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ӣၯΡᇭ

ٚҼ८‫ڼ‬Ȃϛ๼ҕఊ‫௺ᙽޟ‬ᘈ Xinhai Revolution: A Turning point for Chinese in the World ҫᐯਛൌѽ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ऎ಩҃К஼ߞ୓ᙇȂਗКЋߞನྐȶ యᚙᆕ౻Ȃ࢙ӲӔ஼ȷၳҡϞည੡ߞК஼ϠȂᄁᔽϞҁে ‫ڕ‬ҍУϼՐࢋ࢙೚޼Ȃሃ֘ўߤྻయ௣ߞӔѹ֋޼ᢜۘሮ ԢȄᘵ๒Ⴥ݀ϘպՐȂᅆࣆ޼ನ݇ߞЙԢȂѽф‫ةݯ‬џӎ ࠬົᐼߋȂ҄ۖК஼ࣆᡋᢏмȂ֭๑Ҟ၉ᆷȂպՐࡈߞ‫ڙ‬ ӻভ‫ۻ‬Ȃ዆ᠩ຾಩ЫԴѵधࣆ޼ህҭ‫ط‬ᆊ຾দঋ֜၉ߞК ົӔ౉Ȅ ЫՐࠐȂ‫ا‬েҍߍϞұᓭ԰ᠪКົӔ஼պՐ๴ਣߞપᓭȄ ంϯ༉༟‫ܕ‬ȂԴᗜࠕዉૡ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬պ༉Ր੡Ȃ‫ا‬েϘാዴ ༉Ȃҍߍ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬௞ᓭȂణ૶‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ᅆԑಧКົӔ౉ߞ ዆ᠩȄ‫ا‬েहࠫ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ЙඏҪ࢙ӲϞКົӔ஼Ȃ‫࣏ـ‬К ົӔ౉ᑢҫߞᚼహᙇȄ

Historians usually take the Xinhai Revolution as the starting point for modern China. Dr Sun Yat-Sen had put forward the ideal of ɆOverthrowing Manchus, Establishing Republicɇ to encourage the Chinese at that time to step out from the 5000 years of monarchic rule into democracy. After 100 years, even though we went through periods of political differences and Japanese invasion, resulting in changes of government, the Xinhai Revolution is still undoubtedly influencing Chinese who are now significant player in international community.

In this year, we have published four special issues reviewing the development of ROC. Started from last issue, we are launching a series of feature articles to explore the influence of Zinhai Revolution to Chinese in the world. We believe that Xinhai Revolution was not only the starting point of ROC, but ЫчȂԑಧົϠЙᎢ‫ڗ‬഍КȃสȃҭȂ‫࣏ݕ‬՘ऎົᄋ෸ֶ also a turning for all Chinese in the world. ‫ݺ‬ѵधԧԳȂൌᕕႍᅠ༟ࣆ޼՘‫ڍ‬Ȃ‫ـ‬ಎϢሮᝊഺϘৎᑢ Nowadays, all Chinese around the world should understand ҫߞᚼ‫ض‬ᙇȂ‫ڭ‬ѷߺ‫ݙܠ‬գࡈϠऎКົӔ౉‫ݙ‬Ѿϯߞ‫ ׅ‬more about this turning point and affirm what our ancestors ϧȂϵঋᖢႋഺভ‫ߞۻ‬Й‫ږ‬ȄϘўব഼࣏ჅሮᝊჅҝփ࢙ had contributed and also understand more about its limitation. Ӳњࢺ‫ا‬েߞћмኊߡᣍȂփҩϘўব‫࣏ـ‬ঋంჅҝߢႽ On one hand, by knowing more, we can have a more solid КົӔ౉࣏Ղ֣‫ۖڕ‬಩੡ߞఐ޶Ȃѽ֌‫ا‬েକ࢙ӲᅆКົ foundation of our cultural heritage. On the other hand, by knowing how we went through the past, we may have greater Ӕ౉ߞ௟‫ڽ‬๴ਣߞงౕȄ insight in understand our future. ՝งೊӔȂঋᓉϢѹࣹߤྻȂ‫ڭ‬Йਟ‫ݽ‬Ȅҁেঋ‫ؼ‬ሲॻ For the early Chinese migrants, it was very difficult to assimilate ሬȂϭϘ҃ဥۖ‫ڗ‬Ԋԟᑟߞᑟྻ࢝ЂȂփৎϠ‫ڰ‬྽๴ਣ݀ into the mainstream. They needed to speak English and ݀‫ۖۦ‬নۘȄ๒փᔌ຾К஼஼ቫԳ֜ྔ୼ѽфЂ༓ົႁೊ the next generation usually developed identity crisis. Their ӔԴߤྻф၃ᕻК‫ط‬ᆊ຾দঋ‫֒ڎ‬ȂК஼ӠࣿћмϵᙖЂ career development met great obstacles. With the raising ϞҹԴᑫࣷߞ዆ᠩȄ֯ऎົϠȂ‫ا‬ে‫ـ‬ᕕদ໛‫ཬڤ‬ൄ‫ا‬ে of status of China in world politics and the great increase of ኊৃᣍфࢥྐߞћмᑢҫȂϵᄁᔽ‫ا‬েϭϘ҃Ȃ࠲઻фদ Chinese migrants, Chinese culture now becomes influential in Australian society. Being Chinese in our heritage, we should ໛К஼ћмКᔹ‫ډ‬фग़ຠߞൊԊȄ pay greater emphasis on our values and our culture and also ‫֋ڽ‬ЙԢԳўߞົϠȂྻᅆࣆ޼ࢺЙԢᣍᙇȂഺ࣏Ҟѽನႋ encourage our next generation to keep the better essence of ߞȄԯ຾ࣆ޼фᑢҫԯ૵ȂЙьК஼Ђ൙‫ົߞڽ‬Ϡᅆ‫ڙ‬ӻভ the Chinese culture. ‫ۻ‬ሮᝊ‫ـ‬ьȂ‫ا‬ऽౕᚣ຾ዉૡ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬Ϙպ༉ՐȂ‫ا‬েൌକ ంԐϠᅆК஼ߞጤఐф‫ׅ‬ϧȂদྲࣂ୓‫ا‬েᅆКົӔ౉ߞྏ ఐфߺ‫ܠ‬Ȃѽ७‫ا‬েକ‫ـ‬գ֋ࠫߞ‫د‬ం૟Ԑ‫ݙ‬ཇϭ‫ߞڽ‬Ȃ୒ ឥф‫ظ‬ϢԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ഺϘৎྲᒸߞՐቅ஼ਛНКȄ

Even though we may originate from different countries with different political orientation, we can appreciate more of the passion and effort of our ancestors by celebrating the success of Xinhai Revolution. We can also contribute the confidence we gain from our ancestors to contribute to build up Australia.

‫ߝޥ‬ ۹ஈћ

Raymond Chow Publisher

Issue No. # 256 # 257 # 258 # 259 # 260

Publication Date 30/09/11 07/10/11 14/10/11 21/10/11 28/10/11

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ᖒ٤ώឩ಻ҕࢇ๊դўդ௃ȉ ‫׈‬ኊ༕ȾSBS੫տ݈୛ኄኬႫᇃኄኬষȿ

ଽ଱ຘ‫ؚ‬඿Ј៨ᡸ ᗑ‫୼ڣ‬ຈ‫ޱ‬୰Ԫ៉ਲߞ໗ٙȂҞᓜ෾чᠧᢷȂ௟ᗑ‫ڲ֘ڽ୺ߞܹࣆڣ‬ў੯؆ ԑ૰ဤȄ Ԫ៉ਲ໗‫ܠ‬ᑫࣷᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬ည๒Ҟѽ௟೺Ӕ୙ۖᛓ‫ܫ‬་֖ᆶ‫־‬Ȃ֭Ӆቮ೑Ԫѽ ϭϬৎ౧ԆȄ೐ϘȂႍ஼ӅቮനӲ࣊‫ߞܠ‬ᆶ‫־‬຀ؔȂ഍ನ೺Ӕᆶ‫ڰ־‬ఐȂߡ ֌೺Ӕ‫ڗ‬ԊജፁሮऎѤȇ೐ϟȂᆶ‫־‬ง༡Ȃ೺Ӕӎ‫ߞڗ‬Ϡ‫ڗ‬Չԑఀۖ࠲ቪȇ ೐ϬȂᆶ‫־‬Ⴥ຀؆՘ࢢȂ೺Ӕ‫ڗ‬ԊЏ၃ፁሮȂᖔჴ᝱Ӕ‫ڗ‬ԊߞȂຈ৏త୙֌ ྲ՜ਟ஼ȇ໗‫ܠ‬ऎࠧ᝱ӔߞȂࡋຈ৏ቋࠔ১‫ܧ‬ԳȄง༡Ȃႍ஼Ӆ༷ា᠈෩‫ڻ‬ ϠႽ࠲᠕Ȅ෱Ү႖ሲȂ୺‫ڲ֘ڽ‬഍ನ೺ӔߞୃᔂȂබജ໛ऎЙ೑Ⴄ੾Ȃࣆܹ Ղঋ௻ۘே֖୺‫ڲ֘ڽ‬ў੯ȂຈԢჁ‫ޱ‬Ȅ ୼୰Ԫ៉ਲߞ໗ٙȂ௟ᗑ‫ߞܹࣆڣ‬೺ӔࣆຉȂయԨ‫ی‬࿂ߞᓴᑄȄϘȂۤઐᛓ ‫ܫ‬೺ӔࣆຉȂᢰ‫َݯ‬೺ӔఉዴԴӎϿᆶ‫־‬ȄϟȂ৒঎ᑫࣷೊӔ‫ڼޱ‬ȂᎬПᗑ ‫ࣆ֖ܹࣆڣ‬ᡋ‫׀‬Ȃ௟೺Ӕ୙ۖ೐Ϭ՜ਟ஼Ȃᐐᇒഺৎ஼ਛ࣏‫׎‬೑Ԫѽϯ୼୰ Ԫ៉ਲߞ໗ٙȂ‫ݕغ‬ႍ஼࣏‫ڗ׎‬ऎᗑԪ஼᝱Ӕгॗ஼ᜪՄ஼Ȃൌ๑ᝯ࠼Ȅ ࢇ‫ۺ‬঎ដᚔ۬ᅷտ‫ޟ‬౩ҥ ᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬၃Ⴥ஥៉ࢢȂٙ‫ܠ‬ళۤࢢႮȂា᠈њࢺᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ‫ࣆ־‬ຉȄࣆܹഺዹ இȂ‫۽‬๒գ‫ێ‬சᅁߞನᑂ‫ڹ‬๒Ȅ֭ం൵ྲ‫ڰ‬ఐߞ๴ਣȂຊ߰գನӤहࠫȂࣆ ܹఀЙᄘҵȂ࣊ӚϞࣆຉߞҵሱȂϵჁхཇ೚Ѝ៨њࢺ߰ߞϘരњࢺȇϵ‫ݢ‬ అࣆ޼ϯߞ֋ۤ‫ێ‬୘Ȅ ঵ԐȂᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊࠜភ༳ዤћ෩ҍȂ՜ۖᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊߞఐႤȂᢖӯՂ‫ܹࣆލ‬ єϢӎϿᆶ‫־‬೺ӔࣆຉȂ‫ڤ‬ኃُѡබգ600ԩ೺Ӕྻၻᐾփ֌ȄϘՐ೺Ӕዴ Մᢼп֌7200ϠȄᑫࣷࠧ‫ޱ‬ೊӔ᢬઻Кѕ௟ྻҍ಩ϠᆕНఈȄϟȂࣆُܹՐ ߞ೺Ӕᏺ໱௟ྻ୼Ⴟ40ኆЮȄϬȂӎϿᆶ‫־‬೺ӔࣆຉӺգ‫ێ‬ᆒࣽȂԯऎࢷ࿰ ഺ༵ࣆຉߞᅹྐȂജᆶ‫־‬ऎࠧ᝱Ӕ‫ڗ‬Ԋߞ೺ӔȂྻఉዴ୙ࠔ১‫ܧ‬ԳȄ֭‫ڰ‬ఐ ๴ਣ‫ࠧڭ‬ՂȂԯऎᘘঋऻ১‫ܧ‬Գ஼ਛ࣏‫׎‬᝸ྍ՜԰ӎ஼೺ӔȄұȂӎϿᆶ‫־‬ ೺ӔࣆຉȂӺൌྻᄁᔽ‫ـ‬Ժ೺Ӕⶻփ‫ڕ‬ᔍȂᑖอޯᕾंઝߞઔாȂඵِࣆ޼ ؕ᠕Ȃᐱ७෌ነᑖӠȄҝՐၐ᎚ਫٕ೺‫ڰ‬ԆȂӒՀሲ‫ێށ‬КߞᅑᇑȄУȂᑫ ࣷࣆُܹՐൌգϘৎ࣊‫᝱ߞܠ‬Ӕ՜ਟዴӫȂ೺Ӕ‫َݯ‬ȂᅁգӇՋНཻȂᅆԴ ઔҳЏജᆶ‫־‬ऎ᝱Ӕ‫ڗ‬Ԋߞ೺ӔȂ‫ڭ‬ЙгӀȂ҄ۖҁেԴઔҳᏇ৏џงЙᙝ ҐࠜȂӺൌ૔᛼ᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬գ૩ؔ՜ਟ೺ӔߞࣆຉȄ ᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔൊࠜߞನᑂȂҞѽನႋȄ֭‫ࠧڭ‬බթҞѽᅹ՘‫ܠ׎‬ӎϿᆶ‫־‬೺Ӕߞ ನӤȄ঵ԐȂᗑ‫ڣ‬ೊӔయᇖ೺ӔዴՄُՐЂኧ7200ȄഺৎዴՄՂ‫ލ‬ሃѵध‫ێ‬ ҁ೺ӔጤᙇहѧȂ ЙҞԢџփሬȄ᝱Ӕฯ಩ሃ᝱ӔҍϾ஼ߞࣆ޼؊ཕȂᅹ՘ ߡతᝯ࠼Ȅ70Ր҃Ȃ໸ࡑ೺Ӕฯ಩Ȃ১ԯ࣏ࣆᡋ‫ݽ‬јȂࡑ໸‫ڔ‬мȄညՐ໸ࡑ ೺Ӕ೺Ӕ‫ࢤ܋ظ‬ઔȂϘ઎ϫతϘ઎ȄՂЫȂྐ‫ۖڍ‬Ϙৎ໸ࡑࣆ޼᝱ӔȂ‫ࠧڭ‬ ਟ‫ݽ‬ȄࣇթȂ೺Ӕயᛟ࣏᝱ӔᜪՄ஼Ԩా਴‫ج‬ԟߞϠ᝷Ϙ၏Ȃ෩‫ڻ‬Ⴝ၍ϯ‫ݚ‬ ᑉȂᅁऎ஼ӔߞᇊжȄ൵ࠕК‫ތ‬஼ਛ᜕๴ॸആࠅভ‫ۻ‬Ȃѽ֒ԕϘৎѡаత՜ ೺Ӕ2ေȂྍЂ‫׀‬ϘৎЈਫȂత՜4ေ೺ӔȄहᅆНϭȂᑫࣷߞ೺ӔዴՄȂ Ⴥ ҝϬՐȂЖ11,403ԺϠȄຊ߰ѽऎࣆܹᕕႍࡌ‫ݚݺ‬ᑉ‫ێ‬ϠႽയԇȄ ҩҳȂ௻ۘ‫ݑ‬᢬઻೺Ӕࣆຉ‫ێ‬ᅁ࣏‫ێ‬КϘৎᐱ७೺Ӕ၃໱ϯпߞѹঋ১ԯȄ ಩੡‫ת‬༡᝱Ӕ‫ؠ‬᝸ೡᚐ෩ҍҞѽ‫ݚ‬ᑉൊжᇒನࠧ᢬઻೺ӔߞയԇȂӤిྻ‫ݕ‬ ‫ؠ‬᝸ᄥᢜϘϧ‫ݚ‬ᑉȄϘ‫ڽ‬ȂҞѽᢰຈ৏ᆶ‫־‬Џ၃Ժ੡ߞ೺ӔգϘৎັ፤ߞᑟ ྻȂิьࠜง᢬઻௲‫ߞڽ‬࿂ЂᇟૠཋਚȞഺўবఀۖᇟૠॊ௞ਛߞु‫ٿ‬ȂҞ ѽԞᝋȟȂϟ‫ڽ‬ȂӺҞѽᢰ೺Ӕ՝џᓉϢߤ஡Ȃ༟‫ݤ‬ӏ‫ڽ‬ӠࣿȄ

ҩҳȂ೺ӔӇགྷࣆܹգ૩ؔ՜ਟ೺ӔߞᗾмȂ࣏֬փࠧȄ೺Ӕඏऎୠِग़Հ ӠࣿȂ៸һภⶻփ‫ڕ‬ᔍȂ಍ၢۖϘৎሬ‫ڏ‬ЙԢȂᗝӫ๑ᓐߞߤྻȂদྲ༟ ‫ܕ‬ȂЂਛ֯ऎೊӔȂ࠮ߢႽഺ࣏ЙЂҞକҍ಩ߞᄦᄊȄҁেᛓਛҍ‫ڕ‬Ȃቈ‫ڕ‬ ҁўȂत֌༱ӡഏᔝϯႮȂЂԺЙ‫ڕ‬ЙఀȄഺӒ࣏᝱Ӕгॗ঎‫ܠ‬՜ਟ஼ᎬП ࠲᠕᝱ӔߞᕕգയԇȄѵध‫ࠧڭ‬ग़ՀգؔȂഺ࣏ϘৎЙߋߞ‫ڰ‬ᅁȄ ࢇ‫ݽ‬ΰՌଆ‫ڏ‬ଙ ᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬ऎయҍᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ‫־‬೺ӔࣆຉȂ‫࣏ݺ‬ඵِᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨ߞњࢺȄ֓ൾ዇ ༟ҍ౧ԆȂϘȂᛓ‫ܫ‬஼ਛӅ༷࣏ϘৎЏ၃ᜪ঎ᗑԪ஼᝱Ӕгॗߞ஼ਛȂನ Ӥ࣏֓ൾ዇ሮऎ೺ӔߞᡋૈӅ༷ԑ຀࿰ᠪȄ෱Ү႖ሲȂබ࣏ࣆܹሃҁᜪ঎ ᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ‫ڼޱ־‬Ȃᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬Ӻൌঋ‫ݸ‬ౢ୺‫ڲ֘ڽ‬ў੯ȇϟȂџࢢᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ‫ࣆ־‬ ຉȂӅ༷Ғࣁੋၝਫऎᆶ‫־‬೺Ӕ՜ਟ஼Ȃᐐᇒࢷ࿰୼୰Ԫ៉ਲߞ໗ٙȂႍ ஼ЙඏҪȂቮঋ‫ڗ‬ऎ᝱Ӕгॗ஼ᜪՄ஼ȂӺൌቮঋ‫ۍ‬ᢜ෩‫ڻ‬Ҟѽ՜ਟߞ๼ ԆനࣉȄ ంᗑ‫࢘ڎߞܹࣆڣ‬փ‫ڏ‬Ȃత‫֓ۦ‬ൾ዇༟ҍߞ౧ԆȂຈԢ௟֋ЎϘјऔሦߞ୺ ‫ڲ֘ڽ‬ў੯࿑᎜ϘӌȄ๒ࢢࢾј௟ർ‫ࡄߞ׀‬கȂҐ᎜֓ൾ዇ȄంໞᎢ৶ߞ‫ڎ‬ ࢘փ‫ڏ‬Ȃ֓ൾ዇‫ڭ‬๑Ԩࣆܹ൵୼֖ࣆᑟᅹ෩‫ڻ‬෯ׄȂ‫ׄ۝‬Ӳ‫ޱ‬Ȃ঎‫ܠ‬ᛓ‫ܫ‬ᆶ ‫ޱ־‬੯Ȃփ࣏ৄթऎேࣆ៨௲‫ࠫߞྲڽ‬႕ᇒ޼᝱ᛟȄթ‫ڰ‬գႫҞඵȄညџԠ ‫ݛ‬዇ᘛ᎛֓ൾ዇஥៉թ‫ڰ‬੡ȂЂਛҪ᎘Ϟ15жៗȄНࢢȂ֓ൾ዇ӫ๑ࠑఐȂ ᛓ༟஼ྻЋഄȄႬ຾ᗁನԴӇࢢߞ஼ྻ៉‫ڰ‬᠜Ꭲ੡Ȃබϧ࠳֓ൾ዇фᗑ‫֋ڣ‬ Ӥ៨ሃф஼ਛ៨ᗑဖ៨৶ȂԴթ‫ޱ‬੯‫ظ‬ೈ੡ȂঋѽᑢҫऎᡦȄѵϠߢႽ֋Ӥ ៨ф஼ਛ៨Ϡۖ੡࣏ѽ஼ਛ‫ૈ׀‬ऎЂࡈ෩Ȃ‫ݕغ‬ѽϘ៨Н‫׀‬ऎࠑٙߞւ༓Ȅ ຊ߰ѽऎȂᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨௙ౕ֓ൾ዇ҍবњࢺЍ៨Ȃ࣏Ϙසఐ᝸ߞஇ‫ޱ‬Ȅ֓ൾ዇ ᑉညᗑဖ៨៨ቾѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃళۤߞࣆ޼Ⴎ።࣏ϘԨசᅁȂѽ៏ఀࣆᡋऎறϘߞւ ༓Ȅ‫ݙ‬ళۤߞຉರ࣏ȶඏϘ᎝ᛟȂЙԢߤ၏ȂЙԢࠑগȂᐐᇒࡈࢢӬ़ȂӺ ๑हВȄȷ බѽᇆወກ঍ᄑऎ‫ڼ‬Ȅ ညࡈᗁನ൙ֹћయҍᇆ኿ઈิవӹ‫ݽ‬঍ᄑߞ੡৏Ȅ֓ ൾ዇බᎳᆷ൙ֹћࣆܹऎ֣ൻਰஜಿȂऎЦኃЙєϢȶᚎඏਟ‫ݽ‬഍ನߞᇆወ ກ঍ᄑȷȄۖࣆܹయҍ᎘ወກ঍ᄑࢢȂබജ֓ൾ዇‫ؽ‬ᕝఀᢜ๑১፲Ȃࢽऎྻ ᐱ७ᑫࣷϘ‫ۦڱ‬዆ᠩࡱᛉȂంթಂٟϠѵߞӐџ‫ڏ‬ᎢȄ֓ൾ዇Ԩхᅆઈ৏ᢏ мࣆຉߞ஼ӔȂᅔܺᎳᆷϠ᝷ᅹ՘ઈ৏ᢏмߞҞକ዆ᠩȄ֭ညҁবᅆњࢺઈ ৏ᢏм಩໪ߞ஼Ӕ੡Ȃබຍᕕయҍ10ኆЮߞȶߡతઈ৏ᢏм঍ᄑȷȄӲඞៜ ݆๑‫ܠ‬Ȃ໛ѼȶᡘಿߞቮঋȷȂ‫ظ‬ᑟۤւН࿂Ȃᅁऎᑫࣷ༟஼ѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ ࣆᐪϯ ߞ཈‫ڍ‬Ȅ ๖፣ ۹ϬȂᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬ٙ៉ԴᏎ‫ۦ‬ᗑဖ៨ȂᑾӲ๑៨ँ៉৶Ȃሃфᗑ‫ڣ‬ண៉୰ᇥ៨ ߞхᅆϭȂ‫ڗܝ‬ϯႮȂ௟ೊӔ৒঎‫ڼޱ‬ϯ‫ה‬஼ྻ་֖᠜ᎢࠑٙȄഺԊ‫ޱ‬੯Ղ ঋࠑٙȂ഼Ⴥᑟྻຈ‫ݺ‬წȂժႮϘ౧Ȅ‫ڤ‬ኃᗑ‫׎࣏ܹࣆڣ‬ঋৄթȶҵᑟȷȂ ᅆ֓ൾ዇ᅹ՘ࣆ޼ᕅϧȂᢰҁфᗑဖ៨઻ϭȶճԩȷȂ‫׈‬ȶ֓ൾ዇௄‫ݺ‬Ϙ ៨‫ټ‬ӲȂ૔᛼ࣆܹӇᕅ೺Ӕᛐᄩߞٙѕȷ֯ऎџࢢЂᓴߞࣆ޼ឯፅȂПѽх ᕝȄϫ‫ݕغ‬ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ऎџࢢࣆܹయҍӎϿ೺Ӕᆶ‫ࣆ־‬ຉᏛႮȂԐ‫ڽ‬ϘৎȶԐ ॴࢢಮȷߞॴև঍Ȅ ຊ߰ѽऎȂࡈ߰ᑟྻႵЂȄ֭ᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬Ҟѽల԰ߞȂϵҪթփЏȄ

05


ܹಁжࣨ

ћ0 ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ0 Xinhua & Wikipedia

1

F-16c࠮ᏽᐠ

஡ᰉᰉ

छ୽൬ᡝᆎࢇ‫ۺ‬Ϛөᇃᢊю୵ཱི࠮ŇĮIJķᏽᐠ

छ୽Ȯ୽٩ཱིᆸȯ໊ѐ 15 РൢၾᇳȂछ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬ ӵΰ࢑෈ࣂষ‫ڗ‬ᇃᢊ‫ߒٮ‬ᄘȂछ୽‫ؚۡ‬Ϛю୵ F-16C/Dᏽᐠ๝ᇃᢊȂծོ‫ڞ‬օᇃᢊ౪Ԥ‫ޟ‬ F-16A/BᏽᐠЀ઻ȄൢၾᇳȂछ୽ࢇ‫ۺ‬џ૖ӵТ ‫ۻ‬ғԒࡇշ೻໶‫ؚۡ‬ȄछПྥര‫ڞ‬օᇃᢊඪЀ౪Ԥ

‫ ޟ‬F-16A/B ᏽᐠ‫ܒ‬૖ȂѓࢂоȶႫυ௭ජࣺ՝ኵ ಢႪႀȷ‫ڥ‬ф౪Ԥ‫ޟ‬ႪႀȇުᄇުᏲኆȃЬ้ࣕ‫ݡ‬ Ꮲ஠‫ཱི؁‬Ȃඪଽᆠট࡙ȇЕᔝζ஠‫ཱི؁‬Ȃծଢ଼ΨϚ ོቨ஼Ȅ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ሂᣉգྍԨग़஼ళᘉ 66 ࣛ F-16C/D ᐼᑟȂჰᇖ ॗऎग़ࠛ 55 ኆЮȂ֭ग़஼Ϙԓ‫ݡ‬ທሂᣉ෩ҍঋኊ ੩Ȅ֌‫ ݺ‬146 ࣛ F-16A/B ᐼᑟпૺȂॗቮग़ࠛ 42 ኆЮȄКົӔ஼೐ϩϬԇᗁ೚ȃ஘ᗁ೚ᓴᗝȂ௟‫ݺ‬ 2012Ր1ѡ14џᗝ֖Ȃ಩ԇ୺ॻϝሃ‫ד‬෶၍ߞ஼ Ӕ៨ೡԪԢӔ་៨ѹਯ፽ॻћሃែᄜԑߞೡԪജ໛ ऎ൵‫ۍ‬ឮߋϧߞணᓴೡԪȂЙҍྍਫ਼ߞ႖Ȃർᓴ߰ ௟ం‫ێ‬КಯӠȄ

ग़஼௄‫ݺ‬Ȯሃሂᣉᝯ࠼‫ޱ‬ȯ۶ȮҐ௻ሂᣉՉԑ‫ޱ‬ȯ Ȃᅆҭᣉҍழ‫ޠ‬ᐡЏգԺՐȂ֭Դ໼ϭ‫ܨ‬КົӔ஼ ᗁ೚ᓴᗝҪգϬৎѡН੡‫ݡ‬ທྲকழȂቲգྍۧȄ ग़஼ўবᇍȂЙౕؓকழ዆ᠩЂᓴȂ֭কழӎ‫ڗ‬գ ׄ‫ݺ‬Ґ௻ҭᣉ‫ڨ‬ᎎକϧȂ৹֜৏ᓴϠϯሂ‫ـ‬ቮঋ‫ڨ‬ ᎎକϧЙ‫ށ֋ڏ‬Ȃࣇթ‫ݡ‬ທྲকழ‫ێ‬ᅁࠑ‫ށ‬ग़஼ᅆ ҭઔӫࡈߞ಩ߐ௄ӎᆕྍȂЙౕؓြҳӠ‫ޑ‬Ȅ

2

ϛ୽τ᛾Ᏸড়஡ᰉᰉᕕ‫ܜ‬඼պዩᖝ‫ח‬ᚂᏰዩ

୽ሬऋᏰࣨԤᒛٔᅭዩȶॳө኿ȷϞᆎछ୽ȶ‫ܜ‬඼ պዩȷРࠉතᐎȂΤΪΙྑଽឭ‫ޟ‬ϛ୽τ᛾Ᏸড়஡ ᰉᰉᕕு‫ڏ‬ϛ‫ޟ‬ᖝ‫ח‬ᚂᏰዩȂᕕዩ౩ҥ࢐ȶี౪ߧ ᇉશșșΙᆍҢܻ‫ݽ‬ᕛᅹ੽‫ޟ‬᛾‫ސ‬Ȃਗ௿ΟӒ౨੫ տ࢐ี৤ϛ୽ড়‫ޟ‬ኵԻ࿲Ρ‫ޟ‬ҡ‫ڼ‬Ȅȷछ୽Ᏸ೚ᚕ ᇬȮಠफȯРࠉีߒȮߧᇉશȈྛՌϛ૩᛾༪‫ีޟ‬

౪ȯΙМȂࡾӵஅᙃҡ‫ސ‬ᚂᏰሴ୿Ȃ१σี౪‫ޟ‬ቋ ঄‫ڷ‬ਝઉ‫ٮ܁܁‬Ϛӵ฻෈ϱᡗՄَܾȂծζԤЍኵ ᄇΡ᜸୊ஶ‫׽ޟ‬๡‫ܚ‬ଔ‫ޟ‬հҢ‫ڷ‬ཎဎࠓ࢐ҳऐَኇ ‫ޟ‬ȂՄ஡ᰉᰉ‫ڷ‬Ԃ‫ޟ‬ӣ‫ٱ‬ӫհंี‫תޟ‬ᅹ᛾‫ߧސ‬ᇉ શ൷࢐೻ኺ‫ٽޟ‬υȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

௠᱈᱈ҍӠ‫ݺ‬ϘϝϬɒՐȂಲ྽‫ݺ‬Ҕ‫ڴ‬ᛁᐯ୰᜽ᐯ ‫ڀ‬Ӡ᜽ᐯ௞྽Ȃ಩ԇК஼Кᛁु‫ٿ‬୰ೣ‫ٿुڗ‬৶৘ ঵ਯु‫ٿ‬৶Ȃࠦለ૵ु‫ٿ‬༟๴КѕѹԇȄԑಧ‫ݛ‬෻ ֹጨߞఀѹ‫ڞ‬ЫЏգ໹ჅϬպϠȂҁেညКգϣϩ ϠᔌࢢᖔఀϞᓚ‫ړ‬ᆬጨȂ‫ݛ‬෻ֹጨԯթϘԨജ໛ऎ ᓚ‫ړ‬ᆬጨߞࡈࡶȄϘϝϝϛՐѽ‫ߞڽ‬ᓚ‫ړ‬ᆬӠನᐯ ‫ݕ‬ᛁᐯጨᖔఀ߰КȂࠕϘҗϵ࣏‫ݛ‬෻ֹጨఀѹȄ

௠᱈᱈ѽфՁߞЍ֯ᄥ༤Դඵ‫ر‬କգੜᅆ‫ة‬ᆸ઼ߞ ߏᎳߞჅ຀КȂຕԪК஼ཇ೚ᛁᐯȂж‫ٿुޘ‬Ϟಿ Ժ᜽ӡนߏȂ൵ࢢԴК஼੢҃՘੩ߞȮ‫ࢢڅ‬൯ࢧ ўȯК๴಩գȶࠦለϘ෪ȂѽѪϟпᆑȂດۤӗȂ ᆽ‫އ‬Нȷߞ‫ة‬ᆸୃᔂȂ‫ڭ‬ѽթంཀࠅለК෩ۤҍࠦ ለ૵Ȅഺৎৎ੯Ȃ࢝ՀԳᢖӯϞК஼ཇ೚ᛁ᜽ᅆ಩ ҃ᛁᐯߞ୒ឥȂϵቺӋϞࣙ‫ڱ‬Ӕ౉ѹ၍߰ȶཇ᚞Ղ ᚞ȷߞઐ࿂ᣍᙇȂऎК஼ཇ೚ᛁ᜽ߞ಩҃мణ૶Ϟ Ϙ౧ҍႮȄ

3

ߡ൲Ԯࠉᖂಛ‫ܜ‬Бѻႄ᠛٘ι

ߡ൲Ԯଽ઻‫ڷ‬ҁ‫ۏ‬ষོкৰȃࠉᖂಛҀᅭᅕΛȆ‫ܜ‬ Бѻ20РఏᎏՌమԒࣔኆ᠛ᔞ٘ιȄߡ൲Ԯ࿋Ӵ൬ ᡝൢᏲᇳȂ࿋Ӵਢ໢18ਢѾѡȂ‫ܜ‬Бѻ՞‫ีܚ‬ҡᛖ ࣔȂഅԙѓࢂ‫ܜ‬БѻӵϱӻΡԫι‫ڷ‬ኵΡ‫ڧ‬༌Ȃ༌ ‫ޱ‬ѓࢂଽ઻‫ڷ‬ҁ‫ۏ‬ষོԙষ඼༱ѻպКӀȄଽ઻‫ڷ‬

ߡ൲Ԯࠉᖂಛ‫ܜ‬БѻȞϛȟ

06

ҁ‫ۏ‬ষོԙষߡᅭᙡ‫ܜ‬ᇳȂ‫ܜ‬Бѻনۡᇄ‫ڍ‬Ӫ༱ց ੲΡষӵড়ϛፙրȂȶ࡞џ૖ᎏ‫ڗ‬тঈུమȷȄൂ Ҁᅭឌۢᑘ‫ق‬ᓶኈȆࢥ‫ה‬ᅭᇳȂՌమԒ᠛ᔞ‫ޱ‬஠ᛖ ࣔ‫ސ‬ᙠӵᓞϒϛȂ‫ٮ‬ӵ‫ܜ‬Бѻড়ϛᄂࢊΟ᠛ᔞȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

‫ݛ‬ѐҺԴ཰‫׀‬઱1996Ր‫ޠ‬ႅᄳۤࣆᡋࡈᑉԇࠠන խᗁ೚Ȅ 2010 Ր 10 ѡȂҙᆬљӿᗁ೚ԇ‫ݛۻ‬ѐ Һऎࠠනխ୼ૺ۶Ӏ܎৶ྻѹਯȂయஜሃࠠනխ ཰‫׀‬઱ߞ۶᎘Ȃѽงᐐ‫أ‬ຕ‫ف‬ᐼߋߐᅗȂᅁ಩ࢺ ϳ۶ӀȄࠠනխ཰‫׀‬઱ంЫՐ 5 ѡ 1 џ୓Դࠠනխ ԑᄩ๴ஜ҃ၳऎȶѐႿᆬȷߞ࣋‫ؽܞ‬ཕȂԺըᡚ ᕝࠠනխ஼ਛՉԑൊ༤ȃҔॗᏸࠠ஼ቫՉԑ෯ׄ ൊ༤۶ࠠࣆܹ୼ૺ‫ܡ‬৶Ȅ

ࠠනխߞ۶Ӏ་຀Ȃ࢝᝱഼Ⴥ᎘ֿ‫ڽ‬ᅁ಩ȄӤ‫ݺ‬ ཰‫׀‬઱ߞ࿂ᇑѹ၍ࢥᇯўՑȂѽф֋౭ՑᡚᕝԴ ညԳߞՅԴȂ᎘ֿ੸ϯߞᅭొ۶ᢰَȂ‫ڭ‬Йକ‫ؼ‬ ᢏतኃȂхփׄࠜ཰‫׀‬઱਻‫ࣿݍ‬ஜߞઈ๐ȄՂ‫ލ‬ ٟգంক‫ڰ‬ϯᅔܺઐ࿝཰‫׀‬઱ߞ‫د‬෪Ȃ‫ࢺڤ‬ϳߞ ۶ӀЙྻফᗜࠠනխȄग़কുըంࠠනխଡ଼ֻН ࢢȂࠠනխࣆܹߞ঑ᑉ௟ЂЂҐদȂညԳদྲ൝ ϢаᐼϵӏҞߢȄ


ܹಁжࣨ

4

łŃńඌཤᖂ౩‫ؽ‬ҡࣀᎏដষ‫׳‬ຟ

ᐬσց‫ٳ‬ኄኬϴѧȞ ABC ȟኬю‫ޟ‬ຎᄺ௑ශ൉ቑ Ȯᖂ౩ӵড়ȯߖРඌཤτᖂ౩ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈ‫ؽޟ‬ҡࣀȂೝ ࡾጡቑϚ࿋Ȃȶ຺ю‫ۻ‬ጣȷȄᐃொȂӵቑϛΙᄍȂ ‫׸‬ᅋτᖂ౩ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈ‫ޟ‬τᅋষӵᖂ౩ᒲϴࡉਹΰᇄ‫ظ‬ υȶᙚ໴᙭ߦȷȂ‫؁ࡣٱ‬Ң୽ᄯ᙭ᇐٕᇦ‫٘ޟ‬ᡝȂ ၭբߵ‫ٷ‬ୌᎂӵӴΰȄ೻‫ٲ‬ȶю՝ȷ‫ޟ‬ቑ௑ᎏ‫ڗ‬

Ȯᖂ౩ӵড়ȯႫຜᄠࡎ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ȮᗁನԴਛȞAt Home With Juliaȟȯ࣏ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ ዃያгҦߞ‫ڀ‬ԕც໛ఐ฀Ȃ‫ݺ‬2011Ր9ѡ7џ঵ը ࠪहȂࠑ಩ᗑ‫ڣ‬ᗁನզആ↻ȆԠ‫ݛ‬዇Ȟ Amanda Bishop ჹᆊȟ۶Ձߞ֡࠴฼‫ܒ‬Ȇ୺પฑȞ Phil Lloydჹᆊȟߞ‫ټ‬ϠӠࣿȄᗑ‫ܹࣆڣ‬Ϙԩᚃሼ‫ܡ‬৶ ࠑӯȂ‫࣏ڹ׈‬ც໛ነȂ஼ᅮϵЙᕕ‫ݸ‬ԴԳϯਣӯȄ Դ‫ڹ‬ӡ஼ᅮ੡Ȃ‫ڹ׈‬Ҫ࣏ႏᄦ༟ߕ૯Ȃϵቮ‫ـ‬Јѕ ᚰྕԳ഍ನȄ

ទ੾ሲ‫ڽ‬Ȃც໛ሂߞஇ‫ޱ‬ፁᅁգயᛟșș൙ֹћ ညࣆ੡Ȃ֬Ѽ‫ڭ‬๑ࠑ಩ҁȶᚙ༳ᚬࠥȷߞც໛ነ ያҍȂթࡈᑢԇᑫࣷᗁನ֬Ѽϵ๑᝷֬ᏎჃȂऎ֣ ᑾᑾੋԠ‫ݛ‬዇ҍ‫ڽ‬ሲ‫ڰ‬ȉՂ‫ލ‬཈཈ԯऎԠ‫ݛ‬዇࣏Ѓ ‫ݑ‬Ȃ࣏‫׎‬գ‫ޡ־ݑ‬໛ߞཻᆷȉ֌‫ݺ‬஼ᅮߞயᛟȂ৆ ࣏Ҟѽቅ᛫ᅆ࢞Ȃᑫࣷ஥ܸ㡯գ஼ᅮа֗ҍழȂ् ஼ᅮа֗ȶᚙ༳ᚬࠥȷᕕႍЙᇖᗵ᙮஼ᅮ‫א‬ȉ

5

ҕ፡ᡗҰॷ෫ཱིᆸՌҥຟϷΜԑཱིճ

‫ٳ‬ຜཱིᆸഋ‫ڧ‬ϓႱȃࢇ‫ުۺ‬६ࢇ୛ۢюӈኄኬ೎ ߝ้ॳ‫ݰ‬Ȃϐࠈ৵ѿҕᄇཱིᆸՌҥ‫߬ޟ‬ЖȄॷ෫ σᏰശཱིҕ፡ี౪ȂᩧҕᄇཱིᆸՌҥ‫ޟ‬ᅖཎ࡙݂ᡗ ήແȂҁ֯ຟϷѫԤ 3.4ϷȂШϤএТࠉήແ 0.4 ϷȂ࢐ 04ԑ 11То‫پ‬ശճȄѪΙП७Ȃѿҕᄇ༈

2003ԑਢ‫ཱིޟ‬ᆸՌҥ

ೖҩ፴๖ᄺҰཎყ

ಀӻᐬ୽ོដষ‫ޟ‬ౡ੨‫ܩ‬ᔞȂᆎ‫ܒ‬དྷൟ७ȶхΡ⭱ ЖȷȂ‫؁‬ौࠈ෵নҏኦ๝၎Ⴋຜᇃ‫ޟ‬ၥߜȄᖂ౩ӡ ‫ܜ‬ኈҏΡই࢐ᄇԪ‫ٱ‬ΙરညϞȂծӵ୽ོഖߞོដ ΰȂ߳Ԉࣂ‫ޟ‬ӵഏ୽ড়ឩដষᆋႪ඼੫ࡾюȂႫຜ ᇃ‫ޟ‬ୈ‫຺ູݲ‬Οৠ‫ۻޟע‬ጣȄ

൬‫ޟ‬ᐌᡝϴ߬ΨຟϷࠓӱЀȄ঄ு‫ݧ‬ཎ‫࢐ޟ‬Ȃѿҕ ᇯ࣏༈൬ԤՌ‫ר‬ቷࢥȃӵ‫׳‬ຟϛѵ‫ܖ‬੫ୢࢇ‫ۺ‬ਢԤ ‫ޟנ៫ܚ‬Ш౥ᗶ݂ᡗήແȂծᇯ࣏ԤՌ‫ר‬ቷࢥ‫ޱ‬ϫ ณ࢐кࢺཎَȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

শสЂᐯӔྍु‫ٿ‬঍ᄑຕ‫ލ‬ᢖӯȂ᪦Ӕᅆশสྲᇷ ֋ӤྏۖᆕྍߞѧತȂӤ4ѡԊԢ᝷Ꭰࣤߞ 67.5% ϭফ֌ 58.2%ȇᅆশสྲᇷ֋ӤྏۖЙᆕྍߞѧ ತȂࡋӤ 4ѡԊߞ 13.2%ϯп֌ 20.3%Ȅ 5жऎ ൵୼ߞӀ‫׮‬༓ৃȂӤ 4ѡԊߞ 3.7жϭༀ֌ 3.4 жȄᅆϯϘըҾӔᅆྲᇷ֋Ӥໞжༀ֌ 3.4жȂ࣏ Դ 04Ր 11ѡȄሮऎশสྲᇷཇණ҇Ԋ๴෭‫ڏ‬Ꭲ֋ ӤߞѧತȂࡋӤ4ѡԊߞ 74.9%ϭফ֌ 68%Ȅ

শสྲᇷ֋Ӥߞ຀࢘Ⴕ݀џϭফ֬Ѽ࣏ፁ‫ܠ‬๑ᆷȂ ֭թᇌϭফ࣏գ֣১ԯൄ՘Ȃࡋ᝱ѽ‫ܠ‬ᎢȄৃఀࢽ ҍߞ࣏Ȃ᪦Ӕྲᇷ֋ӤߞሮᝊȂᅁቫϯ࣏ᅆཇණг ࠫϧሮᝊߞϘᇌ‫ظ‬ਡȂ࢝Ժ੡৏‫ྲڹ׈‬ᇷ֋Ӥ࢘࢝ ୼Ȃ࣏֭ණᢜ૿ѻгࠫϧȂгಿሮऎૌहӏఀۖՂ ᅁඡᐱȂϵྻಯӠᅆྲᇷ֋ӤߞᜃᆷȄණᢜԴЂᖖ ᄩЙକ‫ؼ‬ᢏߞࡈ෩ϭȂᕕႍԺంᑘӲ֋‫ڗ‬гࠫϧ຾ јȂۤఀҾӔࠫԇȄ

6

ᆩ๜ၽᔛ၌‫ؚ‬ऋंᜲᚠ

ӵᆩΰ‫ޖޖ‬ၽᔛ൷џо၌‫ؚ‬ऋᏰ୰ᚠȉȮՌณȆ ๖ᄺ‫ڷ‬Ϸυҡ‫ސ‬ᏰȯᚕᇬߖРีߒ፣МᆎȈȮೖ ҩ፴‫׷‬᠒ၽᔛ‫ޖ‬ড়තҰΙᆍ൐Ϸυଛᙽᓃ੾ࢳೖҩ 㣨‫ޟ‬වᡝ๖ᄺȯȄМϛඪ‫ޟڗ‬ೖҩ፴‫׷‬᠒ၽᔛӪ࣏ FolditȂ࢐छ୽๼౾ႳσᏰं‫ـ‬Ρষ໠ี‫ޟ‬Ι෡‫ڎ‬

ԤᐨࠔऋᏰՓி‫ޟ‬ᆩ๜ၽᔛȄ๼౾ႳσᏰं‫ـ‬Ρ ষ‫װ‬ೖҩ፴೩࣏Ҭ኿ȂܹΣFolditၽᔛϛȄ‫ؠ‬ႆӻ δȂ൷Ԥ‫ޖ‬ড়‫ײ‬юΟџ૖‫ੋޟ‬அሖಢ၆ПԒȄ๼౾ ႳσᏰं‫ـ‬ΡষᓍϞᄇၽᔛ‫ޖ‬ড়๝ю‫ޟ‬๖‫໌ݎ‬՗Ο ᡛᜌȂี౪೻এ‫ޖ‬ю‫ޟ‬๖‫ྥ࢐ݎ‬ጂ‫ޟ‬Ȅ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

թըജ૔ႋຕᅹߞകӨᎳԩऎM-PMVȂ࣏Ϙᇌሃ ๚᝷֓ไઽઽࣲգᝯߞകӨᎳȄॊुϠ৶Ϙߡٟ କణ‫ށ‬ҹߞ‫ۍ‬ᢜຕᅹȄകӨᎳ࣏Ӥઊ௄ቕжЄ‫ה‬። ‫ݑ‬వԕ‫؛ݙ‬՘ȂहᏐઊ௄ቕร௄ߞ⠵௄۶ઊ௄഼ Ⴥ㥈ᘣാతԴϘ୓ȄകӨᎳ࣏ԳಧϯӠߏᢜКߞ Ӆঋೡ՘՘жȂணሃϞ೟४Ӡ‫ࣿۻ‬ஜߞُϘৎ་ ຀Ȅ1949ՐȂӄჩ዇‫ֹڧ‬Ȇ੹੾঵ըӒፁԳเ‫ܠ‬ Ϟ଍ਫ૵ߞઊ௄ቕؔԕȂ‫ڭ‬ᢚᝋϞകӨᎳ࣏Ӥઊ௄ ቕ‫؛ݙ‬՘ߞ።‫ݑ‬ԺᇸᢜȄ

ᇨປႼᕚ࣏ധԺᐯӠਛࠜᔝ๭ߞ‫֘ތ‬Ȃਛࠜে݀݀ ᅆࢅЄٕ࿡ᇨປႼᕚྏۖ๑‫܉‬Ȅ‫ێ‬ᅁȂᇨປႼᕚϵ գӒবྍ၍ȂѧՂഺ౧ྲᇷ‫ݙ‬ሲߞႋٙॊुயᛟȄ ࠸႖ሲȂ࣏ࠛЄᗁକ๴ԍߞȂฅ၃ߞѵध঵නѧ ᆬȆሏଲȂබ࣏ԯऎԴ֋ਛ‫ژ‬਱㡯ЙசӒ྽ȂЖᄁ ྮҍྋഹгҦȄփ๴‫ށ‬ТᗑᇨߞϠȂᑂሲ൵ࠐߞӫ ߞҪౕ࣏ؓఠۘጁϭឤЄᑵѪߞ࿢࢘ȄُৎࢅЄൌ գ֋ЎߞчᎬȂ‫ݕ‬ധҪ࣏‫ݸ‬ᓾϞԳўȄ

07


ዥᘈடᚠ

ԻԑٚҼ Ϟ ८‫ڼ‬ӑ੨ ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬՘ґ‫୓ݾޠݺ‬၍Ȃ֭Դ‫୓ݾޠ‬၍Нࡈߞϩ Ր㡯Ȃԧᇌভ‫ۻ‬ᄥᢜೡᚐߞЂЈ‫ޠ‬ႅ୓၍ԺЂዴϩ ըȄഺ‫୓ڱ‬၍ࣿஜᘵ๒ٟգᖔఀ൵ࢢߞ՘ґȂࡒӇ ᕝ౻ࣆܹߞ೚޼Ȃऎࢢ‫߰ڽ‬෩‫ڻ‬Ϟភ໳ߞ၃ᢚȄԴ ഺ‫୓ڱ‬၍ࣿஜКȂऎዴಿԺߞভ‫ۻ‬၍ЀऎϞನྐ‫ݦ‬ ౢϘзȂत֌ឥҍӠ‫ۻ‬Ȅ

1906Ր࣋ȂԢဖྻँቋྻ৶ኒႽϘȃ፽೜ࡑຈం џӎ԰ุۖࡑȂᗑປࣸկྻȂࢆཇԢဖྻᇩታȂፁ ‫ܠ‬Ϟկ֘ຶ༏ȃุࡑᙱ༧ȃ៕ൗϬ഍Ԣ੡๴ஜ୓ ၍Ȃຶ༏ўবѽՉ࿚࿮ឩឩЍዴϼϠऎѹϧȄ 12 ѡࠐ୓၍᜕๴ȂԧႮ୓၍ক჆ֶࠢࠕවᒩȂԴවч а֫ታ൫ӮȃћਛҾȃϯ੷ҾຈদঋҾᛉȂయᗝࣸ կྻ঵ታ᡺࣋ҭऎ୓၍কൌရȂ๴ֶȮКົ஼Ӕ ক୓၍ᕬћȯȄ୓၍কᗏཕજЂȄ౻ࣆܹᎠ༰ึȃ ᢴȃ།фկᄾȞЫࡑ‫ڴ‬ȟዴေক༤ᛉᕅȂ୓၍কҵ ీȂኒႽϘຈժ᝱Ȃ‫ق‬ᖊ۶ຈୟϸȄ 1907 Ր 7 ѡ 6 џȂԍ෇ྻߞ਷ᔁᢢԴՉᕔՉዉ୓ ၍Ȅ਷ᔁᢢ੡ԇՉᕔ‫់ڟ‬഍ྻᓱ৘‫់ڟ‬ᐯ௅ᆾရȂ

ऍዮ

1875.11.8 ș 1907.7.15

Դಲ྽‫ۏ‬ᚃညч‫ە‬౭Չᕔ‫ڟ‬ዬਾቛȂ๒ࢢತᐯӠ কȂാԢ൘ֱӀຈሃ౻কᐼ୽ȂᑬᐼұЈ੡ࢢᄿЙ ዲಿᐼీȂ਷ᔁᢢȃ൘ֱӀȃ୺‫ܟ‬ᆔຈജ੏ࢢജ഍ ժȄौጭӺԯփ‫ۦ‬ಝാജై঵Ȅ

1911Ր4ѡ27џȂК஼ԢဖྻԴዃՍ๴ஜߞх౻ ‫ޠ‬ႅ୓၍ཀࠅ௯୓၍Ȟϫᇍȶ‫ڙ‬ӻዃՍ୓၍ȷȟ᜕ ๴Ȅ 1910 Ր 11 ѡ 13 џȂਗКЋԴᙠྼᕎ૪௜៉ ‫ܠ‬ዃՍ୓၍঍ᄑȄ 1911 Ր 1 ѡȂཀᒸȃቀᗏຈԴ শส՘Ӳ೚ឯൊȄ4ѡ27џȂཀᒸತ෷ժ༤་‫ؽ‬ዃ Ս‫ی‬ዃᗁရၿࠝȂሃ౻কᑬᐼϘ్‫܆‬ȂԯཋϸჅ Ђଡ଼ࡒȄўᗏࣽຈ100᏶Ϡ᠁गȂ‫ޒ‬ះӔȃඔை৖ ຈ29Ϡജ੏බ၍Ȅ‫ࢢڰ‬՜ᕶᓷᔩ72‫ݺۍ‬ዃՍཀࠅ ௯Ȃҫᇍȶཀࠅ௯ϛϩϟધЀȷȄ Դഺ‫ڱ‬ভ‫ࣿۻ‬ஜКឥ‫ߞڗ‬ኒᔖ௸ȃ਷ᔁᢢȃौጭȃ ‫ޒ‬ះӔȂѽфϼϼေေߢԩ۶ЙߢԩߞધЀȂሃᓐ ೀऻۖভ‫ۻ‬՘ґߞཀᒸຈϠϘዹȂ࣏‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ߞۻ‬ർ ‫߰׀‬ȄԴЫчᅆ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬Ϙպ༉Րߞ॔݇ࣿஜ㡯Ȃ ҁেϵ࣏ЙҞ૿ਯߞѹ‫ڎ‬Ȅ

К஼ࠕ҃Ӕѹভ‫ۻ‬ ਛȄધЀȄՄᙹ০Ȃ ၳឮ༯Ȃ‫־‬၌ᡦุ Ѓ࠯Ȅ১ឱકկЋ ൚ᒩȞЫ೜ᒸᒩȟȄ ҍӠ‫ݺ‬ᇊ࢙྇ࠝϘ ҀࢇϠਛȄ 1896 Ր ‫܇‬ѭӓН‫ཹۻ‬ຜุࡑ ึ༏න஥ѳ㈥֊Н Єѳ‫༘ؗ‬Ȅ 1899 Ր ۖҔ‫ڴ‬Ȅ1904Ր6ѡ28џȂ୸‫ڗ‬঒џӎ઻ᐯȄ ᒕ࿂ணҐ઻џᐯӠߞভ‫ࣿۻ‬ஜȂԐࢢሃᐆ‫ڝ‬ȃ൜ ՘ൢȃ؇ిХȃ֣শᐖຈϠຕᝊȂ‫ڭ‬ሃ൘ᙜࠆϘ ୓Ȃೡᚐȶᅁ֖ԒྑྻȷȂ‫ێڹڭ‬՘ऎ઻џᐯध ་֖ྑ஼ࣿஜߞѹঋϧ༓Ȅࢢ԰஼Ȃ‫ڭ‬၃਷ᔁᢢ Ь೜ҐϢϞԍ෇ྻȄ1905Ր7ѡȂԓ࢘঒џȂϢ ࠦЋᅁᎹЃ੭ᐯ೫Ȅ၃༾֋ӤЬ೜ȂҐϢК஼Ԣ ဖྻȂ‫ڭ‬ജయऎકկѹဖϠȄ1906Ր11ѡȂऎ хᅆџӎۤፙ઻ᐯӠփᙩ஼ȂԴϯઔឯᓱȮК஼ ЃඡȯȂ‫ݺڭ‬1907Ր1ѡ14џӒՑ൹ҏȂ෩্ ЃᡋȂࢆཇভ‫ۻ‬Ȅ1907Րతԇ೜ᒸЂ഼ਰፑᐯ ௅ရᓱȞ‫׈‬੭ࠜȟᚚசȄ ᗑປࠛົȃ᠋࿨ຈԳ ྻ៨Ȃೡᚐԍ෇কȂሃ਷ᔁᢢжᔝ࿤൯๵ક‫ی‬ष ୓၍Ȅ7ѡ਷ᔁᢢ‫ە‬౭ਾቛȂ୓၍ҵీȂ౻ࣆܹ ๴ះ๵ક༡ߞᗑᜭȂँক༤ҒඛЂ഼ᐯ௅Ȃ7ѡ 13џȂജ౻ࣆܹ༇੏Ȃ15џȂබ၍‫ݺ‬೜ᒸ୕ࠩ ϾȂՐ཈32࿐Ȅ

ٚҼ८‫ڼ‬ΙԻ໊ԑ‫ف‬Ӗक‫܈‬டᒮ 2011Ր࣏‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬Ϙպ༉ՐȂѵधԧԳߞົϠົᄋൌѽԧᇌўՑዉૡ۶॔݇ഺϘஈЂߞᑢҫ‫ڰ‬ԆȄ ȮԢႮϠȯᛔራయҍ‫ڀ‬ԕ॔݇௞ᓭȂѽᄦћ‫ߞॷڭ‬ўՑȂԨᡝ߰ਣӯ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ࢢࢢࡈࡈߞۻ‬Ȃऎԑಧߞ ॔݇ࣿஜׄᒸȄ Ԣ੡ȂӺգ௞ਛᐯ߰ዤћȂᅰ᎘‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ᅆК஼ᑢҫȃѵधົϠӠࣿН዆ᠩȄȮԢႮϠȯᛔ ራ഼ౕؓჅҏ๳ഺ‫ࡡ֯ڱ‬ȂѽԧৎЙԢߞ໛‫ڎ‬ᗾগЫџົϠᅆ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ߞۻ‬ሮᝊȂ҄ᡝ߰Ҟѽ Ժў֜኶໛‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ԴົϠѵधߞྍ၍Ȅᡝ߰Ղᅆ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬գᑾۖߞऻ‫ޱ‬ȂӺᡌࠓ‫ظ‬ፇȄ Ȟ‫ڽ‬ፇ᎛ც༎֌sameway@gmail.com.auȟ

୉σٚҼ८‫ޟڼ‬ᐣѬІࡦȞΠȟ

༁߆ரଔဎϛೝਐ൷ဎ‫ݓޟ‬ឈҕ

‫ؙ‬ᔖ‫ݎ‬

֯ऎညՐߞࢥྐߋᎢȂ‫ا‬ѽऎ༟‫࣏ܕ‬༰КԴК஼ۖܺᕕႍ࣏ȶ‫ډؼ‬ȷᘘ࣏ȶ ভ‫ۻ‬ȷȂᇦత຾බ๴ਣऎভ‫ܺۖۻ‬ᕕࠚӡȶॻ஼Ց‫ז‬ѹӲᐳȷᘘ࣏ȶग़஼Ց ӔѹӲᐳȷഺ‫ڱ‬ੲӎயᛟϯȄԴഺ㡯ȂਗКЋ֋‫֌ܕ‬ೣ࣏૭Դȶग़஼ՑӔѹ Ӳᐳȷߞȶভ‫ۻ‬ȷӲඞȂփ૭Դȶ‫ډؼ‬ȷ۶ȶॻ஼Ց‫ז‬ѹӲᐳȷўবߞࢥྐ ध҃ࠑᕕႍ࣏ទ᎑ȃ௵գऎȃౖు໹ຈϠȄ

ϙȂ߁‫ݺ‬Ѵ߰௟๴‫ݺ‬ϚȄऎЫН঍Ȃறࢧంి‫ڈ‬ϯ຾јȂ௷වുᆙ‫ྲـ‬ϵȄ ȷփਗКЋࡋຈЙфϞȂҁߞऻ‫࣏ޱ‬Ȃȶ࠶ޫН౻ȂϠӠව֣ȉȷȈȶ‫ا‬ে К஼ߞࡈ൉Ղ৒ᠠႮȷȂঋӡ൵Ԑ་ߞȂȶঋం୼‫ߞܥ‬ϭјȂေംۤ‫ޱ‬Ѽ КȷȄϵබ࣏ࢷ൵Ԑ་ߞग़஼ዹЄ‫ڽ‬ȂЙঋԓ‫ݳ‬Ϙৎ‫ז‬ѹӲᐳߞ‫؍‬ѐȂබᄊ Йӡ୼ᠠփӡց๕ሐ٠ᑟ‫ڤژ‬ዹȄ

ࠜงѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ا‬েߞᑢҫ੩ᗁ࣏ిᐱ‫ا‬েȂϲȶভ‫ۻ‬ȷर࣏ՀߞȂȶ‫ډؼ‬ȷൌ ࣏᛼ߞȂ֌‫ݺ‬ȶ࠲ऱȷȂࡋ‫៳ـ‬Ђ୚ЙႽȄ‫ێ‬ᅁഺ㡯ՅԴ࿂ЂߞᚱሱȄԴ թȂ‫ا‬ҪྐᚎರԳԕҍညՐࢥྐ૾ߋߞ௄ӎж‫ޡ‬ᙇȂѽ࠮‫اݺ‬েஇҍӒፁߞ ໞֿȄᚎ‫ڏ‬НȂ‫࣏ޱྐߞँډؼ‬ȈК஼Ӕขӏ༟Ȃ໶๒ం‫ڰ‬ዷϧভ‫ۻ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬ຕ ‫ލ‬බ࣏Ычߞജᕅঝ߰՘Ϟ‫ށ‬чߞᕅঝ߰Ȃ෈ᖖ݀෇๑ԃ๑ѤȄӡទ᎑ߞ႖ ‫ڽ‬ሲȂබ࣏ȶК஼ӔࡡНԚȂӔขН۟Ȃ‫׈‬գ‫ؼ‬ভȂਚН୵‫ݺ‬ӥ߰௟‫ݺڍ‬

ЫчऻऻȂᎡ࣏Ꭱࠧ۸ȉᕕႍሲൌգႽನȄਗКЋߞྐ‫࣏ޱ‬ЙକԓຈϞȂԓຈ ϭҝК஼ൌജԕ௻ӝж؆ϞȂഺሲߞߞፁ࣏‫ڰ‬ᅁȄ๒փ‫ँډؼ‬Ϝ֌‫࠲ݺ‬ऱँߞ ᣍᙇ֬Ѽऻϯҝ‫ـ‬գႽನ‫ڱ‬ȈಲൣȂϟϩѵ॔ࡈϩՐ౻จߞȶྲࣆȷȂ‫ێ‬༟ ‫ݸ‬ȃӔѹН຀࢘҄ЫџНЂ൙К஼ϵᘘቈቈӏକႿۖȇಲൣȂ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬НࢢȂ К஼࣏Ӳ‫ے‬බ൝ϢϘѯকቧ಄ᐼНКȂంթж໘ۤ҃Ϟ೚ϘߞК஼Ȃߡ֌Ы чȇಲൣȂ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬НࢢȂᘵ๒ቁ‫ڕ‬Ϟԩ၍ϯߞȶऱ࢓ȷȂ֭ࢢ‫ߞڽ‬ȶᗁ೚ȷ

08


৸ᓂᡣ 1873ɯ1907 કկ೜ᒸϠȂ 1904 ՐҐϢԍ෇ྻȂըՐ൹ᓱ Ђ഼ᐯ௅Ȃ୊ፚྻ៨୻྅ȂฅԇՉᕔ൙কЈᐯ ௅ᆾရȃ‫់ڟ‬ᐯ௅ྻᓱȂѽԪ‫ڗޱ‬Ԋ་֖ভ‫ۻ‬ ࣿஜ‫ڭ‬࿤൯ક๵୓၍Ȅ1907Ր7ѡȂԯ‫ڰ‬ജᅅ ះȂৗ࠳ᗝ၍Ȃᆀ౭‫ڟ‬ዬਾቛȂೣԯᄿЙዲಿ ജ੏Ȃॻࡌබ၍Ȅ

༁߆ரଔဎϛೝਐ‫ޟ‬८‫סڼ‬ρ

ቓᓗஹ 1875-1911 ১ԩঐϘȂՄᔖ௸ȄุҔጕկϠȄ՝ՐԴ‫ݾޠ‬ ҐϢุҔྲকȄࢢѽᑉԇग़஼ిྻᏦඡ࢈џߢ ྻҦನऎప᠕Ȃ঎ᘉভ‫ۻ‬੩ҏȂೡᚐᆊᗾȂࢆ ཇভ‫ۻ‬Ȅ 1906 Րѹࢺ൹Ӳভ‫ۻ‬ᄥᢜџߢྻȂ ՘ऎѹঋታᐱϠȄࢢജࡔਵር‫ט‬Ȃ‫ ݺ‬1907 Ր ജ੏Ȅജֿ഍ӖቈᆾူࢢȂҁЪԴᆯКிࢺᡝ ੩ȂᄥຕᆯуȂ‫ڭ‬ѽȶᠠ֕কȷԩ၍ం‫ڰ‬ভ‫ۻ‬ ࣿஜȄ1911Րԯ൯‫ۦ‬ቖԖȂ⟗ᕧᆯКȄ

༁߆ரଔဎϛ൷ဎ‫ޟ‬੨ρᒸᡝ

༁ᑹ 1874ɯ1916 ุࡑْࠜϠȂК஼ࠕ҃Ⴄಯ༥ૺӔѹভ‫ۻ‬ਛȃ ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ЮᐙȄཀᒸሃ؇ిХຈ൹࢙ົᒸྻȂ ࢢຕᝊਗКЋԒԢ՘ӲК஼ԢဖྻȄԐࢢࢽ ෭‫ݕ‬ணሃย‫୓ڨ‬၍ȃཀࠅ௯୓၍ຈԺը‫ޠ‬ႅ୓ ၍Ȅฅᑉԇ‫୓ݾޠ‬၍ভ‫ۻ‬কᐼ੡ᗁҦ҄ȃࡑ‫ڴ‬ ᗜ੡ࣆܹ൙কᗁࠜ৘ணᓖᗁࠜຈᚚȄ 1916 Ր 10ѡઽീȄ

ኄԎ༁߆ரϴ༪ϱΜΪΠ੨ρकђ֫

ጡ‫ࡸޱ‬Ȉ֯߰٘ᕕ‫ލ‬ԐӠȂ১ࡑ‫ڴ‬Ђᐯћм၃ᕻु‫ࠜݙݙٿ‬ȃిఱȃൾЀӠ ᐱਰȂࠜงం‫ڰ‬዆໛ћᐯȃћᐯሃॊᐯѽфઔҳົϠћᐯु‫ٿ‬Ȅ

ϵՀȂȶѹਯȷϵՀȂᘵ෱Ϟᔝ቟Ȃ֭ࡒஇߞѧऱ࢓ᘘ‫ـ‬ᄊৎऱ࢓ȇಲൣȂ‫ڙ‬ ӻভ‫࣏ۻ‬Ӈ༟ϞȶጝԺ‫ߞݛ‬ᠲ಼ȷȂԴকቧ಄ᐼȃӔЙ೭ӠНКȂ᎚ӠϞӲ‫ؠ‬ ࣀాК஼ߞԒಯ៨Ȃ༟‫ܕ‬Ⴌ஼Ӕ៨‫߷ڭ‬ᐼ୽ȂѽࢢऎϞ௟‫ڽ‬ᗁକֿ౻࣏ࠧߞ১ ԯ‫ܧ‬๒බТहӇ୓‫ڽ‬ϞȂ஼Ӕ៨ȶཏ৥ȷჀఀԒಯ៨ੋ୓‫ޠ‬ᐡȇಲൣȂՂ‫ލ‬ٟ գ஼ԒаᐼಯӠߞһЂаଈȂࢢ‫ߞڽ‬џӎ୿ЄϵӏӅգഺৎᗙ༓ࠬರК஼Ȃϵ ӏӅྻգഺඞᜈѵࢺϳߞᅝધߞ‫ة‬џᐼߋȇಲൣȌȌϘз‫׮‬Ղទ᎑ҁে‫ݙ‬ჰ‫ڍ‬ ߞ‫ڤ‬ዹ๴ӠϞȄഺኃሲ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫୵ۻ‬Ϟϯব෩ۖߞգনߞවৎ՘‫ލ‬НҳȂ᝱ Ⴝҹૌ࣏ҵీϞཛྷȉ‫ڤ‬ኃЫч॔݇ҹᘘգЦኃྍࢥ۸ȉ ሲӨϞȂညՐভ‫ँۻ‬ሃ‫ߋߞँډؼ‬ᎢН‫ݙ‬ѽൌ‫ۍ‬գૌನ‫ݑ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁ࣏෬ӯϞϘ ৎទਧߞ‫ڰ‬ᅁȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏ညՐߞᆕ౻К஼ȂЏ഍Դ൵෋Ԛߞȶ‫᝱ی‬ᓴᑄȷН КȂ་ϵϸȂଡ଼ϵϸȂ๑ంᓴᑄබ࣏ҹߞறϘᓴᑄȄ‫ڙ࣏ݺ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬ೣ‫ݺ‬Դ౧

ԆЙ՘ጢߞఐ޶ϭȂЙѽϠেྍ‫ؠ‬ऎᚼೊԳ᜕๴ϞȄҹᄊϘৎ՝ಯ‫ۊ‬ȂӅ๒ Գ௲գԐчߞ૿൝Ȃࢢ҃ϠЙᕕѽթᅆҹԺ֯ॳയȄҹߞஈЂྍ၍୵Ϟϯব ෩ۖߞ‫ڱڤ‬Ȃϵധ‫ـ‬দঋߞኊৃᘘՅԴ‫ڰݺ‬Ԇߞӎ‫ڗ‬НҳȄ ಩҃ߏನᐯ‫ט‬໦‫ا‬েȂऎϞ෬ӯՆ‫ߞܣ‬ӎᎳȂϠেӅ༷ሦൄ௻Ђஜϧߞ௻ ЄᅆዠᑟȂ഼Ⴥ௲ცᛓЄߞᅆዠȂ‫د‬ೕЄዠ՘ဤѯȂԓ഼Ⴥᅆഺ‫ڱ‬ဤѯߞ ੏੓Ȃ෬ӯ১ЄѵधϜ֌ᑋৎՆ‫ླྀߞܣ‬૪Ȅ‫ڙ‬ӻভ‫ۻ‬๑ᆷ࣏К஼ᑢҫϯ೐Ϙ ըᅆවϼՐ‫ތߞ࡭ۏ‬ўࢋ࢙௞ۘ࡭ߞК஼኉Њߤྻࠚӡ಩҃֋ӤӔѹߞ௻Ђ ೕЄࣹ๴ஜߞϘըЂዠᕝȊԴҹᢘч໘Գߞԍକ៖‫ݸ‬НКȂҹߞፁಯӠϞဤ ѯȂ‫ڭ‬ѷജҩϘ֜чЖф੡੏੓ۖϞȄ ഺ֜чЖබ࣏ᐆ‫ڝ‬Ȅҹᘵ๒ٟգ‫ۖر‬ȶϯ࢓ೕЄؓ੾෻ट֒ЄȷȂ֭ҁࡒ੏ ੓ۖϞϘৎဤѯȂҹබҨஇȶࠠQȷȄ

09


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ᐬࢸώឩដষ‫ڷ‬ώឩσ‫ٻ‬ᚖᚖೝࡾȶᕀҢώོϴ෡ȷ

ώឩᇄώོȈฒ‫ל‬औጣ ࢐֏၎ਢঐఉᘞΟȉ ћ/ ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ/ Wikipedia

ശߖΙࢲਢРȂᐬࢸࢇᏫΰᏃு‫ݴݴ‬පප‫ٱޟ‬Ӈ։ᖒ٤ώឩដষ෽‫ිۓ‬Ȟ Craig

Thomsonȟ‫ڷ‬ώឩσ‫ࡄٻ‬ཇිȞMichael WilliamsonȟΠΡೝࡾങȶᕀȷҢώོ߬ Ңњ‫ڷ‬ȶᇲȷҢώོၥߜȄ‫ٱ‬ӇีҡࡣȂӡ‫ܜ‬ኈࢇ‫ۺ‬ୈюΟᄂ፴ΰᅸխȶѓ‫ז‬ȷΠΡ‫ޟ‬ ӱᔖȂϚᅖܻࢇ‫ِۺ‬՗‫ޟ‬ᚂᕛ݈୛ώོȞHSUȟၿࡇշಳᚔߝ෈о‫پ‬ӣᖒ٤ώឩϞ໢ ‫ޟ‬Лࡻᜰ߽Ȃ஠ᗟᡶΟ࡞ߝΙࢲਢ෈‫ޟ‬ώོӣώឩϞ໢࢐֏ᔖ၎᝷៉ᆰࡻ༈ಛЛࡻዖೣ ӣኺ٘೎ᗠᆸϞϛ‫ޟ‬ώឩσ‫ٻ‬ȞMichael Williamsonȟ

ࠌ‫ޟ‬ၗᚠӔ࡙ᘛΰΟ៝፣ൟȄ ΙᗻՂჃࡍᚽΟΙᗧ๔ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨៉৶฼‫ܒ‬ฑ80Ր҃ӐҐϢԑ஼ᛁᖚ ‫އ‬சЍྻȂ2002Րജԇ‫ۻ‬ऎЍྻߞԑ஼૪੩ ࠜȇ 2007 ՐȂ฼‫ܒ‬ฑ՘ऎЍ៨ Dobell ஡৏ᓴϠ ‫ڭ‬՘ґᖔᓴȂ2010Րാԇȇҁᘘฅ࣏៉୰аԺৎ ܎৶ྻ՘৶Ȃ‫࣏ـ‬၃ᕻ‫ڰ‬ச܎৶ྻߞѹਯȄ ᑂᑫණඡᐱȂ฼‫ܒ‬ฑ 2007 Րంᛁᖚ‫އ‬சЍྻԑ ஼૪੩ࠜϘᚚۢԇࢢȂ‫ێ‬ាԇ߰൰ֹฑȞ Kathy Jackson ȟࠑӯЍྻԴНࢢߞ୑ச᎑੮КȂ๴಩ ฼‫ܒ‬ฑԇᚚง༡գԺ‫ܟ‬Ҟᆷӹ‫ݽ‬Ȃᢖӯգ੗ӡг ภߞҞକ‫ݑ‬ȂႾԨгӀЍ֯܎৶ྻ‫ظ‬໦Ȃ‫ڭ‬ঋِ ់ўЬϢᎠࣤȄ‫ࢢێ‬Ȃ 2009 ՐȂ໱‫ޱ‬෻ཇණ༰ ᄥϭᘑߞȮఉҺ౐ᏡඡȯԴညՐ࢘ߞዴፔहᝯඡ ᐱКࢽҍȂ฼‫ܒ‬ฑԴҍԇ૪੩ࠜߞ 2002-07 Ր ༡ȂЙ֭ంЍྻ‫ݙ‬๴ߞ‫ࠫ௺ی‬ӡҙႆ෩ۤ໹Ⴥ 10 ေЮ಩ࠛภ༵Ȃ‫׀ـ‬ӡЍྻࠫӡҙњѾϞ 4 ေЮ ᓴᗝ໱ӡȞᆷҞକჁхᓴᗝ౧‫ڼ‬ȟȂѽфዴϼЮ ߞ‫׿ݢ‬໱ӡȄ฼‫ܒ‬ฑည੡Դత‫ۦ‬ണய੡‫ܠ׎‬Ϟഺ ϘзȂᔌࢢȂ෗೧՘ࢤߞҁ‫୓࣏ـ‬໦ȮఉҺ౐Ꮱ ඡȯᎥᗼȄᘵ๒ЫՐ 6 ѡȂႍ໦ഩཇԯജ‫ט‬ў෪ գЂ༓ૌᅁᝋᑂփജᅣᏚȂ֭฼‫ܒ‬ฑЪѣϭࢠਰ ໱ȃ௅໱ф۶ႋᎪᔺࠛຈ໦ഩ໱ӡॗ୼Ⴟ 9 ေ֌ 15ေЙຈȂᜓᗜ૔ಯ᝝፡Ȅ ੲᑂᑫࣷᐳ‫ޱ‬ഢ‫ܠ‬Ȃ฼‫ܒ‬ฑՂॶӦ᎛૔ಯȂ࠮ྻ ҵҝ៉৶Ⴄ੾Ȃ‫׈‬੡ҵҝ៉ਯȂփҁ‫ߞࠑ҃ݙ‬ Dobell ஡ྻদྲᓴҍྲߞ៉৶Ȃ֭Ӥ‫ ݺ‬Dobell ‫ࠧڭ‬Ѝ៨ཇ೚ᓴ஡Ȃᓴᗝຕ‫ލ‬ϘԨ᝱ѽ֤঍Ȅԯ թȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇‫ݙ‬ታᐱߞᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ࣆܹജჀሃ฼‫ܒ‬ฑ ་֖ᇦࢧ‫۝‬஥Ȅऎ࠲ԑேࣆᡋȂЍ៨ࣆܹЫՐ 5 ѡ‫ء‬๭ٙ‫ܠ‬ऎ฼‫ܒ‬ฑ҃Ѿ໦ഩ໱ӡȄ֌ 8 ѡȂ҃ Ѿ໱ӡϘ‫ڰ‬ജ֋Ӥ஼ਛᗑဖ៨๴಩ȄᐐᇒЍ៨թ ᗝ‫ڭ‬ӏჁхᓴᗝഢ‫ڼ‬Ȃ֭ੲᑂᑫࣷᐳ‫ޱ‬Ȃ៉৶Ղ ॶԯऎᚚசᝯ࠼փᖔ‫׀‬ȂӅ༷Ԩգᝯည؊இҍӦ ඡȂ๒฼‫ܒ‬ฑࡒϘߡ‫ ֌ݳ‬8 ѡ 16 џȞ 3 ৎѡࢢȟ ജᜉԍࢢЖႃඡȂԓ࢘є୓гಿᝯަȄ୫ᅆթȂ хᅆ៨ാџ‫ڽ‬Ϙߡऔ᠛ЙᙝȂ‫ڭ‬෩ҍ៉੯ঋِ฼ ‫ܒ‬ฑత‫ྻ៉ۦ‬ᎠࣤȂࡒᏎۖᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇ѽЍ៨៉ ྻಿዴхᅆ៉੯ȄԠ‫ݛ‬዇ഝ᠕฼‫ܒ‬ฑ‫ڭ‬х᠜Ȉȶ ҁЙ࣏ഺ୰КறϘႏჅᓵ๳ୃߞϠȄȷ‫ࢽـ‬хᅆ

10

៨գᛕদዾ࿤НཻȂ෩ҍᗑဖ៨ண៉৶໱ؓᆬ ȞMary Jo Fisherȟ՝ࡈജఠஏᢄࡒٟգత‫៉ۦ‬ ྻயୈȂѽթᚣϾ‫ڽ‬ᕒׄ฼‫ܒ‬ฑୟᘖԴ஼ྻജည ಿᎳᆷߞᕌ؉Ȅ Ԣ੡Ȃᔌ຾់ўȞ૸ष৶់ЏനӲԩऎ ȶ Carnarvon ȷߞ௞੯ೡȟᎠࣤԳಎϢਣ༟Ȃ ‫ـ‬๴಩ಝઘ‫ێ‬КߞЙ཈཈࣏฼‫ܒ‬ฑȂᘘգЍ៨Ђ ‫ں‬ȃԑ஼ே܎৶՘৶ȃᛁᖚЍྻ૸ष঑യϠࢃ྆ ฑȞMichael WilliamsonȟȄᑫණඡᐱᑂЍྻ୼ ‫ܡ‬൅ᠨȈȶྲՍᓱг࢈Ж࣏‫ݙ‬գࠛᓿ۶૪௜ߞྉ ༰Н‫ݙ‬Ȅȷ‫׈‬Ѝྻ՘৶ᕿӡгภߞћмԴྲՍж њԢዹՅԴȄ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯȂ฼‫ܒ‬ฑ֋Ўϵ࣏ంྲՍњ ൊҍᔝߞ‫ڭ‬ϘߡԢњൊߞ঑യϠࢃ྆ฑ࠲ࢺ຾௜ зߞᝯ࠼ȄթҳȂգઐਿᇍȂԴ൵ࠐߞᎠࣤჅ຀ КȂࢃ྆ฑϘߡൌౕؓ௟฼‫ܒ‬ฑߞઘཻᕿӡгภ யᛟনۘԴгӀЍ֯܎৶ྻߞᎠࣤፑඛаȂٟਫ਼ ۖȂᖮЄϘϭ῅ϯϞчȄবᅆ‫ی‬ԩཻᆷ߰‫ݡ‬Йሮ ᓾߞᅗ࢘۶Ԡ‫ݛ‬዇Ѝ៨ࣆܹϘۧҒؕߞஇ‫ޱ‬Ȃऎ Ϟᇯ᠕֋‫ࠫߞڗ‬᠖Ȃᛁᖚ‫އ‬சЍྻȞ HSU ȟႾࢆ ֶೲᛓࠜงѽ‫ڽ‬Ԣᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨Н༡ߞњࢺᝯ࠼Ȃᅔ ܺٙ໘ࢢ૭ۖϞҦ‫ڀޱ‬೚ߞϘ᝝Ȅ

٘ഞϴ෡‫׀ܣ‬ᗠᆸ‫ޟ‬ᖒ٤ώἑដষȞCraig Thomsonȟ

ώོᇄώឩȈ࢐ਢঐ၎ϷၾපᡓΟ ᎘фЍྻ۶Ѝ៨ߞᝯ࠼ȂබЙఀЙ෩фϟ߰ߞ୓ ࿚ȄЍྻ۶Ѝ៨ȞգᇍߤྻӔѹ៨ȟȂ൵՝‫ܕ׮‬ ‫ॻݺ‬஼Ѝ྽ভ‫ۻ‬Ȃည੡ߞЍϠ༥ኸԴᗟѪЍႤȃ Ѝ֯ᖖᄩ۶ߤྻ࢞Ⴣຈўব‫׮‬഍‫ܺݺ‬ኸȂඏৎߞ ജ༱ང߰๑ϧᅆ‫ة‬௻ཕߞ༱ѹȂంփє๴Ѝ጗Ȃ ֌ЍྻϜ֌ԑ஼‫ݑ‬ЍϠ೚ϘೡᚐЍᗑߞ᎚ӠȄᔌ ຾ߤྻߞ๴ਣ۶་َȂᅙᅙԳЍϠ༥ૺգϞணሃ ࣆ޼ȂࠑႿ֋‫ྍߞا‬᝸ȂўൄබϞЍ៨Ȃ‫ێ‬КЍ ៨ߞ៨৶ѹঋ‫֋ڽ‬ЍྻȃԪ֯ߤೡᚐ۶ߤྻѹ၍ ᄥᢜȂԯթȂࠜงѽ‫ڽ‬ȂЍ៨ജऻ՘࣏ൻЍ༥ኸ ߞ҃ࠑȂࣆ޼ཉԨϯ݀݀ஐҽȂԢЍྻգ຾஗Й ᙝನᘘགྷߞᝯ࠼ȄഺϘᙇȂԴ‫ێ‬ҁ஼ਛ۶Գ஡Ȃ ՂҐੋЂȃᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ȃྲ֘᠋ȃџӎȃশสȃत ֌К஼Ђ൙ȂൌԺԺьь᝷֬Ȅ ๒փȂ֋ߤྻَϢ 21 ѵ॔ѽ‫ڽ‬ȂϘўবȂЍϠ༥ ૺߞԳ֜ԴѹঋߞႤӎѹ၍஼ਛ۶Գ஡۶Ϙ‫ߤڱ‬ ྻѹ၍஼ਛЏ၃գϞ࢝Ђ඼࢘ߞ෩пȂЍྻ൵ࠐ

ώᖒོπҞᢊᖂོ


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Ȟѡყȟ2008ԑॷ෫ҳ‫ོݲ‬ᒵᖞ෫৬ୢ‫ޟ‬ҕ࡚ᖒღ໥

࿂ऎ௻ધߞȶх‫ྍة‬ᝊȷЏգ‫ݙ‬ઐ਴Ȃգ‫ڱ‬ЍྻЏ၃ᆊᢏ՘Ϟࣆ޼ᢜ‫ߞڀ‬ϭ ៳ൊԊȞՂК஼Ђ൙ȟȄҩϘўবȂ๑Ꭲ࣏Ѝྻ֋‫ڗ‬Ȃᘘ࣏Ѝྻߞȶ҃‫ڏ‬ ϠȷЍ៨ȂԴೡᚐຕᅹȃ՘৶Ȟ៨৶ȟ՘Ԋȃࣆ޼ྍᝊȃ၃ᕻᣍ݇ϯ‫׮‬գϞ ࢝ЂߞᢏмȂપ‫࣏־‬Ѝ៨Ϙӌ֯ऎேࣆ៨ே෠஼ਛࣆᡋȂࡋཕӅঋం‫ـ‬Ґኵ ዃߞ‫࢘ڎ‬ҝԑጹւዋᑋᢜߤྻߞ๴ਣȂփ๑‫ޱ‬཈཈؊ন‫ݺ‬ЍϠ༥ኸȞЍྻȟ ഺϘँȇхᣍߡత҃ࠑϞЍϠ༥ૺ‫ૈ׀‬ȃ‫ڭ‬ԯऎ֋‫ྻߤߞڗ‬ᄥᢜ‫ݑ‬Ꮃంփঋ ഼Ⴥњ෯Ѝ៨‫ڽ‬๑‫ޱ‬ணࣆȂႿۖᇯ᠕ൻЍᡋૈӫߞߞЍྻ ࡋԴ෩‫ڻ‬Ϡϧȃ Ⴄࠛຈ෯ׄߞԢ੡֯ऎӹ෱ྻঋِЍ៨঵ԐւዋЍྻߞ‫ૈ׀‬ȄՂթϘ‫ڽ‬ȂӅ ๒ྻգж‫ޡ‬ȂϵԢዹྻգ‫ݙ‬ᓜߞȶ०ࡔ߰ȷҍ಩Ȅ ‫ڼߞ࡭ۏ‬ЄգȈϯѵ॔ϟϬϩՐ҃Ȃ‫ۦ‬ԑಧ၃ᕻԟᑟ዆ᠩȂॻ஼၃ᕻ෋мȂ Ѝ៨аቦ‫ ݺ‬1931 Ր᝜ᚚȂ֭ొ‫׈‬঵ह൪ֹ৫ૼ‫ॻۦ‬ऱඕ޼УѵН‫ۻ‬ȂԢ࠲ Շ៨۶֋Ӥ៨ೡᚐᗑԪаቦȄթᗝജЍ៨ሮऎ࣏ȶҍᎱȷȂ൪ֹ৫ૼԯթജ Ѝ៨༟୵ҍ៨Ȅ ֯ऎӫࡈশส೐ϘЂࣆ៨Ȃ៨৶ϠዴჅϩေϠߞӔѹ࢙ส‫۝‬་ᗑဖȞᚎᇍӔ ࢙ᗑȂ১ᇍӔѹ࢙สᗑဖȟȂ՘Ӳ੡ѹঋѽᓐҔ‫ڴ‬ϠЀऎ୻྅Ȃѹঋᝯަߤ ྻ௄ኸ۶Գ஡Ѝ֯Ȅ൹៨៨৶КȂգЍᗑྻȞҒࣁ൘்ኯȃ൘ᡥ‫ޒ‬ȃᝌឹ ‫ܟ‬ȟȃిᗑྻȞฅ⣳՘ȃ຀Ьࡑȃၧ஼ᗽȟȇࢢϫգ༏‫ँڰ‬ȃᇊ࢙ँȃࡈส ་ᗑ՘৶ȃԳўࣆࢉȃ஥धຈҐဖ‫؛‬՘ϞӔ࢙ᗑϛЂँȄ 1997 Րশสѹᡋ ೊӹࢢȂ៨৶ᝌឹ‫ܟ‬ജ঵ԇ֖ࣆࠜ‫ܡ‬ၭ࢙ົ܎ԇҐϢ֖ࣆྻ៉Ȅ 2002 ՐȂ ѹਯฅ⣳՘ฆ҃ᝌឹ‫ܟ‬ҐϢ֖ࣆྻ៉ȂӒՑҐϢேࣆᗑဖȄ๒փȂԴӔ࢙ᗑ ߞ๴ਣჅ຀КȂࡒᅁᅁԴԴԐᑫࣷϘَ၃ᑢϞЍྻ۶Ѝ៨ߞ‫ૈ׀‬НߋȄ

՘Ӳ‫ ݺ‬1948 ՐߞশสЍྻᗑԪྻȞᚎᇍЍᗑྻ FTU ȟȂಉሏ֖྽ዃ޾Ȃऎ ӫࡈশสྻ৶Ϡዴ൵ԺߞൻЍᄥᢜȂѽᇯ᠕ᄌ৶ᡋૈȂ࢙Ӳг၍ߤྻऎ‫ܟ‬ ՞Ȃ‫ڭ‬Ԩྻ৶фҾӔ෩‫ڻ‬ԺЮмߞᇊ‫އ׀‬சऎ‫ܟ‬՞۶ӫዾȄȶӔ࢙ᗑұЂч ѳȷНϘȂশสЍྻᗑԪྻȞᚎᇍЍᗑྻ FTU ȟ०฀ҍ‫ߞڗ‬൘்ኯ࣏ 95 Ր Ӕ࢙ᗑ൹Ӳࢢ঵ըணሃߞӲ‫ޱ‬؊ߡᓴКȂறϘϘ֜ညᓴߞчѳȄ๒փ‫ࢢێ‬Ձ ԯᓴᗝൊ၌ȃൻЍфᇊ‫ࣆ׀‬ຉӲඞȂѽфӔ࢙ᗑႬЍ஥ध०฀ߞส་ᗑԪ‫ۀ‬ ࢢჅ‫ݺ‬ȶ࠲ऱȷȂӲඞӤ௄ኸᢏऎႭ༥ኸȂ৘ᠪКಯфЍ஥ध‫ૈ׀‬ຈ᎜Ժԯ ૵Ȃ҄‫ێ‬ԢӔ࢙ᗑᆙ֖ᆙቈȂ֌൵ࠕӒՑଡ଼៨ȂদྲѽЍᗑྻߞԩ၍Ӈҍȶ சᅁȃ་ۤȂዣൻЍȂऎ௄ኸȷߞឮᓴϾၳȂ‫ڭ‬ѷՁߞଡ଼ҍȂԺԺьь዆ᠩ ϞϘ‫ز‬ԢዹЍᗑྻ०฀ߞӔ࢙ᗑ៨৶хѪȄ փ֌‫ݺ‬К஼Ђ൙Ȃᘵ๒ంನᎢϯ‫ڽ‬ᗾ࣏ӤЍϠ༥ૺታᐱߞߤྻѹ၍஼ਛȂ֭ ᅁቫࣆ޼ϯЪร઻຾ࢋ࢙ѹ၍ߞ዆ЄȂ၃ᕻϯ‫࣏ࡋߞڕ‬Ⴄӎѹ၍ߞўՑȂԴ ഺዹߞۘ࢘ϭȂЍྻ಍ၢ՘ऎϞ഼ཇϯўࢽ҄Ȃᆾ໛ϭў֖ऎߞұЙᄊᙚ നȂЍྻ൵ࠐߞ‫ܟ‬՞ӫߞ՝ЏЙ෇ՅԴȄ ԯऎ‫ݙ‬഍ߞԳ֜ЙԢȂ‫ݙ‬ւዋߞ‫ڰ‬ఐЙԢȂྍ‫ڍ‬۶ж‫࣏ڤޡ‬Դ‫ߞֺ᝱ݙ‬ȂЍ ྻሃЍ៨ߞжႽෳᢒϵҪ࣏੡༡யᛟȄЙჅȂգྍ‫ڍ‬ж‫ڭޡ‬Й҃ࠑЙҞѽԪ ֯Ȃᝯᘣ࣏Ղ֣ϯпۖϘৎ‫୼ـ‬ȃ‫ـ‬ԑবԳኸըϯҝԑጹւ༓Ȅည๒Ȃթը ᑫࣷԑ஼ᛁᖚ‫އ‬சЍྻ۶Ѝ៨ߞٙ໘ȂॶѽႽ዇۶‫࢘ڎߞࢠޱ‬ҝᓊ༓Ȃԯऎ ઘфലծᇺీȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ࣆܹߞ‫֖ڏ‬ፁᅁྻ҄Ӕಿះఀգ‫ڱ‬ዖ෋Ȃည ๒ȂՂԢᑾӲ៉৶࿢೻ȞTony Windsorȟබթ‫ڰ‬Ԇ๴ࠑԳऻ‫ڤޱ‬ዹȈȶϘ зӹӤҦ‫ڽޱ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ȷԴӫࡈ৆ϵᇖఀϯ࣏൵ऎгӀгӒߞᓴᑄȊ

40

‫ں‬୉М

๝ߝ‫ޱ‬ঈ‫ޟ‬ᆋॱ ϯ༉Ȃᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹᘛ᎛Ϟ຾ԩ၂ነԩֳћϼ࿐Ȟົ৯ȟфౖьࠈȞࠈ‫ܓ‬ȟш௎‫ڽ‬ ۖᑫࣷȂ༟‫ܕ‬Ϭৎ࣐งߞ‫ڟ‬୞ֶႽྻȂપ‫־‬ᗝ֖ϞԺৎ୫ᅆࠜ߰ߞЙԢᇸྻȄ Դϯ༉б՝ϯȂ‫ا‬েँ๴Ϟֺ໱ࠝೈຜЙԢߞࠜ߰ྻȂգ໹ჅϘպϬϩ֜ࠜ߰ ҍਯϞԴ৯ᢸࣿ᪦ࣆᣇᗝ֖ߞᇊর၂աж‫ྻڳ‬Ȅ༟‫ߞܕ‬੡৏Ȃࠈ‫ܓ‬யࠜ߰ে գԺь࣏௄ရਵȂᗝјߞҪ࣏ᅀᅀҞዴȂທЂԺዴߞࠜ߰ൌٟգҝჅిྻȂҁ েҪ࣏ඈᡌົ৯фࠈ‫ߞܓ‬၂աȂϵጄྍᡘҁেߞࠫԈ၃ᑢȄ‫ࢢێ‬Ȃ‫ـ‬գ‫ݩ‬ጨࣿ ஜȂ୙ҍϞᚃߏҒфົ৯фࠈ‫ߞܓ‬ᇊর၂ա஭ѯȂϘಿࠜ߰ൌྏ‫ۖۦ‬ћϼ࿐ш ௎‫ݙ‬௲‫ߞڽ‬ᝯྑфૡᇊȄ‫ێ‬КգϘ‫ڱ‬ᘘԴᇸྻКٙ‫ܠ‬త‫ؼڤۦ‬ᢏҁш௎ূӠ‫ۻ‬ ߞૠȂᅁԴ࣏҄Ϡ‫ޟ‬ඈߞ‫ڰ‬Ȅ ిྻ௱௱ᗝֶ֖ႽᇸྻȂऽౕϠକԯթࠫૠȂ๒փࠜ߰েࡒьգணҐഺ‫ֶڱ‬Ⴝ ᇸྻȄऎतኃྻ࣏Ղթ۸ȉЙьՐࠜ߰‫ڈిۦ‬ЙԺȂᅆЂൊԊֶႽᇸྻК‫ݙ‬Ꭲ фߞ႖ᛟЙ‫ݙށ‬ѽȄҁেϠӠ၃ᢚᚳනȂࡒϫӏӅᡘఀ‫ށ‬Өॊᐯȃৰᐯ‫ݕ‬ૠᐯ ᗾᎢȄҁেᅆిྻК௱஭ߞՐࠦϠরጄЙྏᒸᎷȂփѷࠜ߰՝ԃਿȂ࢝ьԴ౎ ϯணҐႵࠜߞᇸྻȄԓҐϯҁে࢝ьᏼ‫ژ‬Ȃӹ഼Й࠮Ȃබᇖᅆഺ‫ֶڱ‬Ⴝྻգᒸ ᎷȂϵЙਟ‫ۖرݽ‬ϠՉవӹ഼Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽທЂൊԊֶႽྻȂൌሃҁে๑፡Ȅ๒փћ ϼ࿐ш௎ߞᇸྻȂࡒ‫כ‬єۖҁে‫ۖڽ‬Ȃփѷ࣏ᇸᇟྻૠԳᡘ຾ҁেߞ‫ڍ‬ᝋфর ጄȂҞѽሲ࣏࿂՘ґߞᢰࠜ߰েతៈ௄ရࠫԈȄ Դഺ‫ڱ‬ᇸྻКȂࠈ‫ܓ‬ൌిᐱࠜ߰েُчऎਛϠॆᜤߞϘፔᜤћȄᜤћаਟ࣏ᢰ ࠜ߰েᕖఀՂُ֣чऎ֋Ўߞ‫ۊ‬ਗߞӀՉфӠࣿᜤ‫ט‬Ȃᢰҁেඵِૠߞᕒׄҝ

ᝯѕਛϠȄᘵ๒࣏࢝๺ߞፔᜤћȂࡒ࣏҄ഺ‫߰ࠜڱ‬ে࣏࢝‫ۦ‬ӡȂԯऎ௄ရిߞ ࠫԈȂ࣏ҞѽѾ᎜֖ஜȂ‫ڭ‬ѷ࣏ຜҁেߞਛਲ௲‫ۍڽ‬ᢜߞᕒׄȂҞѽሲЙ࣏ ȶᗾॠᒘȷȂփ࣏௲ታҁেҝ၃ᑢࠫԈȄබᇖգϘ‫ڱ‬Ϡᅆ௄ရࠫԈЪ࣏җࠫ җᆷȂ֭‫ا‬हࠫҪঋ༟ుϞҁেሃૠ࿛഼ߞ൉ਸ਼Ȃഺ‫߰ࠜڱ‬බକգᑟྻԴѽ ࢢ၃ᑢૠȄ ൵᝱ఀߞ࣏ົ৯Ȃᘵ๒ٟգ‫ۦ‬Ⴥ࢝Ժి‫ڈ‬Ȃԯ຾ᣢुᕚաфၐ၃Ȃ൹֯Ϟව঵ ᇊর၂աȄપ‫࣏־‬ȮాѵѹॠᒘȯϘա‫د‬ॠᒘాѵϠߞ‫ڰ‬ᚹȂᚎඏ֭؆ᑋߞཱ ϯࠜ߰েጢఉߞաᎠȂԯթऎࠜ߰ে෩‫ڻ‬ϞϘৎሮᝊф࿢೫ၐ၃ߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅ ឯೡഺϘըᇸྻȂቮঋЂ༓Ϡϧф၃໱ȂገࣷᔠᇊՉవϞࣸೇӀߎਰᔌ֖Ȃ޻ ൉࿰ᠪົ৯фࠈ‫ܓ‬Ȃ֭ᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹЪঋឯన࣏ըֶႽྻߞ၃໱ȄϘৎ՘ґߞࠜ߰ ֶႽȂឯన၃໱࣏൵‫ߞ᝱ק‬ȂԯऎॶணҐ߰ॶЂൌ࣏ం‫ڽ‬Йۖిྻփϫٟգ ՜Ϣߞࠜ߰ȂҁেੲӎබЙྻ‫܇‬ឥњࢺഺ‫ࣿڱ‬ஜȄᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹԺըᗝᓱ୫ᅆࠜ ߰ߞֶႽᇸྻȂൌ࣏ᐴ຾ࠫѕȂԈᓥ‫ڱڤ‬ᝯѕࠜ߰ᇊরЍ֯ߞ௄ရਵȂৎ‫־‬ ‫܇‬ឥ‫ڽ‬њࢺߞȄ ົ৯фࠈ‫ܓ‬಩੡ЪԴᑫࣷԧࡱ᪦Ȃ‫د‬ૡᇊ௲ຜЙԢࡱ᪦ߞࠜ߰Ȅ‫ا‬ऎ຾ᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟ ᅹକգԊணሃ‫ׄ۝‬ೡᚐഺϘըᇊরН੠փྏਾȂԺᘁૠຜ‫ا‬েഺᅷܶߞ‫܇ڰ‬ᑟ ྻȄ᝸ྍૠា᠈‫ڹ‬ӡົ৯фࠈ‫ܓ‬ȂԴᑫ૸Ⴎϯ֯ᇊর‫߰ڹ‬Ȃϵऽౕգ‫ـ‬ԺߞϠ ᝸ྍѽ‫܇‬ឥ‫ڽ‬њࢺҁেഺϘըߞᑫ૸ᇊরН੠Ȅ

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ዥᘈடᚠ

রρ‫ޟ‬дυෆߖᄸ੾ഁ άԙ෫ΡΙਢф‫ޟ‬ӱᏹ ћ/ ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ/ Apple Daily

ӵॷ෫оఀ௲ড়ۨலᜋᆸӪ‫ޟ‬ȶෆSirȷෆߖᄸȂߖР‫ڏ‬ড়Ρีߒᖐ݂ࡾෆߖᄸΰТ ࡨ੾Σ଱Ȃџ௔‫੾ࡣڏ‬௑ඌϽȂϐܻ 9 Т 10 РഁжȂ‫ٴ‬ԑ 84 ྑȄෆ SIR ‫ޟ‬ᚔжх‫ޥ‬ ོӨࣨΡρ֯σნџ௔ȂՄ‫ڏ‬ϛॷ෫՗ࢇߝۢෆጺ᠌‫؁‬ӵ‫ޥ‬Һᆩમ Facebook ΰእ МȂߒҰᄇෆߖᄸ‫ޟ‬ᚔжཐ‫்ڗ‬௔Ȃ‫ࡾٮ‬ෆߖᄸ‫ޟ‬ড়‫ٱ‬லᜋ࿽Ҭ஠ོ࢐ॷ෫Ρ‫ޟ‬໱ ᡝӱᏹϞΙȂ‫ޣؑڏ‬ᇄฒ‫ؽ‬Ϸ‫ޟٴ‬ᆠડȂ‫ٺ‬ฒኵ‫ॷޟ‬෫ᢎಀᏰོԃդցҢᙏ൐ѽּ ‫ޟ‬П‫ݲ‬၌‫ؚ‬ড়ۨ‫ޟ‬ᅸᜲᚕ੿Ȃȶড়ۨωിρȷ‫ޟ‬छៗ࿋ϞฒཛྷȄ ϛМఀৱкࡻড়‫ٱ‬லᜋ࿽Ҭ 1927Ր‫ݺ‬ዃՍҍӠȂ‫ࢢێ‬ೊ‫ܧ‬শสߞฅࠕᅷȂԴ ᑉԇКᐯКћిਰง༡Ȃ‫ݺ‬1964Ր༟‫ܕ‬Դដߞ۲ ᗏȞգ።ც໛ࡈ‫ڗ‬ȟြӫȮᐯѽ७ӡȯᑉԇѹࢺȂ ిఱਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊȂऎᣍಿႋຍᆷ᝱ȂϘஇ࠮இϞ 15 ՐȄߡ֌ϣϩՐ҃ࠐฅࠕᅷᚼ݀๑።ც໛ា᠈ԴϘ ‫ڱ‬௎ЃြӫՂȮ௎ЃྲࡻȯȃȮൌҾ༢ఐȯຈြ ӫКѹࢺਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊᖖြȂऎশสߞც໛ᣍಿႋຍਛ ‫ܧ‬Ӡࣿϯߞԧᇌᆷ᝱Ȃಎ‫ۦ‬สϠȂэ‫࣏ێ‬ਛਲѹ௎ ߞњࢺȄ‫ڍ‬ᝊतऎዃൾȂփѷᇟ഼ਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊߞฅ ࠕᅷȂ‫࣏ـ‬ԯթജࡄѽȶਛ‫ܧ‬ЈൾЀȷߞग़᠖Ȃ ҩҳӤ‫ݺ‬၃௱Դြӫϯ࢙៉‫ڹ‬ӡ৯ЀߞȞcaustic sodaȟҝ୵ਛ‫ߞܧ‬ճႫѽф഼ัȂฅࠕᅷӺԯփ ᐾգȶ৯ЀߞѳЄȷߞᇍၳȄ ЙჅᐐᇒ՘ऎϞȶ৯ЀߞѳЄȷȂฅࠕᅷӺЙ᝸‫ݸ‬ ౢి੩Ȃԑ‫ظڗ‬Ϣᆊ᜹‫ڰ‬྽ȇϘߡۖ1986ՐȂి ਰЍ֯ଡ଼ԃࢢฅࠕᅷЖӒՑᜪॗ๑㤵Ȃា᠈ѹࢺਛ ‫ܧڰ‬ᆷ᝱ߞԢ੡Ȃ‫࣏ـ‬༟‫ܕ‬Ꮌ‫ږ‬਎ጄ஻ȂணᆊԺ៫ ც໛഍ᄩነѽф 20 ԺൊᎱਲ਼ც዆ҒࣁȮྲҗѝϣ 㢧ȯȃȮ኶ժ‫ܡ‬ȯȃȮᕻгȯຈȂ‫ێ‬К൵ऎϠࣺࣺ ጄႽȂ࠮ംჅ‫ݺ‬1991ՐԴȮୟᐯࢃᔷȯჹᆊϘԩ ๑ୃ‫ߞݑ‬мᐯցਰȂЙᙝԨ‫ط‬ᆊᐯӠߞ۹࣐ჺȃཀ ϘЋ႙யȶְҨࡨԩȉȷȂฅࠕᅷྣ૯ߞᆊҍȂᢰ Йьᣍಿ઻ϭಎ‫ے‬Ԟ໪ȄϘߡۖϞ1995Րᛓ༟๑ 㤵ࢢȂฅࠕᅷᆙᆙ౶ҍᆊ᜹Ѝ֯Ȃ‫ݺڭ‬শสϘዃඞ ༟നԩऎȶฅ sir ௞ܸࠝȷߞਛ‫ܧ‬ಯࡡЈ஥ܸȂሃ թԢ੡ȂҍߍԺӎգᝯਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊфႋٙਛ‫ڰ‬ᆷ᝱ߞ ੩ឱȄփం2002Ր༟‫ܕ‬ȂฅࠕᅷԴশสცҭُ༉ ϘըߞြӫȮ֝ਛ‫ٷ‬ϠȯᑉညѹࢺȂា᠈ऎᡘಿႋ ຍਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊயᛟߡ֌ઽീࡈȄ ԙॷ෫໱ᡝӱᏹ‫ޟ‬Ρ‫ސ‬ϞΙ ฅ Sir ߞᛓѵН‫ݙ‬ѽԴশสє୓႖ᛟȂ๑࣏ࠧሃশ สࠕՐ‫י‬຾ߞϘߵ༰ᢜ԰ᐸলઈգᝯȂᔌ຾শส ധԺᑢҫ‫࢙ݑ‬ᒝҒࣁྑϚජዃඞፅᔝȞ᚞Кᖖч࣐ ፅᔝȟȃՋْ۬ៗጁѽфऱԬፅᔝജࣆܹ౻‫ݵ‬Ȃऎ Ϟਗ਼ᎎ҇ᆕৎϠ԰ᐸߞԳўȂশสϠᅆ༰ᢜ԰ᐸߞ ᝯަ࢘Ȃѽфਗ਼ᎎ҃ࠑȶૌӒশสȷߞྐ‫࣏ـޱ‬џ ᆙኧҐȄփ༰ᢜ԰ᐸӺҒࣁরጄȃϠߏȃᄦѯѽф ‫ڰ‬ԆȂ‫ێ‬КՂȶϬՐწϣৎѡȷȃȶбұ‫ڰ‬Ԇȷȃ ȶশส԰ᙩȷȃȶSARS‫ڰ‬ԆȷȃȶϛϘႼ֖ȷȃ

12

௺஼ᅷȃཀᔐȃฅ٫୑ȃԁ੤ᅷ۶౥ᢳ߾ຈ‫࣏׮‬ส Ϡ༰ᢜ԰ᐸߞ‫ڰ‬ԆѽфϠߏȄϯগߞ‫ڰ‬Ԇ‫׮‬ሃสϠ џ௱ߞӠࣿਿਿहᝯȂփϠߏўবӺ࣏ൖ֡สϠ՘ ࠜȂಎಎ዆ᠩۖশสћмѽфলઈߞЂЈϠߏȈȶ ϝᔷऱ࢓ȷฅ٫୑‫د‬໖Ⴝည๪ҿȂ௟ຊႫ჆фสϝ ԧ஡ȇশส঵֜ѽቅ᛫ߞј‫ޱ‬ඡᐱᢜ‫ڈ‬ᘈ‫ߞڰ‬ԁ੤ ᅷȂಎಎ዆ᠩۖশสᑋৎც໛ྲᇷधඡᐱᢜ‫ྲڈ‬ᇷ ߞўՑȇ௺஼ᅷȃཀᔐ۶౥ᢳ߾ຈ᜹ങЍ֯߰‫࣏ـ‬ ऎสϠ௲‫ڽ‬ϞօጢକႎȂᇦ໭ӠࣿߞᆇաȄ

ෆSirȶড়ۨωിρȷ‫ޟ‬छៗ࿋Ϟฒཛྷ

ฅࠕᅷߞᛓѵᘵ๒҄ϠఌఓȂЙჅ‫ا‬েӺକంฅࠕ ᅷ‫ڗ‬ϯȂ‫ށ‬Ө֣ۖѽҁକ௉ᇍఀϯশสߞ༰ᢜ԰ᐸ ϠߏȄϵധȂգЙьᣍಿሃᡘಿᅆ‫ݺ‬ฅࠕᅷକ௉Դ ြӫϯȂᅆധԺߞਛ‫ڰ‬ᆷ᝱‫׈‬੡෩‫ڻ‬ຍ੯ྏۖૠ ‫܈‬ȂЙჅഺϘзൌທЙ࣏‫܈‬ႫȂӺЙ࣏ฅࠕᅷчႤ Ⴕऎᗐూߞᝯ࠼Ȃփ࣏ҁᘵ๒ѹࢺਛ‫ܧ‬ြӫԺՐȂ ֭ҁ‫ڭ‬ӏգԯജࡄᇍऎȶਛ‫ܧ‬ЈൾЀȷഺৎग़᠖փ ᢏఀ୼ཆ֋঑ȂहхԳԴჅҝዴϩՐ‫ڽ‬ฅࠕᅷᅆᣍ ಿሃᡘಿߞ෩ய‫ྻ׮‬ሮૌ഍ನȂُُ๴಩ᆷ᝱Ȃ ‫ܠ‬Ӆ௟யᛟ‫ب‬ϭȂ‫ׅڭ‬ϧ֋֖ᄘႏ‫ر‬ඵ‫ێ‬ႋٙߞў ‫ޱ‬ȂՀᢰକԴϭ԰ሃᣍಿ‫ݕ‬ᡘಿ‫ڍ‬ব੡ുϘႋຍȄ ȮଠᏰࡄᓸȯЅ‫ڏ‬тႫኇቑྱ

ઍғࣀ‫ڗ‬ՂᏰ‫ڗ‬Ղ գϘ֜สϠࢽȂգϘըӤ‫៷ݮݺ‬ϘࣱຜПՐࠜϠЀ ߞ๺ѯȂԯթપྍᘛ᎛ฅࠕᅷऎ๺ѯ֯ѹࢺȈȶ‫ڤ‬ Ϙըૌߞ࣏Ϙৎ၃‫ۏ‬ϫ᝱‫ߞ؞‬၃ᢚȂ‫ا‬েӎ‫࣏ڽ‬ঋ ฅ Sirјϯੋ຾Ϙৎ୯ᑶ૭Դᠨ௛߰ߞࡈবȂᎡߢ ‫ڤ‬чׄನ‫ୃ؞‬௲୯ᑶߞცհȂฅ SirԴ಩ඞ཈ӡह ᑟߞცհԓҐϯ‫ی‬౧ც።࠮՘ґऎ୯ᑶ҇ც۸Ȋȷ ฅࠕᅷ҄Ϡྰ‫ߞۂ‬ඵੲ‫ܺٿ‬ᇟૠȂԴ၃ჅЙᙝᄘႏ ۶ᐯ೫Ȃ‫ڭ‬ೢᒕЙԢߞӠࣿ၃ᢚჅࢢȂࣿᐯࣿӡԳ ᚼмҍ‫ڽ‬Ȅ ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯȂฅࠕᅷ‫ࠧڭ‬ளмᐯҍ‫ڗ‬Ȃ֭ᐴ຾‫؃؃‬Йঽ ߞᐯ೫ᇟૠȂሮૌୠِᐯயȂ൵ೣ՘ऎϘԩಎ‫ۦ‬ส Ϡྰদߞਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊ௞ਛȂփߡ֌ 80 Ժ࿐୼៬ЪЙ ஃЍ֯Ȃ๑‫ټ‬ԳԨҾӔཇఱߢᝊȂ࣏ϘԩૌӒஇۖ ȺࣿۖցȃᐯۖցȻȂЙᙝु‫ྲٿ‬๴‫ށ‬Ȃᐯ೫ྲߢ ᝊȂৃఀࢢᏅᐯ೫ߞᅆ໪ȄϘӠൌऎสϠ‫އ‬சߞฅ ࠕᅷȂ‫ׅ‬ϧి‫ڈ‬ዃЂҾӔਛ‫ڰ‬௱ᝊȂంӏቅ‫ڏ‬ଡ଼ ԃȂᔌ຾ҁߞᛓҝȂশสҵҝϞϘӎਛ‫ܧ‬௱ᝊࣿՄ ‫ߞۏ‬Ԣ੡Ȃᘘቮऎӏ‫ࡖ֯ڽ‬ఔȂۖܺশสᘘ᏶ϭԺ ьৎఀϠ฀ԈȂৃఀࢢᏅᐯ೫ߞЂЈϠߏ۸ȉ

ȶෆsirடߞ۹ȷ࢐ෆsir໠೩‫ޟ‬ড়ۨ౰ࠢω୦۹


᠍‫ݠ‬ᐯӠ‫އ‬சКѕ Rejoice Student Centre

ಋҕၥଉடួ߬਀ҥ᠍‫ݠ‬ᏰҡϛЖ ‫ݧ‬ыಋҕ‫៫ࡡݲ‬୰ġ‫෉؃‬ᗸġŎŦŭźůůġōŪġඪ‫ټ‬Ȅ ႫၗȈıĴġĺĹĹĹġĸIJĺĺ ЙᐠȈıĵġĴIJijijġIJĸĹĹ

ಋҕ᙭ដ৳ΰວ৳ቷ‫ؚ‬ដ ᐯӠᛁᖚ࠲ᔍߞᝋᑂȂٙ‫ݡܠ‬ທຜПӦ᎛Ϡ‫ݙێ‬ Ӧ᎛ߞᜪᝋȄೊӔ‫ࠑܡ‬ӯȂӦ᎛Ϡٟգࢷঋِ෩ ‫ݙڻ‬ቮᝋᑂȂೊӔ‫ܡ‬ሮऎӦ᎛ϠЙ೑ԪೊӔ‫ޱ‬ഢ 572.225ߞഢ‫ܠ‬Ȅ

ΰວ᜸տȈᏰҡ᛫ᜌ‫ܢ‬᛫ ΰວဴȈ1104163 ቷրۢȈDione Dimitriadis ‫ؚۡ‬Р෈Ȉ2011ԑ7Т29Р ሎҺӴᘈȈொѻ ‫ܢ‬᛫‫ٷڷؚۡ‬ᐃ ϯ໦Ӧ᎛ϠԴ2011Ր2ѡ15џԨೊӔ؊෩ӹϞᐯ ӠᜪᝋߞӦ᎛ȄೊӔ‫ܡ‬Դ2011Ր4ѡ18џٙ‫ݡܠ‬ ທӦ᎛ϠߞӦ᎛Ȃ‫ݺڭ‬4ѡ19џ੩ব഼ߢϞӦ᎛Ϡ ഺৎٙ‫ܠ‬ȂԢ੡‫ߢט‬Ӧ᎛Ϡ‫ێ‬ϯ໦ߞᡋ‫׀‬Ȅ ೊӔ‫ݡܡ‬ᜪߞನӤ࣏ȈӦ᎛ϠЙ೑ԪೊӔ‫ޱ‬ഢ Schedule 2К572.225 ౧ภȄӦ᎛Ϡٟգ෩‫ڻ‬ᝋ ᑂᝋ‫ށ‬Ӧ᎛Ϡ໴Ϟ‫ږ‬௉ߞᛁᖚ࠲ᔍȄϯ໦Ӧ᎛Ϡ‫ݺ‬ 2011Ր5ѡ3џԨೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲӦ᎛᎑኶Ȅ ࣺᜰ‫ࡡݲ‬ ೊӔ‫ޱ‬౧ภ 572.225 ഢ‫ܠ‬ȈӦ᎛ϠԨȞೊӔȟൊ ࠜ෩ӹᝋᑂᝋ‫ށ‬Ӧ᎛ϠԴӇᇖഽ઻ᑫࣷഺࣱ੡༡К գ‫ږ‬௉ߞᛁᖚ࠲ᔍ Ȅ ਰ‫ٽ‬ങक़ Ӧ᎛Ϡ‫ݺ‬1962Ր5ѡ30џҍӠ‫ݺ‬К஼ዃ‫ތ‬Ȃࢺশ สપ஡᠕࿰ȄӦ᎛Ϡ֯ऎUD᝷976Є᝷ȞცЄ੠ ႼȟᜪᝋߞࢺգϠȂ‫ ݺ‬2010 Ր 11 ѡ 16 џ೐Ϙը ་ϢᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬Ȅႍᜪᝋ‫ݺ‬2010Ր11ѡ3џჴ๴Ȃ գੜง֌2011Ր2ѡ16џȄӦ᎛Ϡ‫ݺ‬2011Ր2ѡ 15џȂቍӹϞ572ᐯӠᜪᝋߞգੜӦ᎛Ȃ‫ڭ‬ᖔA᝷ ჅᑜᜪᝋȄ

2011Ր4ѡ18џೊӔ‫ܡ‬ሮऎӦ᎛Ϡٟգ෩‫ڻ‬ઔҳ

ҧ፜Ρ‫ޟ‬ᜌᐃ ϯ໦Ӧ᎛ϠໜҊϢᡝVSAȞ‫׈‬Vocational Study AustraliaȟȂႍ᎝຀COE҃ፅऎ46E96770Ȃ᎝ ຀༟‫ܕ‬џงऎ2011Ր2ѡ28џȂ᎝຀ຕ‫ف‬џง࣏ 2013Ր2ѡ27џȄ COEϯࠑӯᐯ੭ЏՉవϞઔ ҳᐯӠᛁᖚ࠲ᔍȄ

2011Ր4ѡ29џȂVSAҍ‫ۍ‬ᝋ‫ࠫށ‬Ȃሲ‫ށ‬Ӧ᎛Ϡ ໜҊϞϘৎ‫ی‬Րߞ୼ૺћᐴᐯ೫᎝຀Ȃႍ᎝຀༟‫ܕ‬ ‫ݺ‬2011Ր4ѡ18џȂຕ‫ݺف‬2013Ր4ѡ17џȄᝋ ‫ࠫށ‬Кࠑӯ Ӧ᎛ϠЏԴۤఀ১COE੡њѾϞ12ৎ ѡߞৎϠઔҳᛁᖚ࠲ᔍ໱Ȃգੜ੡༡ం 2011 Ր 4 ѡ18џ֌2012Ր4ѡ18џȄ

2011Ր7ѡ13џȂϯ໦Ӧ᎛Ϡ഼Ⴥ܎୉҃ನቍӹ ೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲϘࢋႋ៖ࠫȂ‫ڭ‬ᔌࠫࠢϯ OSHC Ȟ ઔҳᐯӠᛁᖚ࠲ᔍȟᘉ໴ᝋ‫ށ‬Ȅգੜงం2012Ր 4ѡ19џۖ2013Ր4ѡ19џȂ ࠲ᔍгҦ࣏OSHC WorldcareȄ ৳ቷ‫ؚ‬ដ ഼Ⴥ PRISMS( ి‫ڈ‬෩‫ڻ‬ўໜҊ۶஼ቫᐯӠᇒನ‫ڀ‬ ೚ ) ‫ݙ‬இߞᎠࣤᢖӯȂӦ᎛ϠЏੋۖϞ VSA ߞϢ ᐯፁሮ੩Ȟ COE ȟȄ‫ݙ‬ᐯߞ᎝຀ం 2011 Ր 4 ѡ 18 џ༟‫ ݺܕ‬2013 Ր 4 ѡ 17 џຕ‫ف‬ȄϢᐯፁሮ੩ Ȟ COE ȟߞ҃ፅ࣏ 4891A469 Ȃ১Ϣᐯፁሮ੩ ȞCOEȟ46E96770ЏജۤઐȄ

ੲᑂ಩գߞᝋᑂȂೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲ‫ޱ‬ਲሮ‫ܠ‬Ӧ᎛ϠЏ Ԩ‫ޱ‬ਲ෩‫ڻ‬Ϟᝋᑂᝋ‫ށ‬Ӧ᎛ϠԴӇᇖഽ઻ᑫࣷߞഺ ࣱ੡༡Кൌգ‫ږ‬௉ᛁᖚ࠲ᔍȄ ‫ޱ‬ਲሮऎӦ᎛Ϡᆕ ‫ږ‬cl.572.225Ȅੲᑂ೐360Ȟ2ȟȞAȟȂ‫ڭ‬಩գ ߞᝋᑂ௄ᚂϯȂೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲሮऎٟգӅঋᗝ֖ᡘ ᝋྻȂԢ੡ೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲ໗‫ܠ‬Ӧ᎛Ϡർ໦Ȃ‫ڭ‬௟ᐯ ӠᜪᝋӦ᎛๴ᘘೊӔ؊ᚬ៉Ȅ ϛЖᘈຟ ంࠑবߞఐ޶෡গ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃ֬ѼೊӔ؊ӚϞϘৎᓾ ሱȂᐯӠ‫ށށ‬ᘉ໴Ϟ‫ږ‬௉ߞ OSHC Ȃࡒѽٟӡ෩ ‫ڻ‬ᝋᑂऎӤփ‫ݡ‬ທ‫ز‬৞ᐯӠᜪᝋӦ᎛Ȅ๒փૌᅁఐ ޶Й࣏ഺዹᚎඏȂ‫ا‬ে௟੯‫ڼ‬Кවৎদঋџงᜲԕ ՂϭȂҞѽऻҍயᛟ‫ݙ‬ԴȈ ೐ϘৎCOE᎝຀༟‫ݺܕ‬2011Ր2ѡ28џȇ ᐯӠᜪᝋӦ᎛ቍӹ‫ݺ‬2011Ր2ѡ15џȇ ೐ϟৎCOE᎝຀༟‫ݺܕ‬2011Ր4ѡ18џȇ ᐯӠᜪᝋ‫ݡ‬ᜪ‫ݺ‬2011Ր4ѡ18џȇ ᚬ៉Ӧ᎛ቍӹ‫ݺ‬2011Ր5ѡ3џȇ ೐ϘըOSHCᘉ໴งऎ2011Ր4ѡ18џ֌ 2012Ր4ѡ18џȇ 7 ೐ϟըOSHCᘉ໴งऎ2012Ր 4ѡ19џۖ2013Ր4ѡ19џȇ

1 2 3 4 5 6

ੲᑂџงȂᘘ১ߞ੯‫ڼ‬ૌहᕕႍ࣏Ȉϯ໦Ӧ᎛ϠԴ ቍӹᐯӠᜪᝋӦ᎛ߞ੡৏Ȃፁᅁٟգᘉ໴‫ږ‬௉ߞ OSHC ȇԴᐯӠᜪᝋӦ᎛ജ‫ݡ‬Ȃቍӹᚬ៉Ӧ᎛Н ࢢȂЖԴໜҊೊӔ҃ನߞࢽᐱϭȂ་֖ϞႃాȂం փ៏ఀϞೊӔᚬ៉‫ޱ‬ਲߞӦ᎛Ȅ

Ьዥ‫ܣ‬ҡ ŎįłįœįŏįġIJıķĹĶijı

Ӓཱིಋҕᒚၚᒲ౩݈୛

ቨ஼ёϷ૖Ψ

໶ҬѓࢂȋᏰҡ੼ᏰȃᙽᏰȃ᛫ມҧ፜ȃώհࡾᏲ ‫׬‬೚ȃ୦ཾȃড়৳ಋҕȄடཾಋҕф౩!ငᡛᙴ൲!ᇯઍ॒೰

CONTACT US 僪䵶㘴⾊

14

‫෉؃‬ᗸġŎŦŭźůůġōŪ! ‫ں‬୉МġņťŮŶůťġńũŰŸ!

ಋҕ݈୛င౩! Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩!

Йᐠ蒷ĬķIJġĵĴIJġijijIJġĸĹĹ! Йᐠ蒷ĬķIJġĵijĶġĸĵĺġIJĺĹ!

ൢ᠞ ŏłłŕŊ ᙚឍ፞แ ෂ෈ੲ џӵijıIJijԑĸТࠉ‫ׇ‬ԙ

Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭ȈŮŦŭźůůŁųŦūŰŪŤŦįŰųŨįŢŶ Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭ȈŦťŮŶůťŁųŦūŰŪŤŦįŰųŨįŢŶ

ϛЖӴ֭ȈŔŶŪŵŦġĸĭġōŦŷŦŭġIJĭġijĮĹġŃŶųŸŰŰťġʼnŪŨũŸŢźĭġŃŶųŸŰŰťġņŢŴŵġŗŊńġĴIJĶIJĭġŎŦŭţŰŶųůŦĭġłŶŴŵųŢŭŪŢ

ႫၗȈĬķIJĴġĺĹĹĹġĸĵijij


ּቸΡЖ

࣐Սٙ๽΢ٙӌདՍᇻ ዦЗ݉ଡ଼ަୣϛؒӲൣ

௴೤0እМȓങϞዅ!!ყаҥೝ೤‫ޱ‬ඪ‫ټ‬

Lionel Leung

ġ ω‫ࢲݰ‬ġġσຜُ ġ Ѕਢ‫פ‬ଉġġġġᆠிᘈຟ ড়ۨҡࣀġİġᚂᕛ߳୊ġİ Ӵ౰ٙѿġİġ‫׹‬ၥ౩଒ġİġΡ‫ސ‬ட೤ ġ ၥଉσᅧᝥ ġ ҡࣀձ‫ר‬т кኬŅŊŚ ᐣѬȃМϽȃॱዅȃ ᠞ਪȃӄ໣ȃ ਡၽȃЖ᡹Ϸ‫ٴ‬

ӣᖐӣၯΡᆩમԝ᠙ ŸŸŸįŴŢŮŦŸŢźįŤŰŮįŢŶİŧŮĺĵIJ 15


ּቸΡЖ

ܻ2010ԑཏ๡ఏོΰีߒᅋᇳ

‫ݢ‬ຜ୰ᚠᝒ१‫ޟ‬60ԑф ԴশสҍӠߞLionelȂԴϝᔷၐ዇ֈዩॻћᐯ੭බ ᡝ֌ЈᐯϬՐૺࢢȂ࠮ᔌਛϠೊ‫ۖܧ‬ᑫࣷᐍᆬӎȂ ည੡Lionelߞѭᓐ՝‫ݺ‬1959Ր੡Ԑ֖ۖႿᑫࣷȶ ణႮȷȂߡۖ1966Ր੡‫ڰ‬྽џᆙᜦ‫ࢢܠ‬ȂЖ௟‫܍‬ ‫ۊ‬ంশสతۖᐍᆬӎ‫֝ܧ‬Ȃ‫ࢢێ‬Lionelߞ‫ی‬ৎ܏܏ ‫࣏ـ‬Դթ᎚ӠȄȶ 45 Րࡈߞᑫࣷംயᐯ೫КћȂ ੲӎබतьົϠԴᑫࣷ‫֝ܧ‬Ȃߡۖ‫ا‬؆՘Кᐯ᎝ ຀Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃԺՐߞ੡༡Ȃᐯ੭ϘߡҪգ‫ا‬ϘԩົϠᐯ ӠȊԓҐϯည੡ߞᑫࣷϠᅆ‫ا‬েົϠ‫ڭ‬ӏգ‫ࢺݱ‬ ຾ᡌࠓߞᅗ࢘ȂҞྐփߢ‫ޡ‬໛ߞயᛟ࣏ྻԺኃߞទ দȊ‫ڤ‬੡ജԢᐯ੉ӇၙᎻ՝Џ࣏ਛ௱࠮༺Ȃ಩Դ԰ ྐ୓‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ࣱڤ‬੡༡Ҟᇖ࣏ჅఀϩжᗞॴȷLionelॴ ૯ࠑӯȄ

ԑ࡙௲ᙛ‫ڐ‬ᙄΰᇄ2007ԑϛ๼υོོߝDavid HoЅഺོ‫ޱ‬Paul Tjioeӫྱ

ЙჅᐐᇒ੡௱ജԢᐯেมᕅȂ Lionel ‫ڭ‬ӏգԯթ փ‫ݸ‬ౢȂऎϞᓉϢᑫࣷߞߤྻфћмȂ Lionel Դ ᐯ੭ϘԩऎVFLȞVictorian Football Leagueȟ Footscrayಧ༤Ȟ‫׈‬಩੡ߞWestern Bulldogs ಧ༤ȟѧᘈߞցਰిᐱНϭȂᐯ೫ϞᑫՑ‫ږ‬ಧ ȞAussie footballȟȄԴLionelᅆ‫ږ‬ಧߞᒸᎷџᆙ ҐಎН᏶ȂҁӺȶѽޯྻуȷȂሃᑫࣷᚣߞԢᐯ‫ر‬ ඵۖԒԢ࿛഼ߞў‫ޱ‬ѽфह഍ߞўՑȂԯփຕӹۖ ࢝ԺߞՀ‫ވ‬уȄȶည੡ԴКᐯሮᝊߞՀуȂգ࢝Ժ ֌Ы‫ا‬Ӻ࠲ࢺ຾ാᜭȂ‫ێ‬КգϘ‫࣏ـڱ‬ӤЈᐯहᝊ ֌Ы۸ȊȷLionel૯ሲȄ

T 03 9886 5169 F 03 9803 5675 E sales@allinonebuilding.com.au

281 Burwood Highway Burwood East VIC 3151

ᾬẤᠥᬢᴀᗒዯᨄᑨ᚞᪱

᪓⒂☡╹ᖗᐬ

ᑀᵬᦲស᰿ᲆዩ᥸ᴷᯄ⎨ᖗᐬ

᏿ԤΙࢺடཾ‫ޟ‬ኁᘣ‫׬‬ৱȂџ࣏ࡊИඪ‫ټ‬ኁᘣ೩ॎ ۡୈȂӨ᜸ኁᘣಢӫȂП߯᡹ࣀՌᒵ଩ৈȂᓺ፴ ߳ᜌȄ᠍ߔ༈ઍყኺȂջາൢቋȄ

င᎛Ө᜸ᆄᑒȃੜࡉӒഋ଩ৈȄ ፴໔߳ᜌȊቋᓀӫ౩Ȋ

ᯄ⎨ᏻ

16

$15/m2 ᩪ


ּቸΡЖ

௃ོॎ‫ڗ‬Ⴋသ Ӥ ‫ ݺ‬Lionel Դ ᇖ ങ ў ব त ‫ ۍ‬ч Ԋ Ȃ ԓ Ґ ϯ ည ੡ ცၝৣৣᒸ୓Ȃჰ঍ॊ‫ث‬௟ҞѽԴӠྍϯ֯ҍ ᕒ ׄ Ȃ Lionel ٙ ‫ ܠ‬৒ ᡝ ላ ૼ અ Ђ ᐯ Ȟ Monash UniversityȟߞBachelor of Commerce and Applied Scienceᛕᐯ֜Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѽྻ঍۶ცၝ֯ ऎᐯ֜ߞѹ৒᎝ӫȄփԴ؆՘Ђᐯᐯ֜ࢢȂऎ Ϟ ‫ ـ‬ᚳ න ֋ Ў ߞ ߢ ᝊ Ȃ Lionel ৒ ᡝ Ϟ ‫ ڭ‬ѽ Ϙ ૺ ᔹಳߞ՘ᖻం௞྽ՐȞProfessional Yearȟಲ ྽ȄՀᐯЙঽߞҁȂԴϘ༡ྻ঍ਰ֖Ѝ֯ߞԢ ੡ȂӺѽ৘ᡝߞўՑ‫ؽ‬ᡝ୑சᇒನȞfinance managementȟߞಲ྽ћᐴȄ Ҟఓߞ࣏Դऎྻ঍ਰ֖Ѝ֯ࠕ‫ی‬Րߞ੡༡ ࢢȂLionelജᖔँҁ൵୅ᄔߞ኶঍Ѝ֯ȂԴ‫ׅ‬ϧி ࢺϞҗՐࢢȂ൵ೣᘘ࣏‫ݸ‬ౢȂᚼ֖ۖცၝ֖྽Ȃ՘ ऎϞϘԩ‫ڀ‬೚ж‫ޘ‬ਰѽф຀ؔന঍৶ȄЙჅᐐᇒ൵ ೣᘘ࣏԰ۖϞცၝ֖྽ȂLionel‫ڭ‬ӏգࢢ੄Ⴥ৒ᡝ ྻ঍ᐯ֜Ȃȶ‫ێ‬ᅁ‫ݙا‬ᐾգߞྻ঍ߢᝊȂᅆ‫ߞا‬ც ၝЍ֯գϩжЂߞᕒׄȂည੡‫ا‬Ѝ֯ߞፑඛઘфߞ Ғႅ۶ഹԆ‫׮‬ሃྻ঍գᝯാȂӤ‫ڗ֋ݺ‬ᐾգྻ঍ߢ ᝊȂԯթ๑Ꭲ࣏ന঍ྻ঍ߞഹԆȂत֌࣏ऎࢉїᗾ ႋഹԆ੡Ȃ‫ا‬ൌѧႵఀѕᕕјȊȷLionelࠑӯȄ ௃ᓡ໽ཾ‫็ڋڗ‬ၽዅൟ Դცၝ֖྽Ѝ֯ϞԺՐࢢȂജ‫ۦ‬ѭᓐ‫ݙ‬዆ᠩߞ LionelȂ༟‫ܕ‬ᅆ༟നᔠᣇಯӠ࢝ЂߞᒸᎷȂԴ၃Ⴥ ಎࢥጢዋߞ঍๪ࢢȂ࠮ጋ๒᝜ϭცၝߞЍ֯Ȃԑ‫ڗ‬ ‫ظ‬Ϣ༟നКᔠᣇȄȶ‫ێ‬ᅁ‫ا‬ѭᓐߞ௞྽‫ڭ‬Й࣏Ϙԩ ዀਰȂѽࡈҁԴҭᣉᡝЂᐯ੡࣏ѹ৒К஼ћᐯѽф ߤྻᐯȂ԰ۖশสࢢӺ༟നϞϘ༡੩؊ȄҞఓ‫ۖڽ‬ ϞᑫࣷНࢢȂ؆ԑٟգᑟྻᢰҁᐯѽ७ӡȂऎӠ঍ ࠮ҪՀ‫֖ؼ‬இЍዄȂஇᔠᔡߞЍ֯Ȅ‫اࢢێ‬ѭᓐ༟ നϞᔠᔡࢢȂ‫࣏ـا‬੡௱ۖᔠᔡᕒՓȂҞକԯփ‫ۦ‬ ۖϞ዆ᠩȂᅆᔠ༼྽ಯӠᒸᎷ‫א‬ȊȷLionel૯ሲȄ

Lionelѽҳ஼Ϡऎӫዾ‫ݙ‬༟നߞКՑᔠᣇۤఀ࢝Ђ ߞ՘ґȂжܸ‫࣏ـ‬Ϙ༡త຾Ϙ༡ߞ༟ന‫ݺ‬ᐍᆬӎ ԧ஡ȂӒညLionelߞᔠ༼‫ڰ‬྽๴ਣ‫ڝ‬ിНቫȂҁϫ ԯЄЃߞᝯ࠼փతៈۖ‫ۊ‬ຆႼጄඞഺৎ֖྽Ȅȶ ည੡Ӥ‫ݺ‬ᕒׄЄЃᗝᓱዉӠྻຈࣿஜȂ၃௱ቮঋ ணᣍԧЂߞ௞ࠝऎ‫ۊ‬ຆᗝᓱࣿஜߞႼጄඞѽ֯ᓴ ᑄȂ‫ا‬๴಩գϘ‫ڱ‬ႼጄඞҞକഢጀЙщЂȂЙჅӺ ࠧ௱‫ۦ‬ᡌࠓȂԯթ‫࠮ا‬ᅆഺत‫ۍ‬પ֒ߞ֖྽ಯӠ ᒸᎷȂփѷ‫ا‬हࠫഺጹӠྍ௟ྻգ๴ਣߞᑟྻȂ

ᇄ2010ԑϛ๼྾υོོߝThomson Fokӫྱ

‫ݸ࠮ڤ‬ᗙϘႏ‫א‬ȊȷLionelЂ૯ሲȄೣ‫ݺ‬Դ2000 Րߞ੡৏ȂLionelԴᐍᆬӎNoble Park஡࢙ӲϞ ȶ Playzone ȷȂϘৎ௞ࠝऎᕈ‫ۊ‬ф‫ۊ‬ຆᗝ֖ԧЂ ࢈аҳߞ਎ጄ۶ዉӠຈࣿஜँᅆߞ‫ۊ‬ຆႼጄඞȂ Ϙߡ֌2005ՐȂLionelຕ‫ف‬ழᎱ֋Ў൵ࢢϘ༡ᔠ ᣇȂ௞ѕ၃ᖉȶPlayzoneȷ֌ЫȄ ంྻ঍ۖცၝȂԓంცၝۖᔠ༼྽Ȃ൵ೣۖ‫ۊ‬ຆႼ ጄඞȂLionel‫ݙ‬Ꮌ‫ߞږ‬ታா‫ێ‬ᅁࠧ௱ߞዃ޾ȂЙჅ ൵ሃಿЙԢߞ࣏Ȃҁ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ԯऎᄔ෋‫ݕ‬Йේ‫أ‬փᓴ ᑄᚼ֖Ȅȶ֌Ы‫ا‬ᄘႏჅ4ৎ؆ԑЙԢߞ֖྽ȂЙ Ⴥ‫ڭࡒا‬ӏକంКᓴᑄ‫ا‬൵ඈᡌߞ֖྽Ȃԯऎ‫ێ‬ᅁ ‫ا‬Դُৎ֖྽ႆൌᖔૈЙьȂփѷ‫׮‬ϩжᆕ‫ږ‬ѽ фේ‫أ‬Ȋѽ‫ا‬ం‫ྻڰ‬঍ऎ‫ڼ‬Ȃည੡гҦຜП‫࢝ا‬ ԺߞᑟྻȂሮᝊߞϠӺᔌНኧԺȂҒࣁऱࡄᎯඞ ȞCrown Casinoȟ൹ᓱ߰Lloyd J. WilliamsȂփ ‫ا‬Ӻంഺ‫ڱ‬ӠྍϠߞӠྍᔝၝѽфҁেߞ՘ґНႽ Кᐯ೫ۖЙьȂԯթ‫ا‬ૌߞྏۖ࢝ܶᇊȄ‫ࢢێ‬ᚼԨ ߞცၝ֖྽Ȃપ‫࣏־‬ည‫ڗ֋ا‬፠኷ߞ຀ՑഹԆҞ֖ ‫ڭ‬କᕒׄۖࢉїߞ੡৏Ȃ‫ߞا‬՘බྏӺԯփኧҐϞ ЙьȊȷLionel૯ሲȄ ԙҳᏎᅭҏϛ๼྾υོ ᐐᇒಿԺߞ‫ڰ‬྽‫ ڹ‬Lionel ՓఀЙҞ༟ӹȂЙჅҁ ЪЙ‫؞‬ऎߤ஡э‫ົ࣏ێ‬Ϡߤ஡‫އ‬சȂ1998Րߞ੡ ৏Ȃҁ‫࣏ـ‬ᗑԢࡈᐍᆬӎҾࠜែᏩ֘ѽф‫ێ‬४‫ؙ‬Ȃ ۶ՀуPaul TjioeԒԢ൹ӲϞᐍᆬӎКົ࿽ЄྻȂ ൹Ӳࠐง࠮Џ‫כ‬єॗ 40 ԩົϠҐϢ՘ऎྻ৶Ȅȶ ࿽Єྻ՘Ӳߞӫߞѹঋ࣏ऎϞᕒׄߤྻȂߤྻϯԇ ֣ϠЀჃϯ‫᝱ק‬Ȃ๑Ꭲ࣏၃ᕻϯत֌ѕᢸϯȂ‫ا‬

ে࿽Єྻൌྻ֩ҍ෯јȂᆽϧຜП൵Ђߞᕒׄȷ LionelࠑӯȄ ՘Ӳ֌ЫЏգϩԺՐߞᐍᆬӎКົ࿽ЄྻȂُՐ‫׮‬ ᗝᓱ 1 ֌ 2 ৎࣿஜឯདྷຠภȂփ‫ݙ‬ఀߞឯภ௟ྻ԰ 㖝ߤྻȂҒࣁྲӠྻȂऱਛᐍᆬӎᛁ୰ຈຈȇѽ ҝՐऎ‫ڼ‬Ȃҁেᗝᓱߞྎຠᔠህྻ࠮ឯۖϞ‫ی‬ေԺ ЮȂփຠภ‫࣏ـ‬ऎօ௞ॊᛁ୰ᘉ໴ۖ൵Ԑ་ߞᢚೀ ኇᐡȄညჃϯѪ‫٭‬ȂЋѫຈ‫٭‬ਚ੡ȂᐍᆬӎКົ࿽ Єྻ‫ྻ࣏ـ‬ሃ‫ێ‬ҁ࿽ЄྻԪ֯ឯདྷຠภȂȶ‫ا‬েߞ ӫዾ‫ڭ‬ЙҪ࣏ឯདྷۖധԺߞຠภȂ௟ࣿஜᙖЂȇ‫ا‬ हࠫຠภߞዴӫທЙѧຠѕদঋȂ‫ا޶֣ـ‬েहࠫ ᒕь՘ԺȂϘᙇϘᙇߞຠภȂ࣏ྻऎߤྻ௲‫࢝ڽ‬Ђ ߞᕒׄȷLionelྋ૯ࠑӯȄ ௟ᐍᆬӎКົ࿽Єྻ໛Нऎ֋ЎࢅЄߞLionelȂϘ ߡ७ϧ‫ݺ‬࿽Єྻߞ๴ਣȂ಩ऎ஡ா(ᐍᆬӎҒࣁҾК ѕԒ10ৎ࿽Єྻ)ѹਯߞҁȂ‫࣏ـ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬Ӈ૔Ϙଠཇ ೚ߞົϠᄥᢜۘ࢘ȂُՐ‫ـ‬෱ྻࠜȂՀᢰ‫ێ‬ҁྻ৶ କᐾգ҃ࠑ࿽ЄྻߞᑟྻȄփLionelഺᇌ๑‫ߞټ‬ᇟ ૠȂ‫כ‬є‫ـ‬ԺՐቅϘᏅߞߤྻϠЀҐϢȂԢ੡Ӻ‫ڹ‬ ᐍᆬӎКົ࿽ЄྻӇ૔ѵध‫ێ‬ҁ࿽Єྻߞྻ৶Ӏ‫׮‬ Ր៬ЙᙝϯпȂ֭ྻ৶ዴ༓ԴുᆙϭফߞȶϠϾց мȷ኉؊Ȅҩҳሃ‫ێ‬ҁ஥ྻ‫ݕ‬௞྽ೡᚐЙԢߞ࣏Ȃ ᐍᆬӎКົ࿽Єྻ‫ڭ‬ЙϘৎ‫ر‬ඵ஥ᑟߞԳўȂȶྻ аߞ՘ґϠЀգ࢝ԺȂЙჅ‫ا‬েहᇸߞӫߞ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ ऎϞ‫ر‬ඵ஥ᑟȂहхԳȂ୵Ϟ‫އྻߤڗظ‬சНҳȂ ‫ا‬েྻ৶Н༡‫׮‬ՅԴ຾ϘᇌࠫԇȂ݃թ༡ԒԢᐯ೫ இϠ഍ѵНႽȂබэՂϘৎЂਛਲȄည๒Ȃ‫ا‬েࠧ ௱ᡌࠓྲྻ৶ҐϢഺৎЂਛਲȊȷLionelࠑӯȄ

୽ሬ྾υོ ஼ቫ࿽Єྻ࣏Ӥ஥Ϡॷ༳ᘨЀȞMelvin Jonesȟ‫ݺ‬1917Րѽ‫ݤ‬ਣᅆߤ஡ф ѵधߞᝯᜃऎӫߞ՘ӲȂӫࡈ஼ቫ࿽ЄྻॗգұေУϼৎжྻ۶ 135 ေԩྻ ৶Ȃ࣏ѵध൵Ђߞࠧᓖ‫އ׀‬ச‫ݑ‬ᄥᢜೡᚐȄ

17


ᇄMitchamୢࠉӈ྾υོོߝIan Dewarӫྱ

ּቸΡЖ

ᇄϛ๼྾υོಀོষӫྱ

ዥЖ࣏๼Ρ݈୛ ୵Ϟࣿ᠙‫ݺ‬࿽ЄྻНҳȂ Lionel ӺԢ੡৘ԇົϠ ߤ஡‫އ‬சКѕߞ܎৶ϘᚚȂЙ֭ঋऎߤ஡Չవࣿ ஜфЍ֯‫ת‬ȂऎКѕ‫ݙ‬෩‫އߞڻ‬ச۶Ⴄ࿚Ⴛӡ֯ ٙຉȂ‫࣏ـ‬੡ঋԨࣆܹх࣍ႤࠛߞቮِȂ҃ࠑК ѕҍਯЙԢߞࣿஜȄȶ‫ێ‬ᅁ‫ا‬ϘߡԴऎКѕஇ၍ ЍȂ 5 ֌ 6 ՐࡈգܶҐϢၭ‫ྻڰ‬ȂऎКѕु๴Ϙ‫ڱ‬ କ൵Ђন࢘Գᕒׄߤ஡ߞў‫ޱ‬Ȃᐐᇒգ‫ڱ‬ᕅϧȂ ЙჅକ‫އ‬சۖ‫ـ‬ԺߞົϠӺ҄‫ۖྏا‬ϩжਾ෎ȷ LionelࠑӯȄ ‫ێ‬ᅁ֯ऎϘԩЏೊ‫ܧ‬ᑫࣷұϩԺՐߞົϠȂ࢝Ժሃ LionelहԢ०฀ߞົϠ՝ЏᓉϢᑫࣷߞѹࣹߤྻȂ ࢝ьϠྻᄊҁϘዹ԰ۖົϠߤ஡ऎົϠ‫އ‬சȂȶߞ ፁȂ‫ا‬՝ЏԴഺৎ֘ў஼ਛၢԳӠੲȂ‫ߞا‬ЄЃϵ ЙᕖఀᗾКћȂЙჅ‫ا‬Ӻ੡௱ిᐱЄЃϘ‫ܠ‬ঋᅆК ஼‫઻ݙ‬ϭ‫ߞڽ‬ᓷಯຜПපদȄည๒Ȃ‫ڗ֋ا‬ᅆ‫ົݺ‬ Ϡߞ‫ڗ‬ԊϘߡൌྏۖࠧ௱֋ሹȂ‫ߞاڹ׈‬Кћᡝ኷ କϧգনȂЙჅಲൣ‫࣏ا‬ϘԩົϠȂ‫ߞا‬ਛ౉ѵѵ

҃҃ൌ࣏ົϠȂ‫ا‬գയԇҝា᠈࠲ՅົϠߞᑢҫȊ ȷLionelࠑӯȄ ЙჅᢰLionelះఀቲऎҞఓߞ࣏ȂົϠ֋‫ڭڗ‬Йщ ᄥຕȂ๴ҍߞᗏরщ਴ЈȂԴᑫࣷպԺՐȂ֭Ъ ӏକՂ‫ێ‬ҁᇌ᝷ϠЀϘዹӇϢᑫࣷѹࣹߤྻȂ՘ ґϢѹࣆᐪȄԯփ҄Йь֘ўϠᅆ‫ا‬েົϠߞྏ ះЪஃ઻Դȶ༟КᔠᔡȷȂȶᎱᙇѕȷȂȶ༟ᛔ റܸȷߞ༥ࣱȄȶ‫ڰ‬ᅁ࣏Ȃ‫ا‬েົϠԴᑫࣷӺգ Ϙ‫࢝ڱ‬ҍ֒ߞྻ঍ਰȂࢠਰȂᛁӠຈຈȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ‫ا‬ ૌߞౕ࢝ؓ൅Ⴥ‫ا‬Ϙᙇᙇߞϧ༓Ȃ‫ׅ‬ϧѽ֖ஜ‫ؼ‬ ᢏ֘ўϠᅆົϠҟ᚞ߞࢥྐȂ҄ҁে‫ـ‬පদȂњ ࢺфᡌࠓ‫ا‬েົϠߤ஡ȷLionel૯ሲȂȶ‫ڭا‬Йକ ঋِᑫُࣷ֜ົϠᄊ‫ا‬Ϙዹ‫ݸ‬ՂթԺߞ੡༡Դߤ ஡аȂЙჅ‫ا‬हُࠫϠҪቮঋࢺգϘᙇᙇњࢺົ ϠߞѕȂُϠऎߤ஡֯Ϙᙇᙇߞ֖ஜȂӇϭϞੲ ௄ѽф௄ᚂȂົϠߤ஡Դᑫࣷ๴ጤ๴ࠪߞџЄह ࠫϘ‫ࢽྻܠ‬џҞ࢞Ȋȷ

๼Ρ‫ޥ‬ୢ݈୛ϛЖ ‫ށ‬Ր௟ࠓతົϠߤ஡‫އ‬சКѕ՘Ӳ೐20ՐȂ୵ࠜ߰‫އ‬சҳȂӺգ෩‫ێڻ‬ҁᇊ ‫އ׀‬சȂՂȈೊӔՉ‫އܧ‬சຈຈȇ2006Ր੡Кѕᒸ࢙௞ऎົϠ෩‫࢘୼ڻ‬᠕ನ ߞࠧո‫׀‬ՉጄົϠ᠕ನȂ࣏ৎജ‫ܹࣆۦ‬ѽфߤ஡њࢺߞᇊ‫އ׀‬சᑟᅹȄ

18

ࡣ଄ ȶࣉਾЙِඡȷ࣏ຊ߰Դ؆՘ሃLionelߞണயࢢ ‫ڝ‬ിԴၝઔКઙ಩ߞՄҮȂ೟ѕ઻ྍ‫ڗ‬᝝ϠȂ ‫ڭ‬ԴҁেգቮঋН੡ф੡୙ϯᝯᜃሃᕒׄȂ ૌѕᅁྍԳຜПȂ֭ంЙᄦ԰ඡȄҝՐКौ ြȂLionelऎ‫ݺ֝ܧ‬ՉጄົϠ᠕ನߞցϠ֋శၕ ҒȂᘉ໴Ϟϩ֌ϟϩԺ಼ߞѡቷȂ‫ێ‬ᅁгг௔ ௔ে‫ڭ‬Йକ་঴ჅԺѡቷȂЙჅӒ‫ݙ‬ᓜȶѕྍ ྥ௉ȷȂLionelऻۖϞ‫ڱڤ‬гг௔௔ে‫أ‬ጄᆕ‫ږ‬ ߞೀૠȂҁӺྏۖϩжේ‫أ‬Ȋȶᅆ‫ڽا‬ሲȂ‫ڤ‬ ϟϩԺ಼ѡቷ‫ݙ‬ቮߞࠛᓿ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ԺȂ‫ا‬ььߞ ѾҍЏକ௉‫ڤڹ‬වϩԩгг௔௔‫ڤ‬ᇌྏះȂ‫ێ‬ ᅁ‫ا‬ѧҁে‫أـ‬ጄ۸ȊȷLionel૯ሲȄ


র੫Ԓ‫࠲ޟ‬ᚊॳਿȂ౏ΣӴή‫ߜޟ‬ᝪϢϞਡȂඈࣀ࿽‫ޟ‬౾σኊ‫ڐ‬Ȃശσ‫ޟ‬๼ ΡᐣѬി‫ސ‬ᓢȌ࣏ᐣငྑТࢿᅥ‫ޟ‬ҏज़Зቨ఺ΟΙӋᐿԤ‫ޟ‬ᏄΨȊ

ĵ́‫̊ܚ‬Ķ г፡Ϊ‫۝‬໏̙͠പ֔

ᆰԎߜᝪ ᆰԎ ᆰԎߜ ᆰ Ԏߜ Ԏ Ԏߜᝪ ߜ

໊ԑक‫܈‬டᒮ ყ: ŗŪŴŪŰůŴġŰŧġŗŪŤŵŰųŪŢ!М: ҏѐጡᒮഋ!!៫୰ȈഌԆ‫׃‬

ҏज़Зϭಝ ӎচіȞBendigoȟ֜‫ݺ‬ᇯՍКൊȂ໼ᇯՍ঵ܹᐍ ᆬӎҾ֘Ҕ128г‫ڧ‬഍ȂऎᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬Սᄩаាᐍᆬ ӎȃข੬(Geelong)۶ࠠ‫ݛ‬ငપ(Ararat)Нࢢߞ೐ұ ЂࡱҾȂᘑᄩႿ3000Ӏўг‫ڧ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬КҒࣁധԺЈ ᛉȂᗁϠϾࠕ10ေҽҠȄ ӎচіऎᑫࣷȶಌࠛጤȷ੡҃ߞᑢҫԩࡱНϘȄ ం1851Րȶ๴಩ࠛឩȷߞઐਿЙ⌧փ‫ڕ‬Нࢢබ൙ ᠈༟‫ܕ‬գϠ‫֝ܧ‬Ȃ1855Րജ෩пऎ‫م‬Ȃ1863Րп ऎᛉȂ1871Ր՘ऎࡱҾȄည੡ࡱҾߞӒՑԩᇍ࣏ ੹዇ሿ෻પȞ Sandhurst ȟȂ 1891 Ր‫ؼ‬ԩऎӎচ іȄЙჅȂᅆ‫ົݺ‬Ϡ‫ڽ‬ሲȂӎচіᘘգϘৎ‫ـ‬ऎᓐ зߞԩՄșșȶЂࠛЋȷȄ 19 ѵ॔К౎งᆓࣶჅ ઔփ‫ߞڽ‬Ђ‫ົز‬Ϡᇸ༰ԴթԳಌࠛȂ൵Ժ੡Ⴟۖ 3750ϠȄϵంҩϘኸবϯ࠳་ϞӎচіϠϾߞኧ ࠜ۶ࡱҾߞ๴ਣȄӎচі֯ऎȶಯࠛឩᛉȷഺϘ

ඏϘ‫ڗ‬Ԋߞᑢҫຕ‫ݺف‬1954ՐȂҹߞࠛឩਃ᚟‫ـ‬ तȂ༟ళߞጀՑ‫ۍـ‬ԋ྽мȂԴ1980Րࡈ࣏ᑫࣷ ಯࠛ༓൵୼ߞԳ஡ȂቈЂ‫ێݺ‬ឮߋ߰ȂᇯՍҩϘ ৎࠛឩЂᛉѐ‫ݛ‬ငપȂԒҍಯϞ2000Ժေ૊Ҧࠛ ЄȄᑂᖢႋȂӎচіߞࠛឩК಩Դ‫ڶ‬๒ᔼ᚟գ֤঍ ֌ьሃЏ๴ధҍ‫ߞڽ‬Ԣຈዴ༓ߞࠛЄȄ ՂЫȂȶಌࠛጤȷКӎচіߞᏂ࿴՝ЏูٟԴᑢ ҫߞᄧ਄КȂ๒փȂ֯ऎȶಌࠛጤȷߞᓷಯȂӎ চіᖔૈࠧϲȄබ࢙ᒝփ‫ڏ‬Ȃӎচіྉ༰ϞЂ༓ႅ ჹொົߞȂ௲գ‫ޱ‬஼লఐߞᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬ฤӔ੡ง౎ง ߞ࢙ᒝȂփഺ‫࢙ڱ‬ᒝЙ֭ജѿ೟؆ՀԳ࠲઻֌ЫȂ ‫࣏ـ‬ജᕕӡ‫ࡱݺ‬ҾӠࣿߞԧўবȂՂҾࣆᣇȃ༎ ؊ȃ‫ޱ‬୰ȃࡈฤӔ቙֖ຈȇ‫ݺ࢙ܕ‬1896Րߞӎচ іၐѕЂి௅࣏ᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬೐ϬЂߞి௅Ȃϵ࣏ࡑҗ ಧ൵ЂߞϘਲ਼ी‫ిܬ‬௅࢙ᒝȇփӎচіߞ७г௅ࡋ

੕౛ถ౰ࠢ ࠢ

࣏1860Ր҃ົϠឩЍኅѕ‫۝‬ϧ࢙ൄߞϘਲ਼ȂᇯՍ றϘϘਲ਼ജ࠲Յ۶Ыч‫ڶ‬๒֯ऎ዁Ն‫ڹ‬ӡߞ࢙ᒝȄ ҩϘўবȂӎচіϵ໺ཕ༟‫ܕ‬๴ਣգ֋Ўપ֒ߞћ м੠Ⴜ྽Ȅӎচіߞપ֒Դ‫ݺ‬Ȃҹ௟ᚳනߞಌࠛᑢ ҫԢ಩҃ϠћઈਿहຕԪȂՂ዇ֱஙࠛឩКѕȃࠛ ᔷൾߏᔡȃ७г௅ȃգখც‫ژژ‬਱۶ൾߏᔡȃӎচ і᜹ങᔡȃӎচі෇ࣿြዉ‫ۏ‬ຈȄᢰϠেԴ၉‫ݺڗ‬ ࡱᛉК੡ȂӼ֢ԴჅҝ۶಩ԴН༡ӹᓾփϫ֋๒ߞ ्ౣȄ թҳȂৃఀϘ෩ߞ࣏Ȃӎচіೀϭߞ๴ਣȂપ‫־‬Դ ஥྽۶ћмўবȂቲգ‫ڱ‬ЂઈᐄȂՂӎচі቙֖Ȃ Џ๒‫ڕ‬ҍϞԳ஡؊নȂᘙԨϞ‫ـ‬ऎዃᘮߞ๴ਣߩ ༡ȄփӎচіُՐߞ෇ࣿြዉ‫ۏ‬۶রጄြȂൌЏ၃ ‫ڕ‬ԨϞ஼ቫмȂ‫ێ‬ᇢԪ๴ਣᅁϧፁऎᇯՍࠛឩᛉК ߞᰔᰔ߰НϘȄ

ശଽ ॳΨ ႀ‫ڗ‬

1200mdz/hr

ӒՌଢ଼఼ࢿ

Hi-Grade Industries Pty Ltd Manufacturer, Importer and Distributor of Kitchen Rangehoods and Appliances

Ѯ ᢊ ᇧ അ Ȅ፴ ໔ ߳ ᜌ Ȅட ཾ ‫ี ׳‬

᠍ ߔ ‫ ڗ‬ങ Ӗ ࡉ ୤ ᢎ

10ԑ ଻ႀ߳Ꮄ Ꮄ

Ⱦ֜ȿ‫ྭݶ‬ᐠ

ᚖᆓౡЬᝥ‫ج‬ ЬΨଽႀIJĺŎŋİũų

ӻ෡ᝥᓞ џ‫ټ‬ᒵᐅ

Ӵ֭ Unit 3, 50 - 54 Howleys Rd, Notting Hill, VIC 3168 (՝ܻMonashσᏰClaytonਪ଱ࡣ७) Ⴋၗ (613) 9545 6233 łŴũŧŪŦŭť (02) 9797 9700 ňŶŪŭťŧŰųť (02) 9721 2683 ᆩ֭ www.hi-grade.net.au

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ҏज़Зѿࢇᢈ

ѠՂԤॗႫٙ

ߜᓸി‫ސ‬ᓢ

ҏज़З

मϴஆ

র੫Ԓ‫ޟ‬༁ߜ࠲ ӎচі࠲઻ϞധԺᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬ՑฤӔง౎งᔎჹᗄປ ࡒᆽᢖഄទລᒗߞ৯પՑ࢙ᒝȂ‫ێ‬Кদঋߞգӎচ іҾࣆЂ྇ȃ༎؊۶‫ޱ‬୰ຈȄЁ༧֘ϭ੡жȂ޻຾ Pall MallᆝَȂϘႮ֖‫ڽ‬Ȃُৎ‫࢘ڎ‬ൌ࣏ল฀ȂϘ ೀऻЙ௉Ȅ ҏज़З‫ޟ‬ထЖσఀஆ Sacred Heart Cathedral ࣏ࡑҗಧᑾϘ๑ϟߞ৯પՑी‫ܬ‬Ђి௅Ȃ‫ݺ࢙ܕ‬ 1896ՐȄి௅෇ࣿြ༉Ϙᅆҳ༟‫ݸ‬Ȃ‫ڕ‬ϯϘ஻Ȃ Ӽ֢ᑋৎϠൌߩᢸၐጒϞවжȄપ‫ৃ־‬ఀϘ෩ߞ࣏ ෇ࣿြ۹џߞ౎฀Ȃ࣐‫ښ‬ᆕчऎҿᜧȂ࿬ࠅຝដ இᙇᇧȂᑋৎి௅ജҒሤԴᑕ֒ߞԍྶϭȂթఐթ ฀ȂࠧᓐೀӫလЙକ‫ڏ‬ሬȊ ѠՂԤॗႫٙ Talking Tram Џ၃գ100ԺՐߞᑢ ҫϞȂՂЫ‫ڶ‬๒Դӎচі໖Ⴝϯ֖ᏺ຾ȂϘႮЬ೜ ӎচіߞᑢҫ۶޻൉ߞᣍԍᙇȂҦᑟ‫्׮‬຾᚞џ‫އ‬ ჹȄც‫ژ‬።ႮᑖരҾКѕȂാຕϞ७г௅۶዇ֱங ࠛឩКѕȄϘ௺‫ژ‬ೈҞ‫یڹ‬чȂᔌϯᔌϭȄթҳȂ ষც‫ژ‬ᘘҞѽ‫ݯ‬Ⴟቲգ‫ڱ‬ᑢҫߞც‫ژژ‬਱۶ൾߏ ᔡȂ㡯ব൘ԕ຾‫ـ‬ऎցՄၳߞԺภც‫ژ‬Ȅȁȁ ᛳؓ‫ݓ‬ϴ༪ Rosalind Park֜‫ݺ‬ҾКѕȂ޻຾Ћ ཕփ࢙Ȃ൵൤ᇑգϘਲ਼պռ୼ߞᣍ฀཰Ȃ‫ێ‬ϯҞ় ᖟᑋৎӎচіࡱᛉȂϘ᠓๑ᓷȄ

ҏज़З᛺೚ᓢ Bendigo Art Gallery࢙‫ݺ‬1887 ՐȂ࣏ᑫࣷ൵ЂߞԳ஡᜹ങ᜹ങᔡНϘȂᔡ᚟ߞ ധԺ 19 ѵ॔ߞᜱ๪ႎ೟Գਣ಩Ϟည੡ߞӠࣿȄం 2003Ր༟‫ܕ‬ӎচі᜹ങᔡჴ๴ᑫЂ‫ࠛڲ׀‬ᛝ൵୼ ߞᜱ๪ጨȂጨࠛऎУေग़ЮȄ‫ێ‬੟᝝ߞ঵ܹነ୰௱ Րᗝᓱরጄྻ۶ᕚነࠑᆊȄփُՐ 11 ѡࠐᗝᓱߞ Ӕ౉রጄြࡋ࣏ࡑҗಧ൵Ђߞরጄಽ‫ۏ‬НϘȂ‫כ‬є ‫֋ڽ‬ᑫࣷӎϿ۶ѵधԧԳߞӔ౉রጄྑՀ߰Ȅ ኈղ୚ߜᝪϛЖ Central Deborah Gold Mine ࣏ӎচіಿԺࠛឩК༟ళۖ൵ࢢߞවৎឩЋНϘȂ ឩСಎႿ 100 ԺռȂԒ 17 ኸȂӫࡈᅆႼࢉ༟‫֌ݸ‬ ԳϭϬኸȂ෩‫ڻ‬ϬᇌЙԢߞణ૶።ႮȂ‫׮‬գ௞Ϡᗾ ႋȂ‫ێ‬༡൘ԕ຾1851Ր༟ళ੡ߞᅁߏȂឩСࠢࠕ ऎЍዄ༡ȂంКҞѽз‫ۖۦྏڗ‬ည੡ళឩЍϠߞӠ ࣿ฀໪ȄՂ‫ލ‬ႻઈՀȂᘘҞѽಌۖࠛЄȂЙჅቮঋ ‫ږ‬௉ߞढ़ѕ۶೟፜Ж֖Ȋ

ҏज़З᛺೚ᓢ

ҏज़Зഝ౮ኅ

ҏज़Зഝ౮ኅ Bendigo Pottery ֜‫ݺ‬Ҿ஡6г‫ڧ‬ ഍ȂഺႆҞѽᘉ໴ۖԧՑԧዹߞ൜ಭЍ᜹ࡡ۶ਛ‫ܧ‬ ӡࡡȂаգϘ֋ׄՑߞ൜ಭൾߏᔡȞቮᘉೈȟȄ൵ ‫כ‬єϠߞ࣏൜ಭЍ֯༡Ȟ$12/0.5hrȟȂႼࢉညџ இ՘ߞ᱓ЄҞ֋ᓴᛞ֒‫ڭ‬ћՄȂӤЍዄ҃ऎᑵሦ௙ ୙ȂЙჅԺࠅ10Юߞ໱ӡȂࡒ࣏࢝գ॔݇ኊৃȄ

ӣᖐӣၯΡኄ‫ݍ‬ၗႫѮ࿽Ҭ‫ཱི؁‬Ⴑ֙ ӣᖐӣၯΡʕҬࠉӵΡЙΰԤཱི‫ޟ‬ё࿗ȂՄӵ࿽ҬϱৠΰһԤཱི፡ଢ଼Ȅ౪ਢкौ‫ޟ‬кኬԤ࡙ШȂŒŶŦŦůŪŦġЅ࣢‫۔‬ϞѴȂᗙԤཱིёΣ‫ޟ‬ኬॱষҗ߀ЅŕŕȂ ࣺ߬Ө՝ӵԝॱᐠਠ᜞‫ޟ‬᠙ಀ഍᠙ႆтঈ‫ޟ‬ኄኬȄġଶԪϞѴȂӵΞТӋ಑Ѳএ࢑෈έఏΰ໠ۖһ஠ԤӣၯΡᚕᇬ‫ߝޥޟޥ‬œŢźŮŰůťЅᆰԎԎߝ๼Ρ៫୰ᄑቱ৕τρ Σ࿗ኬॱ‫ޟ‬՗ӖȂ࣏σড়ඪ‫ټ‬Ԥᜰࢇ‫ݽ‬Ѕ‫ޥ‬ୢП७‫ޟ‬ຟ፣Ȅ୛ཱིؑ‫׽ޟ‬ଢ଼‫؁‬૖࣏σড়ඪ‫ټ‬ҏπҡࣀΰ‫؁‬ϸ٘‫ޟ‬லᜋЅᔖҢȄ

ҏज़Зඈࣀ࿽ ᑢ੡ұџȂُџԴᜲْ‫ޒ‬гཀྵൌգႼ᜹ࣿஜȄપ‫־‬ ࠪᙇ࣏༉УԑчߞHazeldeneਛਲᡌᇸџȇ༉бф ۹џȞКо֌౎ϯȟߞӎচіྭᆋᖑЀরጄྻȇ۹ џϭо‫ی‬ᙇߞඓᓹһᔷኇՑфࠑᆊȂ۹џ౎ϯߞӎ চіҾ஡ѫऐԕ༤Ⴜ֖۶࿬ѫࠑᆊȇ༉Ϙϯоߞӎ চіAdvertiserᡌዉЂႼ֖Ȅԑࡱ‫ٷ‬Ѓցьኅਛҍ ஜȂϠЋϠઔȂቮ෩ࡈ֫ՀᣍᎫߞԳጹȄ मϴஆ Chinese Joss House ϫԩӎচіߞЂ ዁Ȃऎ1860ՐညԳົϠឩЍ࢙ൄߞϘਲ਼዁ՆȂՂ Ы࣏ᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬ՍறϘϘਲ਼ജ࠲Յ֌Ы‫ڶڭ‬๒֯ऎ዁ Ն‫ڹ‬ӡߞ࢙ᒝȄ ߜᓸി‫ސ‬ᓢ Golden Dragon Museum ‫ݺ‬1991 ՐଈႤѡ 350 ေᑫᅋ࢙՘ȂᑋᢜবᒕႿ 2400 Ӏў ռȂਣӯ຾ంȶಌࠛጤȷ੡ง֌ЫົϠߞӠࣿᅁ޶ фߤྻᑢҫȂ՞Դቛୃᑢҫཇ೚ߞԢ੡ӃෳКົћ

мȄൾߏᔡ޻Ђࠝ‫ی‬எ࣏ᇟѕֶ၉ߞਣࡡȂգ࢝ड ໳ߞћߏȂ൅Ⴥഺ‫ڱ‬ᑢҫᓷ઻ࡡҞѽྏ‫ۖۦ‬ည੡ົ ϠԐӔেߞӠࣿᙇᆍȂթҳᘘգૌϠЂЈߞ᠐ϠȂ Ⴠૌԓ಩ϞညՐົϠಌࠛЍϠ‫־ט‬ѭӓ‫ۊ܍‬Ȃቈઘ দࣶ‫ۖڽ‬ᑫࣷߞఐ฀ȂѽфԴഺႆൻஜ۶Ӡࣿߞඞ ฀Ȅည๒Ȃ൵ऎࠪᙇߞঋዴُՐȶК஼ᔷြȷ੡ቮ ӡߞһᔷȂԴЂᣇቈᇑӒᅆЂࠝߞ֜၉࣏Ϙৎҗ ռ୼ߞሂȂϯব‫ݸڻ‬຾ྲᔷ2ռ‫ߞ୼ڽ‬ᔷᔝȂᔷᢜ ޻຾ᠠࣛฒᑜጹొփϯȂߡႿϟጁȄഺ౧ྲᔷԑ ‫ڗ‬6000ѯ቙ᢟȂُѯᢟӤ23ུटጬᝡѯೡ՘Ȃᗁ Ԓ࣏ 90000 ུȄȶЂࠛЋȷົϠህᔷգպ᏶Րᑌ ҫȄۖϞ 70 ՐࡈЖह޻՘೫Ȃ‫ܠ۽‬ԴُՐ෇ࣿြ ง༡་֖ህᔷࠑᆊȂഺϵ࣏ЂႼ֖ߞᕅ༄ြӫȂ֌ ЫЙଽȂԯթӎচіҾϫգȶᔷࡱȷНᇍȄ੟᝝ߞ К஼ࠅཀྵȞChinese Gardensȟ࣏К஼կࡑਲ୰ߞ ྋᖺߍȄ

Һ೽ ᐍᆬӎُчൌգ༟݀ ӎচіߞѫ‫ژ‬Ȃষ‫ױ‬ Ҿаߞც‫ږژ‬Ҟߕ჆ වѼ‫ݙ‬գߞ฀ᙇȇం ᐍҾᠭ‫޻ژ‬A79ЙჅ 2Ј੡‫ژ‬຀Ȅ

ầ↊ᯇጰᐹ᝸ᵬᛵᑀᖯᅞ ầ᛹῔᲌ỉᴷᑨᛵᾦ⌓Ầ⛞ᅞ 澳洲最新最全的華人《車報》。請登錄網站

ኄ‫ݍ‬ၗႫѮ‫ޟ‬࿽ҬЅԊ௮ԃήȓ

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ؐТ಑Ιএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑Πএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑έএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑Ѳএ࢑෈έ

кኬষȓ࣢‫۔‬Ȃ ოᇽкࡻȓ‫؃‬ৱЮЅŋŰũůůź ϱৠȈȦ٨Ԥ٨ᖿȧ

кኬষȓ࡙ШȂŕŕ ოᇽкࡻȓᑋࡡৱ ϱৠȈ‫ࡡݲ‬லᜋ

кኬষȓŒŶŦŦůŪŦȂҗ߀ ოᇽкࡻȓŗŪůŤŦůŵġōŰ ϱৠȓ‫ີࡐܘ‬፲லᜋ

кኬষȓœŢźŮŰůťȂŒŶŦŦůŪŦ ოᇽкࡻȓᄑቱ৕ ϱৠȓࢇ‫ݽ‬ຟ፣Ѕ‫ޥ‬ୢੑ਀

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ҏज़Зѿࢇᢈ

ѠՂԤॗႫٙ

ߜᓸി‫ސ‬ᓢ

ҏज़З

मϴஆ

র੫Ԓ‫ޟ‬༁ߜ࠲ ӎচі࠲઻ϞധԺᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬ՑฤӔง౎งᔎჹᗄປ ࡒᆽᢖഄទລᒗߞ৯પՑ࢙ᒝȂ‫ێ‬Кদঋߞգӎচ іҾࣆЂ྇ȃ༎؊۶‫ޱ‬୰ຈȄЁ༧֘ϭ੡жȂ޻຾ Pall MallᆝَȂϘႮ֖‫ڽ‬Ȃُৎ‫࢘ڎ‬ൌ࣏ল฀ȂϘ ೀऻЙ௉Ȅ ҏज़З‫ޟ‬ထЖσఀஆ Sacred Heart Cathedral ࣏ࡑҗಧᑾϘ๑ϟߞ৯પՑी‫ܬ‬Ђి௅Ȃ‫ݺ࢙ܕ‬ 1896ՐȄి௅෇ࣿြ༉Ϙᅆҳ༟‫ݸ‬Ȃ‫ڕ‬ϯϘ஻Ȃ Ӽ֢ᑋৎϠൌߩᢸၐጒϞවжȄપ‫ৃ־‬ఀϘ෩ߞ࣏ ෇ࣿြ۹џߞ౎฀Ȃ࣐‫ښ‬ᆕчऎҿᜧȂ࿬ࠅຝដ இᙇᇧȂᑋৎి௅ജҒሤԴᑕ֒ߞԍྶϭȂթఐթ ฀ȂࠧᓐೀӫလЙକ‫ڏ‬ሬȊ ѠՂԤॗႫٙ Talking Tram Џ၃գ100ԺՐߞᑢ ҫϞȂՂЫ‫ڶ‬๒Դӎচі໖Ⴝϯ֖ᏺ຾ȂϘႮЬ೜ ӎচіߞᑢҫ۶޻൉ߞᣍԍᙇȂҦᑟ‫्׮‬຾᚞џ‫އ‬ ჹȄც‫ژ‬።ႮᑖരҾКѕȂാຕϞ७г௅۶዇ֱங ࠛឩКѕȄϘ௺‫ژ‬ೈҞ‫یڹ‬чȂᔌϯᔌϭȄթҳȂ ষც‫ژ‬ᘘҞѽ‫ݯ‬Ⴟቲգ‫ڱ‬ᑢҫߞც‫ژژ‬਱۶ൾߏ ᔡȂ㡯ব൘ԕ຾‫ـ‬ऎցՄၳߞԺภც‫ژ‬Ȅȁȁ ᛳؓ‫ݓ‬ϴ༪ Rosalind Park֜‫ݺ‬ҾКѕȂ޻຾Ћ ཕփ࢙Ȃ൵൤ᇑգϘਲ਼պռ୼ߞᣍ฀཰Ȃ‫ێ‬ϯҞ় ᖟᑋৎӎচіࡱᛉȂϘ᠓๑ᓷȄ

ҏज़З᛺೚ᓢ Bendigo Art Gallery࢙‫ݺ‬1887 ՐȂ࣏ᑫࣷ൵ЂߞԳ஡᜹ങ᜹ങᔡНϘȂᔡ᚟ߞ ധԺ 19 ѵ॔ߞᜱ๪ႎ೟Գਣ಩Ϟည੡ߞӠࣿȄం 2003Ր༟‫ܕ‬ӎচі᜹ങᔡჴ๴ᑫЂ‫ࠛڲ׀‬ᛝ൵୼ ߞᜱ๪ጨȂጨࠛऎУေग़ЮȄ‫ێ‬੟᝝ߞ঵ܹነ୰௱ Րᗝᓱরጄྻ۶ᕚነࠑᆊȄփُՐ 11 ѡࠐᗝᓱߞ Ӕ౉রጄြࡋ࣏ࡑҗಧ൵Ђߞরጄಽ‫ۏ‬НϘȂ‫כ‬є ‫֋ڽ‬ᑫࣷӎϿ۶ѵधԧԳߞӔ౉রጄྑՀ߰Ȅ ኈղ୚ߜᝪϛЖ Central Deborah Gold Mine ࣏ӎচіಿԺࠛឩК༟ళۖ൵ࢢߞවৎឩЋНϘȂ ឩСಎႿ 100 ԺռȂԒ 17 ኸȂӫࡈᅆႼࢉ༟‫֌ݸ‬ ԳϭϬኸȂ෩‫ڻ‬ϬᇌЙԢߞణ૶።ႮȂ‫׮‬գ௞Ϡᗾ ႋȂ‫ێ‬༡൘ԕ຾1851Ր༟ళ੡ߞᅁߏȂឩСࠢࠕ ऎЍዄ༡ȂంКҞѽз‫ۖۦྏڗ‬ည੡ళឩЍϠߞӠ ࣿ฀໪ȄՂ‫ލ‬ႻઈՀȂᘘҞѽಌۖࠛЄȂЙჅቮঋ ‫ږ‬௉ߞढ़ѕ۶೟፜Ж֖Ȋ

ҏज़З᛺೚ᓢ

ҏज़Зഝ౮ኅ

ҏज़Зഝ౮ኅ Bendigo Pottery ֜‫ݺ‬Ҿ஡6г‫ڧ‬ ഍ȂഺႆҞѽᘉ໴ۖԧՑԧዹߞ൜ಭЍ᜹ࡡ۶ਛ‫ܧ‬ ӡࡡȂаգϘ֋ׄՑߞ൜ಭൾߏᔡȞቮᘉೈȟȄ൵ ‫כ‬єϠߞ࣏൜ಭЍ֯༡Ȟ$12/0.5hrȟȂႼࢉညџ இ՘ߞ᱓ЄҞ֋ᓴᛞ֒‫ڭ‬ћՄȂӤЍዄ҃ऎᑵሦ௙ ୙ȂЙჅԺࠅ10Юߞ໱ӡȂࡒ࣏࢝գ॔݇ኊৃȄ

ӣᖐӣၯΡኄ‫ݍ‬ၗႫѮ࿽Ҭ‫ཱི؁‬Ⴑ֙ ӣᖐӣၯΡʕҬࠉӵΡЙΰԤཱི‫ޟ‬ё࿗ȂՄӵ࿽ҬϱৠΰһԤཱི፡ଢ଼Ȅ౪ਢкौ‫ޟ‬кኬԤ࡙ШȂŒŶŦŦůŪŦġЅ࣢‫۔‬ϞѴȂᗙԤཱིёΣ‫ޟ‬ኬॱষҗ߀ЅŕŕȂ ࣺ߬Ө՝ӵԝॱᐠਠ᜞‫ޟ‬᠙ಀ഍᠙ႆтঈ‫ޟ‬ኄኬȄġଶԪϞѴȂӵΞТӋ಑Ѳএ࢑෈έఏΰ໠ۖһ஠ԤӣၯΡᚕᇬ‫ߝޥޟޥ‬œŢźŮŰůťЅᆰԎԎߝ๼Ρ៫୰ᄑቱ৕τρ Σ࿗ኬॱ‫ޟ‬՗ӖȂ࣏σড়ඪ‫ټ‬Ԥᜰࢇ‫ݽ‬Ѕ‫ޥ‬ୢП७‫ޟ‬ຟ፣Ȅ୛ཱིؑ‫׽ޟ‬ଢ଼‫؁‬૖࣏σড়ඪ‫ټ‬ҏπҡࣀΰ‫؁‬ϸ٘‫ޟ‬லᜋЅᔖҢȄ

ҏज़Зඈࣀ࿽ ᑢ੡ұџȂُџԴᜲْ‫ޒ‬гཀྵൌգႼ᜹ࣿஜȄપ‫־‬ ࠪᙇ࣏༉УԑчߞHazeldeneਛਲᡌᇸџȇ༉бф ۹џȞКо֌౎ϯȟߞӎচіྭᆋᖑЀরጄྻȇ۹ џϭо‫ی‬ᙇߞඓᓹһᔷኇՑфࠑᆊȂ۹џ౎ϯߞӎ চіҾ஡ѫऐԕ༤Ⴜ֖۶࿬ѫࠑᆊȇ༉Ϙϯоߞӎ চіAdvertiserᡌዉЂႼ֖Ȅԑࡱ‫ٷ‬Ѓցьኅਛҍ ஜȂϠЋϠઔȂቮ෩ࡈ֫ՀᣍᎫߞԳጹȄ मϴஆ Chinese Joss House ϫԩӎচіߞЂ ዁Ȃऎ1860ՐညԳົϠឩЍ࢙ൄߞϘਲ਼዁ՆȂՂ Ы࣏ᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬ՍறϘϘਲ਼ജ࠲Յ֌Ы‫ڶڭ‬๒֯ऎ዁ Ն‫ڹ‬ӡߞ࢙ᒝȄ ߜᓸി‫ސ‬ᓢ Golden Dragon Museum ‫ݺ‬1991 ՐଈႤѡ 350 ေᑫᅋ࢙՘ȂᑋᢜবᒕႿ 2400 Ӏў ռȂਣӯ຾ంȶಌࠛጤȷ੡ง֌ЫົϠߞӠࣿᅁ޶ фߤྻᑢҫȂ՞Դቛୃᑢҫཇ೚ߞԢ੡ӃෳКົћ

мȄൾߏᔡ޻Ђࠝ‫ی‬எ࣏ᇟѕֶ၉ߞਣࡡȂգ࢝ड ໳ߞћߏȂ൅Ⴥഺ‫ڱ‬ᑢҫᓷ઻ࡡҞѽྏ‫ۖۦ‬ည੡ົ ϠԐӔেߞӠࣿᙇᆍȂթҳᘘգૌϠЂЈߞ᠐ϠȂ Ⴠૌԓ಩ϞညՐົϠಌࠛЍϠ‫־ט‬ѭӓ‫ۊ܍‬Ȃቈઘ দࣶ‫ۖڽ‬ᑫࣷߞఐ฀ȂѽфԴഺႆൻஜ۶Ӡࣿߞඞ ฀Ȅည๒Ȃ൵ऎࠪᙇߞঋዴُՐȶК஼ᔷြȷ੡ቮ ӡߞһᔷȂԴЂᣇቈᇑӒᅆЂࠝߞ֜၉࣏Ϙৎҗ ռ୼ߞሂȂϯব‫ݸڻ‬຾ྲᔷ2ռ‫ߞ୼ڽ‬ᔷᔝȂᔷᢜ ޻຾ᠠࣛฒᑜጹొփϯȂߡႿϟጁȄഺ౧ྲᔷԑ ‫ڗ‬6000ѯ቙ᢟȂُѯᢟӤ23ུटጬᝡѯೡ՘Ȃᗁ Ԓ࣏ 90000 ུȄȶЂࠛЋȷົϠህᔷգպ᏶Րᑌ ҫȄۖϞ 70 ՐࡈЖह޻՘೫Ȃ‫ܠ۽‬ԴُՐ෇ࣿြ ง༡་֖ህᔷࠑᆊȂഺϵ࣏ЂႼ֖ߞᕅ༄ြӫȂ֌ ЫЙଽȂԯթӎচіҾϫգȶᔷࡱȷНᇍȄ੟᝝ߞ К஼ࠅཀྵȞChinese Gardensȟ࣏К஼կࡑਲ୰ߞ ྋᖺߍȄ

Һ೽ ᐍᆬӎُчൌգ༟݀ ӎচіߞѫ‫ژ‬Ȃষ‫ױ‬ Ҿаߞც‫ږژ‬Ҟߕ჆ වѼ‫ݙ‬գߞ฀ᙇȇం ᐍҾᠭ‫޻ژ‬A79ЙჅ 2Ј੡‫ژ‬຀Ȅ

ầ↊ᯇጰᐹ᝸ᵬᛵᑀᖯᅞ ầ᛹῔᲌ỉᴷᑨᛵᾦ⌓Ầ⛞ᅞ 澳洲最新最全的華人《車報》。請登錄網站

ኄ‫ݍ‬ၗႫѮ‫ޟ‬࿽ҬЅԊ௮ԃήȓ

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ؐТ಑Ιএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑Πএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑έএ࢑෈έ

ؐТ಑Ѳএ࢑෈έ

кኬষȓ࣢‫۔‬Ȃ ოᇽкࡻȓ‫؃‬ৱЮЅŋŰũůůź ϱৠȈȦ٨Ԥ٨ᖿȧ

кኬষȓ࡙ШȂŕŕ ოᇽкࡻȓᑋࡡৱ ϱৠȈ‫ࡡݲ‬லᜋ

кኬষȓŒŶŦŦůŪŦȂҗ߀ ოᇽкࡻȓŗŪůŤŦůŵġōŰ ϱৠȓ‫ີࡐܘ‬፲லᜋ

кኬষȓœŢźŮŰůťȂŒŶŦŦůŪŦ ოᇽкࡻȓᄑቱ৕ ϱৠȓࢇ‫ݽ‬ຟ፣Ѕ‫ޥ‬ୢੑ਀

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଒ငੑ਀

ყȈॳᓎ‫׹‬ၥȞछ޶Ѕ‫ݶ‬ቋȟ‫ߒޟ‬౪ᓺܻᗗᓎ‫׹‬ၥȞछ༆Ѕ༁ߜȟ

Ԥᜰࢥၚџᖒ๜RBSMorgans‫ཾࢸٳ‬୛кᆓങ੝৳

ӈդᅸ୰᠍ߔᖒ๜ҏ՗ࢥၚȄ

Ι໊଒ငӱ៫

Raymond Chan www.raymondchan.com.au

Raymond Chan Head of Asian Desk RBS Morgans ӎ༉ᑫࣷߵҾࢧༀȂඏџༀ඼୼Ⴟ 3.72 ʫȂфࢢ ‫ڕ‬ཕхᚬȂԑ༉ೢༀ1.1%Ȅ‫ۦ‬ገЮ஡਻ྖ‫ݳ‬ೢȂ ᑫߵԴ࣐งϬༀ् 4000 ᙇȂༀ֌ 3997 ᙇֲ֜Ȅ Ҿඞ௄ӎϯႬᔌҳඛ‫ڕ‬ཕȂޯ඼࿂ЂȂϘ࣐งа ऻۖߞߞༀ඼۶п඼Ҟѽ࣏ -3.7% ȃ -1.64% ۶ +2.04%Ȅ ᒗচࢆֶϭᎠ‫ޱ‬஼ᒸ྽቙֖۶Ⴚ྽ࠫ໷቙֖ߞໞ ૺȂޯ඼ࢽዴ (VIX) ‫׈‬੡п्42Ȃత຾Դ೐ϟч ፤۶ϭ‫ڽ‬Ȃࢧༀ 10 ᙇ՜ 32 ᙇȂҾඞ๾ऎආਿȂ ѹঋ১ԯ࣏ገࣷҴ֖‫ݚ‬ᓚྻԨገЮ஡቙֖྽෩‫ڻ‬ ग़Ю໷ภȄ ࠛኊߞᘖᔍ‫֒ڎ‬ЙᢏȂညᖖಧҾ޶ᜦ‫ܠ‬ϭ‫ߞڽ‬ ੡৏Ȃࠛኊం୼֜԰ၢȂϯ༉՜Ҿඡ 1815 ग़Ю Ϙ૊ҦȄᘵ๒Ҿ޶԰ᜦলᔍϭফȂࠛኊ࠮Դ๺๺ Ϙ࣐งа԰ၢ 67 ЮȂༀ඼Ⴟ 3.6 ʫȇ֭Ђਛ‫؞־‬ ୃȂӫࡈࠛኊӒ഍‫ࡈݺ‬වৎѡߞᑋ‫۽‬Ѫ࿤Ȃփ‫ە‬ ᑬࠛኊϯпߞѹঋስԯɾɾɾग़஼୑‫ڔ‬Ȃ‫ڶ‬๒഍ ‫ݺ‬ᐼࢢ୼֜Ȅ

ग़஼‫ن‬᜜෻Ѝ྽Ӏ‫ࢽ׮‬ዴԑ༉ೢп4.6%Ȃग़஼ཅ ‫ۓ‬ථਿತༀ֌ 1.88 ʫȂ൹бϩՐྲֲȂႤࠛᅣᛓ ཅҾࣹԨߵҾȂфࢢग़஼ϩՐงཅ‫ۓ‬ථਿತϫদ ࠔ 2.12% ȄჅҝϬчᘖᔍఐᇰգ‫ݙ‬፤۶ȂႤࠛ༟ ‫ܕ‬দࠔߵҾȄ ֘዇ՍКᎳ১޵п 1.2% ُ౜ඡ 88 ग़ЮȂҾඞ༟ ‫ྍܕ‬ᝊۖӮ޵‫ڻ‬ᕕുᆙᇦ௺ȂϘўবቮِኧҐȂ ҩϘўব‫ڻ‬ᕕࡒԴิьȄ஼ቫକ࿚ᑟᅹࠑӯȂҾ ඞᣍౕ޵ኊԴֲ֜ః࢟Н੡ȂЙঋ݆ರᅁቫӮ޵ Ҿඞᘘ࣏࢝ᇦ௺Ȅӎ֖ຜЂਛϘᙇ෩ӯȂୃఀԴ 2008Րਆ‫ܞ‬ȂӮ޵‫ڻ‬ᕕԢዹᇦ௺Ȃ֭ჩத҈‫ؙ‬Ϙ ᜕➝Ȃ޵ኊҞѽԴ๺๺ዴ࣐งаࢧༀ֌50ग़ЮȄ ᑫЮབྷኊϯ༉ༀ 1.1 ʫȂంࡈϘৎ࣐งߞ 1.06 ग़ ЮȂༀ֌ 1.036 ग़ЮȄᑫࣷߵҾϘ࢘ༀ् 4000 ᙇȂ‫ڹ‬ᑫࣷԓ࢘՘ऎলᔍ‫ظ‬ႤȂӇᕝᑫЮབྷኊȄᔼ ൯቙֖֖ࠜҫၠࠆ෻់‫ט‬ȂገࣷཅசԟᑟҞକӇᕝ ԑಧ၃ᕻᅆᑫࣷឩಯߞቮِȂྍۧᑫࣷਿತ௟ᇯࢺ Դ಩੡Ѫ࿤Ȃߡ֌ገࣷদᑋ၃ᕻ૩ؔऎѤȄ

༆‫ڔ‬ӠᐠȈ

9Т30Р ဎσցՙੲб‫ުݭ‬࿱х‫෈ڗ‬ 9Т29Р ኈ୽୽ོ൷ධዉПਰ‫׹‬ಉ 9Т20Ս21Р छ୽ᖒᓽ‫׋‬ដ਀ 9Т15Р ධօ‫ה‬ᛸശࡣ३෈ 9Т12Р ᐬࢸࢇ‫ࡇۺ‬շ݂ԑଔԆ෡߳ᜌ६Ս25࿲ϯ 9Т7Р ኈ୽ശଽ‫ݲ‬଱ຘۡධዉПਰಒӫᏴ‫ݲ‬ 9Т5Р ༹Б଻഼ଢ଼Рᅋᇳ 8Т26Р ‫୽ݲ‬ȃဎσցȃՙੲб‫ڷ‬Шցਢ‫ުݭߝ۽‬࿱х 9ТЅ12Т ୽ሬೲᄌஅߜಢᙑᔮଆ‫ה‬ᛸ‫ޟ‬ᆧᕻ‫ؽڷ‬ԤϽ௩ࢊ 2011-2013ԑ ᖒᓽ‫׋‬ᆰࡻᖒ٤அߜց౥຺ճ਀0%Ս0.25% छ୽ኵᐃȈ ໊Π 00:00 Ӓछ՞ԉ࡚֙୦‫ོڞ‬፡ࢥൢ֙ ໊Π 22:30 ཱིࡐଢ଼ώ ȞႱก 59࿲໢ȟ ໊έ 4:15 छ୽ᖒᓽ‫׋‬ដ਀ (Ⴑก0 – 0.25%) ໊Ѳ 00:00 ԙࡐ᎛୵ (Ⴑก475࿲໢) ໊Ϥ 00:00 ሴӑࡾኵ (Ⴑก0.1%) ᐬࢸኵᐃȈ ໊Π 11:30 ᓽരሚ՗ដ਀ོដकौ ໊έ 23:20 ᓽരሚ՗୙՗ߝӵહघᅋᇳ ໊Ϥ 11:30 ᓽሚሚ՗ߜᒊᛧۡൢ֙

Рҏࢇ‫ۺ‬юᇃРϯ ŊŎŇᆎӒ౨଒ࢇᕗ ॷ෫Ԇ෡߳ራॎგ Ѐ঄ᄇ๊ਰ ც७ᖝଽ࡙ॳᓎ Ķԑၼհᄱ໷ ћ/ Xinhua

ћ/ Xinhua

ћ/ Xinhua

џӎࣆܹ20џҍሂџЮпৃᅆຉ௄ӎў୫Ȃѹঋన ࣉҒࣁ‫ڨ‬Ѥ஼аಯ྽ߩࣽмȃњ෯බ྽ȃ፤ႋКЈ ԋ྽ႤࠛᕅϧຈȄ

஼ቫറᅋ௄ࠛೡᚐȞIMFȟ20џࠑӯȂᐐᇒധԺ஼ ਛԴႋٙᝯᘣߞ୑ࣆᗠ਴ᖖြўবգ‫ݙ‬་ਣȂ֭ԑ ಧ୑ࣆᖖᄩЪবᗜ୼࢘লᔍȄIMFညчгֶߞȮ୑ ࣆᆾเඡ‫ט‬ȯሲȂᘵ๒ገЮ஡ധԺ஼ਛգੜԳফֲ Ϟ୼ᛝ‫ڔ‬ՄȂ‫ܠۘڭ‬Ϟᑋჲ୑ࣆߞКง঍ᄑȂ֭Ғ ࣁ၍Ђ‫׀‬۶֘઱ѰԴаߞ၃ᕻЂ஼ߞৄภ‫׀‬ਮᘘԴ Ђ඼ϯෳȂࠑ‫ށ‬ҾඞఐᇰҞକྻࢧነᢏмȄ

ᑂশสࠛᓉᇒನ؊ઐਿȂশสՅภ࠲ቪ܎৶ྻȞՅ ࠲ྻȟџࡈዉૡՅภ࠲ቪ঍ᄑȞՅ࠲঍ᄑȟᅁࣉ5 ༉ՐȄՅ࠲ྻѹਯ൘ཀᖫࠑӯȂՅ࠲঍ᄑᅁࣉ5Ր Ⴛ֯ᅰ༶ѷџᘌᜦஉȃգੜತ۶൅‫ށ‬Ȅ

џӎ঵हൎӣ‫࢜ڸ‬ညчԴ঵ह‫ࠗܡ‬ᗝ֖ߞ၃ᕻ‫؛‬ཕ ु୅ྻϯࠑӯȂྲаቦߞ൵দঋ᎝ᛟ࣏‫ڨ‬Ѥಯ྽ߩ ࣽмȄџӎࣆܹҍሂߞџЮпৃᅆຉѹঋҒࣁȈᙖ ЂᅆКЈԋ྽ߞࠛᓉњ෯ȂኧҐԧԳўࣆܹߞබ྽ ᅆຉ௄ࠛȂ‫ݸ‬ኵ࠳་බ྽ߞႃׄ౧ԆȂᙖЂᅆԋ྽ Դ஼а࢙ዄߞႃׄፑඛȂদྲుஜ֝Ոြକႃׄࣆ ຉȂऎџӎԋ྽ઔҳ‫ڭ‬ᘉ۶Ⴄ࿚༟๴෩‫ڻ‬ႤࠛȂҐ ЂєϢ୼ૺҳ஼ϠЖϧ࢘Ȅ џӎࣆܹԴ௄ӎў୫К௻ᎠȂ௟௜зަ໛བྷತҾඞ ᢏஜȂԴӅঋ੡ళۤிٙనࣉࠡѤџЮпৃȄџӎ ࣆܹԢ੡ౕؓџӎҴ֖ళۤȶࢫညփ‫ލ‬ᙝȷߞࠛᓉ ࣆຉȄ ੲᑂџӎࣆܹനྐȂџЮпৃᅆຉߞѹঋႤࠛ‫ڽ‬ ࿚௟ԕϢ‫ݺܠ‬10ѡԨ஼ྻ෩ӹߞ2011୑ࣆՐ࢘೐ Ϭৎႃ҇ჰᇖ੯КȄџӎ၃ᕻ୑ࣆЂ֊ҟЌЮϳ௻ ᎠȂഺϘᇢԪ၃ᕻᅆຉӫዾЙ཈࣏ऎิቅџЮпৃ ຜԋ྽௲‫ߞڽ‬঑ᑉȂ‫࣏ـ‬຾ϧ‫ؼݺ‬ভ࣊գ၃ᕻຕ ᅹȂ‫ڹ‬НЙ‫ۦ‬བྷತҽҠȄ

22

ඡ‫ࢽט‬ҍȂџӎ۶ग़஼Դۘ‫ܠ‬۶ᅁࣉ୑ࣆᎠᑋ঍ᄑ ўবߞ་ਣࠧ௱գনȄᘵ๒ग़஼‫ی‬៨Դ൵ࢢϘ‫ے‬ බ෩୼ཅசϯনႿ՘‫ܠ۝‬Ȃ֭Нࡈߞࣆ޼኉؊ྍۧ ຾Ыࢢ୑ࣆᎠᑋߞᅁࣉ௟বᗜទਧࣄᐼȄඡ‫ט‬ᘘ ሲȂྲᒸҾඞ၃ᕻᢜ‫ݙ‬ቮߞКง୑ࣆᎠᑋഢጀ෼჆ ႵЈȂ֭ൊж၃ᕻᢜԴবᅆ഼റᒶຫᕅϧ۶၃ᕻ୼ ിኧࠜȞൊж১ԯ࣏Ⴄӎ௻ࡏࣹϢȟ੡Ȃ‫ࣆ୑ێ‬ ᇦᖺϧ࢘Й௉Ȅඡ‫ט‬௻ᎠȂ๴Ⴟ၃ᕻᢜȃྲᒸ၃ᕻ ᢜ۶ֲ՜Ϣ஼ਛԑൊবᗜ຾ទਧߞࣆຉࣄᐼȂփѷ ᘘӅ༷Դ၃ᕻኧࠜϭ֖লᔍኧЂߞఐ޶ϭᕕᅆഺ‫ڱ‬ ࣄᐼȄ๺งаߞᏋညᎠᑋَԂۤٙ‫ُݺ‬ৎ஼ਛবᗜ ߞҾඞᕅϧȃ၃ᕻኧࠜলᔍЂЈѽфКง୑ࣆ঍ᄑ Ҟࠫ‫ݑ‬ȄԯթȂԧ஼Ӆ༷ኧ௻Кง୑ࣆ঍ᄑ‫ࢺ࠲ڭ‬ ࿛഼Ȃѽ‫ڨ‬Ѥ୑ࣆলᔍ֋‫ا‬ᅁ಩ȂӤթє๴‫׀‬ತϯ пȂ་փࠬሞ၃ᕻ௄ӎবȄ

শสՅภ࠲ቪ঍ᄑ‫ݺ‬2006Ր9ѡయҍȂӫߞ࣏ऎՅ ภϠ෩‫ڻ‬Յภ࠲ቪȂϘӌ቙֖৆ൕȂՅภϠӺҞ࠲ ֝ȶ‫ڗ‬ਛȷȂ҄ҾӔᔼఀ‫ـ‬ՉѕȄՅ࠲঍ᄑ১ന࠲ ቪᛝऎ10ေสЮȂ2011Ր෩୼֌50ေสЮȂԢ੡ ௟‫ݪݯ‬ՅภӺૼϢ࠲ቪፑඛаȄ Յ࠲ྻࠑӯȂྻ੡‫ے‬இՀ‫ݙ‬ቮߞ࿤൯Ȃѽፁ࠲Յ࠲ ঍ᄑҞԴӅঋ੡‫ڝ‬ിњѾႃᔺПՅїȂညКҒࣁሃ ቙֖་֖ጀᕢเႏфሃ๴‫ݸ‬ႃᔺ҃ನ་֖ᆊ೫ȃ෩ п๴‫ݸ‬ႃᔺ‫ڀ‬೚۶‫ؼ‬ຠ๴‫ݸ‬ႃᔺߞࣆຉф຀Ցȃє Ϣ؆ຠߞ‫ݣ‬ᠨഢࡋѽҐ௻Յ࠲঍ᄑߞ൅‫࢘ށ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬൅ Ⴥ་֖Ђ࡭ࢆཇࣿஜѽ෩୼гಿᅆՅ࠲঍ᄑߞሮߢ ۶ᖢႋȄ ൘ཀᖫࠑӯȂԴჅҝ5Ր՘ґനӲՅ࠲঍ᄑȂዾራ শสࠛᓉՉԑᇨ๴ਣߞদঋ‫ڧ‬຀ါф་ϘَᏮ‫۽‬শ สߞ஼ቫࠛᓉКѕԳ֜ȄՅ࠲ྻᗁ໗ᕛూ਌ሲȂՅ ࠲ྻ௟ា᠈ሃশส۶ઔҳࠛᓉՉԑᇨߞ՘৶ᇦ௜Ԫ ֯ȂѽᇯࢺࠜቈգੜߞՅภ࠲ቪՉవȄ


଒ငੑ਀

ߜᓀ༘ܲѿΙ‫ں‬ᆣक़

ዉ༆Ӡᐠ౞ଢ଼ડငȂዉࢸѿൟൃᇽჴк Ӥ‫ؓݺ‬᜷ўবҞକ๑‫ޱ‬ᖔఀϭϘᏇా෯Ⴄࠛߞઐਿ Դϯ༉Ӑ༟‫ܕ‬ཇ༟Ȃԯթӎ۹༟ጹНࢢȂገЮϘ࢘ Ђ඼Ⴏߩֲ༟Ȃ‫ڭ‬ЙᙝణܺȂ൵ֲៈф 1.35 ߞֲ ֜Ȅ࣏֭թࢢ዇‫یޱ‬஼ታᐱϠԺը๴‫ࠑڏ‬ӯȂЙྻ Яധؓ᜷యҍገЮ஡ȂԢዹЙྻЯധ‫ێ‬ѹᡋჁॗȄ ഺ‫ڹ‬ఀገЮԴࡈවৎӹ‫ݽ‬џ‫ܕ‬ೣᖔఀњዣȂ‫ുڭ‬ᆙ ‫ڕ‬௻ȄЙჅӤ‫ݺ‬Ҿඞࠫѕ‫ڭ‬Йᜦ‫۽‬ȂԯթࡈϬৎӹ ‫ݽ‬џገЮ‫ڕ‬ཕѧႵᏩᒿȂԺը‫ڽ‬԰‫ݛ‬ᓼȄ ֭Դ၃Ⴥ༉Ϭ‫ޱ‬஼቙֖ফૺ՘ऎ಩ᅁȂ൵ࢢϘը ӇᕝገЮНࢢȂ༉ұገࣷҴ֖‫ݦ‬ҍϘԊᢘϠߞᗏ ‫ށ‬Ȃࠑӯ௟ሃग़ᗑᔼȂॻ஼Ҵ֖ȂџӎҴ֖۶င ЀҴ֖ᗑјళۤϬը෩‫ڻ‬ग़Юࣹஜ‫ߞݑ‬ᑆ֯Ȃงন ॗ3ৎѡȄഺϘઐਿయஜገЮԴ๺੡༡аዷᆚ150 ᙇНԺȂయஜ‫ێ‬দྲॎ૔ 1.38 Ȃ൹ϭϘ۹൵୼֜ 1.3939༉У‫ۦ‬ገࣷ୑ࠜྻ៉๑দЂ‫׀‬ՀӇᕝȂገ Ю‫؍‬ጹ԰ༀȂ֭‫ڶ‬᚞କ௉՜‫ݺ‬1.38ȂႵ༉Ϙ1.35 ߞֲ֜Џ၃୼ҍϞ 300 ᙇȂϘ۹а൵Ђᆚ඼໹Ⴥ 400ᙇȄ ሃթ‫؛‬՘ᘿ‫ށ‬ᅆѧߞ࣏Ȃӎ۹๑Ꭲ࣏൵ྲгֶߞ‫׀‬ ߩग़஼წழዴᑂȂᘘ࣏CPIൌ๑‫҄ޱ‬ग़Ю‫ڕ‬ཕҍ಩ ॎ૔ȄहхȂग़ࢽ‫ڕ‬ཕሃገЮҍ಩Ϟ؆ग़ߞ঑ह ᝯȂϯҗ۹Ђ඼Ꮹᒿ‫ֲڕ‬ȇԴ༉ұᅔܺༀ૔њዣȂ ԰ۖϞ77ᑋዴ֜ϭўȂ‫ڭ‬ԴҴ֖ాҾߞઐਿгֶࢢ Ђ඼ϭༀȂҪԴ‫؍‬ጹ๾๾ᜦ֝ༀཕȄ ЙჅϭ۹ገЮ஡၃ᕻዴᑂहᅆদঋ‫ิݑ‬਴ȂѷҾ ඞᅆ‫ݺ‬ገࣷཅசԟᑟߞ൵ྲ་ਣЏ၃ജઐмȂ๏ ᙇ௟দ԰Ҕग़Գ஡Ȅग़஼੡༡༉ϬȞ9ѡ21џȟ౎ ༡Ȃᑫࣷ‫ތ‬ൊ੡༡༉ұ≩౐Ȃग़ᗑᔼ௟гֶ൵ྲ ߞ‫׀‬ತٙ‫ܠ‬Ȃۖ੡࣏‫ྻ׎‬գ QE3 ҍሂȂ௟ᅆҾඞ ಯӠ࿂Ђߞ዆ᠩȂग़Юᢰҍѹᐱᡋߞ಩໪਻‫ڭݏ‬ ЙྻᇯࢺщϳȄ ҏ୽ငᔼࠉශᇌშȂ़ᚆҐ૖ଡᅛዉϯ ᘵ๒ӎ۹ገࣷўবߞઐਿѹᐱϞᑋৎࠛᓉҾඞȂገ ࣷཅ‫ۓ‬ȂገࣷߵҾȂѽфገЮ՘ऎϞԧ֋Ҿඞߞল ԨዾȄ࣏֭ԢԴገࣷߞॻᛅӎ۹‫ڕ‬ཕࡒሃಿЙԢȂ ‫ڭ‬ٟգକ௉ሃገЮԒԢ་ଡ଼ȄहхȂԴገЮϯᆊх

9Т12Р - 9Т17Р Julius Wei

ᕝߞϘ۹КȂॻᛅࡒᆙ֖ᆙֲȂ՘ऎ࿂ьዴָग़Ю Ϙ۹՜ༀߞࠧग़റᅋȄ ӎ۹ॻ஼ാ᠈гֶϞϬৎࠧ௱দঋߞ၃ᕻዴᑂȈ঵ Ԑ࣏༉ϟгֶߞ഼ຫዴᑂᢖӯॻ஼ߞCPIՐತЪ᚞ ԴᜆпȂЏ၃п֌Ϟ4.5%ߞ୼֜Ȃ໹ჅϞҴ֖Ꭰఠ ӫዾߞ‫঺ی‬գ᏶Ȅዴᑂгֶࢢॻᛅҍ಩Ϟ๺ዶߞх ዅȄ֭Դॻ஼၃ᕻֲ୛Ȃփ‫ێ‬൵দঋ໶‫ݽ‬ᄰ֡șș ገЮ஡त֌বᗜྲߞଽଡ଼ߞলᔍ੡ȂٟգϠྻऻՀ ॻ஼Ҵ֖‫ݺއܦ‬഼ຫփ༟‫ܕ‬ւዋ՜ᇦറᅋࣆຉȂԯ թॻᛅߞѤༀҪՅԴϞ๺๺‫ی‬ৎЈ੡ȂࢢҾॻᛅদ ྲ԰ᙩϞༀཕȄ ༉Ϭгֶߞබ྽ዴᑂहᅆ‫ڽ‬ሲ዆ᠩ‫ـ‬Ґ‫ށ‬ᢖȂᐐᇒ ዴᑂᢖӯॻ஼ߞҵ྽ϠዴЪգኧҐȂ֭‫ށ‬ᢖՀ‫ࡈݺ‬ งȂѷҵ྽ತϵٟգᄊϘ‫ڱ‬၃ᕻᐯਛჰเߞ‫ڤ‬ዹҍ ಩ϯᆚȄԯթԴዴᑂгֶНࢢȂॻᛅབྷತҍ಩Ϟ‫ށ‬ ᢖߞៈܺхዅȄంዴᑂгֶࡈ1.57ߞЫՐϘѡѽ‫ڽ‬ ߞྲֲ‫أ‬ിхዅȂѷԴӎ۹ٟգԓ԰ۖჅഺዹߞֲ ֜ȄЙჅ༉ұॻ஼წழዴᑂߞ዆ᠩࠧ௱ྋ਴Ȃѹঋ ࣏Ӥ‫ݺ‬ညчҾඞ؆ԑജገࣷҴ֖ᗑԪ‫ێ‬ҁұৎদঋ ๴Ⴟ஼ਛߞҴ֖ԒԢయҍాҾనࣉ‫ݙ‬ᏩᢘȂॻᛅϵ ୠᔌЂཕҍ಩Ⴥ๺ዶߞϯᆚȂ֭Դ1.5850ϯў౺ᄘ ቄѤȂ๑ϧϯ‫ؽ‬Ȅ ంӎ۹ߞ‫ڕ‬ཕ‫ऻڽ‬ȂҾඞᅆ‫ॻݺ‬஼၃ᕻߞࡈ฀ࠧ௱ ЙऻՀȂԯթӫࡈ഼ຫዴᑂ‫ڭ‬ЙକӇஜ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ᚼփ ऻՀॻᛅȄहхȂգ໸‫ڽ‬໸ԺߞϠहࠫȂԴገग़‫ی‬ Ђ໶‫ݽ‬ᄰ֡‫׮‬ՅԴទদயᛟߞఐ޶ϭȂ‫ڗ‬഍‫ק‬ᄩߞ ॻ஼ҞକЙఀЙ‫ڶ‬Ꮻॻ஼Ҵ֖ԓըᙖЂႤಯᘉ໴ഢ ጀ‫ەڽ‬ᑬ၃ᕻȄ ॻ஼Ҵ֖௟Դϭ༉Ϭгֶ9ѡ‫׀‬ತྻ៉॔ঋȂҞକ ྻ൅ᠨ‫ـ‬Ժॻ஼Ҵ֖܎৶েᅆ‫ݺ‬ᙖЂႤಯᘉ໴ߞ ᅗ࢘Ȅంӫࡈॻᛅߞ࿂࢘਴ཕȂѽфༀ૔џᄦ۶۹ ᄦদঋњዣȂদྲ԰ۖЫՐ1ѡѽ‫ڽ‬ӏ‫ڽֲ֜ߞڍ‬ ऻȂ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ᢖ๒ᅆॻ஼ᙖЂറᅋ‫ڻ‬ຜգ຾ࠧ௱୼ߞ ჰงȄ֭Ղ‫׀ލ‬ತྻ៉॔ঋྍҳᅗ࢘௻๼ȂࡋЙవ ୵ॻᛅԴઐਿࢢЂᚙ‫ߞڗ‬ҞକȄЙჅੲᑂթࡈߞϘ ‫ڱ‬ઐਿ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃॻ஼Ҵ֖аൊᚼԨᙄँߞወԏѧႵ‫ށ‬ ᢖȂॻᛅߞༀཕҞକᘘ௟ܼ᠈Ȅ

ငᔼஅᙃีҡᡐϽȂ୦ࠢೲᄌٖ༖Ϸ‫ݢ‬ ԴᑫЮ۶૸ᅋߞ‫ڕ‬ཕўবȂӎ۹ࡒҍ಩ϞѧႵ‫ށ‬ᢖ ߞж‫ޡ‬Ȅ૸ᅋߞ‫ڕ‬ཕѧႵӀ۶ȂϵሃᗁᢜҾඞ‫ڕ‬ཕ ൵ऎह֬șșԴࡈҗ۹഍‫ݺ‬ᏩᒿНКȂٟ֭գༀ૔ њዣȄࢢ‫ی‬ৎӹ‫ݽ‬џ‫ۖۦ‬ാ᠈‫׀‬ՀઐਿߞయஜȂ૸ ᅋ൵ೣॎ૔ࠡϧϯᆚȄ‫࣏ڹ׈‬༉ұгֶߞྲ֘᠋ᗑ ᔼ‫׀‬ತᗏ‫ށ‬КᎠֲϞЫՐߞGDPኧࠜჰงȂϵҪ࣏ ҄૸ᅋԴ๺੡༡аҍ಩԰ᎠȂ‫ڭ‬Й዆ᠩ‫ێ‬๺㤵ϯᆚ ‫ڕ‬ཕȄ՜ጹ੡Ȃ૸ᅋ԰ۖϞ0.83ࠢࠕߞ୼֜ȂϘ۹ ՜୼௟ࠕ1%Ȅ ࣏֭ᑫЮߞ‫ڕ‬ཕࡒգ࿂Ђߞਮ‫־‬ȂԴჅҝߞවՐН К‫ܕ‬ೣࠑ಩൵‫ߞڸ‬ᑫЮࡒԴϯ۹ྍҳ՜ༀȂഺѹঋ ࣏Ӥ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷ೚঍؊Դ༉ϬྍҳЂ඼ϭ৒഼ຫዴᑂȂ ႍ҄஼Ҵ֖RBAҐਿҞକᢼิȂ‫ڭ‬యஜᑫЮԴညч ാ᠈Ђ඼ႯѪȂༀ૔թࡈњዣȂ൹ϭϞϘৎԺѡ൵ ֲ֜ȄЏ၃գЙьж‫ޘ‬ਰࢽҍȂӎըϭᎠCPIࠧ௱ ᝯᘣȂҞକЏ၃༟‫ؼܕ‬ᢏᑫࣷҴ֖ᅆ‫ݺ‬Кง഼ຫߞ ֿᙝȂ‫ڭ‬་Ϙَ‫ࢢݪ‬Ґਿ੡༡ȄంҾඞੜ‫ऻڽލ‬Ȃ ᑫЮԴ൵ࢢ‫ی‬ৎӹ‫ݽ‬џхዅգনȂ‫ܕ‬ೣȂٟգକ௉ ॎ૔1.04ϯўߞদঋࠡϧȂ‫ڭ‬՘ऎॻᛅНҳறϘϘ ৎָग़Юϭༀߞࠧग़റᅋȄ ᣍౕࢢҾȂഺᑫЮ۶૸ᅋϭ۹ൌ௟գদঋ௄ӎবઐ ਿгֶȄ‫ێ‬К༉ϟᑫࣷҴ֖RBAгֶߞ‫׀‬ತ॔ঋ‫؛‬ ՘ߞ዆ᠩҞକѧႵЈȂփѷ‫ـ‬ҐஐԨ‫ߩ׀ݺ‬ȂҞକ ྻ҄ᑫЮܼ᠈ӎ۹Դ஥ࡡറᅋК‫ڕ‬ཕஐ਴ߞપᙇȄ փ༉ұϘ՝Ȃྲ֘᠋௟гֶ೐ϟ‫ ߞ࢘ܞ‬GDP ኧࠜ ತȄంթࡈྲ֘᠋Ҵ֖ߞϾਸ਼‫ऻڽ‬Ȃည੡ྲ֘᠋၃ ᕻԴԳᏩࢢߞࢭ෇দ࢙Ⴥ຀Кࠑ಩ҍ֒ȂҞକྻ‫׀‬ Հ૸ᅋȄ ЙჅϭ۹൵দঋߞઐਿ࣏ग़ᗑᔼߞ‫׀‬ತٙ‫ܠ‬ȂԴഺ ዹߡత዆ᠩԑಧࠛᓉҾඞߞઐਿгֶНࢢȂ஥ࡡറ ᅋࠧ௱գҞକ԰ۖ֋ЎୠᔌলᔍఐᇰԒԢ་ଡ଼Ȃѷ ޯஜ඼࢘Ђ‫ێݺ‬ҁറᅋߞપᙇϯҝȄంഺϘᙇ‫ڽ‬ ऻȂग़ᗑᔼգٟգྲߞ༓мኵ᛫Ȃ‫ێ߰ݕ‬ҁјࣱҞ କѧഺ‫ی‬ৎ஼ਛӎ‫ڗ‬၃ᕻবԳዴᑂ‫ـ‬ऎৃఀᝯަȄ

Ղ‫ލ‬ఋᅆӎћКߞаਟգԇ֣ᆷயȂ᎛ᗑᜭ֯߰ Julius Wei Ȃҁߞ༎ԆԳ‫࣏׬‬Ȉjulius.w@baomoney.com.auȂఋϵҞѽ๳ᔂۖࠛᓿ‫ـऻࣤݱ‬ԺJuliusߞћൢȂࠛᓿ‫ߞݱ‬ᇨ૭Գ‫࣏׬‬www.baomoney.com.au

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ijıġŌŦůťŢŭŭġŔŵįĭġʼnŢųųŪŴġőŢųŬ

IJķIJġňųŰŵŦġŔŵųŦŦŵĭġ łťŦŭŢŪťŦĭġŔłġĶııı

ŃŦůġłűűŭŪŤŢůŤŦ

ńŢŮţŦųŸŦŭŭġņŭŦŤŵųŪŤŴġŔŶűŦųŴŵŰųŦ ŔũŰűġŃĭġIJıĸġŇŰųŦŴŵġœťĭġʼnŶųŴŵŷŪŭŭŦ

ŇŢŭŤŰůġʼnŶůŵŴġőŵźġōŵť

IJIJIJıġŕŰŰųŢŬġœŰŢťĭġńŢŮţŦųŸŦŭŭ

ŔũŰűġIJĺįġŔŵŢŵŪŰůġłųŤŢťŦĭġ łťŦŭŢŪťŦĭġŔłġĶııı

ʼnŢųŷŦźġŏŰųŮŢů IJŴŵġŇŭŰŰųĭġĹıijġőŢŤŪŧŪŤġʼnŸźĭġňŰųťŰů

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଒ငੑ਀

छ୽୽༆ΰ३‫ޟ‬ඪଽȞΙȟ ћ/ नოᓸ౩଒ོॎৱ ԴЫՐߞϣѡϘၳ՝ϯȂग़஼ᗁ೚ླྀѐ୺ࠑӯȈग़஼‫ی‬Ђࣆ៨Ӕѹ៨ѽфԒ۶ ៨ߞታഞѽබ஼ਛࡇิ༟њф෩୼ཅசϯনႿ՘Ϙ७ߞ‫៉۝‬ȄԴӏ‫ڽ‬ϩՐ௟ྻ ࡇิ༟њ୼Ⴟ100ኆग़ЮȂ֭֋๒ഺᇌࡇิߞ‫ݚ‬ᓚЙྻϘըჅே֖ȄՂ‫ิࡇލ‬ ༟њߞࣆຉϘըჅே֖ߞ႖Ȃ௟ྻ‫ݳ‬ႭϞӫࡈЏ၃િ਴Йඝߞग़஼၃ᕻȄփग़ ஼൵ࠕৣৣգϘᙇՀઐਿȂՂ঵ըԴӦ᎛ҵ྽ాᕻࠛϠዴফ֌ϬϩᙇϝေϠߞ ੡৏ȂᅆѧЫՐұѡࠐѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ঵ըᔂఀьჅұϩေϠታۤాᕻࠛȄഺьь‫ؼ‬ຠ ߞዴᑂఐ޶НϭȂӎ‫ڽ‬ຜҾඞϘᙇՀߞౕؓ੡ȂႬ຾ҍឤߞ೐ϟ‫ܞ‬ग़஼GDP ዴՄൣ๒཈п1.3%Ȃቈቈֲ‫ݺ‬ჰงߞ1.8%Ȃग़஼Ⴝៗ෻ࢽዴԴઐਿгֶНࢢ Ϙ࢘ϭༀ120ᙇȄփԢϘ੡༡џЮᅆग़ࠛӺ‫ص‬ϯϞ77.5џЮᅆϘग़Юߞ୼ਪȄ ग़஼Դ෩୼ཅசϯনߞ൵ࢢনงНࡈԒ۶ѽфӔѹ‫ی‬៨࢝‫ށ‬ᢖԳՅԴ࿂Ђߞࣆ ຉж‫ޡ‬ȂփԴЙᙝߕ‫޼ࣆؘ‬Ⴜᕚߞ੡༡ԑѵधߞ஥धȂࣆܹȂѽфߵೈҾඞൌ ᔌ຾ҁেߞϘч៉۶ȂϘч୽ߋփ֬ѕఐϯၢЙ‫ܠ‬Ȅۖܺഺৎ෩୼ग़஼஼ཅϯ ন࣏ࢨዹϘৎទদߞயᛟ۸ȉ

2011Ր8ѡ2ၳ࣏ग़஼ߞ஼ཅЏ၃ԺჅ14ေኆ஼ਛϯনߞϘৎদঋ੡༡ȂՂ‫ލ‬ ഺৎ஼ཅϯনЙକ෩୼ߞ႖Ȃग़஼ࣆܹࡋҞକЙକњѾࣆܹџ௱ߞ༟њȂ‫ڼ‬Ղ ஼‫ڨ‬Ȃѽࡈ஼ཅߞ‫׀‬ਿȂгச৶ߞᗟѪຈȄϘଠփ‫ڏ‬ҾඞϘԨൌྻཉԨहࠫग़ ஼஼ཅߞயᛟೣ‫ྻݺ‬ఀۖႋٙȂ࣏֭ႋٙߞў‫ޱ‬ЙҳѼԓৄྲཅփҝ౻ᘘѽࡈ ཅ༵ߞ‫׀‬ਿȂ‫د‬யᛟЙஃԳܼࠜϭҝȂயᛟߞ൵௄ӎᘘٟգఀۖႋٙȄԯऎԴ ‫ث‬ങϯփ‫ڏ‬Ȃग़஼ᅆ‫ێ‬஼ਛཅ༵ߞჁॗ‫ڭ‬Й࣏೐ϘըȂփ෩୼ϯনӺЙ࣏೐Ϙ ըȂԴഺϘўবȂ࣏ቮঋԓ԰ౕѽ݀ߞᑢҫЖକ௉ᖢႋۖܺഺϘը෩୼ϯনѽ фग़஼Ⴡॗ࣏ۖܺࢨኃϘ԰‫ڰ‬Ȅ

Դᑢҫϯग़஼ࣆܹჁॗ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ЦኃྲᇷȄୠ࿖೐ϟըѵधЂᐼНࢢȂ44ৎ஼ ਛᖢႋۖ೐ϟըѵधЂᐼ᜕๴‫ێ‬КϘৎ൵ѹঋߞ১ԯ࣏໶‫ݽ‬ѽфറᅋЙӀᓊփ ൄ՘஼ਛሃ஼ਛН༡ߞᒐᕡҐነȂԴҐϯգࣆ޼ൎѕߞ೚޼߰փ᜕๴Ϙըѵ॔ Ђ‫ߞ᝱٭‬೐ϟըѵधЂᐼȄԴ1944Ր೐ϟըѵधЂᐼНࢢȂ44ৎ஼ਛԢ੡Դ ग़஼ߞֶჩჲฑ‫ޒ‬ႆ‫ܠ‬ϭϘৎ‫៉۝‬Ȃබ࣏‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬ᓜߞֶჩჲฑ‫ޒ‬ᢜ‫៉۝ڀ‬Ȅഺ ৎ‫៉۝‬൵ѹঋߞᝯᘣබ࣏ঋԴԑѵध‫ر‬ҍϘৎЂਛൌକࠫԇߞᔼ൯റᅋȄփӤ ‫ݺ‬೐ϟըѵधЂᐼገࣷȂџӎѽфК஼ຈԳൌജᐼߋ૔᛼ఀร૔ЙඝȂփग़ ஼ᘵ๒գЬϢ೐ϟըѵधЂᐼНКȂ࣏֭ᐼߋ‫ڭ‬ٟգԴग़஼ӎϿ᜕๴Ȅхփग़ ஼ԴഺըѵधЂᐼНКȂӤ‫ݺ‬Ђ༓ԳӠಯֻЍᐡߞᝯ࠼Ȃփൄ՘аൊߞઐ໱ᚳ ࡎȂփ‫د‬ग़஼ߞ၃ᕻ෩୼ۖҝҩϘৎታாȄԴթ௻݃਴НϭȂग़஼Ϙ‫ޑ‬ᑾ‫ٽ‬Ȃ ԧ஼ൌѽग़ࠛ՘ऎѹঋߞᔼ൯റᅋȄ֭Ӥ‫ܕݺ‬ೣЂਛൌЙ෷ᅆϘৎ஼ਛߞറᅋ щჅ৅দȂۖࢢ‫ڽ‬ൌѽཀࠛऎѹᢜ֯०ࢢߞњࢺȄ‫ݙ‬ѽԴֶჩჲฑ‫ޒ‬ᢜ‫ڀ‬՘Ӳ НϭȂබ࣏ѽཀࠛऎѹᛟߞ‫ܠ۽‬བྷತ࣏۶ग़ࠛభიȂ෱ϘҮ႖‫ڽ‬ሲȂබ࣏ѽُ 35ग़Юබକ௉෱ϘՉЀߞཀࠛȄփग़஼՘ऎԑѵधߞᔼ൯റᅋȂփԑѵधߞ റᅋࡋѽग़ࠛభიփ֯঍ᇖў‫ޱ‬Ȅփग़஼ࡋ‫ݚ‬ᑉՂ‫ލ‬գϠӡग़ЮԨग़஼ࣆܹ෩ ۤཀࠛߞ႖Ȃग़஼௟ྻѽग़Ю35ЮҝӹѾϘՉЀߞཀࠛȄȞ࢞᠈...ȟ թћൢ៳‫ݺ‬Ϙଠ‫ߞݑ‬Ⴄਫ਼Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йକ҃ࠑԇ֣ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ ୑ߞࢽᐱȄՂգྍஇԇ֣‫ظ‬Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ୑ўবߞٙ‫ܠ‬Ȃ᎛Ԑ ԨఋߞໜҊನ୑௞ਛ‫ྻݕ‬঍ਰࣤ႙Ȃ‫ݕ‬ᗑປ१ᄜᔷನ୑ ‫ڰ‬ச‫ݙ‬Ȅც႖(02) 9211 0228; ᇨ‫׬‬: www.simonwu. com.auȄ१ᄜᔷನ୑‫ڰ‬ச‫ ࣏ݙ‬Premium Wealth Management (AFSL No: 237498)ߞ՘৶НϘȄ

ငӫಢᙑභߴԙষ୽ ٞഀ௴‫ڥ‬௩ࢊ߳ራ൷ཾ ћ/ Xinhua ᗁൊനԴѐᐌߞ၃ᕻԪ֯۶๴ਣೡᚐ15џ๴ֶ2011Ր࢘Ȯබ྽ਣౕඡ‫ט‬ȯ Ȅඡ‫ࢽט‬ҍȂ၃ԪೡᚐЂൊж՘৶஼বᗜ၃ᕻ෇ែஃᆖȃබ྽Ҿඞ໇᝴Ȃԧ ஼ࣆܹᕕ‫ڝ‬ിᒕ࿂Գళۤనࣉ࠲ቪබ྽Ȃપ‫࣏־‬ՐቅϠබ྽Ȅ ඡ‫ט‬ዴᑂᢖӯȂᅟ֌2011Ր7ѡȂ၃Ԫೡᚐ՘৶஼ҵ྽ತ཈ѧ2009Րࠛᓉ ԟᑟ੡ߞਪৃֲ0.6ৎպжᙇȂЪ഍Դ8.2%ߞ୼֜Ȅ‫ێ‬КȂग़஼ҵ྽ತ୼‫ݺ‬ 9.0%ȂገဖӀ‫׮‬ҵ྽ತԴ10.0%ѽϯȄ၃Ԫೡᚐ૪੩ࠜՉሿᆬ•ҟ㡯‫ڲ‬Դѐ ᐌᗁൊ๴ֶඡ‫ט‬੡ࢽҍȂ‫୼ܧ‬Йϭߞҵ྽ತȂЏ၃ሃገཅԟᑟ۶ࠛᓉҾඞஜ ᒿϘႽȂ՘ऎ၃ᕻࢭ෇ኧࠜ‫ݙ‬বᗜߞদঋࣄᐼȄ ၃Ԫೡᚐ՘৶КȂබ྽Ҿඞࠑ಩ႵՀߞգᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ȃླྀԳ‫׀‬ȃџӎȃᘹ஼ȃ ᒊฑජȃ੗ࢃ۶ငЀȂϛ஼ҵ྽ತᇯࢺԴ 3.5% ۖ 5.5% ȄփྑْҺ‫ڲ‬ȃؓ ᜷ȃྑᆬ᠋ȃၬ່Ѱȃ෻ःԂֹ۶֘઱Ѱߞҵ྽ತ‫׮‬໹Ⴥ10%Ȅ ඡ‫ט‬ሲȂ 15 ࿐֌ 24 ࿐ҵ྽ϠϾ࣏၃ᕻԟᑟߞ൵Ђ‫ۦ‬ਚ߰Ȅӫࡈ၃Ԫೡᚐ஼ ਛՐቅϠգ 1460 ေٟ࣊գබ྽ϵٟգԴ੭ᡝ੩Ȃҩգ 770 ေ഍‫ݺ‬ҵҝЍ֯ ߐᅗȄЫࢢවՐߞಲ྽ӠҞକবᗜѧࡈවՐ‫ـ‬Ґᗞ᝱ߞබ྽ᖖᄩȄ ҟ㡯‫ڲ‬௻ᎠȂࣆܹቮঋళۤգ୫ᅆ‫ߞݑ‬నࣉᄁᔽබ྽Ȃપ‫࣏־‬ՐቅϠබ྽Ȃ ҞѽւዋߞనࣉҒࣁ෩୼ి‫ڈ‬ሃබ྽ߞຕԪ࢘ȃҐ௻ߤྻ࠲ቪᢜ‫ڨڀ‬Ѥࠜง ҵ྽ϠϾ൝Ϣ࿂ᇑള‫ק‬ȃӡກ՜ً౛ᄁᔽԋ྽ኧҐᄌ৶ȃҐ௻ᅆҵ྽ϠϾߞ ‫ث‬ങை୊ຈȄ

24

ႫၗȓĩıĴĪġĺĶĸĵġijĹĴĴġġġġ༈ઍȓĩıĴĪġĺĶĸĵġijĹĺĺ ŘŦţŴŪŵŦȓŸŸŸįŨŸŪůŴŶųŢůŤŦįŤŰŮįŢŶ ijıĶġŔűųŪůŨŷŢŭŦġœŰŢťĭġŔűųŪůŨŷŢŭŦġŗŊńġĴIJĸIJ


ᘈᐽҡ‫הڼ‬ఖ )᡹߀ɮьᙫে૩*

ȗ!‫׽‬๡ᆃ઎፴શ ȗ!ԤჿડԊᓗ‫ޟ‬ђ૖ ȗ!ቨ஼ջ࣫ΨЅᡝ፴ ȗ!ᆰࡻϤ᠚ђ૖୊ஶ ȗ!IJW௉‫ޟޱ‬ᆋॱ

ȗ!ඪ ଽ޲ഋђ૖ғல ȗ!ᆰ ࡻ‫ف֜ڳ‬ಛ୊ஶ ȗ!Ꮄ ޲ዜ൙Ȃ၄ϛઉ੉ ȗ!Ͻ ࿎ᚊࠝȂฅዜ੉ᆓ ȗ!‫ ׽‬๡߆઱ႆఃᡝ፴

ȗ!ᆰ ៖ғலՖᔆђ૖ ȗ!៖ ЖࣀՖȂ஼ϽЖ᠚ ȗ!ߴ ໌ЖՖᆓ‫ف‬ಛ୊ஶ ȗ!ᆰ ࡻғலՖᔆЅᖚ‫ھ‬ ᎕Ыҁ

ȗ!ሄ օܹৢႫᕛȃϽᕛȂᔓօ੾ ࡣඈন ȗ!஼ Ͻջ࣫‫ف‬ಛђ૖ ȗ!ቨ ஼അՖђ૖Ȃ‫׽‬๡ᡝ፴ ȗ!ߴ ໌ҩՖ౨֯ᒋȂ‫ת‬ಠफ੾ᡐ ȗ!‫ ׽‬๡Ԋჿ௉‫ޟޱ‬ҡࣀࠢ፴

࣏ড়Ρᝦΰ

ശฒཌϚՍ‫ޟ‬ᜰᛄ Ԋஶ୽ሬԤ३ϴѧ

᠍ߔ‫پ‬Ⴋࢥၚࣺᜰၥଉ

ொѻ۹ȈShop 60/558 Jones St, Ultimo, Sydney, NSW 2007 ႫၗȈ(02) 9281 2628 ༈ઍȈ(02) 9281 2689 ᝋஶ᝘ ( ߯ફድ٘)

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ఖυԙᓸ ᔖԤ௦৷

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ஏ‫؁‬ஶ (፡ഛᎴՖ)

www.ganopoly.net.au email:ganopoly@hotmail.com

ѕ۬໌ওϛЖ0ѕ۬ VCE டऋᏰ଱

օձԙђȊ Ϸਮ50໢

อૠᖵ‫ࠏפګڣ‬՗Κ‫ீء‬መᆄᖂ‫ەس‬ၞထ‫ټ‬壄૎խᖂΔ૎թఄ֗ᛧք‫ߏڣ‬ ‫ீټم‬ᑻᖂ८ᖂ‫ۯ‬Δ‫ګ‬ᜎጠগΜ‫ࡻޢ‬೏խᄎ‫ە‬ΔՕᖂԵᖂ‫ە‬ᇢ‫ګ‬ᜎ၌ᆢΜ

ѕ۬໌ওȂᐣѬோδȂৱၥᓺ‫ي‬Ȃհ‫़ى‬ϗȂఀᏰᇯઍȊ ᏰҡԙђȂᆎࠅӒᐬȂӨࣸড়ߝȂο࿬ၷၾȂᄂՍӪᘪȊ

օௌ፽ΰᏰཾԙђϞၯ ѕ۬੫ᘈ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

ి‫ل‬ᑾપȂᇟѕ፠ۘȄ Ԫ੾௞྽ցਰԇిȄ գ‫ڀ‬೚ᐯ೫ȂిᐯሮૌȄ ᑢՐւႏ՘ᖻ൵ᔹ‫ٽ‬Ȅ ȶ୼ੜକȷЈ઱ۘిᐯȄ ‫ܠ‬งໞ֤ᐯ྽՘ᖻȄ ֺ໱෩‫ࡗڈిڻ‬႙Ȅ

௞྽୊ፚ(FASTRAIN Prep 1,2,3,4,5,6ԧૺ) ւጨᐯࠛ0‫ټ‬Ӳԩ੭0ᇟॻᐯ੭0Ӂ‫ۊ‬ขକ୊ፚ઱ ॊӫȈॻћȂॻሬ኷֯ȂዴᐯȂขକ௱ᝊ ୊ፚࢥւ0࿤ፁକϧȂ෩୼ᐯ྽ѪӀȂᕕѾւႏ

ᇟॻКᐯ(Year 7-12) VCE (ॻȂዴȂನȂмȂॊᐯ) Ȇ!ኅ൯ϛ֌ϩϟՐૺԧॊVCE SUCCESS COURSES Ȇ!ϣ/ϝ/ϩՐૺᇟॻКᐯᚼᐯ઱ ᠍ߔ୤ᢎҏਮ୽ሬᆩၯȈInternet:

www.north-shore.com.au

පӪᐬહ

ᏎᅭҏϷਮġᒲϴਢ໢

಑ѲᏰ෈ཱི೩ዩᏰߜ ዁ᔣՃၐଋጛੲ ࣏౪᠞Ϥԑ઻Ᏸҡྥര ijıIJijԑߑዩᏰߜЅ ᆠ़ϛᏰՃၐϞ҆ও፞แ Ȇ፞แొᇐłńņœЅņťŶŵŦŴŵ ġ ՃၐϞӒഋϱৠ Ȇ᚞Ѵѓࢂቸհ‫׬‬ѽώհ֫

Ӫ᚞Ԥ३ȂൢӪ௃ഀȕ

BUNDOORA ж੭ Bundoora Secondary College ࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm BURWOOD ։ீ Blackburn English Language School ࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm ࣐งџ!9:00am-12:30pm DANDENONG ։ீ Noble Park Seconday College ࣐งб!1:00pm-6:00pm FOOTSCRAY ։ீ Footscary City College ࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm HAWTHORN։ீ Hawthorn Secondary College ࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm SPRINGVALE։ீ Westall Secondary College ࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

MelbourneᖂਮȈ50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill ᠍ߔࢥၚȈ(03)9898 9880 ࢑෈ΠՍϤ 10:00am-6:00pm ࢑෈ϲ/Р9:00-5:00pm 25


ఀོӪᓃ

ᆩᗊཱིዘ

ᆩᗊཱིዘ ЈୃႬ៷዆ਰԴGlenȁWaverleyჃۖࠕงԴᑫࣷӎԳ۶ົϠ஻К៉Ꭲ૾૾ߞ Ϙৎᇨ૭ߞ঑യϠEvan ȄȁৣՀգᑟྻ۶ҁۤఀᗑᜭ ȂEvan ࢝ࢉઈߞ᎛‫ا‬ েҝඅϘ‫۩ޓ‬ப Ȃ‫اڤ‬েබ‫׀‬ӡഺৎ۶۩பߞ੡༡இϞϘৎണயȂౕؓంК Ҟѽ‫ر‬ҍȂգतኃҞକԴഺৎᇨ૭Кѽ$8.70໴ۖϘৎԑྲӒߍӨ֒iPhone 4Ȃᘘգ$11.68໴ۖԑྲiPad 2ߞࣇ‫ڰ‬Ȅ Ιоή࢐ҏԩ௴೤ϱৠ ଄‫˕˕ޱ‬଄ȁȁEvan˕˕E ଄ȈȁEvanȂձԁȁձঈ‫ޟ‬ᆩમ࢐ӵ፲ࣥ‫ݍ‬ՙ‫ޟ‬ᗙԤձঈ࢐Ңࣥቄ‫୵ޟ‬፲ ПԒ‫ڹ‬ȉ EȈȁְՀȂ‫ا‬েߞᇨ૭ҨஇBidMonsterȂѹঋ࣏໴Ϙ‫ڱ‬К୼ᕫߞ੡‫ܥ‬۶ც ЄಯࡡȂЂൊԊൌ࣏஼ቫԩ๕ȂӤዄਛߞᎳ༓࠲ᝋȄᘘգь༓࣏‫ا‬ে֋Ўయ ҍߞಯࡡȄ‫ا‬েѹঋ࣏ѽ‫ݮ‬ᎱऎѹঋழᎱўՑ , ‫ێ‬ը࣏‫ܠ‬ኊழᎱȄ ଄Ȉ᠙ᇳ૖о$8.70ີ‫ڗ‬ΙএҩՓӒཱི‫ޟ‬iPhone 4Ȃ೻এ࢐ઍ‫ޟ‬༝ȉձ૖ၭ ‫ר‬ጂᇯጆȉ೻এ࢐ԃդีҡ‫ޟ‬ȉ EȈഺৎЙ࣏ཇሲȂ࣏ૌߞ๴ӠԴ‫ا‬েߞᇨ૭ϯȂգϘ֜֘ᑫՐቅϠѽഺৎኊ ੾໴ۖӨ֒ԑྲiPhone 4Ȅԯऎ‫ا‬ে࣏Ϙৎѽ‫ݮ‬Ꮁឮኊߞ‫؛‬Ց‫ڽ‬؆՘‫ا‬েߞ ᏚழȄ‫ا‬ে‫ݙ‬գಯࡡߞ‫ܠ‬ኊൌ࣏Ҿඞኊ੾ߞˬʦȂҪঋឮኊႿۖኊ੾‫ا‬েൌ ྻ໴ҍҝȄᘘգ‫ا‬ে࣏࠲ᝋ൵ࢢߞኊ੾Йྻ໹ჅҾඞኊ੾ߞϘҗȂՂ‫ލ‬໹Ⴥ ߞ႖Ȃ‫ا‬েබֺ໱୙ҍȄȁ

༎௙Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽЂਛᆽҞѽ‫ݸ‬ѕȄ ଄ȈձঈᗙԤ‫ڏ‬Ѻี৤༝?ȁ EȈ‫ا‬েߞᇨ૭ӒЙஃԳ‫ྲـډؼ‬Ȃ‫ا‬েӒԴु๴‫ـ‬ᚳනߞаਟ , Ղ‫ܠ‬ኊ‫ݵ‬ՙ ழᎱ঱ , ‫ܠ‬ኊֲኊᄥᘉ(റࡡ)঱Ȃ ᢁᄦ஡Ȃዃ‫ט‬஡(ֺ໱‫ض‬ՙۡ୙ҍ)ȂК۶ॻ ћߍȂгૈ஡ຈຈȂদᙇ࣏Ԩԑѵध๴ਣȂ՘ऎϘৎѵध‫ߞݑ‬ᇨ૭Ȅ҇ᆕઐ ༢਎ጄȂႤୈᘉߏ۶ж‫ڳ‬ӹуߞϘৎӀҭȄՂ‫ލ‬գ‫ݺؠ‬Դഺўব๴ਣߞ‫ވ‬у েӺҞѽሃ‫ا‬েᗑປ ! ‫ا‬ে๑ԇᡌࠓȄ(info@bidmonster.com.au) ଄ȈȁᇳΟ೻ቄӻȂ‫ר‬ឈு೻এઍ‫࢐ޟ‬এ࡞Ϛᒿ‫ޟ‬ᆩમȂάཱི‫ۉ‬ά‫ږ‬ᐭȂά ૖ஊԤᐠོҢ࡞Ѝᓀு‫ڗ‬ՌϏ൉᠍‫ݍޟ‬ՙȂ‫ר‬ϐငफ़ϚЅ࡟དўࣼΙࣼ୨ ! EȈ಩Դ‫ا‬েգϘৎ௞ࠝຜᡝ߰Ϙৎᔹ෎Ȃ‫ݙ‬գ๳൙ໜҊࢢߞᡝ߰ȂҪঋ‫ྻد‬ ৶ໜҊߞԩՄ๴ϘৎცЄ༎ԆۖBidMonsterߞცЄࠫፐȂ‫ڭ‬Ԣ੡ަ‫<<࣏ށ‬Ԣ ႮϠ>>ߞᡝ߰Ȃ‫ا‬েබྻֺ໱୙ҍϘৎBids Pack ȄُϠҪনϘৎȄ‫ا‬েߞ ცЄ༎ԆԳ‫࣏׬‬Ȉadmin@bidmonster.com.au ‫࡞ר‬ኊং‫ޟ‬ਐਔ‫ڗ‬Ο೻ΙᄍȄԁ‫ݍޟ‬ՙ࿋ณौ‫ڷ‬σড়Ϸ‫ٴ‬Ȃσড়ᄚᄚўᒑ٘ ᕣ၌Ιή֑Ȅтঈ‫ޟ‬ᆩમ࢐Ȉ www.bidmonster.com.au

଄Ȉ٥ौԃդϗ૖୤ᇄ໌‫ڹپ‬ȉ

EȈ‫ێ‬ᅁُϘৎϠൌҞѽணሃ་‫ڽ‬ȂҪঋգϘৎᑫࣷߞ༎௙Գ‫׬‬Ȃԯऎ‫ا‬েҞ ѽ௙ҍ៏ਛ៏ఀߞಯࡡȄȁ ଄Ȉ٥ԃ‫רݎ‬୤ᇄ໌ўȂԤ‫ؠ‬Ԥࣥቄᙉߞџоថȉ EȈ঵Ԑְঋѿ೟ᖢႋ‫ا‬েߞႼᕚഢࡋȂ‫ێ‬ըබ࣏ᝯަ‫ا‬েߞ൵ྲஜᅗȂԯऎ ‫ا‬ে၃௱ྻգ࠳ᏚࣿஜȄЂਛҞѽ౹Ґ‫ا‬েߞfacebookѹ঱Ȃѽў࠮՜ۖ൵ ྲஜᅗփѷକ۶‫ێ‬ҁྻ৶ӹࣹȄ۶៏ਛж‫ڳ‬ҁেߞ၃ᢚȄѹঋൌ࣏ऻ࿤ඈᡌ ߞಯࡡϭBidsЙঋԴК൉‫ݸ‬ౢȂ‫ا‬Ҟѽ࠲ᝋְ‫ߞࠅݙ‬ᓿЙྻѧ‫ڤ‬ৎಯࡡߞҾ ඞኊ୼! ᎛ୃ֝Ղ‫ލ‬Ꮁҍኊ࣏୼ჅҾඞኊߞ 50%‫ا‬েྻ‫د‬റࡡֺ໱୙ҍ ! ଄Ȉ٥ԃ‫רݎ‬ថΟȂ‫ר‬ौӻδϗ૖਌‫רڗ‬ថு‫ޟ‬౰ࠢȉ EȈ‫ا‬েྻԴ՜ۖ៏ਛߞѾภԬ3чН৏௙ҍȂ൵ᅙྻԴ4 - 5۹а՜ۖȂᅆ‫ݺ‬ Ϙ‫ڱ‬ಯࡡȂ‫ڼ‬Ղេ‫ߞލ‬ಯࡡ၃௱ೲᏚȂ‫ا‬েྻ഼ߢࢉїྻܼሱȄ‫ا‬েӡໜҊ

ᝆ ᬥ ᣱ ⇫ ᧱ ᱹ

ઢΏņш͔ඟ௢ࢌတņώ‫ܤ‬ცᒻ ⇫ ᷯ ࿡ Ӄଊш͔ᆶˬ˟ϟԅ࡙‫۝‬έི ᐢ ࠶ˬᇝᏏ‫۝‬໬ᇍ!ኚӇᄂቼ͈ྍኗ ụ ྱ ݈୛ዥጣȈıĵijIJġĸĺĴġijķĴġİġıĵĴIJġĺĶķġĴĺķ ΙএႫၗȅᒑᖝ‫ڗ‬೤ȅᆠЖԊ௶ȅхௌԊЖ ༈ઍȈıĴġĺĹĶĸġĹĹĸijġġŽġġႫ໏ȈŪůŧŰŁŦŮŪŭźŤũŰźįŤŰŮġġŽġġᆩ֭ȈŸŸŸįŦŮŪŭźŤũŰźįŤŰŮ

кРதࡶġ ҂‫ڋ‬İЍԑкРᏰġ ᢚछइᛥོġ ߧЍԑღ࠶ġ

࢑෈РġijĻĴıġűįŮįĮĴĻĴıġűįŮįġĩဃᇭġĮġල೽ၗᙚឍĪ ࢑෈РġijĻĴıġűįŮįĮĴĻĴıġűįŮįġĩဃİ़ᇭĪ ؐТ಑Ιȃέএ࢑෈ϲġĴĻııĮĶĻııġűįŮį ؐТ಑ΠȃѲএ࢑෈ϲġĴĻııĮĶĻııġűįŮį

ᆹོӴ֭ĻġġIJIJıġŘŰŰťġŔŵųŦŦŵĭġŕŦŮűŭŦŴŵŰŸŦ ᖒ๜ΡĻġġᒦҕ୊‫ޏ‬ৱġġġġᖒ๜ႫၗĻġĩıĴĪġĺĹĵıijĺIJķġİġıĵĴĶĹķĸıĸĶ Ⴋ໏ĻġūŰũůŠŭŢŪŁźŮŢŪŭįŤŰŮġġġġఀོᆩ֭ĻġŸŸŸįũŸŤŤŤįŤŰŮ

26

CC25

NUNAWADING & WAVERLEY LUTHERAN CHURCH ఀོĩ೿ᙄஆĪȂ౪џඪ‫ټ‬அ࿜ఀღᡝનҢȂ ၏௑᠍ߔࢥၚȄ Ӵᘈȓġ œŰŰŬŴġœŰŢťĭġŏŶůŢŸŢťŪůŨ ᖒ๜ΡȓġőņŕņœġʼnņŚŏġġġġıĵIJĺĴĵĺIJĸı

96 Essex Road Mt. Waverley Vic.3149

11:45am (03)9833 3553 / 0400 530 823 (03)9727 3026 / 0411 163 706


Western New Community Baptist Church

325-327 Mitcham Rd, Mitcham

ᕫᲕᥕ ጆ᫴ кРதࡶ 0417128669 ᛥོ֙ ߧԑღ࠶ ŇŢŤŦţŰŰŬ

࢑෈Рġ10:00 ୽ᇭᆹོ ࢑෈έġ19:30 ࢑෈Ϥġ19:30 அ࿜ఀ௿жॖछ࠲ఀོ

़ᇭEnglish Sunday Morning ServiceȈ10:15am ູࠒᇭVietnamese Sunday Morning ServiceȈ10:00am ဃᇭкᖿ(๼ᇭ༈ឍ) кРதࡶᆹོਢ໢Ȉ1:30 - 3pm ᖒ๜ȈϛМഋོ‫ޏ‬Ȉ྆ࠒॴ‫ޏ‬ৱġĩőũŪŭŪűĪ ႫၗȈ83901925 ЙඪȈ0401010366 Ⴋ໏Ȉduongphi68@gmail.com Ӵ֭ȈCnr. Larkspur Drive & Protea Cres, St.Albans, Vic 3021 Po Box 123 St. Albans (Melway 26 C4)

CC36

ՙᏎᅭҏཱི‫ޥ‬ୢ੔ོ߬৿‫ڐ‬ஆ

2-6 Oxford Street, Box Hill

кРதࡶȓഇ࢑෈РΰϿΪਢғ ‫็ڋ‬кРᏰ)़ᇭ*ȓഇ࢑෈РΰϿΪਢғ ࢥငइᛥོȓഇ࢑෈ΠήϿΠਢғ ծо౩ߧԑღ࠶ȓഇ࢑෈ϤήϿΜਢЁϷ घਪ‫ٳ‬ღ࠶ȓഇؐТ಑ΠЅ಑Ѳ࢑෈РήϿΠਢғ :

: 0 4 3 4 1 9 2 2 2 8 ; E-mail: rebek rebekah.tong@ gmail.com : (03)989885 (03)98988591

ПЄဎ‫ޏ‬ৱ!!ങ⑓༈ၾ 11:30am 15 Hay Street, Box Hill South, VIC 3128

11:15am 19 Holland Rd., Blackburn South 3130 03) 9877 9588 (03) 9877 5333 newlife@ecc.net.au CC13

Burwood Community Presbyterian Church

6:00pm 19 Holland Rd.,Blackburn South

Chinese Lutheran Church of Victoria

53 Victoria Street, Doncaster, Vic 3108 (Melway 33 J11) 0413 807 668 www.chineselutheranvic.org.au rev.paulkam@chineselutheranvic.org.au

(03) 9801 7645 03) 9886 4268

Ҡ᠌ኈ‫ޏ‬ৱ Rev. Paul Kam CC16

CC33

Australia for Christ Fellowship

St. Matthias Angli can Church North Richmond

1070 Stud Road, Rowville, Melbourne Vic 3178(Mel 72 J12) 10:00 am 1:30 pm 1:30 pm 1:00 pm

11:00 11:00

2 A William Street, Abbotsford 3067 P.O. Box 1056, North Richmond 3121 03 9427 9764 info@stmatthias.org.au

613) 9764 8330 www.acfchurch.com/chinese

613) 9764 8011 admin@acfchurch.com

10:45am 11:00am

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:

9:45am

cc40

67-71 Spingvale Rd, Nunawading Vic. 3131(Melway 48F8) cccv@cccv.org.au www.cccv.org.au 9878 2368

‫ޱޏ‬ȋ‫࡚ݓ‬ဎ‫ޏ‬ৱ (

LifeSpring Nunawading ĺĻĴıġŢįŮįġ IJIJĻııġŢįŮįġ

‫ڏ‬тᆹོĻġߧԑღ࠶ȃߝ‫ޱ‬ღ࠶ȃइᛥོȃಠफωಢ้

Evangelical Chinese Church

{

642 - 644 Elgar Road Box Hill North, Vic 3129

кӈ‫ޏ‬ৱȓġ œŦŷįġńũųŪŴġłűűŭŦţźġ ıĵijijġIJĹĸġIJijĸ օ౩‫ޏ‬ৱȓġ ༁ო‫ޏݠ‬ৱġ ıĵijĶġĹĶĹġĵĴı ஆᅿȓġ ഫሁీ॑τρġ ıĵĹĹġĴĴijġĵĴĹ vicar@stthomasburwood.org.au www.stthomasburwood.org.au 44 Station St, Burwood, VIC 3125 (Melway 61C7)

9898 5358 9898 5066

http://www.ecc.net.au eccbh@bigpond.net.au

Templestowe Baptist Church

South Camberwell Uniting Church Gospel Hall

10:30am ĩ़ᇭİဃᇭЅල೽ၗĪ 10:30am

)

Pastor Joseph Teo ஻घ࿄༈ၾ 0402 163 855 0408 464 737 Rev Lawrence Ng ֔‫ٹ‬ᓒ‫ޏ‬ৱ 910 Toorak Road, South Camberwell, Vic. 3124 (03) 9889 2899 (03) 9889 2899 scucgh@hotmail.com

310 Elgar Road, Box Hill, 3128 9890 6727 / 0419 132 078

ᓩ‫ס‬ԙ‫ޏ‬ৱ

़ᇭதࡶ ़ᇭ౪фதࡶ

ߧȃЍԑ0‫ٱ็ڋ‬ώ IJIJĻııġŢįŮįġ Ĵġȗġķġྑġġ‫็ڋ‬кРᏰ ġ ĸġĮġIJijྑġЍԑதࡶġ IJĻĴıġűįŮįġ ़ᇭߧԑωಢġ

CC01

10:00am ( 10:30am 7:30pm 10:00am

:0433 777 455)

кРதࡶȓ! ΰϿΪΙਢ!)ဃȃ๼ᇭ* ! ήϿΠਢЁϷ!)๼ȃ़ᇭ* ԙΡкРᏰȓ!ήϿΙਢЁϷ!)ဃᇭȇ๼ᇭ*

11:30am

CC21

The Salvation Army Chinese Corps

CC07

Chinese Christian Church of Victoria

St. Thomas’ Burwood Anglican Church

Christian Alliance Church of Victoria 9:00am 10:45am (

Resonate Service 11:00am OLD ORCHARD PRIMARY SCHOOL 88 Koonung RD, Blackburn North 3130

CC06

CC10

17 Livingstone Close,Burwood Vi 3125 03) 9888 7114 9808 8388 www.cacv.org.au ) cacv@cacv.org.au 0ߝஈོкৰ; ‫ޏ‬ৱ Rev. Colin Wun Mr. Jim Wong ୙ Mr. Eden Law ņůŨŭŪŴũġőŢŴŵŰųĻ Pastor Nelson Koh

Envisage Service( 5:00pm

CC08

Crn. Greenwood & Tennyson Sts. Burwood 3125 (Melway 61 E6) Rev Dr John Elnatan Elder Jensen Low

Rev.Peter Misso

CC18

10:00 - 11:30am Pines Community Centre, Doncaster East (Cnr of Reynolds Rd & Blackburn Rd) 9:30 107 Andersons Creek Road, Doncaster East, 3109

03 9842 8776 03 9841 8486 www.tbc.org.au chineseministry@tbc.org.au 0433839315 / Shirley Chan 0412 541 088

Crossway

2 Vision Drive, Burwood East, Vic 3151 Crossway

CC28

Chinese Immanuel Church of Melbourne кРཱࡶȓ! ࢑෈РήϿΠਢ!)୽0ဃ0़ᇭ* кРᏰȓ! ࢑෈РήϿΠਢ ़ᇭߧԑȃԙΡღ࠶ȓ!಑ΠȃѲ໊࢑෈ѲήϿѲਢ ࢥငᛥོ֙ȓ! ࢑෈έΰϿΪਢј ߧԑღ࠶ȓ! ಑Π࢑෈РήϿѲਢ

10 Power Street., Hawthorn Vic 3122 53 Grove Road, Hawthorn 9886 1468 0431 559 837

ϛМஆဃᇭதࡶġĹġĻġĵĶġłŎȃIJIJġĻġĵĶġłŎ ϛМஆල೽ၗதࡶġIJıġĻġIJĶġłŎ ᗺᇭஆதࡶġIJġĻġIJĶġőŎ ӟѻᇭதࡶġķġĻġııġőŎ ़МஆதࡶЅ‫็ڋ‬ટࡶġĩ़ᇭĪġ ĹġĻġĵĶłŎȃIJıġĻġIJĶłŎȃIJIJġĻġĵĶłŎȃķġĻġııőŎ ŊňŏŊŕņĩ‫ٳ‬၂ϛᏰҡ़Мღ࠶ĪġIJIJġĻġĵĶġłŎ

ϛМஆȓġ кӈġ ġ ഺཎ‫ٱ‬ώġ ġ ߧԑ‫ٱ‬ώġ ӟѻᇭஆȓġ ᗺᇭஆȓġ ġ

դ߸М༈ၾġ ጾ‫ؾ‬໳༈ၾġ ŊŢůġŃŰůŨŦųŴ༈ၾġ œŦŷįġŎŢťŦġŔŶŵŰŮŰġ őŴįġłŭŦŹġńũŰŪġ

ĹĹĵĸġĵĺıIJ ĹĹĵĸġĵĺĶĸ ıĵijĶġĹĶıġıķĵ ĹĹĵĸġĵĺĶĴ ĹĹĵĸġĵĺĺIJ

9886 3700 9886 3711 Website: www.crossway.org.au

CC06

27


Ж᡹ଟ៪

Ղ྆‫ڷ‬т‫ڋޟ‬υ ց࿅ೣ‫ݺ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ଡ଼ԃϞȂ‫ڭ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ԢҁԑਛஇϘըᖖᑫ੠֖ȄҁԴᑫࣷӠࣿϞϟ ϩԺՐȂӡҁߞ႖ሲȂϘߡਃᔝӇЍȂᘘం‫ڽ‬ٟՀՀԳԴᑫࣷߕჅϘ஻۸Ȅ ҁ໴ϞᏃmotor-caravanȂϵබ࣏‫ا‬েҨЂᖰ‫ߞژ‬ೊஜ੠ᔡȂ࿤൯Ԑஔᑫࣷ Ϙ஻Ȃ๒ࢢ԰ఉҺ‫ۦڳ‬Ӏᔖߞଡ଼ᘳӠࣿȄҁЏ၃‫ݗد‬ಯᎱϞȂԴଡ଼ԃ‫م‬໴Ϟ Ϙਇг඲Ȃ࿤൯ԢщщϘ୓ྦྷ་ҝ֝Ȅ ЫчҁӇც႖‫טڽ‬໦‫ا‬ഺৎ঍ᄑȂ‫ڭ‬ሲঋ‫ݿڽ‬Սऻ‫ا‬۶ߕཀࠛઔ‫ܫ‬Ϙ௲Ȃ֯ ऎҔ֖೐Ϙ૭Ȃ๒ࢢ༟‫ژ‬ҝЂජᖨ۶൶ਾ෻ȂԓϯႿᆬћ Ȍ Ȅց࿅᎘୓ҁߞ ଡ଼ԃ঍ᄑ੡Ȃ‫ا‬ះఀգᙇॎ๒Ȃ࠮யȂɆ‫ۊְڤ‬Є۸ȂЙԢҁϘ୓֝Ȃ࿰ᠪ ҁϞཛྷȂְ‫ݗد‬ൌᎱϞȂҁࢨኃӠࣿȉɇ ց࿅ۖұϩԺ࿐ᢊգϞഺৎ‫ۊ‬ЄȄ‫ߢا‬ႽȂҁ‫د‬ҁϘӠٟକᅁ಩ߞನྐȂԑ ൌ௙୉Դភ‫ۊړ‬Єߞ‫ڗ‬ϯϞȂౕؓӤҁ‫ڽ‬ᅁ಩Ȅ ɆᇒЙ຾ϞȂഺ࣏‫ا‬۶‫ۊ‬ЄԒԢߞٙ‫ܠ‬ȂҁሲҁߞႮ֋Ў‫ڕ‬ȂҁߞϘз֋Ў లȂЙӡցߌᑆѕȄɇց࿅ᄛϞϾઈȂԴც႖ϯា᠈ሲȂɆϠԧգ‫ؠ‬Ȃ‫ا‬ϵ ྐ༟ϞȂබᔌҁҝ‫א‬Ȃ‫ۊ‬ਗ֋գ‫ۊ‬ਗᇊȊഺը࣏‫ا‬েԑਛ൵ࢢϘը༰ᢜ࢘ ஄Ȃթࢢᢰҁ֋Ў‫֋܋‬Ўߞࡈ຀஧Ȅɇ ց࿅࣏‫ߞؙࠑا‬ЂᐯԢᐯȂӡࠑ‫ߞؙ‬႖ሲ࣏઱ϯാࠑ‫ؙ‬Դаߞᰔᰔ߰ұЂЖ ЄНϘȄҁऻ੩࿂ԺȂൾҟ഼ЫȄҁেұϠԢՐȂঋՀఀබᄊຕࢵ‫҈ؙ‬Ȃ֋ ᇍɆұ౧ᆔЄɇȂ௱ԴϘ୓ྍઈল๴ԳࢽᙇկЋȂ‫ؠ״‬ሹఐȂ෭Ӌў⣡Ȃᘵ ๒ϯߞЂᐯЙನྐȂࡒЙକᒐ࿝ҁেԧϠѕКߞ‫ݱ‬঑Ȅ ഺ‫ز‬Ϡᘵ๒ข஥࿂୼ȂᐯயϫՀȂࡒЙ࣏ԯऎ༥ૺ՘ԊЙՀȂබ࣏ԯऎɆӨ ௞ɇȂຜҁে୼КߞᄥᗁњԴಲ྽ໞሬ㡯኷Ϟࣆ޼ࠑ಩ЙՀȂЖ๑‫ޱ‬ജҁে ‫ؠཱݙ‬᝸ߞԑ஼দᙇЂᐯᔂۤȂփ་Ϟ‫ݙڤ‬ЙӡѾ༺ᓿߞԳў‫ߞݑ‬ਰፑᐯ ୰ȄЙჅҁে‫ڭ‬ӏԯթઈᏵȂߡۖϬՐૺћмЂভ‫ۻ‬᜕๴Ȅ ୓ԐȂҁে‫د‬ћভऻ՘֋ЎߞᑟྻȂԯऎҁেൌ֋ѽऎᇟ഼୺ԕѨನᎢȄҁ েӲ୺ணҐϞ॓ᎎֻȂ኷ЂՄඡ‫ֿز‬ᐯ୰ߞࢋႤ৒ి‫ڈ‬Ⴎ።Ȃ෰୽ታᐱȄҞ ࣏ЙϳȂҁেࡒ๴಩ћভٟҁেߞԊȂԯऎ֕೚Ꭲ߰ে௟ҁেቁϞҍ‫ڽ‬Ȅం թҁেҪକஇ഻ቌँȄϘৎஊ๒ߞᑟྻȂց࿅ຕᝊϞϘ֜ѢЍȂ࠮ࢵҁऎ ਰȂԴᐯ୰㡯ँ‫ޒ־‬Ӳа୽ᐂᚙчߞ੡৏Ȃҁᛓ੭இ୓ЈѢԝ‫ڽ‬Ȃԯऎҁ‫ڤ‬ ੡ജল֖ߞᡝ੩๑ӡᎢྣఀѕշྍֽȂփႬցѢԝӇЍȂ֌ьᘘգ‫ڱ‬՜Ϣ໭ ႃӓᓐȄ

ࢹз࢘

࿅Դࠢࠕ‫ؘ‬௅жۖϞϘৎϟϩӀўߞࡈጁȂЖ‫ۖر‬ᅆ໪ຕϞ௓Ȅ Ԣѭᓐ࢙ӲᗑᜭࢢȂѭᓐயց࿅ѽࢢգЦኃ঍ᄑȄӒՀϣϩՐ҃ࢢงҝᑫࣷ ߞҍ஼጗༟‫ܕ‬Ȃց࿅ঋِѭᓐ௙‫ڱ‬ᓿȂᢰҁҞѽۖᑫࣷᡝ੩Ȅҁබഺዹ‫ۖڽ‬ ϞఉҺȂබԴҁߞ‫ۊ‬ЄৣҍӠНࢢȄҁ་Ϙਛሬ੭ᡝ੩ȄЙܶߞ࣏ȂЙϳࢢ ց࿅ߞѭᓐॎ๒ӠᖛҝѵȂց࿅Ҫକ‫ݸ‬ౢᐯ೫ȂᏫҁߞѢЍ‫ث‬ങȂԴϘ༡ႅ ৒гҦӇЍᘇᓿȂ൵ࢢԢည੡๑ዴК஼઻ᐯӠϘዹȂ՘ϞགϠȄ бұాϞҁেȂց࿅ంགϠᚼऎӨϠȂᘵ๒ҁЪ๒ϘዹགጴȄවՐࢢȂց࿅ߞ щщ۶‫ۊ‬Є‫ڽ‬ᑫࣷᄥᇸȂЙᎯЙᄹҪ‫ڱݩ‬শ࿬ߞց࿅ЏՅϭ‫ڱ‬ᓿȂҁѾϞ঵ง ࢷ෬໴ϭϞϘฏ᚞‫ݗ‬Ȃ֋Ўႅ৒ȇϫ໴ϭϘ༡ႅ৒гҦȂ༟‫ܕ‬Ϟ֋ЎߞӠྍȄ ࿅щщјҼϫᎰ෎Ȃ໴ϞᗀॕᑟȂం॔݇ࡡгҦతϞ‫ڱ‬ᗀሦւ‫ݛ‬ᆩߞЍ֯ȂԴ ਛᗀሦȂᘇᓿ໭ႃਛӡȄЈ࿅ࡋంϘՐૺ༟‫ܕ‬Ȃత‫ۦ‬ԑᑫՑߞి‫ڈ‬Ȅ වՐࡈ‫ا‬ҝఉҺऻҁেȂց࿅᎛‫ا‬ҝ৫ᔠᔡ౎ᔠȂϫᙇЂᝂϫᙇᔷᎇߞȄഺ ࣏‫ا‬೐ϘըऻۖЏԴ݇ϩՐૺЈ࿅ȂЖϩУ࿐ߞҁȂࠜఀ୼Ђቾ౞Ȃѧѭᓐ ‫୼أ‬ҍϘৎᔝϞȄց࿅ሲȂК஼Ϡߞ௄ԯ‫ێ‬ᅁЙᓾȂҪ࣏ҁ࣏ԫຂ༺ᢍ፾஀ ࠜЂߞȂ‫ۊ‬Є࣏අѱҷԫѱవࠜЂߞȄЈ࿅ᑆϘϾᑫՑॻћȂ‫ا‬யҁӀ੡ඈ ᡌЦኃȂҁሲҁ࣏ᑙᣈಧ੭༤ߞ༤৶Ȅ Ј࿅ᅆᔷᎇ۶ЂᝂϘᙇЙဥȂҁᅆ‫ا‬ሲҁЙඈᡌԫ৫ᔠȄց࿅ᄛϞϾઈሲٟ ᓱ‫ޱ‬ȂҁҪඈᡌᆔජȃߺ཰௄ȃѱవ۶Ͽ‫ުڑ‬ȄҁҪକҩᙇϘུЂѱవᢰ‫ۊ‬ ЄԫȂՀԴഺਛ৫ᔠᔡϵஇ֘ϠԫߞѱవȄҁᅆ‫ا‬ሲ‫ۊ‬ЄЙྑᡝ੩Ȃᘵ๒ҁ েषԫኍӡȂࠐКබ௟ҁ୙་‫ټ‬੭ȂౕؓҁЫࢢ་ԩ๕ߞఉҺЂᐯȄٟ་ԩ ๕ЂᐯȃٟంЂᐯಲ྽Ȃ࣏ց࿅ೣӠߞᓷᐹȄҞЈ࿅බඈᡌႻஜȂᘘգȂᐯ ੭‫ݸ‬஄੡ҁ௲‫ۊ‬Єۖ֋ЎгҦϯ઱Ȃᐯ‫ڱ‬ႅ৒‫ث‬ങȂҁ৆࣏ࠧ௱ྏᒸᎷȂᐯ ఀϫ‫أ‬ϫՀȄց࿅ሲȂЂᐯ㡯ည੡ߞɆұ౧ᆔЄɇൌҍ஼ϞȞҒࣁ‫ؙࠑا‬ȟ ȂҁেߞࢅЄൌգҍਿȂᡝ੩՘ᖻԴᐯ੭ԩԕࡈॱȂϫᐯᔀ๣ȃЈ෩๣ߞȂ ‫ؘ‬ఀҁൌЙ෷ᅆց‫ވ‬уሲҁ‫ۊ‬Єߞఐ޶Ȅ ӒԴၝЄ‫ڕ‬ૠྐഺ‫ڰ݀ڱ‬੡Ȃց࿅Դც႖㡯ា᠈ሲϭҝȄҁሲ‫ۊ‬ЄԴ୼Кಲ ྽ࢢٙ‫ܠ‬ҝ TAFE ᐯ೫࢈аႅ৒ћᐴȄԴወِҁߞྍ‫ڍ‬੡Ȃҁ‫أ‬ઈᆺϞȂЦ ኃȂᎡЙକ་TAFEȉ ᝱ႽᡝϞбՐ‫ټ‬੭ȂҪ་TAFEփЏȉϩေᑫЮᐯ໱ ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄԑൊ޽฼ȊҁሲȂҁည੡֋ЎാѾሬ੭ߞᐯ໱ൌٟգȂҪକӇགȊҁ ሲȂ‫ݎ‬Ҫ‫ݎ‬Ӏ੡ш‫ূ܍‬ҪᇒӇЍᘇᓿȂٟգ࢝Հᝯѕ‫ۊ‬Єߞᐯ೫Ȅ

ց࿅ߞӓᓐ࣏໖ႽӠಯೡߞᗀॕЍȂُѡ36ЮЍႤȂঋᏳց࿅ȃҁ‫ؙؙ‬ᘘգ ܏܏ȄՁҪକ௟‫ݵڱ‬።ᔝН᝷ߞ঍Ԇࣿ‫ۊ‬௲԰ਛȂᢰЃ‫ۊ‬ᕒ຾இȂኧҐ‫ڱ‬՜ ϢȄҁেϘਛұϾᕟ֝ԴࢃઔႮߞϘฏӮ਱ࠝ‫ݗ‬Єϟጁ‫ڎݫ‬഍ߞϘৎϝӀў ռߞࠩЄ༡㡯Ȅ

ҁሲȂҁӒྐ๴֯ȂҞ‫ۊ‬Є࢝ѕӀઈ۶ԳຜҁሲϞϘ๫ᆕգႽನߞ႖Ȃ‫ڹ‬ҁ ‫ؼ‬ᢏϞྐ‫ޱ‬Ȅ‫ۊ‬ЄሲȂɆߌߌȂ‫ߢا‬ႽְϘᏅЄൌ࢝ॴȂࠅ࢝Ժᓿ‫اڻ‬ᡝ‫ټ‬ ੭Ȃ࣏ऎ‫ا‬ՀȂྐ‫ا‬་ԩ๕ЂᐯȄҞ‫ا‬ஐඈᡌϯϞႅ৒Ȅ‫ا‬Ҟѽ‫ߞְد‬гҦ ໴ϭ‫ڽ‬ȂുَԳᘘְ໴гҦߞᓿȄ֌‫ְݺ‬۶ཽཽϘӠ‫ॴڙ‬ᘇߞᓿȂ‫࣏ا‬Ϙ жϵЙྻঋߞȂְেଡ଼ԃࢢҪᇒ‫ڳ‬౻ᇊՀϞȄЍ֯වՐࢢȂ‫ྻا‬գቮঋᐯ೫ ஥சᇒನ᎝຀ߞȂ‫ڤ‬੡‫ا‬Ҟѽ᝝Ѝ֯᝝ҝఉҺЂᐯᡝᐯ֜Ȃ࢝ԺᑫࣷϠൌഺ ዹȂ֣ӅঋԐᡝᐯ֜۸ȉְেྐঋ‫ا‬՘ґȂ‫ྻاࠫ֋࢝ا‬՘ґߞȂԴഺৎ֖ ྽Ȅɇ

ց࿅ߞѭᓐԴ஼Ӕ៨ࣆܹ㡯இ‫ܡ‬Ȃႋ‫ݸ‬ক‫ؽ‬་ϯઔࡈᔌ஼Ӕ៨ғғୟҝϞሂ ᣉȂാ԰ਛ௲ਛಾߞ੡༡ൌٟգȄց࿅ਛంթ०ϯϞхভ‫ۻ‬ਛਲҍ‫ߞڗ‬Ғ ໙Ȃ֝Դഺዹᖷᒣߞ‫ݗ‬Є㡯Ȅഺබ࣏ऎЦኃց࿅ϘߡٟգЃ‫ވ‬уȂۖϬϩԺ ࿐ᘘٟຕ௓Ȅ

Ɇ಩Դ‫ۊ‬ЄЏ၃TAFEಲ྽ɇȂց࿅ሲȂɆ‫ا‬๴಩ҁᐯߞ‫ࠧ֘ތ‬௱௞྽ȂЙᄊ ‫ا‬җ൉ҍਛȄҁЏ၃ӒՑతᇒϞ‫ߞا‬ӠྍȄ‫ا‬েԑਛҍ‫࢘ڽ‬Ϙը஄Ȃ๒ࢢȂ ҁබ֋Ўᛐࡈ൉ϞȄҁЙঋ‫ݗߞا‬ЄȂӇᇖԐ૧‫֝ݗ‬ȂවՐࢢԓሲȄԴᑫ ࣷȂҪକࢷᑫࣷϠߞўՑ֖‫ڰ‬Ȃ‫ࢨְࡋ׎‬ኃᓱȉɇ

ϣϩՐ҃КงȂॎ๒գ೚ᐼൊԢ‫رڽؠ‬ց࿅ߞӓᓐȂԯऎҁে๴಩ց࿅ߞѭ ᓐЏ၃ညϞሂҔҾߞ୼‫ܡ‬Ȅҁ኷ࠫຜϯઔҾࣆܹᖢႋਛϠϭၢȄց࿅ਛჲ੡ ՘Ϟ೚ᐼᅆ໪Ȃ೚ᐼൊ‫ڽ‬ҁেਛണயȂய࿅щգЦኃ‫᝱ק‬۶ঋِȄഺዹȂց

‫ا‬భϯϞც႖ȄҪঋց࿅ྐఀ༟Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁ‫ۊ‬ЄஇЦኃᘘЙϘዹȂְЙକϘᏅЄ ൖҁে஬Ȅ‫ྐا‬຾Ȅ

ంթԓٟϠߢႽҁฅ၃࣏ЂᐯӠȄց࿅ం‫ڽ‬ϵٟգജϠҨჅЈ࿅Ȃ‫ڹ׈‬Դϟ ϩව࿐੡Ȃԯऎҁࠜఀᙉགϫ஀ጴȂ౮๑ജҨ՘ЈՄᏅߞҷ޵ЈӠߞল࢘Ȃ Ҫգҁߞࠕ໛ೀᝡ൅ᠨҍҁฅ၃ᡝჅ੩Ȅ

28


Ж᡹ଟ៪

˟ϟ

ĭ͆ᐶˢ౉Ė෌Ѻ‫ྺ׺۝‬Į

чᔷϣൊК୵Ϟᓂ㣊НҳȂທѵ୼јබᏇۖҁߞຕࢵϟ‫ؙ‬Ϭ‫ໍؙ‬ջሃࣱ᠖Ȃҁ েϬ҈‫ؙ‬КȂᓂ㣊ҳ‫୼؛‬ЂሹᘙȂࣱ᠖ࠜह෻ћȃᐏ༮ȃ࠷ग़Ȃ֭ໍջࡒ࣏ह ሻᘟ঩ȂᑧऺЂೀȂኄыϯᚙȂᛕօ‫ݢ‬লȂኜৼतࡓȂϫЙຠ‫ݺ‬ໟ҄Ȃ‫੾ݑ‬Ѣ ૼցᅁȄໍջ֋ьҍਛऎᄃȂҁࠧ௱‫ۦڳ‬இ۶‫ߞܥ‬ӠࣿȂࡒԯϘാ֚ߞ‫܈‬ჃȂ ‫ؼ‬ᢏϞҁߞϘӠȄែ࣐ޫֶϭ[डឦท؊]Ȃऎߞ࣏ฆ๑௧Є‫ر‬Ϡతԇ[഻ቌँ]෠ ࠝȂညұЂ෋ϠН঵ࣱܼዉٕ୛‫ێ‬К‫ۦڭ‬Ϛ࣋ौ୛්Ȃਮᙇ‫֋ۊ‬౭ȂໍջऎϞ ాҁȂሱӇሱዠ૔Ϟडឦท؊Ȃ഻ቌँ෠ࠝϠ๑௧ЄႾ՜‫ێ‬ऎਵȂмҝ‫ێ‬ь ‫ޒ‬аґȂ‫ڭ‬௟ϛϩՐ഻ቌँґϧཇ‫ໍݺ‬ջȂ‫ڭ‬ཇఱ഻ቌँ೐Ϭ҃෠ࠝН֜Ȅ ໍջࢢ‫ྍڽ‬ҳాϞчЋᗆ፧ਪᢸ㞈ਝਝѹчЋຆࡿϘ‫ۻ‬ȂऎϞాчЋຆࡿȂ ҁ๑ྍК૔Ϟ౭‫ئ‬Ȅ чЋຆࡿऎϞႴᘖժᅆᔝ഻ቌँਰ܏‫ق‬ौѪߞୠ౭Ȃබ ‫ח‬۳ໍջሃ֋ЎϘԢႴ᚟Դ֘ਆऱਝаߞԔ຅КȂง༡чЋຆࡿჀໍջଭѨ ༼֕Ȃ૔Ϟၡ‫ئ‬ȄՁϫӡ঍‫֘ڽ׃‬ਆгѹȂ‫ڹ‬অջ૔ಋ‫ئ‬ȂϫཇϞҁȶ഻ቌ ँȷ‫ی‬Ђທ‫ݢ‬Ȃබ࣏ȶчЋ‫ض‬౥јȷѽфȶчЋб༧෠ȷȂҩҳϵ೫ఀϞчЋ ຆࡿ҄Ϡᇷলඉᗙߞທ‫ݢ‬ȶӠժ೑ȷȂ৘ఀϞчЋຆࡿф‫ق‬ौѪϘ‫ߞڗ‬ґϧȂ ՘ऎчЋᗆ፧ਪᢸ㞈ਝਝѹȄҁऎϞмႋϬϩбࣽϛϩϟਫሃᢸ㞈ਝߞЩࢬȂ බмႋಿϠߞӠժ೑Ȅҁሃࣱ᠖Ϙ‫ڍ‬ՂࣇȂሃҁϘԢ༼୧Ȃ૔Ϟ୧‫ئ‬Ȃҁেϫ ຕࢵऎ҈‫ؙ‬Ȅ ໍջЪ๒݇݇Й‫؞‬԰ь‫ޒ‬Պஇ۶‫ܥ‬ȂҞ࣏ҁ૔ϞၡȂ౭ȂಋȂ୧‫ئ‬Ȃϫ‫ڗ‬ऎȶ ഻ቌँȷ෠ࠝфᢸ㞈ਝਝѹȂ‫ݙ‬ѽঋ‫هۦ‬Ԗ๒ࢢജുҍь‫ޒ‬Ȅໍջ‫ܕ‬ೣሮऎ֋ ЎᕕႍԴь‫ޒ‬Պஇ۶‫ܥ‬ȂҞ࣏‫ڰ‬ሃ᝸ჁȂҞକҁԴϘ੡༡ྏۖҵౕȂ๒փϵԯ

17

๖ஔࡣ໠Ж༝ŀ

7ѡ10џ౐ԍᝯᜃ‫ྻ۝‬Դൠ౨ߞParramattaҾᗝ֖Ϙᗾਲ਼Ȃ‫ا‬ႬᔌᐱਰϘԢࡈ ݀Ȃ‫ا‬঑യֶ၉ྻඞȂᚙ៌фᆊ஭Ȃ‫ڭ‬ᜪழȮч‫ڹ‬ȯ஭ѯ௞ᓭȄ ‫ڤ‬чߞᗾᛟ࣏ȶ҄Ϡඈ੆ߞ௓ࢄȷȂᐱਰ࣏Ϙ֜၃ᢚᚳනߞ௓ࢄਛਲ޼ᖚ ਰȄԴᚙ៌ߞჅ຀КȂ‫ۖۦྏا‬১‫ڽ‬၃ᖉϘࣱ௓ࢄ࣏‫ڤ‬ኃዹߞЙਟ‫ݽ‬Ȃ࢝Ժ ш‫܍‬ह഍۶࿛഼ߞႽನ҄Ϡ‫֎ۺ‬ȄԴඞߞᡘಿգᇊϞȂҁেদ໛֋Ўߞ௓ ࢄȂ‫ݩ‬੡༡ணҐഺᗾਲ਼Ȃᐯ೫ш‫܍‬ह഍НႽȂҞ҄ҁেԴᖉႻ֋Ў௓ࢄᝯ࠼ ߞჅ຀К୓ፅЙྻҵీϞЖҝ‫ر‬ᛁਰȌ ௓ࢄ১࣏ૠၐߞȂ࣏ϘӠϘѵߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂ࣏ϯчᎲຜϠ᝷‫ٷ‬Ѓ‫ݑ‬൵ᏋԪߞྥ ୨ȂԒӡч৖ȂहТᝯ࠼Ȃ݃թ‫ڶ‬ᏫȂЙж୼ܺȂЙж໳ᎭȂ࿘ऎϘᢜȄϯ ࢓ሲȈȶϠঋᛓ༟ѭӓȃሃ‫܍‬ЄാԪȃϟϠ՘ऎϘᢜȄȷȶְেԧϠൌညྑ ‫܍‬ЄȃՂԢྑ֋ЎϘዹȄ‫܍‬ЄϵညྰদҁߞϮшȄȷȶԴְϘӠໍߩߞՐ џȃබ࣏ϯ࢓ᎲְԴџԍНϭໍߩߞՐџȃညԢְ‫܍ߞྑݙ‬ȃ‫࢘ࣿأ‬џȄԯ ऎ‫ְ࣏ڤ‬ӠࡈȃԴџԍНϭൻဨߞ‫ڰ‬ϯ‫ݙ‬ఀߞжȄȷգϘৎ҄Ϡඈ੆ߞ௓ ࢄȂ࣏ϠӠ൵ग़ՀߞᇊઈȄ

Ꮠ߰

ऎҁЙԓஇ۶‫ܥ‬Ȃҁ൵ೣକሃ֋Ўџࢥ‫֘ߞྐ܆‬ਆгѹຕ՘ш௎ȂҞ‫ڍ‬Ϡऎ֋ Ўᓖᇖࡈ൉ЙϘ‫࣏ܠ‬൵ՀߞȂၐ၃ፒ‫ڏ‬16ൢ9ြᗾఀ࢝ՀȈ[Ϡѕឯᇖ֋ЎߞႽ Ⴎȇఘॠ۶ົࢽєҁߞၙَȄ]ॠ۶ົ࣏ϯ࢓Ȃ ᴽᗁ࣏ऎϠჰ൯൵ՀߞႽႮȄ ‫ێ‬ᅁໍջϘӠ၃ᑢ࢝ԺЂ୓ЂༀȂ๒փҁᗁ࣏༶຾֋Ўຠ‫ߞډ‬ѕҝবᅆȂգ੡ҁ ߞຠ‫ډ‬௲ຜҁ୼௻‫ޠ‬ґф࿂ЂߞᡋཕȂҁాұЂ෋ϠН঵ࣱܼዉȂබ՘ऎ഻ቌ ँ෠ࠝȂҁాϞร‫ء‬Հ౭ߞчЋຆࡿȂබఀϞՁߞૌཇȂ‫ڭ‬՘ऎᢸ㞈ਝਝѹȂ ҁాϬϩбࣽϛϩϟਫߞϠȂබఀۖҁেߞᐾᕛȂҁྐ઻Դь‫ޒ‬ՊփЙఀȂх փЂ෋ϠϚ࣋ौঋജঝ઻Դь‫ޒ‬ՊȄҁՀЙਟ‫ݽ‬ሃᓐӠѭӓь‫ޒ‬ўϮӛྎфұ Ђ෋ϠНϘߞၧϟ਋हሮȂࡒԴԢϘџѭӓᛕᛕ֋ᆽȄҁሃࣱ᠖фК১‫ޒޠ‬Ϙ Ԣ‫د‬ᓂ㣊ంॠࢠࣸ௄јКాҍ‫ڽ‬Ȃᓂ㣊ࡒԴჀۖॠࢠࣸ௄ຍЯೣ‫ڗ‬Йࡑϭࠬ؇ ࢢ֋౭Ȅໍջ๑ᎢԴ‫ڤ‬Ϙৎᄩ޶Ȃҁൌ࣏ѽຠѕ࢞ϠȂӒՂၐ၃ཇႽ੩3ൢ12 ֌13ြ‫ݙ‬ሲȈ[‫ߢا‬ႽѵϠȂം௻Ղೣ‫ڗ‬ඈጄ֖ຠȇ‫ڭ‬ѷϠϠԫඅȂԴҁϘзൻ ဨК‫ڳ‬ᇊȂഺϵ࣏ૠߞਾᎲȄ] ໍջϘӠሃውਟ෇գ௻ધᅆѧȂໍջЙྐঋᡋཕࡒஇϞ഻ቌँ෠ࠝфᢸ㞈ਝਝ ѹȂϫஇϞ֘ਆ᏾୺Ȃውਟ෇ೣ‫ڗ‬ୠِᡋཕȂԴь࢈ЋᓖِታᐱК১ሹ൰փ‫ؽ‬ ᕝᓂ㣊Ȃх‫ݢ‬೧୘Ȃऎِ՘ऎ֘ਆ᏾୺ѽԍ෇ᑷ஼Ȃබᠭቁӎ‫ڽ‬ಎྑҁߞѳሬ ᄻȂᐱ७Ձ‫ظ‬Ԩࣱ᠖ߞᜃ‫ݱ‬Ȅऎِ՘ऎࣱܼዉ၍Єѽِ௟‫෇ֻৄڽ‬஼Ȃຕ‫࣏ލ‬ ಿࡔᓐᛓȂӎ‫݅ڽ‬ѕߞϭ៳ൌᛓ༟ҁȄውਟ෇ЙᙝЙᑄјࣱୠِᡋཕȂຕ‫࣏ލ‬ Ϙ๑‫ݙ‬գȂहхໍջ౶ᗠԩ‫׀‬ȂЙᙝ֖ຠȂᡋཕ୑නѽ֌ѕྑߞЃϠൌᔌ຾ҁ ֋ЎȄၐ၃ҨѵϠೣ‫ڗ‬ඈጄ֖ຠȂф‫ۦڳ‬ૠߞਾᎲȂକ௉ഺዹஇබ࣏ᇊઈȄ

ཐ௑ஔࡅԤ୰ᚠ? ೻၇࢐ձᓍਢ‫ޟ‬ᔓօ: ഡ఩ߨԹցཏ๡ᐠᄺ఑ӎᜰᛄ‫ོڞ‬

www.firstlightcare.com.au Ⴋၗ: (02) 9211 9988 ϫգϠயȈȶՂ‫اލ‬Ѝُ֯ч՝ҍ౎ᙩȂࠧ௱ᗄՓȂ‫܍‬Є੡௱ӠઈȂ֭‫ا‬ϵ ૌ࣏๑ంߢᑍՁӠઈߞ১ԯȂहࠫഺఐ޶ѠᒕѡೢྻգயᛟȂࢨዹЖକߢႽ ‫ݕ‬ჰߢщщྻЦኃ੡৏Йᆕྍ۸?ȷᐱਰգࣽ‫ڍ‬Գ԰ຍഺ֜‫ވ‬уȂ෩ᓹҁ༷ঋ ԐऻऻҁӠࣿߞըؔՉవȂЍ֯ᘇᓿᆕ‫ږ‬ਛਲ၃ᕻቮঋ࣏দঋȂ֭ࠜงԯЍ ֯੡༡Ⴥࠜփֽၢ‫܍‬ЄфਛϠȂ҄ш‫܍‬ਛਲྏఐᝯ࠼‫ݕྫۦ‬಴ᛓȂࠜቈ‫ڽ‬ሲ Ҟକ࣏ఀЙᔺҵȄᐱਰ࢙៉ҁঋ۶щщϘԢᕭ໛ҁেߞਛਲቮঋȂদྲ֯ҍ ᏋညߞЍ֯۶ӠࣿՉవȂᢰ‫܍‬ЄᆕྍȂϵ҄ҁҞՉ๒ߞЍ֯ȂЙӡԓᑉѕЙ ߢतኃ੡৏щщϫӠઈȄ ੡༡Ⴥఀૌ‫أ‬ȂϘྻ‫ۊ‬ৎҗЈ੡Ϙ੤බჅҝϞȂૌౕؓᐱਰକ԰ຍᡘಿԺව ৎயᛟȂ๑‫܉‬੡༡ЙЯȄ‫ا‬तऎྏᄛȈϯ࢓ᎲϭϠ༡ߞ௓ࢄȂ൅Ⴥ௓ࢄᒐፚ Ϡߞ‫ݑ‬ఐфႽ዇৖ನȂ҄Ϡ‫ـ‬գขዊԳӠՅԴഺϯ࢓൹ൄߞѵधȂ‫ـ‬Հ‫ـ‬գ ੜԳᇒನՀϯ࢓ӹѾϠ᝷ߞԳಧȄ ௓ࢄӎ࣏ग़ՀߞȂ᝸‫ا‬েൌᇒನՀҹȂऎ֋Ў൹࢙Ϙৎ҄Ϡඈ੆ߞ௓ࢄȂ༟ ѕ‫ۦڳߞࣿأ‬ഺѵϯग़ՀߞϘзȄ᝸ְᐾգϘৎ‫ـ‬ग़ՀߞਛȊ

ည౎ྻඞᡘಿਯ൵ऎጤધߞඞবȂംჅ‫ݺ‬யᛟႋຍ੡ࣱȂգϠயȈȶՂ‫ލ‬щ щԴ൭౎੡жȂ๑ᇑӠઈЙ֯ᗏȂ‫ا‬ϫЙߢऎ֣ȄЍ֯ϘчϞȂ‫ا‬ϵ࢝ೢȂ хӒၐ၃ൌሲȈЙҞ‫ۖࢤף‬џၢȄϵധჅϞЫ౎ϯබٟ‫ڰ‬ϞȂ‫اڤ‬Йӡನྻ щщȂ Ԑᇂ؆ះԓሲȂҞѽཛྷ? ȷᐱਰ‫܇‬ឍഺ‫ٷ‬ЀঋѹஜዐயщщȂ‫ر‬ҍՁ Й֯ᗏߞ১ӤȂ۶Ձ഍ನՀயᛟЖҝᇂះȄԯऎЃϠѧႵྏ‫ݑ‬ȂգЙՉߞఐ ᇰ੡࢝᝱ϢᇂȂϮшঋ‫ށ‬ӨЃϠߞપ‫ݑ‬փ֯ҍᏋညߞᝯѕ԰ᕕȄЙ๒Ȃщщ ྻሱྻϮшᅆՁᆐЙᝯѕȂє୓‫ـ‬ЂሱྻȂ዆ᠩ‫ی‬Ϡྏఐᝯ࠼Ȅᐱਰϵપ‫־‬ ෩‫־‬෩ᓹщщে۶Ϯшেঋᐯ೫‫ـ‬༟‫ݸ‬Ȃ‫܃ـ‬႕ߞ࿛഼Ȃԯऎ๑ᎢְຕϞ௓ գԺьՐџȂᅆўϵЙକ੡௱‫ݕ‬त֌ُϘըൌҞѽread your mind (ऻ൅ְߞ ѕ)ȄգЙ༟ѕߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂЙᆕྍߞ੡৏ȂঋԐఠۘఐᇰȂӡहྰՂሼߞᅗ࢘Ȃ գᚃሻԳ۶ᅆў෩ҍயᛟȂ۶ӀԳႋٙԇ֣ж‫ޡ‬Ȅ

29


Ж᡹ଟ៪

⅟◪ᾦᬺ

፠Ꮧ᠍ṙ⑉ σՌณЖ᡹ఀࡉ‫ف‬Ӗ - ЁΞ

ћ/ ጾ‫ۅ‬օ‫ޏ‬ৱ

Ղ‫ލ‬ఋயઔҳ઻ᐯӠᅆᑫࣷᐍᆬӎߞԞ໪Ղ֣ȉఀۖϩНϣϝߞຍ੯Ϙ‫࣏ܠ‬Ȉ ȶՀЋȃՀѪȃՀ๑೭Ȅȷഺᇌ಩໪ߡ֌1997Րਲ਼ၢ‫ݺ‬༮‫(ޫݛ‬Yarra river)ҽ ‫ߞܫ‬ȶऱࡄ਎ጄКѕ(Melbourne Crown Casino)ȷ༩দ༟ᅌࢢȂЖ༟‫ܕ‬գ‫ݙ‬ ᓜᐍᆬӎ‫܆‬Ӡࣿߞ༟‫ܕ‬ȄُُϢ‫܆‬Нࢢߞऱࡄ਎ጄКѕȂᑶѫ഼‫ށ‬Ȃ‫܆܆‬೒ ᆇȂന၉Դ਎ጄКѕࡈߞϣੲЂӮࣗȂُч౎༡9ᙇៗ༟‫ܕ‬Ȃྻ‫ܠ‬੡ኡҍ୼Ⴟ 10гюߞᆩᆩѫ๐Ȃ௟ᐍᆬӎߞ‫܆‬㤳ࣖԳ੾ҳົដጤᐂȂУ௾឵૾ߞᑶѫȂ ҐϯዃඞߞѪࣗࠑᆊȂ྽Џ՘ऎᐍᆬӎϠ‫܆‬Ⴜ෸َߞ൵‫ڸ‬੠Ⴜ฀ᙇȄԴ‫ڳ‬᠖ѵ धߞऱࡄ਎ጄКѕႆȂ༰Ԫ຾਎ጄԃ༢ȃᣍ฀੠ᔡȃᘉߏґକ‫ݺ‬Ϙ‫ڗ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬К നգ40Ժ༡නដ௅ऱߞ୼ૺᔠᣇȃ۩பᣇ۶୧‫א‬ȂᐾգԧᇌӔ౉লۧߞ༼঴ ஡Ȃዴϩਛᇟࡡ֕ࢸߞᘉߏКѕȂՐቅϠ൵ጤྑߞც዆୰ȂϘँᗄົߞ‫܆‬ᗁ ྻȂ‫ڹ‬Ϡࣹാ‫ߞࠔ؞‬໹ૺЂ࡭ᎯඞȂഺ‫ڱ‬ᓉԪ᜹ങന঍ȃሹົന൯ߞ࢙ᒝߏȂ ുϘϘ՘ऎᑶѫ഼Ꮷӏ્ߞЙ‫ࡱ܆‬Ȅ ᘵ๒ऱࡄ਎ጄКѕऎᐍᆬӎ௲‫ڽ‬੠Ⴜ஥ᑟȂࡒϵऎઔҳົϠೊӔਛਲф઻ᐯ Ӡ௲‫ڽ‬ԟᑟȄ੠ᑫϩбႶȂతៈധԺᎯ‫ݑ‬ி௻ߞົϠਛਲфઔҳ઻ᐯӠȂಎះ ᑶѫᏂ࿴ߞऱࡄ਎ጄКѕȂබᄊ֬Ϙৎ໹ૺһЂߞ‫܆‬༡੏ଵᑶȂ୛්຾ധԺ฽ ౕϘ‫܆‬७නߞົϠೀӫфѕࢥȂёྐ຾գϘчକ঳‫ڽ‬ᑖ୑ȂϘَ๳чփ՘න՘ ໳Ȃຕ‫ލ‬ᢵ՘Ꭿᡒփ๑‫ݥ֋ޱ‬ȂЙඏӨӨ᠁गஉ௵ȃᐯ྽ȃ௓ࢄȂգ‫ـڱ‬ཉਛ ᒿಯȃ጑৆᏶ӠȄবᅆᐍᆬӎົϠџૈទদߞᎯൾགྷ໪Ȃ‫୓ྐاڹ‬ᖖᚒԴᐍᆬ ӎऱࡄ਎ጄКѕߞ༮‫ࣹޫݛ‬ாКȂ‫֝ܧ‬຾Ϙᇌր֒ົ໳ࡒϫ҄ϠೀࠅየགྷߞК ࡭หဲɯɯщӀࣶགᔲ(Pacific Black Duck )ȄщӀࣶགᔲഢࢠߞր֒።౧Ȃ ྻᢰϠಯӠ።౧ࢠஜߞ໛ះੜ‫ލ‬Ȃᚣѽᖉൄ༯ஈઈᐄߞ஄ᄊȂ୛གྷϢࠬ߰ߞೀ ӫȂႿۖᕂࠡϢࠬྍᄦߞ໛ះੜକȄ ઈཕٕᜦߞщӀࣶགᔲȂᘴ៳‫ݺ‬൧ᇩ༭‫؛‬ӫᔲॊȂᔲ‫ڗ‬ॗգ60гжҽҠȂᢜ দࡋతࠕ1.2гѝȂ჆ֶ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷԳ஡ߞԇ֣ѪாȂවѼ഍഍‫׮‬Ҟ‫ࣿێڍ‬᠙ᕚѪ ߞ‫ڗ‬዆ȄщӀࣶགᔲߞԑ‫ڗ‬ᢜրȂѽ᎐֒֒Ꭰऎ‫ێ‬ѹᎠȂ‫ێ‬Кྥ୨຾Ө֒фѽ ౺ཀ֒֒Ꭰк᝝Ȃ҄ϠࠕփᣍНȂ੾ҳᢖҍ‫ٱ‬েઈՆࠧϲߞઈᎳȄ‫ٱ‬েߞᔲၙ ശ༡գག֒ߞᔲᝓȂຠ‫ݺ‬ᆓઙԴѪবϯȂ‫ٱݺ׀ݕ‬েԴѪКഡ঴ȃᕚѪ۶ِஊ ӹ୨ȄщӀࣶགᔲߞԑ‫ڗ‬પወࡋѽᔝൊ൵‫࢘୼ۍ‬ᓰᝊ࢘Ȃѽಎ᎐֒Ꭰऎ‫ێ‬К༡ ֒።Ȃ഼ჅሃೀဗϯϭўȂಎ᎐֒ߞ൤ࡄሃҷ޵֒తនȂ‫ה‬಩ࠜփᓹӫߞኵ౧ ૳Ȃᄊ࿂К஼஼ነ݅၍ࢃಠߞ‫ޠ‬ӠᗚᝉȂ‫ێ‬ૠఐϫՀᄊၳᇍҭᣉҫ႐ც዆Ȯᘈ ዇ֹȅѐ຿ȯߞࡌЀነ࿰ȂϘѾᡮࡌຠᐼȃေшംዲߞࣛՑȂ҄ϠౕНӠदȄ щӀࣶགᔲ࣏៳‫࢘୼ݺ‬၏‫ߞݑܧ‬ᔲ᝷ȂϘଠඈᡌ၏ᇸตਿ‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷޮᑨѪ཭Գ஡ ߞൎନᙍ༡ȂӺඈᡌ՘ᅆ‫ݕ‬՘၏ߞࣿஜ‫ݺ‬౶Ѫุષȃկޫȃฑ‫ޒ‬հ཭ȃ጗ձު ᡎ‫ݕ‬Ѫ਱ઔᣉН༡ߞѪாȄ‫ٱ‬েЙ֭ඈྑ၏ᇸȂᘘ࣏ඈྑ࠲ࢺ஀ಐߞᔲ᝷Ȃည ‫ێ៷ݮٿुا‬ൎӠ֋๒ӠᅗН᏶Ȃ၃௱ҞᣍᅅۖщӀࣶགᔲඈᡌԴѪК۶൙Գ ϯᇟѕӇ‫ط‬ф੶ನրѨȂබᄊ֬ަদҳሻᚃኇߞೠЀϘଠȂ҄Ϡᄠᄠᇍ‫܈‬Ȅည ‫ٱ‬েᇂះ‫ݕ‬ԃਿ੡Ȃྻ๴෭ՇౕहׄȃТहᣍᠪߞᇟૠȂᏇࣹ‫ׄ۝‬ᇯ᠕ፁ࠲ᔲ ၏ߞՉԑȂՂჃᆷ֬ҳዲϢࠬ੡ȂՇౕ߰බྻᄊ֬ៈஜ‫់ߩڨ‬ඡᐡϘዹȂЙᙝ ๴ҍֲْٕனߞᄞᄞᗏȂᚣѽ់‫ט‬ᔲ၏ᚰྕѽᅆȂЈѕ‫ڨ‬ፑȄщӀࣶགᔲᗄฤ

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งߞ൵୼ਪ࣏Դࠥ‫ܞ‬Ȃ༯ᔲྻӡᛕᗍЙᙝ‫ݮ‬ӇȂ‫ڭ‬ᠨҍଂᇻаߞӨ֒րᗍȂౢ փЙ఺ࢺ᠈ߞᚼஜୠുቬᔲȂഺ࣏ҁেӒՑߞِஊኇՑȂϵ࣏‫ٱ‬েᗄฤϭϘ҃ ߞࡈࡶաȄ

2011Ր9ѡ14џȂည‫៷ݮٿुا‬щӀࣶགᔲ֋๒Ӡᅗ੡Ȃф੡ྫྷాϞϘ୸щ ӀࣶགᔲߞӁ൧Ȃ၃ᑢϘඞᢘѕஜᐄߞϠ൧ЂᐼȄգϘ୸‫ڕ‬Ⴎᘘྭྭ੤੤ߞӁ ൧ȂሃЫՐЖৣҍӠߞ‫ێ‬ҁӁ൧Ȃ੡փ֋Ӥ֋ԴԳఊႼ‫ݺ‬Ѫԍ࿘࿘ߞ༮‫ޫݛ‬Ȃ ੡փ་Ϣᘳ፵ߞޫ‫ܫ‬ѪନᙍКȂ֭‫֖ߞٱ‬ਸ਼ᗁ࣏ሃಿЙԢȂգ੡ၢࢢᔲ၏ኮᕚ ߕफ़Ȃգ੡֋ሮՉԑߞᑾ֋ᛓ၏ഡ঴Ȅည‫ا‬ᆽఐ᝔ֲࡻཕȂӡहᑟാ‫ݮ‬Ӂ൧Ҟ ྑጀዹߞ๪ব੡Ȃॎ๒ֽЙ‫ߞڨ‬ంߩКࢧᘗফϭϘ୸቙Өઔᡶ(Silver Gull)Ȃᖠ ༡බ௟ೲ༤ߞӁ൧ҥۖҗߩКȂ၏ᔲჲ੡ኅ๴ҍ຤ᐠ‫ם‬ᛔߞᄞᄞᗏȂгӓᔲৗ ऱҵనԳ੎ଂୠቁȂҪ‫ڍ‬቙Өઔᡶ঳Ϟॗ50гюНቈࢢȂϘ᛫ϾȂЈᔲබం ୼ߩКߡ።ᅢԴԳϯȂұၙจчȂϘஜϵЙஜȊ‫ߞا‬ᗚ֒ჲ੡ЂᢏȂᠪЙఀ‫ݮ‬ ៷हѯȂ୺ϯ‫܋َأ‬ҝȂ‫أ‬ി෭ஜјᗖȂᠭቁঋԓըந঴ߞ቙ӨઔᡶȄ ऻ຾ҞዔввঔԴԳϯߞЈᔲȂϘߵజజ๒ߞѕቕఐᇰ෌ంК‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ا‬Јѕᗍᗍ Գ௟‫ۦ‬ཋߞЈᔲదԴјѕȂҪྏះ‫ߞٱ‬ᢜ࿢ᄊ֬ධҋႆߞྷҒȂ᠕୙຾Јᔲ԰ ۖѪ‫ߞܫ‬൉КȂ‫ྏا‬ះۖ‫ڗߞٱ‬ᢜॎ๒ರರϘஜȂည‫ا‬௟Јᔲ‫ݸ‬Դ౺Ѫ഍Ȃൣ ๒ҍ಩ྍҳߞૠᚹȂӁ൧ൣ๒ᄊ֬ᆝ๪ϠߏଠஜஜၙȂஜஜၕȂৣ༟‫ܕ‬ᘘЙ֋ ๒ߞᄑѪȂ൵ࢢൣ๒෇১ՂࠐȂᇦᇦ‫؍‬ᔌ຾ӓᔲߞࢢўȂບ౮Й෷ԓըЂྍȂ ૌ࣏҄Ϡ‫ޟ‬ඈՂ‫ߞٳ‬๪বȊ൵ࢢȂऻ຾ᘪրփᙩߞ቙ӨઔᡶȂЙӟ᝸Գ૭Դ৆ ԴѪ᝝ߞࣜᑘϯȂЯ֋Mine-Mine-MineҨ຾࿭ϠߞᙘরН੡Ȃ‫୓ྐا‬ၐ၃ѽ ӄ‫ݙ‬੩Ϙࣱ់ѵԩ‫ڏ‬Ȉȶঋ्ᕛૠ‫ݙ‬Ꮂߞԑ஘কႅȂබକ‫ݯ‬ᐿᠲ୿ߞ႘঍Ȅԯ ‫ا‬ে‫ڭ‬Й࣏ሃ៳֕ઈߞߋᐼȂϜ࣏ሃ‫ڱڤ‬ேࣆߞȃ෠ᡋߞȃᇒᘑഺ࢖ླѵध ߞȂѽфчߩ៳ᢸઈߞ෋ᠲߋᐼȄ‫ݙ‬ѽȂঋੋ୓ૠ‫ݙ‬Ꮂߞԑ஘কႅȂՀԴᒐ᝱ ߞџЄ‫ݯ‬ᐿЩዲȂ‫ڭ‬ѷ՘බϞϘзȂᘘକ૭Ӳఀ֝Ȅȷ ᓐྑߞ‫ވ‬уȂഺѵधЏ་ϢϘඞӐџᅆٙߞᐼ‫؝‬ȂԴഺ௣‫֋ܥ‬ӤᗄᅷȃႽ዇಍ ඉߞනႈѵ҃КȂധԺϠ୛ҵԴ૽Ꮥࠛ୛ȃᑶ॓୧ᇥߞስ්КȂ੭ཀྵ҇Ӌᓾሱ ߞኊৃᣍȂധԺᐯӠٕઓԴ֒ఐᇨ૭ȃዷϧ൚ᡨȃࣲࡡስ්Кփ๑‫ݥ֋ޱ‬Ȅփ ዩ֭ЩዲӒ᠎᠎౬ஜߞጕԄԴϠ‫ݑ‬൵൚ླ‫݋‬਴ߞ‫ڎ‬ၢȂႏᄦஏᢄ࿑᛼ૠԴ‫ا‬ে Ӡ‫ۻ‬К‫ݙ‬ᎲϭߞౕؓȃՉዐȃᄱྐȃࠫѕȌȌȂԋᄦ૰ဤഺѵ҃உ௵ӒԨߞϠ ቫᝯ࠼Ȃж໘ܶᇊग़ᆕߞਛਲԪϘȂ‫ݵ‬࿑ᅷૠૈϠߞిྻ࢙ൄȂ૔᛼Ӕ౉ᓉऀ ߞᇌ౉ఐྏȄ‫ا‬Ԩૠૌ႕ߞᜤ‫ט‬ȈȶЙҨ‫ا‬েჃ‫ڍ‬ႏణȂా‫ا‬েೲᛓԎ෋Ȅ ȷ‫ا‬ᕗِૠ࠲ՇྲϘ҃ߞՐቅϠȂ्ᕛૠ‫ݙ‬Ꮂߞԑ஘কႅȂ‫ؽ‬૔ዩ֭ЩዲԴ ৎϠȃਛਲȃ౉၏ȃ஼ਛȃిྻߞགླཕϧȂЙᄊщӀࣶགᔲӁ൧ଠ֋ѽऎᗐ ‫ށ‬Ȃգᐼർೲᛓགླཕϧߞ៳чକϧȂ‫ڭ‬ѷቈᛓስ්ሃႏణߞᔓআᑶȂਣ಩ࣿ ጐȃஉ௵ȃࠪដߞඈጄϠӠȄ


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ᅓ ⌇ ⒃ 

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఼࠼໯፴έऍऔȂ߆໠έᡐжฒᚖȇ

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ෆհҜ۠ɆᓸॷᏘɇ߆ϛѫԤУ߁ᇈȄ

ఉҺ‫ن‬ᛴࠅᔌ഍Ҟ‫ڍ‬Ȃࡡᇌ࢝ԺȄBlackheathᘘգৎ‫ن‬ᛴࠅг ཀྵȂ ഍Դ Ѹൗϯ‫܂‬ϯȂࠅ༟੡ြȂԧᇌࡡᇌȂԧᇌࠅ֒ȂЂ ࠅЈࠅȂߋ‫୽܈‬ᣨȂग़Йർ՜Ȅ

ѢࠀሇӺҨࠀሇȂ১ಯК஼Ȃौч༟ࠅȂ౐‫گ‬Ө൅౶૰ȂКо ᚼ౺૰॓Ȃཀ‫ރ‬ऎಎ૰॓Ȅཇሲ৫ӛ‫ܟ‬ฅѽࠀሇࠅӗᎠᐍ૰֯ᒔ ᐍȂᇍɆᔷশᐗɇȄ

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‫ܣ‬ဒ Мԅጡᒮ!Ꮞᅭҏ!Ӓᙛ!0!ঙᙛ !

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Sameway ISSUE255《同路人》255期  

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