Page 1

Vol . 1

Academic Portfolio

Samyuktha Badrinarayanan Selected Works 2011 - 2019


ABOUT

Since my school-days, the driving force behind anything I have done has been propelled by my inquisitiveness and my desire to understand the fundamentals by getting my hands dirty. Growing up in India, I was exposed to a lot of socio-cultural diversity and this played a fundamental role in shaping my outlook towards design and architecture. I learnt from experience that designing is an addictive, and endless process. Every structure I see, fascinates me in some way, and stays vividly in my memory. The emotions and thoughts that are generated from a structure/space resonate with me, and I always attempt to recognize and be respectful of their “value”. I was drawn to the indigenous sustainable practices followed in rural India and my time in Singapore has taught me how to systematically and formally implement this sustainable approach to the conceptualization and design of large scale systems. I would like to design structures and spaces that integrates this “Systems Thinking” with a design philosophy that evokes “Emotion” in the observer.

TO CREATE WITHOUT PASSION IS TO CREATE NOTHING AT ALL - Bruce W .Sykes


Samyuktha Badrinarayanan Bachelors in Architecture (B.Arch) | Marg Institute of Design and Architecture, Swarnabhoomi, Chennai, India | GPA - 4.4/5 Masters in Integrated Sustainable Design (MSc.ISD) | School of Design and Environment, National University of Singapore, Singapore | GPA - 8.48/10 samyuktha.b@u.nus.edu +65 9421 6414 (or) +91 98409 18661 (Whatsapp)

2018

EXPERIENCE 3 Years JURONG TOWN COUNCIL, SINGAPORE [Senior Planner - Nguyen Hoang Duc Duy and Senior Architect Shaun Tan] Design Intern - December’2018 - March’2019

I was involved in evaluating and framing urban design guidelines, rendering sections for redevelopment of Sungei Kadut site, and in data collection and analysis of industrial estates for future design guidelines. This experience benefitted me with a greater understanding of the various components that constitute urban design. I also gained invaluable exposure working in an international environment.

2016

DESIGNQUBE ARCHITECTS AND INTERIORS, CHENNAI, INDIA [Ar. Vikas Parthipan] Junior Architect - September’2016 - July’2018

My work as a Project Architect subsumes monitoring, supervision and trouble shooting of all activities related to DESIGN. This involves coordination with various functional roles like designing, site visits, material & fixtures selection, client coordination and project management group’s etc.

2015

CRAB STUDIO, LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM [Sir Peter Cook and Gavin Robotham]

Architectural Design Intern - January’2015 - April’2015

Involved in conceptual designing, perspective rendering, presentation and project documentation. It helped me hone my practical and technical skills in the field of architecture.

2014

DESIGNQUBE ARCHITECTS AND INTERIORS, CHENNAI, INDIA [Ar. Vikas Parthipan] Architectural Design Intern - June’2014 - December’2014

Involved in conceptual designing, site & its context, preliminary visual, design strategy and evolution, design development – form finding and exploring in 3-Dimensional aspects.

SKILL-SET

Proficient

ACHIEVEMENTS/HONORS

Intermediate

completed international energy training program on green buildings

2019

Anna University Rank Holder - Top 1% of B.Arch Graduates

2017

SHORTLISTED FOR NATIONAL AWARDS FOR EXCELLENCE IN ARCHITECTURAL THESIS

2016

SCHOLARSHIP AWARDEE FOR SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS COURSE BY EN3 ACADEMY

2012


OVERHEAD BRIDGES

Covered Linkways Overhead Bridges

Local Roads

INTEGRATED SECTION

LOCAL ROADS

Yishun HDB Plan showing the Local Roads

Expressways

Arterial Roads

Collector Roads

• Total lane kilometres: 164 • No. of lanes considered: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3.3m

• Total lane kilometres: 704 • No. of lanes considered: 4 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3.3m

• Total lane kilometres: 576 • No. of lanes considered: 3 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3m

Total Area in SG: 6 km2

Total Area in SG: 21 km2

Total Area in SG: 12 km2

ARTERIAL/COLLECTOR EXPRESSWAY/ARTERIAL

ROADS Overlay of Expressways, Arterial and Collector Roads

SPAGHETTI JUNCTIONS EXISTING

TYPE A - 3 Area: 7,430m2 Total Area: 22,290m2

TYPE B - 3 Area: 5,428m2 Total Area: 16,284m2

TYPE G - 18 Area: 19,163m2 Total Area: 344,934m2

TYPE H - 2 Area: 7,598m2 Total Area: 15,196m2

TYPE C - 2 Area: 16,784m2 Total Area: 33,568m2

TYPE D - 1 Area: 24,052m2 Total Area: 24,052m2

TYPE I - 7 Area: 39,206m2 Total Area: 274,442m2

TYPE E - 4 Area: 15,320m2 Total Area: 61,280m2

TYPE J - 2 Area: 90,187m2 Total Area: 180,374m2

TYPE Area: 8, Total Area: 25,

BENJAMIN SHEARES FLYOVER EXISTING Demonstration of flyover between Bayfront & Marina Promenade • Total length: 270m • No. of lanes: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3m Total surface area = 8100m2 Proposal 1. Suspending farms for high-tech protein farming under the flyover Area of farms: 31,000m2

64.63


Bachelors

Masters

Contents

Academic 01 Form Follows System - a system based approach to design 02 A Systems Based Approach - impact of systems thinking on built form and site planning 03 A Systems Approach to Resilience - working towards the formation of circular economy 04 Thesis - a courthouse 05 Revitilization of Velachery and Taramani - urban design


Form Follows System

- a system based approach to design Masters Studio - Semester 1 | Group Academic Work | 2018

Supervised by Prof. Nirmal Tulsidas Kishnani in collaboration with Woha Architects

01

Project Description

In Asia, these past decades, we have seen a systemic degradation of cities, parks, rivers and water bodies. These transformations affect the well-being of everyone, especially the poor. Much of this damage is the direct result of a developmental approach that fails to balance private and public interests. A Green building, no matter how well intentioned, looks inwards, within boundaries of site and shell and is focused on the well-being of occupant and developer. The search for sustainable solutions, we now know, cannot be confined to the scale of standalone buildings. The search for a sustainable Asia calls for a new way of seeing buildings and their relation to the city. Buildings are embedded within wider systems such as energy and water grids, biodiversity and habitat networks, public and social space. The health of the system as a whole is affected by every insertion, every new development. What if buildings – even ones that are privately owned or profit-making – were designed to connect or repair the systems in which they are embedded? What if a shopping centre becomes a part of a biodiversity network? What if a condominium is also a farm, shared by the neighbourhood? What if an office building is part of a flood protection system? Can the city become self-sufficient in energy, water and food? Can it restore ecological health by integrating human and natural systems in new ways? The goal of this studio was to craft an approach for a new kind of development, one that is generous, restorative and net-positive. ROLE : Involved in Study & Analysis, Identification of the Potential Proposals and Conceptualisation CONTRIBUTION : Designing, Presentation drawings and Panel Composition


Biodiversity and Urban Green

Public Space Singapore 2018 - Existing Public Space

Energy Singapore 2018 - Existing Energy Map

Singapore Public Space Plot Ratio

Singapore 2018 - Existing Green

Water Singapore 2018 - Existing Water Catchments

Food Singapore 2018 - Existing Agro-Tech & Urban Farms Map

Liveability as a Benchmark

Through these 4 taps, Singapore meets its current water demand.

Architectural Scales of Green

TOTAL WATER DEMAND OF SINGAPORE - 430 MGD SELF SUFFICIENCY OF SINGAPORE - 75%

Research on Existing Conditions of the 5 Systems in Singapore The Studio was divided into 5 groups, each group dealing with 5 Systems - Energy, Water, Food, Biodiversity & Urban Green, and Public Space. Our group worked on “BIODIVERSITY AND URBAN GREEN�. We explored on the data-set on these systems for Singapore that was produced by past ISD studios, including mapping at the scale of the city. With this, we explored to answer the following questions: a. If every building (present and future) in Singapore does the same as these buildings from the data-set engaging the 5 systems, how much self-sufficiency will Singapore attain in energy, water and food? b. If every building (present and future) in Singapore does the same as these buildings from the data-set engaging the 5 systems, how much more space will there be for public and biodiversity networks? c. If Singapore wants to be achieve 100% self-sufficiency of energy, water and food, what else can be done at the building and urban scales?


Distribution of green habitat

Proximity and flying radius - Forest green

Blue Fly Catcher White Heron Black Naped Oriole

Baya Weaver

Proximity and flying radius - Urban green

Drongo

White Throated Short Tailed Kingfisher Blabber Forest Green Areas Managed Green Areas Mangrove Areas Scrubland Areas

Waterways network and distribution of wetlands

Forest Green Areas Proximity Radius Area Network

Waterway and wetland species movement network

Managed Green Areas Proximity Radius Area Network

Coastal Habitat species network

Low Density Macaques

Rivers/Waterbodies Waterways Mudflat edges Soft edges Network

High Density

Monitor Lizards Rivers/Waterbodies Waterways

Rivers/Waterbodies Waterways Network

Park Connectors And Coastal Corridor network

Forest Green Areas Managed Green Areas Natureways

High Density

Medium Density

Pangolins

Nature ways network

Medium Density

Low Density

Otters

Proposed Rail, Coast-to-Coast and Nature Park Networks

Forest Green Areas Managed Green Areas Park Connectors Network Coastal Corridor Network

Spatial Maps of Various Biodiversity and Urban Greens in Singapore

Forest Green Areas Managed Green Areas Future Networks


REPLICATION AND AGGREGATION:

EXTRAPOLATION OF DATA SET TO ISLAND SCALE Land use distribution of Singapore

Proportion of 32 building programs

If every building (present and future) in Singapore does the same as these 30+ buildings, how much more space will there be for public and biodiversity networks?

LANDUSE %AGE 0.02, 0% LIGHT RAPID TRANSIT

CIVIC AND COMMUNITY INSTITUITION 3%

SPECIAL USE 5.54, 5%

BUSINESS PARK 2%

16.71, 17% RESIDENTIAL 0.65, 1% COMMERCIAL RESERVE SITES 13.26, 13%

WHITE 1%

0.22, 0% HOTELS 0.29, 0% HEALTH & MEDICAL CARE

Low Density <1.8

BUSINESS 1 4%

2.66, 3% EDUCATIONAL PORT/AIRPORT 5.66, 6%

Medium Density 1.8 - 3.8

High Density 3.8 - 6.8

Very High Density >6.8

0.28, 0% WHITE 1.04, 1% BUSINESS 1

CEMETRY 0.57, 1%

0.05, 0% BUSINESS 1 WHITE

781.92 SQKM AREA 31 PROGRAMMES

UTILITY 1.92, 2%

14.13, 14% BUSINESS 2

9 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; PROGRAMMES COVERED

RAPID TRANSIT 0.04, 0%

EDUCATIONAL INST. 12%

HEALTH & MEDICAL CARE 1%

Average GPR :

HOTEL 1%

65.1%

Average GPR :

COMMERCIAL 3%

0.37, 0% BUSINESS PARK

ROADS 10.09, 10%

71.8%

300

0.01, 0% BUSINESS 2 WHITE

TRANSPORT 0.42, 0% FACILITIES

200

RESIDENTIAL 73%

100

0.03, 0% BUSINESS PARK WHITE

Average GPR :

103%

Average GPR : 200

150

0.05, 0% RESIDENTIAL/INSTI.

0.28, 0% RES. WITH COMM. @1st STOREY

WATERBODY 5.53, 5%

SPORTS & RECREATION 2.54, 3% BEACH AREA 0.1, 0% PLACE OF WORSHIP 0.21, 0%

200

0.6, 1% COMMERCIAL & RESIDENTIAL

12.84, 13% 3.04, 3% PARKS

OPEN SPACE

100

0.79, 1% CIVIC & COMMUNITY INSTITUITION 1.25, 1% AGRICULTURAL

100

50

GREEN 1

RESIDENTIAL

COMMERCIAL

HOTEL

HEALTH & MEDICAL CARE

EDUCATIONAL INST.

WHITE

BUSINESS 1

BUSINESS PARK

127.3%

150

100

CIVIC AND COMMUNITY INSTITUITION

50

50

Parameters of analysis Context

Site area

Program

Density

Green Plot Ratio

Bio - D : 69%

Bio - D : 100%

Bio-P : 31%

Bio - D : 55%

11294 ha

11106 ha

Bio-P : 45% Bio - D : 43%

Bio-P : 57%

400 ha

402 ha

UnQuantifiable Data Bio - D : 7230 ha 2%

2%

Bio-D : 5595 ha Bio-P : 2514 ha

Total Bio-D area: 13307 ha

Bio-D : 228 ha Bio-P : 186 ha

Bio-D : 254 ha Bio-P : 337 ha

98.7%

Total Green area = 16344 ha

of total built up area of Singapore.

122.4%

48%

48%

Total Bio-P area : 3037 ha

Very High Density High Density Medium Density Low Density

22.7 %

of total built up area of Singapore.

of total built up area of Singapore.

If Singapore wants to increase the network of public space and biodiversity, what else can be done at the building and urban scales? Potential Zones of Singapore

Potential Green network of Singapore - Transit system (Expressways)

Potential Green network of Singapore - Transit System (MRT)

Potential zonation of Singapore

1. AYE - AYER RAJAH EXPRESSWAY 2. PIE - PAN ISLAND EXPRESSWAY 3. ECP - EAST COAST PARKWAY 4. CTE - CENTRAL EXPRESSWAY 5. TPE - TAMPINES EXPRESSWAY 6. KPE - KALLANG PAYA EXPRESSWAY 7. SLE - SELETAR EXPRESSWAY 8. BKE - BUKIT TIMAH EXPRESSWAY 9. KJE - KRANJI EXPRESSWAY 10. MCE - MARINA COASTAL EXPRESSWAY 11. NSC - NORTH SOUTH CORRIDOR

Green Habitats Waterbodies Park Connectors/Coastal Corridor Natureways MRT Network

Green Habitats Waterbodies Park Connectors/Coastal Corridor Natureways Expressways Network

High Potential Medium Potential Low Potential Pockets of concern

BEFORE

AFTER

Exploration of Data-set to Island scale + Replication and Aggregation Primary Forest Mammals Birds

Secondary Forest

Expressway

Urban Green

MRT

Medium Density Area

Road

Primary Forest

High Density Area Mammals Birds

Secondary Forest

Expressway

Urban Green

MRT

Medium Density Area

Road

High Density Area


Total green space: 2018

383 km2

2030

625 km2

2060

826 km2

Typology 1: Elevated MRT Corridors

Lim Chu Kang Very High Density 2030

14.8 km2

2060

28 km2

OUTCOME FROM 8 INFRASTRUCTURE TYPOLOGIES

Typology 1: Elevated MRT Corridors

2030

5 km2

2060

12.5 km2

97.4 m2

125.9 m2

Green Cover 383 km2 Population 5,822,029

Green Cover 625 km2 Population 6,418,472

Green Cover 826 km2 Population 6,561,177

0.33 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

Population https://www.populationpyramid.net/singapore/2030/

Indicator 2. Pubic Green within 10-minute walk from the household(Exclude the industrial area) 2018 2030

Tengah Very High Density Typology 1: Elevated MRT Corridors

65.7 m2 Green Plot Ratio

Typology 1: Small scale industries

Typology 1: Small scale industries

Typology 1: Small scale industries

Paya Lebar Very High Density 2030

7.5 km2

2060

18.75 km2

Distribution of waterways - Hard edge typology

Distribution of waterways - Soft edge typology

Distribution of waterways - Soft edge typology

2030

Legend

Legend

800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential

800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential Typology 2: Medium scale industries Typology 1: Waterways with hard edge Typology 2: Medium scale industries

Typology 2: Elevated MRT Stations

Typology 2: Elevated MRT Stations

Typology 2: Waterways with soft edge

2060

Typology 2: Waterways with soft edge

2060

Typology 2: Elevated MRT Stations

EXISTING

2030

2060

Legend 800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential

Typology 3: Large scale industries

Jurong Island Greater Southern Waterfront

Typology 3: Large scale industries

2060 Typology 3: At Grid MRT Depots

Typology 3: At Grid MRT Depots

0.0 km2

0.5 km2

0.21 %

CURRENT

0.0 km2

%

No change since 2030

0.0 km2

%

2018

38.1 km2

8.59 %

Parks

CURRENT

2060

2030

0.0 km2

-%

MRT lines

2060Open Space

INDUSTRIAL

2030

Density Classification

2060

2 5.5 km<1.4 (Low)

2.27 %

High 2.1 - 2.8

2030

Medium 1.4 - 1.6

Medium High 1.6 - 2.1 0.27 %

Very High 2.8 - 3.8

Very Very High > 3.8

CURRENT

MRT Station

Sea port

Nature Reserve

Buildings (GNPR = 1)

Industrial

Natureways

Roads

Golf course

Sports

2030

2.0 km2

1.6-2.1(Med - High)

2060

CURRENT

2060

PARKS AND WATERBODIES 2.1-2.8 (High) Airport

Ecological Value

3.6 km2

High Medium 0.27 % Low

625 km2

2060

826 km2

2060

2018 2018

12%

88% 88% Green patches have enhance the Ecological value.

ROADS AND MOBILITY CURRENT 0.16 %

2030

2 1.8 % 1.2 kmMandai Medium High Density

4.4 km2

2030

5 km2

2060

2 7.5 km Typology 1 : Arterial and Collector roads

2018

SPORTS AND RECREATION CURRENT

2060 4.4 km

2

1%

No change since 2030

0.18 %

1.3 km2

Typology 1: Sports complexes

2030 1.2 %

Typology 1: Sports complexes

CURRENT

2060

2.9 km2

0.65 %

2030

FOOD FACTORY

2.9 km

2

No Change since 2030

Typology 1: Sports complexes

%

0.00 km2

Green Plot Ratio

2030

0.33 1 1.5 2 2.5 % 3

2060

0.00 km2

2060

2060

28 km2

Typology 2 : Local roads

Typology 2 : Local roads Green Plot Ratio

Typology 2: Open sports fields Tengah Very High Density 2030

5 km2

2060

12.5 km2

Typology 3 : Covered Linkways

Typology 3 : Covered Linkways

0.33 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

OUTCOMES

65.7 m Typology 2 : Local roads

Lim Chu Kang Very High Density

Green Plot Ratio

1.6 km2

0.36 %

Typology 1 : Arterial and Collector roads

2018

14.8 km2

100% 100% Green patches have enhance the Ecological value.

OUTCOMES

Typology 1 : Arterial and Collector roads

2030

2060 2060

2030 2030

12% Green patches have enhance the Ecological value.

2.8-3.8 (Very High) High Medium Low

High Medium Low

OUTCOMES

2030

AIRPORT

Food Factories

0.66 km2

0.15 %

Indicator 1. Public Green Areas Per Capita

5.6 km2

1.26 %

1.4-1.6 (Medium)

0.00 km2

>3.8 (Very Very High)

2060

383 km2

2030

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 122Km2

Ecological Value

%

No Change since 2030

Total green space: 2018

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 122Km2

2030

Ecological Value

BIODIVERSITY SEAPORT & URBAN GREEN Density Classification and Areas

5.5 km2

1.24 %

Buildings

He Peixi, Nimmy Namratha, Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Bangera Pooja

0.00 km2

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 106Km2

legend

Waterbodies

Low

2060 2060

94%

2018

MRT - RELATED DEVELOPMENT

% < 1.4

2030 2030

94%

Indicator 3. Connectivity of High Ecological Green

Typology 3: Large scale industries

4 km2

0.5 km2

0.11 %

2030

CURRENT

2018 2018

82%

Typology 3: At Grid MRT Depots

Legend

%

OUTCOMES

Typology 2: Medium scale industries

Typology 2: Open sports fields

0.33 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

Typology 2: Open sports fields

2060 2060

2030 2

Green Cover 383 km2 Population 5,822,029

97.4 m

2

125.9 m2

Green Cover 625 km2 Population 6,418,472

Green Cover 826 km2 Population 6,561,177

Population https://www.populationpyramid.net/singapore/2030/

Indicator 2. Pubic Green within 10-minute walk from the household(Exclude the industrial area) 2018 2030

Typology 3 : Covered Linkways

Paya Lebar Very High Density 2030

7.5 km2

2060

18.75 km2

Legend

Legend

Typology 3: School fields Typology 4 : Overhead bridges

Typology 4 : Overhead bridges

Typology 3: School fields

Typology 3: School fields

800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential

800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential

Typology 4 : Overhead bridges

2060

EXISTING

2030

2060

OUTCOMES

Legend 800m Radius Public Green Uncovered Residential Covered Residential

Jurong Island Greater Southern Waterfront 2060

4 km2

Proposal for Biodiversity and Urban Green Legend

2018 2018

2030 2030

2060 2060

82%

94%

94%

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 106Km2

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 122Km2

Total Residential Area 130km2 Coverd Residential Area 122Km2

Indicator 3. Connectivity of High Ecological Green 2018

legend

2030


2030

2060

OUTCOME 2018

65.7 m2 Green Plot Ratio 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

Green Plot Ratio 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

Indicator 2. Pubic Green within 10-minute walk from the household

Indicator 1. Public Green Areas Per Capita

2018

Green Plot Ratio 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

Green Cover 324 km2

2030

2060

88.2 m2 116.6 m2 Green Cover 565 km2

Green Cover 765 km2

Population 6,418,472

Population 6,561,177

2018

2030

2060

82%

94%

94%

Population 5,822,029

Total Residential Area Total Residential Area Total Residential Area 130km2 130km2 130km2

Indicator 3. Connectivity between High Ecological Green patches

Coverd Residential Area - 106Km2

Liveability Indicator - Singapore Island Scale

Coverd Residential Area - 122Km2

Coverd Residential Area - 122Km2

2018

2030

2060

12%

88%

100%

12% Green patches have enhanced the Ecological value

88% Green patches have enhanced the Ecological value

100% Green patches have enhanced the Ecological value


He Peixi, Nimmy Namratha, Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Bangera Pooja

BIODIVERSITY & URBAN GREEN

Performance of Green System in 2060 - Singapore Island Scale

Density Classification and Areas

Low < 1.4

High 2.1 - 2.8

Medium 1.4 - 1.6

Very High 2.8 - 3.8

Mandai Medium High Density

Medium High 1.6 - 2.1

2030

5 km2

2060

7.5 km2

Very Very High > 3.8

Total green space: 2018

383 km2

2030

625 km2

2060

Lim Chu Kang Very High Density

826 km2

2030

14.8 km2

2060

28 km2 Tengah Very High Density 2030

5 km2

2060

12.5 km2

Paya Lebar Very High Density 2030

7.5 km2

2060

18.75 km2

EXISTING

2030

2060

Jurong Island Greater Southern Waterfront 2060

4 km2

Legend 2018

Section - Before

CURRENT

2060

CURRENT

2030

2060

MRT lines

Buildings

Open Space

MRT Station

Sea port

Nature Reserve

Buildings (GNPR = 1)

Industrial

Natureways

Roads

Food Factories

Golf course

Sports

Airport

Density Classification <1.4 (Low) 1.4-1.6 (Medium) 1.6-2.1(Med - High) 2.1-2.8 (High) 2.8-3.8 (Very High)

Waterbodies

>3.8 (Very Very High)

ROADS AND MOBILITY 2030

2030

Parks

Section - After

SEAPORT

legend

SPORTS AND RECREATION 2060

CURRENT

2030

2060


MRT Depot type 2

MRT depot type 2 with PV on roof

MRT depot type 2 with PV on roof

MRT Depot type 1

MRT depot type 1 with PV on roof

MRT depot type 1 with PV on roof

Solar efficiency: 18% 0%

Solar efficiency: 22% 0.6 %

0.0 TWh

Solar efficiency: 30% 1.2 %

0.3 TWh

CURRENT

2030

0.6 TWh

2060

Solar efficiency: 18% 0%

0.0 TWh

Solar efficiency: 22% 0%

CURRENT

MRT - RELATED DEVELOPMENT

0.0 TWh

Water reservoirs

Water reservoirs with floating PV

Water reservoirs with floating PV

Water reservoirs

Water reservoirs with food farms and PV

Water reservoirs with food farms and PV

Solar efficiency: 30% 10.9%

2030

5.45 TWh

2060

Solar efficiency: 18% 0%

Solar efficiency: 22% 28 %

0.0 TWh

INDUSTRIAL

Solar efficiency: 30% 38 %

14.1 TWh

CURRENT

Solar efficiency: 18% 0%

19.3 TWh

2030

2060

Solar efficiency: 22% 2.4 %

0.0 TWh

CURRENT

PARKS AND WATERBODIES

Solar efficiency: 30% 3.2 %

1.2 TWh

2030

1.6 TWh

2060

AIRPORT

ENERGY

OUTCOMES

BUILDING SCALE*

Proposed roof extension to maximise solar energy XS

PARCELLATION TYPOLOGY S M L

(0.01 - 0.1 ha)

(0.1 - 1 ha)

2013 - 79% 2030 - 79% 2060 - 82%

2013 - 60% 2030 - 62% 2060 - 68%

(1 - 7.7 ha)

(7.7 - 12 ha)

CURRENT

XL

(12 ha+)

SINGAPORE ENERGY: WHERE DOES IT COME FROM?

70 2013 - 36% 2013 - 28% 2013 - 49% 2030 - 39% 2030 - 30% 2030 - 53% 2060 - 72% 2060 - 34% 2060 - 57%

60

49.6 TWh

50

*Parcellation study includes sports & industrial typologies

Sub stations Power Stations Waste-to-energy plants Natural Gas plants Solar PV installations

40 30 20 10

1.3 TWh

0

Current energy consumption versus solar production

Population

Panel efficiency

Increase due to food

Overshadowing

Percentage of EUI reduction

Carbon emissions

Renewable energy target

Carbon equivalency in TWh

2 0 3 0 : AN INTERIM SOLUTION

Paya Lebar 2018 - 0.63 TWh 2030 - 0.77 TWh 2060 - 1.05 TWh

SOLAR EFFICIENCY PROJECTED TREND

54.1 TWh

60

50

50

40

40

30

20

1.3 TWh

1.3 TWh

10

0 Projected energy consumption of 2030 versus current solar production

70

0 Rise in energy consumption due to food production & water desalination of 2030 versus current solar production

6.42 million

70

50.8 TWh

60

50

50.8 TWh

40

23.2 TWh

30

9.7 TWh

30

20

49.5 TWh

20

10

10

0

Reduction in energy consumption due to EUI optimization versus solar production from retrofit buildings

285W panel 22% efficiency 4.5 hours of sunlight

0 Final energy consumption increase in solar production from retrofit buildings and infrastructure

Today, Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s highly efficient Twin REC module is a 285W panel with 18% efficiency. Conservatively, using the same panel, by 2030 the consideration is 22%, and 30% by 2060. 30% was considered peak solar due to multiple studies that conclude for that solar efficiency may peak at 30%.

XS - 80% S , M - 60% L - 30% XL - 20% XXL - 0% Carbon emissions Current - 8.6mT/capita Projected - 5.5 mT/capita 1 TWh = 419,200mT

6.4 TWh

39.4 TWh

50

40

2060

30

20 10

60

60.5 TWh

2030

60

70

CURRENT

70

2 0 6 0 : A BRIGHT FUTURE 70

Jurong Island 2018 - 2.91 TWh 2030 - 3.56 TWh 2060 - 4.86 TWh

LARGE SCALE SOLAR INSTALLATIONS 13

Western Port 2018 - 0.59 TWh 2030 - 0.72 TWh 2060 - 0.98 TWh

12

LEGEND

70

55.3 TWh

40 30

10

06

08

20

10

05

70.7 TWh

60 50

40 20

07

11

60 50 30

09

1.3 TWh

0 Projected energy consumption of 2060 versus current solar production

10

1.3 TWh

0 Rise in energy consumption due to food production and water desalination of 2060 versus current solar production

Demonstration of redesign proposal for Bishan Park Area

70.7 TWh 14

EXPRESSWAYS ARTERIAL ROADS MRT LINES MRT STATIONS

70

03 16

01. Marina South Farms 02. East Coast Farms 03. Changi Airport Farm 04. Changi Coastal Farms 05. Tekong East Farms 06. Tekong West Farms 07. North Pulau Ubin Farms 08. South Pulau Ubin Farms

01

60

39.6 TWh

40

02

15

70

60 50

04

09. Northern Bend Coastal Farms 10. Seletar Farm 11. Mandai Farm 12. Kranji Reservoir Farm 13. Sungei Buloh Coastal Farms 14. Western Coastal Farms 15. Tuas Seaport Farm 16. Pandan Reservoir Farm

50

30

30

20

20

10

51.1 TWh

40

39.6 TWh

10

0 Energy consumption versus increase in production due to redesign of buildings

0 Decrease in energy consumption versus solar production

Demonstration of redesign proposal for Tuas MRT Depot Energy consumption 2018 - 49.6 TWh Population 2018 - 5,889,117

14

04

06

08

17

11

10

21

28 27

30 31 32

19 25

SEAPORT 0%

0.0 TWh Solar efficiency: 18%

2018

Proposed Site for Tuas Port

ROADS AND MOBILITY 2030

0%

CURRENT

2060

0.0 TWh

7.6 %

Solar efficiency: 22%

3.8 TWh

0%

Design proposal for Tuas Megaport with solar PV canopy comprised of transparent & opaque PV panels

0.0 TWh Solar efficiency: 18%

Solar efficiency: 30%

01. 02. 03. 04. 05. 06. 07. 08. 09. 10. 11.

23

Expressways

1.6 TWh Solar efficiency: 22%

Expressways with PV Canopy

Tuas Seaport Tuas Western Water Catchment Lim Chu Kang Sungei Kadut Choa Chu Kang - Tengah Jurong West Pioneer - Boon Lay Jurong Island Jurong East - Clementi Bukit Batok - Bukit Panjang

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35.

Central Water Catchment Mandai Woodlands Sembawang Simpang - Yishun Ang Mo Kio Bishan - Toa Payoh Novena Central District Bukit Timah Queenstown Bukit Merah - Sentosa CBD - Marina South Kallang Geylang - Marine Parade Serangoon - Hougang Sengkang Seletar Punggol Pasir Ris Paya Lebar Bedok Tampines Changi

2060 4.4 %

2.2 TWh

CURRENT 0%

Solar efficiency: 30% Expressways with PV Canopy

0.0 TWh Solar efficiency: 18%

Sports Complexes

2030 0.4 %

0.2 TWh Solar efficiency: 22%

Sports Complexes with PV Canopy

0.2 TWh Solar efficiency: 30%

Sports Complexes with PV canopy

2060

Arterial Roads

Spaghetti Junctions

Performance of 4 Systems in 2060 - Singapore Island Scale

Arterial Roads with PV Canopy

Junctions with roof solar on elevated food factories

Projected energy consumption 2060 - 55.3 TWh

51.1 TWh

50

Increase in consumption due to food - 15.4 TWh Reduction due to EUI optimization - 19.6 TWh

40

Renewable Energy production target - 51.1 TWh

30

Panel considered - TwinPeak REC 285W Solar efficiency considered - 30% Solar irradiance - 4.5 hours of direct sunlight

20

Overshadowing factor considered across parcels XS - 80% | S - 60% | M - 60% | L - 30% | XL - 20 % | XXL - 0%

10 0

Final energy consumption versus increase in solar production due to redesigne buildings & infrastructure

Carbon emissions considered - 8.6 mT/capita Reduction of LNG electricity production - 80 TWh Carbon equivalency factor - 1 TWh = 419,200 mT Projected carbon emissions 2060 - 3.5 mT/capita

FOOD FACTORIES

2060 0.4 %

Population 2060 - 6,561,117

61.8 TWh

60

SPORTS AND RECREATION

2030 3.2 %

35

26

24

01

CURRENT

34

33

20

22 09

29

12

18

07 02

16

13

05 03

PROPOSED MICRO-GRID DISTRICTS

15

70

School Fields

School fields with PV Canopy

School fields with PV Canopy

Open fields

Open fields with rooftop solar on buildings

Open fields with rooftop solar on buildings

Golf courses

Golf courses with rooftop solar on buildings

Golf courses with rooftop solar on buildings

Arterial Roads with PV Canopy

Junctions with roof solar on elevated food factories

CURRENT 0%

0.0 TWh Solar efficiency: 18%

2030 0.35%

0.17 TWh Solar efficiency: 22%

2060 0.45%

0.23 TWh Solar efficiency: 30%

Food factory typologies with PV on building rooftops

2030 2030


A Systems Based Approach

- impact of systems thinking on built form and site planning Masters Studio - Semester 1 | Group Academic Work | 2018

Supervised by Prof. Nirmal Tulsidas Kishnani in collaboration with Woha Architects

02

Project Description

The Objective of this stage was to study the impact of systems-thinking on built form and site planning. The aim was to target a category of development and estimate the potential of systems integration in future designs and/or a retrofit of existing. The studio was divided into 8 groups and each group were assigned a development category like Roads & mobility related developments, Food Factories, Seaports, Airports etc. My group worked on â&#x20AC;&#x153;Roads and Mobility related developmentsâ&#x20AC;?. We started off by selecting multiple case studies within the category, understand programming and planning, patterns of use, range of sizes, building heights and plot ratios (where applicable). As a second part of this stage, we mapped the relationship of a typical development to the urban networks in a neighbourhood specific scale. The task was to see how this development might engage all five systems conceptually, by designing future developments and/or retrofitting existing ones. The idea was to incorporate as many systems as possible and push the limits of systemic engagement. The latter part focussed on maximising the synergy and overlap between systems to optimise land use and minimise construction cost. The primary objective of the studio was to answer the following: Where and how are systems integrated ? How much does the development category contribute to national targets for the five systems ?

ROLE : Involved in Study & Analysis, and Conceptualisation CONTRIBUTION : Designing, Presentation drawings and Panel Composition


ROADS ROADS&&MOBILITY MOBILITYNETWORKS NETWORKS

Samyuktha Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Badrinarayanan, ShefS

CONTEXT CONTEXT

ELEMENTS ELEMENTS

Networks Networks and Nodes and Nodes

1

2

2

Roof area/person  (sqm)  

Roof area/flat  (sqm)   MEDIUM Roof  area/flat   (sqm)   Arterial Arterial RoadsRoads

No. of flats: Roof a35,325 rea/person  (sqm)   Population: 121,700

4.7

4 4  

1.50 2.00

3

3.00 1.50 2.003.30 3.00 3.303.30 3.303.30 3.303.30

4.00 3.30

3.30 4.00

3.303.30 3.303.30 3.303.30 3.00 3.302.00 1.50 3.00

1.5 1.3   1.1   1.5   1.3   1.1   Bishan Bukit Panjang Yishun BISHAN   BUKIT  PANJANG   YISHUN   2 Total Area ofBISHAN   MLCP (based on persons) = 4.2 km YISHUN   BUKIT   PANJANG  

2.00 1.50

Tree Planting

Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Tree Planting

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Median

Local Road Typical Typical Section Section Total Local Area of Road MLCP (based on flats) = 4.1 km2

Footpath Verges & cum Drain Services

OUTCOMES

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Median Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Verges & Footpath Services cum Drain Tree Planting Vehicular Lane Verges & Services

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

Tree Planting

MEDIUM

Collector Collector RoadRoad Typical Typical Section SectionHDB Towns (26) Population: 121,700

Footpath cum Drain

Footpath Verges & cum Drain Services

Vehicular Lane Median

3

BISHAN HDB TOWN

2.00 1.50

3 3  

3 3  

4 4  

4 4  

4.7 4.7  

3 3  

1.1 TWh/yr

Av c

4.7 4.7  

1.1 TWh/yr

3

G

Area/person Area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Area/flat   Area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)   Area/person   Area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Area/flat   Area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)  

4.7 4.7  

4 4  

Total Area of MLCP (based on flats)HDB = 4.1households km2

Footpath cum Drain

3.303.30 3.00 3.302.00 1.50 3.00

OUTCOMES

1

5.4 5.4  

5.4 5.4  

5.6 5.6  

5.6 5.6  

5.4 5.4  

5.4 5.4  

31,842 mT

1.9 1.9   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.6   Fruits -16,720 mT 1.9   1.9   1.7   1.7   1.6   1.6   Bishan Bishan Bukit Panjang Bukit Panjang Yishun Yishun Grains (Rice) - 15,120 mT BISHAN  BISHAN   BUKIT  PBUKIT   ANJANG   PANJANG   YISHUN  YISHUN   2 2 BISHAN   BISHAN   ANJANG   PANJANG   YISHUN   YISHUN   (Soy) - 2.1mT Total Area TotalofArea SCP of (based SCP (based onBUKIT   persons) onPBUKIT   persons) =Protein 5.7 km = 5.7 km

2 2 Total Area TotalofArea SCP of (based SCP (based on flats) on=flats) 5.6 =km5.6 km2 4.7 Collector Total Area of MLCP considered across HDB towns = 4.2 km Collector RoadsRoads

Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Shefali Lal, Wang Yulin Bishan HDB

Median Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Verges & Footpath Services cum Drain Tree Planting Vehicular Lane Verges & Services

3.303.30

Bukit Panjang HDB

2

No. of flats: 35,325

3.303.30 3.303.30

Roof area/person   Roof  area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Roof  area/flat   Roof  area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)  

1.5 1.3   1.1   1.5   1.3   1.1   Average Bishan Bukit Panjangannual electricity Yishun BISHAN   BUKIT  PANJANG   YISHUN   consumption of 2 253,853 Total Area ofBISHAN   MLCP (based on persons) = 4.2 km YISHUN   BUKIT   PANJANG  

Arterial Arterial RoadRoad Typical Typical Section Section 3

Yishun HDB

3.30 4.00

BUKIT PANJANG HDB TOWN

1

4.00 3.30

Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Tree Planting

3.303.30

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

3.303.30

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

3.303.30

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

3.00 1.50 2.003.30 3.00 3.303.30

Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Shefali Lal, Wang Yulin Roof area/person   Roof  area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Roof  area/flat   Roof  area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)  

OUTCOMES

Yishun Yishun HDB HDB

Mul$-­‐level Car  Park  Calcula$on   Expressways Mul$-­‐level   Car  Park   Calcula$on   MULTI-LEVEL CAR PARKS Expressways

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

YISHUN HDB TOWN

1

Total number of HDB residents: 3,249,900 Bishan Bishan HDB HDB 3 3 Based on a study across 3 HDB towns in Singapore; HDB Towns (26) (26) the following data has been calculated:HDB Towns

Expressway Expressway Typical Typical Section Section

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

1

LARGE Total number of HDB flats: 1,017,335Bukit Bukit Panjang Panjang HDB HDB

No. of flats: 60,904 Population: 193,300

BUKIT PANJANG HDB TOWN

Samyuktha

BUKIT PANJANG HDB TOWN

3

ELEMENTS

Mul$-­‐level Mul$-­‐level   Car  Park   Car  CPalcula$on   ark  Calcula$on   Mul$-­‐level   Mul$-­‐level   Car  Park   Car  CPalcula$on   ark   Calcula$on   MULTI-LEVEL MULTI-LEVEL CAR PARKS CAR PARKS

Total number of HDB residents: 3,249,900 1.5 1.5   1.3   1.3   1.1   1.1   1.5   1.5   Based on a study across 3 HDB towns in Singapore; 1.3   1.3   1.1   1.1   Bukit Panjang Bishan Bishan Bukit Panjang Yishun Yishun BISHAN   BISHAN   BUKIT   P BUKIT   ANJANG   P ANJANG   YISHUN   YISHUN   the following data has been calculated: 2 Total Area TotalofArea MLCP ofBISHAN   (based MLCP (based on persons) persons) =PANJANG   4.2 km = 4.2 km2 YISHUN   BISHAN   BUKIT   Pon BUKIT   ANJANG   YISHUN   No. of No. flats: of35,325 flats: 35,325 MEDIUM MEDIUM Badrinarayanan, Shefali Lal, Wang Yulin Mul$-­‐level   Car  Park   Calcula$on   Average electricity 2 annual 2 Total Area TotalofArea MLCP of (based MLCP (based on flats) on=flats) 4.1 km = 4.1 km Population: Population: 121,700 121,700 Mul$-­‐level   Car  Park   Calcula$on   MULTI-LEVEL CAR PARKS 2 Roof  area/person  (sqm)   Roof  area/flat  (sqm)   consumption Total Area Total of Area MLCP of MLCP considered considered acrossacross HDB towns HDBof towns =253,853 4.2 km = 4.2 km2 Surface   Surface   Car  Park   Car  CPalcula-on   ark  Calcula-on   Roof  area/person  (sqm)   Roof  area/flat  (sqm)   HDB households Surface   Surface   Car  PCAR ark   Car  CPalcula-on   ark  Calcula-on   SURFACE CAR PARKS SURFACE PARKS

2 Surface Car  Park  Calcula-on   Total Area Total of Area SCPofconsidered SCP considered acrossacross HDB towns HDB towns = 5.6 km = 5.6 km2 No. of No. flats: of20,072 flats: 20,072 SMALLSMALL Surface   Car  PCAR ark  Calcula-on   SURFACE PARKS Population: Population: 64,400 64,400 Local  RLocal   oads  RCoads   alcula,on   Calcula,on   Area/person  (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)   Local   RLocal   oads   R Coads   alcula,on   Calcula,on   LOCAL ROADS LOCAL ROADS Area/person  (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)   Area/person   Area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Area/flat   Area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)  

BISHAN HDB TOWN

3

Total Total number number of HDB of residents: HDB residents: 3,249,900 3,249,900 BasedBased on a study on a study across across 3 HDB3 towns HDB towns in Singapore; in Singapore; the following the following data data has been has been calculated: calculated:

LARGE Total number of HDB flats: 1,017,335

No. of flats: 60,904 Population: 193,300

BUKIT PANJANG HDB TOWN

2

YISHUN HDB TOWN

2

YISHUN HDB TOWN

YISHUN HDB TOWN

1

ELEMENTS

1.50 2.00

Total Total number number of HDB of flats: HDB flats: 1,017,335 1,017,335 LARGELARGE

No. of No. flats: of60,904 flats: 60,904 Population: Population: 193,300 193,300

NETWORKS

1

OUTCOMES OUTCOM

31,842 mT 5.6 5.6  

5.4 5.4  

Fruits -16,720 mT Grains (Rice) - 15,120 mT Protein (Soy) - 2.1mT

1.9

Area/person Area/person   (sqm)   (sqm)   Area/flat   Area/flat   (sqm)   (sqm)  

5.4 5.4  

14.5 14.5   14.5   14.5   9.6   9.6  

9.6 9.6  

-

12 12  

12 12  

3.00 1.50 2.003.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 4.003.00

3.004.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 2.00 1.50 3.00

2.00 1.50

Footpath cum Drain

Tree Planting

Footpath Verges & cum Drain Services

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Tree Planting

Vehicular Lane Median

1.1 TWh/yr Median Vehicular Lane

Tree Planting Footpath cum Drain

1.50 2.00

Verges & Footpath Services cum Drain Tree Planting Vehicular Lane Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

2.00 1.50

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

3.004.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 2.00 1.50 3.00

Vehicular Lane Median

Median Vehicular Lane

Verges & Footpath Services cum Drain Tree Planting Vehicular Lane Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

3.00 1.50 2.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 3.00 4.003.00

Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Vehicular Lane Verges & Services Vehicular Lane Tree Planting Footpath Verges & cum Drain Services

1.7 1.6   4.2   4.2   3.8   3.8   Total Area of MLCP considered across HDB towns = 4.2 km2 3   3   1.9   Expressways 1.7   4.2   4.2   3.8   3.8   1.6   3   3   Surface  Car  Park  Calcula-on   Bishan Bishan Bukit Panjang Bukit Panjang Yishun Yishun Bishan Bukit Panjang Yishun Bishan   Bishan   Bukit  Panjang   Bukit  Panjang   Yishun   Yishun   Surface   Car  PCAR ark  Calcula-on   LARGE Total number of HDB flats: 1,017,335 SURFACE PARKS BISHAN   BUKIT  PANJANG   YISHUN   2 Yishun   Arterial Roads Bishan   Bishan   Bukit   Panjang   Bukit   Panjang   Yishun   Area/person  (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)   Total Area Total of Area Local of Roads Local Roads (based (based on persons) on persons) = 11.9 = km 11.9 km2 2 PANJANG   Total Area ofBISHAN   SCP (based onBUKIT   persons) = 5.7 km YISHUN   Total number of HDB residents: 3,249,900 2 Area/person  (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)   shun HDB Total Area TotalofArea LocalofRoads Local Roads (based(based on flats) on=flats) 12.2= km 12.2 km2 2 Total Area of SCP (based on flats) = 5.6 km Collector Roads Total Area TotalofArea Local ofRoads Local Roads considered considered acrossacross HDB towns HDB towns = 12 km = 212 km2 Based on a study across 3 HDB towns in Singapore; 5.6   5.4   5.4   SMALL Total Area of SCP considered across HDB towns = 5.6 km2 No. of flats: 20,072 njang HDB 5.6   5.4   the following data has been calculated: 1.50 2.00

Car Park   Calcula$on   ktha Badrinarayanan, Shefali Lal, Wang Yulin Average annual electricity Road Typical Mul$-­‐level   Section shanArterial HDB TYPOLOGIES TYPOLOGIES Context - PRoads and Mobility related developments Mul$-­‐level   Car   ark   Calcula$on   MULTI-LEVEL CAR PARKS 1.50 2.00

pressways

3.00

3.30

3.30

Roof a3.30 rea/person   (sqm)   3.30 4.00 3.30 3.30 Roof  area/person  (sqm)  

NETWORK NETWORK OUTCOMES

4 4  

Roof area/flat   (sqm)   3.30 3.00 2.00 1.50 Roof  area/flat  (sqm)  

3.30

4.7 4.7  

BISHAN HDB TOWN

0

owns (26)

Population: 64,400

5.4

consumption of 253,853 HDB households

EXISTING EXISTING

1.9 1.6   1.9   1.6   Bishan Bukit Panjang BUKIT  PANJANG   Food BISHAN   PANJANG   Total Area ofBISHAN   SCP (based onBUKIT   persons) = 5.7 km2

1.7 1.7   Yishun YISHUN   YISHUN  

Footpath cum Drain

Tree Planting

Verges & Services

Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane

3.00

3.00

2.00 1.50

Verges & Services

Tree Planting

Footpath cum Drain

3.00

Vehicular Lane

1.1 TWh/yr Vehicular Lane

Median Median

Vehicular Lane

4.00

Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane

3.00

Vehicular Lane

Vehicular Lane

3.00

Verges & Services

Verges & Services

Vehicular Lane

3.00

Total Area of MLCP considered across HDB towns = 4.2 km Surface Car  Park  Calcula-on   Surface   Car  PCAR ark  Calcula-on   SURFACE PARKS

Area/person (sqm)   Area/person  (sqm)   5.4   5.4  

Area/flat (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)  

31,842 mT 5.6 5.6  

5.4

2

31,842 mT

SURFACE CAR PARKS SURFACE CAR PARKS

Tree Planting

Footpath cum Drain

4.7 4.7  

1.50 2.00

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

2.00 1.50

AN HDB TOWN

cum Drain

Footpath cum Drain Tree Planting

Energy rial Roads 3 900 3   Yishun Yishun HDB Plan HDB showing Plan showing the Multi-Level the Multi-Level and Surface and Surface Car Parks Car Parks Local Road Typical Section Total Area of SCP (based on flats) = 5.6 km2 tor Roads n Singapore; Total Area of SCP considered across HDB towns = 5.6 km2 No. of flats: 20,072 SMALL 1.5   1.3   : Population:1.1   64,400 Local  Roads  Calcula,on   1.5   1.3   1.1   Local   Roads  Fruits Calcula,on   n   LOCAL ROADS -16,720 mT Bishan Bukit Panjangannual electricity Yishun Average BISHAN   BUKIT  PANJANG   YISHUN   Area/person  (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)   n   2 253,853 - 15,120 Area/person  Grains (sqm)   (Rice) Area/flat   (sqm)   mT flat  (sqm)   consumption of Total Area of MLCP (based on persons) = 4.2 km BISHAN   BUKIT   P ANJANG   YISHUN   MEDIUM flat  (sqm)   Protein (Soy) - 2.1mT Total Area of MLCP (based on flats)HDB = 4.1households km2 9.6   9.6  

3

14.5 14.5  

2 4.2 km Elements - Roads and Mobility related developments

Local Roads  Calcula,on   Local   Roads  ROADS Calcula,on   LOCAL

Area/person (sqm)   Area/person  (sqm)  

Area/flat (sqm)   Area/flat  (sqm)  

14.5 PROPOSED PROPOSED 14.5   12   12   Urban Green HDB HDB TOWN TOWN

9.6 Biodiversity 9.6   and

4.2 km2

4.2 3.8   3   4.2   3.8   3   Bishan Bukit Panjang Yishun Bishan   Bukit  Panjang   Yishun   Bukit  on Panjang   Yishun   Total Area of Bishan   Local Roads (based persons) = 11.9 km2

Total Area of Local Roads (based on flats) = 12.2 km2

Total Area of Local Roads considered across HDB towns = 12 km2

12 12  

Total Outcome by Systemic Engagement 4.2

3.8

2

OUTCOMES OUTCOMES Public Space

6.4 km2

5


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Total Area Total of Local Area Roads of Local considered Roads considered across HDBacross townsHDB = 12towns km2 = 12 km2

TYPOLOGIES TYPOLOGIES NETWORK NETWORKNETWORK

EXISTING

PROPOSED PROPOSED PROPOSED HDB HDB TOWN TOWN

OUTCOMES OUTCOMES

OUTCOMES 50% converted 50% converted to MLCP to MLCP 50% converted 50% converted to Public space to Public space

SURFACE CAR PARKS

Yishun HDB Yishun PlanHDB showing Plan showing the Multi-Level the Multi-Level and Surface andCar Surface ParksCar Parks

SURFACE CAR PARKS

EXISTING EXISTING

6,160 6,160 mT mT Conventional Conventional fruit farming fruit farming Area: 2.8Area: km2 2.8 km2 2 2.8 km2.8 km2

MLCP

MLCP

Total MLCP Total roof MLCP arearoof area dedicated dedicated to fruit farming to fruit farming

9,240 9,240 mT mT Conventional Conventional fruit farming fruit farming Area: 4.2Area: km2 4.2 km2

Surface Car Surface ParksCar Parks

COVERED LINKWAYS

COVERED LINKWAYS

OVERHEAD BRIDGES

OVERHEAD BRIDGES

Multi-level Multi-level Car ParksCar Parks Yishun HDB Yishun PlanHDB showing Plan showing the Overhead the Overhead Bridges and Bridges Covered and Linkways Covered Linkways

Covered Linkways Covered Linkways OverheadOverhead Bridges Bridges

Total areaTotal of covered area oflinkcovered linkways in Singapore ways in Singapore convertedconverted to Biodiversity to Biodiversity network network 2 0.4 km0.4 km2

Total areaTotal of overhead area of overhead bridge roofs bridge in Singapore roofs in Singapore convertedconverted to Biodiversity to Biodiversity network network 2 0.03 km 0.03 km2

LOCAL ROADS

LOCAL ROADS

INTEGRATED SECTION

INTEGRATED SECTION

Yishun HDB Yishun PlanHDB showing Plan showing the Localthe Roads Local Roads

Local Roads Local Roads

30% of local 30%roads of local in HDB roads in HDB towns pedestrianised towns pedestrianised 2 3.6 km3.6 km2 2 1.8 km1.8 km2

Bishan Road Bishan elevated Road to allow elevated for to allow for seamless park seamless expansion park expansion

RTERIAL

RTERIAL

ROADS ROADS

Overlay of Expressways, Arterial and Collector Overlay of Expressways, Arterial and Collector Roads Roads

Typology Study EffectiveEffective area considered area considered Expressways: Expressways: 2.9 km2 2.9 km2 Arterial: 3.4 Arterial: km2 3.4 km2


SPAGHETTI JUNCTIONS

PROPOSED Expressways Expressways with PV Canopy with PV Canopy

TYPE H - 2 Area: 7,598m2 Total Area: 15,196m2

Arterial Roads Arterial withRoads PV Canopy with PV Canopy

Stairs

Corridor

Growth Racks Offices

TYPE E - 4 Area: 15,320m2 Total Area: 61,280m2

High-yield indoor rice farms Area: 3.6 km2

Control Room

Toilets Corridor

TYPE F - 4 Area: 24,284m2 Total Area: 97,136m2

Area considered Area Officesconsidered Arterial: 0.8 Arterial: km2 0.8 km2 Stairs Collector:Collector: 1.2 km2 1.2 km2

Nursery & Germination

Food Factory Rooftops

CO2 Tanks

M&E Entrance Foyer Airlock

0.1 TWh

2Stairs km2 2 km2 Loading & Unloading

Room ArterialStore roads Arterial converted roads to converted natureways to natureways

Packaging

Collector roads Collector coverted roadstocoverted natureways to natureways

TYPE I - 7 Area: 39,206m2 Total Area: 274,442m2

TYPE J - 2 Area: 90,187m2 Total Area: 180,374m2

TYPE K - 3 Area: 8,619m2 Total Area: 25,857m2

TYPE L - 1 Area: 59,153m2 Total Area: 59,153m2 HIGH-YIELD INDOOR RICE FARMING

PROPOSED PROPOSED

BENJAMIN SHEARES FLYOVER TYPE C - 2 TYPE C - 2 TYPE D - 1 TYPE D - 1 2 2 Area: 16,784m Area: 16,784m2 Area: 24,052m Area: 24,052m2 Demonstration ofArea: flyover between 2 2 2 Total Area: Total 33,568m 33,568m Total Area: Total 24,052m Area: 24,052m2

1,320 mT

Control Room Control Room

Work Area

Toilets

Toilets

Corridor

Corridor

PROPOSED

TYPE E - 4 TYPE E - 4 2 Area: 15,320m Area: 15,320m2 2 Total Area: Total 61,280m Area: 61,280m2

Offices

Offices

Toilets

Toilets Corridor

TYPE F - 4 TYPE F - Corridor 4 2 2 Area: 24,284m Area: 24,284m Nursery & 2 2 Germination Total Area: Total 97,136m Area: 97,136m

Nursery & Germination

M&E M&E Entrance FoyerEntrance Foyer Airlock Airlock340.13 Store Room 21.30

64.63

TYPE J - 2 TYPE J - 2 TYPE K - 3 TYPE K - 3 2 2 Area: 90,187m Area: 90,187m2 Area: 8,619m Area: 8,619m2 2 Total Area: Total 180,374m Area:2 180,374m2 Total Area: Total 25,857m Area: 25,857m2 +0.00 Ground Level

64.97

20.58

Work Area

Work Area

Stairs

Stairs

Courtesy of Food Factories group

15,12015,120 mT mT

Growth Racks Growth Racks

High-yieldHigh-yield indoor rice indoor farmsrice farms Area: 3.6Area: km2 3.6 km2

Control Room Control Room Offices Stairs

Offices Stairs

CO2 Tanks

CO2 Tanks

Stairs Loading & Unloading

Stairs Loading & Unloading

Packaging

Packaging

Water Tank

Water Tank

Food Factory FoodRooftops Factory Rooftops

0.1 TWh 0.1 TWh 65.07

1,320 1,320 mT mT

TYPE L - 1 TYPE L - 1 Conventional Conventional fruit farming fruit farming 2 Area: 59,153m Area: 59,153m2 Area: 0.6Area: km2 0.6 km2 2 2 HIGH-YIELD HIGH-YIELD INDOOR RICE INDOOR FARMING RICE FARMING Total Area: Total 59,153m Area: 59,153m Courtesy of Food Factories Courtesy of group Food Factories group

EXISTING EXISTING

-1.11 Ground Level

PROPOSED PROPOSED 340.13

64.63

21.30

64.63

21.30

64.97

64.97

OUTCOMES

340.13

20.58

20.58

65.07

65.07

+0.00 Ground Level

14.40

2.1 mT 7.40

Demonstration Demonstration of flyoverof between flyover between Bayfront & Bayfront Marina&Promenade Marina Promenade • Total length: • Total 270m length: 270m • No. of lanes: • No.5of- dual lanes:carriageway 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: • Lane 3mwidth: 3m Total surface Total area surface = 8100m area2 = 8100m2 Proposal Proposal 1. Suspending 1. Suspending farms for farms high-tech for high-tech protein farming proteinunder farming theunder flyoverthe flyover Area of farms: Area of 31,000m farms:2 31,000m2 +0.00 2. Pedestrianisation 2. Pedestrianisation of 4 lanesof 4 lanes Ground Level Public Space Public generated: Space generated: 3,240m2 3,240m2

Store Room

Conventional fruit farming Area: 0.6 km2

OUTCOMES OUTCOMES

14.40

Bayfront & Marina Promenade • Total length: 270m • No. of lanes: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3m Total surface area = 8100m2 TYPE G - 18TYPE G - 18 TYPE H - 2 TYPE H -Proposal 2 TYPE I - 7 TYPE I - 7 2 2 2 2 Area: 19,163m Area: 19,163m Area: 7,598m Area: 7,598m Area:for 39,206m Area: 39,206m2 1.2 Suspending farms high-tech 2 Total Area: Total 344,934m Area:2 344,934m2 Total Area: Total 15,196m Area: 15,196m2 Total Area: Total Area:2 274,442m2 protein farming under274,442m the flyover Area of farms: 31,000m2 BENJAMIN BENJAMIN SHEARES SHEARES FLYOVER FLYOVER 2. Pedestrianisation of 4 lanes Public Space generated: 3,240m2

Work Area

14.40

TYPE B - 3 TYPE B - 3 TYPE A - 3 TYPE A - 3 2 2 Area: 5,428m Area: 5,428m2 Area: 7,430m Area: 7,430m2 2 2 Total Area: Total 22,290m Area: 22,290m2 Total Area: Total 16,284m Area: 16,284m2

15,120 mT

Work Area

Toilets

TYPE D - 1 Area: 24,052m2 Total Area: 24,052m2

OUTCOMES

Control Room

Work Area

EXISTING EXISTING

BENJAMIN SHEARES FLYOVER EXISTING

1.1 TWh 1.1 TWh

Water Tank

SPAGHETTI SPAGHETTI JUNCTIONS JUNCTIONS

TYPE G - 18 Area: 19,163m2 Total Area: 344,934m2

INTEGRA

INTEGRA

2 2 Total AreaTotal in SG: Area 6 km in2SG: 6 Total km2 AreaTotal in SG: Area 21 km in SG: 21Total km2 AreaTotal in SG: Area 12 km in SG: 12 km2

2 km2

Collector roads coverted natureways Effective Effective areatoconsidered area considered Expressways: Expressways: 2.9 km2 2.9 km2 Arterial: 3.4 Arterial: km2 3.4 km2 Solar Coefficient: Solar Coefficient: 2 166kWh/m 166kWh/m /year 2/year

EXISTING

TYPE B - 3 TYPE C - 2 Area: 5,428m2 Area: 16,784m2 2 Total Area: 16,284m Total Area: 33,568m2 Expressways Expressways Arterial Roads Arterial Roads CollectorCollector Roads Roads

• Total lane•kilometres: Total lane kilometres: 164 • Total 164 lane•kilometres: Total lane kilometres: 704 • Total 704 lane•kilometres: Total lane kilometres: 576 576 • No. of lanes • No. considered: of lanes considered: • No. of lanes • No. considered: of lanes considered: • No. of lanes • No. considered: of lanes considered: 5 - dual carriageway 5 - dual carriageway 4 - dual carriageway 4 - dual carriageway 3 - dual carriageway 3 - dual carriageway • Lane width: • Lane 3.3mwidth: 3.3m • Lane width: • Lane 3.3mwidth: 3.3m • Lane width: • Lane 3m width: 3m

OUTCOMES Arterial roads converted to natureways

7.40

TYPE A - 3 Area: 7,430m2 Total Area: 22,290m2

PROPOSED

ROADS ROADS

7.40

Total Area in SG: 12 km2

EXISTING

ARTERIAL/COLLECTOR EXPRESSWAY/ARTERIAL

Total Area in SG: 21 km2

Local Roads Local Roads

ARTERIAL/COLLECTOR EXPRESSWAY/ARTERIAL

Total Area in SG: 6 km2

Arterial Roads

• Total lane kilometres: 704 • Total lane kilometres: 576 • No. of lanes considered: • No. of lanes considered: 4 - dualof carriageway 3 - Collector dualand carriageway Overlay of Expressways, Arterial Collector Overlay Expressways, Arterial and Roads Roads • Lane width: 3.3m • Lane width: 3m

ARTERIAL/COLLE

Collector Roads NETWORK

Expressways • Total lane kilometres: 164 • No. of lanes considered: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3.3m

Area considered Arterial: 0.8 km2 Collector: 1.2 km2

-1.11 Ground Level

-1.11 Ground Level

High-yield hanging soy farms Area: 0.0031 km2

OUTCOMES OUTCOMES 2.1 mT2.1 mT High-yieldHigh-yield hanging soy hanging farmssoy farms 2 Area: 0.0031 Area:km 0.0031 km2

0.003 0.003 km2 km2

One Off Example - Incorporating Typology Study

Pedestrianisation Pedestrianisation of 4 of 4 vehicular vehicular lanes lanes

0.003 km2 Pedestrianisation of 4 vehicular lanes


• Total lane kilometres: 704 • No. of lanes considered: 4 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3.3m

• Total lane kilometres: 576 • No. of lanes considered: 3 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3m

Total Area in SG: 6 km2

Total Area in SG: 21 km2

Total Area in SG: 12 km2

2 km2

ARTER

• Total lane kilometres: 164 • No. of lanes considered: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3.3m

Arterial roads converted to natureways Collector roads coverted to natureways

SPAGHETTI JUNCTIONS STUDY

SPAGHETTI JUNCTIONS

PROPOSED

EXISTING

OUTCOMES Control Room

Work Area

Stairs

Corridor

Growth Racks Offices

TYPE A - 3 Area: 7,430m2 Total Area: 22,290m2

TYPE B - 3 Area: 5,428m2 Total Area: 16,284m2

TYPE C - 2 Area: 16,784m2 Total Area: 33,568m2

TYPE D - 1 Area: 24,052m2 Total Area: 24,052m2

TYPE E - 4 Area: 15,320m2 Total Area: 61,280m2

Control Room

Toilets Corridor

TYPE F - 4 Area: 24,284m2 Total Area: 97,136m2

15,120 mT

Work Area

Toilets

High-yield indoor rice farms Area: 3.6 km2

Offices Stairs

Nursery & Germination

Food Factory Rooftops

CO2 Tanks

M&E Entrance Foyer Airlock

0.1 TWh

Stairs Loading & Unloading

Store Room

Packaging

1,320 mT

Water Tank

TYPE G - 18 Area: 19,163m2 Total Area: 344,934m2

TYPE H - 2 Area: 7,598m2 Total Area: 15,196m2

TYPE I - 7 Area: 39,206m2 Total Area: 274,442m2

TYPE J - 2 Area: 90,187m2 Total Area: 180,374m2

TYPE K - 3 Area: 8,619m2 Total Area: 25,857m2

TYPE L - 1 Area: 59,153m2 Total Area: 59,153m2 HIGH-YIELD INDOOR RICE FARMING

BENJAMIN SHEARES FLYOVER EXISTING

ROADS & MOBILITY NETWORKS

GREATER BISHAN PARK - NEIGHBOURHOOD SPECIFIC SCALE STUDY EXISTING 21.30

64.63

64.97

Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Shefali Lal, Wang Yulin

340.13

20.58

65.07

BISHAN ROAD

Spaghetti Junction Underutilized green

Ang mo Kio Avenue 1

14.40

+0.00 Ground Level

7.40

Singapore Context

Conventional fruit farming Area: 0.6 km2

PROPOSED Demonstration of flyover between Bayfront & Marina Promenade • Total length: 270m • No. of lanes: 5 - dual carriageway • Lane width: 3m Total surface area = 8100m2 Proposal Bishan Site 1. Suspending farms forExisting high-tech protein farming under the flyover 2 Area of farms: 31,000m BISHAN PARK 2. Pedestrianisation of 4 lanes Public Space generated: 3,240m2

CONTEXT

Courtesy of Food Factories group

-1.11 Ground Level

CTE

ANG MO KIO AVENUE 1

Underutilized green SMRT Depot

UNDERUTILISED GREEN SPACE

OUTCOMES

Bishan Park

BISHAN SPORTS COMPLEX

BISHAN MRT DEPOT

SPAGETTI JUNCTION

2.1 mT

Kallang river naturalised edge

High-yield hanging soy farms Area: 0.0031 km2

UNDERUTILISED GREEN SPACE

Stemming from the rich central catchment area, Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park is one of the larger urban green areas in Singapore. Due to its lush greenery and de-concretised canal into a beautiful 3km meandering river, the park has become a magnet for more than just neighbourhood families. The 62-hectare park is now home to a wide array of interesting fauna and flora. This however, ends at Bishan Road that acts as a severe barrier fragmenting the park as well as the river from the rest of the city, cutting off the rich biodiversity network that has begun to emerge. This design proposal is an aim to reverse the damage caused by rampant road building, a demonstration of how key design interventions can help us move to a more holistic, sustainable environment as a society.

0.003 km2

Kallang river with concrete edge

BISHAN MRT STATION BISHAN BUS INTERCHANGE

BISHAN ROAD

KALLANG RIVER TO TOA PAYOH

PROPOSAL GREY SENGKANG

PUNGGOL PARK

Pedestrianisation of 4 vehicular lanes

Bishan MRT station

PROPOSED STRATEGY - GREATER BISHAN PARK Context - Neighbourhood Specific Scale PROPOSED EMBEDDEDNESS GREEN BLUE

Bishan bus interchange

Bishan Road

CTE TO TOA PAYOH

Bishan MRT line Bishan sports complex

Existing Map - Neighbourhood Specific Scale

SYSTEM INTEGRATION

PROPOSED PLAN


PARK EXPANSION

RIVERSIDE PROMENADE

ANG LAKE SITE CONDITION

GREATER BISHAN PARK

GREATER BISHAN PARK

MULTI-LEVEL FRUIT FARMING

MULTI-LEVEL FRUIT FARMING

BISHAN GRID SECTIONS

EXISTING

BISHAN BISHANGRID GRIDSECTIONS SECTIONS Bishan Park

Bishan HDB Town

Bishan HDB

Bishan Sports Complex

Bishan Bus Interchange

SMRT Depot

CTE viaduct with Ang mo Kio Avenue 1 passing below

PROPOSED Bishan Bishan Park Park

MRT Depot

GRID SECTIONS

Amg mo Kio Avenue 1 - CTE Spaghetti Junction with Food factory

Bishan Bishan HDB HDB Town Town

Existing Sections - Neighbourhood Specific Scale

Fruit farms abutting spaghetti junction

Bishan Park

Bishan Road elevated

MRT

MRT

MRT

Depot buildings with solar farm

BISHAN PARK EXTENSION

Bishan Bishan HDB HDB

Relocated Sports complex

Greater Bishan Park

Kallang Lake

Bishan Park extension

EXISTING

Bishan Bishan Sports Sports Complex Complex

Town

T

EXISTING EXISTINGSITE SITECONDITION CONDITION

KALLANG LAKE EXISTING SITE CONDITION

SMRT SMRT Depot Depot

MRT Depot Buildings with solar farm

CTE CTE viaduct viaduct with with Ang Ang mo mo Kio Kio Avenu Aven

Bishan Bus Interchange

MRT MRT Depot Depot

Amg Amg mo mo Kio Kio Avenue Avenue 1 -1CTE - CTE Spaghetti Spaghetti Junction Junction with with Food Food factory factory

SMRT Depot

Fruit Fruit farms farms abutting abutting spaghetti spaghetti junction junction

Bishan Bishan Park Park

Bishan Bishan Road Road elevated elevated

MRT MRT

CTE viaduct with Ang mo Kio Avenue 1 passing below

PROPOSED

MRT BISHAN PARK EXTENSION

MRT

Depot buildings with solar farm

Relocated Sports complex

Greater Bishan Park

Kallang Lake

MRT MRT

BISHAN BISHAN PARK PARK EXTENSION EXTENSION

Bishan Park extension

Proposed Sections - Neighbourhood Specific Scale

MRT Depot Buildings with solar farm

MRT MRT

Depot Depot buildings buildings with with solar solar farm farm

ReR


PROPOSED STRATEGY - GREATER BISHAN PARK PROPOSED EMBEDDEDNESS URBAN EMBEDDEDNESS GREEN BLUE

PROPOSAL GREY

SYSTEMIC ENGAGEMENT SYSTEM INTEGRATION

PROPOSED PLAN

SENGKANG

CITY SCALE

PUNGGOL PARK

LOWER PEIRCE RESERVOIR

ANG MO KIO

BISHAN - ANG MO KIO PARK

WOODLEIGH PARK

MACRITCHIE TRAIL

BIDADARI PARK

HOUGANG

KALLANG RIVER

CENTRAL WATER CATCHMENT

BUKIT TIMAH NATURE RESERVE

SERANGOON RIVER

BISHAN

MACRITCHIE RESERVOIR

POTONG PASIR

TOA PAYOH

SINGAPORE ISLAND COUNTRY CLUB

KALLANG RIVER NOVENA

WHAMPOA RIVER

NEIGHBOURHOOD SCALE

0

500

1250

2500

5000

ENERGY ANG MO KIO TOWN GARDEN WEST

ANG MO KIO TOWN GARDEN EAST

ANG MO KIO HDB KALLANG RIVER

BISHAN - ANG MO KIO PARK

BISHAN HDB ABC REJUVENATION

BUKIT TIMAH NATURE RESERVE

SINGAPORE ISLAND COUNTRY CLUB

GREEN CONNECTOR FROM BISHAN TO TOA PAYOH WOODLEIGH PARK

SPOT SECTIONS AND AXONOMETRIC VIEWS

FOOD FACTORY BISHAN MRT DEPOT

MACRITCHIE RESERVOIR BIDADARI PARK

KALLANG RIVER

TOA PAYOH HDB

PROPOSED FRUIT FARMS

1500v

0

300

750

1500

3000

FOOD Greater Bishan Park

SITE SCALE

BISHAN - ANG MO KIO PARK

PROPOSED FRUIT FARMS PROPOSED EXTENSION OF BISHAN PARK

PROPOSED FRUIT FARMS

Kallang River

Riverside Promenade

SMRT Depot with rooftop farming

KALLANG RIVER BISHAN HDB LAKE EXTENSION

PROPOSED FRUIT FARMS

REALLOCATED BISHAN SPORTS COMPLEX ABC REJUVENATION

Link to spaghetti junction food factory rooftop farm

FOOD FACTORY BISHAN MRT DEPOT

MRT STATION & INTERCHANGE GREEN CONNECTOR TO TOA PAYOH

BLUE CONNECTOR TO TOA PAYOH

0

CONCEPT

100

250

500

1000

WATER Fruit farms on Depot roof

BISHAN

GREEN TOA PAYOH

Bishan-Toa Payoh Nature Link

Greater Bishan Park

Defragmentation of Bishan Road

Kallang River ABC rejuvenation

Elevation of Bishan road for seamless park connection

Toa Payoh engagement through bluegreen link

Extension of Nature reserve for species movement

Water sports and activities extending from Sports complex

Fruit for Thought

Kallang riverside walk

Fruit farm tourism

Multi-level orchards

Enhanced biodiversity network

Food Sustainability

Farming Community integration for awareness

Proposed SMRT Depot form

PUBLIC SPACE

Proposed Strategy - Greater Bishan Park Solar PV Canopy on CTE Fruit farms

Extension of building canopy to facilitate public promenade

Food Factory typology above spaghetti junction with rooftop fruit farms

Existing SMRT Depot buildings


through bluegreen link

for species movement

from Sports complex

network

Sustainability

buildings

integration for awareness

Solar PV Canopy on CTE Fruit farms

Food Factory typology above spaghetti junction with rooftop fruit farms

Solar PV Canopy

Fruit farms

Kallang River expansion into a lake Kallang ABC rejuvenation Riverside promenade enhancement linking Toa Payoh to Greater Bishan Park

Bishan Park expansion

Solar PV Canopy above MRT lines

Bishan Road elevated to allow for seamless park expansion

Bishan Park

Bishan sports complex redesigned to enable Bishan Park expansion

Bishan bus interchange Linkway between Mobility nodes and Greater Bishan Park

Bishan MRT station

PARK EXPANSION

RIVERSIDE PROMENADE

Proposed Strategy - Greater KALLANG LAKE Bishan Park GREATER BISHAN PARK EXISTING SITE CONDITION

MULTI-LEVEL FRUIT FARMING


A Systems Approach To Resilience

- working towards the formation of circular economy Masters Studio - Semester 2 | Group Academic Work | 2019

Supervised by Prof. Nirmal Tulsidas Kishnani, Prof Herbert Dreiseitl with Woha Architects

03

Project Description

A city is many overlapping and interacting systems; it is, in effect, a system-of-systems. Over time, systems expand or contact, fragment or connect, in response to internal and external pressures. They engage in flows and exchanges, in the production and consumption of resources. This system-of-systems is a problem in complexity wherein elements come together to make a distinct whole that is more than the sum of its parts. In semester 1 studio, we studied complexity as aggregation, how the performance of parts adds up in the city (1+1=2) and concluded that the goals of self-reliance, resilience and livability are achievable for Singapore. In this studio, we studied emergence (1+1>2) through acts of urban symbiosis. This will focus specifically on the integration of the human-made (industrial sectors, work-live elements) and natural (ecosystems, biodiversity) working towards the formation of a circular economy for the site and, eventually, Singapore. Students were divided into 5 groups, with our group anchoring the studio by working on â&#x20AC;&#x153;MASTER PLANâ&#x20AC;? focussing on answering the following: a. Strategies for circularity (spaces and elements dedicated to resource recovery/distribution). b. Strategies for ecosystems (blue-green networks and ecosystem services) c. Strategies for growth and adaptation (reuse of buildings, staggered/staged growth) d. Strategies for livability (recreational and cultural spaces, residential and commercial areas, biophilic design, bioclimatic considerations) e. Strategies for sourcing (water and energy) The remaining 4 groups worked on detailing out the different sub-zones of the master plan. ROLE : Involved in Study & Analysis, Identification of the Potential Proposals and Conceptualisation CONTRIBUTION : Designing, Presentation drawings and Panel Composition


Background Research Solar PV

History

Singapore

Pre-Independence Map 1958

Greater Sungei Kadut

Energy

1304 GWH

CANAL AS PURIFICATION

Naturalize exis�ng canals to catch and purify water on site and then deposited into the Kranji Reservoir

High

Legend Water Bodies Color Legend Fresh Water Brackish Water

Hydrology Networks

Low

Location of Major Water Bodies in Singapore

Establishing connections to the surrounding water bodies

Existing Blue

Potential Hydrological Networks

Legend Swampland

Density Population Activating the Green Patches around the site by creating Networks

The Area in and around Sungei Kadut was mostly Swampland pre-Independence. Eventually, Water was channelized to create the Kranji Reservoir, and reclaim the marshland for use and developed as an Industrial Estate. The Rail Corridor, originally connecting CBD to Malaysia is defunct since 2011, and now has turned into a Green Corridor. Map 1980

Legend

Medium

Activating recreational green networks in the rail corridor and under the MRT Line

Map 2019 Establishing Biodiversity Corridors through the site to the rich biodiversity hotspots situated around the site

Legend Forest Green

Legend

Managed Green Scrubland

Biodiversity Corridors

Mangroves

Recreational Green Networks

High

Location of Major Biodiversity Hotspots and Managed Greens

Creating Greens in the site to form a relationship

Existing Green

Potential Green Networks

Medium Low

Establishing an Agro-Belt between the Agrotech farms and Food Processing Centers through the Sungei Kadut Site

The Golden Quadrilateral would close the loops of the agrotech also at the neighbourhood region scale

Legend Water Bodies

Density

Kranji Water Reclamation plant aids the circularity for Agro-Tech sector

5.2 FAR

Allocation of Agro-Tech sector would engage the residential sector situated around the Sungei Kadut site

Rail Corridor

Legend

Legend Agro-Tech Farms Food Processing Centers

Basement - 35.5% Ind (29.4) + Res (6.1)

Agro-Belt Recycled Water Grey Water Golden Quadrilateral Social Cohesion

Agrotech - 18.6% The Sungei Kadut Industrial Estate exists today as a Mono-Land Use estate, with 5 sqkm of Built Up Area on the 6.5sqkm land.

Background Research Singapore

Location of Agro-tech farms and Food processing centers

Background Research Greater Sungei Kadut

Existing Agro-Tech Sector

Agro-tech generating Heavy + circularity Mediumwith surrounding farms

Industry - 20.5% Connections Potential Agro-Belt Light Industry + Cre-

Greater Sungei Kadut ative Cluster - 17.4% Residential + Mixed Use - 8%

Sungei Kadut is one of the oldest industrial estates in the north of singapore, slated to be redeveloped into a key manufacturing centre. The objective is to apply the research done in semester 1 and reimagine the estate as a next-generation industrial park where industries are coupled with residential and commercial programmes, and work in tandem with natural ecosystems in a symbiotic manner. The proposed multi-storey recycling facility also helps to close the loops of the industrial sector

The existing roads connecting to the woodlands check-point is a great potential for the allocation of industrial landuse around it

Landuse

Kranji Water Reclamation plant aids the


81% of GFA - Industrial

Master Plan - Layers

CANAL AS PURIFICATION

VISION FOR SUNGEI KADUT

Naturalize exis�ng canals to catch and purify water on site and then deposited into the Kranji Reservoir

A catalyst for circular economy that is intelligent & generative, resilient & beautiful Legend

Legend

Water Bodies

Hydrology Networks

Color Legend Fresh Water Brackish Water

Establishing connections to the surrounding Location of Major Water Bodies in Singapore The key drivers and their enablers to make Sungei Kadut a catalyst for circular economy are intelligent & generative, resilientwater bodies Existing Blue Potential Hydrological Networks and alluring, include the following:

Pedestrian and Bicycle Lane

Activating the Green Patches around the site by creating Networks

Activating recreational green networks in the rail corridor and under the MRT Line

Slow Mobility

Establishing Biodiversity Corridors through the site to the rich biodiversity hotspots situated around the site

Legend Forest Green

Legend

Managed Green Scrubland

Biodiversity Corridors

Mangroves

Recreational Green Networks

Location of Major Biodiversity Hotspots and Managed Greens

Creating Greens in the site to form a relationship

Existing Green

Potential Green Networks

Primary Road Below Grade Road Secondary Road

Establishing an Agro-Belt between the Agrotech farms and Food Processing Centers through the Sungei Kadut Site

Streets

Kranji Water Reclamation plant aids the circularity for Agro-Tech sector

The Golden Quadrilateral would close the loops of the agrotech also at the neighbourhood region scale

MRT Allocation of Agro-Tech sector would engage the residential sector situated around the Sungei Kadut site

Legend

Fast Mobility

Agro-Belt Recycled Water

Legend

Grey Water

Agro-Tech Farms

Golden Quadrilateral

Food Processing Centers

Social Cohesion

Location of Agro-tech farms and Food processing centers

Agro-tech generating circularity with surrounding farms

Vision for Circular Economy Potential Agro-Belt Connections Existing Agro-Tech Sector in Sungei Kadut

Greater Sungei Kadut

The Vision for the redevelopment of sungei kadut focuses on integration of urbanity & natural ecosystems that essentially rely on symbiotic relationships between man and nature starting from the site, Sungei Kadut to Singapore and eventually South East Asia. The key attributes identified for this redevelopment include the following:

The proposed multi-storey recycling facility also helps to close the loops of the industrial sector The existing roads connecting to the woodlands check-point is a great potential for the allocation of industrial landuse around it

1. Living Systems, as the heart of Sungei Kadut responsible for revival of the ecosystem, its integration with the built environment, synergy of systems and most importantly forming closed loop systems of energy, water and materials within the development.

Kranji Water Reclamation plant aids the circularity for industrial sector

Legend

Road Networks Recycled Water

Woodlands Check-Point

Grey Water

Existing Road Network

Landuse

Achieving Circularity for Industrial sector in the site

Existing Infrastructure Facilties

Potential Industrial Connections

Activating pedestrian networks in the rail corridor and under the MRT Line

Pedestrian Networks emerging from the nodes connecting to different clusters

Key Attributes Tangibles and Intangibles Legend

Concept of Circular Metabolism

Managed Green Scrubland

Green

1.1 GnPR

3. Heritage & Identity / Identity & Creativity: Timber industry including furniture forms an integral part of this industrial estate. The redevelopment focuses on reimagining SK as a creative hub driven by innovation, originality and a catalyst for change in industrial design. Adaptive re-use of a few significant buildings of site would establish connectivity and a sense of place.

Location of existing roads and other infrastructure

Creating a central spine by establishing a connection through the MRT Station nodes

Dense Forest

2. Livability, centred around creating a cohesive environment including social stability, community living, recreation, culture and balance to ensure an excellent quality of life for residents and visitors of Sungei Kadut.

Legend

Committed Site - Multi storeyRecycling Facility Kranji Water Reclamation Plant

Mangroves

4. Economics: This aspect focuses on optimization, value addition and economic viability of the site to mark the future of industrial estates in Singapore and other south east countries. The site comprises six major components that includes â&#x20AC;&#x201C; construction industry, timber, agrotech, resource recovery, ecosystem and social development. The synergy and interdependency between these components would determine the circularity & growth of Sungei Kadut.

Wetlands Blue Reservoir Sea

Legend

MRT Stations

Pedestrian Networks

MRT Lines

Pedestrian Networks

Vision for Sungei Kadut

MRT Stations Nodes

Location of Existing and Proposed MRT Stations

Networks emerging from the MRT Nodes

Existing Nodes

Potential Nodes and Networks

Blue

22.94 MGD


Proposed Master Plan for Sungei Kadut

Drawing Author: Samyuktha Badrinarayanan | Christina Brown

SUN G E I K A D U T 2050

Master Plan - Layers

Solar PV

History

Energy

Pre-Independence Map 1958

1304 GWH

High Medium Low Legend Swampland

The Area in and around Sungei Kadut was mostly Swampland pre-Independence. Eventually, Water was channelized to create the Kranji Reservoir, and reclaim the marshland for use and developed as an Industrial Estate. The Rail Corridor, originally connecting CBD to Malaysia is defunct since 2011, and now has turned into a Green Corridor. Map 1980

Density Population

Map 2019

High Medium Low

Density 5.2 FAR

Legend Water Bodies Rail Corridor

Basement - 35.5% Ind (29.4) + Res (6.1) Agrotech - 18.6% The Sungei Kadut Industrial Estate exists today as a Mono-Land Use estate, with 5 sqkm of Built Up Area on the 6.5sqkm land.

Background Research Singapore

Greater Sungei Kadut

Heavy + Medium Industry - 20.5% Light Industry + Creative Cluster - 17.4% Residential + Mixed Use - 8%

Landuse

81% of GFA - Industrial CANAL AS PURIFICATION

Naturalize exis�ng canals to catch and


SUNGEI KADUT 2050 - CIRCULAR ECONOMY Presently, our society is structured in the form of a linear economic model. Due to this, we irretrievably consume 75% of global resources and generate enormous amounts of waste. Since population growth drives the need for space, cities must be able to meet the demands of its inhabitants, while keeping in line with planetary boundaries. The current dependence on the hinterland to produce consumables incurs significant costs in energy and in monetary terms. Therefore, the need to shift from a linear to an alternative system is becoming inevitable. The concept of a circular economy employs interdependent connections and advocates for resource, redistribution and regeneration. In Sungei Kadut, the industrial ecology is conceived by looking into 3 pillars of circularity: to reduce demand, produce and store, and to recover. This leads to the question, â&#x20AC;&#x153;What are the design strategies that can be employed to create loops and urban flows and manifest the principles of circularity on site?â&#x20AC;? To understand how these take spatial form, we looked into 4 resource recovery systems: Energy, Water, Waste and Nutrients.

Circularity - Flow Diagram

Circularity - Network Diagram


SUNGEI KADUT 2050 - CIRCULAR ECONOMY PROPOSALS


SUNGEI KADUT 2050 - CIRCULAR ECONOMY PROPOSALS


SUNGEI KADUT 2050 - CIRCULAR ECONOMY PROPOSALS


kinds kinds ofof human-nature human-nature interac� interac� ons ons that that exist exist onon Common Goldenback woodpecker site site rela� rela� veve toto the the loca� loca� onon and and context context ofof site. site. Each Each Scrubland typology typology also also vary vary in in the the kinds kinds of of ecosystem ecosystem services services Soil Soil AirAir Quality Quality SUNGEI KADUT 2050 - BLUE GREEN INFRASTRUCTUREAlbizzia falcataria Baya they they provide provide asweaver as well well asas the the types types ofof habitat habitat that that would would Species Species Scrubland exist exist within within each each typology. typology. Albizzia falcataria Baya weaver Connec� Connec� vity vity The objective was to enhance Blue Green Infrastructure for ecosystem services, increasing conManaged Green of important biodiversity, and creating social liveable spaces. nectivity Outcomes Outcomes Rain Tree Yellow-vented Bulbul Managed Green 2x2x thethe exis� exis� ng ng greenspace greenspace onon sitesite

Wetlands Wetlands Reserve Reserve and and Central Central Catchment) Catchment) asas well well asas forfor migra� migra� ngng animals. animals. Patch Patch Size Size Canal Canal Enhancement Enhancement

Water Conveyance Water Conveyance Water Provisioning Water Provisioning Water Quan� Water ty Quan�ty ControlControl

Soil Mobility Soil Mobility

Visual Visual

Evapora� Evapora� on on

Soil Quality Soil Quality ErosionErosion Regula� Regula� on on

DenitrifiDenitrifi ca�on ca�on

Noise Reduc� Noise Reduc� on on

Cinnamomum iners

Intercep� Intercep� on on Nitrogen Nitrogen Removal Removal Par�culate Par�Removal culate Removal

Rain Tree

2 2 2.7 2.7 km km of greenspace of greenspace proposed proposed Water 3 3 128,319 128,319 mmof water of water runoff runoff collected collected Malayan Water Monitor Water 125.6 125.6 MWh MWh of cooling of cooling load load saved saved through through ecosystem ecosystem Malayan Water Monitor

200% 200% natural natural par� par� culate culate removal removal performance performance

Yellow-vented Bulbul

Biodiversity Biodiversity Connec� Connec� vityvity Logic Logic

0

Smooth-coated O�er

Smooth-coated O�er

1508 1508 kgkg of air of air par� par� culate culate removed removed perper year year Singapore Singapore Context Context

0

210% 210% airair temperature temperature regula� regula� onon performance performance

Ecosystem Service Ecosystem Service Exis�ng Condi�

Note:Note: DataData derived derived fromfrom ESII Tool ESII Tool calcula� calcula� ons, ons, ecosystem ecosystem percentage percentage takentaken rela�rela� ve tove a pris� to a pris� ne rainforest ne rainforest the size the of size of Sungei Sungei Kadut. Kadut.

Exis�ng Condi�

Exis� Exis� ngng Site Site

Potential of Blue Networks

Proposed Proposed Site Site

0

Existing - Ecosystem Services

High water quan�ty control High visual aesthe�cs

High so Low water quan�ty control High water quan�ty control

Low visual aesthethics High visual aesthe�cs Low visual aesthethics

Visual

Low water quan�ty control

Visual

Low so

Water Quan�ty Control Water Quan�ty Control

Proposed Proposed Roo� Roo� opop Green Green

High so

Low so

0

Proposed Condi

Proposed Condi

Proposed - Ecosystem Services

Patch Patch Size Size >100m >100m patchpatch 100m100m patchpatch 50m patch 50m patch 25m patch 25m patch <25m<25m patchpatch High water quan�ty control

High so

Low water quan�ty control High water quan�ty control

Low so High so

High visual aesthe�cs Low visual aesthethics High visual aesthe�cs Low visual aesthethics

Potential of Biodiversity and Urban Green Networks

Visual

Low water quan�ty control

Water Quan�ty Control

Outcome from Proposed EcosystemWater Services Visual Quan�ty Control

With respect to the natural heritage, the Sungei Kadut industrial site currently stands as a wall, The revival of natural elements in Sungei Kadut industrial estate is important to build urban disconnecting the rich biodiversity hotspots, scattering them sparsely across the region. It is a strength and boost the wellbeing of the community. The nature has the potential to provide with consequence of this lack of connectivity that, the natural capital in the area, such as the Kranji basic ecosystem services that helps in providing resources, regulating the temperature, improvreservoir, Mangroves etc., remain unleveraged. Integrating these ecological elements would offer ing the social attributes and aesthetic values. By capitalising on these ecosystem services, nature vast amounts of potential in transforming the presently sombre landscape into a versatile, vibrant gives the estate with profitable Proposed Proposed Ver� Ver� cal cal Green Green benefits and establishes a balance, which facilitates for building and resilient environment. resilience in the community. Connec� Connec� vity vity >100m >100m wide wide corridor corridor 100m100m wide wide corridor corridor 50m wide 50m wide corridor corridor

0

Low so

0


Exis�ng Site

>100m patch

0

Proposed Site

100m patch

Proposed Blue Green Infrastructure

50m patch 25m patch <25m patch

0

Proposed Roo�op Green

0

Patch Size >100m patch 100m patch 50m patch 25m patch <25m patch

Proposed Roo�op Green

Blue Green Infrastru

Proposed Ver�cal Green

Patch Size

Connec�vity

Connec�vity

>100m patch

>100m wide corridor

>100m wide corridor

100m patch

100m wide corridor

100m wide corridor

50m patch

50m wide corridor

50m wide corridor

25m patch

25m wide corridor

25m wide corridor

Connec�vity

Blue Green Infrastructure for ecosystem servi ProposedEnhancing Ver� cal Green Biodiversity The site acts as a connec�on point for large areas of biodiversity in Singapore (Sungei Buloh Wetlands Reserve and Central Catchment) as well as for migra�ng animals.

Proposed Ver�cal Green

Patch Size

Species

Canal Enhancement

Connec�vity

Water Conveyance

>100m wide corridor

Outcome of Patch Size and Connectivity Connec�vity

50m wide corridor 25m wide corridor

Proposed Ver�cal Green

>100m wide corridor 100m wide corridor

Singapore Context

50m wide corridor

Biodiversity Connec�vity Logic

25m wide corridor

Exis�ng Site

0 0

Soil Mobility

<25m patch

100m wide corridor

Wa

Proposed Site

Patch Size >100m patch 100m patch 50m patch 25m patch <25m patch

01

01

Canal Enhancement Connec�vity >100m wide corridor

02

Canal Enhancement

Proposed Ver�cal Green Canal Enhancement Brackish Water

03

Fresh Water

Brackish Water

Naturalized Edge Brackish Water

Fresh Water

Fresh Water

Naturalized Edge

Naturalized Edge

100m wide corridor

Canal Enhancement

01

Habitat Species

Habitat Species

Fresh Water

Mangrove

Habitat Species Red Mangrove

Naturalized Edge

04

12

Habitat Species

Mangrove

Outcome of Blue Networks

Red Mangrove

Mangrove

Grey Heron

07

09

Mangrove Dense Foresthorseshoe crabs

Red Mangrove

The value of the existing green on site could be understood based on patch size, connectivity, quality and variety and the Mangrove blue, based on networks. The existing patch sizeWetlands to be preserved were identified and theScrubland green was intensified through Wetlands ecological connections within theRedsite that begins to link with the surrounding biodiversity. In terms of Blue, the idea of Mangrove Mangrove horseshoe crabs Grey Heron Water Primrose circularity was manifested in the design by using the existing canals to formWateraPrimrose closed loop at neighborhood scale, with Managed Green conveyance, runoff the kranji reservoir. We tried to retain the main canal because we saw its value in terms of water catchment, and reduction of urban heat island, through a series of wetlands and naturalization of canals. Wetlands Dense Forest Dense Forest Water Water Primrose Grey Heron Canal Enhancement Cinnamomum iners Common Goldenback woodpecker Cinnamomum iners Cinnamomum iners

25m wide corridor

08

09

Albizzia falcataria

Rain Tree

Malayan Water Monitor

07

11

09

13

11

08

0

Canal Enhancement Brackish Water Fresh Water Naturalized Edge

10 12

08

Habitat Species

Mangrove

13

Red Mangrove

Mangrove horseshoe crabs

Water Primrose

Grey Heron

Cinnamomum iners

Common Goldenback woodpecker

Albizzia falcataria

Baya weaver

Rain Tree

Yellow-vented Bulbul

Malayan Water Monitor

Smooth-coated O�er

Wetlands

10

Baya weaver

12

Dense Forest

Grey Heron

Scrubland

13

Managed Green

Yellow-vented Bulbul

Smooth-coated O�er

05

06

10

Mangrove horseshoe crabs

Common Goldenback woodpecker

04

>100m wide corridor 100m wide corridor

05

06

03

Connec�vity

01 02 Common Goldenback woodpecker

0 0

50m wide corridor

Wetlands Water Primrose

04

05

06

11

03

Mangrove horseshoe crabs

07

09

02

50m wide corridor 25m wide corridor Brackish Water

02

Water

12

0


y, and ngliveable social liveable spaces ng d rea� crea� social ngcrea� ng social liveable social liveable spaces spaces spaces

Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Chris� na Brown, Jhanvi Yogesh Sanghvi, Supra� m Sengupta, Harsh Vardhan Samyuktha Samyuktha Samyuktha Badrinarayanan, Badrinarayanan, Badrinarayanan, Chris� Chris� naChris� Brown, na na Brown, Jhanvi Brown, Jhanvi Yogesh Jhanvi Yogesh Sanghvi, Yogesh Sanghvi, Sanghvi, Supra� Supra� m Supra� Sengupta, m Sengupta, m Sengupta, Harsh Harsh Vardhan Harsh Vardhan Vardhan

EDGE CONDITION 3D

Edge Condi� Edge Edge Condi� Edge Condi� ons Condi� ons ons ons ECOSYSTEM SERVICES SECTIONS - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

Edge Condi� dge Edge Condi� Edge Condi� ons Condi� ons ons ons

pedestrian circula�on

REFERENCES

pedestrian circula�on

pedestrian pedestrian circula�on circula�on

Mangrove Boardwalk Mangrove Boardwalk Mangrove Mangrove Boardwalk Boardwalk

rent typologies that demonstrate theerent different pologies typologies es that demonstrate that that demonstrate demonstrate the diff theerent the diffdiff erent of human-nature ons man-nature uman-nature ature interac� interac� interac� ons interac� that onsons exist that that exist onthat exist onexist on on a� toloca� the on and context of site. oca� the tove the loca� on and onloca� context on andand context context of site. of Each site. of site. Each EachEach gy also vary inkinds theofkinds ofservices ecosystem services vary nothe vary inkinds the in the kinds of ecosystem ecosystem of ecosystem services services vide astypes well as the of would habitat that would as well as the well the as the types oftypes habitat oftypes habitat of that habitat that that would would exist within each typology. within xist exist within each within each typology. each typology. typology.

0101 0101

Mangrove Mangrove Mangrove Edge Mangrove EdgeEdge Edge

no

Ru

in

Ra

in

Ra

no

Ru

in

Ra PU

RIF

PU

YIN

RIF

GW

in

Ra

no

in

Ra

no

Ru

no

Ru

in

Ra

no

Ru

in

Ra

Floa�ng PV Floa�ngFloa� PV ng PV Floa�ng PV

no

Ru

Nature Walk Nature Nature Walk WalkNature Walk

PU RIF RIF YIN YIN GW G ETLA ETLA WETLA ND ND ND

PU

YIN

ETLA

no

Ru

in

Ra

Ru

ND

GW

0202 0202

KranjiEdge Reservoir Kranji Reservoir Kranji Kranji Reservoir Edge Reservoir Edge Edge

Rain Runoff

Rain Runoff Rain Runoff

Rain Runoff

Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade

PU

RIF

Note: Data derived from ESII Tool ons, ecosystem percentage taken rela� ve athe pris� nethe rainforest Tool ed a derived from calcula� ESII from ons, Tool ESII calcula� ecosystem Tool calcula� ons, percentage ecosystem ons,calcula� ecosystem taken percentage rela� percentage vetaken to a pris� rela� taken ne verela� rainforest to a ve pris� to ne athe pris� rainforest size neofto rainforest size of size of the size of Sungei Kadut. Sungei Kadut.Sungei Sungei Kadut. Kadut.

PU

YIN

RIF

GW

ND

PU RIF RIF YIN YIN GW G ETLA ETLA WETLA ND ND ND

PU

YIN

ETLA

GW

0303 0303

Industry IndustryIndustry Canal Industry Canal Canal Canal

Building Runoff

Building Runoff Building Runoff

Building Runoff

pedestrian circula�on

pedestrian pedestrian circula�on circula�on

pedestrian

Social Promenade Socialcircula�on Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade

Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade

0404 0404

Urban Urban Canal Urban Urban Canal Canal Canal

Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade Social Promenade PURIF

YING

Building Runoff

0505 0505

Building Runoff

Building Runoff

PURIF PU YING YING RIFYING WETLA WETLA WETLA ND ND ND

PURIF

WETLA

ND

Building Runoff

Urban Urban -Urban Biodiversity Urban - Biodiversity - Biodiversity Canal- Biodiversity Canal Canal Canal

100M WIDE DENSE FOREST

0606 0606

MRT

MRT

100M WIDE100M WIDE DENSE FOREST DENSE FOREST

100M WIDE

pedestrian DENSE FOREST circula�on

pedestrian pedestrian circula�on circula�on

pedestrian circula�on

MRT

Adap�veTreetop Reuse Walkway Treetop Walkway Adap� MRT ve MRT Reuse Adap�MRT ve Adap� Reuse ve Reuse TreetopTreetop Walkway Walkway

MRT

MRT

Biodiversity Biodiversity Biodiversity Belt Biodiversity BeltBelt Belt

12 different typologies were done to demonstrate the different kinds of human-nature interactions that exist on site relative to the location and context of site. Each typology vary in the kinds of ecosystem services they provide and the types of habitat that would exist within each typology. Bike Path

Bike Path

Bike Path

Bike Path

Roadside bioswales Roadside bioswales Roadside Roadside bioswales bioswales

Roadside bioswales Roadside bioswales Roadside Roadside bioswales bioswales

Proposed Edge Conditions for Sungei Kadut Master Plan Bike Path

Roadside Bioswales

Roadside Bioswales Roadside Bioswales

Roadside Bioswales

Bike Path

Bike Path

Bike Path


06EDGE 06 0606 CONDITION 3D

Bike Path

Bike Path

SECTIONS - ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

Roadside bioswales Roadside bioswales Roadside Roadside bioswales bioswales

0707 0707

Roadside Bioswales

Roadside Bioswales Roadside Bioswales

REFERENCES

Bike Path

Bike Path

Bike Path

Bike Path

Roadside bioswales Roadside bioswales Roadside Roadside bioswales bioswales

Bike Path

Bike Path

Roadside Bioswales

Road RoadRoad Road

01

01 01

01

02

02

BIO

DIV

03 03 03 04 04 04

5 06

0

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES

Biodiversity Belt Biodiversity Biodiversity Biodiversity BeltBelt Belt

05 06 05

ER

IST Y

04

05

Pedestrian Path Pedestrian Path Pedestrian Pedestrian Path Path

BIO B DIV DIV IODIV ER ER E IST IST RIST YC YC Y OR OR COR RID RID RID R OR OR OR IDOR

BIO

CO R

0808 0808

Biodiversity Corridor Biodiversity Corridor Biodiversity Biodiversity Corridor Corridor

08 Adap�ve Reuse Building

10

Adap�ve Reuse Adap�ve Reuse Building Building

Adap�ve Reuse Building

Social Plaza Social Plaza Social Plaza Social Plaza PU

RIF

PU

YIN

GW

ET

RIF

0909 0909

LA

ND

PU

RIF

Adap�ve Reuse Adap�ve Reuse Adap�ve Adap� Reuse ve Reuse

PU

RIF

YIN YINP YIN GPW GUW GW RIF PU PU UET RIF ETYIN ET RIF RIFLA LAG LA YIN YIN YIN NDG NDW ND GW GW ET WET LA ET ET ND LA LA LA pedestrian N ND ND circula�onD

pedestrian circula�on

pedestrian pedestrian circula�on circula�on

Residen� al Residen� Edge alResiden� Residen� Edge al Edgeal Edge

Fauna Eco-link

Fauna Eco-link Fauna Eco-link Fauna Eco-link

Eco Link

1010 1010

Vehicular Path

VehicularVehicular Path Path

Eco LinkEco Link

Eco Link

Vehicular Path

Biodiversity Eco-Link Biodiversity Eco-Link Biodiversity Biodiversity Eco-Link Eco-Link Rain Runoff

Rain Runoff

Rain Runoff

Roadside Bioswales

Rain Runoff

Roadside Roadside Bioswales Bioswales

Roadside Bioswales

Social Plaza Social Plaza Social Plaza Social Plaza Bioswale Catchment Bioswale Catchment Bioswale Catchment deposit into canal Bioswale Catchment deposit into deposit canal into canaldeposit into canal

1111 1111

Canal Road Intersec� onIntersec� Canal Roadon Intersec� on Canal Canal RoadRoad Intersec� on

MRT pedestrian circula�on

gh par�culate removal High par�culate removal High par�High culatepar� removal culate removal

ow par�culate removal Low par�culate removal Low par�culate Low par� removal culate removal

Par�culate Removal Par� culate Removal Par�Par� culate culate Removal Removal

gh par�culate removal High par�culate removal High par�High culatepar� removal culate removal

MRT

MRT

pedestrian pedestrian circula�on circula�on

MRT pedestrian circula�on

Pedestrian Bridge Pedestrian Bridge Pedestrian Pedestrian Bridge Bridge

1212 1212

Yew TeeYew Edge Yew Tee Edge Yew Tee Tee Edge Edge

12 different typologies were done to demonstrate the different kinds of human-nature interactions that exist on site relative to the location and context of site. Each typology vary in the kinds of ecosystem services they provide and the types of habitat that would exist within each typology. Roo�op Social Spaces

Roo�op Roo�op Roo�op Social Spaces Social Spaces Social Spaces

Proposed Edge Conditions for Sungei Kadut Master Plan


Creating an identity through Civic Architecture - A Courthouse Bachelors Thesis | Individual Academic Work | 2016

Supervised by Ar. Kannan Gopalakrishnan

04

Project Description

Through all the change of the last few decades, there remains a firm commitment to uphold the authority of the law while making the work of the courts and tribunals relevant, respected, transparent, accessible and affordable. The pursuit of these principles has resulted in considerable restructuring and shifts in the paradigms (generally accepted and structured) of a good justice system. The result is a new judicial building type. The role of the courts, the scope and relevance of justice services, the structure and operation of court administration are like a form of contract that people hold with the government. The importance of appropriate architectures have received, and still receive, critical strategic attention in the designing of courthouses. The need for a well-designed Courthouses are also high because of the growing mismatch between the number of cases being filed and the number of judges available etc. All built forms have its own impact on PEOPLE, PLACE AND TIME. It determines the relationship between each other and provides a character. Societies have historically used architecture to express values and concepts about their place in the world. The intent of this project is to create a regional identity through civic architecture - A Courthouse of magnificence and high renown. The design of a courthouse is the underlying scheme that governs its function. The image is how that scheme is perceived and the behavior it provokes in the people that use the courthouse. Goals for the design and image of the courthouse should be developed to provide a symbolic significance to the region.


Introduction and Objective


CASE-LOAD GROWTH RELATIONSHIP TO PERSONNEL AND SPATIAL NEEDS

Comparitive Analysis

KEY: History/Evolution of the Typology + Visual Weights + Representativeness =

C

OURTHOUSE


Ordering Principles - The Syntax


PUBLIC - REGULAR

PUBLIC - EMERGENCY

JUDGES - REGULAR

JUDGES - EMERGENCY

DETENTION - REGULAR

DETENTION - EMERGENCY


[GOVERNMENT CORE]

WATER BODY PEDESTRIAN ACCESS 250M

MAZE WITH INSCRIPTIONS JUDGEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S ENTRY/EXIT

PUBLIC PLAZA

MAZE WITH INSCRIPTIONS

[CIVIC PLAZA]

175M

VEHICULAR ACCESS

175M

PEDESTRIAN ACCESS

[GOVERNMENT CORE]

PUBLIC PLAZA

WATER BODY

DETENTION EXIT 250M

VEHICULAR ACCESS SERVICE ENTRY/EXIT

TO BASEMENT PUBLIC CAR ENTRY

SERVICE YARD PUBLIC BIKE/CAR ENTRY/EXIT

[VILLAGE AND STADIUM]

FROM BASEMENT PUBLIC CAR EXIT DETENTION ENTRY


“MEANDER”

“EPITAPH”

[KRISHNA RIVER]

“ARBOR & SQUARE”

“REPERCUSS”

“LUNETTE”

“LAMBANT & GLOOMY”

Features


FLOOR PLAN LVL 1

FLOOR PLAN LVL 2

FLOOR PLAN LVL 5

FLOOR PLAN LVL 3

DETAIL - AA’

DETAIL - AA’


Revitilization of Velachery and Taramani Urban Design Studio | Group Academic Work | 2015

Supervised by Ar. Sudhakar

05

Project Description

Chennai began its expansion and use only under the British Raj – Fort St. George was established under their rule and it is from there that Chennai evolved. The city back then was primarily a trade outlet/outpost of the British.Velachery&Taramani were added to Chennai District in the year 1946. The growth of this stretch during the last decade can be cited due to the growth of the IT sector in south Chennai. Velachery was a quiet locality with swathes of farm land till the 1990s. The transformation of Velachery happened with the widening of Bypass Road in 2005 to a six-lane road, which gave ample opportunities for commercial exploit. It is home to two ancient temples - Lord Sri Yoga NarasimharSwamy’s temple,and DhandeswararAalayam. ‘Velachery’ has been evolved from the Sacred word Vedashreni, as noted in the inscriptions in the walls of the temple dating back to the 12th century. Taramani was a shrub forest which belonged to Anna University and IIT for institutional land use. It was claimed by the TNHB in 1970’s for expansion of residential areas for the CMA. The objectives of this studio were to address the following: - To understand the various components and aspects of the urban environment as well as their interrelationships - To understand in specific components/issues such as public spaces, physical infrastructure, socio-cultural aspects- heritage, gender, class, dynamics of urban growth - To understand people as users of the urban environment in various scales. - To explore techniques of mapping and diagramming to understand the dynamic urban environment. - To take design decisions in a comprehensive manner understanding their implications in the larger context. ROLE : Involved in Study & Analysis, Identification of the Potential proposals and Conceptualisation CONTRIBUTION : Designing, Presentation drawings and Panel Composition


History of Chennai

L A N D U S E M A P 2 0 1 5

H E I G H T S M A P 2 0 1 5

B U I L D I N G U S E M A P

F I G U R E G R O U N D M A P

ABOVE: A comprehensive site study of the existing conditions and a process to formulate the final proposals


Analysis Modes of Transportationtt

Vehicular Movement Pattern and Nodes of Congestion

The Velachery main road on the north, connects the fastest growing suburbs of south Chennai and Mount Road at Guindy via Velachery. A section of this road connects Guindy and Velachery and is home to some of the oldest localities. The 100 ft bypass road connects Guindy on the north west. The Taramani link road on the north east connects Velachery with Rajiv Gandhi Salai (OMR). The Jawaharlal Nehru Salai also called the 100 ft road or Inner Ring Road, Chennai passes along the MRTS line and connects near the airport the GST road, an arterial road in Chennai. The Taramani Link Road in Velachery also connects to MGR Salai, an arterial road that connects to OMR.

The Velachery Vijayanagar Bus terminus junction is the major node of congestion because of the intersection of three aterial roads. As such, there is no lane system that is followed which is also one of the reasons. The movement pattern and flow of vehicles is high because this serves as the easiest connectivity route to many places in and around the city. The construction of Storm water drain is happening which causes congestion along TCS. Along the Velachery MRTS, there is a minor congestion happening due to the encroachments. The traffic from Inner ring road also come down to Vijayanagar bus terminus junction to take a U-turn to reach the Velachery MRTS. Since, the IT corridor is nearby to the site, it also adds to the congestion and traffic along the Taramani - Velachery Link road.

Analysis of Roads, Junctions and Traffic From traffic and transit analysis it has been observed that the junction serves as a focal point that sieves and redistributes traffic from 3 different areas â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Guindy in the North, Medavakkam in the South and OMR in the East. Poor traffic engineering contributes to the chaos, forcing vehicles from Adambakkam in the West to travel an extra kilometer via the junction to reach the MRTS that can otherwise be reached in 1/10th the distance.


Kevin Lynch Imageability Study

The over-all ‘Image’ of Velachery-Taramani area can be effectively understood from this study and it helped to quantify using elements defined by Kevin Lynch in his book “The Image of the City”. This study also helped in comprehending the bottle-neck points of the existing conditions and in arriving the design proposals.


Master Plan

Slum Rehabilitation Waterfront Development

Bus-Stand and Dedicated Over-Pass

Market Centre


Slum Rehabilitation Proposal

LIG - 4 Units together form a Block Area - 50 Sq.m Totaly number of LIG - 1900

MIG - 4 Units together form a Block Area - 110 Sq.m Totaly number of LIG - 295

HIG - 4 Units together form a Block Area - 180 Sq.m Totaly number of LIG - 15

Slum Rehabilitation through Public Housing

Building

1m

2m

2.5m

5m 0.75m 5m

2.5m

2m

1m

Building

OPTION 1

OPTION 2

The people of Taramani residing to the south of Taramani Link Road have been relocated to the north of the main road. A mixed community integrating LIG, MIG and HIG has been developed. There are commercial centres, institutional spaces and play grounds which have been primarily allocated for the community residing here but are also open to public access. To the South of the main road, a vocational training centre has been proposed alongside the waterfront development.

In this case, the community acts a whole with the main relocated to the upper periphery of the site alongside the IIT campus.In this case, the community acts a whole with the main relocated to the upper periphery of the site alongside the IIT campus. A concept of a pedestrian-friendly community has been incorporated having all amenities within a walkable distance. The blockas are connected to one another by pedestrians without the hindrance of the vehicles.


Samyuktha Badrinarayanan SELECTED WORKS 2011 - 2019 samyuktha.b@u.nus.edu | samyukthabadrinarayanan94@gmail.com +65 9421 6414 (or) +91 98409 18661 (Whatsapp)

Dr. Nirmal Tulsidas Kishnani

Associate Professor - National University of Singapore https://www.linkedin.com/in/nirmal-kishnani-52720a73/ akintk@nus.edu.sg +65 9147 2866

References Ar. Satish Vayuvegula

Practice Leader- Architecture - ArchWert, India https://www.linkedin.com/in/satish-vayuvegula/ satishrao30@gmail.com +91 99626 70600

Ar. Vikas Parthipan

Principle Architect - DesignQube Architects and Interiors, India https://www.linkedin.com/in/vikas-parthipan/ vikas@designqubearchitects.com +91 98402 51238

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Academic Portfolio 2019_Samyuktha Badrinarayanan_V2  

Academic Portfolio 2019_Samyuktha Badrinarayanan_V2  

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