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The 125 aquatic fish Diary City of Auburn Marine biolody Mr .Arington

Thomas Britt

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Title: Fresh water

Species #: 1

Common Name: Betta - Female (Betta splendens) Scientific Name: Belontiidae Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Osphronemidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: they are easy to take care of. They are very peaceful. They live in 75-86° F, KH 0-25, pH 6.0-8.0. they grow up to be a maxium size of 3” inches, they are assorted, blue, and red. They are farm raised – Thailand is where they came from. “Siamese” fighting fish, because it has been bred over the years to be both colorful and combative and towards other males Life Strategy: Betta splendens requires simple care, which makes them a favorite of both beginning and advanced hobbyists. . Females can be housed together with caution. Betta need to be housed with peaceful fish that will not nip at their fins. The eggs are placed inside a bubblenest and tended by the male Betta. Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores. Fry appear in about 24 hours and must be fed very small food initially, such as crushed or powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp. Fry will also take finely chopped hard-boiled egg yolk

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Body Form or Style:long narrow round flat Swim / Locomotion Style:fines Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+1161+953&pcatid=953 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php

Title: fresh water Common Name: Albino Aeneus Cory Cat (Corydoras aeneus) Scientific Name: Callichthyidae

Species #:2


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Family: Callichthyidae Order: Siluriformes Class: Actinopterygii

Geography / Habitat: they are easy to take care of, they are peaceful bottom dwelling scavenger. they withstand the temperatures ranging between 72-79° F, KH 2-12, and a pH level of 5.8-7.0. These animals can be farm raised in USA, Indonesia, and Singapore. Life Strategy: they grow up to be 2”, they are red, white to pink, and has multiple barbels around the mouth. requires a well planted aquarium with plenty of hiding places that provide relief from the light. A smooth sand or gravel substrate is needed because of the easily damaged barbels. They enjoy being in numbers, so a small school of six or more is ideal for these cats. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores balanced diet including dried, flake, frozen, and live foods. Feed a quality flake and pellet food as well as frozen brine and live worms.

● ● Body Form or Style: fat headed long body ● Swim / Locomotion Style: fins ● Mouth Position: subterminal, inferior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+1161+953&pcatid=953 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php

Title: freshwater #:3 Common Name: Pearl Gourami Scientific Name: (Trichogaster leeri)

Species


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Family: Osphronemidae Order: Perciformes Class: Actinopterygii Geography / Habitat: originally from Borneo, Malaysia, and sumatra the male tends to the eggs, and once the fry are hatched, the male should also be removed from the tank. Life Strategy: easy to take care of, they are very peaceful creatures, they live in 75-86° F, KH 5-18, pH 6.5-8.0 inviornment. they live up to be 4 inches in lenth. they can be clear or white. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores, they may not eat if kept with overly aggressive fish.prefers both-algae based foods as well as meaty foods. algae-based Flake food,along with freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide nutrition.

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Body Form or Style: stretched out and laterally compressed with ventral fins that are long and thin, having the look of feelers. easy to point out dorsal and analfins on males than females and is more red. Swim / Locomotion Style: they require a 30 gallon or larger tank with approximately 12 inches in dept, they like to swim in the corners of the tanks Mouth Position:terminal,horizontal black line that runs from the lips to the tail, ends with a spot. these fish breathe directly from the air and have access to the surface of the tank.

Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+966&pcatid=966 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/anabantoids/bluegourami.php Title: freshwater #:4 Common Name: Johanni Cichlid Scientific Name:(Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Species


Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 environment they are from Africa- and Lake Malawi. large aquariums wiht plenty of caves and hiding places is an ideal place for these fish to live. need to maintain a high pH and alkalinity. Life Strategy:easy to take care of but they are aggressive little fellas. they grow to be 5”inches in length and are normally blue. male should be kept with at least three females. the female will spawn on a flat rock, and will take the unfertilized eggs into her mouth and will follow closely behind the male until he releases his substance and fertilizes the eggs.live around 9 years. Food / Feed Strategy: they are herbivores, the fry can be fed newly hatched brine shrimp, daphnia, or crushed flake food. blue johanni needs to be fed vegetable rich foods in the form of flake food, dried seaweed and algae.some are omnivore's.

Body Form or Style: dark blue coloration with lighter blue horizontal stripes. females will have a lighter color bellies and shorter pelvic fin.They have elongated bodies and a continuous dorsal fin. torpedo shaped with golden colored eyes. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: normal ● Mouth Position: terminal,All cichlids share a common feature that some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish have and that is a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth that are in the throat, along with their regular teeth. Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+891&pcatid=891 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/Maingano.php Title:fresh water Species #:5 Common Name:Crown Tail Betta Scientific Name:(Betta splendens) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Osphronemidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 75-86° F, KH 0-25, pH 6.0-8.0. they are normally farm raised- and Thailand.assorted, blue, red


Life Strategy: easy to take care of peaceful, they grow up to be 3” inches in length the males color as well as making them increasingly combative. only one male should be kept in a tank; however smaller, shorter-finned females may be housed together with caution.male and female should be housed only for breeding purposes. Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores,Fry appear in about 24 hours and must be fed very small food initially, such as crushed or powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp. Fry will also take finely chopped hard-boiled egg yolk. diets consisting of a quality flake food, frozen or freeze dried blood worms and brine shrimp.

Body Form or Style:elaborate tail that differentiates it from other bettas. teardrop shape to its tail while the twin tail is split, almost giving the suggestion of having two tails. many different colors. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: females can be as colorful as the males although, they rarrely have the long finnage that is seen with the males. they swim in all areas of the aquarium. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+844&pcatid=844 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/anabantoids/bettas.php

Title:fresh water #:6 Common Name:Black Moor Goldfish Scientific Name:(Carassius auratus)

Species

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Cypriniformes

Family:Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: easy to take care of very peaceful, lives in a 65-75° F, KH 4-20, pH 6.5-7.5 environment. they originally came from Asia, China, and Japan and are from the family of cyprinidae. they like to live in a tank filled with fine gravel bottom and hardy, and cold water plants. they like to dig and scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. roots and well-rounded river rocks are aprreciated.The goldfish of today are


descendants of a wild carp fish, known as the Prussian Carp, Silver Prussian carp, or Gibel Carp Carassius gibelio (syn: Carassius auratus gibelio) which was described by Bloch in 1782. Life Strategy: they grow up to be 10”inches long breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs with fry hatching in five to six days. they need to be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish. Food / Feed Strategy: they omnivoresthey eat flakes or pellet food that will provide proper nutrition. they will eat all types of dried and live foods. they need 30% of a diet though.

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Body Form or Style:Moor varieties have metallic scales. Swim / Locomotion Style:All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy ● Mouth Position: superior Citation:http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/goldfish/BlackMoor.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+856&pcatid=856

Title: Fresh water fish #:7 Common Name:Electric Blue Cichlid Scientific Name: (Sciaenochromis fryeri)

Species

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they live in 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 water conditions.they originally came from Africa- Lake Malawi, farm Raised, in the USA Life Strategy:easy to take care of but they can become agressive.They can and probably will be aggressive toward smaller fish.The active Electric Blue African Cichlid seems equally content guarding its territory or perusing the perimeter of your aquarium. Considered a specialized mouth brooder, eggs of the Electric Blue African Cichlid are fertilized and carried by the female.


Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores, they need meaty foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and small fish.

Body Form or Style: they grow up to be about 8”inches in length, they are normally blue.The Electric Blue African Cichlid creates a gorgeous, colorful focal point in the freshwater aquarium. It has the typical sleek, bullet-shaped body common to the Cichlidae family ● Swim / Locomotion Style: like a torpedo :D it needs to be in a 55 gallon aquarium that is at least 4 feet long (though 6feet long is best) ● Mouth Position:superior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+840&pcatid=840

Title:fresh water fish #:8 Common Name:Retropinnis Bichir Scientific Name:(Polypterus retropinnis)

Species

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Polypteriformes

Family: Polypteridae Geography / Habitat: Polypterus retropinnis is a demersal, air breathing species. It is a predator (Matthes 1964) that is mostly found in little rivers, swamps and flooded zones (Gosse 1963, Matthes 1964, Roux 1967).Polypterus retropinnis is known from Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool) and from the Central Congo River basin. It is also known from the Ogowe River (Gosse 1984), and possibly from the Cross River in Cameroon. Life Strategy: difficult to take care of. they are semi-agressive, they live in a 77-83° F, KH 112, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition. they oringinated in west Africa. Food / Feed Strategy: these species are carnivores, requires live food in its diet as well as chopped meats and beef heart.


Body Form or Style: they range from tan, to yellow they grow to be 1” With a lung-like paired swim bladder and gills to help breathing, the Retropinnis Bichir can spend short periods of time on land, but must soon return to its water environment for adequate respiration. blunt head and is a yellowish brown in color with many dark patches that extend from the dorsal fin into the body of the fish. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:the Retropinnis Bichir has the unique ability to survive out of water.When provided with plenty of open swimming areas, rocks and crevices, the Retropinnis Bichir is not usually aggressive toward tank mates. This species is semiaggressive in the fact that they will swallow any fish or invertebrate that they can fit into their mouth, but they are very passive towards other large fish. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/182918/0 Title:fresh water fish #:9 Common Name:Electric Yellow Cichlid Scientific Name:(Labidochromis caeruleus) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Species

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they are farm raised, in the family chichlidae. Africa is where they come from. Considered a newer species and referred to commercially as Labidochromis tanganicae, this cichlid lives in the waters of Lake Malawi between the islands of Charo and Mbowe. First displayed at Burundi in the early 1980's and exported from there, the Electric Yellow was mistakenly believed to come from Lake Tanganyika. Life Strategy: easy to take care of. they are semi-aggressive they live in a 72-82° F, KH 1015, pH 7.8-8.5 water condition.A peaceful and shy cichlid compared to other African Cichlids, the Electric Yellow still displays distinct social and territorial behaviors. Food / Feed Strategy: they are Omnivore needs both meaty foods and greens such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and quality flake or pellet food containing vegetable matter.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 5” in length and they are yellow. The body of the Electric Yellow Cichlid is stocky and rather elongated. It is usually seen in its golden phase with a black edge on its dorsal and anal fins, though it will often not show this vivid black striping until it is mature. There are other color variations, especially blue, that are occasionally available. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: They can live singly or in pairs and are not territorial! ● Mouth Position: terminal Mouth Position ● Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/electricyellow.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+839&pcatid=839 Title: Fresh water fish #:10 Common Name:Red Cap Oranda Goldfish Scientific Name:(Carassius auratus)

Species

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Cypriniformes

Family:Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: they originally came from Asia, parts of china and Japan. they come from the family cyprinidae Life Strategy: Easy to take care of. they are peaceful they live in a 65-75° F, KH 4-20, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition.All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivore, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 10” in length they range from red to white. The Red Cap Oranda is one of several varieties of what is commonly known as the Goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus. The Red Cap Oranda is typically a metallic-scaled fish. Resembling the Veil Tail varieties, the Oranda's distinction is in the "hood" that covers its head. In the case of the Red Cap Oranda, this hood is a predominant, bright red, while the body is an iridescent white. oval shaped. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://animalworld.com/encyclo/fresh/goldfish/RedcapOranda.phphttp://www.liveaquaria.com/product/pro d_display.cfm?c=830+2855+853&pcatid=853 Title: Fresh water fish #:11 Common Name: Pink Convict Cichlid Scientific Name:(Archocentrus nigrofasciatus) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Species

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they come from central America they live in a 68-73° F, KH 9-20, pH 6.5-8.0 water condition. Life Strategy:they are difficult to take care of and are aggressive they are from the cichlidae family. Pink Convict Cichlids should only be housed with other more aggressive fish of the same size or larger. The Pink Convict Cichlid readily pairs and forms a patriarch/matriarch family and both the male and female will care for the young. The fry will respond to signals from both the male and the female.


Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.The Pink Convict Cichlid is omnivorous and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets.

Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 6 inches in length and range from pink, to white. this fish is monotone in color, with the female having an orange patch on her stomach. The male is larger, monotone, has a steeper forehead and longer fins. As it ages, the male will acquire a fatty lump on the forehead. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: These fish will swim in the middle and bottom areas of the aquarium. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ConvictCichlid.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+912&pcatid=912

Title:fresh water fish Common Name:Peppered Cory Cat Scientific Name:(Corydoras paleatus)

Species #:12

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Callichthyidae Geography / Habitat: they originated in south america, and they are found in the family of callichthyidae Life Strategy: easy to take care of, they are peaceful creatures, and they live in an 72-79° F, KH 2-12, pH 5.8-7.0 water condition.They enjoy being in numbers, so a small school of six or more is ideal for these cats. The fry become waterborne in approximately 5 days, at which time, they should be fed baby brine shrimp and crushed flake food. ---> Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores, and will require a well-balanced diet including freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, sinking catfish pellets, flake food, frozen, and live foods. Feed a quality flake and pellet food as well as frozen brine and live worms.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2.5” inches in length and they range from black, green, and white. and is a peaceful bottom dwelling scavenger. The Peppered Cory Cat has black and dark green spots, with a white underside. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: they normally like to stay near the bottom of the fish tank. because he is a bottom feeder. ● Mouth Position: subterminal, inferior mouth Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+935&pcatid=935 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php

Title: fresh water fish #:13 Common Name:Tiger Pleco (L-02) Scientific Name: (Peckoltia vermiculata)

Species

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Loricriidae Geography / Habitat: they originated from south america and are from the family Loricriidae Life Strategy:easy to take care of. they are peaceful and live in 72-76° F, KH 8-12, pH 6.57.5 water conditions. Food / Feed Strategy:they are omnivores,nutrition from left over food and algae if there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubiflex.


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Body Form or Style: they range to be 5” inches in length and are normally red to tan Swim / Locomotion Style:Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Tiger Pleco. ● Mouth Position:subterminal, inferior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+989&pcatid=989

Title: fresh water fish #:14 Common Name:Otocinclus Catfish Scientific Name:(Otocinclus sp.)

Species

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Loricariidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 74-79° F, KH 6-10, pH 6.8-7.5 water condition and originated from south America, they come from the family of Loricariidae Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of and are peaceful creatures.As a peaceful and very social fish, the Otocinclus Catfish prefers to be kept in small schools. Food / Feed Strategy:they are herbivores, A planted aquarium with high vegetation and some algae will sustain the Otocinclus. However, if algae are not present, supplement with a vegetable-based flake or wafer food.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2”inches in length and are tan.Your aquascape and schooling fish will take center stage when the Otocinclus Catfish turns problem algae into delicious meals using its sucker-type mouth. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:Originating from fast-moving rivers in South America, the Otocinclus Catfish should be housed in at least a 30-gallon aquarium with high filtration, good water movement, and high aeration ● Mouth Position: sub terminal,inferior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+923&pcatid=923

Title: fresh water fish #:15 Common Name:Kenyi Cichlid Scientific Name:(Metriaclima lombardoi)

Species

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they originated from Africa- lake malawi they come from the family cichlidae. Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are aggressive. they live in a 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 water condition.The female is blue with black bars and the male turns to a yellow color as it matures. The male is sexually mature when the full yellow color is achieved, and reproduction in this species is considered easy compared to other cichlids Food / Feed Strategy: they are herbivores.Feed the fry baby brine shrimp and finely ground flake food.The Kenyi should be given a diet containing vegetable-based foods. Feed a quality vegetable-based flake food, algae, and other foods designed for African Cichlids.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 6”inches in length and they range from black, blue, and yellow ● Swim / Locomotion Style:The Kenyi Cichlid is ideally kept in a 50 gallon or larger aquarium decorated with plenty of rocks and caves in order to provide adequate hiding places for these territorial fish. ● Mouth Position: terminal,They are a mouth brooding species and the fry are released from the female's mouth in about 3 weeks after fertilization. Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+920&pcatid=920

Title:Fresh water fish #:16 Common Name: Scientific Name:

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125 aquatic fish  

125 different varieties of fish all being researched on how they live and what type of enviornment they addapt too.