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San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures ITE Workshop Dennis J. Wahl, Associate September 3, 2009 Name of Presentation


Overview of Transit Priority Measures •

Benefits – Reduce Transit Travel Time – Ensure Reliable Travel Time – Help to Make Transit a Viable Option for More Types of Trips

Types of Services that Can Use TPM – Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) – Trunk Lines – Circulators and Shuttles

Types of Applications – Corridors – Key Roadway Segments – Individual Intersections

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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What is BRT?

BRT is an Integrated System – – – –

Facilities Equipment Services Amenities

BRT Provides High Performance/ Quality Rapid Transit

BRT Has Greater Operating Flexibility and Lower Capital/Operating Costs Compared to LRT

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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What Makes BRT Rapid? Transit Priority Measures: • Queue Jumpers • Dedicated Lanes • Traffic Signal Priority Other Treatments/Features: • • • •

Vehicle Tracking Systems Station Spacing Fare Collection/Management Active Operations/Driver Training

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Arterial BRT •

Dedicated Lanes/Right-of-Way

Mixed Traffic with Treatments

On-Line Stations

Easy to Board, Attractive, High Capacity Vehicles

Efficient Fare Collection

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) – Real-Time Passenger Information – Signal Priority – Service Command/Control Frequent All-Day Service

• •

Examples – LA Rapid, Las Vegas MAX, Mid-City Rapid

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Freeway BRT •

Dedicated Lanes

HOV Lanes

Shoulder Lanes

Park-and-Ride Lots and On-Line Stations

High Capacity Vehicles

Efficient Fare Collection

Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) – Real-Time Passenger Information – Signal Priority for Off-Line Station Access – Service Command/Control Focus on Peak Hour Service

• •

Examples – El Monte Busway, Phoenix RAPID

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Dedicated Guideway BRT

Exclusive Transitway

Grade Separated or At-Grade Crossings

On-Line Stations

Examples – LA Orange Line, Ottawa, Pittsburgh, Miami, Hartford (Planned)

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Transit Priority Measures •

Three Primary Kinds – Bus Lanes – Traffic Signal Priority – Queue Jumps

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Bus Lanes • • • • • • • •

Exclusive Lanes on Streets or Freeways Shared Lanes with HOVs Short Distance to Many Miles Median or Right Lane On-Line Stops Share with Right Turns or Separated Frequently Used with TSP Examples – LA Rapid, Minneapolis, SR 163 On-Ramp, Escondido Rapid, Eleventh Avenue

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Eleventh Avenue Downtown San Diego

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Traffic Signal Priority (TSP) •

Advantage to Transit Vehicle

Milder Variation of Emergency Pre-Emption

Modifies the Typical Operation of a Traffic Control Signal Program to Extend Green or Bring it Sooner Requires Equipment at Intersection and on the Vehicle

• •

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Types of TSP •

Passive – Using Pre-Determined Signal Timing Plans Developed to Benefit Transit

Active – Temporarily Altering the Regular Operation of a Traffic Control Signal, in Response to the Detection of a Transit Vehicle – Unconditional Priority Granted Every Time a Transit Vehicle is Detected – Conditional Priority Granted When Transit Vehicle is Detected, if Other Conditions are Met: • Transit Route & Direction • Time of Day • Schedule Adherence

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Benefits of Transit Signal Priority •

Unlike Emergency Signal Pre-emption, Transit Signal Priority Strategies Take into Account Operational Needs/ Requirements of Other Modes of Traffic at an Intersection.

Transit Priority Reduces the Extent of Signal Delays Experienced by Buses (and Surrounding Traffic Stream), Increasing the Person Throughput of a Facility.

Through this Delay Reduction, Trip Time Variability for the Transit Route is Decreased, Making It More Competitive with Other Modes.

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Queue Jumps •

• •

Broadly Deployed – Single Intersection – Many Intersections Based on Operation of Each Intersection Shared or Separate Right Turns – No. of Turns per Hour over or under 100 Examples – Fourth Avenue, Broadway Downtown, Friars & Frazee Road, Rosecrans at Pacific Highway Planned for Escondido Rapid, Super Loop, Fourth and Fifth Avenue in Hillcrest

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Queue Jump Operation

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Right Turn Treatments •

To Separate or Not to Separate

More than 100 Right Turns per Hour – Best to Separate

Less than 100 Right Turns per Hour – Consider Sharing

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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How TPM is Used in Transit Planning • •

• •

New Developments – Otay Ranch Existing Choke Points and Corridors – Rosecrans, Escondido Rapid New Lines – Orange Line, Mesa Main Street, Hartford Participants: – Transit Agencies – Cities – Regional Governments – Caltrans/State DOTs – Consultants

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Taking TPM Beyond Planning •

Design – Numerous Ways to Implement Once TPMs are identified (Design, Equipment, etc.)

Operation – Ongoing Operation and Maintenance

Hear About Both from Our Next Speakers

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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Questions & Answers

IBI Group ITE San Diego Section

Planning for Transit Priority Measures September 3, 2009

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2009.09.BRT Presentation_Dennis Wahl  

San Diego Section ITE Workshop Dennis J. Wahl, Associate September 3, 2009 Name of Presentation • Types of Services that Can Use TPM – Bus R...

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