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The Greek World

30. Hellas sive Græcia, Imperiumque Cræsi ad Herodotum Moll, Herman Copper engraved with hand colour London: Printed for the Proprietor Carington Bowles, at his Map and Print Warehouse, No. 69, St Paul’s Church Yard. MDCCLXXXIV [1784] 195 x 306 mm A map of ancient Greece and Turkey, from Bowles’ Geographia Classica, or the Geography of the Ancients, as contained in the Greek and Latin Classics. The map depicts the ancient Greek city-states, as well as the Kingdom of Croesus, following the 5th century BC Greek historian Herodotus. Coasts and territories are outlined in hand colour, as are mountain ranges. The map is very detailed, with an exhaustive range of towns, cities, regions, kingdoms, and countries marked. Croesus was a King of Lydia in the sixth century BC, and by Herodotus time a century later, had come to be an almost mythic figure, emblematic of wealth and prosperity, but also pride and misfortune. In this, he was the perfect real-world example of the central Greek concept of hubris.

He was credited with the invention of coinage, held a famous discussion with the the Athenian sage Solon, and presented the oracle of Delphi with a number of votive offerings. His misunderstanding of a prophesy given by the latter, that he ‘would destroy a great empire,’ was proved correct by his disastrous attempt to wage war on the Persians. The victorious Persian king Cyrus annexed the kingdom of Lydia into his own dominions. Herodotus (c.484-425 BC) was a Greek historian from the Ionian city of Halicarnassus, now Bodrum, in modern Turkey. His Histories, the first known work to approach a historical subject from a position of enquiry, earned him the title of ‘Father of History.’ The Histories sought to trace the origins of the 5th century BC Persian Wars, drawing upon Greek geographic and ethnographic knowledge of the Persian Condition: Horizontal and vertical folds as issued. Minor foxing to folds. [41370] £175

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Mapping the Ancient World  

A catalogue of some of the finest examples of sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century cartography of the Ancient Mediterranean. Mappi...

Mapping the Ancient World  

A catalogue of some of the finest examples of sixteenth, seventeenth, and eighteenth century cartography of the Ancient Mediterranean. Mappi...

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