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The 125 aquatic fish Diary City of Auburn Marine biolody Mr .Arington

Thomas Britt

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Title: Fresh water

Species #: 1

Common Name: Betta - Female (Betta splendens) Scientific Name: Belontiidae Kingdom: Animalia Class: Actinopterygii Family: Osphronemidae

Phylum: Chordata Order: Perciformes

Geography / Habitat: they are easy to take care of. They are very peaceful. They live in 75-86° F, KH 0-25, pH 6.0-8.0. they grow up to be a maxium size of 3” inches, they are assorted, blue, and red. They are farm raised – Thailand is where they came from. “Siamese” fighting fish, because it has been bred over the years to be both colorful and combative and towards other males Life Strategy: Betta splendens requires simple care, which makes them a favorite of both beginning and advanced hobbyists. . Females can be housed together with caution. Betta need to be housed with peaceful fish that will not nip at their fins. The eggs are placed inside a bubblenest and tended by the male Betta. Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores. Fry appear in about 24 hours and must be fed very small food initially, such as crushed or powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp. Fry will also take finely chopped hard-boiled egg yolk

Body Form or Style:long narrow round flat Swim / Locomotion Style:fines Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+1161+953&pcatid=953 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php ● ● ●

Title: freshwater Common Name: Pearl Gourami Scientific Name: (Trichogaster leeri)

Species #:3


Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Osphronemidae Geography / Habitat: originally from Borneo, Malaysia, and sumatra the male tends to the eggs, and once the fry are hatched, the male should also be removed from the tank. Life Strategy: easy to take care of, they are very peaceful creatures, they live in 75-86° F, KH 5-18, pH 6.5-8.0 inviornment. they live up to be 4 inches in lenth. they can be clear or white. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores, they may not eat if kept with overly aggressive fish.prefers both-algae based foods as well as meaty foods. algae-based Flake food,along with freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide nutrition.

● Body Form or Style: stretched out and laterally compressed with ventral fins that are long and thin, having the look of feelers. easy to point out dorsal and analfins on males than females and is more red. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: they require a 30 gallon or larger tank with approximately 12 inches in dept, they like to swim in the corners of the tanks ● Mouth Position:terminal,horizontal black line that runs from the lips to the tail, ends with a spot. these fish breathe directly from the air and have access to the surface of the tank. Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+966&pcatid=966 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/anabantoids/bluegourami.php Title: freshwater Common Name: Johanni Cichlid Scientific Name:(Melanochromis cyaneorhabdos) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Species #:4


Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 environment they are from Africa- and Lake Malawi. large aquariums wiht plenty of caves and hiding places is an ideal place for these fish to live. need to maintain a high pH and alkalinity. Life Strategy:easy to take care of but they are aggressive little fellas. they grow to be 5”inches in length and are normally blue. male should be kept with at least three females. the female will spawn on a flat rock, and will take the unfertilized eggs into her mouth and will follow closely behind the male until he releases his substance and fertilizes the eggs.live around 9 years. Food / Feed Strategy: they are herbivores, the fry can be fed newly hatched brine shrimp, daphnia, or crushed flake food. blue johanni needs to be fed vegetable rich foods in the form of flake food, dried seaweed and algae.some are omnivore's.

Body Form or Style: dark blue coloration with lighter blue horizontal stripes. females will have a lighter color bellies and shorter pelvic fin.They have elongated bodies and a continuous dorsal fin. torpedo shaped with golden colored eyes. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: normal ● Mouth Position: terminal,All cichlids share a common feature that some saltwater fish such as wrasses and parrotfish have and that is a well-developed pharyngeal set of teeth that are in the throat, along with their regular teeth. Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+891&pcatid=891 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/Maingano.php Title:fresh water Common Name:Crown Tail Betta Scientific Name:(Betta splendens)

Species #:5

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Osphronemidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 75-86° F, KH 0-25, pH 6.0-8.0. they are normally farm raised- and Thailand.assorted, blue, red


Life Strategy: easy to take care of peaceful, they grow up to be 3” inches in length the males color as well as making them increasingly combative. only one male should be kept in a tank; however smaller, shorter-finned females may be housed together with caution.male and female should be housed only for breeding purposes. Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores,Fry appear in about 24 hours and must be fed very small food initially, such as crushed or powdered flakes and newly hatched brine shrimp. Fry will also take finely chopped hard-boiled egg yolk. diets consisting of a quality flake food, frozen or freeze dried blood worms and brine shrimp.

Body Form or Style:elaborate tail that differentiates it from other bettas. teardrop shape to its tail while the twin tail is split, almost giving the suggestion of having two tails. many different colors. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: females can be as colorful as the males although, they rarrely have the long finnage that is seen with the males. they swim in all areas of the aquarium. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+844&pcatid=844 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/anabantoids/bettas.php

Title:fresh water Common Name:Black Moor Goldfish Scientific Name:(Carassius auratus)

Species #:6

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Cypriniformes

Family:Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: easy to take care of very peaceful, lives in a 65-75° F, KH 4-20, pH 6.5-7.5 environment. they originally came from Asia, China, and Japan and are from the family of cyprinidae. they like to live in a tank filled with fine gravel bottom and hardy, and cold water plants. they like to dig and scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. roots and well-rounded river rocks are aprreciated.The goldfish of today are descendants of a wild carp fish, known as the Prussian Carp, Silver Prussian carp, or Gibel


Carp Carassius gibelio (syn: Carassius auratus gibelio) which was described by Bloch in 1782. Life Strategy: they grow up to be 10”inches long breeding often results in up to 1,000 eggs with fry hatching in five to six days. they need to be fed small pieces of live or prepared foods designed for egg-laying fish. Food / Feed Strategy: they omnivoresthey eat flakes or pellet food that will provide proper nutrition. they will eat all types of dried and live foods. they need 30% of a diet though.

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Body Form or Style:Moor varieties have metallic scales. Swim / Locomotion Style:All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy ● Mouth Position: superior Citation:http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/goldfish/BlackMoor.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+856&pcatid=856

Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Electric Blue Cichlid Scientific Name: (Sciaenochromis fryeri)

Species #:7

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they live in 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 water conditions.they originally came from Africa- Lake Malawi, farm Raised, in the USA Life Strategy:easy to take care of but they can become agressive.They can and probably will be aggressive toward smaller fish.The active Electric Blue African Cichlid seems equally content guarding its territory or perusing the perimeter of your aquarium. Considered a specialized mouth brooder, eggs of the Electric Blue African Cichlid are fertilized and carried by the female. Food / Feed Strategy: they are carnivores, they need meaty foods such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and small fish.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be about 8”inches in length, they are normally blue.The Electric Blue African Cichlid creates a gorgeous, colorful focal point in the freshwater aquarium. It has the typical sleek, bullet-shaped body common to the Cichlidae family ● Swim / Locomotion Style: like a torpedo :D it needs to be in a 55 gallon aquarium that is at least 4 feet long (though 6feet long is best) ● Mouth Position:superior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+840&pcatid=840

Title:fresh water fish Common Name:Retropinnis Bichir Scientific Name:(Polypterus retropinnis)

Species #:8

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Polypteriformes

Family: Polypteridae Geography / Habitat: Polypterus retropinnis is a demersal, air breathing species. It is a predator (Matthes 1964) that is mostly found in little rivers, swamps and flooded zones (Gosse 1963, Matthes 1964, Roux 1967).Polypterus retropinnis is known from Pool Malebo (Stanley Pool) and from the Central Congo River basin. It is also known from the Ogowe River (Gosse 1984), and possibly from the Cross River in Cameroon. Life Strategy: difficult to take care of. they are semi-agressive, they live in a 77-83° F, KH 112, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition. they oringinated in west Africa. Food / Feed Strategy: these species are carnivores, requires live food in its diet as well as chopped meats and beef heart.


Body Form or Style: they range from tan, to yellow they grow to be 1” With a lung-like paired swim bladder and gills to help breathing, the Retropinnis Bichir can spend short periods of time on land, but must soon return to its water environment for adequate respiration. blunt head and is a yellowish brown in color with many dark patches that extend from the dorsal fin into the body of the fish. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:the Retropinnis Bichir has the unique ability to survive out of water.When provided with plenty of open swimming areas, rocks and crevices, the Retropinnis Bichir is not usually aggressive toward tank mates. This species is semiaggressive in the fact that they will swallow any fish or invertebrate that they can fit into their mouth, but they are very passive towards other large fish. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.iucnredlist.org/apps/redlist/details/182918/0 Title:fresh water fish Common Name:Electric Yellow Cichlid Scientific Name:(Labidochromis caeruleus) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Species #:9

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they are farm raised, in the family chichlidae. Africa is where they come from. Considered a newer species and referred to commercially as Labidochromis tanganicae, this cichlid lives in the waters of Lake Malawi between the islands of Charo and Mbowe. First displayed at Burundi in the early 1980's and exported from there, the Electric Yellow was mistakenly believed to come from Lake Tanganyika. Life Strategy: easy to take care of. they are semi-aggressive they live in a 72-82° F, KH 1015, pH 7.8-8.5 water condition.A peaceful and shy cichlid compared to other African Cichlids, the Electric Yellow still displays distinct social and territorial behaviors. Food / Feed Strategy: they are Omnivore needs both meaty foods and greens such as brine shrimp, bloodworms, and quality flake or pellet food containing vegetable matter.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 5” in length and they are yellow. The body of the Electric Yellow Cichlid is stocky and rather elongated. It is usually seen in its golden phase with a black edge on its dorsal and anal fins, though it will often not show this vivid black striping until it is mature. There are other color variations, especially blue, that are occasionally available. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: They can live singly or in pairs and are not territorial! ● Mouth Position: terminal Mouth Position ● Citation: http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/electricyellow.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+839&pcatid=839 Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Red Cap Oranda Goldfish Scientific Name:(Carassius auratus)

Species #:10

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Cypriniformes

Family:Cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: they originally came from Asia, parts of china and Japan. they come from the family cyprinidae Life Strategy: Easy to take care of. they are peaceful they live in a 65-75° F, KH 4-20, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition.All goldfish are members of the carp group and are generally quite hardy. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivore, and will eat all types of dried and live foods. Limit protein, however, to 30% of the diet. A Goldfish flake or pellet food will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 10” in length they range from red to white. The Red Cap Oranda is one of several varieties of what is commonly known as the Goldfish, Carassius auratus auratus. The Red Cap Oranda is typically a metallic-scaled fish. Resembling the Veil Tail varieties, the Oranda's distinction is in the "hood" that covers its head. In the case of the Red Cap Oranda, this hood is a predominant, bright red, while the body is an iridescent white. oval shaped. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: Goldfish are diggers and will scatter the fine sand onto leaves, injuring thin and less hardy plants. Roots and well-rounded river rocks are appreciated. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/goldfish/RedcapOranda.phphttp:// www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+853&pcatid=853 Title: Fresh water fish Common Name: Pink Convict Cichlid Scientific Name:(Archocentrus nigrofasciatus) Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Species #:11

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they come from central America they live in a 68-73° F, KH 9-20, pH 6.5-8.0 water condition. Life Strategy:they are difficult to take care of and are aggressive they are from the cichlidae family. Pink Convict Cichlids should only be housed with other more aggressive fish of the same size or larger. The Pink Convict Cichlid readily pairs and forms a patriarch/matriarch family and both the male and female will care for the young. The fry will respond to signals from both the male and the female. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.The Pink Convict Cichlid is omnivorous and will eat most prepared and frozen foods, including freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and ocean plankton, as well as flake food and Cichlid pellets.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 6 inches in length and range from pink, to white. this fish is monotone in color, with the female having an orange patch on her stomach. The male is larger, monotone, has a steeper forehead and longer fins. As it ages, the male will acquire a fatty lump on the forehead. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: These fish will swim in the middle and bottom areas of the aquarium. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/cichlid/ConvictCichlid.php http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm?c=830+2855+912&pcatid=912

Title:fresh water fish Common Name:Peppered Cory Cat Scientific Name:(Corydoras paleatus)

Species #:12

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Callichthyidae Geography / Habitat: they originated in south america, and they are found in the family of callichthyidae Life Strategy: easy to take care of, they are peaceful creatures, and they live in an 72-79° F, KH 2-12, pH 5.8-7.0 water condition.They enjoy being in numbers, so a small school of six or more is ideal for these cats. The fry become waterborne in approximately 5 days, at which time, they should be fed baby brine shrimp and crushed flake food. ---> Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores, and will require a well-balanced diet including freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, sinking catfish pellets, flake food, frozen, and live foods. Feed a quality flake and pellet food as well as frozen brine and live worms.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2.5” inches in length and they range from black, green, and white. and is a peaceful bottom dwelling scavenger. The Peppered Cory Cat has black and dark green spots, with a white underside. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: they normally like to stay near the bottom of the fish tank. because he is a bottom feeder. ● Mouth Position: subterminal, inferior mouth Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+935&pcatid=935 http://animal-world.com/encyclo/fresh/catfish/acory.php

Title: fresh water fish Common Name:Tiger Pleco (L-02) Scientific Name: (Peckoltia vermiculata)

Species #:13

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Loricriidae Geography / Habitat: they originated from south america and are from the family Loricriidae Life Strategy:easy to take care of. they are peaceful and live in 72-76° F, KH 8-12, pH 6.57.5 water conditions. Food / Feed Strategy:they are omnivores,nutrition from left over food and algae if there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubiflex.


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Body Form or Style: they range to be 5” inches in length and are normally red to tan Swim / Locomotion Style:Rocks and driftwood help to accent a natural habitat and provide hiding spaces to reduce stress for the Tiger Pleco. ● Mouth Position:subterminal, inferior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+989&pcatid=989

Title: fresh water fish Common Name:Otocinclus Catfish Scientific Name:(Otocinclus sp.)

Species #:14

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Siluriformes

Family:Loricariidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 74-79° F, KH 6-10, pH 6.8-7.5 water condition and originated from south America, they come from the family of Loricariidae Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of and are peaceful creatures.As a peaceful and very social fish, the Otocinclus Catfish prefers to be kept in small schools. Food / Feed Strategy:they are herbivores, A planted aquarium with high vegetation and some algae will sustain the Otocinclus. However, if algae are not present, supplement with a vegetable-based flake or wafer food.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2”inches in length and are tan.Your aquascape and schooling fish will take center stage when the Otocinclus Catfish turns problem algae into delicious meals using its sucker-type mouth. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:Originating from fast-moving rivers in South America, the Otocinclus Catfish should be housed in at least a 30-gallon aquarium with high filtration, good water movement, and high aeration ● Mouth Position: sub terminal,inferior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+923&pcatid=923

Title: fresh water fish Common Name:Kenyi Cichlid Scientific Name:(Metriaclima lombardoi)

Species #:15

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Cichlidae Geography / Habitat: they originated from Africa- lake malawi they come from the family cichlidae. Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are aggressive. they live in a 76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6 water condition.The female is blue with black bars and the male turns to a yellow color as it matures. The male is sexually mature when the full yellow color is achieved, and reproduction in this species is considered easy compared to other cichlids Food / Feed Strategy: they are herbivores.Feed the fry baby brine shrimp and finely ground flake food.The Kenyi should be given a diet containing vegetable-based foods. Feed a quality vegetable-based flake food, algae, and other foods designed for African Cichlids.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 6”inches in length and they range from black, blue, and yellow ● Swim / Locomotion Style:The Kenyi Cichlid is ideally kept in a 50 gallon or larger aquarium decorated with plenty of rocks and caves in order to provide adequate hiding places for these territorial fish. ● Mouth Position: terminal,They are a mouth brooding species and the fry are released from the female's mouth in about 3 weeks after fertilization. Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+920&pcatid=920

Title:Fresh water fish Common Name:Golden White Cloud Scientific Name:(Tanichthys albonubes)

Species #:16

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Cypriniformes

Family:Cyprinidae

Tanichthys

Geography / Habitat: they live in a 64-72° F, KH 10-15, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition and came from singapore. these creatures are also farm raised. they come from the family Cyprinidae this fish also originates from the gorges of white cloud mountains in china. Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are very peaceful. easy to keep minnow will do well in community aquarium with other peacful fish. they adapt well to less than perfect water conditions.The Golden White Cloud spawns over plants in cool water. After hatching, about 36 hours after spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: these species of fish are omnivores, the fry should be fed small live foods such as newly hatched brine shrimp. Golden White Clouds are omnivores and should be fed a diet of flake foods with plenty of vegetable matter, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.


Body Form or Style:long but only 2 inches in length they are also yellow. that is the only known color for this species. these guys display a beautiful gold body with red markings towards the tail and on each side of their heads. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: they like to swim in schools of fish, this adds color in a fresh water aquarium. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+952&pcatid=952

Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Long Fin White Cloud Scientific Name:(Tanichthys albonubes)

Species #:17

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat:these guys originated in southern china and are similar to the golden white cloud fish. they are in the family cyprinidae. Life Strategy: these guys are easy to take care of and are peaceful. they live in a 64-72° F, KH 10-15, pH 6.5-7.5 water condition. Captive breeding has allowed the White Cloud to develop long fins that are appealing to the aquarist. This easy to keep minnow will do well in the community aquarium with other peaceful fish.Tanichthys albonubes spawns over plants in cool water. After hatching, about 36 hours after spawning. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.the fry should be fed small live foods such as newly hatched brine shrimp.Long Fin White Clouds are omnivores and should be fed a diet of flake foods with plenty of vegetable matter, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.


Body Form or Style: they are 2 inches in length just like the golden white cloud minnow and range from white to yellow. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:If kept in a school of eight or more, the Long Fin White Cloud will be more active and colorful. they like to school the minnows. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+950&pcatid=950

Title: fresh water fish Common Name:Cherry Barb Scientific Name:(Puntius titteya)

Species #:18

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: they originated in sri lanka . established in mexico and clombia. they were founded in 1929. it as also been referred to as Barbus titeya and Capoeta titteya. they come from the family of cyprinidae Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are peaceful they live in 74-79° F, KH 4-10, pH 6.07.0 water coditions.The Cherry Barb is a very timid fish that should be housed with fish of the same temperament. It is best, when trying to breed the Cherry Barb, to house a number of Barbs in the same aquarium until they pair off. After a pair has developed, the female will lay the eggs and the male will follow behind to fertilize. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.The fry will be free-swimming after about 5 days. Feed the fry newly hatched brine shrimp until large enough to accept crushed flake food. The Cherry Barb needs to be fed a variety of foods including vegetables as well as meaty foods. Feed a quality flake food as well as live and frozen foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms.


Body Form or Style: they grow 2” inches in length and are black, red, and white. The main body is silver/black with a golden, horizontal stripe following the lateral line. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:Rocks and driftwood can be added to the aquarium, but leave plenty of space for swimming. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1008&pcatid=1008 Title:Fresh water fish Common Name:Blue Paradise Scientific Name:(Macropodus opercularis)

Species #:19

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:Chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Osphronemidae Geography / Habitat: they came from eastern Asia and are from the family belontiidae they are easy to take care of and are semi-aggressive.Adult males should be kept one per aquarium, as they fight as fiercely as Bettas. Life Strategy: these fish live in a 61-79° F, KH 4-18, pH 6.0-8.0 water condition.is a brightly colored member of the Labyrinth Fish group.The Blue Paradise requires a larger aquarium, at least 30 gallons, with lots of hiding places for the female. It will not eat plants, but because of its active courtship and mock battles between tank mates, only very hardy vegetation is advised. The Blue Paradise is a territorial fish that will defend its area from its tank mates. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores When the fry are hatched they should be fed infusoria, and when older, brine shrimp.The Blue Paradise is an omnivore and requires both algae-based foods as well as meaty foods. An algae-based flake food, along with freezedried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide these fish with the proper nutrition.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 4”inches in length and normally range from blue, and orange. The body has alternating turquoise blue and orange stripes that extend into the fins and tail. There is a spot on the gills,and a pattern of dark scaling on the head reaching over the back and fading as it goes down the back.The fins and tail have a feather-like appearance, like that of a Betta. The Blue Paradise is a good jumper, so a tight fitting lid is a must. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:The fins and tail have a feather-like appearance, like that of a Betta. The Blue Paradise is a good jumper, so a tight fitting lid is a must. ● Mouth Position: superior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1007&pcatid=1007 Title: Fresh water fish Species #:20 Common Name:Tiger Barb Scientific Name: (Puntius tetrazona) Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: these guys originated in USA and they can be farm raised. they come from the family cyprinidae. these guys live in 30 gallons minimum for a tank size. Life Strategy: these guys live in a 74-79° F, KH 4-10, pH 6.0-7.0 water condition and are easy to take care of but are semi-aggressive.Rocks and driftwood can be added to the aquarium, but leave plenty of space for swimming. The Tiger Barb is a very active fish that may pester or even nip the fins of larger, slower moving fish. It is best, when trying to breed the Tiger Barb, to house a number of Barbs in the same aquarium until they pair off. After a pair has developed, the female will lay the eggs and the male will follow behind to fertilize. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.The fry will be free-swimming after about 5 days. Feed the fry newly hatched brine shrimp until large enough to accept crushed flake food. The Tiger Barb needs to be fed a variety of foods including vegetables as well as meaty foods. Feed a quality flake food as well as live and frozen foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 3” inches in length and range from black, orange, white, and yellow.The Tiger Barb is silver/gold with black stripes and orange accented fins. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:They are a very lively, playful fish that prefers to be in schools. ● Mouth Position: superior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+993&pcatid=993

Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Green Cobra Guppy Scientific Name:(Poecilia reticulata)

Species #:21

Kingdom:Animalia

Phylum:chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:cyprinodontiformes

Family:Poeciliidae Geography / Habitat: These guys originated in singapore and are farmraised. they also come from the family Poeciliidae. these guys are easy to take care of and are peaceful. they live in 64-82° F, KH 10-30, pH 5.5-8.0 water conditions. Life Strategy: Other peaceful fish would make good tank mates. The females in this pair are of an assorted variety; Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.The fry should be fed brine shrimp, micro food and pulverized flakes. The Green Cobra Guppy is an omnivore and requires both algaebased foods as well as meaty foods. An algae-based flake food, along with freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide guppies with the proper nutrition.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2” in length and they range from black, green, and yellow. The hardiness of the Green Cobra Guppy, as well as the fact that it matures quickly makes it an excellent fish for beginning hobbyists. The Green Cobra male has a vibrant green body with a snakeskin pattern. The tail fin is patterned with yellow and black. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: their tale makes it fun to watch when they swim. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1048&pcatid=1048 Title: Fresh water fish Species #:22 Common Name:Rio-Negro Pleco (L 135) Scientific Name:(Peckoltia sp. platyrhyncha) Kingdom:animaila

Phylum:chordata

Class:

Order:

Family:Loricariidae Geography / Habitat: they live in a 74-79° F, KH 6-10, pH 6.5-7.4 and originiated in south america. they also come from the family Loricaridae.The Rio-Negro Plecostomus, also known as the Candy Stripe-Peckoltia, comes from the rivers and tributaries of South America. Life Strategy: easy to care for and are peaceful. Planted aquariums with hearty, fastgrowing plants, high aeration, and water movement make for a healthy environment. The Rio-Negro Plecostomus has not been bred in an aquarium setting and little is known about their breeding habits. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores.Feeding the Rio-Negro Plecostomus is not difficult due to the fact that it is not a picky eater. Feeding off the bottom of the aquarium, it gets most of its nutrition from left over food and algae. If there is no algae or left over food present, supplement with high quality flake food, sinking carnivore pellets, freeze-dried bloodworms, and tubifex.


Body Form or Style: they range from Black toTan. they grow up to be 4” inches in length. It is dark brown to black with irregular golden vertical stripes. The rays of the fins are also golden with black stripes. Rio-Negro Plecos make good additions to any community aquarium. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: they like to swim on the bottom. ● Mouth Position: bottom feeder, their mouth is subtermnial Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1040&pcatid=1040 Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Green Tiger Barb Scientific Name:(Puntius tetrazona)

Species #:23

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family:cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: they come from Borneo, Indonesia, and Sumatra they like to live in 7479° F, KH 4-10, pH 6.0-7.0 water conditions. they come from the family of cyprinidae Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of but they tend to be semi-aggressive. The Green Tiger Barb is a very active fish that may pester or even nip the fins of larger, slower moving fish. It is best, when trying to breed the Green Tiger Barb, to house a number of Barbs in the same aquarium until they pair off. After a pair has developed, the female will lay the eggs and the male will follow behind to fertilize. The fry will be free-swimming after about 5 days. Food / Feed Strategy: they are omnivores Feed the fry newly hatched brine shrimp until large enough to accept crushed flake food. The Green Tiger Barb needs to be fed a variety of foods including vegetables as well as meaty foods. Feed a quality flake food as well as live and frozen foods such as brine shrimp and bloodworms.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 3”inches in length and range from Green, Orange, white, and yellow. The Green Tiger Barb's main body is deep fluorescent green with silver/gold blotches and orange accented fins ● Swim / Locomotion Style: They are a very lively, playful fish that prefers to be in schools. ● Mouth Position: they have a terminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1005&pcatid=1005 Title: Fresh water fish Common Name:Harlequin Rasbora Scientific Name:(Rasbora heteromorpha)

Species #:24

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cypriniformes

Family: cyprinidae Geography / Habitat: these creatures originated in asia.they come from the family of cyprinidae.They do best in an established planted aquarium with open areas for swimming. They should be kept in schools of 8-10 individuals and housed with other small, Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are generally peaceful. they live in 72-77° F, KH 6-10, pH 6.0-6.5 water conditions. To encourage spawning, pair a young (9-12 months old) female with a two-year old male and offer live food items. After spawning, remove the parents and keep the aquarium dark until the eggs hatch (after about 24 hours). Food / Feed Strategy:Feed the fry infusoria. An omnivore, they do well on a diet of prepared flake food, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex.


Body Form or Style: they range to be 2” in length and are normally orange in color. The Harlequin Rasbora is easily identified by its characteristic black "pork chop" shaped patch and beautifully lustrous copper/orange body. The distinguishing triangular patch begins near the dorsal fin and comes to a point near the base of the caudal fin. The patch on the male is slightly rounded at the bottom with an extended tip. In contrast, the patch on the female is straight. The female is also larger than the male. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:The does best in an established planted aquarium with open areas for swimming. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1065&pcatid=1065 Title: Fresh water fish Species #:25 Common Name: Lemon Cobra Guppy Scientific Name:(Poecilia reticulata) Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cyprinodontiformes

Family: poeciliidae Geography / Habitat: they were captive-bred in Asia, and central America to Brazil and come from the family poeciliidae. they live in 64-82° F, KH 10-30, pH 5.5-8.0 water conditions Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of and are peaceful. Food / Feed Strategy: these animals are omnivores Adults may eat the fry if left to fend for themselves without the breeding box. The fry should be fed brine shrimp, micro food and pulverized flakes.They requires both algae-based foods as well as meaty foods. An algaebased flake food, along with freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp will provide guppies with the proper nutrition.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2 ½” inches in length.It is one of the color variations of guppyies. The hardiness of the Guppy, as well as the fact that it matures quickly makes it an excellent fish for beginning hobbyists. The male has a striking metallic blue-green body with a solid yellow tail fin and dorsal fin ● Swim / Locomotion Style:The females in this pair are of an assorted variety; however, you can differentiate the males and females easily. The males are smaller in size, have brighter coloration, along with a bigger tail fin, and pointed anal fin. The females are larger in size with a duller coloration, have a rounded anal fin, as well as a pregnancy patch on the lower portion of the body. Ideally, the environment would have a covering of floating ferns and a breeding box to protect the fry. ● Mouth Position: terminal, superior Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1049&pcatid=1049 Title: Fresh water fish Species #:26 Common Name:Boesemani Rainbow Scientific Name:(Melanotaenia boesemani) Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: atheriniofrmes

Family: melanotaeniidae Geography / Habitat: they originally came from thailand and are farmraised. they live in 72-77° F, KH 9-19, pH 7.0-8.0 water conditions. they also come from the family Melanotaeniidae. Life Strategy: easy to take care of and are peaceful.They create a colorful centerpiece for any freshwater home aquarium.An egg layer, they spawns on moss throughout the course of several days. The fry hatch after six or seven days and require small pieces of live food. Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores.Although theyhave large mouths, their throats tend to be narrow. Offer foods that are not too large. They should be fed a mixed diet of prepared flakes, frozen, and live foods.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 3” inches in length and range from blue, to orange and some have a silvery colar instead of blue. but they tend to be blue. Males have a beautiful bluish purple head that fades into a gorgeous orange and yellow posterior. Though females are not as colorful, their brilliant silver coloration is equally as stunning against any backdrop of plants or rockwork. Regardless of sex, however, they boasts the same distinct characteristics as other Rainbowfish, including large eyes. ● Swim / Locomotion Style:and dual dorsal fins. making them swim faster ● Mouth Position:a deeply forked mouth. superior Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1053&pcatid=1053 Title: Fresh water fish Species #:27 Common Name:Assorted Platy Scientific Name:(Xiphophorus maculatus) Kingdom: animailia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: cyprinodontiformes

Family:poeciliidae Geography / Habitat: they originally came from singapore and are farmraised. the come from the family of poeciliidae and live in 64-77° F, KH 10-25, pH 7.0-8.2 water conditions. Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of and are peaceful.The Platy is a livebearer and is capable of reproducing at three to four months of age. The male is smaller and more brightly colored than the female, and can be distinguished by his gonopodium. The fry will most often reach maturity in a community aquarium. Food / Feed Strategy:they are omnivores that will eat commercially prepared flaked foods and algae, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms and tubifex, and brine shrimp.


Body Form or Style: they grow up to be 2” inches in length and range from assorted colors like orange and red. comes in many color and fin variations, the most common being a solid, and brilliant red. Some Platy variations include Wagtail, Blue, Simpson Tuxedo, and Simpson Coral Platy to name a few ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation: http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+2855+1067&pcatid=1067

Title: Fresh water fish #:28 Common Name: Bleeding heart Scientific Name: (xiphophorus maculatus)

Species

Kingdom:

Phylum:

Class:

Order:

Family: Geography / Habitat: these guys originally came from singapore and live in 64-77° F, KH 10-25, pH 7.0-8.2 water conditions and they come from the family poeciliidae Life Strategy: they are easy to take care of and are peaceful Food / Feed Strategy: The platy is an omnivore that will eat commercially prepared flaked foods and algae, as well as freeze-dried bloodworms, tubifex, and brine shrimp.


Body Form or Style: they are 2” inches in size they are naturally red and white. redstreaked variety of the popular Xiphophorus maculatus Platy. Its predominantly white coloration with splashes of red around its midsection offers a striking contrast to the solid, fiery reds and oranges commonly associated with platies. Through selective breeding, platies are now available in a wide range of new color and fin variations. ● Swim / Locomotion Style: swimming in water ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:http://www.liveaquaria.com/product/prod_display.cfm? c=830+1535+3105&pcatid=3105

Title: Freshwater Invertebrates Common Name: Rams horn snail Scientific Name: Planorbella trivolvis

Species #: 35

Class: Gastropoda

Order: n/a

Family: Planorboidea

Genus: Planorbella

Species: trivolvis

Geography / Habitat: ponds around North America Life Strategy: hides in its shell and mates whenever possible Food / Feed Strategy: feeds on algae

Ø Common Name/ Scientific Name: Rams horn snail


Ø Body Form or Style: hard shell with no real body form Ø Swim/Locomotion Style: crawls along the ground using its body Ø Mouth Position: inferior

Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates Common Name: Coral Scientific Name: tubastre coccina

Species #: 36

Class: Anthzoa

Order: Scleractina

Family: Dendrophylliidae

Genus: Tubastrea

Species: coccinea

Geography / Habitat: deep warm waters. Life Strategy: able to reproduce asexually Food / Feed Strategy: Extends their tentacles to catch zooplankton

Ø Ø Ø Ø

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Sun Coral/ Tubastre coccina Body Form or Style: Tube structure with long tentacles. Swim/Locomotion Style: stationary Mouth Position: no mouth


Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates Common Name: pink shrimp Scientific Name: Pandalus borealis

Species #:37

Class: Malacostraca

Order: Decapoda

Family: Pandalidea

Genus: Pandulus

Species: p.borealis

Geography / Habitat: soft muddy bottoms with a temperature around 6-17 c Life Strategy: N/A Food / Feed Strategy: they feed on zooplankton.

Ø Ø Ø Ø

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Pandulus borealis/pink shrimp Body Form or Style: curved body Swim/Locomotion Style: move around using their legs and tail fin. Mouth Position: terminal

Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates

Species #: 38


Common Name: Thorn starfish Scientific Name: Acanthaster planci Class: Asteroidea

Order: Valvatida

Family: Acanthasteridae

Genus: Acanthaster

Species: planci

Geography / Habitat: coral reefs Life Strategy: Uses its thorns to protect itself from Food / Feed Strategy: exudes its stomach onto a reef and digests it.

Ø Ø Ø Ø

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Thorn starfish/ Acanthaster planci Body Form or Style: star shaped body surrounded y toxic thorns Swim/Locomotion Style: barely moves by sticking their tentacles onto corals and pulling themselves. Mouth Position: no mouth

Fish Species Identification Title: Freshwater Invertebrates Common Name: Apple snail Scientific Name: pomacea insularum

Species #: 39

Class: Gastropoda

Order: n/a

Family: Ampullariodea

Genus:


Species: P.insularam

Geography / Habitat: South America Life Strategy: they live in the water among various weeds. Food / Feed Strategy: they eat algae.

Ø Ø Ø Ø

Common Name/ Scientific Name: Apple snail/ Pomacea insularum Body Form or Style: hard shell with a round body. Swim/Locomotion Style: pulls itself along using its sucker. Mouth Position: inferior.

Title: salt water Common Name:BILLFISHES Scientific Name:Makaira nigricans

Species #:40

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family: Istiophoridae Geography / Habitat: OFFSHORE, a blue water fish Life Strategy:largest of the Atlantic marlins, common to 11 feet, known to exceed 2,000 pounds. Food / Feed Strategy:all of trophy size are females; males do not exceed 300 pounds; make transAtlantic migrations; spawning procedures unknown; feeds on squid and pelagic fishes, including blackfin tuna and frigate mackerel.

.

Body Form or Style: color cobalt blue on top shading to silvery white on bottom; upper jaw elongated in form of spear; dorsal fin pointed at front end; pectoral fin and anal fin pointed; lateral line reticulated (interwoven like a net), difficult to see in large specimens; no dark spots on dorsal fin; body covered with embedded scales ending in one or two sharp points. Florida record 980 lbs., 8 ozs.


● Swim / Locomotion Style: these fish are similar to sharks but they move thier fins. ● Mouth Position:long narrow spearing mouth terminal Citation:

Title: salt water fish Common Name: Longbill spearfish Scientific Name:Tetrapturus pfluegeri

Species #:41

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Istiophoridae Geography / Habitat: OFFSHORE in deep water. Florida record is 61lbs Life Strategy: and Food / Feed Strategy:uncommon; available data indicate that spearfish matures at 2 years of age and rarely lives past 4 to 5 years; they are pelagic and feed at or near the surface, mainly on fishes and squid; named for Al Pflueger, Sr., founder of Pflueger Taxidermy.

Body Form or Style: color of body dark blue shading to silvery, white underneath; dorsal fin bluish, others brown-black; two dorsal fins, the first lengthy, its front forming a peak; two anal fins, the anus well in front of the first; upper jaw prolonged into spear, its cross secttion round. relatively small species

● Swim / Locomotion Style: similar to the bill fish ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:


Title: salt water fish Common Name: sail fish Scientific Name:Istiophorus platypterus

Species #:42

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class:Actinopterygii

Order:Perciformes

Family:Istiophoridae Geography / Habitat: OFFSHORE species, in south Florida associated with waters near the Gulf Stream; off the Panhandle near the 100 foot fathom line Life Strategy:common to 7 feet 116 lbs Food / Feed Strategy:rapid growing species, reaching 4 to 5 feet in a single year; swims at speeds up to 50 knots; feeds on the surface or at mid-depths on smaller pelagic fishes and squid.

Body Form or Style: color dark blue on top, brown-blue laterally, silvery white underbelly; upper jaw elongated in form of spear; first dorsal greatly enlarged in the form of a sail, with many black spots, its front squared off, highest at its midpoint; pelvic fins very narrow, reaching almost to the anus; body covered with embedded scales, blunt at end; lateral line curved above pectoral, then straight to base of tail.

● Swim / Locomotion Style: faster than the average fish with beautiful spike fins. ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:


Title: salt water fish Common Name: white marlin Scientific Name: Tetrapterus albidus

Species #:42

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class:Perciformes

Order: Perciformes

Family: istiophoridae Geography / Habitat: OFFSHORE, a blue water fish. Life Strategy:common to 8 feet Florida record 161 lbs Food / Feed Strategy:uses its bill to stun fast-moving fishes, then turns to consume them; spawning procedures unknown; ranges throughout the Atlantic and Caribbean; feeds on squid and pelagic fishes.

Body Form or Style: color of body dark blue to chocolate brown, shading to silvery white underbelly; noticeable spots on dorsal fin; upper jaw elongated in shape of spear; body covered with embedded scales with a single sharp point; tips of first dorsal, pectoral, and first anal fins rounded; lateral line curved above pectoral fin, then going in straight line to base of tail.

● Swim / Locomotion Style: similar to other bill fish ● Mouth Position: terminal Citation:


Title: salt water fish Common Name: bluefish Scientific Name: Pomatomus saltatrix

Species #:43

Kingdom: animalia

Phylum: chordata

Class: actinopterygii

Order: perciformes

Family: pomatomidae Geography / Habitat: young usually INSHORE spring and summer, moving OFFSHORE to join adults fall and winter; strong migration of northeast Atlantic stock to Florida east coast in winter. Life Strategy:most west coast catches under 3 pounds, much larger on east coast.22 lbs., 3 ozs.

Food / Feed Strategy: omnivores they eat on plankton and worms

Body Form or Style:color blue or greenish blue on back, sides silvery; mouth large; teeth

prominent, sharp, and compressed; dorsal and anal fins nearly the same size; scales small; lateral line almost straight. Swim / Locomotion Style:travels in large schools, following schools of baitfish; cannibalistic; all members of a given school about the same size; spawning occurs OFFSHORE in spring and summer.

● Mouth Position: superior Citation:

125 identification  

this is a sequence of different fish and there habitats.

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