for the peace of kings and Queen, His Majesties Birendra, Aiswarya, Deependra and other members of Nepal Royal family“s departed soul. A Pray Vigil was organized on September 23, 2002 to pray for the peace and freedom for the victims of September 11, 2002 terrorist attack on America and for the peace and freedom for those who survived from such a man-made disaster and to pray to wish for a safer 20

environment in an extremely critical period ahead.

Poems After one year Mr. Saugat Raj Neupane Cary, North Carolina

Welcome again to New Year I wish we should be happy next year Everybody will be healthy and bright next year! I have a lot of plan in the next year I need to decide in the same year I finished the last year and I am in the beginning of 2059 year!

Devi Pooja in progress at the Hindu Bhavan, Morrisville, NC We had sung National Anthem of America. A condolence letter attached with community signature was sent to the President George W. Bush. NCNC also donated $422.00 to the September 11 Relief Fund. Durga Pooja 2001, New Year 2002 and Nepali New Year 2059 were also celebrated with great enthusiasm. For information please contact the following coordinators: Narayan/Annapurna Deo @ 919-460-1260 Nagendra/Bhagabati Nuepane @ 919-4681450 Shanti Rajlawat @ 919-854-1888

My country: Nepal Mr. Kishan Upadhyay Imagining with my vivid mind The paradise I once left behind The breathtaking mountains covered with snow Long narrow rivers where soothing water flow Golden reflections on the snowy mountains Glorious falls and plenty of water fountains

Nepali women“s network of North America (NWN)

Different shades and multicolored wild flowers Evergreen trees and monsoon showers

An independent none profit organization has been founded in North Carolina in mid 2002. Congratulations to ladies of Nepali Women“s Network! Congratulations to North Carolina for becoming NWN birth place. Nepali Women“s Network celebrated its opening ceremony on September 1, 2002 at NASeA convention in Atlanta that was co-ordinated by Ms. Annapurna Deo.

Butterflies and crickets, birds and the bees Flying around the garden and the trees Buffaloes and cows grazing by the fields Terrace full of rice and corn it yields Round and short brown pretty faces Adults and children of all ages

To learn more about NWN, please visit the web site: Contact email:

Temples and stupas diverse in religion Kathmandu, Nepal the wonder of all creation 21

special event called Daar Khane making Teej actually a 4-day long festival. On this Daar Khane day women are in a festive mood. Well-dressed women of all ages get together during evening hours. They sing songs (usually devotional) and dance while some of their relatives and friends prepare delicious vegetarian dishes often loaded with clarified butter and sugar. They feast before midnight and the event is over once they become tired of eating, singing and dancing.

Teej Celebration in Nepal. Dr. Bal Krishna Sharma Teej in Nepal is a religious festival celebrated by Hindu women who have reached puberty. Generally all women participate in celebrating this festival unless some health or other conditions prevent them from doing so. Young married women who are fairly new to their husbands“ family are invited back into their parental home (Maiti) to celebrate Teej with their close relatives.

As mentioned earlier, women purify their body and do prayers and worship Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvati and Lord Ganesha on the day of Haritalika and Ganesh Chaturthi. More elaborate rituals are performed on Rishi Panchami, the last day of Teej.

Hindu religious books suggest that Teej rituals were first performed with great devotion by mother Goddess Parvati herself to get Lord Shiva as her husband. Impressed with her devotion Lord Shiva took her as his wife. With fasting and religious rituals of Teej, Nepali women purify their body and soul and pray for their good health, marital happiness, prosperity and long life for their husbands and children.

On Rishi Panchami day, women get up early and go to holy rivers, or streams or nearby lakes and ponds carrying bundles of Datiwan (twigs from a special kind of local shrub) to purify their body. They use Datiwan to brush their teeth and use mud underneath the Datiwan shrubs as detergent/soap to clean their body. When such river bath is over, women dress themselves using new colorful dresses and prepare for Sapta Rishi (Lord Shiva) Pooja. Large masses of women devotees visit Pasupati Nath Temple on this day. Usually a priest helps a group of women conduct Saptarishi pooja on the day of Rishi Panchami. Pooja involves invocation, offering of water, colored rice, flower, fruits, sweets, coins, a burning lamp, and prayers to each of the deity while the priest reads the religious mantras.

This festival falls during late August or early September (in the Nepali month of Bhadra). Based on the lunar calendar, our astrologers decide when this festival falls on a particular year. The first day of Teej is Bhadra Shukla Tritiya, which is also called Haritalika (named after one of several names of mother Goddess Parvati). The second day is Ganesh Chaturthi, and the third day is Rishi Panchami. As these names indicate, three members of Shiva Parivar Devata (mother Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, and Lord Shiva himself) are worshipped during Teej. Despite the fact that each day of Teej is named after separate member of Shiva Parivar Devata, all three of the deities and many other gods and goddesses are worshipped in each day or event

After the Sapta Rishi pooja is over, women break their fast and celebrate the rest of the day going on processions of singing and dancing in colorful clothes. You can see them gathering at local market places, or streets or around temples to sing, dance, make friends or renew friendships. Besides devotional songs, they also sing songs telling their day to day life and sharing their experiences with

To help themselves prepare for long fasting required for religious rituals of Teej (commonly not even drinking water), on the eve of the Haritalika, women feast on a 22

cycles in one kalp. The four yugas are named as SATYA YUGA, TRETA YUGA, DWAPAR YUGA, and KALI YUGA. The satya yuga is the golden age when everything on the earth is in order, and there is almost perfect dharma (good deeds). In the treta yuga, one quarter of the dharm is lost and is occupied by adharma (bad deeds). Similarly, in the Dwapar, there is only a half of the dharma and justice. In Kali yuga, there is only one quarter of dharma. The only remaining quarter of the dharma also dwindles to almost nothing by the end of the kali yuga. Then the Supreme God himself descends to the earth planets to restore the order, and the Satya yuga begins again. Each yuga has a span of a multiple of 432,000 years. Thus, Satya yuga is 432,000x4= 1,728,000 years, Treta yuga is 432,000x3= 1,296,000 years, Dwapar yuga is 432,000x2 years = 862,000 years and finally Kali yuga is 432,000x1= 432,000 years. Bhagwan Ram was in the 24th Treta yuga (Ramayan era, about 18 million years ago), and Bhagwan Krishn of Mahabharat war was in the 28th Dwapar yuga of the current Manvantar. Currently, we are in 5104th year of the 28th Kali yuga. According to some sources, Lord Krishn revealed that there would be a kind of golden age in the present kali yuga that would begin around 5000 years into the Kali yuga and would last for 15,000 years. The Sanatana Dharma would rejuvenate gradually by the efforts of many, and the people would be inclined towards spirituality. Thus, currently we are in the 28th Kali yuga of the 7th Manu in the first day of Brahma“s 51st year. About 5104 years of the current (28th) Kali yuga have elapsed so far. Thus, about 426,896 years will still have to elapse before the beginning of the next (29th) Sat yuga.

others. More recently, women also sing songs related to the political, social and cultural events of their village or the country. During Teej celebrations, men usually help women by doing the house - and farm-chores while fasting women concentrate on the Teej rituals and enjoy the event. Time as a Cycle According to the Nepalese culture (Sanatan /Hindu Dharm) system, the time is not linear as we know in the west. The time has a cycle, and it repeats after the end of a cycle such as a day and a night. Similarly, the whole creation and the human civilization repeat in a cycle. The creation begins with the birth of a Brahma, who creates a Brahmand (there are several Brahmands like ours). During the Brahma“s day (called a kalp), the Brahma creates the living beings along with human beings on the earth planet. In the night, the creation is suspended (called a kalp pralay). A kalp is of 4.32 billion earth years span. Similarly, each kalp pralay (i.e., Brahma“s night) is also of 4.32 billion earth years. A Brahma lives for 100 Brahma“s years (each year of 360 Brahma“s days and nights). Currently, we are in the first day of Brahma“s 51st year. The current creation is about 1.9 billion years old. After the Brahma“s life, the Brahmand is completely dissolved (prakriti pralaya). In each kalp, human civilization is established 14 times by as many different Manus (the period of a Manu is called a Manvantar). The current human civilization was established by Vaivaswat Manu about 120 million years ago. Vaivaswat was the 7th Manu. Thus, there are seven more Manus to come to establish the human civilizations before the end of this kalp.

[Based mainly on The True History and Religion of India A Concise Encyclopedia of Authentic Hinduism. International Society of Divine Love, Texas. Compiled and designed by Dr. Dasharath Lohar).

The human civilization established by a Manu is divided into 4 eras (called yugas). There are about 71 cycles of four yugas in each Manvantar. Similarly, there are 1000 yuga 23

Note: If you want to see NCNC participating in additional activities please step forward. We need your ideas, support and leadership. Thank you!

Life Members of NCNC Please provide strength to NCNC by being a Life Member. Form is attached with this Newsletter. Dr. Devendra Man Amatya and Mrs. Azal Amatya Dr. Sambhu Acharya and Mrs. Niru Acharya Mr. Narayan Deo and Mrs. Annapurna Deo Mrs. Shanti Rajlawat Mr. Ishwar Devkota and Mrs. Kamala Devkota Dr. Jaya Raj Joshi and Mrs. Sundara Joshi Dr. Pete Andrews and Mrs. Hannah Andrews Mr. Mark Trustin and Dr. Marcia Angle Ms. Kynn Knauff Dr. Marc Dworkin and Mrs. Rama Dworkin Dr. Narayan Rajbhandari and Mrs. Nirmala Rajbhandari Mr. Bibhor Rimal and Pranita Rimal Mr. Janak Marhatta and Mrs. Prabha Marhatta Mr. Madan Risal and Mrs. Meena Risal Mr. Madhav Dhakal and Mrs. Sushma Dhakal Dr. Samantha Thapa and Mrs. Rashmi Thapa Mr. Subodh Gautam and Mrs. Pratima Gautam


Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. (NCNC) Membership Application Form Mailing address: Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc., P.O. Box 5223, Raleigh, NC 276505223. E-mail: Web site: (Membership is either annual or Life.) Application Date: Last Name ______________________First Name ____________________ E-mail address:________________________________________________ Spouse's Name:_______________________________________________ Spouse,s E-mail address: _______________________________________ Children: Name Age (optional) 1.____________________________M / F_____________________________ 2.____________________________M /F _____________________________ 3.____________________ M/F________________________ 4.____________________________M / F_____________________________ Address: _________________________________________________________ Phone: (_____)_______-_________(H) (____)_______-________(W) Fax: (______) ________-__________ Membership Category: (Please circle one) Annual membership: Student: $10; Senior Citizen: $10; Individual: $15; Family: $25 Life Membership: Single: $150 Family: $200 [ ] new [ ] renewal [ ] Life Enclosed Amount: Membership fee $____Donation $____Total amount ____Cash / Check #____ Please make check payable to Nepal Center of North Carolina, Inc. and mail to: Kisan Upadhaya Treasurer 5013 Lansdowne Drive Durham, NC 27712 ************************************************************************** ---------------------------------- Official use only--------------------------------------------------------------Deposited by ________________________ Date _________________________ Remarks ________________________________________ 25


Mr. James Edwards and Mrs. Elizabeth Edwards Mr. Nagendra Neupane and Mrs. Bhagawati Neupane Dr. Ganga D. Sharma and Mrs. Saroj Sharma Mr. Manoj Lama and Mrs. Sushila Lama Dr. Ramesh Amatya and Dr. Sudha Amatya Dr. Padam P. Paudel and Mrs. Usha Paudel Mr. Shree Kant Gautam and Mrs. Laxmi Gautam Dr. John Paul and Mrs. Jill Paul Mr. Ed Wesolowski, Jr. and Ms. Lucy Siegel

Useful Information Royal Nepalese Embassy in the US Royal Nepalese Embassy 2131 Leroy Place, NW Washington, DC 20008 Tel: 202-667-4550

NC Immigration Office U. S. Immigration of Justice Immigration and Naturalization Service 1386 Woodlawn Green, Suite Charlotte, NC 28217

NCNC Balance Sheet (from January 2002

August 2002)

Transferred to new BOD $ 4,022.00. Current bank balance $5068.88. Activities Expenditure ($) Income ($) New Year 2002 Party room rent 135.00 0.00 Party materials in bulk 168.00 0.00 A plaque of appreciation 50.00 0.00 Nepali Language learning activities/room rent 47.64 0.00 Donation to NAC 101.00 0.00 Danation - NAC for Long tern Visa Petition 300.00 0.00 NCNC P O Box 45.00 0.00 New Year 2059 Convention 250.00 167.00 Membership Drive 0.00 1030.00 Election fees 0.00 575.00 Labor Day Video sale 0.00 93.50 ANMA convention registration 45.00 0.00 Donation - NAC for long term visa 500.00 0.00 International Festival 1950.56 2855.03 ES King Village Hall rent (2x) 14.00 50.00 Total: 3,606.20 4770.53 (Note: The due from few return items of the last International Festival are still pending.) NCNC Assets A 10 x 110 tent (valued @ $200.00), a portable microphone/speaker set (valued @ $211.00), NCNC banners and posters (valued @ $200.00), a full size Nepali flag, 2 medals, 3 ista coats, rug (10.5“x7.5“ valued @ $150.00 donated by Mr. Narayan Deo and Mrs. Annapurna Deo), Nepali books for children (NAC through the President Dr. Ramesh Amatya), cultural program costumes, stainless steel serving spoons (two, by Dr. Marcia Angle), a stainless steel salad bowl (medium, by Ms. Pragya Luintel). 27

NCNC Executive Committee President

Ms. Annapurna Deo


Mr. Madhav Dhakal

Executive Secretary

Dr. Dasharath P. Lohar


Mr. Kisan Upadhyay

Board of Director Board of Director Board of Director Board of Director

Mr. Daniel Goetz Ms. Shanti Rajlawat Mr. Shree Kant Gautam Dr. Padam Paudel

Co-ordinator Co-ordinator Co-ordinator

Mr. Bibhor Rimal Ms. Srijana Thapa Ms. Bhagawati Neupane


Sangalo, 2002  

Year 3, Issue 3