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March 11, 2010

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ISSUE #4

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TIDBITSÂŽ STUDIES

EPONYMS by Patricia L. Cook

A word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional, is known as an eponym. This week, Tidbits examines many common terms that trace their origin to an individual’s name. • A tragic accident turned into a blessing for the blind for generations to come. In 1812, at the age of three, Louis Braille stabbed himself in the eye with a tool from his father’s workshop. The injury resulted in complete blindness in both eyes. At age ten, he began his schooling at the world’s first school for blind children, located in Paris. Braille was only 15 when he developed a system of raised dots to help the blind to read. Because he was an accomplished organist and cellist, he adapted the system to the reading of music as well. At 19, he was given a teaching position at the school. The first book in Braille was published when Louis was just 20 years old. • During the 19th century, Joel Roberts Poinsett acted as U.S. ambassador to Mex-ico. Around 1825, he brought home a beau-tiful crimson plant native to Mexico referred to as Cuetlaxochitl by the Aztecs. After he introduced the flower to botanists, it was given the name poinsettia. Poinsettias are now a $225 million business each holiday season. turn the page for more Louisiana Purchase!

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March 11, 2010

New DVDs reviewed in this column will be available in stores the week of March 22, 2010. The second disc is a CD featuring the radio broadcast of “The African Queen” starring Bogart and Greer Garson. Also included is a reproduction of the out-of-print book by Hepburn, “The Making of The African Queen, or How I Went to Africa with Bogart, Bacall and Huston and Almost Lost My Mind,” her memoir on the filming of this classic movie.

PICKS OF THE WEEK “The African Queen” (Commemorative Box Set) (Not Rated) -- Humphrey Bogart and Katherine Hepburn star in this 1951 classic directed by John Huston. Set in 1914 Africa, Hepburn plays a Methodist missionary whose mission is destroyed by the Germans following the breakout of World War I.

“The Twilight Saga: New Moon” (PG-13) -- The sparkly vampire series by Stephanie Meyer continues with Bella Swan (Kristen Stewart), who, after being abandoned by vampire Edward Cullen (Robert Pattinson), goes to frolic with shirtless teenage werewolfens. Stuff happens. I don’t know what, because I did not see this movie. “The T.A.M.I. Show” Collector’s Edition (NR) -- This is one of the greatest rock-nroll concert films ever made. Filmed using an experimental high-definition video camera, this 1964 concert film features amazing performances by Jan and Dean, Chuck Berry, Smokey Robinson, The Supremes, Marvin Gaye, The Beach Boys and The Rolling Stones, just to name a few. But the performance that will grab you is the one by James Brown. In the prime of his career, Brown’s set (“Out of Sight,” “Prisoner Of Love,” “Please, Please, Please” and “Night Train”) brings down the house. “Toy Story” and “Toy Story 2” (G) -- With this year’s release of “Toy Story 3,” Disney is re-releasing the first two films on DVD and Blu-Ray. If you already own them, there’s no real reason to grab these, as the special features are basically the same as the older versions.

She is rescued by Charlie Allnut (Bogart, who won an Oscar for the role), the skipper of a rickety old tub named The African Queen. Together they brave the perilous waters of the Congo, avoiding the Germans and dangerous rapids in their attempt to sink the gunboat Louisa, thus opening the route to British ships and their way to freedom. This boxed set is light on special features, but it what it offers is pretty nifty. The first disc contains the newly restored print and a one-hour documentary on the making of the film.

TV SERIES “Mad Men” Season 3 “The Prisoner” (Miniseries) “Krod Mandoon & The Flaming Sword of Fire” “Sabrina the Teenage Witch” The Complete Sixth Season “Father Knows Best” Season Four “7th Heaven” The Complete Tenth Season “The Lair” The Complete Third Season “Case Closed” Season Four

TOP TEN VIDEO, DVD as of March 6, 2010

Top 10 Video Rentals 1. Couples Retreat (PG-13) Vince Vaughn 2. Zombieland (NR) Woody Harrelson 3. The Time Traveler’s Wife (PG-13) Eric Bana 4. Love Happens (PG-13) Jennifer Aniston 5. Surrogates (PG-13) Bruce Willis 6. The Stepfather (NR) Dylan Walsh 7. The Hurt Locker (R) Jeremy Renner 8. The Hangover (R) Bradley Cooper 9. Gamer (R) Gerard Butler 10. Amelia (PG) Hilary Swank

Top 10 DVD Sales 1. Couples Retreat (PG-13) (Universal) 2. The Time Traveler’s Wife (PG-13) (New Line) 3. Zombieland (NR) (Sony) 4. Michael Jackson’s This Is It (PG) (Sony) 5. The Hangover (R) (Warner) 6. Up (PG) (Buena Vista) 7. The Stepfather (NR) (Sony) 8. Cloudy With a Chance of Meatballs (PG) (Sony) 9. The Penguins of Madagascar: Operation DVD Premiere (NR) (DreamWorks) 10. The Hurt Locker (R) (Summit)

TOP TEN MOVIES 1. Shutter Island (R) Leonardo DiCaprio, Mark Ruffalo 2. Cop Out (R) Bruce Willis, Tracy Morgan 3. The Crazies (R) Timothy Olyphant, Radha Mitchell 4. Avatar (PG-13) Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana 5. Percy Jackson & the Olympians: The Lightning Thief (PG) Logan Lerman, Brandon T. Jackson 6. Valentine’s Day (PG-13) Julia Roberts, Ashton Kutcher 7. Dear John (PG-13) Channing Tatum, Amanda Seyfried 8. The Wolfman (R) Benicio Del Toro, Anthony Hopkins 9. Tooth Fairy (PG) Dwayne Johnson, Ashley Judd 10. Crazy Heart (R) Jeff Bridges, Maggie Gyllenhaa


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March 11, 2010

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EPONYMS (continued):

• Several botanists have lent their name to plants and flowers. The colorful zinnia takes its name from a German botanist born in 1727, Johann Zinn. The Cape Jessamine, commonly known as the gardenia, honors a Scottish-American botanist, Alexander Garden. Anders Dahl, born in 1751 in Sweden, is the source of the designation for the vibrant perennial dahlia. • A Civil War general’s sense of style gave way to a term we use for facial hair. General Ambrose Burnside sported an unusual facial hair style, with his moustache joined to the hair in front of his ears. Originally called burnsides, they were later renamed sideburns. • Although German chemist Robert Bunsen developed the best-known antidote against arsenic poisoning to date, and was a pioneer in using electrolysis to produce pure metals, he is remembered mostly for his design of a gas burner for use in the laboratory. His invention, which provided a very hot and clean flame, is known as the Bunsen burner. • A young French acrobat was responsible for designing a skin-tight garment that made it easier to perform his stunts as well as show off his muscular physique. Jules Leotard called the item a maillot, but shortly after his death, people began to call it a leotard. Leotard was the first to perform a mid-air somersault and to jump from one trapeze bar to another. He was also the subject of the 1867 song, “The Daring Young Man on the Flying Trapeze.” His death at the young age of 28 had nothing to do with his risky career, but rather was likely due to smallpox or cholera. • An artillery shell filled with small bullets designed to scatter a shower of shot and fragments was the brainstorm of Henry Shrapnel, an English officer. He invented the shrapnel shell for cannons in 1784. • The French ambassador to Portugal in 1559 was a 29-year-old man named Jean Nicot. Sent to Portugal on a diplomatic trip, he returned with tobacco plants, and introduced them to the French court. As more and more of the upper crust of Paris used the plant, Nicot gained recognition, and the plant began to be referred to as Nicotina. As the years went by, the word nicotine became the term for just the active ingredient. • When a group of people take the law into their own hands, it’s often referred to as a lynch mob. This term takes its name from Charles Lynch, an 18th-century American revolutionary who ran his own private court, punishing those loyal to England at the time of the American Revolution.

• Outstanding achievements in the theater are rewarded with Tony Awards, named in honor of Antoinette “Tony” Perry. At a young age, Tony determined she wanted to be an actress and made her acting debut in 1905. She thrived in her stage career until 1927, when she suffered a stroke and its resulting facial paralysis. She left the stage for the position of director, as well as working toward establishing a training school for those desiring to enter the profession. Upon her death, because of her many contributions to theater, an annual awards ceremony was launched in her honor. The first Tony Awards were bestowed in 1947. • A Presbyterian minister who was an advocate of healthy living touted the use of coarse wheat flour because of its high fiber content. Sylvester Graham, an ardent vegetarian, is credited with the invention of graham crackers, named for the flour he regularly promoted as more nutritious and healthy. • Dick Button gained fame in the 1948 Olympics by being the first to complete a double axel jump in competition. Alois Lutz was an Austrian figure skater who invented the lutz jump, in 1913.


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¥ It was 18th-century French author and philosopher Franois-Marie Arouet, better known as Voltaire, who made the following sage observation: “It is forbidden to kill; therefore, all murderers are punished unless they kill in large numbers and to the sound of trumpets.” ¥ It took between 75,000 and 80,000 workers to build the Panama Canal, linking the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans across the Isthmus of Panama. ¥ Pop star Prince may be best known for his hit “1999.” After playing the song at a New Year’s Eve party in 1999, he vowed he would never perform it again. Seven years later, however, unable to escape its perennial popularity, he started including the song in his performances once again. ¥ Pope Benedict IX held the office three different times. ¥ When the Barbie doll was first introduced in 1959, it was described in The New York Times as a “crushing bomb.” So much for early reviews. Since then, more than a billion Barbies have been sold in more than 150 countries. Mattel, the doll’s maker, claims that three Barbies are sold every second. ¥ It was Britain’s Prince Albert who originated the boutonniere. It seems that while they were courting, Queen Victoria offered a small bouquet of flowers to her future husband. Prince Albert used his pocketknife to cut a hole in the lapel of his jacket and put the stems of the bouquet through it. ¥ A form of air conditioning existed as far back as ancient Rome. Wealthy citizens had piping installed in the walls of their homes through which water from an aqueduct would circulate, cooling the interior.

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March 11, 2010


March 11, 2010

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BUDDY HOLLY Charles Hardin Holley enjoyed a brief 18 months • One of the Crickets’ biggest hits, “Peggy Sue,” was originally entitled “Cindy of success as Buddy Holly in the late 1950s. This Lou.” This was to honor Holly’s sister, week, Tidbits looks at the young man whose influwhose middle name was Lou, and her ence is still apparent today. daughter Cindy. However, the group’s • Charles Holley’s last name was misspelled drummer had recently quarreled with his on his first recording contract with Decca, and he girlfriend Peggy Sue, and he asked Holly used Holly the remainder of his career. As a young if the song’s title could be changed in an child in Lubbock, Texas, Buddy learned to play attempt to impress her. the violin, guitar, and piano. After seeing Elvis in a live performance in Lubbock in 1955, he began • It’s believed that a line from a John changing his music to more of a “rockabilly” style. Wayne movie was the inspiration for one His band the Crickets included Waylon Jennings of Holly’s hits. Wayne repeatedly utters, on bass. “That’ll be the day” in the 1956 movie • Although Buddy Holly released only three The Searchers, and Holly spun a song albums during his short career, his style influenced around the phrase. many musicians, including the Beatles, the Rolling • While visiting a music publisher’s office, Stones, and Bob Dylan. The Beatles and the HolBuddy fell for the receptionist, Maria lies even named their bands after Buddy. Elena Santiago. He invited her out for dinner that night, and proposed marriage on their first date. Less than two months later, Maria, who had never even had a date before meeting Holly, married him at his parents’ home. • One of Holly’s signature singing techniques was the glottal stop, the unique “hiccup” style he added to his music. • Suffering from poor eyesight of 20/800, Holly was one of the first musicians to wear eyeglasses on stage. • A three-week concert tour dubbed the Winter Dance Party was offered to the Crickets, along with “The Big Bopper” Richardson and Ritchie Valens, among others. The tour opened on a cold January night in 1959 in the Midwest. Eleven days into the tour, in the midst of bitter cold temperatures, Holly’s bus, which had experienced numerous breakdowns, was without a heater. They had completed their gig at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, Iowa. The musicians were tired, and the Bopper had the flu, so Holly made the decision to charter a plane to their next destination, Fargo, North Dakota. Bass player Waylon Jennings gave up his seat to the ailing Bopper. Valens flipped a coin to gain his seat from another band member. Five and a half miles after takeoff, the Beechcraft Bonanza crashed to Earth, killing all aboard. Buddy was just 22 years old, Ritchie Valens only 17. • Don McLean was 13 years old when Buddy Holly was killed. In 1971, McLean penned a tribute to him, “American Pie,” which refers to “the day the music died.” McLean has remained close-mouthed about the meaning of the title, replying once when asked what “American Pie” meant: “It means I never have to work again.” • Twenty-one years after the crash, an envelope marked “Charles Hardin Holly” was found by the sheriff of Mason County, Iowa, in some old records at the courthouse. It contained Holly’s glasses, the Big Bopper’s watch, a cigarette lighter, and some dice, all of which were returned to the families.

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March 11, 2010

asked for jars to take home. Soon there was so much demand for the dressing that the Hensons started a mail-order business. They began shipping bottles and dry package mixes of their Hidden Valley Ranch Dressing around the United States. The Hidden Valley Ranch Dressing brand was bought by the Clorox company in 1972. In today’s recipe, the fiery pop of black pepper combined with the cool, herb flavors of Ranch dressing elevates baked chicken breasts to a new level.

Peppercorns Add Punch to Chicken Dish Whenever I’m thinking about ways to add variety to chicken recipes, my spice rack always provides inspiration. Freshly ground peppercorns add a much-needed boost to the mild flavors of chicken, pork and fish. Peppercorns come in various shades, including white, green, pink, red and black. The color of the peppercorn depends on the maturity of the berry. All peppercorns come from the seed of the Piper nigrum plant. About 50 berries grow in spiky clusters on long vines supported on posts. Black peppercorn berries are picked before fully ripening and allowed to ferment for two to three days. Then the berries are spread out in an even layer and sun-dried for two to three days until shriveled and nearly black. Pepper comes from grinding peppercorns until they are fine. Most peppermills are adjustable to create fine, medium or coarse grinds of pepper. Crushed black peppercorns or freshly ground black pepper combined with Ranch dressing makes a spicy, flavorful coating for baked chicken. Ranch dressing has been one of America’s favorite condiments for more than 40 years. It’s used on everything from salads to pizza to potato chips. One of the best known brands of Ranch dressing was created by Steve Henson. Steve and his wife, Gayle, purchased 120 acres of picturesque ranch land outside Santa Barbara, Calif., in 1954. They named their new property Hidden Valley and started a dude ranch. Every night, they treated their guests to a homemade meal featuring a salad topped with a creamy, herb and spice-flavored buttermilk dressing that Steve had created in Alaska. Guests loved Steve’s Ranch Dressing and

BAKED CHICKEN BREASTS IN SPICY RANCH DRESSING SAUCE Panko breadcrumbs are made from a light, Japanese-style bread. When used as a coating, Panko breadcrumbs add an extra crunch without deep-frying, making it the perfect coating for baking in the oven or stove-top cooking methods. You can find Panko breadcrumbs in the Asian section of most grocery stores, but regular packaged bread crumbs also will work for this recipe. 2 to 3 pounds (4 to 6 pieces) boneless, skinless chicken breasts 2 tablespoons poultry seasoning 1 1/2 teaspoons salt 2 teaspoons black or mixed peppercorns, freshly ground or finely crushed 1 (16-ounce bottle) Ranch dressing 1 small onion, chopped 2 garlic cloves, minced 1/2 teaspoon cayenne pepper 2 cups Panko or dried bread crumbs 1/4 cup grated Parmesan cheese Cooking oil spray 1. Preheat oven to 375 F. Spray a large, 13-by-9inch oven-safe baking dish with cooking oil spray and set it aside. 2. Rinse and pat dry the chicken breasts with food-safe paper towels.

Season both sides of the chicken with 1 tablespoon of the poultry seasoning and 1/2 teaspoon of the salt. Set aside. 3. In a large mixing bowl, combine Ranch Dressing, onions, garlic, black pepper or peppercorns and cayenne pepper. Mix well. Using a large plate, combine breadcrumbs, Parmesan cheese and remaining tablespoon of poultry seasoning and salt. 4. Place chicken in Ranch Dressing mixture, coating each piece on both sides. Roll chicken in breadcrumb mixture until coated on both sides. Place chicken in the prepared baking pan. Spray chicken with cooking-oil spray. 5. Place chicken in the oven and bake for 25 to 35 minutes or until chicken is tender and golden brown and no pink remains in the center. Serve immediately. Serves 4 to 6.

ANSWERS


March 11, 2010

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Pets and Allergies DEAR PAW’S CORNER: Is it possible for a dog to have allergies, like hay fever? My 1-year-old mutt, “Caleb,” is scratching a lot and sneezing. -- Janine in Madison, Wisc. DEAR JANINE: Dogs can develop allergies to different things, just like people can. Dust, pollen and other allergens might set off a sneezing or itching reaction in pets. Dogs also can have negative reactions to food and medicines. You should note, however, that symptoms like hives, itching, vomiting and so on also can be indicators of an illness in pets, not allergies. If Caleb ingested a plant that he’s not supposed to, or ate food that’s not safe for dogs (like chocolate or onions), he could exhibit all sorts of strange symptoms. Another possibility is fleas, which not only make a pet itch like mad but can cause hives, sneezing and allergy-like reactions. As the weather gets warmer, flea infestation -- even in dogs that haven’t had it before -- can become a distinct possibility. It’s important to take Caleb to the veterinarian to rule out any other causes of his symptoms and to accurately determine what exactly he is allergic to. It may take more than one visit to get an exact diagnosis, but be persistent in getting to the cause of Caleb’s itching and sneezing. Send your pet questions to Sam Mazzotta at ask@ pawscorner.com, or write to Paw’s Corner, c/o King Features Weekly Service, P.O. Box 536475, Orlando, FL 32853-6475. Find more pet resources at www. PawsCorner.com.

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Call: (208) 772-4019 11650 N. Ramsey Rd. Hayden, ID 83835

Shelter Hours: M-F Noon - 6 PM S-S Noon - 4 PM

www.kootenaihumanesociety.com

Second Chance Pet Rescue & North Idaho Coonhound Rescue PET SPOTLIGHT! This is Lucan.  He’s a 2 yr old purebred English Pointer from strong hunting lines.  He has had no professional training, but does have his basic manners in place.  He’s housebroke and crate trained now and really a nice dog to be around.  He’s neutered, microchipped and current on all vaccines. This is Lucy.  She’s a senior, purebred Basenji.  She is totally housebroken, and likes to sleep in her master’s bed, under the covers of course!  She is good with most dogs her size and bigger, but NO CATS please!  She is at the end of her life, and just needs someone to realize an ole’ gal like her deserves a warm place to live out her life.

208-664-4106

idahocoondog@yahoo.com Coeur d’Alene, Idaho ~ Please Spay & Neuter! www.scpr.petfinder.com


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1. THEATER: Who played the lead role in “Hello, Dolly!” when the play first started on Broadway? 2. MEDICAL: What’s the common name of the condition called nasopharyngitis? 3. LANGUAGE: What is called a “torch” in England would be known in the United States as what? 4. TELEVISION: Who created the character called “The Hippy Dippy Weatherman”? 5. MOVIES: What movie featured the line, “Houston, we have a problem”? 6. MUSIC: What pop-rock band had a Grammy-winning song called “If You Leave Me Now”? 7. SCIENCE: What inventor was known as “The Wizard of Menlo Park”? 8. GENERAL KNOWLEDGE: Which planet is associated with the astrological sign Gemini? 9. ARTS: Who choreographed the ballet “Rodeo”? 10. ASTRONOMY: In our solar system, which planet is between Jupiter and Uranus? Answers 1. Carol Channing 2. A cold 3. A flashlight 4. George Carlin 5. “Apollo 13” 6. Chicago 7. Thomas Edison 8. Mercury 9. Agnes de Mille 10. Saturn

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1. Name the Houston Astros pitcher who holds the mark for most victories in franchise history. 2. Who holds the major-league mark for most career steals of home? 3. Name the two NFL players to have at least 50 rushing touchdowns and 30 receiving touchdowns. 4. Who is the only U.S. men’s basketball coach to win two Olympic gold medals? 5. How many times has the home team won the NHL’s Winter Classic? 6. Name the last Major League Answers Soccer expansion team before 1. Jewel Kilcher, professionally known the Seattle Sounders (2009) to by her first name. The song came from make the postseason. her debut album, “Pieces of You.” 2. Wayne Fontana and The Mindbenders, 7. Who were the last three horses to win the Triple in 1965. 3. Vangelis, born Evangelos Odysseas Crown? 1. What is the first and last name of the singer who had a hit with “Foolish Games”? 2. Who had a Billboard Hot 100 hit with “Game of Love” and when? 3. Name the artist who produced the musical score for the film “Chariots of Fire.” Major bonus points for even attempting to spell his full name. 4. Did Donny Osmond ever have a No. 1 hit single? 5. What band headlined the last concert at the legendary Fillmore East before it closed in June 1971? 6. Who had a hit with “It’s Still Rock and Roll to Me”?

Papathanassiou, also wrote the scores for “1492: Conquest of Paradise” and “Blade Runner.” 4. Yes, but only one: “Go Away Little Girl” in 1971. 5. The Allman Brothers Band. Lead guitarist Duane Allman was killed four months later in a motorcycle crash in Macon, Ga. 6. Billy Joel, in 1980. He had his first hit with “Piano Man” in 1973.

Answers 1. Joe Niekro, with 144 wins. 2. Ty Cobb, with 54. 3. Marshall Faulk (100 rushing TDs, 36 receiving TDs) and Lenny Moore (63 rushing, 48 receiving). 4. Hank Iba (1964, 1968). 5. Once -- the Boston Bruins in 2010. 6. The Chicago Fire, in 1998. 7. Affirmed (1978), Seattle Slew (1977) and Secretariat (1973).

March 11, 2010

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