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» SUMMER ISSUE » PRICE 219,- » NUMBER 03

NatrualFriend

Sometimes cats can be

interesting

:ld A R XT u shou t!

» Quiz: Are you ready for a pet?

»THE WOLF THAT

beauty

EWhy ydoog or ca get a

» The Guardian

DOES NOT BITE

Norwegian


NATRUAL FRIEND MAGAZINE

Natural Friend » Design by Sandra Pederen. » About cats and dogs. » Typefaces used: Helvetica Neue Bentok Modern Display FoundryGridnik » Photographs from google. » Illustrations by Sandra Pedersen. » Print and paper from Oien Odegaard. » First issue, February 1/6

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Leader

Hello, Natural Friend is a magazine for people interested in cats and dogs. We specialize in helping the customer makeing the right decition when picking out a pet to have at home. Every other month we come out with a new magazine with more info, and maybe the dog or cat you might be considering is highlighted upon. We have interviews, facts and we have quizes and tests to see if you are ready to take home your natrual friend. It may seem like an expensive magazine, but we assure you, it’s worth every penny. Because of it’s exclusive design and time that we have put in this magazine just to make it the best out on the market. This is our very first issue and we are proud of what we have to share. Become a natrual friend to your pet, and we will help you there.

Sandra Alice Pedersen


SOMETIMES CATS CAN BE INTERESTING P A G E 0 1 - 04

why you should have a dog or cat

PAGE 05-06

THE GUARDIAN

PAGE 07-08


NORWEGIAN BEAUTY

PAGE 09-16

quiz: are you ready?

PAGE 17-18

THE WOLF THAT DOES NOT BITE

PAGE 19-22


SO I M C A CA BE

MET ES TS N


BENGAL / NATURAL FRIEND

I N T E RE ST I N G The bangal cat is getting more and more popular as a pet, but what do you really know about it? This Bengal is a hybrid and have a “wild” appearance with large spots, rosettes, and a light belly. The cat possesses a gentle domestic cat temperament if separated by at least four generations from the original crossing between a domestic feline and an Asian leopard cat. TEXT: SANDRA PEDERSEN PHOTO: CREDIT

After three generations from the original crossing, the breed usually acquires a gentle domestic cat temperament. However, for the typical pet owner, a Bengal cat kept as a pet should be at least four generations removed from the leopard cat. Bengals are devoted family members and have a tender personality. They love your attention and are perfectly safe with kids. The only word of advice is that the Bengals are very active and dynamic cats and are not lap cats. So it is important to teach your kids not to restrict the cat’s freedom. They will follow your family members around and will be present where the fun is. That’s why they are great with kids

because children always are up to something and the Bengal cat will love to play with kids. Bengal cats develop an affinity to family members and require a lot of attention. This is important to understand and you must return this affinity to them. A lot of Bengals love to talk. They meow, chirp and yowl. So you can even talk to them and they will happily respond to you. They really love to spend their time with their families. In this sense they are very unique when compared to other cats, which are often aloof and independent. In fact Bengals are very similar to dogs in this character trait. Bengals are easy to train and there are lots of tricks you can teach them.

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NATURAL FRIEND / FACTS

Why you should 1. COMPANIONSHIP. Loneliness can become an unwelcome companion as we age and can lead to depression as well as physical problems. Dogs mold their schedule and personality to you. They are never unavailable or off duty. Smaller dogs, in particular, can easily travel.

2. EXERCISE. People benefit from regular physical exercise regardless of their age. But it is hard to get into a regular exercise routine, and it’s so very easy to skip it. Having a dog can be a great way to make walking a part of your daily plan.

3. HAVING A ROUTINE. The routine of caring for a pet can bring structure and purpose to daily life. Maybe you don’t always want to get out of bed, but your pet wants you to. Isn’t that a good thing?

4. LESS STRESS. Older people with pets tend to exhibit less stress than those without. Maybe it’s those regular walks or the sense that you’ve got a friend to share life’s challenges. Or maybe it’s that tail wagging you see very day when you wake up.

5. GETTING OUT. Having a pet, particularly one that requires regular outdoor activity, helps you stay connected to life. You go for veterinary checkups, and perhaps you visit a groomer. You need to be involved in social activities.

6. MAKING NEW FRIENDS. There are lots of shared activities for pet owners, ranging from communal walks to charitable events and other organizations that cater to animals and protecting the environment. It can be hard to meet people, but pets are great icebreakers.

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FACTS / NATURAL FRIEND

7. NEW INTERESTS. A pet can expose you to new interests and activities. Maybe it’s cleaning up the neighborhood park where you walk your dog. Some hospitals seek pet owners who will volunteer to bring in their pets to spend time with patients.

8. PROTACTION. A pet can provide significant security. Potential thieves will stay away from a home with a barking dog. Your watchdog may weigh only 8 pounds soaking wet, but the person on the other side of the door doesn’t know that. A cat will wake you in case of fire.

9. TAKING CARE OF SOMETHING. Sure, you need your pet. Your pet needs you, too. The need to be useful and of value doesn’t magically disappear when your career ends or your kids grow up and build their own independent lives. It is very satisfying to take care of another living creature.

10. INVESTING IN LIFE. At the end of the day, having a pet means that you have made a promise to continue being involved in another life. This commitment is one of the most positive decisions you can make as you get older.

11. BECAUSE OF CUTENESS. Having a cute pet around, makes your body develop endôrfins and you become more happy. And being happy is something everybody seeks and needs in their life, “happy home, happy life”.

12. RELAXING. You become more relxed with an animal around, after walks or just sitting in your couch petting your dog or cat feels relaxing. And finaly you can enjoy life to the fullest. Stress shouldn’t be a part of any time of day, so get yourself a pet, and be relaxed.

have a dog or cat 04


NATURAL FRIEND / BULLMASTIFF

T H E G U A R D I A N The Bullmastiff is a strong and powerfully built animal that possesses great intelligence and a willingness to please, making them ideal family companions and protectors. Although large, the breed remains both agile and active and is successful in conformation, obedience, agility, tracking, carting and therapy work.

The Bullmastiff is a large breed of domestic dog. It has a solid build and a short muzzle. The Bullmastiff’s known history in England begins around 1860, when they were developed to keep large estates and game preserves free of poachers. Gameskeepers needed a dog that could track quietly, cover short distances quickly and pin and hold poachers without mauling them. The foundation breeding was 60% Mastiff and 40% Bulldog; breeders were to create a dog faster and more aggressive than the Mastiff, yet bigger than and not as ferocious as the Bulldog. The breed’s bloodlines are drawn from the English Mastiff and Old English Bulldog. Males should be 25 to 27 inches (63 to 69 cm) tall at the withers and 50 to 59 kg. Females should be 61 to 66 cm at the withers, and 32 to 36 kg. But they have measured the male breed as big as 90 kg of mucles. A UK survey puts the median lifespan of the Bullmastiff at 7 to 8 years. A Bullmastiff will not stop growing until it is about three and a half years of age. Bullmastiffs are prone to certain hereditary diseases including: Hip dysplasia, Elbow dysplasia, Entropion, Hypothyroidism, Lymphoma cancer, Progressive retinal atrophy, Arthritis, Bloat.

How do you train it? Bullmastiffs are strong, powerful

but sensitive dogs. For a Bullmastiff to become well-behaved family member consistency is needed. Training and socialization is of high importance. Dogs of this breed are natural guardians of their home and owners. No special guard training is needed for a Bullmastiff to react appropriately if his family is endangered, it has actually been discovered that if you train it to guard you may get an agressive dog instead. Special approach to Bullmastiff training is needed because these dogs do not like to repeat the same actions again and again. Main activities Bullmastiffs can really enjoy are obedience, agility, tracking, and carting.

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Is this the right dog for you? The Bullmastiff is fear-

less and confident, yet remains docile and sweet-natured with his family. They are natural guardians of the home, but do not bark much, as silence was a virtue when guarding estates. Bullmastiffs are independent thinkers and may not respond to traditional obedience training. The breed can live happily in a house or apartment. The bullmastiff is a big dog and needs daily exercise to stay in shape. His needs are moderate, however, and can be met with walks on leash and short romps. He does not do well in hot, humid weather and generally should be kept as an indoor dog. He needs a soft bed and plenty of room to stretch out. He drools and some even snore. Coat care is minimal, but a bath once a year should be considered.

Useful to know before getting a Bullmastiff: The

Bullmastiff is a working dog and is happiest when given a job to do. The breed is very adaptable to obedience training, which is an absolute must for any large, powerful guard breed. A Bullmastiff that is left to lounge around the house without stimulation will become bored and potentially pick up undesirable habits. Consistent, firm, kind training brings out the nature of this sensitive, yet massive breed. Loyalty comes naturally in this breed’s character. The Bullmastiff takes it’s entire family to heart and gives of itself at every moment. They will love and protect their own family at any cost to themselves. Each Bullmastiff has a personality of it’s own. They can range from too aggressive to too passive. Aggression with other animals is common in this breed, especially males. Two adult male bullmastiffs will most likely end in a dog fight. And the Bullmastiff can get anything from 3-14 puppies in a litter. TEXT: SANDRA PEDERSEN PHOTO: CREDIT


NATRUAL FRIEND MAGAZINE

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NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT / NATURAL FRIEND

NORWEGIAN

B E A U T Y The Norwegian forest cat is a breed of domestic cat native to Northern Europe. This natrual breed is adapted to a very cold climate, with top coat of glossy, lond, water-shedding hairs, and a wooly undercoat for insulation. TEXT: SANDRA PEDERSEN PHOTO: CREDIT

The uncertainty of how this breed’s ancestors reached the Norweigan lines are as old as Vikings. They say that the Vikings brought a landrace of short-haired cats to Norway around 1000 AD, and may also have brought with them long-haired cats, like those ancestral to the modern Siberian and Turkish Angora breeds. During World War II, the breed became nearly extinct until efforts by the Norwegian Forest Cat Club helped the breed by creating an official breeding program. The Norwegian Forest Cat is very popular in Norway, Sweden, Iceland and France. It is a big, strong cat, similar to the American Maine Coon breed, with long legs, a bushy tail and a sturdy body. The breed is very good at climbing, since they have strong claws, they can even climb rocks. So theres no need to be scared when you find your cat high up in a tree. It knows it’s way down. Norwegian cats live to be 14 years old on average and are generally healthy cats. Their commonest health issue is Hip Dysplasia, a

condition caused during the cats skeleton development, when the hip joint grows improperly and results in a loose fitting and malformed ball-and-socket joint. It is aggravated by excessive use of the joint and it eventually develops into arthritis. Hip Dysplasia is not curable. If your cat does not suffer severe pain, neither experiences a worsening of the condition, you can take measures at home to make your pet more comfortable. Keep the environment warm and dry, don’t let your cat jump or exercise heavily, neither become overweight. An X-ray is enough to diagnose Hip Dysplasia. Nonsurgical options include giving your cat painkillers whenever his pain becomes severe, acupuncture and gold bead implantation. The combined use of nutritional anti-oxidant supplements and glucosamine sulfate and chondroitin sulfate are very helpful in treating the condition and reducing joint pain. However, in severe cases you may consider joint surgery.

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NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT / NATURAL FRIEND

L E S S A C T I V I T Y L E S S F O O D, S I M P L E A S T H A T The Norwegian Forest cat has a lot of energy and can be very demanding of attention. Those cats that live primarily outdoors become swift and effective hunters, but the breed can also adapt to indoor life. And are therefore a very popular breed to have with a family that has enough time to keep the cat satisfied. Because of it’s need for attention, you need to keep it outside when you leave the house. If bought from a registered breeder in the USA, they tend to cost from 3500 to 5200 NOK. Because there are so many of this breeders in Norway they can come at a price around 1000 to 5000 NOK. As they are heavy-boned and tall they require more food than most other domestic breeds. So it’s not unsual that they decide how much food the need by them selves. Because of the size differenses between male and female, the male need almost double of the amount of food that the female needs. If you only have your cat indoors the amount of food will reduce. Less activity, less food, as simple as that. There have been kidney and heart diseases reported in the breed. The breed, along with several other cat breeds, can be poisoned by things that are considered safe to humans, including alcoholic beverages, avocados, all forms of chocolate and coffee, macadamia nuts, onions, raisins, grapes, salt, and garlic. Even though these cats have a thick, fluffy coat, they do not need frequent grooming like other longhaired breeds. A once a week brushing is enough most times of the year, and sometimes even less is required. More frequent brushing in the spring keeps lose hair from ending up all over the house. Also to have a blanket on their spot in the house will help you prevent the issue of hair they shed during spring and fall or the small amounts they shed through the whole year. With this much fur people expect the cat to shed more than other breeds, but the usual shorthaired house cat can shed double the amount under a year. The cat fancy in Norway got started as late as 1934, and not until 1938 did anyone think of the Norwegian forest cat as a special breed. Then, suddenly, everybody had other priorities for a while.

The Skogkatt was almost forgotten until the beginning of the 1970’s, when a group of fanciers started breeding programs in earnest. The people who had shown a few skaukatt in 1938 and got very favorable reactions from Danish and German judges, recruited some more breeders and got going. If you like a cat that bonds to you and likes being with you, that is not overly demonstrative, needing to be petted and pampered most of your time, that doesn’t talk all the time - only when something needs to be said - that loves the outdoors - and can stand a cold climate, yet lives quietly indoors if you live in a place where that is necessary. Yes, it’s a cat for you. Female Norwegian cats usually weight 12 lbs (5.5 kg) and need 70 grams of dry food on a daily basis, meaning 300 kcal/ day. Males weigh 12 - 20 lbs (5.5 - 9.0 kg) and need 70 120 grams of dry food per day, meaning 300 - 500 kcal/ day. This of course varies as per the cat’s weight and lifestyle. A balanced and rich in vitamins, minerals, protein and fiber nutrition will help prevent most health problems. You may want to try formulas specially designed for Maine Coons, as these twobreeds have a lot in common. These meals contain adapted levels of magnesium, sodium, potassium, arginine, EPA and DHA, taurine, L-carnitine, and antioxidants (vitamins E and C, green tea and grape polyphenols) that support and maintain their cardiac (heart) function. Moreover, they reinforce the barrier role of the skin and reveal the natural beauty and color of their coat. They also encourage a good oral-dental hygiene and support the joints of their powerful skeleton. When you introduce a kitten to your home let it find its own way out of the basket and allow it to explore one room at a time. Make sure that all doors and windows are shut, to prevent the kitten from escaping. Kittens are very often frightened by children or other pets that are new to them. Children should therefore be recommended to be quiet and wait for the kitten to adopt to the new environment, while other animals should

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NATURAL FRIEND / NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT

be introduced later, gradually and one at a time. Remember that adult cats might attack to the baby cat, since they confront it as a competitor and therefore as an enemy. Talk to your kitten and encourage it to play with a toy but do not overwhelm it with extreme attention. Kittens need warmth, since they miss their mother and litter mates. If there is not some form of heating in the room at all times, you had better buy a heated bed from a pet shop. When a cat grooms itself by licking its own fur, it will swallow some of its own hair. Most of the hair passes all the way through the digestive tract with no problems. But if some hair stays in the stomach, it can form a hairball. A cat that has developed a hairball in its stomach will get rid of it by vomiting. This is the most obvious symptom, since you can easily see the hairball on top of the vomit. Even clean cats can pick up fleas, especially during the summer months. They get fleas through the contact with infested pets or through the contact with fleas in the environment. Their ears require a great deal of hygiene as they are prone to serious infections. Consult your vet on choosing the proper cat ear cleaning solution and use it to remove the excess of wax, debris and dead tissues. Their teeth should be checked periodically and brush with a special wipe to prevent teeth and gum diseases. In the market there are also a lot of cat toys, specially designed to remove food wastes and prevent teeth irritation. A litter tray must be available at all times and kept in the same place. Solid matter and wet lumps should be removed from the tray frequently and the litter renewed when necessary. The tray should be washed and disinfected frequently. Rinse thoroughly after disinfecting and allow drying before use. Cats are very fussy and will not use a dirty tray. Never give a cat any drugs that have not been prescribed for it; many human drugs are poisonous to cats. Seek veterinary advice immediately if you suspect any form of poisoning. Make sure

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that toys or parts of them cannot be swallowed. Plastic bags and rubber bands can be extremely dangerous, since they do not show up on an X-ray. The Norwegian Forest Cats (also called Wegies) are mild and well-mannered cats. They are known for their kindness and for being tolerant with even the most annoying children and dogs. Wegies are gentle, friendly and family-oriented cats with a large supply of affection for their human companions. They love sitting on their side, to lounge by a warm fire and accept treats and caresses from loving hands. Highly intelligent, brave and playful, Wegies will always find ways to amuse themselves, retaining their fun-loving spirit throughout adulthood. Thanks to their curiosity, they have become quick learners. They can be taught to walk on a leash and some will even learn to fetch a thrown toy. They are also eager and relentless hunters, so if you wisely keep your Wegie indoors, be sure to satisfy its desire to hunt and need for play by providing a steady supply of fetching and interactive toys. Because of their muscular physique, Wegies are natural athletes who love to investigate the highest places in the house. A tall, well-built cat tree for climbing and scratching is a must if you don’t want your Wegie wedged on top of your tallest bookcase or highest window treatment. Wegies can be shy towards strangers due to their strong survival instincts. However, once they find out you can be trusted, they demonstrate their loyal and loving loving nature. They are not lap cats and prefer sitting or curling up beside their human fellows. They make it quite clear they don’t like to be held, cuddled, restrained or participate in any form of affection that involves human lips. Petting is warmly welcomed, while most enjoy being groomed. Wegies haven’t lost the versatility and skills that enabled them to survive the climate of their mother country. The ability to adapt to almost any situation is one of the traits that makes them such delightful companions. Unlike most cats they tend to enjoy the whole family rather than bond with only one person.


NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT / NATURAL FRIEND

“Talk to your kitten and encourage it to play with a toy but do not overwhelm it with extreme attention.”

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NATURAL FRIEND / NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT

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NORWEGIAN FOREST CAT / NATURAL FRIEND

Norwegian Forest Cats are known for being tolerant toward children and other pets. They are very intelligent, and enjoy climbing. They are not easily stressed, and adapt better to change than many other breeds of cat.

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are you

NATURAL FRIEND / QUIZ

READY? 4. Do you want a cat or a dog?

B. Yes, but I’ve never really been around pets. C. No, I’ve had pets before.

2. Do you know how to prepear before getting a pet? A. No, is there really need to prepeat anything? B. Yes, because I’ve had pets before. C. I think so, I’ve done a little research.

3. Do you know how much food a pet needs? A. Yes. B. No, don’t they know? C. Yes, but I still feed a little to much.

0-3 POINTS:

You are not really ready to take in another familymember. Do your research, and you will soon be able to get your dream pet. Remember the animal is not a toy, and needs more of your attention than you might be aware of. They eat, drink and need daily exercise. 5. A=0, B=2, C=1

6.A=1, B=2, C=0

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B. Dog, I need someone to keep me active. C. I can’t really decide.

5. Most animals need a yard, but a few animals can also live in apartments. Did you know?

☐ ☐ ☐

A. No, I did not know that. B. Yes. C. Yes, but I do not know which animals needs what.

6. Do you think you are ready?

☐ ☐ ☐

A. Maybe, I think so. B. Yes, I’m so ready. C. No.

4-6 POINTS:

Soon, maybe tomorrow you can actually get your natrual friend. But a little more research and your pet will love you forever. There’s nothing more rewarding than looking at a pet that is the happiest it can be, and it is all because of you. 4. A=1, B=1, C=0

☐ ☐ ☐

A. Cat, because they’re so cozy.

3. A=2, B=0, C=1

☐ ☐ ☐

☐ ☐ ☐

7-10 POINTS:

You already have a pet or you are just a expert. And you know what a pet needs to be happy. We believe you are ready to have more than one pet, congratulations.

2. A=0, B=2, C=1

A. Yes, but I know lots of people that has pets.

1. A=1, B=O, C=2

☐ ☐ ☐

ANSWER:

1. Is this your first pet?


QUIZ / NATURAL FRIEND

PLEASE TAKE CARE OF US!

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ALASKAN MALAMUTE / NATURAL FRIEND

T H E

L F T

W O

T H A

D O E S

N O T B I T E 18


NATURAL FRIEND / ALASKAN MALAMUTE

The Alaskan Malamute is a generally large breed of domestiv dog, orginally bred for use as a utilitarian dog and later an Alaskan sled dog. They are sometimes mistaken for a Siberian Husky due to color and markings, but in fact are quite different in many ways including size, structure and personality. TEXT: SANDRA PEDERSEN PHOTO: CREDIT

How can the Alaskan Malamute withstain such cold weather? The coat of the breed is a double coat. The undercoat

has an oily and wooly tekture and can be as thick as two inches. The outer guard coat is coarse and stands off the body—longer at the withers but not more than one inch off the sides of the body.

What is the biggest diffenrense between the Seberian Husky and Alaskan Malatue? The Malamute is a brown eyed, heavy dog, with a more formidable nature and structure than the Siberian Husky; which is a dog of small and slim stature, with the ability to have blue, brown, and bi-eyes, and is fine-boned specifically bred for speed.

Do people have these dogs as pets or as a working dog?

The Malamutes are still in use as sled dogs for personal travel, hauling freight, or helping move objects; some however are used for the recreational pursuit of sledding, also known as mushing, as well as for skijoring, bikejoring, carting, and canicross. However, most Malamutes today are kept as family pets or as show or performance dogs in weight pulling, dog agility, or packing. Malamutes are generally slower in long-distance dogsled racing against smaller and faster breeds and their working usefulness is limited to freighting or traveling over long distances at a far slower rate than that required for racing. They can also help move heavy objects over shorter distances.

What kind of personality does this dog have? The Mala-

mute personality is one of strong independence. If a dog owner cannot cope with a dog that will not comply with the owner’s every command, a more compliant breed should be selected. This dog has a genetic foundation of living in the harshest environment imaginable, and many of its behaviors are evolved to survive in such environments. Independence, resourcefulness, and natural behaviors are common in the breed. Because of their intelligence, they can be difficult dogs to train. However, if the trainer understands Malamutes and how to keep them motivated, the trainingproblem will not appear as a problem anymore.

How does this dog behave around other animals? Malamutes sometimes cope poorly with smaller animals, including other canines; however, this has been difficult to document in detail beyond observational data. Many Malamute owners have observed this behavior with smaller animals. Due to their naturally evolved beginnings, Malamutes tend to have natural hunting instincts which often leads them to chase smaller animals, such as rabbits, squirrels, and cats. So while Malamutes are, as a general rule, particularly amiable around people and can be

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taught to tolerate other pets, it is necessary to be mindful of them around smaller animals.

Then as a follow up question, how do the Malamute interact with people? Malamutes are quite fond of people, a trait that makes them particularly sought-after family dogs but unreliable watchdogs.

Is this a ideal house dog? Malamutes are nimble around

furniture and smaller items, making them ideal house dogs, provided they get plenty of time outdoors meeting their considerable exercise requirements. If they are year-round outdoor dogs, letting them play in a baby pool filled with cold water in summer keeps them cool. In the winter, they love snow.

Do they bark much? Malamutes are usually quiet dogs, seldom

barking. When a Malamute does vocalize, it often appears to be “talking” by vocalizing a “woo woo” sound. It may howl like a wolf or coyote, and for the same reason.

Do they have a long lifespan? There is only one known

health survey of Alaskan Malamutes, the median lifespan of 10.7 years measured in that survey is typical of a breed their size.The major cause of death was cancer (36%). There are additional health issues in the breed whose origins are unknown at this time including varied seizure disorders found in young puppies as well as adults, Epilepsy, congenital heart problems, kidney problems and skin disorders.

“It may howl like and for the sa


e a wolf or coyote, ame reasons.�


NATURAL FRIEND / ALASKAN MALAMUTE

“The dogs were used to hunt large predators such as bears.”

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ALASKAN MALAMUTE / NATURAL FRIEND

Where did the Malamute come from, what is the history? The Malamute is a

descendant of dogs of the Mahlemut (now known as Kuuvangmiut or more commonly Kobuk) group of Inupiat in upper western Alaska. These dogs had a prominent role with their human companions – as a utilitarian dog, working, hunting, and living alongside humans. The dogs were renowned for their excellent hunting abilities and were used to hunt large predators such as bears. They also aided their owners in finding seals by alerting to seal blow holes. The interdependent relationship between the Mahlemut and their dogs fostered prosperity among both and enabled them to flourish in the inhospitable land above the Arctic Circle. For a brief period during the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896, the Malamute and other sled dogs became extremely valuable to recently landed prospectors and settlers, and were

frequently crossbred with imported breeds. This was often an attempt to improve the type, or to make up for how few true Malamutes were available to purchase. This seems to have had no long-standing effect on the modern Malamute, and recent DNA analysis shows that Malamutes are one of the oldest breeds of dog, genetically distinct from other dog breeds. The Malamute dog has had a distinguished history; aiding Rear Admiral Richard Byrd to the South Pole, and the miners who came to Alaska during the Gold Rush of 1896, as well as serving in World War II primarily as search and rescue dogs in Greenland, although also used as freighting and packing dogs in Europe. This dog was never destined to be a racing sled dog; it was used for heavy freighting, pulling hundreds (maybe thousands) of pounds of supplies to villages and camps in groups of at least 4 dogs for heavy loads.

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CREDITS » Illustration pages made by Sandra Pedersen. » Photos page 1 - 2:

Bengal kitten: http-_0.static.wix.com_media_468a2b4d2ad521da4cb2a530c7367c85.wix_mp_1024.jpg Bengal: http-_funnycatwallpapers.com_wp-content_uploads_2012_08_domestic-bengal-cats-1.jpg

» Photos page 3 - 4:

Pointer: http-_2.bp.blogspot.com_-gXkDr-qchyE_T2iCmgRWOCI_AAAAAAAACBg_sNPXIdaTUag_s1600_Henri031.jpg Maine Coon: http-_mainecoonsgallery.ambientcat.com_ MaineCoonsWallpapers_pictures-1600-900_MaineCoonsPictures-1600-900-Origami-MCO-f2203-photos-N7113864 Papillon: http-_images2.fanpop.com_image_photos_14400000_ Papillon-all-small-dogs-14496058-1152-864 Dalmatians: http-_3.bp.blogspot.com__aWZVbMpo_ro_ TQdLM2fBpiI_AAAAAAAAADw_oQvU3CkQRO8_s1600_dalmatian_puppies_1_1280x1024 American Bob Tail: http-_2.bp.blogspot.com_-n8RB48YDDyw_TlgSpXEWvVI_AAAAAAAAAgA_2RA5EPNcPwA_s1600_american%2Bbobtail%2Bcat Beagle: http-_www.mrwallpaper.com_wallpapers_Beagle-Puppy-2560x1440 American Curl: http-_www.arcuscats.lt_wp-content_uploads_2012_01_arcus-cats-first-photosession-005 Norwegian Forest cat: Norwegian_Forest_Cat_5762270662_1004x750.jpg Welsh Corgi: http-_upload.wikimedia.org_wikipedia_commons_7_72_Welsh_Corgi_Pembroke_Miedzynarodowa_wystawa_psow_rasowych_rybnik_kamien_pazdziernik_2011_16 Illustration paws: Sandra Pedersen

» Photo page 6:

Bullmastiff: http-_pcdn.500px.net_1963379_384e0df74dee54cb1196aa920ec744d32a63edf9_4

» Photo page 7:

Norwegian Forest cat: http-_images.fineartamerica.com_images-medium-large_snowy-norwegian-forest-cat-emely-nilsson

» Photo page 10:

Norwegian Forest cat: http-_img15.hostingpics.net_ pics_875696IMG0448

» Photo page 11-12:

Norwegian Forest cat: http-_www.fond-ecran-image. fr_galerie-membre_chat-_autre_-thorgal-5.jpg Norwegian Forest cat: Norwegian_Forest_Cat_5762270662_1004x750.jpg

» Photo page 13-14:

Norwegian Forest cat: http_norwegian_forest_cat_kitten.jpg

» Photos page 16:

Cat and Dog: http-_www.onlinepetcart.com.au_images_Cat_and_Dog.jpg

»Photo page 17-18:

Alaskan Malamute: http-_www.1zoom.net_big2_978_324829-alexfas01

» Photo page 20:

Alaskan Malamute: http-_www.dogwallpapers.net_wallpapers_alaskan-malamute-hunter.jpg

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Alaskan Malamute: http-_www.10wallpaper.com_wallpaper_1920x1200_1204_alaskan_malamute_puppies-Animal_photography_HD_wallpaper_1920x1200


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