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246

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ଔȕ

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ЏψȓĴııĭġķııĭġ ġ IJijııĭġIJĶııĭġ ġ IJĹııĩŮŮĪ

ЏψȓIJĶııĭġIJĹııŮŮ

89

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$

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ЏψȓIJijııĭġIJĶııĭġIJĹııĩŮŮĪ

221

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ଔȕ

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೿٩Ы‫ݖ‬ώհᘨ

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$

466

ώհᘨ

ЏψȓIJijııĭġIJĶııŮĭ ġ IJĹııĭġijĵııĩŮŮĪ

൐ቹೲ࢜ġİġᚖቹೲ࢜

ଔȕ

ЏψȓIJijııĭġIJĶııĭġIJĹııĭġijĵııĩŮŮĪ

165

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߳ᜌശճቋȕຸઍቋᄂ ѿൟΰശԁ‫ޟ‬౰ࠢ

ȑञҢ +GST ȑϚ㠯ᓁଫ၆ယ࢜ 1200mm ȑਹ७ȃယ࢜‫ڷ‬Л࢜֯௴Ң ൐Ыዀώհᘨ ଔȕ ġ ٩ᆄĴıĵϚ㠯ᓁ‫ސ‬ਟ ЏψȓIJijııĭġIJĶııĭġIJĹııĩŮŮĪ ȑؐቹਹ‫ۻ‬೩ҳijయԽ஼Ͻᓁ ȑ‫ܚ‬Ԥቹ࢜֯௴ҢĴıĵϚ㠯ᓁ஼Ͻ‫ۻ‬ഋ $ +GST ȑ‫ܚ‬Ԥ٩Ы᐀‫ݖ‬೩᠉ُ՝П఼߯ࢿ 1500mm ȑಒӫᐬࢸ኿ྥ ᚖЫዀώհᘨ

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642

626

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༉ ࢿ࿧Ꮲ $ ώհᘨю࢜ዀ

349 +GST

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༉ $

975 +GST

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‫ۑ‬໱৔᎙໾! ᇜ࿄ႎશ 䙱⚇䩞ⴔ 佪༫ढҎ೷㒣⊼䞞

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ᇣ呺ᄤⴔ ཇᗻ♉ׂᇣᴁ

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ঘሗ჉֐٠ Ё㗕ᑈ໿ཛ䴶Јⱘ ܿϾᣥ៬ བԩ䅽ぎᎶᳳⱘ ⫳⌏៤Ў䕀ᴎDŽ

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Burwood Suite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, Burwood East, VIC 3151 (Melway 61F7) Box Hill! 2-6 Oxford St, Box Hill, VIC 3128 (Melway 47C10) ᕊཾਢ໢! (Burwood) ࢑෈ΙՍϤ 10am~6pm Ѕ࢑෈ϲ 10am~4pm / (Box Hill) ࢑෈ΙՍϤ 10am~6pm ࢥၚዥጣ rejoice@tpg.com.au

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ӣၯΡᇭ

಑357෈

ཱིᆸՌҥᇄ༈൬ᐇԈ Ethics and Freedom of media

Ⴥҝ‫ی‬༉ȂᑫࣷཇණЂ֛౥ᠢߞྲᇷ࢓஼൯‫ۦ‬ᎏᕝȂ‫ڰ‬ ፡‫ݺ‬ҁᅮϭߞॻ஼ඡൢѽࠧ‫ޱ‬ᢄᡘც႖‫ۤڽ‬ఀઐਿȂ‫ڭ‬ ѷઘཻሃ់ўкຕȂࠬӚϠߞ‫ټ‬ᘳȂ൹ҏ໹ჅϘպбϩ ՐߞȮѵधྲᇷඡȯԯթփຕ‫ف‬Ȅॻ஼់ў୼ኸԯթփ ҝᚚߞЙьȂփ౥ᠢјϭྑ௟ᑉԇࡈྲᇷ஼ቫ༰ᄥ঵ਯ ே֖‫ߞܡ‬ដ‫ړ‬ҙȅҿᐆֹ෻ജႃȄϘ੡Н༡Ȃઔᠢߞྲ ᇷ࢓஼ՀᄊϘϭЄ௪ጚϞȂփྲᇷЍ֯߰ߞᑆՇ‫ـ‬՘ऎ ԑѵधߞ๏ᙇȄ ྲᇷ֋Ӥജ໛ऎ࢙Ӳ֋ӤߤྻߞদঋњࣗȄٟգྲᇷ֋ ӤȂϠබٟգߢఐᡋȂ‫ߞߏڰ‬ૌहබҞକЙऎϠ‫ߢݙ‬Ȃ փညᡋ߰බҞѽ୸јᏌчȂྲᇷ֋Ӥԯթജ໛ऎ࣏੃ ᎎӔѹȃ֋ӤфϠᡋߞ௄ӎȄ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯȂЙь࿂ᡋ஼ਛታ ഞȂ൵‫ߞݏ‬බ࣏ϠӔգທᅆߞߢఐᡋȂԯթྻϼўպ঍ ߞҝࠡѤϠӔକ֋ӤߞఀۖႤୈȄ ҩϘўবȂُϘৎϠൌգ࠲᠕ৎϠ‫ټ‬ᘳߞᡋ‫׀‬Ȃԯթ୵ ࠧԴ࿂ᇑఐ޶ϭȂՂઘф஼ਛՉԑຈȂᢄᡘгӔߞ‫ټ‬ᘳ ൌЙྻജత‫ۦ‬Ȃփѷණᢜϵঋࢷ‫ڰ‬ᅁ‫ڽ‬ඡᐱȄໍ஄ߞඡ ᐱȂ࣏ණᢜߞҵሱȂ዆ᠩණᢜߞгࠫϧȂ֭ඡᐱంࠬӚ ৎϠ‫ټ‬ᘳփఀߞୈਿȂࡒ࣏ණᢜ‫د‬ৎᢜ‫׀ྻߤݺݸૈ׀‬ ૈНϯߞ֋‫֖ټ‬ऎȂ࣏ߤྻ๑‫ޱ‬త‫ۦ‬Ȅ ԴᑫࣷКћණᢜКȂЙьϠҪ‫د‬ҹেऻ՘ऎዃ‫ט‬ୈ ਿȂҐϯᚼႶߞྲᇷȂ࢝ьϠদ໛аਟߞᎳ૵ȃ১൹ ‫ݑ‬фૌፁ‫ݑ‬ȄգϠྻሮऎକԴᑫࣷգКћඡൢҞѽᏦ ᡝȂփѷգЙьֺ࣏໱ߞȂЙକঋِᎳ૵Ȅ‫ا‬ЙକԢ ྍഺϘᇌऻ‫ޱ‬Ȅ ૷ᇝ࣏ዃ‫ߞט‬ҏߏȂЙྻജ໛ऎණᢜȂᡝ߰ঋِߞ࣏஥ ྽ୈਿȂ֭‫ྲد‬ᇷфႤୈҐ་ҝ‫כ‬єᡝ߰ߞ႖ȂҍߍϠ බঋऎҏߏߞаਟ঑ϯയԇȂԯթፁ࠲ҏߏаਟգϘ‫ܠ‬ ߞѪӀȂૌፁ‫ݑ‬фᅆ൹֯ߍᡋߞපদȂබᕕജদ໛ȂЙ କԯऎКћණᢜऎьዴӔ౉ߞҏߏփٟգܺ።ȄԴᑫ ࣷȂҪգԯऎҍߍКћҏߏ௱ሃӦ᎛ೊӔࣿஜф‫ظ‬ႤӠ ྍభ㣦Ȃփ௱գ݆໛ණᢜᑆՇߞఐ޶ҍ಩Ȅ

Last two weeks, the media empire of the Australian media mogul Rupert Murdoch has been under attack. His British newspapers have been involved in phone hacking, and the case has been alleged to the collusion with the police, violating people's privacy. As result, ɆNews of the Worldɇ, a subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corporation, had been forced to published its final edition on 10 July 2011 after 168 years of publication. This has not only led to some of the senior staffs in British police lost their jobs, but the former chief executive of News International, Rebekah Brooks has also been arrested. All of a sudden, the media empire of Murdoch seems to be collapsing, while the worldɅs attention has been focusing on the journalistsɅ code of ethics. Freedom of media has been considered as one of the important elements in building a society with freedom. Without freedom of news, people will have no right to discover and understand the truth, while the authorities can easily become a dictator. Thus freedom of the media has been often seen as the symbol of democracy, freedom and human rights. In fact, lots of totalitarian countriesɅ leaders will always try to do everything possible to stop their citizens to gain access to information freely. On the other hand, everyone has the right to protect individual privacy, except in some extreme cases like those involving with the national security. However with actions affecting the citizensɅ privacy, like phone hacking in this case will definitely not be accepted. The media should do the reports based on facts. False reports not only are mistakes made by the media, but also affect the credibility of the media. However if the media put the individual interests above the interests of the society, and release reports that were derived from the infringement of personal privacy, it is a selfish behavior and socially unacceptable. In Australia, lots of people will merely treat Chinese publications as advertisements with reproduced news from the world. There are very few people really care about the quality, originality and the authenticity of the contents. Some people may think that since most of the Chinese newspapers and magazines are free in Australia, they shouldnɅt ask for the quality, in which, I cannot agree with. Publications with purely advertisements are not considered as media, as readers only expect for the commercial information. However if the publications have added news and other information to attract readers, the publishers will then be holding the responsibility for the contents of the publication. Therefore in order to ensure the publications have certain level of authenticity and creativity, we should respect and attach importance to these publications. We should not give up our bottom line just simply because the Chinese media only belong to the minority ethics publications. In Australia, as lots of Chinese publications have been often linked with business investments related to immigration, situations like overlooked the ethics of media have been often occurred. I believe that with the collapsed of MurdochɅs media empire, the

౥ᠢྲᇷ࢓஼ߞ௪ጚȂहࠫྻ҄ѹࣹߤྻ‫ـ‬দ໛ᅆණᢜ mainstream society will start to emphasize more on the quality and operation of the media. ߞᆾᇒȄ ‫ߝޥ‬ ۹ஈћ

Issue No. # 247 # 248 # 249 # 250 # 251

Publication Date 29/07/11 05/08/11 12/08/11 19/08/11 26/08/11

Published by: Publisher/Chief Editor: Editoral Consultant: Editor: Senior Designer: Editor/Designer: Advertising:

Submission Deadline 27/07/11 03/08/11 10/08/11 17/08/11 24/08/11

Rejoice Chinese Christian Communication Centre Inc. Raymond Chow Shun Lu, Jenny Luo Christiana Zhu, Ralph Yan, Shanice Chan, Hal Li, Cheerio Chan Alex Tam Kin Li, Yan Ki Chan Sammi Lo, Tony, Portia Wong, Andy Lau, Karl Chin Vinola Chan, Sonia Wong, Ben Hung

Raymond Chow Publisher ኄ֙ഋġłťŷŦųŵŪŴŪůŨġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ ጡᒮഋġņťŪŵŰųŪŢŭġŅŦűŢųŵŮŦůŵ Ӵ֭ġłťťųŦŴŴĻġ Suite 7, 1/F, 2-8 Burwood Hwy, ႫၗġŕŦŭĻġ ༈ઍġŇŢŹĻġ ЙᐠġŎŰţĻġ Ⴋ໏ġņŮŢŪŭĻġ

Burwood East VIC 3151, Australia 03-9888 7199 03-9888 7299 03-9888 7433 0401 697 791 info@sameway.com.au

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ኄ֙ᖒ๜Ȉഡ఩ Andy Lau 0416 290 918 Ѕ ᎒‫ ஀ס‬0412 440 863ȇߡுႪு ED & Associates 08 8132 1670 Edmund Ng 0413 089 833

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ӣၯΡᇭ

4

ܹಁжࣨ The World

6, 12 - 13

ּቸΡЖ

7 - 10

ዥᘈடᚠ

14 - 18

଒ငੑ਀ Finance

20 - 21

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23 - 24

Ж᡹ଟ៪

30 - 31

৏ዅཪ൶ Entertainment

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6-7

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21 - 24

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ջ೰ᖐ݂ġ ȮӣၯΡȯᚕᇬ‫ܚ‬ԤМണҥհ‫ޱ‬Ռ॒М೰Ȃ‫ٮ‬Ϛ фߒҏѐҳൟȄȮӣၯΡȯ໊ѐϐᅾΨጂ߳ѐ‫ސ‬ ϱ‫ޟ‬ӒഋၥਟྥጂฒᇲȂ௙ҏѐ‫ٮ‬Ϛ॒ΰӈդӰ ᒿᇲ‫ܖ‬ᒸᅓՄ౰ҡ‫ޟ‬೰ӈȂζϚඪ‫ټ‬ӈդ݂Ұ‫ܖ‬ ུҰ‫߳ޟ‬ᜌȂоЅϚ॒ΰЕमӈդ‫ޢ‬௥ȃ໢௥ȃ ߣளȃ‫ܖ‬ॊҡ‫ޟ‬୦ཾցઉཬѶ‫ܖ‬੫տཬѶ‫ޟ‬೰ ӈȄ‫ר‬ঈ࡚ដ᠞‫ޱ‬ӵ‫ٺ‬ҢԤᜰၥਟࠉȂॶӑࢥᜌ ၥਟ‫ޟ‬ઍጂ‫ܖܒ‬኉ၚᐿҳ‫ޟ‬ཎَȄ Disclaimers The views and opinions of authors expressed in Sameway Magazine do not necessarily state or reflect those of the publisher. While we do our best to make sure the information is accurate, Sameway Magazine does not accept any legal responsibility for errors or omissions. Sameway Magazine disclaims all warranties, expressed or implied, and it will not be responsible for any direct, indirect, incidental, consequential loss of business profits or special damages. We encourage readers to verify the accuracy of information or seek independent advice before relying upon it. The circulation records of this publication have been submitted for independent audit with the Circulations Audit Board

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ѹঋᝒׄ஥ ໻᳗ᣛᅮཱ࣪䀁㿜

ࠛ๕ᝒׄ஥ ໻᳗ᣛᅮ᳡㺱ঞᔶ‫ڣ‬主ଣ

໻᳗ᣛᅮৢ‫ݴ‬ঞ⃞ᴪ

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ܹಁжࣨ

ӡ‫ܜ‬ኈᇄЅώឩ‫ޟ‬ԆιϞᏽ ‫׈‬ኊ༕ȾSBS੫տ݈୛ኄኬႫᇃኄኬষȿ

ശཱིҕཎ፡ࢥฒօώឩ‫׋ᙽׯ‬७ ৣৣ๴ࠑߞӔྍᎠࣤᢖӯᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ߞњࢺತُ޶ ྔϭȂ঵ᓴೈњࢺತҪඡպжН 26 ȂѧϯϘըϭ ࿣Ժ1ৎպжᙇȇփ঍ᇖਃዥೈੜᕕНࢢȂᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ ៨ҪఀպжН 36 ߞњࢺತȄ֌‫ݺ‬ᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇ߞᗏ ౕȂ‫ـ‬գാാϭ࿣ߞᘌཕȂ൵ྲዴՄҪඡպжН 34 ȇփ஼ӔሮऎԠ‫ݛ‬዇ࠑ಩ਮࡏߞዴՄȂබඡպ жН 62 ȇхᣍᗑဖ៨ߞњࢺತබြြϯпȂ঵ᓴ ೈњࢺತඡպжН 51 Ȃዥೈੜᕕࢢњࢺತඡպж Н61ȇ៨ቾ֓ൾ዇ߞњࢺತඡպжН47ȂѧԠ‫ݛ‬ ዇ᘘঋ୼ 13 ᙇȄփѧႵ‫ی‬ϠȂҍԇᗁನߞњࢺತ ϯবȂ֓ൾ዇‫ـ‬ҐѽպжН51 ѧԠ‫ݛ‬዇ߞպжН 40ȂታԐ11ᙇȄՂ‫ލ‬Ыџᗝ֖ЂᓴȂ‫ڤ‬ኃȂЍ៨ Ҟѽሲ࣏ԑকᆽᐍȂϘీ཮ԳȄ ҩҳȂ҄ۖЍ៨ྏۖ‫ـ‬ҐЙՉߞ࣏ȂԴ‫ݺ‬ജണ஼ ӔညКȂҪգպжН 39 њࢺࣆܹгֶߞᇆወກ঍ ᄑȂхᅆߞබඡպжН56ȄҩҳȂգպжН53ߞ ജണ߰ሮऎєϢᇆወກ঍ᄑНࢢȂৎϠఐ޶ྻᢏఀ ྔਮȇպжН 53 ߞജണ߰ሮऎࣆܹᕕႍ෩՝ᗝ֖ ЂᓴȂᢰ஼Ӕබթ֯ҍࠑٙȇգպжН 56 ߞജണ ߰ሮऎԠ‫ݛ‬዇‫ڭ‬๑ᓴӔߞ‫ۦ‬ᡋȂయҍᇆወກ঍ᄑȄ ώឩौថு୽ҕ‫ޟ‬Лࡻџᒝᅞᅞߝၯ ంѽϯߞӔྍᎠࣤዴՄ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ᄘႏ‫׀‬ӡᇆ ወກ঍ᄑႎఐȂ‫ݯ‬ઐᗑ‫ڣ‬хᅆ៨ߞ࿂‫ێ‬႒Ђ঑ব ߞࣆ޼‫ؽ‬ཕȂहࠫᘘঋ‫ڕ‬Ϙࣱ࢝ࠜߞႮ຀ȂЖକႿ ۖӫߞȄփԠ‫ݛ‬዇ӎϠሃфԑᢜЍ៨៉৶ȂӺൌҪ գ֯ҍഺዹߞឯᇖȂ‫־‬๑ҁ‫ޱ‬Ȅ൵ࠕᗁನԠ‫ݛ‬዇ӎ ϠӺൌ༟‫ڕܕ‬ണԧԳȂਣ༟ࣆຉయᏚН੠Ȅ๒փం Џߢߞఐ޶‫ऻڽ‬ȂҞᓜᔝᔝဥ຾གȄ஼Ӕ֬Ѽᅆᗑ ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨෩ҍᇆወກߞႃᔺ঍ᄑаਟȂӏ‫ڍ‬ᒕ࿂ߞх ᕕȂत֌ՅԴ࿂ЂߞᆷዋȇգҾӔत֌ৄթᑟྻి ୊ᗁನȂබᇆወກ঍ᄑϘ‫ڰ‬Ȃҍᆬхᆬߞࠑ಩ȇգ ҾӔሮऎ஼Ӕգᡋබ࣏‫׎‬ᕕႍయҍᇆወກ঍ᄑϘ ‫ڰ‬ȂӤЂᓴٙ‫ܠ‬ȄంᇌᇌႫ໪ᢖӯȂᗁನঋሲ‫އ‬஼ Ӕత‫ۦ‬Ȃत֌њࢺᇆወກߞ঍ᄑȂ௟ྻϩжϩжН ᗞһȄ֭ЙఀЙऎȂԯऎӤԠ‫ݛ‬዇‫ݙ‬ታᐱߞЍ៨ࣆ ܹȂࠧ՘ґЙҞȄഺ࣏ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ࣆ޼Յϸߞѹᐼ ඞȂЙਟգҵȄ

06

ቷབዅᢎծ๘Ϛৠܾ ຊ߰ᅆ‫ݺ‬ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨൵ೣ࣏‫׎‬କ௉ȶ‫ܫی‬࿾ᗏඃ Йທ, ቅ֐ЏჅေদЋȷȂգᢘ๑ԟȂ൵ೣۖೣ ᙇȂҪକሲ኶ྕጄᣍȄԯऎЍ៨ঋ৒෇Џ၃ҵҝ ߞњࢺತȂࠕѼቌЙҞфȄຊ߰঵Ԑሮऎ኶ྕጄ ᣍȂನӤ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ຊ߰ߞѹᣍྍ᝸Ȃփ࣏हࠫ஼Ӕ գକϧȂҞѽ֯ҍֽᔖߞࢥւሃж‫ޘ‬Ȃऻऻᇆወ ກ঍ᄑȂ፡֣փ୓ȉঋ഍ನߞயᛟ࣏ЦኃȉऎЦ ኃঋഺዹ഍ನȉєϢᇆወກ঍ᄑНࢢȂᅆ஼ӔӠ ࣿߞႃׄѪӀ࣏‫ږ׎‬௉ȉᅆ‫ۦ‬዆ᠩߞԧ֖ԧ྽෩ ‫ڻ‬৹Ϙўবߞњ෯ȉњࢺᇆወກ঍ᄑԧৎࣆ៨ሃ фᑾӲ๑៨ँ៉৶ቮঋߩ၏փҍȂԨ஼Ӕ֯ҍႋ ៖ȄՂ‫ލ‬ҾӔఀۖ‫ږ‬௉ߞನᑂȂփࠧѽྍᝊ‫؛‬ᅗ ऎ‫఺ۤێ‬Ȃຊ߰գನӤहࠫȂᇆወກ঍ᄑ൵ೣҞ ѽۤఀЂൊж஼ӔߞњࢺȄ ശತฒِ‫ޟ‬๖‫?׋‬ ֭ঋႿ७ഺϘৎӫዾȂԠ‫ݛ‬዇঵ԐӅቮԢ੡՘ґሲ ‫އ‬஼ӔᎳᆷՁߞࠫ႕யᛟȄփ஼ӔӺൌቮঋᅆઈ৏ ᢏмயᛟӎ‫ڗ‬Ȃգ‫ݚݙ‬ᑉȂ᝸ྍѾҍ‫ׅ‬ϧȂ֯ҍ୒ ឥȄࣆܹঋԴഺўবሲ‫އ‬஼ӔȂ‫ࠧڭ‬ਟ‫ݽ‬ȄӒԯऎ ഺৎ১ԯȂຊ߰ሮऎࣆܹ਻‫ݏ‬ӏକ൵ೣሲ‫އ‬஼Ӕత ‫ۦ‬ᇆወກ঍ᄑȄည๒Ղ๑ྍҳȂࣆܹҞѽԴЫՐܺ ՘ґӲ‫ޱ‬Ȃ‫ށ‬Ր7ѡӒՑయҍᇆወກ঍ᄑȄ֭஼Ӕ ྻះఀࣆܹᠦѳ๼ϯЕȂନຸӔྍȄ൵ೣᐐᇒᇆወ ກ঍ᄑఀѽϯႮȂ֭ۖᔝ‫ڽ‬ȂߩᡌඈϘඞȇۖЂᓴ ੡Ȃ஼Ӕබྻᚼ‫ظ‬ᗑဖ៨Ȃѽ޴ࢤዙȄఐ޶ϘՂ 2007ՐЂᓴȂࡈᗑ‫֋ڣ‬Ӥ៨ф஼ਛ៨ᗑဖȂᐐᇒ ៏ఀணಿ‫ی‬୰ߞњࢺȂ՘ґయҍ‫ߞݑ៉ߋۍ‬ൻႤ ᝯ࠼‫ؼ‬ভ‫ڼޱ‬Ȃ֭ۖᔝ‫ڽ‬ȂӺജᓴӔඑౢȄᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ ៨Ղ‫ލ‬Դഺ‫ی‬ՐаȂЙՀՀѽನѽఐȂሲ‫އ‬஼ӔȂ ‫ێ‬ຕ؊हࠫྻሃ֣ົ዇ߞ‫ۻ‬Ⴛह೑ȄЙჅȂሲۖഺ 㡯Ȃᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨Џ၃‫ڕ‬ϯϘ౧ЙᙩНႮȂՅϸ‫ݺڀ‬Ϙ ‫ڗ‬Ȃ࣏Ӡ࣏ժȂ2013ՐЂ���֋ྻ෬ᑍȄ ୽ҕ߳Ԉ‫ޟ‬Ж౩‫ࢇܖ׻‬ឩϞ‫ܚތ‬म ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ӫࡈবᅆߞ഍ᄩࠧ௱ᗞ᝱Ȃգሲഺ࣏ᑫࣷ ஼Ӕӎ‫ڗ‬බ࣏Ϙৎ࠲ՇߞӔ౉ȂЙЂ᝸ྍᐾ‫޼ࣆݱ‬ ‫ؼ‬ভў੯գᝯȄຊ߰ᅆթ‫ڭ‬Й؆ԑњࢺȂ஼ӔЙ᝸ ‫ڕ‬ϯ‫ؼ‬ভߞ੠຀Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁሃࣆ៨НߋգംЂᝯ࠼Ȅຊ

߰ᅆ‫֓ݺ‬ൾ዇Ҫ࣏ϘۧߞхᅆۖܺȂ௟ᑫࣷߞࣆ޼ ᠜ᎢȂ௲ԨϘৎ؆ԑࠧನ‫ߞݑ‬ўԨ๴ਣϭҝȂ‫ێ‬༡ Ӻӏ‫ڍ‬యҍჅϘৎ֬ዹߞࣆ޼ᚡᄦȂ֭Ԣ੡ࡒዃ‫ۦ‬ ஼ӔߞњࢺȂփྏۖࠧ௱ߞႌಳȄ ൢണ୑ሳ‫ޟ‬ൢၾ ຊ߰Ӻൌሮऎৎ‫־‬ඡൢԴඡႽഺඞ᠜Ꭲ੡Ȃҍ಩ஐ ቲЙᅁߞໞᎢփྏۖᏩᢘȄ៊Ղգඡൢ๺ໞȂࢽԠ ‫ݛ‬዇Йߢऎ֣ঋయҍϘৎ҄஼ӔӠࣿ՘ӎϯпߞᇆ ወກ঍ᄑȂփ‫ڽݢ‬ᓴӔߞඑౢȄփ‫ێ‬༡ᅆࣆܹߞወ ກՉవȂᅆ஼ӔߞӠࣿႃᔺȂᅆ֖྽ߞჅ࢘њ෯Ȃ ࡒ୸ՄЙ෩Ȅຊ߰ះఀഺ‫ݙڱ‬ᓜໞᎢȂാ൵୓ፅඡ Ⴝᇆወກ঍ᄑаਟӎ‫ڗ‬ȂϵᜄఀϘನߞᅗ࢘Ȃᚎߡ Й෷हࠫȄည๒‫ا‬েൌգЙԢߞࣆ޼ۤԨሃӲඞȂ փᅆᇆወກ঍ᄑӺգЙԢߞۤ఺ሃሮԢȂഺ࣏࢝֋ ๒ߞ‫ڰ‬ఐȂ֭Ђਛ៉ࣆߞԢ੡ȂӅቮ෩ҍನᑂȂᑍ НѽನȂփࠧඏඏ௄‫ݺ‬ඡൢցᘲᅆթயᛟߞඈᡌȂ Йඈᡌயᛟऎҍ๴ᙇȄ ֌‫ݺ‬ᗑဖ៨៨ቾ֓ൾ዇Դթࣆຉயᛟ᠜ᎢϯȂ‫׀‬ӡ ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ѝ៨ຉರНҵȂփ֫ᆽԐᑟȄ֭ంᇌᇌႫ໪ࠑ ‫ށ‬Ȃ֓ൾ዇ӫࡈবᅆߞ᠜Ꭲ੾؊Ȃබሃࣆܹгֶࡈ ߞ‫ڭ‬ЙϘዹȄҾӔ༟‫ۖڕܕ‬ҭࡈȂߡతࣄᐼ֓ൾ዇ ࠕѼӐџߞᑬધ‫ڏ‬ᎢȄթҳȂ஥धࠑӯ֓ൾ዇Ղᖔ ညᓴȂည๒Ҟѽ‫ݵ‬࿑ᇆወກ঍ᄑȂ֭ۖ੡৏Ȃᇆወ ກ঍ᄑЏ၃ே֖ϘՐգԺȂ֓ൾ዇Ղঋ‫ݵ‬࿑ᇆወກ ঍ᄑȂ਻‫ڭݏ‬Й࣏ሃԴൎ੡ϘዹȂҞѽᔌ࠮ሲሲ‫ڤ‬ ኃਟ‫ݽ‬ϞȄ ๖ᇭ ൵ࢢȂຊ߰཈௙ౕഺϘඞබᇆወກߞ᠜ᎢȂକ௉ѽ ನ‫ߞݑ‬ўԨ๴ਣϭҝȂഺ࣏ຊ߰றϘߞ཈Յ௙ౕȄ ֌‫ࣆݺ‬៨ߞᒸฆఀҵȂЏ၃Й࣏ຊ߰ᝯަߞ๏ᙇ ϞȄ‫ݼ‬џ֘઱ѰЂћሹMiguel de Cervantesຊ ϭߞ൰֯ȂThe Man of La ManchaѹϠଃDon Quixote৫Ԡ໨዇ȂҁߞࡌጋᇟૠȂऎನྐփჸ‫ۦ‬ ੡Ϡߞඑ፩ȂЪ๒७ժЙโȂࡌ݀ߡࡈȂ֌ЫЪ๒ ᄁህѵϠȄຊ߰཈ৄթ୙ຜњࢺᇆወກ঍ᄑߞ‫ވ‬у েȂТहࡍᔽȄ


ּቸΡЖ

ିႯ‫ލ‬

रᇱ౳ถਫ਼಑ ဴᓥถ༳ኈშ

ppᔈළ࿽છનࡿ૮ 0&$76઴য߀ဴཿ ళണʟዤћȈᝒแ⬟ ყаҥೝ೤‫ޱ‬ඪ‫ټ‬

07


ּቸΡЖ

ᆰԎϛ๼ϴོࠉкৰȃᆰԎҕఊ‫ޥ‬ୢ౩‫ࠉོٱ‬кৰȃ౪ӈஈ՗୙кৰȃᆰԎଽឭ๼Ρ ᆋցོ୙кৰȃElsternwick‫׭‬ᎈ‫ޟޥ‬ຝыོষȃЊҁಡρȂΙΞΞϲԑӰᄇ๼Ρ‫ޥ‬ ୢ‫ޟޱߝڷ‬ଓᝦՄᄸᕕ Order of Australia Medal (OAM)ᏚሠȄӣኺӵΠႭႭέ ԑζӰӵӻϯМϽП७‫ޟ‬ֆΨՄᕕுԻԑാണCentenary MedalȄ೻൷࢐ҏМ‫ޟ‬к ُșșቓ‫ؾ‬ቃτρȄ೽ல‫پ‬ᇳȂҏѐȶּቸΡЖȷួҬ‫ޟ‬Ρ‫ސ‬༈଄Ȃ‫ٮ‬Ϛ‫ړ‬ཎ࣎᝺к Ρϴ‫ޟ‬ᙛ՝‫ڷ‬ᄸሠȂծ࢐჋ቓ‫ؾ‬ቃτρ೻ኺȂՌϏϐငࡻԤՂΡњ(Senior Card)Ȃ ࠓᗙႫၗ࡟‫(ڼ‬On Call)ᓍਢྥര࣏ՂΡ݈୛ȂԂ‫ޟ‬ᆠડጂᄂ঄ு‫ר‬ঈөԂमཱȄ

08


ּቸΡЖ

ৎ௞ࠝߞ‫އ‬சᑟᅹȂऎഺ‫ڱ‬ցϠ‫އ‬சȂMCATSߞ ց៬‫އ‬சබ࣏ऎϞᆕ‫ږ‬ഺ‫ڱ‬ቮঋᕕႻփӠȄኒ‫ٽ‬ኂ ЃЀሲȂᘵ๒֋ЎϵЏ၃ࢺգցϠҙȂࡒᘘც႖࢞ ‫ۻ‬Ȃᔌ੡࿤൯ऎցϠ‫އ‬சȂԯऎߤ஡ፁᅁգ‫ڤ‬ኃԺ ߞቮঋȄ ᅁቫϯȂऎԴਛցϠ෩‫އڻ‬சȂ‫ڭ‬Й࣏MCATS൵ ѹঋߞ྽சȂ‫އ‬சӎ‫ڗ‬ϵ๑‫ޱ‬࿰ᠪۖዴ༓ಿԺߞົ ႁցϠ၏ᢜȄኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀഺ‫ڱ‬Ր‫ߞڽ‬Ϙ༵Ѝ֯Ȃ࣏ ᕒׄЙьົϠ஥ਛணሃ࢙ന۶‫ظ‬ႤցϠ୰Ȃઘ‫ږ‬ց ៬‫އ‬சߞታாȄցϠ୰ԴᑫЂ‫ڭڲ׀‬Йь‫ڍ‬Ȃ࣏֭ ணሃ‫ێ‬КߞົϠ஥ਛȂѽф་ϢցϠ୰త‫އۦ‬சߞ ົႁցϠࡋьНϫьȄ‫ێٿ‬১ԯȂ࣊գཇ೚ϯߞȂ ϵգ‫ث‬ങϯߞȄ ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀЬ೜ሲȂᇯՍࣆܹᅆցϠ୰ߞᇒನϩж ទ੾Ȃहᝯഢ‫ܠ‬ԺႿ 44 ౧ȂઘфᎎӠȃ༼঴ȃї ҳࣿஜȃ‫އ‬சᅗ࢘ຈԧৎўবȂփѷࣆܹЙ‫ܠ‬ง ྻᅆցϠ୰་֖ᕭࣤȂ44౧КӅ༷գ40౧ᆕ‫ږ‬ঋ ِȂ‫ࡋ׎‬බྻയ҄ᑋ‫ؼ‬ȂϜ֌ᅡ๕ஃ྽ȄփᒸᓱϘ ༡ցϠ୰ߞ՘ӎϫ࢝୼ȂϘଠ60֌80ৎ‫ߞ֜ؖ‬ց Ϡ୰Ȃ‫ظ‬Ⴄ֌ьঋ 5 ȃ 6 պေȂՂ‫ލ‬၃ᖉЙຠȂ਻ ‫ݏ‬ϫঋሞӎȂࣇթົϠ஥ਛᅆ၃ᖉցϠ୰ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ݀ ౕ݀փࡒَȄ

଻‫پ‬๼၂ ᐬࢸ៖ρ ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀߞManagement Consultants And Technology Servicesᑟᅹ൹ᓱ‫ݺ‬1983ՐȂව֜ ԪᄰϠൌ࣏‫ݱ‬຾ЙԓӇЍȂ֋Ў൹྽ߞನྐȂ‫ڽ‬༟ ൹៳‫֋ݺ‬Ўߞ‫ڰ‬྽Ȅ၃Ⴥࠕ30Րߞ๴ਣȂMCATS ԴЈӠྍᠪய۶୼៬‫އ‬சўবȂۤఀϞһЂߞ՘ ґȂԴ྽ध‫ڳ‬գಽ᠖Ȅփ୼៬‫އ‬சߞ྽சȂබ࣏ኒ ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀԺՐ‫ڽ‬ϘјᑆᓱȂᇟѕை‫ߞڽ୓ڈ‬Ȅ Դሲኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀߞ՘බНࡈȂգӅঋЬ೜ϘϭՁߞ ०฀Ȅኒ‫ٽ‬ኂ࣏୺‫ົڲ֘ڽ‬ϠȂ՝Րฅ၃Դॻ஼ ৖෶ၐࣤᆬ෻ᛁ୰ᐯ೫᠕Ѐ௞྽Ȃᐯ՘԰஼НࢢȂ ӎౕؓऎ஼ੜϧȂ๒փ୺‫ ֋ڲ֘ڽ‬1963 ՐᑾӲ НࢢȂۘ‫ܠ‬ᐳ‫ޱ‬Кߞ೐ 33 ౧Ȃፁ‫ܠ‬Ϟȶ୺‫ڽ‬Ϡ֌ ϯȷߞӲ஼১ࡋȂ‫ڹ‬ఀົϠԴԧᇌӠࣿ࢞Ⴣўবൌ ‫ۖۦ‬వӋȂࣆܹ௟൵Հߞᑟྻൌ઻ຜϞ୺‫ڽ‬ϠȂԧ ᇌԋ྽ߞпᚚᑟྻ࢝᝱ᏇۖົϠȂփࣆܹᚚ֜ࡋ؆ ԑЙᅆົϠ༟‫ݸ‬Ȅᐐᇒգॻ஼઻ᐯߞ൰ҍ०฀Ȃ֭ ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЪ๒ྏۖ൯‫ۦ‬ᕅ‫غ‬ȂԴ୺‫ڭڲ֘ڽ‬๑๴ਣߞ ߩ༡Ȃ‫࣏ݺ‬ٙ‫ܠ‬ೊӔҁ஼Ȅ

1970Ր҃ȂᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬෎પ᠋Ѝ៨ࣆܹٙ‫ܠ‬ෲౢӨ ᑫࣆຉȂєϢ‫ࣷڲ‬ೊӔȂփ‫ێ‬Кȶ᠕Ѐȷϫ࣏ည ੡ᑫࣷߤྻߞᇦ࠱ϠЖȂ‫ݙ‬ѽኒ‫ٽ‬ኂߞೊӔӦ᎛ ࢝‫أ‬ఀۖ‫ز‬৞Ȃ࣏ۤઐӨᑫࣆຉࢢ೐Ϙ‫ࣷڲز‬ೊ ӔȄԴ‫ۖڽ‬ᑫࣷߞ൵ࠐ8Ր੡༡㡯Ȃኒ‫ٽ‬ኂԴᐍᆬ

ӎ‫ࡑތ‬ൊ࿢೻஡ߞȶЂႽ‫ټ‬Ӳᛁ୰ȷ(the Avenue Private Hospital in Windsor)‫ڻ‬ᚚȂփᅁቫϯഺϵ ࣏ഺਛᛁ୰ߞ൵ࠐ8ՐᑢҫȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂ࣏ഺਛည੡ᐾ գ126௺‫ߞ֜ؖ‬ҳॊᛁ୰ߞ൹‫ܕ‬՘৶Ȅ

ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀሲȂ֋ЎԴցϠ‫އ‬சўবႵգ၃ᢚȂᅆ ࣆܹߞۘ࢘ϵहညጢఉȂપ‫־‬ᏋԪ་֖ցϠ୰ߞ‫ظ‬ Ⴄᠪய‫އ‬சȂփՁӎϠߞᒸᎷϵӒԴ‫ݺ‬թȄԴჅҝ ࠕϩՐߞ੡༡㡯ȂMCATSᕒׄԺ֜‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰‫ظ‬Ⴄᒸ ࢙Ϟ༡ցϠ୰Ȃ჆фᐍᆬӎ‫ތ‬஡ȃ‫ࡑތ‬஡ߞԺৎߤ ஡ȂѽُਛցϠ୰ 80 ৎ‫֜ؖ‬঍ᇖȂҞѽ෩‫ࠕڻ‬ϼ ֜ցϠߞ‫އ‬சȄփ؆ԑӤົϠ၃ᖉȃবԨົႁցϠ ߞබգ‫ی‬༡Ȃ൯գ100Ժৎ‫֜ؖ‬Ȃକ௉ᕕᅆഺўব ߞቮঋȄ

Ӥ‫ݺ‬ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀգ຾ᚳනߞᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ӎԳЍ֯၃ ᢚȂMCATSߞ྽ச๴ਣࠧ௱༶‫׀‬Ȃည๒ഺϵఀૈ ‫ݺ‬MCATSߞԪᄰϠКȂգϘ֜ცၝ‫ث‬ങߞ௞྽Ϡ ЀȄԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬Ȃࣆܹঋِԧৎ௎ಯॊᛁ୰௟ྲӠ ᕈ‫ߞۊ‬Ⴄਫ਼ԨࣆܹྉඡȂ൵ࠐഺ‫ڱ‬Ѝ֯ൌ࣏Դ૽ব ϯ؆՘Ȅ1980Ր҃Ȃცၝ༟‫ܕ‬ዃ޾ႻӡȂࣆܹ຾ јྲӠᕈ‫ۊ‬Ⴄਫ਼೚঍ცၝмȂԨߤྻ‫ݢ‬ዾ೚঍຀ ؔȂMCATS՘ґԳᢰᇯՍࣆܹᓴӡϞ֋Ў፠኷ߞ ೚঍຀ؔȂഺৎ຀ؔԺՐ޻ӡ֌ЫȂӫࡈЏ၃пૺ ෱҃֌೐бߍȂ‫ڶ‬๒࣏ᇯՍࣆܹߞ঵ᓴȄ

ҩϘўবȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀϵሮऎȂົႁցϠЙ᝸ྍҝ ցϠ୰Ȃϵ࣏‫ڰ‬ᅁȄᘵ๒ᑫࣷߞցϠᇊ‫ࠧ׀‬௱؆ ຠȂ࣏֭ј᠈हᅆᗄᆲȂࣆܹྻᅆُ֜ԪѼႤ੾ߞ ցϠҐѽᎠࣤȂપ‫࣏־‬ᕭࣤ၃ᕻߐ޶ȂҩҳȂϢ֝ ցϠ୰ᘘቮঋᛁӠፁ໧ᏋԪϢ୰ȂᗁНȂᅆ‫ݺ‬Ђൌ ЙᝊॻћߞົႁցϠ‫ڽ‬ሲȂፁᅁ࣏ৎቪᜣȄփົႁ ցϠԯऎཇ೚ߞ፡ࣇȂЂԺϵЙ᝸ྍϢ֝ցϠ୰Ȃ ះఀց‫ڽ‬ᕕႍӤЄЃ࿰ᠪȂ֝ցϠ୰࣏ЄЃЙ‫؂‬ȃ ౎฀ಇ౲ߞ҃ԩໟȄኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀះఀȂ‫ؼ‬ᢏཇ೚ᣍ ݇Ҫକᅙᅙ‫ڽ‬ȂЙକࢧ‫ݺ‬Ϙ੡Ȃ֭Ձକஇߞ࣏ऎց Ϡে෩‫ـڻ‬ў࠮ȃ‫ـ‬໭ѕߞ‫އ‬சȂᢰցϠ‫ـ‬ՀԳ‫ڳ‬ ‫౎ۦ‬ՐȄ

ՂΡ៖౩ ԑሆЖᄘ MCATSߞѹঋ྽சНϘ࣏ց៬‫އ‬சȂϵ࣏ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂ ЃЀߞ௞ࠜȂሲ୓ց៬‫އ‬சȂҞѽሲ࣏࿧࿧ЙທȄ ԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ȂົႁցϠᏳց࣏ৎЂயᛟȄ‫ڶ‬࿰ົϠ ߞཇ೚ȂѭӓᕕႍԴਛత‫័ۦ‬ᏳȂ࣏֭ԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ ߞߤྻᖖᄩϭȂ࢝ԺົϠਛਲߞՐቅш௎ൌྻᛕᛕ ҍࠝЍ֯Ȃ઻ϭցϠᑾ֋ԴਛȂေϘ๴ӠྍҳȂ࢝ ᝱ф੡഍ನȂցϠϫԺҗЙᝊॻћȂ๑‫ޱ‬ԨᏐ‫ݕܧ‬ ߰់ўȃᛁ୰ِׄȂԴഺᇌఐ޶ϭȂබࠧ௱ቮঋգ

ᗩ௑‫݈ ཾٱ‬୛‫ޥ‬ୢ Դኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀߞӠ‫ۻ‬КȂЏ၃ҝѵߞϮшӖቈ࣏ ൵দঋߞϠȄϮшӠࡈԴᐍᆬӎҾКѕߞ৫Ϡ ໖၃ᖉᔠᔡȂѹᖉবᅆൻЍЂಿ۶઻ᐯӠߞȶਛ ௱࠮༺ȷȄኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ԰ᐸሲȂϮшϘߡѽ‫ڽ‬ѽ ‫އ‬சߤྻܺኸߞϠЀऎЎԇȂጄᣍᘄႿȂሹಜ ׄϠȂ࣏ৎȶՀՀϠȷȂളධߞ઻ᐯӠ‫ܸڽ‬ႆԫ ༺ȂЙ՜ᓿߞ‫ڰ‬ఐϵ੡գ๴ӠȂȶ‫ށݿ‬ጁȷߞԩ ၳԯթԴົϠК༡ཇෳȄ

09


ּቸΡЖ

1995ՐȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀߞϮшҝѵȂ҄ՁٕઓԴ෌ ๭НКȄ෌๭Н᏶Ȃኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀٙྍ઻֝ȶ‫ށݿ‬ ጁȷȂា᠈Ϯшߞ‫ڰ‬྽ȄӤթȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ‫ݸ‬ϭ֋ Ўߞ᠕ನЍ֯Ȃ༟‫֋ܕ‬Ў‫ڭ‬Йጢఉߞᔠᔡ၃ᖉ‫ڰ‬ ྽șșഺϵ࣏ՁӠ‫ۻ‬㡯཈գߞᛓ༟᠕ನ‫ڰ‬྽ߞџ ЄȄȶ‫੾ݑߞا‬Ȃබ࣏‫د‬ԇ֣‫ڰ‬ఐൌညஇϘᇌࣄ ᐼȷȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀՂ࣏ሲȄ࠸႖ሲȂუ֖ՂუЋȂ ᅆ‫ݺ‬؆ԑٟգ၃ᢚߞኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ‫ڽ‬ሲȂ၃ᖉᔠᔡߞ ‫ॴڙ‬Й‫ږ‬ሃҳϠႽȂቕಮॴቇҪգ֋ߢȄЙჅȂኒ ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀѽՁߞཔࡍᕓႃϞ၃ᢚߞЙ‫ږ‬Ȃ๼࣏‫د‬ᔠ ᔡ၃ᖉϞϭҝȂԴϮшҝѵНࢢߞϛՐ੡༡㡯ȂՁ ‫د‬ԑൊߞᇟϧൌዡԴϞᔠᔡϯȂϘാϛՐ཈գُϘ Րၐ᎚ြߞno trading day‫ڤ‬ϘчЙԴᔠᔡՓဨȄ ϛՐࢢȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ௟ᔠᔡழҍȂ԰ᙩϞ֋Ў ߞ MCATS Ȅ࣏֭Ȃȶ‫د‬ԇ֣‫ڰ‬ఐൌညஇϘᇌࣄ ᐼȷߞࠫ݇‫ڭ‬ٟգᢏȄኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ৘գߞԧᇌߤ ᄥᚚ֜Ȃѧӎћ༟ᔝߞᘘঋԺఀԺȄѧՂሲȂኒ ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ࣏‫ތ‬஡ࣙৎҾߞົႁցϠஉ௵ߤᄥߞ൹ ‫ܕ‬ϠȂϵ࣏೐ϘԇྻࠜȂฅೡᚐᅆົႁցϠߞ௱ ‫ڍ‬ઽఐ޶་֖ᎠुȂ‫ڭ‬ѷԨࣆܹ෩ӹඡ‫ט‬Ȃౕؓ ࣆܹদ໛ົႁցϠሃ֘ϠցϠԴஉ௵ўবߞЙԢ ᙇȂᎠᑋ࠲உࣆຉȄ

10

ԯऎࠜง‫އ‬சߤ஡Ȃ‫ۍ‬൯ᚳන၃ᢚȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀϵ ฅແ๴ணᓴҾ៉৶ߞྐ‫ޱ‬Ȅ2009ՐᇯՍԳў៉ྻ ᓴᗝȂኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀඡԩணҐȂՁԴឮᓴ᝜Кࢆᇍȶ ӎϠಎ࣏ࠫ҃ࠑ‫ܧ‬Ӕߞ൵ԪᏋϠᓴȄӎϠᐾգԺՐ ߞߤ஡‫އ‬ச၃ᢚȂ‫ڭ‬Ϙര෩্ߤྻг၍Ȅ‫ا‬ညᓴࢢ ‫ܠ‬Ӆᇐᆽ‫ݙ‬କȂ௟ᓴӔߞЙᆕ۶໦ِՂᅁԨԳў៉ ྻх࣍ȄȌȌညᓴࢢ௟ሃᓴӔ‫߷ڭ‬ణ୅۶ႋٙգᝯ гཀྵф௵ጄඞ‫ݙ‬ȃ௎ЃᡋૈȃࠦՐϠф‫ۊ‬ຆஉ௵ሃ ᇊ‫׀‬ȃࠜ߰᠕ನȃԺЮћмȃӎԳ஥྽ᑟྻȂѽф ‫ێ‬ҁԴ୅ᎢჅ຀ಯӠߞ៉ᛟȄȷᘵ๒൵ࢢኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃ Ѐ൵ೣӏକညᓴȂ֭Ձߞ་ۤᇟૠ۶‫އ‬சጤ‫آ‬Ъ๒ ҞऎጀፑȄ ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃЀ಩Դ۶Ѓ‫ۊ‬Ԣ֝Ȃѕఐጄᣍ༟੬Ȃߤྻ ࣿஜᔛᗄȂ؆ԑऻЙҍϘᙇցᅗȄࠕՐ‫ڽ‬Ȃኒ‫ٽ‬ኂ ЃЀฅ၃ҍԇᐍᆬӎົႁЈ‫ܓ‬ᓴग़ߞໞ܎ȂᢰϠྏ ះՁᘘգϘᘺՐቅߞѕȄՁߞϠӠѽ᠕ನЍ֯ऎ‫ؠ‬ ᎷȂપ‫־‬ᝯަցϠߞ᠕ನȂࣿҍϞ֋Ўߞᇟ௾Ȅ಩ ԴߞՁȂ‫ڶ‬᚞ૠࠚࡴࡴȂᇟૠ㔟ᢓȂӒ࣏ᑫࣷົႁ ցϠܶᇊ౎ՐӠࣿߞທ‫ڸ‬኷࿰Ȅ‫ا‬েૡ᝸ኒ‫ٽ‬ኂЃ Ѐஉ௵ࠜᄯȄ


୦ཾੑ਀

᠍‫ݠ‬ᏰಬϛЖ ᕕၥօี৤ဎώ፞แ

ѻᅭԊਿ඼ដষ(Neil Angus)(Ѿ)ө᠍‫ݠ‬ᐠᄺкৰ‫ں‬ ୉Мӑҡ(ѡ)मଚक‫܈‬ถ

ᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯ೫КѕȂԺՐ‫ڽ‬ԴົϠߤ஡෩‫ڻ‬՘Ϡфࢺ᠈ ᐯ೫᎝຀ȂаਟҒࣁცၝȃॻћȃৎϠ՘ࠜȃཀྵ ᜹ȃ੩‫ޱ‬ȃग़ਟȃᜱ๪ȃ‫ۊ‬ຆࣿஜф஄ง᎝຀ຈȄ ᐯ೫КѕϵЙ‫ܠ‬งᗝᓱᗾਲ਼ф၍Ѝ୊ፚȂᄁᔽೊӔ ᓉϢߤ஡Ȃ࣊ҞᚳනৎϠӠࣿȂӺକ‫އ‬சߤྻȄ‫ی‬ ՐࡈȂ‫ا‬ে༟‫ܕ‬ᗝᓱ၍Ѝ୊ፚ঍ᄑȂऎົϠ෩‫ڻ‬Ϟ ЙԢߞ၍சЍ֯Ȅ ЫՐ‫ا‬েᖔఀᇯՍࣆܹႤׄȂ๴ਣϞϘৎ၍Ѝ୊ፚ ᎝຀ȂаਟҒࣁϞȈሮᝊৎϠକϧфᒸᎷȃ࿛഼‫ث‬ ҼȃϠቫᝯ࠼ȃሮᝊЍ֯ᖖᄩфߤ஡ȃணሃߤ஡‫އ‬ சȂ‫ڭ‬գϘ‫ڱ‬ඏЮ෩‫ڻ‬ᓱг࢈ცၝᕕӡфِᚚবႏ ॻሬ‫ث‬ҼຈȄ ၍Ѝ୊ፚ᎝຀௟‫ݺ‬ϣѡࠐ༟᎝ȂᡌࠓգᒸᎷϠЀண ҐȂႎఐ᎛ც03-98887422ࣤ႙Ȅ ฑ‫ޒ‬Ћ(Forest Hill)Ս៉৶ҺᆬՉ੾෻(Neil Angus) џࡈۖണᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹȂԨᡌ‫ޟ‬ᑟᅹѹਯ۹ஈћԐӠȂ ७୙॔݇๕ࠑᅓᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯ೫КѕԺՐ‫ڽ‬ऎົϠߤ஡ి ‫ݙڈ‬ҍߞ‫ׅ‬ϧф୒ឥȄ

ầ↊ᯇጰᐹ᝸ᵬᛵᑀᖯᅞ ầ᛹῔᲌ỉᴷᑨᛵᾦ⌓Ầ⛞ᅞ 澳洲最新最全的華人《車報》。請登錄網站

11


ܹಁжࣨ

ћ0 ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ0 Xinhua & Wikipedia

1

ϛ୽‫ٵ‬ᅢଽഀ១ၯ‫࢈ٱ‬೿೿

ߖРȂଽ፡ࡇշ࡚ԙ೽ٙ‫ٮ‬иᖐ݂‫ׇ‬ӒՌк‫ޣ‬ᜋ ౰᠌‫ޟ‬ϛ୽‫ٵ‬ᅢଽഀ១ၯȂ೿៉ีҡၼ՗‫࢈ٱ‬Ȃ Еีᗖ፣ዥដȄ 7 Т 10 РȂ‫ٵ‬ᅢଽ១ G151 ԩ‫܁‬ ΰ੕ПөӖٙӵό‫ࣸݍ‬ცϱีҡୄٙᘞႫ‫࢈ٱ‬Ȃ അԙ࿋Ј 19 ፷ӖٙఏᘈȄ 7 Т 12 РȂ‫ٵ‬ᅢଽ១Ԋ

ਡࡊӵΰ੕ेᐝЬٙમᒚၚଝಉ‫ۣٱ‬

Ꮝ݂ဴ༈ӱ‫جޟ‬ડ࢑ყа

ᆩΰலَ‫ޟ‬ԝຊၽᔛ

12

ᔕࣸცϱȶ‫ټ‬Ⴋ೩രีҡ࢈ራȷȂഅԙӻ፷Ӗٙ ୄٙ‫ڷ‬ఏᘈȄ 7 Т 13 РȂҥΰ੕ेᐝ໠‫܁‬ѕ‫ࠒٵ‬ ‫ ޟ‬G114 ԩӖٙȂၼ՗ՍலԎѕમएี࢈ራȂӖ ٙฒ‫ݲ‬ғலၼ՗Ȅ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

‫ڴ‬ᆡ୼ിᠠႮ࣏К஼Ϙ౧ാతҔ‫ڴ‬ҾሃϯઔҾߞ ୼ിᠠႮȄ።ႮӤҔ‫ࡑڴ‬૭֌ϯઔআᑜ૭Ȃԑ ࠜ 1318 г‫ڧ‬Ȃന 24 ৎ‫ژ‬૭Ȅന঍ߞ൵୼ി࢘ऎ 350km/hȂࠕง൵୼Ⴛᖉ੡ി300km/hȄ‫ڴ‬ᆡ୼ ിᠠႮ‫ݺ‬2008Ր4ѡ18џӤ஼ச୰ᗁನ࿢ਛភࢆ ֶӒՑ༟ЍȂ‫ݺڭ‬2011Ր6ѡ30џ഼‫ژ‬Ȅ‫ڴ‬ᆡ୼ ിᠠႮ࣏К஼ȮКࠜงᠠႮᇨഢᄑȯК‫ظ‬Ⴄഢጀ൵ Ђȃ‫ث‬ങѪӀ൵୼ߞϘ༵Ѝ຀Ȅ

࢝‫ށ‬ᢖȂ‫ڴ‬ᆡ୼ᠠߞ༟഼џงᢖӯȂഺ࣏Ϙ༵ȶឥ ᚃЍ຀ȷȂ‫࢙ێ‬നჅ຀КߞԧᇌՉԑւ༓Ȃൌঋऎ ЍงᢰႮȄᑂᇍȂЋ‫ތ‬षᄩаஃ‫ژ‬ᙝც‫ߞࣇڰ‬ѹԯ ࣏ညԳফϭዷࠥȂႏயȂാዷࠥഺᇌႵऎ௱‫ߞڍ‬ч ઈߐ޶ൌ๑‫ޱ‬Ӓ௱ᕕᅆߞ‫ڴ‬ᆡ୼ᠠȂࢨኃକ௉҄Ϡ ‫ݸ‬ѕষ‫ױ‬ȉည๒Ȃ‫ݸ‬Й‫ݸ‬ѕൌঋ‫ױ‬Ȃԯऎঋ࠲ᝋ‫ڴ‬ ᆡ୼ᠠߞпਲ਼ತȂ޻።‫ێ‬ҁԕ‫ژ‬Џ၃ᖺิ֌ϘᎶȄ

2

छȶᏍ݂ȷဴ௤กᏢ໌Σ‫ج‬ડ࢑ॗၾ

छ୽૞Ј‫ ׋‬17 РࡇշȂȶᏍ݂ȷဴω՗࢑௤กᏢ ༈ӱ‫ޟ‬ኵᐃᡗҰȂ၎௤กᏢϐܻ 16 Рೝ‫ج‬ડ࢑ਐ ᕕ‫໌ٮ‬Σ‫ڏ‬ॗၾȂѺζԙ࣏ॶএ໌ΣЊ໨‫ف‬ω՗࢑ ளкौω՗࢑ॗၾ‫ޟ‬௤กᏢȄȶᏍ݂ȷဴ஠ӵຽ ᚔ‫ج‬ડ࢑घ193ϴ٨‫ޟ‬ॗၾΰၼ՗ΙԑȂᄇ‫ج‬ડ࢑

࢚‫ٲ‬П՝‫ߖីܯ‬ශȂᓍࡣ஠ܻ2012ԑ7Тแሂ‫܁‬ ጊડ࢑ȂႱॎӵ2015ԑܰႀҬ‫ޟ‬ӴȄԃ‫ݎ‬Ϛଙ‫ٺ‬ ‫ڼ‬ȂȶᏍ݂ȷဴ஠ԙ࣏಑Ιএᕗᙓ‫ڍ‬ᗻϚӣЈᡝၼ ՗‫ޟ‬ฒΡ௤กᏢȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

щ༧‫ڀ‬Ј֖࣐௲֜‫ݺ‬ѫ࣐۶Ѣ࣐ߞখႽН༡Ȃ‫ێ‬К ՅԴЂ༓ᇌ᝷ԧಳߞЈ֖࣐ȂаஎЈ֖࣐Ժ࣏ജ߉ થჅߞ‫ܬ‬ӮጀዹȂփҳஎԺ࣏Ђ༓න‫ף‬Ѫ۶գᑟж ЄߞԔߐчᢜȄ٫ૠ࣐࣏ሃԳಧ᝷֬ߞ‫ߐܬ‬чᢜȂ ፉૠ࣐ࡋ࣏‫ߞ࡭ۏ‬ԔߐчᢜȄੲᑂ 2006 Ր 8 ѡ஼ ቫчћᐯᗑԪྻ෩ҍߞྲ‫ܠ‬၍Ȃፉૠ࣐ЏంЈ֖࣐ п੾ऎဣ֖࣐Ȅླྀѐ୺ᗁ೚Џࢽӯଝч؊ۖ2025 Ր௟Նଝ৶୙݀Ј֖࣐Ȅ

Ј֖࣐௲ѧѫ࣐‫ـ‬ቈȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ2025Ր௟Նଝ৶୙݀ Ј֖࣐Ժьգ‫ڱ‬ᢖఀࡂ་Ȅ‫ڭ‬ѷȂЈ֖࣐ಲൣЙѧ ѫ࣐Ȃգ຾ᚳනߞឩಯႤ࿚۶᝷֬ԳಧߞԳᎳ౧ ԆȂҞѽ‫ڻ‬ຜϠ᝷ฤӔ‫֝ܧ‬Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽЙቈေ‫ڧ‬໿ҝЈ ֖࣐Ȃ୵Ϟॊुྍ၍НҳȂኊৃЙ୼ȄҩҳȂՂ‫ލ‬ ૌߞྐঋւᅅЈ֖࣐ȂЙ‫׸‬жَ‫ڕ‬Ȃຈѫ࣐ฤӔ௄ Գᅔܺ؆ຠНࢢȂӤȶѫ࣐Ϡȷ‫ݚ‬ᑉւᅅԇச‫ـ‬Ґ ԪᏋȄ

3

Πࣕंี‫ׇ‬ԙ‫ف‬Ӗॖ‫ٱ‬Ⴋၽ

ҥϛ୽಑ΠࣕռऋंΡষ࣏кᏲȂᇄӴПᆩ๜ऋ‫׬‬ ϴѧ㧚Й໠ี‫ ޟ‬10 এॖ‫ٱ‬Ⴋυၽᔛ೺ӇРࠉंี ‫ׇ‬ԙȂΰ༈ഋ໥ϱഋ‫୿׋‬ᆩࡣȂᘈᔞ౥ۨଽϚήȂ ೝۢռൕ࣏உ‫ى‬࿋ф८‫ڼ‬ॖΡਯЖቋ঄ᢎ‫ޟ‬ȶԁҁ

ᇃȷȃଋጛᏰಬ‫ޟ‬ȶԁᔓЙȷȃඛਇ٘Ж‫ޟ‬ȶԁჱ բȷȄ୤ᇄၽᔛ‫ۢޟ‬ռџо೽ႆ୤ёӨ዁༵ӈ୛ᕕ ுᑖϷȂᄂ౪ॖሠਣЀȄϱϛ‫ޟ‬ၽᔛԤȶ᠒ೝυȷ ȃȶᆍຊԝຊȷȃȶ‫ٱމ‬ੲᔓኁȷ้Ȅ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

К஼ϠӔႋ‫ݸ‬ক೐ϟऔֻൊ༤Ȟᚎᇍϟऔȟ࣏К஼ ߞᐼರᐱዅൊ༤Ȃ࣏К஼ϠӔႋ‫ݸ‬কߞদঋϧ༓Ȃ ‫ޠ‬ᐡѹঋऎ੮ዅᔝ‫ݕ‬௱ഢዅᔝߞᐼರᐱዅȂҒࣁ๺ ຀ȃК຀ȃቈ຀۶ࣷቫዅႽᐱዅȂቈ຀‫ڟ‬ଝᐱዅȄ Ꭰࣤ೚঍ຕ‫ލ‬ᢖӯȂক‫ڰ‬ცЄႼᕚЏ՘ऎԺዴࠦ Ր‫ֻܡ‬ԃ༠਎ጄߞ൵ྑȂ‫ۦ‬ണ߰ 98% ߕჅცЄႼ ᕚȂ෼჆ᅆᗑԪᅆ‫ة‬ȃգࣄᐼȃ᝱࢘ЂߞᇨປႼᕚ ྏᒸᎷȄ

तኃҨȶћࢰ‫ޠ‬ኮȷȉഺබҨȶћࢰ‫ޠ‬ኮȷȊকϠ Й‫ॴے‬୊ፚȂӡᇨປႼᕚ‫҃ڽ‬ฆȂᚎߡ࿣чϭНЂ ፊȄх਻ా෯Ȃ࣏Й࣏ঋӡȶх਻ᇟॻCSȷጀᕢ ་֖ȉࡑઔߋᄳਫᖨȂ࣏Й࣏Ꮻȶᙷ౭ጕଝȷබକ ྣ‫ܠ‬ȉ൵୓ፅߞȂᇨϯȶᇌ້՜້ȷȂ಩ᅁКබգ ༺ԫϞȉ೐ϟऔֻߞഺϘஇ‫ޱ‬ȂЙߢႽ‫ٿ‬ൣҍ‫֣ݺ‬ ᇌӫߞȂறϘߞੜ‫ލ‬බ࣏ᢰЂਛᅆК஼ক༤ߞᐼ୽ ϧྏۖᑉѕȄ


ܹಁжࣨ

ցШ‫ٳ‬୰ᚠᖒ๜ωಢོដ

4

ցШ‫ٳ‬ᖂ౩֏ᇯԤȶՌమПਰȷ

ցШ‫ٳ‬ᖂ౩Бਿႀज़Ȇ଻ࠤसज़ 14 РᇳȂтӵᇄ ߼ᛳ඼ѕߨ‫ٱ‬୛੫տфߒԽࠤӀᅭ•଻ᅭਿࣄЉོ ፙਢȂ௃ҐᇳႆȶՌమПਰȷȂ։ԃ‫ॶݎ‬഍‫ޟ‬Ꮝ ‫ݰ‬٨ೝІᄇࣂ‫ݡ‬၆‫׾‬լȂњК຅ࢇ᠌஠ҢᏲኆៜ ᔞ೻৴࠲ѿȄΙ‫ٲ‬൬ᡝൢၾȂ଻ᅭਿࣄЉ࿋Ј֙

ວ߼൬ᡝȂ଻ࠤसज़ӵᇄ‫ོڏ‬ፙਢᇳȂԃ‫ݎ‬Іࢇ ‫ݡۺ‬၆‫׾‬լ‫ޟ‬Ꮝ‫ݰ‬٨Ȃȶ‫ר‬ঈ൷Ңӻ‫ݛ‬Ᏺኆᄩྒ ѺȷȄ଻ࠤसज़ᇳȂȶ೻‫ٲ‬ၗસ឴ਓഅȷȂ‫ٮ‬и ȶ଻ᅭਿࣄЉ࿋Јఏ‫ٲ‬ਢঐ֙ວ‫ר‬Ȃ೻‫ٲ‬ၗਲ਼ҏ Ϛ࢐тᇳ‫ޟ‬Ȃт஠Ϡоዐ఼ȷȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

‫׀‬ѧ‫ڲ‬யᛟᗑປЈೡ೐ұըྻ៉ 15 џԴϿօ‫ێ‬ӿ ෻‫܃‬ҿᆬᗝ֖Ȃྻϯ‫ݚ‬ሮ‫׀‬ѧ‫ڲ‬хᅆँȶԑ஼Ⴥอ ܎৶ྻȷऎ‫׀‬ѧ‫ڲ‬ϠӔߞԪ‫ࠑ҃ޱ‬ȄҔॗ૪੩ࠜ ‫ݛ‬෻ᒗฑ 13 џሲȂҔॗ௟ា᠈Դ‫׀‬ѧ‫ߞڲ‬ক‫֖ڰ‬ ஜȄ‫ݛ‬෻ᒗฑ௻ᎠȂԴࣆ޼ႋٙў੯КȂ‫׀‬ѧ‫ڲ‬Ϡ Ӕᕕ๴෭ѹᐱ֯ӡȂ஼ቫߤྻ෩‫ڻ‬њࢺȄթҳȂႋ ٙў੯ᕕ೑ԪᗑԪ஼ՉನྻঋِȂᆕ‫׀ږ‬ѧ‫ڲ‬ϠӔ ߞԪ‫ޱ‬ቮِȄ

ҙႿໄ༰ᄥȞ࢝‫ݱ‬ᆆȂ࣊๒ѹࣹ஼ਛൌ‫ݚ‬ሮȶԑ஼ Ⴥอ܎৶ྻȷ࣏‫׀‬ѧ‫ߞڲ‬றϘԪ‫ࠑ҃ޱ‬Ȃ‫ڤ‬ኃ১‫׀‬ ѧ‫ܹࣆڲ‬බҪକ‫ؼ‬ԩϞȟӫࡈ௄ӎϯፎ൉ӐႮȄփ ѷӤ‫ݺ‬Нࡈ֖ऎЙᇑȃԩᗏѣ‫ڸ‬Ȃാȶ֋᜕ȷഺዹ ߞ‫ڰ‬ఐൌജϠՉԴᔝϯȄЙఀЙሲȂҙႿໄԺҗЙ ྻళۤഺᇌ֖ஜȂ࣏֭‫־‬ϠះఀְྻȂሲ‫ށ‬Ђਛᅆ ְߞࡡ֖Й‫ౕؓݱ‬ϞȄೀϭҙႿໄఀԺྐྐȂЫࢢ ߞџЄࢨኃჅȄ

5

຅ࡡᇽដߝᆎដষᔣิࠒؓတ৬࣏এΡ՗࣏

຅ࡡᇽಀដ଱‫ޟ‬5Ӫដষॎგ20Рิചࠒؓတ৬‫ޟ‬ Ιএ৬ᔏȂоԪЛࡻ຅ࡡᇽӵࠒ੕‫ޟ‬ሴπк஻Ȅծ ຅ࡡᇽಀដ଱ӵ19РߒҰȂ೻5Ӫដষ‫ิޟ‬৬ॎგ ឴ܻȶএΡ՗࣏ȷȂ຅ࡡᇽដོ‫ٮ‬Ґ௲᠌Ȅ೻5Ӫ

຅ࡡᇽ‫ޟ‬І๼ၽ՗

‫ٺ‬Ңଔ१ᐠӤԫσຫ‫ޟ‬ඌ՗

຅ࡡᇽ୽ོដষϛ‫ޟ‬๼ิȆٔᛳᜌᄂԪ՗࢐ҥ຅ࡡ ᇽ୦Ρȶ‫ؽ‬ΡᜓօȷȄт࣏ิ৬ॎგ៝၌Ȃᆎ࢐࣏ ΟЛࡻ຅ࡡᇽӵࠒ੕‫ޟ‬ሴπк஻ȄтᗙᆎՌϏ൶ؑ ȶ‫ؽ‬Ρᜓօȷ࢐ӵ࣏ࢇ‫ࣸۺ‬ᓀȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ໄࢠሼӫࡈ֫գࡑઔࡑْ၏ਫ8ৎਫᖨ۶‫ْތ‬၏ਫ ߞཀ‫ܬ‬ਫȞϵᇍӔѹᖨȟȄࠕงȂໄࢠሼԴࡑઔߋ ៉Գ஡ஜ֯ᔛᔛȂҒࣁ۶ग़஼ᗝ֖ᗑԪক‫ڰ‬ᆊ೫ȃ ‫ࡑد‬ઔ‫ؼ‬ԩȶ֘ໄࢠሼઔȷȃஜӡকϧ‫ॶ୵ݥ‬Вਫ ᖨϯߞК஼ѹᡋዾራຈຈȄ6ѡ16џȂգໄࢠሼ၏ ಿᗝ֖хົӯࢃȂႼ֖ۖК஼ታ‫ڰ‬ᔡҳȂ୼۲Ͼၳ ঋِ࠲ᎎ෻෼‫ݛ‬પ‫׀‬၏ਫȞ‫ْࡑ׈‬၏ਫȟߞѹᡋȄ

๳ਫ࣏࠲ᎎઔࣶ஼Ͽߞ௱ӡјࣱȂК஼ઔਦ‫ܫی‬Ϭ ԳϠЀබԺըೡᚐ๳ਫ֖ஜ࠲ᎎ൑൦ਫߞѹᡋȄЙ ჅȂໄࢠሼ៉৶๳ਫ֖ஜ࢝ৃఀަྍߞϘᙇ࣏Ȃգ ஥Ϡȶ‫ټ‬Ϡᝒׄȷ๳ਫ֖ஜȂᢖӯϞഺৎ஼ਛߞԨ ѕϧȄညࠐК஼Ђ൙࠲൑ϠЀߞ๳ਫ֖ஜȂ‫־‬ሲٟ գϠᝒׄȂാ࠲ᔍгҦϘᡘ࣏ҝ൑൦ਫൌᘁທᕒ ᡛȄ஼ਛߞታϿѹᡋঋЂਛ‫ڽ‬ԒԢᇯ᠕ȂЙକҪ࣏ ϘҮߩ႖Ȅ

6

ཱིࠒࡄᅭρԎτυӰ஠ՂჃȶఉॶҰಀȷᕕဌ

ཱིࠒࡄᅭρԎΙӪτυӰ‫ٮីܯ‬ӵᆩ๜ΰีշΟ ΙࢲՌϏᄇՂჃᄂࢊఉॶႆแ‫ޟ‬ຜᓜՄೝоॆ࡟ ଢ଼‫ސ‬ဌଔວȄ࿋Ӵ‫ݲ‬଱࿋ЈրۡဌӪԙҳȂ೻՝ 23 ྑ‫ޟ‬τυϚுϚо 180 এωਢ‫ޥޟ‬ୢ݈୛‫پ‬ᄇ

ԂӵҏТԞ‫ٲ‬ਢঐ‫ޟ‬೻Ιᖞଢ଼॒೰ȄᐃொȂԃ‫ݎ‬ Ԫ‫ีٱ‬ҡӵ݀ρ៌ԎȂ೻Ӫτυ஠ശଽџೝր೎ ‫ڍ‬ԑ‫ޟ‬Ԥ෈৶ӗȄ

धශᏲ᠞

ӣၯᘈຟ

ЂԺዴ஼ਛߞӲ‫ޱ‬КգူѤঅ࢞ஜߏߞഢ‫ܠ‬Ȃഺ‫ڱ‬ ‫ࢠޱ‬ЂԺዴন‫ݺ‬ঋِᅆஜߏ෩‫֌ڻ‬ьߞ᠕ನ۶ϠႽ ߞᅆ࢞Ȃ֭ҹেЙঋِऎஜߏ෩‫ڻ‬ᔹ෎ߞ࢞ჃȂϵ Йঋِྑ᠕ஜߏȄҹেϘଠঋِᅆஜߏ෩‫֝ܧڻ‬ȃ ঴ߏ۶ᛁᖚ࠲᠕ȂѽфЙࢿӇஜߏȂ‫ݕ‬ѽЙϠႽߞ ўՑ౭ஜߏȄϘଠ‫ڽ‬ሲཇ೚ߞ֭գߋ៉ߞ֖ऎȞѧ ՂԴᛁᐯु‫ٿ‬К‫ڹ‬ӡ㈴ᐎஜߏஇᅁᢚȟѧႵЙྻ‫ۦ‬ ۖ‫ࢠޱ‬ॗ‫ف‬Ȅ

অ࢞ஜߏЙߢႽ࣏Й࣏Ϡ᝷ӎ‫ߞݑ‬ϘᇌዷᠨȂхӒ ᔌ࠮Դᇨϯྩ૶ϘϭȂබକఀۖȶ‫د‬Јᛗ‫ݸ‬་ࣾ֗ ᑟ㡯ȷ‫߰ݕ‬ȶ‫د‬Јߓ‫ݸ‬་ྋޯឤ㡯ᚼȷϘ᝷ߞઐ ਿȄවՐࡈȂК஼Ђ൙Ϙԩ᠕Ѐӡ୼ႬᏭᎽժϘ୸ ЈᓤȂᏎۖߤྻទኖ᠔യȂാᛁ᠕Ϡ৶ൌՂթᅆ࢞ ஜߏȂ҄ϠϩжᑉዎȄࠕ‫ڱ‬ՐȂധԺ஼ਛᅆঅ࢞ஜ ߏ་֖ទኖߞӲ‫ޱ‬ȂౕؓᕂࠡϠেЙঋԓҍགјȂ ౕؓੜ‫ލ‬କ௉ф੡ᢖ಩Ȅ

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ዥᘈடᚠ

ȶᡅ᠙ߞȷम‫ٺ‬ద៣༈൬д୽‫גג‬џӠ

ࢀ୰ཱིᆸ༈൬‫ޟ‬ȶ‫ۻ‬ጣȷ‫ڷ‬ȶПөȷ ћ/ ҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦ/Wikipedia

ߖР‫پ‬Ȃᓍ๿ȶᡅ᠙ߞȷ‫ٱ‬Ӈ‫ݰ‬Ѕ‫ޟ‬ጒ൜ཕ‫پ‬ཕσȂద៣Ȃ೻՝ෆငΙЙጚഅȶཱིᆸ ୽ሬȷ༈൬ࡔ୽‫ޟ‬ȶᐿຘ‫ޱ‬ȷഞΣΟȶྤ១ᑋȷԒ‫ޟ‬ᄞఁ‫ݫ‬ዕϛȂтΙҡ‫ۈܚ‬՗‫ޟ‬ ȶཱིᆸฒ‫ۻ‬ጣȷ‫ޟ‬নࠌȂತ஠тՌϏৈΟ໌ўȄณՄȂ࿋ΰՍࢇࡊȂήՍҁҕȂΡΡ ᄇ‫ڏ‬ଡՄ҈Ϟ‫ޟ‬ਢঐȂ࢐֏ӣਢᔖ၎ࡦՃȂ‫ـ‬ത೻धࡣ࢐ࣥቄџоᡱ‫ڏ‬ᐗ՗ኵΪԑȉ ཱིᆸ༈൬հ࣏ҕк‫ོޥ‬ϛᐿҳܻࢇ‫ۺ‬ȃѧ‫ݲ‬ϞѴ‫ޟ‬ᗖ፣ᅿ࿜ᐠ‫ڙ‬Ȃ‫ڏ‬ȶ‫ۻ‬ጣȷ‫ڷ‬ȶП өȷάӵդ೎ȉᡗณȂȶద៣ࡔ୽ȷ‫ॳޟ‬໴‫ؖ‬ਗ਼ள๝‫ר‬ঈ‫ޟ‬ІࡦȂϚᔖ࿋༉‫׋‬३ཱིܻ ᆸ༈൬ҏ٘‫؁‬ਖ਼Ѕᐌএ‫ོޥ‬တᡝȄ ȶᡅ᠙ߞȷ‫پޟ‬ᓸў૕ 2011 Ր 7 ѡȂᅆ‫ݺ‬౥ᠢ༰ᄥ‫ڽ‬ሲȂඝᇍం༳ᇑༀ ֌‫ߞܺڐ‬ᅝ๭џЄȄփഺϘȶ‫ۀ‬๴ાȷߞ࿚ᔝऎ ྲᇷ஼ቫгҦϭᘑߞЏգ168ՐᑢҫߞȮѵधྲᇷ ඡȯȂ֯ऎॻ஼Ꮪ༓൵Ђߞඡ૽НϘȂႍඡѽ൵Ђ ন࢘Գ෬ᠨ۶ҏ๳ԩϠȶϣ۠ȷઐਿऎપ֒Ȃࢶ ਫ਼๑ыЙϢȂјࣱ๑‫ݙ‬ӡНЙ࿂Ȅ2005Րѳᔼࢃ ྆፰ሏ‫ۦ‬ཋȃ2006Րॻ஼ࡈ঵हҿ੬НӁЄఈգ ᡃ४‫ݑ‬ᢉᇯાຈहညᑟ௜ߞаൊઐਿൌฅ‫ڍ‬᎜‫ݺ‬ ႍඡȄ֋ 05 ༟‫ܕ‬Ȃ൙᠈գ‫ێ‬ҁණᢜබȮѵधྲᇷ ඡȯȶᢄᡘȷϘ‫ڰ‬ፎୠಠӇȂЙჅȂ๑Ꭲ࣏ණᢜ ᘘ࣏гಿൌሮऎც႖ᢄᡘᘟᇷҪઘфԩࣹ‫࣐ށ‬ȃক ࣆঋϠȃऱ࢈՘৶Ȅ๒ 7 ѡ 5 џȂᘥփЙ఺ߞॻ஼ Ȯᎎඡȯୃ߰ҺֹȆЂᎎ෻ዤћ෬ᠨȮѵधྲᇷ ඡȯ2002Րฅ༱Ϡᢄᡘ13࿐ҵᚸьЃռആȆႽங ߞјᑟȂत֌ׁ୵јᑟаൊжႤୈȂВᙘ់ўᎠ ࣤȄНࢢϫ᜕ҍȮѵधྲᇷඡȯߞᢄᡘፑඛᘘઘф ৖෶Գᠠ᜕ओ੯۶ग़஼ȶ9Ȇ11ȷߞჃ᝱߰ਛ៳Ȃ ᢄᡘᅆᄊᢏ՘Ϟ෼഼ϠȂत֌࣏‫ۦ‬ਚϠȂ෋Ԛ຀࢘ ႵНѽ݀‫ـ‬ऎទদȂႾє୓จൎϯϭϘѯᏩࢤȂ੯ ЄӺՂൠಧଠ໸ᆋ໸ЂȂᑂ৖෶់ᅅ؊൅ᠨȂȮѵ धྲᇷඡȯᢄᡘ֖ऎߞ‫ۦ‬ਚ߰ҞକԺႿ4000ϠȂ գ‫ڱ‬Ϡജᆾᡘߞ੡༡त֌ࠜႿϩ‫ڽ‬ՐȄ ᘵ๒Ȃ౥ᠢ෠ఠߞྲᇷ஼ቫгҦࡋՂȶᐨࠎᙝ‫؍‬ȷ ଠ‫ݺ‬7ѡ10џКѤϞȮѵधྲᇷඡȯഺպՐЈඡߞ ȶӠ‫ۻ‬ȷȂ๒ȶጚ᠀ȷ‫ڭ‬ٟգஃѤȄ዆࣐ԃၩ᠋‫ݺ‬ 2010Րᅆȶѵधྲᇷඡȷୃ߰൪ֹᒗ᠋་֖ȶх ᢄᔂȷȂᔂϭ൪ֹᒗ᠋‫ݚ‬ሮႍඡȶዃዩᢄᡘᇨȷߞ ᎘႖ȂҁЫը୵гֶൊԊᔂরаਟҳȂ‫ـ‬ሃඡ૽௞ ៼֯ਛȂࡈЃуጒመᆳȆҙਾᗑјߐ‫ט‬৖෶់ᅅ؊ ઘϢᢄᡘ੯ȂউӠҍȮѵधྲᇷඡȯႦႩ৖෶৶់ ѽ෱ۤৎႤߞ੯ҳ੯Ȃᐱ७ࡈ৖෶Ђൌྻ஡់ᅅ؊ ؊ࠜҫၠࠆฑ۶঑യᢄᡘᎠࣤߞᗁᆾׄನॠଲԐࢢ ᝜ᚚȄាȮѵधྲᇷඡȯНࢢȂ 15 џȂ‫܏ܗێ‬ඡ Ȯщ༧ඡȯӺജ዆࣐ႄ዇ःϘ૽໦ഩӇϯ‫ܡ‬ҦȂ ႄ዇ःࢽఠщ༧ඡ 2005 ȃ 2006 Րҏ๳ߞұࡋඡ ᐱȂႤਫ਼ۤ֋ҁߞც႖ሬরࠫፐȄթҳȂᑂȮᎎ ඡȯඡᐱȂȮщ༧ඡȯ۶Ȯ࣐งџઍ౏ЀඡȯȞԢ ៳౥ᠢ༰ᄥᅮϭȟϠ৶Й཈ࠧ‫ޱ‬་Ϣҿ੬ߞሬরࠫ ፐȃᘘϢࠬҿ੬ྻ঍ߞცၝȃᢄۤҿ੬ߞ቙֖௳ၳ

14

ႤୈȂत֌ᖔఀϞҿ੬ф‫ێ‬ਛϠߞᛁ୰බ໧॔ᔂȞ ЙჅȮᎎඡȯ‫ ݺ‬16 џ‫ݚ‬ሮ֋Ў৙‫ޖ‬Ȯщ༧ඡȯࠧ ‫ޱ‬ᖔۤҿ੬‫ۊ‬ЄઽఐႤୈȂ҄ᑋৎ‫ڰ‬Ԇԓ࢘ᢏఀዡ ੪୛ᛓȟȄ ద៣ࡔ୽σ཈஠༊ বᗜ௻Ђᕅϧȃࢧ‫ݺ‬ᅠ౻Ԣ౥ᠢȶჅంत௜ȷᝯ࠼ ߞॻ஼঵हҙ౥৖8џࢆֶ՘ӲᑾӲᎠࣤ܎৶ྻȂ ᅆȮѵधྲᇷඡȯߞϘ‫ڀ‬ԕᢄᡘᘟᇷ་֖ᎠࣤȂ‫ڭ‬ Ϙ‫ؼ‬১Ԑᅗ࢘Ȃхᅆྲᇷ஼ቫгҦឮ‫ॻظ‬஼чߩዃ ያгҦȄညџȂᑂॻණᢜ෼჆ඡᐱȂ৖෶់ᅅ؊༇ ੏Ϟઘཻᇺీ۶ც႖ᢄᡘߞॻ஼঵हҙ౥৖ߞࡈණ ᢜѹᇒȃࡈȮѵधྲᇷඡȯѹ፠਱ᆬฑȄ

13 џȂྲᇷ༰ᄥജঝ‫ݸ‬ౢ՜ᘉᗺᓑЏϳߞॻ஼ч ߩዃያгҦȂ‫ـ‬Ґᖷᒣߞ࣏Ȃবᅆॻ஼ዃცცୈᆾ ᇒൊࠝᅆ‫ݙ‬գўߞȶᏋԪ۶Ԫ੾ȷକϧ኶ࣤȂ౥ᠢ ՂЫକ‫࣊֝࠲׎‬գߞчߩዃያߞ 39% ߵԊ‫ܥ‬՘ய ᛟȄ16џȂាྲᇷ༰ᄥ঑യॻ஼ඡ྽ߞࡈCEOȃ Ȯѵधྲᇷඡȯࡈѹ፠ដሒᄜȆҿᐆֹ෻НࢢȂྲ ᇷ༰ᄥЄгҦႽៗ෻гҦ঵ਯே֖ࠜ຿෻Ȇ‫ޟ‬ჲ ࢆֶ᝜ᚚȂփҿᐆֹ෻ 17 џࡋᏎॻ஼់ў༇੏Ȃ ֌թȂ౥ᠢ༰ᄥߞȶҽᇻҠᗖȷᆽҵȄᘵ๒Ȃ 16 џȃ 17 џȂྲᇷ༰ᄥ঵ਯே֖‫ܡ‬Ј౥ᠢԴॻ஼‫ݙ‬ գϛਛԑ஼‫ݑ‬ඡ૽ҏ๳ᗏ‫ށ‬ႽᆆȂ‫ݚڭ‬ᓚ௟ྻ౮๑ ࠲઻Գሃ់ў་֖Ԫ֯Ȃ๒រ੄Џ౎Ȅॻ஼៉ྻ‫ݺ‬ 19 џҡ༟ᡘᝋྻȂᎠࣤȮѵधྲᇷඡȯᢄᡘᘟᇷ Ȟપ‫࣏־‬գᝯȶࢋϾ໱ȷߞயᛟȟȂᅆ౥ᠢѭЄѽ фҿᐆֹ෻་֖Ꮃ႙ȇग़஼ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ꭰࣤ؊‫ܡ‬৶Ӻ൅ ᠨȂFBIӺЏ຾јᎠࣤȂգж‫ࢽޘ‬Ȃॶࣤᝋ៳ᅁȂ ྲᇷ༰ᄥჁхႽ዇ഢፑ။ԩ՘ӲȂᅮϭߞग़஼ც໛ ሂߞ၃ᖉ๕࿰௟ࢷ࿰ग़஼Ȯᗑ‫ڣ‬഼ୈ‫ޱ‬ȯജԣᏚȄ ‫ـ‬Ґᓝ‫࣏ߞە‬Ȃবᅆ຾౥ᠢ༰ᄥߞаዎҳఈȂ౥ᠢ ߞЄЃেൣᘘգѕࢥԴऎាԇ߰Н֜Тह‫ؽ‬ୄȄᑂ ॻණᢜඡᐱȂЫըߞᢄᡘᘟᇷЏҐነϞ౥ᠢਛ౉а ൊӬ़Ȃ౥ᠢࠜЃӿആ೻Өฅ᜕ೖϾࢽയ౥ᠢȶࡵ Ѓȷҿᐆֹ෻۶‫ؙؙ‬ႜ‫ܒ‬෻‫ࡲݳ‬гҦȂȮُџᝡ ඡȯєগઐਿϠЀᇍȂӿആ೻Өᘘ՘ґঝ‫ڹ‬౥ᠢ‫ݸ‬ ౢҿᐆֹ෻Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷȂᔌ຾ႜ‫ܒ‬෻ҵཕȂత઱๑ౕȂ ȮᑾӲඡȯᇍ౥ᠢӒւዋদӡӿആ೻ӨȂѽᇯࢺ౥ ᠢਛ౉ᅆӤҁϘј൹Ӳߞྲᇷ༰ᄥߞఠۘᡋȄ

01 ‫ٱ‬Ӈधࡣ‫ޟ‬ȶ༃Йȷ Դᑋৎ‫ڰ‬ԆКȂවѼ‫ݙ‬գϠൌ௟๏ᙇᅆ࿤ϞȶၢѪ ߓȷ౥ᠢ༰ᄥȂࢽയ‫ێ‬ඉҵ֯ऎཇණϠߞ௄ӎႽ ዇Ȃ࣎຾‫ډ‬ѕȂϘଠЙᠪϘзԳࢶధҁϠߞᘳ‫ټ‬۶ ๭ॴȂ‫ڭ‬ѽթऎឯፅᘇۤ୼ᛝ‫׀‬ጛȂत֌‫׀ݺ‬ӡཇ ණߞϧ༓ࢃ଎۶ВჰᑋৎߤྻȊ ๒փȂՂ‫ލ‬ᔖϭѕ‫ڽ‬ሮૌ԰ᠪ౥ᠢѽ๺๺җৎѵ॔ ߞ੡༡Ȃంᜓᗜ૔ಯߞԳ஡Јඡ୓ਛȂ௟‫ێ‬๴ਣ՘ ѵधϯ൵ЂߞԺЮмཇණ༰ᄥߞ၃ᑢȂ‫ا‬েЙ᝱๴ ಩Ȃ౥ᠢฅ၃ᔝᕛߞԍᖖ۶ೀϭ‫ڗ‬഍ߞުጔȂ‫࣏׮‬ ഺৎߤྻҸ‫ڈ‬ϭߞಯߏȊ ౥ᠢ࣏࣊ཇණϠӺ࣏஥ϠȂࢢ߰ߞѧদ֬Ѽ‫ـ‬দȂ ҁ‫֯ڤ‬ऎ஥Ϡߞൎѕȃᐄϧȃጤఐȃज໤۶๑ఐ࣏ ‫ێ‬՘ґӺ࣏‫ێ‬Ꮞۖႛઽߞ࿚ӤȄѽЈඡ୓ਛߞ౥ ᠢȂᅆթఐգᑾᘨȂहѧ‫ڱڤݺ‬ᖔఀ෼‫׀‬ຉྲᇷጨ Н᝷ទລߞඡൢаਟȂ౥ᠢ‫ـ‬ጤା‫ݺ‬କ௉‫ࢉऻ֝ع‬ ѕನߞ‫֘ތ‬ȂҁϘߡிࢺሮऎȶֲૺҾඞȷȞЈඡ ࣏൵‫ࠑ҃ߞ࡭ۏ‬ȟ࣏ᅆȶࣹ֖ȷߞϘᇌ๑ᇑ‫ؽ‬ᕝȇ ҁ௻Ꭰྲᇷ֋Ӥȶ๑ܺ።ȷ൵ЂмȈऎϞఀۖ‫ྐݙ‬ ఀۖߞ‫ྲ˕˕֘ތ‬ᇷ።૶ȃ०฀૪‫ڙ‬ȃࣆຉཉԨ ຈȂҞѽЙᑄϘзјࣱȄ գ໴ߞЖྻգᎱߞȂȮѵधྲᇷඡȯ֯ऎॻ஼Ꮪ༓ ൵Ђߞඡ૽ȂӅ‫ܠ‬գ‫ێ‬ੲ࿚Ȃփഺੲ࿚බ࣏಩҃Ϡ ‫ݑ‬КჅ‫ݺ‬ȶϣ۠ȷ۶ȶ൚ླȷߞϘবșșᅆ‫ݺ‬ҁϠ ᘳ‫ټ‬ȶׂੲ‫ܺٿ‬ȷԳణِȃȶ౹޵ҐᏖȷԳ႒ЂȂ ᅆ‫ݺ‬ҁϠ๭ॴࡋ௲຾ऻᕚଠߞѕఐȂ‫ֽݕ‬ᆐȃ‫ݕ‬ኚ ᓝȂᔌѕ‫ݙ‬౬Գཇያࣹ‫⬋ڏ‬ሬȃᆨলᙇѫЙᓷ᏶ ϧȂ‫ڭ‬ѷȂᔌ຾Тᗑᇨߞџૈ෼фȂഺᇌᘌཕӒӤ Јඡ፺ܼۖᑋৎᇨປȄ‫ݙ‬ѽᕕႍሲȂᡝ߰Ϝ֌ߤྻ ᑋᢜߞֲᎷۧȂ՘ऎϞ๑ܺ።ߞ౥ᠢՑЈඡћмକ Ђ֖‫ێ‬Ⴝߞ࿢‫ؖ‬Ȅ


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03 ‫ݕ‬ऎϞӠՅȂ‫ݕ‬ऎϞո‫׀‬ȂԴညЫߤྻȂ๑‫݆ޱ‬໛ ߞ‫ڰ‬ᅁ࣏ȂྲᇷཇණӤᆾᅅ߰ߞ‫ു֒ڎ‬ᆙᆊᢏऎԢ ࣆधȃ஥धϜ֌ᑋৎߤྻ‫ݺ‬ȶԢࣹԪճȷߞԢ੡ϫ Тह‫׀‬ӡߞᝯ࠼ȄգໞᎢ߰ሲఀᇟᠥȈȶ๑ܺ።ߞ ౥ᠢཇණ࢓஼Н‫ݙ‬ѽ༶ল༶ѪȂ‫ݙ‬Ԩ๑ዲȂԴ࢝Ђ ຀࢘ϯ۶ॻ஼ࣆधߞܺ።૿ҵգᝯȄȷϘ‫޼ࣆڱ‬ໞ ᎢϠЀᘘࠑӯȂჅҝϟϩՐȂॻ஼ԇ֣գౕؓညϯ ঵हߞࣆࢉȂᎡϵٟ෷༟။౥ᠢȂഺ࣏ԯऎ᝷֬Ȯ ѵधྲᇷඡȯߞЈඡȂ࣏݀݀Ӕಿମ᏶༺ࢢ༢᎘ߞ аਟ‫ڽ‬࿚Ȃ‫ێ‬ȶಎϢӔѕȷߞ዆ᠩϧԴᕒׄࣆࢉ ґ՘ԩබȂ‫ీڗێ҄ݕ‬ԩ໘НϯੜϧຈԢȄഺৎႽ ನȂ౥ᠢ౻྾ȂҫၠћӠȃռ‫׀‬઱዇ȃҙ౥৖ຈഺ ᕒࣆঋেӺ‫ށ‬ӨȄᑂॻණඡᐱȂҫၠћӠұՐ༡Ⴌ ౥ᠢѭЄຈྲᇷ༰ᄥታᐱϠྻব 18 ըȃၑӡȮѵ धྲᇷඡȯ஘ѹ፠Ӟ‫׀‬෻ᑉԇ់ўණᢜᝯ࠼ᠪயȂ փҙ౥৖‫ـ‬तȂ֋ҝՐϯሂ֌Ыබྻব 26 ըȂ‫ڭ‬ ၑӡȮѵधྲᇷඡȯࡈѹ፠਱ᆬฑऎණᢜѹᇒȌȌ ȶᢄᡘ‫ڰ‬ԆȷജᜉԍϞУȃбՐНϳȂ੡֌Ыџࣆ ܹЖգ‫ݙ‬ஜ֯ȂЙჅ࣏ԯऎഺըߞȶᢄᡘࠝȷᅆᄊ ࣏๑༆ߞպ‫ܖ‬Ȃᅔܺ໸ჅϞܺ።Ȃᑬ୓ϞӔዙȂ౥ ᠢ౮Йߢ੄‫ؼ‬Գ᠜ႋթըߞȶҵሱȷЙჅ࣏ȶٟգ ෠෪Հгֶ࢘ȷȂሲ୓‫ڽ‬ᘘૌգ‫ڱ‬ȶ࣮ನȷȊࣆࢉ ে‫ݼ‬џ‫ݚ܇‬ȃᗂਟЙᓷ᏶ϧȂѽงᖔఀᓴೈȂೀϭ ፎୠಠӇ౮Й઻ఐȂҪऎ֋‫ا‬ᆓӨȂᚙᗚᚙఀՂթ Н‫أ‬ȂዩᗿዩఀবЙ‫֒ؼ‬Ȃ֋‫ڗ‬ՂթЙඝȂࡒࢽയ ౥ᠢඉҵྲᇷܺ።ȂᅁԴҞ૯Ȋ

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ཱིᆸՌҥVS‫ࡡݲ‬ၾኈ ഺϘ‫ڰ‬ԆєҍߞҩϘৎ႖ᛟබ࣏ྲᇷ֋ӤԢ‫ࢠޱ‬Ⴝ ዇Н༡᝱ѽध‫ߞܠ‬ᝯ࠼Ȅ‫ڞ‬ЫऎѤȂ๑ᎢКҳȂඡ धϘߡிٙਗ਼ᎎȶ֋‫ا‬ᆾఠȷߞ১ࡋȂ๒փȂӤ౥ ᠢ༰ᄥթըߞ‫ڰ‬Ԇ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃ֋‫ا‬ᆾఠညૌ࣏ഹ਴๑ϧ

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ఀ࢝Ȋᡦ‫ݺ‬ȮѵधྲᇷඡȯѽȶгಿϠߏᕕᅆ֋Ў ֖ऎ঑യȷऎᚣϾȂ‫׀‬ӡᢄᡘຈј᜕ࣱਫ਼ҁϠᘳ‫ټ‬ ߞў‫ޱ‬ᅁϜఐြ෋ԚߞჁ‫֖ޱ‬ऎȂգൊԊϠЀ۲ᣰ ᕕۘ‫ߞྲܠ‬ȃ‫ـ‬ऎទኖߞᘳ‫ޱټ‬Ȃѽ࠲᠕Ӕಿߞ‫׀‬ ૈȄည๒ȂӺգϠᑉዎȂഺኃஇߞຕ‫ލ‬Ȃ࢝Ҟକྻ ᐱ७ණᢜ๑‫ޱ‬ᜉԍૌӒߞȶ။֖ȷȂྲᇷ֋Ӥ࢘ϵ ௟Ђ඼ᖺѪȂપ‫࣏־‬Դྲᇷ১ӎЏ၃ϩжЙ֋Ӥߞ К஼Ђ൙Ȅ ԴК஼ȂգϘ᝷ߞྲᇷြӫϩжࣹ֖Ȃ‫׈‬ც໛ླണ ᝷ྲᇷඡᐱȂୃ഼߰Ⴥླ᚟ߞ៷ᄊᑟᝡᔝȂ‫د‬Ϙ‫ڱ‬ ည‫ڰ‬ϠЙ෷‫ݕ‬Й᝸г༟ߞࣿஜ۶᎘႖་֖ᜉԍȂ൵ ‫ߞݑࠑ҃ۍ‬බ࣏Ҵ໛Ȯ๏ᙇണ᎘ȯȄϘўবȂླണ Ҟѽ෬ᠨ‫ڰ‬ԆߞૌहȂྲᇷߞૌᅁྏ௻Ȃ໛ះᎏᕝ ϧЂȂླണߞധԺᝡᔝ‫ـ‬՘ऎ൵գሲ‫އ‬ϧߞᝋᑂȂ ЙᎢ࣏ԴႽ዇‫ޱ‬ਲᘘ࣏ԴૌӒߞ‫ޱ‬ਲϯȇ๒ҩϘў বȂླണԴࣙϘኸবϯ‫ڽ‬ሲȂࡋ࣏ӏ၃Ⴥည‫ڰ‬ϠԢ ྍߞஏ‫ݮ‬ȂॶླണߞፑඛЙҪন‫ݺ‬Ӈ஄Ϙ᝷փᙖЂ ۖгӔ‫ټ‬ӠࣿታாȂߺ‫ྻܠ‬ᅆгӔߞᘳ‫ټ‬ᡋᅹ՘ࢃ ଎ȄՂ֣Դ‫ࢠޱ‬Ⴝ዇Яധߞፑඛаᢰྲᇷණᢜߞᘕ Ꭲᆾရϧ༓ఀۖ҇ԊԳ๴෭Ȃ‫ྲۖر‬ᇷ֋ӤԢ‫ࢠޱ‬ Ⴝ዇Н༡ߞӀᓊᙇȂहࠫഺྻ࣏Ϙৎቮঋࠜงణ૶ ߞ᎝ᛟȄ ȶȮѵधྲᇷඡȯНժᏩᢘѵधȂ๒փȂഺ‫ࠧڭ‬ ຕ‫؍‬ȂփҪ࣏Ϙৎྲፔൢߞ༟‫ܕ‬ȄȷՂ‫ލ‬ഺϘ‫ڰ‬ Ԇକ௉Ӈ૔౥ᠢ༰ᄥߞ᛽ᙝԳ֜Ȃᢰཇණधদྲ ᙚӒྲᇷ྽ߞӲඞ۶ࢥւӏ‫ڽ‬๴ਣߞўԨȇᢰࣆ ࢉঋϠেদྲւ༓ཇණԢࣆ޼ߞᝯ࠼ȇᢰӔಿে দྲऻ౻֋ЎᕕႍᝯަߞயᛟȇᢰϠକӒ໛֋Ў аѕߞ൚ླবȂ‫ڤ‬ኃȂഺϘඞЙҞᘖֺН๭Ȃ‫ܥ‬ գҞۤߞኊৃȊ

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ߖРȂϛ୽๿Ӫᆩ๜ຟ፣Ρρ‫ܛ؃‬ᝉȂӵിࡊΰእМȂᄇӒ୽ ࢇ‫ۏڞ‬ষȃ๿ӪႫຜ࿽ҬкࡻΡক๷‫ޟ‬ȶ௃Ϛ‫׹‬Іᄇಉȷᇳ ‫ݲ‬Ȃ໌՗Ο‫ܩ‬ᔞȂӵཌിΰЕଔዥដȄၶԞࠉȂ‫ܛ؃‬ᝉࡇշᐿ ҳ୤ᒵΡσфߒȂԙ࣏ϛ୽σച࣏ኵϚӻ‫ޟ‬ඁএȶΡσфߒᐿ ҳ୤ᒵΡȷϞΙȄȶᐿҳ୤ᒵΡȷᇄȶ௃Ϛ‫׹‬Іᄇಉȷࢇ‫ۏڞ‬ ষϞ໢‫ތޟ‬፣Ȃ࢐තҰΟϛ୽ࢇ‫࡙ڙݽ‬೩ॎ‫ޟ‬ીഞȂ‫ܖ׻‬ᡗ៩ юԪҕཎᇄ‫܄‬ҕཎ‫ތޟ‬ାȉ

‫؃‬σಁVSকߡ࠾ ӵϭಝ‫ܛ؃‬ᝉᇄক๷Ϟ໢‫ތޟ‬ដϞࠉȂӑϭಝΙή‫ڍ‬՝࿋‫ٱ‬ΡȈ ‫ݚق‬ឈȂ 1968 ՐӠ‫ݺ‬К஼ྲᜟࡣ௜Ȃ຾ԩ‫ږ‬ಧୃ߰ȃໞᎢ৶ȂḦᇍȶ‫ق‬Ђ ೀȷȄฅԇȮұЌᢜ‫ڈ‬ඡȯୃ߰ȃȮ՘ൌ஥ඡȯᢜ‫ڈ‬ൊѹԇȂࢢබᚚ‫ݺ‬Ȯ‫ږ‬ ಧඡȯȂԇ௞ᛟൊѹԇȄ՝ԐѹঋѽໞᎢК஼‫ږ‬ಧऎѹȂ৘ໞ‫ݗ‬Գಯф‫ێ‬ҁ аਟȄѽ‫ڏ‬᝜๗‫׀‬Ջ‫ے‬຾ᇍȄࠕՐ‫ـێ‬ཉԨ‫ݺ‬ᝯަ஼аӔӠ۶ߤྻ๏ᙇ႖ ᛟȄᅆ᎜Ղ‫ڰࠝৣق‬ԆȃනЀ௵‫ڰ‬Ԇȃ᜽ਛ㟄‫ڰ‬ԆȌȌຈߤྻ‫ڰ‬Ԇൌգф੡ ߞхᕕȇᅆ஼ਛࣆ޼ᢜۘȃߤྻߐ޶ຈ؈ᣍўবȂѽфࣙ‫ڱ‬யᛟ‫ܡ‬৶ȃࡱᇒ ຈȂൌ੡௱Ђᗙߞ་֖ኚᓝ۶Ꭰ‫ھ‬Ȅ‫ێ‬ໞᎢল੾࿂ऎ႓ᓘ๗‫׀‬ѷ࿂‫ۍ‬ȶхᡋ ࢃȷ֒௾Ȃജᇨуᇍऎȶࣲ֎ȷȄ‫ݚق‬ឈߞѽȶ‫ة‬௻‫ݵ‬ȷऎᛟ‫ࡡ֯ߞل‬Ȯ‫ق‬ Ҟጄ‫ୃݵة‬ȯ‫ྒ࣏ـ‬෗Ⴥࣙ‫ڱ‬Գўࣆܹ‫ܡ‬৶Ȅ‫ྲێ‬઎ൾࢉ۶ྲ઎ྋൾߞജᝯ ަ࢘ϵᆙᆙп୼ȂሃᘹධȞ፠߰ȈК஼຾ԩ֯ਛȃᘈ‫ژ‬јȂ๳ϯग़஼Ȯ੡ ҃ȯᛔራࢋবߞьዴК஼ϠНϘȟ‫ڭ‬ԕȂ࣏К஼Ђ൙۲ᣰߤྻгӔྍᝊߞߢ ᝊжЄȄ‫ێ‬Դྲ઎ϯߞൾࢉऎϠઈ൵୼ߞᢜ‫ڈ‬᝷ൾࢉȂ಩ϵ࣏ྲ઎ྋൾ॓ ϠȂᅟѤӎћᅟፇ੡Ȃ‫ݚق‬ឈߞྲ઎ྋൾȶ૰ບȷዴ༓ऎ335ေԺϠȄ2011 Ր5ѡȂ‫ݚق‬ឈࢆֶ௟‫ݺ‬ӎՐ9ѡȂѽгӔ‫ڗ‬Ԋணᓴ՘ൌ‫࠭ޠ‬஡ϠЂ҃ࠑȂ՘ ऎК஼Ђ൙ऎዴЙԺߞවৎȶϠЂ҃ࠑᑾӲணᓴϠȷНϘȂఀۖྲ઎ྋൾϯ ಿԺᇨуߞњࢺȄ ৔ຶȂӠ‫ ݺ‬1959 ՐȂК஼຾ԩც዆ᆊ৶ȃც໛ြӫѹࢺϠȂЋ‫ࠦތ‬ਫϠȄ ฅѽც዆Ȯग़ដߞЂၙȯᖔఀ೐ϩϘ‫ܨ‬ȶЂಿც዆ࠛᛗጨȷ൵‫ڸ‬Ѓѹ‫ڎ‬ȃК ஼ც዆ࣆܹ൵୼ጨ೐ϝ‫ܨ‬ȶົࠑጨȷ൵‫ڸ‬Ѓѹ‫ڎ‬ȂฅѹࢺჅȮᇢ᜹ЂᣍȯȂ Ȯ೭чȯຈြӫȂᘘฅԺըѹࢺჅК஼КҴც໛ሂߞ࣋ြᗑᡌ౎ྻȂ࣏КҴ ც໛ሂѹࢺ಩ඞߡያЂ࡭ћ᜹౎ྻ൵ԺߞြӫѹࢺϠНϘȄ 2010 ՐࠐȂ֯ ऎԑ஼ࣆ‫܎۝‬৶ҍਯԑ஼ࣆ‫ߞ៉ྻ۝‬৔ຶԨණᢜሲҍȶЂߞྻ៉‫ا‬ంЙ‫ظ‬х ᅆೈ‫ݕ‬ౢᡋೈȷȂԯऎȶ‫ا‬ಎಎԳྑ຾ഺৎ஼ਛȷȂȶ஼ਛ۶ࣆܹൌ࣏‫ا‬ে ѭӓȂഺኃԺՐ‫ا‬Й‫ظ‬хᅆೈȂ࣏Йྐຜѭӓ౹൫࿭ȷȂԴК஼Ђ൙ᘕᎢє ୓Ђኝȇ‫ࢢێ‬Ձႋ៖ȶ99%ߞ܎৶ՐՐൌ‫ᝒظ‬՘ೈȂְះఀ99%ߞൌЙԪ੾ ཛྷȉഺৎዴՄ࣏ᅆҳгֶߞȄϘ‫ܠ‬ঋ࣏хᅆЖ࣏ӒፁߞཛྷȉЙ‫ڍ‬ఀ஬Ȅُৎ Ϡߞ‫࢘ڎ‬ЙԢȂ‫ا‬ះఀ‫ا‬ᘘ࣏૭ԴЂ؊ߞ‫ૈ׀‬ϯȷ‫࣏ـ‬ሬҍᢘϠȄ

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Իྰᓁႄΰᙓࡾ࢙ 7ѡ12џȂ‫ݚق‬ឈ๴ҍϞϘ౧ྋൾȈᡘሲ৔ຶ‫ܓܓ‬ᅷᖔȶԒ۶஼ଖౖȷȂ‫ا‬ ‫ݚ‬ሮȂ৔ຶ‫ܓܓ‬ፁᅁ࣏Ԓ۶஼ଖౖȂҪ࣏ఀϞᔚปઽȄ‫ێ‬Кѹঋգ‫ی‬ৎࠫ ਿȂНϘ࣏৔ຶᅷᖔȶԒ۶஼ଖౖȷᇍၳȂᑂྲົᇨඡᐱȂ7ѡ10џϯоȂ ȶ࢙॔݇៨ 90 ༉ՐԒ۶஼ଖౖ‫ڀ‬ԕࣿஜჴጨಽ‫ۏ‬ȷԴҔ‫ڴ‬஼ਛྻ៉Кѕᗝ ֖ȂѹࢺϠ৔ຶຈϠᖔఀȶԒ۶஼ଖౖϩЂ۞໸ϠߏȷߞᇍၳȇНϟ࣏ȂӤ ‫ڗݺ‬ऎԑ஼ࣆ‫܎۝‬৶ߞ৔ຶНࡈ๴ҍჅȶЂߞྻ៉‫ا‬ంЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈ‫ݕ‬ౢᡋ ೈȷȂԯऎȶ‫ا‬ಎಎԳྑ຾ഺৎ஼ਛȷߞ‫ڏ‬ᎢȂ‫ݚق‬ឈᓝНऎȶᔚปઽȷȄ ‫ݚق‬ឈत֌Դྋൾϯា᠈Ꭰ‫ھ‬ȈᎡ࣏Ԓ۶஼‫ݗگ‬۸ȉ‫ا‬ຍȈϬᇸⓝ⃔हᝯԋ ྽ᅷᖔ༰ᢜ‫ݗگ‬ጨȄ ԯऎ‫ݚق‬ឈߞȶ૰ບȷಿԺȂྋൾߞаਟϵ‫ڝ‬ിཇያȂԺਛК஼஼аᇨ૭ ൌឮहᚼႶȶ৔ຶఀԒ۶஼ଖౖጨᏎ‫ݚق‬ឈऔ᠛ȷߞྲᇷȄ7ѡ13џȂ৔ຶ Դ‫ێ‬ৎϠൾࢉϯ֯ҍ԰ᕕȂഺፔᛟऎȮ‫ݚق‬ឈȈְߞྋൾ‫ऻا‬Ϟȯߞൾћ ᇍȈȌȌ‫ۍا‬ᢜᖔఀߞ࣏࢙॔݇៨90༉ՐȆԒ۶஼ଖౖ‫ڀ‬ԕࣿஜȶϩЂ൰ҍ ᜹ങ՘බጨȷȄ‫ߞا‬಩ඞᖔጨྏ‫࣏ڏ‬ഺኃሲߞȈ۶Ԣ੡ᖔጨߞӣົցਰȃኒ ᠋߾ցਰȃ௺ាৣҁেहѧȂ‫ا‬ૌߞЙ୨ੋഺৎጨȂՂ‫ލ‬କଡ଼ߞ႖Ȃഺৎጨ ‫ا‬ଡ଼Ϟ‫א‬Ȅ‫ا‬཈࣏ޭϞᚚ྽ߞԍȂϫҍԩϫఀ‫ߞ׀‬Ȃ‫ߢا‬Ⴝ֋ЎȂ‫ׅྻا‬ϧ ߞȄȌȌ‫اܓܓ‬ం‫ڽ‬ٟះఀ֋Ў࣏ଖౖȂऽְକನႋȄЙჅȂ৔ຶߞሲ‫ڭޱ‬ ӏఀۖྐঋߞನႋȂԧᇌ‫ز‬ໞᗏԴᇨປϯປᜯЙທȄ ᅆ‫ݺ‬৔ຶߞႋ៖Ȃ‫ݚق‬ឈϵ‫ڭ‬ЙሮԢȂᘘ๴ࠑϞϘፔႵࠜߞൾࢉȂ௟֋Ўߞ ᣍᙇា᠈ਣ༟ȄϘരћՄ๗‫ݚقߞ׀‬ឈ኷ႽȈ‫ا‬ះఀ‫د‬஼ਛ۶ࣆܹညѭӓȂ ࣏Ϙৎ࢝ѣߞሲ‫ޱ‬Ȅ഼࠸‫ڽ‬ሲ஼ਛබ࣏࠲ᢒȂࣆܹබ࣏ߏᇒȂ࣏ૼກϠၑ‫ڽ‬ ߞȂҞЂਛᢖ๒ٟႬЈ஡࠲Չ۶ߏ྽඄Ⴥѭӓ‫א‬ȄȌȌऎЙຜ࠲Չ۶ߏ྽౹ གྷȂ৹‫ݏ‬ҹেஇఀԓਮȂϵಎఐԳЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȌȌഺዹߞᢑᓭ࢝ਮࡏȂ୵Ϟ ྻᐱ७К஼ഺৎЈ஡ϭѪႽࢺ᠈аⱏȂϘ‫ྻܠ‬ᐱ७ȶְ࣏ۖܺऎ៨ሲ႖ᘘ࣏ ऎցպ‫ܖ‬ሲ႖ȷഺዹߞᔽ‫ؠ‬ԩ‫ڏ‬фᄪ‫ؠ‬ቛ‫ڏ‬Ȅ НࢢȂ‫ݚق‬ឈᘘា᠈ѽኮ૯ࢤ፩ߞল੾Ꭰ‫ھ‬ႽȈഺৎ஼ਛȂԯऎᇌᇌ১ԯȂ ְ‫ا‬ൌ࣏ᕚЄȂѷЙ࣏ܶϬұࣹߞᕚЄȂᗝ஼ൌജϘੲऻЙ‫ߞڍ‬።ಝ຾Դᆊ


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Ӓ୽Ρσσོដൟ ‫ܛ؃‬ᝉ ক๷

ө዆ȄҞ㌕ၙᕚЄКᘘ࣏գ୼ϭНжߞȈߢႽ֋ЎԴᆊᕚߞȂ۶‫؞‬Ϟ֋ЎԴ ᆊᕚߞȄְဥҼබ៳‫ڤݺ‬ᇌ၃‫ۏ‬ϢᕚщಎߞȂȌȌҞ‫ا‬ঋ‫ט‬໦ְȂ‫ߞְ࣏ڤ‬ ёះȄщԺߞϠӔϯЙ୓ᐯ‫ر‬ЙۖЍ֯අ຾ࣲѱҷ֝຾୼ኊ‫ݗ‬ȂցϞѫм੡ ࡒ՘ఀႽ୼ᄃȂԯऎᑵ՘շࢢ୯಩ҍՀԺϬᇸ๕߽‫׀‬ЄȌȌ‫ێ‬ᅁְϵЙ࣏ऻ ЙۖȂ༟‫ְ࣏ܕ‬ႅऻЙۖȂࢢ‫ְڽ‬බૌऻЙۖϞȄ ϚІᄇ‫ޟ‬౩‫࡙ڙڷ܈‬ Й‫ظ‬хᅆೈȂԴ֘ўӔѹ஼ਛȂ࣏ϘԆࠧ௱ᛓ‫ڰߞ܈‬ఐȄ࣏֭ԴК஼Ȃࡒ࣏ ϘᇌૌᅁߞՅԴȂ‫ڭ‬ѷಎ‫ے‬ԳࠑႿϞК஼ࣆ޼ћм㡯Ϙᇌࠧ௱ᑾપߞನ݇Ȅ ᅁቫϯȂ৔ຶ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ȶЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷߞ൹‫ܕ‬ϠȂԴգ੯ҞࣤߞୃᔂКȂȶЙ ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷߞᰔᰔ࣏߰Ϙ֜ҨӦ॔᠋ߞЃ‫ݑ‬ȄӦ॔᠋ȂЃȂᆔ౉Ȃ1929Ր12 ѡӠȂЋ֘Ӏ༶֘࿛ϠȂ1953ՐҐϢК஼Ԓಯ៨Ȃԑ஼ൻஜጀፑȂԑ஼ϠЂ ҃ࠑȂႬѨѹਯ෪ჅјȂႬ۹ᗁನԫჅ༺ȂജկᑨӔᇍ֯ȶኂѨᢢ‫ڎ‬ȷȂՁ ϵ࣏К஼ఘϘం೐Ϙ‫ܨ‬ാԇۖ೐ϩϘ‫ߞܨ‬ԑ஼ϠЂ҃ࠑȄՁሲȂ55Ր‫ڽ‬ంٟ ‫ظ‬ჅхᅆೈȂȶ‫ࠧا‬௱ᐾ᠕Ԓಯ៨Ȅည҃ࠑබ࣏ঋᡘ៨ߞ႖Ȃ‫ا‬ం‫ڽ‬ٟգ‫ظ‬ ჅхᅆೈȄȷ ࢝‫ށ‬ᢖȂ৔ຶߞȶྑ஼ሲȷѧ୓Ӧ॔᠋ߞȶᡘ႖ሲȷȂᘘ࣏ঋӟࢵϭলߞȂ ഺ‫ݕ‬ധᢖӯϞ‫ی‬ৎϠంՐ៬ȃᐯᑢۖᏦᑢߞਮಳȄЙჅȂᐐᇒգ‫ڱ‬ധਮಳȂ ‫֜ی‬ȶЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷ߰ߞ௄ӎನ݇ࡒ࣏हԢȄԴК஼ཇ೚ߞࣆ޼ನ݇ညКȂ գȶၐϠ޼஼ȷߞఐຕȂ‫ڭౕؓ׈‬ѷ‫ݚ‬ሮ೚޼߰ᐾգѧജ೚޼߰‫ߞ୼ـ‬ข ዊȂѽթєታ஼ਛ‫ڕ‬ԨӒፁߞ๴ਣўԨȄԴК஼ȂȶၐϠ޼஼ȷߞఐຕ‫ڭ‬Й ቮঋᘳ౑Ȃంࢋ࢙੡҃ߞȶၐ‫ށ‬чЄȷȂۖ಩҃ߞȶஈЂᐱਰȷȃȶᗁന঍ ਰȷȂ๑ϘЙ࣏ഺᇌఐຕߞ಩ᅁᢜ಩ȄȶЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷᅁቫϯ࣏ᅆȶၐϠ޼ ஼ȷߞϘᇌ൤ᚃ፯ࢵȂࠑႿҍᅆ೚޼߰ขዊߞྰदȂԴȶЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷ߰ऻ ‫ڽ‬ȂϠӔ҃ࠑ‫ڭ‬Й࣏҃ࠑϠӔ‫ڽ‬ᆾရ۶৒ӒࣆܹЍ֯ߞȂփ࣏҃ࠑϠӔ‫ڽ‬ᐾ ᠕۶ᐯ೫ࣆܹЍ֯ߞȂ‫ظ‬хᅆೈ࣏ྌ࣎߰ᅆขዊ߰ߞЙ֋༓ϧߞࣄᐼȄ ҩҳȂК஼ࣆ޼ۘ࢘ߞന঍ȂϵѧႵަদзԪ஼Ϡߞཇ೚ࣆ޼ನ݇ȄԴཇ೚ ࣆ޼ನ݇КȂȶِԢՅಳȷ࣏Ϙ༵দঋߞ১ࡋȂഺ‫ڹ‬ఀϠЂȃࣆ‫۝‬ഺ‫ࣆ៉ڱ‬ ᑟᅹጄ‫ݺ‬ѽх෇ጿ஥ȂِఀԑᢜԢྍߞўՑ‫ڽ‬഍ನயᛟȂփ‫ڭ‬Йඈᡌӡࠑٙ ߞўՑȂѽьዴ‫އ‬ంԺዴ‫ڽ‬഍ನயᛟȂԯऎ‫ڤ‬ዹ֬Ѽྻգྫٙ៉ߞᡋࢃ‫ݑ‬Ȅ ӒԯऎՂթȂК஼ԑ஼ϠЂ഼௱഍ನயᛟߞј‫࣏ޱ‬ȂՂ‫ލ‬๴಩៉੯Դ୅Ꭲ ੡ȂᏎۖႵԺߞхᅆྍ‫ڍ‬Ȃࡋф੡ଡ଼԰৒‫ؼ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йࢧ‫ݺ‬ӹѾࠑٙȂԯթంӏ ๴ӠჅ៉੯Ꮞ‫׎‬ٙߞȶ‫ࣇڰ‬ȷȄ Ԫҕཎ࣏ᜲ‫܄‬ҕཎ Ղ‫ލ‬ѿ೟ᏦᡝȮ‫ݚق‬ឈȈְߞྋൾ‫ऻا‬ϞȯȂᘘ࣏କᢜۧۖ৔ຶ႖ሬ㡯‫ڤ‬ᇌ ܎்ߞ๑‫܉‬Ȅȶ‫اܓܓ‬ం‫ڽ‬ٟះఀ֋Ў࣏ଖౖȂऽְକನႋȷϘҮȂ࢝ࣘഹ Գ԰ᕕϞ‫ݚق‬ឈߞ‫ؽۯۯ‬ཕȂՂ‫ߡލ‬ӨϘᙇሲȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏ȶ‫ݚا‬ሮ‫ا‬ٟգᔃᔃ ᠠ୻Ȃְౕؓକ‫ݸ‬Ⴥ‫ا‬ȷȄፁᅁȂहѧ‫ݚق‬ឈᑾ‫ڽ‬ᑾ݀ߞȶЂ࠯লፑȷȂ৔ ຶ֋‫֌ܕ‬ೣ࣏‫ڶ‬ᓥ຾ᢜۘаߞԧᇌഢࡋ‫ؼڽ‬ᢏ֋ЎߞӠࣿȂϘӌៈஜഺ‫ڱ‬ഢ ࡋȂᅆՁ֋Ў‫߰ݕ‬බҞକ࣏Ϙඞ࿝൤Н‫٭‬ȄϵധȂ৔ຶቲգ‫ڱ‬Ϡਛկุ‫ڗ‬Й ӤЎНྏȂ‫ڗ‬ऎгಿϠߏȂգ຾‫ڗ‬Ԋߞॗ‫ف‬Ȃ੡‫ے‬ఀЈѕᗍᗍȂறறᓚᓚȂ ಎ‫ݏ‬ᇋంϾҍȂ࣏ѽхᅆೈϯంӏգჅՁߞԩՄȂ‫ݕ‬ധՁѕКϵգ֋ЎНዙ ࢤȂ֭ЂཕНϭ᝱ѽࠑগȂ࿢۶ߞ‫੾ݑ‬ϵަ‫ܠ‬Ձ᝱ѽ՘ऎՋᏟԊЄȄ փપӲᑾ֖ߞ‫ݚق‬ឈȂࡋ؆ԑٟգഺዹߞᠪ‫؟‬Ȅ൵՝‫ږڗظ‬ಧඡᐱН੡Ȃ ‫ݚق‬ឈබ࣏ৎȶ‫ە‬ᔝȷȂᅇᅇᏎК஼‫ࢋ۝ږ‬౭Ȃࡒϫᅇᅇ҄‫۝ږ‬๑Ҟ‫܉‬ ֣Ȅ 2010 ՐȂ‫ݚق‬ឈҍߍሃϠԪ຾ߞȮК஼‫ږ‬ಧаᅌȯȂє๴К஼‫ږ‬ᐪЂ ԳᏩȂయஜϞ‫ږ‬ᐪӇགႻஜȄЫՐѽ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ݚق‬ឈЙᙝ‫ڙ‬ቇ‫ز‬ໞ੡‫ڰ‬ȂҍߍȮ ‫ق‬Ҟጄ‫ୃݵة‬ȯഺዹаਟҍ֜ߞЈሲȂ‫ڭ‬ѷࢆֶᑾӲணᓴϠЂ҃ࠑȄࠛ௶գ РȈ࠯НЂ߰Ȃऎ஼ऎӔȄ‫ݚق‬ឈᇖЙᇖ࠯НЂ߰ȂЙକԽϭຕᎢȂ࣏֭࢝ ‫ށ‬ᢖҁ‫ڗ‬ϯգ຾ᑧদߞৎϠॻ༯ѹ၍֒௾Ȃ௱գᘵϼေϠ‫ߞٻ݀׍‬ઈཕȂ‫ݙ‬ ѽҁ෷‫־ڏ‬ϠЙ෷‫ڏ‬НሬȂ෷இ‫־‬ϠЙ෷இН‫ڰ‬Ȅ

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ညϘৎᘵϼေϠ‫࠯ߞٻ݀׍‬ЀȂჃϯϞЈѕᗍᗍȃறறᓚᓚߞ਴ЃЄ੡Ȃϫ ᕕႍՂ֣ᕕᅆ۸Ȅ‫۽‬๒Ȃ‫ݚق‬ឈҞѽ‫ز‬ໞ৔ຶ‫ڗ‬ऎࣆ‫܎۝‬৶Ȃ‫ݺܧ‬዁௅փЙ ዎ‫ێ‬ӔȂ࣏֭ᅆ‫ݺ‬ऎዴЙьߞցպ‫ڽܖ‬ሲȂഺᇌЈѕᗍᗍȃறறᓚᓚߞ՘ґ ўՑ‫ێ‬ᅁ࣏‫ێ‬ϠӠ཈գߞౕؓȂ‫ݚق‬ឈՂթѫϧԑ༟Գ‫ؽ‬ᕝ৔ຶȂ࣏‫҄ྻ׎‬ ഺ‫ڱ‬ցպ‫ۖྏܖ‬ҵౕ۸ȉхჅ‫ڽ‬ሲȂՂ‫ލ‬ऎϞᇯࢺᅆ৔ຶেߞ࿢ఐȂփ‫ݸ‬ౢ ऎӔ᎛‫ߞۻ‬യԇȂ‫ڤ‬۶ȶЙ‫ظ‬хᅆೈȷߞ৔ຶেϫգ֣஡‫־‬۸ȉԴഺዹᗞ᝱ ߞᓴᑄবࡈȂ‫ݚق‬ឈକ‫׎‬ӡҁߞขዊ‫ڽ‬ᝋ‫֋ށ‬Ў‫ږ‬ѽർԇᆾရࣆܹߞᚚയȉ ‫ݚق‬ឈᑾӲணᓴϠЂ҃ࠑȂᇨϯໞᎢЂᢜϯϘ७ҨՀȂౕؓഺዹߞྲᘿϧ༓Ȃ କ௉՘ऎయஜК஼ߤྻᢏভߞஜϧȄЙჅȂညЙьϠ‫ڶ‬᚞ᜃ෨຾ȶ৔ຶᄱȷȂ ӡ‫د‬஼ਛ۶ࣆܹညѭӓ‫֯ڽ‬ऎϯпНႽߞఐ޶ϭȂ‫ݚق‬ឈϵබӏӅକ؆ԑ҃ࠑ Ӕྍșș୓ፅӔѹۘ࢘ӎ‫ڗ‬ϵЙሮऎϘৎϠକ҃ࠑ‫ݙ‬գߞӔྍȄ‫ݕ‬ധ‫ی‬ৎԺѡ НࢢȂ‫ݚق‬ឈߞணᓴຕ‫ލ‬Ȃକ௉Ժь‫ט‬໦‫ا‬েϘ‫ڱ‬К஼ૌᅁߞӔྍ‫א‬Ȅ

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ኄ֙Ңᇭԫ଻࿋ࣀ଻ᚂ ॷ෫‫ݖ‬໢‫ܘ‬ᓍਢᡐᇺԉ? ћʟҏѐጡᒮഋ ᄦʟKing's Cube Facebook

ӴЍΡӻ‫ॷޟ‬෫ዂԇ୰ᚠ࢐෫Ρҗ࡯‫ޟ‬ၗᚠȂߖԑ‫؁‬ҥܻॷ෫ࢇ‫ܚۺ‬௰ю‫ޟ‬ฒ૖ࢇ ๊Ȃх෫Ρᜲо॒ᐊညཾȂ࣏ΟȶԤҟᎍᓞȷȂ೎ܻஅቹ‫ޟ‬Ρρ୲Ԥۨ՞ѫ૖ܹήΙ ஻‫ޟח‬᠖ࡐ‫ڷ‬ೝᆎ࣏㣇‫ࣥܘ‬Ս්؅‫ݖޟܘ‬໢‫้ܘ‬નߜၶ࣏ۣ߯‫ܘޟ‬໢ȄߖРॷ෫߯Ԥ ӻӪॷ෫ϛМσᏰ᛺೚‫ޟف‬ᆈρ౳ཾҡ੫ॼਝᇺ๼ዂዺኄ֙Й‫ݲ‬Ȃ‫ីܯ‬Ιࢲ௰᎛՝ܻ ౏Ы㢑ȂѫԤ16.4ҁП֐‫ݖ‬໢‫ޟܘ‬฻аȶKing's CubeȷȂ฻аܹ‫ڗ‬ᆩΰࡣᓍ։Е ଔσ໔෫ΡࣥՍ੕ѴΡρ‫ޟ‬ଆ፣ȂᄠՍ2011ԑ7Т19Р࣏ХȂᘈᔞᘲ។‫ޟ‬ΡኵϐԤ ႉ10.7࿲ΡȄ ȶᄂҢ౥100ʦȷ‫ޟ‬㣇‫ח‬ ഺࣱॗ6жԺៗȂԩऎȶKing's Cubeȷߞ๺ѯȂ ࣏ӤϘԩ‫्ڗ‬ຊ੔֘ႅߞѹࢺϠȂԨᣍಿЬ೜Ϙৎ ֜‫ݺ‬ಎѪ㣐ߞȶ‫־‬፜ȷඏ֜ȄԴ௲ታᣍಿᣍᎫӯ ፑඏ֜ࡈȂѹࢺϠԐऎЂਛЬ೜ඏ֜ߞ‫ݙ‬ԴԳԳನ ֜၉ᔹ໸ȂЙ֭ӹ഼ў࠮Ȃփѷұ۹‫׮‬գЙԢߞઐ ༢ȃԃᐵനࣉ‫ڻ‬ѽ֝ࢉ‫ڹ‬ӡȄ‫ࢢێ‬ѹࢺϠ࠮௲ታ ᣍಿҝऻ֜‫ݺ‬Ϙኼ৫ጁаߞӯፑඏ֜Ȃ‫ࢽڭ‬ഺਲ਼Ն ‫ܣ‬Ђ྇௟գҞକ‫ؼ‬ԩऎȶՆ‫ܣ‬җਫȷȇԴ‫ڕ‬་Ђ྇ ࢢȂѹࢺϠ࠮ჃϯϘԩ‫्ڗ‬Ө֒ᚃ‫އ‬ȃјே॓୧ߞ ֝ࢉȂࢽӤթҞ‫ݺ֝ܧڍ‬թߞ֝ࢉ‫ڗ‬жᢖሿȄփᅆ ‫ݺ‬৫ጁа‫ڹݙ‬ӡߞϠјᝯࠝ᚞Ցც౗ȂѹࢺϠࡋѽ ȶᜃ᚞ന঍ȷѹᛟ‫؛ڽ‬ਟȂ‫ࠑـ‬ӯႍന঍ȶᏋԪୠ ِࡡۧӠࣿߞ֝ࢉȷ‫֝ܧݙ‬Ȅ ഺৎȶඏϠඏ֜ȷߞ‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬Ȃᘵ๒বᒕҪգ 16.4 Ӏў‫׏‬ȂӺ‫׈‬ҪҞ‫ݸ‬ϭϘ௺ඏϠ㤽Ȃ֭ԴѯࣱКѹ ࢺϠхѽȶ๑‫ڕ‬ශ֜ȷȃȶ๑ࣗ֜ȷȂѽфȶᅁӡ বᒕႿ100ʦȷ֯ऎᎱᙇȂϫ௟ቮঋԒӡࣾј༡ߞ ૿ᙇሲ՘࣏ऎ࠲ࢺ‫ݗ‬༡౻ጒȄ୵թНҳȂѹࢺϠ‫ـ‬ ࠑӯȶԳ‫࣏ޕ‬ӡӼገࣷѢߏਫ਼‫ݙ‬ൄȷȂϩжढ़ӡȇ ‫ݗ‬༡ߞҩϘપ֒Ȃࡋ࣏ᐾգȶԑч৏ұ‫ܞ‬ЂຄȷȂ ‫ࢉ֝ڹ‬ҞԴࡡᕀ୧ߞԢ੡‫ޟ‬Ꭻຄҳұ‫ܞ‬฀֒Ȅփຄ ҭߞ༳ӮӺജѹࢺϠ‫؛‬ਟ‫ڹ‬ӡȶ஼ቫ൤ૺӡਫ਼ȷൄ ՘Ȃ‫ێ‬ຄҭᘘళӡϞȶܼ֩ന঍ȷȂҞ௟ຄҭܼ֩ ՘੸বȂຠӡߩ༡ȄЙჅ൵ऎᓝ‫࣏ߞە‬ȂѹࢺϠԴ Ь೜Ϟഺৎ‫ޕ‬༡‫ߞݗ‬Հ഍НࢢȂ‫ࠑ׈‬ӯৣЖ‫ऻݙ‬Ȃ ᖒ���Й֭భգည҃᜹ങਛ֯ࡡȂ‫ݗ‬༡ႆ‫ݸـ‬գ᠐ ᖍȂවऴЈนߏȂ॓୧ȃMac Book Proຈ࿂‫ۍ‬Ӡ ࣿࡡۧߞඏ֜཈៳ணւȂᔌࢢ‫ـ‬௲ታᣍಿᣍᎫૌӒ ߞ‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬Ȃ୵Ϟ 1 ௺㤽ф 2 ུѢࣛȂҞକാຄϵٟ գȂփ૧ࠛࡒঋ୼Ⴟ100สЮϘ౎Ȅ ၓ஻Ϛᄂ‫ޟ‬ᇺԉኄ֙ Ӥ‫ࠕݺ‬ՐԴশสያ‫ߞݸ‬ጁጹዃ‫ט‬ӡໟџᆙ႒௺ሹ ົȂգ‫ڍ‬фթȂഺවԩᇇЀಲ྽ӠԴϯႶ๺ѯߞᇨ ૭ሲ‫ށ‬Ȃࢽഺը‫៷ݮ‬๺ѯપѽӼੜᏚழሹՈߞȶԳ ಯሬ‫ڏ‬ȷȂ‫ڽ‬యᏚϘৎԴ֜‫ݺ‬ಎѪ㣐ߞ‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬Ȃ๒ փႍ‫ݗ‬༡ߞȶ؆ຠȷന൯ࡒҪ៳ӯፑඏ֜‫ݙ‬գȇҁ েౕؓକ൅Ⴥዃ‫ט‬К၃௱ҍ಩ߞȶԳಯሬ‫ڏ‬ȷȂє ୓ߤྻᅆ಩Ы૧ࠛ‫ހ‬໳ȃ‫֝ܧ‬ᖖᄩબ૫ȃጁՆЙԪ ನߩ༡ߞႻӡȃӯፑඏ֜ߞЙᅁфᏚழጁጹߞଣᚱ

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ј‫ޱ‬գ‫ݙ‬хࢥȄҁে‫ࠢـ‬ϯ‫ێ‬facebookߞാຕȂ ‫ڹ‬ᣍಿϞႋ‫ـ‬ԺՂ֣ႻӡȶԳಯሬ‫ڏ‬ȷሦൄொົྐ ᄊߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅ ་ϢϯগߞfacebookാຕࢢȂЖ๴಩১ӎഺවԩ ᐯӠ୵Ϟ֋Ўஜјႅⱕႍ‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬ȶӯፑඏ֜ȷѽ‫ڻ‬ ‫៷ݮ‬๺ѯНҳȂᘘԞሦϞழጁ੩ȂညКӺȶணւȷ ϞЙь಩੡ழጁ੩ߞஇ‫ޱ‬ȂҒࣁ௟Ђ྇ȶҐ୼ȷ фҐϯࠛԍ୯୯ߞੜ‫ލ‬ȂҐϢȶᇟࡡሹՈ ೟ᒵࡡ ۧȷຈϾၳ‫؛ڽ‬ਟȄփfacebookϯӺգిఱՂ֣ Ⴛӡ7‫ݢ‬Ȃ௟ȶ㤆‫ݗ‬ȷᢏ՘ȶሹՈȷȈ (Ϙ) ঵Ԑ ‫ڹ‬ӡۘᄦЍ‫ۍ‬Ղ Photoshop ௟Ϙ࢙ᒝᢏఀࠛᇅᏂ ࿴ȇ(ϟ) ᓴᑄ֋ЎඈᡌߞᣍᄩȂЙϘ‫࣏ܠ‬ంਛႆૌ ᅁऻۖ฀֒ȇ(Ϭ) ऎጁՆদྲ‫ؼ‬ԩȂᘖֺ‫ڹ‬ӡȶЂ 㦠ȷຈԩໟȂ௟Н‫ؼ‬ऎȶЋȃ୕ȃㅊȃ‫ܧ‬ȃҗਫȃ чϭȃᣉȃሹࠝȃऱ࿒ȃࡱȃ㣵ȃਪȃᣉષȃч 㣊ȃઔȷഺ‫ڱ‬Ⴕգઈཕф୼ૺߞԩՄȇ(ұ) ႅ৒ȶ 㤆‫ݗ‬ȷȂҐϢՂ᜹ങਛߞ֯ࡡȂЈนߏȂ॓୧ຈߏ ࡡኧҐӠࣿࡡۧȇ(У) तኃ੡৏ൌ्຾ӒႅȂȶ൵ Հ֣੡֣Գൌјੋ຾Ϙ‫॓ޓ‬୧ȷȇ(б) ‫ڹ‬ӡ௻Ђߞ ϾၳȂՂȶප໳බ࣏ѧϠ‫ڳ‬գ‫୼ـ‬Գ֜ȷȃȶප໳ ‫ ົކ‬ԩՈოᡤȷȃȶ‫ױ‬ᐾѵधૺӹ഼ᇨႮ ര഼ԑ ಧȷຈ҇Ӌ຾ȶප໳ȷՄೀߞϾၳȄ ๺ѯȶKing's Cubeȷ‫ۖݸ‬ᇨϯࢢᔌ‫׈‬є୓Ђ༓ส Ϡत֌ઔҳϠЀߞ୅ᎢȂ୵ϞЙьสϠԴᣍऻ๺ѯ ࢢЂ඄ഺ࣏শสߞ෌ࡖȂশสࣆܹߞ๑କѽфࠑӯ ࣏‫ܡ‬஥кຕߞຕ‫ލ‬Ȃत֌գઔҳϠЀࠑӯԢఐสϠ ߞ഍ᄩȂփӺգЙь԰ᠩᅆ‫ݺ‬๺ѯК‫ڹ‬ӡԳಯ஥ߞ Ꮪழј‫ޱ‬хᓝ‫ە‬ԳಯᠦᡋࠑӯᣙᎫȄߞፁȂࠕՐ‫ڽ‬ Й᝱๴಩ȶප໳ȷȂȶ୼Գ֜ȷຈՄೀ՘ऎϞഺ‫ڱ‬ ȶሹՈȷዃ‫ߞט‬௱ࢉȂዃ‫ٷߞט‬Ѓѹ‫ڎ‬බӒՂϯগ ‫ݙ‬෡኷ȂԴਛКϘ‫्ڗ࣏ܠ‬຾ӒႅȂјੋ຾Ϙ‫॓ޓ‬ ୧Ȃবᅆ຾ᇯԺ‫ڲ׀‬สഺৎȶ๑ዲઔ฀ȷሃуϠ᎘ ૯ȄЙჅ‫ڰ‬ᅁϯȂՂȶKing's Cubeȷ๺ѯѹྍߞ ൹֯߰Joeత‫ۦ‬ണய੡ࠑӯȂഺ‫ڱ‬Գಯӡሬ዆ᠩϞ สϠᅆನྐӠࣿф‫ܠߞݙܧ‬၍фನႋȂ֭‫ێ‬ᅁҹে ࢝ԺߞҒႅȂ‫ڼ‬Ղ֘ႅȃ॓୧ຈੲӎሃඏ֜๑ᝯȂ փ௟ഺ‫ڱ‬ӡሬਇԴहхߞߩ༡ - Ҫգ16.4Ӏў‫׏‬ ߞ‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬Ȃх࣍ҍ಩੡Գಯዃ‫ט‬ѽфӡሬଣᚱН ᏶Ȃ‫࣏ـ‬ຜПสϠϘৎхࢥߞߩ༡Ȅ

ዉࢸԒҡࣀ=౩དҡࣀȉ ‫ێ‬ᅁົփЙᅁߞԳಯዃ‫ט‬՝ЏԴশสᅇ‫ڍ‬ЙᘿȈົ ֗ग़‫އ‬ȃᣢ‫ئ‬ȃѪ෿ᑶȃህྻȃҳ஼ϠȃஆЂߞገ ࣷഄཀྵȃᛨ୺ȌȌۖܺϯগഺ‫ົڱ‬ដߞඞ฀Ȃሃႍ ጁጹϫգ֣ᝯ࠼۸ȉ࣏‫׎‬ᘉϢඏ֜ࢢ࠮କჅ຾Ղԩ ౕࠝ౉ଠᢖሿȃᔹ໸ȃප໳ॎҍߞӠࣿ۸ȉ‫ـ‬ऎҞ ૯ߞ࣏ȂӇᇖ၉྽ߞϠЀ൵ᝯзߞጁՆԳᙇ֜၉Ȃ ዃ‫ט‬ႆЂԺዴҪྻ‫ߢט‬ϘৎȶЂॗȷ֜၉Ȃ֭‫ڰ‬ᅁ ϯࡒ࣏हਮ໼ᛓतቈȈ‫ڼ‬Ղশสߞൌྻጁጹ‫ށށ‬ ࣏֜‫ݺ‬Ꭰ฀ᕏȂЙჅዃ‫ט‬ൣԴԳᄦКᙇҍϞࠛៗ۶ Ջْ۬‫ی‬ᙇȂ๒ࢢሲጁጹ࣏ȶབྷᇸᠠႮ‫ی‬።ሹՈһ ᅹȷȂᢰϠѽऎጁጹ໼ᛓК஡۶Ջْ۬࢝ࠕȇփН ࡈশสߞҗЋϘၳጁጹԴ‫ົێ‬ដߞዃ‫ט‬Кࠑӯ࣏֜ ‫֣ݺ‬ћӣȂ֭‫ڰ‬ᅁϯႍጁጹߞૌӒ֜၉ਲ਼ၢ‫ݺ‬੟᝝ ߞϿӝᣉ஡Ȃ‫ڤ‬Й࣏ՅԴሱᐱНཻཛྷȉ ᝱Ⴝഺ‫ڱ‬؆ԑٟգаਟߞዃ‫ט‬ȂҪऻఀ‫ڍ‬ӡᔀᠠ۶ ᓿுूҍ‫ߞڽ‬వඞሃொົȂໍёߞ௣ࣶሃࢵࠛȂබ ࣏สϠߞȶನྐӠࣿȷཛྷȉ಩ᅁКϫ࣏‫׎‬ૌߞᐾգ ᄊዃ‫ٷߞט‬Ѓѹ‫ڎ‬ଠȂჅ຾༢੡ᛨᛨ୺ȂሃуϠࡡ ᕀ॓୧‫ޟ‬ᎫЋ฀‫ݕ‬ઔ฀ߞԃ༢Ӡࣿ۸ȉЙჅ‫ـ‬ऎҞ ෌ߞ࣏ȂԴഺ‫ڱ‬Գಯዃ‫ט‬๺ѯߞ԰ᕕ៼аȂૌߞգ ϠЂЂᗏԳࠑӯȶഺබ࣏‫ا‬ಲӠᐬ୽ߞನྐ۶ӫ ዾȊȷᐐᇒЂਛൌ౻྾‫ށ‬ӨጁՆߞᅁᢜȂЪ࣏Ϙኸ ϣӾȃԳᒕѧ‫ߞ୼࢝ڼ‬ԺኸЂ྇ඏ֜Ȃሃዃ‫ט‬К‫ݙ‬ ਣӯߞȶገࣷՑȷӠࣿ؆ԑ‫ص‬Йϯᝯ࠼ȂЙჅُՐ ᘘ࣏գЂுЂுߞҾӔȂӟ᝸దҍҗӠᒕሊȂ֝་ ഺӨᙄᡕ㡯Ȃऎߞ཈࣏Ϙ੡ߞᔹ໸ྏȄ УϩՐ҃ߞᡕ࢏۶‫ޕ‬༡‫ݗ‬ԓ࢘ҍ಩‫ݺ‬শสഺৎ஼ቫ ൌྻȂশสࣆܹ‫ݙ‬యҍߞ๑କ‫ࣆ࢏ݗ‬ຉ۶ᑟۘፁᅁ ࣏঵ည‫ێ‬ᎏ᝱᝜‫ۼێ‬ȂЙჅӒ࣏ԯऎȶգҾඞЖྻ գϠஇȷȂԴ಩Ыഺȶ๑ՈЙሹȷߞশสȂంഺ‫ڱ‬ ಽ֖֭ົփЙᅁߞጁጹዃ‫ט‬КȂ‫ا‬েЙ᝱ऻۖশส ߞߤྻኊৃ۶ኊৃᣍȂᙩੲ‫ܺۼ‬ᘘ࣏สϠᕕ֯֋‫ا‬ хषȂӒ࣏ԯऎգЙьสϠ௟ଣᚱߞ‫ڰ‬ఐԪನмȂ ೫ᅚᢰԳಯ஥ѽഺᇌሱᐱј‫ޱ‬యዃ‫כ‬єᘉ໴‫ێ‬ጁՆ ߞࢉϠȂЖᢰഺ‫ڱ‬Գಯ஥գᑟҞষȂϘփԓȂԓփ ϬԳయҍഺ‫ڱ‬ሱᐱϠߞዃ‫אט‬ȉ


༁ߜӴࢲ

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Ԥᜰࢥၚџᖒ๜RBSMorgans‫ཾࢸٳ‬୛кᆓങ੝৳

଒ငੑ਀ ӈդᅸ୰᠍ߔᖒ๜ҏ՗ࢥၚȄ

ᐬࢸ޶ѿড‫ݙ‬

Raymond Chan www.raymondchan.com.au

Raymond Chan Head of Asian Desk RBS Morgans ग़஼ӔѹфԒ۶‫ی‬៨බ෩୼ग़஼஼ཅϯনា᠈᎘ֿȂҐϯྍЂ‫׀‬யᛟઙҍѪ বȂገࣷཅசԟᑟ෋мȂҾඞ਻ྖߞ຀࢘ҞྐփߢȄ‫ڹ׈‬Դഺৎ྽ᖻгֶ‫ܞ‬ ࢘Ȃग़஼гҦळ‫׀‬Ђ඼‫ؼ‬ຠȂ‫ظ‬Ⴄઈ‫ޤ‬ϵ᝱ѽՀᚼȄ ҏ՗ं‫ـ‬ഋϷ‫ݙ‬छ୽୽༆ΰ३୰ᚠ ӎ֖Ȟऱਛែ੾᠋቙֖ȅዝੲȟߞग़஼ࣆܹ‫ڰ‬ச௞ਛླྀҺᆬሮऎȂग़஼Ԓ۶ ៨фӔѹ៨գϘৎ࢝᛼ߞ֯লȂබ࣏ඈᡌ‫ڰد‬ఐ‫ۖݳ‬൵ࢢনงȄ෱‫ڏ‬НȂᘵ ๒ग़஼෩୼ཅনߞ൵ࢢনง࣏8ѡ2џȂ‫ی‬៨࢝գҞକ‫ڰد‬ఐ‫ۖݳ‬8ѡ5џȂत ֌8ѡ7џȄ ླྀѐ୺ӎ‫ڽ‬௙ౕԴӏ‫ڽ‬ϩՐࡇิ༟њ4ေኆग़ЮȂҒࣁ൅ჅҐກ‫ڽ‬ኧҐࣆܹ՜ ϢȄ֭Ԓ۶៨ிٙхᅆҐກ࢙៉Ȃ‫ิࡇد‬඼࢘ิ֌2.4ေኆग़ЮȂ‫ڭ‬࿤൯Դग़ ஼੡༡ӎ༉ϟ๼ᛐಿ៉୰Ȅ ேຊ੡ग़஼஼ྻЪӏ‫ظ‬ೈȂ֭ჰਫ਼ў੯ЙᖔӔѹ៨ߞњࢺȄ Ӕѹ៨ሮऎࣆܹഢጀщЂȂ༟њჅһȂϫሮऎҐກЙ࣏ኧҐࣆܹ՜Ϣߞգੜ јࣱȄఘഺᇌȶЈࣆܹȷ۶ȶิກхփኧҐࣆܹ਱‫ݗ‬՜Ϣȷߞѹ௺ȂԴ಩ᅁ К࣏‫׎‬ૌߞҞ֖ȂᅁԴ‫ڍ‬Х‫ڍ‬ขȄ֌‫ݺ‬Ԓ۶៨գྍ᠁गКϭ༥ኸߞ‫ૈ׀‬Ȃླྀ ѐ୺Џࠑ‫ށ‬Йྻ‫۝؁‬Ȅ

QE3‫ޟ‬ଜࡦ ֌‫ࠕݺ‬งጤ႖ߞ QE3 Ȟ೐Ϭը༓мኵ᛫నࣉȟȂຊ߰ЏԴԺৎඞԪࠑ‫ށ‬Ȃ

(ყΙ)

ग़஼యҍQE3ߞҞକ‫ݑ‬ЙЂȄ༷ߢႽग़஼Ԑࡈయҍ‫ی‬ը༓мኵ᛫ߞӫߞ࣏ᘖ ഼ֺᖺȂணऻϭᄦȂӫࡈᗑᔼ؊ߞУՐቈง‫׮‬ᓊ഼ຫತȞ5-year Forward ȟЪ๒୼‫ݺ‬ग़஼యҍ ੡ߞ Ȃ۶‫ݦ‬ҍ QE1 2% QE2੡ Breakeven Inflation Rate ߞ2.2%ȄᄦϘȈᗑᔼ؊ߞУՐቈง‫׮‬ᓊ഼ຫತ ϯ༉ӎ֖ߞলᔍ।ૼࢽዴᢖ຾෋мȂం+0.4ༀ֌-0.2ৎዾ࿤ਮȞԓըༀ्წ ߞѪӀȟȄႤࠛࢺ᠈ࣹҍᑫࣷߵೈ௄ࠛȂϯ༉ࣹҍߞࠛᛝ୼Ⴟ4730ေग़ЮȂ ұৎѡࣹҍࠛᛝ୼Ⴟ8400ग़ЮȄ ௄‫ݺ‬ग़஼‫ی‬៨ඈᡌ‫ڰد‬ఐ‫ۖݳ‬൵ࢢߞ᛼֯লȂҐϯገࣷঋႋٙཅசԟᑟᘘգ ᆝᆝࠜႮȂߵҾ๺งаᘘ࣏ྻஜᖜЙՉȄ

‫ࢸٳ‬ѿൟ‫ٷ‬ณϛ෈ࣼԁ ћ/ नოᓸ౩଒ོॎৱ Ӥ‫ݺ‬ҝՐЂൊжߞ‫ظ‬ႤҾඞѻຠҞඵȂԓҐϯ࢝Ժ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰ൌᑉѕԑѵधߞ෇ ๩ࠧ௱Н଑਴Ȃាփ዆ᠩգ༉ง‫ݑ‬ѽфҍϾऎѹϧߞ‫ࣷڲ‬஼ਛȂ‫ݙ‬ѽԴ‫ࣷڲ‬ ‫ظ‬ႤҾඞԴ2010ՐՐงࠑ಩‫ێ‬ᅁ࣏हညѻຠҞඵȄᘵ๒൵ࠕߞॎ๴‫ڰ‬ԆКҒ ࣁϞҔࠧѽфࠠ‫ֱݛ‬஼ਛߞஜᖜԓҐϯџӎߞЂԳᏩȂ֭Դӏ‫ڽ‬ዴѡᄧ਄ၢ ‫ܠ‬НࢢȂ֤঍ЫՐϭҗՐЂਛྻहࠫग़஼हᅆଽଡ଼ߞҞକ‫ുݑ‬ᆙઐҵȂփ‫ظ‬ Ⴄ߰௟ྻࢭ෇ᅆ‫ظ‬ႤҾඞߞࠫѕȂփ༟‫ྻܕ‬ୠِ԰ඡႵ୼ߞলᔍႤಯȂփం Ђ༓ߞ቙֖‫ܠ‬งՅภѽфࣆܹཅ‫ۓ‬ᅙᅙԳᚼೊۖѵधԧԳߞߵೈҾඞȄՂ‫ލ‬ ഺϘৎऻ‫࣏ޱ‬Ӓፁߞ႖Ȃ‫ࣷڲ‬ѹঋߞҾඞ‫ڼ‬Ղᘹ஼ȂҭᣉѽфК஼Դশสϯ ҾߞHߵߵೈ௟ྻ‫ۖۦ‬हညЂߞୠదȄԯऎഺවৎҾඞȂᘹ஼ȂҭᣉȂК஼ѽ фশสߞHߵൌ࣏ԴϘৎࠧ௱Н༟‫ߞݸ‬ҾඞȂԓҐϯӫࡈߞҾৃहညӀߡȂփ ညѵधߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄጤᓿ༟‫ܕ‬ୠదলᔍႤಯ੡Ȃഺ‫ڱ‬Ҿඞ௟ྻ೐Ϙ‫ۦ‬෎Ȅ Դഺ‫ڱ‬ҾඞНКȂᘹ஼‫ێ‬ᅁ࣏Ϙৎ၃‫ߞۏ‬൵Հ‫ڼ‬ЄȂᅆϘৎहညգഢጀߞ၃ ᕻᢜ‫ێڀ‬Ҿඞ࣏हᅆԳࠧ௱༟‫ݸ‬Ȅփࡑᘹߞሦൄ஥ࡡҍϾᅆ‫ێ‬ᗁᢜ၃ᕻߞѧ ‫ڼ‬Ⴟۖ45%Ȃഺ۶Ԟ࢘ߞ13%हѧȂᅆѵध෇๩ߞᅸ౛዆ᠩ࣏ࠧ௱Н୼Ȅԓ Ґϯᘹ஼ӫࡈߞߵҾ࣏ᅆ‫ێ‬ҁ‫ࣷڲ‬஼ਛգࠧ௱Н୼ߞ‫ض‬ՙȂՂ‫ލ‬ѽ2011ߞҾ ळತ‫ڽ‬ሲȂӫࡈҪ࣏Ⴟۖϩ঺Ȃहᅆ‫ڽ‬ሲ࣏ϩжН࠮‫ܢ‬Ȅ ѽԢϘўՑѧႵȂҭᣉሃК஼ߞгҦӺԴ2010ՐߞԢงࠑ಩փԓҐϯഺ‫ی‬ৎԳ ஡ҭᣉሃК஼гҦߞࠑ಩ൌգहည୼ߞ‫׀‬ጛኧࠜߞᝯ࠼Ȅ‫ێ‬2010ՐߞҾळತҪ ࣏ϩϟ঺Ȃഺ۶ჅҝУՐӀ‫׮‬Ҿळತߞ13.5঺գ֌ь12%-13%ߞ‫ض‬ՙȄ ‫ظ‬Ⴄ߰Ղ‫ྐލ‬Դഺ‫ڱ‬Ҿඞᖔ‫ߞ׀‬႖ȂҞѽւዋഺ‫ڱ‬ҾඞߞϘ‫ࢽڱ‬ዴ‫࣏߰ݕ‬න գഺўব၃ᢚߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ၃ನ‫ݙ‬൹֯ߞ‫ࣷڲ‬௄ࠛփஇҍԴೡԪႆҐ་Ϟഺ‫ڱ‬ѧႵ ୼ኧࠜԳ஡ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄփ෩୼‫ێ‬ᗁᢜೡԪߞ԰ඡತȄ

ႫၗȓĩıĴĪġĺĶĸĵġijĹĴĴġġġġ༈ઍȓĩıĴĪġĺĶĸĵġijĹĺĺ ŘŦţŴŪŵŦȓŸŸŸįŨŸŪůŴŶųŢůŤŦįŤŰŮįŢŶ ijıĶġŔűųŪůŨŷŢŭŦġœŰŢťĭġŔűųŪůŨŷŢŭŦġŗŊńġĴIJĸIJ 20

թћൢ៳‫ݺ‬Ϙଠ‫ߞݑ‬Ⴄਫ਼Ȃ‫ڭ‬Йକ҃ࠑԇ֣ߞ‫ظ‬Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ୑ߞࢽᐱȄՂգྍஇԇ֣‫ظ‬Ⴄ‫ݕ‬ನ୑ў বߞٙ‫ܠ‬Ȃ᎛ԐԨఋߞໜҊನ୑௞ਛ‫ྻݕ‬঍ਰࣤ႙Ȃ‫ݕ‬ᗑປ१ᄜᔷನ୑‫ڰ‬ச‫ݙ‬Ȅც႖(02) 9211 0228; ᇨ‫׬‬: www.simonwu.com.auȄ१ᄜᔷನ୑‫ڰ‬ச‫࣏ݙ‬Premium Wealth Management (AFSL No: 237498)ߞ՘৶НϘȄ


଒ငੑ਀

ߜᓀ༘ܲѿΙ‫ں‬ᆣक़

7Т11Р - 7Т15Р Julius Wei

ཱིՙ៌GDP)ኵᐃԙϷࣨᘈȂᐬϯહᄌٖ༖౪Ϸ‫ݢ‬ ϬЂ஥ࡡറᅋᑫЮȃ૸ᅋ۶ҐЮԴӎ۹ָग़Юᆚༀ ЙϘȄ ంѽϭߞᅆѧᄦКҞѽऻۖȂԴԢዹ૿ѻዴᑂ‫ە‬ᑬ ߞࡈҗ۹ȂᑫЮ۶૸ᅋ‫ڕ‬ཕ؆ԑϘ७ȇ֭ᑫЮ۶૸ ᅋԴࢢҗ۹‫ڕ‬ཕ‫ށ‬ᢖҍ಩ж‫ޡ‬ȂжѪᕏබԴྲ֘᠋ ўবгֶߞ೐Ϙ‫ ࢘ܞ‬GDP ዴᑂȄႍ஼ԴЫՐ೐Ϙ ‫ߞ࢘ܞ‬GDPႵҝՐ೐ұ‫࢘ܞ‬ኧࠜ୼Ⴟ0.8%Ȃ໹Ⴥ Ϟࡈงኧࠜ඼࢘ȄթҳȂ‫ێ‬Րತኧࠜ୼Ⴟ1.4%Ȃ ϵ໹ჅϞҾඞჰงߞ0.5%Ȅഺ҄Ҿඞᅆ‫ݺ‬թࢢߞ ྲ֘᠋၃ᕻኧࠜ‫ـ‬Ґ‫ۍ‬գࠫѕȂϵҐിϞϠেᅆྲ ֘᠋቙֖ҐਿߞჰงȂഺ‫ڹ‬ఀ૸ᅋԴዴᑂгֶࢢЂ ᆚϯպᙇȂ൵୼ៈф 0.85 ѽϯߞ୼֜Ȃԓ࢘‫ྲ۔‬ ᑢҫ୼ᙇȄ (ᄦϘ) ᣍౕࢢҾȂᑫЮ๺งߞ਴ཕѧႵ‫ށ‬ᢖȂࠜงߞџᄦ ϯᢖӯҍ஡༡԰ၢߞႫ໪ȂࢢงҞକᘘգា᠈ऻߩ ߞஐԨȄᅆ‫૸ݺ‬ᅋփ‫ڏ‬Ȃ๺งᆚཕ‫ݸ‬፤ȂᏩᒿጹᑋ ߞ੾؊Џ၃ᢖ಩Ȃփѷϯў‫ܕ‬ೣবᗜᑢҫ൵୼ኊ֜ ߞࠡᐿȂঋྐ་Ϙَܼ᠈ᆚཕȂᘘգ࢞௻ࠡॎ૔Н ࢢԓា᠈ऻᆚȄЙჅ‫ڕێ‬ཕႵᑫЮ‫ـ‬ҐጄᣍȄ ղࠒպ‫࡙ڍ‬ᖿၗᡁ༄ѿൟȂछϯσൽ‫ݰ‬ଢ଼ ۹ϘȞ7ѡ11џȟग़ЮࢽዴߞႯߩ୼༟Ȃᢖӯҍ‫ظ‬ Ⴄ߰૾૾ᚼԨग़Юȃငড۶џЮຈᘖᔍႤಯȄ་Ϣ ۹ϟȞ7ѡ12џȟНࢢȂᔌ຾ग़ᗑᔼྻ៉॔ঋߞг ֶȂग़Юࢽዴᚙᚼ‫ڕ‬ཕȄ॔ঋКᢖӯՂ‫ލ‬ग़஼၃ᕻ Դӏ‫෇ߞڽ‬ែി࢘ჅᅙȂҵ྽ತ‫୼ܧ‬ЙϭȂ഼ຫѪ ӀٟգщЂߞ෩୼Ȃҁে௟ཉԨ‫ڹݺ‬ӡ‫ـ‬Ժߞࣆຉ Ѝ‫ڽۍ‬యஜ၃ᕻኧࠜȂ҄ग़ЮᕕᗏϭༀȄᔌࢢग़ᗑ ᔼѹਯֱࡑֹԴ஼ྻ֯ᝋȂ෩ۖҞକయҍ QE3 ‫ـ‬ ࣏ҐদϞग़ЮߞༀཕȂग़ЮࢽዴԴઐਿࢢༀ૔ 75 Ȃ‫ڭ‬ៈф74.67ߞӎ۹൵ֲኊ֜Ȅ ֭ग़Ю‫ڕ‬ཕԴ۹ұȞ7ѡ14џȟԓ࢘๴Ӡ୚ᚼȄԴ ֱࡑֹ஼ྻ೐ϟџ֯ᝋКȂҁ֬Ѽϫ‫ྍے‬౶мϞ QE3 ҍሂߞҞକ‫ݑ‬ȂԓҐϯწழᏚழ۶බ྽Ҿඞ

(ყΙ) ዴᑂࠑ಩‫ډ‬ՀȂग़Юࢽዴ֋ӎ۹ֲ֜хዅȂ֭хዅ ϧ࢘ቲऎգনȄ൵ೣ՜ඡ՜‫ݺ‬75.11Ϙ።Ȅ ᣍౕࢢҾȂᅆ‫ݺ‬೐ϬᏇ༓мኵ᛫ࣆຉ QE3 ҍሂߞ Ҟକ‫ݑ‬Ȃ࣏ࢢҾѹᐱग़Ю‫ڕ‬ཕߞ঵ঋԯ૵ȄՂ‫ࢢލ‬ งᘘգ‫ـ‬ԺߞႫ໪۶ࠫၳᢖӯ QE3 գౕయҍȂࡋ ग़ЮҞକҍ಩་ϘَߞЂ඼԰ၢȄ‫ێ‬ըȂገЮ஡ཅ சԟᑟ۶ग़஼ཅசϯনߞ୅Ꭲϵ࣏єታབྷҾ‫ڕ‬ཕߞ ᝯᘣȄ ዉ༆Ӡᐠᔆ‫༘ڙ‬ቋȂछᖒᓽଢ଼өඪਏዉϯІኆ ۹ϘȞ 7 ѡ 11 џȟ༟ጹࢢȂገЮָग़Ю‫ۖۦ‬ग़஼ ࠧႺዴᑂࠑ಩Й‫ߞڸ‬ӇᕅȂԨϭႯߩ‫ֲڕ‬ȂҵՇ 1.42 ߞᑋዴᝯϾȂփገࣷཅசԟᑟ‫ު࣏ـ‬ጔಎ ൝ȂገЮָग़ЮϘႮϭ࿣ȂുᆙჀࠕ 1.40 ߞᑋ ዴᝯϾኊ֜ȄЙჅገЮߞᔞཕ࢝‫أ‬Դ۹ϟᏎჃ୚ ᚼșș‫ۦ‬ग़ᗑᔼറᅋࣆຉྻ៉॔ঋߞ዆ᠩȂग़Ю Ђ඼િഹȂገЮ௲ታ‫ێ‬ҁѹঋࠧग़റᅋЂ඼хዅȂ ༶‫׀‬԰ۖ 1.40 ᝯϾНϯȄ֭ໞૺᑟᅹᒗচࢆֶ௟ ྑᆬ᠋ߞҳᅋሃӎᅋ஼ཅໞૺంBaa3ϭফ֌Ba1 ࢢȂབྷኊߞϯᆚஃᆖ‫ݺ‬1.41ϭўȄ

ӎ۹೐Ϭৎӹ‫ݽ‬џȞ 7 ѡ 13 џȟȂग़Юિഹయஜ ገЮϘ࢘ϯෳ֌ 1.4281 ߞӎ۹൵୼ኊ֜Ȅ֭ገ Юߞ௻ཕϵӏକា᠈ܼ᠈Ȃᔌ຾ֱࡑֹ೐ϟџ஼ ྻ֯ᝋߞᅗ࢘ᚙᚼȂग़ЮхዅȂገЮ‫ۦ‬ᕅ԰ၢ֌ 1.42 ϭўȄᐐᇒညчгֶߞ੮ѕ CPI Րѧྍҳϯ пȂᢖӯገЮ஡഼ຫѪӀգ‫ݙ‬ϯෳȂ֭ዴᑂ‫ڭ‬ӏ କ੖԰ገЮߞᔞཕȂབྷኊുَԨϭჀࠕ 1.41 Ϙ ።Ȅ۹УȞ 7 ѡ 15 џȟӤ‫ݺ‬Ҿඞᑋᢜ࠲ࢺӀ౶‫ڕ‬ ཕȂገЮϵѽᏩᒿऎѹȂ՜ጹ‫ݺ‬1.4158Ȅᣍౕࢢ ҾȂገࣷཅசԟᑟᘘ࣏ӏକඵِۖᆕྍߞႋٙў ੯Ȃᘵ๒዆ᠩգิЈߞႫ໪Ȃ֭‫ڶ‬๒Ҟѽജ໛ऎ Ϙᘺ‫ܠ‬੡ओዅȄࢷ࿰Ⴥҝߞ၃ᢚ‫ऻڽ‬Ȃഺᘺओዅ ᔌ੡Ҟକԯऎໞૺᑟᅹফૺ‫ێ߰ݕ‬ҁԯ૵዆ᠩփ ᜕ओȂփѷُըຜҾඞ௲‫ߞڽ‬ᎏᕝൌहည௻ЂȄ ԯթՂ‫ࢢލ‬Ҿԓգᝯ‫ݺ‬ཅசԟᑟྲߞ‫׀‬ਮઐਿҍ ឤȂገЮ௟Ҟକԓ࢘‫ۦ‬ᕅ԰ၢȄҩҳȂӎը቙ ֖ᕅϧเႏϵࠑ಩Й‫ڸ‬ȂѹঋЂ቙֖ᐐᇒ഼Ⴥเ ႏȂ֭՘ᖻϵ҄ϠҵౕȂഺৎઐਿϵգౕԴ๺ง аӇᕅገЮ԰ၢȄҳඛҾඞКȂग़ᗑᔼ་Ϙَߞ ஜԨϵ௟࣏ገЮ‫ڕ‬ཕߞϘЂѹঋ዆ᠩԯ૵Ȅ

Ղ‫ލ‬ఋᅆӎћКߞаਟգԇ֣ᆷயȂ᎛ᗑᜭ֯߰ Julius Wei Ȃҁߞ༎ԆԳ‫࣏׬‬Ȉjulius.w@baomoney.com.auȂఋϵҞѽ๳ᔂۖࠛᓿ‫ـऻࣤݱ‬ԺJuliusߞћൢȂࠛᓿ‫ߞݱ‬ᇨ૭Գ‫࣏׬‬www.baomoney.com.au

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ؕቶఀ௲ᏎᅭҏএΡห৤ ົႁ᜹ങਛٔኵిఱᐍᆬӎৎϠ๪ਣ Ȯ ૽ϯ֯ࡡȯȂᡌࠓԧधϠҀф᜹ങྑ Հ߰ۖ㥀‫ޟ‬ᎫȄ

ٔኵిఱ‫ݺ‬ᑫࠝҍӠȂԴশสࠜЂȂԴКᐯߞ੡৏බඈᡌᜱ๪Ȃ ಲ྽‫ݺ‬শส ຾ԩНၐ᝷෻КᐯȄ 1975঒ग़஼ಎൄ᜹ങ, ന঍۶ᔎཬȄ

ඪӪ ໠ᄍନོ ৤෈ າҢ Ӵᘈ

ҁߞ௞྽୊ፚҒࣁग़஼ҐՍЍ᜹ग़ങᐯ୰ᐯЀȂሃग़஼ӄԠҺ‫ڲ‬ᗑ‫ڣ‬Ђᐯᇇ ЀȄҁ಩ԇग़஼୺‫᠋׀‬Ђᐯ᜹ങ‫ڀ‬ೣ‫ిڗ‬ఱȂѹఱᔎཬȄ

೤୰ؕቶ ห৤ᆩ֭ ห৤ᖒ๜

ȮٔኵȈ ૽ϯ֯ࡡȯɆFoon Sham: Works on paperɇ 2011Ր7ѡ29џ ϭо6:30֌8:30੡ 2011Ր7ѡ29џ ֌ 2011Ր8ѡ18 џ ֺ໱Ϣඞ m1ng gallery (‫ށ‬Ϙ๪ශ)Ȉ

111 Fergie Street, Fitzroy North Vic 3068 (᎛ం St Georges Road ‫ڽ‬Ȃ ๪ශ֜‫ݺ‬St Georges Road 273 ၳBPც޵૭ࠢࠕȂ"Curves" உ‫ڗ‬Кѕᅆবȇ ষც‫ژ‬112ၳȂ Դ23૭ϭ‫ژ‬ȟ fsham@umd.edu m1nggallery.com ٔ‫ށ‬03 5250 1755 (Monday to Thursday) 03 9482 5714 (Friday to Saturday)

ؕቶఀ௲‫ޟ���ၗȈ Ɇഺৎ๪ਣऎ ҨȮ ૽ϯ֯ࡡȯȂ ҹᙩૼϞ‫ا‬ѽ݀ 15ՐКԴग़஼ᅹྐ‫ݕ‬ᅁ಩ ߞᔎཬߞӯྍᄦȂ ф‫ێ‬ҁ૽ϯ֯ࡡȄ‫ا‬ం‫ڰ‬ᔎཬ᜹ങ20ԺՐ‫ ڽ‬Ϙߡ‫׀‬ӡᜱᄦ ֯ऎӲᢜന঍ߞЍ‫ۍ‬Ȃϵ֯ऎࠑႿ۶॔ᔂ‫ߞا‬ѕКߞྐᄊߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅգ੡‫ا‬ϵྻ ѽᜱᄦ๪ࠑႿӀবȞࠧӲᢜȟߞᅹᄦȄ‫ߞا‬գ‫ڱ‬ᜱᄦ֯ࡡգ੡ᓉԪԺᇌग़ങණ ᢜȂ‫ݕ‬୨Ԫ‫ێ‬ҁ‫ل‬ਫ਼Ȃ ‫ڼ‬ՂѢ‫ل‬ȂᑘၧȂც႖ᜨȂјԞຈȄ‫ౕؓا‬ணᣍ߰Ҟѽ ऻҍȂԴ‫ߞا‬Ӏব֯ࡡሃӲᢜ֯ࡡН༡Ȃ‫ێ‬ᅁգ຾ᓉབྷര഼ߞᝯ࠼ȄɆ ؕቶఀ௲ᙏϭȈ ٔኵిఱ࣏ग़஼຾ԩНົႁᔎཬਛ; ฅԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬ৎϠਣ᠓ᔎཬ᜹ങ‫ی‬ըȄ ഺըਣ᠓࣏ҁԴᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬঵ըৎϠᜱᄦਣȂ ϵ࣏ҁߞ30ըৎϠ֯ࡡਣȄ

22

ٔኵԴग़஼ȃҐੋЂȃ੗ࢃȃᑫЂ‫ڲ׀‬фশสຈԳฅᗝ֖Ⴥ 29 ըৎϠ֯ࡡ ਣȄҁฅᖔఀധԺጨ༵ȂҒࣁգዴग़஼гӲф‫ټ‬ϠጨࠛȂ ጨᐯࠛȂѽфग़஼ ሃገࣷգዴЂᐯߞᏸ୰ᐯϠ௄ࠛȄҁߞ᜹ങਣ᠓ᖔఀఀग़ࣷᡋࢃ᜹ങҏߏዃ ޾ߞඡᐱሃໞኊȂҒࣁग़஼᜹ങᛔራȂົಽჲ༎ඡȂᔎཬᛔራȂ૸ॗ੡ඡȂ ົಽჲ੡ඡȂѐᆬߞዝщ༧ඡȂၐԳ‫ڲ‬৯ྰඡຈȄ ٔኵߞ᜹ങ֯ࡡऎገग़ധԺ᜹ങᔡф‫ټ‬Ϡड᚟Ȅ ؕቶ‫ޟ‬σ࠮ϴӓൟ‫ܚ‬டଊᓏ༭җδᐙҳӵȈ Ӝбց ઽт‫ٳ‬ኈ Nayatadᓏ༭ϴ༪ ਘࡄ ᖒӫжࣨᏰ଱ ߡਲ਼‫ ט‬ኈБ୚ೃPalermoσᏰ ொѻ ഫՃ࿅MacquarieσᏰ હघ ਲ਼੫Ghent ୽ሬ᛺೚ϛЖ ᓏ༭ϴ༪ Ꮞՙর ద٨ႀ Merida Ўњ‫ۄ‬Yucatan ࿋ф᛺೚ി‫ސ‬ᓢ छ୽ ๼౾Ⴓ੫ୢ หං൐ॗ១ၯኄൟ বΡທٙમ छ୽ ๼౾Ⴓ੫ୢ ོ৤ϛЖ ॷ෫᛺೚ᓢ ؕቶএΡᆩ֭ www.foonsham.com ϭಝ ؕቶ‫ޟ‬ᆩ֭ bit.ly/qlxgKqᇄwww.art.umd.edu/faculty/fsham/ ؕቶ հࠢ‫ྱޟ‬а bit.ly/mOuIq1 ؕቶ հࠢ‫ޟ‬ᓃ჋ bit.ly/ra6nCd


ఀ‫ى‬МϽ

CAMI ఀᏰ፣Ꮻ

டЖȃடཾȃட‫ݧ‬

࢝ԺѭӓൌգຜࢅЄᓴᑄႃ೫ߤ‫ټݕ‬Ϡႃ೫ߞ၃ ᑢȄգߞ෱ϞවৎȂ֭ൌٟգನྐߞੜ‫ލ‬Ȅ‫ڤ‬ኃȂ ఋԴᓴᑄႃ೫੡ᕕႍᖢႋ۶ւዋ৹‫ڱ‬ԯ૵ȂҞѽᐐ ༓ፁ࠲գႵՀߞੜ‫ލ‬۸ȉ

1ȅఋঋऻցਰ࣏‫׎‬ጤྑࢅЄȂᅆిᐯ҇ᆕጤఐȄ ഺϘᙇࠧ௱দঋȄϘৎ҇ᆕྑѕ۶യԇѕߞցਰ ሃϘৎҪ࣏ѽి੩ऎ՜Ϣ൉ਸ਼Ȃ‫࣏ݕ‬྽᏶੡༡ᘇ ‫ڱ‬ҳ‫ߞأ‬ցਰ؆ԑЙԢȄѾҍߞѕࢥȃᇟϧൌЙ ԢȄԢ੡ȂցਰߞጤఐྻྏࣖࢅЄেȂྻᅆࢅЄ գ຾ᒕ࿂Գ዆ᠩȄ2. ఋঋऻցਰ࣏‫׎‬ຠ‫ݺ‬ሃࢅЄ ࿛഼Ȃ࣏‫׎‬ຠ‫ݺ‬๴಩‫ڭ‬෠෪ࢅЄߞપ‫ݑ‬Ȃ࣏‫׎‬Ҟ ѽᎠஜࢅЄߞᐯ೫ጤఐ۶࢙ӲࠫѕȄُৎࢅЄൌ ࣏ЙԢߞȂُ֭ৎࢅЄൌգһЂߞጕϧȄᑂॊᐯ ु‫ށࠑٿ‬ȂϘৎчӠข஥࢝୼ߞࢅЄȂՂ‫ލ‬ٟգ ఀۖ࢝ՀߞࢢчைᏳȂ‫ێ‬ຕ‫ލ‬ᘘЙՂϘৎчӠข ϧӀӀȂ֭ఀۖ࢝ՀࢢчைᏳߞࢅЄȄ‫ݙ‬ѽȂѭ ӓ۶ցਰߞ֯ӡहညদঋȄ ࢝ԺࢅЄ࢝ᗐ‫ށ‬Ȃ֭ྻሮऎᐯ೫࣏ࣜᖌȃᗞॴߞ‫ڰ‬ ఐȂ‫ݙ‬ѽЙඈᡌᐯ೫ȇഺዹȂබҍ಩Ϟᗐ‫֭ށ‬Йྑ ᐯ೫ߞᐯӠȄᅆ࢞ഺᇌ᝷࡭ߞࢅЄȂබ࣏ঋ‫د‬ᐯ೫ இ՘‫أ‬ጄߞ‫ڰ‬Ȃ࣏ϘԆ۶ߕϘዹ༟ѕȃቅ᛫ߞ‫ڰ‬ ఐȂहࠫࢅЄেබྻྑϯᐯ೫Ȅ ᘘգЙьࢅЄ࣏࢝‫ڮ‬Ȃ࢝ᎼᅁߞᐯӠȄ֭Ӥ‫ݺ‬త‫ۦ‬ ി࢘۶ᐯ೫ў‫ߞޱ‬யᛟȂփѷЙຠ‫ݺ‬෩யȂᐯ೫ຕ ‫ލ‬Й௉ನྐȄᅆ࢞ഺᇌ᝷࡭ߞࢅЄȂබঋપ‫ަ־‬দ

ఖυԙᓸ ᔖԤ௦৷

෩୼ࢅЄߞࠫѕȂ഼Ⴥढ़ѕԳєᐱ۶ႋ‫ޘ‬Ȃ‫ࢅڹ‬ Єನႋ෠෪ࢥւў‫ޱ‬ȂຍᅆᛟӫȂ‫ڭ‬ЙᙝԳᄁᔽҁ েȂഺዹࢅЄߞࠫѕྻЂЂኧ௻Ȃϵྻ෷‫ݺ‬۶ጄ‫ݺ‬ ෩யȄ3.ఋঋऻցਰ࣏‫׎‬գᑾપߞў‫ޱ‬ȄԢዹߞய ᛟӡЙԢߞႋ៖ў‫ྻޱ‬գ؆ԑЙԢߞຕ‫ލ‬ȄࢅЄߞ ࢥᇯ۶త‫ۦ‬କϧЙକࢷ࿰՘Ϡߞዾ࿤ҝᅆ࢞Ȃ‫ݙ‬ ѽՂ֣ӡࢅЄে൵ຠ‫ݺ‬త‫ߞۦ‬ў‫ిޱ‬ఱȂϵ࣏࢝দ ঋߞȄ4.ఋঋऻցਰߞఱ᎝࣏‫׎‬ӠஜȄցਰՂ‫ލ‬Ҟ ѽ‫ࣜد‬ᖌߞߢᝊᗾఀӠஜգᎷȂࢅЄেߞᐯ೫ጤఐ ۶ᒸᎷ௟؆ԑЙԢȄЙྑ෩யߞᐯӠϵྻ༟‫ܕ‬யய ᛟϞȄ5.ఋঋऻցਰ࣏‫ަ׎‬দཇఱᐯ೫ў‫ޱ‬Ȅ๑Ꭲ ࣏ցਰᘘ࣏ਛࠜȂൌЙҞକ੡‫ے‬ԴࢅЄҽҠȄ‫ݙ‬ ѽȂɆఱНѽ൦ɇȂᘘ࣏ɆఱНѽᆢɇබ՘ऎைᏳ ࢅЄᑾӲᐯ೫କϧߞᝯᘣȄցਰЙ཈ቮঋᕒׄࢅЄ েႋᅆϘႽᛟȂփѷঋᕒׄࢅЄைᏳᓉྻര഼۶Ɇ ѽϘညպɇߞକϧȄ 6. ఋᘘঋऻցਰ࣏‫׎‬෷‫ݺ‬ঋ ِȄԴᑫࣷȂ࣏Ϙৎहညኵ᛫ߞᐯ೫ᖖᄩȂ๑Ꭲஇ ٟஇґ᎝Ȃ๑Ꭲ՘ᖻՂ֣Ȃᐯ੭ցਰߞໞኊ௄ӎൌ ࣏ɆGoodɇȄည๒Ȃᒕ࿂ᄁᔽߞᅗ࣏࢘ቮঋߞȂ ֭ૌӒঋۤఀՀߞ՘ᖻȂ࣏ঋѾҍ‫ׅ‬ϧߞȄ‫ݙ‬ѽȂ ցਰ঵Ԑঋ෷‫ݺ‬գϘৎ୼ঋِȂᘘঋᕖఀՂ֣ᢰࢅ Є۶ѭӓంаѕ᝸ྍ୨ԪȄ

CAMIఀᏰϛЖި‫ܛ‬டЖȃடཾȃட‫ޟݧ‬౩‫܈‬Ȃӵ ೻၇Ȃௌོཐ‫ڗڧ‬ϚӣȈ 1. ُϘ֜ቃᐱցਰᅆࢅЄ۶ిᐯൌգ຾Ӥାߞጤ ྑȂంᚳනಎࡓߞిᐯ၃ᢚКȂҞѽԴ๺੡༡а෠

၄ಬऋҬȈ ዴᐯॻћ෩୼઱ / ᇟॻᐯ੭ȃጨᐯࠛւႏቃᐱ / VCEዴᐯȃॻћȃКћቃᐱ / ϘᅆϘዴᐯȃॻћȃ Кћቃᐱ / ླྀዴ઱

CAMI ిᐯКѕЏ၃ᕒׄಿԺࢅЄᅁ಩Ϟᇟॻᐯ ੭ȃጨᐯࠛȂ VCEߞᄱྐȇᕒׄ࢝Ժ௄ᚂᗠ਴ȃ ᐯ೫‫ࢅߞ᝱ק‬ЄంЙф੾ۖ80-90Ժжȇ๑Ꭲఋߞ ࢅЄ಩Դᐯ೫Ղ֣Ȃ‫ا‬েൌգࠫѕᕒׄҁে‫ـ‬ϯϘ ኸጁȄՂ‫ލ‬ఋྐᖢႋCAMIবఱቃᐱߞႎ೟ႤୈȂ ᎛७ც1800462650Ȅ‫ا‬েᔌ੡ᕒׄఋȄ

ѕ۬໌ওϛЖ0ѕ۬ VCE டऋᏰ଱

օձԙђȊ Ϸਮ50໢

อૠᖵ‫ࠏפګڣ‬՗Κ‫ீء‬መᆄᖂ‫ەس‬ၞထ‫ټ‬壄૎խᖂΔ૎թఄ֗ᛧք‫ߏڣ‬ ‫ீټم‬ᑻᖂ८ᖂ‫ۯ‬Δ‫ګ‬ᜎጠগΜ‫ࡻޢ‬೏խᄎ‫ە‬ΔՕᖂԵᖂ‫ە‬ᇢ‫ګ‬ᜎ၌ᆢΜ

ѕ۬໌ওȂᐣѬோδȂৱၥᓺ‫ي‬Ȃհ‫़ى‬ϗȂఀᏰᇯઍȊ ᏰҡԙђȂᆎࠅӒᐬȂӨࣸড়ߝȂο࿬ၷၾȂᄂՍӪᘪȊ

օௌ፽ΰᏰཾԙђϞၯ ࿼ናኇ჆දᄗᇰᓣཾඩឧᾗᶖᘴන 6. ‫ܠ‬งໞ֤ᐯ྽՘ᖻȄ 7. ֺ໱෩‫ࡗڈిڻ‬႙Ȅ ి‫ل‬ᑾપȂᇟѕ፠ۘȄ Ԫ੾௞྽ցਰԇిȄ գ‫ڀ‬೚ᐯ೫ȂిᐯሮૌȄ ಑έᏰ෈౪ϐ໠፞Ȋ ᑢՐւႏ՘ᖻ൵ᔹ‫ٽ‬Ȅ ȶ୼ੜକȷЈ઱ۘిᐯȄ

ѕ۬੫ᘈ 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

෪ࢅЄߞᐯ೫પᙇ۶‫੾ݑ‬પᙇȂ‫ۍ‬ᢜж‫ࢅޘ‬Єߞ௻ ༵۶Й‫ږ‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬୫ᅆ‫ݑ‬ԳᎠᑋఱ᎝۶ፚ೫аਟȄᢰᐯ Ӡُြ᎝ൌգྲ՜ᜥȄ 2. ُৎࢅЄൌྻఀۖ‫ـ‬Ժߞᝯަ۶գ୫ᅆ‫ߞݑ‬ቃ ᐱȄЙ཈ఱ྽ႋ්Ȃᘘપ‫ަ־‬দ෩୼ࢅЄߞᐯ೫ጤ ఐ۶ᐯ೫‫ث‬ҼȄ 3. ُ֜ցਰൌᓲ෈຾CAMIిᐯߞನ݇Ȃ൹ൄ‫ڭ‬ ࠲ࢺ຾ᒕ࿂ȃේ‫أ‬ȃӠஜߞᐯ೫‫ޤ‬ඛȂѽթЙᙝ෩ ୼ࢅЄߞ֋ࠫѕ۶ᅆ֋Ўᐯ೫କϧߞߺ‫ܠ‬Ȃంփ‫أ‬ ጄᐯ೫Ȅ 4. Ԣ੡࠲ࢺ۶ѭӓߞգੜ࿛഼Ȃѭӓൌྻф੡ఀ ۖցਰߞ԰㖝۶࢙៉Ȅ 5. ُՐҪգॠ᎚ြ‫ی‬۹஄งȂ ‫ێ‬᏶੡༡ԑൊ༟᎝Ȅ

Ӫ᚞Ԥ३ȂൢӪ௃ഀȊ

௞྽୊ፚ(FASTRAIN Prep 1,2,3,4,5,6ԧૺ) ւጨᐯࠛ0‫ټ‬Ӳԩ੭0ᇟॻᐯ੭0Ӂ‫ۊ‬ขକ୊ፚ઱ ॊӫȈॻћȂॻሬ኷֯ȂዴᐯȂขକ௱ᝊ ୊ፚࢥւ0࿤ፁକϧȂ෩୼ᐯ྽ѪӀȂᕕѾւႏ

ᇟॻКᐯ(Year 7-12) VCE (ॻȂዴȂನȂмȂॊᐯ) Ȇ!ኅ൯ϛ֌ϩϟՐૺԧॊVCE SUCCESS COURSES Ȇ!ϣ/ϝ/ϩՐૺᇟॻКᐯᚼᐯ઱

Melbourneᒲ‫ٱ‬೎Ȉ50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill ᠍ߔࢥၚȈ(03)9898 9880

࢑෈ΠՍϤ 10:00am-6:00pm ࢑෈ϲ/Р9:00-5:00pm ᠍ߔ୤ᢎҏਮ୽ሬᆩၯȈInternet: www.north-shore.com.au

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ᐍᆬӎᗁ੭фж੭

පӪᐬહ

ЈᐯӠྲӠ୙ᇟग़ ੩Ғфћ‫ۍ‬Ȋ

ᓱг੡༡

MELBOURNE ᗁ੭ 50 Rutland Rd, Box Hill

࣐งϟ֌У10:00am-6:00pm ࣐งб/џ 9:00am-5:00pm

BUNDOORA ж੭ Bundoora Secondary College, Balmoral Ave, Bundoora

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

BURWOOD ։ீ Blackburn English Language School, 120 Eley Rd, Burwood East

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm ࣐งџ!9:00am-12:30pm

DANDENONG ։ீ Noble Park Seconday College, 3 Callaghan St, Noble Park.

࣐งб!1:00pm-6:00pm

FOOTSCRAY ։ீ Footscary City College, Kinnear St, Footscray

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

HAWTHORN։ீ Hawthorn Secondary College, Burgess St, East Hawthorn

࣐งб!9:00am-5:00pm

SPRINGVALE։ீ Westall Secondary College, Rosebank Ave, Clayton South

࣐งџ!9:00am-5:00pm

ඪ‫ټ‬ջາωᏰᏰ૖กᡛ)፜मႫႱघ*Ȋ! ඪ‫ټ‬ջາђ፞ሄᏲȊ 23


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ಋҕၥଉடួ߬਀ҥ᠍‫ݠ‬ᏰҡϛЖ ‫ݧ‬ыಋҕ‫៫ࡡݲ‬୰ŎŦŭźůůġōŪඪ‫ټ‬Ȅ ႫၗȈıĴġĺĹĹĹġĸIJĺĺ ЙᐠȈıĵġĴIJijijġIJĸĹĹ

ഗ᠞᛫ᜌϭಝ ൖᡝᜪᝋȂᠪԩࢥ၍Ȃබ࣏ൖ຾ᡝ੩Ȅൖ຾ѭӓȂ ൖ຾୨ஊᡝ੩ߞȂൌ࣏ൖᡝȄփൖ຾ࢅЄᡝ੩ߞ ѭӓȂࡋ࣏ҩҳᑾӲߞϘ᝷Ȃ‫࣏ڤ‬ᆾ᠕ϠᜪᝋȄం Մব‫ऻڽ‬Ȃ֬Ѽൖᡝᜪᝋϵ࣏ϘᑾӲߞᜪᝋ᝷‫־‬Ȅ ‫ێ‬ᅁȂԴೊӔ‫ޱ‬㡯Ȃൖᡝᜪᝋ‫׈‬ᐯӠᜪᝋȂҪ࣏ᐯ ӠӎϠ࣏ѹӦ᎛ϠȂփൖᡝ߰ऎ೐ϟӦ᎛ϠȄᘵ ๒ൌ࣏ࢺᐯӠᜪᝋȂ֭֯ऎ೐Ϙ۶೐ϟӦ᎛ϠȂ‫ݙ‬ ቮᆕ‫ߞږ‬ঋِ۶ᖔჴᜪᝋࢢ‫ݙ‬ቮᓲՇߞ౧‫ྻڼ‬գ‫ݙ‬ ЙԢȄգ৹‫ڱ‬ЙԢȂԴ෩ӹӦ᎛੡ቮঋަྍ৹‫ڱ‬ў বȂԴഺ㡯௟இᚎඏЬ೜Ȅ ൖᡝᜪᝋߞӦ᎛Ҟѽ۶ᐯӠᜪᝋߞӦ᎛Ԣ੡ቍӹȂ ϵҞѽԴѹӦ᎛ϠੋۖᐯӠᜪᝋНࢢቍӹȄӤ‫ݺ‬ ԧৎ੯‫ߞڼ‬ЙԢఐ޶Ȃւዋж༟ቍӹߞ১ԯϵԧգ ЙԢȂ֭๑Ꭲ࣏Ԣ੡Ȃᘘ࣏ж༟ቍӹȂѹӦ᎛ϠϘ ‫ܠ‬ঋ঵Ԑᆕ‫ږ‬ᖔჴᐯӠᜪᝋߞঋِȄ֯ऎ೐ϟӦ᎛ ϠȂहᅆ‫ڽ‬ሲȂቮঋᆕ‫ߞږ‬ঋِྻьϘ‫ڱ‬Ȃႍ֭ᆕ ‫ߞږ‬ȂьϘᙇϵ࣏Й֖ߞȄѽϭԕҍߞවᙇȂԴቍ ӹӦ᎛ߞ੡৏Ȃঋપ‫ྍ઻־‬Ȅ

1. ড়৳ԙষȈൖᡝᜪᝋߞӦ᎛ϠϘ‫ܠ‬ఀ࣏ᐯӠ ߞਛਲ՘৶Ȅਛਲ՘৶Ғࣁ୨ஊ۶Йᆕ 18 ࿐ߞࢅ ЄȄ‫ێ‬К୨ஊҒࣁࠧ௓Ԣ‫ܧ‬ᄰ֡Ȃ֭ቮঋ෩‫ږڻ‬௉ ߞᝋᑂᝋ‫یށ‬ϠߞԢ‫ܧ‬ᝯ࠼ȂѷԢ‫ܧ‬੡༡Դ 12 ৎ ѡѽϯȄփ௓ࢄ୨ஊहᅆ‫ڽ‬ሲᚎඏϘ‫ڱ‬Ȃຕ௓ᝋ‫ށ‬ ࣏Ϙৎদঋߞᝋ‫ށ‬ћԆȇࢅЄࡋቮঋ෩‫ڻ‬ҍӠᝋ ‫ށ‬Ȃ‫߰ݕ‬ታᏳᝋ‫ށ‬ຈȄՂ‫࣏ލ‬ඏᓐѭӓȂࡋቮঋҩ Ϙўߞ੩বԢྍ੩۶ࢅЄߞᆾ᠕ᡋгᝋ੩Ȅ

2. ၥߜᐊ߳ȈႤࠛᑉ࠲࣏ϘৎদᙇȄᅆ‫ݺ‬ж༟ቍ

ӹߞӦ᎛‫ڽ‬ሲȂԴഺ㡯ቮঋપ‫ྍަ־‬Ȃ݀݀Ӧ᎛Ϡ ѽऎ෩‫ߞڻ‬ႤࠛᛝȂҪঋ‫ږ‬௉ൖᡝ߰ߞ໱ӡබҞ ѽȂ‫ێ‬ᅁЙ๒Ȃ‫ࢠޱ‬౧ћКഢ‫࣏ߞܠ‬Ⴄࠛᛝ‫ږ‬௉ᐯ ӠӎϠѽфൖᡝ՘৶ߞ‫ݙ‬գ໱ӡȄႤࠛᛝ࢘ߞเᇖ ѽфᅆ‫ݺ‬቙֖ՅภงߞঋِȂ‫ࢠޱ‬౧ћКգ௞ࠝߞ ഢ‫ܠ‬ȄӦ᎛Ϡᘘቮঋપ‫࣏ߞྍަ־‬ᑫࣷࣆܹ၃௱ྻ ᎠᑋᐯӠՐӠࣿ໱ߞዾ࿤ȄՂ‫ލ‬գᎠᑋȂहᕕߞႤ ࠛᛝ࢘ϵգᢏмȄ ୵ϞᅆႤࠛᛝ࢘ߞঋِȂᅆ‫ݺ‬෩‫ڻ‬Ⴄࠛᑉ࠲ߞৎϠ ϵ࣏գഢ‫ߞܠ‬ȂҞѽత‫࣏ߞۦ‬ѹӦ᎛ϠȂѹӦ᎛Ϡ ߞѭӓȂѹӦ᎛Ϡߞ୨ஊȂѹӦ᎛Ϡߞ૟ѭӓȂѹ Ӧ᎛Ϡߞ҈‫܏ܓؙ‬ȂѽфѹӦ᎛ϠԴᑫࣷߞ‫ۥۥ‬ᙒ ᙒࠠࡽၞၞֱֱຈȂȞቮঋ࣏ᑫࣷߞгӔ‫ࢺݕ‬Ӗϳ ‫઻ܧ‬ᜪᝋȂՂ‫࣏ލ‬Ԫ‫᠋֘ྲߞޱ‬гӔϵҞѽȄȟ᎛ ަྍȂᅆ‫ݺ‬ж༟ቍӹߞӦ᎛‫ڽ‬ሲȂൖᡝᜪᝋӦ᎛Ϡ ߞѭӓ‫ݙ‬෩‫ߞڻ‬Ⴄࠛᑉ࠲࣏Йജత‫ߞۦ‬Ȅ

3. ঺‫ٲ‬Ᏸҡџоҧ፜ড়৳ԙষ‫پ‬ഗ᠞ȉഺ㡯ߞ ঋِգж‫־‬ȂՂ‫ލ‬ᐯӠ‫֋ڽ‬লᔍૺ‫־‬ऎ 1 ‫ ݕ‬2 ߞ஼ ਛȂЙᎢᐯӠԴᑫࣷ‫ݙ‬ᡝ᎝຀ߞࠜ๺Ȃҁেߞਛਲ ՘৶ൌҞѽӦ᎛ȇՂ‫ލ‬ѹӦ᎛Ϡ‫ݺ֋ڽ‬লᔍૺ‫־‬ऎ 3ȃ4‫ݕ‬5ߞ஼ਛȂᐯӠ‫ݙ‬ᡝߞ᎝຀੡༡ቮঋ໹ჅϘ ՐȂЖҞѽӦ᎛୨ஊ‫ࢅݕ‬Є‫ڽ‬ൖᡝȄഺ㡯գϘৎఐ ޶Ȃ஄ՂᐯӠࠐ‫ڽ‬੡Ȃ‫ݙ‬ᡝ᎝຀ऎ‫ی‬ՐȂԴᡝϞϘ җߞ੡৏ȂౕؓӦ᎛ࢅЄ‫ݕ‬୨ஊჅ‫ڽ‬Ȃ࣏‫׎‬Ҟѽ ۸ȉȞຍ੯᎛ԴћӐඵ‫ر‬Ȅȟ 4. ҧ፜߬Ȉϫᇍsubmission

letterȂഺ࣏ϘԊ ࢝দঋߞћԆȂഺ࣏ϘԊ៚গӦ᎛ऎतኃྻ‫ߞز‬

ࠫȂቮঋሲ‫ށ‬Ӧ᎛ᕕႍᆕ‫ږ‬৹‫ڱ‬ঋِȂѽфႍӦ ᎛Ղ֣ᆕ‫ږ‬ഺ‫ڱ‬ঋِȄഺࢋӦ᎛ࠫ൵ՀӤަҊೊ Ӕ‫ࢠޱ‬ᠪய‫ڽ‬኷ȂԯऎҪգަҊೊӔ‫ࢠޱ‬ᠪயЖ Ҟѽஇۖం‫ࢠޱ‬౧ภϯ‫ڽ‬៚গȄՂ‫ލ‬ᐯӠ֋Ўቍ ӹӦ᎛ȂԴ኷ഺࢋӦ᎛ࠫߞ੡৏Ȃ൵ՀକԺ᎛ ిȂԺࣤϘ‫ڱ‬हᝯႤਫ਼Ȅ

5. ‫ڏ‬тȈ‫ێ‬ҁћԆႤਫ਼ҒࣁȈ • Ӧ᎛Ϡ኷ߞ൘গ੩ȇ • Ղ‫ލ‬ൖᡝ࣏߰ᐯ៬ࢅЄȂቮঋԴᑫࣷា᠈ᡝ ੩ȂѹӦ᎛Ϡቮঋ෩‫ڻ‬ᝋᑂᝋ‫ށ‬Џ၃இՀϞഺ ўবߞՉవȇ

• ൖᡝ߰ߞஉ௵࠲ᔍȇ • Ӧ᎛Ϡߞ๑Ӛ။ୃᔂຈȇ ֯ऎൖᡝᜪᝋߞࢺգϠȂ‫ݙ‬ቮᓲՇߞᜪᝋ౧Ԇ۶ѹ Ӧ᎛Ϡ௄ӎϯ࣏ϘዹߞȄ֭֯ऎϘৎࠢ៳߰Ȃቮঋ ѹӦ᎛Ϡ༟‫ܕ‬ᡝ੩ЖҞѽЍ֯ȇՂ‫ލ‬ѹӦ᎛Ϡ‫ݙ‬ᡝ ᎝຀ऎु‫ٿ‬Ӡ۶ൾЀӠ᎝຀ȂԴ‫ێ‬஄งง༡Ȃൖᡝ ߰ҞѽஇԑᚚЍ֯ȄЙჅُϘৎߞৎ‫ڼ‬ϵգҞକգ ‫ݙ‬ЙԢȂ‫ݙ‬ѽϘৎᜪᝋࢺգϠ‫ۍ‬ᢜᕕႍᓲ֖৹‫ڱ‬౧ ‫ڼ‬Ȃቮঋண࿰‫ࢺݙێ‬ᜪᝋϯԕҍߞ౧ԆȄ ُৎӦ᎛ൌգЙϘዹߞఐ޶Ȃഺ㡯ԕҍߞ཈ऎ௄ӎ ঋِȂᅆ‫ݺ‬Ϙৎᅁቫߞৎ੯Ȃ‫ࠧڭ‬Ϙ‫ܠ‬н୨ȄՂ‫ލ‬ ቮঋቍӹᜪᝋӦ᎛Ȃᘘ࣏᎛௞྽ϠЀࢽᐱ‫ـ‬ՀȄ ȞҞѽȄՂ‫ލ‬ᅆຍ੯գЙ‫ށ‬ӨȂᡌࠓ७ცᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯӠ КѕȄȟ

౪ғ௰ю Ӓཱིಋҕᒚၚᒲ౩݈୛

ॶԩᒚ ၚ

ջາ

ŎįłįœįŏįġIJıķĹĶijı

໶ҬѓࢂȓᏰҡ੼ᏰȃᙽᏰȃ᛫ມҧ፜ȃώհࡾᏲ ‫׬‬೚ȃ୦ཾȃড়৳ಋҕȄடཾಋҕф౩!ငᡛᙴ൲!ᇯઍ॒೰

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‫෉؃‬ᗸġŎŦŭźůůġōŪ! ‫ں‬୉МġņťŮŶůťġńũŰŸ!

ಋҕ݈୛င౩! Ᏸҡ݈୛င౩!

Йᐠ蒷ĬķIJġĵĴIJġijijIJġĸĹĹ! Йᐠ蒷ĬķIJġĵijĶġĸĵĺġIJĺĹ!

Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭ȈŮŦŭźůůŁųŦūŰŪŤŦįŰųŨįŢŶ Ⴋ໏Ӵ֭ȈŦťŮŶůťŁųŦūŰŪŤŦįŰųŨįŢŶ

ϛЖӴ֭ȈŔŶŪŵŦġĸĭġōŦŷŦŭġIJĭġijĮĹġŃŶųŸŰŰťġʼnŪŨũŸŢźĭġŃŶųŸŰŰťġņŢŴŵġŗŊńġĴIJĶIJĭġŎŦŭţŰŶųůŦĭġłŶŴŵųŢŭŪŢ

ႫၗȈĬķIJĴġĺĹĹĹġĸĵijij


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ńŢųţŰůġŕŢŹ

հ‫ޱ‬Ȉᡌ‫ޟ‬ᐯ೫Кѕȶ՘ࠜ‫ڀ‬ԕȷᐱਰౖᔁՐԐӠȃᑫࣷ஼Ӕ࠲உሮҞᇟૠஉ௵ቃᐱ৶ɆMedicare Accredited, Mental Health CounsellorɇȃቃᐱᐯᇇЀȃ௄ရిु‫ٿ‬ᇇЀфߤྻЍ֯фࣆຉᅷ᠖ᐯЀ

ћ/ గᓂԑ Johnny Leung ϟઉмᇆӫࡈജዃ޾ሮऎ࣏ൄ՘ԑಧઈ৏ᢏྷߞѹঋ১ԯНϘȄփᑫࣷࣆܹ ࠕงЂϧయᏚϟઉмᇆກ‫ڽ‬ᄘႏఠۘϟઉмᇆߞࣹ༓Ȃ഼Ⴥወ՜ກ‫ۘغڽ‬Ђ ઈКవ‫ݸ‬ჅԺߞϟઉмᇆȄంփิ፤ઈ৏ᢏྷߞఐ޶Ȅ௻ۘወ՜ກ୵Ϟᢰ਱ ‫ݗ‬ኧҐ՜ϢҳȂӺඓ୓Ђಿᅆᖖᄩ࠲᠕ߞྍᝊȄ֭Ӥ‫ݺ‬Ӓৃ಩੡၃ᕻఐ޶Й ᜦ‫ܠ‬Ȃգ഼റᒶຫߞዎዋȂൊжϠӔϢЙዳњȂᐱ७ҁেྏۖᕅϧȂൄ՘Ђ ಿᅆഺກӫߞయ֖Ъྏۖ๘ᓢȄᆽᇒЍ៨ࣆܹᅆກ՜་֖࢝Ժߞႃాў੯‫ڽ‬ ิьϠӔߞᠪዋȂӺԴЙԢߞඞԪȂѽЙԢߞ‫ܡ‬৶‫ڽ‬ႋ៖ກ՜ߞੜӡȂ֭Ъ є୓ЙԢߞᗏরȂપ‫֋࣏־‬Ӥ៨ߞЂ஭хᎠȄ‫ێ‬ᅁ಩੡င‫ۏ‬ຈ๴Ⴟ஼ਛЏ၃ ༟ወϞϟઉмᇆກȂ࠳‫ڹ‬ԋ྽ิьϟઉмᇆవ‫ݸ‬Ȅ Ӥ‫ݺ‬ѵधϠϾߞЙᙝኧҐȂ‫ڹ‬ӡᑼ޵фᑼਫ਼ߞዴՄᔌ‫׈‬ЙᙝᜆпȂൄ՘ѵध ԧԳઈ৏ߞಳ௱ᢏмգᝯȄ‫ێ‬ᅁ࠲᠕ᖖᄩЏ၃࣏ࠕϩՐ‫ݙ‬෩фߞ‫ڰ‬Ȅᖖᄩ࠲ ᠕କ‫اڹ‬েԴ‫ڹ‬ӡЂ֋๒କ༓ߞԢ੡փЙճࣖᖖᄩȂ‫اڹ‬েߞϭϘ҃Ъକ‫ڳ‬ ӡЂ֋๒ߞ‫ڻ‬ᕕȄᖖᄩ࠲᠕ߞྍᝊ৐କంЈைᏳ՘ऎ೫ᅚࡋ൵ՀЙჅȄԯऎ ‫ا‬েߞ֖ऎ݀݀Դ՘Ϟ೫ᅚНࢢঋ‫ؼ‬ᢏ࠮‫ڽ‬ఀᗞ᝱Ȅ‫ا‬েକిᐱЈࢅЄᕖఀ Ղ֣࠲᠕ᖖᄩፁ࣏Հ‫ڰ‬Ȅग़஼MSNBCᇨ૭ऎ‫ا‬ে෩‫ڻ‬10ᇌᚎඏߞў‫ޱ‬Ȅ‫ا‬ ௟ҹኧ৒ՂϭȂ‫ڹ‬କ‫ـ‬୨ԪࢅЄߞቮঋȄ

1ȅ኿ߏ‫׀‬ӡ-ҞᢰࢅЄԴӡჅߞ૽௺०বȃ‫ݕ‬Ғႅ಼ߞаব๪ᄦ๪Ȅ 2ȅ՜༰ࠥѪ-ᢰࢅЄ‫د‬ኡඦ‫ݕ‬Ѫ౜‫ݸ‬Դ࢏ҳߞѪᇒϭবȄԴϭჅዷࠥНࢢȂ ҁྻᒸᐬԳऻۖȂኡඦႆႅᆕϞѪȄ๒ࢢిᐱҁেӡഺ‫ࠥڱ‬Ѫຜਛႆߞน ߏጓѪϞȄ

3ȅ‫د‬኿᢫ЄᎽࢴȄ‫ڼ‬Ղѱҷ಼ȃᏞሦߞ‫ݛݽ‬᢫ȃ኿૽಼‫ݸ‬ԴԳϯȂᢰ‫ۊ‬Є‫د‬ ҹেϘৎৎᎽࢴȂѽ‫ݺ׀‬԰՜ȂഺӺҞઐิࢅЄߞᇟϧф૔᛼‫ྍߞ֘ތ‬౬Ȅ

4ȅᢰࢅЄ೫ᅚԴᛓ༟‫ݗ‬༡ߞ੡৏Ȃ‫د‬ᑶᝯఫȄҞѽጨᔽߞ‫؛‬Ց‫ڽ‬ኧҐࢅЄߞ ྍ౬Ȃ‫࢙ڭ‬Ӳഺ֖ऎȄְӺҞѽᢰࢅЄ‫ڽ‬෩ᓹְȂ஄ႅְ‫ୃ؞‬ᝯᑶȂЯധ ࢅЄᜂᇳְȂ௻мࢅЄেြॗକ࿚ߞྍᝊȄ 5ȅԺᢰࢅЄతៈЂ֋๒Ȃ‫ڼ‬Ղ༏‫م‬ȃЋ‫ڐ‬ຈԳўȄԺᢰҁে֋Ўళᅡ‫ލ‬ᅁȂ ሃҁেु‫ٿ‬঴ߏՂ‫ލ‬ᅁߞ‫ڽ‬࿚фนߏ՘ࠜߞঋ૵Ȅഺգׄҁেሮᝊۖ࠲᠕ ᖖᄩߞদঋ‫ݑ‬Ȅ 6ȅి‫ࢅڈ‬Є‫ݗد‬༡౻బȄ௟ቮঋ౻ನߞ‫֘ތ‬՜ࣂՀՂ٠Ѫ᢫۶኿૽௺ຈȄ 7ȅ௟ᑇ‫ߞڽ‬኿ߏԓ࢘‫ڹ‬ӡȄስᐱࢅЄന঍фሦൄߕ‫ۍ‬ȄഺዹࢅЄබକ‫׀‬ӡҹ েȂ൹ൄҍྲߞߕ‫ۍ‬Ȃ‫ە‬ᑬҁেߞ൹ൄϧȄ 8ȅՉవϘчЙӡცߞ঍ᄑȄᓴᑄϘчȂЙ‫ڹ‬ӡ‫ݙ‬գቮঋცϧߞ‫֘ތ‬Ȃ‫ڼ‬Ղᝯ ఫႼᕚᑟȃᝯఫც໛ȃЙቮঋცߞߕ‫ۍ‬۶ႼᕚȄ 9ȅຜࢅЄೡᚐ֗ߏфߕ‫ۍ‬ӹ෱ࣿஜȄ‫ࢅد‬Є्ЙϞߞ֗‫ੋއ‬ҍ‫ڽ‬ȂྻԢਛ ࠜȂࢅЄᇸԴϘ୓Т෱Ȅഺᇌஇ‫ޱ‬գ‫ݺ׀‬ᖖ࠲ȂփѷϵྻऎְြषϭϘຊ ༟ᏚȄ 10ȅࢅЄϯᐯԺ൯ѪᑒȂѽิь༼ӡ‫ێ‬ҁߞ༼ਫ਼ಯࡡȂ࣊உ௵ ϫକิьԯ༼ӡ༼ਫ਼փኧҐ‫װ۾‬ౢ၉ߞҞକȂ࠲᠕ᖖᄩȄ ਛࠜেЙ‫׸‬ᄘႏϯগߞў‫ޱ‬ȂᢰࢅЄᕖఀ࠲‫ڈ‬ȂิьЂ֋๒Ⴄ࿚ߞЂ༓ࣹҵȄ

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⚆ᚽ᷒ዷ᛻᪸᪠ᬌ ᴀᣤᏩ≘ᗐᏸ㞖ᛦ

γӵΜТӋġᇍᖝҏ᛾‫ܘ‬

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Ґ୙

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ᙟՖᑥቈ

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‫ض‬෱԰%41

ջາᕕᜒ Ι౽ ຺ಠߛՖବ ŕũŪůġōŢůŤŦŵ ቋ঄ĥIJĸįĺĶ

γӵΜТӋᇍᖝҏ᛾‫ܘ‬ȂௌџоҢΙѮᙟ෡ՖᑥቈȂо‫׷‬඲ӱĥĴıįıı‫ޟ‬ᓺඏቋਿᗊີΙѮӒཱི‫ޟ‬Ȉ Ԋ຺ׂູŐűŵŪŶŮġřŤŦŦťՖᑥቈȅ‫ޱܖ‬ȅց๲‫ۄ‬ŇųŦŦŔŵźŭŦġōŪŵŦՖᑥቈȅ‫ٮ‬иջາᕕᜒȅ຺ಠߛՖବŕũŪůġōŢůŤŦŵΙ౽

ஶኈՙ᛾‫ܘ‬ ᑋኈӰ๼Ρ᛾Ꮨৱк౩ łůŵũŰůźġōŶĭġŃįġőũŢųŮġŎįőįŔį

10 Boronia Rd, Vermont 3133 (near Canterbury Road end)

03 9874 3288 www.vermontpharmacy.com.au

݈୛໶Ҭѓࢂ ɖġ ŏŅŔŔġŔŶţŢŨŦůŵġ ɖġ ŎŢŬŪůŨġōŪŧŦġņłŔŚġ ɖġ ŘŦţŴŵŦųĮőŢŬ¯ġ ġ ġ ɖġ ŎŦťŪŤŢŭġńŦůŵųŦġ

ф౩ҥࢇ‫ۺ‬ၥօᑥ‫੾׍‬௉‫ٺޱ‬ҢϞᡛՖၐા้Ȅ ю୵‫ܖ‬નঅӨ᜸ඈ୊ȃড়ۨՌօҢ‫ڎ‬Ȃԃᎈාȃࢣ؈ȃՌ௰้ٙȄ Ⴄ໊᛾‫ސ‬ѓ၆݈୛ȂԊӒП߯Ȃ࣏ྱ៫ড়ϛଽឭΡρȇӻᆍ᜸᛾‫ٺސ‬Ң‫ޱ‬ȇ ୊‫ۡן‬ਢӬ᛾‫ޱ‬Ȃ‫ܖ‬ю୽ߝ෈೾੼‫ޱ‬ശ‫ٹ‬ᒵᐅȄ ᛾‫ܘ‬ᄇ७Ԥᖿ๼ᇭᚂҡᎹຨȂ֤‫ܪ‬ՖϽᡛࡉȄ

ᕊཾਢ໢ ࢑෈ΙՍϤġ ĺŢŮĮĸűŮ ࢑෈ϲġ ĺŢŮĮIJűŮ 25


ড়৳୊ஶ

ឃᚊ٤ Christopher So Ϡ᝷Ѝ຀ਰ (Ergonomist) ັᑋߏನ޼ᖚਰ (Manipulative Physiotherapist)

୊ஶҡࣀȈΤΪΜ

ϦЖϦ೚Ȉ಑Π᜸ᆋॱ ᜰ࿽ᘇ೿/஼฽૗ො‫( އ‬Ankylosing Spondylitis) ശཱིၥਟȈ ᝯြ ᙆാ/௻๼ ଖป߆ ࣏Ϙᇌᆙ་‫ߞݑ‬ᝯြ߆Ȟprogressive arthritisȟȄ ҹྻє୓ଖป۶୻ሃ㒪୻(sacroiliac [SI] joints)֌ܼϳ‫ߞݑ‬๴߆ (chronic inflammation) Ȅഺઽાѹঋ዆ᠩଖ୻ȂҒࣁ‫ݙ‬գߞ௲ሃᝯြ(ᄦϘ)Ȅ֭Ӻྻ ዆ᠩ‫ێ‬ҹᝯြ۶ᐡ‫ܡ‬ȂՂȈೀȃѕȃ߱ȃ߷ᇾȃສȃ፰ȃᣔ۶ᎺᝯြຈຈȄ ‫ݙ‬ѽഺ࣏ϘᇌɆԑ‫ݑڗ‬ɇ ȞsystemicȟߞઽાȂྻ዆ᠩᑋৎ‫ڗ‬ᢜȄ

(ᄦϘ) ᝯြ ᙆാ/௻๼ ଖป߆዆ᠩ‫ݙ‬գߞ༴௲Ȅ ཀ༴௲(Ligamentum flavum)ȃป༡༴௲(interspinous ligament)ȃᑖॎ༡༴௲(intertransverse ligament)ȃป ୻ฌϯ༴௲ (supraspinous ligament)ȃࡈࢢᗂ֖༴௲ (anterior & posterior longitudinal ligament)ȃSuperior (ϯ) & Inferior (ϭ)Articular FacetЈӀবᝯြᡃߞ༴௲ (Facet Capsulary Ligament)Ȅ

ഺઽાྻ‫ڹ‬ଖปാຕ୓‫(ڽ‬fuse together) Ȅ࢝Ժ੡ྻ‫ڹ‬ଖࣗ୻գࢢ ᡈ/Ҏ ᏷ ०(kyphosis)ߞ಩໪Ȅஉ௵Ӓ௱ߞଖࣗ୻ൌ‫ۍ‬գԺ඼࢘ߞࣿஜକϧߞȂ‫ݙ‬ѽ‫ا‬ েକԨࡈࢢᡈȃҽҠᡈஎ۶ᚼஜȄԯऎُϘြߞଖปႬҩϘြߞଖป࣏ӤЙ Ԣߞ௲۶ป༡ጹ‫ݙ‬ാత୓‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ڹ‬ଖࣗକգЂ඼࢘ߞࣿஜକϧȄ֭ညഺ‫ڱ‬௲ ༖м (calcify) බ‫ڹ‬ଖป୻ᙆാ/௻๼୓‫ڽ‬ȄՂ‫ލ‬ទদߞ႖ȂྻᅆӠࣿ௲‫ڽ‬࿂Ђ ߞቪᜣȄ

൵ྲߞ޼ᖚ᜽ߏ࣏

ഺઽાߞ୓ԯ֌ЫЪ๒ӏ‫ށ‬Ȃ֭ᛁᐯधᅆҹߞ՘ԯ۶་ਣჅ຀ൌգϘ‫ߞܠ‬Ϟ ႋȄ՝งଖࣗȃ୻ሃ㒪୻ߞ೟४๴߆Ȃપ‫࣏־‬Դᝯြ༡᝝፡୻ߞࠑবȄഺ‫ڱ‬ ೟४ಯӠգਚߞмᐯߏᎳȂ࿘ႋ۶଑਴Ȅ‫ڗ‬ᢜߞхᕕ࣏৒ႃഺ‫୻ڱ‬Ȃ֭ྻಯ Ӡ࢝Ժफಶ (scar) ۶ྲߞ୻ೡᚐȄ༖ᎳබྻٕᑥԴᝯြН༡ߞ௲۶ป༡ጹȂ ഺዹබ‫ڹ‬ଖࣗᝯြᙆാ/௻๼ ୓‫ڽ‬Ȅ ഺઽાѹঋ዆ᠩՐࠦߞ‫ٷ‬ЀȂѧЃЀԺϟ֌Ϭ঺ȄҞ๴ӠԴЙԢᇌ౉ȃՐ៬ ۶‫ٷ‬ЃȄ֭ԺԴ 17֌ 40࿐ߞ‫ٷ‬ЀȄЃЀԺԴᜃҸ੡༟‫ܕ‬Ȅ࢝Ժ੡࣏ᓷཇԯ ЄHLA-B27 (Human leukocyte antigen B27) є୓ȂԯԴ80%֌ 90 % ߞ ઽϠКҍ಩ഺ‫ڱ‬ᓷཇԯЄȄዉܶߞ࣏ԴϣৎգഺԯЄߞϠКȂҪգϘৎϠྻ ઽ๴Ȅ‫ݙ‬ѽ࣏‫ߞڍځ‬ઽાȄ

‫ة‬ᖛȃ᛼ժ೟४ԯЄ޼ᖚ Anti-tumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapyȂЙඏକ‫ؼ‬ຠӠࣿߞᎳ૵Ȃ‫ـ‬କফֲઽఐ෋мȄഺ᜽࣏գ

ࣆܹњׄȂ֭ঋ෼഼ઐ߆᜽๑ੜ۶౎งߞઽϠЖକֺ໱‫ڹ‬ӡȄ ಩Դࣆܹ www.medicareaustralia.gov.au/provider/pbs/drugs1/ files/4154-tumornecrosis-factor-alpha-antagonist.pdfфᑫࣷᝯြ߆‫ྻ۝‬ www.arthritisaustralia.com.auൌయዃഺઽߞჰ‫ڨ‬۶޼ᖚȄ‫ـ‬ᘛ᎛Ϟҍԩփఈ ഺઽߞѢธಧ࣐ Michael SlaterȂሦ֯ϞգᝯႤਫ਼۶ႻஜԍᇄȄᡝ߰ҞԨգ ᝯᑟᅹ૶ۤȄᘵ๒࣏ॻћߍӎȂ֭Ⴛஜஜ֯ᚎඏȄՂգᓐуକᕒׄᗾႋȂᕕ Йྻщ᝱‫ށ‬ӨȄ֭Ղ‫ލ‬ႻஜࢢգЙ‫ډ‬хᕕ۶ࢢ‫ލ‬Ȃබঋ᎛ి௞྽ϠЀȂՂᛁ Ӡфߏನ޼ᖚਰȄ ෩៉ȈԴ௞ᛟ 41 ง༟‫ܕ‬Ȃ‫ྻا‬ӡࠫፐயሃຍߞ‫؛‬ՑႬᡝ߰ж‫ڳ‬ᛁᖚߢ ᝊȄ࣏֭‫׎‬Ҟ֖බঋᡝ߰‫ࠫڽ‬෩ҍৎϠᝯြ։ևຈயᛟ‫ݕ‬ৎ੯Ȃ֯߰ྻ ᆽϧႋຍ۶෩‫ڍྍڻ‬Ȅᡝ߰Ҟ௙ც༎so_christopher@hotmail.comȞ ᎛኷‫ ށ‬Re: ԢႮϠ / Samewayȟ‫ ݕ‬73 The Grange, Templestowe 3106Ȅ

ឃᚊ٤ ო౩౩‫ ܈‬. டཾЫҁ!ၖ߬࡟Ρ!оϦ࣏ҏ!ᕊഅӓថ

ௌ঄ு߬ᒦЅᆎЖᅖཎ‫ޟ‬ҡཎີ፲ф౩

26

๲ᐌ‫ސ‬౩‫ݽ‬ᕛৱ

Ρ᜸ώแᏰ౏അМᏵȞᐬࢸȟ

MANIPULATIVE PHYSIOTHERAPIST

ᜰ࿽๲ᐌ‫ݽ‬ᕛ౏അМᏵȞᐬࢸȟ ϛᚂବ‫د‬МᏵȞॷ෫ȟ

ᔖຨਢ໢Ȉ࢑෈ΙՍϤġĺĻııġŢŮġĮġĸĻııġűŮġŽġ࢑෈ϲġĺĻııġŢŮġĮġIJĻııġůŰŰů

Fax: 03-9841 4066 Email: info@egrealty.com.au www.egrealty.com.au

FONG & CO. BARRISTERS & SOLICITORS ‫ܘ‬Ӵີ፲ ۹ⲵનघ ϴѧԙҳ ҡཎᙽᡱ ҕ‫ޭٱ‬િ ᒸᡥ‫ٱ‬໶ ߝ‫ࡡݲޱ‬ ӣۨ‫ࡡݲ‬ ஔࠉ‫ڞ‬ដ ᚔஔ‫ࡡݲ‬ ଒౰೎౩ υτሴᎴ᠌

‫ސ‬౩‫ݽ‬ᕛᏰρȞᐬࢸȟ

Gary Wu

Suite 6, 1004 Doncaster Rd, Doncaster East, Vic 3109

П ୽ ੎ ࡡ ৱ ՗

CHRISTOPHER SO

к‫ ݽ‬Өᆍᜰ࿽ՊՈ)ᙛཾȃၼଢ଼*ཬ༌ȃ୑ᓞฮȃ ဖधฮȃϤΪ޸ȃᆩ౨Йȃጱᇐ!Ѕ!ٗ‫ۻ‬ฮ

㳜慉栣㞽㥠寝╅⋈帶₫≴ ᆠ೽ဃᇭȂ୽ᇭȂ़ᇭ Phone: 03 9841 4077 / 0408 846 843

43ԑᖝ‫ח‬ငᡛȞᐬࢸȃॷ෫ȟ

73 The Grange, TEMPLESTOWE 3106 ཱ፜ႱघȈ03 9855 8326 / 0414 671 828 295 Бρ Box Hill – Westfield – The Pines

᎓Є᠌ࡡৱ՗

ၖཎ݈୛ ᆠ೽ኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȃ୽ᇭȃ‫ݍ‬ಽၗȃ़ᇭ

੫೨ོॎৱ‫ٱ‬୛‫ܚ‬ ႫၗǺ03 9808 1211 ༈ઍǺ03 9808 1322 Ӵ֭ǺSuite 3, Level 1, 2-8 Burwood Highway, Burwood East 3151

)ӣၯΡᚕᇬ‫ޥ‬Ⴄ᎑*

‫ࡡݲ‬ᆈρȂၥ౏ࡡৱᒑՌ೎౩Ȃ ૖Ꭷ᠞ЅਪቸϛМᖿࢺኄ‫ݍ‬ၗȃ ୽ᇭЅࡊড়ၗȄ

AUDIT & DUE DILIGENCE SERVICES ቷਯ!ਯኵ ୦ཾ࠘ၚ BUSINESS ADVISORY SERVICES โ୛࠘ၚ TAX SERVICES

ᒲϴਢ໢Ȉ!࢑෈ΙՍϤ9:00am-5:00pm ! ࢑෈ϲȾႫၗႱघȿ

Suite 2, Level 1, Professional Suites Centro Box Hill Shopping Centre 17 Market Street, Box Hill 3128

ႫၗȈ (03) 9899 4388 ༈ઍȈ (03) 9899 4688 Ӵ֭Ȉ Suite 1, Level 1, 35A Carrington Rd, Box Hill VIC Ⴋ໏Ȉ paultang@psmflawyers.com

Phone 9898 8311 for appointment Email: kscconsult@yahoo.com.au


ড়৳୊ஶ

ፙٕ᡹߀ᇄɆ‫م‬᠚෵޳ɇ(ή)

્޺‫م‬౰ҡ‫ޟ‬নӰ ଌ߹‫ڄ‬ಯӠߞ১ԯԺዴሃӠࣿўՑᝯ‫ڀ‬Ȃ‫ێ‬КЂԺዴ࣏ԯऎᖉᏳჅಽȃ୼֕ ଌ‫༼࣏ݕ‬୧ჅԺȄ၃ႎ೟ж‫ޘ‬Ȃଌ߹‫ߞڄ‬՘ԯҞжऎව᝷Ȉ ޳ढ࠮્޺‫م‬Ȉഺ࣏ଌ߹‫ڄ‬൵௱‫ߞڍ‬ઽԯȄӤ‫៷ݺ‬঴ჅԺߞ୼ᒤ۶୼ଌ঴ ߏȂ‫ڄ‬ᡙӏକф੡௟‫ێ‬ઐмȃઉмȃᚼмȃవީȂᐱ७ଌ߹Դ‫ڄ‬аுᒕȄ ନᆠ‫م޺્ܒ‬Ȉഺ࣏ଌ߹‫ߞڄ‬೐ϟ௱‫ڍ‬ઽԯȄ୧ᇟӎ‫ڗ‬ᅆ‫ڄ‬ᡙգߡతྫਚȂ Ղ‫ࠜލ‬ง༼୧փЙӒ௱་঴ᘘྻᐱ७ᖉᏳЙ‫ډ‬Ȃਟ‫؛ݽ‬՘ଌ߹‫ڄ‬Ȅ75ʦۖ95 ʦߞཝ୧߰ྻգЙԢ຀࢘ߞଌ߹‫ڄ‬Ȅ ᑥ‫م޺્ܒ੾׍‬Ȉᒤ،ઽఈ߰ᢜаߞၬ່ᒤ۶ଌ߹ቕӏକՀՀജ‫׀‬ӡȂଌക ӨԪ՘ϵҍ಩ቪᜣȂ҄ЂൊԊၬ່ᒤ۶ଌ߹ቕԴ‫ڄ‬ᡙаᚼᢏ՘ଌ߹Ȃ‫؛‬՘ଌ ߹‫ڄ‬Ȅ ᕊᎴીм‫م޺્ܒ‬Ȉԯࠜงᄔ঴ȃြ঴ȃஐ঴ȃ‫כ‬՜Й‫ډ‬фၖ।јങຈ১ ԯȂൄ՘ֲകӨ֕ાȂ૿ѻᗙᣂȂ૿ѻᖉᏳȄ௱௱ஜӡೡᚐКߞଌ߹Ȃ֭ϫ ЙକԴ‫ڄ‬ᡙаӒ௱ᚼмଌ߹Ȅ ᛾‫ܒސ‬Ѕࢳ‫م޺્ܒސ‬Ȉ‫ڹ‬ӡࣙ‫ڱ‬᜽ߏՂӠࠜᑬ૵ȃສϯၜөᎳᑬ૵ȃұᖖ ૵ȃࣙ‫ةڱ‬ၚጳ᜽ຈൄ՘ߞଌ߹‫ڄ‬Ȅ ׁ৒ȈԺ‫؀ݺ‬਑36༉ۖ40༉ҍ಩Ȃఐ޶ទদ߰Ҟକྻգ‫ݑڄ‬ၝઽȃສଽᇐѽ фઐмႽҍ֕Ȅ ԍᏫ᜽ߏӏӅକպԊպ޼ᖚଌ߹‫ڄ‬Ȃఈ߰ᘘঋަྍఠۘ༼঴ȂՂьԫռ༺Ȃ ԯऎഺ᝷ᒤ᝷঴ߏϵྻ҄‫ڄ‬ᡙКᚼмऎଌ߹‫ڭ‬ᒕᇸȄѽϭ࣏Ϙ‫༼ڱ‬঴ϯߞЈ ໭Ѐȓ

⌣ị Dr Hui Li

ᎇᡡ◘᏷

Dental Surgeon

ઐଈȄ 2 ៷Ϣ҇‫ږ‬കӨᎳȂԺԫ‫ף‬ᇯӠ૵ȃᢉᇯ૵Ժߞ঴ߏՂ፸້ȃѪ‫ލ‬ȃೖᚏຈȄ 3 ౎ᔠЙ‫ܢ‬ჅჸȂᇂࡈЙঋҐᔠȇԺ༼ѪȄ ಿ‫ݙ‬۹ߢȂႻஜҞѽઐଈఫᢜаԺ᏶ଌ߹ȂЏ၃ఈգଌ߹‫ߞڄ‬ϠЙ཈ঋఠۘ ༼঴ȂᘘঋԺஇႻஜȂՂ፤َ໿ȃ‫ڕَأ‬ȃᛨඏ‫ژ‬ȃϯၢጁ౗ȃหާȃԈ߻ ୓‫ݕױ‬உ‫ڗ‬ᐡౠᘪ࿯ൌ࣏࢝գૈߞȄႻஜକઐଈᢜаጤ༓ȂఠۘᢜদኧࠜȂ ‫ڄ‬ᡙКߞଌ߹ϵྻᔌНઐଡ଼Ȅ ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿‫ף‬գᢸ߿ԺᒤȂ൪‫ڎ‬ᴯᏔȂઊ௄ቕȂകӨᎳȂ㤧ຈԺᇌգੜ՘жȄК ஼ҟ҃ᛁᐯԩ຾К՝බգᝯ‫ݺ‬ᢸ߿Ɇႃ‫ڄ‬ઈɇɆૈອઈɇߞ֯ӡୃႶȂ‫ۍ‬գ ফֲ֕౻۶‫ڄ‬೟४аᗙ‫۽‬ᏔȂӟ޵ϬଌߞґੜȂంփ‫ڄڹ‬аଌ߹ิь(‫׈‬Ҟѽ գੜ་֖Ɇ‫ڄ‬ᡙิ߲ɇ)Ȃࢭ෇‫ڄ‬ᡙґକȄ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᘘҞѽఠۘଌ߹‫ڄ‬ALT(‫ڐ‬Ѵ ᚼઊ㤧)Ȃంփգੜ޼ᖚଌ߹‫ڄ‬۶୼ଌ֕ાȄ ఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ᇟົళӡԐ་ߞџ ӎ১Ѣ੺ை‫ث‬ങ۶୼ॊ‫ث‬෩ۤЍ᜹ȂϘരߧ ‫ݚ‬Ꮃ༓ऎӎߞԋ྽‫ܟ‬՞Ȃᖔఀᑫࣷ۶џӎຈԺ༵உ௵࠲உ঴ࡡᎳ༓ሮᝋȂዴ ϩՐ‫ڽ‬७ϧ‫ݺ‬యዃ൵ᔹᎳߞ‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿࠲உಯࡡȂ ൄᇊЂಿஉ௵Ȃఄ෎๕‫ڔ‬ᢸ߿ ᇟົන‫ף‬ফֲ֕౻۶‫ڄ‬೟४аᗙ‫۽‬ᏔȂӟ޵Ϭଌຈգੜ՘ж,գੜ‫޼ڨ‬ଌ߹‫ڄ‬ ۶୼ଌ֕ાȂᕒׄዃЂଌ߹‫ڄ‬ఈ߰་֖Ɇ‫ڄ‬ᡙิ߲ɇȂգੜࢭ෇‫ڄ‬ᡙґକȂ ԑব‫ؼ‬ຠ‫ڗ‬ᢜԧўবᑟକȂদᖔஉ௵Ȋ ‫؃‬૞ിρᙏᐣ ಲ྽‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷ੾ႆໄ෻Ђᐯч๒ಯߏु‫ݙٿ‬ൾЀ઱ȂԴџӎȃК஼фᑫࣷԧԳం‫ڰ‬ԧ ᝷◔ᒽु‫ٿ‬Џգ22Ր၃ᢚȂэ‫ێ‬ᐽࠜᢸ߿ўবߞж‫ޘ‬ణ୅Ȃु‫ٿ‬຾֯Ђ༓๴ࠑ‫ڲݺ‬ ࣷȃገࣷфᑫࣷຈԳȄ

Government Accredited Hearing Services Provider

૖ᖿࢺց़ᇭ!୽ᇭ!ဃᇭ

ᐬࢸຝыбऋᚂҡ ʼnŦŢŭŵũŤŢųŦġńŢųťġࡻԤ‫ޱ‬ ЅġőŦůŴŪŰůŦų ᐬࢸбऋᏰོོষ ϛ୽ϛόᚂऋσᏰбऋᏰρ

Ꮅᗊᗽ 21&⑐᳥

ᆣӫбऋ݈୛ ၄бȂ‫ܦ‬бȂࢿб! бᏏछৠȂᅔҩ! ਲ਼ᆓ‫ݽ‬б ‫ۡھ‬0ࣀଢ଼୅б! б‫੾ں‬٩‫!ݽ‬ ‫็ڋ‬бऋ оΰӨ߳ᓎࡻԤ‫ޱ‬џ‫෈ۡڧٴ‬ջາࢿбЅᔮࢥ

1 ෩্ֲଌȃֲᒤȃֲᣃ༼঴Ȃఠۘጤ༓៷ϢȂѽ࠮‫ڄد‬೟४аߞଌ߹ઉм

ߞຨਢ໢ ໊ΙĭġΠĭġѲĭġϤġĺĻĴıŢŮĮķĻııűŮ ໊έĭġϲġĺĻĴıŢŮĮIJĻııűŮ

ႱघႫၗȈıĴġĺĸijıġijijIJĶġġġġЙᐠȈıĵijIJġĴĶĹġĹijĹ Ӵ֭ȈŔũŰűġķŃġŕũŦġŎŢŭŭĭġĴĵĹġŎŰŶůŵŢŪůġʼnŪŨũŸŢźĭġŘŢůŵŪųůŢġŗŊńġĴIJĶij ĩຨ‫ܚ‬ᆧ᎑ᛀ‫ސ‬ຨ‫ܚ‬ĭġ፜ΰΙዂĪġŎŦŭġķĴġʼnĶ

ࢇ‫ۺ‬௲᠌‫ޟ‬๼Ρ᠙Ψ݈୛ᐠᄺ ݈୛ਢ໢ȓ࢑෈ΙՍϤ ፜ӑႱघ 9ਢՍ5ਢј Ԥ Ն ቁ ༝ ȉ Ԥ ᠙ Ψ Ղ Ͻ ༝ ȉ

Ԥ Ρ ᇳ ձ ᖿ ၗ Њ σ ᖐ ༝ ȉ

ձ ᠙ Ⴋ ၗ ‫ܖ‬ Ⴋ ຜ Ԥ ֨ ᜲ ༝ ȉ

ᇄ տ Ρ ፙ ၗ Ȃ ձ ࢐ ֏ ᠙ Ϛ ఼ ཿ ȉ

ӵ ᓡ ࡉ Ȃ ձ ឈ ு ፙ ၗ ֨ ᜲ ༝ ȉ

ńŦůŵųŦŭŪůŬġőŦůŴŪŰůŦų џ‫ڧٴ‬ġջາᡛՆġЅġջາօ᠙Ꮲ ҏᐠᄺ୤ᇄᐬσց‫ۺࢇٳ‬ᚂᕛᆋց‫ޟ‬᠙Ψ݈୛ॎგ!(Hearing Services Program) ૖ջາඪ‫ټ‬᠙Ψᔮࢥ‫ڷ‬օ᠙Ꮲ๝ࡻԤ Centrelink Pensioner Concession Card Մ᏿Ԥၥਿҧ፜ࢇ‫ۺ‬᠙Ψ݈୛‫( ڔ‬Hearing Services Voucher) ‫ޟ‬Ρсঈ

Yin Chen

Clinical Audiologist!᠙ឈ‫ݽ‬ᕛৱ BSc, MSc Clin. Aud. ᏎᅭҏσᏰ᠙ឈᏰᆈρ

ӻԑ᠙Ψ߳୊ငᡛ ᆠ೽๼ᇭȃဃᇭ‫़ڷ‬ᇭ

‫ؽ‬Ρ᠙Ψ݈୛Ȉ ᠙Ψᔮࢥ ൷ཾࠉ᠙Ψຟե ෬‫ݨ‬Ն༬ ॱዅՆ༬ȃŪĮőŰťġՆ༬

๼ȃဃᇭ!0402 787 493 ༁ӑҡ / ़ᇭ!9763 8828 Sarah Anderson Suite 3, 7 Fulham Road, Rowville VIC 3178 (Stub Park Centrelink ѡ᜞) Melway 81 J1

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ፙМᇳ᛺

‫ؙ‬ᔖ‫ݎ‬

គ‫ݎ‬ӑ௃Ж၇េଔ වՐࡈȂ஼аߞණᢜϯ๳ႶϞϘࡋઐਿȂሲߞ࣏ԴཀޫϢઔϾȂգ֜ӇЍ߰ ၢϢޫКȂҁ‫أ‬ঋಂժϞȄည੡ඛᣍԴ‫ܫ‬᝝ߞϠ၏ԺႿዴϼȂൣٟգϘৎ֩ ҍ෯јȄഺ੡់ᅅቁ‫ڽ‬ϞȂҁЙྻหѪȂҨϘ֜೺ЍҝాȄ೺ЍሲȂӅ༷ຜ ҁұϼЮᓿҁЖߺ྅Ȅ់ᅅੋЙҍഺኃԺߞᓿȂҪգ஀຾ࢧȄഺ੡ᗁᇖգϘ ֜ࠦՐႯ་ޫ㡯ȂԨ࿡Ѫ߰หҝȂҞఓߞ࣏ȂҁߞѪ‫ڭݑ‬ЙՀȂాϞවըȂ ൌٟକ‫د‬Ϡా୓Ȃ֋ЎхփϵຏિϧᆽȂᅙᅙٕٟȄթ੡‫ܫ‬᝝ߞϠ၏๴ҍୱ ୱኚ૯ȂබԴഺϘѯ૯ᗏКȂԴಿӫᇀᇀНϭȂ‫ی‬ৎࠦՐٕٟѪܺȌȌ

գϠྻхቺሲȂЫчߞК஼Џ࣏ۖ഍୼ጁ‫ޒ‬Ӳȃ‫ژ‬Ѫ୺ᔷȂ၃ᕻᗁ༓୼‫ܧ‬ԑ ಧցϟȂഺ᝱ႽЙ࣏ћмሐሐџϯߞዾራཛྷȉ‫ا‬ЙഺዹऻȂԯऎᑢҫգϘৎ ௄ӎഢࢠȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏‫ث‬ങ๴ਣሃћ‫ށ‬་ਣН༡‫ڭ‬ЙՅԴतኃहТᝯ࠼.េ‫ލ‬ԍᘿ ߞࠑবϯȂҪঋᢖҍϘᙇ᠀ಶȂѕЄ㡯බЏ၃ག൅ϞȄՂЫК஼ЂԳϯۖ഍ Ҟ‫ڑߞڍ‬ᇺำЍ຀Ȃԇ֣‫ڑ‬ᇺำЍ຀ߞ०ࢢϘ෩઻බ࣏ϘЂ֚ല‫ܖߞܡ‬ԩȂ බ࣏ഺҪԍᘿេ‫ࠑލ‬বϯߞᇺ᠀ߞफಶȂփԑӔႽ዇ྏߞᅔܺඉҵȂЖ࣏К ົћмᜓᗜ࿑࿝ߞᠠᝋȄ

୨ԪഺፔћՄߞᘘգୃ߰ည੡‫ݮ‬ϭߞව௺࿰ѯȂऻϯҝȂߞፁ࣏ᣍ߰ՂெȂ ૠఐබᄊ࣏ԴᣍऻϘҍЂᕚȄ

ԴཀޫϾ๴ӠߞഺϘᅌ‫ا‬ѽऎ࣏Ϙৎྍۧಎࠜߞ໪ወ‫ߞݑ‬೑ၳȈཀޫ࣏Кົ Ӕ౉ߞӓᓐޫȂɆУϼՐߞҟ஼ћмȂంְഺ‫ۊ‬๴࿚ȂԺьॻ༯ߞࣇ‫ڰ‬ȂԴ ְߞ۹Ꮞ‫ط‬ᆊɇȂփཀޫߞϢઔϾӒ࣏ஈЂКົћ‫ڕށ‬Ԩѵधћ‫ߞށ‬ӹབྷ ഍Ȃഺ㡯ನᕕᆊᜯ‫ا‬েӔ౉ஈЂ෇ᒸߞ‫״‬ነȂ๒փ಩ЫߞഺϘᅌȂࡒჲ੡҄ Ђै޼Ѫଗј६‫ߞږ‬Йդ‫ږ‬Ⴋȃᑷቀ‫ؠ‬Ѐઈരࠜআߞᅘූ෌ᆇȂм֯๑‫؛‬Ȃ ላϯӖ㡱ߞ਺୘Ȃ১ԐҸ‫ڈ‬຾ы‫ܜ‬ၐᎰߞ௻੃෶ࡓߞӔলၺᢏ՘ՂթН൫ ѢȂЙӒჰӯ຾௞ۘћмᕕႍЏ‫ۖڕ‬Ϟᆽᔝཛྷȉ

‫ێ‬੡‫ا‬Ӓంࡑ‫ڴ‬Ђᐯଡ଼ԃϭ‫ڽ‬ജᑫࠝॊ‫ث‬ЂᐯၑҝిఱɆК஼ћм���ᎢɇȄ ‫دا‬ഺ‫ڱ‬࿰ѯႬᐆ‫ڝ‬Ȯࠠ Q ӒཇȯКࠠ Q ঒Ԗඞ੡ඛᣍ၏ಿֽᆐೀૠߞ዆໛ ᝡᔝहᅆ࿰ȂᅆԢᐯেሲȂɆంћмᐯߞ‫ऻ࢘ڎ‬ȂӔಿߞֽᆐȂ࣏݀݀௞ۘ ࡭ћмߞ‫࡭ۏ‬ા৏Ȃԯऎ௞ۘ೚޼࣏ѽӔಿߞႽ዇ֲϭஇႃᔺߞ:௞ۘ೚޼໸ ទቖȂُৎϠѕКߞ‫ߢډ‬බӅ༷߁࿝ఀ໸ᅔܺȂഺ‫࣏߰ی‬՘Ӓѧ‫ߞڼ‬።‫ݑ‬ᝯ ࠼Ȃ‫ݙ‬ѽᐆ‫ڝ‬ЖྻሲȂɄ௞ۘ‫ڹ‬Ϡᢏ՘ժहɅȄК஼Ϡ஼Ӕ‫ݑ‬Кߞ᎜Ժ૿ᙇ ‫ڭ‬Й࣏ሃӠৌ‫ߞڽ‬Ȃփ࣏වϼՐࢋ࢙௞ۘ೚޼ߞຕ‫ލ‬.ɇ ѽࢢȂഺϘ᝷ߞඡႽྔ‫ྔڽ‬ԺȂྔ‫ྔڽ‬ᔛᗄȂఐြϵྔ‫ྔڽ‬ᘟ෋ᛓ‫܈‬ଣ৫Ȃѽ ७ЫчԴЂ൙‫࠮׈‬৹Ϙчණᢜ᜕ҍࣙࣙല‫ܡ‬ലճϞѡࠪȃϟѡϩϝߞ዁ྻϯϘ ၏෋ьᏇԾϞᣍѵরຳᚠຈຈߞчЂ‫܈‬ᇷȂ‫ྐا‬Ђ൙Ӕಿϵྻѽֽᆐᅆ࢞ϞȄ ‫ا‬ഺዹሲທٟգྐ‫ݠ‬౭Ђ൙‫ؼ‬ভ༟‫ݸ‬Нࢢۤఀߞ՘බф‫ྻߤێ‬་َߞྍࢥȂ ֭‫ا‬েЙକᓕ‫ߞڏ‬Ϙᙇබ࣏ȂɆ࢙஼ɇࢢࡈϬϩՐࢋ࢙௞ۘѹ၍Ђ֖‫ێ‬Ⴝߞ ᖛ೟४ՂЫЏԑ‫ڗ‬ᙖ෸Ȃԓ۶‫ؼ‬ভ༟‫ڱࣙࢢݸ‬ታᐱϠ಴‫ڨݺ‬ፑ‫ێ‬Кत‫ݕ‬գ ϠɆѕգᢸ๗ɇԳգྍ࠳՘ᡋϧႤӎߞ‫ڝ‬ിᒕೢȂԴഺ‫ߵی‬ᑩࣹߞྉᇸᎏᕝ ϭȂКົћмߞੲ௄ЏᏎۖϞ࿑࿝‫ߞݑ‬૔᛼ȂКົћмؑؑҞԟ‫ٻ‬Ȋ

ᄚ‫ܒ‬ҩՖ੾‫ޟ‬џጥ၌౩ҥ ᅙ‫ݑ‬ೕ೟४Ө֕ઽȞϭћКᚎᇍɆᅙೕɇȟԴԧᇌՐ៬‫׮‬Ҟ๴ӠȂ֭ѽКՐ ൵ࠜ‫ڍ‬Ȃѷ‫ݑٷ‬Ժ‫ݺ‬Ѓ‫ݑ‬Ȅ௱֡գֲጤȃઐጴȃѻϧຈાߐȂҞԯອၚЂᕅ ঝ।ၖփ७঴౬ิଡ଼Ȃҽϯၛኩ๭ຈઐмႽાߐȄᅙೕߞ՝งබҞៈфອ ᡙȂ౎งઽ‫ڼ‬වѼൌգອၚЂȂҞգອંཫ‫ݕ‬ອ۹ඛ߆ຈ‫ۀ‬๴ાȄॗ40ʦߞ ᅙೕգ‫ڄ‬ອၚЂȂ 75 ʦգ଒୻ᕅ๭ȂညӨ೟४ ≥200x10/L ੡Ȃ௱ᐱ७Кዽ ૠ၃‫ڀ‬೚ҍ֕Ȃत֌୻ᢛ᛼ժȄᅙೕߞઽ຀ࢷᗜ‫ؖ‬ાߐȂ෋м຀࢘۶мᢚຕ ‫ލ‬ȂжऎϬৎ༥ࣱȂ85ʦߞఈ߰Դᅙ‫ݑ‬งജ໧ᙝȂ‫ێ‬᏶ఈ߰ԴҐിง‫ݑࢧݕ‬ ᢏงജ๴಩Ȃ‫ڭ‬ѷᔌ຾઼ઽߞ๴ਣȂఈ߰޼ᙽߞҞକ‫ݑ‬໸‫ڽ‬໸ֲȄ ᅙ‫ݑ‬౽ѐ೟४Ө֕ઽȞϭћКᚎᇍɆᅙ౽ɇȟࡋԺ๴‫ݺ‬ցՐϠȂ‫ݑٷ‬ఈ࣏߰Ѓ ‫ߞݑ‬2঺Ȅ‫ߞ࡭ۏ‬ᅙ౽ऎԑ‫ڗ‬౽ѐຕၚЂȂТЙ⋿ാȂ௱ೢфᔚൊᛆ୻ϯȂѽ

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ୃఀϯѵ॔ࠐȂȮྲࠦՐȯᛔራϯฅ๳ჅϘፔћൢȂћК෡ᜱϞϘ඼Кົћ мߞ๴ਣᒸଽᄦȂᄦКዾӯ຾ᆔ৫੡งКົӔ౉ߞћм୼ਪȂϵࢽҍည੡ߞ К஼Ӓ഍ԴКົӔ౉ћмߞֲ‫ڐ‬Ȅഺ඼ᄦࠑည੡ᏩᢘϞԺьྑ஼ߞХϠራ ЀȂంթ‫ڕ‬ϯా஼ᄦՅߞႽႮȄ࣏֭಩Դऻ‫ڽ‬Ȃഺ඼ᄦ࣏Й࿤ፁߞȂૌӒߞ ֲ‫࣏ڐ‬ԴЫчߞК஼Ђ൙Ȃԯऎ‫ڤ‬੡‫ا‬েӔ౉ᘘକಯӠࡌ‫ݺ‬ऎӔ౉०঑ϩՄ ࣛߞॻ༯Ղौጭȃᐆ‫ڝ‬ຈຈȌȌȂ಩ԴЏ၃ЙҞକԓҍ಩ϞȌȌ বᅆКົћмߞߩࡈԟᑟȂُϘ֜ՁߞЄӔȂ࣏‫׎‬ᕕႍྐྐ֋ЎҞѽஇ‫ڱ‬त ኃ۸ȉ

ቓ݂ืఀ௲ȂӣϦஆϛᚂடড় фຨᇏ۶ၛߵ࿛౽ѐຕȂອᡙ௱௱ၚЂȄӺգֲጤȂѻϧ๸խȂ঴౬Й੎ф་ ֖‫ݑ‬ઐጴȄ༉᝝֕КЂ༓౽ѐ೟४Ժ഍՝งȂԺԴ40-150x10/LН༡Ȅള֕К ߞ֕॓കӨф֕Ј‫ޕ‬ዴ༓ߞ‫ؼ‬ᢏሃᅙ౽ߞઽఐ་ਣ۶ᗜ‫ؖ‬жง௜зहᝯȄ ᅙೕ۶ᅙ౽Դ޼ᖚჅ຀КȂઽఐ፤ႋߞᑟྻႵࢧ‫ݑ‬Ө֕ઽߞҞକ‫ݑ‬ЂఀԺȂ પ‫࣏־‬Кନ᜽Դᅙೕ۶ᅙ౽޼ᖚКߞգੜ֯ӡงኧࠜȂփѷҞѽኧҐֺप‫ة‬ ઽକϧ۶ఠۘӁೕӨ೟४۶౽ѐ೟४ߞኧԺȂႵмᐯ޼ᖚ֯ӡӀ፤Ȃऎᅙೕ ۶ᅙ౽ߞࠜง፤ႋܼࠜӠ‫ۻ‬ȂߋۤۖϞភ໳ߞ੡༡۶෩୼ϞӠՅࡡᎳȄКନ ᜽ߞ޼ᖚႵмᐯ޼ᖚߞ஘֯ӡЈ࣏гሮߞȂԴᅙೕ۶ᅙ౽ߞ޼ᖚК֯ӡᅓ ಩Ȅሃмᐯ޼ᖚ୨ԪȂ‫ڹ‬ఈ߰Դᢜϧࢭ෇۶ઐмႽхᕕ‫ށ‬ᢖิьȂऎઽఐ‫ށ‬ ᢖ፤ႋኧҐϞർᇖȄ


ፙМᇳ᛺

௃᛾ড়㞅ೝ೎‫ؚ‬ፙଔ ϯ࣐งб౎ৣԴᓐуਛԫ౎༺੡ߞ༢೭К᎘୓᜽ਛ㟄ߞ੯ЄȞ੸᝝գව֜Ђ ൙‫ڽ‬ை୊ߞȟȂӎ࣐งϟ౎ϯऻᑫࣷߞᇨϯྲᇷ੡Ȃබᡝۖ᜽ਛ㟄Џ၃Դည чȞ6ѡ7џȂৣԫჅᇞЄȂჅ؆ᇑоြȟജ഍ٙߞઐਿȄഺԆК஼ߞྲᇷ‫ܧ‬ ๒ԴᑫࣷϵඡႽϞȂҞ‫ڍ‬዆ᠩНЂȄ ᜽ਛ㟄֣ധϠϵȂҁऎ֣ঋജ഍ٙ۸ȉ ᜽ਛ㟄࣏ϘԩϟϩϘ࿐ߞ֘ՉЂᐯӠȂ࣏Դ֘Չরጄᐯ୰ᐯরጄߞȄ ҝՐȂ‫׈‬2010Ր10ѡ20џȂҁԴ֘Չᏼ‫ژ‬Ȃዠ৆Ϟ໖ϯϘԩϟϩб࿐ߞᛨ ֋֖‫ܖ௺ߞژ‬Ⴚ‫م‬௎ЃȄ‫ڤ‬Ⴚ௎৆ԳЙ୓Ȅᑂሲည੡Ձߞཋཕ‫ڭ‬Й࣏੔দȄ ᜽ਛ㟄ऻऻұ۹ٟգϠऻۖഺԆ‫ژ‬ᇋȂ࠮‫ݥ‬ҍϘ‫د‬ϥЄȂᅆ‫ڤ‬ԩ৆ԳߞႺ௎ ാ῅ϣϥȂ௟Ձࣿࣿ‫ە‬ժȂ࿝ϞࣿϾȞ‫ڤݏ‬Ⴚ௎ऻۖϞҁߞ‫ژ‬๕ྻඡ੯ȟȂ ๒ࢢ༟‫ژ‬ෳࠜփҝȄ ഺৎࣇ‫ڰ‬Ȃ‫ا‬൵ࠕҝЂ൙੡Ȃ௱գᡘϠሲ୓ȂҞሲ࣏ਛඔїᑍߞϞȄ ‫ا‬ᡘϠᗾഺৎࣇ‫ߞڰ‬੡৏ȂૌྐపօЙᡘȂԯऎ‫ا‬ᡘఀխѨߡᎨȄ‫ߞا‬ѕऎ ‫ڤ‬ԩҞዔߞႺ௎փ๭Ȃ๭ఀ‫ا‬ୱୱ‫ݩ‬ຏȂԯऎՁᘘ࣏ৎգϘԩᄟᄟ࢞৲ߞᕈ ‫ۊ‬Րቅӓᓐ‫ڤ‬Ȋ‫ߞا‬ѕϵऎ‫ڤ‬รዷՐቅϠփཋȂཋఀ‫ྐߡا‬ఫೀಊ – ҁȂϘ ԩরጄЍ֯߰‫߰ݕ‬ӏ‫ߞڽ‬রጄਛȂϠ᝷ᢸቿߞཬൄ߰Ȃ֋Ўዠ৆ϞϠȂЙ࣏ ቁᇦ௟Ձ‫ڽ୓ج‬Ȃ୙ᛁ୰޼ᖚȂփ࣏౭Ϡ࿝ϾȊϘԩՂթՐቅߞӒԴత‫୼ۦ‬ ຈి‫ߞڈ‬ЂᐯӠȂ‫ܧ‬๒գഺኃछࣲߞѕၖȉȊ ֘ՉҾКૺ‫ޱ‬୰ԴЫՐ4ѡ22џֿ഍᜽ਛ㟄ժԖȄҁЙ‫އ‬ϯ໦Ȃജ൵୼‫ޱ‬୰ ቺ԰Ȃ‫࣏ݺ‬බգ6ѡ7џߞժԖߞே֖Ȅ ऻ‫ڽ‬᜽ਛ㟄؆ԑႍժȂփѷժգ᏶༆ȄᑂఉК஼ߞᇨӔȂ࢝ԺϠഺዹሮऎȂ ‫ڭ‬ѷሲȂᕕႍҐ௻ᅆՐቅϠߞႽ዇ࢥྐి‫ڈ‬ȄҞ࣏ᅆ‫ݺ‬᜽ਛ㟄ߞժԖֿٙȂ ‫ܧ‬๒ԴК஼є୓Ϟᑬધߞԑ஼‫ߞݑ‬᠜Ꭲ۶ՀԺЙԢߞྍ‫ڍ‬Ȃሲ࣏Йᕕႍ഍ժ ҁȂԯऎ᜽ਛ㟄౭Ⴚ௎࿝Ͼߞ०ࢢգϘৎߤྻ಩໪Ȃ഍ժҁҪႋٙࠑবȂЙ ႋٙಎኸߞߤྻயᛟȄည๒Դ‫ڽऻا‬Ȃ᜽ਛ㟄ϵЙᕕႍജ഍ժȂഺЙ࣏ԯऎ ‫ا‬ԢఐҁȂփ࣏ԯऎ‫࣏ا‬ժԖߞхᅆ߰Ȅ࣏֭࢝ԺК஼Ϡ‫ܧ‬๒Йѽऎ๒Ȃሮ ऎҁН‫ݙ‬ѽ௟‫ڤ‬Ⴚ௎‫ە‬ժȂЙକ؆ԑ‫ݎ‬ҁȂᘘঋ‫ྻߤݎ‬Ȃഺබ‫ݎ܈‬ϞȄ ഺ‫اڹ‬ϫྐ୓‫౎ڤ‬Դᓐуਛԫ౎༺੡ߞ༢೭КᡘۖߞϘ֜‫֋ڽ‬Ҕ‫ࠦߞڴ‬Րሲ ୓ԴҔ‫ڴ‬๴ӠߞҩϘৎૌᅁߞࣇ‫ڰ‬ȄҁሲȂգϘԩ࢝ፎߞ‫֋ڽ‬Ⴚ‫ߞم‬Ђᐯ ӠȂϘчᛨ֋֖‫ژ‬၃ჅϘৎԳўȂऻ‫ڍ‬ϘԩႺӔጀዹߞցЂ࿺ᅢ৆Գϯ୓Й ‫ڽ‬ȄҁӠՀѕȂϭ‫ژ‬௟ցЂ࿺‫୓ج‬Ȃ‫ڭ‬௟ҁ୙ۖᛁ୰ِ޼ȄЙਫ਼ۖϞᛁ୰Ȃ ‫ڤ‬ᅢᙝϞᇿߞցЂ࿺ȂညಿϘϾࡕ‫ڤ࣏ܠ‬ՐቅЂᐯӠᛨ‫ژ‬ዠ৆ϞҁȂ‫ڹ‬ҁ ‫ۦ‬ཋ‫ڭ‬ᅢᙝᇿߞȂঋҁᎪᔺȄᛁசϠ৶‫ܧ‬๒ϵൌहࠫ‫ऻڤ‬ϯҝցᅁѐӹߞ ցЂ࿺ߞ႖ȂԯऎȂഺՐᔝ‫ྻڤ‬գഺኃՀѕၖߞϠȂྻംԩ‫׻ێ‬Գᇒ༢‫ڰ‬ҝ ᕒׄ૵ЙहᝊߞϠ۸ȉ‫࣏ݺ‬ЂਛൌϘ७᠔യ‫ڤ‬ЂᐯӠȂঋҁሮᓾᎪᔺȂ঑ᑉ ցϠߞᛁᖚ໱ȃᖉᏳ໱۶Ᏻཋ੡༡ߞӠࣿ໱Ȅᇖϭ‫ڽ‬Ȃ‫ڤ‬ЂᐯӠঋᎪցЂ࿺ 36000ЮϠӔᅋȂᛕў‫ټ‬ϞϞຕȄ ‫ڤ‬ЂᐯӠգϾ᝱ᓰȂࢨኃϵႋ៖Й౻ȂϵٟգϠߺहࠫҁȂҁϫ՘ϞಿӭН ߞȂ໿ϵ໿ЙϞȂҪକԢྍȊч‫ڤ‬Ȃҁ‫ڤ‬㡯ҝ‫ؘ‬ഺຊᓿȉҁߞᐯ໱Ӡࣿ໱ൌ ࣏ҁԴ༏ϭߞѭӓࢸժ྅ࣿȃषԫኍӡ‫ڻ‬ᏳҁߞȊҁ֗ঊ൘᚞ȂԴᐯ੭঴௅ Ҫԫ൵࠮‫້༺ߞܢ‬Ȃࡱ㡯ߞЂᐯӠൌऻЙ୓ҁȂҁ‫ܝ‬ᑾٟգ‫ވ‬уȂϫ࢝а ԨȂЙᕖᕕႍԨգᝯೡᚐِׄȄ‫ظڕ࣏ݺ‬๑Ⴎߞҁ኷Ϟϝࢋທ‫ۻ‬੩ȂϘϘ௙ ҍНࢢȂබ໿ۖϘ഍ӲӹᑜϯȂႯϭᕧ‫ۻ‬ȊஇՀ‫ߞڰ‬Ϡജ৙‫ޖ‬Ȃ୙Ϟ‫ۻݑ‬Ȋ ഺЂ࿄බ࣏գ‫ڱ‬Ϡऎ᜽ਛ㟄౭Ϡ࿝Ͼߞ။֖᠜᠕ߞ‫ڶ‬ᑂ‫א‬Ȃԯऎ᜽ਛ㟄Դऎ ֋Ўߞ᠜᠕КϵሲȂҁ‫ݏ‬Ⴚ௎ྻ߬᠇Й౻Ȃ࢝᝱ᅆѾȂϵധྻᢰҁᅆՁዬᏳ ೣ‫ߞڗ‬Ȅಟྐ᜽ਛ㟄Ϙ‫࣏ܠ‬ᡘሲჅᄊ‫ڤ‬ፎЂᐯӠ֋౭Ϙ᝷ߞࣇ‫ߞڰ‬Ȅ‫ێ‬ᅁԴ Հ‫ڱ‬Գўᘘ๴ӠჅգϠࣇྍዠԴ٠‫ژ‬ϯȂሦൄ‫ژ‬ᇋȂᅬ໤ϘೈȂᢰᏼᏺ߰Ꭺ ᔺߞ‫ڰ‬ఐߞȄࡈՐ‫ـ‬๴ӠჅϯઔ់ᅅɆ൑൦ϯიɇߞ‫ڰ‬ԆȂգϘৎૌᅁߞࣇ ‫ڰ‬ഺዹሲȈϘ֜ᏼ‫߰ژ‬ȂऻۖႮ᝝գϘϠ੐֝‫ڇ‬Є᝔Գ୼ᗏِׄȂ᎛ҁႶҁ

ћ/ ࢹз࢘

ࡸȈȶ᛾ড়㞅మΡਰȷӵӒ౨๼ΡϛЕଔៜ ଢ଼Ȃҏѐෆ‫ڍ‬ԩѐีዥᘈடᚠଆ፣ࣺᜰၗᚠȄ ߖРȂԝ‫ࢹڗ‬з࢘ӑҡᄇȶ᛾ড়㞅మΡਰȷ‫ޟ‬ ຟ፣ȂάԤ‫ݲཱིࣼ؁‬Ȃ੫Ԫѐюоᙯ᠞‫ޱ‬Ȅ

ҝᛁ୰ࢧ໧Ȃᏼ‫߰ژ‬ӠՀѕȂ௟‫ڤ‬Ϡ‫ج‬ϯ‫ژ‬Ȅ‫ڤ‬ϠశҍϩЮᓿሲȈЙՀྍࢥ ൫࿭ఋϞȂഺ࣏ຜఋߞϘᙇ޵໱Ȅᏼ‫߰ژ‬Й՜Ȃҁබ๼‫د‬ᓿᕣԴᏼᏺጹࡈߞ ຄሂϯȄӒҼթ੡գ់ᅅᕭࣤ‫ޱࠧژټ‬՜໱ႶϠȂ௟ҁᅟᖔȂϠ᠗ৌԴȂ༟ ҍϘေЮߞᇳඏȊഺ࣏ϯઔ់ᅅѽኧҐ՜ϢԺжጨࠛߞϘЂ๴‫ށ‬Ȃ‫ڤ‬੡Դϯ ઔൄ՘ՀԺᏼ‫߰ژ‬ജᇳȂӔዙ࿂ЂȂ‫ظ‬໦ЙѤȂࢢ‫ڽ‬ЖஃѤϞȄ ᏼ‫ژ‬௲ϠȂ‫ݏڤ‬՜‫޵ڱ‬໱ȂԴԇ֣஼ਛൌ࣏ԪನߞȄ‫ڽৣا‬ᑫՍබߢႽȄ‫ڤ‬ ੡‫ا‬Դ०Ғ੠ߤӇЍȂ‫֋ڽڱڤ‬ገग़۶ᑫࣷԧԳߞ०ҒࢉȂᎡգ‫ߞژ‬႖Ȃ‫ێ‬ ҁϠൌ࣏ѾҁϘ‫޵ڱ‬໱Ȃྥҁߞ‫ژ‬Ϙ୓ҝ੠Ⴜ۶ӇЍߞȂч၃Գ၍Ȃ֣ѽۖ Ϟϯઔබ՘ऎࠧ‫ޱ‬Ϟ۸ȉᑂሲ࣏ԯऎϯઔգ‫ڱ‬Ϡ໴Ϟ‫ژ‬இ‫ټ‬ϠߞЀӠྍȂࣆ ܹऎϞᇒನҾඞȂබঋӇᕝഺ‫ڱ‬ϠȂ‫୼࣏ݺ‬ข஥ߞϯઔ់ᅅেබ๴‫ށ‬Ϟ൑൦ ഺৎՀᓱ‫ޱ‬ȄϠে௱ሲК஼Ϡ႕ࠫգயᛟȂࣆܹߞே‫߰ޱ‬ഺኃஇȂгಿߞ႕ ٟࠫயᛟȂഺЖ‫ݎ‬۸Ȅ‫ێ‬ᅁ᜽ਛ㟄Йබ࣏႕ࠫயᛟߞϘৎ᠁गࡡཛྷȉ‫ێ‬ҁϯ গߞժөᓥᗚር൝ՀϠ໤ᓿȃӡॴև঍ᅬ໤ϠȂ൵ೣൄ՘ɆՀϠϼေஇЙ ఀɇߞߤྻ಩໪Ȃ‫ݏ߰ݕ‬ҍϞ‫ژ‬ᇋྻജϠЂᅬϘೈȃྻೣӠ৆ᏪȞѽ७ঋ౭ Ϡ࿝ϾȟȂ‫ݎ‬Ꭱ۸ȉ Ґ௻ᅆՐቅϠߞႽ዇ࢥྐి‫ڈ‬ཛྷȉК஼ᐯӠߞࢥྐి‫ڈ‬ᘘକሲьཛྷȉంКЈ ᐯߡۖЂᐯȂԍЂᐯӠබգক୊Ȃᘘգ୺ԕѹ၍ȃѨᑨ‫ྐࢥތ‬ȃᏒЈӀನ ᎢȃϬৎ҃ࠑȃК஼ভ‫ۻ‬ҫȃгӔ۶‫ڈిۘޱ‬ԓҐႽ዇ࡡᎳి‫ڈ‬ຈ᎝຀Ȃփ ѷԑൌ࣏Ӆ৒᎝ȂᘘঋւႏӇжୃϢᐯжߞȄ‫ا‬ЙߢႽᘘգ‫ڱڤ‬஼ਛգԢК ஼ᐯӠϘዹԺߞࢥྐࡡ዇ి‫ߞڈ‬ȄգϠᇖϞϘϭȂՂ‫ލ‬Й༟ഺ‫ڱ‬᎝ȂЂᐯӎ ॊҪቮϬՐබҞ؆՘ȂԢᑫՍϘዹȄҞ࣏ȂഺϘЂுߞ᎝຀۶ి‫ڈ‬ȂᅆࠦՐ Ϡ૵Ꮃߞ෩୼ۖܺϫ୓ϞԺЂߞ֯ӡ۸ȉҁেԴᐯ੭㡯ᐯߞ࣏ϘਇȂۖߤྻ ϯऻۖߞϫ࣏ϘਇȂ‫ٿ‬ൣ൵ೣᐯۖјߞȂྻ࣏‫ڤ‬Ϙਇ۸ȉ ୃ୓Րቅ੡ᡝჅߞ‫ޱ‬஼຾ԩ๺ፔЈሲਛം޿੹ߞϘፔЈሲȂ኷Ϙ֜ᛨ୺ྑՀ ߰Դѐᐌߞশ߽ដᆁ‫ޒ‬፹ЂႽᛨ୺੡Йྕዠ৆ϞϘԩЃЍȂҁϭ୺௟Ձ‫ج‬ ୓Ȃ୙ҝᛁӠ‫ڤ‬㡯ᕭࣤȃϫ௟Ձ୙԰ਛȂ‫࣏ݺ‬ҁබۖϞᢣȄ‫ڤ‬௎Ϡሲҁ‫د‬Ձ ዠཋ७รϞȂЙକҝϯ઱ȂঋҁѾՁӠࣿ໱Ȅ‫ڤ‬௎ϠᏳఀϫӨϫॡȂҞُ࣏ ը‫ڤ‬ՀѕϠҝऻՁ੡ȂՁൌЂᗏតតȂሲഺႆ๭ȃ‫ڤ‬㡯๭ߞȂҁҪକϘߡѾ ᓿ๑নงԳᏳ຾ՁȄ ഺ࣏ϘպϬұϩՐࡈႤӎѹ၍ࠐง੡ҳ஼Јሲਛ኷ߞϘፔࣇ‫ڰ‬ȂྐЙۖԴϟ ϩϘѵ॔ߞߤྻѹ၍ࠐૺ༥ࣱߞ಩҃К஼ᢏ՘Ϟ಩ᅁȊ᜽ਛ㟄Դऎ֋Ўߞ᠜ ᠕КሲȂҁ౭Ϡ࿝ϾȂ‫ܧ‬๒‫ߞݏ‬බ࣏ഺৎȊ

ЖࡡϚቆᜌ‫ݽ‬ȞΠȟ Ꮄҡஆ ϛᚂᆈρ ቓ౾ࢶ / 9211 7197 ѕࢠҵ௱Ҟ๴Ӡ‫ݺ‬ѕᡙߞᐡᎳ‫ݑ‬ઽᢏȂϵҞକऎඏ૷ߞґକቪᜣȄѹঋાߐ ऎѕఙȃѕࡈ஡ЙᏋȂ֡գોྶȃҵ્ȃઈࢧຈાȂទদ߰Ҟ‫ڍ‬ԃֹȃ‫ރ‬ ൿȄӎઽԺԯՐցᢜໍ‫ݕ‬ϳઽ७ໍ߰Ȃઈ֕Й‫ږ‬ȂѕҵᖃᏳȂѽ७ѕૠЙᄾ փ๴ઽȄ৐Ⴣൻೢȃ‫ۦ‬ᢘȂ൵‫ݽ‬ስ๴Ȅ‫ۦݕ‬ҳ‫ڢ‬аࠬȂмѫཋ൚Ȃ൚ໍЙକ Ᏻѕփ๴ઽȄϫҞԯఐᇰᑬஜȃ༼঴ҵᎠስ๴ȄઽգᅁાȂ֭ԺऎໍાȄᅁ ાѹঋऎ֕ဌȃဍࠡȂϯงЏգᎢগȄ ॶѕఙ଒෍ȂஜࡋҐነȂѷᇟૠિѻȂઈ๺֋խȂᔝྶӫોȂҵ્ԺᄱȂব ֒๑ົȂϾৼ౶ӨȂଔٕ೟๑ϧ‫ݕ‬ଔஜЙኅȂ֎౶ॾӨȄऎઈ֕Й‫ږ‬Ȃѕອ ‫ໍی‬ᝋȄ޼ѽૈઈᏳ֕ȂஉອᄾѕȄҞӡȮᙩອϱȯҐิȄ ॶઽϠѕఙЙՉȂ࿭្‫ࢤݽ‬Ȃُԯࢥዋ‫ۦݕ‬ᢘփ๴ઽȇા‫ڍ‬ᔝྶೀࠅȂবᔙ ‫ڔ‬ጤȂҵ્ԺᄱȂϾ஀ϾॴȂ֎॓ॾཀȂଔ೟ዴȄࡋऎ൚ໍѫ‫ݻ‬ᝋȂ޼ѽไ ൚౻ጤȂᏳѕՉૠȄҞӡȮчѳႃѕМȯҐิȄѽϯ‫ݙ‬গ՘᜽գ‫ܩ‬Ћ๕ߞ᠋Ս ֢ྎሦ᜽գনгҦȮᙩອϱȯȏȮчѳႃѕМȯȄ

29


Ж᡹ଟ៪

ၭ‫ؽ‬௡ౕ σՌณЖ᡹ఀࡉ‫ف‬Ӗ - ЁΠ ᑫࣷ௄ӎϯ࣏ϘৎӤԧ஼ೊӔϠϾ‫ݙ‬ԒԢࢸะփ՘ ߞ஼ਛȂԴ‫ݙ‬գߞᑫࣷ‫ܧ‬ӔညКȂ୵Ϟᑫࣷ১֝Ӕ (Aboriginal)ॗգ40ေϠϾНҳȂ‫ێ‬᏶2000ԺေϠ Ͼൌ࣏ࠕպՐ‫ڽ‬൙᠈ೊ‫ྲߞܧ‬ೊӔȄညԳ১֝Ӕ௞ ѽचᙷऎӠȂЙ‫ڰ‬சႺȂ‫ـ‬๑Ѝ྽๴ਣȂԯթЫџ ᑫࣷ௻ಽߞනႈᗄᅷфཆϠߞӠࣿࡡᎳȂ؆ԑԈᓥ Йᙝ‫ڙ‬པ༟๴ሃ࢙നߞҳ‫ྲڽ‬ೊӔ౉၏ȂփညЫࣆ ܹߞྲೊӔຉರȂф઻ᐯӠߞ‫ݢ‬Ӡфઐ໱ȂЏ҇ж գੜԳႋٙᑫࣷ၃ᕻሃߤྻயᛟȂ‫ـ‬՘ऎᑫࣷ၃ᕻ ‫ڽ‬࿚ߞদঋᇒႽНϘȄం൵՝งߞገࣷೊӔۖК‫ތ‬ ᐼࢢߞᒗ෻‫౉ޒ‬၏ೊӔȇᇦత຾࣏‫ڲࡑތ‬ผ໸ኴߞ ᝱Ӕ጗ۖশสфҭᣉߞྲೊӔȇࠕՐ‫ـڽ‬ᒸ୓ѽК ஼Ђ൙фԞ࢘ϠऎѹߞЂ༓ೊӔ጗Ȃփഺ ‫ڱ‬Ϙ‫ز‬ϫϘ‫ݺࢧز‬ՉਛӲ྽ȃ‫ڙ‬པЍ֯ߞ ྲೊӔਛਲȂऎᑫࣷ஥྽Ҿඞަ་Ϙޯϫ Ϙޯߞ‫ە‬ᑬঋ૵Ȃ‫ـ‬Йᙝ෩пᑫࣷ၃ᕻ๴ ਣߞឮߋϧф዆ᠩϧȄ ੲᑂᑫࣷ೚঍؊(Australian Bureau of Statistics) 2011Րߞ൵ྲႤਫ਼гֶȂࠕ 10 Ր‫ࣷڲڽ‬ೊӔߤ஡‫ה‬಩ࢧᘗᙖЂߞᘌ ཕȂඏඏԴ 2008~2009 Րߞ๺๺‫ی‬Ր ༡Ȃᐍᆬӎфൠ౨ϟЂࡱҾබฯ་໹Ⴥ 43 ေৎК஼ྲೊӔȂ‫ڭ‬ൄ՘ࡱҾЙᙝԳ ‫أ‬ിᙖ௺ੜᕕȄԴᑫࣷ೚঍؊ߞ೟༵Ꭰࣤ КȂԴᑫࣷӫࡈ‫ݙ‬գߞᗁϠϾညКȂඏඏ ‫ࣷڲ‬ೊӔϠዴබ໹Ⴥ200ေϠȂփົϠࡋ ֫ᑂॗգ 67 ေϠϾȂ‫ێ‬Кϫॗ֫ϬжН ϘߞົϠೊӔਛਲȂᓴᑄ‫ۍݺܧܠ‬գҟ‫ۏ‬ ୼༮ߞᐍᆬӎȂփ‫ێ‬КϘҗ‫઻֋ڽ‬ᐯӠೊӔȂҩ Ϙҗࡋ‫ث֋ڽ‬ങೊӔ۶ਛਲ՘৶ೊӔȄഺ‫ڱ‬ᛓ༏० Сȃଗј६‫ྲߞږ‬ೊӔົϠȂऎϞඵِ‫ߞ܃ັـ‬Ӡ ࣿࡡᎳфߩ༡ȂऎϞ༟൹ᅈྲߞౕؓӏ‫ڽ‬ȂӅ༷দ ྲᏋᕕћм०฀ߞਮಳȂॎ૔ሬ‫ڏ‬ӠࣿߞቪᜣȂֹ ‫އ‬ᓖӠЍ֯ߞࣄᐼȂ‫ॴےێ‬ᐬ୽ߞᇟૠᅁࠧຊᐍ‫ݙ‬ କ‫؛‬ਟȂփЫഺ‫ڱ‬༟ᜟᠥϿߞົϠೊӔ౉၏Ȃӎ຾ ȶཔକႃ‫ݬ‬ȷߞК஼ཇ೚ࡡ੾Ȃ྽Џ՘ऎᑫࣷ൵Ђ ࠧॻሬ०฀ߞೊӔߤ၏Ȅ ᑫࣷົϠೊӔȶཔକႃ‫ݬ‬ȷߞఐᜃȂᢰ‫୓ྐا‬Դᑫ ࣷЂ֋๒ߞӠᅗКȂգϘᇌ‫כ‬መ൧᝷ऻ֬ஜ֯೎ ‫ݬ‬ȂࡒକϘՐұ‫ۖܞ‬഍པᐬళመȂ‫ڭ‬Йж‫ܞ‬ြߞӠ ᏳಿԺȂ‫ڤ‬බ࣏գ຾ชշ֒ߞೀဗȂླշ᎐֒ߞ ᢜրညКȂᙇᇧкங຾Ө֒౧ߐրѨȂԑ‫ڗ‬බᄊ ࣹ֬ᅰ຾ບບӨᙰߞЈ࡬መ൧(Little Wattlebird)Ȅ

30

ћ/ ጾ‫ۅ‬օ‫ޏ‬ৱ

Ј࡬መ൧ϫԩЈ࡬օᐈȂᘴ៳‫ݺ‬൧ᇩൟ‫؛‬ӫ‫כ‬መ൧ ॊȂ‫ٱ‬ে՘൧ߞᢜࠜॗգ 28 гжࠜ࢘Ȃ‫ێ‬ᢜদЂ ॗЬ‫ ݺ‬60 ֹҽҠȂ࣏៳‫ݺ‬ᑫࣷК࡭ᢜ࡭ߞ‫כ‬መ൧ ᇌ᝷Ȃ֭ࡒ࣏ᢜ࡭൵ЈߞϘᇌ࡬መ൧ȄЈ࡬መ൧ߞ ళመўՑЙᄊ֬ȶщ༧൧ȷ‫ތ‬Ջኜ‫כ‬መ൧(Eastern Spinebill)ϘዹቅळȂକ‫أ‬ിߞᄁଂփយஃԴҗߩ КళመȇϵЙᄊ֬៝ࡌຠᐼȃᏟЙҞညߞགᔝឩ ൧(Noisy Miner)ϘዹȂ҇ᆕጤఐфᐼ୽ᑟஜϧȄ ‫ٱ‬ে৆ᄊ࣏ᑖᎏߡዠߞ֘઱Ѱ୽ѱϘዹȂϘ๴಩գ শᏔಮग़ߞࠅመȂබ‫ے‬Йф፤ߞᎏԨࠅᙍȂᢰպࠅ ಽ༟ߞࠅᙍᖠ༡ཛཛգᗏȂ௔ਊ୓ህȂ҄Ϡ‫៷ݮ‬ф ु‫ٿ‬൧᝷Ӡᅗ੡ȂЙ᝱๴಩‫ٱ‬ে‫ڙ‬པళመߞᚸႫȄ

Ј࡬መ൧࣏ᑫࣷપգߞ‫כ‬መ൧Ȃ‫ێ‬൵ѹঋжֶ‫ݺ‬ ᑫࣷ‫ࡑތ‬ઔ‫ߞܫ‬࿢௲࡭ઈ৏஡Ȃည๒ϵҞѽᏋᕕ ‫ݺ‬чઈ஀ᖌߞઈ৏Ȅ‫ٱ‬ে൵ඈྑตਿࣿ᠙‫ݺ‬ዃᘮ ߞ஼ਛгཀྵȃ៿Ѣᙍȃ‫ޒ‬Գȃгཀྵ‫ܧݕ‬ਛࠅཀྵȂ ࣏Ϙᇌहည຤ᐠߞ‫כ‬መ൧᝷Ȅ‫ٱ‬েЙඏඏᗝѤ֖ ஜЂࡉࡉԳᄊ֬Ⴚ���م‬ЂᙒȂчӠᘘᐾգϘৎᢘч ஜԳߞЂཚࠝȂ‫ا‬၃௱Դᐍᆬӎߞ౻౐੡жȂබ ྻജࢢ୰ࠅཀྵ‫ݙ‬ཇ‫ڽ‬ȶkraaɯ kraaɯȷߞኀҨᗏ ‫ݙ‬ҨᓹȂᡀ๒ᄊ֬‫ߞا‬Ђ֋๒ᐂៗϘዹȂ‫ْێ‬ன ೖᖸߞᗏর‫݂؜‬බᄊ֬ѢฎЄԴԳ‫ޕ‬ϯӡϧ‫ݳ‬ஜ ϘዹȂ҄Ϡಎྏգߵ᜕໘ߞ‫ە‬օྏȄᐐᇒՂթȂ Ј࡬መ൧ԑՐ๑ԃȃ‫ڙ‬པЍ֯ߞᇟૠȂࡒϫ҄Ϡ ЂЂಎѽऎᑬᎫȂᘵ๒ऻ֬ྌ‫ݬ‬ഁዠȂԑ‫ࡒڗ‬෸ ๴຾ȶཔକႃ‫ݬ‬ȷߞ་ۤৎ‫ݑ‬ȂЙఀЙᢰϠᅆ‫ٱ‬ েிࢺཔᐬߞӠᅗ֖ऎۗӫहऻȄ

Ј࡬መ൧൵ѹঋߞ঴ߏ࣏ѽࠅመȃግ‫ލ‬ȃ‫ݿ‬ᚪȃ ᇌЄऎѹȂᘵ๒‫ٱ‬েЙᄊ‫ێ‬ҁ‫כ‬መ൧ᐾգႵऎ ᡈᡈߞ೟ࠜකȂ֭чӠߞኜ፡බᄊ֬Ϙ‫د‬ག֒ರ ᡈߞ๺‫׵‬ЄȂକጢፚԳ֩Ϣ֒௾ᘿᣨߞᇒߐࠅᙍ КȂ‫ڭ‬ѷ౮Й๘ᓢԳഡ঴ࠅመ‫ݕ‬ந঴੏੓‫ݿ‬ᚪȄ ൹ൄՆ‫ܣ‬ေߏߞϯ࢓Ȃᅆ‫כ‬መ൧ߞක‫؛‬ന঍ᘵ๒ ԧЙहԢȂԧգҼࢥȂ֭ᅆ‫ێ‬঴መߞґକ‫ݑ‬ന঍ ࡒϘ໛ԢХȂ‫׮‬ᐾգϘৎൄ࡭‫܈‬પߞᇒߐ֎ᔝȂ ‫ߐ؛ێ‬බᄊ‫ا‬েӀ௱අ༼ਫ਼ߞ೟೟‫כ‬ᇒϘዹȂ֎ ᔝߞӐᇑࡋ࣏‫۔‬ѨߐȂᚣթന঍ў࠮‫כ‬መ൧କం ࠅէКȂᆽఐ‫כ‬঴ग़ۧশಮߞࠅመȄ‫ێ‬ᅁȂЈ࡬ መ൧‫៷ݮݙا࣏ࠧڭ‬Ⴥ൵પઅ‫ݕ‬൵ࠪដߞ൧᝷Ȃ ֭Դु‫ٿ‬ф‫៷ݮ‬Ј࡬መ൧ߞ֋๒ӠᅗН ቫȂ၃௱գϘᇌംԩߞྏஜ޵๒փӠȂ ҄‫ٕا‬Ꮥ‫ݺ‬Ј࡬መ൧‫ڤ‬ᇌȶхᒃᙩૌȃ པକႃ‫ݬ‬ȷߞሮૌᅗ࢘Кփ‫ݐ‬๒֋ఀȄ ‫ࠧا‬௱ඈྑၐ၃ፒ‫ڏ‬КϘҮᝯѼȶཔ ᐬȷߞԩ‫ڏ‬ȈȶјᜄߞȂঋ‫ۦ‬ളፎȇј པߞȂࡒঋන‫ږ‬ȄਆчᇸᕦߞȂ࣏ขዊ НЄȇ՜൷੡ٕᇂߞȂ࣏໯೧НЄȄȷ ంᑫࣷົϠೊӔфЈ࡬መ൧ߞȶཔକႃ ‫ݬ‬ȷᇟૠȂ‫୓ྐا‬ϘൊੲᑂԢԩЈሲ‫ݙ‬ ‫ؼ‬፠փ՘ߞग़஼Հ຿ཱུ၃‫ۏ‬ც዆ɯɯࠠ ӟӒཇ(Forrest Gump)Ȃ዆ѯКߞࠠ ӟ ᘵ ๒ Ҫ գ ข ஥ 75 Ȃ ᘵ ๒ ч Ⴄ ࿂ ‫ ێ‬Й ᗐᒖȂ֭ҁࡒᐾգ຾ᄊ֬Ј࡬መ൧ȶཔ କႃ‫ݬ‬ȷߞཌࡏȂӡϘըϫϘըૌఐࣹ ᠨߞ֖ஜȂ݁‫އ‬ഺৎѵधߞೀԍȇӡϘ ըϫϘըཔᐬЙᐻߞጋϧȂॎ૔੟Ϡ๑‫ޱ‬ನႋߞ ே຾Ȃ་փ៏ఀϠেߞඅࠚф෠ᗏȄജ໛ऎ࣏ែ ੾᠋ుላႻஜѽф֘ўৰᐯᑢҫК൵দঋߞࢥྐ ਛɯɯЂᎎȆԃᚯȞDavid HumeȟȂҁฅՂթ ‫؛‬ਟૠ‫ݙ‬ᎲПߞчᎬЖକȈȶЖົࣶ࿕ߞчᎬգ Ղ١ϿȂՂ‫ލ‬ЙҐଆଅȂࡒҪକӠࠜҍీ᛼ߞഇ ନȂփ๑‫ޱ‬Ӡᚳಽߞၬ່‫ݕ‬ᑙᣈȂѽ‫ڻ‬Ϡে‫ڳ‬ ӡȄȷԃᚯ‫ࠑݙ‬Ⴟߞȶଆଅȷබ࣏པᐬߞ֖ऎȂ ᗂᣍҟЫКҳᑢҫȂȶཔକႃ‫ݬ‬ȷգ՘߰Йർ‫ޚ‬ ᗝȂϘৎϠକ‫׎‬൵ೣَԨ՘ґߞ௵ഄЂႽȂ݀݀ ‫ۤࠧڭ‬ٙ‫ݺ‬чᎬߞᗐᒖ‫ݕ‬೎‫ݬ‬ȂϜԴѼҁ࣏‫׎‬Й ԯӀ௶փᐻ‫ؠێ‬ȂϜԴѼҁ࣏‫׎‬᝸ྍᘙ༟ၙَȂ ԨࡈȂ‫܋‬໿ȇ‫܋‬໿ȂԨࡈȂ‫ׅ‬ϧඵ‫ر‬ϘৎҞѽ‫ݯ‬ Ⴟ՘ґ݃‫ܶߞܫ‬ᇊࠅཀྵȄ


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