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EXTRA INFO

RECOGNITION OF PLASTICS

Materiaal

Abbreviation

Flame Selfextinguishing appearance

Combustion appearance

Odour

General

Acrylionitril-butadien-styrene

ABS

no

very sooty

hyacinth with rubber

hard, flexible

orange-yellow flame

Acrylate (moulded)

MMMA

no

yellow-blue flame

crackles

sweetish

hard, flexible, smooth surface.

Acrylate (extruded)

PMMA

no

yellow-blue flame

crackles

sweetish

hard, shiny, extrusion strips

Polyacetate

POM

no

blue-transparent flame

difficult to observe

formalin

hard, brittle, shiny

Polyamide

PA

no

blue flame, yellow top

no smoke

burnt horn

quite hard, flexible

Polycarbonate

PC

yes

yellow flame

soot with bubble formation phenol

hard. flexible, unbreakable

Polyethylene (hard)

hPE

no

blue flame, yellow top

white smoke

stearin

hard, flexible, slightly greasy

Polyethylene (high molecular)

HmPE

no

blue flame, yellow top

white smoke

stearin

hard, slightly greasy

Polyethylene (soft)

zPE

no

blue flame, yellow top

white smoke

stearin

flexible, slightly greasy

Polyethlene terephthalate

PETP

no

orange-yellow flame

light grey smoke

sweetish

very hard, chalky surface

Polyphenylene oxide

PPO

yes

light-yellow flame

slightly sooty

sweetish chlorine

very hard

Noryl

PPO

yes

yellowish flame

very sooty

sweetish chlorine

hard

Polypropylene

PP

no

blue flame, yellow top

light grey smoke

stearin with incense

hard, flexible, slightly greasy

Polystyrene

PS

no

orange-yellow flame

very sooty (flakes)

strong hyacinth

hard, brittle metallic sound

Polytetrafluorethylene

PTFE

yes

does not burn

-

-

flexible, quite greasy

Polyurethane

PUR

yes

light orange flame

light grey smoke

disinfectant air

rubbery, high tear strength

Polyvinylchloride (hard)

PVC

yes

yellow-green flame

grey smoke

hydrochloric acid

hard

Polyvinylchloride (high-temp)

PVC-C

yes

yellow-green flame

grey smoke

hydrochloric acid

very hard, usually matt surface

Polyvinylchloride (soft)

zPVC

yes

yellow-green flame

grey smoke

hydrochloric acid

rubbery

Pofyvinylchloride (high impact resistant)

HsvPVC

yes

yellow-green flame

grey smoke

weak hydrochloric acid

hard, flexible, impact-resistant

Polyvinylidene fluoride

PVDF

yes

blue-yellow flame

light grey smoke, carbonises fluorine water gas

hard, shiny

Synthetic resin bonded paper

HaPa

yes

yellow flame

carbonises

ammonia

very hard, laminate visible

Synthetic resin bonded fabric

HaWe

yes

yellow flame

carbonises

ammonia

very hard, fabric visible

11. 2

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2


EXTRA INFO

CLARIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TERMS Compactness or density — g/cm3

In physics and chemistry the density or specific mass of a material indicates how much mass of this material is present in a specific volume. Density is expressed in S.I. in kg/ m3, but the older unit g/cm3 is used more. The conversion is: 1000kg/m3= 1 g/cm3.

Compression strength N/mm2

The compression strength is the resistance to pressure, the ability to withstand pressure.

Electrical voltage - V

The electrical voltage is the potential difference between two points in space. The electrical voltage is usually determined between two points of an electrical connection, such as a wire.

Electrical resistance - Ohm

The electrical resistance is the electrical characteristic of materials to ‘impede’ the flow of electrical current: if an electrical current flows through a material, this does not happen without impedance and energy is required; the current encounters “resistance”.

E-modulus (elasticity modulus) —N/tm’

Hardness

Insulation resistance - Ohm

The elasticity modulus, indicated by E, is a material’s characteristic which is a measure forr a material’s stiffness or rigidity, and which partially determines the material’s elasticity under a (pulling) load. The elasticity modulus unit is expressed in N/m2. Most materials have a quite high modulus, which is why N/mm2 is often used.

The hardness of a material is the resistance that the material offers against permanent mechanical deformation.

The insulation resistance is the resistance between the conductor and the earth in electrical installations or electrical appliances. The greater the insulation resistance, the smaller the current leakage.

Flammability

The flammability is the extent to which a very local and limited source of heat can ignite a material.

Tear strength — N/mm2

This is the maximum force required to tear the material. The tear strength is expressed in N/mm2.

Shear strength — N/mm2

Melting point - °C

A material’s shear strength is the internal resistance which a material needs against plastic deformation due to sliding.

The melting point is the temperature whereby a solid is in equilibrium with the liquid form of this substance. It is usually assumed here that the pressure is 1 atmosphere.

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11.3


EXTRA INFO

CLARIFICATION OF TECHNICAL TERMS Specific resistance — Ohm/mm

Specific resistance (p) or impedance is an electronic component’s capacity to resist an electrical current. A component’s resistance value is expressed in ohm/mm.

Solidification

In physics solidification is the phase transition where a liquid transforms into a solid. Heat is released during this transition. To solidify a substance artificially, cooling is required so that the substance can get rid of its heat.

Thermal conductivity or heat conductivity coefficient I9W/mk

Thermal conductivity or the heat conductivity coefficient (k symbol) is a material constant which indicates how well the material conducts heat. It is also used in Fourier’s law (heat transfer through conduction).

Tractive force — N/mm2

Tractive force is force that is directed in such a way that the material to which the tractive force is applied wants to tear away.

Tensile strength — N/mm2

The tensile strength is the maximum mechanical tension which a material reaches when it is plastically deformed.

Evaporation

Evaporation is the phase transition from a liquid to a gas in physics. Evaporation can occur when the liquid boils. Evaporation also occurs when a liquid is exposed to drier air.

Viscosity - mPa.s or millipoiseuille

Viscosity is the ‘syrupy-ness’ of a liquid or gas. Thus water is an example of a liquid with a low viscosity, while honey is an example of a liquid with a high viscosity.

Flash point - °C

The flash point of a chemical substance is the lowest temperature at which the substance still releases sufficient vapour to be able to ignite when it comes into contact with a source of ignition. The flash point cannot be confused with the self-ignition temperature. The latter is the temperature at which a vapour/air mixture ignites spontaneously.

Volatile organic substances - %

11. 4

Volatile organic substances (VOS) are a colection of carbon compounds which, as the name suggests, evaporate easily. Among other items, think of fuel and solvent components. These substances are related to a number of different environmental problems including (summer) smog and acidification. Some of these substances can have a harmful effect on human health.

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EXTRA INFO

CONVERSION TABLES Length

Surface

Volume

1 inch

= 2.54 cm

1 millimetre

= 0.03937 in

1 foot

= 0.3048 m

1 centimetre

= 0.3937 in

1 yard

= 0.9144 m

1 decimetre

= 0.3281 ft

1 rod

= 5.0292 m

1 metre

= 3.281 ft

1 chain

= 20.117 m

1 metre

= 1.094 yd

1 furlong

= 201.17 m

1 decametre

= 10.94 yds

1 mile

= 1.6093 km

1 kilometre

= 0.6214 mi

1 nautical mile

= 1.8532 km

1 kilometre

= 0.539 naut. mi

1 square inch

= 6.4516 cm2

1 sq. centimetre

= 0.1550 in2

1 square foot

= 929.03 cm

1 sq. metre

= 1.550 ins2

1 square yard

= 0.8361 m2

1 are

= 119.60 yds2

1 acre

= 4,046.9 m

1 hectare

= 2.4711 a

1 square mile

= 259.0 ha

1 sq. kilometre

= 0.3861 mi2

1 cubic inch

= 16.387 cm3

1 cubic centimetre

= 0.061 in3

1 cubic foot

= 0.0283 m3

1 cubic decimetre

= 0.035 ft3

1 cubic yard

= 0.7646 m3

1 cubic metre

= 1.308 yd3

2

2

Solid content (Imperial) Content

Weight

Other

Temperature Speed

Standard wire measurements

Pressure measurements Energy values

Liquid content (USA)

1 pint

= 0.5506 l

1 pint

= 0.473 l

1 quart

= 1.136 l

1 quart

= 0.9463 l

1 gallon

= 4.546 l

1 gallon

= 3,785 l

1 peck

= 9.092 l

1 peck

= 8.809 l

1 bushel

= 36.369 l

1 bushel

= 35.24 l

1 ounce

= 28.35 gr

1 gram

= 0.035 oz

1 pound

= 453.59 gr

1 hectogram

= 3.527 ozs

1 hundredweight

= 45.36 kg

1 kilogram

= 2.205 lbs

1 ton

= 907.18 kg

1 ton

= 1.102 sh. tn

1 min

= 60 s

1 dm3

= 1 l (liter)

1 hour

= 3600 s

1 cm

= 1 ml

1 day

= 8.640.104 s

1 rad

= 57.30°

1 year

= 3.156.10 s

1 kWh

= 3.6.106 J

1 km/h

= 0.2778 m/s

? (°C) + 273

= T(K)

1 m/s

= 3.6 km/h

Fahrenheit = F

Celsius = C

Celsius° = 5/9 (F°-32°)

Fahrenheit° = 9/5 (C°+32°)

mph km/h

7

20 32

30 48

40 64

50 80

60 96

3

70 112

80 128

90 144

100 160

mm

1.59

1.98

2.38

3.18

3.97

4.76

6.35

12.70

inch

1/16

5/64

3/32

1/8

5/32

3/16

1/4

1/2

swg

17

14

12

10

8

6

4

6/0

1 kg/cm2 = 14.223 lb/in2

1kg/m2 = 0.205 lb/ft2

1 kg/cm3 = 36.127 lb/in3

1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 3.963 British thermal units (Btu) 1 joule (j) = 0.239 cal 1000 joule = 0.948 Btu

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11.5


EXTRA INFO

QUANTITIES, SYMBOLS AND UNITS According to the:

Quantity

S.I. UNIT SYSTEM The basic quantities are printed in bold.

Symbol

Unit

Symbol

Length

l

metre

m

Position

s

Wavelength

Metre

m

metre

m

Time

t

second

s

Mass

m

kilogram

kg

Surface

S, A

m2

Volume

V

m3

Speed

v

m/s

Acceleration

a

m/s2

Force

F

newton

N

Weight

G

newton

N

Energy

E

joule

J

Entropy

S

joule

J

Enthalpy

H

joule

J

Internal energy

U

joule

J

Capacity

P

watt

W

Density

kg.m/s2

N.m = kg.m2/s2

J/s = kg.m2/s2

kg/m3

Pressure

p

pascal

Pa

Temperature

T

Kelvin

K

Temperature*

T

gr. Celcius

°C

Current

I

Ampère

A

Voltage

U

volt

V

W/A

N.m2 = kg/m.s2

Resistance

R

ohm

?

V/A

Charge

Q

coulomb

C

A.s

Magnetic induction

B

tesla

T

Wb/m2 = V.s/m2

Quantity of substance

n

mol

mol

Light strength

I

candela

cd

Frequency

f

hertz

Hz

Elastic constant

k

* not an SI unit

11. 6

Derived units

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N/m

1/s


EXTRA INFO

SAFETY SYMBOLS

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Respiratory protection obliged

Head protection obliged

General command

Protective clothing obliged

Ear protection obliged

Safety footwear obliged

Face protection obliged

Crossing obliged

Safety belt obliged

Light respiratory proteciton

Eye protection obliged

Apron obliged

Hand proteciton obliged

Heavy respiratory protection obliged

11.7


EXTRA INFO

DANGER SYMBOLS The labels of many substances must contain the stipulated symbols and R and S phrases. The division depends on the substance’s characteristics. A safety label of this type means that the user can see how the product may be dangerous at a glance.

11. 8

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E Explosive

O Oxidant

F Flammable

F+ Highly flammable

T Toxic

T+ Highly toxic

C Corrosive

Xn Harmful

N Dangerous for the environmenty

Xi Irritating


EXTRA INFO

SECURITY PHRASES snumBer (01/02) (02) (27) (29) (46) (62) (63) (64) 01 01/02 02 03 03/07 03/07/09 03/09 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/14 03/09/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/09/14/49 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 03/14 04 05 05 05 05 05 06 06 07 07/08 07/09

code nr (01/02) (02) (27) (29) (46) (62) (63) (64) 01 01/02 02 03 03/07 03/07/09 03/09 03/09/14(101) 03/09/14(102) 03/09/14(103) 03/09/14(104) 03/09/14(105) 03/09/14(106) 03/09/14(107) 03/09/14(108) 03/09/14(109) 03/09/14(110) 03/09/49 001(101) 001(102) 001(103) 001(104) 001(105) 001(106) 001(107) 001(108) 001(109) 001(110) 03/14(101) 03/14(102) 03/14(103) 03/14(104) 03/14(105) 03/14(106) 03/14(107) 03/14(108) 03/14(109) 04 05(101) 05(102) 05(103) 05(104) 05(105) 06(101) 06(102) 07 07/08 07/09

text (Keep locked up and out of reach of children) (Keep out of reach of children) (Take off immediately all contaminated clothing) (Do not empty into drains) (If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label) (If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label) (In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest) (If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious) Keep locked up Keep locked up and out of reach of children Keep out of reach of children Keep in a cool place Keep container tightly closed in a cool place Keep container tightly closed in a cool , well-ventilated place Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from all substances Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from oxidizing agents Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from reducing agents Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from (strong) acids Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from (strong) bases Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from alcohols Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from combustible materials Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from iron Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from reducing agents/ (strong) acids/(strong) bases Keep in a cool, well-ventilated place away from moisture Keep only in the original container in a cool well-ventilated place Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from all substances Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from oxidizing agents Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from reducing agents Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from (strong) acids Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from (strong) bases Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from alcohols Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from combustible materials Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from iron Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from reducing agents/(strong) acids/(strong) bases Keep only in the original container in a cool, well-ventilated place away from moisture Keep in a cool place away from all substances Keep in a cool place away from oxidizing agents Keep in a cool place away from reducing agents Keep in a cool place away from (strong) acids Keep in a cool place away from (strong) bases Keep in a cool place away from alcohols Keep in a cool place away from combustible materials Keep in a cool place away from iron Keep in a cool place away from reducing agents/(strong) acids/(strong) bases Keep away from living quarters Keep contents under water Keep contents under paraffin oil Keep contents under petroleum/kerosene Keep contents under alcohol Keep contents under paraffin oil/petroleum/ kerosene Keep contents under nitrogen Keep contents under inert gas Keep container tightly closed Keep container tightly closed and dry Keep container tightly closed in a well-ventilated place

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snumBer 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 07/47 08 09 12 13 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 15 16 17 18 20 20/21 21 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 24 24/25 25 26 26/28 27 27/28 27/28 27/28 27/28 27/28 27/28 27/28 28 28 28 28 28 28 28

code nr 07/47(101) 07/47(102) 07/47(103) 07/47(104) 07/47(105) 07/47(106) 07/47(107) 07/47(108) 07/47(109) 08 09 12 13 14(101) 14(102) 14(103) 14(104) 14(105) 14(106) 14(107) 14(108) 14(109) 14(110) 15 16 17 18 20 20/21 21 22 23(101) 23(102) 23(103) 23(104) 23(105) 23(106) 24 24/25 25 26 26/28 27 27/28(101) 27/28(102) 27/28(103) 27/28(104) 27/28(105) 27/28(106) 27/28(107) 28(101) 28(102) 28(103) 28(104) 28(105) 28(106) 28(107)

text Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding the flashpoint Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 21°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 15°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 10°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 5°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 0°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding -15°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding 45°C Keep container tightly closed and at a temperature not exceeding -20°C Keep container dry Keep container in a well-ventilated place. Do not keep the container sealed Keep away from food, drink and animal feeding stuffs Keep away from all substances Keep away from oxidizing agents Keep away from reducing agents Keep away from (strong) acids Keep away from (strong) bases Keep away from alcohols Keep away from combustible materials Keep away from iron Keep away from reducing agents/(strong) acids /(strong) bases Keep away from reducing agents/(strong) acids /(strong) bases and metals Keep away from heat Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking Keep away from combustible materials Handle and open container with care When using do not eat or drink When using do not eat, drink or smoke When using do not smoke Do not breathe dust Do not breathe gas Do not breathe fumes Do not breathe vapour Do not breathe spray Do not breathe dust Do not breathe Avoid contact with skin Avoid contact with skin and eyes Avoid contact with eyes In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice In case of contact with skin or eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice Take off immediately all contaminated clothing After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of 1% sodium bicarbonate solution After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of water and soap After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of acid solution (1 ml HCl/100 ml water), then water and soap After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of 1% hyposulphite solution After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of water After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of waterless handcleaner After contact with skin, take off immediately all contaminated clothing, and wash immediately with plenty of polyethyleneglycol/ethanol (1/1 solution) After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of 1% sodium bicarbonate solution After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water and soap After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of acid solution (1ml HCl/100ml water, then with water and soap After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of 1% hyposulphite solution After contact with skin, wash immediately with plenty of water After contact with skin, use waterless hand cleaner After contact with skin, wash immediately with polyethyleneglycol/ethanol (1/1 solution)

11.9


EXTRA INFO

SECURITY PHRASES snumBer 29 29/35 29/56 30 33 34 35 36 36/37 36/37/39 36/39 37 37/39 38 39 40 40 41 42 42 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 44 45 46 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 47/49 48 48 48 48 49 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 51 52

11. 10

code nr 29 29/35 29/56 30 33 34 35 36 36/37 36/37/39 36/39 37 37/39 38 39 40 40(101) 41 42(101) 42(102) 43(101) 43(102) 43(103) 43(104) 43(105) 43(106) 43(107) 43(108) 44 45 46 47(101) 47(102) 47(103) 47(104) 47(105) 47(106) 47(107) 47(108) 47(109) 47/49(101) 47/49(102) 47/49(103) 47/49(104) 47/49(105) 47/49(106) 47/49(107) 47/49(108) 47/49(109) 48(101) 48(102) 48(103) 48(104) 49 50(101) 50(102) 50(103) 50(104) 50(105) 50(106) 50(107) 50(108) 51 52

text Do not empty into drains Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container in a safe way Do not empty into drains, dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point Never add water to this product Take precautionary measures against static discharges Avoid shock and friction This material and its container must be disposed of in a safe way Wear suitable protective clothing Wear suitable protective clothing and gloves Wear suitable protective clothing gloves, and eye/face protection Wear suitable protective clothing and eye/ face protection Wear suitable gloves Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection In case of insufficient ventilation, wear respiratory equipment Wear eye/face protection To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use.... (to be indicated by the manufacturer) To clean the floor and all objects contaminated by this material, use white spirit In case of fire and/or explosion do not breathe fumes During fumigation wear suitable respiratory equipment During spraying wear suitable respiratory equipment In case of fire, use sand In case of fire, use powder extinguisher In case of fire, use powder extinguisher, “never use water” In case of fire, use sand, “never use water” In case of fire, use water In case of fire, use water In case of fire, use foam, dry powder or sand In case of fire, all extinguishing media allowed If you feel unwell, seek medical advice (show the label where possible) In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible) If swallowed, seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label Keep at temperature not exceeding the flash point Keep at temperature not exceeding 21 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding 15 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding 10 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding 5 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding 0 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding -15 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding 45 °C Keep at temperature not exceeding -20°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding the flashpoint Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 21°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 15°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 10°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 5°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 0°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding -15°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding 45°C Keep only in the original container at temperature not exceeding -20°C Keep wetted with water Keep wetted with alcohol Keep wetted with organic solvent Keep wetted with mineral oil Keep only in the original container Do not mix with other products Do not mix with acids Do not mix with bases Do not mix with oxidizing agents Do not mix with reducing agents Do not mix with organic materials Do not mix with peroxidation accelerator Do not mix with organic peroxides Use only in well ventilated area Not recommended for interior use on large surface area

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snumBer 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 111 112 113 114 115 200 201 301 310 311 313 314 315 316 400

code nr 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 111 112 113 114 115 200 201 301 310 311 313 314 315 316 400

text Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use Obtain the consent of pollution control authorities before discharging to wastewater treatment plants Treat using the best available techniques before discharge into drains or the aquatic environment Dispose of this material and its container to hazardous or special waste collection point Use appropriate containment to avoid environmental contamination To be disposed of as hazardous waste Refer to manufacturer/supplier for information on recovery/recycling This material and/or its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheets. If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label. In case of accident by inhalation: remove casualty to fresh air and keep at rest If swallowed, rinse mouth with water (only if the person is conscious) Keep lamps filled with this liquid out of the reach of children Use restricted to industrial installations   Keep away from sources of ignition - No  smoking Keep out of the reach of children. Warning! Contains lead.   Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer Comply with the safety intructions Contains epoxy constituents. See information   Warning! Do not use together with other  products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine). Restricted to professional users. Warning! Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use. Contains isocyanates. See information supplied by the manufacturer  Follow the safety rules. Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children. Reserved for industrial and professional use Pressurized container. Protect from sunlight and do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C. Do not pierce or burn, even after use. Do not spray on a naked flame or any incandescent material  Insuffient data available   No available data   Depending on the concentration   See separate substances   Ecotoxicological data insufficient   No ecotoxicological data available   Insufficient data on chronic toxicity   Depending on the selected R phrases   If composition is known, apply the preparations’ directive    Complete with S-phrases (02), 23, 24, (62) if R45 expires Complete with S-phrases (02), 09, 16 if R45 expires Dependent on the composition   Warning - substance not yet tested completely  Warning - this preparation contains a substance not yet tested completely   To avoid risks to man and the environment, comply with the instructions for use May produce an allergic reaction   Can become (highly) flammable in use   Safety data sheet available for professional user on request   Contains hexavalent chromium   May produce an allergic reaction   ## % by mass of the contents are flammable   Substance not yet tested completely because of limited production


EXTRA INFO

DANGER PHRASES rnumBer 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 07 08 09 10 10 11 12 12 13 14 14/15 15 15/29 16 17 18 19 20 20 20/21 20/21 20/21/22 20/21/22 20/22 20/22 21 21 21/22 21/22 22 22 23 23 23/24 23/24 23/24/25 23/24/25 23/25 23/25 24 24 24/25 24/25 25 25 26 26 26/27 26/27 26/27/28 26/27/28 26/28 26/28 27 27 27/28 27/28 28 28 29 30

code nr 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 07(O) 08 09 10 10(20) 11 12 12(20) 13 14 14/15 15 15/29 16 17 18 19 20 20(2) 20/21 20/21(2) 20/21/22 20/21/22(2) 20/22 20/22(2) 21 21(2) 21/22 21/22(2) 22 22(2) 23 23(2) 23/24 23/24(2) 23/24/25 23/24/25(2) 23/25 23/25(2) 24 24(2) 24/25 24/25(2) 25 25(2) 26 26(2) 26/27 26/27(2) 26/27/28 26/27/28(2) 26/28 26/28(2) 27 27(2) 27/28 27/28(2) 28 28(2) 29 30

text Explosive when dry Risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition Extreme risk of explosion by shock, friction, fire or other sources of ignition Forms very sensitive explosive metallic compounds Heating may cause an explosion Explosive with or without contact with air May cause fire May cause fire Contact with combustible material may cause fire Explosive when mixed with combustible material Flammable Flammable Highly flammable Extremely flammable Extremely flammable Extremely flammable liquefied gas Reacts violently with water Reacts violently with water, liberating extremely flammable gases Contact with water liberates extremely flammable gases Contact with water liberates toxic, extremely flammable gas Explosive when mixed with oxidizing substances Spontaneously flammable in air In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture May form explosive peroxides Harmful by inhalation Also harmful by inhalation Harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin Also harmful by inhalation and in contact with skin Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed Also harmful by inhalation and if swallowed Harmful in contact with skin Also harmful in contact with skin Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful if swallowed Also harmful if swallowed Toxic by inhalation Also toxic by inhalation Toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin Also toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Toxic by inhalation and if swallowed Also toxic by inhalation and if swallowed Toxic in contact with skin Also toxic in contact with skin Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed Toxic if swallowed Also toxic if swallowed Very toxic by inhalation Also very toxic by inhalation Very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin Also very toxic by inhalation and in contact with skin Very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also very toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed Also very toxic by inhalation and if swallowed Very toxic in contact with skin Also very toxic in contact with skin Very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed Also very toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed Very toxic if swallowed Also very toxic if swallowed Contact with water liberates toxic gas Can become highly flammable in use

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rnumBer 31 32 33 34 35 36 36/37 36/37/38 36/38 37 37/38 38 38 39 39/23 39/23 39/23/24 39/23/24 39/23/24/25 39/23/24/25 39/23/25 39/23/25 39/24 39/24 39/24/25 39/24/25 39/25 39/25 39/26 39/26 39/26/27 39/26/27 39/26/27/28 39/26/27/28 39/26/28 39/26/28 39/27 39/27 39/27/28 39/27/28

code nr 31 32 33 34 35 36 36/37 36/37/38 36/38 37 37/38 38 38(30) 39 39/23 39/23(2) 39/23/24 39/23/24(2) 39/23/24/25 39/23/24/25(2) 39/23/25 39/23/25(2) 39/24 39/24(2) 39/24/25 39/24/25(2) 39/25 39/25(2) 39/26 39/26(2) 39/26/27 39/26/27(2) 39/26/27/28 39/26/27/28(2) 39/26/28 39/26/28(2) 39/27 39/27(2) 39/27/28 39/27/28(2)

39/28 39/28 40(old) 40/20 40/20 40/20/21 40/20/21 40/20/21/22 40/20/21/22 40/20/22 40/20/22 40/21 40/21 40/21/22 40/21/22 40/22 40/22 40 41 42 42/43 43 44

39/28 39/28(2) 40 40/20 40/20(2) 40/20/21 40/20/21(2) 40/20/21/22 40/20/21/22(2) 40/20/22 40/20/22(2) 40/21 40/21(2) 40/21/22 40/21/22(2) 40/22 40/22(2) 40A 41 42 42/43 43 44

text Contact with acids liberates toxic gases Contact with acids liberates very toxic gases Danger of cumulative effects Causes burns Causes severe burns Irritating to eyes Irritating to eyes and respiratory system Irritating to eyes, respiratory system and skin Irritating to eyes and skin Irritating to respiratory system Irritating to respiratory system and skin Irritating to skin Irritating to skin Danger of very serious irreversible effects Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Ook giftig: gevaar voor ernstige onherstelbare effecten bij inademing en aanraking met de huid Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversibles effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin OAlso toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed Also toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and and if swallowed Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects through inhalation and and if swallowed Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed Also very toxic: danger of very serious irreversible effects if swallowed Possible risks of irreversible effects Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversibles effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed Limited evidence of a carcinogenic effect Risk of serious damage to eyes May cause sensitisation by inhalation May cause sensitisation by inhalation and skin contact May cause sensitisation by skin contact Risk of explosion if heated under confinement

11.11


EXTRA INFO

DANGEr PHRASES rnumBer 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 47 48 48/20 48/20 48/20/21 48/20/21 48/20/21/22 48/20/21/22 48/20/22 48/20/22 48/21

code nr 45 45(10) 45(10)(11)(17) 45(10)(12) 45(10)(13) 45(11)(15) 45(13)(15) 45(14)(15) 45(16) 46 46(80) 46(81) 47 48 48/20 48/20(2) 48/20/21 48/20/21(2) 48/20/21/22 48/20/21/22(2) 48/20/22 48/20/22(2) 48/21

48/21 48/21/22 48/21/22 48/22 48/22 48/23 48/23 48/23/24 48/23/24 48/23/24/25 48/23/24/25 48/23/25 48/23/25 48/24 48/24 48/24/25 48/24/25 48/25 48/25

48/21(2) 48/21/22 48/21/22(2) 48/22 48/22(2) 48/23 48/23(2) 48/23/24 48/23/24(2) 48/23/24/25 48/23/24/25(2) 48/23/25 48/23/25(2) 48/24 48/24(2) 48/24/25 48/24/25(2) 48/25 48/25(2)

49 50 50/53 50/53 51 51/53

49 50 50/53 50/53(2) 51 51/53

11. 12

text May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause cancer May cause heritable genetic damage May cause heritable genetic damage May cause heritable genetic damage May cause birth defects Danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed Also harmful: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and in contact with skin Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure through inhalation and if swallowed Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure in contact with skin and if swallowed Toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed

Also toxic: danger of serious damage to health by prolonged exposure if swallowed May cause cancer by inhalation Very toxic to aquatic organisms Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment Very toxic to aquatic organisms. Contains substances which are dangerous for the aquatic environment Toxic to aquatic organisms Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment

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rnumBer 51/53 51/53 52 52/53 52/53 53 53 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 59 60 61 62 63 63 64 65 65 65 65 65 65 66 66 66 67 67 68 68/20 68/20 68/20/21 68/20/21 68/20/21/22

code nr 51/53(2) 51/53(40) 52 52/53 52/53(2) 53 53(2) 53(41) 54 55 56 57 58 59 59(2) 60 61 62 63 63(90) 64 65 65(2) 65(2)(50) 65(50) 65(50)(51) 65(51) 66 66(60) 66(61) 67 67(70) 68 68/20 68/20(2) 68/20/21 68/20/21(2) 68/20/21/22

68/20/21/22 68/20/22 68/20/22 68/21 68/21 68/21/22 68/21/22 68/22 68/22 090 097 098 099 100 101 102 112 115 198 298 299 398 399 498 598

68/20/21/22(2) 68/20/22 68/20/22(2) 68/21 68/21(2) 68/21/22 68/21/22(2) 68/22 68/22(2) 090 097 098 099 100 101 102 112 115 198 298 299 398 399 498 598

text Toxic to aquatic organisms. Contains substances which are dangerous for the aquatic environment Toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment Harmful to aquatic organisms Harmful to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment Harmful to aquatic organisms. Contains substances which are dangerous for the aquatic environment May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment Contains substances which may be dangerous aquatic environment May cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment Toxic to flora Toxic to fauna Toxic to soil organisms Toxic to bees May cause long-term adverse effects in the environment Dangerous for the ozone layer Contains substances which deplete the ozone layer May impair fertility May cause harm to the unborn child Possible risk of impaired fertility Possible risk of harm to the unborn child Possible risk of harm to the unborn child May cause harm to breastfed babies Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Also harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness Possible risk of irreversible effects Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effect through inhalation Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and in contact with skin Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects through inhalation and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects in contact with skin and if swallowed Harmful: possible risk of irreversible effect if swallowed Also harmful: possible risk of irreversible effects if swallowed Inhalation of asbestos dust is harmful to health Insuffient data available No available data   Depending on the concentration   See separate substances   Ecotoxicological data insufficient   Assignment on a case-by-case basis   Dependent on the composition   Not classified as dangerous according to the criteria of directive(s) 67/548/EEC and/or 1999/45/EC  Classified dangerous in accordance with Directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC In normal conditions of use, the components cannot be released because of the form in which the article or preparation is placed on the market   Classified dangerous in accordance with Directive 67/548/EEC In normal conditions of use, the substance cannot be released because of the form in which the product is placed on the market The classification in categories of danger in compliance with Directive 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC does not apply to pharmaceuticals   The classification in categories of danger in compliance with Directive 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC does not apply to cosmetic products 


EXTRA INFO

GHS Globally Harmonised System of classification and labelling of chemicals GHS or Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals is the new way of classifying, characterising and labelling chemical substances and preparations.

Serious damage to health

Depending on the associated dangers, a substance or mixture of substances is divided into one or more categories of dangers. There are three different categories of dangers: • Physical dangers (e.g. explosive, flammable, oxidant) • Health dangers (e.g. toxic, carcinogenic) • Dangers to the environment (e.g. toxic for water organisms) The motivation for reaching an internationally clear system is logical. After all, the differences per country in the designations and information relating to dangerous substances were quite big occasionally. The same substance could be labelled as ‘toxic’ in one country, but not be viewed as a dangerous substance in a different country. This also led to absences of clarity in safety information sheets and companies had to produce different safety information sheets for different parts of the world. The introduction of a globally harmonised system (GHS) should eliminate these obstacles to world trade.

Corrosive

Oxidant

Explosive

Toxic

Flammable

Gas under pressure

Dangerous for the environment

Less serious damage to health

The draft regulation proposes the phased introduction of GHS: • the current system will be retained for substances until 1 December 2010; for mixtures and preparations it will be kept until 1 June 2015. The GHS label can be used sooner on a voluntary basis. • substances will be classified according to both systems between 1 December 2010 and 1 June 2015 but the GHS label is obligatory. • the current classification and labelling system expires from 1 June 2015 and only the GHS system will be valid.

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11.13


EXTRA INFO

GHS H2001 H201 H202 H203 H204 H205 H220 H221 H222 H223 H224 H225 H226 H228 H240 H241 H242 H250 H251 H252 H260 H261 H270 H271 H272 H280 H281 H290 H300 H301 H302 H304 H310 H311 H312 H314 H315 H317 H318 H319 H330 H331 H332 H334 H335 H336 H340 H341 H350 H351 H360 H361 H362 H370 H371 H372 H373 H400 H410 H411 H412 H413

11. 14

Unstable explosives. Explosive; mass explosion hazard. Explosive, severe projection hazard. Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazard. Fire or projection hazard. May mass explode in fire. Extremely flammable gas. Flammable gas. Extremely flammable aerosol. Flammable aerosol. Extremely flammable liquid and vapour. Highly flammable liquid and vapour. Flammable liquid and vapour. Flammable solid. Heating may cause an explosion. Heating may cause a fire or explosion. Heating may cause a fire. Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to air. Self-heating: may catch fire. Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fire. In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneously. In contact with water releases flammable gases. May cause or intensify fire; oxidiser. May cause fire or explosion; strong oxidiser. May intensify fire; oxidiser. Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heated. Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injury. May be corrosive to metals. Fatal if swallowed. Toxic if swallowed. Harmful if swallowed. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Fatal in contact with skin. Toxic in contact with skin. Harmful in contact with skin. Causes severe skin burns and eye damage. Causes skin irritation. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Causes serious eye damage. Causes serious eye irritation. Fatal if inhaled. Toxic if inhaled. Harmful if inhaled. May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled. May cause respiratory irritation. May cause drowsiness or dizziness. May cause genetic defects (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). Suspected of causing genetic defects (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). May cause cancer (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). Suspected of causing cancer (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routs of exposure cause the hazard). May damage fertility or the unborn child (state specific effect if known ) (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child (state specific effect if known) (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). May cause harm to breast-fed children. Causes damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). May cause damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). Causes damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) through prolonged or repeated exposure (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). May cause damage to organs (or state all organs affected, if known) through prolonged or repeated exposure (state route of exposure if it is conclusively proven that no other routes of exposure cause the hazard). Very toxic to aquatic life. Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects. Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects. May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life.

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EUH 001 EUH 006 EUH 014 EUH 018 EUH 019 EUH 044

Explosive when dry. Explosive with or without contact with air. Reacts violently with water. In use may form flammable/explosive vapour-air mixture. May form explosive peroxides. Risk of explosion if heated under confinement.

EUH 029 EUH 031 EUH 032 EUH 066 EUH 070 EUH 071

Contact with water liberates toxic gas. Contact with acids liberates toxic gas. Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas. Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking. Toxic by eye contact. Corrosive to the respiratory tract.

EUH 059

Hazardous to the ozone layer.

EUH 201 / 201A EUH 202 EUH 203 EUH 204 EUH 205 EUH 206 EUH 207 EUH 208 EUH 209 / 209A EUH 210

Contains lead. Should not be used on surfaces liable to be chewed or sucked by children. Warning! Contains lead. Cyanoacrylate. Danger. Bonds skin and eyes in seconds. Keep out of the reach of children. Contains chromium (VI). May produce an allergic reaction. Contains isocyanates. May produce an allergic reaction. Contains epoxy constituents. May produce an allergic reaction. Warning! Do not use together with other products. May release dangerous gases (chlorine). Warning! Contains cadmium. Dangerous fumes are formed during use. See information supplied by the manufacturer. Comply with the safety instructions. Contains (name of sensitising substance). May produce an allergic reaction. Can become highly flammable in use. Can become flammable in use. Safety data sheet available on request.

EUH 401

To avoid risks to human health and the environment, comply with the instructions for use.


EXTRA INFO

GHS P101 P102 P103

If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand. Keep out of reach of children. Read label before use.

P314 P315

P201 P202 P210 P211 P220 P221 P222 P223 P230 P231 P231 + P232 P232 P233 P234 P235 P235 + P410 P240 P241 P242 P243 P244 P250 P251 P260 P261 P262 P263 P264 P270 P271 P272 P273 P280 P280 P282 P283 P284 P285

Obtain special instructions before use. Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood. Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. – No smoking. Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source. Keep/Store away from clothing/…/combustible materials. Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles… Do not allow contact with air. Keep away from any possible contact with water, because of violent reaction and possible flash fire. Keep wetted with… Handle under inert gas. Handle under inert gas. Protect from moisture. Protect from moisture. Keep container tightly closed. Keep only in original container. Keep cool. Keep cool. Protect from sunlight. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/ equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Keep reduction valves free from grease and oil. Do not subject to grinding/shock/…/friction. Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use. Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray. Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing. Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing. Wash … thoroughly after handling. Do no eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Avoid release to the environment. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. Use personal protective equipment as required. Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection. Wear fire/flame resistant/retardant clothing. Wear respiratory protection. In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

P301 If swallowed: P301+ P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P301 + P312 IF SWALLOWED: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. P301 + P330 + P331 IF SWALLOWED: rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting. P302 If on skin: P302 + P334 IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. P302 + P350 IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. P302 + P352 IF ON SKIN: Wash with plenty of soap and water. P303 If on skin (or hair): P303 + P361 + P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. P304 If inhaled: P304 + P340 IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. P304 + P341 IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. P305 If in eyes: P305 + P351 + P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. P306 If on clothing: P306 + P360 IF ON CLOTHING: rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. P307 IF exposed: P307 + P311 IF exposed: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P308 IF exposed or concerned: P308 + P313 IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention. P309 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: P309 + P311 IF exposed or if you feel unwell: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P310 Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P312 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. P313 Get medical advice/attention.

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Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. Get immediate medical advice/attention.

P320 Specific treatment is urgent (see … on this label). P321 Specific treatment (see … on this label). P322 Specific measures (see … on this label). P330 Rinse mouth. P331 Do NOT induce vomiting. P332 If skin irritation occurs: P332 + P313 If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. P333 If skin irritation or rash occurs: P333 + P313 If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. P334 Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. P335 Brush off loose particles from skin. P335 + P334 Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages. P336 Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do no rub affected area. P337 If eye irritation persists: P337 + P313 If eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention. P338 Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing. P340 Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. P341 If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. P342 If experiencing respiratory symptoms: P342 + P311 If experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician. P350 Gently wash with plenty of soap and water. P351 Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. P352 Wash with plenty of soap and water. P353 Rinse skin with water/shower. P360 Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes. P361 Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. P362 Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. P363 Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. P370 In case of fire: P370 + P376 In case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so. P370 + P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction. P370 + P380 In case of fire: Evacuate area. P370 + P380 + P375 In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. P371 In case of major fire and large quantities: P371 + P380 + P375 In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. P372 Explosion risk in case of fire. P373 DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives. P374 Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance. P375 Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion. P376 Stop leak if safe to do so. P377 Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely. P378 Use … for extinction. P380 Evacuate area. P381 Eliminate all ignition sources if safe to do so. P390 Absorb spillage to prevent material damage. P391 Collect spillage. P401 P402 P402 + P404 P403 P403 + P233 P403 + P235 P404 P405 P406 P407 P410 P410 + P403 P410 + P412 P411 P411 + P235 P412 P413 P420 P422

Store … Store in a dry place. Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container. Store in a well-ventilated place. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Store in a closed container. Store locked up. Store in corrosive resistant/… container with a resistant inner liner. Maintain air gap between stacks/pallets. Protect from sunlight. Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place. Protect from sunlight. Do no expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C/ 122°F. Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F. Store at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F. Keep cool. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50°C/ 122°F. Store bulk masses greater than … kg/… lbs at temperatures not exceeding …°C/…°F. Store away from other materials. Store contents under …

P501

Dispose of contents/container to …

11.15


EXTRA INFO

MISCELLANEOUS The 3 rule

Surface calculation

We frequently compare two quantities with each other. When one quantity gets bigger, the other also increases. When one quanttity gets smaller, the other quantity also decreases. Example: A box of nails contains 75 nails and costs € 10. How much do 90 nails cost? Such questions can be solved by using the 3 rule. 75 nails ====> € 10 1 nail ====> € 10 : 75 90 nails ====> € 10 : 75 x 90 = 12 Answer: you pay € 12 for 12 nails. Name

Figuur

Formula for circumference

h

Triangle

Formula for surface area

O = sum of the sides

s =

b.h 2

O = sum of the sides

s = (B + b) . h 2

O = 2 . (b + s)

s =

b.h

O=4.z

s =

D.d 2

O = 2 . (l + b)

s =

l.b

O=4.z

s =

z2

O=2.π.r

s =

π . r2

b b Trapezoid

h

B s

h

Parallellogram

b z

d

Rhombus

D

b

Rectangle

l z

Square

r

Circle

Consumption for spraying a joint

W idth of the joint or diameter of spraying nozzle (mm) x depth of the joint (mm)

Consumption of epoxy mortar

ml content of cartridge

CALCULATION PRINCIPLE Always calculate the volume in dm3 and multiply by 2 (the specific gravity or density of epoxy mortar is always 2kg/dm3) e.g.: Fill a groove that is 3 m long, 8 mm deep and 12 cm wide with epoxy mortar Step 1: Convert eveything into dm 3 metres = 30 decimetres 8 millimetres = 0.08 decimetre 12 centimetres = 1.2 decimetre Step 2: calculate the volume: 30 dm x 0.08 dm x 1.2 dm = 2.88 dm3 Step 3: convert this into the quantity of product: 2.88 dm3 x 2 kg/dm3 = 5.76 kg

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= ml joint cement/running metre

RULE OF THUMB Consumption per m2 per mm of thickness = 2 kg/m2/mm This is done according to the calculation: 100 dm2 (=1m2) x 0.01 dm (=1mm) x 2 kg/dm3 (density) = 2 kg/mm e.g.: treating a 10 m2 surface area with 6 mm epoxy mortar entails consumption of: 6mm x 2 kg/m2 = 12 kg/m2 12 kg/m2 x 10 m2 = 120 kg It is therefore simple to multiply the number of mm by 2 to find out the consumption per m2.


EXTRA INFO

MISCELLANEOUS Calculation of content In general, the content of a figure is: The surface area of the floor multiplied by the height. This is also written as B&H. Where B is the surface of the base area and H is the height of the figure. The base is the floor of a figure.

Name

Figure

Bar

Formula for circumference The surface area of the floor of this bar is 2 cm x 1 cm =2 cm2 The height is 3 cm The content of this bar is: 2 cm x 1 cm x 3 cm = 6 cm3

Cube

The surface area of the floor of this cube is 3 cm x 3 cm = 9 cm2 The height is also 3 cm The content of this cube is: 3 cm x 3 cm x 3 cm = 27 cm3

Cylinder

The surface of the floor of this cylinder is radius x radius x pi = 1.5cm x 1.5 cm x pi = 7.07 cm2 The height of this cylinder is 4 cm The content of this cylinder is: 1.5 cm x 1.5 cm x pi x 4 cm = 28.27 cm3 The content of a pyramid and cone is: The surface of the floor multiplied by the height:3 Abbreviated: B x H : 3 or B x H 3

Pyramid

The surface of the rectangular floor is: 4cm x 3 cm = 12 cm2 The height of the pyramid is 6 cm The content of this pyramid is: 4 cm x 3 cm x 6 cm : 3 = 24 cm3

Cone

The surface area of the circle is: radius x radius x pi = 2cm x 2 cm x pi = 12,57 cm2 The height of the cone is 3 cm The content of the cone is: 2 cm x 2 cm x pi x 3 cm : 3 = 12,57 cm3

You also calculate the content of a prism by: base multiplied by height. With this prism it is best to take the triangular front as the base (floor) because it has the shape of the flat surfaces that you can cut away. Prism

The surface of the base is: 4 cm x 3 cm : 2 = 6 cm2 The height of the figure is 2 cm. The content of this prism is: 4 cm x 3 cm : 2 x 2 cm = 12 cm3

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EXTRA INFO

TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THIS CATALOGUE Term

Unit used

Term

Unit used

Density

kg/dm3, kg/m2, kg/l

Insulation resistance

Ohm

Boiling point

°C

Disruptive discharge voltage

V

Viscosity

mPa’s Bsmokefield 20°C.

Melting point

°C

Specific gravit

g/mm3, kg/dm3, g/cm3

Self ignition

°C

Flash point

°C

Drying time

minutes

Temperature resistance

°C

Evaporation time

seconds

Thermal stability

°C

Dripping point

°C

Dielectric strength

KV/mm

relative humidity

RV

Specific resistance

Ohm/mm

Dynamic tear-off force

g/cm

Compactness [density]

g/m3, g/cm3

Solidification point

°C

Tensile strength

N/cm2, N/mm2

Impact strength

KJ/m2

Shear strength

N/mm2, N/cm2

Open working time

minutes at °C

pH value

pH

Hand-tight

hours at °C

Hardening time

minute

Shore hardness

A, D

Apparent compactness of

g/l

Water absorption

%

Heat conductivity capacity

W/mk (thermal conductivity)

Potlife

minutes

Fire resistance classification

B1, B2, B3

Tear strength

N/mm2

Noise dampening

db

Notched bar test

cm/kg/cm2

Peel force

N/cm

Ignition temperature

°C

E-modulus

N/mm2

Salt haze test

hours (ASTM B117 at Metalsol)

Non-volatile matter

%

Lubricating capacity

kg (Falex Step test at MC5)

Pressure resistance

N/mm2

Mass volume

g/ml

Flexible tensile strength

N/mm2

Active components

% (see BIL)

Electrical resistance

Ohm, Ohm/cm

Steam reduction

%

Hardening through

hours

Elasticity at breakage (after...days at...?C)

%

Test method TFM 9

N/mm2 (see DOT)

Elasticity

%

Tensile force (FTM 1)

N/mm2 (see DOT) ,kg/cm2 (see HCS)

VOS content

%

Peel force (FTM 1)

N/mm2 (see DOT)

Freezing point

°C

Shear strength

kg/mm2, kg/cm2

Elastic strength

%

Shear strength

minutes/seconds

Four Ball Test (IP-239)

N/cm2

Initial reaction time

minutes

4 Ball EP-Test (ASTMD 25%)

kgf

Loss of tension

V

4 Ball Wear-Test (ASTMD 2266)

WIM

Connection resistance

Ohm

Rolling Bali Tack

Test method GB7125-84

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